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Prison Overcrowding - ... Due to the number of inmates, certain prison facilities had to be used for housing and sleeping areas. This affects the daily schedules of the inmates. Eating times were shortened and recreational periods had to be changed in order to allow all inmates equal time (O’Leary). Many claim prison overcrowding is robbing prisoners of proper and humane treatment. In fact, it is truth. With the increase in prison population, more and more rehabilitation programs had to be taken away as well as many other recreational activities....   [tags: Overcrowded Prisons Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
2356 words
(6.7 pages)
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Prison Overcrowding - ... This is a fiscally rough time for California to make that move and will cost the taxpayers of California to put money into something that is out of sight to the average everyday citizen. The people of California are still paying for a decision made by the voters over 16 years ago to punish convicted felons with more time behind bars. When it comes to the three strikes law and overcrowding in the prison system many people look to the courts to see what can be done to revamp the sentencing structure....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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2443 words
(7 pages)
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Is Prison Overcrowding Fixable? - ... “Lacking education, which is to say marketable skills, confidence, and an expanded sense of possibilities, it is inevitable that many of these released prisoners—including the ones who would’ve acquired an education if it had been offered—will return to what they know best: a life of crime” (Herman 45). If the options and support available provide workable solutions for these offenders, their end result will not be re-entering the prison system but a productive life as a functional member of society....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 7 Works Cited
2004 words
(5.7 pages)
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Home Confinement is the Solution to Prison Overcrowding - Home Confinement is the Solution to Prison Overcrowding        Prison overcrowding is one of the largest problems facing the American criminal justice system today. Many people may think this issue does not affect them, but the problem becomes important when overcrowding forces prisoners to be granted early release. "In cases of extreme brutality, the sentence served by criminals can be short. Because prison space in the city is tight, each offender can be accommodated only briefly" ("Punishment")....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1274 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Punishment of Probation- A Proposed Solution to the Prison Overcrowding Problem in England - Since 1993 the population within prison is increasing leading to majority of prison overcrowding this meaning there is now a higher percentage of people in prison here in England than any other country in Western Europe (Howard League 2006). This is leading to re-offending as offenders are not able to receive individual rehabilitation because there are too many offenders to rehabilitate. As this becomes more of a problem in today’s society the government are coming up with new punishments which will help to reduce the overcrowding within the prisons....   [tags: criminal justice] 887 words
(2.5 pages)
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Alternatives to Prison - Alternatives to Prison Prisons, facilities maintained for confining people convicted of committing crimes, were used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community. The Quakers built the first prison in 1790 in order to seclude criminal offenders from society to think about their wrongdoing and to seek forgiveness in a kind, and spiritual environment. (Inciardi 497) Currently, there are three types of prisons within the Federal, State, and County governments. These are categorized by the degree of security they provide....   [tags: Jail Prison Crime Criminals Justice Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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Prison Growth In American From 1970-2008 - Why has there been a massive growth of the prison industry in America since the 1970's. Since the 1970's there has been a steady increase in the prison population where statistics now show from the BJS that more than one in every 100 adults are now imprisoned. Statistics from the "PEW" state that one in 30 men between the ages of 20-34 are behind bars; however just because there is an increase in the numbers it does not mean it's due to an increase in crime. To further emphasize just how significant the growth is, the population in 1970 was around 300,000 but now the population in 2008 is over 2.3 million (BJS 2006)....   [tags: Prison Prisoners Jail]
:: 8 Sources Cited
1688 words
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Prison Reform - Prison Reform In today's society, we are facing many changes. Our own family, neighbors, and countrymen are afraid of many dangers which influence their lives. Although many people have fear which resonates in their consciousness and unconsciousness, the United States has a comparatively low crime rate. Despite this low crime rate, America incarcerates it's citizens five times the rate of Canada and seven times that of most European democracies.(Slambrouck, Paul. 24) Our society needs to be changed....   [tags: Papers] 2208 words
(6.3 pages)
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Problematic California Prison System - California has one of the most dysfunctional and problematic prison system in US. Over the last 30 years, California prison increased eightfolds (201). California Department of Correctional and Rehabilitation (CDCR) does little to reform prisoners and serve as human warehouse rather than a correction institution. California's prison system fails the people it imprisons and society it tries to protect. In many cases, California's prison system exacerbates the pre-existing problems and aids in the formation of new problems for prisoners....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 864 words
(2.5 pages)
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The California Prison System - ... This is an all too common occurrence as prison gangs fight for respect and the control of the prisons. On December 20, 2001, a riot broke out at Lancaster State Prison that resulted in 300 inmates being injured. One of California’s worst prison riots took place on February 23, 2001 at Pelican Bay State Prison. During the riot prison guards were forced to shoot 13 inmates, killing one. After the riot approximately 50 homemade weapons were found and this is after the guards had searched more than 200 inmates before going to the recreation yard....   [tags: Informative Essay] 1863 words
(5.3 pages)
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Prison As A Last Resort - ... By implementing the “prison as a last resort” policy in Australia an alternative approach was developed to address criminal behaviour. In Australia the use of community service and parole were adopted more frequently (Roth, 2006). These were both components of the bigger “prison as a last resort” strategy, offering more alternatives to apply consequences for the wide range in criminal behaviour. Another pro for the “prison as a last resort” strategy may be that by placing people in jail for offences, there has not been a decline in crime rates....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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2050 words
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Prison As A Last Resort - ... This reduction was short-lived as in the 1990’s the numbers increased significantly even though there were changes with the Penalties and Sentencing Act in 1992 (Cavadino & Dignan, 2006). Therefore, the strategy seemingly has not reduced the number of people retained in prison facilities. Thus indicating the nil effects of the potential positive or the implementation difficulties of the policy. Further to the increase in prison numbers, at the same time there was an introduction of the option of first time offenders being given a suspended sentence....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 20 Works Cited
2468 words
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Prison Reform In America - Prison "Reform" in America In the essay "Prison "Reform" in America," Roger T. Pray points out the much attention that has been devoted to research to help prevent crimes. Showing criminals the errors of their ways not by brutal punishment, but by locking them up in the attempt to reform them. Robert Pray, who is a prison psychologist, is currently a researcher with the Utah Dept. of Corrections. He has seen what has become of our prison system and easily shows us that there is really no such thing as "Prison Reform" In Roger Prays essay we see how our prison system has come to where we are at now....   [tags: essays research papers] 1883 words
(5.4 pages)
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Eighteenth Century Prison Conditions - Eighteenth Century Prison Conditions Eighteenth century prisons had appalling conditions. The conditions in every aspect were horrendous, the cells were bare, empty rooms except for a bed and if you were lucky a fireplace with overcrowding in most prisons affecting conditions, prison was not the best place to be living unless you were rich. Most conditions were due to the fact that no one tried or attempted to rehabilitate the prisoners, prisons were just built to hold people until they were either hung or had paid off their debt....   [tags: Papers] 1479 words
(4.2 pages)
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America Needs an Alternative to Prison - America Needs an Alternative to Prison America's prisons have been called "graduate schools for crime." It stands to reason: Take a group of people, strip them of possessions and privacy, expose them to constant threats of violence, overcrowd their cell- block, deprive them of meaningful work, and the result is an embittered underclass more intent on getting even with society than contributing to it. Prisons take the nonviolent offender and make him live by violence. They take the nonviolent offender and make him a hardened killer....   [tags: Argument Argumentative] 1407 words
(4 pages)
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Prison Literacy Programs - Prison Literacy Programs "It costs the government half a million bucks to keep me in jail and $450 to teach me to read and write" (ex-con cited in Porporino and Robinson 1992, p. 92). The literacy demands of the workplace and society in general are growing in complexity, and recurring linked cycles of poverty and low literacy levels put some people at increasing disadvantage. The prison population includes disproportionate numbers of the poor; those released from prisons are often unable to find employment, partly due to a lack of job and/or literacy skills, and are often reincarcerated (Paul 1991)....   [tags: Jail Reading Writing Education Essays]
:: 15 Works Cited
1819 words
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Privatization for the Better - ... This leads to the taxpayers and states saving a ton of money. Compared to public prisons, private prisons have been found to use less money than state run prisons. Considering the fact that the development of a lot of private prisons was to cut costs, they were able to do that while having better quality prisons. In a study of the Geo Group in California that manages a private prison, they found that “taxpayers saved about 10 percent versus what it likely would have cost the federal government to run the facility itself (Johnson 2011).” Less money would be spent on the construction and expansion of prisons as well on inmates....   [tags: Prison Reform]
:: 4 Works Cited
1239 words
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Imprisonment and Social Control - ... Along with this Garland 1990, who has argued that with imprisonment restricted to its technical functions, it does not work and there are other institutions far better placed to deliver goods such as ‘repair’, ‘inclusion’ or ‘correction’. It would appear that the use of imprisonment as a form of social control is small, and therefore going against the new penology being just about making crime tolerable, it should also focus on rehabilitating the individual. Alfred C Schnur (1958) in ‘The New penology: Fact or fiction’ speaks about the goal of new penology being all about helping the prisons turn their lives around....   [tags: Prison Justice]
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2934 words
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The Public-Private Prison Debate - ... Culp from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, argues that prison privatization is merely an example of a public policy that has come and gone. Policies are brought to the forefront of public and jurisdictional view and just as quickly fade into the background as new issues present themselves. In 1984, after President Reagan proposed that prisons should be privatized, one hundred fifty-eight facilities opened in the next six years. In 2003, the number of private prisons was only one hundred fifty-four (Zito, 2003)....   [tags: Private vs. Public Prisons]
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2337 words
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Is Drug Treatment a Viable Alternative to Prison Time? - ... Department of Justice is reporting the local government prison population has declined 2.3 percent from June 2008 to June 2009 (Schillinger, 2010). Therefore, prison population is decreasing in the United States as a whole, not just in one state. In the United States today, there are many budget and funding cuts, utilizing Drug / Treatment Courts are a more cost effective way of sentencing, saving the criminal justice system and taxpayers money. The average daily cost of Drug court/Treatment Court is 72 percent to 80 percent less than other traditional sentencing options (Brogdon, 2010)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Privatization of American Prisons - The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]
:: 5 Works Consulted :: 4 Sources Consulted
4430 words
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Prison Reform is Necessary: Must Focus on Respect for Human Life - ... For any unexpected situation arising in a prison environment calls for reforms in that prison. It could be inmates’ misconduct or the prison wardens’ misconduct, or even poor health or management issues. The source of reforms begins with the state administration and trickle down to prison wardens. This is further extended to the inmates and the community members. The reforms needed in a prison are a variable depended on the current status of the prison life cycles. Therefore, any area in a prison where there is a noticeable ineffective service delivery from either the inmates or the prison staff members needs timely action and implementation of the reforms....   [tags: Law Enforcement, criminal justice system]
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1958 words
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Effect of the Police on the Prison Population - Effect of the Police on the Prison Population Because of the increase in crime in America, the public has demanded an increase in the amount of protection received from police. This increase in police protection has increased the incarceration level by numerous amounts within the last ten years. The number of inmates incarcerated in America is a direct cause of the policing that is going on in the streets of American cities. The method of policing has a tremendous impact on the outcome of the situation, meaning the type of policing determines the amount of arrests mad and the amount of inmates incarcerated....   [tags: Papers] 1367 words
(3.9 pages)
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Prison Conditions in Egypt - Prison Conditions in Egypt Egypt: a country with a population of over 69 000 000 people, home to some of the worlds most fascinating structures (like the Pyramid's and The Great Sphinx), and a main contributor to a good deal of the world's trade industry (most notably petroleum products and cotton textiles) [1]. One would expect such an affluent country to be a nation thriving on high integrity and proper treatment of its citizens. This is anything but the case. In what has been referred to as "appalling", "life-threatening" and a "filthy system", the prison conditions in Egypt and the procedures that accompany it are testament to a true human rights violation and are in dangerous need of improvement....   [tags: Papers] 2599 words
(7.4 pages)
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Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit - Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]
:: 14 Sources Cited
8584 words
(24.5 pages)
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Educating Prisoners - An Unnecessary Effort - Educating Prisoners – An Unnecessary Effort      Crime knows no bound, no race, no social status, no gender. In prisons, all criminals are criminals, whether they have committed felony, rape or assault. White-collar crimes are the same as any other crime. Still, most inmates are from the middle class and lower class of our society. However, committing crime, and what kind of crime, is still the choice of the person, whether he has attained a formal education, a higher degree of learning or not....   [tags: Education Prison]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1034 words
(3 pages)
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A Jail at Hunts Point in the South Bronx? - The Gory State of the South Bronx An area associated with lots of social problems, with over half of the population living below the poverty line, the South Bronx has become a community that people associate with prostitution, crime, and poverty. With two (2) juvenile detention centers, fifteen (15) waste transfer stations, and four (4) jails, the plan of the government to build a new jail in Hunts Point is most strange and unwelcome at that. “The city’s Economic Development Corporation is negotiating with Oak Point Energy to purchase a 28-acre parcel of former industrial land in the Hunts Point section of the South Bronx to be used for a new detention center to relieve overcrowding on Rikers Island.” The jail would cost $375 million, an amount of money that could be put into development projects for the community....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Prison] 1831 words
(5.2 pages)
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Gilad Schalit’s Treatment in an Israeli Prison and the Palestinian / Israeli Conflict - ... On an unrelated note, the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 provides that an occupying power should provide for the welfare of the occupied people. The imposed malnutrition continued in 2009, with 80% of Palestinians in Gaza depending only on food aid handouts, and Gaza’s agricultural sector pulverized by Israeli land, air, and sea bombardment. Only 78 trucks of cattle were allowed into Gaza from October 2008 to June 2009, supposedly to cover nine months for 1.5 million people. On another unrelated note, The Total US Aid to Israel from 1949-1996 is $62.5 Billion, equal to the aggregate US Aid to the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America for the same period....   [tags: Human Rights / War]
:: 9 Works Cited
1911 words
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Alternatives to Incarceration - Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Alcatraz Prison - ... The prisoners could be sent to “The Hole” for harsh punishment and could stay there up to nineteen days (Welcome to Alcatraz). Also, Cell block D was used for solitary confinement for talking or disobeying (Oliver, 70). Straight jackets, and tightening the handcuffs were also quite common as punishment (Oliver, 71). The inmates were divided into three groups according to the degree of crimes they committed. The third group was the most troubled prisoners (Welcome to Alcatraz). They could have no reading material, no contact with any family, and were to be silent at all times (Welcome to Alcatraz)....   [tags: Federal Prison, The Rock] 1265 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Ethics of the Stanford Prison Experiment - When put into the position of complete authority over others people will show their true colors. I think that most people would like to think that they would be fair, ethical superiors. I know I would, but learning about the Stanford Prison Experiment has made me question what would really happen if I was there. Would I be the submissive prisoner, the sadistic guard, or would I stay true to myself. As Phillip Zimbardo gave the guards their whistles and billy clubs they drastically changed without even realizing it....   [tags: Stanford Prison Experiment, psychology, criminal j] 923 words
(2.6 pages)
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Is Prison Privatization Really a Long Term Fix? - Prison Privatization is a term used for which local, state and federal correction facilities hire companies from the private sector to run prisons and provide prison-related services. Some private companies are contracted only to provide things such as medical care, counseling, food services, and maintenance within publicly owned jails and prisons. Today, more and more private companies are being contracted to not only design and build, but also to operate new jails and prisons on both the state and federal level....   [tags: Prison Reform, criminal justice, ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1711 words
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The Effect of Prison on Inmates - The Effect of Prison on Inmates Prison has been around in human society for many millions of years. Having someone who disobeyed the law of that village, town, city or country punished in some form of institution, cutting them off from people, is a common concept – a popular and supposedly “needed” process society has taken to doing for many years now has been put under the spotlight many times by many different figures and people in society. The question remains – do prisons only make people worse....   [tags: Prison Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 1768 words
(5.1 pages)
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Prison Term Policy - Prison Term Policy The members of the state legislature have hired me, a criminologist advisor to work for the state implementing a new bill on doubling a maximum sentence for anyone convicted of armed robbery....   [tags: Criminology Prison Term] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Prison System - Missing Works Cited Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Prison System The failure of imprisonment has been one of the most noticeable features of the current crisis in criminal justice systems. At best, prisons are able to provide a form of crude retribution to those unfortunate to be apprehended. At worst, prisons are brutalizing, cannot be shown to rehabilitate or deter offenders, and are detrimental to the re-entry of offenders into society. If anything, they do little else than confine most prisoners, and as a result lead to the imposition of certain undesirable learning habits and labels....   [tags: Prison Jail Correctional Facility Crime] 1803 words
(5.2 pages)
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Drugs in the Prison System - Drugs in the Prison System This research paper will consist of an analysis of the use and abuse of illicit drugs within the prison systems on a global basis. With information gathered from various sources such as the internet and one on one interviews with an inmate in a male correctional facility and a former inmate of a female correctional facility I intend to show the rampant flow of drugs in and out of the prison system, the control of (or lack there of) by prison officials, the drug gangs and dealers in correctional facilities, the rate of addiction, and treatments available to inmates suffering from addiction....   [tags: Drug Trafficking Jail Prison Essays Narcotics]
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3192 words
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History of Andersonville Prison - History of Andersonville Prison When one turns on the television today they are made witness to all the crimes that are present in society. It is impossible to sit through thirty-five minutes of news without anger and rage becoming aroused. This is because society is bothered by infinitesimal paraphernalia. Society also believes in human rights and punishment for those who violate such rights. Yet what constitutes humanity. Ever sit there and watch the news and wonder just how far humanity reaches....   [tags: Andersonville Prison Civil War History Essays]
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4610 words
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Behind Convict's Eyes by Cerceral Prison - "Behind a Convict's Eyes" by K.C. Cerceral Introduction This paper is about the book 'Behind a Convict's Eyes' by K.C. Cerceral. This book was written by a young man who enters prison on a life sentence and describes the world around him. Life in prison is a subculture of its own, this subculture has its own society, language and cast system. The book describes incidents that have happen in prison to inmates. With this paper I will attempt to explain the way of life in a prison from an inmate's view....   [tags: Behind Convict's Eyes Cerceral Prison Essays]
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1338 words
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Overcrowding in Schools - Overcrowding in Schools  As our population increases, schools are being faced with the problems of overcrowding and under funding. Many school districts are proposing a year round education program. I feel that year round education is only a "quick fix" for school districts and will be detrimental to teachers, children, and families. Many schools are building trailers and additions to accommodate a higher capacity of students. Some districts are proposing building new schools. This raises issues of changing boundarie bussing, and higher taxes....   [tags: Papers] 978 words
(2.8 pages)
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Sexual Violence in Prison - It is very difficult to prevent sexual violence outside the prison and jail area, nevertheless, imagine the issue inside the prison and jail area. There are people who will think the inmates deserve it and that they should not be helped since they are prisoners. Sexual violence has been going on for centuries and it is not a new issue. It is not until the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 that requires the Bureau of Justice Statistics to develop new national data collections on the incidence and prevalence of sexual violence within correctional facilities....   [tags: criminal justice, prisons, prisoners] 822 words
(2.3 pages)
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Prison - We all know that our prisons are the final frontier for the socially rejected criminals and violent offenders. We know that our prisons are so overcrowded that the Supreme Court of California issued a court order to reduce the number of inmates. We know that since there are more inmates in prison the chance of getting rehabilitated is very slim. And we also know that the ratio of supervision of guard to inmate is extremely high. But do we know what goes on in our prisons and jails. We know we have prison gangs, drugs, assaults, robberies, and even murders in prison....   [tags: essays research papers] 1478 words
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California Needs Prison Health Care Reform - California, the Golden State, a place where people from around the world come to for the consistent sunshine, and fun-filled atmosphere. California is home to the largest prison population in the United States. There are now thirty-three institutions, which house approximately 170,000 inmates. According to the Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO), it costs taxpayers about $51,000 per a year to house, feed, clothe, and provide healthcare for each inmate. The health care costs about $16,000, which includes, dental, medical, speciality care, mental health, and medication for each inmate (LAO, 18 Mar 2010)....   [tags: prisons, healthcare]
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2210 words
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Overpopulation, Overcrowding, Poverty and Conflict - Overpopulation, Overcrowding, Poverty and Conflict At present, there are 6.5 billion people in the world and the number continues to multiply. In contrast, there are only a limited number of natural resources. On a global basis, the human population has shown a J-shaped pattern of growth over the past two thousand years, while the availability of natural resources mandatory for human survival is in slow decline. The implications of this are not limited to mass starvation, poverty and overcrowding of poorly sanitized cities....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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2183 words
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Overcrowding Creates Unhappy Students - Overcrowding Creates Unhappy Students Every high school student’s idea of typical college life involves living in the school’s dorms and eating disgusting food from the cafeteria. What most future college students don’t realize is that usually after the sophomore year of college, many universities do not guarantee housing, leaving students to fend for themselves. Housing is an issue on almost every university’s campus nationwide at one point or another. There is always a high demand for housing, and an even higher demand for on-campus housing....   [tags: Expository Journalistic Dorms Essays] 1925 words
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Increased Population of Prisons - Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1612 words
(4.6 pages)
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Prison Nurseries - ... This assumption encompasses the belief that permitting these types of housing arrangements between inmates and their infants results in a better outcome in the mother-child relationship, and may even help the in rehabilitation of the mother, (Byrne et al., 2010). In actuality, Byrne’s study reveals that relationship factors have failed to receive experimental attention prior to this research. It is also stated that: Additionally, advocacy and lay literatures on this topic blend bonding, mother–child interaction, and attachment concepts, creating difficulty in determining the extent to which there is consistency in underlying principles and providing inadequate clarity to foster valid measurement of maternal–infant relationship outcomes....   [tags: Social Studies]
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1550 words
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Prison Education - ... Cornell Prison Education Project Goals of the Organization The overall goal of the Cornell education prison project is to allow inmates to receive a free two year degree. Jim Schechter, the executive director, stated that the overall goal of the organization is to be able to provide an education for inmates no matter what their records are, no matter how long they will be incarcerated, whether it is for a short time or a lifetime. Cornell University Prison project wants to be able to assist the students, so that they can have a set of skills and the ability to be productive and engaged citizens, whether they are in prison or out in the community....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1866 words
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Gangs in Prison - ... It has around 50,000 members. If one wants to join the gang, one has to be black and must be nominated by an existing member. They have a symbol of a dragon that is attacking a gun tower of a prison. This gang is still growing in most of the American prisons with some of its members outside the confinement. The Folk Nation The Folk nation was founded in 1978, in Chicago, along with the People Nation. The Folk Nation groups include the Black Disciples, Black Gangster Disciples, the Gangster Disciples, the Latin Eagles, and many other groups (Chris, 2008)....   [tags: Violence ]
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1456 words
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Prison Violence - When we do research on daily prison life, we come across two typical but less than ideal situations: either social imaginaries cloud our judgment or information provided by the prisons themselves hide certain weak or bad aspects that they do not want to make public. We can also find information on TV, but most of the time it either exaggerates or minimizes the facts. In order to obtain more reliable information, we have to have access to people who are working or have worked in this institution, and such will be the sources of this essay....   [tags: Criminology ] 2662 words
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Crime in Prison - ... All prisons are going to have issues with gangs and gang activity. One of the biggest gang rivals in our prisons is the battle between the Norteno’s and Sureno’s otherwise known as Northern and Southern Hispanic gangs. Many of these lower gang members may be ordered to attack a gang member simply due to the fact they belong to a different or rival gang. These attacks are typically well planned and will occur when they have ample backup. Most of these attacks happen when offenders are either in the yards or in the gyms when they have many of their fellow gang members around just in case they are needed to help out....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1944 words
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The Need for Prisons in Britain - The Need for Prisons in Britain The prison population in England and Wales currently stands at 71,800. According to the Home Office estimate this figure is projected to rise to 83,500 by 2008. Similarly in Scotland, which has a separate legal system and its own private service, there are similar pressures. Prisons can be successful in their four aims: retribution, protection, deterrence and rehabilitation. Reconviction rates are at a substantial low, but is that enough. Whilst compared with the problems facing prisons aquestion arises, 'is it really prisons Britain needs?' There are several other approaches to punishing, deterring and rehabilitating offenders whilst also protecting the public....   [tags: Papers] 2033 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Prison of Life - Throughout the eons, man, known as the most inquisitive of creatures, had always sought the meaning of life. The answer had varied; to an altruistic person, man was made to serve the common good wheras to a Douglas Adams fan, the answer was merely 42. Philosophers dedicated their lives for the meaning of life and the reason for our existence here on Earth. Unlike other philosophers such as John Locke and Ayn Rand, famed writer Albert Camus believed that life had no meaning. According to Camus, life was, simply stated, absurd....   [tags: Literature Review]
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1803 words
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A Beautiful Prison - A Beautiful Prison “Beauty is an ecstasy; it is as simple as hunger. There is really nothing to be said about it. It is like the perfume of a rose: you can smell it and that is all.”(Mangham). When said that love is blind, then why do fools fallow beauty. Many a fool has over looked or never seen the heart that hides behind such a silhouette. In the play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand, and in most daily lives the effect of physical appearance on a person’s life is immense: in that it gives and takes advantages from the characters’ lives....   [tags: Cyrano] 519 words
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Overcrowding and Housing in Nineteenth-Century London - Overcrowding and Housing in Nineteenth-Century London From 1801 to 1851, the population of London grew from under 1 million inhabitants to 2.25 million. This was due in large part to immigration, both from other countries and from the countryside of England. Hundreds of thousands of people were moving to the newly industrialized cities and towns to find work, having been squeezed off the land because of the enclosure of farms. There was also displacement of the working-class within the city of London because of a number of construction projects....   [tags: European Europe History]
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Prisons Don't Work - Prisons Don’t Work Right now in the United States of America murderers, rapists, and child molesters are being set free. Prisoners are watching T.V., eating a meal, and using exercise equipment while law abiding citizens are starving and living in the gutters. Prisoners even have their own periodical. Dangerous criminals are walking the streets and crime is a way of life to many Americans. In America, crime does pay because our nations prison system is not working. The nations prison system must be changed because of major problems with the system such as overcrowding and the fact that early release programs do not work....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics Jail America]
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Overcrowding and Urban Planning in Victorian London - Overcrowding and Urban Planning in Victorian London Victorian London in Charles Dickens era was a city suffering under the weight of the masses of people that lived there. In Dickens' time, London was the largest city in the world, both due to its population increase and the urban sprawl caused by influx of so many people. There were nearly 4 million inhabitants of the 'Great City' at the height of the Victorian age. This number was an increase of nearly three million people over a period of approximately 30 years, there were many problems associated with such explosive growth, problems which were most recognizable during Charles Dickens lifetime....   [tags: European Europe History]
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2506 words
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The Inmate Subculture in United States Prisons: An Overview - The Inmate Subculture in United States Prisons: An Overview The Subculture Phenomena within Prisons To be able to discuss the issue of the inmate sub-cultures in prison I will first have to discuss what subcultures are and major reasons that they form. First of all the term subculture in general is kind of like a small culture within and not always accepted by members of a larger one known as a society. Societies as a whole are very large and contain many individuals within them, and let us face it it is human nature to group together or congregate with individuals that have similar interests....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Role of the Various Prison Personnel in Maintaining Prison Security - As prisons become more crowded and internal problems arise, it is important to keep control and stability inside and outside of the prison. Although there are many security measures that can be put into place, it is hard to say whether it is the physical design of the prison or the skilled officer that makes the difference in safety and security. Both play a major role in keeping things running smoothly inside and outside the perimeters. A correctional officer is responsible for the supervision, safety, and security of prisoners in a prison....   [tags: criminal justice] 1815 words
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Prison Life - Prison Life Most people have no idea what it feels like to be in prison, statistically only one out of every five people will know what its like to be in prison. Approximately 1.4 million people out of the U.S.’s 280 million people are in prison. (Thomas, 2) The only reason people know about prisons is because of the media. The news, movies, and books all contribute to people's stereotypes about prisons. Prisoners receive three meals a day, workout facilities, a library, as well as other things....   [tags: criminal justice, research papers] 1917 words
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Prison Procedure, - In dealing with Prison Procedure, I feel that many things are put into perspective all the way from intake to the release of an inmate back into the community or until they have served their sentence and their time is up. Everything in a prison must be on close watch. The workers should be watched just as well as the inmates. All the prisons procedures should be followed under a very strict manner to ensure that the prison functions properly and effectively. Prison procedure should be very strict in every aspect pertaining to the institution....   [tags: essays research papers] 494 words
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Prison Writing - The bleak prison world portrayed by George Jackson in his letter to Fay Stender, his attorney, develops into a concentrated and condensed view of American society. This microcosm evolves from faults within the socio-political structure of the state. Jackson draws similarities between the construct of American and prison life, which harmonised the unrest of black Americans during an era of the civil right movement. The links drawn add another dimension to the movement and the barbaric nature of American politics....   [tags: essays research papers] 1903 words
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Prison Gangs - One of the major problems of corrections today is the security threat group or more commonly known as the prison gang. A security threat group (S.T.G.) can be defined as any group of offenders who pose a treat to the security and physical safety of the institution. Throughout the 1960's and 1970's, prison gangs focused primarily on uniting inmates for self protection and the monopolization of illegal prison activities for monetary gain (F.B.P., 1994, p. 2). S.T.G.’s are mostly divided along racial lines and practice some sort of defiance towards authority....   [tags: Papers Violence Gang Essays Papers]
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Andersonville Prison - Andersonville Prison I was excited to learn of this assignment because I recently made a trip to Andersonville with my Army unit in March. During the bus ride, we watched the film “Andersonville” to gain a deeper sense of what the historical site was about before we arrived. To be quite honest, the historical site itself is actually quite boring and not much is left of the original grounds....   [tags: Film Movie History Civil War] 1899 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Prison Of Puberty - We the teenagers, of the people, of this world submit this list of injustices and wrong doings that mother nature has laidupon us. She has put us in a horrible prison, the prison of puberty, where our sentence is all of adolescence and our punishmentis to endure the hardship which causes many of the institutionalized personal to crack under the pressure.We protest against acne, a cruel and horrifying thing that occurs to someselected teenagers. This punishment is cruel and undeserving. At times anindividual with this dilemma may experience young children questioning chickenpox are on the ill-fated person....   [tags: essays research papers] 823 words
(2.4 pages)
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School or Prison? - School or Prison. At Wyoming Valley West there have been too many disruptions that have given our school a negative reputation. Threats of violence were all too common. These threats affected many people involved in theschool district. They also affected the police officers that put their lives on the line to come into a building with a possible bomb inside. My senior year stands out among the rest. Coming into my senior year of high school, I hoped that I would have a nice, quiet, enjoyable, and memorable year....   [tags: Cause Effect Violence Essays] 1278 words
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The Growing Prison Population - ... The first American prison was opened in 1791. Almost seven years after opening the prison a school within the prison was started. With rehabilitation skills in mind, education played an important role in the prison population. Today, over 90% of the federal and state prisons offer a range of educational programs to inmates. With such rapid increases in the United States prison population the need for educational services in our Prison Institutions has risen. Research has revealed that the general population of prisoners lacks basic literacy skills....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Prison: Inside and Out - ... There have also been techniques to track cell phone usage coming from within prison walls. All these security measures are necessary to protect society, prison guards, and inmates alike. While different security techniques contribute to the safety of all involved it is a reactive measure. The correctional institutes also take a proactive approach by providing educational and rehabilitative programs to inmates. One of the most important of these is the substance abuse programs as the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse reported, “that of the 2.3 million U.S....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Gangs and Violence in The Prison System - ... In recent years violence has been a growing problem; in 2003 an inmate was strangled by another inmate, which led to lots of research on the concerns of staffing levels and the security of inmates. The research shows that there are a growing number of inmates and gangs members yet a decreasing number of staff and available space; this problem is becoming nationwide. For example, according to Captain Bryant with the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, the correctional officer to inmate ratio in the Ferguson prison unit is 1:156 and 3:200 in the Holliday unit....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Prison Expansion: No Benefit to Society - ... When the criminals get out of prison, they have no training in other jobs because the jobs that they do work at while in prison do not give them any training for jobs once they are out which does cost society because these ex-convicts are now collecting unemployment. The prisons do not offer any “substantial job training to encourage market growth” which would in turn help society instead of hurt it (Kishner 121-122). It is also proven that creating more prisons does not reduce the crime rate in America....   [tags: Crime & Punishment]
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Inmate's Abuse in Prison - ... Prison rape in jail can ultimately bring hierarchy between the weaker and the stronger. Although many would believe rape offenders in men’s prisons are mainly homosexuals, studies have shown that homosexuals are more likely to be sexually abused than perpetrators. In prison it is actually known that men become rapists to overpower their victims. Patriarchal systems of power, male incentive to overpower the weaker, exist both outside and inside of jail. In any community, women are seen as weak; therefore, men tend to overpower women....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Prison and Treatment Alternatives - ... These numbers never decrease, they only increase. In the year of 2000, United States alone used a drug-control budget that reached 18.4 billion dollars (Newsweek 2001 37-43). A new release of Obama Administration’s has requested 15.5 billion dollars for federal drug control (PRWEB April 2011). This was a high amount of money spent on controlling drug problems and incarceration. Instead of using all this money on the idea of imprisonment, they should use it on something that cost less and works more effectively; drug courts program or drug rehabilitation....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Recommended Prison Policy - Recommended Prison Policy Hello Sir/Madam in this report one will examine the importance of suggesting new recommendations for increasing the maximum prison sentence for offenders convicted of aggravated robbery, known as armed robbery. One will address issues of why our state legislature should consider changing the existing prison terms of those found guilty of armed robbery. As well address, the reason one believes this responsibility lays in the hands of legislators instead of judges, or parole boards....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Crime Rates in Prison - ... Furthermore, this issue is very important because it shows that physical straight is not the only thing that contributes to violence in prisons, but the psychological factor has a lot to do with it as well. Research has found that prisoners engage in violence for varies reason. I addition, prisoners who have a positive and a stable social interaction tend to engage the least in fights. On the other hand those who have weak and problematic social interaction have more fights with others prisoners (Butler, 2008)....   [tags: Social Issues, Relational Violence ] 2300 words
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Civil War Prison camps - Civil War Prison Camps It was 1864 when Horatio Kirkland Foote was taken to a prison camp. Horatio was taken to Andersonville which is located in south-west Georgia where within the 14 months that the prison was open over 45,000 other people were taken as well. Andersonville was the largest prison camp out of more than 150 recorded camps between both sides. When Horatio was at Andersonville, the conditions were vile along with all prison camps of the Civil War. If you were in one of the prisons you could expect to be deprived of clothing, nutrition, and stable living conditions....   [tags: American History]
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History of Prison Reform in the US - ... Soon after conservative groups gained control, and Pennsylvania reimposed the English criminal code, which increased the number of crimes punishable by death to twelve, and allowed punishments such as whipping to be doled out. This system lasted until the post colonial age, when in 1786 the state eliminated the death penalty for robbery and burglary and subsequently only retained capital punishment for first degree murder in 1794.4 Sparking the changes was the creation of a new society, named the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, established in 1787.5 Founding members of the society saw the appalling conditions of the local Walnut Street Jail, and felt a need to enact reforms....   [tags: Criminal Justice, History] 2068 words
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Privatization - Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]
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Prison Culture: Society of Captives - ... He has to subordinate himself to rules that are not explained and that he cannot comprehend. At the lower end of the chain of command he is forced back into the role of a child that is not a “fully accredited member of the adult society”. As he sets foot into the prison, the inmate is suddenly subject to public humiliation, enforced respect, finality of decisions and many other forms of oppressions that he thought he had long outgrown/escaped. The last deprivation and the one that seems to be perceived as the most anxiety-causing is the loss of a sense of security....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1648 words
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Freedom From the Prison of the Body - The body mediates knowledge in the two quotes by Gumbrecht and Djebar ultimately through repetition. So Vast the Prison considers the body’s role specifically in the performance of processing information: “…as if sleep were a navigation… (Djebar 25)” The body here plays the role of the intermediary between the senses that the body intakes and the conscious processing that occurs as a result: “…body both overpowered by sleep and sleep overpowering it…through half closed shutters (ibid).” Djebar compares the act of sleeping (and the process of dreaming) to shutters, or a window....   [tags: Philosophy] 925 words
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The Yellow Wallpaper: A Feminist Prison - ... Additionally, her opinion is not considered when choosing her treatment. It is decided that with a variety of medicines, supplemented with fresh air and absolutely no work, activity or socialization, she will become well again, although she has postpartum depression and not a physical disease. The narrator, on the other hand, disagrees with John’s statement that he would “as soon put fireworks in my [the narrator’s] pillow case as to let me have those stimulating people [their cousins] about now” (4)....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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The Three-Ring Prison - When adults take their children to the circus, they expect their child to be mesmerized. What is there for a child not to be captivated by. Between the dazzling display of lights, the vast amount of animals, and the entertaining clowns all over the place, the circus is a great experience for any child. While the tigers are jumping through hoops of fire, the elephants are being prepared to go out into the center ring. The audience is going wild and the children are screaming in excitement. Before the elephants begin their march into the ring, the trainers, behind the scenes, take one last hit at them with their bull hooks....   [tags: Animal Rights]
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