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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - There are hundreds of different kinds of psychiatric disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV). One of them is called Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Based on the research, post-traumatic disorder usually occurs following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape (Harvard Women’s Health Watch, 2005)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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1428 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Journal According to Sigmund Freud, events and emotions that are particularly disturbing are repressed into the unconscious. Often times this theory is true, but for people suffering from post traumatic stress disorder, they only wish that it were true. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. People with PTSD have persistent frightening thoughts and memories of their ordeal and feel emotionally numb, especially with people they were once close to....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 843 words
(2.4 pages)
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Post-traumatic stress disorder in Kuwait - REPAIRING A NATION POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN KUWAIT THESIS: Studies made by experts found after the liberation of Kuwait following the Gulf War of 1991 that most children who were inside the country experienced undesirable emotions simultaneously which brought out more abnormal behaviors. INTRODUCTION In the oppressively hot summer of 1990 the second of August to be exact, people were sleeping peacefully in their homes. It was a Thursday morning and most Kuwaitis had left the country on holiday....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 2268 words
(6.5 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder In Veterans - Post Traumatic Stress in Vietnam Veterans For more than twenty years, Patricia Dietz, a wife of a Vietnam veteran, has suffered along with her husband the effects of post traumatic stress disorder. She has stated that, "It has changed everything; it has affected the rest of his and her life." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is when a person, in this case a veteran from Vietnam, is haunted by his memories of war and death so badly that it affects not only the rest of his life, but others close to him as well....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Epidemiology At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event (such as a life-threatening assault or accident, humanmade or natural disaster, or war). As many as 67% of trauma survivors experience lasting psychosocial impairment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); panic, phobic, or generalized anxiety disorders; depression; or substance abuse.(Van der Kolk, et al, 1994) Symptoms of PTSD include persistent involuntary re-experiencing of traumatic distress, emotional numbing and detachment from other people, and hyperarousal (irritability, insomnia, fearfulness, nervous agitation)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 723 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - Hundreds of thousands of United States veterans are not able to leave the horrors of war on the battlefield (“Forever at War: Veterans Everyday Battles with PTSD” 1). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the reason why these courageous, devoted military service members cannot sleep at night or live a normal life when they are discharged. One out of every five military service members on combat tours—about 300,000 so far—return home with symptoms of PTSD or major depression. According to the Rand Study, almost half of these cases go untreated because of the disgrace that the military and civil society attach to mental disorders (McGirk 1)....   [tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, mental health]
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Implications of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for War Veterans - Implications of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for War Veterans War is a complex concept that is increasingly difficult to understand, particularly in an age that allows for live images of combat to be beamed around the world. Many war films depict the brutalities of war and affects war has on participants, but it seems that these representations merely skim the surface. The 20th century is an era that saw a significant amount of military action: World Wars I and II, the Cold War, Vietnam, and the Gulf War - millions of men fought, some survived and live among us today....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Dr. Jacob Mendez Da Costa, a physician during the Civil War, ran studies on many wounded Union soldiers. He discovered that they had rapid heart rates and high blood pressure combined with severe exhaustion and the ability to be easily startled. Though PTSD was yet a known disorder, it was clear that the men’s symptoms were caused because of the disturbing things they had seen and experienced in battle.(Thomas 10) During World War I, similar symptoms arose among the soldiers. Physicians began calling it “shell shock” or “combat fatigue.” Charles Myers, a psychologist serving at the front, wrote that shell shock occurs “where the tolerable or controllable limits of horror, fear, and anxiety are overstepped.”(Thomas 11) Many of the soldiers were considered to be crazy....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Stress] 1271 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Often family member those diagnosed with PTSD find themselves often feeling hurt, alienated, or discouraged because the patient has yet to overcome the ordeal of this trauma (Hall, 2008, p. 226). The additional stressors that families face by their uniformed Soldier going to war is both physical and emotionally draining, however, they must understand in order for the Soldier to be effective, they must be able to cope with the warrior culture and warfare associated with the 21st century (Hall, 2008, p....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Stress] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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A Passage with No Door: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Graham Greene’s The Power and the Glory - Flashbacks. Depression. Anger. Intense energy directed to one narrow goal. Significant impairment in certain social or occupational situations. These are the hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, a mental illness caused by the experience of a violent or disturbing event. One man struggles to cope with the stress and anxiety of reliving the past, and he only barely survives the world as an inferno of pain, guilt, blame, and violence. To survive this, he succumbs to revenge and discovers an outlet: the extermination of priests....   [tags: post-traumatic stress disorder, PSD, mental illnes]
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a very serious and debilitating condition that occurs after a person has been exposed to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical danger happened or was threatened. The kinds of traumatic events triggering PTSD in people include violent personal assaults (rape, mugging), natural disasters (hurricanes, tornadoes), man-made disasters (bombings), accidents or military combat. People who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair a person’s daily life....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder The Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental illness that may develop in people after a horrible experience. This is a big reaction to extreme stress. There are many causes, symptoms, and treatments for the post-traumatic stress disorder. There are many causes this disorder has, and this includes: coming out of war, being raped, or attacked, child abuse, natural disasters, car accidents, and even people who witness traumatic events could develop this disorder. A person who has experienced a bad traumatic event has a better chance of developing this disorder than a person who experienced a less traumatic event develops....   [tags: Papers] 509 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... These factors play an important role that pre-determine those that are likely to develop PTSD after an exposure to a traumatic event, as some of the resilience factors play an important role to determine those that are able to get past the trauma and recover. Symptoms of PTSD PTSD is an illness defined with a collection of symptoms that are comorbid with other disorders. The three major categories that group these symptoms are: 1) Re-experiencing the traumatic event An individual with PTSD frequently recalls the event through flashbacks, nightmares, or recurrent intrusive thoughts....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... The stories that they can tell will make you believe that it came from a horror movie. I assure that this was real; none of their stories are made up. It is documented and they have the medals to prove it. Prior to leaving the military I was stationed at Camp Lejuene. Camp Lejuene is a Marine Corps base in North Carolina. Many of the people I had working for and with me we about to embark on their third or fourth trip to Iraq. New to my particular warehouse was my boss. While I can’t remember his name I do remember our very first conversation....   [tags: Mental Health]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... The individual can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. PTSD is linked to structural neurochemical changes in the central nervous system which may have a direct biological effect on health, such as vulnerability to hypertension and atherosclerotic heart disease; abnormalities in thyroid and other hormone functions; increased susceptibility to infections and immunologic disorders; and problems with pain perception, pain tolerance, and chronic pain....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder After experiencing a traumatic event, the mind has been known to horde away the details and memories and then send them back at unexpected times and places, sometimes after years have passed. It does so in a haunting way that makes the recall just as disturbing as the original event. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is the name for the acquired mental condition that follows a psychologically distressing event "outside the range of usual human experience" (Bernstein, et al)....   [tags: Papers] 1532 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Some PTSD patience can be treated with therapy and some with meds or both meds and therapy at the same time, whatever works for the patient best. There is no rhyme or reason as to why one method works with one individual and not another, so they have to find the right therapy or combination of therapies that work best for the patient. They have found three main therapies that work best in treating PTSD these are called “exposure therapy, anxiety management and cognitive therapy”(Foa 2001). For some people these therapies work their best together and for others just one does the job....   [tags: Health ]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Astonishingly, for military spouses, networking with other military spouses does not seem to be related to stress or PTSD. Generally speaking, military spouses who are stressed normally seek support and get their stress levels reduced. With this being said, individuals who are facing high levels of stress may not be fully aware of all of the resources that are forthcoming to them. If the bond between the veteran's and spouse's relationship is strong then the lower the stress is going to be in the relationship over all factors which could prevent PTSD from developing....   [tags: Military Service, The Middle East] 2440 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Theory of Personality Trait theory is a major approach to the study of human personality. Trait theorists are concerned with human traits which define behavior, thoughts and emotions. Traits differ for people for example, some people are outgoing, other people are introverted. Traits are relatively stable over time and influence behavior. Traits are what make a person who they are. The main human traits are known as the Big Five are openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion/introversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism or the acronym OCEAN....   [tags: Psychology]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Conversely, Richard’s PTSD causes him to have reoccurring dreams of the people that he sentence to their deaths even though he is indirectly link because his pawns perform the evil deed. The most significant dream is when Richard is visited by the ghosts of his victims. The ghosts recount Richard’s horrors, and condemn him to despair and die, while they 3 simultaneously bless and praise Richmond. Even his late wife had wished for his downfall “That never slept a quiet hour with thee, now fills thy sleep with perturbations” (page136)....   [tags: Psychology, Health, Medicine] 2021 words
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The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder occurs after a person is exposed to a terrifying ordeal which causes either grave physical or psychological harm where harm was threatened. It can become an extremely debilitating disorder to the persons life. The person can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat such as the soldiers who fought in WWII....   [tags: Papers] 672 words
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The Life of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Numbing also has to deal with staying away from stimuli. A person experiencing numbing shuts down from feelings and has trouble expressing or understanding feelings . Another key symptom of PTSD is hyper arousal, which means that the person is on high alert all the time-looking for danger- which leads to sleep issues, trouble handling surprises, and always being on guard . If someone were to say that these symptoms aren’t real and are over exaggerated, again all they would need to do is talk to someone, like Jonathan Norrell, to see how this disorder wreaks havoc on the lives of those who’ve suffered....   [tags: Psychology]
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Validation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... The last set of samples showed 30.6% of male Vietnam veteran and 26.9% of female veterans who met the criteria for developing PTSD (Kulka et al. 1990). Due to significant time constraints and limited access to information, a decision was made to use a Meta-Analysis. The Meta-Analysis provides a systematic evaluation of the quantitative analysis, which combines and summarizes several different studies. This method offers control over the data analysis, and by using statistical software, it addresses related hypotheses for delivery of precision in the use of codes....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1059 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Erwin, Newman, McMackin, Morrissey and Kaloupek (2000) suggest that a reason for this is that early exposure to trauma can have severe impact on adolescent’s functioning in terms of their emotions, cognition and behaviour, poor self-regulation and information-processing. Adding to this, Tyson & Goodman, (1996) suggest that it is these deficits in functioning coupled with the individual’s inability to regulate emotions that predispose them to engaging in protective aggression and dangerous re-enactment behaviours as a way of dealing with their exposure to trauma....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 658 words
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Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Cognitive behavioral therapy has been found to have highly effective and can provide tools that can be carried on into the clients day to day lives. Pharmacotherapy, which is treating the disorder with medication, is commonly used route of choice. It is believe that PTSD is linked to extreme alterations in many psychobiological systems that have evolved for coping adaption, and survival (Foa, Keane, & Friedman, 2000, p. 84). According to Foa, Keane, and Friedman (2000), some of the abnormalities that could possibly be associated are: Adrenergic hyperreactivity appears t o be associated with hyper-arousal, reexperiencing, panic/anxiety symptoms, and probably associated with dissociation and rage/ aggression....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Causes of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Another way I cope is if I am feeling a moment coming I will dance it off, or workout. I also let myself have a good cry to help with a lot of the emotion. However, I have a lot of ways to cope it’s a matter of having to do this forever. However when the anxiety comes it hits hard and to cope with that I really just have to wait until it passes. I have tried everything to get rid of it and it’s just a matter of time before it leaves. That is the most hardest to deal with knowing I can’t really do anything to help....   [tags: Psychotherapy]
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Stress - Stress I. What Is Stress. Stress is the combination of psychological, physiological, and behavioral reactions that people have in response to events that threaten or challenge them. Stress can be good or bad. Sometimes, stress is helpful, providing people with the extra energy or alertness they need. Stress could give a runner the edge he or she needs to persevere in a marathon, for example. This good kind of stress is called eustress. Unfortunately, stress is often not helpful and can even be harmful when not managed effectively....   [tags: Stressors Psychology Stress Behavior Essays] 3964 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome - ... The first group is classified as flashbacks. (Placeholder1) Flashbacks involve a person reliving their tragic experience or event over and over. (Placeholder1) Symptoms of flashbacks also include one’s heart racing, swelling, bad dreams or nightmares. (Placeholder3) Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome patients have scary thoughts of certain objects or situations, which trigger them to reexperience the event. (Placeholder3) The second category is called avoidance symptoms. This would be when the person stays away from things that remind them of the tragedy they experienced....   [tags: Pyschology, Mental Health, Diseases] 1734 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Dissorder - ... People categorized as likely to fall under this category include military, medical practitioners, police, firefighters, and therapists who deal with psychological matters. According to Downing, as the person is continually exposed to these conditions, there is likelihood of an intensely traumatizing event that may cause the disorder, and as the specialist deals with similar cases on a daily basis the traumatizing event may be recounted triggering PTSD (2). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has several aspects that distinguish it from other anxiety disorders....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Reliving the Nightmare: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - Reliving the Nightmare: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After the terrorist attacks on September 11th, horrific images of the towers collapsing, survivors fleeing, and the rescue and recovery efforts inundated television viewers. In the weeks following the attacks, numerous news accounts reported increasing general anxiety among Americans, with many individuals reporting sleep difficulties and trouble concentrating. Additionally, much attention focused on the effects on those who directly witnessed and/or were injured the attacks, and whether they would suffer from post traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD (4)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Causes Symptoms and Effects - ... Especially phobias of particular people or places. (Posttraumatic) After explaining the outward signs of the disorder it is important to talk about the internal symptoms of the disorder. Although they may not be visible to family members or friends, they are often the most devastating symptoms of the illness and the ones that need treatment. The most common symptom is a persistent reexperience of the traumatic event causing problems with sleep as well as everyday activities. (Post Traumatic) People also tend to shy away from stimuli that remind them of the event....   [tags: Psychology]
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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... The traumatic event is persistently re-experience in one (or more) of the following ways: (3) acting or feeling as if the traumatic event were recurring (includes a sense of reliving the experience, illusions, hallucinations, and dissociate flashbacks episodes, including those that occur on awakening or when intoxicated).(Aasgaard og Dahl, 1997) Among the factors that allow us to know what event is stressful and not, is their level of controllability, predictability, and the extent to which they challenge the limits of our capabilities and our self-concept....   [tags: mental health, psychology]
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Analyzing Spartacus' Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Baticitus tried to get Spartacus to sleep with several women and he refused because he was determined to be reunited with his wife. He had flashbacks from the day that they took Sura into slavery and when they sentenced him to death. If he would never had betrayed Glaber, he and Sura would be living happily ever after. Spartacus’ nightmares would start off happy and then end up being tragic. He would wake up in sweats and in disbelief that Sura was really not there with him. His disorder is what kept him staying champion of Capua because he know if he kept bring social advancement to ludus, Baticitus would bring Sura to him....   [tags: Character Analysis ]
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Today’s Soldier: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Soldiers with PTSD may tend to avoid people, places, and things that remind them of the event. They often avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event, seek isolation, and are highly sensitive to normal life experiences. Chief complaints in patients diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder include two major symptoms: anxiety, which causes an abnormal reaction to loud noises and difficulty sleeping due to repeated nightmares. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders causes and effects can be vastly different for female soldiers than male soldiers....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can be treated using various methods and all focus on helping the affected person cope or overcome the traumatic experience through a gradual process. In essence, treatment does not aim at keeping the trauma or the reminder of it at bay; instead, it aims at helping the patient remember and process sensations and emotions that were originally experienced during the event (Smith & Segal, 2011). Besides offering an escape route for the emotions that have accumulated over time, therapy helps in restoring the sense of control in the patient and in reducing the negative impacts of the traumatic memories on the patient’s life....   [tags: Health Care] 918 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain Throughout the course of this semester we have examined numerous issues which have all had different implications for the brain = behavior argument. Some who have been skeptical of the validity of this idea have been swayed by observations that processes and behaviors they originally thought to have a cloudy neurobiological basis in fact have a sound biological and physiological underpinning. One such phenomenon which can help elucidate the ongoing brain = behavior debate is Post-Traumatic Stress disorder, or PTSD....   [tags: Chemistry Psychology Papers]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Air Crash Victims - ... While middle-aged persons fair better than the aged, the young workforce seems to be at a greater risk of developing post traumatic stress disorder (Epstein, Fullerton & Ursano 1998). The post traumatic stress disorder is therefore one of the key issues that arise among survivors and other victims of air crash. The recurrence of the incidence and exaggerated horrifying images and incidences are some of the main issues after air crash. The other persons that are affected by the air crash are members of the rescue team....   [tags: Psychology]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as a Metaphor in "Mrs. Dalloway" - ... Then the diagnoses came, Septimus needed to be placed in a home, away from Rezia, away from all of society, to rest. Rezia and Septimus did not seem to like this idea, but the Doctor wouldn’t listen and dismissed both of them without further discussion. It became clear to Rezia that Dr. Bradshaw didn’t care about her husband at all. Through Dr. Holmes, Woolf shows us the common misconceptions of post traumatic stress disorder (shellshock) after the war, even by a man who had been practicing medicine for forty years....   [tags: Literary Themes]
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Examples of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in The Things They Carried - Examples of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in The Things They Carried   The Things They Carried represents a compound documentary novel written by a Vietnam veteran, Tim O'Brien, in whose accounts on the Vietnam war one encounters graphical depictions of the PTSD. Thus, the stories "Speaking of Courage," "The Man I Killed," "How to Tell a True War Story," "Enemies" and "Friends, " "Stockings," and "The Sweetheart of The Song Tra Bong "all encompass various examples of PTSD. "The war was over and there was no place in particular to go" (157)....   [tags: Things They Carried Essays] 2496 words
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The Possible Effects of Post Traumatic Stress - The Possible Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Post traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can develop at any age, including in childhood. Symptoms typically begin within 3 months of a traumatic event, although occasionally they do not begin until years later....   [tags: Papers] 1486 words
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The Causes of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders - ... 89). The study findings indicate that the severity and meaning of daily stressors differ by the levels of education and are partly responsible for PTSD differentials in health considering of the variations in stress as well as differences in the resources that individuals bring to their daily lives (Almeida, Wethington, & Kessler, 2002). The second article examines gender differences in levels of violence exposure of post traumatic stress (PTS) sampling of inner-city subjects of predominately African-American (AA) youth....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Veterans - ... President Obama, in his speech on July 10, 2011, expressed his support for veterans, specifically those suffering with PTSD. He understands the plight of soldiers of war, whether in combat or non-combat, being affected by the war’s trauma. President Obama understood the necessity for new policy as the old policy prevented many of those with PTSD from receiving the care they needed. As stated by the President “I don’t think our troops on the battlefield should have to take notes to keep for claims applications” (The White House, 2010)....   [tags: Health, Early Detection and Treatment] 1261 words
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Anxiety Disorders: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Relating to Rape - ... The victims can lose interest in their ever day activities and hobbies, they may experience fear of opposite sex, fear of nighttime(if occurance happened at night), extreme stress, over eating or under eating, flashbacks which are known among PTSD victims, distrust in people, and many other life affecting symptoms. (Rothschild, 2010)After reading Cognitive mediation of rape's mental, physical and social health impact: Tests of four models in cross-sectional data and reviewing the four types of models, I have come to the conclusion that most women are a model type B....   [tags: Psychology ] 937 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Overview Beyond the U.S Military Aspect - ... Of those who do develop PTSD women seem to be the most common gender-wise to do so, with around ten percent of women developing PTSD compared to five percent of men. During a year’s time about 5.2 million adults will suffer from PTSD. This number may seem to be large, but in relation to those who have gone through a traumatic event that particular year, it is relatively small. Symptoms associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder include re-Living the event or elements of it, avoidance of thoughts, memories, people or places associated with the event, emotional numbing- such as being withdrawn or isolated and elevated arousal....   [tags: Psychology]
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The Neurobiology of Fear: Emotional Memory and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - The Neurobiology of Fear: Emotional Memory and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder For survivors of traumatic events, the trauma itself is often only the beginning. While some are relatively unaffected, many others will develop post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, an affliction that haunts its victims with terrifying memories, nightmares, and panic attacks. (For a comprehensive list of symptoms and diagnostic criteria, the reader may refer to the DSM-IV, relevant portions of which may be found online (7).) The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 3.6 percent of Americans between the ages of 18 and 54 suffer from PTSD; 30 percent of those who have spent time in war zones - one million veterans of Vietnam alone - are affected (6)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Person Centered Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... It was originally developed to treat depression and anxiety but is now used for many different disorders. It is a very effective type of therapy because it is time limited. The amount of sessions is usually between four and fourteen. CBT focuses on schemas or core beliefs which are usually negative thoughts like “I’m worthless” or “I’m not loveable” (Beck, 1970). In order to treat cognitive distortions the negative thoughts need to be addressed. First, the individual needs to “recognize idiosyncratic cognitions”....   [tags: Therapy/Rehabilitation]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... There were family member fighting family members, neighbors fighting neighbors, and battles were fought on what were once grounds of happy childhood memories or simply peaceful lands. Tactics and slow evolution of weapons included repeatedly firing rifles, pistols and allowed for full frontal assaults on several of one’s enemies. Other technologies were delayed-time artillery rounds that allowed air bursts, telescopic sights that greatly increased accuracy and destructiveness in battle, which made war quick and most of all deadly....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Post-Traumatic Stress In Relation To Holden Caulfield - Post-Traumatic Stress In Relation To Holden Caulfield Introduction Throughout life, an individual may endure emotionally and physically straining moments causing the person to become downhearted, and or irate. These feelings are normal, but may however become a problem when these feelings prohibit someone from living a ‘normal’ life. An estimated 5.2 million American adults ages 18 to 54, or approximately 3.6 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have PTSD (Narrow, Rae, Regier)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1165 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder vs Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Does the Diagnosis Really Matter? - ... PTSD suffers may hear a noise, see something or read a report about something that my cause these flash backs. (National Center of PTSD) Some examples of this is hearing a car backfire may cause a veteran to go back to the time they heard the gun fire that killed their friend. Another example would be a sexual abuse victim hearing a news story about someone who is was sexually abused and having flashbacks to their experience. The second type of symptom of PTSD is “Avoiding situations that remind you of the event” (National Center for PTSD)....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and its Effect on Combat Soldiers Involved in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars - ... The person may also show signs of paranoia as always being alert and on the lookout for danger. They may become jittery, easily startled when hearing loud noises such as a car backfiring or when a friend dove behind a store dumpster after a store employee threw a florescent light and it made a sound like an explosion. In some cases, the person becomes angry, irritable, and even violent. People who are dealing with PTSD may start drinking and using drugs to cope with the memories, flashbacks and nightmares....   [tags: Psychology] 1037 words
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Post Traumatic Stress and the Brothers' Relationship in The Red Convertible by Louise Erdrich - Henry Fosdick once said, “The tragedy of war is that it uses man’s best to do man’s worst.” In “The Red Convertible” by Louis Erdrich, there is a conflict amongst two brothers, Henry and Lyman as ones awareness towards reality is shifted upon the return of the Vietnam War. Henry’s experience fighting in the Vietnam War is the responsibility for the unexpected aftermath that affects their brotherhood. The event of Henry fighting in the war through fears, emotions and horrors that he encounters is the source of his “Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome [PTSD].” It has shaped his own perception of reality and his relationship with his brother Lyman and the strong bond that they had shared....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Critical Analysis] 1241 words
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children - ... The literature reveals that sleep related issues as a result of PTSD affects as many as 70% of those individuals with the condition (Ohayon & Shapiro, 2000). In a study that examined whether sleeping disturbances including insomnia and nightmares persisted after competition of CBT for PTSD, Zayfert & DeViva (2004) concluded that a significant portion (48%) of this sample of remitted PTSD patients reported persisting insomnia sufficient to be coded as a symptom, where for the majority of patients, the insomnia remained severe....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
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PostTraumatic Stress Disorder and Vietnam Veterans - PostTraumatic Stress Disorder and Vietnam Veterans Missing Works Cited The power of the human brain is a mystery of science. For example, while certain parts of the brain are well known to control certain bodily functions, the brain's memory capacity is just now being discovered. Scientists believe that only a small fraction of the brain is actually used, and its potential power is much greater than one may expect or believe. Its ability to view and store information is still not totally understood by scientists today....   [tags: Vietnam War PTSD Papers] 1338 words
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The Vietnam War - ... Deeper psychological problems cannot be addressed if the veteran is excessively self-medicating.” (veteranfamiliesunited 3). Emmett is consistently unemployed; he says that he doesn’t feel like he needs to get a job. Although Sam works at the Burger Boy which helps to support her and her uncle and therefore “Emmett’s problems bring about a limited lifestyle and barriers imposed on Sam’s own possibilities” (Ryan 202). Although he does end up getting a job at the end of the novel to support himself while Sam goes to college, this does not occur until after he has had his startling break down with Sam at Cawood pond....   [tags: War, Post-Traumatic Stress ] 1393 words
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What Is Stress? - ... Many external experiences and events can cause stress; catastrophes, life changes, strains, and every day hassles are the major causes of stress for a person. Catastrophes or Catastrophic events are experiences, traumas, or evens that creates huge amounts of stress to persons, it can be unexpected, unpredictable, and it can even be life threatening. A good example of a catastrophic experience is the terrorist attack in the World Trade Center; it created a feeling of threat, and stress in a large scale among Americans....   [tags: Health] 1895 words
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Stress Management - ... In order to effectively manage stress an individual must first accurately identify the sources of the stress. Psychological tests such as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), or the Life Experiences Survey (LES), can aid in identifying the extent in which events or situations that are perceived as stressful. The SRRS test measures life change as a form of stress. Values are assigned to 43 major life events that reflect the degree of the readjustment required by each change (Weiten & Lloyd, 2006)....   [tags: Health ]
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Anxiety Disorders - This paper is going to be about anxiety disorders. I am going to explain what anxiety is and the different types of anxiety disorders. The types of anxiety I am going to talk about are Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress, Panic Disorder and Social Phobia.      Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It helps some one deal with a tense situation in the office, study harder for an exam, keep focused on an important speech. In general, it helps some one cope. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder....   [tags: OCD Post-Traumatic Stress Panic] 791 words
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Understanding PTSD and Methods of Treatment - A study in 2008 showed that about 300,000 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans suffer from PTSD or major depression, and about 320,000 may have experienced at least a mild concussion or brain injury in combat (Zoroya). American society is witnessing a hasty rise in the need for treatment of PTSD for returning soldiers from Afghanistan and Iraq. The medical definition of PTSD is that the person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both the following were present: The person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others, The person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror (Lanham)....   [tags: post traumatic stress, psychology, psychiatry] 1855 words
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Bipolar Disorder - Bipolar Disorder Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor’s make in their diagnosis. All kids have mood swings—is it Bipolar Disorder. Psychologists of today are having problems diagnosing children with Bipolar Disorder because the symptoms are so different from the adult form of the disorder. In children Bipolar Disorder is called “Child Onset Bipolar Disorder”, known as COBPD (My Child 1). In children the cycling from highs to lows are very fast....   [tags: Papers] 3149 words
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Anxiety Disorder - ... Research has also proved that the brain’s chemical balance can be affected by prolonged stress. The disorder also runs in families where by siblings inherit it from parents. However, some forms of the anxiety disorder may be triggered by trauma. There are several kinds of anxiety disorders and they include: social anxiety disorder; panic disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; specific phobia; and generalized anxiety disorder. Social anxiety disorder is the constant fear of being ridiculed by others or get embarrassed caused by an always self-consciousness....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Anxiety Disorder - ... For instance, displacement would be a secondary defense in phobias, while reversal and reaction-formation would be secondary defenses in obsessive-compulsive disorder (Wolman & Stricker, 1994). However, Freud had to revise his theory after empirical evidence demonstrated that abreaction of affects only relieve the symptoms temporally. In his second model, Freud said that anxiety was a signal for the anticipation of danger that produces defense mechanisms. In a way, anxiety expresses the level of conflict in the unconscious....   [tags: Psychology, Phobia, Agoraphobia] 1445 words
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The Exploration on Traumatic Experiences of North Korean Defectors - ... It is noticeable that North Korean defectors witnessed the family members’ death from severe starvation. It reflects the severity of food crisis occurred in 1990s, which has greatly impacted all over the population in North Korea. In addition, North Korean refugee women suffered from depression caused by separation from their family and children in North Korea or China (Yu & Jeon, 2008). The Chinese government regarded North Korean defectors as illegal immigrants and implemented a strict policy under ‘An Agreement on Repatriation of Border Crossers’ with North Korea since 1987....   [tags: North Korea]
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Post Concussion Syndrome - ... Journey page 75) Sustaining an injury like a concussion can have detrimental effect to the Peripheral Nervous System which basically controls all of the body’s sensory organs within the somatic nervous system. Head injuries like a concussions impact your cognitive skills, vision, speaking, tasting, all of the body’s primary motor skills can be affected. The body sensory organs can send the wrong information to the brain causing a delayed reaction to receptors cell, which are made up of muscle fibers....   [tags: Health Care]
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Dissociative Identity Disorder and Abuse - Dissociative Identity Disorder and Abuse The condition once known as multiple personality disorder (MPD) is a very real psychological phenomenon that until recently was mis-understood and often mis-diagnosed. Dissociative identity disorder, DID, as we now call it, is a mental illness where a person's thoughts, feelings, and memories are scattered throughout two or more separate personalities within the victims mind (Appelbaum 107). In 1973 perhaps the world's most famous psychiatric patient ever, Sybil brought attention to what was until then a rare diagnoses....   [tags: Papers] 1062 words
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Dissociative Identity Disorder - Dissociative Identity Disorder, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV-TR), is “characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the individual’s behavior accompanied by an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. It is a disorder characterized by identity fragmentation rather than a proliferation of separate personalities.” To qualify as dissociative identity disorder, also known as D.I.D., at least two personalities must routinely take alternate control of the individual's behavior, and there must be a loss of memory that goes beyond normal forgetfulness....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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Multiple Personality Disorder - Multiple Personality Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a mental disease that exists in about one percent of the population. Much research supports the existence of this disease and its origins, causes and effects on the people in who suffer with it. This essay will clearly define Multiple Personality Disorder along with a detailed synopsis of the disease itself. The diagnosis, alter personalities, different treatments and views will indicate the disease is real. The American Psychiatric Association named Multiple Personality Disorder in 1994 Dissociative Disorder....   [tags: Papers] 1647 words
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Dissociative identity disorder - The growing recognition of psychiatric conditions resulting from traumatic influences is a significant mental health issue of the 1990s. Until recently considered rare and mysterious psychiatric curiosities, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) (until very recently known as Multiple Personality Disorder - MPD) and other Dissociative Disorders (DD) are now understood to be fairly common effects of severe trauma in early childhood, most typically extreme, repeated physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse....   [tags: essays research papers] 1410 words
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Dissociative Identity Disorder - Dissociative Identity Disorder A small town in the middle of Nowhere, America is suddenly the victim of a serial killer. In a community in which everyone seems to know everyone else, and life could not be more Norman Rockwell-esque if it tried, gruesome deaths and possibly even sexual crimes are occurring at an alarming rate. Is the murderer the doctor who just came to town, or maybe the mailman's new wife. After a long and drawn out investigation, the trusty sheriff (or maybe a local writer - this part is interchangeable) realizes that the true culprit is a housewife who had spent her entire life in Nowhere....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Different Types of Bipolar Disorder - Different Types of Bipolar Disorder What is unipolar illness. When the mood is just depressed. This is far more common than bipolar illness. What is bipolar disease. Bipolar disorders (manic-depressive illness) are marked by periods of manic, greatly elated moods or excited states as well as by periods of depression. Although the manic-depressive psychosis may alternate from one of its phases to the other, one or the other phase is usually dominant for a while. Depression is more often dominant than mania....   [tags: Psychiatry Psychology Bipolar Essays]
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder - ... The percentage of African Americans suffering from anxiety in comparison to Caucasians is nearly doubled. The last factor that places a role in Rachel’s situation according to socio-cultural theorists is gender. Females are twice as likely to develop anxiety as men (Comer, 2011, p. 97). Also, the area or neighborhood that you live in has a great impact on one’s psychological health. Rachel lives in an extremely low to no income neighborhood in a bad area on the south side of Chicago. The crime rate, including theft, rape, and murder, in her neighborhood is one of the top five most dangerous places to live in Illinois....   [tags: Psychology]
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Factors Leading to Stress and How It Can Be Avoided - Factors Leading to Stress and How It Can Be Avoided Stress is an unavoidable consequence of life. However, just as distress can cause disease, it seems plausible that there are good stresses that promote wellness. The objective of this research paper is to examine some of the common causes of stress, its effect on our physical body, our mind, emotions and our behavior. Another and equally important objective is to explore some of the stress management techniques and treatments available to the individual and medical practitioners....   [tags: Papers] 1445 words
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Don’t Stress Out! Work Out! - Don’t Stress Out. Work Out. Imagine any average day. You wake up, especially tired because you haven’t been sleeping well all week, perhaps grab your daily cup of coffee, head off to work in the middle of rush-hour, try to complete several projects that are due by the end of the week, and so on. Then again, in between each of those minor events you experience varying levels of stress and anxiety. Nonetheless, you are in company because according to the National Health Interview Survey, 75% of the American population undergoes at least some stress every couple of weeks....   [tags: Exercise Weight Loss Papers]
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Service Effects on Soldiers - "The armed forces are for you". "Join the armed forces". "Fight for your country". These are the slogans that today's youth hear and see all over the media. They hear nothing but the positive aspects of the armed forces. They never stop to think what kind of life that soldier lives when he/she returns home after their time served. American soldiers or soldiers in general are considered to be heroes. They put their lives on the line to help protect their country. However what few people seem to realize is that a soldier's battle is not only out there on the battle field....   [tags: American Military Soldier Experience Post Service] 1598 words
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Classifications for Anxiety Disorders - Are you or do you know someone, experiencing panic attacks or anxiety attacks. If so, it is important to be familiar with what these terms mean. Individuals frequently use panic and anxiety together, however; there are significant differences in the two and understanding the difference will make it easier to comprehend the relationship. Phobias are irrational fears that create interference within an individual’s daily routine. There are individuals who suffer from a phobia linked to pretty much any object or place imaginable....   [tags: Classification Essay] 563 words
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Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five -- A Great American Novel - For a novel to be considered a Great American Novel, it must contain a theme that is uniquely American, a hero that is the essence of a great American, or relevance to the American people. Others argue, however, that the Great American Novel may never exist. They say that America and her image are constantly changing and therefore, there will never be a novel that can represent the country in its entirety. In his novel, Slaughterhouse-Five, Kurt Vonnegut writes about war and its destructiveness....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Analytical Essay] 1390 words
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The Impact of Domestic Violence on Children - ... Type II is from repeated or long-term exposure. This can be child sexual abuse or battering. Although Type I is from less severe events, it can be just as hard on a child as Type II. Children react to domestic violence differently. There are also different subgroups of responses. Some emotional responses include: shock, terror, guilt, horror, irritability, anxiety, hostility, and depression. Cognitive responses, or responses involving the mind such as memory, include: confusion, self-blame, flashbacks about the memory, lowered self-efficacy, fears of losing control, and the fear of the event reoccurring....   [tags: Violence ]
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Sexual Assault Among Women In the United States - Sexual Assault Among Women In the United States Sexual Assault described in technical terms is defined as any sort of sexual activity between two or more people in which one of the people involved is involved against his or her will. (3) The description of "against his or her will" extends to varying degrees of aggression, ranging from indirect pressure to a direct physical attack. According to the Crime Victim Research and Treatment Center 1.3 adult women are sexually assaulted in the United States every minute....   [tags: Sexual Abuse Assault Research Papers]
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Families dealing with ptsd - ... Doctors, mothers, fathers, children, cousins, and friends all play a part during the recovery however, one has to feel that there is only so much that one can do. BJC Health Care accredits sympathy as being one of the methods in which family members strive to help PTSD afflicted kin. People feel sorry that someone they agonize about is suffering from symptoms of PTSD. BJC Health Care also avows that traumatized people receiving sympathy can be helpful, especially after the traumatic event. Although showing sympathy for PTSD family members can be beneficial, it can also have a negative effect (bjc.org)....   [tags: ] 1785 words
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Macbeth Essay - ... In the play “Hamlet” everyone is able to see Hamlet’s father’s ghost because he was a real human being. Banquo is the other part of Macbeth’s personality, meaning he only exists in Macbeth’s reality. This also explains why Fleance does not seek revenge on Macbeth, because he did not exist. DID only explains half of the non real characters, Schizophrenia explains the other half. To explain the nonexistence of the witches and murderers Macbeth must have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is evident in many parts of the play, in fact Macbeth even hears a disembodied voice “Methought I heard a voice cry “Sleep no more....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]
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Psychological Disorders - ... People suffering from these types of disorders will become prisoners of their own fears inhibiting them from functioning normally in society. Another form of psychological disorders is mood disorders. These disorders are characterized by extreme feeling of moods. Major depressive disorder is when a person becomes extremely depressed. A person will not be able to lift themselves out of the depression making simple things seem like impossibilities. When this depression alternates with an extreme sense of elation it is known a bipolar disorder....   [tags: Psychology ] 535 words
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