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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - Hundreds of thousands of United States veterans are not able to leave the horrors of war on the battlefield (“Forever at War: Veterans Everyday Battles with PTSD” 1). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the reason why these courageous military service members cannot live a normal life when they are discharged. One out of every five military service members on combat tours—about 300,000 so far—return home with symptoms of PTSD or major depression. According to the Rand Study, almost half of these cases go untreated because of the disgrace that the military and civil society attach to mental disorders (McGirk 1)....   [tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, mental health]
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2313 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Journal According to Sigmund Freud, events and emotions that are particularly disturbing are repressed into the unconscious. Often times this theory is true, but for people suffering from post traumatic stress disorder, they only wish that it were true. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. People with PTSD have persistent frightening thoughts and memories of their ordeal and feel emotionally numb, especially with people they were once close to....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 843 words
(2.4 pages)
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - There are hundreds of different kinds of psychiatric disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV). One of them is called Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Based on the research, post-traumatic disorder usually occurs following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape (Harvard Women’s Health Watch, 2005)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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1428 words
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Post-traumatic stress disorder in Kuwait - REPAIRING A NATION POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN KUWAIT THESIS: Studies made by experts found after the liberation of Kuwait following the Gulf War of 1991 that most children who were inside the country experienced undesirable emotions simultaneously which brought out more abnormal behaviors. INTRODUCTION In the oppressively hot summer of 1990 the second of August to be exact, people were sleeping peacefully in their homes. It was a Thursday morning and most Kuwaitis had left the country on holiday....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 2268 words
(6.5 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder In Veterans - Post Traumatic Stress in Vietnam Veterans For more than twenty years, Patricia Dietz, a wife of a Vietnam veteran, has suffered along with her husband the effects of post traumatic stress disorder. She has stated that, "It has changed everything; it has affected the rest of his and her life." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is when a person, in this case a veteran from Vietnam, is haunted by his memories of war and death so badly that it affects not only the rest of his life, but others close to him as well....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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1217 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Epidemiology At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event (such as a life-threatening assault or accident, humanmade or natural disaster, or war). As many as 67% of trauma survivors experience lasting psychosocial impairment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); panic, phobic, or generalized anxiety disorders; depression; or substance abuse.(Van der Kolk, et al, 1994) Symptoms of PTSD include persistent involuntary re-experiencing of traumatic distress, emotional numbing and detachment from other people, and hyperarousal (irritability, insomnia, fearfulness, nervous agitation)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 723 words
(2.1 pages)
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Implications of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for War Veterans - Implications of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for War Veterans War is a complex concept that is increasingly difficult to understand, particularly in an age that allows for live images of combat to be beamed around the world. Many war films depict the brutalities of war and affects war has on participants, but it seems that these representations merely skim the surface. The 20th century is an era that saw a significant amount of military action: World Wars I and II, the Cold War, Vietnam, and the Gulf War - millions of men fought, some survived and live among us today....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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A Passage with No Door: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Graham Greene’s The Power and the Glory - Flashbacks. Depression. Anger. Intense energy directed to one narrow goal. Significant impairment in certain social or occupational situations. These are the hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, a mental illness caused by the experience of a violent or disturbing event. One man struggles to cope with the stress and anxiety of reliving the past, and he only barely survives the world as an inferno of pain, guilt, blame, and violence. To survive this, he succumbs to revenge and discovers an outlet: the extermination of priests....   [tags: post-traumatic stress disorder, PSD, mental illnes]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Dr. Jacob Mendez Da Costa, a physician during the Civil War, ran studies on many wounded Union soldiers. He discovered that they had rapid heart rates and high blood pressure combined with severe exhaustion and the ability to be easily startled. Though PTSD was yet a known disorder, it was clear that the men’s symptoms were caused because of the disturbing things they had seen and experienced in battle.(Thomas 10) During World War I, similar symptoms arose among the soldiers. Physicians began calling it “shell shock” or “combat fatigue.” Charles Myers, a psychologist serving at the front, wrote that shell shock occurs “where the tolerable or controllable limits of horror, fear, and anxiety are overstepped.”(Thomas 11) Many of the soldiers were considered to be crazy....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Stress] 1271 words
(3.6 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Often family member those diagnosed with PTSD find themselves often feeling hurt, alienated, or discouraged because the patient has yet to overcome the ordeal of this trauma (Hall, 2008, p. 226). The additional stressors that families face by their uniformed Soldier going to war is both physical and emotionally draining, however, they must understand in order for the Soldier to be effective, they must be able to cope with the warrior culture and warfare associated with the 21st century (Hall, 2008, p....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Stress] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... The individual can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. PTSD is linked to structural neurochemical changes in the central nervous system which may have a direct biological effect on health, such as vulnerability to hypertension and atherosclerotic heart disease; abnormalities in thyroid and other hormone functions; increased susceptibility to infections and immunologic disorders; and problems with pain perception, pain tolerance, and chronic pain....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Some PTSD patience can be treated with therapy and some with meds or both meds and therapy at the same time, whatever works for the patient best. There is no rhyme or reason as to why one method works with one individual and not another, so they have to find the right therapy or combination of therapies that work best for the patient. They have found three main therapies that work best in treating PTSD these are called “exposure therapy, anxiety management and cognitive therapy”(Foa 2001). For some people these therapies work their best together and for others just one does the job....   [tags: Health ]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - For the last eight or nine years we have been hearing about a disorder that is seemingly new. This disorder is known as post traumatic stress. We hear on the news that a veteran had hurt his or her family and this disorder was the cause. We have seen the countless reports of the number of divorces that are cause by post traumatic stress. Just by reading the reports and watching the news one can conclude that this is a disorder that is cause by war. PTSD is not a diagnosis solely held by war veterans....   [tags: Mental Health]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Astonishingly, for military spouses, networking with other military spouses does not seem to be related to stress or PTSD. Generally speaking, military spouses who are stressed normally seek support and get their stress levels reduced. With this being said, individuals who are facing high levels of stress may not be fully aware of all of the resources that are forthcoming to them. If the bond between the veteran's and spouse's relationship is strong then the lower the stress is going to be in the relationship over all factors which could prevent PTSD from developing....   [tags: Military Service, The Middle East] 2440 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Theory of Personality Trait theory is a major approach to the study of human personality. Trait theorists are concerned with human traits which define behavior, thoughts and emotions. Traits differ for people for example, some people are outgoing, other people are introverted. Traits are relatively stable over time and influence behavior. Traits are what make a person who they are. The main human traits are known as the Big Five are openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion/introversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism or the acronym OCEAN....   [tags: Psychology]
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Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Cognitive behavioral therapy has been found to have highly effective and can provide tools that can be carried on into the clients day to day lives. Pharmacotherapy, which is treating the disorder with medication, is commonly used route of choice. It is believe that PTSD is linked to extreme alterations in many psychobiological systems that have evolved for coping adaption, and survival (Foa, Keane, & Friedman, 2000, p. 84). According to Foa, Keane, and Friedman (2000), some of the abnormalities that could possibly be associated are: Adrenergic hyperreactivity appears t o be associated with hyper-arousal, reexperiencing, panic/anxiety symptoms, and probably associated with dissociation and rage/ aggression....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - ... These factors play an important role that pre-determine those that are likely to develop PTSD after an exposure to a traumatic event, as some of the resilience factors play an important role to determine those that are able to get past the trauma and recover. Symptoms of PTSD PTSD is an illness defined with a collection of symptoms that are comorbid with other disorders. The three major categories that group these symptoms are: 1) Re-experiencing the traumatic event An individual with PTSD frequently recalls the event through flashbacks, nightmares, or recurrent intrusive thoughts....   [tags: Psychological Trauma]
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The Life of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Numbing also has to deal with staying away from stimuli. A person experiencing numbing shuts down from feelings and has trouble expressing or understanding feelings . Another key symptom of PTSD is hyper arousal, which means that the person is on high alert all the time-looking for danger- which leads to sleep issues, trouble handling surprises, and always being on guard . If someone were to say that these symptoms aren’t real and are over exaggerated, again all they would need to do is talk to someone, like Jonathan Norrell, to see how this disorder wreaks havoc on the lives of those who’ve suffered....   [tags: Psychology]
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Validation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The intention of this study is to validate the issue of PTSD which some have attempted to discredit as a medical condition. To achieve this, the magnitude and incidence rate of the condition requires robust evidence. This study is taking secondary data from the Vietnam Veterans National Readjustment Survey (NVVRS) and developing the analysis further. The technique employed here is Meta analysis which is more typically used for quantitative literature applications. In any analysis of secondary data it is crucial to consider the incidence rates of mental health issues among those who fought in Vietnam....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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Causes of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post traumatic stress disorder focus primarily on the way that the mind is affected by traumatic experiences. At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event they either have been through war or have witnessed a death, threat to their life, bad accident, a bad natural disaster such as earthquake, tornado etc. PTSD is linked to structural neurochemical changes in the central nervous system which may have a direct biological effect on health, vulnerability to hypertension and atherosclerotic heart disease....   [tags: Psychotherapy]
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982 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Erwin, Newman, McMackin, Morrissey and Kaloupek (2000) suggest that a reason for this is that early exposure to trauma can have severe impact on adolescent’s functioning in terms of their emotions, cognition and behaviour, poor self-regulation and information-processing. Adding to this, Tyson & Goodman, (1996) suggest that it is these deficits in functioning coupled with the individual’s inability to regulate emotions that predispose them to engaging in protective aggression and dangerous re-enactment behaviours as a way of dealing with their exposure to trauma....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder The Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental illness that may develop in people after a horrible experience. This is a big reaction to extreme stress. There are many causes, symptoms, and treatments for the post-traumatic stress disorder. There are many causes this disorder has, and this includes: coming out of war, being raped, or attacked, child abuse, natural disasters, car accidents, and even people who witness traumatic events could develop this disorder. A person who has experienced a bad traumatic event has a better chance of developing this disorder than a person who experienced a less traumatic event develops....   [tags: Papers] 509 words
(1.5 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder After experiencing a traumatic event, the mind has been known to horde away the details and memories and then send them back at unexpected times and places, sometimes after years have passed. It does so in a haunting way that makes the recall just as disturbing as the original event. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is the name for the acquired mental condition that follows a psychologically distressing event "outside the range of usual human experience" (Bernstein, et al)....   [tags: Papers] 1532 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... There were family member fighting family members, neighbors fighting neighbors, and battles were fought on what were once grounds of happy childhood memories or simply peaceful lands. Tactics and slow evolution of weapons included repeatedly firing rifles, pistols and allowed for full frontal assaults on several of one’s enemies. Other technologies were delayed-time artillery rounds that allowed air bursts, telescopic sights that greatly increased accuracy and destructiveness in battle, which made war quick and most of all deadly....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Analyzing Spartacus' Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The character I have chosen to analyze having post traumatic stress disorder is Spartacus, who is played by Andy Whitfield on the hit series Spartacus Blood and Sand on Starz. Spartacus Blood and Sand is directed by Grady Hall and Rick Jacobson. Spartacus is a Thracian solider who was punished for his betrayal against the Roman Commander Legatus Claudius Glaber, played by Craig Parker. Spartacus was to be executed in the gladiatorial games and his wife Sura, played by Erin Cummings, was to be sold as a slave....   [tags: Character Analysis ]
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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Introduction Throughout history the world as we know it has introduced several chapters of natural disasters, terror and wars. To name a few recent events: the war in Iraq, the terror attack “9.11” and the earth quake on the island Haiti. People who have been involved in one of these kinds of events often seem to develop a set of common symptoms in spite of the different events they have experienced. This has caused scientists and psychologists to study whether these people develop the same disorder based on their experience....   [tags: mental health, psychology]
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Today’s Soldier: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Soldiers with PTSD may tend to avoid people, places, and things that remind them of the event. They often avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event, seek isolation, and are highly sensitive to normal life experiences. Chief complaints in patients diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder include two major symptoms: anxiety, which causes an abnormal reaction to loud noises and difficulty sleeping due to repeated nightmares. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders causes and effects can be vastly different for female soldiers than male soldiers....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Causes Symptoms and Effects - 78, 921. Seventy eight thousand, nine hundred and twenty one. This is the number of soldiers wounded or killed in action, received an amputation, or suffered from a Traumatic Brain Injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom. What this number does not include are the 39,365 cases of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (more commonly known as PTSD). (Department 2009) Although we usually think of war injuries as being physical, one of the most common war injuries is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and the effects can be devastating to a redeploying soldier who has come in contact with severely traumatic experiences....   [tags: Psychology]
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Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can be treated using various methods and all focus on helping the affected person cope or overcome the traumatic experience through a gradual process. In essence, treatment does not aim at keeping the trauma or the reminder of it at bay; instead, it aims at helping the patient remember and process sensations and emotions that were originally experienced during the event (Smith & Segal, 2011). Besides offering an escape route for the emotions that have accumulated over time, therapy helps in restoring the sense of control in the patient and in reducing the negative impacts of the traumatic memories on the patient’s life....   [tags: Health Care] 918 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Air Crash Victims - ... While middle-aged persons fair better than the aged, the young workforce seems to be at a greater risk of developing post traumatic stress disorder (Epstein, Fullerton & Ursano 1998). The post traumatic stress disorder is therefore one of the key issues that arise among survivors and other victims of air crash. The recurrence of the incidence and exaggerated horrifying images and incidences are some of the main issues after air crash. The other persons that are affected by the air crash are members of the rescue team....   [tags: Psychology]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Shakespeare's Richard the Third - ... In a sense you can say that because of his PTSD he is forced to play the role of the innocent King and sit back as his pawns carry out all the unnecessary murdering. Conversely, Richard’s PTSD causes him to have reoccurring dreams of the people that he sentence to their deaths even though he is indirectly link because his pawns perform the evil deed. The most significant dream is when Richard is visited by the ghosts of his victims. The ghosts recount Richard’s horrors, and condemn him to despair and die, while they 3 simultaneously bless and praise Richmond....   [tags: Shakespeare, Richard III]
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2021 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as a Metaphor in "Mrs. Dalloway" - ... Then the diagnoses came, Septimus needed to be placed in a home, away from Rezia, away from all of society, to rest. Rezia and Septimus did not seem to like this idea, but the Doctor wouldn’t listen and dismissed both of them without further discussion. It became clear to Rezia that Dr. Bradshaw didn’t care about her husband at all. Through Dr. Holmes, Woolf shows us the common misconceptions of post traumatic stress disorder (shellshock) after the war, even by a man who had been practicing medicine for forty years....   [tags: Literary Themes]
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The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder occurs after a person is exposed to a terrifying ordeal which causes either grave physical or psychological harm where harm was threatened. It can become an extremely debilitating disorder to the persons life. The person can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat such as the soldiers who fought in WWII....   [tags: Papers] 672 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Veterans - ... President Obama, in his speech on July 10, 2011, expressed his support for veterans, specifically those suffering with PTSD. He understands the plight of soldiers of war, whether in combat or non-combat, being affected by the war’s trauma. President Obama understood the necessity for new policy as the old policy prevented many of those with PTSD from receiving the care they needed. As stated by the President “I don’t think our troops on the battlefield should have to take notes to keep for claims applications” (The White House, 2010)....   [tags: Health, Early Detection and Treatment] 1261 words
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a very serious and debilitating condition that occurs after a person has been exposed to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical danger happened or was threatened. The kinds of traumatic events triggering PTSD in people include violent personal assaults (rape, mugging), natural disasters (hurricanes, tornadoes), man-made disasters (bombings), accidents or military combat. People who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair a person’s daily life....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Anxiety Disorders: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Relating to Rape - Anxiety disorders are considered an axis one disorder, There are five types of anxiety disorders, general anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder, and panic disorders, phobic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder is defined by; An anxiety disorder that develops through exposure for a traumatic event, severely oppressive situations, severe abuse, and natural and unnatural disasters. The symptoms of PTSD are usually the following: Flashbacks in which the individual experiences flashbacks, impulsive outbreaks, the inability to experience emotions, often ones of joy, hard time concentrating, nervous feelings, trouble with sleep....   [tags: Psychology ] 937 words
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Reliving the Nightmare: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - Reliving the Nightmare: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After the terrorist attacks on September 11th, horrific images of the towers collapsing, survivors fleeing, and the rescue and recovery efforts inundated television viewers. In the weeks following the attacks, numerous news accounts reported increasing general anxiety among Americans, with many individuals reporting sleep difficulties and trouble concentrating. Additionally, much attention focused on the effects on those who directly witnessed and/or were injured the attacks, and whether they would suffer from post traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD (4)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Overview Beyond the U.S Military Aspect - ... Of those who do develop PTSD women seem to be the most common gender-wise to do so, with around ten percent of women developing PTSD compared to five percent of men. During a year’s time about 5.2 million adults will suffer from PTSD. This number may seem to be large, but in relation to those who have gone through a traumatic event that particular year, it is relatively small. Symptoms associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder include re-Living the event or elements of it, avoidance of thoughts, memories, people or places associated with the event, emotional numbing- such as being withdrawn or isolated and elevated arousal....   [tags: Psychology]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell - ... Early in the book Orwell renders a depiction of graphic film, wherein “a ship full of refugees [is] being bombed,” as well as the crowds of the theater roaring with laughter at the sight of a lifeboat full of children being annihilated (Orwell 11). This graphic description can be traced to Orwell’s own history in the Spanish Civil war, where he saw combat and fought against Franco’s party. Those who suffer from PTSD are forced to search for means of releasing the stress of their memories and consistent flashbacks....   [tags: 1984, George Orwell ]
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications For Brain Throughout the course of this semester we have examined numerous issues which have all had different implications for the brain = behavior argument. Some who have been skeptical of the validity of this idea have been swayed by observations that processes and behaviors they originally thought to have a cloudy neurobiological basis in fact have a sound biological and physiological underpinning. One such phenomenon which can help elucidate the ongoing brain = behavior debate is Post-Traumatic Stress disorder, or PTSD....   [tags: Chemistry Psychology Papers]
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Slaughterhouse Five: Billy Pilgrim and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Within the novel Slaughterhouse Five, by Kurt Vonnegut, the character Billy Pilgrim claims to have come “unstuck” in time. Having survived through being a Prisoner of War and the destruction of Dresden during World War II, and having been a prisoner used to clear away debris of the destruction, there can be little doubt that Pilgrim’s mental state was unstable. Furthermore, it may be concluded that Pilgrim, due to the effects of having been a Prisoner of War, and having been witness to the full magnitude of destruction, suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, which caused him to review the events over and over during the course of his life....   [tags: Slaughterhouse Five, Kurt Vonnegut]
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Examples of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in The Things They Carried - Examples of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in The Things They Carried   The Things They Carried represents a compound documentary novel written by a Vietnam veteran, Tim O'Brien, in whose accounts on the Vietnam war one encounters graphical depictions of the PTSD. Thus, the stories "Speaking of Courage," "The Man I Killed," "How to Tell a True War Story," "Enemies" and "Friends, " "Stockings," and "The Sweetheart of The Song Tra Bong "all encompass various examples of PTSD. "The war was over and there was no place in particular to go" (157)....   [tags: Things They Carried Essays] 2496 words
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Person Centered Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - ... It was originally developed to treat depression and anxiety but is now used for many different disorders. It is a very effective type of therapy because it is time limited. The amount of sessions is usually between four and fourteen. CBT focuses on schemas or core beliefs which are usually negative thoughts like “I’m worthless” or “I’m not loveable” (Beck, 1970). In order to treat cognitive distortions the negative thoughts need to be addressed. First, the individual needs to “recognize idiosyncratic cognitions”....   [tags: Therapy/Rehabilitation]
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1185 words
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The Neurobiology of Fear: Emotional Memory and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - The Neurobiology of Fear: Emotional Memory and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder For survivors of traumatic events, the trauma itself is often only the beginning. While some are relatively unaffected, many others will develop post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, an affliction that haunts its victims with terrifying memories, nightmares, and panic attacks. (For a comprehensive list of symptoms and diagnostic criteria, the reader may refer to the DSM-IV, relevant portions of which may be found online (7).) The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 3.6 percent of Americans between the ages of 18 and 54 suffer from PTSD; 30 percent of those who have spent time in war zones - one million veterans of Vietnam alone - are affected (6)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder vs Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Does the Diagnosis Really Matter? - ... PTSD suffers may hear a noise, see something or read a report about something that my cause these flash backs. (National Center of PTSD) Some examples of this is hearing a car backfire may cause a veteran to go back to the time they heard the gun fire that killed their friend. Another example would be a sexual abuse victim hearing a news story about someone who is was sexually abused and having flashbacks to their experience. The second type of symptom of PTSD is “Avoiding situations that remind you of the event” (National Center for PTSD)....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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1274 words
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children - ... The literature reveals that sleep related issues as a result of PTSD affects as many as 70% of those individuals with the condition (Ohayon & Shapiro, 2000). In a study that examined whether sleeping disturbances including insomnia and nightmares persisted after competition of CBT for PTSD, Zayfert & DeViva (2004) concluded that a significant portion (48%) of this sample of remitted PTSD patients reported persisting insomnia sufficient to be coded as a symptom, where for the majority of patients, the insomnia remained severe....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and its Effect on Combat Soldiers Involved in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars - INTRODUCTION This term paper will be about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its effect on combat soldiers involved in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars. We chose this disorder because we have family and friends enlisted in the military and some have been deployed to these war zones. The goal of this paper is to inform others to what the soldiers deal with during and after combat and the different treatments available for them to cope and hopefully overcome this disorder. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that develops when someone is witness to or experiences a traumatic event....   [tags: Psychology] 1037 words
(3 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Dissorder - ... People categorized as likely to fall under this category include military, medical practitioners, police, firefighters, and therapists who deal with psychological matters. According to Downing, as the person is continually exposed to these conditions, there is likelihood of an intensely traumatizing event that may cause the disorder, and as the specialist deals with similar cases on a daily basis the traumatizing event may be recounted triggering PTSD (2). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has several aspects that distinguish it from other anxiety disorders....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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1156 words
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The Causes of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders - ... 89). The study findings indicate that the severity and meaning of daily stressors differ by the levels of education and are partly responsible for PTSD differentials in health considering of the variations in stress as well as differences in the resources that individuals bring to their daily lives (Almeida, Wethington, & Kessler, 2002). The second article examines gender differences in levels of violence exposure of post traumatic stress (PTS) sampling of inner-city subjects of predominately African-American (AA) youth....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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1803 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome - ... The first group is classified as flashbacks. (Placeholder1) Flashbacks involve a person reliving their tragic experience or event over and over. (Placeholder1) Symptoms of flashbacks also include one’s heart racing, swelling, bad dreams or nightmares. (Placeholder3) Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome patients have scary thoughts of certain objects or situations, which trigger them to reexperience the event. (Placeholder3) The second category is called avoidance symptoms. This would be when the person stays away from things that remind them of the tragedy they experienced....   [tags: Pyschology, Mental Health, Diseases] 1734 words
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Stress - Stress I. What Is Stress. Stress is the combination of psychological, physiological, and behavioral reactions that people have in response to events that threaten or challenge them. Stress can be good or bad. Sometimes, stress is helpful, providing people with the extra energy or alertness they need. Stress could give a runner the edge he or she needs to persevere in a marathon, for example. This good kind of stress is called eustress. Unfortunately, stress is often not helpful and can even be harmful when not managed effectively....   [tags: Stressors Psychology Stress Behavior Essays] 3964 words
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Cognitive Behavior Therapy For PTSD - ... M. Rauch and Shawn P. Cahill’s article “Treatment and Prevention of Post traumatic Stress Disorder”, psychological debriefing is applied immediately after a traumatic event; usually 48-72 hours later (2003). It is a very brief intervention consisting of one or two sessions that includes a discussion of the facts surrounding the event. The individual’s cognitive thoughts are also assessed and discussed. This allows the individual an opportunity to express any thoughts they may have about the event and a chance to plan on how to cope with what happened (Rauch & Cahill, 2003)....   [tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders]
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The Vietnam War - ... Deeper psychological problems cannot be addressed if the veteran is excessively self-medicating.” (veteranfamiliesunited 3). Emmett is consistently unemployed; he says that he doesn’t feel like he needs to get a job. Although Sam works at the Burger Boy which helps to support her and her uncle and therefore “Emmett’s problems bring about a limited lifestyle and barriers imposed on Sam’s own possibilities” (Ryan 202). Although he does end up getting a job at the end of the novel to support himself while Sam goes to college, this does not occur until after he has had his startling break down with Sam at Cawood pond....   [tags: War, Post-Traumatic Stress ] 1393 words
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The Possible Effects of Post Traumatic Stress - The Possible Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Post traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can develop at any age, including in childhood. Symptoms typically begin within 3 months of a traumatic event, although occasionally they do not begin until years later....   [tags: Papers] 1486 words
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Understanding PTSD and Methods of Treatment - A study in 2008 showed that about 300,000 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans suffer from PTSD or major depression, and about 320,000 may have experienced at least a mild concussion or brain injury in combat (Zoroya). American society is witnessing a hasty rise in the need for treatment of PTSD for returning soldiers from Afghanistan and Iraq. The medical definition of PTSD is that the person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both the following were present: The person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others, The person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror (Lanham)....   [tags: post traumatic stress, psychology, psychiatry] 1855 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress In Relation To Holden Caulfield - Post-Traumatic Stress In Relation To Holden Caulfield Introduction Throughout life, an individual may endure emotionally and physically straining moments causing the person to become downhearted, and or irate. These feelings are normal, but may however become a problem when these feelings prohibit someone from living a ‘normal’ life. An estimated 5.2 million American adults ages 18 to 54, or approximately 3.6 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have PTSD (Narrow, Rae, Regier)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1165 words
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Post Traumatic Stress and the Brothers' Relationship in The Red Convertible by Louise Erdrich - Henry Fosdick once said, “The tragedy of war is that it uses man’s best to do man’s worst.” In “The Red Convertible” by Louis Erdrich, there is a conflict amongst two brothers, Henry and Lyman as ones awareness towards reality is shifted upon the return of the Vietnam War. Henry’s experience fighting in the Vietnam War is the responsibility for the unexpected aftermath that affects their brotherhood. The event of Henry fighting in the war through fears, emotions and horrors that he encounters is the source of his “Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome [PTSD].” It has shaped his own perception of reality and his relationship with his brother Lyman and the strong bond that they had shared....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Critical Analysis] 1241 words
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Anxiety Disorders - This paper is going to be about anxiety disorders. I am going to explain what anxiety is and the different types of anxiety disorders. The types of anxiety I am going to talk about are Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress, Panic Disorder and Social Phobia.      Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It helps some one deal with a tense situation in the office, study harder for an exam, keep focused on an important speech. In general, it helps some one cope. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder....   [tags: OCD Post-Traumatic Stress Panic] 791 words
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PostTraumatic Stress Disorder and Vietnam Veterans - PostTraumatic Stress Disorder and Vietnam Veterans Missing Works Cited The power of the human brain is a mystery of science. For example, while certain parts of the brain are well known to control certain bodily functions, the brain's memory capacity is just now being discovered. Scientists believe that only a small fraction of the brain is actually used, and its potential power is much greater than one may expect or believe. Its ability to view and store information is still not totally understood by scientists today....   [tags: Vietnam War PTSD Papers] 1338 words
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What Is Stress? - Our society sees stress as a part of everyday life, we can see evidence of this in human evolution, the species that best adapted to the environment and its changes were those that prevailed, continued to evolve, and we can find today. This leads us to a question, what is stress. Actually scientists don’t have a concept of what stress is because is subjective sensations; however, one of the definitions says that “Stress is the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral response to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging”(Ciccarelli and White)....   [tags: Health] 1895 words
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Stress Management - ... In order to effectively manage stress an individual must first accurately identify the sources of the stress. Psychological tests such as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), or the Life Experiences Survey (LES), can aid in identifying the extent in which events or situations that are perceived as stressful. The SRRS test measures life change as a form of stress. Values are assigned to 43 major life events that reflect the degree of the readjustment required by each change (Weiten & Lloyd, 2006)....   [tags: Health ]
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Anxiety Disorder - ... Research has also proved that the brain’s chemical balance can be affected by prolonged stress. The disorder also runs in families where by siblings inherit it from parents. However, some forms of the anxiety disorder may be triggered by trauma. There are several kinds of anxiety disorders and they include: social anxiety disorder; panic disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; specific phobia; and generalized anxiety disorder. Social anxiety disorder is the constant fear of being ridiculed by others or get embarrassed caused by an always self-consciousness....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Anxiety Disorder - ... For instance, displacement would be a secondary defense in phobias, while reversal and reaction-formation would be secondary defenses in obsessive-compulsive disorder (Wolman & Stricker, 1994). However, Freud had to revise his theory after empirical evidence demonstrated that abreaction of affects only relieve the symptoms temporally. In his second model, Freud said that anxiety was a signal for the anticipation of danger that produces defense mechanisms. In a way, anxiety expresses the level of conflict in the unconscious....   [tags: Psychology, Phobia, Agoraphobia] 1445 words
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Bipolar Disorder - Bipolar Disorder Determining Bipolar Disorder in children is harder then adults because of the mistakes doctor’s make in their diagnosis. All kids have mood swings—is it Bipolar Disorder. Psychologists of today are having problems diagnosing children with Bipolar Disorder because the symptoms are so different from the adult form of the disorder. In children Bipolar Disorder is called “Child Onset Bipolar Disorder”, known as COBPD (My Child 1). In children the cycling from highs to lows are very fast....   [tags: Papers] 3149 words
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder - ... The percentage of African Americans suffering from anxiety in comparison to Caucasians is nearly doubled. The last factor that places a role in Rachel’s situation according to socio-cultural theorists is gender. Females are twice as likely to develop anxiety as men (Comer, 2011, p. 97). Also, the area or neighborhood that you live in has a great impact on one’s psychological health. Rachel lives in an extremely low to no income neighborhood in a bad area on the south side of Chicago. The crime rate, including theft, rape, and murder, in her neighborhood is one of the top five most dangerous places to live in Illinois....   [tags: Psychology]
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Dissociative Identity Disorder and Abuse - Dissociative Identity Disorder and Abuse The condition once known as multiple personality disorder (MPD) is a very real psychological phenomenon that until recently was mis-understood and often mis-diagnosed. Dissociative identity disorder, DID, as we now call it, is a mental illness where a person's thoughts, feelings, and memories are scattered throughout two or more separate personalities within the victims mind (Appelbaum 107). In 1973 perhaps the world's most famous psychiatric patient ever, Sybil brought attention to what was until then a rare diagnoses....   [tags: Papers] 1062 words
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Dissociative Identity Disorder - Dissociative Identity Disorder A small town in the middle of Nowhere, America is suddenly the victim of a serial killer. In a community in which everyone seems to know everyone else, and life could not be more Norman Rockwell-esque if it tried, gruesome deaths and possibly even sexual crimes are occurring at an alarming rate. Is the murderer the doctor who just came to town, or maybe the mailman's new wife. After a long and drawn out investigation, the trusty sheriff (or maybe a local writer - this part is interchangeable) realizes that the true culprit is a housewife who had spent her entire life in Nowhere....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Dissociative Identity Disorder - Dissociative Identity Disorder, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV-TR), is “characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the individual’s behavior accompanied by an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. It is a disorder characterized by identity fragmentation rather than a proliferation of separate personalities.” To qualify as dissociative identity disorder, also known as D.I.D., at least two personalities must routinely take alternate control of the individual's behavior, and there must be a loss of memory that goes beyond normal forgetfulness....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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Dissociative identity disorder - The growing recognition of psychiatric conditions resulting from traumatic influences is a significant mental health issue of the 1990s. Until recently considered rare and mysterious psychiatric curiosities, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) (until very recently known as Multiple Personality Disorder - MPD) and other Dissociative Disorders (DD) are now understood to be fairly common effects of severe trauma in early childhood, most typically extreme, repeated physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse....   [tags: essays research papers] 1410 words
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Different Types of Bipolar Disorder - Different Types of Bipolar Disorder What is unipolar illness. When the mood is just depressed. This is far more common than bipolar illness. What is bipolar disease. Bipolar disorders (manic-depressive illness) are marked by periods of manic, greatly elated moods or excited states as well as by periods of depression. Although the manic-depressive psychosis may alternate from one of its phases to the other, one or the other phase is usually dominant for a while. Depression is more often dominant than mania....   [tags: Psychiatry Psychology Bipolar Essays]
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Factors Leading to Stress and How It Can Be Avoided - Factors Leading to Stress and How It Can Be Avoided Stress is an unavoidable consequence of life. However, just as distress can cause disease, it seems plausible that there are good stresses that promote wellness. The objective of this research paper is to examine some of the common causes of stress, its effect on our physical body, our mind, emotions and our behavior. Another and equally important objective is to explore some of the stress management techniques and treatments available to the individual and medical practitioners....   [tags: Papers] 1445 words
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The Exploration on Traumatic Experiences of North Korean Defectors - North Korea is one of the few countries that maintain communist system in the world. After Kim Il-Sung died in 1994, who was a dictator for nearly 50 years, the North Korean government has lost its power on the people. Since then, communist system has collapsed and economic crisis has been aggravated. Also the food crisis in 1990s caused famine across the country. For these reasons, a lot of North Korean people have tried to escape from their home country or hide themselves in China. The number of North Korean defectors has been greatly increasing; those who settled in South Korea were estimated more than 15,000 in 2008; those who arrived in China reached over 100,000 (Goodfriends, 2000; Korean Ministry of Unification, 2008)....   [tags: North Korea]
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Post Concussion Syndrome - Post Concussion Syndrome Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder with symptoms can consist of headaches, dizziness, fatigue, and irritability that can last as little as a week and up to months after a head injury. The causes can be a traumatic blow to the head or neck injuries in which the patient does not have to lose consciousness. The effect of being injured can do permanent damaged to the brain and nervous system. Dealing with Post-concussion syndrome not only can have a physical effect, but a psychological one as well (Mayo clinic page 2)....   [tags: Health Care]
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Don’t Stress Out! Work Out! - Don’t Stress Out. Work Out. Imagine any average day. You wake up, especially tired because you haven’t been sleeping well all week, perhaps grab your daily cup of coffee, head off to work in the middle of rush-hour, try to complete several projects that are due by the end of the week, and so on. Then again, in between each of those minor events you experience varying levels of stress and anxiety. Nonetheless, you are in company because according to the National Health Interview Survey, 75% of the American population undergoes at least some stress every couple of weeks....   [tags: Exercise Weight Loss Papers]
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Service Effects on Soldiers - "The armed forces are for you". "Join the armed forces". "Fight for your country". These are the slogans that today's youth hear and see all over the media. They hear nothing but the positive aspects of the armed forces. They never stop to think what kind of life that soldier lives when he/she returns home after their time served. American soldiers or soldiers in general are considered to be heroes. They put their lives on the line to help protect their country. However what few people seem to realize is that a soldier's battle is not only out there on the battle field....   [tags: American Military Soldier Experience Post Service] 1598 words
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Multiple Personality Disorder - Multiple Personality Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a mental disease that exists in about one percent of the population. Much research supports the existence of this disease and its origins, causes and effects on the people in who suffer with it. This essay will clearly define Multiple Personality Disorder along with a detailed synopsis of the disease itself. The diagnosis, alter personalities, different treatments and views will indicate the disease is real. The American Psychiatric Association named Multiple Personality Disorder in 1994 Dissociative Disorder....   [tags: Papers] 1647 words
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 horrified Americans everywhere. Watching friends, family, and countrymen struggle to survive in a way that no one should have to endure. To this day, the events that occurred on September 11th live on in the memories of all that witnessed them. For some, however, the experience lived on. Those who had been in the towers when the planes struck began experiencing nightmares and flashbacks of that fateful day. These people were suffering from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder....   [tags: Stress] 1132 words
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Classifications for Anxiety Disorders - Are you or do you know someone, experiencing panic attacks or anxiety attacks. If so, it is important to be familiar with what these terms mean. Individuals frequently use panic and anxiety together, however; there are significant differences in the two and understanding the difference will make it easier to comprehend the relationship. Phobias are irrational fears that create interference within an individual’s daily routine. There are individuals who suffer from a phobia linked to pretty much any object or place imaginable....   [tags: Classification Essay] 563 words
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Psychological Disorders - There are times when people are plagued with thoughts, behaviors or emotions that will inhibit them from normal behavior. These are known as psychological disorders. These disorders come in many forms but all will have large effects on a person’s life. One of the types of psychological disorders is anxiety disorders. These disorders are broken down into five categories: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)....   [tags: Psychology ] 535 words
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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - ... The therapist’s role, in prolonged exposure, is to help the client identify “hot spots” or the most distressing aspect of the memory. The therapist and the client then develop a hierarchy of memories to address, from least to most distressing. These memories are addressed one at a time until habituation of anxiety to the memory occurs, which is determined by the decreases reported in subjective distress (McDonagh, et al., 2005). Although the empirical research has supported the efficacy of prolonged exposure for PTSD (Foa et al., 1999;Roman, 2010), there is currently a considerable debate in regards to the change mechanisms that operate during prolonged exposure (Harvey, Bryant, & Tarrier, 2003)....   [tags: Health Care, Anxiety Disorder, Treatment] 1531 words
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