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Your search returned over 400 essays for "post-colonial"
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Colonialism and Post Colonial Ethnic Conflict in East African Countries - From the end of the nineteenth century until the attainment of independence in the early 1960s, the countries of East Africa were under the colonial administration of European empires. After decades of foreign rule which saw unparalleled transformations within society, the post-colonial states that emerged have been blighted by ethnic conflict. It has been argued that the beliefs of British, Belgian and German administrators led them to completely reorganise the societies they governed based on a fictitious ‘tribal’ model, and in the process they invented ethnicity....   [tags: Post Colonial Conflict in East Africa] 1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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Hong Kong Post-colonial Cinema - The Construction of the ‘Western Other’ in Hong Kong Post-colonial Cinema Hong Kong has always remained a very unique city, one which is said to have ‘a Western past, an Eastern future’. Since its colonisation by the British in the 1860s, it has maintained to a very large extent its Chinese identity and its connection to its Motherland, while at the same time, has frequent contact with the Western world, politically, economically, and culturally. Hong Kong’s unique position has made the city a vibrant international metropolis that acts as a bridge between East and West....   [tags: Post Colonial Hong Kong Culture Essays] 4677 words
(13.4 pages)
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Features of Post-Colonial Writing - ... As a result, that is to say, decolonization in this early phase is taken into account as the consciousness in which the settler colonized population understand that they are individuals who are able to initiate action and shape their own identity autonomouslyIn the next step, decolonizers decide to practice their own self-assertions through independent national literatures. The book entitled the Oxford History of Australian Literature by L. Kramer and W.H. New’s A History of Canadian Literature fall in this category....   [tags: decolonization, language, abrogation ] 746 words
(2.1 pages)
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Revolts: Colonial and Post-Colonial Era - The colonial and post colonial era was an era filled with astonishing events that rattled America’s standings with racism. This time was so powerful and moving, because it gave the slaves an amount of courage, trust, and determination so big that they were able to carry out an ample amount of rebellions in America against the whites. From Denmark Vesey in South Carolina planning to rebel furiously with other leaders after purchasing freedom, to Nat Turner in Virginia, using his dreams to relentlessly end the lives of many because of the hardship times they caused slaves....   [tags: Racial Tension, Civilian Army]
:: 19 Works Cited
1349 words
(3.9 pages)
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Post Colonial Literature - Post colonial’ as we define it does not mean ‘post-independence’, or ‘after colonialism’, for this would be falsely ascribe an end to the colonial process. Post-colonialism, rather, begins from the very first moment of colonial contact. It is the discourse of oppositinality which colonialism brings into being” (pL.117) The term post colonial is resonant with all the doubts and complexities of the various cultural experiences it involves. It also addresses all aspects of the colonial process from the beginning of the colonial contact....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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A Brief Look at Post-Colonial Libya - Libya’s post-colonial narrative is a complicated one that has led Libya to become a relatively prosperous African country with a better standard of living than it had before; yet, Libya remains rife with political chaos following the assassination of its 42-year dictator, Muammar Gaddafi, by rebel groups. In its history, Libya became an Italian colony in 1912, but was declared as an independent state in 1951 by the United Nations. On December 24, 1951, King Mohammed Idris al-Senussi was chosen by a national assembly to become the first and only monarch of the newly independent United Kingdom of Libya....   [tags: North African countries] 1979 words
(5.7 pages)
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Post-colonial Theory: Indian Literature - Post-colonialism known as an “era” or the “post-colonial theory” that exists since around the middle of the 20th century. Post-colonialism also deals with conflicts of identity and cultural belonging. In Post-colonial writings the themes which are focused on are nationalism, self-identification to anti-imperialistic critique and postcolonial protest. Often protest writing has a political agenda of social change and expresses anger and disillusion at the postcolonial nation state. Nayar points out, “resistance literature in both the colony and the postcolonial nation include testimonial writings, prison narratives, revolutionary tracts and ‘insurgency’ writing....   [tags: insurgency writing, Protest Writing]
:: 4 Works Cited
1982 words
(5.7 pages)
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Colonial and Post-Colonial Mentalities in the Middle Passage - One of the most baffling aspects of European interest in African people is the civilizations collective distaste of and fascination with people of African descent. The initial journey into Africa, and the planning that preceded it, spawned many of the most enlightening theories about African people. These theories, usually in support of African savagery and inferiority and in favor of European superiority and civility were based in the colonial mentalities of that time. Of the most notable theories is the idea that African religious system was pagan and that African people were inferior because of their darker skin pigmentation and “beast-like” nature....   [tags: Charles Johnson novel]
:: 3 Works Cited
1106 words
(3.2 pages)
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Hinduism, Hindutva, Colonial and Post-Colonial Myths - ... Thus when the rebellion of ‘Mirabai’ is taken away in the many reworkings of her story in an attempt to refute the colonizers’ claim of “white men saving brown women from brown men”, a large part of Indian feminist history and its origins are erased for the sake of nationalism. Similarly the denial and superficial pretenses of a unified Hinduism overlook the many questions of caste and oppression inherent in the Indian society, and by not acknowledging these discrepancies and the mere cover ups offered in the name of Indian nationalism, a considerable people are not only denied their history but are also stopped from ever finding any way out from their oppression....   [tags: history of India]
:: 9 Works Cited
2387 words
(6.8 pages)
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A Post-Colonial Liberation Reading of The Epistle to Philemon - To read the texts of the Bible is to immerse oneself in a history, a history of events, and a history of understanding. As we open the pages of the canonical books, we are given a glimpse into the lives and issues of people many thousands of years ago and of the stories that have shaped the development of the church to the current day. At the same time, and following the call of 2 Timothy 3:16 , Christians take seriously what is written and reflect it into their own lives and realities, leading to interpretations and understandings of the text being applied in their own contexts....   [tags: The Bible]
:: 6 Works Cited
2109 words
(6 pages)
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Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature - Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature Your Name School Affiliation Outline A. Introduction Thesis: Adgar and Alizdeh, as representatives of post-colonial literature, provide evidence that otherness, essentialism and orientalism are notions that explain the issues that arise in the contemporary world as a result of imperial tendencies on the part of Western societies, and their writing suggests a peculiar form of struggle which is rooted in subversion and internal critique of systems of domination....   [tags: Western societies, Adgard, Alizdeth, essentialism]
:: 6 Works Cited
2697 words
(7.7 pages)
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Post-colonial Encounters in the Early 20th Century - ... By saying this, he is not only amplifying the inequality between the white man and the native but also introducing Christianity as a method of creating the divide. On line thirty- six, there is a description of the empire- builder as having a “shadowy crown of thorn” (Noyes, 36). At this point in the poem, Noyes is slightly empathizing with the empire- builder since he has to carry all the burden of the country on his back. Furthermore, by saying that he has a “crown of thorns,” Noyes is comparing the status of the empire- builder to that of Jesus Christ, which is establishing the former as the highest authority in societal hierarchy....   [tags: pessimistic tone, poem, christianity]
:: 7 Works Cited
1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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Independence Movement in Post-Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa - ... They brought with them the wealth and stability of the Roman Pax Romana which lead to a bustling trade empire in northern Africa. However since this is an essay on sub-saharan Africa, it is important to note how this Roman influence effectively split northern Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa into two continents. These two Africas, divided as effectively by the Saharan desert as if by an ocean, developed at different speeds and must be viewed as separate entities when discussing African development....   [tags: Uganda, Ethiopia, Sao Tome, Nigeria] 891 words
(2.5 pages)
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Orientalism and Post-Colonial Theory - Orientalism and Post-Colonial Theory Fitting Said’s vision of Orientalism into post colonial theory is a fluid meeting of social discourse. As post colonial theory demands a “constant redefinition of both “politics” and “culture” in a rapidly globalizing world,” Said also questions how cultural power and privilege determines modern identity (Nealon and Giroux, 149). Said’s dialogue of “Oritentalism” demands a new look at history and the colonial processes imprinted upon so many peoples. It opens and engages discourses of racism and socio-economic inequality, and intrinsically asks how post-colonial theory translates into our lives today....   [tags: Essays Papers] 358 words
(1 pages)
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Neo-Colonialism versus Post-Colonial Theorisation - At the most basic level, postcolonial theorisation is concerned with space; the Other’s space and our space. As the Palestinian literature theoretician, Edward Said – probably the most central figure of postcolonial thinking – expresses it: “Just as none of us is outside or beyond geography, none of us is completely free from the struggle over geography” (1993, pp. 6-7). The struggle over geography – this is how the central content in postcolonial thinking can be summarised. Geo-graphy, i.e. descriptions of the earth, are never neutral; they are written from a specific position, in a specific space, at a specific time, by a specific author, intended for a specific audience etc....   [tags: sociological concept analysis] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures - Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures Introduction More than three-quarters of the people living in the world today have had their lives shaped by the experience of colonialism. It is easy to see how important this has been in the political and economic spheres, but its general influence on the perceptual frameworks of contemporary peoples is often less evident. Literature offers one of the most important ways in which these new perceptions are expressed and it is in their writing, and through other arts such as painting, sculpture, music, and dance that the day-to-day realities experienced by colonized peoples have been most powerfully encoded and so profoundly influen...   [tags: English Literature Writing]
:: 5 Works Cited
4267 words
(12.2 pages)
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A Feminist and Post-Colonial Analysis of Anowa by Ama Ataa Aidoo - My favourite text is a play titled “Anowa” by Ama Ataa Aidoo which was published in year 1969. This book was first given to me by my father on my twelfth birthday. Although I was disappointed initially because I was expecting something “girly” on my birthday, I liked it when I read it because of the moral lessons it portrayed and the language used in the play. However, I got a deeper understanding of the test after I did a post-colonial and a feminist analysis on the text. In my post-colonial analysis, I saw that in a sense Anowa represents the beauty of the formal African society which was destroyed as a result of colonialism....   [tags: independence, slaves, marriage] 1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Decolonization, Nationalism, Imagining and Representing Communities: A review of Post-Colonial Literature - In the course of Colonization, the world was divided into binary categories of the colonizer and colonized. These binary groups were based on a division of class, gender, race, ethnicity and the oppression of cultural traditions. Traditions of language, religion, labor, and social values were based on theologies of the colonizers, enforced upon the colonized. These binaries can be associated with the Manichean binaries discussed by Frantz Fanon in his book entitled The Wretched of the Earth. In Post-Coloniality, societies gain independence either through diplomatic political transitions or violent revolutions against the occupying force....   [tags: Literature Review]
:: 7 Works Cited
1294 words
(3.7 pages)
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Salman Rushdi: Using Magical Realism as a Post-Colonial Device - Salman Rushdie is a meta-fiction writer, composing Midnight’s Children in a way that systematically draws attention to the fact that it’s a fictitious concoction questioning the relationship between fiction and reality. In Midnight’s Children, Rushdie uses historical events as reference points in the lives of his characters. Saleem Sinai’s life, and the lives of his familial predecessors, is defined by historical events. Beyond using historical events to denote the lives of his characters, Rushdie uses magical realism as a post-colonial device....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1885 words
(5.4 pages)
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Quest for Self-Identity in Margaret Atwood’s Surfacing and The Bell Jar, by Sylvia Plath - As the post-colonial criticism developed, the theorists have agreed upon the fact that the role of feminism in the post-colonial practice is crucial. Moreover, these two theories clearly have the same goals. On the one hand, the main objective of both of them is to disclose the traditional power structures, both patriarchal and imperial. On the other hand, both feminism and post-colonial criticism aim to show the way the writers challenge the respective forms of authority. The main concerns of the post-colonial criticism are the formation of canon, the phases through which imperialism and decolonization have gone, as well as how these processes are expressed in literature....   [tags: history, post-colonial criticism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2151 words
(6.1 pages)
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Cities of Salt by Abdul Rahman Munif - ... Cate, this is too long a quote. The guidelines ask: refrain from longish quotes Najma’s prophecies left thoughts of reality into the hearts of Arab individuals that are at once terrified and not ready to adopt the new style of life that came into a big chain of brutality and resistance to them. Arab individuals are gifted by a number of natural resources but still they had faced a hard era.. Munif’s fiction does not only chronicle the transfusion of the tribal ways of Arab society converting itself into a fast moving, oil producer, advanced nation, but it also focuses some of what has become famous about that an unnamed place kingdom....   [tags: post colonial Arabic novel] 2173 words
(6.2 pages)
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Post-Colonial Female Gender Roles and Feminism in Haiti - Haiti is widely known as a poor country with the peasantry sitting on the bottom rung of the social ladder. There are many things can make you a second class citizen, such as the color of your skin, the amount of money or property you own, where you were born, or your gender. Gender roles and marginalization have existed in Haiti existed since the era of slavery and the issues have persisted throughout the country’s post-revolutionary history. In more recent history, there have been more Haitian women who have become politically active and a Haitian feminism movement has emerged....   [tags: poor country, second class citizen]
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1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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Louis MacNiece: anomalous displacement and post-colonial identity - Louis MacNiece: anomalous displacement and post-colonial identity I was the rector’s son, born to the anglican order, Banned forever from the candles of the Irish poor (“Carrickfergus”) Ireland inhabits a unique position within the current framework of post-colonial literature and theory. The history of Ireland and it’s relationship to England, from the twelfth century (when Henry II was decreed feudal lord of Ireland by the Pope) to the present day, is the history of a divided colonial nation synonymous with ideas of displacement, identity and culture....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1587 words
(4.5 pages)
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Cry , the Beloved Country: Post-Colonial Literary Theory - Cry , the Beloved Country: Post-Colonial Literary Theory Bibliography w/4 sources Cry , the Beloved Country by Alan Paton is a perfect example of post-colonial literature. South Africa is a colonized country, which is, in many ways, still living under oppression. Though no longer living under apartheid, the indigenous Africans are treated as a minority, as they were when Paton wrote the book. This novel provides the political view of the author in both subtle and evident ways. Looking at the skeleton of the novel, it is extremely evident that relationship of the colonized vs....   [tags: Cry the Beloved Country Essays] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Post-Colonial Themes in David Malouf's Remembering Babylon - Post-Colonial Themes in David Malouf's Remembering Babylon It is interesting to note that, although in the context of this MA course we are studying Malouf's novel in terms of a post-colonial response, the author himself has expressed the opinion that it is not, strictly speaking, a post-colonial text. Most would agree with Malouf in that it is certainly not an example of resistance or response from a member of a colonised community in the same vein as, for example, Chinua Achebe or some Native Canadian authors....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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735 words
(2.1 pages)
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Post-Colonial Criticism of Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad - Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is very clearly critical of imperialism. This is abundantly evident from the first pages, to the last, and everywhere in between. Marlow’s begins the journey as naive as the rest of Europe in his time, but is shocked by the horrors of colonialism. Conrad gives the reader a very negative view of imperialism through the setting, and actions of his characters. However, he is not entirely sympathetic of the African people, as he tends to dehumanize them throughout the novella....   [tags: imperialism, savages, discrimination]
:: 1 Works Cited
517 words
(1.5 pages)
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Colonialism and Imperialism - Heart of Darkness and Post-Colonial Theory - Post-Colonial Theory and Heart of Darkness "Heart of Darkness" begins and ends in London; on the Nellie on the Thames. The most part, however, takes place in the Congo (now known as the Republic of the Congo). The Kongo, as it was originally known, was inhabited first by pygmy tribes and migratory 'Bantus' and was 'discovered' by the Portuguese in the 14th Century. The Portuguese brought with them Catholocism; European missionaries. The Congo was ruled by King Alfonso I from 1506 - 1540 and Shamba Bolongongo from 1600 - 1620....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Colonialism and Imperialism - A Post-colonial Study of Heart of Darkness - A Post-colonial Study of Heart of Darkness       In this paper, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness will be examined by using a recent movement, Post-colonial Study that mainly focuses on the relationship between the Self and the Other, always intertwined together in considering one’ identity.   The Other is commonly identified with the margin, which has been oppressed or ignored by Eurocentric, male-dominated history.   Conrad is also conscious of the Other's interrelated status with the Self, but his main concern is the Self, not the Other, even though he deals with the natives.   As Edward W....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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3283 words
(9.4 pages)
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The Meaning of Heart of Darkness in the Post-Colonial Climate - The Meaning of Heart of Darkness in the Post-Colonial Climate Since its publication in 1899, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness has rarely been disputed on the basis of its literary merits; in fact, it was long seen as one of the great novels of the burgeoning modern era, a sort of bridge between the values and storytelling styles of the waning Victorian period and those of the modern era (Gatten), and regarded a high-ranking space amidst the great literature of the century, if not the millennia (Mitchell 20)....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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3729 words
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Post Colonial Interpretations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest - Post Colonial Interpretations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest “…do we really expect, amidst this ruin and undoing of our life, that any is yet left a free and uncorrupted judge of great things and things which reads to eternity; and that we are not downright bribed by our desire to better ourselves?” – Longinus Since the seventeenth century many interpretations and criticisms of William Shakespeare’s The Tempest have been recorded. Yet, since the play is widely symbolical and allegorical Shakespeare’s actual intentions behind the creation of the play can never be revealed....   [tags: Shakespeare Tempest]
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1910 words
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Post-colonial Criticism of Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre - A broad focus on Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre reveals multiple perspectives in which postcolonial criticism could be angled. For the most part, this study will explore the representation of a selection of foreign cultures as a foil to Europe’s presumed magnificence. Additionally, focus will be trained on the gender relations as an indicator of patriarchal colonialism. On this second point, the study will attempt to illustrate the various ways in which the character of Jane Eyre is deliberately constructed to counter the male colonialist ego....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Class and Gender Warfare]
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2198 words
(6.3 pages)
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post colonial - George, Rosemary Marangoly, and Helen Scott. "An Interview with Tsitsi Dangarembga." Novel (Spring 1993):309-319. [This interview was conducted at the African Writers Festival, Brown Univ., Nov. 1991] Excerpt from Introduction: "Written when the author was twenty-five, Nervous Conditions put Dangarembga at the forefront of the younger generation of African writers producing literature in English today....Nervous Conditions highlights that which is often effaced in postcolonial African literature in English--the representation of young African girls and women as worthy subjects of literature....While the critical reception of this novel has focused mainly on the author's femi...   [tags: essays research papers fc] 7059 words
(20.2 pages)
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The Process and Implications of the Emigration of Zimbabweans During - Fleeing Zimbabwe: The Process and implications of the emigration of Zimbabweans during Zimbabwe’s post-colonial crisis In the year 2000 Zimbabwe’s socio-economic standing crumbled due to the political decisions of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) ruled by Zimbabwe’s president, Robert Mugabe. This article examines the crisis of Zimbabwe, their trials and tribulations during the period between 2000 and 2009. As the political and economic situation worsened, a significantly increased number of Zimbabweans fled their country, emigrating to other countries such as Britain and South Africa, seeking alternative sources of income and better livelihoods....   [tags: post-colonial African history, politics]
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1105 words
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Outside the Teaching Machine by Gayatri Spivak - ... Now the paradox that Spivak points out in this project of reconstructive historiography is what Said termed “the permission to narrate.” In this particular context, she asks the question, “Can the subaltern speak?” Because the group identified as the mediating one whose identity if established on difference, there is not unrepresentable subaltern subject that can know and speak itself. In case of women, women as subaltern group are doubly silenced, both as colonized subject of imperialism and silenced by the indigenous patriarchal suppression....   [tags: orientalism, post colonial studies] 2740 words
(7.8 pages)
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Comparing the Native Characters in Colonial Literature to the European Characters in Post-Colonial - When European colonial authors introduced us to the native, they created the native; the native character became more real to European readers than the actual inhabitants of the new world. The natives' overwhelming otherness eclipsed any individuality that might have been found among them. The native was childish, incapable of reason, and savagely unchristian, or as Lord Cromer described him, a being which "generally acts, speaks and thinks in a manner that is exactly opposite to the European" (qtd....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
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2687 words
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History, Language and Post-colonial Issues in Brian Friel’s Translations - History, Language and Post-colonial Issues in Brian Friel’s Translations Owen: Back to first principles. What are we trying to do. Yolland: Good question. Owen: We are trying to denominate and at the same time describe . . . ” Dun na nGall or Donegal. Muineachain or Monaghan. Same place, same difference. As Owen says about his own name: “Owen - Roland - what the hell. It’s only a name.” ( Translations ) For the student of post-colonial literature, what transpires in Friel’s play as the British army proceed to map this particular corner of the empire is that like language itself, it is not so much the naming and the changing of names but what that signifies and what those names signify in a...   [tags: Essays Papers] 768 words
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A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives - A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives Redefining the British literary canon as imperial construct and influence 'A canon,' Ashcroft, Griffiths and Tiffiin argue, 'is not a body of texts per se, but rather a set of reading practices....' (189). They define 'reading practices' as 'the enactment of innumerable individual and community assumptions, for example about genre, about literature, and even about writing....' (189). The purpose of the following discussion is to investigate the link between the British literary canon and its attendant culture....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3242 words
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Colonialism and Africa - Introduction Modern African states have several problems ranging from corruption, to armed conflict, to stunted structural development. The effects of colonialism have been offered as a starting point for much of the analysis on African states, but the question of why African states are particularly dysfunctional needs to be examined, given the extent to which they have lagged behind other former European colonies in many aspects. In the first section, I will consider the problems with African states from the level of the state....   [tags: African Countries, Post Colonial Africa] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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Language Follows Evolution of Jackson and Trewe Relationship Paralleling the Colonization to Post-Colonial Movement in Pantomime - Language Follows Evolution of Jackson and Trewe Relationship Paralleling the Colonization to Post-Colonial Movement in Pantomime The play opens on the edge of a cliff; anything can happen. Derek Walcott, a playwright from the Caribbean, lives his own life on the edge of a cliff. Walcott’s family placed strong emphasis on education and ancestry. His inherent duality, European and African, mirrors that of post-colonialism (Gilbert 131). It is this duality that Walcott tries to reconcile in his work, drawing on his experiences in the theatre and in the Caribbean (King 260)....   [tags: Pantomime Essays]
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3127 words
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American History: Colonial Period, Revolutionary Time Period and The Post-Modernism Period - ... This time period did not take us to his presidency but it did start to talk about George Washington. In this we also had a little bit about the revolutionary war and the planning up to it. I absolutely loved this time period because it was the oldest and most unknown. Next we have the Revolutionary time period. The Revolutionary time period took place from 1764-1789. This time period took us all the way through the Revolutionary war. We also learned about the major planning leading up to the Revolutionary war....   [tags: george washington, freedom, romanticism] 665 words
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Post-colonialist Perceptions of Lewis’ Out of the Silent Planet - Post-colonialist Perceptions of Lewis’ Out of the Silent Planet The Italian artist Michelangelo Buonarroti viewed the goal of sculpting as the manipulation of a marble block until the figure within is set free. Just as a carving artist seeks to release its piece from rock, a literary artist desires his art form to be carved from an obscure idea into clear apprehension. The most beautiful of these art pieces are placed in a museum of their own right, the literary canon. A great part of literature’s beauty is the ability of the artist to present his purpose in indiscrete ways, in some degree or another, sliding his message in the literature’s elements during its construction....   [tags: Post Colonialism Out of the Silent Planet Essays]
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4511 words
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Post-Post Critiques of Racism - Carrie Mae Weems and Hank Willis Thomas are two contemporary artists who are defying contemporary social and political categories and taking art photo into an engage era. The essays by Annie E Coombes provide a critical analysis of how the contemporary scene is moving beyond categories of post modern, and post race. Both are efforts to rescue contemporary artists who are dealing with forms of oppression from being described as old fashion or out of date. Carrie Mae Weems is an African American photographer....   [tags: Racism ]
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956 words
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Shakespeare's Caliban and the Colonial Approach to Slaves - Caliban: “Post Colonial Approach” The Shakespearean play, The Tempest, is one of the most controversial in terms of relationships in the play. The play was written in 1611 soon after the English arrived in America in 1607, launching the colonial period. This was the beginning of colonization to America, which lead to the evolution of indentured servants into slaves. Many critics have stated that the relationship between Prospero and Caliban was that of a slave and master and a representation of how the English colonized foreign lands that belonged to the indigenous Americans....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Colonialism]
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1908 words
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Anti-colonial Global Inequality and Justice - On Saturday morning, when I was assembling my thoughts to write another paper for my International relations (IR) class, I felt ambivalent, wary and hesitant. Surprisingly, for a brief moment, I was overwhelmed with the sensation of emancipation. As I consciously began to excavate the surface of my uneasiness, I came across fear. Fear of rejection, of failing, of not confining to (Western) imperial standards of academic writing and scholarship. Standards and practices that have been taught, or should I say imposed over me, for so many years....   [tags: international relations]
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1828 words
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Post-colonialism in The Hunger Games - ... As part of Katniss’ hybridity she is able to move in and out of gender roles as needed for survival. She will kill every other person in the arena of the Games so she can make it back to her family once again. Hybridity is a “term that encapsulates the simultaneous horror and potential of the hybrid” (Langer 107). Like the hybrid mockingjay, Katniss is a survivor. As well as Post-colonial hybridity in The Hunger Games, the residents of the Capitol have Othered the residents of the outlying Districts....   [tags: Suzanne Collins, literary analysis]
:: 8 Works Cited
1947 words
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The Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Colonial Experience - In recent years, there have been efforts to understand the institution of apartheid in South Africa. From the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, to general study into the history of South Africa, much scholarship has been devoted to the study of the effects of apartheid and the atrocities committed in the post-World War II period. However, one topic remains largely un-researched—the origins of the vast apartheid structure instituted by the Herenigde (Reunited) National Party (HNP) in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, different and larger than any other nation’s program ....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1667 words
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The Literary Theory Known as Post-Colonialism - ... In the period following World War Two when the British and French colonies were gaining their independence, the majority of the post-colonial literature was composed. Post-Colonialism as a body of theory has three stages according to Mitchell: An awareness of an inferiority enforced by being a colonized state; struggle for autonomy; and an awareness of the cultural overlap and hybridization that occurs from colonialism. Mimicry, adoption of a colonist culture by the colonized as a way to better themselves, is an important term in post-colonialism, usually used to describe the effects of repression of the native culture (Mitchell)....   [tags: 1700's US, 1800's Latin America] 1053 words
(3 pages)
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The Effect of Cannibalism in Colonial Brazil - This research paper will delve into the topic of cannibalism in native tribes of Brazil during the Portuguese colonization of the South American country. My research only the topic yielded very interesting results. Some scholars suggest that cannibalism (in the instances involving the Tupinamba tribe and their ritualistic practices) didn't even occur. This isn't to say, however, that cannibalism was completely nonexistent in Brazil, but arguing that it did not occur in the “savage” ways often described....   [tags: Sociology, Colonialism]
:: 5 Works Cited
2335 words
(6.7 pages)
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The Effects of Colonization on Various African Countries - ... While colonial rule obviously did not introduce these divisions, it did exacerbate them in order to be used for a political agenda. The Northern part of the country had already begun entrenching itself as the “merchant class” at the expense of the Southern citizens. (Badru, 81-82). Throughout colonial rule, this was reinforced and this allowed the Northerners to maintain political control and further their accumulation of wealth. Once independence was achieved, the North was able to solidify their stranglehold over the South in writing through their constitution....   [tags: colonial powers, struggle for independence]
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1370 words
(3.9 pages)
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Mountains of the Moon: A Re-inscription of the Colonial Master Narrative - Mountains of the Moon: A Re-inscription of the Colonial Master Narrative    If Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke were alive in 1989 to see the release of Bob Rafelson’s Mountains of the Moon, what would their response to the film be?  Would they agree with the way Rafelson’s film depicts their remarkable journey into Africa to find the source of the Nile River?  Would they agree with the way the film dramatizes their relationship with each other?  The answers to these questions would help a great deal in determining whether Rafelson’s film about Burton and Speke’s expedition was accurate, or whether his film was an attempt to sensationalize their story to increase its reception.  Unfo...   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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1583 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations - The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations Regarded by many as Brian Friel’s theatrical masterpiece, Seamus Deane described Translations as “a sequence of events in history which are transformed by his writing into a parable of events in the present day” (Introduction 22). The play was first produced in Derry in 1980. It was the first production by Field Day, a cultural arts group founded by Friel and the actor Stephen Rea, and associated with Deane, Seamus Heaney and Tom Paulin....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1311 words
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A Century in the Development of Haiti (1915 to 2014): Foreign Domination Serving Foreign Interests - US intervention in Haiti exacerbated poverty and inequality within the past century stifling Haitian democracy and independence. These relations have adversely affected the economic and social life as well, creating the conditions which Haiti currently faces. I have chosen to start in the year 1915 because that is when US Marines began their occupation of Haiti. I have ended in modern day because the US’s relations with Haiti have continued to be exploitative. I will analyze the political decisions imposed on Haiti by the US government, including military occupation, supporting dictatorial rulers, and suppressing democratically-elected leaders....   [tags: history, colonial past, inequality, democracy]
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1745 words
(5 pages)
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The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea - The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea North and South Korea are nations that while filled with contempt for Japan have used the foundations that Japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization. Japan's colonization of Korea is critical in understanding what enabled Korea to industrialize in the period since 1961. Japan's program of colonial industrialization is unique in the world. Japan was the only colonizer to locate various heavy industry is in its colonies. By 1945 the industrial plants in Korea accounted for about a quarter of Japan's industrial base....   [tags: essays research papers] 724 words
(2.1 pages)
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Post-Communist Transition Economies Touched by the Euro Zone Crisis - ... In a wider sense, the definition of transition economy refers to all countries, which attempt to change their basic constitutional elements towards market-style fundamentals. Their origin could be also in a post-colonial situation, in a heavily regulated Asian-style economy, in a Latin American post-dictatorship or even in a somehow economically underdeveloped country in Africa. There are three basic spheres of transformation: 1. economic liberalization and macroeconomic stabilization (the release of economic activity) 2....   [tags: world economic dynamics] 1376 words
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Flann O'Brien, Dickens and Joyce: Form, Identity and Colonial Influences - Flann O'Brien, Dickens and Joyce: Form, Identity and Colonial Influences All quotations from The Third Policeman are taken from the 1993 Flamingo Modern Classic edition. In this essay I intend to examine Flann O'Brien's The Third Policeman in the context of the time of its writing, 1940, its relation to certain English novelistic traditions and also the broader Irish literary tradition in which it belongs. Seamus Deane refers to Ireland as a "Strange Country" and indeed O'Brien's own narrator recalls the words of his father: " ....   [tags: Essay] 800 words
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Post-Colonialism: Trying To Regain Ethnic Individuality - Indeed, the stranger has unusual customs. The white man held the paper like a sacred thing. His hands shook, and we mistrusted him... For how many moons will the stranger be among us. (Vera 43) The stranger still lives among the people of Zimbabwe, though the colonial political authority has left. Yet I wonder if the town elder speaking in the above passage from Yvonne Vera's Nehanda would recognize current Zimbabwean authorities as strangers or countrymen. Could he relate to today's government officials and understand the languages which they speak....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1692 words
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Magic realism as post-colonialist device in Midnight's Children - Magic realism as post-colonialist device in Midnight's Children Magic realism in relation to the post-colonial and Midnight's Children 'The formal technique of "magic realism,"' Linda Hutcheon writes, '(with its characteristic mixing of the fantastic and the realist) has been singled out by many critics as one of the points of conjunction of post-modernism and post-colonialism' (131). Her tracing the origins of magic realism as a literary style to Latin America and Third World countries is accompanied by a definition of a post-modern text as signifying a change from 'modernism's ahistorical burden of the past': it is a text that 'self-consciously reconstruct[s] its relationship to what cam...   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2650 words
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Producing Shakespeare in Post-apartheid South Africa - This paper will examine the role of the school in the construction and dissemination of “Shakespeare” in post-apartheid South Africa. In the context of the history of English in the region, and of Shakespeare’s role in entrenching a particular kind of literacy, the paper aims ultimately to explore some of the implications for the industry of English Literature in post-apartheid South Africa. Shakespeare still has enormous cultural currency in South Africa as elsewhere; English has always been a language of power in the region, a situation whose continuance is unaffected by the recognition of 11 official languages....   [tags: Free Apartheid Essays]
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606 words
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The Genesis of a Backcountry Identity - The Genesis of a Backcountry Identity In the North American English[1] colonial experience and in the subsequent post- revolutionary American Republic, the ability to assimilate either individually or collectively into the hierarchy of power represented a continually evolving process. Previously, throughout Europe’s ancient régime, a ridged hierarchy had dominated the social interaction of every facet of life and dictated that social positioning was a product of one’s birth and not open to unwarranted acts of social promotion....   [tags: Colonial America Colonization Essays]
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A Color Problem in a Post Racial Nation - It appears that the color of your skin whether it be black, white, brown, red, or yellow doesn’t matter in America anymore. One might assume that this statement is a plausible one, given the fact that we have a male “African American” president, and America is now considered to be a “Post-Racial Nation” (Rush Limbaugh, 2010), where skin color is no longer an inhibiting factor. The truth of the matter is that race has most certainly played a significant factor in America’s history since the early 16th century and through to the 21st century....   [tags: Racism, America, Skin Color]
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Colonial Representations of India in Prose Fiction - Colonial Representations of India in Prose Fiction As in representations of the other British colonies, India was used by colonial novelists as a tool of displacement of the individual and re-affirmation of the metropolitan whole. There are three methods by which this effect is achieved. The first method displays an unqualified reliance on a culture too remote to be approached except physically: a hero or protagonist in a pre-mutiny novel is at liberty to escape to India at a moment of crisis, rearrange his life to his advantage and return to a happy ending and the establishment of a newly defined metropolitan life....   [tags: Essays Papers] 479 words
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The Structural Ripeness for the Rise and Consolidation of One-party States in Africa Post Colonialism: The Case of Zambia - The rise of many single-party states in Africa came after many nations had attained their independence from the colonial regimes. The governments that were to follow were indirectly a product of their colonial counterparts, seeking legitimacy through the people by drawing on nationalism and creating an image of a government with characteristics opposite in every way to the colonial administrations. The hindrance of democratization in these respective states and the consolidation of single-party states have several reasons that can be attributed to their developments which consist of finding legitimacy in tradition; constructing an image of single-party governments as the solution to the Afri...   [tags: International Government ]
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1389 words
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Theories of Post-Coloniality: Edward W. Said and W.B. Yeats - Theories of Post-Coloniality: Edward W. Said and W.B. Yeats (Citations from Said’s essay “Yeats and Decolonization” as published by Bay Press, not the Field Day pamphlet) Post-colonial theory, a mode of thought which accepts European Imperialism as a historical fact and attempts to address nations touched by colonial enterprises, has as yet failed to adequately consider Ireland as a post-colonial nation. Undoubtedly, Ireland is a post-colonial nation (where ‘post-’colonial refers to any consequence of colonial contact) with a body of literary work that may be read productively as post-colonial....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1361 words
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The People's Republic of Bangladesh - Introduction The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, commonly known as Bangladesh, is a Southern Asian country located in between India and Myanmar. A parliamentary republic that elects its parliament, known as the Jatiyo Sangshad, Bangladesh has a population of over 160 million, enough to make it the eighth most populated nation in the world. Due to the fact it is relatively small, at just under 57,000 square miles, the country is also effectively one of the most densely populated nations, which has played a central role in the modern economic and industrial development of the country....   [tags: india, myanmar, colonial age]
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The Effects of the Great Awakening - ... Before the Great Awakening, there was an increase in church absenteeism and religions piety was waning, meaning that the people were becoming less pure and less religion. In order to reverse the cause of the Enlightenment, we have people like, Jonathan Edwards, a Christian preacher, who is recognized as starting the Great Awakening, along with the simultaneous migration of German settlers who ignited a spark of Pietism in some New England states. The effects of the Great Awakening, which was definitely a huge change for early colonial times, was that more branches of Christianity emerged as well as division between new and old ideas....   [tags: colonial times, christianity, enlightment era] 690 words
(2 pages)
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Feminisim in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness - Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a landmark in the history of English literature since it is one of those novels where Modernism declares its arrival. Heart of Darkness is more special in that it has become a subject to the study of different branches of literary theory such as feminism, colonialism and post-colonialism, reader-response criticism, archetypal criticism, deconstruction, new historicism and what not. As feminism has become one of the commonest issues of our present day, it will not be irrelevant to make an inquiry as to how Conrad treats women in the novel....   [tags: feminism, colonialism and post-colonialism]
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1122 words
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Liberals and Conservatives in Post Revolutionary Latin America - Liberals and Conservatives in Post Revolutionary Latin America Models for post-revolutionary Latin American government are born of the complex economic and social realities of 17th and 18th century Europe. From the momentum of the Enlightenment came major political rebellions of the elite class against entrenched national monarchies and systems of power. Within this time period of elitist revolt and intensive political restructuring, the fundamental basis for both liberal and conservative ideology was driven deep into Latin American soil....   [tags: Latin American History] 529 words
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The Industrialization and Social Developments of Hong Kong - The industrialization and social developments in Hong Kong are dated back during the British imperial rule when they started introducing various policies that revolutionized industrialization and social developments in the country. The influence of the British on China dates back the 18th century, when the British traders started enforcing a relaxation of trade policies and practices that were adopted by the Chinese government. This culminated in the Opium war of 1839 that ended in the 1842, when the Chinese was defeated and the British forces were able to make demands on the Chinese government in regard to the formulated trading policies....   [tags: Post World War II Era, British Imperial Rule]
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J.P.D Dunbabin and the Cold War Coverage - ... He was, therefore, inclined to discuss Vietnam in both volumes. Which seemed to inevitably invite repetition and reiteration. Contrarily, the Suez imbroglio of 1956 was not an issue of the Cold War but rather was a final attempt by two declining empires to strengthen their weakening harmony in the Middle East. His judgment in this series appear, for the most part, to be mature and balanced. Thus in discussing the future of communist China, he has not been swayed by the thought of China as a potential political and economic power, which has been fondled with by some in China....   [tags: historian, the post world war] 2917 words
(8.3 pages)
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Economic Policies in the Interwar Period and the Post-World War Two Period - 1914 marked a critical turning point in global affairs and the economy, as the destruction of the Great War not only physically affected millions of people, but it also destroyed the system of global capitalism which existed prior to 1914. During the interwar period, American isolationism from international trade and affairs left the major powers without the infrastructure or leadership to continue the international trade, investment, and currency stabilization which existed before 1914. As a result, the major powers continued their “great power rivalry,” which inhibited global cooperation and resulted in countries adopting nationalist policies to achieve their goal of stable growth and more...   [tags: History, Informative]
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Life in Colonial America - ... They were read three weeks in a row, which allowed time for anyone who had a mind to object the match to do so. It also allowed the much needed time for a couple to change their minds. In North Carolina however, there were very few ministers, so most couples simply made the announcements themselves to their families and friends. By the 1770s, most rituals that had been traditionally performed in churches including marriages were often performed in the home by a father or family friend. Couples who weren’t lucky enough to have their parent 's permission might choose just to speak their marriage vows before a few witnesses....   [tags: colonial times, American History]
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1927 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Importance Of The Colonial Woodworker - The Importance of Woodworking In Colonial America You are called to build a house. It's a big house, and you'll need all your tools, but you will be paid fairly. You are the colonial woodworker. The colonial woodworker was very important in the colonies. Woodworking provided jobs, houses, and skilled tradesmen ready to fix a broken structure. Anything made of wood was most likely built by a woodworker. The woodworker used various tools to make different cuts and shapes in wood. Woodworkers used many different types of wood for different pieces of furniture....   [tags: Colonial America, Wood, Jobs, Houses]
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The Influence of Sor Juana and Catalina de Erauso on Colonial Latin American Society - Colonial Latin American society in the Seventeenth Century was undergoing a tremendous amount of changes. Society was transforming from a conquering phase into a colonizing phase. New institutions were forming and new people and ideas flooded into the new lands freshly claimed for the Spanish Empire. Two remarkable women, radically different from each other, who lived during this period of change are a lenses through which many of the new institutions and changes can be viewed. Sor Juana and Catalina de Erauso are exceptional women who in no way represent the norm but through their extraordinary tales and by discovering what makes them so extraordinary we can deduce what was the norm and how...   [tags: Colonial Latin American] 1239 words
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Home Crafts In Colonial America - The community of the American Colonies in the 16th to 17th century shared ideas and ways of life with one another. “The colonist came from many countries—England, France, Holland, Germany, and Spain. They brought with them their different customs and skills” (Corwin 7). Together they learned to formulate and develop items. Home crafts are gender specific; typically women became the ones who wove, sewed, embroidered, and quilted; while the men cleared land, farmed, cut wood, butchered and hunted animals....   [tags: US History Colonial Crafts] 982 words
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Struggles in Post Civil War America - The Civil War split the nation in half. It tore apart families, and Union soldiers against Confederate soldiers for four miserable years. From the first shots fired at Fort Sumter 1861, and ending with a unanimous Confederate victory in 1865. All in all 630,000 people died and many thousands wounded. The deaths in the Civil War totally surpassed the death totals from any other war (1). For those managed to survive the up hill battle just began, they faced many unknowns in a world moving in an uncertain direction....   [tags: Post Civil War] 1034 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - For the last eight or nine years we have been hearing about a disorder that is seemingly new. This disorder is known as post traumatic stress. We hear on the news that a veteran had hurt his or her family and this disorder was the cause. We have seen the countless reports of the number of divorces that are cause by post traumatic stress. Just by reading the reports and watching the news one can conclude that this is a disorder that is cause by war. PTSD is not a diagnosis solely held by war veterans....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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923 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - In all honesty I did not hear the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) until some time after I re-deployed from Iraq in mid August 2003. Surely the term had been around long before them, but it wasn’t commonly used acronym in the military. I didn’t have nearly the frequent use that is has in today’s Army. Nowadays, everything a Soldier does is associated with PTSD even if the Soldier has not been diagnosed with it; it has become such a ill-used word that from what I can see everyone is try to jump on the band wagon....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 772 words
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Post Falls Dam - For over 100 years, the Post Falls Dam has served the North Idaho area in a variety of ways. Arguably one of the greatest impacts in the north Idaho region. To fully understand the history of the dam, it is important to start at the beginning, before the dam was built, before the Schitus’umsh people (Coeur d’Alene Tribe) lived on site, even before there was a Spokane River or Lake Coeur d’Alene. Before Lake Coeur d’Alene existed in its present state, the St. Joe River ran through the valley of the lake, and was fed by the Coeur d’Alene River....   [tags: Geography, Frederick Post] 1240 words
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Poetry and the Post-modernists Poets - The second half of the twentieth century commonly referred to as the post-modernist period in literature encompasses the works of many great artists such as: Rita Dove, Billy Collins, Sonia Sanchez, and Yusef Komunyakaa. These famous and honored artists have contributed in expressing a better form of poetry. In their works, they have treated topics like time, place, race, class, gender, and sexuality. Anyone who read the work of these artists would find a point of interest or an incentive to continue because the subjects are so real and easy to understand....   [tags: post modernist, rita dove, billy collins]
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Validation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The intention of this study is to validate the issue of PTSD which some have attempted to discredit as a medical condition. To achieve this, the magnitude and incidence rate of the condition requires robust evidence. This study is taking secondary data from the Vietnam Veterans National Readjustment Survey (NVVRS) and developing the analysis further. The technique employed here is Meta analysis which is more typically used for quantitative literature applications. In any analysis of secondary data it is crucial to consider the incidence rates of mental health issues among those who fought in Vietnam....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 976 words
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