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Your search returned over 400 essays for "post-colonial"
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Colonialism and Post Colonial Ethnic Conflict in East African Countries - From the end of the nineteenth century until the attainment of independence in the early 1960s, the countries of East Africa were under the colonial administration of European empires. After decades of foreign rule which saw unparalleled transformations within society, the post-colonial states that emerged have been blighted by ethnic conflict. It has been argued that the beliefs of British, Belgian and German administrators led them to completely reorganise the societies they governed based on a fictitious ‘tribal’ model, and in the process they invented ethnicity....   [tags: Post Colonial Conflict in East Africa] 1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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Hong Kong Post-colonial Cinema - The Construction of the ‘Western Other’ in Hong Kong Post-colonial Cinema Hong Kong has always remained a very unique city, one which is said to have ‘a Western past, an Eastern future’. Since its colonisation by the British in the 1860s, it has maintained to a very large extent its Chinese identity and its connection to its Motherland, while at the same time, has frequent contact with the Western world, politically, economically, and culturally. Hong Kong’s unique position has made the city a vibrant international metropolis that acts as a bridge between East and West....   [tags: Post Colonial Hong Kong Culture Essays] 4677 words
(13.4 pages)
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Revolts: Colonial and Post-Colonial Era - The colonial and post colonial era was an era filled with astonishing events that rattled America’s standings with racism. This time was so powerful and moving, because it gave the slaves an amount of courage, trust, and determination so big that they were able to carry out an ample amount of rebellions in America against the whites. From Denmark Vesey in South Carolina planning to rebel furiously with other leaders after purchasing freedom, to Nat Turner in Virginia, using his dreams to relentlessly end the lives of many because of the hardship times they caused slaves....   [tags: Racial Tension, Civilian Army]
:: 19 Works Cited
1349 words
(3.9 pages)
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Post Colonial Literature - Post colonial’ as we define it does not mean ‘post-independence’, or ‘after colonialism’, for this would be falsely ascribe an end to the colonial process. Post-colonialism, rather, begins from the very first moment of colonial contact. It is the discourse of oppositinality which colonialism brings into being” (pL.117) The term post colonial is resonant with all the doubts and complexities of the various cultural experiences it involves. It also addresses all aspects of the colonial process from the beginning of the colonial contact....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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Post-colonial Theory: Indian Literature - Post-colonialism known as an “era” or the “post-colonial theory” that exists since around the middle of the 20th century. Post-colonialism also deals with conflicts of identity and cultural belonging. In Post-colonial writings the themes which are focused on are nationalism, self-identification to anti-imperialistic critique and postcolonial protest. Often protest writing has a political agenda of social change and expresses anger and disillusion at the postcolonial nation state. Nayar points out, “resistance literature in both the colony and the postcolonial nation include testimonial writings, prison narratives, revolutionary tracts and ‘insurgency’ writing....   [tags: insurgency writing, Protest Writing]
:: 4 Works Cited
1982 words
(5.7 pages)
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A Post-Colonial Liberation Reading of The Epistle to Philemon - To read the texts of the Bible is to immerse oneself in a history, a history of events, and a history of understanding. As we open the pages of the canonical books, we are given a glimpse into the lives and issues of people many thousands of years ago and of the stories that have shaped the development of the church to the current day. At the same time, and following the call of 2 Timothy 3:16 , Christians take seriously what is written and reflect it into their own lives and realities, leading to interpretations and understandings of the text being applied in their own contexts....   [tags: The Bible]
:: 6 Works Cited
2109 words
(6 pages)
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Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature - Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature Your Name School Affiliation Outline A. Introduction Thesis: Adgar and Alizdeh, as representatives of post-colonial literature, provide evidence that otherness, essentialism and orientalism are notions that explain the issues that arise in the contemporary world as a result of imperial tendencies on the part of Western societies, and their writing suggests a peculiar form of struggle which is rooted in subversion and internal critique of systems of domination....   [tags: Western societies, Adgard, Alizdeth, essentialism]
:: 6 Works Cited
2697 words
(7.7 pages)
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Orientalism and Post-Colonial Theory - Orientalism and Post-Colonial Theory Fitting Said’s vision of Orientalism into post colonial theory is a fluid meeting of social discourse. As post colonial theory demands a “constant redefinition of both “politics” and “culture” in a rapidly globalizing world,” Said also questions how cultural power and privilege determines modern identity (Nealon and Giroux, 149). Said’s dialogue of “Oritentalism” demands a new look at history and the colonial processes imprinted upon so many peoples. It opens and engages discourses of racism and socio-economic inequality, and intrinsically asks how post-colonial theory translates into our lives today....   [tags: Essays Papers] 358 words
(1 pages)
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Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures - Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures Introduction More than three-quarters of the people living in the world today have had their lives shaped by the experience of colonialism. It is easy to see how important this has been in the political and economic spheres, but its general influence on the perceptual frameworks of contemporary peoples is often less evident. Literature offers one of the most important ways in which these new perceptions are expressed and it is in their writing, and through other arts such as painting, sculpture, music, and dance that the day-to-day realities experienced by colonized peoples have been most powerfully encoded and so profoundly influen...   [tags: English Literature Writing]
:: 5 Works Cited
4267 words
(12.2 pages)
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Quest for Self-Identity in Margaret Atwood’s Surfacing and The Bell Jar, by Sylvia Plath - As the post-colonial criticism developed, the theorists have agreed upon the fact that the role of feminism in the post-colonial practice is crucial. Moreover, these two theories clearly have the same goals. On the one hand, the main objective of both of them is to disclose the traditional power structures, both patriarchal and imperial. On the other hand, both feminism and post-colonial criticism aim to show the way the writers challenge the respective forms of authority. The main concerns of the post-colonial criticism are the formation of canon, the phases through which imperialism and decolonization have gone, as well as how these processes are expressed in literature....   [tags: history, post-colonial criticism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2151 words
(6.1 pages)
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Decolonization, Nationalism, Imagining and Representing Communities: A review of Post-Colonial Literature - In the course of Colonization, the world was divided into binary categories of the colonizer and colonized. These binary groups were based on a division of class, gender, race, ethnicity and the oppression of cultural traditions. Traditions of language, religion, labor, and social values were based on theologies of the colonizers, enforced upon the colonized. These binaries can be associated with the Manichean binaries discussed by Frantz Fanon in his book entitled The Wretched of the Earth. In Post-Coloniality, societies gain independence either through diplomatic political transitions or violent revolutions against the occupying force....   [tags: Literature Review]
:: 7 Works Cited
1294 words
(3.7 pages)
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Salman Rushdi: Using Magical Realism as a Post-Colonial Device - Salman Rushdie is a meta-fiction writer, composing Midnight’s Children in a way that systematically draws attention to the fact that it’s a fictitious concoction questioning the relationship between fiction and reality. In Midnight’s Children, Rushdie uses historical events as reference points in the lives of his characters. Saleem Sinai’s life, and the lives of his familial predecessors, is defined by historical events. Beyond using historical events to denote the lives of his characters, Rushdie uses magical realism as a post-colonial device....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1885 words
(5.4 pages)
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Post-Colonial Female Gender Roles and Feminism in Haiti - Haiti is widely known as a poor country with the peasantry sitting on the bottom rung of the social ladder. There are many things can make you a second class citizen, such as the color of your skin, the amount of money or property you own, where you were born, or your gender. Gender roles and marginalization have existed in Haiti existed since the era of slavery and the issues have persisted throughout the country’s post-revolutionary history. In more recent history, there have been more Haitian women who have become politically active and a Haitian feminism movement has emerged....   [tags: poor country, second class citizen]
:: 2 Works Cited
1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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Louis MacNiece: anomalous displacement and post-colonial identity - Louis MacNiece: anomalous displacement and post-colonial identity I was the rector’s son, born to the anglican order, Banned forever from the candles of the Irish poor (“Carrickfergus”) Ireland inhabits a unique position within the current framework of post-colonial literature and theory. The history of Ireland and it’s relationship to England, from the twelfth century (when Henry II was decreed feudal lord of Ireland by the Pope) to the present day, is the history of a divided colonial nation synonymous with ideas of displacement, identity and culture....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1587 words
(4.5 pages)
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Cry , the Beloved Country: Post-Colonial Literary Theory - Cry , the Beloved Country: Post-Colonial Literary Theory Bibliography w/4 sources Cry , the Beloved Country by Alan Paton is a perfect example of post-colonial literature. South Africa is a colonized country, which is, in many ways, still living under oppression. Though no longer living under apartheid, the indigenous Africans are treated as a minority, as they were when Paton wrote the book. This novel provides the political view of the author in both subtle and evident ways. Looking at the skeleton of the novel, it is extremely evident that relationship of the colonized vs....   [tags: Cry the Beloved Country Essays] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Post-Colonial Themes in David Malouf's Remembering Babylon - Post-Colonial Themes in David Malouf's Remembering Babylon It is interesting to note that, although in the context of this MA course we are studying Malouf's novel in terms of a post-colonial response, the author himself has expressed the opinion that it is not, strictly speaking, a post-colonial text. Most would agree with Malouf in that it is certainly not an example of resistance or response from a member of a colonised community in the same vein as, for example, Chinua Achebe or some Native Canadian authors....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 2 Works Cited
735 words
(2.1 pages)
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Colonialism and Imperialism - Heart of Darkness and Post-Colonial Theory - Post-Colonial Theory and Heart of Darkness "Heart of Darkness" begins and ends in London; on the Nellie on the Thames. The most part, however, takes place in the Congo (now known as the Republic of the Congo). The Kongo, as it was originally known, was inhabited first by pygmy tribes and migratory 'Bantus' and was 'discovered' by the Portuguese in the 14th Century. The Portuguese brought with them Catholocism; European missionaries. The Congo was ruled by King Alfonso I from 1506 - 1540 and Shamba Bolongongo from 1600 - 1620....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Colonialism and Imperialism - A Post-colonial Study of Heart of Darkness - A Post-colonial Study of Heart of Darkness       In this paper, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness will be examined by using a recent movement, Post-colonial Study that mainly focuses on the relationship between the Self and the Other, always intertwined together in considering one’ identity.   The Other is commonly identified with the margin, which has been oppressed or ignored by Eurocentric, male-dominated history.   Conrad is also conscious of the Other's interrelated status with the Self, but his main concern is the Self, not the Other, even though he deals with the natives.   As Edward W....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
3283 words
(9.4 pages)
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The Meaning of Heart of Darkness in the Post-Colonial Climate - The Meaning of Heart of Darkness in the Post-Colonial Climate Since its publication in 1899, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness has rarely been disputed on the basis of its literary merits; in fact, it was long seen as one of the great novels of the burgeoning modern era, a sort of bridge between the values and storytelling styles of the waning Victorian period and those of the modern era (Gatten), and regarded a high-ranking space amidst the great literature of the century, if not the millennia (Mitchell 20)....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
3729 words
(10.7 pages)
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Post Colonial Interpretations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest - Post Colonial Interpretations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest “…do we really expect, amidst this ruin and undoing of our life, that any is yet left a free and uncorrupted judge of great things and things which reads to eternity; and that we are not downright bribed by our desire to better ourselves?” – Longinus Since the seventeenth century many interpretations and criticisms of William Shakespeare’s The Tempest have been recorded. Yet, since the play is widely symbolical and allegorical Shakespeare’s actual intentions behind the creation of the play can never be revealed....   [tags: Shakespeare Tempest]
:: 4 Works Cited
1910 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Process and Implications of the Emigration of Zimbabweans During - ... Social and economic strain became a major factor in the lives of Zimbabweans as they realised the government kept trying to legitimise the crisis and that this was not going to solve these problems. This led to citizens realising they needed to fend for themselves in order to survive, the best shot at greener pastures to sustain this survival was to migrate to other countries. “External factors such as the World Bank imposed Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) also planted the seeds of a precipitous economic calamity that befell Zimbabwe in the 2000s” (Chiumbu & Masemwa, 2012)....   [tags: post-colonial African history, politics]
:: 9 Works Cited
1105 words
(3.2 pages)
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Post-colonial Criticism of Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre - A broad focus on Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre reveals multiple perspectives in which postcolonial criticism could be angled. For the most part, this study will explore the representation of a selection of foreign cultures as a foil to Europe’s presumed magnificence. Additionally, focus will be trained on the gender relations as an indicator of patriarchal colonialism. On this second point, the study will attempt to illustrate the various ways in which the character of Jane Eyre is deliberately constructed to counter the male colonialist ego....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Class and Gender Warfare]
:: 4 Works Cited
2198 words
(6.3 pages)
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post colonial - George, Rosemary Marangoly, and Helen Scott. "An Interview with Tsitsi Dangarembga." Novel (Spring 1993):309-319. [This interview was conducted at the African Writers Festival, Brown Univ., Nov. 1991] Excerpt from Introduction: "Written when the author was twenty-five, Nervous Conditions put Dangarembga at the forefront of the younger generation of African writers producing literature in English today....Nervous Conditions highlights that which is often effaced in postcolonial African literature in English--the representation of young African girls and women as worthy subjects of literature....While the critical reception of this novel has focused mainly on the author's femi...   [tags: essays research papers fc] 7059 words
(20.2 pages)
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Comparing the Native Characters in Colonial Literature to the European Characters in Post-Colonial - When European colonial authors introduced us to the native, they created the native; the native character became more real to European readers than the actual inhabitants of the new world. The natives' overwhelming otherness eclipsed any individuality that might have been found among them. The native was childish, incapable of reason, and savagely unchristian, or as Lord Cromer described him, a being which "generally acts, speaks and thinks in a manner that is exactly opposite to the European" (qtd....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
:: 5 Works Cited
2687 words
(7.7 pages)
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Colonialism and Africa - Introduction Modern African states have several problems ranging from corruption, to armed conflict, to stunted structural development. The effects of colonialism have been offered as a starting point for much of the analysis on African states, but the question of why African states are particularly dysfunctional needs to be examined, given the extent to which they have lagged behind other former European colonies in many aspects. In the first section, I will consider the problems with African states from the level of the state....   [tags: African Countries, Post Colonial Africa] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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History, Language and Post-colonial Issues in Brian Friel’s Translations - History, Language and Post-colonial Issues in Brian Friel’s Translations Owen: Back to first principles. What are we trying to do. Yolland: Good question. Owen: We are trying to denominate and at the same time describe . . . ” Dun na nGall or Donegal. Muineachain or Monaghan. Same place, same difference. As Owen says about his own name: “Owen - Roland - what the hell. It’s only a name.” ( Translations ) For the student of post-colonial literature, what transpires in Friel’s play as the British army proceed to map this particular corner of the empire is that like language itself, it is not so much the naming and the changing of names but what that signifies and what those names signify in a...   [tags: Essays Papers] 768 words
(2.2 pages)
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A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives - A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives Redefining the British literary canon as imperial construct and influence 'A canon,' Ashcroft, Griffiths and Tiffiin argue, 'is not a body of texts per se, but rather a set of reading practices....' (189). They define 'reading practices' as 'the enactment of innumerable individual and community assumptions, for example about genre, about literature, and even about writing....' (189). The purpose of the following discussion is to investigate the link between the British literary canon and its attendant culture....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 15 Works Cited
3242 words
(9.3 pages)
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Language Follows Evolution of Jackson and Trewe Relationship Paralleling the Colonization to Post-Colonial Movement in Pantomime - Language Follows Evolution of Jackson and Trewe Relationship Paralleling the Colonization to Post-Colonial Movement in Pantomime The play opens on the edge of a cliff; anything can happen. Derek Walcott, a playwright from the Caribbean, lives his own life on the edge of a cliff. Walcott’s family placed strong emphasis on education and ancestry. His inherent duality, European and African, mirrors that of post-colonialism (Gilbert 131). It is this duality that Walcott tries to reconcile in his work, drawing on his experiences in the theatre and in the Caribbean (King 260)....   [tags: Pantomime Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
3127 words
(8.9 pages)
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Post-colonialist Perceptions of Lewis’ Out of the Silent Planet - Post-colonialist Perceptions of Lewis’ Out of the Silent Planet The Italian artist Michelangelo Buonarroti viewed the goal of sculpting as the manipulation of a marble block until the figure within is set free. Just as a carving artist seeks to release its piece from rock, a literary artist desires his art form to be carved from an obscure idea into clear apprehension. The most beautiful of these art pieces are placed in a museum of their own right, the literary canon. A great part of literature’s beauty is the ability of the artist to present his purpose in indiscrete ways, in some degree or another, sliding his message in the literature’s elements during its construction....   [tags: Post Colonialism Out of the Silent Planet Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
4511 words
(12.9 pages)
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Post-Post Critiques of Racism - Carrie Mae Weems and Hank Willis Thomas are two contemporary artists who are defying contemporary social and political categories and taking art photo into an engage era. The essays by Annie E Coombes provide a critical analysis of how the contemporary scene is moving beyond categories of post modern, and post race. Both are efforts to rescue contemporary artists who are dealing with forms of oppression from being described as old fashion or out of date. Carrie Mae Weems is an African American photographer....   [tags: Racism ]
:: 5 Works Cited
956 words
(2.7 pages)
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Shakespeare's Caliban and the Colonial Approach to Slaves - Caliban: “Post Colonial Approach” The Shakespearean play, The Tempest, is one of the most controversial in terms of relationships in the play. The play was written in 1611 soon after the English arrived in America in 1607, launching the colonial period. This was the beginning of colonization to America, which lead to the evolution of indentured servants into slaves. Many critics have stated that the relationship between Prospero and Caliban was that of a slave and master and a representation of how the English colonized foreign lands that belonged to the indigenous Americans....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Colonialism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1908 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Colonial Experience - In recent years, there have been efforts to understand the institution of apartheid in South Africa. From the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, to general study into the history of South Africa, much scholarship has been devoted to the study of the effects of apartheid and the atrocities committed in the post-World War II period. However, one topic remains largely un-researched—the origins of the vast apartheid structure instituted by the Herenigde (Reunited) National Party (HNP) in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, different and larger than any other nation’s program ....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
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1667 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Effect of Cannibalism in Colonial Brazil - This research paper will delve into the topic of cannibalism in native tribes of Brazil during the Portuguese colonization of the South American country. My research only the topic yielded very interesting results. Some scholars suggest that cannibalism (in the instances involving the Tupinamba tribe and their ritualistic practices) didn't even occur. This isn't to say, however, that cannibalism was completely nonexistent in Brazil, but arguing that it did not occur in the “savage” ways often described....   [tags: Sociology, Colonialism]
:: 5 Works Cited
2335 words
(6.7 pages)
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Mountains of the Moon: A Re-inscription of the Colonial Master Narrative - Mountains of the Moon: A Re-inscription of the Colonial Master Narrative    If Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke were alive in 1989 to see the release of Bob Rafelson’s Mountains of the Moon, what would their response to the film be?  Would they agree with the way Rafelson’s film depicts their remarkable journey into Africa to find the source of the Nile River?  Would they agree with the way the film dramatizes their relationship with each other?  The answers to these questions would help a great deal in determining whether Rafelson’s film about Burton and Speke’s expedition was accurate, or whether his film was an attempt to sensationalize their story to increase its reception.  Unfo...   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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1583 words
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The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations - The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations Regarded by many as Brian Friel’s theatrical masterpiece, Seamus Deane described Translations as “a sequence of events in history which are transformed by his writing into a parable of events in the present day” (Introduction 22). The play was first produced in Derry in 1980. It was the first production by Field Day, a cultural arts group founded by Friel and the actor Stephen Rea, and associated with Deane, Seamus Heaney and Tom Paulin....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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A Century in the Development of Haiti (1915 to 2014): Foreign Domination Serving Foreign Interests - US intervention in Haiti exacerbated poverty and inequality within the past century stifling Haitian democracy and independence. These relations have adversely affected the economic and social life as well, creating the conditions which Haiti currently faces. I have chosen to start in the year 1915 because that is when US Marines began their occupation of Haiti. I have ended in modern day because the US’s relations with Haiti have continued to be exploitative. I will analyze the political decisions imposed on Haiti by the US government, including military occupation, supporting dictatorial rulers, and suppressing democratically-elected leaders....   [tags: history, colonial past, inequality, democracy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1745 words
(5 pages)
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The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea - The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea North and South Korea are nations that while filled with contempt for Japan have used the foundations that Japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization. Japan's colonization of Korea is critical in understanding what enabled Korea to industrialize in the period since 1961. Japan's program of colonial industrialization is unique in the world. Japan was the only colonizer to locate various heavy industry is in its colonies. By 1945 the industrial plants in Korea accounted for about a quarter of Japan's industrial base....   [tags: essays research papers] 724 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Genesis of a Backcountry Identity - The Genesis of a Backcountry Identity In the North American English[1] colonial experience and in the subsequent post- revolutionary American Republic, the ability to assimilate either individually or collectively into the hierarchy of power represented a continually evolving process. Previously, throughout Europe’s ancient régime, a ridged hierarchy had dominated the social interaction of every facet of life and dictated that social positioning was a product of one’s birth and not open to unwarranted acts of social promotion....   [tags: Colonial America Colonization Essays]
:: 22 Works Cited
6005 words
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Post-Colonialism: Trying To Regain Ethnic Individuality - Indeed, the stranger has unusual customs. The white man held the paper like a sacred thing. His hands shook, and we mistrusted him... For how many moons will the stranger be among us. (Vera 43) The stranger still lives among the people of Zimbabwe, though the colonial political authority has left. Yet I wonder if the town elder speaking in the above passage from Yvonne Vera's Nehanda would recognize current Zimbabwean authorities as strangers or countrymen. Could he relate to today's government officials and understand the languages which they speak....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
1692 words
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Flann O'Brien, Dickens and Joyce: Form, Identity and Colonial Influences - Flann O'Brien, Dickens and Joyce: Form, Identity and Colonial Influences All quotations from The Third Policeman are taken from the 1993 Flamingo Modern Classic edition. In this essay I intend to examine Flann O'Brien's The Third Policeman in the context of the time of its writing, 1940, its relation to certain English novelistic traditions and also the broader Irish literary tradition in which it belongs. Seamus Deane refers to Ireland as a "Strange Country" and indeed O'Brien's own narrator recalls the words of his father: " ....   [tags: Essay] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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Magic realism as post-colonialist device in Midnight's Children - Magic realism as post-colonialist device in Midnight's Children Magic realism in relation to the post-colonial and Midnight's Children 'The formal technique of "magic realism,"' Linda Hutcheon writes, '(with its characteristic mixing of the fantastic and the realist) has been singled out by many critics as one of the points of conjunction of post-modernism and post-colonialism' (131). Her tracing the origins of magic realism as a literary style to Latin America and Third World countries is accompanied by a definition of a post-modern text as signifying a change from 'modernism's ahistorical burden of the past': it is a text that 'self-consciously reconstruct[s] its relationship to what cam...   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2650 words
(7.6 pages)
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Producing Shakespeare in Post-apartheid South Africa - This paper will examine the role of the school in the construction and dissemination of “Shakespeare” in post-apartheid South Africa. In the context of the history of English in the region, and of Shakespeare’s role in entrenching a particular kind of literacy, the paper aims ultimately to explore some of the implications for the industry of English Literature in post-apartheid South Africa. Shakespeare still has enormous cultural currency in South Africa as elsewhere; English has always been a language of power in the region, a situation whose continuance is unaffected by the recognition of 11 official languages....   [tags: Free Apartheid Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
606 words
(1.7 pages)
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A Color Problem in a Post Racial Nation - It appears that the color of your skin whether it be black, white, brown, red, or yellow doesn’t matter in America anymore. One might assume that this statement is a plausible one, given the fact that we have a male “African American” president, and America is now considered to be a “Post-Racial Nation” (Rush Limbaugh, 2010), where skin color is no longer an inhibiting factor. The truth of the matter is that race has most certainly played a significant factor in America’s history since the early 16th century and through to the 21st century....   [tags: Racism, America, Skin Color]
:: 12 Works Cited
1623 words
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Colonial Representations of India in Prose Fiction - Colonial Representations of India in Prose Fiction As in representations of the other British colonies, India was used by colonial novelists as a tool of displacement of the individual and re-affirmation of the metropolitan whole. There are three methods by which this effect is achieved. The first method displays an unqualified reliance on a culture too remote to be approached except physically: a hero or protagonist in a pre-mutiny novel is at liberty to escape to India at a moment of crisis, rearrange his life to his advantage and return to a happy ending and the establishment of a newly defined metropolitan life....   [tags: Essays Papers] 479 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Structural Ripeness for the Rise and Consolidation of One-party States in Africa Post Colonialism: The Case of Zambia - The rise of many single-party states in Africa came after many nations had attained their independence from the colonial regimes. The governments that were to follow were indirectly a product of their colonial counterparts, seeking legitimacy through the people by drawing on nationalism and creating an image of a government with characteristics opposite in every way to the colonial administrations. The hindrance of democratization in these respective states and the consolidation of single-party states have several reasons that can be attributed to their developments which consist of finding legitimacy in tradition; constructing an image of single-party governments as the solution to the Afri...   [tags: International Government ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1389 words
(4 pages)
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Theories of Post-Coloniality: Edward W. Said and W.B. Yeats - Theories of Post-Coloniality: Edward W. Said and W.B. Yeats (Citations from Said’s essay “Yeats and Decolonization” as published by Bay Press, not the Field Day pamphlet) Post-colonial theory, a mode of thought which accepts European Imperialism as a historical fact and attempts to address nations touched by colonial enterprises, has as yet failed to adequately consider Ireland as a post-colonial nation. Undoubtedly, Ireland is a post-colonial nation (where ‘post-’colonial refers to any consequence of colonial contact) with a body of literary work that may be read productively as post-colonial....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1361 words
(3.9 pages)
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The People's Republic of Bangladesh - Introduction The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, commonly known as Bangladesh, is a Southern Asian country located in between India and Myanmar. A parliamentary republic that elects its parliament, known as the Jatiyo Sangshad, Bangladesh has a population of over 160 million, enough to make it the eighth most populated nation in the world. Due to the fact it is relatively small, at just under 57,000 square miles, the country is also effectively one of the most densely populated nations, which has played a central role in the modern economic and industrial development of the country....   [tags: india, myanmar, colonial age]
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2606 words
(7.4 pages)
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Feminisim in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness - Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a landmark in the history of English literature since it is one of those novels where Modernism declares its arrival. Heart of Darkness is more special in that it has become a subject to the study of different branches of literary theory such as feminism, colonialism and post-colonialism, reader-response criticism, archetypal criticism, deconstruction, new historicism and what not. As feminism has become one of the commonest issues of our present day, it will not be irrelevant to make an inquiry as to how Conrad treats women in the novel....   [tags: feminism, colonialism and post-colonialism]
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1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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Liberals and Conservatives in Post Revolutionary Latin America - Liberals and Conservatives in Post Revolutionary Latin America Models for post-revolutionary Latin American government are born of the complex economic and social realities of 17th and 18th century Europe. From the momentum of the Enlightenment came major political rebellions of the elite class against entrenched national monarchies and systems of power. Within this time period of elitist revolt and intensive political restructuring, the fundamental basis for both liberal and conservative ideology was driven deep into Latin American soil....   [tags: Latin American History] 529 words
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Economic Policies in the Interwar Period and the Post-World War Two Period - 1914 marked a critical turning point in global affairs and the economy, as the destruction of the Great War not only physically affected millions of people, but it also destroyed the system of global capitalism which existed prior to 1914. During the interwar period, American isolationism from international trade and affairs left the major powers without the infrastructure or leadership to continue the international trade, investment, and currency stabilization which existed before 1914. As a result, the major powers continued their “great power rivalry,” which inhibited global cooperation and resulted in countries adopting nationalist policies to achieve their goal of stable growth and more...   [tags: History, Informative]
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1808 words
(5.2 pages)
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The Importance Of The Colonial Woodworker - The Importance of Woodworking In Colonial America You are called to build a house. It's a big house, and you'll need all your tools, but you will be paid fairly. You are the colonial woodworker. The colonial woodworker was very important in the colonies. Woodworking provided jobs, houses, and skilled tradesmen ready to fix a broken structure. Anything made of wood was most likely built by a woodworker. The woodworker used various tools to make different cuts and shapes in wood. Woodworkers used many different types of wood for different pieces of furniture....   [tags: Colonial America, Wood, Jobs, Houses]
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991 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Influence of Sor Juana and Catalina de Erauso on Colonial Latin American Society - Colonial Latin American society in the Seventeenth Century was undergoing a tremendous amount of changes. Society was transforming from a conquering phase into a colonizing phase. New institutions were forming and new people and ideas flooded into the new lands freshly claimed for the Spanish Empire. Two remarkable women, radically different from each other, who lived during this period of change are a lenses through which many of the new institutions and changes can be viewed. Sor Juana and Catalina de Erauso are exceptional women who in no way represent the norm but through their extraordinary tales and by discovering what makes them so extraordinary we can deduce what was the norm and how...   [tags: Colonial Latin American] 1239 words
(3.5 pages)
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Struggles in Post Civil War America - The Civil War split the nation in half. It tore apart families, and Union soldiers against Confederate soldiers for four miserable years. From the first shots fired at Fort Sumter 1861, and ending with a unanimous Confederate victory in 1865. All in all 630,000 people died and many thousands wounded. The deaths in the Civil War totally surpassed the death totals from any other war (1). For those managed to survive the up hill battle just began, they faced many unknowns in a world moving in an uncertain direction....   [tags: Post Civil War] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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Home Crafts In Colonial America - The community of the American Colonies in the 16th to 17th century shared ideas and ways of life with one another. “The colonist came from many countries—England, France, Holland, Germany, and Spain. They brought with them their different customs and skills” (Corwin 7). Together they learned to formulate and develop items. Home crafts are gender specific; typically women became the ones who wove, sewed, embroidered, and quilted; while the men cleared land, farmed, cut wood, butchered and hunted animals....   [tags: US History Colonial Crafts] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - For the last eight or nine years we have been hearing about a disorder that is seemingly new. This disorder is known as post traumatic stress. We hear on the news that a veteran had hurt his or her family and this disorder was the cause. We have seen the countless reports of the number of divorces that are cause by post traumatic stress. Just by reading the reports and watching the news one can conclude that this is a disorder that is cause by war. PTSD is not a diagnosis solely held by war veterans....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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923 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - In all honesty I did not hear the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) until some time after I re-deployed from Iraq in mid August 2003. Surely the term had been around long before them, but it wasn’t commonly used acronym in the military. I didn’t have nearly the frequent use that is has in today’s Army. Nowadays, everything a Soldier does is associated with PTSD even if the Soldier has not been diagnosed with it; it has become such a ill-used word that from what I can see everyone is try to jump on the band wagon....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 772 words
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Post Falls Dam - For over 100 years, the Post Falls Dam has served the North Idaho area in a variety of ways. Arguably one of the greatest impacts in the north Idaho region. To fully understand the history of the dam, it is important to start at the beginning, before the dam was built, before the Schitus’umsh people (Coeur d’Alene Tribe) lived on site, even before there was a Spokane River or Lake Coeur d’Alene. Before Lake Coeur d’Alene existed in its present state, the St. Joe River ran through the valley of the lake, and was fed by the Coeur d’Alene River....   [tags: Geography, Frederick Post] 1240 words
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Poetry and the Post-modernists Poets - The second half of the twentieth century commonly referred to as the post-modernist period in literature encompasses the works of many great artists such as: Rita Dove, Billy Collins, Sonia Sanchez, and Yusef Komunyakaa. These famous and honored artists have contributed in expressing a better form of poetry. In their works, they have treated topics like time, place, race, class, gender, and sexuality. Anyone who read the work of these artists would find a point of interest or an incentive to continue because the subjects are so real and easy to understand....   [tags: post modernist, rita dove, billy collins]
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Validation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The intention of this study is to validate the issue of PTSD which some have attempted to discredit as a medical condition. To achieve this, the magnitude and incidence rate of the condition requires robust evidence. This study is taking secondary data from the Vietnam Veterans National Readjustment Survey (NVVRS) and developing the analysis further. The technique employed here is Meta analysis which is more typically used for quantitative literature applications. In any analysis of secondary data it is crucial to consider the incidence rates of mental health issues among those who fought in Vietnam....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 976 words
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Causes of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post traumatic stress disorder focus primarily on the way that the mind is affected by traumatic experiences. At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event they either have been through war or have witnessed a death, threat to their life, bad accident, a bad natural disaster such as earthquake, tornado etc. PTSD is linked to structural neurochemical changes in the central nervous system which may have a direct biological effect on health, vulnerability to hypertension and atherosclerotic heart disease....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), originally associated with combat, has always been around in some shape or form but it was not until 1980 that it was named Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and became an accredited diagnosis (Rothschild). The fact is PTSD is one of many names for an old problem; that war has always had a severe psychological impact on people in immediate and lasting ways. PTSD has a history that is as long and significant as the world’s war history - thousands of years. Although, the diagnosis has not been around for that long, different names and symptoms of PTSD always have been....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - This essay discusses Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its effect on combat soldiers involved in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars. The goal of this paper is to inform others about what the soldiers deal with during and after combat and the different treatments available for them to cope with and hopefully overcome this disorder. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that develops when someone is witness to or experiences a traumatic event. PTSD has specific symptoms resulting from traumatic life threatening experiences....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 1004 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - Military service members who are and have been deployed to the middle east show high levels of emotional distress and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Both active duty and reserve component soldiers who have experienced combat have been exposed to high levels of traumatic stress. As a consequence, many have gone on to develop a wide range of mental health problems such as PTSD. “According to researchers, PTSD is a long-term reaction to war-zone exposure that can last up to a few minutes, hours, several weeks, and for some a lifetime.” Common symptoms include: emotional numbing, anxiety, feelings of guilt, and depression....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 2435 words
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Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychological condition that occurs after a traumatic event. In the DSM-IV, it is characterized under anxiety disorders. Some common symptoms include, but are not limited to, intense fear, reliving the experience, persistent avoidance, numbing, diminished interest, and increased arousal. In order to be diagnosed, these symptoms need to be present for more than one month. Subsequently there are many types of treatment for this disorder. In particular the ones that will be discussed in depth are cognitive-behavioral therapy, pharmacotherapy, and lastly treatment for children and adolescents....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a relatively new diagnosis that was associated with survivors of war when it was first introduced. Its diagnosis was met largely with skepticism and dismissal by the public of the validity of the illness. PTSD was only widely accepted when it was included as a diagnosis in 1980 in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) of the American Psychiatric Association. PTSD is a complex mental disorder that develops in response to exposure to a severe traumatic event that stems a cluster of symptoms....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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2178 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Music Economy: Entering a Post-industrial Era - Within this essay i shall be examining to what degree the music economy has entered a post-industrial state. I shall do this by first highlighting the the definition of post-industrialism and show how this affected musicians in the present day; and as a result how this has affected my personal and professional development within the music industry. I will highlight interesting factors such as the different interpretations of how we define an era, what place the creative industries have within a post-industrial society and areas of my own professional development, goals and education....   [tags: post industrialism, musician, technology]
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1601 words
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Towards a New and Integrated Language: A Rejection of Post-Modernism - The term post-modernism has gradually become popular with music commentaries since the phrase was first coined in the early mid 1960's. It was adopted as a way of explaning the rise of so called 'populist' music in the era of the avant garde. The history of the term can be traced to the upsurge in parodying the past in art and architecture and was thought to be a new aesthetic which would eventually replace modernism. In music, this apparently new aesthetic was first represented by composers like Rochberg who were disaffected with serialism and a so called allienation between the composer and the audience by modernist music....   [tags: language, post-modern,] 1241 words
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Are We in a Post-Modern Age? - This paper answers the question: Are We in a Post-Modern Age. Post-Modernism can be described as a particular style of thought. It is a concept that correlates the emergence of new features and types of social life and economic order in a culture; often called modernization, post-industrial, consumer, media, or multinational capitalistic societies. In Modernity, we have the sense or idea that the present is discontinuous with the past, that through a process of social, technological, and cultural change (either through improvement, that is, progress, or through decline) life in the present is fundamentally different from life in the past....   [tags: Post-Modernity] 2824 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Veterans - Hundreds of thousands of United States veterans are not able to leave the horrors of war on the battlefield (“Forever at War: Veterans Everyday Battles with PTSD” 1). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the reason why these courageous military service members cannot live a normal life when they are discharged. One out of every five military service members on combat tours—about 300,000 so far—return home with symptoms of PTSD or major depression. According to the Rand Study, almost half of these cases go untreated because of the disgrace that the military and civil society attach to mental disorders (McGirk 1)....   [tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, mental health]
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2308 words
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Comparison between The Taste of Ashes and Post Communist Nostalgia - This essay will discuss two books, Marci Shore’s The Taste of Ashes and Maria Todorova and Zsuzsa Gille Post-Communist Nostalgia. Both books deal with post-communist Europe and use memory as a tool for their research. While Shore writes in a more personal narrative she gives us the realization that even when we rid countries of tyranny and coercion this does not in any way make these places better. In fact, things get far more complicated. It becomes evident that research has shown how you cannot throw people from a former communist regime into something democratic and expect it to automatically gain smooth running or for these people to know how to carry on as normal, while having the burde...   [tags: post communist, macri shore, yugoslavia]
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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Introduction Throughout history the world as we know it has introduced several chapters of natural disasters, terror and wars. To name a few recent events: the war in Iraq, the terror attack “9.11” and the earth quake on the island Haiti. People who have been involved in one of these kinds of events often seem to develop a set of common symptoms in spite of the different events they have experienced. This has caused scientists and psychologists to study whether these people develop the same disorder based on their experience....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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1839 words
(5.3 pages)
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Air Crash Victims - Accidents occur unexpectedly and the effects they bring about may be severe depending on their nature. The effects that are brought about by accidents vary in severity, and duration within which they affect individuals either directly or indirectly attached to the incidence. Air crash is one of the most fatal accidents and in most of the reported cases; there have been more casualties than survivors. The effects that are brought about by an air crash may be classified as either physical or psychological....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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1786 words
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Treatment - In 1980, the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) first came into existence in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III). Only in 1987 did the DSM series make reference to traumatized children. The first major studies of the effects of large traumas on children were Bloch's 1956 study of the effect of a tornado in Mississippi, Lacey's 1972 study of the effects of an avalanche on a Welsh school, Newman's 1976 work on the Buffalo Creek disaster and Terr's 1979 research on the Chowchilla bus kidnapping....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Barbara Van Dahlen - Ever since the United States had gained its independence from Britain in 1776, we have prided ourselves upon the courageous military personnel that have devoted their lives to guaranteeing freedom and protection to citizens of this country. However, what happens when our sole protectors and guardians experience severe mental anguish and are the ones that need help to simply go about their daily lives. Little by little there has been one woman who has provided that comfort and assistance to the military men and women, and who has realized the severity of the effects that combat has on the mental states of these men and women and their loved ones....   [tags: soldiers, deployed, post traumatic stress] 1255 words
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Analyzing Spartacus' Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - The character I have chosen to analyze having post traumatic stress disorder is Spartacus, who is played by Andy Whitfield on the hit series Spartacus Blood and Sand on Starz. Spartacus Blood and Sand is directed by Grady Hall and Rick Jacobson. Spartacus is a Thracian solider who was punished for his betrayal against the Roman Commander Legatus Claudius Glaber, played by Craig Parker. Spartacus was to be executed in the gladiatorial games and his wife Sura, played by Erin Cummings, was to be sold as a slave....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - When humans undergo traumatic events that threaten their safety and wellbeing, they may become vulnerable to nightmares, fear, excessive anxiety, depression, and trembling. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychological illness that results from the occurrence of a “terribly frightening, life-threatening, or otherwise unsafe experience” (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), 2012). This condition often leads to unbearable stress and anxiety. PTSD is significantly prevalent as indicated by data from the National Co-morbidity Survey which shows that at a particular time in their lives, 7.8% of 5, 877 adults in America suffered from PTSD (Andrew & Bisson, 2009)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD] 918 words
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The Epidemic of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - The human brain is extremely complex, top scientists and surgeons still struggle to comprehend how it works. The way that the brain can process information and help a person to problem solve is amazing, but another part of the brain can hold memories. Some are good--like a memory of a family vacation or of family holidays--but there are also frightening memories that can haunt a person until his or her death, if they don’t get help. For a very long time researchers have focused on combatant PTSD, for very good reason, but now a problem has risen among civilians, and they have not been focused on the growth of PTSD right here in regular everyday people’s lives....   [tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essays]
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Collateral Damage: Confronting Post-War Realities - ... Additionally, patients learn to deal with the effects of PTSD in everyday life through a multitude of exercises intended to help the patient keep composure during instances of heightened sensitivity. These forms of treatment are often coupled with medication in order to bring the endocrine system back to its equilibrium state. Though helpful, these medications fail to alleviate the core issue and therefore are used in addition to the various forms of talk therapy. Treating PTSD is not black and white....   [tags: post traumatic stress disorder, veterans]
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Thoroughly Post-Modern: Defining My Practice of Photography by Defining an Art Movement - Thoroughly Post-Modern: Defining My Practice by Defining an Art Movement As a young artist, recognising and being aware of your own photographic practice is extremely important; it allows you to understand the ways in which your work fits into the wider context of Art and the way in which your work functions to mean. I have been studying and practicing photography since I was sixteen years old, but it wasn’t until my university study commenced that my practice began to mature and evolve, and I began to feel more like an artist than I have ever felt....   [tags: photography, post modernism]
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2941 words
(8.4 pages)
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The Bourgeoisie -                Karl Marx describes “Society as a whole [as being] more and more [split] up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other-bourgeoisie and proletariat” (Marx 124).  As Marx made his distinction between upper class, bourgeoisie, and lower class, proletariats, it is important to keep in mind the societal structure at the time.  To understand how classes were created and the disparity between the rich and poor, or, bourgeoisie and proletariat, it is necessary to examine how people came to be rich and poor.  Exploring a time before money existed will help us to process and understand reasons why the binary between rich and poor exists and how it is...   [tags: Post-Modern Theory 2014]
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