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Pain - Merely A Response To A Painful Stimulus? - Critically evaluate the view that pain is merely a response to a painful stimulus.   Pain Essay: unit 3 There are various definitions of pain. The most commonly agreed upon seems to be “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage” The most appropriate definition of pain within clinical practice was suggested by Margo McCaffrey in (1968). His definition was ‘whatever the experiencing person says it is, existing whenever he says it does’ Pain is an abhorrent feeling that is transported to the brain by sensory neurons....   [tags: Pain]
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2061 words
(5.9 pages)
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Pain for Pleasure Endured - Pain for Pleasure Endured The intricate and complex nature of the relationship between pain and pleasure has been a source of contention and diversity of opinion for people of all eras. Shakespeare’s character Othello claims that "tis happiness to die." (Act 5 ln 295). In his situation the painful experience of dying is what he considers pleasure, he later verifies his belief in his statement by choosing to stab himself. Sir Philip Sidney, in his poem Astrophil and Stella states that "in my woes for thee thou art my joy" (108 ln 14)....   [tags: Literature Pain Pleasure Essays]
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1573 words
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Looking Out for Future Pain - Looking Out for Future Pain Pain is a method used by the body to interpret the outside world. Our skin is covered with sensory neurons that are responsible for acquiring information about the body's surroundings (6). Some of the nerve endings involved in the pain sensing process are called nociceptors (6). Most of the sensory receptors and nociceptors come from an area near the spinal cord (6). The information from the sensory neurons is sent through intermediate neurons and is passed onto the motor neurons that are involved in a physical movement, or are sent to the brain (1)....   [tags: Pain Health Medical Essays]
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1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Enlightenment Through Pain - ... 113).” After Ivan made this statement, he stretched out on his hospital bed and died. Towards the end of Ivan’s life, he did make a connection with his son. To Ivan, the realization of appreciation to the importance of life was absent until his pain completely took over him. Ivan repeatedly asked himself, “What is the “real” way to live?” What is important and what really is not that critical, is realized by Lars Lennart Westin in The Death of a Beekeeper. Like Ivan with work being of first priority, nature was Lars’s first priority and value....   [tags: Analysis, Ilness, Pain, Philosophy] 1554 words
(4.4 pages)
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Drug Complications for Chronic Pain - Chronic pain is treated with prescription medication such as Hydrocodone, Tylenol 3, and Vicodin; just to name a few of the drugs for chronic pain. All of the medications mentioned have some bad side effects if you are on them to long such as paranoia, addiction, and damage to the nervous system. People who abuse pain medication will lie, steal, or even over use the doctor ordered amount. Some people who get addicted will do any thing to get there medications such as fraud, theft, and manipulation....   [tags: Drugs, Chronic Pain, medical, ] 895 words
(2.6 pages)
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Pain - ... Morphine sulfate, which is an opioid drug, is often used during surgery to not only induce and maintain anaesthesia, but also to provide analgesia for the duration of surgical procedure and the initial post-op period (Brown & Edwards, 2008). Paracetamol is a non-opioid analgesic that is used to reduce fever or relieve occasional bouts of mild pain; it’s a schedule 2 medication (Bullock, Manias, & Galbraith, 2007). While endone a narcotic analgesic is an alternative to morphine, it is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, and it’s a schedule 8 controlled drug (Bullock et al., 2007)....   [tags: Personal Experience]
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2240 words
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Pain - Pain, an acute mental or emotional discomfort, is experienced by everyone many times during the course of his or her lives. This discomfort to a person may be the result of slipping on a patch of ice on the sidewalk, or may be the result of working hard on ones homework. Whatever the cause, precautions can be taken to avoid pain, like wearing a helmet while bicycling, but painful situations pop up all the time. Pain during the coarse of ones life is inevitable. Misery, mental suffering or extreme bodily suffering or discomfort: extreme unhappiness, may not be present for everyone, and is more easily avoided than pain....   [tags: essays research papers] 789 words
(2.3 pages)
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Pain - Pain He looks through the scope of his rifle, concentrating, looking. He feels pain, sorrow. A tear streams down his face and thinks to himself that this has to happen. He feels rage rush through him, that feeling that he gets when he forgets to take his medication. Josh is only fifteen. His father bought him this hunting rifle when he was twelve. He would remember those times when his father was drunk and would beat him mercilessly for hours on end. Such rage streams through in a steady flow. He doesn’t know why he is doing this, he can’t think, all he knows is the feeling in his head....   [tags: social issues] 813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Helping Phantom Limb Pain - Helping Phantom Limb Pain Over the years scientists have noted many complaints of a strange form of pain called phantom limb pain. This pain is strange because it is located in an appendage that no longer exists. By many of the amputees the pain is described as totally unbearable. Phantom limb pain has even driven some victims crazy. For the amputee population this is a very real problem that definitely needs to be solved. After James Peacock had his right arm amputated last December, he expected some difficulties....   [tags: Phantom Limb Pain Medical Health Essays]
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1490 words
(4.3 pages)
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Underprotective and Overactive Pain Perception: Problems and Possible Solutions - Underprotective and Overactive Pain Perception: Problems and Possible Solutions Pain is probably one of the most universal perceptions that humans, or indeed any animal, can experience. From stress headaches to stubbing one's toe, we come into contact with pain on a daily basis. This is normal data about the experience of pain. However, there are several groups of people that do not feel pain in a common way. Either they don't feel enough pain to tell them that something is wrong, as in the cases of lepers and some diabetics, or they have too much pain, as in the cases of some diabetics, people with phantom limb pain, cancer victims, stroke victims, and other diseases of the brain or spinal cord (Casey, 1996)....   [tags: Biology Biological Pain Papers]
:: 11 Works Cited
2027 words
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The Pathways of Pain - The Pathways of Pain In 1931, the French medical missionary Dr. Albert Schweitzer wrote, "Pain is a more terrible lord of mankind than even death itself." Today, pain has become the universal disorder, a serious and costly public health issue, and a challenge for family, friends, and health care providers who must give support to the individual suffering from the physical as well as the emotional consequences of pain (1). Early humans related pain to evil, magic, and demons. Relief of pain was the responsibility of sorcerers, shamans, priests, and priestesses, who used herbs, rites, and ceremonies as their treatments....   [tags: Medicine Medical Papers]
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2064 words
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The Perception of Pain - The Perception of Pain At some point in life, all people experience pain. The presence of pain can prevent further damage to an injured area or even prevent an injury from occurring, but pain that continues, after treatment or even after healing, can be debilitating (Loeser and Melzack, 1999). Stephani Curtis (1997) presents a case study of a 32-year-old woman, Mrs. J, who injured her lower back when she fell off a horse. As a result of this accident, Mrs. J experienced a ruptured lumbar disc....   [tags: Senses Medical Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
1906 words
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Pain Management - ... Copp (2006) found that more often than not, nurses will actually talk about reducing the patients’ pain and not actually do anything about it. Most pain medication orders are p.r.n. and Copp implies that most nurses view p.r.n. differently and typically wait until they see physical signs of pain and suffering before they give medication. Abdalrahim et al. (2010) agrees by stating, “Nurses tend to underestimate patients’ pain intensity, and under-administer analgesics”. These actions have a direct impact on the patients’ human dignity, self-determination, and ability to trust the healthcare system....   [tags: Nursing ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1500 words
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Pain Management - ... According to Abdalrahim et al. (2010) there have been countless evidence-based studies regarding pain management; nevertheless, the inability to control the patients’ pain has increased due to nurses often devaluing the information they receive from the patients about their current pain level, these actions are directly related to a withholding of pain medication by nurses, since nurses feel patients are dishonest about their pain. Copp (2006) found that more often than not nurses will actually talk about reducing the patients’ pain and not actually do anything about it....   [tags: Nursing ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1314 words
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What Is Pain? - Pain is something that everyone feels at one point in their lives. A person's pain threshold is completely different from the next person. No two people experience pain the same way. "Unlike other sensations, pain can arise from intense stimulation in sensory pathways." ( Zimbardo PG 185) Pain is always subjective. People learn the application of this word through their own personal experiences. Pain can be helped. It can be eased and sometimes vanished completely. Most pain goes untreated or improperly treated....   [tags: essays research papers] 698 words
(2 pages)
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The Importance of Pain - ... FLIPR works by measuring the change in fluorescence given off by certain fluorescent calcium sensitive dyes which are activated in the presence of calcium. They found that cinnamaldehyde, allyl isothiocyanate, and methyl salicylate were specifically activating TRPA1, with cinnamaldehyde and allyl isothiocyanate having the most efficacious effects on TRPA1. Matched experimentation on cell lines expressing TRPV1, TRPV4, or TRPM8 showed no increases in intracellular calcium when exposed to cinnamaldehyde or allyl isothiocyanate....   [tags: Medical Research]
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10922 words
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Preemies and Pain - Preemies and Pain "Ouch!!" Ordinarily, that word elicits a predictable response. However, is that response one that is unilaterally perceived. The topic of pain endurance is one that is often discussed. It is understood that the feeling of discomfort is something abhorrent to all people, and is intrinsic at birth. While most people assume that the level of torment is comparable in all people, scientists have recently begun exploring the possibility that pain tolerance may be greatly dissimilar among individuals....   [tags: Newborn Infants Medicine Papers]
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2027 words
(5.8 pages)
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Measuring Pain - Measuring Pain 1. 1. Sensory - intensity, duration, threshold, tolerance, location, etc 2. 2. Neurophysiological - brainwave activity, heart rate, etc 3. 3. Emotional and motivational - anxiety, anger, depression, resentment, etc 4. 4. Behavioural - avoidance of exercise, pain complaints, etc 5. 5. Impact on lifestyle - marital distress, changes in sexual behaviour 6. 6. Information processing - problem solving skills, coping styles, health beliefs Techniques used to collect data....   [tags: Papers] 4673 words
(13.4 pages)
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The Percept of Pain - The Percept of Pain: Where does it come from. In class we have discussed the concept of pain, concluding that a conflict between what the brain anticipates occurring and what actually occurs has the potential to cause the perception of pain. Furthermore, it was suggested that genetics might have a role in the experience of pain, particularly when applied to the discussion of phantom limb pain. However, I found these inferences a bit unsatisfying and walked away with more questions than answers. Where does chronic pain come into the picture....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1932 words
(5.5 pages)
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pain is inevitable - Pain is Inevitable Pain, a word that is always associated with getting hurt. The real question now is how it hurt. There are two different kinds of pain; physical and mental. The physical aspect of pain is like falling from something, cutting your arm, or stubbing your toe. The mental part is hurting someone’s feeling from saying something harsh or doing something to them emotionally, which hurts inside. The causes and effects of physical and mental pain are very different but can be both equally devastating and even more dramatic with emotionally disturbed people....   [tags: essays research papers] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Experiencing Pain - ... “He felt sorry for them; he had to do something to keep from hurting them” (113). After Ivan made this statement, he stretched out on his hospital bed and succumbed. Towards the end of Ivan’s life, he made a connection with his son. To Ivan, the realization of appreciation to the importance of life was absent until his pain completely over took him. Ivan repeatedly asked himself, “What is the “real” way to live?” Lars Lennart Westin in The Death of a Beekeeper realizes what is not that critical and what is most important....   [tags: Health, Philosophy, Personal Experience] 1751 words
(5 pages)
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Dissertation On Pain - Pain is a universal constant. It is a reaction to anything detrimental to one's well-being or comfort. In any form of reality, it must exist. Pain is never any easy experience, but it is necessary. After all, can one truly appreciate pleasure without pain. Or realize the relief that comes when pain is absent. Pain also strengthens. Pain increases tolerance for itself, but also allows the body to increase its defenses against injury. It is a warning of injury, and an indication of what shouldn't be done....   [tags: essays research papers] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Back Pain - Back Pain Case Scenario: EM is a 74 year old woman admitted into the hospital with a complaint of back pain. She states that she is unable to sit for extended periods of time. During her bouts of pain, her blood pressure rises substantially. She is a telemetry patient on the floor and is on bed rest. The patient has a history of Crohn's Disease and in 1997 underwent a sigmoid colon resection. She also has a history of diverticulitis and COPD. Her final diagnosis consists of back pain related to degenerative joint disease of the lumbrosacral spine as a result of osteoarthritis....   [tags: Papers] 1725 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pain of Rejection - ... Dell'Amore explains “While in an MRI machine, the subjects were asked to look at photographs of their ex-partners and think about being rejected.” (Dell'Amore, 2011) This of course was painful for the subjects but necessary to achieve the goal of the experiment. With these thoughts and memories, the MRI can detect which parts of the brain are active. The results of the experiment are rather surprising. “... the parts of their brains that manage physical pain—the secondary somatosensory cortex and the dorsal posterior insula, to be exact—lighted up, according to the study.” (Dell'Amore, 2011) These results were unexpected because of several reasons....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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1422 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Pain of Heartbreak - ... Expressing a lack of professionalism not only to the clients but also to the spas in Montgomery, his contract with the majority of spas was terminated. Consequently, the break up did not just affect Antwan economically but it also paid a toll on him physically. He was described as having an athletic build due to his sports background and his strenuous weight training routine. Throughout the relationship he maintained a healthy weight of two hundred and twenty-five (225) pounds; as a result of the break up his weight declined to an unhealthy one hundred and eighty-five (185) pounds....   [tags: Psychology]
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2857 words
(8.2 pages)
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Forgetting the Pain - Forgetting the Pain The world as we know it is in dire need of serious changes in the way humans go about interacting with each other. This is often realized by leaders of generations who have become notable as a result of their dedication to progress in this field. Many who approach the struggle have different causes they stand behind, however the goal remains the same: to convince others of tolerance, acceptance, and equality. For Martin Luther King it was segregation, for Gandhi it was the British tyranny in India, and for me it is the hatred and murder between the Israeli’s and the Palestinians....   [tags: World Peace Terrorism Essays] 1878 words
(5.4 pages)
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Pain into Beauty - Pain into Beauty People look back on their childhoods in different ways. Some see it as a time of joy and laughter, love and learning. Many feel a bittersweet mixture of happy nostalgia, and painful moments. Some prefer not to look back at all, seeking only to move forward. Then there are people like me, who look back in anger, bitterness, and sorrow. It seems that few people enjoy a pain-free upbringing. In fact, the very idea of childhood is a fairly new concept. In the early part of the last century, children were considered miniature adults, and were expected to act that way....   [tags: Personal Narrative Emotional Verbal Abuse Essays] 2762 words
(7.9 pages)
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Pain on the Playground - Pain on the Playground On one fateful evening, in the summer of 2001, an incident occurred that would scar me for life. At the beginning of the day, the routine was as normal as any other day. I would get up, climb out of bed, head into the kitchen, enjoy a bowl of cereal, put on my sneakers, and head across the street to the playground. As I entered the playground that day, I was totally oblivious to what was about to transpire. Until this summer evening, pain was only a four letter word in my mind....   [tags: Personal Narrative] 992 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Pain of Silence - “Silence is the element in which great things fashion themselves.” - Thomas Carlyle best stated when he saw that within society no one wants to judged or be seen different, so silence was the best cure for them; in bottling up their real thoughts and emotions provided them with safety. In Audre Lord "The Transformation of silence into Language and Action," Lord saw her life as a secluded darkness that she continued to endure just to escape the risks of being judged, misunderstood or even killed for speaking the truth....   [tags: Literary Themes] 809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Pleasure and Pain - ... If someone has already faced the negative effects of obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, or anxiety problems, chances of having an eating disorder increase. When people receive compliments for losing weight, they continue to drop weight. Peer pressure has an extreme effect on disorders of all types. Transitioning homes, jobs, or relationships also bring eating disorders upon people (“Eating Disorders-Bing”). Many factors initiate eating disorders. Involved in all eating disorders, low self esteem remains the most commonly found factor (Eating)....   [tags: Psychology]
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1293 words
(3.7 pages)
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Primo Levi- Pain Retold, Is Pain Redoubled" - "Pain retold, is pain redoubled" What prompts someone to write about their suffering, and how do they convey a sense of their emotions to the reader. Primo Levi is a Holocaust war victim, a survivor from Auschwitz, who for years was plagued by guilt because he survived - a feeling that is passed on in Jewish tradition, which I understand being a fellow Jew. Jewish heritage is very important to all Jews; myself included, which is one reason why I can connect with the poet/author, his poems and his other works....   [tags: essays research papers] 2118 words
(6.1 pages)
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Pain: A Gift in Disguise - ... How could this cruel amount of agony be helpful in any way. This pain forces the mother to deliver the baby quickly, for if labor is too drawn out the infant can obtain lasting damages and defects, as well as the mother. In the end, pain’s discipline prevents us from damaging and neglecting our own bodies. But what if one is actually born with the gift of feeling no pain at all. It turns out that being born invincible to pain is no gift at all, rather a torment. Humans who live with the torment of feeling no pain suffer from the disease known as Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis (CIPA)....   [tags: Psychology]
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1814 words
(5.2 pages)
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Morphine: Preventative Pain Control - Morphine: Preventative Pain Control I. Introduction Narcotic analgesics, especially morphine are underused for pain control with in the medical field. This underuse is because medical professionals, including doctors, fear patient addiction, side effects and possible lose of their licenses. These fears deny adequate healing and a better quality of life to those who would benefit from a more effective use of these drugs, as done in hospice care. II. PAIN: Pain not only involves the physical reaction to damaged tissue, but also involves an emotional and cognitive response by the person experiencing the pain (Backer, 1994)....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Medical Essays]
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2939 words
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Pain: Understanding the Subjective, Objectively - Pain: Understanding the Subjective, Objectively Pain is a universal element of the human experience. Everyone, at some point in their lives, experiences pain in one form or another. Pain has numerous causes, effects, and is itself a highly complex biological phenomenon. It also carries with it important emotional and social concerns. Pain cannot be entirely understood within the context of any one field of scientific inquiry. Indeed, it must be examined across a range of disciplines, and furthermore considered in relation to important non-scientific influences, such as emotional responses and social determinants....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1378 words
(3.9 pages)
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I Feel Your Pain - ... Expectations of pain are a very often matters to be contended with. Young girls are told early and frequently about the excruciating pain of childbirth. Fortunately, thanks to classes and better education, mothers are more prepared and less fearful, needing less medication. Age and gender are considerable factors to be focused on with pain response. A toddler’s attitude towards pain can be highly influenced by caregivers. When they experience minor mishaps and the mother immediately picks them up focusing all her attention on the area of concern with a sense of panic, this teaches him that this is the expected reaction for this and similar situations....   [tags: Nursing ]
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1562 words
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Alternative Methods of Pain Relief - "Oww. &%$%!" Pathways of Pain and Alternative Methods of Pain Relief Have you ever wondered why when you stub your toe on the chair in the living room, it helps tremendously to yell out an expletive or two and vigorously rub the area. I may not be able to discuss the basis for such language in this paper, but we will explore the analgesic response to rubbing that toe, in addition to the mechanism of pain and alternative treatments such as acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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2574 words
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Pain Proccessing in the brain - ... Depending on the synchronized intensity of nonpainful sensory contribution and the behavioral perspective, the same intensity of nociceptor activity can generate additional or fewer pain (Bear, Connors & Paradiso, 2007). Pain induced by action in nociceptors can additionally be condensed by synchronized action in low-threshold mechanoreceptors (Bear, Connors & Paradiso, 2007). This explains the pleasure felt from rubbing the skin around a bruise. This mechanism may also clarify an electrical management for various types of continual, obstinate pain (Bear, Connors & Paradiso, 2007)....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Destructive Power of Pain - The Destructive Power of Pain There are two types of pain that we all experience, physical and emotional (or mental). Physical pain is a signal of the nerves; therefore it is something that is tangible, something that we can prove is there and something that we can feel. Emotional pain is hurt on the inside of one's soul. It cannot be expressed; it is only a feeling in the soul. According to the Christian view, pain makes someone a better person. However, some people disagree with this because they believe that pain destroys a human being's self-worth....   [tags: Expository Essays] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Future of Pain Medicine - The Future of Pain Medicine Think of all the medical specialties as pebbles in a bowl. Pain Medicine would be, or, more aptly, should be the water filling the bowl and surrounding all the pebbles. Pain Medicine affects virtually every discipline that prods, pokes or cuts. However, pain management is an integral part of every physician's practice. Alarmingly, prior to ten years ago, no medical school curriculum devoted any appreciable time to teaching students about pain....   [tags: Papers] 695 words
(2 pages)
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Theory of Acute Pain Management - ... Assessments of pain and side effects refer to the examination of a patient at regular intervals of time. Intervention and reassessment is based on changes related to previous pain and side effect assessments. Patient education is training individuals on how to manage or prevent pain with medication and activity. Goal setting is designed to aid in maintaining and reducing pain by allowing the patient, nurse, and doctor to work together in order to form a plan of pain management. All concepts work together to promote a balance between analgesia and side effects....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Morfine, Demerol] 1261 words
(3.6 pages)
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Pain: A Part Of Life - "There is much pain that is quite noiseless; and that make human agonies are often a mere whisper in the of hurrying existence. There are glances of hatred that stab and raise no cry of murder; robberies that leave man of woman for ever beggared of peace and joy, yet kept secret by the sufferer-committed to no sound except that of low moans in the night, seen in no writing except that made on the face by the slow months of suppressed anguish and early morning tears. Many an inherited sorrow that has marred a life has been breathed into no human ear." George Eliot (1819-80), English novelist,editor....   [tags: essays research papers] 958 words
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Acupuncture and Chronic Pain - Acupuncture and Chronic Pain What is Acupuncture. Acupuncture is an ancient art of healing that dates back to at least 2,500 years. It has been widely practiced in China and many other Asian countries. Only recently has acupuncture made its way into the western world. Acupuncture accentuates on the natural healing of the body. It involves stimulating acupuncture points by the insertion of very fine, solid, metallic needles. Acupuncture is gaining popularity as numerous claims are being made to its validity and effectiveness....   [tags: Health Treatment Papers]
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3393 words
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Pain Relief Medication - ... Oliver Wendell Homes recommended the term anesthesia, from the Greek words meaning “without sensation”. Relief of Pain and Suffering- The information about the Anesthesia Revolution of the 1800's. Pain Alleviation and "Anesthia" 19th Century and Earlier – The information on the early substances used in the 19th Century for pain. Before Prohibition – The information on cocaine and how it is an effective anesthetic that provides pain relief. The Genesis of Surgical Anesthia - Learn about how the use of pain relief was developed by surgeons....   [tags: Drugs] 1380 words
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I-Function, Pain And Memory - I-Function, Pain And Memory Pain is capable of leaving a long lasting effect on ones life and in ones memory. It can literally "change" who "you" are. "You" change according to the input that your nervous system receives and reacts to. Permanent changes can be seen in long-term memories with the manufacturing of new proteins stored in the memory that account for the inputs. Pain can be an extremely powerful input to the nervous system with varying effects that could lay dormant for many years, stored in long-term memory....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1632 words
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The effects of pain on the mind and body - The Effects of Pain on the Mind and Body Elements of pain and despair are evident in many works of Emily Dickinson, and are present in her poem, "After Great Pain, A Formal Feeling Comes-." Dickinson's simple language draws rich meaning from the use of common words. She uses words associated with the body, with nature, with the mind, as well with physical death, to shape and articulate its sensation and significance. She approached her poetry inductively, combining words to arrive at a conclusion that the pattern of the words suggested....   [tags: essays research papers] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Oxycontin: Stopping The Pain - Oxycontin To most people, pain is a nuisance, but to others pain controls their life. The feeling discomforts us in ways that can sometimes seem almost imaginable. These feelings can lead to many different side effects if not dealt with or diagnosed. These effects can include depression, anxiety, and incredible amount of stress. The truth about pain is that it is vital to our existence. Without the nervous system responding to pain, we would have no idea if we were touching a hot stove, being stuck by a porcupine’s needles, or something else that could leave a lasting effect upon our bodies without us even knowing anything about it....   [tags: Perscription Drugs]
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1063 words
(3 pages)
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His Father's Pain - His Father's Pain All his life Peter had carried the pain about with him. Sometimes intense. sometimes no more than a dull ache. Sometimes for months at a time he was hardly aware of it, but it was always there. He knew that. It had a precise location, always the same, a spot below the ribs, an inch inside, four fingers from the point where his lower ribs met. He could put his fingers in there, feel it. All his life be had been aware of it. He had taken the pain to doctors. They had poked and probed at various intervals....   [tags: Personal Narrative 123 essays] 1948 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Theological Dilemma of Pain and Suffering - The Theological Dilemma of Pain and Suffering The existence of pain and suffering in a world created by a good and almighty God is a fundamental theological dilemma and may be the most serious objection to the Christian religion. In the book, The Problem Of Pain , author C.S. Lewis addresses the issue of pain as a mere problem that demands a solution; he formulates it and goes about solving it. "If God were good, He would make His creatures perfectly happy, and if He were almighty He would be able to do what He wished....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2738 words
(7.8 pages)
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Is Tension the True Cause of Pain? - The concept that pain means injury or damage is deeply embedded in the American consciousness. “I have never seen a patient with pain in the neck, shoulders, back or buttocks who didn’t believe that the pain was due to an injury, a “hurt” brought on by some physical activity.” Says Dr. John E. Sarno, M.D. “The pain started after I lifted my little girl” or “Ten years ago I was involved in a hit- from- behind auto accident and I have had recurrent back pain ever since.” Of course, if the pain starts while one is engaged in a physical activity it’s difficult not to attribute the pain to the activity....   [tags: Health]
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1568 words
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Lasting Effects of Pain - Lasting Effects of Pain INTRODUCTION Once upon a typical sunny day, Mary, Susie, and Jackie are jumping rope. Unbeknownst to them, as they chant their rhymes, Mikey and Kenny hide in the bushes planning a surprise attack. Just as Mary's little feet barely lift off the ground, the two boys leap towards the girls and push them into the dirt. "Ouch!!!" they all scream as everyone hits the dirt. Mary is up on her feet with her knees skinned and bleeding. A smile slowly crept on her face as she tried to hold back a chuckle....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Trigger Pain Points - ... Subjects from three groups were tested- some with fibromyalagia syndrome (FMS), some complaing from myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and some with no pain or any other symptoms. The FMS patients were easily identified as 38% of the FMS patients were identified to have trigger points. On the other hand, only 23.4% of the MPS patients were found as having trigger points and of the normal subjects, less than 2% had any. Most of the MPS patients had tender points in sites typically tested in FMS and would have qualified for this diagnosis as well (5)....   [tags: Health ] 2614 words
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Women Voicing Their Pain - Women Voicing Their Pain During the recent international anti-racism meeting, the World Conference Against Racism that was held in Durban, South Africa, the voices of victims of racism and its consequences were heard from around the world. These voices came in various forms, both written and verbal, and were communicated both directly and indirectly. The way that pain is voiced around the world, such as the variety and method of communicating pain, can affect how the audience understands the author’s “wound”....   [tags: Racism Writing Literature Papers] 2319 words
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Pain in Slyvia Plath's Poetry - The pain the poet experiences during and prior to the creative process results in blood flood, which is the release and birth of words, the relentless stream of poetry. The poet bleeds the poems. They will not keep still inside. Out they run and run... Plath frequently relates and compares the blood and thrill of birth of poetry to childbirth: the child forces its way out in the world, screams for delivery, just as words will keep torturing the poet and will not leave her calm unless they gush forward and amalgamate in poems....   [tags: Poetry] 451 words
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Aristotle, Temperance, Pleasure, and Pain - Aristotle, Temperance, Pleasure, and Pain(1) ABSTRACT: Aristotle argues that temperance is the mean concerned with pleasure and pain (NE 1107b5-9 and 1117b25-27). Most commentators focus on the moderation of pleasures and hardly discuss how this virtue relates to pain. In what follows, I consider the place of pain in Aristotle’s discussion of temperance and resolve contradictory interpretations by turning to the following question: is temperance ever properly painful. In part one, I examine the textual evidence and conclude that Aristotle would answer no to our question....   [tags: Philosophy Research Papers]
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Phantom Limbs, Phantom Pain, And The - Phantom Limbs, Phantom Pain, And The "I-Function" The so-called "I-function" which describes the brain's sense of self takes on interesting connotations when discussing phantom limbs and associated phantom pain. The loss of an arm or leg through amputation is not an easy experience to endure, and is even more difficult when the patient begins to feel sensations in their now missing limb. These feelings, sometimes referred to as "stump hallucination", is the subjective sensation, not arising from an external stimulus, that an amputated limb is still present (1)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1397 words
(4 pages)
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Pain - No Redeeming Social Value - Pain - No Redeeming Social Value No better person exemplifies the ill than in-hospital patients, trapped against their will by both doctors and physical pain. They experience a variety of negative traits, such as being self-absorbed. An excellent example of a person’s self-absorption occurs in life and death situations. In lifeguard training, one of the first things that is taught was never to directly approach someone who is drowning. When someone is drowning they are panicking, the pain that is inflicted on them in this instance will cause them to do anything, however irrational, in order to save their lives....   [tags: Psychology Essays Research Papers] 974 words
(2.8 pages)
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Could a Computer Feel Pain? - Could a Computer Feel Pain. I define pain as a continuously and purposely optimizing input to a feedback system. I proceed by clarifying and restricting the defining terms to the given context. I then prove the robustness of this definition by demonstrating its compatibility with a biologically-acceptable intuitive and philosophical viewpoint. I conclude that if a computational device were to be designed to meet the definition of the requirements for pain, the computer could be said, then, to feel pain....   [tags: Technology Feelings Papers]
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The Joy of Overcoming Pain - The Joy of Overcoming Pain Propelled forward by my surging leg muscles, sweat gushing down my face, the harsh reality of this 50-mile bike race has begun to invade my body. My eyes remain intensely focused straight ahead: Grinding away along the racecourse, I see five girls from a different team about 200 yards ahead of me. My team needs a contribution from me, I realize, and I make the decision to pass all three of them. Through the heat rising off the asphalt I can finally see the distant white line proclaiming the finish....   [tags: Personal Narrative 123 essays] 570 words
(1.6 pages)
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Pain - Original Writing - Pain - Original Writing Her eyes became watery as she dragged the razor blade across her arm, the pain invaded her body. She sat back against the wall, her arm rested on her leg. The blood poured out, her eyes clinged on the ceiling. She sighed, her eyes were red and her soul was empty. She could here their laughter, their fingers pointing at her as her tray slipped from her hands and made a mess on the cafeteria floor. "You are such a dopey idiot" they shouted from the queue, she glanced up to find them all looking at her as if they were in a freak show and she was the principal act....   [tags: Papers] 472 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Right to a Pain Free Death - ... Permitting assisted suicide would not go against that trust, since administering a fatal dose would be within the control of the patient. Instead of going against the trust of a patient, it seems that the legalization of physician assisted suicide would improve that trust. Many people feel that they would like to be able to trust their physicians to provide such help in the event of unrelieved suffering. Making that possible would give patients a greater sense of security. Psychologists agree that those who make the decision to commit suicide are not in a rational state....   [tags: Euthanasia ]
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The Impact and the Outcome of Pain - The Impact and the Outcome of Pain The impact of sexual abuse reaches all levels of Childs emotions. Confusion: This is usually the first reaction of the child. They will usually question, “What is going on?” and “ Is this right or wrong?” For a young child these questions can be a huge load on their psychological development. Once the abuse begins the victim experience a tremendous conflict with their emotions. They experience pain, guilt, and anger for what is being done. The question, “Is this right or wrong?” posses the greatest conflict within the Childs minds....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1273 words
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love is worth the inevitable pain - Love is Worth the Inevitable Pain Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is not the typical Hollywood love film. A Hollywood love film is a film where a couple gets together in the end and lives happily ever after, but this is a love story that shows the reality of love and the consequences that come with it. Love is not one hundred percent bliss, it also comes with pain. To get rid of this pain after a break up or death a company, Lacuna, has invented a way to erase people from their memory....   [tags: essays research papers] 1548 words
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Braces: A Pain In The Ass - Braces: A Pain In The Ass One out of three children or teenagers will have to live through their "rites of passage years" as a prisoner of their own orthodonist. Puberty is burdened enough by zit and acne battles, awkward growth spurts, and raging evil hormones. Braces add additional torture to this already hellish time to both parent and child. A life with braces is far more humilating, painful, and expensive than living with buck teeth, gaps, or a snarled tooth. Mental scars remain long after cuts and bloody sores in the mouth have healed....   [tags: essays research papers] 484 words
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Exposing Pain in The Enormous Radio - Exposing Pain in The Enormous Radio       In John Cheever’s short story, "The Enormous Radio," Jim and Irene Westcott are presented as average, middle-class Americans with hopes and dreams just like everyone else. They are described as "the kind of people who seem to strike that satisfactory average of income, endeavor, and respectability" (Cheever 817). Jim and Irene thought they were the epitome of the perfect American family that was free from trouble and worry. The only way that they differed from their friends and neighbors was a deep passion for serious music....   [tags: Enormous Radio Essays]
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The Pain of Growing Up - The Pain of Growing Up My family and I all stood in a circle on the second story of a parking garage, dreading the moment that was to come, but hiding our true feelings for the time. It was time for us to leave my brother by himself at college, and let him begin his individual adult life. We had known about this day for weeks. I often joked with my brother about it, telling him how great it would be to finally get him out of the house so I could take his room. Sometimes, we would start to grow sad about his leaving, but then reassure ourselves that we would still see plenty of each other, if not too much....   [tags: Personal Narrative 123 essays] 710 words
(2 pages)
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Understanding Themewriting and Someone's Pain - Understanding Themewriting and Someone's Pain Trying to break free from the hold that themewriting has on me is getting to be hard. I never knew that it had such a grip. What is especially difficult is that I need to break free from its grip for this class but yet it is pretty much demanded for the psychology research articles that I am writing. I find that it's difficult to juggle both trying to break free and trying to hold on because of another class. Where does a person incorporate both themewriting and non-themewriting or can a person even think of such a thing....   [tags: Communication Language Essays] 1493 words
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Frida Kahlo: A Life In Pain - Frida Kahlo: A Life in Pain “They thought I was a Surrealist, but I wasn’t. I never painted dreams. I painted my reality,” said Frida Kahlo describing her art work (Frida Kahlo n.d.). Kahlo was a Mexican artist from the mid-20th century. She was born on July 6, 1907 in Coyoacan, Mexico, and the daughter of German and Mexican descendants (Lucie-Smith 1999). During her lifetime Kahlo embarked on many hardships caused by illness, heartache, and love. She became known for her haunting self portraits, radical politics, and that infamous unibrow (Stephen 2008)....   [tags: Biography Writer Author Kahlo] 1171 words
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A Tale of Pain and Hope - ... One hand quietly inspects the IV entry points while the other gently massages soft words into her daughter's forehead. The girl attempts a response. Eyes vainly search for the sound's source. It seems that the entering images still confuse her brain. Those wandering eyes disturb as do her periodic animal-like cries. My first experience in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit is overwhelming. Life as an educator failed to prepare me for this moment. I am humbled and reminded that I, along with all humans, have limited control over most events....   [tags: Personal Experience] 703 words
(2 pages)
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Drug Addiction: Pleasure or Pain? - ... Some of the ingredients include anhydrous ammonia, camping fuel, ephedrine, batteries, and iodine (Falkowski, 2004). When these poisonous, flammable ingredients are mixed together they become incredibly dangerous especially if not handled correctly. They become highly explosive and are considered hazardous. Many people who try to make meth do not know how to handle the ingredients properly and the results can be deadly. The fumes are toxic and can result in flash fires (Falkowski, 2004). After a meth lab is found, a specially trained team must come in to clean up the area....   [tags: Drugs] 1412 words
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Outline Theories about the Experience of Pain - Outline Theories about the Experience of Pain Pain has been experienced by everyone regardless of age, gender or economic status. Pain is usually described as unfavorable experience that has a lasting emotional and disabling influence on the individual. Theories that explain and assist in understanding what pain is, how it originates and why we feel it are the Specificity theory, Pattern Theory and Gate theory. In this paper I will attempt to demonstrate my understanding of the theories and also will be critically analyzing the theories about the experience of pain by incorporating relevant concepts from literature and relating it to psychology....   [tags: Papers] 1184 words
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The Perception of Pain in Conjunction to the Mind and Body - ... The axons in the thalamus project to the primary somatosensory cortex which is then relayed to the secondary somatosensory cortex. On the other hand, less localized information, such as pain, goes through the spinothalamic tact, also referred to as the “slow pathway”, and they stop in the ventral posterior nuclei of the thalamus. Both of these pathways end in the somatosensory cortex. These pathways activate the anterior cingulated cortex where the pain is processed and understood. For example say a person falls off of their bike and lands on the ground hands first....   [tags: Psychology]
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Chronic Heel Pain Case Study - Chronic heel pain is the most common condition, accounts about 15 percent in population (Rome, 2005). Chronic plantar heel pain likely present in conditions plantar fascitis, subcalcaneal bursitis, neuritis, subcalcaneal spur (Narvaez et al, 2006). The common cause of chronic plantar heel pain is plantar fascitis.pain may occur along the entire attachment of the plantar fascia or limited usually on the inferior medial aspect of the calcaneum,the bony prominence act as the origin for the plantar fascia and the weakest point of the fascia in which the fibres themselves are in highly tensile stress....   [tags: Case Study, analysis, solution] 1052 words
(3 pages)
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Comparing Pain in Dr. Faustus and Oroonoko - Pain in Dr. Faustus and Oroonoko      In almost every piece of writing there is reference to some sort of pain, whether it be physical pain or emotional pain. In a story like Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, the physical pain stands out above any other grief or misery. However, Christopher Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus exhibits just as much pain, but in an emotional sense. This poses an interesting question: Is one pain worse than the other. Can pain be measured. Pain, whether it be physical or emotional, is an unpleasant sensation....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Pain and Acupuncture in Eastern and Western Medicine - Pain and Acupuncture in Eastern and Western Medicine Acupuncture is an ancient medicinal art that has been practiced for thousands of years. Acupuncture today is mainly seen by Western medicine as a "new alternative" medicine (2). This basically means that while Western medicine acknowledges the value and positive medical research supporting acupuncture in many realms of medicine, for the most part it is not a practice that has been incorporated into 'modern' medical practices. One of the most consistently supported uses of acupuncture therapy is in pain treatment (14)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Acupuncture: A Treatment for Lower Back Pain - Acupuncture: A Treatment for Lower Back Pain Chronic lower back pain is a major health disorder in the world today (Mendelson, Selwood, Kranz, Loh, Kidson, Scott, 1983). It can cause many physical, mental, and emotional problems on the victim (Mendelson, Selwood, Kranz, Loh, Kidson, Scott, 1983). Many people find their work so unbearably painful that they often have to stay home. Others experience depression, inactivity, and social isolation (Kaplan, Sallis, Patterson). Treatments range from the conventional methods such as medication and surgery to the alternative or unconventional methods such as acupuncture....   [tags: Health Medical Medicine Essays]
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The Pain in Fish Farmed Trough Aquaculture - ... The stunning of the fish causes immediate unconsciousness (Stevenson 2007). The electrical charge must be sufficiently strong and of the required duration so that the brain dysfunctions and the fish is stunned rather than paralysed (Stevenson 2007). If the electrical system is not applied correctly, suffering and pain can result (EFSA 2004). The industry has a level of resistance due to the potential damage to the skin of the fish (Stevenson 2007). This can be avoided if higher frequencies of electricity are used however higher frequencies will not produce immediate death (Stevenson 2007)....   [tags: Animal Research ]
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Exile And Pain In Three Elegiac Poems - There is a great similarity between the three elegiac poems, The Wanderer, The Wife of Lament, and The Seafarer. This similarity is the theme of exile. Exile means separation, or banishment from ones native country, region, or home. During the Anglo Saxon period, exile caused a great amount of pain and grief. The theme is shown to have put great sadness into literature of this time period. The majority of the world's literature from the past contains the theme of exile. The Wife of Lament is another perfect example of literature with exile, and was written by an unknown author....   [tags: essays research papers] 907 words
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Pain and Pleasure in Ban-Yatra Pilgrimage - Pain and Pleasure in Ban-Yatra Pilgrimage If you are ready to leave father and mother, and brother and sister, and wife and child and friend, and never see them again… then you are ready for a walk. -Henry David Thoreau (Haberman 12) Introduction: The pains of pilgrimage are deep and various. They are found not simply in the physical walking, but also in the walking away from physical and mental comfort. In his book, Journey Through the Twelve Forests, David L. Haberman describes in graphic detail the parting and participatory pains as he journeys on the Ban-Yatra pilgrimage....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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The Pain of the Okies Exposed in The Grapes of Wrath - The Pain of the Okies Exposed in The Grapes of Wrath       The Dust bowl was an ecological and human disaster in the Southwestern Great Plains regions of the United States in the 1930's. The areas affected were Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. The poor handling of the land and years of drought caused this great disaster (Jones "History"). During this time the "Okies"--a name given to the migrants that traveled from Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, or anywhere in the Southwest or the northern plains to California--encountered many hardships....   [tags: Grapes Wrath essays]
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Philip Larkin - A Voice of Pain for This Century - Philip Larkin - A Voice of Pain for This Century On August 9, 1922, the poet Philip Larkin was born in the town of Coventry in England (Thwaite, Letters xvii). After graduating St. John’s College in Oxford in 1943 with a First Class degree, he worked at both the University College of Leicester and Queen’s College at Belfast before finally settling down at the University of Hull as Librarian in 1955 (Thwaite, Letters xviii). That same year, with the publication of his collection The Less Decieved, he "began to be recognized" (Thwaite, "Introduction" xv)....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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