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Your search returned over 400 essays for "organism"
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Government as a Living Organism - Within the American system of government, there is an innate need for a structure or agency that develops strategy and maintains power. “Ecology” is a term used to describe living organisms and their interactions between their natural and developed environment and was first applied to the field of public administration by the late Professor John M. Guas of Harvard University (Stillman, 2010). Using this view, the organization and its employees are like the structure of a living organism. The environment of the organization contributes to the establishment of the power that it will come to acquire or lose over its life....   [tags: Ecology, Agencies, Paths] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Genetically Modified Organism Analysis - ... (“Genetically Modified Food”). Not labeling a GM food as such denies consumers certain information that may influence their decision of purchase. Many foods today are at least required to have the country in which they came from labeled on the packaging. Labeling a GM food as such is not required in the United States (“Non GMO”). Monsanto refuses to label their food because they fear people thinking their food is unhealthy when in reality, if their food was as wonderful as they claim, they would be proud to label their food as a product made with GMOs (“Genetically Modified food”)....   [tags: monsanto, gm foods, food poison]
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889 words
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History Genetically Modified Organisms - Introduction What is Genetically Modified Organism. Plant Biotechnology is continuing its development within modern day science. With the increase understanding of scientific studies has led the improvement of plant productivity, quality and health. This understanding also contended potential issues on plant growth (Monsanto 2011). Plant biotechnology uses genetic engineering, which is the process of manipulating genes through isolation and reintroducing the DNA into the cell. This gave birth to Genetically Modified Organism, which are organism according to Dr....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organism]
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1400 words
(4 pages)
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Controversial Issues Involving Genetically Modified Organism - ... People with Thrombophilia are unable to keep their blood from clotting, and it tends to be fatal. Thrombophilia is a rare condition, that can be kept under control with the consumption of antithrombin. Before the goats were “invented”, antithrombin came in through donations of human blood or by growing cells that are genetically engineered and extracting it from them. Both processes were long and tedious, and tended to not give enough to keep up with the small demand. One of the goats, however, is able to produce enough antithrombin in a year as can be taken from 90,000 blood donations (Pollack)....   [tags: biotechnology, gmo, genetic alteration]
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937 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Organism Chlamydia Trachomatis - The Organism Chlamydia Trachomatis Chlamydia trachomatis is a small bacterium that cannot grow outside a living cell. In this respect it resembles a virus, but it is actually a very sophisticated organism. There are two other related organisms: Chlamydia psittaci is widespread in animals and can be transmitted to humans. This organism in humans is an uncommon cause of severe pneumonia particularly when acquired from infected birds of the parrot (Psittacine) family, and occasionally of abortion following contact with infected sheep....   [tags: Papers] 675 words
(1.9 pages)
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My Favorite Microbe: Naegleria Fowleri - The microbe Naegleria fowleri was first identified from a fatal case of primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) in Australia in 1961. In 1965, three further cases of fatal PAM were found, from which clinical and laboratory investigations pointed to a relation with acute bacterial meningitis among the cases of an unknown etiology. According to Fowler and Carter (1965), when post-death examinations of the bodies were performed researchers found that “microscopically the meningeal exudate consisted of about equal proportions of neutrophil leukocytes and chronic inflammatory cells, amongst which small, often degenerate amoebae were sparsely distributed” (p.740)....   [tags: Biology, Organism]
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868 words
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How Organism Learn: Classical And Operant Conditioning - How Organism Learn: Classical and Operant Conditioning There are two main explanations of how organisms learn. The first explanation is known as classical conditioning. The second explanation is known as operant conditioning. These two types of learning are exhibited in our everyday lives through our home, school, and school. Classical conditioning was discovered by Iran Petrovich Pavlov. He was originally a physiologist whose main focus was the digestive system (Gazzaniga 230). His discovery was made during a study on the salivation of dogs when given food....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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881 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Usefulness of the Analogy Between Society and a Biological Organism - The Usefulness of the Analogy Between Society and a Biological Organism One set of sociologist that use the Biological or Organic analogy of societies are the Functionalists. Functionalism first emerged in Europe in the 19th Century. The French sociologist Emile Durkheim was the most influential of all the early functionalists. The theory became the dominant theoretical perspective in the 1940's and 1950. The functionalist theory is that within society there are many small parts that have to work together to maintain the society....   [tags: Papers] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
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How useful is ‘structural functionalism’ or ‘society as an organism’ as theoretical frameworks in considering the problem of ‘death’ as a sociological - The essay will critically analyse theoretical accounts of society, in particular how useful they are in understanding how death is viewed socially in the West. It will be argued that all different theoretical models of society can be useful, but that the model ‘society as an organism’, which emphasises symbolic interactionism, is often more useful than structural functionalism on its own. My analysis will start with a look a critique of structural functionalism, using Durkheim’s analysis of suicide (1953) as an example....   [tags: Sociology ]
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1786 words
(5.1 pages)
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Vestigial Organs: Common Descent by Charles Darwing - ... A bigger jaw would allow more room which would accomodate more teeth. The teeth you have been very important for food as the prehistoric human would have not used its hands as much. A tougher diet and lack of care would also have contributed to the deterioration of the teeth, and eventual loss, resulting in the wisdom teeth moving in. A genetic mutation was discovered that resulted in the jaw to be smaller. This is what was thought to have happened. As the prehistoric humans evolved, the brain grew larger and the jaw smaller....   [tags: no use, evolution, organism]
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957 words
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Religious Groups That Reject Medical Treatment in Favor of Prayer - Healing, the process of restoring health to an organism, to make whole again. This is a process that has been performed for many years, by many means. Since before time was recorded people have found new ways to heal one another. A person gets sick or broken, and they want to be healed. That is the way of human nature. Healing happens in almost every tissue of the body, and is a vital part of life. So why is it such a huge conflict. Because of the means by which people choose to provide healing....   [tags: organism, human, body]
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1739 words
(5 pages)
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Overview Of The Immune System - Every day special cells, tissues, proteins and organs which made overall immune system defend against microorganisms, germs and viruses which enter our body. Immune system is system which is able to prevent organism and kill the pathogens. Most of time immune system has dual system in properties and has capacity to identify self and non-self organisms (1). For instance, immune system can be general or specific, natural or adaptive (sometimes called innate or acquired), cell mediated or humoral, active or passive and also primary and secondary (2)....   [tags: Human Organism Defense]
:: 5 Works Cited
995 words
(2.8 pages)
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Investigating the Effect the Surface Area of an Organism on the Rate of Heat Loss - Investigating the Effect the Surface Area of an Organism on the Rate of Heat Loss Introduction ============ The surface area: volume ratio of an organism gets larger as the organism gets smaller. As the surface area of an organism is what affects heat loss, you are unlikely to get small animals such as insects in the North Pole and large animals such as polar bears in the desert but you do get large animals such as elephants in the desert and small animals such as rabbits in the arctic....   [tags: Papers] 446 words
(1.3 pages)
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Production of anti-apoptotic Proteins by cancer cells - Apoptosis is a form of cell death which is an essential process for growth and development of multi cellular organism and removes damaged cells to prevent inflammation (Madeo, Frohlich et al. 1997). In addition, apoptosis can be morphologically characterized by cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, and formation of apoptotic complex (Madeo, Frohlich et al. 1997,Qi, Kim, et al. 2013).The main biochemical characteristics of apoptosis include caspase activation and DNA fragmentation (Madeo, Frohlich et al....   [tags: Cell Death, Multi Cellular Organism]
:: 34 Works Cited
2119 words
(6.1 pages)
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Benefits and hindrances of Algae - ... Problem: During activities people are constantly keeping themselves hydrated, by drinking things such as energy drinks and water. But for careless use, many of these bottles are left behind on the ground or in the water and are exposed to the sun, in which are not thrown away, and can sometimes end up in places that are bad for the environment such as lakes or ponds. As it is known that algae needs light and, CO2, as well as nutrients to grow, this makes the conditions in which the water bottles are left in ideal for the growth of algae....   [tags: plantlike organism, plant, oxygenate water]
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1447 words
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Bioluminescence in Deep Sea Creatures - ... Living in such depths means that it can be difficult for animals to find food. Although 90% of the ocean dwellers have luminescent abilities they aren’t the only ones who depend on it. One species that needs it, “sperm whales, the deepest divers of all the whales need bioluminescence to help them locate their food source.”(Knowlton, Nancy) Sperm whales are a perfect example of how other animals have adapted and made adjustments to their own lives to reap the advantages of bioluminescence. Thousands of animal’s lives are affected by bioluminescence, an important role in every animal that lives in the deep-sea luminescence....   [tags: light emission, living organism, ocean]
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1097 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms - ... (Shah 10). Even though some people believe the world produces enough food for everyone and the world starvation problem actually lies in the current redistribution process, it is fact that many third world countries cannot produce their own crops because of problems GM organisms have helped solve (Thompson 131). Along with this, third world farmers do not have the resources to purchase commercial fertilizers, herbicides, or insecticides. Because of the lack of these chemicals and other natural factors like weather and soil conditions, very little crop is actually produced....   [tags: genetic engeneering, vaccines, organisms]
:: 14 Works Cited
1895 words
(5.4 pages)
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Use of Media to Expose the Dangers of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) - What does a soybean, canola, cotton seed and corn all have in common. They are the most common genetically modified foods sold on the market today. The process of genetically modified foods starts by using one organism and inserting or modifying the DNA of another organism. Genetically altered foods need to be removed from everyday agriculture because of the threat of health implications that they cause. A You Tube documentary piece called Hidden dangers of GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) is an Iconographic genre that touches on the controversial issues that the dangers GMO’s can have on our health and the health of animals....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs] 1804 words
(5.2 pages)
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Genetically Modified Organisms: Our Only Hope to Feed Seven Billion People - ... Vitamin A deficiency (VDA) causes night blindness, bone growth deficiencies and weakness of the immune system.() The World Health Organization reports that VDA is a huge public health problem resulting in death of 50 percent of the children diagnosed with this disease.() VDA is prevalent in 118 countries, especially in third world countries. Golden rice has been genetically modified with a gene that expresses high levels of vitamin A. Rice is one of the most common crops grown around the world, and many rural farmers are familiar with its cultivation....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms Essays]
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1726 words
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Importance of Living Modified Organisms and Genetically Modified Organisms - ... With this, enzyme that coded by the gene can be produced in larger quantities and efficiently (GM Microorganisms, 2014). Genetic engineering can also be used to deactivate the “stop signal” when there is enough substances produced (GM Microorganisms, 2014). Besides, since some essential substances are only produced by microorganisms that are difficult to cultivate, the genes used by these microorganisms to yield the targeted substance can be transformed to microorganisms that are easily grown (GM Microorganisms, 2014)....   [tags: animals, dna technology]
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1202 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms are Safe - In this day and age Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) have become a topic of large interest in the media. GMOs are defined as an organism whose genetic structure has been altered by incorporating a gene that will express a desirable trait (Dresbach et. al 2013). Often times these traits that are selected are either beneficial to the consumer or producer. Currently, GMOs are being created at a higher rate than ever before and are being used in the foods that we eat. This has created a large amount of debate on local, national, and international levels about the safety of genetically modified foods to human health....   [tags: GMOs]
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1945 words
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The Downside of Genetically Modified Organisms - Although having seeds that can thrive in extreme environments may sound like a good idea, the side effects may change one’s opinion. GMO’s aren’t as good as they seem because they may contain a high level of allergens, they have killed and deformed some test subjects, and they haven’t had as strict tests as they should. Because these products do not have a designated label explaining what they contain, a high level of allergens can cause serious problems with some people when they ingest them unknowingly....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
:: 5 Works Cited
870 words
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The Danger of Genetically Modified Organisms - How well do we know the food we are eating. Ever wondered whether these foods are safe. In the recent years, people have become more aware of how genetically modified foods have substituted our diets with altered foods -- to which little we know about the long term effects on humans. These food being fed to us is called Genetic Modified Organism or GMOs. Just in 2012, prop 37 was proposed in California, which would have required labeling of genetically engineered (GE) food, with some exceptions....   [tags: Morgellons, Rat Experiments]
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1114 words
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Organisms Used In The Study of Aging - Caenorhabditis elegans are free-living nematodes that live in soils rich in organic matter where they feed on bacteria and other microorganisms (Edgley, 2000). C. elegans are good model organisms for the study of aging because they have the advantage of being complex animals, with nervous, reproductive, and digestive systems, and yet so small that they can be treated like microorganisms. C. elegans live only two to three weeks, allowing for lifespan to be measured easily and for experiments to be carried out in a short period of time (Gems, 2009).Gerontogenes, many that increase lifespan, have been discovered among different taxa, such as C....   [tags: Biology] 1035 words
(3 pages)
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Transgenic Organisms in the Agricultural World - What are transgenic organisms. How are they made. Are they safe. Are they a good source of food. These are all questions that are asked about transgenic organisms. Through this paper we will discuss these questions and give viable answers. We will look in detail into the role these organisms play in today’s society. Transgenic organisms are organisms that have been genetically modified through the insertion of DNA from one organism into the genome of another organism (WiseGeek, 2011). In our case the organisms are agricultural plants that are being modified to produce a desired phenotype....   [tags: Agricultural Research ]
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1641 words
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The importance of Living Modified Organisms ( LMO) - ... Vaccine is a kind of medicine that injected into human body to induce production of antibodies against specific pathogen infection. According to Langridge (2000), banana, tomato, potato, rice, corn and soybean were bioengineered to produce vaccine in their edible parts. There are numerous advantages of edible vaccine, such as it is cheaper, easily accessible, grown locally, and it can avoid logistical and economic problems such as transportation and storage of the vaccine during delivery. In case of classic vaccine distribution, those costs will accumulate through all the processes before it reaches to the consumers and make the vaccine products more expensive....   [tags: climate change, genetically modified organisms]
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914 words
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The Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms - What are Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). A Genetically Modified Organism is an organism that has had its genetic material changed through the insertion of a foreign gene into it. Although GMOs have only been in use in the past twenty years, they constitute the majority of the American food supply. What is even more shocking is that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) currently does not require safety testing for GMOs. In 1992, according to Mae-Wan Ho, director of the Institute of Science in Society and Science Advisor to the Third World Network, and Lim Li Ching, a researcher at the Institute of Science in Society and the deputy-editor of Science in Society magazine, the FDA decide...   [tags: Genetically Modified Crops]
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3249 words
(9.3 pages)
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Genetically Modified Organisms and Food - The term GMO or Genetically Modified Organism refers to an individual form of life in which the genome is changed or modified through genetic engineering. In other words, the DNA from an organism is modified in a laboratory and then inserted into another organism’s genome for the purpose of producing positive traits that would be useful, creating a new organism. This science of genetic manipulation has been utilized for many different purposes. One important area in which it is controversial is agriculture....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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950 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms: The Facts - Introduction Any organism which has its genetic sequence altered by insertion of a piece of foreign genetic material is considered to be a genetically modified organism, or simply, GMO. The recombinant DNA technology (or gene cloning) allows such modification by using enzymes that are naturally found in almost all organisms. A restriction enzyme is used to cut a specific DNA segment of a ‘donor’ genome and to generate sticky ends in the ‘host’ genome. The cut-up portion is then joined between the sticky sites by the help of a DNA ligase enzyme which stitches them together....   [tags: GMOs]
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1232 words
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Microalgae as a Live Food for Feeding of Aquatic Organisms - The use of microalgae as a live food for feeding of aquatic organisms well documented by several researchers (Cho and et al., 1999; Zhu, et al., 1997; Luyen, et al., 2007; Rivero-Rodríguez, et al., 2007; Duerr, et al., 1998; Brown, et al., 1997). In mariculture, microalgae either directly support all growth stages of bivalves, and larval stages of crustaceans and fish or indirectly are fed to artemia or rotifers, which are then fed on to later larval/ juveniles stages of crustacean and fish larvae through providing essential nutrients and other growth promoting factors (Cho and et al., 1999).Therefore, the nutritional property of microalgae offered to feed aquatic animals is crucial especial...   [tags: microalgae, aquatic organisms, animals, ] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Nutrition in Living Organisms - Nutrition is the essential organic nutrients living organisms require for growth, maintenance, reproduction and repair. This is an essential process for the organism’s survival. Living organisms require energy to survive; this energy is derived from nutrients, or food. Ingestion, digestion, absorption and excretion are the stages of processing food. Heterotrophs are organisms which cannot synthesise their own food and are therefore totally reliant on organic substances for nutrition. Animals are heterotrophs and are divided into three categories; herbivores, carnivores and omnivores depending on how they obtain their food....   [tags: Biology ]
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1308 words
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UV Radiation on Organisms - This project is significant because it could help bring about a better understanding of, how UV wave lengths affect the people and the hole in the ozone layer. By determining the effects of UV on Artemia Salina we come closer to alleviating the effects of UV radiation on organisms. In the future this could lead to better UV protection technology. IV: UV exposure in seconds DV: Mortality Rate DV2: Growth Rate it mm/day H1=the UV radiation will kill more Shrimp the longer they are exposed to it....   [tags: Research Analysis] 862 words
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Disease Organisms - Disease Organisms By Section 1 Part A: i) Disease: A disease is an impairment of normal bodily functions caused by infection or stress. It produces symptoms such as illness or general sickness. Parasitism: A symbiotic relationship between a parasitic organism and its host. The parasite benefits from the relationship but the host is usually harmed. The parasite will derive nutrition from their host and may gain other benefits such as shelter. Parasititism differs from parasitoidism in that the host is never deliberately killed by the parasite....   [tags: Pathology Definitions]
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744 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms - Imagine living on a farm. It is cold most of the year, but for a few months you are able to grow some corn to feed your family, and occasionally if you are lucky you can sell it in town to make some money. It is hard work for what seems like a little reward. You must often deal with insects eating many of the corn stalks, and your corn doesn’t do well in cold temperatures, so you must harvest it before the cold weather starts again. You have to plow much of your field to plant this corn, and it takes much effort to look after it....   [tags: Genetically Modified Foods]
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Genetically Modified Organisms - ... In North America, farmers have reported that after feeding their pigs GM corn, the pigs had low conception rates, became sterile, or had false pregnancies. After eating GM corn, twelve cows died in Germany. Also, “other cows in the herd developed a mysterious illness and had to be killed” (The Good, Bad and Ugly about GMOs 5). Rats fed Bt corn “showed significant changes in their blood cells, livers, and kidneys”(The Good, Bad and Ugly about GMOs 5). Mice that have ingested genetically modified corn and soy have had fewer and smaller offspring and exhibited traces of toxicity in their immune system....   [tags: crops, GMO, plants]
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Genetically Modified Organisms - ... Round up is a chemical that kills bugs and strengthens plants. Many studies have shown round up to have some effects on the digestive system. Monsanto is the creator of round up, also the company that made agent orange and said it was safe. More than 60 different countries have bannedGMO's. GMO's come from a wide variety of things. They could even be injected with bacteria, and viruses. These bacteria and traces of round up are now showing up in humans and animals guts. Not all food has been genetically engineered, but there is a significant amount people need to watch out for (Orecchio)....   [tags: food supply, cross breeding, ]
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1433 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms in Our World - The use of transgenic organisms can be extremely beneficial, especially in the agriculture industry. Some people have problems with using genetically altered food to feed the population. However, there are many benefits in transgenic organism use in agriculture, that it would be an enormous waste not to take advantage of the technology that has become available in recent years. As the CEO of Monsanto, a biotechnology firm that searches for new agricultural innovations to make our world more sustainable, I firmly believe that transgenic organisms greatly benefit the world in which we live by increasing crop production, conserving energy, and improving the lives of people in every community....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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1703 words
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Classification of Organisms - Taxonomy is the study of the classification of organisms, it is the organization (separation) of all the known organisms into groups based on their shared features, these groups are then organized into further, larger groups. These groups are all referred to as Taxa (Taxon - singular). The taxa used in taxonomy are: Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum and kingdom, each group getting larger going form species to kingdom. Taxa Used in Taxonomy ===================== Species ------- Organisms That are able to interbreed, producing fertile offspring are considered to be of the same species, this taxon can also be divided into subspecies and then...   [tags: Taxonomy Essays] 1170 words
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Different Types of Biological Adaptation Throughout History - In textbooks, adaptation, specifically biological adaptation, is usually defined as the method an organism adopts to better survive in its environment and reproduce. In scholarly papers, however, adaptation isn’t always as simple as that. An adaptation can be a structure that gives advantage to an organism over other similar organisms, or a behavior that helps the organism survive in its environment against predators. Sometimes even the adaptation itself wasn’t originally intended for its current biological role, or how it is used in the organism’s environment; this adaptation is sometimes called preadaptation (Kardong, 2006)....   [tags: Organisms, Evolution]
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The many ways in which micro-organisms are beneficial to humanity - Introduction Micro-organisms are microscopic (Microorganisms Definition)and can either be prokaryote or eukaryote. Most micro-organisms are unicellular, only a small percentage is multicellular. Micro-organisms encompass a large variety of organisms such as: bacteria, viruses, fungi, archaea etc. (Microorganisms) The first micro-organism was observed by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek around 1673 (Antonie van Leeuwenhoek). Since then, technological advances have enables us to observe and understand micro-organisms in much more detail, it has also allowed us to exploit them for a number of applications....   [tags: Biology]
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1871 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms, Not Genetically Modified People - Genetic engineering is the process of transferring a gene from one living organism to another living organism. The objective is to add one or more desirable traits that the organism doesn’t originally have. An example is to transfer insect resistance traits occurring naturally in one plant to another that doesn’t have this trait. (reference 1) Example of how genetic engineering is carried out. Genetic engineering works by physically removing a gene from one organism with the desirable trait and inserting it into an other organism....   [tags: GMOs]
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1949 words
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Exploring Different Organisms and Their Size - Exploring Different Organisms and Their Size Different organisms are of different sizes. If I take an example of two organisms such as an amoeba, which is a single celled organism and an elephant, which is a multicellular organism I can see that they are obviously of different sizes. [IMAGE] AMOEBA Amoeba [IMAGE] ELEPHANT Elephant Since an amoeba is small it has a large surface area compared to its volume. Since an elephant is large its surface area is small in comparison with its volume....   [tags: Papers] 620 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Role of Water in the Lives of Organisms - The Role of Water in the Lives of Organisms Water is perhaps the most important molecule for the survival and life of all living organisms because there is a wide spectrum of roles that it plays. The fact that the earth's surface consists of 70.8% water shows its significance and importance. ====================================================================== Firstly, water has the chemical formula Hg0 (two Hydrogen atoms to one Oxygen atom), the covalent bonds between which create cohesive forces....   [tags: Biology Essays] 740 words
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The Nature of Disease Causing Organisms - The nature of DISEASE CAUSING ORGANISMS and the mechanisms employed by man to combat these organisms. What is disease. A disease is a disturbance in the normal structure or function of an organism, group of organisms or the entire body. Diseases affect different organisms in different ways, they may be temporary, they may be chronic, or they may be terminal. They may even be localized or widespread through an entire body. Many diseases have been eradicated, but, some have no cure. Humans and other vertebrates have a system of specific immunity to combat disease....   [tags: essays research papers] 446 words
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The Role of Water in the Lives of Organisms - Water (Hydrogen Oxide - H2O), is a compound that is found everywhere on the planet. It can occur as solid, liquid and gas. It forms as much as 2/3 of the Earth's surface and is vital to all varieties of life. Water has importance inside cells and externally. This may be because it has interesting chemical and physical properties; it can be found naturally in all three of its states. However its molecules are bonded together by hydrogen bonds, this rises its melting and boiling points, i.e....   [tags: Biology Essays] 692 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms: Impact on Society and the Environment - ... Drought tolerance is a relatively new idea, with seed companies first releasing this trait in the spring of 2013 (Piller). This trait gives a crop the ability to make more efficient use of water, and also to thrive in high temperature conditions. Seed companies estimate that there will be a five to fifteen percent increase in yield in dry conditions, compared to typical hybrids (Piller). This will also mean that these plants will be able to produce more yields with less water, thereby conserving a valuable resource....   [tags: genetic engineering ,modified food, health]
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1165 words
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Organisms: Radiation-Resistant Extremophiles and Their Potential in Biotechnology - ... • Thermophiles are able to live in very hot environments, but specifically environments ranging between 600C and 800C. In addition to this they survive low temperatures, high pressure, extreme pH conditions at both ends of the spectrum and high salt concentrations (Singh et al. 2011). • Toxitolerants organisms are able to tolerate high dosages of damaging organic materials such as solvents. • Xerophiles are organisms that can survive in and grow in arid environments where other organisms would be prone to dessication....   [tags: biotechnical, commercial value]
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1344 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms: Modifying the World’s Industries - The founding of genetically modified organisms was extended through the course of many years. It began in 1865 when Gregor Mendel observed hereditary characteristics in pea plants. Nearly forty years later, Andrei Nikolaevitch Belozersky was the first person to isolate DNA, or “factors”, as Mendel defined it, in its pure state (Life Sciences Foundation, Purification of DNA). This revelation sparked the start to DNA innovations. After the discovery of DNA’s structure by Watson and Crick, scientists continued to crack the code, and DNA modification became possible when Professor Herbert Boyer created recombinant DNA (Chemical Heritage Foundation, Paul Berg, Herbert W....   [tags: Health RIsks, Environment, Agriculture]
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957 words
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The Role of Water in Living Organisms - Water is one of the most abundant substances on the planet. It can be found naturally in all three states; solid (ice), liquid (water), and gas (steam). However, chemically it is very unusual. For example, water molecules are slightly polar i.e. they have a positive and negative end. Due to this difference in electro-negativity the slightly positive charge on the hydrogen atom is attracted to the slightly negative charge on the oxygen atom in another molecule. This bond is called a hydrogen bond and is what causes the water to have its unusual properties....   [tags: Biology Essays] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Importance Of Water To Living Organisms - The Importance Of Water To Living Organisms Water is normally the most abundant component of any living organism. As most human cells are approximately 80% water and 60% of the human body is made up of it, it is extremely important in many different ways to both the survival and the well being of living organisms. Evolutionists believe that life probably originated in water and even today thousands of organisms make their home in it. Water also provides the medium in which all biochemical reactions take place....   [tags: Biology Essays] 1225 words
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The Harm of Genetically Modified Organisms - The Harm of Genetically Modified Organisms Genetic Modification is when the genetic make-up of a living organism is altered (1). This can be done by changing an existing section of DNA or by inserting a new gene (4). Genetic Modification began in the late 1970’s (6). It can be used between different species for example from a plant to a human or an animal to a human. It is often used to enhance the flavour of foods as well as to improve the size and quantity of foods like tomatoes....   [tags: GMOs Genetically Modified Foods] 1017 words
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Evolution of organisms shows the development of structure to function - Grouping of organisms according to the similar anatomy helps to understand their evolution and how those organisms have being developed over millions of years. Similarly, structures of organisms have developed over years to function better to survive on the earth. Even though some organisms are unicellular, while some are multicelliular, both types of organisms have got particular structure to function that helps to fulfill their needs. Thus, structure and function of the organisms, including humans, portray the incredible creations of the nature (Campbell et al....   [tags: Evolution]
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The Role Of Water In Living Organisms - Water has a great number of roles in living organisms, this is largely to do with the structure and covalent bonding in a single water molecule, and between water molecules. Around 75% of the earth is covered in water, and it is reffered to as the most important Biochemical. Its chemical symbol is: H2O In a water molecule there are two bonding pairs and two non-bonding pairs of electrons. These four pairs of electrons repel one another, forming a tetrahedral pattern. Because they repel they are as far from each other as possible....   [tags: Biology Essays] 597 words
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How Organisms Evolved From a Common Ancestors - ... This “evolutionary theory was still relatively new and debated and an unprecedented level of interest was shown by the popular press in advance of the publication” (Lorch and Hellal, 2010). Many people questioned Darwin’s theory of evolution because it went against what the bible stated. This is what caused such a great debate at this time. Natural Selection was another theory that Darwin established. This theory states “that evolutionary change comes through the production of variation in each generation and differential survival of individuals with different combinations of these variable characters” (College, 2009)....   [tags: natural selection, biology, charles darwin]
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The Role of Water in Living Organisms - Water is essential to life, without water life on Earth would not exist. Water is a major component of cells, typically forming between 70 and 95% of the mass of the cell. This means that we are made from approximately 80% of water by mass and some soft bodied creatures such as jellyfish are made up from up to 96% water. Water also provides an environment for organisms to live in, since 75% of the Earth is covered in water. Water is a simple molecule, which is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, forming H2O....   [tags: Biology Essays] 1153 words
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Genetically Modified Organisms in Food - Genetically Modified Organisms in Food Tomatoes, soy beans and McDonald’s French fries- what all of these things have in common. They are all some of the most commonly genetically modified foods on the market today. With scientists in the race to invent newer and better everythings, genetically modified organisms, or “GMOs” have become a hot topic of research in just the past 10 years. By using the genetic information from one organism, or the “DNA” and splicing it with the DNA of another, scientists can make food crops grow bigger, stay fresh longer, or even create their own pesticides....   [tags: GMOs Genetically Modified Foods] 1010 words
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Model Organisms - During the course of the past thirty years, the study of model organisms has become more significant in the study of embryological development. A model organism is a species that is easy to cultivate and monitor in a laboratory environment and is used to represent broad groups of organisms. Examples of successful and important model organisms include the Ascidia, Zebrafish, and Medeka species. Through intense researching of these organisms, scientists have been able to gain valuable insight into the developmental processes of many complex vertebrates, including humans....   [tags: Biology] 768 words
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Drug-Resistant Organisms - Drug-Resistant Organisms (DRO’s) are bacteria and other organisms that have developed a resistance to certain drugs. In other words, a particular dug is no longer able to kill or control a specific bacteria or organism. Other terms used to describe this situation include antibiotic resistance, antibacterial resistance and antimicrobial resistance. (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 2003) Sixty-six percent of patients with acute sinusitis grow at least 1 pathogenic bacterial species on sinus aspirates, while 26-30% percent of patients have multiple predominant bacterial species....   [tags: Medical Conditions]
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An Account of ATP Production in Living Organisms - An Account of ATP Production in Living Organisms All cells must do work to stay alive and maintain their cellular environment. The energy needed for cell work comes from the bonds of ATP. Cells obtain their ATP by oxidizing organic molecules, a process called cellular respiration. Glucose is the primary fuel molecule for the cells of living organisms. Every living organism must do cell respiration. Most eukaryotic organisms are aerobic. Aerobic respiration is required in order to obtain enough energy (ATP) from the oxidations of fuel molecules to survive....   [tags: Papers] 585 words
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The Dilemma of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) - The practice of creating transgenic organisms has always been a controversial subject. Although there will always be environmentalists and religious groups who will oppose genetic engineering, overall it is accepted throughout the world. Today, scientists have created many ways of genetically modifying animals for various uses. Scientists have invented ways to change genes in many animals to make them live longer, be healthier, reach sexual maturity faster, and to have higher reproductive yields....   [tags: GMOs Genetically Modified Foods]
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Biogenetics - The Dangers of Biogenetically Engineered Organisms - Biogenetics - The Dangers of Biogenetically Engineered Organisms As I sit here at my desk in front of my computer contemplating what to write about, I look out of the window and watch the bees at work around the large bush that has flowered in front of my house.They busily go from one tiny flower to the next looking for nectar and exchanging pollen. Occasionally one will fly away presumably to inform other bees at the hive about the location and abundance of this bush.More bees arrive to help in the gathering of nectar while others leave to deliver their bounty....   [tags: Biology Environment Ecology Essays]
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Are Genetically Modified Organisms Safe in Our Common Food Supply - ... Then why would they want to withhold this information from the public. The only simple answer is that nobody would eat or purchase their food. In multiple survey after survey, consumers want to know if they are eating GMOs; and, this is not just by a small margin - an average of 90% of the people want to know ("Why Big Ag Doesn’t Want To Label GMO"). You can bet that if they know about GMOs present in their food, they will try to make other, more organic choices. Just think about it: if agricultural giants and food companies don't want to put something on a food label, that's a pretty strong sign that you probably shouldn't eat it; if it was good for you, they wouldn't they want to brag...   [tags: gmo, biotechnology, food supply]
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Evolution Through the Influence of God - ... Creationists claim Earth to be only six thousand years old and created by God in his six-days of creation process (Sideris). In a scientific view it is about 4.5 to 5 billion years old (“Creationism vs. Evolution”). The creation of Earth in science terms has many theories such as the Big-Bang or the accumulation of lava over the earth’s crust from the core. Mistakes can happen in both science records and the Bible. One mistake in the Bible is the word “yom” in Hebrew meaning “day,” used in Genesis I to count off the days of creation....   [tags: evolution, organisms, creationism]
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The Meaning of Ecology and Ecosystems - The meaning of Ecology is the connection that exists between living organisms and their environment. From the largest animal on Earth to the smallest, they all share our world with us. The ecosystem is connected by the flow of matter and energy and as organisms eat and dispose of matter it supplies them to sustain life. Across the planet various densities of uneven configurations accumulate minerals and nutrients. For example “Energy necessary for all life processes reaches the earth in the form of sunlight....   [tags: environment, ecosystem, organisms, energy]
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Bioremediation with the Use of Genetically Engineered Bacteria, Serratia Marcescens - Bioremediation: The word “remediate” means to solve a problem, so the word “bioremediation” refers to the use of biological organisms to solve an environmental problem. Bacteria, fungi, protists and other microorganisms in a non-polluted environment are constantly breaking down organic matter, and when the soil is polluted, some of the organisms may die, but others will still be able to break down the pollutants. Bioremediation provides organisms that can consume the pollutants with fertilizer, oxygen, and other conditions to encourage the rapid growth of these organisms....   [tags: envrionment problem, organisms]
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Xerosotmia and genetic engineering - All around the globe, predominantly in the United States and in Europe, there are technological advances in science that affects the way people live. In recent years, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have replaced people’s diet with genetically altered foods, which has affected human health. In a broad view, GMOs are created by splicing genes of different species that are combined through genetic engineering, consequently improving the resulting organism. Large corporations who choose to use Xerosotmia i i make larger profits with less time and effort involved (ABNE)....   [tags: biology, genetically modified organisms]
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The Origin of The Species by Charles Darwin - ... This meant that there was a possibility of placing the layers in order by age of fossils. Cuvier was amongst the first to examine fossils from dinosaurs and recognized that animals in the distant past were different from today. He hypothesized that factors of change such as catastrophes must cause evolution. Cuvier’s idea of there being more than one ancestry for species helped shape Darwin's views of Natural Selection. 1795 James Hutton: He published a set of theories explaining the geology of the earth which explained the concept of the Earth gradually changing over time....   [tags: evolution, species, organisms, environment]
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Soundness of Biotechnology Advancements in Agriculture - The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture is on the rise. Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms, Agriculture]
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The Pros and Cons of Developing Genetically Engineered Organisms - The Advantages and Disadvantages of Developing Genetically Engineered Organisms Genetic engineering is the method of changing organisms' characteristics inherited by alerting it genetic material. This often done to cause micro organisms, such as bacteria and viruses, to synthesize increased yields of compounds, to form entirely new compounds, or to adapt to different environments. Other uses of this such of a technology, is known as the recombinant DNA technology, it includes gene therapy, which is the supply of a functional gene to a person with a genetic disorder or with other diseases such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or cancer....   [tags: GMOs Genetically Modified Foods] 1116 words
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Genetically Modified Foods: To Label or Not To Label? - Plants or animals that are created through gene slicing techniques of genetic engineering are called genetically modified organisms or, GMOs. This technique for creating plants and animals was first done in the 1970s. According to Non-GMO Project, “This experimental technology merges DNA from different species, creating unstable combinations of plant, animal, bacterial and viral genes that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding.” (Non-GMO Project). This type of genetic modification has started to worry people....   [tags: Genetic Engineers, Genetically Modified Organisms]
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Soil and Seed Sterilization Effects on Dwarf Pea Plants - ... The prior hypothesis and predictions were tested by carrying out an experiment. Methods and Material Using an autoclave, some seeds and soil were sterilized by exposing them to steam at 121 degrees ferinheight for 15-20 minutes whereas some soil and seeds weren’t. Both sterilized seeds and unsterilized seeds were planted in four pots in each group labeled A- F for a total of 6 groups. The planting arrangement was five sterilized seeds in sterilized soil, five sterilized seeds in unsterilized soil, five unsterilized seeds in sterilized soil, and five unsterilized seeds in unsterilized soil....   [tags: plant growth, rhizobia bacteria, organisms]
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Genetically Modified Animals - ... Their milk also kills the S. aureus bacteria without altering the milk’s nutritional and manufacturing properties (Donovan, Kerr & Wall, 2005). In medical application, LMOs also play an important role in the xenotransplantation. The xenotransplantation can be defined as a procedure that involves the transplantation, implantationor infusion of living cells, tissues or organ from the non-human sources into a human recipient (Yamanouchi, 2005; NHMRC, 2013). Nowadays, there are many people die waiting for organs to become available due to worldwide shortage of organs supply for clinical transplantation....   [tags: dna, organisms, genes]
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Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United States - Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United States "By increasing the fertility of the land, it increases its abundance. The improvements of agriculture too introduce many sorts of vegetable foods, which, requiring less land and not more labor than corn, come cheaply to the market." -Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book I.XI.n The United States and the European Union are currently in dispute over the trade of genetically modified organisms....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Research Papers]
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Humans and Parasites - Charles Darwin’s theories on evolution state that all life on earth developed gradually through natural selection over millions of years. By tracing two organism’s branching biological lineage backwards, at some point the two organisms would have been related to each other in one way or another. William McNeill contends that at a basic level that all living things behave alike and that humans are actually “macroparasites.” Well, we all know old habits are hard to change and there should be no doubt that humans and other organisms act like one another in order to continue their lives and species....   [tags: Charles Darwin, McNeill, organisms, environment] 990 words
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Benefits of Genetically Modified Organisms - Even though we may not know it, GMO’s are everywhere. From the trees in a lumberyard, the pets we own, and most common, the food on our plates. GMO’s are genetically modified organisms. They have even been called “part of the fabric of American life” (Lambrecht 3). New controversies have risen up to fight these “deadly” foods. Do we really know what we are eating. Does it even matter. Biotechnologies and altering the characteristics of food have been around for many centuries. These uses were put into use to create useful products such as wine and bread and more recently to create resistant crops and antidotes in the medical field....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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Genetically Modified Organisms Are Bad - ... I’m not done yet. You can’t possibly think that i’m done yet. Imagine taking a big crunchy bite out of that juicy GM tomato, thinking isn’t this delicious. That crunchy juicy GM tomato just might be the death of you. Researchers institute that GM crops can cause you to get a tumor. According to this website, “http://www.responsibletechnology.org/” reveals that, “Genetically modified foods have been linked to toxic and allergic reactions, sick, sterile and dead livestock, and damage to virtually every organ studied in lab animals.” ("GMO Education") Since these genetically modified crops were tested on lab animals, we found out that there can be chances in which from eating GMOs, you can...   [tags: Genetically Modifying Food]
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Stem Cell Research - Stem cell therapy is an exciting area of medicine that is both enthusiastically researched and hotly debated. It allows for the possible treatment of conditions that were previously thought to be untreatable. Imagine being one of the many individuals debilitated by injury or disease who have resigned themselves to the fact that it is a permanent affliction. Now, imagine being given hope that the condition could be cured, or at least, greatly improved. It has been suggested that stem cell therapy is the answer to treating many patients greatly improving their quality of life....   [tags: Multicellular Organisms, Stem Cell Therapy] 1867 words
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Description of Genetically Modified Organisms - ... Examples like maize, golden rice, and soy are common food aid sources that come from the United States. The United States does not give cash. Some 60 percent of all the aid received annually, worldwide, is from the United States and all of it is in the form of genetically modified food crops (Clapp). In recent years there has been an increase in the rejections to food aid that comes from countries that use genetically modified foods such as the United States. In 2002, the United States sent emergency food aid to many southern Africa countries in response to their food crisis caused by drought that year....   [tags: world hunger, gmo's, modified food]
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Defining Biodiversity Among Organisms - ... Tree cover should be maximized. Street trees should be planted along with boulevards alongside the watershed. Schools should be encouraged to plant trees and urban forestry should be initiated. The water quality of this watershed is another problem posing a grave threat to this area. Non point source pollution should be installed in addition to culver inspection. Pollution prevention education programmes should be initiated along with encouragement of private owners to adopt a pesticide free and cosmetic free landscaping....   [tags: industrial development,ecosystem, species]
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Freshwater Ecosystems - ... Stability, resilience, and food web fluxes depend on the diet of fish, which can balance the trophic structure (Hammer & Holmlund 1999). This balance varies by climate, temperature, disturbances, seasons, nutrient content, and water depth (Hammer & Holmlund 1999). Fish make nutrients available for primary production resulting in available nutrients and potential algae in nutrient-rich waters (Hammar & Holmlund 1999). Another way in which fish release nutrients in the water is by bioturbation, the physical act of unsettling sediment (Hammer & Holmlund 1999, & Vanni 2002)....   [tags: aquatic ecosystem, organisms, substance]
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