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The Obligation to Endure - ... Her appeal is both logical and emotional. Logically, chemicals sprayed on croplands, forests or gardens will kill not just “pests” but other living organisms, and that some amount of these chemicals will end up in ground water, causing problems for anyone or anything that depends on this water. Emotionally if the possibility of permanent gene damage, which cause deformities, cancers, and early death, is not enough to encourage a second look at this issue then there is no hope for the planet’s future....   [tags: Article Analysis ]
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1386 words
(4 pages)
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Regret and Obligation - Regret and Obligation ABSTRACT: In Albert Camus' 1950 play Just Assassins, terrorists are at work in nineteenth-century Russia. They kill people, and they all believe that there is a superior moral reason for doing so. But they also know that killing is wrong. In their own view, they are innocent criminals; innocent, because their action is justified, but criminals, because they kill. So tacitly they conclude that they deserve punishment that will remove the regret from their shoulders. Their execution, by the same despotic authorities they are attacking, completes their actions: regret, caused by justified killing, gets its counterpart....   [tags: Just Assassins Camus Essays]
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3572 words
(10.2 pages)
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Obligation to Obey Governing Bodies - I believe it is safe to say that the subjects of any legitimate state have an obligation to at obey their governing bodies. Underlying my own obedience to my country's laws are a number of reasons - an understanding of my obligation to take responsibility for my own actions, a recognition of my government's authority over me, a belief that the laws of my country are well-founded, and a fear of the consequences of disobeying said laws. Without laws, a society would quickly crumble into disorder and chaos, unless its entire population is benevolent and selfless....   [tags: Government] 1425 words
(4.1 pages)
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Moral obligation to help - ... For example; the United States itself and other nations such as Somalia and Congo continue to have people with no shelter over their head and those with no food to eat, regardless of how hard some may strive to make ends meet, they are still in poverty. As those more auspicious, we should consider it as a moral obligation to assist those people who are less fortunate, be it those in the same nation as us or those farther away. People may not deem it as a responsibility to help others, especially when they are in no way require by law to do so, and many may argue that the US for instance is a nation that allows its citizens to enjoy individual freedom and autonomy so people cannot be obligated to deliver assistance to other individuals, even if those in need of help are in the same country....   [tags: Ethics]
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1924 words
(5.5 pages)
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An Obligation to Wear Darkness - In Hawthorne’s “The Minister’s Black Veil,” Hawthorne uses gloomy diction and tone to characterize both the apprehension of the people and the affliction of the veil on Mr. Hooper. Throughout the passage, Hawthorne utilizes fairly simple diction, avoiding long, obscure words. Words like “preternatural” and “impertinence” are among the few words that may cause an average reader some trouble. Consequently, Hawthorne’s writing appeals to and targets the common man as an audience, as he writes with a straightforward choice of words....   [tags: Literature Analysis] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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Democracy and Political Obligation - Democracy and Political Obligation The public life of political servants is characterized by other duties and obligations than private life. Conflicts can even arise between a person's public and private duties. The central point of this paper is to examine whether this difference of duties can be regarded as an effect of different forms of obligation. Can we speak of a particular form of political obligation in the same way in which Kant distinguishes between ethical and legal obligation, the former pertaining to intentions and the latter to external aspects of the action....   [tags: Leadership Politics Duty Papers] 4065 words
(11.6 pages)
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Everyone Has an Obligation to Vote - Everyone Has an Obligation to Vote Why should I vote. This is a simple question with a long history of debate. My vote doesn't make a difference anyway. I'm too busy. They're all crooks, why should I vote for one of them. There isn't a good choice. Nothing will change. The problem with these reasons is that they actually perpetuate the circumstances keeping would-be-voters away from the polls. Many arguments exist for both sides of the issue, however, I believe more reasons to vote exist than lame excuses....   [tags: Politics Political Essays] 1744 words
(5 pages)
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On the Obligation to Keep One’s Promises - On the Obligation to Keep One’s Promises Moral philosophy is generally in pursuit of the “ought.” More specifically, a common goal is to create some sort of rubric for evaluating specific situations, and in the face of a decision, revealing what “ought to be done.” A very important and consequently complicated “ought” is that which dictates if one should keep a promise. This topic is so vast that is seems it would take a great deal of effort to make progress towards an answer, and in fact, there have been volumes of philosophy written about this very subject matter....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1393 words
(4 pages)
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Discussing the Obligation to Help the Absolutely Poor - Discussing the Obligation to Help the Absolutely Poor The question of who deserves what and who owes what to who is a philosophical question that people unendingly attempt to answer, never coming to a universal and workable conclusion. No matter what outcome is decided upon, someone is destined to be unhappy about it, as unhappiness almost seems to be the defining human condition, with someone always being unhappy about something. However, there are a few who have attempted to answer this question in a reasonable and moral manner, such as Nozick, Singer, and Rachels....   [tags: Papers] 819 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Confucian Filial Obligation and Care for Aged Parents - The Confucian Filial Obligation and Care for Aged Parents ABSTRACT: Some moral philosophers in the West (e.g., Norman Daniels and Jane English) hold that adult children have no more moral obligation to support their elderly parents than does any other person in the society, no matter how much sacrifice their parents made for them or what misery their parents are presently suffering. This is because children do not ask to be brought into the world or to be adopted. Therefore, there is a "basic asymmetry between parental and the filial obligations." I argue against the Daniels/English thesis by employing the traditional Confucian view of the nature of filial obligation....   [tags: Asian Philosphy Chinese Research]
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5436 words
(15.5 pages)
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Analysis of The Obligation to Die for the State by Michael Walzer - Analysis of The Obligation to Die for the State by Michael Walzer In his essay Michael Walzer discusses the political obligation citizens have to their state. In order to have a running community and society you have to work together and make difficult decisions. These decisions can alter you and the people around drastically in both positive and negative ways but are necessary to have a working "State." It's not only hard decisions but obligations you have to your state as a loyal citizen. Those obligations are there for a reason and must be followed even if they include death....   [tags: Papers] 442 words
(1.3 pages)
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Foreign Aid - Our Obligation to Help the Less Fortunate - Our Obligation to Help the Less Fortunate        What is absolute poverty?  According to Robert McNamara it is "life at the very margin of existence" (Singer 219).  It is a life that, if not ended by early death, causes a kind of misery unseen to those living in the United States.  Compared to the estimated 1.2 billion people, worldwide living in poverty, those of us in developed countries experience a life of luxury.  The things that we take for granted, such as cars, computers, microwaves, and televisions, are extravagant items that most people living in extreme economic poverty will never see....   [tags: Politics Political Essays]
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2352 words
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Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation - Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation I Recall the distinction between metaethics and normative ethics. Normative ethics deals with substantial ethical issues, such as, What is intrinsically good. What are our moral obligations. Metaethics deals with philosophical issues about ethics: What is value or moral obligation. Are there ethical facts. What sort of objectivity is possible in ethics. How can we have ethical knowledge. Recall, also, the fundamental dilemma of metaethics....   [tags: Metaethics Normative Ethics] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Wealthy Nations Have A Moral Obligation to Educate Poor Nations - The most substantial and important ethical problem of the 21st century will be the correction of the vast and undeniable imbalance of the possession and consumption of the world’s material, economic, and cultural resources. In this paper, I will argue that the primary long-term moral obligation the world’s over-privileged have to the underprivileged is to provide those in need with the means necessary to develop a foundation for fair future interactions. This will lead to the idea that a necessary part of the long-term obligation to the underprivileged, in addition to the redistribution of economic and material resources, is the redistribution of ideas and knowledge through philanthropic educational programs....   [tags: Essays on Ethics] 3712 words
(10.6 pages)
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Summary of the debate between Thomas Pogge and Mathias Risse Regarding Our Obligation to the Global Poor - In the face of media campaigns and political sanctions, the question about whether we owe the global poor assistance and rectification is an appropriate one. Despite television advertisements displaying the condition of the poor and news articles explaining it, the reality is the majority of us, especially in the Western world, are far removed from the poverty that still affects a lot of lives. The debate between Thomas Pogge and Mathias Risse regarding our obligation to the poor questions the very institution we live in....   [tags: poverty, international relations] 2494 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Necessary Obligations - ... Though there are greener universities, these two universities were purposely put into this essay to acknowledge the fact that just because a university is wealthy does not mean that there is no concern for the environment and the money it is consuming. If a person is attending a university that implements only a few or does not implement any green techniques, the students should express concern with the school. An example of expressing and implementing concerns is the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Policy’s Biodiesel Program at Loyola University Chicago....   [tags: Conservation ]
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1441 words
(4.1 pages)
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Vulnerability and Fiduciary Obligations - The fiduciary concept is a "concept in search of a principle." Despite numerous attempts by commentators and the judiciary to define the basis for the imposition of all fiduciary obligations, it is often said that no universally accepted basis has been developed. In the quest for a universal basis, it appears that six different theories have emerged. The `undertaking' theory, the `property' theory, the `reliance' theory, the `power' theory, the `vulnerability' theory, and finally the `loyalty' theory....   [tags: Law] 3659 words
(10.5 pages)
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Ethical And Legal Obligations - Ethical and Legal Obligations Ethical and legal obligations apply to all members of society. As one in society, the obligation to act in an ethical, law abiding manner on a daily basis is vital to the integrity of daily life. Many professions have their own code of ethics. Financial reporting is not exempt from such ethical and legal standards. One’s lively hood depends on decisions made in the business world. Business transactions are done daily and can impact one’s economic stability. Trust is placed in the hands of corporate America and an obligation of financial reporting to reveal a complete honest and legal picture of an entity’s accounting practices is important in attaining trust....   [tags: Business Ethics Morals] 1148 words
(3.3 pages)
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Exploring Obligations in a Legal Sense - Exploring Obligations in a Legal Sense Negligence in tort has various meanings. It may refer to the tort of negligence or it may refer to careless behaviour. A person who totally disregards the safety of others but does not injure them is not guilty of negligence, although they may be morally reprehensible. On the other hand, the person who tries their best but fall below the standard set by the court and causes any damage will be liable.[1] Negligence is judged by an objective standard set, where the court will look at what a ‘responsible man or woman’ would have done in the defendant’s position....   [tags: Papers] 1728 words
(4.9 pages)
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Canada and America's Obligations to China - China's record of human rights violations is long and mind-boggling. Atrocities such as purging tens of millions of people during the Cultural Revolution, its infamous one-child-per-couple Population Policy, persistent oppression of Tibet and the bloody June 4 massacre at Tienanmen Square in 1989 have given the Chinese government a reputation of having little respect for human life. And yet, despite its tarnished record, China maintains its Most Favoured Nation trade status with the US and is one of Canada's top ten recipients of bilateral trade....   [tags: Asian History] 1124 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Importance of Religious Obligations Illustrated in Sophocles' Antigone - In the play Antigone by Sophocles, one of the main characters, Antigone, has to choose to obey the law or obey her religious obligations. Creon, the king of Thebes, issued and edict that said that Antigone’s brother, Polyneikes, could not be buried. Antigone felt that she should not leave her brother to be devoured by vultures and insisted on burying him. Because Polyneikes had rebelled against the state, one of the greatest offenses of the time, burying his body meant death for Antigone as well as her sister....   [tags: antigone] 567 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Possible Rights and Obligations of Tenant and Landlord - The Possible Rights and Obligations of Tenant and Landlord 1) 1.0 Detail the possible rights and obligations of both Tenant and Landlord. Use examples and case law. Be as comprehensive as possible as to the possible options. Relationships between landlords and tenants are governed by several statutes and court rulings. However, the most important source of information is the rental agreement, whether it is written or oral. Some landlords prefer oral agreements; however it’s most common for them to require your signature on a written lease....   [tags: Papers] 2337 words
(6.7 pages)
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Does Business have Social Obligations? - Does Business have Social Obligations. In today's society people are being laid off or losing jobs everyday. Many times it is because a company is going out of business, or may not need as many employees. The company often times cannot afford to pay extra workers. During these circumstances, a question of responsibility and obligations begin to rise. Should businesses in today's free market economy have an obligation to be socially responsible for these actions which the businesses or company carries out....   [tags: Business Management Studies] 451 words
(1.3 pages)
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Ethical And Legal Obligations of Financial Reporting - The FASB, SEC, and PCAOB Ethical financial reporting is critical to ensure consumer confidence within an economy. Accounting entries record cash transactions in the form of financial reports. Financial reporting is used to interpret and analyze business activities for the purpose of investing and efficient management. Misrepresentations, whether intentional or accidental, can send the wrong signal to interested parties resulting in wrong decisions being made. Companies have an ethical and legal obligation to financial reporting....   [tags: Accounting Finance Record Keeping Business Ethics] 1134 words
(3.2 pages)
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Impacting Laws, Regulations And Contractual Obligations For Critical Information Assets - Two identified critical assets include the social security number and the credit card. The countermeasure for both the assets will be analyzed from companies and customers point of view in this paper by exploring impacting laws, regulations and contractual obligations relative to the same. Impacting laws , regulations and contractual obligations for SSN • Privacy ACT 1974 • SSN regulations governing data and security • Internet privacy policy • California Civil Code §1798.85 • Fair credit reporting act Interpretation of the laws, regulations and obligation for the counter measures Monitoring of SSN by credit bureau As per the Privacy Act of 1974 all government agencies whether they are federal, state or local they are required to provide a "disclosure" statement on the form which explains whether you are required to provide your SSN or if it’s optional, how the SSN will be used, and under what statutory or other authority the number is requested (5 USC 552a, note)....   [tags: Identity Protection Security] 1293 words
(3.7 pages)
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Response to Shakespeare's Presentation of the Responsibilities and Obligations Placed on Sons by Fathers in Hamlet - Response to Shakespeare's Presentation of the Responsibilities and Obligations Placed on Sons by Fathers in Hamlet Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, is a play based on the theme of revenge (otherwise known as a revenge tragedy). However there are other themes to this play that may not be as obvious as the main. Love, hate, madness are all other themes to this play, along with the theme of responsibility to sons and fathers. This theme is sustained throughout the whole play when, at the climax, the responsibility of avenging his dead father is finally undertaken by Hamlet....   [tags: Papers] 1392 words
(4 pages)
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Legal Obligations - Legal Obligations Having established that the defendant owes the plaintiff a duty of care (and in this case it is assumed that this has been established), it will next be necessary for the courts to decide whether the defendant has breached that duty. This first involves an assessment by the court of how, in the circumstances, the defendant ought to have behaved; what standard of care should he have exercised. This standard is that of the ordinary and reasonable citizen and not that of the defendant himself: an especially careful defendant will not be held liable because he fell short of his own high standards, however, a defendant whose personal conception of what is reasonable fails to match that of the court will have no defence based on his belief that he acted carefully....   [tags: Papers] 2224 words
(6.4 pages)
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Social Obligations and Competitive Advantage - ... Is cultural diversity a source of competitive advantage to an organization. McLean & Lewis (2010, p. 30) stated that effective exploration and exploitation of the opportunities inherent in a culturally diverse team or organisation could yield immense benefits and a source of competitive advantage. Organisations and managers should therefore not see cultural diversity as a threat but a valuable tool to enhance the effectiveness of teams and organisations. Apart from fulfilling its social obligations, an organization is exposed to competitive advantages when it employs and manages team members from diverse cultural backgrounds, such advantages include: 1. Attracting the best employees with different levels of input for the organization which makes it possible for resources to be allocated effectively 2. Cost advantage 3. Different perspectives in decision making 4. Innovation and creativity 5. Closer relationship amongst governments of different countries 6. Learning opportunities for employees 7. Flexibility in reaction to environmental changes Realization and Challenges The effort involved in hiring from different countries might seem too much for an organization especially in the area of finance because bringing expatriates together can be very expensive....   [tags: Organizational Issues]
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1039 words
(3 pages)
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The Moral and Legal Obligations of Battlefield Neutrality - The Moral and Legal Obligations of Battlefield Neutrality “If a body of enemy troops is repulsed, give to the wounded the same care as you would give your own men; treat them all the forbearance due to the one who is stricken…After the battle, restrain the fury of your troops; spare the vanquished…People should say of you: they fought courageously when they had to, but remained generous and humane throughout.” –General Guillaume Henri Dufour (Moorehead, 1998) No truer words have ever been spoken by a General to his men before battle....   [tags: Military]
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1819 words
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Ethical And Legal Obligations In Accounting - According to Marshall (2004), "accounting is the process of identifying, measuring, and communicating economic information about an organization for the purpose of making decisions and informed judgements" (p. 3). Specifically, financial accounting "refers to the process that results in the preparation and reporting of financial statements for an entity" (Marshall, McManus, & Viele, p. 5). While many entities prepare their own financial statements, firms can also contract with a public accounting firm or a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) to perform services such as reviewing or compiling statements....   [tags: Business Accounting] 1324 words
(3.8 pages)
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Previous Studies of Aging Population and Fiscal Obligations - ... In the end, the paper concludes that the advanced economies are under pressures from substantial primary gaps and the increase entitlement spending. Reforms are important to address the long-term problem; otherwise, public debts would spiral out of control. Nonetheless, the projection is based on the optimistic assumptions because it does not take the possibility of the rise in interest rate, which makes the fiscal adjustment more challenging, into account. Similarly, Cottarelli and Schaechter’s paper from IMF examines the G-7 economic fiscal sustainability including the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom....   [tags: Economics ]
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1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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Public accountants duty to provide due professional care in all their contractual obligations - ... They can claim damages if they are the initial purchaser and need little proof other than their purchase and the damages sustained. If this case were to be considered under the Restatement of Torts or Foreseen User Approach, the issues surrounding the third-party users changes because the identity of the third-party users does not need to be known in the auditors reports (Whittington & Pany). The main reasoning behind this line of thought is that when carrying out an audit under a contractual agreement, it is known that third parties will rely on the information provided in the auditor’s reports, even if those third-parties are not specifically known at the time of reporting (Whittington & Pany)....   [tags: Accounting, Ethics ]
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1584 words
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Free College Essays - The Obligations of Hector in Homer’s Iliad - The Obligations of Hector in Homer’s Iliad   In Homer’s Iliad, an extremely courageous and noble character is Hector, Prince of Troy.  Hector does not want war, so his decision to lead the assault on the Achaean forces may seem strange.  However, if there were a noble way out of the war, Hector might have taken it. “Without a noble escape, Hector is forced to fight”(Willcock 62).              It does not seem to be rooted in his own belief that his brother Paris' actions are worthy of defense, or that Helen is a prize absolutely worth fighting for....   [tags: Iliad essays] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Ethical Obligations in Accounting - Ethical standards have had vast changes over the years. Michael Josephson, in Chapter 1 of Ethical Issues in the Practice of Accounting, 1992, described the "Ten Universal Values." They were as follows: honesty, integrity, promise-keeping, fidelity, fairness, caring, respect for others, responsible citizenship, pursuit of excellence, and accountability. Good ethics does not always mean good business practices. The purpose of ethics in business is to direct business men and women to abide by a code of conduct that facilitates, if not encourages, public confidence in their products and services (Smith & Smith, 2003, 3)....   [tags: Business Ethics] 1243 words
(3.6 pages)
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Theoretical Analysis of Restoration Liability Accounting - I. Theoretical Analysis of Restoration Liability Accounting Firms in the extractive industry usually follow a general pattern of evaluation & exploration, development, production, and finally rehabilitation of the site. According to the AASB Framework, “A liability is a present obligation of the entity arising from past events, the settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow from the entity of resources embodying economic benefits.” (AASB Framework #49a, 2004, p.22) Looking deeper than just the legal form of the mining asset, the economic benefit from the land in such a scenario where the asset (mining site) is leased or bought would flow to the entity rather than its legal owner....   [tags: Accounting]
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Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself - Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself ABSTRACT: Is Kant’s "Formula of the End in Itself" overly demanding. In addressing this question, I sketch a conception of co-obligation, that is, a sort of moral requirement that holds, not of persons distributively, but of persons collectively. I then raise a problem of devolution: How does a co-obligation for all persons devolve upon me. For instance, given that we must maximize happiness, it does not seem to follow that I must always act so as to maximize happiness....   [tags: Ethics Kant Formula End Itself Essays]
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A Unique and Meaningful Life - A Unique and Meaningful Life A unique and meaningful life is compatible with the concept of a moral agent’s deliberative frame. In defense of this assertion, I will argue in favour of Barbara Herman’s Kantian discussion of moral obligation, which suggests that moral conflict occurs in the agent’s grounds of obligation. Grounds of obligation are facts recognized and considered by the agent during moral deliberation; they are “facts of a certain sort. They have moral significance because they are defining features of our (human) rational natures that limit what we can rationally will (as defined by the CI procedure)” (318).[1] The grounds are not reasons for acting but are guides for deliberation; the facts considered in a given situation are founded in one’s deliberative frame, namely matters of importance to the moral agent.[2] Similar to Herman’s defense of Kant, I will argue that moral conflict may occur among the grounds of obligation in the agent’s deliberative frame, but never in one’s duty because the CI will always determine only one moral obligation....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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Lender Liability and the Duty of Good Faith - Lender Liability and the Duty of Good Faith I. Introduction From time to time, lenders and their attorneys announce that lender liability is no longer an issue with which the lending community needs to be concerned. What usually prompts this proclamation of the death of lender liability is a recent case in which a court has summarily rejected a borrower’s claim that the lender violated the duty of good faith and fair dealing. Many courts have rejected borrowers’ lawsuits which are based on allegations of the violation of the lender’s duty of good faith....   [tags: essays research papers] 7267 words
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Ethical Dilemma-Strategic Default - ... Fundamentally White argues that a mortgage contract is simply a contract, much like a contract for a gym membership. The lender has considered in advance that the homeowner may at some point unintentionally or strategically default on their mortgage obligation. The mortgage contract specifies how the lender will be compensated, should the mortgage obligation not be fulfilled by the homeowner. By including a clause in the contract that states the lender has the right to foreclose on the contracted property and keep all mortgage payments made prior to default, the lender has considered the risk and accepted it (White, 2010)....   [tags: Ethics ]
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The Guidance of a Government - ... If the laws were broken by the people, then they would be able to have a fair trial where justice would be serviced. The government has the obligation to implicate fair laws and a justice system to their citizens. When a fair justice system is in place, it assures the people that the government will provide them with equity and due process in their legal system. When there is civil laws people might not be satisfied with their judgment, but there is a perception of fairness. On the contrary, King George III abolished a free system of English Laws by uniting the colonies to introduce an absolute rule (82)....   [tags: Government]
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Catherine's Conflicting Feelings in James' Washington Square - Many conflicting situations that give way to problems often arise in life. These problems often create conflicting feelings within an individual who tries to but cannot satisfy both of the opposing sides. The novella, Washington Square by Henry James, portrays this idea. The story follows Dr. Sloper who marries a clever woman who bears him a son. However, death seizes both the mother and child, leaving only his daughter, Catherine, who spends most of her life trying to please her father, but could never please him because she was not clever like her mother....   [tags: Washington Square, expository] 1022 words
(2.9 pages)
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Robbing the Rich to Give to the Poor - Robbing the Rich to Give to the Poor Poverty has conquered nations around the world, striking the populations down through disease and starvation. Small children with sunken eyes are displayed on national television to remind those sitting in warm, luxiourious houses that living conditions are less than tolerable around the world. Though it is easy to empathize for the poor, it is sometimes harder to reach into our pocketbooks and support them. No one desires people to suffer, but do wealthy nations have a moral obligation to aid poor nations who are unable to help themselves....   [tags: Papers] 905 words
(2.6 pages)
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Convention on the Rights of the Child - 2.1.3 Convention on the Rights of the Child / UNCRC/ 1989 According UNICEF the CRC is the most rapidly and widely ratified international human rights instrument in the world, 192 states recognise the Convention principle that the child is a holder of rights and freedoms including States’ obligation to protect children from any act of violence. Ethiopia has ratified the CRC in 1992 and it has made a major contribution in the domestic recognition of the human rights of all children and it had a significant contribution to incorporate prohibition of child trafficking in the 1995 of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Constitution as provides Article 18....   [tags: Human Rights] 2549 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Human Rights Act - The Human Rights Act The Human Rights Act 1998 incorporates into domestic law the ECHR to which the UK has been committed since 1951. The Act modernises relationships between people and the State. The Act has brought huge responsibilities across the UK and one such responsibility is with regards to Article 2(the protection of the right to life) & Article 3(No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment). Article 2 & 3 imposes on the State positive obligations in that the securing of certain conventional rights can only be achieved by State action to regulate certain types of conduct....   [tags: Papers] 3571 words
(10.2 pages)
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The Metamorphosis and Ethan Frome - The Metamorphosis and Ethan Frome The routine of life can bring some people a sense of stability and happiness. For others this routine can be the cause of immense discontent and a feeling of entrapment. The main characters of the books The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton both experience this feeling of being trapped by their everyday responsibilities and environment. Family obligation, societal expectation, and their internal and external appearances trap both Gregor Samsa and Ethan Frome....   [tags: Essays Papers] 580 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Responsibility of Healthcare Workers to Report Signs of Child Abuse - In the health care industry, however they can be faced with many adversities every day. One such dilemma is reporting child abuse. It is a hard decision for anyone person to make based on legal, moral, or ethical obligations. Abuse can be defined as verbal, physical, psychological, and sexual. However, we must remember that no matter the abuse type it is a violation of a person is human and civil rights. In addition we have a duty and obligation as a health care worker to put a stop to abuse by reporting it to the proper authorities....   [tags: child abuse, argumentative, persuasive]
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Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children Supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Or - 2.1 International Instruments 2.1.1 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children Supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime /2000 This Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking Especially in Women and Children Supplements the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime which is adopted in 2000 by United Nations General Assembly. The purposes of the Protocol are to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, to protect and assist the victims of that trafficking, and to promote cooperation among state parties in order to achieve these objectives....   [tags: Human Rights] 1603 words
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Applying Common-sense Morality to Life - Applying Common-Sense Morality to Life I believe that I could and do “live with” W. D. Ross’s theory of common-sense morality as my own moral code. I agree with some of the principles that Kant and Utilitarianism follow, but I believe they are too strict. I agree with the system of moral dilemmas and priorities that common-sense morality uses. It allows a person to prioritize moral obligations and choose which obligation is more important based on a particular situation. I believe common-sense morality can easily be applied to situations at home, at work, and at school....   [tags: essays research papers] 597 words
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Workplace Health and Safety - Workplace Health and Safety A quick start to the workplace health & safety act 1995 How do you meet your obligations. You must meet your obligations under the Act. This can be done in different ways, but you are obliged to take action to manage exposure to risk. Workplace health and safety standards Regulations -- some regulations are workplace health and safety standards that either prohibit exposure to a risk or prescribe ways to prevent or minimise exposure to a risk. To meet your obligations under the Act you must comply with these types of regulations....   [tags: Papers] 1330 words
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Right to Food - RIGHT TO FOOD Right to Food is a human right i.e. access to the adequate food is fundamental right of human. It protects the right of all human begins to live in self-respect, free from food uncertainty, starvation and malnutrition. The right to food is a human right derived from the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) and International Convent on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). ICESCR has given the definition for right to food in its General Comment 12, 1999, Para 6 which states that the right to adequate food is realized when every man, woman and child, alone or in community with others, have the physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means for its procurement....   [tags: Human Rights] 549 words
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Defining Voluntarism - ... Unless defused, the bomb will explode, killing thousands of people. As a Kantian, it would not be morally permissible to torture the soldier to get him to reveal the bomb’s location. To explain why, first let’s define Kantian ethics and its value in regards to human life. Immanuel Kant, an eighteenth century German philosopher, believed that each rational human beings are worthy and demand certain rights to be respected. Kant calls his Supreme Principle of Morality the Category Imperative, in which, the version known as the Formula of the End in Itself states as follows: Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time as an end (O’Neill, 45)....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Night and Day - There are many physical and obvious differences between day and night, however there are many subtle differences in human behavior in the day as compared to in the night. People’s behavior differs during the day and night primarily because of fear, lack of scrutiny and judgment, and liberation from obligations. In the daytime, the sun illuminates the world, drawing everything into plain sight; in the nighttime however, the moon provides only a faint glow, allowing the world to be obscured and thrust into shadows and darkness....   [tags: Human Behavior] 545 words
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The Consequences of Responsibility in Dubliners - The Consequences of Responsibility in Dubliners James Joyce wrote a book of stories called Dubliners discussing different people’s lives in Dublin. In writing these stories, Joyce tries to portray in the characters a sense of sadness and pressure to do what is expected in society. When he wrote the book it was during a rough time in Dublin. Therefore, the issues that he discusses in the different stories show how the lives of the people were not as happy as they all wished. In the stories “Eveline,” “The Boarding House,” and “The Dead,” each one of the characters find some form of light at the end of the story which gives them a new start on their lives....   [tags: Dubliners James Joyce Essays] 1781 words
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The Importance of Education - The Importance of Education Education has always been a crucial part of society for the past centuries. Some believe that our education is a privilege. Some believe that our education is a right. Some believe that our education is an obligation. The only obligation we might have towards education is to treat it as a privilege as well as a right, but certainly not an obligation to have an education. Education has been the basis for the success we see in our parents, our teachers, and more importantly, ourselves....   [tags: Papers School Learning University Essays] 769 words
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Ethical Perspectives - Ethical Perspectives Introduction Ethics involves identifying, differentiating, and defending concepts of right and wrong, and what values humanity retains from ethical growth and development. The Williams Group for Ethics and Management developed an exercise, called the Ethics Awareness Inventory, which analyzes responses to a set of questions, and categorizes the results under four ethical perspectives: Character (or Virtue Ethics), Obligation (or Deontological Ethics), Results (or Utilitarianism), and Equity (or Relativism)....   [tags: Ethics Morals] 1285 words
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Evaluating Ethical Decisions and Defining a Universal Standard of Good - ... Swidler’s version of this universal declaration proposes specific fundamental values concerned with human rights, justice and peace, and environment conservation (para. 53). He discusses how the “Golden Rule” has served as a fundamental value for many cultures for thousands of years (para. 33). Swidler’s section of presuppositions in the declaration provides some fundamental values for the universal standard of good. In this section, Swidler suggest that humans have three specific obligations (1) to respect and protect another’s dignity, (2) to do good and avoid evil, and (3) to act conscientiously (para....   [tags: Morality/Ethics]
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"Absence and the Unfond Heart: Why People Are Less Giving Than They Might Be," - "Absence and the unfond heart: why people are less giving than they might be," Judith Lichtenberg successfully conveys her moral theory with many questions regarding her topics of abstractness, the sense of futility and ineffectiveness, overestimating our generosity, distance, the relativity of well-being, the power of shame, and the drops in the bucket. Using these practical and philosophical ideas she explains why we as a people should search to discover the obstacles that are preventing us from giving more, rather than the finding our charitable obligations and the amounts we should be giving....   [tags: Philosophy] 731 words
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Capital Punishment: Loosely Based Assumption - ... Capital punishment does not demonstrate the wrongfulness of killing by killing; it demonstrates the wrongfulness of killing by executing convicted murderers after a fair trial. The death penalty is enforced to illustrate that murder is intolerable: if one takes the life of an innocent human, then one will suffer the consequences that fit the crime. It cannot be forgotten that the United States is a democracy; therefore, the government is merely fulfilling its responsibility by doing what the people want....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
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Nursing Code of Ethics - ... This sense of responsibility to fidelity means to be trustful and keep a promise. Therefore, when taking care of a patient who is in a lot of pain and ask the nurse for his pain medication then the nurse promises to the patient that he or she will be back with his ordered medication within five minutes, then as a nurse duty he or she has to come back to the patient’s room within those five minutes, because he or she made the promise. It is an ethical principle that relates to fair treatment in light to what is owed to the patient....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]
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scarlet letter, ethan frome, lesson before dying - Dignity and Respect Many people try to escape the prison that suppresses them, but fail to because of their moral obligations to themselves and others. Edith Wharton’s Ethan Frome, Ernest J. Gaines’ A Lesson Before Dying and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Scarlet Letter, portray the struggles one acquires through their own conduct. Ethan in Ethan Frome, Grant in A Lesson Before Dying and Hester in Scarlet Letter each try to elude their life dilemma’s, but are hindered due to their obligations. Ethan is obligated to his wife though he loves Mattie, while Grant is obligated to his society, but wants to leave....   [tags: essays research papers] 1039 words
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battle of hastings recruiting - October 14th of the year 1066 two armies faced each other near the town of Hastings. 10,000 Norman troops under the command of William of Normandy faced 8,000 Anglo-Saxon soldiers led by Harold the current king of England. Geoffrey Parker, Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare (Cambridge: 1995), pp. 82-3. Harold's 8,000 men consisted of Housecarls, the local Fyrd, and local village volunteers. David Howarth, 1066: The Year of the Conquest (New York: 1977),pp.170-1 The two armies clashed on that day and history tells us the outcome....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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John Locke: Social Contract Chapters 6-8 - In the beginning of the Second Treatise, Locke lays out his theme of his political theory, which is in order to preserve the public good, the main function of government is the protection of private property. Each individual is created equal and has the liberty to act as they want without any interference from any other individual. The one thing that prevents this system from chaos is that every human has the capability of reason. Chapter VI Of Parental Power Locke begins Chapter VI by saying that the power of parents does not lie entirely with the father, that the mother has a role in raising a child....   [tags: Politics] 543 words
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Hypothetical Consent and Political Legitimacy - Hypothetical Consent and Political Legitimacy ABSTRACT: A commonly accepted criticism of the social contract approach to justifying political authority targets the notion of hypothetical consent. Hypothetical contracts, it is argued, are not binding; therefore hypothetical consent cannot justify political authority. I argue that although hypothetical consent may not be capable of creating political obligation, it has the power to legitimate political arrangements. Hypothetical Consent and Justification A commonly accepted criticism of the social contract approach to justifying political authority targets the idea of hypothetical consent....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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The world - This paper is about the world, but I've never written it. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Editing Resources Other Resources Hosted by pair Networks ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------ A Critique of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Version of Natural Law Theory Paradoxically, Martin Luther King, Jr., in his "Letter from Birmingham City Jail," initially uses classical natural law theory to defend his actions, but immediately thereafter contradicts a fundamental tenet of this theory and relies on a "weaker" version of natural law....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Analysis of Fable by Nina Cassian - Analysis of Fable by Nina Cassian Whereas the extent of my poetic appreciation lies in a decided distaste for Dante and a zest for limericks concerning Nantucket - it behooves me to discuss a poem that my limited capacities can grasp. Fable by Nina Cassian is just such a poem. I view this piece as Ms. Cassian's perspective on life (a "sentence" or an obligation), death, and sadly, the fact that most people do not appreciate the beautific nature of existence. I understand the first stanza as a depiction of man's earthly plane as a sort of testing ground for "angels" - a place where beings are concerned with the development of spirit, "to master imbalance." The second and third stanzas I interpret as the transformation of the ethereal spirit to a corporeal state....   [tags: Cassian Fable Essays] 428 words
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Psychology - Kant/Mill The basic differences between deontological moral theories and consequentialist moral theories are right in the names. The consequentialist moral theory states that the worth of a moral act is based on the consequence of that act. Deontology broken from its greek roots means ethical theory by obligation. Say you are at a restaurant and a women begins to choke on her dinner and lets assume that you are the only one there that knows CPR. The deontologist believe that it is your moral “duty” to save her life....   [tags: essays research papers] 387 words
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Responsibilities - Responsibilities Almost every time one turns on the television he will see some sort of advertisement. Shoes, cars, phone companies, and many other products are advertised every day. We see all sorts of commercials where the end is full of fine lines that are displayed so fast that one, whom is not a speed reader, could never read it before it is taken off of the screen. This leaves the viewer with only the knowledge of what he saw in the commercial without the fine wording at the end. There are also radio advertisements, billboards, and fliers containing false or misleading advertisements....   [tags: Papers] 334 words
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Comparing Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and The Sign of Four - Breaking Away in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and The Sign of Four   That which is willed and that which is wanted can be as different as the mind and the heart.  The Victorian age in English Literature is known for its earnest obedience to a moralistic and highly structured social code of conduct; however, in the last decade of the 19th Century this order began to be questioned.  So dramatic was the change in thought that Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (published in 1883) and Doyle's The Sign of Four (published in 1890) can be used to display this breaking away from strict social and moral standards.  Stevenson's character Mr....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Can the Lost Be Found? - Third world countries have always been viewed as hopelessly poor. Sad faces that peer out at you during television commercials, which give you momentary feelings of remorse, and shame, for not pledging your donation. That is all they are. Images of a deprived world we have never experienced, and in most views, cannot change, momentarily reminding us of how fortunate we are to be born in a country that does provide a standard of living beyond basic necessity. Nevertheless, one question is prominent in my mind....   [tags: Ethics] 641 words
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Devotion and Commitment - Devotion and Commitment When a lover gives oneself to another, is it devotion or commitment. It is difficult to say because it would depend on what type of relationship the two have with each other. Ideal love should be based on devotion because it is in a sense that devotion is unconditional and flexible. Commitment seems to be more like something that you have to agree to or given to, mercy. It also appears to be something that one would have to teach oneself to know. Commitment shouldn't be something that should be practiced in a relationship....   [tags: Papers] 451 words
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George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 - George Orwell's 1984 takes place in Oceania, a country ruled by English Socialism (Ingsoc) and an all-powerful organization known as the Party. For most people, there is an inadequate supply of goods, and everything is ugly and tastes horrible. Winston, the main character, constantly wonders if the past was better. In the society he lives in, there is no love, trust, or friendship. Although these people live in a world like this, revolt is impossible because man is no longer human. An example of this lack of humanity is the relationships the people have with one another....   [tags: essays research papers] 412 words
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Genocide and Americans Actions - Opinion 1: Lead the World in the Fight to Stop Genocide Military: According to the Genocide Convention signed and put into effect by the U.N December 9. 1948. Anyone committing genocide, whether constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials, or private individuals will be punished. Genocide is defined as the killing of members in a group, causing serious bodily or mental harm, imposing measures intended to prevent birth, or forcibly transferring children of that group to another group....   [tags: essays research papers] 314 words
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Exploring Free Will and Decision Making in Albert Camus' The Guest - Exploring Free Will and Decision Making in Albert Camus' short story "The Guest," In Albert Camus' short story "The Guest," Camus raises numerous philosophical questions. These are: does man have free will?, are an individual's decisions affected by what society demands, expects, neither, or both?, and finally, how does moral and social obligation affect decision making. Balducci brings the Arab to Daru's door, informing Daru that "I have an order to deliver the prisoner and I'm doing so," (90) thus freeing Balducci of the responsibility over wherever the Arab ultimately ended up....   [tags: Camus The Guest] 2034 words
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Evaluating Our Responsibility to Future Generations - Evaluating Our Responsibility to Future Generations   "I suspect that if there is cause to fear for man's survival it is because the calculus of logic and reason will be applied to problems where they have as little validity, even as little bearing, as the calculus of feeling or sentiment applied to the solution of Euclidian geometry." -- R. Heilbroner   The above quote from Robert Heilbroner speaks well to my feeling after reading some of the theoretical approaches to the ethics of our "obligation to future generations" from this weeks readings....   [tags: Environment Environmental Pollution Preservation] 1849 words
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Libertarians Unethical in Respect to Poverty - Libertarians Unethical in Respect to Poverty Poverty in the United States has long been a social, political, and human rights issue. Few people would say that it is not our moral duty, as social human beings to take care of those less fortunate than ourselves, to the best of our ability. I say "few" because there are some people out there who believe that we have no moral obligation to do anything outside of ourselves. These types of people have what is called a "libertarian" viewpoint. There is really no specific definition of "libertarian", but it is associates "justice with liberty and…liberty itself with the absence of interference by other persons." In relation to the matter at hand, specifically poverty in America, libertarians are against taxing the affluent or forcing people to aid the starving and poor....   [tags: Papers Libertarian Politics] 992 words
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Exploration of Criminal Law - Exploration of Criminal Law The British legal system convicts or acquits criminals based primarily on two principles - actus reas (guilty act) and mens rea (guilty mind). In order for an unlawful situation to arise, both these conditions must be present. The actus reas of a crime deals with the circumstances and consequence of the crime whilst the mens rea is considering the state of mind of the person committing the crime. A hypothetical situation would be one of D intending to kill X and subsequently carrying this out - D would have both the actus reas and the mens rea and could be trialled....   [tags: Papers] 1787 words
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Legal Case Study - Legal Case Study Tom agrees to give Ellen private tuition for her Law of Contract examination to held in eight months time. The fee is £300, of which Ellen pays £25, with the balance to be paid on completion of the tuition. Tom spends £50 in the preparation of some printed tuition notes....   [tags: Papers] 857 words
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Civil Disobedience - All throughout world history, human beings have participated in acts of civil disobedience. However, in the last two centuries the belief and practice of it has been in full swing and has even brought on major historical events, especially concerning equal rights and just laws. Three major firm believers and activists in civil disobedience were Henry David Thoreau, Martin Luther King Jr., and Gandhi. All three of these men participated in acts of civil disobedience but each in his own way and for different reasons....   [tags: History Luther Kind Thoreau Gandhi] 1383 words
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Ethics of Psychoanalysis - Lacan’s Antigone and the Ethics of Interpretation - Ethics of Psychoanalysis - Lacan’s Antigone and the Ethics of Interpretation My paper examines Lacan’s reading of the Antigone as an allegory of our own textual and ethical obligations as readers and critics. This paper addresses both the ethics and the aesthetics of our encounter with the text. In 1959, Lacan presented Sophocles’ Antigone as a model of pure desire for his seminar on The Ethics of Psychoanalysis: Antigone presents herself as autonomos, the pure and simple relationship of a human being to that which it miraculously finds itself carrying, that is the rupture of signification, that which grants a person the insuperable power of being—in spite of and against everything—what he [sic] is....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 771 words
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Deontologial Theory - ETHICS Deontological Theory Historically ethics was studied from a philosophical aspect and viewed as the science of morals. Ethics had been defined as the principles of moral conduct that govern our behavior. Our ethical behavior is developed from various factors, to include our environment, family and beliefs. The origins of ethics can be traced back to the fifth century, BC ( Banner, 1968, pg.67). Plato, Socrates and Aristotle are among the early teachers of ethics. These teachers along with many other philosophers developed and taught numerous ethical theories based on their beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
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