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Binge Eating in Non-Western Cultures - Literature regarding eating disorders in non-Western cultures in general is scarce. Very few studies address disordered eating in cultures outside of the Western and Westernized world. This could be because of the perceived lack of eating disorders in non-industrialized countries or even because there is an overwhelming amount of concern over eating disorders in Western society. However, there have been several studies done on binge eating and dietary restraint in non-western citizens and in non-Caucasian women in the United States....   [tags: binge eating, eating disorders, non-western, cultu] 1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Body in Western and Non Western Cultures - ... While they look healthy and act healthy these drugs have devastating effects inside of their body such as liver damage and formation of devastating cancers. In this example while the body was healthy by society standards it was not by medical standards. In non western cultures, especially in Hmong culture, the body is a house for the spirit. The house is a mystery; no one knows how it works. For example, in The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down doctors have to reassure patients that blood work will not decrease the amount of blood in the body....   [tags: Beauty ]
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964 words
(2.8 pages)
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Differences in Relationships Between Western and Non-Western Cultures - Differences in Relationships Between Western and Non-Western Cultures Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. This limitation is very important as it argues that the behaviour and communication need to be understood within the context in which they occur, and this context considerably differs from one culture to another. Therefore we can readily accept that there are large differences in interpersonal relationships between cultures....   [tags: Papers] 891 words
(2.5 pages)
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Two traditions of Western and Chinese Cultures - Two traditions of Western and Chinese Cultures ABSTRACT: In European atomic theory, Euclid's geometry and Aristotle's logic complement each other and are generally acknowledged sources of Western science. In China, the book Zhou Yi is the source of Chinese science because it system contains a unity of philosophic, logical and mathematical thinking. These two systems form the core of the scientific models of the Western and Chinese cultural traditions. In political and ideological arenas, the Western is a contract model based on the individual, but the Chinese is an entirety one base on 'human administration.' In Western societies, the inner general tensile stress of contracts causes losses and breaks of action standards and values, but it also has features of reconstruction, regeneration, and re-creation....   [tags: World History Essays]
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2076 words
(5.9 pages)
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Environmental Change and "Bounded" Cultures - Environmental Change and "Bounded" Cultures Viewing “‘cultures’ as shared, bounded wholes, relating to single, static environments” is a deceptive perspective in global environmental science today. As “global environmental problems have local environmental impacts,” the way that scientists think of local indigenous communities affects the relevancy of any international aid a global scientific community can offer (209). Ultimately, “environmentally benign beliefs translate into environmentally benign practice,” and unless scientists overcome predispositions about the inertness of culture, any valuable international relationship towards a “common future” will be lost (215, 222)....   [tags: Essays Papers] 402 words
(1.1 pages)
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Pre-Industrial Visual Cultures - Pre-Industrial Visual Cultures I remember my father's futile attempts at trying to get me interested in Eastern philosophy. He got me cartoon versions of Zen philosophy and the teachings of Chinese philosophers, and would try to draw parallels between their ideas and what was going on in our lives. Unfortunately, I was more preoccupied with my telephone-marathons and other such pressing issues. The effect of his words on me was like water rolling off a duck's back. As I got older and less oblivious to the world, old ways and ideas were no longer applicable and I found myself left with nothing to hold onto....   [tags: Culture Cultural Papers]
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1381 words
(3.9 pages)
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Strategies of a Non-Native Translator - Strategies of a Non-Native Translator Non-native speakers of the target language are strongly discouraged from translating literature. I believe this is a very sensible recommendation, for regardless of individual abilities, it is often the case that the texts translated by such translators do not flow well. To be more exact, when I read translated works by non-native speakers, including my own, I often detect a matter-of-fact, straightforward tone, rather too serious, if not downright annoying to read, instead of the subtleties and elegance of the flow exhibited by many native translators....   [tags: Essays Papers] 3170 words
(9.1 pages)
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The Extent to Which Relationships Have been Shown to be Different in Wester and Non-Western Culture - The Extent to Which Relationships Have been Shown to be Different in Wester and Non-Western Culture Relationships can differ hugely from one person to the next, this can be due to numerous factors; one of these being culture. In a Western culture, ideals are inflicted on individuals which lead to a certain type of relationship present for the majority, as is the case in non-Western cultures. Obvious differences between cultures may include religion, which in turn could lead to arranged marriage, hence affecting the formation of a relationship....   [tags: Papers] 723 words
(2.1 pages)
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Native American Cultures, Tribes, and Religion - ... The author Pritzker states, “Such spirits instructed people on the use of medicines with which to activate their power… Spirits might cause illness, protect an individual from arrows, or hurt other people” (237). The Shoshone also believe that all men could cure, although there were also professionals. Lastly the Blackfoot tribe, whose religious beliefs have some similarities to Paiute and the Shoshone people in that, they believe spirits, which everyone can connect with, inhabit the world. The Shoshone understand the sun as being a deity, so much so that “sweating is considered a religious activity” (Pritzker 304)....   [tags: Native American Studies]
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849 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Cradle of Western Civilization - ... Throughout history, sea powers have had a complicated and powerful commerce system. Greece was the first. They also had a practical sense of how to use a profit, buildings, and military properly. Their non-dependence upon nature allowed them to focus their energy on science and philosophy rather than how they are going to get food. Since their lives depended upon how much fish they caught or boats they owned, the Greeks became very materialistic. This created competition between the Greeks and led to a form of capitalism....   [tags: Culture]
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2086 words
(6 pages)
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Marriage in the Western European Society - Marriage in the Western European Society Without exception marriage is a human social construct. The animal kingdom does appear to have a number of species that appear to mate for life but the term marriage implies a formal commitment requiring ceremony, social obligations and rights. There are also very many cultural differences around the world in what is perceived to be “marriage”. However, without exception all cultures do have an understanding of the term, have obligations and benefits to marriage, most especially for men....   [tags: Papers] 468 words
(1.3 pages)
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Africa's Influence on Western Art - Africa's Influence on Western Art During the mid 19th century up until the Great War of 1914, European countries began to heavily colonize and come into contact with African nations. This was called "new imperialism". During this contact, European culture was influenced by Africa. The influence of the African people can be seen in the European society of the time. In the 19th and 20th centuries, modern artists embraced African art for its lack of pretension or formal qualities. In the latter part of the 19th century, the "scramble for Africa," consolidated at the Berlin Conference, divided the terrain of the African continent among the numerous European contenders....   [tags: Papers] 1851 words
(5.3 pages)
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Cultural Appropriation and Its Effects On Other Cultures - Cultural Appropriation and Its Effects On Other Cultures This past Halloween I dressed up as a China Doll; in my black traditional Asian dress, white painted face, rosy pink cheeks, black eyeliner, and my hair held up in a bun with chopsticks. I originally thought that this costume would be rather attractive and fun. However, I began to question myself after a young lady approached me and asked, "Are you suppose to be an Asian person?" I immediately replied, "No, I am a beautiful China Doll"....   [tags: Papers] 3733 words
(10.7 pages)
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World Leadership: Divided Between Cultures, Not Between Countries - World leadership: divided between cultures, not between countries Since the end of World War II, the United States of America has emerged as the newest form of empire, and has been in conflict with various types of nations, despite the fact it has never been in the position of actually defending its geographical territories. Many do not contest the fact that America is a new form of empire; yet, its actions and policy towards exercising world leadership are questioned and criticized. Charles Krauthammer (2003) argues that America has the right to this leadership because it is the only superpower with the ability to maintain peace and extend democracy in its purest form....   [tags: International Politics ]
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853 words
(2.4 pages)
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What Christians can do in a world of cultures in conflict? - What Christians can do in a world of cultures in conflict. The main topic of this book is “worldview”. What’s “worldview”. It’s not easy to find completed answer. There is a story like that. King of Siam was surprise about story of Dutch ambassador that in winter elephant could walk on river. It’s hard for King of Siam living in the tropics to believe. The King’s worldview could not allow him to accept this. The aim of this book is to help reader will gain a better understanding of his own worldview....   [tags: Religion] 1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Acupuncture As An Alternative Medicine In The Western Culture - Debora Cytrynowicz Acupuncture as an Alternative Medicine ( in the Western Culture) Alternative medicine is a very general term whose definition can be very controversial. Basically, it is many holistic techniques for preventing and treating illnesses. Acupuncture, and many other therapies, have long been a part of Asian cultures and have recently been integrated into the Western culture. Since Acupuncture is such an important tradition in China, it has gained much respect from other cultures....   [tags: essays research papers] 1654 words
(4.7 pages)
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Greek Accomplishment and Foundation of the Western World - Greek Accomplishment and Foundation of the Western World Most people today think that our ancestors made up our current cultures and traditions by themselves. However, most of western society is based upon Greek culture and ideas that were passed to the Romans and then passed on to Europe, and then Americas. We still share characteristics with the ancient world. The most important aspect that made Greek ideas so appealing was the idea that humans were able to reason: the highest value that a human could ascribe to....   [tags: History World American Historical Papers] 1931 words
(5.5 pages)
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Western Music Ideology vs. Traditional Indigenous Music - ... Contemporary Music - for reconciliation. Ironically, the images discussed above are normally associated with the hip hop genre – a category of music in which many contemporary Indigenous Australian artists portray their interpretations of reconciliation under. Brothablack’s solo album ‘More Than a Feeling’ explores what it means to be an Indigenous man living in the 21st century (Reconciliation Australia, 2009). As a former member of the Indigenous hip hop crew, South West Syndicate, Brothablack has had a lot of experience in the Australian Hip Hop genre (Brothablack 2006)....   [tags: Music ]
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2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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Islam Culture Versus Islam Religion & The Western Perception of Islam - Islam Culture Versus Islam Religion & The Western Perception of Islam Throughout this course we have learned several different aspects of Islam as a culture and as a religion we have also been able to put to rest several myths that have plagued Islam in the eyes of the Western World. In this paper I will discuss the significant difference of Islam as a religion versus Islam as a culture as seen through the eyes of a Malay Muslim. I will then go on to discuss how the Western world views Islam and how it is progressively changing for the better....   [tags: Papers] 1964 words
(5.6 pages)
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Egyptian Society: Traditional Middle Eastern Values Blended with Western Beliefs - Egyptian Society: Traditional Middle Eastern Values Blended with Western Beliefs Amongst the turbid and dysfunction that is the Middle East lies the nation of Egypt. Egypt, a major country of the Middle East, is habitually considered stereotypical of Middle Eastern civilization, but further research guides one to the conclusion that Egypt is far from a generic Middle Eastern country. Egypt has a strong tradition of nationalism that has been formed during its history, giving it a national unity that is often non-existent in other Middle Eastern nations (1)....   [tags: Culture]
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2051 words
(5.9 pages)
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Western Indians - In the late nineteenth century the expansion to the west increased the American culture. Since population was growing they needed to satisfy demands equally for every person. The idea of Manifest Destiny was used as a justification for the expansion and westward movement. Natives Americans were against the thought Americans had about the West. As a result Americans put a number of policies that helped remove the Natives Americans of the West. Americans were trying to destroy the culture Natives had....   [tags: Native American Indian History] 913 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Difference Between Western Society Attitudes to Puberty and Religious Attitudes and Beliefs Towards Puberty - The Difference Between Western Society Attitudes to Puberty and Religious Attitudes and Beliefs Towards Puberty For our Theatre In Education (T.I.E.) piece we decided to tackle the issue of puberty and the different changes boys and girls go through during this, sometimes difficult, stages of their lives. We decided to do in this in an effort to teach younger pupils in the school a little more about puberty and set aside the fact from the fiction. We aimed to do this by performing a series of our own short sketches-each with a different theme and issue to tackle, for example, pubic hair, periods and hormones....   [tags: Papers] 1079 words
(3.1 pages)
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Annotated Bibliography: Eating Disorders Among Different Cultures - ... The authors use an adaptation of Stice’s (1994) socio-cultural model of disordered eating that includes social comparisons, self-reports of body mass index and perceived weight status and examine how these components affect this model. Data obtained from a sample of 250 girls and 275 boys, ages between 11-16, revealed that pressure to loose weight is linked to eating behavior, social comparison, internalization and body dissatisfaction. Social comparisons were strongly connected to body dissatisfaction for adolescents who considered themselves to be overweight....   [tags: health, wellness, nursing, cultural] 1762 words
(5 pages)
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Speculative Desires and an Unchanging Western Hostility - The article “US Policy Toward Political Islam” by Stephen Zunes is a thoroughly researched topic. His depictions of a greedy, judgmental America are accurate and to the point. While there is a good chunk of useful suggestions that may have created less hostility from our Eastern counterparts, it is not logical or possible to say that following these sanctions out would have changed the outcome of the last ten years. What can be said of these ideas, is that following a more honest approach to politics through US policies would have given America a much needed transparency....   [tags: Article Analysis]
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972 words
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The Good The Bad And The Ugly - The Good, The Bad and The Ugly Western films are the major defining genre of the American film industry, a eulogy to the early days of the expansive American frontier. They are one of the oldest, most enduring and flexible genres and one of the most characteristically American genres in their mythic origins - they focus on the West - in North America. Western films have also been called the horse opera, the oater (quickly-made, short western films which became as common place as oats for horses), or the cowboy picture....   [tags: Western Films Movies] 1767 words
(5 pages)
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Problems In Intercultural Communication - Problems In Intercultural Communication Humans have been communicating since four million years. On the other hand, the birth of culture is estimated to have taken place about 35,000 years ago. Today, both culture and communication have evolved considerably and have become interdependent of one another, to the point that communication is considered to be a product of culture. Thus, our own culture has a deep impact on our thoughts and behaviors. Since each culture has its distinct aspects, intercultural communication can be the cause of conflict and disorder....   [tags: Communications Cultures Foreign Essays] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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Bicycles - Bicycles and life The bicycle was a truly exciting machine when it was first invented over a century ago; it was improved with every passing. A bike has many advantages- it is the most energy efficient form of transport on earth, it is healthy, non-polluting, economical and safe, but it's most unique, outstanding and enjoyable quality is that a bike is totally personal. The experience is unlike anything that you encounter while you are bicycling. Swooping around corners, the wind rushing against your face and through your hair, the smells of grass, of morning bakeries and evening dew is sensational....   [tags: World Cultures] 349 words
(1 pages)
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Level of Development within the Dominican Republic - 1.0 Introduction The following report examines the extent of development within the Dominican Republic in relation to economic, social and political development. It shall also examine some of the problems that are preventing further development within the Dominican Republic. 1.1 Location The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, between Cuba and Puerto Rico on the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti to the west. With an extension of 48,442 square kilometres, the Dominican Republic is the second largest country in the Antilles....   [tags: World Cultures] 4785 words
(13.7 pages)
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Global Culture - Global Culture Modern technology has extended human life and levels of comfort. But it also has destroyed thousands of cultures. Today the world's people speak about 6,000 languages, a good measure of diversity; by the year 2100 the number of languages could drop to 3,000 as traditional cultures change. According to convergence theory, modernization will bring Western and non-Western countries together by breaking down cultural barriers to produce a global society. Countering this view is divergence theory, which emphasizes the growing separation between Western and non-Western cultures....   [tags: Anthropology] 481 words
(1.4 pages)
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Should We Seek Truth in Somé’s Magic? - Should We Seek Truth in Somé’s Magic. What is most striking about Malidoma Somé’s Of Water and the Spirit is not only his extraordinary account of the Dagara initiation ritual, but the ways in which he uses his experiences to make comments upon Western culture. Because of the way in which he was raised and educated, Somé clearly dwells upon the border between his native Dagara culture and the vastly differing Western culture. Somé himself characterizes himself as “a man of two worlds,” with his lifework being to attempt to explain each to the other....   [tags: Of Water and the Spirit Literature Essays] 897 words
(2.6 pages)
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West vs.World - West vs. World “Every age , every culture, every custom and tradition has its own character, its own weakness and its own strength, its beauties and cruelties; it accepts certain sufferings as matters of course, puts up patiently with certain evils. Human life is reduced to real suffering, to hell, only when two ages, two cultures and religions overlap.” (Hermann Hesse.) It is difficult for any culture in the world to avoid the blending of cultures. In Marshal Sahlins essay, “Two or Three Things I Know about Culture”, he proved that almost all cultures are derived from another....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Clash of Civilizations - ... However, the non-Western countries disobey those values and started cooperation beyond their culture, religion and political view. As Huntington points out, “the Confucian-Islamic connection” that occurred in the Eastern civilization, is a cooperation between non-Western countries for their internal development, thus “challenging the Western interests, values and power” (376). Conflicts between those countries may occur, but is less likely to expand into a war because this connection is mostly based on the cooperation on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as revenge to the Western civilization pressure....   [tags: Analysis, Samuel P. Huntington] 2191 words
(6.3 pages)
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Nonverbal Communication and Cultural Differences - ... (Wood, 2009). Hence, all these touch responses depends on the cultural context of specific culture. Kinesics is referred to as a body language and it is the most common type of the nonverbal communication, it could be a gesture, facial expressions, postures, and eye behaviour. All these modes are nitty-gritty of any nonverbal communication process, and their interpretation depends upon the relative cultural context. Marshall & Rossman (1995) claims that, Kinesics must be used thoughtfully and carefully, as movements and gestures can be easily misinterpreted....   [tags: Communication ]
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1632 words
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Universal Code of Software Ethics - Universal Code of Software Ethics Introduction Software organizations are growing along with the international businesses they service. Driven by universalism, the world is becoming a single workplace and marketplace. Like all professionals, Software professionals who work within these organizations regularly face problems of an ethical and moral nature. In making decisions, what cultural, social and ethical norms should apply - those of the professionals’ home culture or those of the culture in which they are working, and indeed, are these two choices necessarily different....   [tags: Computers Software Technology Essays]
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3512 words
(10 pages)
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Mulan: A Woman on a Mission - ... The need to absorb some ideas of gender equality without radically challenging the patriarchal social structure requires Disney to channel feminism in a way that is non-threatening to white male audiences. In the case, of Mulan, Disney shelters the gender hierarchy in Western society through dissolving it into the racial/cultural hierarchy. That is it exempts Western cultures from scrutiny through attributing gender injustice to the traditional formation of non western cultures. In the Western popular culture, non-Western cultures are one assumed to be the primary source of gender repression....   [tags: Film Analysis ]
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1815 words
(5.2 pages)
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European Values, Globalization, and Domination - European Values, Globalization, and Domination The major lasting impact of human mobility across borders and across cultures is the rise of the western domination and exploitation of cultures; and which now manifests itself globalization. In this essay I seek to explain the cultural values which made western domination possible and the impact this culture, once globalized had on ecosystems. The supremacy was the product of cultural forces which were favorable to European domination, and on the part of conquered peoples, their biological susceptibility to European diseases....   [tags: Politics Political Essays]
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1779 words
(5.1 pages)
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Defining Abnormality With Consideration of Cultural Differences - Defining Abnormality With Consideration of Cultural Differences Cultural differences are always a problem when defining abnormality. What one would consider completely normal in one culture would be considered abnormal in another, for example the island of Java often set fire to a ball soaked in petrol and then play football with it. Here that would be considered wrong and abnormal but is an everyday occurrence for the people of Java. This concept doesn't only apply to eastern cultures; the English could be defined as abnormal by other cultures definitions, even by other western societies e.g....   [tags: Papers] 456 words
(1.3 pages)
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What Is Orientalism? - What Is Orientalism. Said made a clear analogy between orientalism and colonialism. They are both set with the same binary opposition. white/ non white occidental/ non occidental In a very detailed and structured study of the orient (behavior, habit, tradition ...) we document a large amount of fact and data. All compile in a general study they produce the illusion of a well understood and objectively constructed knowledge. These are, in fact, mere observations and purely subjective entities (seen only with the western eyes) which do not explain nor reflect the true nature of the object....   [tags: Definition Oriental Orientalism Essays] 587 words
(1.7 pages)
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Global Markets vs. Local Realities - Global Markets vs. Local Realities "What happens to commodities when they cross cultural borders?" Howes' recent edited volume, Cross-Cultural Consumption, sets out explicitly to answer this very question. Through a diverse and highly accessible set of collected papers, inspired and adapted from a special issue of Anthropogie et Sociitis on "Culture and Consumption," the reader finds an excellent introduction to the major themes in the anthropological approach to consumption. Situated squarely within the booming literature on the globalization of consumer society, the papers in this volume are expressly geared towards students of consumer studies from a range of disciplines....   [tags: Consumption Economics Essays]
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1586 words
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The Controversy of Columbus Day - The Controversy of Columbus Day The controversy of whether or not Christopher Columbus should continue to be acknowledged by a federal holiday proves that his legacy has not escaped the scrutiny of history. Arguments born of both sides of the controversy stem from issues such as genocide, racism, multiculturalism, geographical land rights, and the superiority of certain cultures over others. In The Christopher Columbus Controversy: Western Civilization vs. Primitivism, Michael Berliner, Ph.D....   [tags: Papers] 877 words
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Is Globalisation a Myth or a Fact? - The term globalisation describes the process of becoming worldwide in scope or application, and the increasing interdependency of nation-sates. At least - that gives us one loose definition for globalisation, but as Scholte (2000) realises, globalisation is a thoroughly contested subject, with arguments extend across the issue of definition as well as measurement, chronology, explanation and normative judgement. In fact, Scholte identifies five contrasting definitions for the word 'globalisation' as used by a number of the subject's commentators and critics - internationalisation, liberalisation, universalisation, western/modernisation and deterrioralisation are (2000: 13)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Genetic Essentialism - Genetic Essentialism Coming to live in a new country offers the unique opportunity to look at life from a profoundly different vantage-point. So, during my first two years as a scientist in the United States I’ve often found myself reflecting on how societies differ in fundamental ways in their basic orientation toward life. Many experiences and impressions during this time have dramatically increased my awareness how much all bodies of knowledge — about the ways the world works and the way the world, and we ourselves, are — need to be understood as ‘local knowledge systems’....   [tags: Science Scientific Papers]
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3311 words
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Ethnocentrism - Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism is the name given to a tendency to interpret or evaluate other cultures in terms of one's own. This tendency has been, perhaps, more prevalent in modern nations than among preliterate tribes. The citizens of a large nation, especially in the past, have been less likely to observe people in another nation or culture than have been members of small tribes who are well acquainted with the ways of their culturally diverse neighbours. Thus, the American tourist could report that Londoners drive "on the wrong side of the street" or an Englishman might find some customs on the Continent "queer" or "boorish," merely because they are different....   [tags: Papers] 1801 words
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Feminism and Cultural Relativism in Human Rights Discourse: Sex-determination Test in India - Feminism and Cultural Relativism in Human Rights Discourse: Sex-determination Test in India ABSTRACT: Feminists and cultural relativists are highly critical of human rights even if their criticisms have taken two diametrically opposed sides. This has created a conflict between the two groups. In this paper, I summarize the views of feminists and cultural relativists and then show that there are many similarities between them despite their differences, for they share a common ground concerning human rights discourse....   [tags: Feminist Essays]
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3148 words
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Collective Goods - ... It is very common for there to be unfair practice when it comes to these issues since some players may draw out and the others may have to carry its burden. There should be penalties assigned to those that do not comply or decide to revert so they can have better accountability of the actions of those involved. Some players may choose to request special requirements placed upon them for example during Clinton’s Presidency he was attempting to create a way that the protocol gave the United States separate rules from other countries (Stiles p268)....   [tags: International Community, The Kyoto Protocol] 1498 words
(4.3 pages)
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Edward Said's Orientalism - Edward Said's Orientalism Western civilization, generally speaking, is extremely egotistical and has the view that Western culture is superior to all others. They believe they are more civilized and more educated than the rest of the world and because of this, stems the idea that it is the duty of Western civilization to take other, less developed societies under their wing. These concepts of supremacy and domination are closely related to Said's ideas of Orientalism. In his book, Orientalism, Edward Said explains in detail exactly what he believes the word Orientalism means....   [tags: History Colonialism Orientalism Essays] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Daniel Elazar, Bogus or Brilliant: A Study of Political Culture Across the American States - Daniel Elazar, Bogus or Brilliant: A Study of Political Culture Across the American States American states each have individual political cultures which are important to our understanding of their political environments, behavior, and responses to particular issues. While voters probably do not consciously think about political culture and conform to that culture on election day, they seem to form cohesive clusters in different areas of the state, creating similar group political ideologies. Because of these similarities, it is possible to measure the dominant political culture within states or areas of a state, gaining insight into the mind-set of state residents....   [tags: Politics Political Science Essays] 6107 words
(17.4 pages)
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The Criteria Within the DSM IV and Our Diverse Society - The Criteria Within the DSM IV and Our Diverse Society As our society is bombarded with the images of manufactured beauty and “thinness”, conversations increasingly center on dieting and body dissatisfaction. The media advertises weight loss products in the form of pills, drinks, surgery, fitness equipment and support groups to mold individuals into the proposed ideal form. This evidence alone suggests a strong case for the possibility of a pathological fear of fat. Is this fear, however, the driving force behind all cases of anorexia nervosa and bulimia....   [tags: Society Sociology Fat Weight Essays]
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1639 words
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Globalisation - Australia and Asia - Edward Said states, “No one today is purely one thing. Labels like Indian, or woman, or Muslim, or American are no more than starting points.” Said’s idea illustrates the evolution of relations between communities as a result of globalization, and the understanding and recognition of other cultures through the interpretation of cultural borders. In this essay I will analyse to what extent globalisation is affecting identity formation, and also the roles of cultural borders in today’s world. I will assess whether through globalisation of the media we are in fact overcoming cultural borders and traditional stereotypes and in turn forging a mutual respect between foreign communities, or as Said argues (Said cited in Crary & Mariani1990), whether globalisation and Western media dominance through peripheral and Third World societies is perpetuating Western superiority, “the ever rolling march of commodification, the old form of globalisation, fully in keeping with the west, which is simply able to absorb everybody else within its drive” (Hall 1991), and spreading hegemony, with little or selected representation of local culture....   [tags: essays research papers] 2567 words
(7.3 pages)
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Our Cultural Lens - ... A belief is a firmly held opinion that ultimately defines what one holds as truth regarding people, concepts, and ideas. To many, a person’s needs are what drive their behavior, but a belief is what colors their existence. Beliefs may also account for an organized religion. A specific religion is often created or adopted by a group of people. Most cultures have some form of spirituality. An individual’s belief often dictates how one assigns meaning through understanding or misunderstanding and governs one’s expectations and possibilities....   [tags: Culture ]
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921 words
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Human Rights and John Rawls The Law of Peoples - Human Rights and John Rawls The Law of Peoples Abstract: Which political and juridical foundation can justify the transit from the Western, particular, to the universal. John Rawls tries to answer this question in his article, "The Law of Peoples," proposing a kind of contract or agreement. A first agreement should be attained among liberal-democratic societies on a few political and social issues such as human rights. Then this agreement can be widened to non-liberal/democratic but well organized hierarchical societies or those that satisfy the requisites of being peaceful, of having a reasonably well organized legal system, of admitting a measure of freedom-political and religious-and of admitting the right of emigration....   [tags: John Rawls Law Peoples Essays] 3870 words
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Identity and the Way Individuals Shape Their Identities for Themselves - Identity and the Way Individuals Shape Their Identities for Themselves One of the central issues of psychology is identity and the way individuals shape their identities for themselves. People live in different regions all around the globe and are consequently exposed to a distinct type of culture, religion, education, family values and media. These influences instill certain rigid values in people from birth, which configures their self-concept and the way they perceive other individuals in the society they interact with....   [tags: Papers] 1336 words
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Are Human Rights Universal? - ... Though, this can be said to be naive as to go as far to declare that all countries abide by the Declaration and that it is universal is mistaken. What does it mean to be universal. The concept believes that human rights belong to all human being and that it is fundamental and essential to every type of society. Those who disagree that human rights are universal believe that human rights are based on your culture, it has to be understood that a right for one group maybe outright intolerable to members of another group....   [tags: Human Rights]
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Colonialism and Imperialism in Nectar in a Sieve - Imperialism in Nectar in a Sieve The characters in the book Nectar in a Sieve had to deal with Western imperialism and they had to adapt to the changing ideas associated with Western imperialism. Throughout the book Rukmani had to struggle with her beliefs and how to cope with these changes. From the beginning Rukmani coped with these changes, from culture to her way of life, until the end of the book where even then her life was not through being changed. In the first instance Rukmani had to deal with a husband that was several castes below her....   [tags: Nectar Sieve Essays] 785 words
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The Emergence of the Middle Ages: 1000 ad - The Emergence of the Middle Ages: 1000 AD When the Old World Order began to crumble with the fall of the Roman Empire and the break up of the Mediterranean the foundation was laid for a new type of civilization to emerge, a “western civilization”. The Empire in the East continued, based in Constantinople.. It was the most obvious heir to the culture of the classical world. This culture still dominates Eastern Europe and Russia, through Orthodoxy. Islam was the religion of Arab townsmen. Led by Mohammad (d....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Individual Rights versus Cultural Rights - ... This declaration gives voice to the minorities. Some feminist argue human rights still focus their intention on a masculine level. This led to a supplement treaty for women rights. Even though these human rights are universal, there is a constant struggle to implement these rights without destroying the diversity of cultures and traditions that may violate it. In most cases the rights of individuals should trump cultural rights. It is important to note that culture is a learned behavior; whereas the ideology of human rights is within our human nature....   [tags: Social Studies]
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Understanding Indigenism: Building A Different Future for Us All - Understanding Indigenism: Building A Different Future for Us All “Defining one’s ‘culture’ is a life long process,” according to Indian rights activist Norman DesCampe of the Grand Portage Chippewa Tribe. “You have to live it.” Today, the life long process of understanding indigenous cultures is limited by terms of “cultural survival.” The ability of future generations to define themselves as Inuit or Kayapo is threatened as their natural environments and social integrity is hurt by government negligence: indigenous cultures must be protected under a political structure that allows the people to live as they choose to live, outside of the transformative power of established nation-states, and the assumptions of these powers....   [tags: Essays Papers] 549 words
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Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK - Writing proficiency is an obstacle which most students, especially those who should start writing in academic style, can face. However, more difficulties are likely to be faced by international students in the UK, who have to succeed in achieving two main aims; the first one concerns the ability to understand what might be the requirements that they should fulfil. Secondly, how they manage to express their ideas through the UK academic procedure. In fact, the cultural factor plays a pivotal role in a student’s progress as regards academic writing, while the UK readers often struggle to understand what non-native speakers try to say in their papers, which probably lead to unsatisfactory assessment....   [tags: foreign language, English, ] 1069 words
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Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East - Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Introduction In 1993, a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The most poignant issues at the time were the threat of Suddam Hussein, nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Also months later, the World Trade Center was bombed, which left six people dead and many more injured....   [tags: Muslim Cultural Religion Iraq Essays]
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Birth Of Communication - Outline I. It is important to reflect one’s own national and cultural identity to understand what is different among people of different nations. History teaches us that culture always changes because of internal or external influences, even our own cultures and values change over time. Our world today is a world in which people from different nations and cultures are getting closer and closer because of economical and political reasons. Because cultures are becoming closer, communication is the most important quality for anyone to work on if they want to work in the international society....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Cultural Identity Within Asian Writing Systems - The Cultural Identity Within Asian Writing Systems The style of Asian writing seems to be completely different from that of the western writing systems. For starters, many western languages are phonetic: words are spelled out with symbols that represent sounds. The way that a word looks has nothing to do with the meaning of the word. On the other hand, the most recognized form of Asian writing, Chinese characters, are completely pictographic. A single character is correlated to one sound or meaning....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Paper]
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Eugenics in America - Eugenics in America Eugenics profoundly impacted the culture of the twentieth century. Coined in 1893 by Sir Francis Galton, it studied the heredity and selection of favorable traits. Born out of the social tumults of the late nineteenth century, it represented the Western elite’s attempt to protect itself from so called “inferior” cultures of the colonies and “new wave” immigration. The late eighteenth century was a turbulent time throughout America. An influx of immigrants packed into massive cities such as New York and Chicago....   [tags: Sociology Essays Research Papers]
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Librarians in multicultural environment. - Librarians in multicultural environment. Problems and solutions In the effort to fulfill their mission of disseminating information, librarians face a variety of challenges. Some of these challenges pertain to collection development, technical services, cataloging backlogs, and the handling of new technologies. Other challenges are related to legal issues and intellectual freedom, such as material objections and Internet access. Library management has dealt with these challenges for years by updating the technology, increasing the staff, and educating employees and customers....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Happiness: A Review and Critical Evaluation of Culture and Well-Being - ... Though I do agree that his proposal does have relevance, but I do not feel that this will result in utopia. Happiness in Non-Industrialized Cultures Summary. Research conducted by Diener and Diener in 1996 found that most people are happy based upon global self-reports in industrialized cultures (as cited in Biswas-Diener, Vitteresrø, and Diener, 2005). In 2005, Biswas-Diener, Vitteresrø, and Diener sought out to expand upon the limitations of the previous research by studying happiness in non-industrialized cultures and conducting a more comprehensive analysis examining both cognitive and affective subjective well-being (SWB)....   [tags: Social Issues, Ethnic Identity, Gender] 2381 words
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Civilization Cure Or Disease - Upon flipping to the business section of the New York Times an Ohio University student saw a startling headline glaring back at her “American Corporations Suspected In Millions of Third World Deaths.” As she read the article it became apparent that international corporations many of which were based in the United States exploit the poorest of the poor. These companies paid workers extremely low wages and exposed them to hazardous materials with out any protection. Working conditions were unsafe and often lead to health problems....   [tags: essays research papers] 1087 words
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The Significance of Islamic Calligraphy in the Muslim Culture - The Significance of Islamic Calligraphy in the Muslim Culture Abstract Although it could be considered an insignificant part of society, Islamic calligraphy is crucial to its culture because of its role in religion and architecture, and its help in creating unity among Muslims. Calligraphy's function in religion is mainly due to the Muslim forbiddance of the "representation of living beings" (Schimmel, Islamic 11) in art. In architecture calligraphy is used to decorate the interior and exterior of buildings to help remind citizens of the purpose of the architecture: to glorify God....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Myth of the Teen Brain: An Article Review - ... Neurotransmission has also been linked to normal developmental processing and disorders (Robbins, Chatterjee & Canda 2006). At the same token, ingesting substances such as drugs (legal and illegal) can permanently change the brain’s chemistry, and ultimately, its functioning (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2011). In such case, it is important to note that the action of using a substance (environment) alters the brain, instead of the brain causing the substance use, as would be deducted from the brain scans....   [tags: Article Review]
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Can Democracy Succeed in Islamic Countries? - ... Whereas, in the western cultures, religion plays little, to no part in its government affairs. Throughout the Arab nations, Islam has and always will be their spirit and their strength of mind. Their negative expressions of stubbornness though, heed warning to Muslims of other nations against electing parties with any type of an Islamic agenda. While Muslims are not obligated to imitate or copy certain western aspects of democracy, there is nothing wrong in learning and borrowing from the rich and long western experience of democracy....   [tags: International Government ]
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Asian Affirmation and Islamic Resurgence - Asian Affirmation and Islamic Resurgence Two civilizations that were challenging the theory of Western supremacy and stressing the importance of their own culture in relation to that of the West were the Asian and Islamic civilizations. Both the Asian culture and the Islamic religion entered a great stage of revival and expansion which led to an increase in their self-confidence. Asian self-confidence was the result of rapid economic growth and development while Islamic superiority resulted from its population growth....   [tags: Papers] 852 words
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The Immigrants of America - ... “Can we learn to accept and honor our differences?” – Yes we can; that is why we are having all these celebrations every year. (Colombo, Cullen, Lisle 376) Nevertheless, like language, America also has social norms (Parrillo 396). While being able to embrace all these wonderful cultures, immigrants need to remember to avoid what most Americans believe are improper behaviors. Holding the door for someone is an example of social norm in America and most Western countries but it is not necessary in Asian countries....   [tags: Immigration ]
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The Liberal Arts: Creating a Citizen for a Community Near You - ... It should try to give students the confidence to lead, the skills to organize, knowledge to fix problems, or change their world. Some colleges have this as part of their goals within their liberal education programs. This is vastly different from the traditional Liberal Arts education that is still prevalent today. Where traditional Liberal Arts educations taught to inform and give students the skills to work in society, the new version also looks to set students up with the ability to change their society....   [tags: College, Higher Education]
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Culturally diverse business teams - ... Even though English language is the most generally accepted business language, non- native accents can be frustrating. Partners who find it difficult to express themselves in English might not convey their thoughts properly while some might become out rightly silent. If not carefully understood, these people may be viewed as being passive and incompetent. The next challenge is that people from various cultures respond to authority differently. While Mexicans generally accept ideas from higher authority as law, Americans challenge authority if they feel they have better ideas than that of their bosses (Brett et al, 2006)....   [tags: Business]
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Thomas King's All My Relations - Thomas King's All My Relations This is an anthology of writing by nineteen Native Canadian writers, which represents both an attempt to promote Native writing, and an effort to undermine commonly held misunderstandings. It is published by McClelland & Stewart, "The Canadian Publishers", which gives the collection a status of national and cultural importance, while indicating how these writers are working in and through Canada's hegemonic culture. This would seem to go some way towards undermining the book's claims to authenticity, but for the fact that King's stated purpose is much more complex than that....   [tags: Essays Papers] 646 words
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The Impact of Culture on the Function of Sound in Masala - The Impact of Culture on the Function of Sound in Masala "I declare the National, uhh, sorry...the Canadian National Museum of Philately officially open." - Minister for Multi-Culturalism, Masala Although there are moments in Masala when the surface dialogue is loaded with irony and satire, the background or ambient sound of the film is also used to examine the central theme of the film, the search for personal and cultural identity. This theme of cultural representation and personal identity is additionally expressed through director Srinivas Krishna’s technical approach toward the function of sound in the film....   [tags: Sound Masala Cultural Essays] 1113 words
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Gay Marriages - Racism in Advertising White on Black, by Jan Nedeneen Pieterse, shared with her audience very visual images of how western Europeans and Americans depicted black people by using advertisements and propaganda. The prejudice against African Americans is shown to the reader by cartoons, poetry and racist images. These images ranged from Barbie dolls to condiment labels. Advertisers basically used popular media to allow consumers to develop their stereotypes unconsciously. It seems as though some of these stereotypical advertisements still exist to this day....   [tags: essays research papers] 1000 words
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Of Water and the Spirit - Of Water and the Spirit It is quite ironic that Malidoma’s name so accurately depicts the life mission to which he so persistently tries to accomplish. Indeed, the magnificence behind Of Water and the Spirit lies in Malidoma’s approach in trying to "befriend a stranger" and educate rather than defame the Western world. The vividness and conviction to which he explains his grandfather’s life and the events in his initiation, which seem whimsical to any Westerner, definitely remind one that Malidoma’s tribe belongs to a world so remarkably different to the West....   [tags: African Culture Of Water and the Spirit Essays] 923 words
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Salman Rushdi: Using Magical Realism as a Post-Colonial Device - ... As with The Arabian Nights, Saleem Sinai in Midnight's Children knows that if he loses the interest of the reader then he will cease to exist. In his narration, he seems almost paranoid about keeping the reader's interest and “fidelity” through his fantastical tales. Padma, who is seemingly reading the text with us, is the acting metaphor for the reader who wants the story exciting but believable. Through her interventions (and nagging), she plays the role akin to King Schahriah in shaping the story, right along with us, the readers....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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The Use of Massage Therapy in the Treatment of Anxiety - ... (2008) performed a pilot study on the efficacy of seated massage on stress, aggression level, and anxiety of young adults in an inpatient psychiatric setting. In non-blind non-randomized study, 15 to 25 year-old psychiatric patients received a 20-minute massage while seated in a special chair. Gardener et al. (2008) found 60% of the patients responded favorably and exhibited less aggression and reported less anxiety. Although they found MT to be helpful in treating the aggression and anxiety, based on the method of the study and the small sample size discretion is needed when interpreting the findings....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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Prejudice and Racism at Our School - Prejudice and Racism at Our School Racism...the belief that a particular race is superior to others; discrimination or prejudice based on race. Racism has been around for a long time and its effects have been seen a lot in the past few centuries: during the 1800s and earlier - in slavery, the Civil War, and slaves being freed; and then recently, during the 1900s - in the Civil Rights Movement. Everyone in the United States is supposed to have equal rights and not be discriminated against because of race, but sadly, that is not always what happens....   [tags: Sociology Racism Prejudice Essays] 1382 words
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The Mr. T. Experience, Yo La Tengo, and The Knitting Factory?...Oh... - The Mr. T. Experience, Yo La Tengo, and The Knitting Factory?...Oh... "Tonight at Tramps, Chisel, Fuzzy and Velocity Girl, seven dollar cover, all ages." Before I became indie rock literate I would not have been able to understand the above quote from a concert flier. Someone who is indie rock illiterate might read it as an add for a brothel, featuring the use of tools, and hairy fast women of all ages. On the other hand, someone who is indie rock literate would know to read it as "tonight at the concert venue called Tramps there will be a show featuring the bands Chisel, Fuzzy and Velocity Girl, it costs seven dollars to get in and you may be any age to attend." I used to watch my friends Mike and Zoe with awe and jealousy....   [tags: Essays Papers] 999 words
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