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Philosophy of Mind: Dualism and Neutral Monism - This essay will discuss the topic Philosophy of Mind (POM) which is split into four areas; Dualism, Materialism, Idealism and Neutral Monism. However, due to the depth of these four areas, only Dualism and Neutral Monism will be discussed more in-depth during this essay. Philosophy of Mind studies the relationship between the Mind and the Body. Dualism is an area of POM which argues the view reality is made of Mental things and Material things, with early dualists such as Descartes and Plato supporting this area....   [tags: Dualism, Neutral Monism]
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1206 words
(3.4 pages)
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Neutral versus Affective : The Range of Feelings Expressed - In neutral cultures, the propensity of the people is to manage their sentiments so that it will not hinder with their judgement. Conceal what they are thinking or feeling. Inhibited conduct is admired. Statements are monotonic. In affective cultures, encourage to the expression of emotions. Reveal thoughts & feelings verbally & in face. Vibrant expressions are admired. Statements are emotional, dramatic. Achievement versus Ascription: ( How one achieves status) Achievement Ascription Respect for superior in hierarchy depends on his/his knowledge &skills....   [tags: neutral cultures, affective cultures, culture]
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845 words
(2.4 pages)
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An Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy - An Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy      "We stood by a pond that winter day," (1) This line indicates a still quietness, with lack of the movement of life. There is a vast difference in appearance and movement around a pond in winter and a pond in the midst of summer. This indicates no leaves, and no visible signs of life. The poet is painting a stark and lifeless scene. "And the sun was white, as though chidden of God,"(2) This is indicative of the modernist approach to light as being too harsh and not a positive factor....   [tags: Neutral Tones Essays]
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814 words
(2.3 pages)
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Death is Neutral - Italics are thoughts. Neutral Death is neither good nor evil. Death is Neutral. I watched her, the girl with the green eyes. She was peaceful sleeping soundly as the first rays of light found their way into her room. She stirred, and my breath caught, hopeful she would not wake, but all the same, I wanted to see her eyes. Her beautiful, deep emerald green eyes. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ I woke up staggering in my half-awake state to the bathroom, gazing groggily at the mirror....   [tags: personal narrative] 798 words
(2.3 pages)
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English as a Neutral Language Tool - English as a neutral tool My earlier paper highlights how English is acting as a killer language for native languages. As globalisation has created a global village, the people of different languages need a lingua franca to communicate with one another. At present, English is a true lingua franca and a global language. Crystal opines “a language achieves a genuinely global status when it develops a special role that is recognised in every country.” (Crystal 3) English is spoken in different parts of the world as first, second or foreign language....   [tags: global village, foreign]
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1963 words
(5.6 pages)
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My Neutral Terms - Single Stories Reflection- In my mind I always have had many single stories of Africa and Latin America, as do most people. Most people do not like admitting the fact that they have certain thoughts and ideas about many different countries or continents, especially the countries in Africa and Latin America. I have always thought of Africa as a very poor continent that was dirty, and one thing that comes to mind is I think of the starvation issues going on in Africa. I always think of these ramshackle huts for homes, and when thinking about Africa I used to also think about the people that live there, African Americans....   [tags: perspective, ignorance, racism] 824 words
(2.4 pages)
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A Neutral America in the War in the Film Casablanca - ... We’re patriots, no matter what the situation is we always get on the right side. Casablanca portrays Americans as a lot of things, the first thing is stubborn. We’re portrayed as stubborn because we do what we think is right, no matter what other people say, we won’t change our minds. We believe everyone is equal, that trait shows a lot during this movie with how Rick treats everyone he knows; he treats them all the same. Americans are also portrayed as sarcastic; during the film Rick has a lot of sarcastic remarks, especially to the German officers....   [tags: propoganda, Germans, gambling]
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885 words
(2.5 pages)
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Gender-Neutral Oscars? - On March 3, 2010 The New York Times ran an article written by Kim Elsesser entitled “And the Gender-Neutral Oscar Goes To.” Elsesser is a research scholar in Women’s studies and psychology at UCLA with a primary focus on gender issues in the workplace. The op-ed article argues that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences should merge the Academy Awards categories of best actor and best actress. Elsesser argues that the two categories need to become one category in order to eliminate gender segregation in Hollywood....   [tags: Kim Elsesser, Hollywood, Gender] 998 words
(2.9 pages)
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Gender-Neutral English Language - Gender-Neutral English Language The English language has evolved through history in a male-centered, patriarchal society. The male orientation of English carries two complementary implications: being male is normative and natural; and therefore, not being male is abnormal and unnatural. The shifting of our language from masculine to gender-neutral may be awkward at first, and our children may wonder what all the fuss was about. The English language is always changing and the future will hold a gender-neutral language....   [tags: Papers] 2950 words
(8.4 pages)
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Gender Neutral Society - Gender Neutral Society New style manuals imposed on students today in English classes across the globe tell them to avoid generic "he" and rewrite their sentences in other ways. A great lesson and a leap forward in removing the very roots of our self-made patriachical society. The English language is changing whether we like it or not, and generic 'he-him-his' may not even exist in 5 or 10 more years. But what of that one book that has stayed relatively the same for generations....   [tags: Papers] 1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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Neutral Diction in Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock - The Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock, what a time of night. "The houses are haunted by white night-gowns." Everything is the same from one house to the next. Not only does Wallace Stevens hint at the Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock, he also brings forth feelings of loneliness and despair through his select use of neutral diction. Stevens emphasizes neutral diction using parallelism and repetition, the sameness of the syntax, and an ironic change in wording. Nevertheless, the emotion of the poem is only brought about by Stevens' specific use of neutral diction....   [tags: Wallace Stevens] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Comparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence - Comparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence Both the poems 'Neutral Tones' by Thomas Hardy and 'Absence' by Elizabeth Jennings mention and describe the poets' feelings about losing their partners. Even though the general theme, the loss of love, is the same, many features such as tone, imagery, language and rhyme scheme differ from each other. Hardy emphasises more on his feelings towards his break up. He doesn't actually mention how he feels, but instead, the imagery he uses and the way he describes his ex-girlfriend shows that he feels broken and angry....   [tags: English Literature] 2032 words
(5.8 pages)
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Compare Aurora Leigh and Neutral Tones - Compare Aurora Leigh and Neutral Tones      The frenzied growth and progress of the Victorian Era had worked itself into a ferment at the birth of the Modern Age. Whereas the Victorian authors and poets seemed to attempt to hold onto themes of the Romantics, emulation of the Classical Age and the application of epic format, the Modernists used more conversational language, but similarly to Romantics, turned to introspection as an inspirational source. However, most striking, is the change of mood of the literature from that of optimism and expansion of the 19th century, to that of early 20th century's "pessimism, sadness, and gravity" (Agatucci, 2001)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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935 words
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Revenue Neutral and Enhancing Alternative Proposal for Unethical Taxation of Salaried Income - ... More recently, the National Federation of Independent Businesses has asserted that one principle of ‘‘fair’’ social security reform is that payroll taxes must not be increased. In tax-related matters, taxpayers are rightfully influenced by their economic self-interest. However, in attempting to influence tax policies, taxpayers (be they individuals or corporate executives acting on behalf of their firms) should also contemplate what is fair and ethical, because ignoring such concerns potentially undermines a crucial attribute of any tax system – the extent to which the system’s structure provides for fair and ethical treatment of taxpayers....   [tags: systems governing interactions among entities] 1192 words
(3.4 pages)
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A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives 1. INTRODUCTION Considerable research effort has gone into Credit Derivatives since the early 1990’s. The roots of credit derivatives can be traced back to the notion that the credit risk of a firm can be captured by the credit rating ascribed to it. This premise is also the cornerstone of loan pricing and credit risk management models the world over, including J.P. Morgan’s CreditMetricsTM. Empirical research enables the predictability of the event of default as well as the Loss in the Event of Default (LIED)....   [tags: Business Finance Essays]
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3426 words
(9.8 pages)
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The Equality of Conditions Does Not Lead to Happiness for Women - This paper examines few general effects of the gender-neutral society in men and women. The paper aims to show that equality of conditions between men and women does not necessarily lead to the happiness of women. The feminist movement is identified as the most influential movement leading society to the gender-neutral society. The movement is described as the first and second waves and shows how transition the transition between the two ultimately led the gender-neutral society. The increasing number of women in college is identified as an advancement for women, but not enough for women....   [tags: Gender-Neutral Society]
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2657 words
(7.6 pages)
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What problem, essentially, is C. Stephen Evans attempting to resolve? Is his resolution effective? Why or why not? - C. Stephen Evans is stating there is a problem with the philosophy of religion having a neutral stance. Evans rejects both fideism as well as neutralism, and believes that by trying to have a, “neutral, disinterested posture,” a person could, “cut themselves off from the possibility of even understanding what religion is all about,” (Evans, 1985 p. 115). Evans notes that the view of faith and reason, by some religious believers think it is an impossibility to have “rational reflection” on religion....   [tags: philosophy of religion, neutral stance]
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1884 words
(5.4 pages)
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Casablanca's Portrayal of the Experience During World War II - ... Also that their fellow American citizens would be scared in thinking that America would lose, or that they weren’t strong enough compared to the axis countries. They didn’t even have a fighting scene in the movie, only what looked like army men from different countries trying to arrive to a certain destination. I believe that the movie “Casablanca” was made to promote the war. I believe this because, America wanted to stay neutral but American citizens wanted America to fight for what was right....   [tags: neutral, allies, army] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Static Electricity: Making An Electroscope - TESTABLE QUESTIONS: How can you tell if an object is charged. How can you tell if an object is positively or negatively charged. How can you tell if an electroscope is positively or negatively charged. HYPOTHESIS: If you bring an object close to the knob of the electroscope and the two leaves of the electroscope move apart, your object is charged. If you bring an object close to the knob of the electroscope and nothing happens to the leaves of the electroscope, your object is not charged or is currently neutral....   [tags: charge, electroscope, neutral]
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1947 words
(5.6 pages)
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Teaching British Sign Language to Improve the Lives of Children with Mental Disabilities - There have been countless ways in which doctors and teachers have tried to improve the lives of children with mental disabilities. A number of methods and lessons have been created to hopefully help these children. Though not all have been successful, there were some that stood out from the rest. One, specifically, was the teaching of British Sign Language. Teaching British Sign Language to mentally disabled children helped not only their ability to communicate but also improves their literacy skills and mental processing skills....   [tags: improvement in neutral behavior]
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1155 words
(3.3 pages)
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World War I: Archduke Franz Ferdinard - World War I: Archduke Franz Ferdinand Shot and killed in 1914 as a result of disharmony between Serbia and Austria-Hungary, Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s death is considered to have been the spark that initiated World War I. Contrary to Woodrow Wilson’s wishes of staying neutral throughout the war, the United States eventually joined forces with the Triple Entente against the Triple Alliance. Based on the beliefs and actions of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, it was in the national interest of the United States to declare war in 1917 due to Austria-Hungary and Serbia’s relationship, the cause and effect of the archduke’s death, and the formation of alliances....   [tags: alliance, neutral, warfare] 918 words
(2.6 pages)
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American History: World War I - ... It can be best described as an economic boom. The United States was lending money to European countries. These countries then used that money to buy weapons and supplies for war from America. The United States was effectively providing the weaponry for the war to both sides in Europe. The war also cut off European immigrants. This was positive and negative because although it cut off the American work force, it forced factories to look to the South for workers. There were many unemployed blacks living in poverty there, and they rushed at the opportunity of work....   [tags: neutral, peace, germany] 719 words
(2.1 pages)
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Genetically Modified Food [GMF] - Everything in our live have two sides: one is good and another one is bad. It is hard to find perfect things. The genetically modified (GM) foods like other things have both sides which are good and bad in the same time. Now, GM foods are a big debate if it is good or bad for people’s health. The GM Foods mean food that produced from organic that had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering. Even though GMF are causing damage environment and affecting on original farmers, in general most GMF have some advantages....   [tags: Neutral Disease, Nutrition Issues]
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1271 words
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Political Ideology: Nolan Test - Millions of citizens around the United States, at some point in their lifetime, obtain a political ideology. Typically, their political values are influenced by their parents. Political scientists have identified that around age eleven, children begin to develop political opinion. According to Wilson’s, American Government: Institutions and Policies, 91% of a high school senior class indentified with the same party as their parents (American Government 158). I can attest to this since I in fact have the same party association as my parents....   [tags: Neutral Stance, Social Policies]
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983 words
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The United States and World War II - The United States is one of the largest military powerhouses of the world. Even though the U.S. has gained this reputation the country will put off actually having to use their Army to interact in any type of war around the world. The United States stays neutral in any war its allies are in until it gets dragged in or has to become evolved. That is exactly what happened in the 1940’s during World War II. The United States has stayed neutral in this war for almost three years before The Empire of Japan Waged war against The United States by attacking the naval base of Pearl harbor in December of 1941....   [tags: neutral military, japan, atomic bomb] 1105 words
(3.2 pages)
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What is Bioengineering and Its Roles? - Over the past few years, Biomedical engineering has emerged as one of the fastsest growing jobs in the world. This speedy growth has brought much attention to the field, but most people are unaware of the vast opprotunities offered in Biomedical engineering. The average person believes that Bioenegineering involves making artificial parts for the human body. This statement is true, but there are also many other complex disciplines in the field of Biomedical engineering. Biomedical engineering involves a wide variety of disciplines, including tissue engineering, genetic engineering, and neural engineering....   [tags: tissue, genetic, neutral, field]
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749 words
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North American Labour Market Gender Neutral and Color Blind? - Race emerged in Canada during the colonial period and typically refers to the arrangement of power relations within a society, providing a few with sense of belongingness and superiority, while leaving many at a serious disadvantage (Nagra Lecture 2 2014). The paper will argue that various forms of discrimination still exist in the Canadian labour market in order to sustain structured inequalities between Whites and non-White immigrants. Although immigrants are able to meet high qualification standards set by the Canadian immigration policies they often fail to obtain employment that matches their skill set and level of education (Anisef, Sweet and Frempong 2003)....   [tags: reace, Canada, colonial period, power ]
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962 words
(2.7 pages)
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Three Ways Police and Probation Officers can Reduce Gang Violence - Police and probation officers use two words to describe their jobs, to protect and to serve. Not only do they put their lives in danger every day, but also help the community in more ways than one. Some ways that police and probation officers can help lower gang violence is by implementing laws more accordingly, establishing a relationship with troubled youth, and creating programs that benefit their well-being. The root of gang violence all begins at home and then spreads. A troubled teen may be lacking the love and attention from their parent whether it is because they work too much, or simply do not care....   [tags: neutral zone, teen gangs, police officers]
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1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Schizophrenia: The Underlying Neural Mechanisms - Schizophrenia. Only a miniscule one percent of the population, on average, is effected by this neurological disorder. Equally miniscule is the general understanding of the disorder. One aspect of the experiment conducted by Sarah Hart, Joshua Bizzell, Mary McMahon, Hongbin Gu, Diana Perkins, and Aysenil Berger was to broaden and deepen the understanding of schizophrenia as well as defining symptom markers to more easily identify the disease in children and adolescents who have a familial high risk for schizophrenia....   [tags: neurological disorders, psychiatry]
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1854 words
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Quantum Neural Network - ... This has been demonstrated by many quantum 1.2. QUANTUM MECHANICS AND ANN 3 Figure 1.2: Quantum analogies for di erent concepts of arti cial neural networks algorithms such as Grover's search algorithm, Shor's factorisation algorithm etc. We can use this property and our knowledge of classical neural net- works to create a new computing paradigm called quantum neural networks (QNNs). There are many ways of using building a QNN. Figure 1.2 has been taken from [2], which shows various approaches to achieving For the purpose of this chapter will will consider only the Menneer and Narayanan model....   [tags: the human brain, artificial neural networks]
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1015 words
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Neural Prosthetics - Memory Storage Requires Neuronal Remodeling In introducing the term synapse, a researcher by the name of Charles Sherrington speculated that synaptic alterations might be the basis of learning and memory storage, anticipating an area of research that to this day is one of the most intensive efforts in all of neuroscience (Alberini, 2011). Modern ideas about neural plasticity have their origins in the theories of Donald Hebb, who proposed that when a pre-synaptic and a post-synaptic neuron are repeatedly activated together, the synaptic connection between them will become stronger and more stable in order to form long term memories....   [tags: neural remodeling, synapse]
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1832 words
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A Neural Network Primer - A Neural Network Primer This paper gives the basics of the subject of neural networks. It is recommended for those new to the subject of neural networks and only assumes that the reader has a knowledge of basic algebra. Please feel free to distribute this paper as you wish but please distribute the entire paper without deletions and limit your corrections and additions to the space below the bottom line after the last paragraph of the original text. If you wish for your correction or modification to be changed in the body of the original text, please send your recommendation to one of my computer addresses above....   [tags: Neural Network Primer Essays] 4852 words
(13.9 pages)
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Neural Networks - Neural Network Neural Network, highly interconnected network of information-processing elements that mimics the connectivity and functioning of the human brain. Neural networks are a form of multiprocessor computer system, with · Simple processing elements · A high degree of interconnection · Simple scalar messages · Adaptive interaction between elements Where can neural network systems help. · Where we can't formulate an algorithmic solution. · Where we can get lots of examples of the behavior we require....   [tags: Neural Network Computers Technology] 1695 words
(4.8 pages)
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Neural Networks and the Latest Trends - Neural Networks and the Latest Trends Introduction: Traditionally, the term neural network had been used to refer to a network or circuit of biological neurons. The modern usage of the term often refers to artificial neural network. Though the digital Computer technology is advanced a lot and does many tasks very fast and accurately, does exactly what we tell them to do, they were not able to perform some simple operations like reading, hand written note or recognizing human face or voice which seems to be difficult for even most advanced system to identify....   [tags: Information Technology]
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1456 words
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Neural Plasticity: The Growth of Learning - Neural Plasticity: The Growth of Learning Over the years, the brain’s ability to rejuvenate or dynamically adapt has been meticulously researched and documented, regarding questions of learning, injury, aging and disease. “Neural plasticity (also referred to as brain plasticity, cortical plasticity or cortical re-mapping)…was first proposed in 1890 by William James in The Principles of Psychology, though the idea was largely neglected for the next fifty years." (Squidoo, 2010, para. 1) Since that time, many questions have been asked and answered, such as: Is it possible for humans improve cognitive skills or abilities through regenerative measures....   [tags: Medical Research]
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927 words
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Neural Correlates of Extraversion and Neuroticism - Many psychologists had studied personality in terms growth, societal differences and social relations of the individual. Only a few searched for understanding personality through cognitive responses and its biological mechanisms. Personality in relation to cognitive neuroscience is not well touched due to its complexity and ethical restrains. Cognitive neuroscience aims to search for the neuronal foundation of personality for decades (Bjornebekk, Fjell, Walhovd, Grydeland, and Torgersen, 2013); and personality neuroscience seeks to explain the reason behind the stability of the different patterns of behavior, motivation, emotion and cognition of an individual (Amodio and Harmon-Jones, 2011)....   [tags: psychology, personality]
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1335 words
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The Neural Control of the Kidneys - ... Dopaminergic nerve fibers have been reported to terminate in the kidney, however the physiologic significance of these nerves is unclear (Sterns, 2013). Dopamine is synthesized within the kidney in the proximal tubule via the decarboxylation of circulating L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) by the enzyme L-amino acid decarboxylase and discharged into membrane into the lumen, where it bind to and activate specific dopaminergic receptors (Carey, 2001) . It acts locally to exert its actions in a paracrine and autocrine fashion and the major effects is increase in renal blood flow and natriuretic response....   [tags: sympathetic system, renal intervention] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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Artificial Neural Networks Report - ... And gave guidelines about how to choose a learning rate. If we choose a learning rate that is too large, it may moves too far in the “correct” direction, resulting in overshooting or minimum in the error surface, it takes longer to train, which effect the accuracy (will be poor in that case).By decreasing the learning rate, the training speed and accuracy will be improved, but if we use a too small learning rate it is a waste of time and computational resources. Their approach is explained as following steps: Step1.Train the neural network for one epoch using different orders magnitude of learning rates (e.g., 100 down to .00001) , So we can find a learning rate L with the smallest tota...   [tags: artificial intelligence]
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2258 words
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The Effect of Neural Tube Defects on Healthcare - According to the Encyclopædia Britannica (2014), a neural tube defect is “any congenital defect of the brain and spinal cord as a result of abnormal development of the neural tube.” This birth defect is “the most common congenital defect of the central nervous system, affecting the brain and/or spinal cord of 300,000 newborns worldwide each year” (Ricks et al., 2012, p. 391). The exact cause of these central nervous system defects is unknown, but there are many contributing factors that are evidenced to assist in the prevention of such a disorder....   [tags: health, brain, spinal cord]
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1232 words
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Artificial Neural Networks - Artificial neural networks (ANNs) were built to model the brain for the purpose of solving the problems humans alone cannot as well as to advance, artificial intelligence. To approximate organic beings and gain great computational power, to become a technological hybrid between sentient beings and advanced electronics; they are the future of advanced robotics. They can be used in miscellaneous fields such as speech recognition, prediction of stocks, weather and so on. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) approximates the probable function that will likely produce the best output....   [tags: Brain Model, Brain Functions, Problem Solving]
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1003 words
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Spiking Neural Networks - Introduction A neuron is composed of three main parts; the soma (cell body), the dendrites, and the axon. The soma contains the nucleus, the dendrites receive synaptic input (neurotransmitters), and the axon releases the neurotransmitters. The large branching structure of the dendrites and axon terminal allow each neuron to have connections to thousands of other neurons, forming a massive communication web. A neuron communicates via action potentials. An action potential is an electric pulse that travels down the axon until it reaches the synapses, where it then causes the release of neurotransmitters....   [tags: neurology, brain science]
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1858 words
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Neural Pathway Specificity for Music Processing - There are two conflicting theories in neuropsychology that attempt to explain music processing in the brain. In a recent review, Peretz and Zatorre (2005) argue that there is evidence that points to the existence of music-specific processing pathways in the brain. Alternatively, an earlier review by Peretz and Hyde (2003) suggests that the brain is not specialized for music, rather, it is specialized to process the fine and coarse acoustic cues related to music and speech. This paper will discuss an analysis of the evidence for both theories in order to determine which theory best accounts for the evidence to date....   [tags: neuropsychology, auditory disorder, speech]
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951 words
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Neuroscience: Mind Reading (Neural Decoding) - Early studies Various companies have been researching this technology for years. In 2007, Microsoft wanted to evaluate the way people interact with their computers. They began research on using electroencephalograms (EEG’s) to record the electrical signals of a person user while they were using a computer. Microsoft is still currently doing research on the matter. In 2009, Toyota unveiled their idea for a ‘mind reading’ wheelchair. The chair was designed to help the handicapped or elderly get around more freely and be more active member of society....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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948 words
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Assessing the Neural Mechanisms of Anxiety - A "Lesser Wrong" Model of Assessing the Neural Mechanisms of Anxiety The objective of our class and the neuroscientific community is to understand the complex neural pathways of the brain. The neural mechanisms of anxiety have long puzzled researchers. Thus far, the belief is that two structures of the limbic system known as the lateral septum and the amygdala regulate anxiety. The present paper will examine the role of the lateral septum and the amygdala in propagating anxiety (supporting the brain = behavior paradigm), discuss the neural connection that exist between the Am and LS, consider the effects that benzodiazepine anxiolytics have on this neural connection, as well as introduce f...   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1759 words
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Neural Cells as Harmony Detectors - Neural Cells as Harmony Detectors The issues of harmony have notably low profile in the current AI research. Meanwhile, when it comes to brain architecture, harmony plays the central role. As we hope to demonstrate in this essay, neural cells act primarily as local harmony detectors. On a less local scale, the consensus is that perceptions correspond to certain stable periodic patterns of neuron firing. A harmony-based architecture would probably be more successful than current AI paradigms. It would help here to recall the basics of neuron firing theory....   [tags: Neurology Brain Essays]
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1162 words
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Neural Networks as a Solution to Big Data in Law Enforcement - 1. INTRODUCTION "It is a capital mistake to theorize before you have all the evidence. It biases the judgment.” This quote is from the fictional master detective Sherlock Holmes, the protagonist of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s detective novels (2004). Sherlock Holmes knew the value of collecting data and analyzing it thoroughly before attempting to solve a crime, and this inductive method is still the hallmark of a good criminal investigator. Today, databases and record rooms abound with information about various crimes, information that if looked at holistically could can often lead to the apprehension of the perpetrator....   [tags: inductive method, CATCH, CSSCP]
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3247 words
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Neural Precursor Cells and Neuro-Regenerative Medicine - Introduction The adult central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of cells from two distinct lineages- neurons and glial cells. Neurons are the basic building block of CNS that responsible for communicating information via eletro-chemical mechanisms. Glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes) surround the neurons; provide them support and insulation. “No new neuron after birth” or “the adult human brain cannot regenerate” was the dogma of neurosciences for the past century (1). Recently, this principle has been challenged by the discovery of NPC in both embryonic and adult mammalian nervous system (1, 2)....   [tags: Medicine] 636 words
(1.8 pages)
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Artificial Neural Network Based Rotor Reactance Control - Abstract: Problem statement: The Rotor reactance control by inclusion of external capacitance in the rotor circuit has been in recent research for improving the performances of Wound Rotor Induction Motor (WRIM). The rotor capacitive reactance is adjusted such that for any desired load torque the efficiency of the WRIM is maximized. The rotor external capacitance can be controlled using dynamic capacitor in which the duty ratio is varied for emulating the capacitance value. This study presents a novel technique for tracking maximum efficiency point in the entire operating range of WRIM using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)....   [tags: Engineering]
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2471 words
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Voting Based Neural Network: Extreme Learning Machine - ... Selection of the subset of the classifiers is done using ensemble pruning methods. Ensemble pruning not only reduces the complexity of the algorithm but might even improve the generalization as proved by the concept “Many could be better than all” [11]. So far many ensemble pruning methods have been proposed. Mainly ensemble pruning [12] approaches are categorized into three types. a). Ordering Based Pruning: In this pruning approach the classifiers are arranged using some criteria and some of the top classifiers are selected as a Pruned Ensemble (PE)....   [tags: optimization, pruning, ]
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570 words
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IMPAIRMENT NEURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM DISORDER - Autism spectrum disorders are a common neural developmental brain condition (Cheng et al., 2010). It does not have unifying neurobiological or pathological etiology (Geschwind& Levitt, 2007) .It characterized by impaired social interaction and communication skills and restricted repetitive behavior (Johnson & Myers, 2007). Medical condition such as mental retardation, chromosomal anomalies and seizures are often appear with autism (Casanova, 2007). During first 3 years of childhood, these major symptoms are revealed (Casanova, 2007)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Neural Networks in Investments - Neural Networks in Investments I. ABSTRACT Investment managers often find themselves overwhelmed with the large amount of data obtained from the financial markets. Most of the data available is numeric and noisy in nature, making the decision-making process harder. These decisions usually rely on the integration of statistical measures that attempt to compress much of the data and qualitative depictions such as graphs and bar charts with news events and other pertinent information. Investment decisions usually involve non-linear relationships among the various components of the data....   [tags: Computers Technology Investing]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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Neuromodulation and Neural Plasticity - Neuromodulation and Neural Plasticity Neuromodulatory synaptic transmission differs from classical chemical synaptic transmission in both mechanism and function. The function of a classical synapse is to convey information rapidly from the presynaptic neuron to its target cell, producing a short-term effect. The neuromodulatory synapse may do the same initially, but its primary function is to transmit information that will have long-lasting effects on the postsynaptic neuron's metabolic activity, and on its response to subsequent input....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Neural Masculization and Feminization - Neural Masculization and Feminization American society separates two sexes and distinguishes two genders. Through innumerable cues, we are taught that men and women are different. Most public places provide separate restrooms for men and women. Most department stores sell men's and women's clothes in separate departments. Even separate clothing size scales exist for men and women. Many health forms and applications for schools or jobs inquire about sex. Clubs and organizations, such as Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts, exist solely for one gender or the other....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Neural Networks - Neural Networks Abstract This paper will provide an introductory level discussion of neural networks within the field of artificial intelligence. This discussion will briefly cover the history of the neural network as well as recent advances within this field. In addition, several real world applications of neural networks will be discussed. Introduction The primary goal in the field of artificial intelligence is to construct a machine with an intellect comparable to that of a human. This pursuit of an artificial intelligence has had a long history....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Technology]
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Neural Networks - Neural Networks A neural network also known as an artificial neural network provides a unique computing architecture whose potential has only begun to be tapped. They are used to address problems that are intractable or cumbersome with traditional methods. These new computing architectures are radically different from the computers that are widely used today. ANN's are massively parallel systems that rely on dense arrangements of interconnections and surprisingly simple processors (Cr95, Ga93)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2934 words
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Neural Interfacing - Neural Interfacing In the motion picture “RoboCop” scientists during a future time implanted a human head into the body of a futuristic robot creating an almost unstoppable police officer. During 1987, when this movie was produced, the idea of man combining with machine was considered pure fantasy. However, advances in technology in the year 2000 and further studies in recent years have proven that this idea may, in time, become a reality. On October 13th 2003, sciencedaily.com in their article, Monkeys Consciously Control A Robot Arm Using Only Brain Signals, reported that researchers of Duke University had successfully taught a monkey to manipulate a robotic arm using only her brain sign...   [tags: essays papers]
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Artificial Neural Networks - Artificial Neural Networks Artificial neural networks are systems implemented on computer systems as specialized hardware or sophisticated software that loosely model the learning and remembering functions of the human brain. They are an attempt to simulate the multiple layers of processing elements in the brain, called neurons. These elements are implemented in such a way so that the layers can learn from prior experience and remember their outputs. In this way, the system can learn to recognize certain patterns and situations and apply these to certain priorities and output appropriate results....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Neural Vision System - Neural Vision System Researchers at the University of Houston in Texas have developed a neural vision system that allows a robot to adapt to a changing world. The machine is designed to explore, experience (for better or worse) and then make future decisions based on that experience: typical behavior for any neural device. What is unusual is its ability to "learn new tricks" if the rules it learned through experience no longer apply. In both simulated and hardware experiments, the robot was shown to be able to identify objects correctly, even if the value associated with them changed over time....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Neural Network Concept in Artificial Intelligence - Neural Network Concept in Artificial Intelligence Abstract Since the 1980's there have been renewed research efforts dedicated to neural networks. The present interest is largely due to the difficult problems confronted by artificial intelligence, and due to the deeper understanding of how the brain works, the recent developments in theoretical models, technologies and algorithms. One motivation of neural network research is the desire to build a new breed of powerful computers to solve a variety of problems that have proved to be very difficult with conventional computers....   [tags: Computer Technology] 1893 words
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The Neural Score for Language and Related Action - The Neural Score for Language and Related Action In the web page, GESTURAL EQUIVALENCE (EQUIVALENTS) OF LANGUAGE (http://www.percep.demon.co.uk/gesture.htm) , the development of language with respect to movements of the arms and hands are discussed. It is proposed that there are certain neural patterns, a score, to these movements that correspond to certain sounds. One can get so general as to say that there is one pattern of movement for each phoneme in language. Phonemes are the basic sounds of which a spoken language is constructed....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Using Transhumanism to Expand Beyond Human Limitations - One of the most enduring drives of man is to overcome itself: to break out of self-imposed limits which are used paradoxically to define our world. Transhumanism is one of these drives. It takes our use of emerging technologies to be an unnatural, albeit necessary, extension of our collective will through which we can move beyond being merely “human”. The creation of neural networks is us sharing our fruit of knowledge with machine in order to expand beyond our limitations without losing what makes us human....   [tags: computers, neural, technology] 1010 words
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Taking a Look at Spina Bifida - ... Also, women who are diabetic or obese are more likely to have a child with spina bifida (Christian, 2011). There are three types of spina bifida: spina bifida occulta, meningocele, and myelomeningocele. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest form of the disease. In this form of spina bifida, the outer parts of some of the vertebrae are not closed fully but there is no opening in the back and no obvious damage to the spinal cord. Many times people do not even know they have spina bifida occulta and do not have any neurological problems....   [tags: neural tube birth defect]
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The Brain and Parkinson´s Patients - ... All neural networks consist of something known as a learning rule which through the backpropagation modifies the weights of the connection according to the input pattern obtained. Neuroplasticity is the brains ability to undergo adaption and psychological change that results from ones interaction with ones environment. Neuroplasticity allows one to learn from and adapt to the different experiences in one’s life. It is considered the foundation for cognitive and physical rehabilitation by rebuilding and strengthening the connections between neurons....   [tags: brain damage, neural networks] 1231 words
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Fluorescence-Based Detection Methods for Drug Discovery - FLOURESCENCE-BASED DETECTION ASSAY METHODS FOR DRUG DISCOVERY PROCESSES Introduction: Cancer, neural disorder, inflammatory diseases and metabolic problems are some of the Pathological conditions in which protein kinases are involved in. Therefore this makes protein kinases such as IRAK-4 one of the most promising groups of drug targets. Irak-4 stands for (interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4). IRAK-4 is involved in the signaling innate responses from Toll-like receptors. IRAK4 is part of the phosphoryl transferases family that transfer the γ -phosphate of ATP to the serine, threonine, or tyrosine conserved residues on specific substrate proteins....   [tags: cancer, neural disorder, resonance] 1295 words
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Artificial Neural Network for non-Linear Dynamic Process of a Cyclone Scrubber - INTRODUCTION The development of a low cost process for removal of acid gases and solid particles in flue gases from incinerators is desirable. A cyclone scrubber is one of the processes, which can absorb the gases, separate particles, and decrease the gas temperature simultaneously. For understanding the phenomena of gas absorption and particle separation simultaneously in a cyclone scrubber, it is very important to understand the gas absorption and the particle separation exclusively. This paper studied the absorption phenomena of gas-liquid in a cyclone scrubber....   [tags: Three, Layer, Experiment] 1276 words
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A Brief Look at Autism - ... Grandgeorge et al. (2009) found that the education levels of caregivers performed on language development while no effect was shown in sensori-motor development. They found that children brought up by high level education parents developed earlier, as well as first single words and first phrase were expressed earlier by children with high level education of mothers. They also found that other risk factors are important such as global deficits which are found in autistic children of parents from all levels of education....   [tags: disorder of neural development] 977 words
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Predicting Customer Churn in Telecom Industry using MLP Neural Networks - Introduction Most of telecommunication companies consider the customer as the most important asset for them. For that reason, nowadays, a challenging problem that encounters telecommunication companies is when the customer leaves the company to another service provider for a reason or another [1]. In most cases, this churn can happen in rates which seriously affect the profitability of the companies since it is easy for the customers to switch companies. In market, where the competition between the telecommunication companies grows rapidly, companies have shifted their focus from acquiring new customers to retain their existing ones [1–3]....   [tags: supervised machine learning, telecomunications]
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Evolution of Brain Recovery - One’s brain is ones source of information, one’s mother board and one’s connectivity tower. When one has a disease or injury in this powerful brain one’s whole body is highly affected. Many recovery theories have been discovered by research and those to be discussed are neural network, neuroplasticity and therapy/rehabilitation. Each concept in applied to a case study or research paper to create a full understand of how each theory is applied in real life situation. Neural networks or their most commonly used name 'artificial' neural network (ANN) can be defined as a computing system made up of a large number of simply connected elements, which process information based on the mammalian brai...   [tags: neural networks, brain malleability]
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Computational Model of Neural Networks on Layer IV or Primary Visual Cortex - ... Layer 4C of Primary Visual Cortex Cortical Network Model There are two types of cortical neurons being considered in the model, excitatory neurons and inhibitory neurons. The excitatory neurons are making connection with other cortical layers, and also get feed forward input from subcortical area. The inhibitory neurons, on the other hand, are making connections with the same cortical layer, as they are also called interneurons. There are interactions among cells that make them repellent to each other, therefore we implement the repulsion functions as interactions in the pairwise interaction point-process (PIPP) model [13]....   [tags: orientation selectivity] 741 words
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The Central Nervous System - Neural development begins early in the embryonic stage but is last to complete, it makes the most complex structures that are in the embryo and take a long time to do so. The central nervous system starts as a simple neural plate which folds to make a groove then a tube which opens at each end. Within the tube stem, cells make two major classes of cells which the nervous system is made up of, neurons and glia. These two classes separate into more types because they have different functions and shapes (Hill, 2013)....   [tags: neural development, embryonic stage] 627 words
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Anencephaly: When the Neural Tube Fails to Close during the First Month of Pregnancy - ... Two-thirds of the mothers were either induced or had a planned cesarean section for those born at term. Polyhydramnios was present in 30% of the cases which accounted for 60% of those born prematurely. When delivered by cesarean section, 4% died during birth, 53% died within twenty-four hours, 30% lived up to five days, and 13% lived longer than six days. For vaginal births, 37% of babies died during birth when a doctor or midwife ruptured the amniotic bag, opposed to 18% if the amniotic bag ruptured naturally....   [tags: birth defects, frog babies]
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Critically Evaluate the role of Neural Structures in Subserving a Specific Psychological Function. - The brain can be considered the most complex organ in the body and the centrepiece of the nervous system. Although the brain works as a unified whole, neuroscientists have identified areas within it that perform specific functions. This makes the brain interconnected by three different layers: the central core, the limbic system, and the cerebral cortex. All of which contain structures that regulate everyday life and psychological function. Memory refers to the persistence of learning in a state that can be revealed at a later time (Squire, 1987)....   [tags: Psychology ]
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Mechanisms by which a Psychoactive Drug May Exert Influence on Neural Processing - Psychoactive drugs can be defined as 'chemicals that influence consciousness or behaviour by altering the brains chemical message system' (Schacter et al, 2012). Different drugs can affect the brain in different ways either by intensifying or dulling transmissions. They will alter neural connections by preventing neurotransmitters bonding to the post synaptic neurons in the brain, inhibiting the re-uptake of neurotransmitters or enhancing the bonding and transmission of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are 'chemical messengers that carry signals between neurons in the body' (Cherry K, 2014)....   [tags: behavior medication, ]
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Human Age Estimation from Facial Images Using Artificial Neural Network - ... Proposed Approach We have used MLP backpropagation algorithm in our neural network. The steps followed in the process of estimating age are shown in Fig. 1. . Fig. 1. Steps in age estimation process We input face image to our system. The validation of this image needs to be done manually. Validation of image is done such that frontal view of face is visible so as to extract the features accurately. After validating image, we extract face features from it. Features are 68 pair of (x,y) co-ordinates....   [tags: identity, gender oreintation, being normal]
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Potential of Applying the Radial Basis Function - Potential of applying the radial basis function (RBF) neural network architecture for the classification of biological microscopic images displaying lung tissue sections with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. For the development of the RBF classifiers, the fuzzy means clustering algorithm is utilized. This method is based on a fuzzy partition of the input space and requires only a short amount of time to select both the structure and the parameters of the RBF classifier. The new technique was applied in lung sections acquired using a microscope and captured by a digital camera, at a magnification of 4×....   [tags: neural network, bleomycin, medical images] 631 words
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