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Philosophy of Mind: Dualism and Neutral Monism - ... Within these two substances, Descartes suggests the brain and nervous system are two areas within the physical substance branch, whilst the thoughts of the brain belong to the thinking substances. However, Descartes (1991:15) states that it is able for a person to doubt the existence of their body, but not their actual existence due to the ability of themselves being able to think. Therefore, this suggests that it is able to doubt someone’s existence due to the inability to know if said person has the ability to think, suggesting that Descartes is able to prove his own existence due to his ability to think (as would any human being), but he would doubt the existence of the person stood in front of him due the lack of evidence of said person being able to think....   [tags: Dualism, Neutral Monism]
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1206 words
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An Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy - An Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy      "We stood by a pond that winter day," (1) This line indicates a still quietness, with lack of the movement of life. There is a vast difference in appearance and movement around a pond in winter and a pond in the midst of summer. This indicates no leaves, and no visible signs of life. The poet is painting a stark and lifeless scene. "And the sun was white, as though chidden of God,"(2) This is indicative of the modernist approach to light as being too harsh and not a positive factor....   [tags: Neutral Tones Essays]
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814 words
(2.3 pages)
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English as a Neutral Language Tool - ... It places them on a level equal to the colonizers. Not only has English been used to voice opinions against colonization, it has been amalgamated with indigenous cultures to assert one’s particular identity. (Jaffar 101) Jaffar cites Elleke Boehmer to define this process as “cultural boomeranging or switchback where the once colonized take the artefacts of the former master and make them their own.” (ibid) Graddol remarks that adoption of English is leading to diversity and fragmentation as it has ability to take local forms....   [tags: global village, foreign]
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1963 words
(5.6 pages)
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Gender-Neutral Oscars? - ... In the opening paragraph of her article Elsesser uses an appeal to pathos and logos to get the reader’s attention. She creates a hypothetical situation in which there would be separate awards given for best white actor and best non-white actor, something we all know would be unacceptable, and uses this as an analogy to illustrate how nominations segregated by sex are equally wrong. This analogy is effective since it seems logical that if the awards are not segregated by race they should also not be segregated by sex....   [tags: Kim Elsesser, Hollywood, Gender] 998 words
(2.9 pages)
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Gender-Neutral English Language - Gender-Neutral English Language The English language has evolved through history in a male-centered, patriarchal society. The male orientation of English carries two complementary implications: being male is normative and natural; and therefore, not being male is abnormal and unnatural. The shifting of our language from masculine to gender-neutral may be awkward at first, and our children may wonder what all the fuss was about. The English language is always changing and the future will hold a gender-neutral language....   [tags: Papers] 2950 words
(8.4 pages)
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Gender Neutral Society - Gender Neutral Society New style manuals imposed on students today in English classes across the globe tell them to avoid generic "he" and rewrite their sentences in other ways. A great lesson and a leap forward in removing the very roots of our self-made patriachical society. The English language is changing whether we like it or not, and generic 'he-him-his' may not even exist in 5 or 10 more years. But what of that one book that has stayed relatively the same for generations....   [tags: Papers] 1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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Neutral Diction in Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock - Neutral Diction in Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock The Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock, what a time of night. "The houses are haunted by white night-gowns." Everything is the same from one house to the next. Not only does Wallace Stevens hint at the Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock, he also brings forth feelings of loneliness and despair through his select use of neutral diction. Stevens emphasizes neutral diction using parallelism and repetition, the sameness of the syntax, and an ironic change in wording....   [tags: Ten O' Clock Essays] 666 words
(1.9 pages)
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Compare Aurora Leigh and Neutral Tones - Compare Aurora Leigh and Neutral Tones      The frenzied growth and progress of the Victorian Era had worked itself into a ferment at the birth of the Modern Age. Whereas the Victorian authors and poets seemed to attempt to hold onto themes of the Romantics, emulation of the Classical Age and the application of epic format, the Modernists used more conversational language, but similarly to Romantics, turned to introspection as an inspirational source. However, most striking, is the change of mood of the literature from that of optimism and expansion of the 19th century, to that of early 20th century's "pessimism, sadness, and gravity" (Agatucci, 2001)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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935 words
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Comparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence - Comparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence Both the poems 'Neutral Tones' by Thomas Hardy and 'Absence' by Elizabeth Jennings mention and describe the poets' feelings about losing their partners. Even though the general theme, the loss of love, is the same, many features such as tone, imagery, language and rhyme scheme differ from each other. Hardy emphasises more on his feelings towards his break up. He doesn't actually mention how he feels, but instead, the imagery he uses and the way he describes his ex-girlfriend shows that he feels broken and angry....   [tags: English Literature] 2032 words
(5.8 pages)
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A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives 1. INTRODUCTION Considerable research effort has gone into Credit Derivatives since the early 1990’s. The roots of credit derivatives can be traced back to the notion that the credit risk of a firm can be captured by the credit rating ascribed to it. This premise is also the cornerstone of loan pricing and credit risk management models the world over, including J.P. Morgan’s CreditMetricsTM. Empirical research enables the predictability of the event of default as well as the Loss in the Event of Default (LIED)....   [tags: Business Finance Essays]
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3426 words
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Genetically Modified Food [GMF]. - ... In addition, it is saving the time, such as if the plant needs three months to grow, with GMOs needs one month to grow. This is a good benefit for both farmers and consumers. For farmers do not need many months waiting their crops to be ready, and for consumers do not need to wait until specific seasons. They can find all vegetables and fruits in all seasons. Unless some consumers believe that GM crops are bad for their health. They think that the farmers think about the profit by using GM crops....   [tags: Neutral Disease, Nutrition Issues]
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1271 words
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Static Electricity - ... The electrons are attracted to the nucleus which causes them to not bounce out of the atom. Protons and neutrons are each made up of three particles called Quarks. The three quarks in each proton or each electron are held together by smaller particles called Gluons. Protons and electrons are the particles inside of the atom that are electrically charged. Electrons carry a negative charge (-), and protons carry a positive charge (+). Neutrons have no charge (0). Neutrons are neutral meaning; they are neither positive nor negative....   [tags: charge, electroscope, neutral]
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1947 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Equality of Conditions Does Not Lead to Happiness for Women - This paper examines few general effects of the gender-neutral society in men and women. The paper aims to show that equality of conditions between men and women does not necessarily lead to the happiness of women. The feminist movement is identified as the most influential movement leading society to the gender-neutral society. The movement is described as the first and second waves and shows how transition the transition between the two ultimately led the gender-neutral society. The increasing number of women in college is identified as an advancement for women, but not enough for women....   [tags: Gender-Neutral Society]
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2657 words
(7.6 pages)
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Neural Networks - Neural Network Neural Network, highly interconnected network of information-processing elements that mimics the connectivity and functioning of the human brain. Neural networks are a form of multiprocessor computer system, with · Simple processing elements · A high degree of interconnection · Simple scalar messages · Adaptive interaction between elements Where can neural network systems help. · Where we can't formulate an algorithmic solution. · Where we can get lots of examples of the behavior we require....   [tags: Neural Network Computers Technology] 1695 words
(4.8 pages)
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A Neural Network Primer - A Neural Network Primer This paper gives the basics of the subject of neural networks. It is recommended for those new to the subject of neural networks and only assumes that the reader has a knowledge of basic algebra. Please feel free to distribute this paper as you wish but please distribute the entire paper without deletions and limit your corrections and additions to the space below the bottom line after the last paragraph of the original text. If you wish for your correction or modification to be changed in the body of the original text, please send your recommendation to one of my computer addresses above....   [tags: Neural Network Primer Essays] 4852 words
(13.9 pages)
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Neural Networks - Neural Networks Abstract This paper will provide an introductory level discussion of neural networks within the field of artificial intelligence. This discussion will briefly cover the history of the neural network as well as recent advances within this field. In addition, several real world applications of neural networks will be discussed. Introduction The primary goal in the field of artificial intelligence is to construct a machine with an intellect comparable to that of a human. This pursuit of an artificial intelligence has had a long history....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Technology]
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1329 words
(3.8 pages)
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Neural Networks - Neural Networks A neural network also known as an artificial neural network provides a unique computing architecture whose potential has only begun to be tapped. They are used to address problems that are intractable or cumbersome with traditional methods. These new computing architectures are radically different from the computers that are widely used today. ANN's are massively parallel systems that rely on dense arrangements of interconnections and surprisingly simple processors (Cr95, Ga93)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2934 words
(8.4 pages)
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Neural Interfacing - Neural Interfacing In the motion picture “RoboCop” scientists during a future time implanted a human head into the body of a futuristic robot creating an almost unstoppable police officer. During 1987, when this movie was produced, the idea of man combining with machine was considered pure fantasy. However, advances in technology in the year 2000 and further studies in recent years have proven that this idea may, in time, become a reality. On October 13th 2003, sciencedaily.com in their article, Monkeys Consciously Control A Robot Arm Using Only Brain Signals, reported that researchers of Duke University had successfully taught a monkey to manipulate a robotic arm using only her brain signals and a video display.[1] Though the theory behind the idea of somehow connecting human tissue to electronic devices is relatively simple, the processes needed to create the experiment are very complex....   [tags: essays papers]
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1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Neural Networks and the Latest Trends - Neural Networks and the Latest Trends Introduction: Traditionally, the term neural network had been used to refer to a network or circuit of biological neurons. The modern usage of the term often refers to artificial neural network. Though the digital Computer technology is advanced a lot and does many tasks very fast and accurately, does exactly what we tell them to do, they were not able to perform some simple operations like reading, hand written note or recognizing human face or voice which seems to be difficult for even most advanced system to identify....   [tags: Information Technology]
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1456 words
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Neural Plasticity: The Growth of Learning - Neural Plasticity: The Growth of Learning Over the years, the brain’s ability to rejuvenate or dynamically adapt has been meticulously researched and documented, regarding questions of learning, injury, aging and disease. “Neural plasticity (also referred to as brain plasticity, cortical plasticity or cortical re-mapping)…was first proposed in 1890 by William James in The Principles of Psychology, though the idea was largely neglected for the next fifty years." (Squidoo, 2010, para. 1) Since that time, many questions have been asked and answered, such as: Is it possible for humans improve cognitive skills or abilities through regenerative measures....   [tags: Medical Research]
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927 words
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Neural Correlates of Extraversion and Neuroticism - ... This coincides with the study done by Canli, Sivers, Whitfield, Gotlib and Gabrieli (2002) which found that activation in the hemisphere that is linked with positive emotions and approach-related behavior contributes to the behavior elicited by an extraverted individual. It was found that amygdala activation for happy expression is significantly correlated with the degree of extraversion. Such result is due to the insignificant correlation with the other emotional expressions. In addition, the study of Omura, Tood Constable and Canli (2005) found that there is a positive correlation with extraversion and the gray matter concentration in the left portion of amygdala....   [tags: psychology, personality]
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1335 words
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The Effect of Neural Tube Defects on Healthcare - ... It is well known that “an adequate intake of folate before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy reduces the risk of neural tube defects in infants,” because folate is vital “in the synthesis of DNA” (Dudek, 2014). While folate is available naturally in a well-balanced diet, folic acid supplements are also recommended due to their availability and they are more readily absorbed. However, there are other nutrients that assist in the proper development of the neural tube, and folic acid supplements do not eliminate the risk of a neural tube defect....   [tags: health, brain, spinal cord]
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1232 words
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Neuroscience: Mind Reading (Neural Decoding) - Early studies Various companies have been researching this technology for years. In 2007, Microsoft wanted to evaluate the way people interact with their computers. They began research on using electroencephalograms (EEG’s) to record the electrical signals of a person user while they were using a computer. Microsoft is still currently doing research on the matter. In 2009, Toyota unveiled their idea for a ‘mind reading’ wheelchair. The chair was designed to help the handicapped or elderly get around more freely and be more active member of society....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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948 words
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Neural Networks in Investments - Neural Networks in Investments I. ABSTRACT Investment managers often find themselves overwhelmed with the large amount of data obtained from the financial markets. Most of the data available is numeric and noisy in nature, making the decision-making process harder. These decisions usually rely on the integration of statistical measures that attempt to compress much of the data and qualitative depictions such as graphs and bar charts with news events and other pertinent information. Investment decisions usually involve non-linear relationships among the various components of the data....   [tags: Computers Technology Investing]
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Artificial Neural Networks - Artificial Neural Networks Artificial neural networks are systems implemented on computer systems as specialized hardware or sophisticated software that loosely model the learning and remembering functions of the human brain. They are an attempt to simulate the multiple layers of processing elements in the brain, called neurons. These elements are implemented in such a way so that the layers can learn from prior experience and remember their outputs. In this way, the system can learn to recognize certain patterns and situations and apply these to certain priorities and output appropriate results....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Neural Vision System - Neural Vision System Researchers at the University of Houston in Texas have developed a neural vision system that allows a robot to adapt to a changing world. The machine is designed to explore, experience (for better or worse) and then make future decisions based on that experience: typical behavior for any neural device. What is unusual is its ability to "learn new tricks" if the rules it learned through experience no longer apply. In both simulated and hardware experiments, the robot was shown to be able to identify objects correctly, even if the value associated with them changed over time....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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931 words
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Neural Cells as Harmony Detectors - Neural Cells as Harmony Detectors The issues of harmony have notably low profile in the current AI research. Meanwhile, when it comes to brain architecture, harmony plays the central role. As we hope to demonstrate in this essay, neural cells act primarily as local harmony detectors. On a less local scale, the consensus is that perceptions correspond to certain stable periodic patterns of neuron firing. A harmony-based architecture would probably be more successful than current AI paradigms. It would help here to recall the basics of neuron firing theory....   [tags: Neurology Brain Essays]
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1162 words
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Neuromodulation and Neural Plasticity - Neuromodulation and Neural Plasticity Neuromodulatory synaptic transmission differs from classical chemical synaptic transmission in both mechanism and function. The function of a classical synapse is to convey information rapidly from the presynaptic neuron to its target cell, producing a short-term effect. The neuromodulatory synapse may do the same initially, but its primary function is to transmit information that will have long-lasting effects on the postsynaptic neuron's metabolic activity, and on its response to subsequent input....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1323 words
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Assessing the Neural Mechanisms of Anxiety - A "Lesser Wrong" Model of Assessing the Neural Mechanisms of Anxiety The objective of our class and the neuroscientific community is to understand the complex neural pathways of the brain. The neural mechanisms of anxiety have long puzzled researchers. Thus far, the belief is that two structures of the limbic system known as the lateral septum and the amygdala regulate anxiety. The present paper will examine the role of the lateral septum and the amygdala in propagating anxiety (supporting the brain = behavior paradigm), discuss the neural connection that exist between the Am and LS, consider the effects that benzodiazepine anxiolytics have on this neural connection, as well as introduce findings from my current research that supports the "lesser wrong" model of anxiety....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Sensori-neural Deafness - Sensori-neural Deafness Sensori-neural deafness is medically irreversible. It is caused by a malfunction of the inner ear. So when sounds reach the inner ear, they go no further. In normal cases the sound will be transmitted to the brain. The cause of hearing impairment has various forms. Such as, a fault in the genetic blueprint, if one chromosome from either parent is damaged. This is the main cause of a child having it before birth....   [tags: Papers] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
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Neural Masculization and Feminization - Neural Masculization and Feminization American society separates two sexes and distinguishes two genders. Through innumerable cues, we are taught that men and women are different. Most public places provide separate restrooms for men and women. Most department stores sell men's and women's clothes in separate departments. Even separate clothing size scales exist for men and women. Many health forms and applications for schools or jobs inquire about sex. Clubs and organizations, such as Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts, exist solely for one gender or the other....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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2010 words
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Neural Networks as a Solution to Big Data in Law Enforcement - ... The type of network described above is a unidirectional type of neural network, known as a feed-forward network (Peretto, 1992). Although recurrent networks do exist, which are networks where the nodes feed back to previous layers, the earliest types of neural networks were feed-forward and this network topology still remains popular. The brain of a living organism is neither fully connected nor feed-forward and is impossible to emulate (Peretto, 1992). The way neural networks are used in data mining is that they are trained to recognize patterns in data....   [tags: inductive method, CATCH, CSSCP]
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3247 words
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Neural Precursor Cells and Neuro-Regenerative Medicine - Introduction The adult central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of cells from two distinct lineages- neurons and glial cells. Neurons are the basic building block of CNS that responsible for communicating information via eletro-chemical mechanisms. Glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes) surround the neurons; provide them support and insulation. “No new neuron after birth” or “the adult human brain cannot regenerate” was the dogma of neurosciences for the past century (1). Recently, this principle has been challenged by the discovery of NPC in both embryonic and adult mammalian nervous system (1, 2)....   [tags: Medicine] 636 words
(1.8 pages)
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Artificial Neural Network Based Rotor Reactance Control - Abstract: Problem statement: The Rotor reactance control by inclusion of external capacitance in the rotor circuit has been in recent research for improving the performances of Wound Rotor Induction Motor (WRIM). The rotor capacitive reactance is adjusted such that for any desired load torque the efficiency of the WRIM is maximized. The rotor external capacitance can be controlled using dynamic capacitor in which the duty ratio is varied for emulating the capacitance value. This study presents a novel technique for tracking maximum efficiency point in the entire operating range of WRIM using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)....   [tags: Engineering]
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IMPAIRMENT NEURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM DISORDER - Autism spectrum disorders are a common neural developmental brain condition (Cheng et al., 2010). It does not have unifying neurobiological or pathological etiology (Geschwind& Levitt, 2007) .It characterized by impaired social interaction and communication skills and restricted repetitive behavior (Johnson & Myers, 2007). Medical condition such as mental retardation, chromosomal anomalies and seizures are often appear with autism (Casanova, 2007). During first 3 years of childhood, these major symptoms are revealed (Casanova, 2007)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Neural Network Concept in Artificial Intelligence - Neural Network Concept in Artificial Intelligence Abstract Since the 1980's there have been renewed research efforts dedicated to neural networks. The present interest is largely due to the difficult problems confronted by artificial intelligence, and due to the deeper understanding of how the brain works, the recent developments in theoretical models, technologies and algorithms. One motivation of neural network research is the desire to build a new breed of powerful computers to solve a variety of problems that have proved to be very difficult with conventional computers....   [tags: Computer Technology]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Score for Language and Related Action - The Neural Score for Language and Related Action In the web page, GESTURAL EQUIVALENCE (EQUIVALENTS) OF LANGUAGE (http://www.percep.demon.co.uk/gesture.htm) , the development of language with respect to movements of the arms and hands are discussed. It is proposed that there are certain neural patterns, a score, to these movements that correspond to certain sounds. One can get so general as to say that there is one pattern of movement for each phoneme in language. Phonemes are the basic sounds of which a spoken language is constructed....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Predicting Customer Churn in Telecom Industry using MLP Neural Networks - ... It is the third GSM cellular phone provider set up in Jordan. By May 2011, the company had more than 2 million mobile and 25,000 broadband subscribers. The data set contains 11 attributes of randomly selected 5000 customers for a time interval of three months. The last attribute indicates whether the customer churned (left the company) or not. The total number of churners is 381 (0.076% of total customers). The attributes along with their description are listed in Table1. Experiments and results Evaluation methods In order to assess the developed ANN models, we use the confusion matrix shown in Table which is the primary source for evaluating classification models....   [tags: supervised machine learning, telecomunications]
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Fetal Neural Transplantation in the Treatment of Parkinson's and Huntington - Two Diseases, One Hope: Fetal Neural Transplantation in the Treatment of Parkinson's and Huntington's Disease Parkinson's Disease (PD) and Huntington's Disease (HD) are neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by malfunctions within the motor sector of the nervous system. These malfunctions, which are caused either by the surplus (as in HD) or absence (as in PD) of hormones, are a direct result of neural cell deterioration within the brain. PD and HD illustrate two very different behavioral patterns that are subsequently caused by two opposite and extreme biological abnormalities....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Mechanisms of Originality: Comparing Language Systems to Neural Systems - Mechanisms of Originality: Comparing Language Systems to Neural Systems "When I was a boy I felt that the role of rhyme in poetry was to compel one to find the unobvious because of the necessity of finding a word which rhymes. This forces novel assocations and almost guarantees deviations from routine chains or trains of thought. It becomes paradoxically a sort of automatic mechanism of orginality ..." ---- Stan Ulam, Adventures of a Mathematician In a previous paper, I began exploring a comparison between language and DNA based on their function as information systems....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Critically Evaluate the role of Neural Structures in Subserving a Specific Psychological Function. - The brain can be considered the most complex organ in the body and the centrepiece of the nervous system. Although the brain works as a unified whole, neuroscientists have identified areas within it that perform specific functions. This makes the brain interconnected by three different layers: the central core, the limbic system, and the cerebral cortex. All of which contain structures that regulate everyday life and psychological function. Memory refers to the persistence of learning in a state that can be revealed at a later time (Squire, 1987)....   [tags: Psychology ]
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Ultrasounds: A Necessity During Pregnancy - ... The extra chromosome can come from either the mother or the father. The presence of this extra chromosome causes some issues with development. Some physical characteristics that are associated with Down syndrome are muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. As everyone is different, these characteristics can be more evident in some people, while not as noticeable in others, or, someone may only have some of the characteristics....   [tags: neural tube, Spina bifida, down syndrome]
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Linking Brain and Behavior: Reflections on Neurodegenerative Diseases and Fetal Neural Transplantat - Linking Brain and Behavior: Reflections on Neurodegenerative Diseases and Fetal Neural Transplantation Neurodegenerative diseases are caused by malfunctions within the motor sector of the nervous system. These malfunctions, which are caused by the presence or absence of hormones, are a direct result of neural cell deterioration within the brain. Thus, biological problems of the brain, or rather predicaments arising between cellular connections within the brain, and the treatment of such conditions, illustrate how the brain organizes movement and behavior (11)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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Lexical Development from the Perspectives of Artificial Neural Network Models and Dynamical Systems Theory - ... Moreover, the authors were also able to map the obtained vocabulary growth curves on existing findings of the differences in this phenomenon in early and late talkers, where early talkers exhibit greater vocabulary spurt similarly to the models with high associative connections between the layers (Thal et al., 1997, as cited in Li et al., 2007). Given this, the authors suggest that ANN based on SOM are able to simulate and explain the markers of lexical development change across different learning stages....   [tags: education, language acquisition]
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1931 words
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Speaker identification and verification over short distance telephone lines using artificial neural networks - SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION AND VERIFICATION OVER SHORT DISTANCE TELEPHONE LINES USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Ganesh K Venayagamoorthy, Narend Sunderpersadh, and Theophilus N Andrew gkumar@ieee.org sundern@telkom.co.za theo@wpo.mlsultan.ac.za Electronic Engineering Department, M L Sultan Technikon, P O Box 1334, Durban, South Africa. ABSTRACT Crime and corruption have become rampant today in our society and countless money is lost each year due to white collar crime, fraud, and embezzlement. This paper presents a technique of an ongoing work to combat white-collar crime in telephone transactions by identifying and verifying speakers using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2884 words
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call, Neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we retrieve information has a big effect on how our brain changes for better or worse—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a dichotomous effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Medical Research]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect on how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Psychology ]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Psychology, IQ Tests]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we choose to use our brains’ neurocircuity to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Neurology]
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The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition - There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we choose to use our brains’ neurocircuity to focus our attention has created a multifaceted effect on how our brain functions....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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The Role of Neural Structures in Subserving a Specific Psychological Function - ... The local vascular changes affect the distribution of an injected radionuclide (e.g. O15) in PET or magnetic properties that are blood-oxygen level dependent (BOLD) in fMRI. The indirect measure of neural activity limits the temporal and spatial fidelity of activations. Given the supposed role of the hippocampal system in encoding memory in long-term stores, researchers have eagerly tried to address this issue using PET and fMRI. One way in which they attempted to find evidence to support this involved face encoding and recognition in episodic memory....   [tags: The Brain, The Nervous System]
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alternative dispute resolution - Alternative Dispute Resolution or ADR refers to a number of various processes that can be used to resolve legal disputes other than by litigation. Recently, methods of dispute resolution which focus on arbitration, mediation and negotiation as an alternative to adjudication have gained notoriety. This notoriety may have been caused by the public perception that ADR methods are less expensive, more efficient, and more satisfactory than the normal traditional course of litigation. The goals of establishing these processes to resolve disputes as an alternative to more formal legal processes include: 1) to make the regular court system more efficient, less costly and more responsive to the needs of the litigants; 2) to offer alternative methods of dispute resolution in addition to the regular court system; and 3) to provide public education about the available alternatives....   [tags: essays research papers] 1011 words
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War of 1812 - The War of 1812 and “The Era of Good Feeling” That Followed Leading up to War: The American Revolution was not the end of the tension and hostility between Britain and the United States. Neither country was satisfied with the agreements made at the end of the American Revolution. Americans were angry with the British for failing to remove their soldiers from American territory and their unwillingness to sign trade agreements that were satisfactory to the United States. This American resentment continued to grow strengthen as Britain made attempts to block off the entire continent of Europe....   [tags: American History]
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The Importance of Color - What color is best for the walls of an art gallery. This question is asked a lot and while there may be no “right” answer, many people have their opinions. Speaking about strongly colored walls Jake says, “These colors may make people comfortable, but they skew viewers' perceptions of the paintings. Some shade of gray or white is best: paintings stand out best against a neutral background, and the painting's own colors are true against a neutral background” (Boddy-Evans). While the color of the wall could very well depend on what work is being displayed, the color could just as well affect the viewers’ mood, in return changing their opinion on the piece....   [tags: Art]
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A Review of Effects of Songs With Prosocial Lyrics on Prosocial Thoughts, Affect, and Behavior - Overview Greitemeyer, T. (2009). Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial thoughts, affect, and behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(1), 186-190. The purpose of the research study Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial thoughts, affect, and behavior, was to examine the research question, Does exposure to prosocial media promote prosocial outcomes. The study attempts to determine the predictive validity of a previous construct known as the General Learning Model, a theoretical model of the effects and consequences of playing video games (as cited in Greitemeyer, 2009)....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Effects of BackGround Music on Phonological Short-Term Memory - ... Participants in their study were asked judge what words they thought as more memorable. In each of the four experiments, participants judge emotional words as more memorable than neutral words. Next, the participants were given a recall task for each of the word types. Over the four experiments, participants remembered the emotional words better than the neutral words. Rubin and Friendly (1986) were also interested in the roll word type plays in recall. Their study focused on 925 nouns and the 6 factors that “described their numerous properties”: orthography, imagery and meaning, word frequency, recall, emotionality, and goodness....   [tags: improving recall, emotional states]
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Fifth Business Dunstan - Fifth Business Dunstan Lots of people in our society can be dubbed as ^neutral^ in their behavior. They dont take part in the events occurring around them but rather just observe them. This characteristic can be called a beneficial characteristic as it may keep them out of disagreements. In the book Fifth Business written by Robertson Davies, Dunny can be called a neutral person. He tells us about his life story and through various incidents, it is clearly evident that he is indeed a neutral person....   [tags: essays papers] 676 words
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Mat Certification - Mat Certification The two possibilities for pelvic positions are neutral and imprinted. In neutral pelvis the natural lordotic curve of the lumbar spine is present. Imprinted means a slight lumbar curve into flexion is present. During imprinted spine the normal curve lengthens toward flexion by engaging the oblique abdominals to help bring the rib cage closer to the pelvis. I would use neutral pelvic placement for the One Leg Circle, since the essence of the exercise is stability of the pelvis and torso in neutral while being challenged by unilateral leg movement....   [tags: Papers] 606 words
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The Cause of An Insignificant War: War of 1812 - The War of 1812 was one of the most insignificant wars in U.S. history which despite its failure to accomplish its strategic goals, the country showed the world that the U.S., military could stand up to the British on land. Bradford Perkins presented a short but brilliant account on the root cause of the war, by offering two thesis’s to support the claim that the land hunger, the loss of commerce, and national honor were the main causes. Right from the start Perkins argued that the war of 1812 was the product of resentment at various British actions which challenged American sovereignty on sea, and on land....   [tags: War of 1812, USA, history,] 2483 words
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Moon of Two Dark Hoarses (Coshmoos Dream and Reality) - Coshmoo was a 14-year-old Indian boy who dreamed that there would be no war. He dreamed everyone would live in harmony. In reality, it was the French and Indian War and it was anything but harmonious. It was the 18th Century in America, which was a chaotic time in history. His tribe tried to stay neutral during the war, but it was difficult. Coshmoo wanted his family and tribe to be safe from the war. He had lost his dad in a battle a few years earlier, which was a painful loss to him. Coshmoo had dreams about a bear....   [tags: literary analysis, war] 523 words
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The Emerging Role of the US in WW I - Unlike World War II, the causes of World War I were more like politically complex. It all started in Europe when the continent was split into two sides. Since a lot powers were involved in mutual agreements and all the countries in the continent take their sides. That is why when the war did happen; they were force to support the policies. America on the other hand, is not part of any alliance to any country in Europe. America does not want any kind of participation during the war as they are more focusing on the booming of their industry....   [tags: War] 992 words
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Should Have Stayed Out of WWI - ... The resumption of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare (USW) was more or less the direct cause of America’s entry. Germany kept their word for as long as they could, but as the war continued, Germany was tempted by increasingly difficult obstacles. Within the next few months, Germany was starving and isolated by the British blockade. Frustrated and defeated the country “became more supportive of military rule and ruthless war aims” (Lengel, 2012). In a last effort to take the lead in WWI, Germany strengthened their submarine weapons and continued USW....   [tags: Triple Entente, Neutrality]
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The Ultimate Nature of Matter - The Ultimate Nature of Matter The theory of quantum mechanics has divided the atom into a number of fundamental sub-atomic particles. Although the physicist has shown that the atom is not a solid indivisible object, he has not been able to find a particle which does possess those qualities. Talk of particles, though, is misleading because the word suggests a material object. This is not the intention for the use of the word in quantum physics. Quantum particles are, instead, representations of the actions and reactions of forces at the sub-atomic level....   [tags: Physics Science Papers]
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U.S. Neutrality in World War One - U.S. Neutrality in World War One The United States remained neutral in World War One because they saw it in their best interest. At the time the war began, the U.S. industry was struggling. Staying out of the war was a way to boost the industry in America by utilizing trade with both the Ally and Central Powers. The U.S. also had no real reason to join the war. They had close ties with both sides. Some problems, however, would arise that would question the U.S. decision to remain neutral and sway their opinions to one side of the war....   [tags: Papers] 617 words
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War of 1812 - War of 1812: United States Wages War The American Revolution did not mark the end of tensions and hostilities between Britain and the newly independent United States. Neither country was pleased with the agreements made at the conclusion of the American Revolution. Americans were angry with the British for failing to withdraw their British soldiers from American territory and their unwillingness to sign trade agreements favorable to the United States. The division of land and the loss of the Ohio River Valley left Canada and Britain without access to the valuable fur trade....   [tags: essays research papers] 1289 words
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Stocks - In this study, we would measure an investor’s experience as closely as possible. Therefore, in a portfolio formation, we assume an investor who follows reported insiders trading information and at the end of each month, he forms his portfolio by including all stocks that have been traded by insiders in the same month. After that he gives equal weights to each stock in his portfolio. He keeps each stock in his portfolio for X months following insiders’ trades. Furthermore, he rebalances his portfolio every month to drop all stocks that have completed X months in the portfolio and add all stocks that have been just executed....   [tags: Business, Investment, Portfolio Information] 2162 words
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