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A Place of Worship: The Mosque - In this essay, I will be discussing the role and function as well as the main features of the mosque in the Muslim community. The word mosque is defined as a ‘Muslim place of worship’. It is very important in Islam because it is the place where Muslims humbly face their lord, prostrate to him and ask from him. Muslims gather in mosques to pray their 5 times daily prayers in congregation. This is a symbolism of Muslim unity and brotherhood. It also symbolises equality as every person is the same, no one is superior to another....   [tags: Mosque, Islam, ]
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2091 words
(6 pages)
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The Great Mosque of Istanbul - Hagia Sophia and the great mosques of Istanbul As a city that has played host to not one but two great empires, Istanbul has inherited a number of historical gems. The most apparent of these gems are the sultanic mosques spread across the city. While numerous in number, each mosque tells a different story through its art and architectural elements. They all share, however, triumphs in construction and architectural planning. Through their minarets, pointed arches, and abundance of luxurious building materials, these mosques exemplify the power of the empires they were born out of....   [tags: Religion, Islam, Mosque] 1728 words
(4.9 pages)
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Features of a Mosque - A mosque is a building used as a place of worship for Muslims. It is often referred to as a ‘masjid’ by many Muslims as this is the Arabic term for it. There are many features within the mosque all of which are necessary for the mosque to properly function. The most distinguished characteristic of a mosque is that it hosts the five daily prayers. These are performed in congregation with an Imam leading the prayer. The prayer hall has a distinctive type of carpet. This is since the carpet has sections all shaped like separate prayer mats so that there is no need to take out individual prayer mats for each person attending the mosque to pray....   [tags: Islam] 626 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Mosque - The Mosque The mosque is an Islamic holy place; in Arabic it is called a Masjid. It simply means the ‘place of prostration’ because frankly speaking you can make a mosque any where in the world as long as a Muslim kneels to prostrate. To recognize there are many unique features which you can tell it is a Masjid. There are two things that differentiate as to whether it is a Masjid or not. They are the a Dome and a Minaret. The Dome is a vital part of the Masjid as it allows the air to travel and make the Masjid Prayer Hall cooler....   [tags: Papers] 540 words
(1.5 pages)
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Main Features of A Mosque - Ai) Describe the main features of a mosque A mosque is mainly used as a place of worship for Muslims to pray to Allah. Not all mosques are the same, they vary from place to place. Some mosques are big and expensive whilst some other mosques are small and cheap. All mosques are different but are yet similar in some ways for example; all mosques are a place of worship. Some mosque have a tall minaret in which the Muezzin uses it to call the Adthaan, informing nearby Muslims that the time of prayer has come and they must quickly start their prayer....   [tags: Islam] 1561 words
(4.5 pages)
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An Analysis of a Mosque - An Analysis of a Mosque A Mosque is the place or building serving as a place of worship which Muslims use to pray and worship Allah. The Mosque is a very important part of Muslim worship. This is because the Islam religion places great importance on prayer and worshiping Allah. All Mosques differ in appearance and size. The main factor affecting the size of a Mosque is the religious majority of the country....   [tags: Papers] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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The Ground Zero Mosque: An Insult to America - September 11, 2001, one of the most infamous and controversial dates in the history of the United States will be engraved in the minds of millions forever and is once more a resurfacing issue. On this horrendous date in time, Islamic terrorists hijacked a pair of commercial airplanes and flew them into the Twin Towers, murdering thousands and causing millions in damage. Nearly a decade later, an Islamic religious group named the Cordoba Initiative is stirring up more trouble and is planning to construct a mosque within only blocks away from ground zero itself....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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1041 words
(3 pages)
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Malcom X and The Muslim Mosque Inc. - ... It is only when they learn the power of thinking for themselves, that is when they will get their freedom. The fourth tactic in Alinsky’s thirteen tactics is “make the enemy live up to their own book of rules.” (Alinksy 128) This tactic is self explanatory, Alinsky wants people to live up to their own rules, they are not above the book of rules. X says: Excuse me for raising my voice, but the thing, you know, gets me upset. Imagine that--a country that’s supposed to be a democracy, supposed to be for freedom and all of that kind of stuff when they want to draft you and put you in the army and send you to Saigon to fight for them--and then you’ve got to turn around and all nigh...   [tags: mecca, islamic culture, rights]
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2033 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Role of the Mosque in the Community - The Role of the Mosque in the Community There are vast majority of mosques around the world. This is such a blessing because Allah has bestowed upon the Muslim Ummah to make the earth pure and making it a Masjid. As the Messenger of Allah said, “I have been granted five things which were not granted to any other Prophet before me: (one of them) the whole earth has been made a Masjid. And pure for me, so whenever the time of prayer comes for anyone of you, he should pray wherever he is.” (Hadith) Currently the mosques are thought to be, a place of worship, for breaking the fast during Ramadan and little other things....   [tags: Papers] 1116 words
(3.2 pages)
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Mosque as A Place of Worship - Mosque as A Place of Worship Introduction Mosque described as a place which servers both as a house of worship and as a symbol of Islam. In Islam a masjid is a house of prayer. Mosque is symbolically very important to Muslims; it is a humble way for Muslims to rebuild a relation ship with Allah (swt) on earth. The mosque should have a clear indication of direction of Mecca (qibla). Abu Hurairah reports that the prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said: "If anyone goes back and from to the mosque to attend prayers Allah will prepare for him a feast in paradise" (bukhari)....   [tags: Papers] 2064 words
(5.9 pages)
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A Visit to A Mosque In America - A Visit to A Mosque In America Driving along the highway, all eyes are drawn as a magnet to the unique building with its golden dome and unusual architecture. The Islamic Center is located at the base of a residential street in a small neighborhood. The center houses an Islamic school, a community center, an international school and the Mosque, which is the place of worship for Muslims. There are many misconceptions regarding Islam and Muslims. In reality most Muslims are non-Arabs and most live outside the Middle East....   [tags: Descriptive Religion] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Important Features of a Mosque - The Important Features of a Mosque Possibly one of the most important aspects of the Islam religion is the Mosque, which means "place of prayer". This is seen as the centre of the Islamic community and is where Muslims join together to worship Allah, pray, and learn about the religion. Also, weddings, festival celebrations, and meetings of the Muslim community are held there. On the outside, many Mosques are plain and not elaborate at all although, it is not wrong for them to be grand....   [tags: Papers] 1556 words
(4.4 pages)
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Exploration of Mosque and Masjid - Exploration of Mosque and Masjid A Mosque, or Masjid is, a Muslim place of worship where Muslims go five times a day to pray their prayers in Jama'ah (congregation) behind an Imam (prayer leader). The technical meaning of Masjid is a Muslim place of worship And the technical meaning of Mosque is a Muslim place of worship The linguistic meaning of Masjid is a transliteration of the Arabic word مَسْجÙدٌ meaning the place of Sajda سَجْدَةٌ (prostration). There are 2 types of Masjids: the main Masjid is called Jama'a, and is the one where the Friday prayer is performed....   [tags: Papers] 1445 words
(4.1 pages)
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Architectural Form: Suleymaniye Mosque - The Suleymaniye mosque was truly a masterpiece during the time it was built in the mid 1500s. Today, it still never fails to captivate its audience through the complexity of its design and the intellectual analysis of its significance. The mosque was actually said to be as magnificent as the Seven Wonders of the World according to two European travelers, Freynes Moryson and John Sanderson, soon after its completion (Nelipogulu 221). The mosque is definitely symbolic in the city of Istanbul, sitting a top the highest hill, in that it represents central power and strength of the Turkish Empire (see Image 1) (Yayinlari 30)....   [tags: Architecture Art] 1571 words
(4.5 pages)
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Al- Aqsa Mosque - The Noble Sanctuary is a significant site with a sacred mosque and a sacred shrine within its walls, held in Jerusalem, for the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic religions. The Noble Sanctuary, which includes the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque, represents the sacrifices and hardships many people have faced throughout the decades that formed our world in to what it is today. The Jews and the Christians have a special place in their heart for The Noble Sanctuary, but the magnitude and relevance of this place is greatest with the Muslims....   [tags: essays research papers] 2289 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Ways in Which Muslims Worship in the Mosque - The Ways in Which Muslims Worship in the Mosque Firstly it is important to comprehend exactly what worship (or Ibadah as it is known in Islam) is. Worship is according to the dictionary definition: 'The reverent love and devotion accorded a deity, an idol, or a sacred object.' (Source: http://www.dictionary.com) Islam would totally reject the part of this definition, which associates worship with an idol or a sacred object, as, this would under Islamic law be Shirk or unforgivable under the eyes of God, as Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion, and believes in the principle of Tawhid....   [tags: Papers] 1994 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Significant Features in the Prayer Area of a Mosque - The Significant Features in the Prayer Area of a Mosque When a Muslim prays, there are many significant features which are located in the pray area. For example, the dome which is located normally above the prayer area symbolises the universe which Allah created and over which he rules. Some mosques may have 4 minarets and a dome, but the significance of the dome allows the circulation of air and it also amplifies the human’s voice or chant, normally being the sermon. Also the circulation of air may help in hot countries as the worshippers need to concentrate whilst saying their prayers and the heat may affect them....   [tags: Papers] 1247 words
(3.6 pages)
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You do not to need to go to a mosque to be a good Muslim - Religious Studies Coursework 'You do not to need to go to a mosque to be a good Muslim' I personally agree with this statement that to be a good Muslim you do not need to attend Mosque. A good Muslim is someone who follows the five pillars of Islam. The five pillars of Islam is the term given to 'the five duties incumbent on every Muslim'. these duties are Shahadah(profession of faith), Salat(ritual prayer), Zakat(alms giving), Sawm(fasting during the month of Ramadan) and Hajj(pilgrimage to Mecca)....   [tags: essays research papers] 809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Islam the Role and Function of the Mosque in a Muslim Community - The role and function of the mosque in a Muslim community A mosque is generally a very symbolic place for a Muslim, being a humble way for Muslims to recreate pure divine presence on earth. The primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place where Muslims can come together for prayer. Nevertheless, mosques are known around the world nowadays for their Islamic architecture but most importantly for its general vitality to the Muslim Ummah (community). A mosque brings the community together as it acts as many things, a social centre, a community centre and an educational centre etc as it has many events which welcome both old and new members of the mosque....   [tags: essays research papers] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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Islam:The role and function of an Imam in a Sunni Mosque - The role and function of an Imam in a Sunni Mosque The word Imam is an Arabic word which means 'Upfront'. As with many ancient words relating with faith the word carries a great deal of meaning and, depending of usage in text as well as speech, can take on numerous different meanings. In Sunni Islam the term Imam is used principally as a title and has minimal importance in theology. The congregational prayer performed in Mosque is lead by the Imam who stands in front of the lines of worship leading them in recital of prayer....   [tags: essays research papers] 1116 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Drawback of Destroying Old Sites and Putting Up New Buildings in Mecca - Mosque Project Since pre-Islamic times Mecca has always been known as a sacred site, however due to mass construction and modernization, the sacredness of this holy city may be slowly dying. Mecca contains the Holy Mosque and the Kaaba. The Kaaba is a tall, box-like structure which stands in a courtyard in the center of the Holy Mosque, and it became established as the main object of pilgrimages to Mecca (Dictionary of Islamic Architecture). Mecca is the birth place of the prophet Muhammad and contains a lot of important historical sites such as the site where Muhammad was born, the house of the prophet’s wife Khadijah and the house of Abu Bakr, as well as Muhammad’s grandson’s house which...   [tags: Islam, Mecca, Holy Mosque, Kaaba]
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1117 words
(3.2 pages)
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Features of Al-Masjid-Al-Nabawi Mosque - Religious Studies coursework 'Name the features of a specific mosque' A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. Its primary purpose is to serve as a place of worship for practising Muslims where they can pray together. Al-Masjid-Al-Nabawi, also known as the prophet's mosque, is the second holiest mosque in the world and is the final resting place of the prophet Muhammad. The original mosque was built by the prophet himself. The mosque also served as a community centre, a court and a religious centre....   [tags: essays research papers] 651 words
(1.9 pages)
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CONDITION SURVEY OF MOSQUE IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, MINNA, NIGERIA - 1.0 Introduction The whole world is a place of worship. The essence of life is to worship the Almighty, the creator of all creations. Allah says that He had created both Men and Jinns only that they may worship and serve Him (Quran 51, verse 56). In another related verse; Allah says “O ye who believe. When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (The Day of Assembly), hastens earnestly to the remembrance of God, and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew. And when the prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of God: and celebrate the praises of God often (and without stint :): that ye may prosper (Quran 62, verse 9,...   [tags: Allah, Muslim, Islam, religious identity]
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2618 words
(7.5 pages)
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Understanding Islam and Muslims - Most people know little or nothing about Islam, they have many misconceptions about Muslim beliefs and rituals. Regardless, Islam has gained a large following and is the second largest religion in the world. Hopefully some of the questions about Islam, Sunni Islam in particular, will be answered through research and a visit to the Islamic Center of the Inland Empire. This paper will cover the history of the religion, the history of Al-Masjid al-Ha ram or “The Holy Mosque", the art, the religious meeting, and personal views of a religious leader....   [tags: Al-Masjid al-Ha ram, The Holy Mosque] 2083 words
(6 pages)
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Biography of Malcolm X: A Famous Civil Rights Activist - ... He believed that white people had it better than blacks, and was a firm believer of fighting for what he believed in. His father burned down his white neighbor’s home because he felt as though he was not treated fairly. One day Louisa had a bad feeling when Earl left the house, and she tried to chase after him. “Earl was later discovered lying beside the tracks. His left arm crushed and blood gushed from his partly severed left leg, which looked as if it had been hacked open by a meat cleaver....   [tags: peace, muslim mosque inc, africa]
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1605 words
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British Influence on Malaysian Vernacular Architecture and Modern Mosques - Positioned across two separate, immediate islands, Malaysia has always been primed for a strong foreign influence through rich international trade. The influences of Hindu India, Christian Europe, and the Islamic Middle East, converged to create a diverse populous. However, Malaysia's exposure also granted vulnerability and eventual colonialism under multiple countries, most notably Great Britain. Through Britain's tenure, Western and Eastern ideology and design fused together to bring fourth major changes that would forever leave a distinctive mark on Malaysian history, design, and culture....   [tags: architecture, modern mosques]
:: 6 Works Cited
1475 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Muslim Mosques - The Muslim Mosques The mosques are the most important centres in any Muslim community. From their Minbar are delivered the khutbah, arguably the most important weekly address regarding Islam, and around them the Muslims congregate and organise their affairs. It is no wonder, therefore, that the mosques have been caught up in significant controversy in Britain because of their important status, both for the Muslims who visit them and for the British government....   [tags: Papers] 4628 words
(13.2 pages)
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Islamic Mosques - To God belongs the East and the West, wheresoever you look is the face of God. Qur'an 2:115 Islam has given the world some of the most beautiful things geometry, poetry, art and architecture. From the early sixth century all the way into current times, Islam has brought innovations in math, literature and art. Throughout its history Islamic art was ever changing. Creating new and interesting ways to not only look at the world but the way in which one represents god in all his glory. Islam Began in the Middle East, but their vast empire slowly grew to incorporate Spain, Northern Africa, and India....   [tags: Culture, Arquitecture, Traditions] 896 words
(2.6 pages)
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Muslim Prejudice in Modern Youth Society - Ever since the attacks on the Twin Towers, Islamic prejudice has been on the rise. A study by the Associated Press reveals that Islamic prejudice is more common now than in the 1980’s or 1990’s. The same study also shows that roughly 700 Arab related hate crimes had been executed in the weeks after 9/11. The acts of the 9/11 attacks entirely changed the outlook non-Islamic Americans have about Islamic Americans, foreign Muslims, and any Arabs of the kind. The American government needs to extinguish the prejudice because if the US citizens of America nullify each other over a mosque than there is no way we could ever defeat a greater calamity....   [tags: Islam, Prejudice]
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1050 words
(3 pages)
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Construction of an Islamic Center near Ground Zero - The approval by the authorities in the United States to build an Islamic cultural center at a location near the spot of the September the eleventh attacks in America resulted in a controversy that touched on the basic rights of Americans protected by the first amendment of the American constitution. The Commission for Landmark Preservation in New York approved the construction of the Islamic center just two blocks away from the site of the World Trade Center because the two buildings torn apart to give way for the construction of the Islamic center were not very distinctive landmarks in Manhattan (Aljazeera)....   [tags: The First Amendment]
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1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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How Islamic Architecture in Spain Changed from the Seventh Century to the Mid-sixteenth Century - The Great Mosque of Córdoba was built in Córdoba, Andalucía, southern Spain: the capital at which Muslims exist. The great Mosque of Córdoba went under massive changes over centuries. These changes occurred because the Mosque was conquered by groups of people following different religions, including Islam, Judaism and Christianity. Each religion marked its conception through changing or adding a unique artwork that symbolized its essence. The Great Mosque of Córdoba was built by Arab architects in the eighth century and then a cathedral was added by Christian conquers in the sixteenth century ....   [tags: Architecture, Islam, Spain]
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1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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Islam Culture and Beliefs - Islam is one of the world's greatest monotheistic religions. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims, and they believe in God, Allah. The word "Islam" is an Arabic word that means "submitting and surrendering your will to Almighty God.” The word comes from the same root as the Arabic word "salam” which means peace. Islam is the religion of about one and half billion people in the world. It is the second largest in the number of followers after Christianity. I chose this religion as a topic of my research paper because at high school in my world history class I read few things about this religion like God is one, men can have four wives, etc and those sound interesting to me, so I want to...   [tags: Cultures, Cultural Identity Essays ]
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1422 words
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The Hindutva Movement: A Struggle Towards a “Hindu Secular India” - "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." This seems like a pleasant statement from Mr. Bal Thackeray, the leader of the Shiv Sena party and a proponent of the Hindutva movement, but it hardly works to conceal the villainous face of the Hindu nationalistic movement he follows. This movement aims to protect the interests of India by enhancing cohesion not only within the Hindu classes but also with other religious communities present in the country. However, this movement has numerous controversies attached to it, out of which, the razing of the Babri Mosque, the land transfer in Kashmir and the Christian massacre in Orissa standout, underlining that this movement is not...   [tags: Political/Religious Issues]
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1035 words
(3 pages)
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History of the Islamic Association - History of the Islamic Association The history of the Islamic Community of Cincinnati begins in 1961. At this time, the population of Muslims in Cincinnati was comprised of seven people, three men and four women. There was no mosque, which is an Islamic place for worship and gatherings, available at this time. So these seven decided to start congregating weekly for Friday (Jum’uah) prayer. During this time, there were only a few mosques in the Midwest, as there were a greater number of Muslims in larger cities in the East and West, mainly New York and Los Angeles....   [tags: Papers] 781 words
(2.2 pages)
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How Followers of Islam Feel about the Buildings in Which they Worship and the Worship Itself - How Followers of Islam Feel about the Buildings in Which they Worship and the Worship Itself Islam is a religion taught by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and based on the Quran. It emerged in the 7th Century CE and spread quickly throughout the Arabian Peninsula and in several directions beyond Spain and Morocco in the west and beyond Persia in the east. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the last in the lines of the Prophets, the first being Prophet Adam. History of Islam tells us that God commanded His prophet Abraham to build the first house of worship in Mecca where the Kaaba is now as it is written in the Quran....   [tags: Papers] 690 words
(2 pages)
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Ottoman Architecture - There are few things that actually do last. Legends, arts, beliefs, and architecture are among the few that actually do last. Architecture can be defined as a practice of constructing and designing a building project. However, the Islamic architecture has a distinctive range of both religious and secular styles that have been influenced by the Islamic culture. Furthermore, The structure of Islamic architecture that is used in mosques, tombs, palaces and fountains is unavoidable in sight. The relationship between early Islamic architecture and modern foundation of construction provides a penetrating overview of encompass of Islamic culture in Iran, Tunisia, India, and Turkey....   [tags: Art, Islamic Architecture] 1013 words
(2.9 pages)
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Construction of Public Sapces in India - With the rise of British colonization of South Asia in mid-late 18 century came western ideas of the “public”, contextualized in spatial, social and political terms. The later construction of “public” spaces during mid-late 19th century, like parks, evidences that overtime the municipalities, consisting of both Indian and European officials, attempted to alter the landscape of the major cities in an effort to replicate the sociopolitical environment of the western world. However, although, as Sudipta Kaviraj argues, notions of the common or collective identity readily existed in India, adoption of a socio-politically defined “public” sphere proved to be difficult precisely because the ideas...   [tags: India] 1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture - Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture Works Cited Missing The Hagia Sophia church and the Suleymaniye mosque are separated by a thousand years but are tied together eternally. One representing the achievement of the Christian-Byzantine empire and the other representing the ability of the Islamic-Ottoman empire and its architect Sinan. Two empires that had very little in common other than their architecture and region. In earlier history the Dome of the Rock represented the Islamic empire's attempt to rival the newly defeated Byzantine empire and its architectural achievements such as the Holy Sepulchre....   [tags: Compare Contrast] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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What is Islam Stance Over Modernization and Westernization - ... The mosque was transformed from being a cramped and dark chamber with arabesque-covered walls into a sanctuary of esthetic and technical balance, refined elegance and a hint of heavenly transcendence. Splendid architectural monuments built by Muslims in different parts of the world include the great Mosque of Isfahan, majestic palaces of Baghdad, mosque Ibn Tulun of Cairo, Alhambra and the grand mosque of Cordova in Spain. (IslamArts.org) Another area where Islamic modernity is clearly visible is the role of women in Islam....   [tags: science, technology, modern life]
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2708 words
(7.7 pages)
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A Passage to India - E.M. Forster, born into a middle-class family in London, was a humanist and an English writer famous for his literary works which called attention to the hypocrisy (present in the time in which he lived). In his novel A Passage To India, Forster explores the relationship between and within the Anglo-Indian and Native-Indian communities under British Imperialism and expounds on the sins which its members commit against the humanistic values of sympathy and understanding. Additionally, in A Passage to India Forster reflects the relationship phases which occur between his characters through the use of the three main divisions -- Mosque, Caves, and Temple....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1742 words
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Controversy in Palo's Heights - Controversy in Palo's Heights On May 16, 2000, the Palos Heights City Council met to determine who would gain possession of the Reformed Church of Palos Heights. Seven months of meetings and controversy over the sale of the Reformed Church of Palos Heights had left church officials again unsure of who would buy the property and when. The Reformed Church, 6600 W. 127th St., had been for sale for approximately two years, as the growing congregation planned to build a larger church on Bell Road in Lemont Township....   [tags: Papers] 1091 words
(3.1 pages)
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Interview With A Muslim - The two largest religions in the world, Christianity and Islam, were implemented by two of religions most powerful leaders, Jesus and Muhammad. Without question, both Jesus and Muhammad have affected humanity powerfully. As religious leaders both men laid down the principles upon which Christianity and Islam are founded yet today. However, while Jesus performed miracles and arose from the dead, thus proving to his followers he was God, Muhammad performed no such feats, and made no such claims. In fact, Muhammad’s only claim was that he was the last prophet sent from God....   [tags: Religion Compare Christianity Islam] 2097 words
(6 pages)
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The Great Shah Abbas - The Great Shah Abbas The Great Shah Abbas I reigned from 1588-1629. He was a ruler who relocated the capital from Saljuq to Isfahan, in the center of the country. This was his attempt to centralize political and religious authority, develop capital, and institute Safavid Iran as a world power, both economically and politically. Shah Abbas began his renovations with the transformation of the little Timurid palace into the Ali Qapu, or ‘sublime port’ an entrance to the royal gardens. Abbas made it his headquarters while his architects began the creation, under his direction and often under his personal supervision, of his new capital....   [tags: Isfahan Ali Qapu Interior Design Essays]
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860 words
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"The Miscreants of Taliwood" - On Febuary 17th 2010, the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art opened their 2010 “Documentary Fortnight” film festival on international non-fiction films and on the 18th, they presented a film by George Gittoes titled “The Miscreants of Taliwood”. This was the third film of a trilogy by George Gittoes, of which the previous two films had also been presented at previous Documentary Fortnights. The MoMA promotional summary advertized the film in a classic travelogue style - “an extraordinary journey to a forbidden zone”....   [tags: Film Critique] 1941 words
(5.5 pages)
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A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain - A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain By the 6th century a Germanic tribe called the Visigoths, converts to Arian Christianity, had established themselves as the aristocratic elite. The Christians built many monumental basilica-plan churches. The Santa Maria de Quintanilla de las Vinas, Burgos, Spain and San Juan de Banos de Cerrato are two such churches that still remain today. In the beginning of the 8th century Islamic Muslims conquered Spain and ended Visigothic rule....   [tags: Architecture Compare Contrast Essays]
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1085 words
(3.1 pages)
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Absolute Monarchy in Different Empires Throughout History - ... Suleiman surrounded himself with poets, painters, and musicians. Like Louis, Suleiman also dressed in the finest of clothing (02/04. Discovery). Absolute monarchs did not just sit around showing off their power; they started wars to be able to gain more power. Louis and Suleiman increased their power though wars and conquest. Suleiman ruled over an empire that spanned three continents, yet he still continued to expand. A year after Syria tried to leave the Ottoman Empire, Suleiman attacked the isle of Rhodes....   [tags: absolutism, louis XIV, suleiman I]
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1105 words
(3.2 pages)
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Summary of "the Swallows of Kabul" - First of all, in chapter five, Atiq went to the mosque for the Isha Prayer. Then, he left and wandered around the city. Unknowingly, he arrived at the jailhouse. He decided to spend the night there. So, he lit up the lamp and lied down. Suddenly, he got scared to see Nazeesh behind him. As you can see, Atiq met Nazeesh a decade ago, when he was a mufti in Kabul. Then, Nazeesh told the sad story of his old father. He also told him that he wanted to die by walking into the ocean. He was describing the way of his coming death for a long time....   [tags: Swallows of Kabul, summary, summaries,] 510 words
(1.5 pages)
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Islam - Visiting a mosque for the first time for any non-Muslim can be quite a daunting and intimidating experience if one doesn’t know exactly what to expect. A mosque is the place of prayer for Muslims within the Islamic faith. It is a house of prayer, one very much like that of churches and cathedrals for Christians, Synagogues for Jews, and temples for Hindus and Buddhists, but with its own distinct rules, rituals, and services. Mosques are not only the center of religious prayer amongst Muslims, but rather also serve as the center of any Muslim community and society in the area....   [tags: essays research papers] 1823 words
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Politics of Piety by Saba Mahmood - ... Legal Pluralism is referenced throughout the book as well. There are main law systems in place that influencing the women of the mosque movement and the women in the Islam religion. In the article by Merry (1988) in week 7 Pospisil is cited that “…every functioning subgroup in a society has its own legal system which is necessarily different in some respects from those of other subgroups”. The multiplicity of the different formal and informal law system in place have different levels of importance to individuals....   [tags: islamic women, gender, law]
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The Mantle of the Prophet - Roy Mottahedeh is a professor of Islamic history at Harvard University. He has written widely in the history of Islam and religion. The Mantle of the Prophet is one of the books that Mottahedeh wrote. In this book, Mottahedeh covers different aspects that include Islamic faith, Iranian city of Qom, traditions derived from the history of Iran, political change in Iran and secular Islamic learning among other issues. Ali Hashemi and Parviz studied together in the same elementary school courtyard. However, each of them took different turns....   [tags: Islamic History, Mothhahedeh] 1589 words
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Benefiting Off Religious Ignorance - “The Jewish people have no claim whatsoever to sovereignty over this holy site, which is under Islamic authority, nor over any other holy site.” -Rabbi Zonenfeld One who believed ignorance is truly bliss must have thought nothing about the future or what may occur due to their ignorance. It is bliss, for a period of time at least, because it is impossible to worry and bring stress to yourself over something you know nothing about. It is not until the truth is revealed, changes are made, and it is too late to change what is done, is ignorance not so bliss after all....   [tags: The Middle East]
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The Five Pillars of Islam - Like many other religions, the Muslim faith has experienced many changes and branches. Like Christianity, the original faith is still practiced by some, but others have started new branches with their own unique interpretation being Muslim. Despite these differences within the Muslim religion, one set of rules for moral guidance is central to all. These rules are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars act as a moral compass for Muslims and are universally accepted as they are mentioned specifically in the Qur’an, the sacred Muslim book of God’s words as they were recited to Muhammad (Molloy, 425)....   [tags: Islam ]
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Post 9/11 Racial Profiling of Muslim Americans - For a second, the U.S. stood still. Looking up at the towers, one can only imagine the calm before the storm in the moment when thousands of pounds of steel went hurdling into its once smooth, glassy frame. People ran around screaming and rubble fell as the massive metal structure folded in on itself like an accordion. Wounded and limping from the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center, America carried on, not without anger and fear against a group of innocent Americans, Muslim Americans. Nietzsche’s error of imaginary cause is present in the treatment of Muslim Americans since 9/11 through prejudice in the media, disregard of Muslim civil liberties, racial profiling, violence, disrespect, a...   [tags: Racism, Prejudice, Racial Profiling Essays]
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Religious Persecution as a Global Issue - ... These Sunnis have done nothing wrong except worship, which should be a basic human right. Religions should not have to be afraid to express their beliefs in a non-violent and non-offensive way. Many religious groups, especially minorities of the geographical area, are persecuted for their beliefs worldwide. While many think that religious persecution does not occur in many countries, the opposite is true. There are countless countries that restrict worship of religions that do not align with the national religion of their country....   [tags: religious freedom, christians, atheism]
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America's Changes Due to 9/11 - It has been ten years since the worst terrorist attack in the history of the United States. In the decade since the September 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. has been entrenched in two ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Department of Homeland Security was founded, and Osama bin Laden, the alleged perpetrator of the attacks, has been killed. The Patriot Act and other legislation increased surveillance while decreasing our civil liberties. Here's a look at how the attacks and America's reaction to them still affect American lives today....   [tags: USA Security, Terrorism] 1557 words
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Ancient Indian Architecture - Ancient Indian Architecture The Science of Architecture and Civil Construction was known in Ancient India as Sthapatya-Shastra. The word Sthapatya is derived from the root word Sthapana i.e. 'to establish'. The technique of architecture was both a science and an art, hence it is also known as Sthapatya-kala, the word Kala means an art. From very early times the construction of temples, palaces, rest houses and other civil construction was undertaken by professional architects known as Sthapati....   [tags: Papers] 850 words
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Freedom and Responsibility - Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were adopted by the states to become the Bill of Rights in 1791....   [tags: U.S. Law]
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Catholicism and Islam - “I love you when you bow in your mosque, kneel in your temple, pray in your church. For you and I are sons of one religion, and it is the spirit”- Khalil Gibran (Think Exist). Catholicism and Islam are just two of the many religions that inhabit the world. While the two are similar in some aspects, it is the differences that clearly set them apart. “Muslim extremists” is one stereotype that clearly sets the two religions apart; rarely do you ever hear someone call a catholic an “extremist”. Islam was founded in 622 CE on the Arabian Peninsula following the death of Muhammad (Stopke)....   [tags: Differences in Beliefs]
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Visit to Constantinople and Some of the Greek Islands by John Auldjo - ... The problem with this is not the fact that the German baron had his fire arm on him when he greeted the sultan was illegal, the reason is out of fear that any individual present in front of the sultan with a weapon might kill the sultan. The situation turned in favor of the German baron when a swallow which is a type of bird fellow straight at the sultan, his officers, and the German baron. The Sultan point to it and said to shoot. The German baron was successful in the shot. The Sultan asked to find out where the German baron lived and sent him gifts....   [tags: sultan, summer, spring, 1833]
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The Significance of Ritual and Sacred Objects - Sam Veda once said, “Rituals that are performed with the desire of attaining salvation also helps a man to achieve growth and progress in this world.” Rituals play an integral part in every religion and the lives of its followers. These rituals develop followers into better people and link them with the divine. Ramadan is a month long religious ritual that holds great importance for the Muslim community. In order to learn more about this ritual I attended a service at mosque during Ramadan earlier this year....   [tags: Islam ]
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Massive Anti-Islam Sentiment in the United States - Islam is a monotheistic religion, centered around the teachings of the Qu’ran and serving Allah (meaning God in Arabic). However, this Abrahamic religion has been harshly discriminated against in the United States for years. Most prominently throughout the last twelve years, post September 11th, 2001. Unfortunately, issues such as socialization through the media, power distribution, religious ignorance, stereotyping and visible differences have contributed to the ill attitudes towards Muslims. This paper will examine how Americans have been socialized in islamophobia within the United States....   [tags: Islamophobia, Anti-Muslim Sentiment]
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Separatist Conflict in the Kingdom of Thailand - ... Just when the violence seemed to have abated, a series of conflicts arose significantly in 2004 during the regime of Thaksin Shinawatra (2001-2006), whose controversial policies were believed by many to cause the re-emergence of the violence. One of the notable policies introduced by Thaksin was the dissolution of Soutbern Border Provinces Administrative Centre (SBPAC) in 2002. As has been mentioned earlier, SBPAC was introduced by ex-Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda in 1980s to encourage a more coordinated government administration between the central government and the southern region....   [tags: insurgency, patanni, malay muslims]
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American Government's Reaction to September 11 - The September 11th attacks did leave a mark on the United States. The world watched the media account of the tragic events as they were captured by digital and print media. The author in this article explores different aspects of the tragedy to analyze the both Australian and American thoughts and understanding of the events. She has broken it down into categories: the aftermath of the attacks, interpretations of the attacks, and challenges that impeded existing structures of representation. Questions of how the attack was viewed, and how the terrorist evoked terror and mass terrorism are reviewed....   [tags: terrorism, world trade center]
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Osman and His Family Got Asylum in the United Kingdom - Osman and His Family Got Asylum in the United Kingdom It was a fine summer’s day with a very few clouds. Osman had just finished eating his breakfast, when the door bell rang. Osman’s father went to open the door and returned with a recorded delivery letter from the Home Office.” What’s that dad?” said Osman. “We have got asylum in the United Kingdom , “Osman’s father replied. with joy.” Now what will we do, can we live here for the rest of our lives?” “I think we will be moving to somewhere else”....   [tags: Papers] 1224 words
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Free Speech and National Security - There was an article saying that in 2007, the government subpoenaed amazon.com to obtain book purchasing records of amazons customers. Judge Stephen Crocker said that, “ the subpoena is troubling because it permits the government to peek into the reading habits of specific individuals with out their knowledge or permission. It is an unsettling and un-American scenario to envision federal agents nosing through the reading lists of law-abiding citizens while hunting for evidence against somebody else.” This article brings into question the constitutional rights of the 4th and 9th amendments, of warrants and privacy of citizens: should the government be able to look into private records showing...   [tags: Government] 1231 words
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Muslim Discrimination in America - At a time of growing tension between religious groups in America, a record number of Muslims have reported religious discrimination claims. Although Muslims only make up roughly 2 percent of the United States population, they accounted for about one quarter of the religious discrimination claims filed last year (Greenhouse 2010). Most Americans reported a heightened distrust and hatred toward Muslim-Americans after the 9/11 attacks and the War on Terror in the Middle East. Islamophobia continues to be provoked by anti-Muslim extremist and tensions between evangelical Christianity....   [tags: War on Terror, Generalizations] 1446 words
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Why Is Religion Important? - "Just as a candle cannot burn without fire, men cannot live without a spiritual life." -- Buddha "So I say to you, Ask and it will be given to you; search, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened for you." --Jesus Christ Whether you consider yourself a religious person or not, or whether you think religion has played a positive or negative role in history, it is an incontrovertible fact that from the beginning of time, humans have engaged in activities that we now call religion, such as worship, prayer, and rituals marking important life passages....   [tags: Why Study Religion?] 564 words
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The Muslim Culture - Muslim, ever wonder what this word really means. Who is classified as Muslim. Someone that is Muslim is not a terrorist, nor a bad person. They are humans. Someone that is a Muslim only has an Islamic belief. This word originated in Arabia where this whole culture developed (BBC “Islam”). Islam followers, or Muslims, were introduced to their culture from the Prophet Muhammad (BBC “Islam”). The word Islam comes up very often, but who knows what it means. It is said to be the “submission to the will of God (BBC “Islam”).” Majority of the U.S....   [tags: Cultures, Cultural Identity Essays]
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Women In Islam - The Women of Islam Society in western civilization sees Islam's treatment of women as heinous, unfair, and typically cruel. How can one respect a religion and culture that makes their women cover themselves from head to toe in 100 degree weather, walk behind her spouse, enter separate doors of the mosque (if they are even allowed to enter), pray in an closed off area separate from the men, marry complete strangers, and receive little to no education. These few examples and a lot more can surely discourage anyone from even wanting to become a Muslim, especially women....   [tags: Females, Religion, misogyny, argumentative]
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Catholicism and Islam - “I love you when you bow in your mosque, kneel in your temple, pray in your church. For you and I are sons of one religion, and it is the spirit”- Khalil Gibran (Think Exist). Islam and Catholicism are just two of the many religions that inhabit the world. While the two are similar in some aspects, it is the differences that clearly set them apart. “Muslim extremists” is one stereotype that clearly sets the two religions apart; rarely do you ever hear someone call a catholic an “extremist”. Since the founding of these religions, tensions have escalated between them regarding their “ownership” or “rights to” what was once the “Holy Land”....   [tags: Religion]
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Kamad al-Din Bihzad - The Persian painter Kamal al-Din Bihzad was known as "the wonder of the age" (Roxburgh, Persian 179). Not much known about his life, but still Bizhad is considered one of the two greatest Persian painters of all time, second only to the legndary Mani (Bahari 16). He was called by court chroniclers of the Safavids, Ottomans, and Mughals the "Unique One of the Age" or "Master of the Age." These kinds of titles were not something royal writers of the three greatest powers of sixteenth-century Islamic Asia bestowed lightly....   [tags: Persian Art, Image Making]
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Malcolm X’s Strategies for Freedom - ... He organized mosques (Muslim places of worship) around the U.S. attracting more followers to the Nation of Islam (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 947). Because of his organization of mosques and his speaking ability, Malcolm X became the minister of New York Mosque No. 7. Later on, this mosque became known as the largest group of Muslims in the country (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 947). After his trip to Mecca, Malcolm X not only rejected racism against African Americans, but racism against all races (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 949)....   [tags: civil rights, muslims]
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The Practical, Psychological, Economical, Physical Impacts Made by 9/11 - It has been ten years since the worst terrorist attack in the history of the United States. In the decade since the September 11 terrorist attacks, the Department of Homeland Security was founded, airports and airlines increased security, and Osama bin Laden has been killed. The U.S. has been entrenched in two ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanastan. The Patriot Act and other legislation increased surveillance while decreasing our civil liberties. How have all of these changes and the lasting impact of 9/11 affected Americans....   [tags: War on Terror] 1428 words
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Ignorance is not Bliss - “Why do they hate us?” It's a flexible question, isn't it. Born in indignation for the things that we don't really understand, this question brings victimization to a whole new level. It implies that the poser of this question can do no wrong. After all, if “they” hate “us”, surely “we” did something wrong, right. If “we” did something so terrible that “they” hate “us”, surely “we” know what we did. After all, such strong feelings don't come from thin air. These terms in quotation are debatable, pronouns that take the place of no obvious nouns....   [tags: Culture ]
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The Events of Ramadan - The Events of Ramadan Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Lunar calendar (a calendar measured by the cycles of the moon). Ramadan is thought as the holiest months. The month begins as soon as the new moon is seen. Muslims have to go without from all food, drink, gum chewing, any kind of tobacco use, and any kind of sexual contact between dawn and sunset (Fasting during the month of Ramadan is to be carried out each day from when "the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from its black thread ....   [tags: Papers] 1141 words
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We Must Stop Racism - We live in a world that is culturally diverse, with rich culture and heritage. Everyone comes from a different background, with unique history and life experiences. Today we have broken-down a lot of racial barriers that existed in the past, and we have learn become more accepting of each other culture and way of life. Even though our society is growing up and becoming more tolerant of each other, they are still many barriers that needs to be broken. Racism still exists today, it is something that we cannot get rid of easily....   [tags: Racism Essays]
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An Analysis of "between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, - An analysis of "Between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and the Museum," In "Between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and the Museum," Finbarr Barry Flood expresses many ideas concerning Islamic iconoclasm. His focus was on the ."..iconoclastic practices of Muslims living in the eastern Islamic world, especially Afghanistan and India." Flood discusses issues with traditional patterns considering Islamic iconoclasm and the "many paradoxes" that "complicate" our understanding of Islamic iconoclasm....   [tags: Aesthetics] 2390 words
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The Role of Abuse in British India in Forster's Passage to India - In a Passage to India the author, E. M Forster sends the message of India’s mistreatment and misrepresentation by Britain. Throughout the novel, the reader is able to observe how British and Indian characters are treated differently. The author demonstrates the British perspective of Indians being the ignorant characters in the novel, whose company leads to troubles. Another aspect of the British perspective is that Indians are being treated as inferiors to the British in their own country, because if it were not for the British, the social and political order in India will descend into chaos....   [tags: Critical Analysis] 1454 words
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Prayer and Fasting: Traditions That Cross the Barriar of Religions - In today’s world there are hundreds of religions with thousands of traditions and practices. Many of these religions share the same roots, but have diverged so much over the years that the only thing in common is the God they worship. When observing two major religions of India, Hinduism and Buddhism, one can see that there are several similarities, such as the polytheistic worship, but to the uneducated, the two religions may seem very different and distinct with little in common. In fact the major thing that Buddhism has in common with Hinduism is its roots....   [tags: Religion ] 1427 words
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9/11 and Its Affects on Americans Views on Islam - "Who are you?"(Eggers 206) were the first words that Abdulrahman Zeitoun heard from the police officers that had surrounded him and his friends with their guns drawn as he walked out of 5010 Claiborne that he owned. He had been stopping by the house to use the telephone once a day to call his wife Kathy, who was in Arizona with their four children to escape Hurricane Katrina, a catagory 5 hurricane that had hit New Orleans, the city they lived in. Abdulrahman Zeitoun had stayed home to protect his many properties that he and his family had required in the sixteen years since he had moved to the city....   [tags: Islam ]
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