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Your search returned over 400 essays for "mind-body problem"
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The Mind-Body Problem - With the number of brain injury cases observed and the continuous advances in neuroscience, this has proven to be strong evidence in supporting materialism. By defining what Cartesian dualists and materialists mean by the ‘brain’, ‘mind’, ‘body’ and ‘soul’, an argument on behalf of Cartesians dualists will be reached, that responds to evidence concerning brain injuries with the claims that the brain is only ‘an instrument of the soul’. This will lead to the conclusion that there is stronger contemporary support for materialism due to neuroscience and that the Cartesian dualism argument as it is, may be wrong....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Rene Descartes]
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1213 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Mind/Body Problem, Seen Through a Crisis - The Mind-Body Problem seen through a Crisis The issue of the origins of consciousness has been a problem that has philosophers and scientists alike, puzzled for years. Is it a matter of science. Can it be explained through neurobiological processes or is it just something that simply cannot be reduced to words. Rene Descartes had struggled with this issue centuries ago, trying to explain this problem through his idea of substance dualism. This idea states that the mind and body are of two separate worlds, the physical world and the mental world....   [tags: Philosophy]
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2043 words
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The Mind-Body Problem - The Mind-Body Problem The mind-body problem, which is still debated even today, raises the question about the relationship between the mind and the body. Theorists, such as René Descartes and Thomas Nagel, have written extensively on the problem but they have many dissenting beliefs. Descartes, a dualist, contends that the mind and body are two different substances that can exist separately. Conversely, Nagel, a dual aspect theorist, contends that the mind and body are not substances but different properties....   [tags: Papers] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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Descartes’ Daydream and the Mind-Body Problem - Descartes’ Daydream and the Mind-Body Problem After exhorting us to wake up from our ‘daydreaming’ and revolutionize our modality of thought to that of conceptualization, Descartes seems to forget about this crucial matter of a discontinuous leap. So, too, it seems has the profession generally and this has infected philosophical research and teaching. It is urged here that discontinuous processes are crucial in the universe, in human life, in human thinking. Such ontological events cannot be handled by dualism, materialism or postmodernism....   [tags: Philosophy Papers] 3173 words
(9.1 pages)
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Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle - ... He calls it a category-mistake, saying the mind and body were wrongfully categorized as separate when they should, in fact, be seen as within the same grouping (Ryle, 2013, p. 31). Ryle uses the example of a foreigner visiting a university campus for the first time, touring all of the buildings. Upon completing the tour, the foreigner asks where the university is, expecting to see another building (Ryle, 2013, p. 31). The point Ryle (2013) tries to make with this illustration is that the university shouldn’t be seen as a stand-alone edifice, but rather as the collection of all the affiliated buildings (p....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]
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1569 words
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Descartes’, Spinoza’s, and Leibniz’s Response to the Mind-Body Problem - Since Descartes many philosophers have discussed the problem of interaction between the mind and body. Philosophers have given rise to a variety of different answers to this question all with their own merits and flaws. These answers vary quite a lot. There is the idea of total separation between mind and body, championed by Descartes, which has come to be known as “Cartesian Dualism”. This, of course, gave rise to one of the many major responses to the mind-body problem which is the exact opposite of dualism; monism....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek] 2994 words
(8.6 pages)
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Exploring the Different Theories Involved in the Mind and Body Problem - Exploring the Different Theories Involved in the Mind and Body Problem I will attempt to do this by firstly defining what the mind and body is secondly discussing what the mind and body problem is. Thirdly discussing the existing approaches to the problem and finally discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches. The body is that which we perceive ourselves to be with our senses. It usually includes arms, legs a head and so on. The mind is that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings, the seat of the faculty of reason....   [tags: Papers] 1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Human Perception of Pain in Conjunction with the Mind-Body Problem - The Human Perception of Pain in Conjunction with the Mind-Body Problem There is more research surfacing supporting the notion that people can control their pain. What is left under-examined is the notion of whether the pain is mediated by the brain, mind, or both. We all know that pain is an instinctive "sense" if you will, necessary to the survival of all living beings. Without pain, it would go unrecognized and exacerbate to the point of death. Pain is a protective mechanism essential to survival....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle - ... Ryle wants to establish another way to explain the mind that Descartes believed exists independently of a body. As stated he characterized this as a ‘category mistake’. As indicated in the name it involves putting something into the wrong logical category. As explained in class and used as an example by Ryle; a guest of Oxford walks around to the various colleges, the library, labs and other college facilities, then ask “Can I see the University?” She missed the idea that while she was seeing the buildings, she was seeing the university....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]
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1900 words
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Cartesian Dualism vs Logical Behaviorism - Are minds physical things, or are they nonmaterial. If your beliefs and desires are caused by physical events outside of yourself, how can it be true that you act the way you do of your own free will. Are people genuinely moved by the welfare of others, or is all behavior, in reality, selfish. (Sober 203). These are questions relevant to philosophy of the mind and discussed through a variety of arguments. Two of the most important arguments with this discussion are Cartesian dualism and logical behaviorism, both of which argue the philosophy of the mind in two completely different ways....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]
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1489 words
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Rene Descartes: Cartesian Dualism - ... His numerous uses of the argument in a number of his books may lead the reader down an aisle of confusion. Despite various versions of the argument, it is important to understand that Descartes does not consider different arguments under the same title but simply approaches the same argument in a number of different forms. For this reason alone, I will focus on but one of the formulations postulated by Descartes. One may first look at the argument contained within Descartes’ book Meditations on First Philosophy....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]
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1632 words
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Mind and Body - ... While the connection of dental care may not initially be understood, one must understand that many things require action of the mouth such as speech and eating, not to mention, the physical attribute teeth cast upon a person. When the teeth become infected, they can really impair a person without access to a dentist. “Symptoms from an oral infection may cause them to have poorer attendance at school and irregular attendance correlates with poorer test performance, grades, and parent reports of school progress,” (Bomer and Maloch, 2013)....   [tags: healthcare, physically fit, teaching]
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1135 words
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The Importance of Regular Exercise in Mantaining a Healthy Body - ... Also some kind of interventions, policies can improve health, by choosing the correct tools related to individuals, such as access to quality health care (see figure “determinants of health”). There are certain conditions, which affect personal health: Biology (individual genetic factors), Behaviours (responses or reaction to internal conditions), Social environment (family, friends, co-workers, and other type of communities), Physical environment (every thing which can be touched, heard smelled, also include radiation), Policies and interventions (example: health promotion)....   [tags: body, mind, healthy people]
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2250 words
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Mind and Body - Mind and Body Much of the intellectual history of psychology has involved the attempt to come to grips with the problem of mind and body and how they interact. While the philosophical distinction between mind and body can be traced back to the Greeks, it is due to the influential work of René Descartes, (written around the 1630’s) that we owe the first systematic account of the mind/body relationship. When Descartes' friend and frequent correspondent, Marin Mersenne, wrote to him of Galileo's fate at the hands of the Inquisition, Descartes immediately suppressed his own treatise....   [tags: science] 2614 words
(7.5 pages)
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The Distinction Between the Mind and Body - The Distinction Between the Mind and Body Some would choose to declare that every human being is both a body and a mind. Both being gelled together until death, than having the mind go on to exist and the body being lifeless. A person lives throughout two collateral histories, one having to do with what happens to the body and in it, and the other being what happens in and to the mind. What happens to the body is public and what happens to the mind is private. The events which reply to the body consist of the physical world, and the events of the mind consist of the mental world....   [tags: Papers] 476 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Mind and the Physical Body - The Mind and the Physical Body Since the times of Plato and Aristotle, the argument of dualism and mutualism of the mind and body has been in existence. Dualism has been the driving force behind the existence of the mind/body problem and has been by far the majority view due largely to the influence of Descartes. In recent times, modern medicine has taken a shift towards mutualism. Outside stimuli, as perceived by the mind, affects the body either beneficially or adversely. While the body as an organism has the capacity to heal, evidence proves that the mind expedites recovery....   [tags: Personal Essays] 601 words
(1.7 pages)
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Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body - Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body ABSTRACT: Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body are often understood as conceptions that contradict each other. Diachronic interpretations maintain that Descartes was first a dualist (in the Meditations) and later on developed his stance on the union of mind and body (Passions). Some authors find here a problem without solution. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, some interpretations have been developed intending to give a positive solution to the difficult relation between Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body....   [tags: Dualism Essays]
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3105 words
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Analyzing Individuation and Identity In Descartes´ Philosophical View of the Mind-Body Dualism - Every since Plato introduced the idea of dualism thousands of years ago meta-physicians have been faced with the mind-body problem. Even so Plato idea of dualism did not become a major issue of debate in the philosophical world until the seventeenth century when French philosopher Rene Descartes publicized his ideas concerning the mental and physical world. During this paper, I will analyze the issue of individuation and identity in Descartes’ philosophical view of the mind-body dualism. I will first start by explaining the structure of Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Plato, Cartesian dualism] 1098 words
(3.1 pages)
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Body Image - In contemporary times, the influence of the media on all aspects of culture and society has spread everywhere. This is especially the case in United States. One of the social cultural aspects particularly influenced by the media is body image. A surprisingly large number of individuals, the majority of which are young women, develop their body image in accordance with the ideas advanced by the media, which judge women’s attractiveness based on how thin they are. Body-image plays a very important role in our individualistic society, in which a woman’s identity is closely related to her body....   [tags: Body Image, weight, media, ] 655 words
(1.9 pages)
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Therapeutic Placebo Effect:A Mind/Body Connection - Therapeutic Placebo Effect:A Mind/Body Connection Imagine you go to your doctor for chronic back pain and she tells you that she's going to give you a drug, yet she's not sure of its effectiveness because only approximately 40% of her patients have found it to be beneficial. How sure will you be that the outcome of this treatment will be positive. However, what if your doctor tells you she is giving you the newest, most beneficial drug treatment on the market and that she is very sure of how helpful it will be....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1847 words
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Mind and Body - Mind and Body Notebook Question 1: In her novel, Who is Julie. Barbara Harris invents the strange case of "Julia and Mary Frances." Mary Frances is out for a walk with her young child when suddenly the child breaks away and runs in front of a streetcar. Julia, who is nearby, sees what is about to transpire and throws herself in front of the child, pushing her to safety. Unfortunately, a double tragedy ensues. Julia, in her effort to save the child, falls across the tracks and is crushed by the streetcar....   [tags: Papers] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Transgender Surgery and the Separation Between Mind and Body - Is there a distinction between the mind and the body. And if so, where does a person’s sense of self and consciousness lay. If consciousness lies within the mind, how should humans’ treat the body, as valuable or invaluable. According to dualist views there is a separation between the mind and the body that transgender patients feel every day. Imagine the pain and frustration one might feel when the people around look at you and think you should act and dress one way but you feel differently. That is the frustration transgendered people feel daily....   [tags: gender, LGBTQ, Bruce Jenner]
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The Smell of Disappointment: A Study of the Mind, the Body, and the Building - ... To the dead end of the story, the dampness and the smell haunt the main character, the building as a whole, and all those who dwelt within. The distinct odour in the story sets W.S. Singlebury apart from the other characters. His demeanor is dramatically contrasted with that of his colleagues because he is said to be “unaffected by the smell” (Fitzgerald 677). This could be due to the fact that the human sense of smell begins to diminish with old age. It could also be that he has a deeper understanding of and appreciation for the sense of smell than his younger peers....   [tags: the axel,cultural representation, fitzgerald]
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Female Body Image and the Mass Media - Perhaps no time in history have body image standards had such an enormous impact on society. With today’s mass media people can be subjected to thousands of images and messages daily, portraying the “ideal” body image. The people most often portrayed and effected by these messages are young women. Females can feel constant pressure to live up to these ideals which are most often unattainable. This pressure can cause detrimental physical and mental states. To fully understand this problem we must first ask ourselves, “Why?” Why has the female body been pushed to the forefront of society and media....   [tags: Women's Body Image] 757 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Mind-Body Connection - The mind has an incredible power. We see it as we go through our everyday activities, constantly displaying the wonders of logic, thought, memory and creativity. Yet, can the mind be more powerful than we know. Is it possible to reduce or even eliminate pain, illness and disease by using the natural powers it possesses. Can the mind heal. Many of our finest researchers and scientists have explored that question, and while the exact answer still eludes us, the facts seem to bear out that the mind does have the power to assist in both healing, and conversely, bringing on "disease" as well....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Mind And Machine - Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and the possibilities of consciousnessness in machines has adequately, in my opinion, revealed that it is most unlikely that we will ever converse or interract with a machine of artificial consciousness....   [tags: essays research papers] 2418 words
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Mind Muscle Vs. Mind Mush - Let us see what Hitler thought of the masses he moved and how he did the moving. The first principle from which he started was a value judgment: the masses are utterly contemptible. They are incapable of abstract thinking and uninterested in any fact outside the circle of their immediate experience. Their behavior is determined, not by knowledge and reason, but by feelings and unconscious drives. (Huxley, 1958, p.3) If Hitler looked at mankind today with his opinion be the same. Would he succeed at moving the masses to the deplorable deeds as he once succeeded in doing....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1668 words
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Medical Technology and the Separation of Man's Body and Mind - Medical Technology and the Separation of Man's Body and Mind The human was once whole in days before, but somewhere in his journey to the present, he lost himself. His mind and body have become separate identities that are unaware of each other's existence. Modern society reflects and encourages those thoughts very well, in my opinion. If a person believes his body is broken, ill, or in need of upgrading, he will seek out a medical professional specialized in the area of distress. Arriving to the specialist, the patient demands quick and efficient treatments that will cure/fix/upgrade the weakness in his body; unaware of the effects this may cause him mentally....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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The Biological and Psychoanalytical Perspectives in Psychology - In this essay the author will throughout compare the biological and psychoanalytical key features and core assumptions in psychology and show in what ways they are similar for example both being deterministic in there key features and core assumptions also how they differ for example the way they treat individuals with the same disorder differently. The biological perspective core assumptions suggest our nervous system performs functions like our behaviour, experiences and movements (Carlson 2010)....   [tags: Sigmund Freud, behaviour, body, mind]
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1585 words
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Descartes and the Mind - The topic of the mind and how do we know has been around since the beginning of time. It is one of those questions that will most likely never be answered. I mean, the mind itself is so perplexing that we are still learning stuff about it daily. One question that Descartes proposed was “how do we know?” we still are pondering this one today. We ask it almost every day, maybe not in that way but in some form or another. So honestly, how do we know. Whenever Descartes started studying about the mind he denounced all of his previous opinions and started fresh....   [tags: Methodological Doubt, Perfection]
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1688 words
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Alcoholism- How Alcohol Affects the Body and Mind - In chemistry terms, alcohol is any organic compound where a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom from an alkyl. A hydroxyl group is a group consisting of an oxygen and hydrogen atom, bonded by a covalent bond. A covalent bonded is when two non-metals are bonded together. The type of alcohol suitable for consumption is known an Ethanol. Ethanol is a straight-chain alcohol, and its molecular formula is C2H5OH. Ethanol is one of the oldest recreational drugs. When a person drinks alcohol, it affects the central nervous system as a depressant, which causes a decrease in activity, anxiety, inhibitions and any underlying tension....   [tags: Alcoholism: Vice or Disease]
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2358 words
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Computers Mimic The Human Mind - The mind-body problem has captivated the minds of philosophers for centuries. The problem is how the body and mind can interact with each other if they are separate and distinct. One solution to the problem is to replace any mental term with a more accurate physical description. Eliminative Materialists take this idea to the extreme by stating that everything that is believed to be mental will someday be explained in terms of the physical world. One way that people try to prove Eliminative Materialism to be true is through technology....   [tags: essays research papers] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Mind-Brain Problem Concerning Dualism and Materialism - The Mind-Brain Problem Concerning Dualism and Materialism I am faced with the philosophical task of defending either dualism or materialism, depending on which one is most attractive to me. So either I support the theory of dualism, which is the belief that there is both a physical and a spiritual state, or I believe in materialism, which is the belief that everything that exists is material or physical. Although I believe materialism to be easier to prove, I find dualism more attractive to believe....   [tags: Dualism Essays] 833 words
(2.4 pages)
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Mind Identity Problem - What is the definition of identity. Better yet, what is the definition of the mind and a person. There are so many definitions for identity but the definition according to www.onelook.com is the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity. This defines identity the way I define it because, I think, personality serves as an important identifying factor for people. What makes a person a person and not like everyone else. Personality. So what is the mind. We all have personalities that make us different but make us who we are....   [tags: essays research papers] 443 words
(1.3 pages)
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Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle - ... His body and his mind are ordinarily harnessed together, but after the death of the body his mind may continue to exist and function” (2). Human bodies are in space and subject to mechanical laws, thus, extended and visible to external observers. Minds are not tangible, unextended, their performance does not rely or depend on any mechanical law, and is hidden from observers. As such, “a person therefore lives through two collateral histories, one consisting of what happens in and to his body, the other consisting of what happens in and to his mind....   [tags: descartes, the concept of mind]
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1031 words
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Descartes' Views on the Topic of Philosophy of Mind - Descartes' Views on the Topic of Philosophy of Mind Descartes has indeeed made some notable contributions towards the philosophy of mind. It is the aim of this essay to discuss these contributions. Descartes is well known for being an avid dualist. This is the view that the mind and body are understood to be seperate and distinct from each other, but in some way causally connected. Descartes was no exception and believed the mind and body to be two completely different substances....   [tags: Papers] 749 words
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Fodor's Functionalism - Fodor's Functionalism Fodor begins his article on the mind-body problem with a review of the current theories of dualism and materialism. According to dualism, the mind and body are two separate entities with the body being physical and the mind being nonphysical. If this is the case, though, then there can be no interaction between the two. The mind could not influence anything physical without violating the laws of physics. The materialist theory, on the other hand, states that the mind is not distinct from the physical....   [tags: Body Mind Psychology Essays Searle] 1311 words
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Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity - Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity To be in pain is, for example, is to have one's c-fibres, or more likely a-fibres, firing in the central nervous system; to believe that broccoli will kill you is to have one's B(bk)-fibres firing, and so on. The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy:Chapter 5 'Philosophy of Mind' by William G. Lycan The theory or doctrine of mind-brain identity, as its name implies, denies the claim of dualists that mind and brain (or consciousness and matter) are distinct substances....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 2365 words
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The Problem of Evil - “God whispers to us in our pleasures, speaks to us in our conscience, but shouts in our pains: It is His megaphone to rouse a deaf world” (Lewis, 1994, p. 91). Throughout history man has had to struggle with the problem of evil. It is one of the greatest problems of the world. Unquestionably, there is no greater challenge to man’s faith then the existence of evil and a suffering world. The problem can be stated simply: If God is an all-knowing and all-loving God, how can He allow evil. If God is so good, how can He allow such bad things to happen?Why does He allow bad things to happen to good people....   [tags: Christian Theology]
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Inside the Mind of a Psychopath - ... "Often calculating and cool, these psychopaths are selective in their choice of victims, identifying individuals who likely to submit rather than to react with counter violence."The Charmers will have no problem in swiping their partner or person of interest off their feet. They pretend to love everything about their victim and once they get what they want, they drop the charisma and become whom they really are. The Thief psychopath believe that life hasn’t been good to them, “...that they have been deprived; of their rightful level of love, support, or material rewards; that others have received more than their share; and that they personally were never given the bounties of the good li...   [tags: violent behavior, uncontrollable misconduct]
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College Classes Expand the Mind - After my early 9:00 a.m. Philosophy recitation I headed towards the elevators to head back down to the first floor. I slowly drug my sleep-deprived body to the 10A bus that took me to my dormitory hall up the hill. Once I finally arrived at my room, I sat down at my desk to start on my schoolwork that would surely take hours to complete. Looking into my pages of notes, I started to question myself on why I am doing all of this repetitive, seemingly unnecessary work. My homework consisted of Calculus problems that required me to find the derivative of extremely long functions, and I realized I am not benefiting anything from completing these tedious equations....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Personal Experience] 806 words
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Mysteries of the Human Mind - ... The patients would believe that they were able to see and would accomplish every day tasks even though they were not able to actually see. This of course is not possible because the patients are and always will be, unless they get surgery, blind and thus should not be able to “see” to accomplish tasks such as mailing a letter without trouble. The Neurological Theorists would have said that Diane was functioning at less than forty hertz and thus her zombie was controlling the movements. Ramachandran was more interested in the Neurological Theory and thus did some more tests and proved that: All this was verified by videotaping the approaching arm and conducting a frame-by-frame analysis o...   [tags: blind-sight, neurological theory]
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Art Enlightens the Mind - Art appears everywhere and reflects in everything. Whether people take notice of it or not, art influences every single person’s everyday life. Used as a tool to unlock positive qualities, it influences peoples’ thoughts, feelings, and emotions about everything round them. The study and practice of art can strengthen and enlighten the individual’s mind while also influencing the people who their view work. Creating art requires the human mind to have to think differently and to use the right (creative) side of the brain....   [tags: influence, performance, education, school]
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Anabolic Steroids Use by Athletes: A Threat to Body and Mind - "Anything of worth or value in life must be worked for." -- Ralph Waldo Emerson In the world of sports today, anabolic/androgenic steroid use is a vast problem. Since its’ introduction into Russian weightlifting, it has been expanding with no signs of stopping. It has spread into every major sport, with usage by every age and race. The use continues to grow, even with a lengthy list of serious health, legal, and ethical concerns. Because of our society's adoration of muscle, athletes put their athletic goals higher on their priority list than their long-term health....   [tags: Anabolic Steroids Use In Sports]
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Media Vs Body Image - ... Not only do these dolls have small body sizes, but they also make kids believe that materialistic things, like beauty and being thin equals happiness. Barbie has an extreme variety of accessories to purchase, such as Ken, her boyfriend. She has a collection of jobs like Potty-training her sister Kelly, princess and now a Dentist where she wears a mini skirt. People are so wrapped up into the image that Barbie portrays that they are not seeing the message that it sends the kids at an age where children are very gullible and seek to be like the role models around them....   [tags: bullimia nervosa, anorexia]
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1401 words
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Body Language Sportswear Ad - In a rising economic marketplace, advertising industries convey to consumers the idealistic values of wants and needs of a product that appeals to people. In most cases, the characterization of women in local ads portrays negative and sexual acts. A particular advertisement that contributes to the delusion of women is the Body Language Sportswear ad. Through basic discriminatory messages that often get hold of the individual’s attention. The advertising company entertains, persuades and influences people as well as sending subliminal communication....   [tags: Advertising] 1173 words
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Media and Body Image - Popular culture has a large influence on everyone; it can persuade or entice its audience. One part of popular culture that has a large influence on the general population is how women displayed are in mass media. Women in popular culture show indirectly that being thin is successful and beautiful. With this false message transmitted, serious problems occur. The influence of women in popular culture and how they present themselves can be a breeding place for physical and emotional unrest. When women are objectified in popular culture, they set a standard on how one should appear....   [tags: Popular Culture, Teenage Girls]
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1001 words
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Humanistic Psychology - In general, human nature consists of three main parts: the mind (intellect), the body (biological makeup) and the spirit (emotional makeup). As the mind and the body are being well explored in behaviorism and psychoanalysis, the spirit of a person has been increasingly popular from the mid-20th century. In the early 1960s, a movement named third-force psychology started as a reaction to the defect of behaviorism and psychoanalysis to deal fully with the human condition (Hergenhahn, 2008). This third-force movement is humanistic psychology, which refers to the combination of the philosophy of romanticism and existentialism....   [tags: Human Nature, The Mind, Body, Spirit]
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Succes as a Leader: Problem Solving - Often the successful of leaders has been indentified with the problem solving in their environment. Often the leader’s qualities, their skills and values are forgotten in the moment when they have fallen in one or another crucial situation. The leaders have been judged by history from their successful in problem solving and many times the rests of contributions have been minimized or maximized in function of their success in problem solving. Like generals in battles the leaders need to demonstrate their full performance in the moment when a problem needs solutions....   [tags: Informative Essay, Qualities]
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Characteristics of a Problem Statement - Problems are consequences based on diverse cultural differences, ideas, and observations made by people. There are plenty of problems in the world; nevertheless, not every problem considered is appropriate research material. It is necessary to go beyond the state of being aware and conscious of the problem. Looking at the big picture often becomes daunting and misleading. Nevertheless, dissecting the problem isolates key issues narrowing the problem and discovering its origin; thus resulting in a realistic and interesting research....   [tags: Education]
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Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body - Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body Plato’s theory of the body and soul originated from his earlier theories and dialogs, ‘the analogy of the cave’ and ‘the theory of forms’. Plato believed that the soul is immortal. That the soul existed before it came to the physical body, and it is still there when the body dies. This is a dualistic interpretation of the mind/body problem. Plato linked the soul to a charioteer in charge of two horses, the mind and the body, which are pulling in completely opposite directions....   [tags: Philosophy Plato Euthyphro] 725 words
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Concept of Masculinity and Effects on Body Image - Interest in body image, its effects on person’s psychology and individual’s position in community, started with Paul Schilder in 1920s. Yet most literature of gender studies is consisted of works about female body image. However, with recent developments over the world, men’s body image has obtained more significance and has drawn more attention from psychologists, sociologists and gender scholars. To analyze this conjuncture and the reasons for it, we may firstly, introduce the concept of body image by defining it....   [tags: psychology, gender studies]
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Toxicity in the Media, a Measure of Body Dissatisfaction - ... It seems as though humanity is assaulted by pictures of skinny, perfect, beautiful people (Nestel). These ads are fashion, beauty, and diet related, and are all aimed at women. They nitpick at the flaws of women, analyzing every part of the body, advertising how to “fix oneself” or how to ‘Get skinny in one week!’. “Magazine editors, in a fierce competition for readers, know that to make a sale, they need only play on our doubts or create new ones, making us think we have “problems” that don’t really exist” (“The Media Lies”)....   [tags: thinness, thin models]
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Healthy Body Weight? - The author Marilyn Wann wrote a very entertaining piece on being fat and how she was and is treated. In the piece she attacks a lot of commonly held beliefs on fat people. She attacks these claims and even provides evidence from health journals that disproves many of the myths that are held in society today. Her stories and experiences are really cases of injustice and unfair treatment. However even through all of the occasions in her life where she was mistreated because of her size she is not bitter or has no animosity towards people....   [tags: Health] 844 words
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The Importance of Demonstrating Good Body Language - Body language is a universal language that can be expressed in many different ways. It is a physical way that our brain shows in our appearance how we feel. Some people can control their body language but others can’t and sometimes can reveal their emotions and feelings without their consent. The most common way of communication is through verbal language such as English. In English, like in any other verbal language people are able to speak their minds and even lie when asked questions they don’t want to reveal to others....   [tags: communication, Nonverbal Communication] 803 words
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Dance and Its Effects on the Human Body - ... This is yet another positive outlook on dance, just as positive as the feeling received by performing it. Confidence can be poured out like blissful honey on the stage. Lights shine down on the dancers delicate, yet oh so fierce canvas; bringing the greatest joy ever known to man. Once a performance is complete, a sigh of relief is let out, and confidence swarms the body. This confidence and power can be used to restore. Dance and movement therapy states, “Dancing has the power to heal, and dance therapists use the power of dance and movement to help individuals access their own natural ability to heal and grow… psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance for emotional, cognitive, social...   [tags: athletism, Pirouettes, spins]
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Is Body Image Affected By Mass Media? - Throughout the twentieth century, mass media has helped shape American culture; however, not only culture is affected. Media has begun to change the way people view themselves and others. Body image is a significant part of a woman’s self-perception: it affects her self-esteem, her confidence, and her health practices. For generations since women gained the right to vote, media has taken an ever-tightening hold on body image. Women have been convinced for decades that in order to be a part of this male-dominated culture, they have to be able to do everything a man can do while wearing gorgeous clothes, staying slim, and doing other things to make themselves “beautiful.” Mass media has an im...   [tags: Social Studies]
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Establishing Personal Identity - All through life people strive to become someone with a specific identity; to be classified as a “somebody” rather than a “nobody”. This classification is most noted amongst high school students. Often youth identities are developed through the activities they participate in, the jock, the cheerleader, the nerd, the band geek. Yet, people are not the activities they participated in in high school. People graduate, go to college, work toward a career, have children. Then at the ten year reunion, those same high school jocks, cheerleaders, nerds, and band geeks gather once again to reminisce over the past....   [tags: modified body criterion] 1788 words
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human evolution - The central purpose of this essay is to critically discuss the importance of understanding human evolution and the history of psychology for the modern psychologist. For the human evolution, the essay will be addressing on how we and other species descended from our ancestors and how the different environment has helped to us to become more adaptable. Regarding the history of psychology, the essay will be discussing on how psychology branched off from the philosophy approach to become its own science....   [tags: psychology, the brain, mind]
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Transcendentalism: The Philosophy Of The Mind - Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind Transcendentalism is the view that the basic truth of the universe lies beyond the knowledge obtained from the senses, a knowledge that transcendentalists regard as the mere appearance of things (Adventures 162). Transcendentalists believe the mind is where ideas are formed. The transcendentalist ideas of God, man, and the universe were not all original, but were a combination of other philosophies and religions. One of the major questions of philosophy is "What is the nature of the universe?" Immanuel Kant was one of the major Transcendentalists of his time....   [tags: essays research papers] 1037 words
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Niches of the Mind;The Brain and Language - Niches of the Mind;The Brain and Language As the story goes, creation is characterized by expansion and contraction, disorder and order, random change and selection. It is observed in evolution how random change and disorder have brought about, from the scraps floating in a puddle on early earth, the fantastic diversity and incomprehensible complexity of life. The counterpart to this is death, making space for the new and guiding changes in the old through selection. What can this story tell us about the evolution of humans, and our most distinguishing trait; our ability to tell stories....   [tags: Intellect Evolution Essays]
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It’s All in the Mind - It’s All in the Mind What is a mind. How is it related to a body. Descartes answer was substance dualism. A person consists of an immaterial substance (mind/soul) attached to a material substance (a body). But this thesis fails a crucial test. An immaterial substance cannot move a body; therefore a mind cannot move a body. I shall assume that to have a mind one must first have a brain. This is a materialist perspective. Some weaknesses in this perspective will be described. I shall argue that minds do not necessarily exist as entities, that we nevertheless are aware of our own mental events and that we are aware that other people have similar events....   [tags: Neurology Philosophy Argument Papers]
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Argument and Discussion Against Smoking Mind over Matter -   Argument against Smoking Mind over Matter “Nicotine patches and gum are common -- and often ineffective -- ways of fighting cigarette cravings, as most smokers have discovered. Now a new study from the American Friends of Tel Aviv University (AFTAU) shows why they're ineffective, and may provide the basis for more successful psychologically based smoking cessation programs” (American Friends, 2010). With smoking some feel that willpower can help people to overcome their weakness, but for some there needs to be more....   [tags: Health ]
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Vanishing Memories in Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind - What would it be like if any bad memory or any sad memory could be erased out of the brain forever. In the movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) Joel (Jim Carrey) and Clementine (Kate Winslet) had that opportunity available to them which they took full advantage of more than once. Thanks to the company Lacuna who does the erasing of Joel’s brain, we see the operation happen inside the thoughts of Joel. As the operation happens we see Joel slowly start to regret his choice of erasing Clementine....   [tags: memory, childhood, Jim Carrey, Lacuna]
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Mind, Intelligence and Spirit - Mind, Intelligence and Spirit The mind is a collection of various classes of processes that can be studied empirically. To limit the field of mental processes we must follow the criteria of folk psychology. There are three kinds of mind: human, animal and mechanical. But the human mind is the paradigm or model of mind. The existence of mechanical minds is a serious challenge to the materialism or the mind-brain identity theory. Based on this existence we can put forward the antimaterialist argument of machines....   [tags: Psychology Philosophy Papers] 3230 words
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Media and Beauty - ... In the article, Graydon tells the readers about media targeting women by making fashion shows and Television shows such as Extreme Makeover and The Swan which are related with Beauty and body transformation (18). These materials that Graydon provides are all related mainly to women and girls. This shows and proves that Graydon is ignoring the men being increasingly targeted and affected by media since she is only stating about how women are being affected by the media. Derenne and Beresin said in their journal that “Men too are bombarded by media pressure....   [tags: physical body, body image]
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The Media and Negative Body Image - The Media and Negative Body Image Picture the world controlled by the media. Could you imagine how ugly, scarce, and hateful it would be. What would you do if a magazine or a television show told you that your body weight had to be twenty pounds lighter to be all most perfect. Would you actually consider the fact or let ignore it. Teens, mainly girls, will be sucked into these magazines. (National Eating Disorders Info Centre 15) These could be magazines like Seventeen and Cosmo Girl. In addition with many others of course....   [tags: Magazines Television TV]
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Media and Body Image: The Negative Side of Media - ... Young men are often more concerned with gaining muscle than becoming thin. They typically aren’t presented as underweight, as girls often are. In the words of psychologist and an expert on male eating disorders Dr. Raymond Lemberg, “Instead of wanting to do something unhealthy to get smaller, they’re using unhealthy means to become larger” (Cruz). Teens are influenced by media, but they are influenced from when they were children. They often times see photo shopped advertisements of women and grow up with the idea that “that’s how a real woman should look like, that that’s how you should look.” Even toys contribute to the messages kids receive about the ideal female and male forms....   [tags: insecurities, teenagers, perfect women]
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Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes - In his work, Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes writes to rid pre-conceptions, and disprove all belief in thoughts that are not certain, accepting only what can be known for sure. In his Meditation VI: Of the Existence of Material Things, and the Real Distinction between the Mind and Body of Man, he discusses his belief that the mind and body are two separate substances, claiming that the nonmaterial mind and the material body, while being ontologically distinct substances, causally interact; a belief called Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Mind, Intellect, Thought] 1576 words
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Starve for Perfection, the Cost of Anorexia Nervosa - ... Lack of critical thinking due to brain chemical imbalances may cause the problems that stop people with anorexia nervosa from making proper choices. But the brain and its performance are not the only parts that get affected. Soon after reoccurring starvation, the body starts eating its own muscle to derive energy for other bodily functions, and the muscle mass is drastically reduced. Next are the alterations in bone density. Calcium, which is a key component of bones, is also a key component in transmission of nervous signals in the body....   [tags: eating disorders, mind, perceptions]
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Fast Food and the Increase in Obesity in America - Every month, at least ninety percent of Americans visit a fast food restaurant and about forty- five percent of them make it a weekly occurrence. These statistics make it safe to say Americans are obsessed with fast food, but why are Americans addicted to these restaurants. Is it the low prices, quick service or the taste of the food. According to Eric Schlosser, the author of Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side off the All-American Meal, he believes “It’s easy, it's filling, and it's convenient and inexpensive.” Therefore, the consumption of fast food is now directly correlated to the obesity epidemic in America....   [tags: Mind Set, Super Sizing]
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Body Art and Tattoos - In fourteen years the owner of Gary’s Professional Tattooing Studio Inc has done over 25,000 tattoos. Spending a couple hours on one individual or spending as much as 250 hours on another. For many professions this would require a large amount of training, but Gary is completely self-taught. He spent most of his time in the art room during high school dreaming of becoming a tattoo artist. Upon graduation Gary joined the workforce doing factory work like many who do not go on to college. His love for tattoos was always on his mind....   [tags: essays research papers] 709 words
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Treatment of the Mentally Ill - Some of the most painful and torturous of all illnesses are those of the mind. There are many of instances of insanity among humans throughout history, some dating back to around 400 B.C. (PBS). These people were not considered human, but instead they were looked at as animals. There were several attempts to “cure” people of this kind, yet most were inhumane and brutal forms of torture. Many times, especially in early history, these people would be locked away and treated as if they had no purpose but to waste space....   [tags: health, mind, mentally ill]
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Processes and Stages of Memory - Donald Thomson is a psychologist that participated as a guest on the Australian talk show concerning eyewitness testimony. Donald disputed that by being an excellent eyewitness, one must be able to notice definite aspects of the facial appearance to aid in identifying a suspect. To properly identify a suspect as an eyewitness it is important to recall skin color, eye color, facial symmetry, average height, body build, and approximate age of the perpetrator. During this broadcasting, a woman that was watching the show was assaulted and raped....   [tags: anatomy, mind, memories]
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Body Image - Body Image Do you look in the mirror and pick yourself apart. Do you constantly worry about what you look like. You might be thinking, “Sure, no big deal.” But, the way you look at yourself and how you "talk" to yourself on a daily basis can have a huge impact on your life. One of the largest influence on teenage girls is the media.The media pushes body image, clothes, and fast food. At the same time they push weight lose with unrealistic results. The combination of all the above leads teenage girls down the road to eating disorders and a confusing self-image When you are not happy with who you are it is hard to be a good friend and a good student....   [tags: Papers] 622 words
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Body Image - Everyone who brings home a bad report card knows that with a little effort they can better their grades. Yet there are some things in life that you cant change and the way you look is one of them. In today’s society teenage girls face an ongoing battle to attain the perfect body image. The following paper discusses the definition of perfect, why we strive to attain this impossible ideal, why we don’t fight to change the image, and the consequences that can result from this battle to please. A dictionary definition of perfect is: 1....   [tags: essays research papers] 2288 words
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The Impossibility of Metaphysics - In his work An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Hume outlines the problems inherent to the large body of philosophy he describes as the “accurate and abstract” philosophy, and in particular to metaphysical speculations. Seeing that many of the philosophers who endeavor in this heavy metaphysical speculation (Aristotle, Locke and Malebranche being particular examples) fall into errors that lead to absurd or counter-intuitive conclusions, Hume hopes to limit metaphysical speculation to a realm where it is less prone to such a fate....   [tags: HUme's Model of the Mind] 1552 words
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Sexual Education: Teenage Pregnancy a Global View by Andrew Cherry - ... While every state is different, the main similarity in their sexual education classes is that they will most likely teach how to be abstinent and why you should be. While that is not a bad idea, it is not all the information a young adult needs. Sexual education classes today are flawed in the way that they do not reach out to everyone, especially the ones who need it the most. The problem is that teenagers and young adults will make their own decisions. The ones that decide to be abstinent will be abstinent, and the ones who decide to have intercourse will have intercourse....   [tags: out of sight, out of mind, sex]
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The Theological Dilemma of Pain and Suffering - The existence of pain and suffering in a world created by a good and almighty God is a fundamental theological dilemma and may be the most serious objection to the Christian religion. In the book, The Problem Of Pain , author C.S. Lewis addresses the issue of pain as a mere problem that demands a solution; he formulates it and goes about solving it. "If God were good, He would make His creatures perfectly happy, and if He were almighty He would be able to do what He wished. But the creatures are not happy....   [tags: The Problem Of Pain, C.S. Lewis]
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Effectiveness of Music Therapy - Music is composed of sounds intertwined with melody and rhythm that can have powerful effects on a person. It can help people focus on tasks or calm the mind. Research has shown that music has beneficial effects on the mind, body, and health of a person. A journal article by Rastogi, Solanki, and Zafar (2013) refers, on the contrary, to: ‘Controlled use of music and its influence on the human being in physiological, psychological, and emotional integration of the individual during treatment of an illness or disability’....   [tags: Melody, Rythm, Effects on Human Mind]
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