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The Mind-Body Problem - The Mind-Body Problem The mind-body problem, which is still debated even today, raises the question about the relationship between the mind and the body. Theorists, such as René Descartes and Thomas Nagel, have written extensively on the problem but they have many dissenting beliefs. Descartes, a dualist, contends that the mind and body are two different substances that can exist separately. Conversely, Nagel, a dual aspect theorist, contends that the mind and body are not substances but different properties....   [tags: Papers] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Mind and Body Problem - ... Looking throughout history, the brain has not always been associated with thought; even today we may associate such feelings as pain from the part of our body in which we were hurt, not as a mental state inside our brain. However when scientists observed brain injury patients they realised that thinking could take place in the brain. One famous example is Gage’s Case ; the calm railroad worker after a freak accident, that damaged the frontal lobes of his brain, turned into an aggressive person who became unrecognisable to his friends and family....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Mind and Body - Mind and Body Much of the intellectual history of psychology has involved the attempt to come to grips with the problem of mind and body and how they interact. While the philosophical distinction between mind and body can be traced back to the Greeks, it is due to the influential work of René Descartes, (written around the 1630’s) that we owe the first systematic account of the mind/body relationship. When Descartes' friend and frequent correspondent, Marin Mersenne, wrote to him of Galileo's fate at the hands of the Inquisition, Descartes immediately suppressed his own treatise....   [tags: science] 2614 words
(7.5 pages)
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Descartes’ Daydream and the Mind-Body Problem - Descartes’ Daydream and the Mind-Body Problem After exhorting us to wake up from our ‘daydreaming’ and revolutionize our modality of thought to that of conceptualization, Descartes seems to forget about this crucial matter of a discontinuous leap. So, too, it seems has the profession generally and this has infected philosophical research and teaching. It is urged here that discontinuous processes are crucial in the universe, in human life, in human thinking. Such ontological events cannot be handled by dualism, materialism or postmodernism....   [tags: Philosophy Papers] 3173 words
(9.1 pages)
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Mind and Body - Mind and Body Notebook Question 1: In her novel, Who is Julie. Barbara Harris invents the strange case of "Julia and Mary Frances." Mary Frances is out for a walk with her young child when suddenly the child breaks away and runs in front of a streetcar. Julia, who is nearby, sees what is about to transpire and throws herself in front of the child, pushing her to safety. Unfortunately, a double tragedy ensues. Julia, in her effort to save the child, falls across the tracks and is crushed by the streetcar....   [tags: Papers] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Body Image - In contemporary times, the influence of the media on all aspects of culture and society has spread everywhere. This is especially the case in United States. One of the social cultural aspects particularly influenced by the media is body image. A surprisingly large number of individuals, the majority of which are young women, develop their body image in accordance with the ideas advanced by the media, which judge women’s attractiveness based on how thin they are. Body-image plays a very important role in our individualistic society, in which a woman’s identity is closely related to her body....   [tags: Body Image, weight, media, ] 655 words
(1.9 pages)
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Exploring the Different Theories Involved in the Mind and Body Problem - Exploring the Different Theories Involved in the Mind and Body Problem I will attempt to do this by firstly defining what the mind and body is secondly discussing what the mind and body problem is. Thirdly discussing the existing approaches to the problem and finally discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches. The body is that which we perceive ourselves to be with our senses. It usually includes arms, legs a head and so on. The mind is that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings, the seat of the faculty of reason....   [tags: Papers] 1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Mind/Body Problem, Seen Through a Crisis - ... There may be a strong correlation between the brain and consciousness but there are still various problems that haven’t been addressed to how consciousness may still be active while a part of the brain isn’t. One example of this is the relationship between the visual cortex and visual consciousness. The visual cortex consists of several regions that create our visual perception. These include V1, V4, the LGN, and the VTC. These regions work as a process to create our visual perception. Each region has a specific task that then combines with another region to build what we see....   [tags: Philosophy]
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The Human Perception of Pain in Conjunction with the Mind-Body Problem - The Human Perception of Pain in Conjunction with the Mind-Body Problem There is more research surfacing supporting the notion that people can control their pain. What is left under-examined is the notion of whether the pain is mediated by the brain, mind, or both. We all know that pain is an instinctive "sense" if you will, necessary to the survival of all living beings. Without pain, it would go unrecognized and exacerbate to the point of death. Pain is a protective mechanism essential to survival....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Distinction Between the Mind and Body - The Distinction Between the Mind and Body Some would choose to declare that every human being is both a body and a mind. Both being gelled together until death, than having the mind go on to exist and the body being lifeless. A person lives throughout two collateral histories, one having to do with what happens to the body and in it, and the other being what happens in and to the mind. What happens to the body is public and what happens to the mind is private. The events which reply to the body consist of the physical world, and the events of the mind consist of the mental world....   [tags: Papers] 476 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Mind and the Physical Body - The Mind and the Physical Body Since the times of Plato and Aristotle, the argument of dualism and mutualism of the mind and body has been in existence. Dualism has been the driving force behind the existence of the mind/body problem and has been by far the majority view due largely to the influence of Descartes. In recent times, modern medicine has taken a shift towards mutualism. Outside stimuli, as perceived by the mind, affects the body either beneficially or adversely. While the body as an organism has the capacity to heal, evidence proves that the mind expedites recovery....   [tags: Personal Essays] 601 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Mind-Body Connection - The mind has an incredible power. We see it as we go through our everyday activities, constantly displaying the wonders of logic, thought, memory and creativity. Yet, can the mind be more powerful than we know. Is it possible to reduce or even eliminate pain, illness and disease by using the natural powers it possesses. Can the mind heal. Many of our finest researchers and scientists have explored that question, and while the exact answer still eludes us, the facts seem to bear out that the mind does have the power to assist in both healing, and conversely, bringing on "disease" as well....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Descartes’, Spinoza’s, and Leibniz’s Response to the Mind-Body Problem - ... Baruch Spinoza has a unique idea in response to the mind-body problem; that of monism. It is in Spinoza’s well known work, Ethics, that he addresses the mind-body problem. Spinoza argues that the mind and the body are actually one and the same thing. This is because he argues that there is only one substance (in contrast to Descartes) and this substance is God, “By ‘body’ I understand a mode that expresses in a definite and determinate way God’s essence insofar as he is considered as an extended thing....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek] 2994 words
(8.6 pages)
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Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body - Cartesian Dualism and the Union of Mind and Body ABSTRACT: Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body are often understood as conceptions that contradict each other. Diachronic interpretations maintain that Descartes was first a dualist (in the Meditations) and later on developed his stance on the union of mind and body (Passions). Some authors find here a problem without solution. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, some interpretations have been developed intending to give a positive solution to the difficult relation between Cartesian dualism and the union of mind and body....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Medical Technology and the Separation of Man's Body and Mind - Medical Technology and the Separation of Man's Body and Mind The human was once whole in days before, but somewhere in his journey to the present, he lost himself. His mind and body have become separate identities that are unaware of each other's existence. Modern society reflects and encourages those thoughts very well, in my opinion. If a person believes his body is broken, ill, or in need of upgrading, he will seek out a medical professional specialized in the area of distress. Arriving to the specialist, the patient demands quick and efficient treatments that will cure/fix/upgrade the weakness in his body; unaware of the effects this may cause him mentally....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Therapeutic Placebo Effect:A Mind/Body Connection - Therapeutic Placebo Effect:A Mind/Body Connection Imagine you go to your doctor for chronic back pain and she tells you that she's going to give you a drug, yet she's not sure of its effectiveness because only approximately 40% of her patients have found it to be beneficial. How sure will you be that the outcome of this treatment will be positive. However, what if your doctor tells you she is giving you the newest, most beneficial drug treatment on the market and that she is very sure of how helpful it will be....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1847 words
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Mind Identity Problem - What is the definition of identity. Better yet, what is the definition of the mind and a person. There are so many definitions for identity but the definition according to www.onelook.com is the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity. This defines identity the way I define it because, I think, personality serves as an important identifying factor for people. What makes a person a person and not like everyone else. Personality. So what is the mind. We all have personalities that make us different but make us who we are....   [tags: essays research papers] 443 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Mind-Brain Problem Concerning Dualism and Materialism - The Mind-Brain Problem Concerning Dualism and Materialism I am faced with the philosophical task of defending either dualism or materialism, depending on which one is most attractive to me. So either I support the theory of dualism, which is the belief that there is both a physical and a spiritual state, or I believe in materialism, which is the belief that everything that exists is material or physical. Although I believe materialism to be easier to prove, I find dualism more attractive to believe....   [tags: Philosophy Papers] 833 words
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Mind And Machine - Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and the possibilities of consciousnessness in machines has adequately, in my opinion, revealed that it is most unlikely that we will ever converse or interract with a machine of artificial consciousness....   [tags: essays research papers] 2418 words
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Mind Muscle Vs. Mind Mush - ... Why are there so many advertisements. One of the main purposes of advertising is to persuade a consumer to buy a product or even to convince them that a product is needed. Since there may be many brands of a particular product an advertisement will often entice you toward a particular brand. As the economy grows, so does the amount of advertising to produce the needed consumers to support the market. With each new technology we are subjected with more and more distractions from having well developed mind muscles....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Body Image - Body Image Do you look in the mirror and pick yourself apart. Do you constantly worry about what you look like. You might be thinking, “Sure, no big deal.” But, the way you look at yourself and how you "talk" to yourself on a daily basis can have a huge impact on your life. One of the largest influence on teenage girls is the media.The media pushes body image, clothes, and fast food. At the same time they push weight lose with unrealistic results. The combination of all the above leads teenage girls down the road to eating disorders and a confusing self-image When you are not happy with who you are it is hard to be a good friend and a good student....   [tags: Papers] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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Body Image - Everyone who brings home a bad report card knows that with a little effort they can better their grades. Yet there are some things in life that you cant change and the way you look is one of them. In today’s society teenage girls face an ongoing battle to attain the perfect body image. The following paper discusses the definition of perfect, why we strive to attain this impossible ideal, why we don’t fight to change the image, and the consequences that can result from this battle to please. A dictionary definition of perfect is: 1....   [tags: essays research papers] 2288 words
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Alcoholism- How Alcohol Affects the Body and Mind - In chemistry terms, alcohol is any organic compound where a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom from an alkyl. A hydroxyl group is a group consisting of an oxygen and hydrogen atom, bonded by a covalent bond. A covalent bonded is when two non-metals are bonded together. The type of alcohol suitable for consumption is known an Ethanol. Ethanol is a straight-chain alcohol, and its molecular formula is C2H5OH. Ethanol is one of the oldest recreational drugs. When a person drinks alcohol, it affects the central nervous system as a depressant, which causes a decrease in activity, anxiety, inhibitions and any underlying tension....   [tags: alcohol]
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The Problem of Evil - ... He sent His son. Finally, there is the philosophical problem. It is contradictory to say that an omnipotent God allows evil when He has the power and ability to eliminate it (Kreeft, 1988). The Logical Argument of Evil The logical argument for the problem of evil is over a thousand years old. It has been passed down through the centuries from Epicurus (Tattersall, 1998). Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher who founded the school of philosophy called Epicureanism (Beebe, 2005). Recently, however, this argument was defended by atheist philosopher John Mackie (Cowan & Spiegel, 2009)....   [tags: Evil]
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Problems of Mind as Action - Problems of Mind as Action ABSTRACT: A large body of current literature details significant recent advances in our understanding of the mind. This boom has partly been stimulated by the explosive growth of cognitive science dedicated to advancing scientific understanding. This paper focuses on the nature of philosophical theory of mind, and seeks to find ways of talking about mind. Central to my argument is developing a description of mind as action. Concessive behaviorism depicts the mind as presented in complexes of actions and tendencies to act....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical papers]
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Mind, Intelligence and Spirit - Mind, Intelligence and Spirit The mind is a collection of various classes of processes that can be studied empirically. To limit the field of mental processes we must follow the criteria of folk psychology. There are three kinds of mind: human, animal and mechanical. But the human mind is the paradigm or model of mind. The existence of mechanical minds is a serious challenge to the materialism or the mind-brain identity theory. Based on this existence we can put forward the antimaterialist argument of machines....   [tags: Psychology Philosophy Papers] 3230 words
(9.2 pages)
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Computers Mimic The Human Mind - The mind-body problem has captivated the minds of philosophers for centuries. The problem is how the body and mind can interact with each other if they are separate and distinct. One solution to the problem is to replace any mental term with a more accurate physical description. Eliminative Materialists take this idea to the extreme by stating that everything that is believed to be mental will someday be explained in terms of the physical world. One way that people try to prove Eliminative Materialism to be true is through technology....   [tags: essays research papers] 1440 words
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Transcendentalism: The Philosophy Of The Mind - Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind Transcendentalism is the view that the basic truth of the universe lies beyond the knowledge obtained from the senses, a knowledge that transcendentalists regard as the mere appearance of things (Adventures 162). Transcendentalists believe the mind is where ideas are formed. The transcendentalist ideas of God, man, and the universe were not all original, but were a combination of other philosophies and religions. One of the major questions of philosophy is "What is the nature of the universe?" Immanuel Kant was one of the major Transcendentalists of his time....   [tags: essays research papers] 1037 words
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It’s All in the Mind - It’s All in the Mind What is a mind. How is it related to a body. Descartes answer was substance dualism. A person consists of an immaterial substance (mind/soul) attached to a material substance (a body). But this thesis fails a crucial test. An immaterial substance cannot move a body; therefore a mind cannot move a body. I shall assume that to have a mind one must first have a brain. This is a materialist perspective. Some weaknesses in this perspective will be described. I shall argue that minds do not necessarily exist as entities, that we nevertheless are aware of our own mental events and that we are aware that other people have similar events....   [tags: Neurology Philosophy Argument Papers]
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College Classes Expand the Mind - After my early 9:00 a.m. Philosophy recitation I headed towards the elevators to head back down to the first floor. I slowly drug my sleep-deprived body to the 10A bus that took me to my dormitory hall up the hill. Once I finally arrived at my room, I sat down at my desk to start on my schoolwork that would surely take hours to complete. Looking into my pages of notes, I started to question myself on why I am doing all of this repetitive, seemingly unnecessary work. My homework consisted of Calculus problems that required me to find the derivative of extremely long functions, and I realized I am not benefiting anything from completing these tedious equations....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Personal Experience] 806 words
(2.3 pages)
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Niches of the Mind;The Brain and Language - Niches of the Mind;The Brain and Language As the story goes, creation is characterized by expansion and contraction, disorder and order, random change and selection. It is observed in evolution how random change and disorder have brought about, from the scraps floating in a puddle on early earth, the fantastic diversity and incomprehensible complexity of life. The counterpart to this is death, making space for the new and guiding changes in the old through selection. What can this story tell us about the evolution of humans, and our most distinguishing trait; our ability to tell stories....   [tags: Intellect Evolution Essays]
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Body Language Sportswear Ad - In a rising economic marketplace, advertising industries convey to consumers the idealistic values of wants and needs of a product that appeals to people. In most cases, the characterization of women in local ads portrays negative and sexual acts. A particular advertisement that contributes to the delusion of women is the Body Language Sportswear ad. Through basic discriminatory messages that often get hold of the individual’s attention. The advertising company entertains, persuades and influences people as well as sending subliminal communication....   [tags: Advertising] 1173 words
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Healthy Body Weight? - The author Marilyn Wann wrote a very entertaining piece on being fat and how she was and is treated. In the piece she attacks a lot of commonly held beliefs on fat people. She attacks these claims and even provides evidence from health journals that disproves many of the myths that are held in society today. Her stories and experiences are really cases of injustice and unfair treatment. However even through all of the occasions in her life where she was mistreated because of her size she is not bitter or has no animosity towards people....   [tags: Health] 844 words
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Body Art and Tattoos - In fourteen years the owner of Gary’s Professional Tattooing Studio Inc has done over 25,000 tattoos. Spending a couple hours on one individual or spending as much as 250 hours on another. For many professions this would require a large amount of training, but Gary is completely self-taught. He spent most of his time in the art room during high school dreaming of becoming a tattoo artist. Upon graduation Gary joined the workforce doing factory work like many who do not go on to college. His love for tattoos was always on his mind....   [tags: essays research papers] 709 words
(2 pages)
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Body Image Standards - Perhaps no time in history have body image standards had such an enormous impact on society. With today’s mass media people can be subjected to thousands of images and messages daily, portraying the “ideal” body image. The people most often portrayed and effected by these messages are young women. Females can feel constant pressure to live up to these ideals which are most often unattainable. This pressure can cause detrimental physical and mental states. To fully understand this problem we must first ask ourselves, “Why?” Why has the female body been pushed to the forefront of society and media....   [tags: essays research papers] 764 words
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The Media and Negative Body Image - The Media and Negative Body Image Picture the world controlled by the media. Could you imagine how ugly, scarce, and hateful it would be. What would you do if a magazine or a television show told you that your body weight had to be twenty pounds lighter to be all most perfect. Would you actually consider the fact or let ignore it. Teens, mainly girls, will be sucked into these magazines. (National Eating Disorders Info Centre 15) These could be magazines like Seventeen and Cosmo Girl. In addition with many others of course....   [tags: Magazines Television TV]
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Descartes' Views on the Topic of Philosophy of Mind - Descartes' Views on the Topic of Philosophy of Mind Descartes has indeeed made some notable contributions towards the philosophy of mind. It is the aim of this essay to discuss these contributions. Descartes is well known for being an avid dualist. This is the view that the mind and body are understood to be seperate and distinct from each other, but in some way causally connected. Descartes was no exception and believed the mind and body to be two completely different substances....   [tags: Papers] 749 words
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Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity - Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity To be in pain is, for example, is to have one's c-fibres, or more likely a-fibres, firing in the central nervous system; to believe that broccoli will kill you is to have one's B(bk)-fibres firing, and so on. The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy:Chapter 5 'Philosophy of Mind' by William G. Lycan The theory or doctrine of mind-brain identity, as its name implies, denies the claim of dualists that mind and brain (or consciousness and matter) are distinct substances....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 2365 words
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Quantum Metaphors and the Study of the Mind-Brain - Quantum Metaphors and the Study of the Mind-Brain ABSTRACT: Although much of current neuroscience literature speaks of the mind-brain, most study of the mind-brain generally remains focused on either the mind (psychology, philosophy or sociology) or the brain (physiology). Neuroscientists continue to be hampered by Cartesian dualism and the divisions it creates. Even when we speak of the mind-brain, our attention tends to revert to either the mind or the brain. A similar problem faced physicists earlier this century during the rise of quantum mechanics....   [tags: Neuroscience Psychology Papers]
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Characteristics of a Problem Statement - ... In addition, the problem statement informs and instills curiosity in the reader about the nature of the study. The problem statement includes the problem; whom it affects and when and where the problem is evident. In addition, supporting peer reviewed resources and valid reasons explaining how and why the problem needs to be resolved is an important component of the problem statement. The problem statement is about 250-300 words long. According to Cresswell (2005), the problem statement is the most important part of the research, thus placing it at the beginning of the study as an introduction to the study (as cited in Ellis & Levy, 2008, p.27)....   [tags: Education]
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Concept of Masculinity and Effects on Body Image - Interest in body image, its effects on person’s psychology and individual’s position in community, started with Paul Schilder in 1920s. Yet most literature of gender studies is consisted of works about female body image. However, with recent developments over the world, men’s body image has obtained more significance and has drawn more attention from psychologists, sociologists and gender scholars. To analyze this conjuncture and the reasons for it, we may firstly, introduce the concept of body image by defining it....   [tags: psychology, gender studies]
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The Importance of Demonstrating Good Body Language - Body language is a universal language that can be expressed in many different ways. It is a physical way that our brain shows in our appearance how we feel. Some people can control their body language but others can’t and sometimes can reveal their emotions and feelings without their consent. The most common way of communication is through verbal language such as English. In English, like in any other verbal language people are able to speak their minds and even lie when asked questions they don’t want to reveal to others....   [tags: communication, Nonverbal Communication] 803 words
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Is Body Image Affected By Mass Media? - ... She goes on to relate that women are never truly given the chance to appreciate their bodies as they are naturally created. Women are entirely controlled by society’s standards, causing a dire lack of confidence in themselves and their abilities. The words used by the media are powerful, but not quite as powerful as its images. The imagery used in advertising and other media is used to depict ideal characteristics: perfection is the main goal. Though media moguls have become more inclusive than in the past, models are rarely anything besides the most beautiful....   [tags: Social Studies]
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Argument and Discussion Against Smoking Mind over Matter - ... There is no other scientific research other than with stewardesses from a flight from Tel Aviv on different length of flights and members of a synagogue to see the effects of a smoker’s will power not to smoke and that the shorter the time the worse is the needed to smoke. The style of writing is designed for anyone to be able to understand the text. The AFTAU overall has a very short and to the point approach for this topic, and there is not that much data to back the writing to prove the point why smoking is psychosocial verses genetic....   [tags: Health ]
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Fodor's Functionalism - Fodor's Functionalism Fodor begins his article on the mind-body problem with a review of the current theories of dualism and materialism. According to dualism, the mind and body are two separate entities with the body being physical and the mind being nonphysical. If this is the case, though, then there can be no interaction between the two. The mind could not influence anything physical without violating the laws of physics. The materialist theory, on the other hand, states that the mind is not distinct from the physical....   [tags: Body Mind Psychology Essays Searle] 1311 words
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Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body - Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body Plato’s theory of the body and soul originated from his earlier theories and dialogs, ‘the analogy of the cave’ and ‘the theory of forms’. Plato believed that the soul is immortal. That the soul existed before it came to the physical body, and it is still there when the body dies. This is a dualistic interpretation of the mind/body problem. Plato linked the soul to a charioteer in charge of two horses, the mind and the body, which are pulling in completely opposite directions....   [tags: Philosophy Plato Euthyphro] 725 words
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Society’s Expectations of a Female’s Body Image - Society’s Expectations of a Female’s Body Image Society plays many roles in peoples’ lives. The biggest role that society plays with females is how they should appear. All over the television, movies, and different magazine covers, females come into view as looking very thin and beautiful. People that see these famous females begin to idealize that body image. The male gender also visualizes these famous females and thinks that all females should have this slender appearance. As the year 2000 rolled in, actresses and models’ body weight decreased, and their waiflike bodies became more noticeable in the public’s eyes....   [tags: Media Health Self Image Essays]
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The Relationship Between Visuality, the Body, and Knowledge in the Film Memento - The Relationship Between Visuality, the Body, and Knowledge in the Film Memento The film Memento offers an interesting yet ambiguous insight into the relationship between visuality, the body, and knowledge. Through the use of clever, complex cinematography, director Christopher Nolan explores this relationship, which leaves both the protagonist, and the audience constantly challenged, constantly searching for the truth. We come to realize that there is no single and absolute truth, every story has many colours and the black and whites of truth are personally constructed....   [tags: Papers] 937 words
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Relationship Between Ecstasy and Memory in the Human Body - Relationship Between Ecstasy and Memory in the Human Body Rationale and Variables: The Experiment that was conducted in class determined the affects of 'ecstasy' or MDMA on the participants' memory. In addition to testing for their ability to recall information it also looked at the number of false memory that were related to the actual word "slow" in the class study. In the experiment Dr. Earleywine used a list of words that were to be memorized, and recall in a given time. This study is related to another experiment conducted by A.C Parrott and J....   [tags: Papers] 937 words
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My Eating Disorder - I Had a Problem with Food - My Eating Disorder - I Had a Problem with Food Everyone wanted to see me get fat, I was sure of it. For once in my life I had some semblance of control over my body in a way no else did. Managing my body took discipline and I was not going to have anyone interfere. I sat crouched in the small space between my parents’ bathtub and toilet, the cool white ceramic tiles reflecting the blonde of my hair, the tears that somehow managed to eke out of the eye ducts were streaming down my hot, mucus slathered face....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 2430 words
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Will lowering the drinking age solve the problem of binge drinking among college students? - ... Compare and contrast the two and the more responsible and mature one is obvious. At eighteen all they want to do is live a little, take a break from reality, ignore the rules, and just be free. Twenty-one year olds on the other hand have already took their break from reality, maybe had to pay for the consequences behind their freedom. CBSnews.com posted a story that 60 minutes did on binge drinking on college campuses. They interviewed a father whose son attended the University of Colorado. His sons name was Gordie Lanahan, and he had been playing a drinking game with all of his fraternity friends where you had to drink 10 gallons of alcohol in 30 minutes....   [tags: Alcohol ]
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The Dangers of Tattoos - Tattoos are becoming a popular phenomenon that is seen everywhere. Today’s youth are getting permanent tattoos to be cool and trendy, but are not considering the long-term effects. Teenagers should be aware of all that body modification may include, it is not just a pretty picture. Adolescences must consider the dangers and conscientious result of attaining diseases, being underage, and having a permanent mark on their body.      The unsanitary conditions of getting a tattoo tend to go unnoticed by teenagers....   [tags: Body Art] 660 words
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How useful is ‘structural functionalism’ or ‘society as an organism’ as theoretical frameworks in considering the problem of ‘death’ as a sociological - ... Many of his understandings of society expressed themselves in relation to the body. "The mind, as well as the body“, he wrote, “has its needs: those of the body are the basis of society, those of the mind its ornaments", writes Rousseau (1913: 130). He talks of the "artificial body of the government" (1913: 53) and “the body of the nation" (1913: 29), "the body and each of its members" (1913: 29). He saw that the health of the social body depends on unity: "public enlightenment leads to the union of understanding and will in the social body: the parts are made to work exactly together, and the whole is raised to its highest power" (1913: 34)....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Women's Fitness Magazines - Fitness Magazines Women’s fitness magazines are supposed to inform females how to get fit and be healthy; however, they continuously send messages to women that they have to fit certain standards of flawless skin, sex appeal, and dangerously low amounts of body fat. Women in their twenties and thirties are feeling the pressure from society to conform to body images seen in magazines, such as Heidi Klum who is 5’9.5’’and 119lb, Carmen Kass who is 5’10.5’’ and 114lb, and Elsa Benitez who is 6’ and 125lb (Magazine Dimensions 153, 162) (supermodelguide.com)....   [tags: Media Women Body Image]
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Obesity - ... It automatically assumes that the body is going into starvation mode and conserves all the calories making it hard for the dieter to lose weight. In addition, the dieter is likely to experience unceasing hunger if the diet is started out with a high set point causing the diet regimen to be less effective (MIT Medical) . On the contrary, a professor from the University of California, Cheryl L. Rock said that recent studies are using more precise and advance methods to challenge this theory....   [tags: Health, Body Fat, Weight, Dieting] 2067 words
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Descartes and Dualism - Descartes and Dualism "I think therefore I am," the well known quote of Rene Descartes, is the basis of his theory known as dualism. The intermingling of mind and body or res extensa (extended substance) and res cogitans (thinking substance) displays Descartes' ideas of a "genuine human being" (Cottingham 7). Known as the father of modern philosophy, Descartes realized that one could not analyze a problem simply on the common sense level, but that one must "probe to the micro-level" (Cottingham 4)....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 612 words
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Folk Psychology in Churchland’s Eliminative Materialism - Folk Psychology in Churchland’s Eliminative Materialism The mind-body problem has kept philosophers busy ever since Descartes proposed it in the sixteenth century. The central question posed by the mind-body problem is the relationship between what we call the body and what we call the mind—one private, abstract, and the origin of all thoughts; the other public, concrete, and the executor of the mind’s commands. Paul Churchland, a proponent of the eliminative materialist view, believes that the solution to the mind-body problem lies in eliminating the single concept that allows this problem to perpetuate—the folk psychological concept of mental states....   [tags: Philosophy Papers] 2169 words
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Rene Descartes - "I think, therefore I am" Rene Descartes was a man obsessed with finding things out for himself, an intellectual who contributed to the field of psychology. Born in the 16th century, Descartes grew up in a society where ideas, thoughts and perceptions were not questioned but were supposed to be understood and supported. While growing up and through his studies, Descartes began to make strides in the fields of philosophy, mathematics and science. Descartes was a man who challenged accepted ideas and aided the field of psychology through his contributions to reflex theory, helping describe the mind-body problem, and challenging accepted theological ideas....   [tags: biography biographies bio]
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Dualism - Descartes argues in favor of dualism, the mind is completely independent of the body and vice versa. We have a sense this kind of dualism exists when we say, “I am a mind with a body.” Descartes argues that the self exists in consciousness and that the body is simply a machine the mind controls. Further, dualists support their argument by comparing essences of both the mind and body; the mind is indivisible and free and the body is infinitely divisible and is determined by the laws of the physical universe....   [tags: Philosophy] 841 words
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The Philosophy of Cognitive Science - The Philosophy of Cognitive Science Psychophysical dualism — the distinction between mind and body — is the counterposition between essentially irreducible elements: the mind and body. Such a dualism implies the main ontological problem of the philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of mind: the mind-body problem (MBP). The dualism and the referred-to problem has been insistently discussed in the philosophical tradition and several solutions have been proposed. Such solutions are properly philosophical or require a scientific approach....   [tags: Neurology Psychology Papers]
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Russell - ... This endorses the idea that there is interaction between the mind and the body and unless we deny this, there must be an explanation for this. With regards to Descartes’ belief about the mind being purely mental and non-extensive, explaining how there is interaction between a physical body and such an incorporeal thing would seem somewhat difficult. Descartes, however, simply conjectured that the point of interaction occurred in the pineal gland. At first glance this seems rather unstable due to the lack of empirical evidence, but Descartes had reasons....   [tags: Descartes, Philosophy, Metaphysics] 1593 words
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Dualism - Dualism I believe that the popular or "ghost in the machine" form of substance dualism best solves the mind body problem. My views in this area have been influenced by my twelve years of Catholic education. The soul, or mind, depending on your level of belief, was a complete and separate entity and was the center of a human being. The body was an ambulatory device that the soul directed. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of substance dualism....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Consciousness and fundamental act - 1. Consciousness is the fundamental fact of human existence, from the view point of persons examining their own experience. There are various aspects of consciouness, such as perception, mental imagery, thinking, memory and emotions. I believe that consiouness is a property of some lower animals and machines. An ant for an example has a conscious mind about staying in covered areas during the rain and to panic when something attacks it. This shows memory, perception and thinking which shows that it does have a conscious....   [tags: essays research papers] 525 words
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The Bats, the Blind, and the Butterflies - No one can deny that science has evolved rapidly throughout history. One question, however, has not been able to be answered, even though it has been asked from times as far back as Plato. Do humans have minds; a separate entity from the physical brain that allows us to think. Or is there only a brain, controlling everything including choices and emotions. Thoughts have no physical properties, so how is it that they reside in a physical container such as the brain. These questions all describe the “mind-body problem.” In the article, “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?” author Thomas Nagel provides his own view on the mind-body problem....   [tags: Article Analysis]
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Descartes - Foundation In Descartes Meditation VI Of the existence of material things, and of the real distinction between the real soul and body of man, he explains he reasoning for believing that the mind is better known than any body. Descartes states his reasoning through various assumptions that he has made in his search for knowledge. Descartes is a philosopher, who through thinking comes to these conclusions. In the reading of Descartes he interprets his understanding of how and why the mind is better known than the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 872 words
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Descartes and Hobbes' Leviathan - During the sixteen hundreds, the French philosopher René Descartes laid the foundations for the beginnings of Cartesian Dualism. In contrast, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes argued against dualism in favor of materialism. Recently, Cartesian Dualism, and dualism in general has fallen out of favor as materialism arose as a more plausible and explanatory theory regarding the interrelationships between body and mind. The translation Descartes’ writing in the Meditations is far more cryptic than Hobbes’ writing in the Leviathan....   [tags: Philosophy]
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monism vs dualism - For centuries philosophers have debated on monism and dualism, two different philosophical views of the human person. Philosophers have been trying to decipher whether the person is made up of the mind, the body, or both. Monists hold the belief that existence is purely based upon one ultimate “category of being” this means that either the person is made up of only the body or only the mind (Morris p155). Dualists hold the belief that existence is based upon the body as well as the mind and its mental properties (Morris p155)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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A challenge to Materialism - Cartesian Dualism Challenged In this paper, I will examine the issues of individuation and identity in Descartes’ philosophy of mind-body dualism. I will begin by addressing the framework of Cartesian dualism. Then I will examine the problems of individuation and identity as they relate to Descartes. Hopefully, after explaining Descartes’ reasoning and subsequently offering my response, I can show with some degree of confidence that the issues of individuation and identity offer a challenge to the Cartesians’ premise of mind-body dualism....   [tags: essays research papers] 1120 words
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Rene Descartes - Essay # 2 Rene Descartes was a French philosopher. His theory is that reality consists of mind and matter. Descartes answers the question or attempts to answer the question of “what is real?” using dualism. Dualism is defined as the view that reality is composed of two different substances, so that neither one can be related to the other. Such examples being; spirit/matter, mind/body, good/evil. Descartes feels that the human can be broken down into two separate substances; a mind having no physical attributes and a body having a shape....   [tags: essays research papers] 404 words
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Cognitive Behavior Therapy - Cognitive Behavior Therapy Cognitive Behavior Therapy for body image has been proven an effective way to improve body dissatisfaction. It has been applied to persons with eating disorders, obesity, body dysmorphic disorder, and normal weight, all of whom harbor negative feelings toward their bodies. It is critically important to target body image for specific treatment, as negative feelings about one's body are often a major precipitous to eating disorders. What is body image. Body image can be defined as the picture one has in his mind about the appearance (i.e....   [tags: Self Image Weight Papers]
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Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects - Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects In his sixth meditation Descartes must return to the doubts he raised in his first one. Here he deals mainly with the mind-body problem and tries to prove whether material things exist with certainty. In this meditation he develops his dualist argument; by making a distinction between mind and body; although he also reveals that the are significantly related. He considers existence of the external world and whether its perception holds any knowledge of this world....   [tags: Descartes]
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What It Is To Be Human - What It Is To Be Human The body is socially constructed; and in this paper we explore the various and ever-changing constructions of the body, and thus of the embodied self......The one word, body, may therefore signify very different realities and perceptions of reality.....(Synnot 1992, 43) It has been said that in order to understand life and society, we as people must first understand ourselves. Who are we as a people. Who are we as individuals. Who are we as humans. These questions all present themselves when discussing a topic such as this....   [tags: essays research papers] 1901 words
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Cybersex - ... Physical contact should not be restricted to the world of physical phenomena, but also to the world of virtual phenomena. This conception of sexual intercourse as sexual arousal in the mind as embodied into flesh requires an examination of a major metaphysical issue, specifically the mind body problem. This problem arises out of the apparent appearance of mental phenomena as wholly distinct and disconnected from physical phenomena. The body is a composite of various parts, and constantly requires more parts to be installed, while others are expelled....   [tags: Sex Crimes, argumentative, persuasive]
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Defining People as Being Human - Defining People as Being Human Many characteristics define people as being human, but when it comes down to it what makes a person human. This is a problem that has arised for some time in the subject of philosophy. More specifically, assume that your best friend Sara has been in a very serious accident and is going to die. A team of doctors comes to her with a proposal to transplant her brain into a mechanical body that will look completely human, but will be male. She agrees to the transplant and it is successfully carried out....   [tags: Papers] 597 words
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Socrates And Descartes On Dual - Socrates and Descartes on Dualism Dualism means the complete separation of the mental world and the physical world. In philosophy, it is the theory that the universe is explicable only as a whole composed of two distinct and mutually exclusive factors: the mind and the body. Socrates and Plato are called dualists because they think that mind and body are separate and distinct substances. Mind is conscious and non-spatial and body is spatial but not conscious. While separate, these two substances interact....   [tags: essays research papers] 681 words
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Psychology - ... The concept of the brain being the most important organ heavily influenced the theories of Sigmund Freud. Descartes work is still prevalent today and can be seen in the field of neuropsychology. Philosophy laid the foundation for the application of scientific method to be used for the study of mental functioning. Gustav Fechner, Helmholtz and Weber aided in understanding the full potential of implementing philosophy to psychology. Gustav Theodor Fechner, born in 1801 performed experiments which founded the formal start of experimentation psychology....   [tags: Wundt, Descartes, Watson] 1530 words
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Method of Doubt - Method of Doubt Descartes applied illusion argument, dreaming argument, and evil genius argument that is called "method of doubt" to achieve his goals: Mind and body are two different substances, the complete separation of the mental world and the physical world. Once, he claims that even awake or asleep, two plus three is always five. Even evil genius fakes us, we probably think two plus three is four but in fact it always exist as five and it is always true. Lets look at this example: If I think that it's sunny outside, I can be wrong about sun but I cannot be wrong about my thinking that it's sunny....   [tags: Papers] 586 words
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Personal Identity: Philosophical Views - Personal Identity: Philosophical Views Alan Watts once said, "Trying to define yourself is like trying to bite your own teeth." The task of personal identity is to define a quality of a human which makes him or her a unique self. The person whose identity is in question must realize themselves, and other people must identify this person. In other words, what makes John unique from Bob. One must consider both internal (mind) and external (body) perspectives. There are several general philosophical theories of this identity problem....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Critique on Thomas Nagel's What it is like to be a bat? - Critique on Thomas Nagel's What it is like to be a bat. The 'mind-body' problem has troubled philosophers for centuries. This is because no human being has been able to sufficiently explain how the mind actually works and how this mind relates to the body - most importantly to the brain. If this were not true then there would not be such heated debates on the subject. No one objects to the notion that the Earth revolves around the sun because it is empirical fact. However, there is no current explanation on the mind that can be accepted as fact....   [tags: Papers Nagel To Be Bat Essays Papers]
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Is artificial intelligence possible? - Is artificial intelligence possible. IS A.I. POSSIBLE. In the science fiction film, The Terminator directed by James Cameron, the computers in the movie "get smart" and rise up against their human masters. In other words, the computers in the movie were able to become independent of their programmers and developed a kind of artificial intelligence (A.I.). This essay will prove that in real life, computers will never realize artificial intelligence, and also even though functionalism is based on an analogy between humans and computers, it is an effective way to describe the interaction between the mind and body....   [tags: Computer Science] 1863 words
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