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Your search returned over 400 essays for "meditation"
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Meditation - Meditation is an age-old practice that has renewed itself in many different cultures and times. Despite its age, however, there remains a mystery and some ambiguity as to what it is, or even how one performs it. The practice and tradition of meditation dates back thousands of years having appeared in many eastern traditions. Meditation’s ancient roots cloud its origins from being attributed to a sole inventor or religion, though Bon, Hindu, Shinto, Dao, and later, Buddhism are responsible for its development....   [tags: Natural Healing, Meditation Therapy ]
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4152 words
(11.9 pages)
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Meditation: The Balance of Life - All throughout history Buddhist monks and the eastern religion have been performing meditation, but recently anyone has been trying it. Meditation is a practice that someone may train their mind to be in a state of consciousness that benefits their mind and body. Meditation is about paying attention, focusing and being very calm. It sharpens creativity and performance while enhancing relationships. Meditators find when they stop taking things in life so seriously, the self drops away. They are more direct and absorb life easier....   [tags: Religion, Buddhism, Hinduism, Meditation] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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A Look at Meditation - A Look at Meditation      In this modern day and age, the negative effects of stress are unavoidable. People have tried various methods to help cope with stress, everything from exercise and diet to alternative methods like biofeedback. However, the most effective method to deal with stress is not one of these modern methods but rather a 5,000 year-old idea: Meditation. Meditation not only helps reduce the negative effects of stress, but also leads to a better sense of well-being by uniting mind and body....   [tags: Meditation Health Medical Essays]
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983 words
(2.8 pages)
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Evidence for Changes in the Body and Brain from Mindfulness Meditation - From personal experience, mindfulness meditation gives me a feeling of obtaining a healthy mind and body from the attention and peace I obtained. Such feelings resulting from proper practice of mindfulness meditation is not limited to my own testimony though. According to the Satipatthana Sutra, those who practice such in-and-out breathing become “ardent, aware, and mindful” (“Satipatthana Sutra,” Accessed on 2010). However, it is unclear whether such reported experience is genuine or has effect, or if such mindfulness meditation is similar to a placebo effect....   [tags: meditation, psychology, neurology]
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2504 words
(7.2 pages)
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Meditation - ... This kind of stress is common in adolescent years. Stress has a big effect. It can have physical effects, psychological effects and/or emotional effects. The effects differ for each person since everyone responds to stress in individual and unique ways. Since there are numerous effects, the American Institute of Stress created a list of 50 common signs and symptoms of the effects of stress. The most common things stress effects are the immune system, the heart, muscles, the stomach, reproductive organs, lungs, and skin....   [tags: Stress, Acute, Chronic, Episodic] 813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Meditation - Back to Presentations Meditation Relaxation lowers blood pressure, calms the nervous system, releases tension in muscles, enhances immune system function, and reverses the damage done by negative stress. For relaxation to work its magic on the body, both the body and mind need to be still, and calm. As left side activity of the brain decreases, the intuitive, creative, right side of the brain becomes more active. We need to quiet the rational side and draw on our inner-wisdom, capacity for empathy, ability to love, and faith that you would be given answers....   [tags: Health] 1086 words
(3.1 pages)
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meditation - Meditation is defined as a mind-body technique, which practices awareness, and induces tranquility in order to connect the mind and the body. It is also described as “mental fasting,” implying clearing and cleansing of the mind by the absence of distractions and negative emotions (Leikin, 2003). It has shown to benefit its users psychologically, physically, as well as spiritually. Meditation works by bringing about a relaxed and healthy state by physiologically and biochemically altering the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 2619 words
(7.5 pages)
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Meditation - Meditation is a private devotion or mental exercise consisting of a number of techniques of concentration, contemplation, and abstraction to heighten spiritual awareness. It has also been defined as, “Consciously directing your attention to alter your state of consciousness.” Meditation has been practiced around the world since the ancient times. It was used back then and still used today for spiritual growth (becoming more conscious). Meditation is mostly concerned about your attention, where it is directed to, and how it alters or changes a person’s consciousness....   [tags: essays research papers] 713 words
(2 pages)
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Meditation - My Personal Meditation I was very skeptical and cautious about the lesson on meditation. A few years back I had taken a course on relaxation, which I had found to be only somewhat helpful. I was hoping to find another alternative to calm myself and release the stress. Although I became disbelieving of meditation-I was proved wrong. After you told us to close our eyes, I had a hard time falling into the meditation. At first I felt uncomfortable and distressed....   [tags: essays research papers] 400 words
(1.1 pages)
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Meditation - The Transcendental Meditation technique is a simple, natural, effortless procedure practiced for any amount of time, usually 10-20 minutes in the morning and evening, while sitting comfortably with the eyes closed. During this technique, the individual's awareness settles down and experiences a unique state of restful alertness. As the body becomes deeply relaxed, the mind transcends all mental activity to experience the simplest form of awareness, Transcendental Consciousness, where consciousness is open to itself....   [tags: essays research papers] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Meditation - Meditation 1. The Meditation of yesterday has filled my mind with so many doubts, that it is no longer in my power to forget them. Nor do I see, meanwhile, any principle on which they can be resolved; and, just as if I had fallen all of a sudden into very deep water, I am so greatly disconcerted as to be unable either to plant my feet firmly on the bottom or sustain myself by swimming on the surface. I will, nevertheless, make an effort, and try anew the same path on which I had entered yesterday, that is, proceed by casting aside all that admits of the slightest doubt, not less than if I had discovered it to be absolutely false; and I will continue always in this track until I shall find something that is certain, or at least, if I can do nothing more, until I shall know with certainty that there is nothing certain....   [tags: Papers] 2705 words
(7.7 pages)
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Buddhism and Meditation - ... After doing this for a long period of time, he realized he was achieving nothing and decided to quit. He then went on his journey and found a sacred tree and called the Bodhi Tree and said he was going to sit and meditate there until attained enlightenment. While meditating under the tree he experienced three things. The first thing he experienced was seeing the past lives of his previous reincarnation. His second experience he saw how doing good things and bad things will affected where you are put in your past life....   [tags: religion, christianity, God]
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919 words
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The Power of Meditation - The Power of Meditation The correct definition of meditation is to think constantly of something. You become that on which you meditate. Think of God, you become God. Think of stone, you become a stone. The only thing that the process of meditation is really meant to teach us is to remind us that there is something above from which we have come here and it is our first duty to get back where we belong. Meditation is not only meant for the saints it is meant for everyone. Another point to emphasize is that, the only way to learn to do meditation is to actually do it, and not reading books on the topic....   [tags: Philosophy New Age] 950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Meditation and the Brain - Meditation and the Brain When discussing the relationship of brain and behavior, the materialist view of human experience runs into conflict with the historically dominant religious accounts. Recent studies, however, suggests that there may be a "middle view" between the two world-views. Religions, especially Buddhism, stress the role of meditation in one's spiritual growth. Meditation has tangible psychological and physiological benefits, though, which can be explained strictly in neurobiological terms....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
:: 10 Sources Cited
1523 words
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Transcendental Meditation - Transcendental Meditation About forty years ago, Maharishi Mahesk Yogi pioneered the Transcendental Meditation program. The Transcendental Meditation technique is a natural, unforced practice that reduces stress and increases an individual’s mental and physical potential. TM (Transcendental Meditation) is often experienced for fifteen to twenty minutes twice a day. Typically, one meditates in the morning before eating breakfast; this practice helps the person start his day both alert and energized....   [tags: Blood Pressure Tranquility Papers] 4731 words
(13.5 pages)
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Buddhist Meditation - Meditation is very difficult to describe and can only truly be explained once experienced. It is the practice of mental concentration leading ultimately through a sequence of stages to the final goal of spiritual freedom, nirvana. The purpose of Buddhist meditation is to free ourselves from the delusion and thereby put an end to both ignorance and craving. The Buddhists describe the culminating trance-like state as transient; final Nirvana requires the insight of wisdom. The exercises that are meant to develop wisdom involve meditation on the true nature of reality or the conditioned and unconditioned elements that make up all phenomena....   [tags: essays research papers] 968 words
(2.8 pages)
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Jewish Meditation - Jewish Meditation "I know of a story where a 12 year old boy secretly studied the Kabbalah and meditation under a rabbi. So do not worry, you are in like company (Wallace)." Mystical traditions hold a secret that not everyone can experience. Stories can be read, pictures can be seen, and accounts of mystics (those who practice these traditions) can be professed, but nothing will compare to emotion and passion in the experience itself. The mind of a mystic can be viewed as one gone mad. Or is that merely the title one gives the unexplained and not experienced....   [tags: Papers] 1410 words
(4 pages)
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Insight Meditation - Buddhist meditation practices often emphasize mainly concentration, particularly on a certain person, place or thing. They teach the mind to focus on one point or object, which achieves strength of concentration. The results are peaceful states, and in some very rare cases are said to create supernormal powers. That is no wonder why many people steer in that direction, in hopes of achieving "superpowers". Insight meditation is quite different however, and although some degree of concentration is needed, the meditator focuses more on mindfulness of the situation....   [tags: essays research papers] 555 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Second Meditation - The Second Meditation "The first precept was never to accept a thing as true until I knew it as such without a single doubt." --René Descartes Le Discours de la Méthode, I In the First Meditation, Descartes invites us to think skeptically. He entices us with familiar occasions of error, such as how the size of a distant tower can be mistaken. Next, an even more profound reflection on how dreams and reality are indistinguishable provides suitable justification to abandon all that he previously perceived as being truth....   [tags: Papers] 843 words
(2.4 pages)
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Mindfulness Based Meditation - ... My meditative experience allowed me to acknowledge and eventually develop acceptance towards oncoming thoughts. At first, I constantly latched on to new feelings, and sought to find negative meaning in each one. For example, any negative sensation or troublesome event from my past experiences would flash in my mind as I meditated, evoking various emotions such as angst, aggression, or sorrow. However, with practice, as these past feelings formed in my mind I simply recognized them and redirected my focus on the out-breath, even though I was frequently tempted to ignore or ruminate over these thoughts....   [tags: mental state, body, mind wandering, positivity]
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1136 words
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Mindfulness Based Meditation - ... According to Bodian (1999) these are some the common misconceptions regarding meditation. Meditation is not just about sitting in one place and just thinking, the very essence of meditation is to have contemplative attitude towards one’s emotions, sensations and thoughts (Trungpa, 2007). Like science meditation served as a new mode of thinking for me, scientific research increases our understanding of our external world and but it does not teach one how to be aware of the present moment or assist in any personal transformations (Richard and Thuan, 2001)....   [tags: Cultivating Mindfulness]
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2281 words
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Third Meditation, by Rene Descartes - ... Without inquiring into the existence of God, “it appears I am never capable of being completely certain about anything else” (Descartes, 25). Descartes considers one possible objection to his claim that things that he perceives clearly and distinctly are true; previously Descartes was certain of many ideas that he supposedly perceived clearly and distinctly, but no longer does. He must now explain why he can no longer be certain of these ideas. Descartes explains that the “ideas or thoughts of these things were hovering before my mind”, not perceptions of things existing outside of him (Descartes, 24)....   [tags: God, Exploring Notions] 869 words
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Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy - ... The first was, what was grasped by the changing of the wax. “So what was there in the wax that was so distinctly grasped?” (Descartes, 21) The reason why he was asking this question was because he didn’t understand how we are still calling it the same thing even though its forms have changed from what they were before that wax got touched by fire. The second question he asked himself was, was the wax the same the whole time. “Perhaps the wax was what I now think it is.” (Descartes, 21) He started to think that his mind was fooling around with him by making him think that the wax changed its forms completely from the fire, even though they really didn’t....   [tags: meditation on first philosophy]
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1226 words
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Teaching Meditation to Classes in Philosophy - Teaching Meditation to Classes in Philosophy ABSTRACT: In alignment with the overall theme of the congress, "Philosophy Teaching Humanity," this paper proposes that teachers of philosophy consider instructing their students in simple techniques of meditation. By meditation I mean the practice of mindfulness which typically begins by paying clear, steady, non-reactive attention to the sensations of one's own breathing, and then extending this attention to embrace all bodily sensations, feelings, moods, thoughts, and intentions....   [tags: Education Teacher Educating Philosophical Essays]
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3540 words
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An Examination of the Second Meditation of Descartes - An Examination of the Second Meditation of Descartes Baird and Kaufmann, the editors of our text, explain in their outline of Descartes' epistemology that the method by which the thinker carried out his philosophical work involved first discovering and being sure of a certainty, and then, from that certainty, reasoning what else it meant one could be sure of. He would admit nothing without being absolutely satisfied on his own (i.e., without being told so by others) that it was incontrovertible truth....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1585 words
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The Various Stages of Meditation - The Various Stages of Meditation To reach meditation, you require the three big steps: Relaxation: Control of yourself can mean relaxing your mind and your body You must, control your emotions, your passions, your nerves, your thoughts, your imagination, your desires, your bad habits, your impulses, your aspirations. Control yourself internally. Everything in you should be controlled, so that you can know your forces better, and how to use them It is convenient to control yourself in all circumstances, and mainly, to control your heart, if it is capable of hating or has unhealthy feelings, control your mind, putting a stop to your thoughts and aspirations, the same for your desires and passions, and mainly do not allow it to hurt, even with the intention....   [tags: Papers] 562 words
(1.6 pages)
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Transcendentalism and Transcendental Meditation - Transcendentalism and Transcendental Meditation “The Transcendentalist adopts the whole connection of spiritual doctrine. He believes in miracle, in the perpetual openness of the human mind to new influx of light and power; he believes in inspiration, and in ecstasy.”(Emerson 196). These two lines written by Ralph Waldo Emerson exemplify the whole movement of transcendentalist writers and what they believed in. Though to the writers, transcendentalism was a fight for a belief, unknown to them they could have been fighting for the betterment of human health....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1417 words
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Descartes' First Meditation - Descartes' First Meditation Rene Descartes decision to shatter the molds of traditional thinking is still talked about today. He is regarded as an influential abstract thinker; and some of his main ideas are still talked about by philosophers all over the world. While he wrote the "Meditations", he secluded himself from the outside world for a length of time, basically tore up his conventional thinking; and tried to come to some conclusion as to what was actually true and existing. In order to show that the sciences rest on firm foundations and that these foundations lay in the mind and not the senses, Descartes must begin by bringing into doubt all the beliefs that come to him by the senses....   [tags: Papers] 1330 words
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Using The Mother As A Model In Meditation - I feel that using the mother as a model in meditation fascinating because one can Personalize their own experience by visualizing his/her own mother and in effect, associate inner emotion & raw compassion for the one who created and protected them. I also thought that the realization of immense inapplicable rebirths, that everyone has been everyone’s mother in a sense, is a powerful tool towards introducing compassion for all beings. Just understanding the respectful nature of this compassion in general is a basic fundamental towards what the second Dally Lama, Gendun Gyatso calls ‘giving and taking’....   [tags: essays research papers] 429 words
(1.2 pages)
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Descartes First Meditation - Descartes’ first meditation, his main objective is to present three skeptical arguments to bring doubt upon what he considers his basic beliefs. Descartes believes this to be an intricate part of his complete epistemological argument. Descartes skeptical arguments are not intended to be a denial of his basic beliefs. On the contrary, he uses these arguments to help prove one of his main theses, which is the existence of God. One of the main premises that Descartes uses in his proof for the existence of God comes from the evil demon argument, which he proposed, in the first meditation....   [tags: essays research papers] 909 words
(2.6 pages)
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Personal Narrative- Meditation - Personal Narrative- Meditation Perhaps, like me, you have wondered how you might best contribute to helping save the world. There are so many problems evident around the world that need attention, but which are most urgent. Which people are the most needy. Where is the worst suffering, the most oppression. Where is the earth being damaged most. There is no shortage of strife around us needing attention. At the same time, we can wonder what it is we have to offer the people of the world. What talents, what time, what commitment....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 1064 words
(3 pages)
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Descartes Sixth Meditation - In his sixth meditation must return to the doubts he raised in his first meditation. In this last section of his sixth meditation he deals mainly with the mind-body problem; and he tries to prove whether material things exist with certainly. In this meditation he develops his Dualist argument; by making a distinction between mind and body; although he also reveals their rather significant relationship. Primarily he considers existence of the external world and whether our experience hold knowledge of this world or whether this knowledge is merely an illusion....   [tags: essays research papers] 1379 words
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Descartes Sixth Meditation - In the Sixth Meditation, Descartes makes a point that there is a distinction between mind and body. It is in Meditation Two when Descartes believes he has shown the mind to be better known than the body. In Meditation Six, however, he goes on to claim that, as he knows his mind and knows clearly and distinctly that its essence consists purely of thought. Also, that bodies' essences consist purely of extension, and that he can conceive of his mind and body as existing separately. By the power of God, anything that can be clearly and distinctly conceived of as existing separately from something else can be created as existing separately....   [tags: essays research papers] 1138 words
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Descartes' First Meditation - Descartes' First Meditation Works Cited Missing      Descartes believes that knowledge comes from within the mind. This is a single indisputable fact to build on that can be gained through individual reflection. While seeking true knowledge, Descartes writes his Six Meditations. In these meditations, Descartes tries to develop a strong foundation, which all knowledge can be built upon. In the First Meditation, Descartes begins developing this foundation through the method of doubt. He casts doubt upon all his previous beliefs, including “matters which are not entirely certain and indubitable [and] those which appear to be manifestly false.” (Descartes, p.75, par.3) Once Descartes clears away all beliefs that can be called into doubt, he can then build a strong base for all true knowledge to stand upon....   [tags: Descartes Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 2070 words
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Descartes and Meditation Three - Descartes and Meditation Three At the beginning of Meditation three, Descartes has made substantial progress towards defeating skepticism. Using his methods of Doubt and Analysis he has systematically examined all his beliefs and set aside those which he could call into doubt until he reached three beliefs which he could not possibly doubt. First, that the evil genius seeking to deceive him could not deceive him into thinking that he did not exist when in fact he did exist. Second, that his essence is to be a thinking thing....   [tags: Papers] 1187 words
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Meditation: Does it Alter the Mind and the Body? - Meditation: Does it Alter the Mind and the Body. BEEP BEEP BEEP!!!. 9:00 am starts flashing on your alarm clock and you immediately run through your "to do list" for the day. It's a long list, filled with classes, meetings, homework, meals, exams...etc. Being the master of multitasking, I have a tendency to perform various tasks at once. As a result, my concentration level decreases while my stress level increases. How can this lack of concentration and stress level be fixed. Many people turn to meditation, but does this practice actually work....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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884 words
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Poem Analysis of Meditation 17 by John Donne - ... “And when she buries a man, that action concerns me […]”[3] This sentence gives a clue to the tone as surely, because Donne is speaking about death in the poem, it must be considered serious, since death is universally deliberated as a serious occurrence. The situation of the poem is imperative to apprehend in order to identify the structure thereafter. The structure of a poem is analyzed by examining the form, movement, syntax, punctuation, and title. The form of the poem is not in stanzas, nor is it in paragraphs....   [tags: social issues, belief]
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Third Meditation: Of God: That He Exists , by Rene Descartes - ... willing or fearing], and other judgments” (Descartes 67). This means he cannot be mistaken with regard to the ideas of his own. However, he can make mistakes through his judgments. “There thus only remain our judgments, in which we must take diligent heed that we be not deceived” (Descartes 67). Thus, this leads Descartes into categorizing his idea by their origins. Ideas can be innate, adventitious, comes from outside of us, and can be made by us, example an idea of a unicorn. Of these three ideas, Descartes’ takes the greatest importance in adventitious ideas....   [tags: Rene Descartes]
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914 words
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God's Forgiveness in Taylor's Meditation 42 - In Edward Taylor's "Meditation 42," the speaker employs a tone of both desire and anxiousness in order to convey the overall idea that man's sinful nature and spiritual unworthiness require God's grace and forgiveness to gain entrance to the kingdom of heaven. In the opening stanza, the speaker describes the human craving and longing for material objects. From the very first word of "Meditation 42," a sense of longing and desire infuses the poem as "apples" (ll. 1) often symbolize both temptation and desire....   [tags: Edward Taylor Poetry]
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Mind/Body Practices: Ancient Traditions with Contemporary Benefits - ... Tai Chi originated in China as a martial art, and eventually grew to become an accepted mind-body practice, as described on the NCCAM website. The site describes Tai Chi as a “moving meditation,” in which the individual is consciously aware of the slow and gentle movements of the body. Tai Chi also involves balancing the yin and yang, which will thereby assist the healthy flow of one’s qi (or energy). A 2007 survey indicated that 2.3 million adults were using tai chi, and health-related reasons for use involves improving muscle strength, coordination, flexibility, balance, to ease pain and stiffness, and improvements in sleep....   [tags: alternative medicine, meditation, yoga]
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3278 words
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Descartes' Meditations - Missing Works Cited Descartes overall objective in the Meditations is to question knowledge. To explore such metaphysical issues as the existence of God and the separation of mind and body, it was important for him to distinguish what we can know as truth. He believed that reason as opposed to experience was the source for discovering what is of absolute certainty. In my explication, I will examine meditation two in order to discover why knowledge was so important to Descartes. Meditation One The first meditation acts as a foundation for all those that follow....   [tags: Explication Descartes Meditations] 2754 words
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Chan Samadhi: Enlightenment in Buddhism - ... Once the body is thus disciplined and the mind becomes pure and concentrated, a human being has the tools needed for overcoming ignorance which consist of afflictions, curse thought, and attachments and regain the inherent wisdom. However, due to attachments to body, the ego, concepts, identities, possessions, people, events, phenomena, environments etc, it is not easy to achieve such an awareness. If we really want to return to the purity an original source and discover our unconditioned identity, we cannot forego this practice....   [tags: Meditation, Stillness, Informative] 863 words
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Christopher Grau's Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and the Matrix - In “Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and the Matrix”, Christopher Grau explains Rene Descartes argument in Meditation. What one may interpret as reality may not be more than a figment of one’s imagination. One argument that Grau points out in Descartes essay is how one knows that what one think is an everyday experience awake is not all a part of a hallucination. He uses the example of dreams to draw a conclusion about is claim based on experiences one would experience with dreaming....   [tags: Philosophy, Rene Descartes, Meditation] 548 words
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What Are Years: Moore's Cohesive Contradiction - ... The first set is the first three lines of each stanza in ABA form, representing dissention (the middle line prevents unity), and the second set is a couplet at the end of each stanza, representing unity. Secondly, she sets up words with meanings opposite of one another, and brings them together in some way. Guilt and innocence are opposing terms, yet no one in their nakedness is exclusively one or the other. Furthermore, Moore ties the end of life with the creation account in Genesis. The first three lines suggest Adam and Eve’s sin; guilt in eating the fruit bore death, and made us aware of our nakedness....   [tags: mortality, soul, courage, meditation]
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932 words
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Descartes Third Meditation: Proof of Gods Existence - Descartes' Third Meditation: Proof of God's Existence In Rene Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes is seeking to find a system of stable, lasting and certain knowledge, which he can ultimately regard as the Truth. In his methodical quest to carry out his task, Descartes eventually arrives at the proverbial fork in the road: how to bridge the knowledge of self with that of the rest of the world. Descartes’ answer to this is to prove the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to state and explain Descartes' Third Meditation: Proof of God's Existence by identifying relevant concepts and terminology and their relationship to each other and examining each premise as well as the conclusion of the proof and finally to comment on the significance of the proof in the context of the Evil Genius assumption....   [tags: essays research papers] 1356 words
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Transcendental Meditation: Alternative Therapy for Alcohol Abuse - Transcendental Meditation: Alternative Therapy for Alcohol Abuse Proponents of the Transcendental Meditation program initiated by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi have expressed their ideas in various web sites on the World Wide Web, through pages such as The Transcendental Meditation Program at http://www.tm.org and the Scientific Research on Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program of the Maharishi University of Management at http://www.miu.edu/TM_Research. In these sites positive messages are conveyed about the benefits of meditation to its practitioner within the physiological, psychological, sociological, intellectual, and interpersonal realms....   [tags: Alcohol Alcoholism Essays] 1399 words
(4 pages)
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Descartes' Proof of the Existence of God in Meditation Three - Descartes' Proof of the Existence of God in Meditation Three This paper is intended to explain and evaluate Descartes' proof for the existence of god in Meditation Three. It shall show the weaknesses in the proof, but also give credit to the strengths in his proof. It will give a background of what Descartes has already accepted as what he truly knows. The paper will also state Descartes two major points for the existence of God and why the points can easily be proven false. The paper will also show that if a God does exist that God can in fact be an evil deceiver....   [tags: Papers] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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Comparing Philosophies in West-Running Brook and Meditation 17 - Philosophies in West-Running Brook and Meditation 17      No matter the elaborate chicanery afforded its disclosure or evasion, the subject of death relentlessly permeates the minds of men. Death and its cyclical, definitive nature connects all humans to one another. Robert Frost in "West-Running Brook" and John Donne in "Meditation 17" provoke a universal reexamination of the relationship between life and death. While both authors metaphorically represent this relationship, the former assumes a pessimistic approach by negating any correlation between the two, whereas the latter, voicing man’s dependence on G-d, optimistically surmises the crossover a restoration of our natural haven....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
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2379 words
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Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations In Descartes’ meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of ‘pure enquiry’ to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundationalism, where a philosopher basis all epistemological knowledge on an indubitable premise. Within meditation one Descartes subjects all of his beliefs regarding sensory data and even existence to the strongest and most hyperbolic of doubts....   [tags: Philosophy Doubt Meditations Descartes Essays] 2133 words
(6.1 pages)
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Differences and Similarities of Ancient Religions of India - ... Buddhism and Jainism are peaceful religions with non-violence at the heart of its thoughts and behavior with no animal sacrifice. Buddhism believes in the process of reincarnation based on deeds of the present life. Hinduism also believes that everyone is a part of an impersonal world and therefore, one's soul reincarnates into another body of any being, based on the deeds of the present life. Buddhism believes that one has to work for salvation for yourself, so you cannot blame others for the same....   [tags: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, meditation, Yoga]
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1036 words
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Analysis of Descartes’ Mind/Body Distinction - In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes states “I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in as far as I am only a thinking and unextended thing, and as, on the other hand, I possess a distinct idea of body, in as far as it is only an extended and unthinking thing”. [1] The concept that the mind is an intangible, thinking entity while the body is a tangible entity not capable of thought is known as Cartesian Dualism. The purpose of this essay is to examine how Descartes tries to prove that the mind or soul is, in its essential nature, entirely distinct from the body and whether or not he is successful....   [tags: Descartes Meditation One 2014]
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What Buddhism and Sioux Tradition Tell Us about Meditation and Having a Vision - What Buddhism and Sioux Tradition Tell Us about Meditation and Having a Vision *Missing Works Cited* What do Buddhism and Sioux tradition tell us about meditation and having a vision. First of all, we meditate in Buddhism because it gives us “the nourishment for your spirit and nourishment for your body,” (Hanh, p. 42). We also meditate to heal other or ourselves. In the Sioux traditions having a vision is like healing a person. Only the holy man can have the vision. The method of meditation and having a vision is like a method of relaxing and healing the state of conscious....   [tags: Papers] 771 words
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Beliefs Beyond Doubt, What All Other Respond To: Rene Descartes' "Meditations on First Philosophy" - Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy is considered to be one of the most important works in modern philosophy. John Locke, Immanuel Kant, and countless other philosophers wrote largely in response to Descartes. Yet there are serious doubts related to the treatise's major argument. In the Objections and Replies, a collection of objections to the work along with Descartes personal and often very detailed replies to said objections, the philosopher Antoine Arnauld raises the question of whether or not Descartes was guilty of circular reasoning....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy,] 2010 words
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Chronic Pain Management: Opioids and Their Alternatives - ... In a study review that was done by Dr. Ballantyne in 2006, she found that there are no conclusive studies demonstrating that long term use of opioids is not harmful to patients that were not based on anecdotal accounts. She also found that there was a very high dropout rate for the studies she was examining, 56 percent. In the article, this was attributed to inadequate analgesia and unbearable adverse effects. Additionally, the author found that there is scarce literature available on the topic of cognitive function of patients who are taking opioids....   [tags: acupunture, massage therapy, hypnosis, meditation]
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A Responce To Descarts Meditation - I think descarts was right about the only thing we can truely know is that we exist. All other thoughts, feelings, perseptinons and the like must be qustioned. Becuse we are human and to be human is to be falible. We can not asume that we are corect in our basic asumtions about anything. Even the idea that we do exist (in some context) must be qustioned. The answer to that qustioning must inevitably be yes. I as the preciver of the world must exist. My capeability to ask "Do I infact exist ?" is proof that "I am"....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 484 words
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Sensual Meditation in the world today. - Happiness is our natural state Humans were designed to be happy, creative and in harmony with the universe at all times. Just like a flower which automatically thrives and blossoms given the right conditions, so does human happiness and consciousness. If the conditions are right, everyone would be in a permanent state of natural ecstasy, living in the here-and-now. Fear switches off higher consciousness and turns us into obedient malleable citizens But we are not quite in such a paradise yet, unfortunately the world is only just emerging from millennia's of bigotry, state brutality, religious and paramilitary intolerance, famine, disease and pain, where our fragile existence could at any moment be destroyed by the ravages of invading hoards, or the sadistic whims of greedy landlords, ignoble dictators and corrupt governments....   [tags: essays research papers] 1285 words
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Descartes' Meditations - Throughout Descartes second and sixth meditations there seems to be a tension rising between the fact of whether or not the mind and body are distinct. By analyzing both meditations it appears that Descartes’ perspectives are contradictory of each other and need to be further evaluated in order to reveal his true meaning. By saying, in the second meditation, that we perceive things by means of our intellect alone, and in the sixth meditation, that we do not perceive pain by means of the intellect alone but rather by an intermingling of our intellect and our senses, Descartes brings forth the questionable tension....   [tags: philosophy] 967 words
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Doubt and the Meditations - ... And, because of this, we cannot have absolute certain knowledge (based on our senses) of the external world. From this, Descartes launches into his dream hypothesis, which is a key aspect of the first meditation, and again concludes that our senses cannot be trusted since we cannot distinguish between dreaming and waking life. Put simply, because Descartes can sit by a fire both in waking life and in a dream, he cannot trust what his senses uncover: are his hands warm because of the flames of a real fire, or are his dream-hands merely imagining heat....   [tags: Descartes, Book Analysis, Philosophy] 1443 words
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Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations The way Descartes chose to write this piece literature captivated me. Descartes was a very intelligent man who wanted to make sense of the world he lived in. The format he used was unusual. It seems to me that he may have used this format, which is a replication of the book of Genesis in the Bible, to have a deeper and more profound impact on the reader. There are many similarities between Descartes' Meditations and the first book of the Bible, Genesis. For example, Descartes' Meditations was written one day at a time, just as God had created the world one day at a time....   [tags: Papers] 1157 words
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Descartes - Meditations - In the Meditations, Rene Descartes attempts to doubt everything that is possible to doubt. His uncertainty of things that existence ranges from God to himself. Then he goes on to start proving that things do exist by first proving that he exists. After he establishes himself he can go on to establish everything else in the world. Next he goes to prove that the mind is separate then the body. In order to do this he must first prove he has a mind, and then prove that bodily things exist. I do agree with Descartes that the mind is separate from the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1633 words
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Why Medication is Vital to Treating Anxiety - ... Cognitive therapy examines how certain thoughts contribute to anxiety, and behavior therapy examines how one behaves or reacts to anxiety triggering situations. According to Smith, and the other authors of “Therapy of Anxiety Disorders,” “The basic premise of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is that our thoughts – not external events – affect the way we feel” (Smith, Segal, and Segal). While therapy is good, and effective, many people don’t feel comfortable talking with others about their problems....   [tags: Therapy vs. Medication]
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Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations Descartes' work entitled Meditations, is a work on metaphysics in which Descartes hopes to achieve absolute certainty about three issues: the soul as "a thinking thing" distinct from or without a body, the belief that God exists, and the belief that the external world exists. In order to acquire absolutely certainty which can be applied to these issues, Descartes first lays a foundation of integrity on which to build his knowledge. The technique he uses to lay this base of integrity is doubt....   [tags: Papers] 1663 words
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Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations Descartes' meditations are created in pursuit of certainty, or true knowledge. He cannot assume that what he has learned is necessarily true, because he is unsure of the accuracy of its initial source. In order to purge himself of all information that is possibly wrong, he subjects his knowledge to methodic doubt. This results in a (theoretical) doubt of everything he knows. Anything, he reasons, that can sustain such serious doubt must be unquestionable truth, and knowledge can then be built from that base....   [tags: Papers] 1022 words
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Descartes Meditations - Meditations is a discussion of metaphysics, or what is truly real. In these writings, he ultimately hopes to achieve absolute certainty about the nature of everything including God, the physical world, and himself. It is only with a clear and distinct knowledge of such things that he can then begin understand his true reality. Descartes starts by looking at our usual sources for truth. Authority, which is churches, parents, and schools, he says, are not reliable sources for truth because time shows we all die, and that we are eventually proved wrong, much in the same way the accepted truths of science have changed dramatically over the course of history....   [tags: essays research papers] 1326 words
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Transcendental Mediation Impacting Heart Disease: - Heart disease is a serious threat. Annually, heart disease accounts for 42% of all deaths (Trivieri, 2002). There are many things that people do that contributed to their own risk of heart disease. For example, living a sedentary lifestyle, eating high fat and processed food, and smoking all have the potential to increase an individual’s chance of forming heart disease. There are many types of heart disease. Some of the most common types of heart disease include heart attack, which occurs when part of the heart dies due to lack of oxygen, coronary stenosis, which is the narrowing of vessels that supply the heart itself with blood, angina, which is discomfort due to decreased oxygen to the heart, congestive heart failure (CHF) is when the hearts strength is diminished from several possible causes and finally, stroke, which is when there is an interruption in the blood supply to the brain (Trivieri, 2002)....   [tags: Health]
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Medication Errors in Clinical Settings - Detection and Risk Management - Introduction Medications are used as one of the interventional strategies in the prevention and management of various ailments. Although medications are useful to patients, when used inappropriately, they are not only harmful to patients but also impair the reputation of physicians. Medication Errors (MEs) are known to occur in the healthcare setting. According to National Coordination Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCCMERP) medication errors are defined as “Any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of a healthcare professional, patient or consumer”....   [tags: The Cause of Medication Errors]
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Descartes Six Meditations on First Philosophy - Throughout the six meditations on First Philosophy, French philosopher Rene Descartes seeks to find a concrete foundation for the basis of science, one which he states can only include certain and unquestionable beliefs. Anything less concrete, he argues will be exposed to the external world and to opposition by philosophical sceptics. The sense of the Cartesian reform is the imposition of a new method of thinking. Descartes’ method to begin with is reductive, removing all knowledge acquired without control, to become analytical, putting forward any knowledge in a process of division to present simple elements, those which are clear and distinct....   [tags: Philosophy] 1342 words
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Descartes’ Ultimate Purpose of the Meditations - Descartes’ Ultimate Purpose of the Meditations My initial approach to René Descartes, in Meditations on First Philosophy, views the third meditation’s attempts to prove the existence of God as a way of establishing a foundation for the existence of truth, falsity, corporeal things and eventually the establishment of the sciences. When viewed in this light, Descartes is accused of drawing himself into a ‘Cartesian circle,’ ultimately forcing this cosmological proof of God to defy Cartesian method, thus precipitating the failure of the third, fourth, fifth and sixth meditations....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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The Meditations of Rene Descartes - The Meditations of Rene Descartes In 1916 Rene Descartes wrote "What I wish to finish is . . . an absolutely new science enabling one to resolve all questions proposed on any order of continuos or discontinuous quantities." (p8 Methods & Meditations). He made this ambitious statement at the young age of twenty-three. Rene's ambition would take him far but it kept him from becoming the Aristotle of the modern age. The Meditations were an attempt to solve the many questions about life, existence, and God....   [tags: Papers] 481 words
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Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes - ... It is obvious that this fact is not true. Consider instances in which the exact same information is presented, different individuals will often come to different opinions. Would this occur if thought was simply a function of matter. This could not be if only our brains are used to interpret information with no interaction of something personalized, our minds. The case of Phineas Gage, a young railroad worker that survived an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head and destroyed a great deal of his brain's left frontal lobe, is often used by psychologists and philosophers to study the workings of the brain on personality and behavior....   [tags: Mind, Intellect, Thought] 1576 words
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Preliminary Interpretation of Descartes' Meditations - Preliminary Interpretation of Descartes' Meditations René Descartes was a revolutionary figure in the 17th century during the renaissance period, at a time when the way people viewed the world was changing dramatically. In the past people had described things using a mixture of colour, hot, cold, sweet tasting, hard (secondary qualities) and distance, velocity, time, mass and acceleration (primary qualities). But in a time of dramatic change, mathematical science was, through mathmaticalised theories and predictions of measurable quantities proving primary qualities to be more reliable and efficient than secondary qualities....   [tags: Papers] 4568 words
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Descartes' Meditations Ontological Argument - Descartes' Meditations Ontological Argument Descartes's fifth Meditation argument for God's existence relies on an untenable notion that existence is a perfection and that it can be predicated of God. I shall first explain what Descartes's argument for God's existence is, and then present his argument in propositional form. I will then attempt to support the argument that existence is neither a perfection nor a predicate of God. In our thoughts we apprehend ideas of things. These ideas may reside entirely within our thoughts or they may exist independent of our considerations of them (Descartes 143)....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Criticisms of Descartes Meditations Concerning the Existence of God - My intent in this essay is to illustrate that the arguments regarding the existence of God and the fear of deception in Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy, are quite weak and do not justify his conclusions. To support these claims, I will begin by outlining two specific meditations and explain the proposed arguments. Later, I will critically analyze his arguments, revealing unjust conclusions. Doubts surrounding the text include the suggested characteristics of God, the condition of perfection, and the nature of deceit....   [tags: Philosophy] 2328 words
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Certainty in Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy - Certainty in Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy René Descartes was the first philosopher to raise the question of how we can claim to know anything about the world with certainty. The idea is not that these doubts are probable, but that their possibility can never be entirely ruled out. If we can never be certain, how can we claim to know anything. The First Meditation of Meditations on First Philosophy, subtitled "What can be called into doubt," opens with the Meditator reflecting on the number of falsehoods he has believed during his life and on the subsequent ability of the body to deceive him....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy - Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes’ third meditation from his book Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes’ reasoning and proofs of God’s existence. In the third meditation, Descartes states two arguments attempting to prove God’s existence, the Trademark argument and the traditional Cosmological argument. Although his arguments are strong and relatively truthful, they do no prove the existence of God....   [tags: Existence God Religion Descartes Essays] 1961 words
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The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes - The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes I In Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes takes the reader through a methodological exercise in philosophical enquiry. After stripping the intellect of all doubtful and false beliefs, he re-examines the nature and structure of being in an attempt to secure a universally valid epistemology free from skepticism. Hoping for the successful reconciliation of science and theology, Descartes works to reconstruct a new foundation of absolute and certain truth to act as a catalyst for future scientific research by “showing that a mathematical [rational-objective] physics of the world is attainable by creatures with our intellectual capacities and faculties” (Shand 1994, p....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Descartes Essays]
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Theories of Mediation - Throughout this course thus far we have generically discussed the various models of mediation(in particular facilitative),skills and tasks needed by a mediator to conduct a successful mediation. The facilitative approach we have been studying, via theory and in-class exercises has afford us some great insight into mediating into a variety of domestic conflicts from family to business disputes.However,there is a whole other subfield in mediation ,which we have not discussed and that is international mediation....   [tags: Business Management] 2671 words
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Effective Mediation - 1. Introduction The practice of settling human conflicts through intermediaries has had a rich history in Western and non-Western cultures and therefore a broad range of forms and functions. The conflicting parties in most of the societies and at all stages of social interaction have had access to external actors to whom they approach when they come to the conclusion that they are incapable to handle their different opinions by themselves. In this case, an ordinary response to identify contradictions in objectives and values be-tween adversaries is to enter into a process of negotiation in order to achieve an agreement on such differences, which is mutually acceptable....   [tags: Conflict Management ] 3467 words
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Medication Errors - For many patients the scariest part of being in the hospital is having to rely on other people to control your life changing decisions. One large part of this is the medications one is given while in our care. I can only imagine what it must be like for patients to have a stranger to come in and start administering drugs to me. This would be especially scary if I did not know what these medications did, or what negative effects could be caused by taking them. Unfortunately, the fear of medication errors that many patients have are not unfounded....   [tags: Health Care ]
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Comparing Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy and Plato's The Republic - In the field of philosophy there can be numerous answers to a general question, depending on a particular philosopher's views on the subject. Often times an answer is left undetermined. In the broad sense of the word and also stated in the dictionary philosophy can be described as the pursuit of human knowledge and human values. There are many different people with many different theories of knowledge. Two of these people, also philosophers, in which this paper will go into depth about are Descartes and Plato....   [tags: Compare Contrast philosophy] 1499 words
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