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Your search returned over 400 essays for "mathematicians"
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Female Mathematicians - Throughout history, women have been looked down upon and seen as insubordinate and incapable. Women were never viewed as equal to men until about the 1950s. History will also tell us that men dominated the mathematical scene and have made the biggest contributions in that field, yet this does not seem to be the case. Women have had just as big an impact on math as men have, if not a bigger contribution.They still continue to rock the mathematical world today. Various women such as Hypatia from the ancient Greeks, Grace Chisholm Young from England at the turn of the century, to Mary Fairfax Somerville from the Imperialist English, and Maria Gaetana Agnesi from Modern Enlightenment in Italy...   [tags: Women Mathematicians]
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1688 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Influence of Islamic Mathematicians - It’s hard to believe that a civilization consisting of once illiterate nomadic warriors could have a profound impact on the field of mathematics. Yet, many scholars credit the Arabs with preserving much of ancient wisdom. After conquering much of Eastern Europe and Northern Africa the Islamic based Abbasid Empire transitioned away from military conquest into intellectual enlightenment. Florian Cajori speaks of this transition in A History of Mathematics. He states, “Astounding as was the grand march of conquest by the Arabs, still more so was the ease hit which they put aside their former nomadic life adopted a higher civilization, and assumed the sovereignty over cultivated peoples” (Cajori...   [tags: islamic scholars, arabs] 1470 words
(4.2 pages)
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Mathematicians of the Great Awakening - ... It contains the earliest demonstration that a curve of the nth degree is in general determined if 1/2n (n+3) points on it are given. Some of his other achievements include editing the works of the two elder Bernoullis and writing on the physical cause of the spherical shape of the planets and the motion of their apsides (1730). His work was not confined to academic areas for he was also interested in local government and served as a member of the Council of Two Hundred in 1734 and of the Council of Seventy in 1749....   [tags: gabriel cramer, count fagnano]
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657 words
(1.9 pages)
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African Mathematics and Mathematicians - ... Woodard was born on October 3, 1881. Woodard had a pre-doctoral degree and a doctoral degree from the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Chicago. In 1928, Dudley became the second African American to earn a Ph.D. degree in mathematics. Dudley was known to be one of the noblest anybody could know. Woodard would often use the phrase, “black is beautiful,” and would always ignore the “colored” signs and would use any restroom he pleased. As the time passed, Woodard became wiser and wrote and published three papers; “Loci Connected with the Problem of Two Bodies,” “On Two Dimensional Analysis Situs with Special References to the Jordan Curve Theorem,” and, “The Characterization...   [tags: the rhind mathematical papirus, measuring sticks]
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613 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society - The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society Thesis Statement This report will focus on the professional field of mathematicians. It will highlight some of the history, responsibilities, opportunities, and requirements of this occupation. Outline I. Introduction A. A condensed history of mathematics B. Famous mathematicians and their accomplishments II. Body A. Opportunities for mathematicians B. Education and training C. Requirements D. Earnings III. Conclusion A. Good mathematicians are problem solvers Mathematicians: Making numerous contributions A mathematician is described as someone who uses logic or theory to solve problems....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1649 words
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Brilliant Mathematicians from History Shape Math of Today - ... His talent became truly noticed for the first time when Gauss was just ten years old, and his teacher, Buttner, gave his class slates as busy work, telling them to solve the sum of the integers from one to one hundred, and Gauss was able to give the correct answer of 5050, fairly quickly. This event was the beginning of his journey as a mathematician. In 1795, he left Brunswick to study at Göttingen University. He left three years later without a diploma, despite this, this is when he started making his greatest discoveries....   [tags: education, bell curve, discover] 841 words
(2.4 pages)
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Importance of Mathematicians During World War II - Mathematics has always been a necessary component in modern warfare. During the World War II era, mathematicians Alan Turing and John von Neumann were responsible for some of the technological and scientific developments which contributed Allied victory. After considering their accomplishments before the war, their contributions during the war, and how they were recognized after the war, you will see that each mathematician is remembered very differently for their contributions. Turing is barely honored for his code breaking techniques, which helped preemptively end the war with the use of nonviolent programmable machinery, while von Neumann is honored and respected for ending the war by dev...   [tags: alan tuning, john neumann, hilbert's problem]
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1092 words
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Women Mathematicians: Why So Few? - Women Mathematicians: Why So Few. The great field of mathematics stretches back in history some 8 millennia to the age of primitive man, who learned to count to ten on his fingers. This led to the development of the decimal scale, the numeric scale of base ten (Hooper 4). Mathematics has grown greatly since those primitive times, in the present day there are literally thousands of laws, theorems, and equations which govern the use of ten simple symbols representing the ten base numbers. The field of mathematics is ever changing, and therefor, there is a great demand for mathematicians to keep improving our skills in utilizing the numeric system....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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1112 words
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Kurt Fiedrich Godel: Mathematicians, Logician and Philosopher - ... Rudolf and Handschuh has two children, the elder one is Rudolf named after his father, and the younger one is Kurt. He used to get rheumatic fever when he was seven years of old. Nevertheless, he used to read medical books about the illness which he had suffered from. Kurt father passed away in 1929 and the Kurt mother purchased a flat in Vienna, Kurt and his bother live in it with her. Kurt became the citizen of Czechoslovak at the age of 12 during the end of World War 1. Kurt believed himself always Austrian and deport in Czechoslovak....   [tags: significant logicians in history]
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933 words
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Leonhard Euler, a Brief Biography - ... He is also credited with revising all branches of math, as well as writing the definite textbooks of calculus. Along with making incredible mathematical breakthroughs, Euler also researched astronomy, ballistics, cartography, elasticity, fluid and gas mechanics, hydraulics, infinite series, magnetism, music theory, ship theory, optics, oscillations, and rational mechanics, as well as doing state projects on fire engines, machines, and science education. Euler was able to make contributions to all then-existing areas of math, as well as to mechanics and astronomy within his life time, dubbing him “one of the greatest mathematicians of all time”....   [tags: amazing mathematicians]
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William Jones and Pi - ... The transcendence of pi implies that it is impossible to solve the ancient challenge of squaring the circle with a compass and straight-edge. Pi is an infinite number. It is abbreviated to 3.14 and that is the number used in most math problems. For thousands of years, mathematicians have attempted to extend their understanding of pi. Sometimes by computing its value to a high degree of accuracy. William Jones and Archimedes are not the only ones that had discovered pi. It was discovered and thought up many different ways....   [tags: famous mathematicians] 1908 words
(5.5 pages)
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Why Beauty id Truth by Ian Stewart - ... He showed his solutions with construction of conic sections (parabola, circle, ellipse, and hyperbola). The method for solving a cubic algebraically now became an interest to mathematicians at this time. Girolamo Cardano had written a book, The Great Art, which he had published the solution to the cubic in the sixteenth century. This especially enraged Niccolo Fontana, “Tartaglia,” because he was the one who solved the cubic and Cardano had made an oath not to publish the solution. A year later Tartaglia had published his own solution to the cubic....   [tags: symmetry, mathematicians, geometry] 1233 words
(3.5 pages)
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A Brief Biography of Euclid of Alexandria - ... Many people have believed it to be a work of pure Geometry, but that can easily be disproved by reading the entirety, since the first few chapters speak exclusively of Geometry. Euclid knew that every structure needs a strong foundation, and began his book with twenty-three definitions, five unproved assumptions that were called postulates, or axioms as they are now called, and five notions, which were another five assumptions that were yet to be proved. While The Elements may have been his most popular work, Euclid had written many other works....   [tags: ancient Greek mathematicians]
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616 words
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Nikolai Chebotaryov: A Brief Biography - ... This made Dirichlet’s prime’s theorem, more general, by an arithimical progression, which was used by a mathematician named Artin in his reciprocity law in 1927. Chebotaryov had a good job near Moscow, but was called to work a post, which is a terrible job, as it not only pays terribly, but also is also very uninteresting; as a result, he resigned. He then was successful at finding another job; however, it was another post. But he kept this job because it paid better than the previous job he had....   [tags: notorious Russian and Soviet mathematicians]
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758 words
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A Brief Biography of Pythagoras - ... 3. Areas of Mathematical Work Pythagoras studied many different fields of scholarly studies. Because of the influence of his teachers, Pythagoras was mainly known for studying and working in the field of mathematics. In this field, Pythagoras mostly focused on geometry, where his main contribution to mathematics can be found. This contribution is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. The Pythagorean Theorem is an equation that can help mathematicians find one side of a triangle by either adding or subtracting the length of the other two sides, depending on which side of the triangle needs to be found....   [tags: ancient greek philosophers, mathematicians] 914 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Genius that Was Pythagoras - ... So since Pythagoras never wrote things down we will never know if Pythagoras really came up with the ideas he was credited for or if it was just one of his students work from his Pythagorean School. Also in my research I saw that over a 1,000 of years before Pythagoras was finding the hypotenuse of a triangle people in Mesopotamia were writing in cuneiform on their clay tablets doing the Pythagorean Theorem to find the area of their farmland. These tablets show proof that Babylonians had more practical as well as more advanced math and how experienced they were with numbers....   [tags: influential antient Greek mathematicians]
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586 words
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Claude Shannon's Contribution to Cryptography - ... When applied to the telephone, it enabled the high command in both London and Washington to communicate with each other knowing that the Germans would never pick up on their conversations. One of the problems though was that since the message was broken down into steps before being sent through the channel, the receiver would not receive an exact replica of the message but an approximation. During World War 2 this was good enough and the allies could understand each other but for a mathematician like Shannon this was only the beginning....   [tags: notorious mathematicians, information theory] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Genius that Was Pythagoras - ... [2] The society that he created, while bene cial at the time, has over the years tainted his mathematical ndings to a point where we must question whether or not he actually discovered the theorems that many people believed he did. This was due to the fact that his society shared ideas and intellectual discoveries among the group members, and individual credit for each theory was not given out at the time. Because of this fact, it is dicult to determine whether the theories attributed to Pythagoras were actually his, or rather an e ort from the group that he created....   [tags: Ancient Greek mathematicians] 1443 words
(4.1 pages)
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Biographical Information on Archimedes - ... Archimedes figured out how to find the volume of an object with irregular shape and came up with the Archimedes principle. A crown had been made for King Hiero II and he wanted Archimedes to determine if the goldsmith had substituted silver into the crown instead of using the pure gold that the king had supplied for him to use. Archimedes had to figure out a way to solve the problem without damaging the crown. he was taking a bath when he realized that the water in the bathtub rose as he got in and that this effect could be used to determine the volume of the crown....   [tags: mathematicians, scientist, physicist, inventor] 543 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Bernoulli's: A Family of Reckoners - Having more than one mathematician in a family is not unheard of. There have been many father-son and father-daughter duos in the history of mathematics, e.g. Theon and Hypatia, Farcas Bolyai(1775-1856) and Janos Bolyai(1802-1860), George David Birkhoff(1884-1944) and Garrent Birkhoff, Emil and Michael Artin, Elie and Henri Cartan, etc. The Riccati family in Italy managed to produce three mathematicians, but the their contributions to mathematics do not compare to that of all eight of the Bernoulli mathematicians....   [tags: mathematicians, jacob bernoulli, acta eruditorum]
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2039 words
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Euclid and Archimedes - ... It wouldn’t be until about a hundred years after Girolamo’s time that another type of geometry would be invented, but did not prove Euclidean geometry wrong. Euclidean geometry continues to be expanded upon even today, and although all of his works from the past are correct, they are no longer in existence or are incomplete. We have never been able to prove Euclid’s geometry wrong. Therefore, we have never changed it. We only improved it. Another scientist who helped shape the world much in the same way Euclid did was Archimedes....   [tags: Greek scientists and mathematicians]
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830 words
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Archimedes: A Brief Biography - ... Still, rResearchers are still not fully sure whether it was a myth or not. Another war machine that Archimedes built was the Archimedes claw. This invention could apparently lift ships out of the water by using a variety of levers and shake all the passengers off. Archimedes loved levers. He once said to king Hiero of Syracuse, “Give me a place to stand, and I will move the world” ("Archimedes”, wikipedia). Some examples of machines that made lifestyle easier was his solution for the area of a circle and it’s mass and the Archimedes screw ....   [tags: influential mathematicians of Ancient Greece]
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589 words
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Pythagora's Contributions to Math - ... It is said that he left Samos during the reign of Polycrates to avoid the rulers tyranny (Math Open Reference, 2009). While in Egypt Pythagoras was taken held as a prisoner during a war and was taken to Babylon (School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland, 1999). After becoming a free man he moved back to Samos where Polycrates had died. After Samos, Pythagoras settled in Crotone in southern Italy where he shared his new beliefs that he gained in Egypt (BBC History, 2013)....   [tags: ancient Greek mathematicians] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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Mathematician: John Forbes Nash Jr. - ... After starting his college career with a major in chemical engineering, he later switched to chemistry and eventually mathematics. He later graduated with a bachelor of science in mathematics and a master of science in mathematics in 1948. After graduation he started his graduate studies at Princeton University. During Nash’s time at Princeton, he worked on his equilibrium theory. In 1950 he earned a Ph.D. with a dissertation on non-cooperative games. This thesis contained what would later be recognized as the Nash Equilibrium....   [tags: Biography, Princeton] 689 words
(2 pages)
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A Brief Biography of Pierre de Fermat - ... There, he worked on most of his mathematical studies and was mostly self taught. He wrote most of his papers there as well, even though the papers are few in numbers. His papers were the “final forms” of his works and cannot be “dated before 1660”. He never dated anything himself, making it hard to pinpoint a particular date in which he had written these works. Fermat studied many statistical problems. Here is an example of one he studied: “he gave proof of the statement made by Diophantus that the sum of the squares of two integers cannot be of the form 4n-1; and he added a corollary which means that it is impossible that the product of a square and a prime of the form 4n-1 [even...   [tags: notrious mathematicians] 634 words
(1.8 pages)
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Differential Scientists - Differential Scientists If at a social gathering a man or woman with a nicely tucked in shirt and shoes that do not quite match their outfit regales listeners with the musical version of the quadratic formula (set to the tune of “Jingle Bells”), chances are that that person is either a mathematician or a physicist. But how does one know whether the clever soul selflessly sharing their dry wit studies numbers or physical science. Does it even matter. Are not the words “physicist” and “mathematician” simply two different ways to label a socially inept intellectual who does nothing but research scientific material that no one else on the planet could ever hope to understand....   [tags: Mathematicians Science Essays] 1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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A Brief Biography of Eratosthenes - ... Later in life, he got the nickname Pentathlos. This word meant an athlete that participated in 5 sporting events or to describe someone who was good at a variety of different things, or well-rounded. He studied with Lysanias, a scholar in Cyrene, and Ariston of Chios, a philosopher, who was a student of Zeno, the creator of the Stoic School of Philosophy. Later, he was taught about proper grammar by the poet and scholar Callimachus who had also been born in Cyrene. He sailed to Athens to study there and eventually became well known in quite a few subjects and areas of knowledge....   [tags: ancient Greek mathematicians] 727 words
(2.1 pages)
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Biography of Joseph, Creator of the Analytical Theory of Heat and Head of Egypt Institute - ... Even though he went into the priesthood, he still wanted to do something with math. While he was in the priesthood, he helped a math professor with his lessons. He was unsure if he was making the right decision about the priesthood. However, he submitted a paper on algebra to Montucla in Paris and wrote a letter to Bonard stating his desire to influence mathematics. The next year, Joseph started tutoring at Benedictine College. His problem of picking his religious life or a mathematics life became worse....   [tags: Napoleon, Mathematician] 740 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Life of Carl Friedrich Gauss - ... Next, Gauss’ studies in mathematics also included equations and theorems. While at the University of Gottenberg, he became the first mathematician to prove the quadratic reciprocity law. Also, he proved the fundamental theory of algebra in which he gave four different proofs. In 1801, Gauss proved the fundamental theory of arithmetic which states that every natural number can be represented as the product of primes in only one process. Gauss’ works in mathematical equations were highlighted by the number theory....   [tags: mathematician, positive integers]
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776 words
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Leonhard Euler's Life and Accomplishments - ... Euler’s father wanted him to study to become a pastor but with Bernoulli’s persistence and realization that Euler was destined to become an amazing mathematician caused him to let Euler learn to become a mathematician. The world has to thank Bernoulli because without his persistence we would not have any of Euler’s contributions today and we would have lost one of the world’s greatest mathematicians. Euler Has made many contributions to mathematics and was known as the “Beethoven of mathematics”....   [tags: bernoulli, mathematician, euler-bernoulli] 607 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Life of Archimedes - ... The mirrors were angled with the sun and would hopefully ignite with the inflammable ships’ tar paint. (“Inventions”). During the 2nd Punic War, Archimedes’ inventions kept enemies away from Syracuse for three years (“Archimedes”). King Hiero II wanted to know whether his crown was authentic gold or just coated with silver, so he asked Archimedes to find out (“Archimedes”). It was while Archimedes was taking a bath, he noticed how water spilled out whenever he got in it. He immediately jumped out excitedly and ran down the streets, screaming “Eureka!” or, “I have found it!” (“Archimedes”)....   [tags: greek mathematician, archimedes´ principle] 997 words
(2.8 pages)
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Rene Descartes: French Mathematician and Philosopher - ... 9). Faced with the fact that he is capable of doubt, Descartes hypothesized that he is imperfect and since there is an order to the world and perfection outside of human existence, this is proof of an all-powerful perfect being, God. This six part essay, translated from French to English many times in its time since the 17th century, serves to preface many of the more scientific based works of Descartes (Kraus & Hunt, 2007). Descartes asks the hard questions in the reality of human existence in this most vital portion of the Discourse....   [tags: father of modern philosophy]
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1852 words
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The Life of Leonhard Euler - ... Many manuscripts were never even published. Euler’s Ascension to Higher Knowledge Euler was widely regarded as one of most profound contributors to the world of mathematics. He even did extensive work in certain areas of science. His first mathematic instructions were that of his father, who was a pastor in a neighboring town. His father had significant achievements in mathematics. Realizing his son’s potential, Euler’s father sent him to the University of Basel at the incredibly young age of 14 for general studies....   [tags: Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomist]
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1038 words
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Biography of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz - Biography of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz was born on the July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Germany and died on November 14, 1716 in Hanover, Germany. He was the son of Friedrich Leibnitz, a professor of moral philosophy at Leipzig. Friedrich Leibnitz was evidently a competent though not original scholar, who devoted his time to his offices and to his family as a pious, Christian father. His mother was Catharina Schmuck, the daughter of a lawyer and Friedrich’s third wife. Friedrich died when Leibnitz was only six years old and he was brought up by his mother....   [tags: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz Mathematicians Essays] 3620 words
(10.3 pages)
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Sir Isaac Newton: Brilliant Mathematician and Scientist - S ir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and a mathematician who was also one of the greatest scientists that ever lived. In the branch of physics, he discovered the three laws of motion and was the first person to explain gravitation, defining the nature of mass, force, weight and acceleration. To truly understand Sir Isaac Newton we must first look back at his childhood. Newton was born in the country of Lincolnshire, England on January 4th, 1643 according to modern reckoning. His father died just months before he was even born and when he was only three years old, his mother had left him in the care of his grandmother....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]
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African American Mathematician, Evelyn Boyd Granville - ... This was the start of her discovering her career. When she graduated from high school, she attended Smith College with much her from herself and her family. Her mother sister and her mother gave her $500.00 to start with in college and Evelyn also worked a summer job to help her prepare for college. The job she worked at was the National Bureau of Standards and people doubted her of how she could afford to go to Smith College. She basically worked hard and earned her first scholarship (Student Aid Society) from Smith College....   [tags: teacher, scholarship, nasa]
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Rene Descartes Mathematician - René Descartes: "Father of Modern Mathematics" 1596-1650 René Descartes was born in La Haye, Touraine (France) in March of 1596 and died at Stockholm on February 11, 1650. René, the second of a family of two sons and one daughter, was sent to the Jesuit School at La Flêche at the early age of eight. Since he was of poor health he was permitted to lie in bed till late in the mornings, a custom which he always followed. When Pascal visited in 1647 he told him that the only way to do good work in mathematics and to preserve his health was never to allow anyone to make him get up in the morning before he felt like it On leaving school in 1612 Descartes went to Paris to...   [tags: Biography Biographies Bio] 1298 words
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Alex Grothendiek - M. Hamilton Honors Math II 2nd period Honors Paper on Alex Grothendiek As stated in the book, “A Strange Wilderness” Alex Grothendieck was born on March 28, 1928 in Berlin, Germany. He was one of the famous mathematicians born in the 20th century. Alex began to love mathematics in 1942, when he attended a secondary school in Chambon, France. When World War II ended, he went to University of Montpellier, wanting to continue his fascination with math and become a mathematics teacher. He received a scholarship after three years in 1948 and moved to Paris, to the University of Nancy and worked on functional analysis....   [tags: mathematics, algebra, geometry, mathematician]
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Carl Friedrich Gauss - Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855) Introduction: Carl Friedrich Gauss is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He is a creator in the logical-mathematical domain as he contributed many ideas to the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and physics. Being a math education major, I have come into contact with Gauss’ work quite a few times. He contributed greatly to the different areas of mathematics like linear algebra, calculus, and number theory. Creativity can be seen when a person makes or discovers substantially new ideas that dramatically impact the domain in which the person is working....   [tags: Mathematician Biography Biographical Essays]
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Taking a Look at Niels Henrik Abel - ... Holmboë was able to help Abel gain a scholarship to remain at school and Abel was able to enter the University of Christiania in 1821, ten years after the university was founded. Holmboë had raised money from his colleagues to enable Abel to study at the university and he graduated in 1822. While in his final year at school, however, Abel had begun working on the solution of quintic equations by radicals. He believed that he had solved the quintic in 1821 and submitted a paper to the Danish mathematician Ferdinand Degen, for publication by the Royal Society of Copenhagen....   [tags: Norwegian mathematician] 2386 words
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Biography on Felix Christian Klien - ... Klein had some worries about staying in the country during this time so left (O’Conner and Robertson). Felix Klein did serve in the military for a short time. Felix Klein served as a medical orderly, but that ended as he was given the role of a lecturer at Göttingen in 1871 (O’Conner and Robertson). As Felix Klein was given the position as professor at Erlangen, he supported Clebsch. Clebsch stated that he believed that Felix Klein would become the next leading mathematician in his day (O’Conner and Robertson)....   [tags: theory, government, research, mathematician] 1307 words
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A Man's Early Developed Love for Science: Johannes Kepler - ... He had observed a few astronomical events at an early age, which surely contributed to his love for it. He naturally understood mathematics very well starting at a young age and impressed many people with his mathematical abilities. For example, “he often impressed travelers at his grandfather's inn with his phenomenal mathematical faculty” (Johannes kepler: Early Years, n.d.). His intelligence earned him a scholarship to the University of Tübingen. There he studied theology and philosophy and was introduced to the ideas of Copernicus....   [tags: famous mathematician, astronomer and astrologer]
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The Life and Discoveries of Archimedes - ... Although the heat ray seems like a good idea, there is still controversy about whether or not the heat ray would have worked, or even existed. For the heat ray to work, the enemy ship would have had to be still enough that the mirrors would be able to focus on one concentrated space, and the sun would have had to be out (“File: Archimedes Heat Ray conceptual diagram”). Archimedes also would have only had access to materials of his time period, so the mirrors would have most likely been made of bronze (“Archimedes”)....   [tags: inventions, mathematician, writings, screw]
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Who Invented the Pascal Triangle? - You must have heard of the Pascal triangle, how two numbers above add up to the number below and etcetera etcetera, but do you know the person behind the triangle. Who invented the Pascal triangle. Who turned a calculating machine that only existed in dreams into reality. In this report, we will be investigating, not only about what he invented, but he himself as well. He is Blaise Pascal. Our team had decided to research on a Mathematician, because we believe that there is an inspiring yet neglected story behind every great figure....   [tags: Blaise Pascal, Mathematician, Biography]
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Archimedes: An Important Greek Figure - ... Some historians say that he was shot by roman soldiers during a great war and some historians say differently” (p.2). Archimedes’ life revolved around making new and helpful inventions and new concepts. Turner (n.d.) says that “Archimedes invented the concept of a lever and the concept of a simple machine ” (p.2). Without the lever or any of the simple machines, it would be difficult to live and make things work. Math was now easier because of him too. According to www.famous-mathematicians.com (2014), “Archimedes discovered the concept of volume” (p.2)....   [tags: Biography, Mathematician, Concepts]
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830 words
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Movie Beautiful Mind - ... Schizophrenia also causes a person to have trouble dealing with normal social situations. As seen in the film, Nash begins to have trouble interacting properly with others. The film shows the struggle John has with social situations which in most cases schizophrenics do. In the film, Nash states, “Alicia, does our relationship warrant long-term commitment. I need some kind of proof, some kind of verifiable, empirical data.” (“A Beautiful Mind”). John’s disorder progressively gets worse as the story goes on causing him to be admitted into a mental institution....   [tags: Ron Howard, Mathematician, Schizophrenia]
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1125 words
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Liber abaci by Leonardo Fibonacci - Liber abaci by Leonardo Fibonacci (Leonardo Pisano) Leonardo Pisano was the first great mathematician of medieval Christian Europe. He played an important role in reviving ancient mathematics and made great contributions of his own. After his death in 1240, Leonardo Pisano became known as Leonardo Fibonacci. Leonardo Fibonacci was born in Pisa in about 1180, the son of a member of the government of the Republic of Pisa. When he was 12 years old, his father was made administer of Pisa's trading colony in Algeria....   [tags: Mathematician Leonardo Pisano] 855 words
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Carl Gauss - Carl Gauss Carl Gauss was a man who is known for making a great deal breakthroughs in the wide variety of his work in both mathematics and physics. He is responsible for immeasurable contributions to the fields of number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and optics, as well as many more. The concepts that he himself created have had an immense influence in many areas of the mathematic and scientific world. Carl Gauss was born Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, on the thirtieth of April, 1777, in Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick (now Germany)....   [tags: Biographies Gauss Mathematician Essays] 1527 words
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History of Negative and Imaginary Numbers - ... (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 81-86, 141-146) This was perhaps the general feeling of most of the Greeks, and because of this there are no other results to report from this period. In the 600s the center of mathematics shifted to Baghdad in the Middle East after the fall of Alexandria, and the golden age of Islamic mathematics began. A few noteworthy mathematicians from this period are Brahmagupta, Al-Khwarizmi and Bhaskara. Brahmagupta, who lived in the seventh century in India, recognized negative quantities and did not restrict himself to addition and subtraction....   [tags: mathematical concepts]
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A Brief Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss - ... Besides his life of math, Gauss also had six children, three with Johanna Osthoff and three with his first deceased wife’s best friend, Friederica Wilhemine. He had disputes with most of them but Gauss went on through his life contributing more and more to the field of mathematics and others. Eventually life caught up with him and Carl Friedrich Gauss passed away on February 23, 1855 at the age of 77. Carl Friedrich Gauss contributed many new ideas to the world of math, but among the most important are his discovery on how to construct the elusive 17 sided regular polygon and his work with the planet Ceres....   [tags: important men in Mathematics]
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A Brief Biography of Gottfried Liebniz - ... Even though he was exceptionally talented leaving such universities, he was not recognized for his talents and spent the next 40 years in small positions. He later met Johann Christian, who introduced him to the archbishop of Mainz, Johann Philipp von Schonborn. Leibniz had many contributions to math and science. He created his own form of Binary Arithmetic with an attempt to reduce complex ideas to there simplest forms. His binary representations are still used today in modern computers. He also created a calculating machine that he wanted to use to make an easier way to create fewer mistakes....   [tags: developed Calculus independently from Newton] 563 words
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history of algebra - Unlike geometry, algebra was not developed in Europe. Algebra was actually discovered (or developed) in the Arab countries along side geometry. Many mathematicians worked and developed the system of math to be known as the algebra of today. European countries did not obtain information on algebra until relatively later years of the 12th century. After algebra was discovered in Europe, mathematicians put the information to use in very remarkable ways. Also, algebraic and geometric ways of thinking were considered to be two separate parts of math and were not unified until the mid 17th century....   [tags: essays research papers] 1187 words
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Contributions of Isaac Newton - Even though Newton contributed to calculus centuries ago, there were still some similarities to modern day calculus, but there were also some differences compared to modern day calculus. Newton’s calculus resembled a current day textbook in that the problems contained numbers and variables. Newton’s calculus also contained many life application problems such as problems dealing with acceleration and velocity. In addition, Newton’s calculus dealt with derivatives, integrals, and binomials. However, Newton’s calculus and today’s calculus differs in that there were numerous mathematicians who lived after Newton who invented more calculus, expanded on calculus, or applied calculus to other thing...   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]
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Fractals: A Mathematical Description of the World Around Us - Fractals, a Mathematical Description of the World Around us In being characterized with fractional dimensions, Fractals are considered to be a new division of math and art, which is perhaps why the common man recognizes them as nice-looking and appealing pictures that are valuable as background on computer screens and art patterns. But they are more meaningfully understood by way of the recognition that many of nature’s physical systems and a lot of human works of art are not standard geometry forms....   [tags: Mathematics ]
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Mathematical and Scientific Discoveries of India, China and Greece - ... If one of these place-values is off, it can affect us greatly. Something valued at $700 could mistakenly jump to $7,000. This system makes numbers much more simplistic. The Indian scientists had fewer accomplishments than the mathematicians, and we use fewer of them today. Although they developed a lunar calendar, we don’t use it today so it didn’t influence us much. A contribution that does influence us is being able to know the location of the Sun. From their calculations, we eventually found out that the Sun is a star, that it has a gravitational force, and that it is the largest object in the solar system....   [tags: history of ancient civilizations] 2290 words
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Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization - Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization The ancient Greeks contributed much to Western civilizations. They made contributions with architecture and government. Ancient Greece's philosophers and mathematicians have made contributions to western civilizations. The art and drama of Greece also affected western civilizations. The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilizations. Ancient Greece contributed architecture and government to western civilizations. The Parthenon was built to dedicate the goddess, Athena....   [tags: History, Social Studies] 433 words
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The Works of Archimedes - Archimedes was a Greek mathematician who created multiple inventions, formed new mathematical techniques, and made advances in geometry that we use in everyday mathematics. Regarded as one of the utmost mathematicians of all time (“Archimedes c.287 B.C.-212 B.C.”), he is responsible for improving the arithmetical meaning of infinity and how we use mathematical models in the real world (Noel 28). He opened many doors in the world of geometry and math, making very important contributions to modern civilization....   [tags: biography, history, physics]
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Mathematical Realism And Its D - Reuben Hersh, a mathematician and mathematics philosopher, believes humans created math. He reasons that math is all in the heads of humans, and is a “social phenomenon”. According to Hersh math is not “physical, not mental, but social”. Math to Hersh is a creation of humans that would not be found in other regions of the universe. According to Hersh if there were other life forms out there in the universe they would not have the same math that we have. Hersh agrees that there could very well be aliens out there in the universe who use mathematics, but he feels that their math would much different than ours....   [tags: essays research papers] 394 words
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Male Superiority In Math: Fact or Fiction? - Male Superiority In Math: Fact or Fiction. One true mystery of mathematics is the small number of female mathematicians. When most people think of mathematicians, they automatically assume that they are male. This leads to the idea that boys are mathematically superior to girls, which has long been a popular belief. Recent studies, however, may prove this to be wrong. The fact is that there are numerous female mathematicians who have made very important contributions to the mathematical world throughout history....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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The Mathematical Abilities of Women - The Mathematical Abilities of Women Tests have proved that women have the same mathematical abilities than men do. Since there is no difference in ability, you would think that the field is equally occupied by both genders. Many people have thought about a seemingly simply asked question and have failed to come up with a practical answer why it is so. The question, "How come you know more male mathematicians than female?" is one that I, previously uninformed on this subject plan to supply data that may help to lead to one clearly defined answer....   [tags: Math Mathmatics Women]
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The Four Color Theorem - Since hundred years ago, when people started to make maps to show distinct regions, such as states or countries, the four color theorem has been well known among many mapmakers. Because a mapmaker who can plan very well, will only need four colors to color the map that he makes. The basic rule of coloring a map is that if two regions are next to each other, the mapmaker has to use two different colors to color the adjacent regions. The reason is because when two regions share one boundary can never be the same color....   [tags: Math Research ] 987 words
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Human Gender and Mathematics - Human Gender and Mathematics Is there a difference in the mathematical ability between men and women. Historians have no precise method of quantifying or comparing their individual accomplishments (Olsen). Not only in mathematics, but also in many other career areas in the past, women were looked upon as inferior to their male counterparts. Women were not encouraged to pursue a career in mathematics. Historically, women were seen working around the home, cleaning the house, taking care of the children, and cooking the food....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive papers]
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John Charles Fields - John Charles Fields John Charles Fields is perhaps one of the most famous Canadian Mathematicians of all time. He was born on May 14, 1863 in Hamilton Ontario, and died August 9, 1932 in Toronto, Ontario (Young, 1998). He graduated from the University of Toronto at the age of 21 with a B.A in Mathematics and went on to get his Ph.D. at John Hopkins University in 1887. Fields was very interested to study at John Hopkins University because apparently it was the only university in North America which really stressed research at the time (Fields Institute, n.d.)....   [tags: essays research papers] 804 words
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Fractals: A New-Age Mathematics to Explain Our World - Fractals: A New-Age Mathematics to Explain Our World Fractal art is a new-age art that tantalizes the eyes and mind with patterns, shapes, colors, and abstract imagery. Artists have once again found a way to harness the abstractedness of mathematics and integrate it into their work. So where does this new art form of fractal design stem from. The reality is that fractals themselves are relatively young in the mathematical world. Of course since the beginning of art and history and mathematics, self-similar objects have existed and been intriguing to the human mind....   [tags: Fractals Mathematics Math Papers]
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Language as it seems - The general requirement class of the University of California Merced, Core, helps envelop students to think beyond their given scopes, to push towards critical analysis of not everything but anything. The various themes each week that are highlighted in lectures, and tested in discussion, are all essentially inter-related to one another. To me, what intrigues me the most is how language, a simple, yet staple form of communication, can tie and embed itself into life, this curriculum, and society altogether....   [tags: Developing Civilization, Musical Linguistics]
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Early Life and Career of Tim Berners-Lee - ... He used these machines to power model trains. After attending Sheen Mount Primary School and south west London's independent Emanuel School he went on to attend The Queen’s College of the University of Oxford. He received a first-class degree in physics while attending. After graduating, he worked at a British telecommunication company known as Plessey in Poole. He helped create type-setting software for printers with D. G. Nash while working there in 1987. He later left the company to work as an independent contractor for CERN....   [tags: software engineer, www] 516 words
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Women's Contributions to Mathematics - Women's Contributions to Mathematics Women in the world of mathematics is a subject that people rarely hear about. The only time people do is if it’s a female math teacher. But what many do not know is that women have made extremely important contributions to the world of mathematics. Women have been documented to be involved in mathematics, since as early as the fifth century A.D. Women such as Hypatia, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Sophie Germain, Emmy Noether, Ruth Moufang and Sun-Yung Alice Chang....   [tags: Papers] 2428 words
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The Contemplation of Zero - ... The Ancient Greeks used a numerical system without zero or a placeholder. Although simple math using such a system is very complicated and time-consuming, they still managed to yield many pivotal, complex mathematical discoveries. The Greeks would have been able to discover much more if they had acknowledged the existence of zero. However, zero was not used until hundreds of years after the fall of the Greeks. Brahmagupta, an Indian mathematician, was the first to use the concept of zero. Starting around 650 AD, Brahmagupta used dots as placeholders and wrote rules relating zero and arithmetic....   [tags: mathematics, numeral, algebra] 587 words
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The History of Math - The history of math has become an important study, from ancient to modern times it has been fundamental to advances in science, engineering, and philosophy. Mathematics started with counting. In Babylonia mathematics developed from 2000B.C. A place value notation system had evolved over a lengthy time with a number base of 60. Number problems were studied from at least 1700B.C. Systems of linear equations were studied in the context of solving number problems. The basic of mathematics was inherited by the Greeks and independent by the Greeks beg the major Greek progress in mathematics was from 300 BC to 200 AD....   [tags: essays research papers] 810 words
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The Tesseract and the Fourth Dimension - ... A line connecting two such points, will reside in the first dimension or n- 1. This first dimensional line has length only, but no width or depth. If another line crosses perpendicular to this line the resulting plane which has length and width, but no depth is in the second dimension. If depth is added to this existing plane,it will result in a coordinate system, which has both length width and depth. In fact, any point in this system can be referenced by a corresponding (x,y,z) coordinate....   [tags: hypercube, polygon, space] 682 words
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The Mathematics of Map Coloring - The Mathematics of Map Coloring The four-color conjecture has been one of several unsolved mathematical problems. From 1852 to this day, practically every mathematician has studied the problem long and hard, but to no avail. The conjecture looks as though it has been solved by Wolfgang Haken and Kenneth Appel, both of the University of Illinois. They have used computer technology to prove the conjecture. The calculation itself goes on for about 1200 hours. The staggering length of the computation of the proof is what creates some controversy in the mathematical world....   [tags: Colors Science Essays]
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Solution of the Cubic Equation - Solution of the Cubic Equation The history of any discipline is full of interesting stories and sidelines; however, the development of the formulas to solve cubic equations must be one of the most exciting within the math world. Whereas the method for quadratic equations has existed since the time of the Babylonians, a general solution for all cubic equations eluded mathematicians until the 1500s. Several individuals contributed different parts of the picture (formulas for various types of cubics) until the full solution was reached; these men included Scipione dal Ferro, Nicolo Tartaglia, Girolamo Cardan, and Lodovico Ferrari....   [tags: Math] 975 words
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The Nature of Mathematics - The Nature of Mathematics Mathematics relies on both logic and creativity, and it is pursued both for a variety of practical purposes and for its basic interest. The essence of mathematics lies in its beauty and its intellectual challenge. This essay is divided into three sections, which are patterns and relationships, mathematics, science and technology and mathematical inquiry. Firstly, Mathematics is the science of patterns and relationships. As a theoretical order, mathematics explores the possible relationships among abstractions without concern for whether those abstractions have counterparts in the real world....   [tags: Papers] 1019 words
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Science is Never Certain - 'Complete certainty,' what exactly does that mean. It seems to imply that we are able to know something without doubtfulness. In fact, it seems to be saying that it is a justified true belief. But what makes a 'complete certainty' 'complete' and 'certain.' To understand this we must first understand and grasp what the two areas of knowledge of mathematics and the natural sciences say they accomplish this goal. We must first understand what makes something a complete certainty to the scientists and mathematicians that study in these subjects and how the people, who believe in their findings, accept these 'complete certainties.' Mathematics and the natural sciences are both hard sciences tha...   [tags: Evidence, Fallacies, Proofs] 1366 words
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Unit Examination on Math - 'Complete certainty,' what exactly does that mean. It seems to imply that we are able to know something without doubtfulness. In fact, it seems to be saying that it is a justified true belief. But what makes a 'complete certainty' 'complete' and 'certain.' To understand this we must first understand and grasp what the two areas of knowledge of mathematics and the natural sciences say they accomplish this goal. We must first understand what makes something a complete certainty to the scientists and mathematicians that study in these subjects and how the people, who believe in their findings, accept these 'complete certainties.' Mathematics and the natural sciences are both hard sciences tha...   [tags: Complete Certainty, Definition] 1367 words
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Euclid's Contributions to Geometry - ... The word ‘algorithm’ means a process or set of rules to be taken in order to solve a problem, and based on the thesis ‘the greatest common factor (GCF) of two positive integers x and y (x>y) is same as GCF of x-y and y,’ the Euclidean algorithm of subtraction can calculate any GCFs of positive integers no matter how the numbers are almost infinite. For instance, the GCF of integers 69,132 and 48,909 will have the same GCF of 20,223 and 48,909. Therefore, it will be same as GCF of 20,223 and 28,686, and it will eventually lead to GCF of 21 and 21....   [tags: algorithm, lines, elements] 845 words
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The History of Imaginary Numbers - The History of Imaginary Numbers The origin of imaginary numbers dates back to the ancient Greeks. Although, at one time they believed that all numbers were rational numbers. Through the years mathematicians would not accept the fact that equations could have solutions that were less than zero. Those type of numbers are what we refer to today as negative numbers. Unfortunately, because of the lack of knowledge of negative numbers, many equations over the centuries seemed to be unsolvable. So, from the new found knowledge of negative numbers mathematicians discovered imaginary numbers....   [tags: Papers] 1077 words
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Women and Mathematics - Women and Mathematics Call me a bigot if you want but men are better mathematicians than women. Year after year, men score higher on the SAT’s, more men receive prestigious educations from the best technical schools in the nation, and men obtain more degrees, secure more jobs and get promoted more often. “The ETS report on students taking the SAT examinations indicates that males have traditionally scored 40-50 points higher on the mathematics section” (Women) “In 1996, California Institute of Technology’s enrollment was 75% male, Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s enrollment was 62% male, Renssalear Polytechnic Institute’s enrollment wa...   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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The Concept of Infinity - The Concept of Infinity The concept of infinity has been evaluated many times throughout history. Only recently, in the nineteenth century, has major progress evolved in the field. The chapter "Beyond Infinity" answers the questions, "what is mathematics and why should I study it?" by reviewing several mathematician's theories of infinity. First, the author mentioned Galileo who theorized that a line which measured 3 inches long contained the same amount of points as a line twice it's length....   [tags: Papers] 360 words
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George Boole's Impact on Mathematics - ... Boole started working at age 16 as a school teacher and opened up his own school at 19. In 1849 he went on to become a professor at the newly created Queens University in Cork, Ireland. He was expected at an early age to help support his family and all while doing so became an esteemed mathematician and logician. In 1855 he married Mary Everest, the daughter of the famed surveyor and whom Mt.Everest was named after, they had 5 children(Mary Ellen, Margaret, Alicia, Lucy, and Ethel Lilian). Sadly enough Mr....   [tags: logic, award, computers] 723 words
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