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Your search returned over 400 essays for "mathematicians"
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Female Mathematicians - Throughout history, women have been looked down upon and seen as insubordinate and incapable. Women were never viewed as equal to men until about the 1950s. History will also tell us that men dominated the mathematical scene and have made the biggest contributions in that field, yet this does not seem to be the case. Women have had just as big an impact on math as men have, if not a bigger contribution.They still continue to rock the mathematical world today. Various women such as Hypatia from the ancient Greeks, Grace Chisholm Young from England at the turn of the century, to Mary Fairfax Somerville from the Imperialist English, and Maria Gaetana Agnesi from Modern Enlightenment in Italy...   [tags: Women Mathematicians]
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1688 words
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The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society - The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society Thesis Statement This report will focus on the professional field of mathematicians. It will highlight some of the history, responsibilities, opportunities, and requirements of this occupation. Outline I. Introduction A. A condensed history of mathematics B. Famous mathematicians and their accomplishments II. Body A. Opportunities for mathematicians B. Education and training C. Requirements D. Earnings III. Conclusion A. Good mathematicians are problem solvers Mathematicians: Making numerous contributions A mathematician is described as someone who uses logic or theory to solve problems....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1649 words
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Importance of Mathematicians During World War II - Mathematics has always been a necessary component in modern warfare. During the World War II era, mathematicians Alan Turing and John von Neumann were responsible for some of the technological and scientific developments which contributed Allied victory. After considering their accomplishments before the war, their contributions during the war, and how they were recognized after the war, you will see that each mathematician is remembered very differently for their contributions. Turing is barely honored for his code breaking techniques, which helped preemptively end the war with the use of nonviolent programmable machinery, while von Neumann is honored and respected for ending the war by dev...   [tags: alan tuning, john neumann, hilbert's problem]
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1092 words
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Women Mathematicians: Why So Few? - Women Mathematicians: Why So Few. The great field of mathematics stretches back in history some 8 millennia to the age of primitive man, who learned to count to ten on his fingers. This led to the development of the decimal scale, the numeric scale of base ten (Hooper 4). Mathematics has grown greatly since those primitive times, in the present day there are literally thousands of laws, theorems, and equations which govern the use of ten simple symbols representing the ten base numbers. The field of mathematics is ever changing, and therefor, there is a great demand for mathematicians to keep improving our skills in utilizing the numeric system....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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1112 words
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The Bernoulli's: A Family of Reckoners - Having more than one mathematician in a family is not unheard of. There have been many father-son and father-daughter duos in the history of mathematics, e.g. Theon and Hypatia, Farcas Bolyai(1775-1856) and Janos Bolyai(1802-1860), George David Birkhoff(1884-1944) and Garrent Birkhoff, Emil and Michael Artin, Elie and Henri Cartan, etc. The Riccati family in Italy managed to produce three mathematicians, but the their contributions to mathematics do not compare to that of all eight of the Bernoulli mathematicians....   [tags: mathematicians, jacob bernoulli, acta eruditorum]
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2039 words
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Differential Scientists - Differential Scientists If at a social gathering a man or woman with a nicely tucked in shirt and shoes that do not quite match their outfit regales listeners with the musical version of the quadratic formula (set to the tune of “Jingle Bells”), chances are that that person is either a mathematician or a physicist. But how does one know whether the clever soul selflessly sharing their dry wit studies numbers or physical science. Does it even matter. Are not the words “physicist” and “mathematician” simply two different ways to label a socially inept intellectual who does nothing but research scientific material that no one else on the planet could ever hope to understand....   [tags: Mathematicians Science Essays] 1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Mathematician: John Forbes Nash Jr. - ... After starting his college career with a major in chemical engineering, he later switched to chemistry and eventually mathematics. He later graduated with a bachelor of science in mathematics and a master of science in mathematics in 1948. After graduation he started his graduate studies at Princeton University. During Nash’s time at Princeton, he worked on his equilibrium theory. In 1950 he earned a Ph.D. with a dissertation on non-cooperative games. This thesis contained what would later be recognized as the Nash Equilibrium....   [tags: Biography, Princeton] 689 words
(2 pages)
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Biography of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz - Biography of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz was born on the July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Germany and died on November 14, 1716 in Hanover, Germany. He was the son of Friedrich Leibnitz, a professor of moral philosophy at Leipzig. Friedrich Leibnitz was evidently a competent though not original scholar, who devoted his time to his offices and to his family as a pious, Christian father. His mother was Catharina Schmuck, the daughter of a lawyer and Friedrich’s third wife. Friedrich died when Leibnitz was only six years old and he was brought up by his mother....   [tags: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz Mathematicians Essays] 3620 words
(10.3 pages)
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Sir Isaac Newton: Brilliant Mathematician and Scientist - S ir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and a mathematician who was also one of the greatest scientists that ever lived. In the branch of physics, he discovered the three laws of motion and was the first person to explain gravitation, defining the nature of mass, force, weight and acceleration. To truly understand Sir Isaac Newton we must first look back at his childhood. Newton was born in the country of Lincolnshire, England on January 4th, 1643 according to modern reckoning. His father died just months before he was even born and when he was only three years old, his mother had left him in the care of his grandmother....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]
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893 words
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Alex Grothendiek - M. Hamilton Honors Math II 2nd period Honors Paper on Alex Grothendiek As stated in the book, “A Strange Wilderness” Alex Grothendieck was born on March 28, 1928 in Berlin, Germany. He was one of the famous mathematicians born in the 20th century. Alex began to love mathematics in 1942, when he attended a secondary school in Chambon, France. When World War II ended, he went to University of Montpellier, wanting to continue his fascination with math and become a mathematics teacher. He received a scholarship after three years in 1948 and moved to Paris, to the University of Nancy and worked on functional analysis....   [tags: mathematics, algebra, geometry, mathematician]
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997 words
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Rene Descartes Mathematician - René Descartes: "Father of Modern Mathematics" 1596-1650 René Descartes was born in La Haye, Touraine (France) in March of 1596 and died at Stockholm on February 11, 1650. René, the second of a family of two sons and one daughter, was sent to the Jesuit School at La Flêche at the early age of eight. Since he was of poor health he was permitted to lie in bed till late in the mornings, a custom which he always followed. When Pascal visited in 1647 he told him that the only way to do good work in mathematics and to preserve his health was never to allow anyone to make him get up in the morning before he felt like it On leaving school in 1612 Descartes went to Paris to...   [tags: Biography Biographies Bio] 1298 words
(3.7 pages)
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Carl Friedrich Gauss - Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855) Introduction: Carl Friedrich Gauss is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He is a creator in the logical-mathematical domain as he contributed many ideas to the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and physics. Being a math education major, I have come into contact with Gauss’ work quite a few times. He contributed greatly to the different areas of mathematics like linear algebra, calculus, and number theory. Creativity can be seen when a person makes or discovers substantially new ideas that dramatically impact the domain in which the person is working....   [tags: Mathematician Biography Biographical Essays]
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3547 words
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Who Invented the Pascal Triangle? - You must have heard of the Pascal triangle, how two numbers above add up to the number below and etcetera etcetera, but do you know the person behind the triangle. Who invented the Pascal triangle. Who turned a calculating machine that only existed in dreams into reality. In this report, we will be investigating, not only about what he invented, but he himself as well. He is Blaise Pascal. Our team had decided to research on a Mathematician, because we believe that there is an inspiring yet neglected story behind every great figure....   [tags: Blaise Pascal, Mathematician, Biography]
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1912 words
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Archimedes: An Important Greek Figure - ... Some historians say that he was shot by roman soldiers during a great war and some historians say differently” (p.2). Archimedes’ life revolved around making new and helpful inventions and new concepts. Turner (n.d.) says that “Archimedes invented the concept of a lever and the concept of a simple machine ” (p.2). Without the lever or any of the simple machines, it would be difficult to live and make things work. Math was now easier because of him too. According to www.famous-mathematicians.com (2014), “Archimedes discovered the concept of volume” (p.2)....   [tags: Biography, Mathematician, Concepts]
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830 words
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Liber abaci by Leonardo Fibonacci - Liber abaci by Leonardo Fibonacci (Leonardo Pisano) Leonardo Pisano was the first great mathematician of medieval Christian Europe. He played an important role in reviving ancient mathematics and made great contributions of his own. After his death in 1240, Leonardo Pisano became known as Leonardo Fibonacci. Leonardo Fibonacci was born in Pisa in about 1180, the son of a member of the government of the Republic of Pisa. When he was 12 years old, his father was made administer of Pisa's trading colony in Algeria....   [tags: Mathematician Leonardo Pisano] 855 words
(2.4 pages)
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Carl Gauss - Carl Gauss Carl Gauss was a man who is known for making a great deal breakthroughs in the wide variety of his work in both mathematics and physics. He is responsible for immeasurable contributions to the fields of number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and optics, as well as many more. The concepts that he himself created have had an immense influence in many areas of the mathematic and scientific world. Carl Gauss was born Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, on the thirtieth of April, 1777, in Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick (now Germany)....   [tags: Biographies Gauss Mathematician Essays] 1527 words
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history of algebra - Unlike geometry, algebra was not developed in Europe. Algebra was actually discovered (or developed) in the Arab countries along side geometry. Many mathematicians worked and developed the system of math to be known as the algebra of today. European countries did not obtain information on algebra until relatively later years of the 12th century. After algebra was discovered in Europe, mathematicians put the information to use in very remarkable ways. Also, algebraic and geometric ways of thinking were considered to be two separate parts of math and were not unified until the mid 17th century....   [tags: essays research papers] 1187 words
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Contributions of Isaac Newton - Even though Newton contributed to calculus centuries ago, there were still some similarities to modern day calculus, but there were also some differences compared to modern day calculus. Newton’s calculus resembled a current day textbook in that the problems contained numbers and variables. Newton’s calculus also contained many life application problems such as problems dealing with acceleration and velocity. In addition, Newton’s calculus dealt with derivatives, integrals, and binomials. However, Newton’s calculus and today’s calculus differs in that there were numerous mathematicians who lived after Newton who invented more calculus, expanded on calculus, or applied calculus to other thing...   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]
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896 words
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Fractals: A Mathematical Description of the World Around Us - Fractals, a Mathematical Description of the World Around us In being characterized with fractional dimensions, Fractals are considered to be a new division of math and art, which is perhaps why the common man recognizes them as nice-looking and appealing pictures that are valuable as background on computer screens and art patterns. But they are more meaningfully understood by way of the recognition that many of nature’s physical systems and a lot of human works of art are not standard geometry forms....   [tags: Mathematics ]
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1677 words
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Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization - Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization The ancient Greeks contributed much to Western civilizations. They made contributions with architecture and government. Ancient Greece's philosophers and mathematicians have made contributions to western civilizations. The art and drama of Greece also affected western civilizations. The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilizations. Ancient Greece contributed architecture and government to western civilizations. The Parthenon was built to dedicate the goddess, Athena....   [tags: History, Social Studies] 433 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Works of Archimedes - Archimedes was a Greek mathematician who created multiple inventions, formed new mathematical techniques, and made advances in geometry that we use in everyday mathematics. Regarded as one of the utmost mathematicians of all time (“Archimedes c.287 B.C.-212 B.C.”), he is responsible for improving the arithmetical meaning of infinity and how we use mathematical models in the real world (Noel 28). He opened many doors in the world of geometry and math, making very important contributions to modern civilization....   [tags: biography, history, physics]
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987 words
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Mathematical Realism And Its D - Reuben Hersh, a mathematician and mathematics philosopher, believes humans created math. He reasons that math is all in the heads of humans, and is a “social phenomenon”. According to Hersh math is not “physical, not mental, but social”. Math to Hersh is a creation of humans that would not be found in other regions of the universe. According to Hersh if there were other life forms out there in the universe they would not have the same math that we have. Hersh agrees that there could very well be aliens out there in the universe who use mathematics, but he feels that their math would much different than ours....   [tags: essays research papers] 394 words
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Male Superiority In Math: Fact or Fiction? - Male Superiority In Math: Fact or Fiction. One true mystery of mathematics is the small number of female mathematicians. When most people think of mathematicians, they automatically assume that they are male. This leads to the idea that boys are mathematically superior to girls, which has long been a popular belief. Recent studies, however, may prove this to be wrong. The fact is that there are numerous female mathematicians who have made very important contributions to the mathematical world throughout history....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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1359 words
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The Mathematical Abilities of Women - The Mathematical Abilities of Women Tests have proved that women have the same mathematical abilities than men do. Since there is no difference in ability, you would think that the field is equally occupied by both genders. Many people have thought about a seemingly simply asked question and have failed to come up with a practical answer why it is so. The question, "How come you know more male mathematicians than female?" is one that I, previously uninformed on this subject plan to supply data that may help to lead to one clearly defined answer....   [tags: Math Mathmatics Women]
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1138 words
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The Four Color Theorem - Since hundred years ago, when people started to make maps to show distinct regions, such as states or countries, the four color theorem has been well known among many mapmakers. Because a mapmaker who can plan very well, will only need four colors to color the map that he makes. The basic rule of coloring a map is that if two regions are next to each other, the mapmaker has to use two different colors to color the adjacent regions. The reason is because when two regions share one boundary can never be the same color....   [tags: Math Research ] 987 words
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Human Gender and Mathematics - Human Gender and Mathematics Is there a difference in the mathematical ability between men and women. Historians have no precise method of quantifying or comparing their individual accomplishments (Olsen). Not only in mathematics, but also in many other career areas in the past, women were looked upon as inferior to their male counterparts. Women were not encouraged to pursue a career in mathematics. Historically, women were seen working around the home, cleaning the house, taking care of the children, and cooking the food....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive papers]
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1397 words
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Fractals: A New-Age Mathematics to Explain Our World - Fractals: A New-Age Mathematics to Explain Our World Fractal art is a new-age art that tantalizes the eyes and mind with patterns, shapes, colors, and abstract imagery. Artists have once again found a way to harness the abstractedness of mathematics and integrate it into their work. So where does this new art form of fractal design stem from. The reality is that fractals themselves are relatively young in the mathematical world. Of course since the beginning of art and history and mathematics, self-similar objects have existed and been intriguing to the human mind....   [tags: Fractals Mathematics Math Papers]
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1852 words
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John Charles Fields - John Charles Fields John Charles Fields is perhaps one of the most famous Canadian Mathematicians of all time. He was born on May 14, 1863 in Hamilton Ontario, and died August 9, 1932 in Toronto, Ontario (Young, 1998). He graduated from the University of Toronto at the age of 21 with a B.A in Mathematics and went on to get his Ph.D. at John Hopkins University in 1887. Fields was very interested to study at John Hopkins University because apparently it was the only university in North America which really stressed research at the time (Fields Institute, n.d.)....   [tags: essays research papers] 804 words
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Language as it seems - The general requirement class of the University of California Merced, Core, helps envelop students to think beyond their given scopes, to push towards critical analysis of not everything but anything. The various themes each week that are highlighted in lectures, and tested in discussion, are all essentially inter-related to one another. To me, what intrigues me the most is how language, a simple, yet staple form of communication, can tie and embed itself into life, this curriculum, and society altogether....   [tags: Developing Civilization, Musical Linguistics]
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1774 words
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Women's Contributions to Mathematics - Women's Contributions to Mathematics Women in the world of mathematics is a subject that people rarely hear about. The only time people do is if it’s a female math teacher. But what many do not know is that women have made extremely important contributions to the world of mathematics. Women have been documented to be involved in mathematics, since as early as the fifth century A.D. Women such as Hypatia, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Sophie Germain, Emmy Noether, Ruth Moufang and Sun-Yung Alice Chang....   [tags: Papers] 2428 words
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The History of Math - The history of math has become an important study, from ancient to modern times it has been fundamental to advances in science, engineering, and philosophy. Mathematics started with counting. In Babylonia mathematics developed from 2000B.C. A place value notation system had evolved over a lengthy time with a number base of 60. Number problems were studied from at least 1700B.C. Systems of linear equations were studied in the context of solving number problems. The basic of mathematics was inherited by the Greeks and independent by the Greeks beg the major Greek progress in mathematics was from 300 BC to 200 AD....   [tags: essays research papers] 810 words
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The Mathematics of Map Coloring - The Mathematics of Map Coloring The four-color conjecture has been one of several unsolved mathematical problems. From 1852 to this day, practically every mathematician has studied the problem long and hard, but to no avail. The conjecture looks as though it has been solved by Wolfgang Haken and Kenneth Appel, both of the University of Illinois. They have used computer technology to prove the conjecture. The calculation itself goes on for about 1200 hours. The staggering length of the computation of the proof is what creates some controversy in the mathematical world....   [tags: Colors Science Essays]
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1881 words
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Solution of the Cubic Equation - Solution of the Cubic Equation The history of any discipline is full of interesting stories and sidelines; however, the development of the formulas to solve cubic equations must be one of the most exciting within the math world. Whereas the method for quadratic equations has existed since the time of the Babylonians, a general solution for all cubic equations eluded mathematicians until the 1500s. Several individuals contributed different parts of the picture (formulas for various types of cubics) until the full solution was reached; these men included Scipione dal Ferro, Nicolo Tartaglia, Girolamo Cardan, and Lodovico Ferrari....   [tags: Math] 975 words
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The Nature of Mathematics - The Nature of Mathematics Mathematics relies on both logic and creativity, and it is pursued both for a variety of practical purposes and for its basic interest. The essence of mathematics lies in its beauty and its intellectual challenge. This essay is divided into three sections, which are patterns and relationships, mathematics, science and technology and mathematical inquiry. Firstly, Mathematics is the science of patterns and relationships. As a theoretical order, mathematics explores the possible relationships among abstractions without concern for whether those abstractions have counterparts in the real world....   [tags: Papers] 1019 words
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Science is Never Certain - 'Complete certainty,' what exactly does that mean. It seems to imply that we are able to know something without doubtfulness. In fact, it seems to be saying that it is a justified true belief. But what makes a 'complete certainty' 'complete' and 'certain.' To understand this we must first understand and grasp what the two areas of knowledge of mathematics and the natural sciences say they accomplish this goal. We must first understand what makes something a complete certainty to the scientists and mathematicians that study in these subjects and how the people, who believe in their findings, accept these 'complete certainties.' Mathematics and the natural sciences are both hard sciences tha...   [tags: Evidence, Fallacies, Proofs] 1366 words
(3.9 pages)
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Unit Examination on Math - 'Complete certainty,' what exactly does that mean. It seems to imply that we are able to know something without doubtfulness. In fact, it seems to be saying that it is a justified true belief. But what makes a 'complete certainty' 'complete' and 'certain.' To understand this we must first understand and grasp what the two areas of knowledge of mathematics and the natural sciences say they accomplish this goal. We must first understand what makes something a complete certainty to the scientists and mathematicians that study in these subjects and how the people, who believe in their findings, accept these 'complete certainties.' Mathematics and the natural sciences are both hard sciences tha...   [tags: Complete Certainty, Definition] 1367 words
(3.9 pages)
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The History of Imaginary Numbers - The History of Imaginary Numbers The origin of imaginary numbers dates back to the ancient Greeks. Although, at one time they believed that all numbers were rational numbers. Through the years mathematicians would not accept the fact that equations could have solutions that were less than zero. Those type of numbers are what we refer to today as negative numbers. Unfortunately, because of the lack of knowledge of negative numbers, many equations over the centuries seemed to be unsolvable. So, from the new found knowledge of negative numbers mathematicians discovered imaginary numbers....   [tags: Papers] 1077 words
(3.1 pages)
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Women and Mathematics - Women and Mathematics Call me a bigot if you want but men are better mathematicians than women. Year after year, men score higher on the SAT’s, more men receive prestigious educations from the best technical schools in the nation, and men obtain more degrees, secure more jobs and get promoted more often. “The ETS report on students taking the SAT examinations indicates that males have traditionally scored 40-50 points higher on the mathematics section” (Women) “In 1996, California Institute of Technology’s enrollment was 75% male, Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s enrollment was 62% male, Renssalear Polytechnic Institute’s enrollment wa...   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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The Concept of Infinity - The Concept of Infinity The concept of infinity has been evaluated many times throughout history. Only recently, in the nineteenth century, has major progress evolved in the field. The chapter "Beyond Infinity" answers the questions, "what is mathematics and why should I study it?" by reviewing several mathematician's theories of infinity. First, the author mentioned Galileo who theorized that a line which measured 3 inches long contained the same amount of points as a line twice it's length....   [tags: Papers] 360 words
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Comparison and Contrast of Mathematics in India and China - The period 213 BCE to 1425 CE, are characterized by the beginning of a gradual ceasing of the isolation of China and India to the outside world. Due to natural boundaries (mountains, seas and deserts) providing the isolation, mathematics in India and China were almost developed independently during the ancient era. It was the Silk Road, began during the Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE), that opened up communication between the West and Southern and Eastern Asia. With this communication, cultures and ideas moved, including mathematical knowledge, allowing undiscovered concepts to enter and discovered concepts to be leave, developed elsewhere and re-enter further advanced....   [tags: mathematics, trigonometry, zero, numbers]
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Leonardo Fibbonaci's Famous Formulas - Some people hate math and some love it. Other people devote their time to finding math patterns because they do not have a life. Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, or Leonardo of Pisa, was one of those people. He was the "greatest European mathematician of the middle ages". Fibonacci was born 1175 AD in Pisa, Italy. His father was named Guilielmo, a member of the Bonacci Family and his mother Alessandra died when he was only nine years old. Fibonacci grew up with a North African Education because his father worked a trading post in that location....   [tags: essays research papers] 402 words
(1.1 pages)
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Drawing Conclusions: Ethics and Mathematics - When I was in my 1st year of high school, I decided to join the Debate Team of my school because it was one of the extra-curricular activities that really intrigued me. Being a new member, a lot of the methods the veterans of the team used in their speeches surprised me. Before, I thought that debate mostly involved insulting one’s opponent and making him seem stupid. However, I was proven very wrong as that not only fail to provide any substantial argument that would prove any point, but was also banned and could lead to a loss....   [tags: Logic] 1302 words
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The Ancient Greeks That Made a Difference For Today - ... While “nobody knows much about Euclid’s life anymore – it is all forgotten,” what he proved using “logic and reasoning” is still well known. Euclid “is not known to have made any original discoveries, … it is all based on the work of the people before him.” Using the work of the people before him, Euclid wrote a book series known as The Elements. It is divided as follows: The Elements are divided into 13 books. The first 6 are on geometry; 7, 8 and 9 are on number theory; and book number 10 is on Eudoxus's theory of irrational numbers....   [tags: mathematics, science, astrology] 1020 words
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Euclid and Mathematics - Euclid and Mathematics Euclid is one of the most influential and best read mathematician of all time. His prize work, Elements, was the textbook of elementary geometry and logic up to the early twentieth century. For his work in the field, he is known as the father of geometry and is considered one of the great Greek mathematicians. Very little is known about the life of Euclid. Both the dates and places of his birth and death are unknown. It is believed that he was educated at Plato's academy in Athens and stayed there until he was invited by Ptolemy I to teach at his newly founded university in Alexandria....   [tags: Papers] 611 words
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The Classical World - The Classical World The Classical World made many contributions to the development of science, literature, and ethics. These contributions have influenced the modern world today. Many mathematicians, astronomers, and scientists contributed to the development of many of the luxuries we enjoy today. Homer, author of The Iliad and The Odyssey, made contributions to the field of literature through his writing. In the field of ethics, many philosophers from the Classical World contributed to the standards, values, and principles of our society today....   [tags: essays research papers] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
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Fermat’s Last Theorem - Fermat’s Last Theorem The year is 1637. Pierre de Fermat sits in his library, huddled over a copy of Arithmetica written by the Greek mathematician Diaphantus in the third century A. D. Turning the page, Fermat comes across the Pythagorean equation: x 2 + y 2 = z 2. He leans back in his chair to think and wonders if this property is limited to the power of two only. He bends over the book again, scanning ahead through the pages to look for any clues. Suddenly, he begins writing intensely in the margin: “It is impossible for a cube to be written as a sum of two cubes, or for a fourth power to be written as the sum of two fourth powers or, in general, for any number which is a power grea...   [tags: Pierre Fermat Math Mathematics Papers]
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2222 words
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Mathematical and Musical Harmony - For most people, mathematics is an unsolvable puzzle characterized by the impression of numbers and calculations taught in school. It is often associated with feelings of rejection and disinterest. To the general population mathematics appears to be to be strictly rational, abstract, cold and soulless. Music, however, is involved with emotion, with feelings, and with life. It exists in all daily routines. Everyone has sung a song, pressed a key on a piano, or blown into a flute, and therefore, in some sense, made music....   [tags: Mathematics]
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1296 words
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Fermat's Last Theorem - Rationale: The pythagorean theorem is a simple equation that has been taught to pupils from the beginning of middle school. a2+b2=c2 is the basic formula to calculate any one of the sides on a right angle triangle. Although starting with basic reinforcement for use of this theorem, usages of this theorem escalate alongside the years achieved in school. It is established into trigonometry, aiding students to solve non-right angle problems combining several mathematical methods. The pythagorean theorem assists many architects, engineers, and chemists in their respective careers....   [tags: Pierre de Fermat]
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1905 words
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Biography of Augustus DeMorgan - Augustus DeMorgan was an English mathematician, logician, and bibliographer. He was born in June 1806 at Madura, Madras presidency, India and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1823. Augustus DeMorgan had passed away on March 18, 1871, in London. Augustus was recognized as far superior in mathematical ability to any other person there, but his refusal to commit to studying resulted in his finishing only in fourth place in his class. In 1828 he became professor of mathematics at the newly established University College in London....   [tags: essays research papers] 700 words
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How topoisomerases unknot knots that are formed in DNA - How topoisomerases unknot knots that are formed in DNA Introduction: The study of properties of geometric objects under deformations is called topology; the subfield of topology that I will be discussing in this essay is called knot theory (Adams 6). Mathematical knots have two primary differences: one, they are infinitely thin, and two, they are always closed. Something very similar to the size and shape of mathematical knots is DNA. Not surprisingly, knots occur in DNA frequently on a normal basis....   [tags: math mathematics]
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The Role of the Proof in Math - The Role of the Proof in Math The notion of proof has long played a key role in the study of mathematics. It is in my opinion the role of proof that separates mathematics from the sciences and other fields of study. It is the existence of proofs that give mathematicians the confidence that their work is credible and thus allows them to continue to build upon prior work without the need to second guess what has previously been accomplished. Based upon this observation, it becomes natural to ask the questions pertaining to the use of proof in learning and understanding mathematics....   [tags: Mathematics Mathematical Papers]
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Euclid’s Elements and the Axiomatic Method - “There is no royal road to geometry.” – Euclid Euclid’s Elements are predominantly the most fundamental concepts of mathematics, but his perspective on geometry was the model for over two millennia. He is believed by many to be the leading mathematics teacher of all time. However, little is known about his life outside of mathematics, or even when he was born or when he died. According to a passage written by Proclus, Euclid probably lived after Ptolemy and the pupils of Plato, but came before Archimedes and Eratosthenes....   [tags: Mathematics Geometry Essays]
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Simon Cook and the Digital World - Simon Cook and the Digital World Industrialization and the Digital A contemporary, Simon Cook, argues that the origins of the digital world can be traced to the times of Late-Victorian thought. Though he provides a compelling history of the visual, the digital world on a whole does not derive from the Late-Victorian pictorial diagrams from such logicians as Venn, Carroll, or Marshall as Cook contends. My argument throughout the rest of this paper will use the work of three economists— Adam Smith, Charles Babbage, and Alfred Marshall— to show that the origins of Cook’s visual interface in Late-Victorian times do not coincide with the foundation of the digital; rather, the establishment of...   [tags: Simon Cook Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 1912 words
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Alice in Wonderland and the Mathematics Involved - The latter half of the nineteenth century became a time of evolution for different forms of mathematics such as symbolic algebra, Riemannian geometry, Boolean algebra , and quaternion calculus. "To him [Lewis Carroll], algebra was all about numbers," mathematician Keith Devlin explained. “But in the 19th century, people were developing all kinds of bizarre new algebras, where x times y was not equal to y times x.” (Devlin) While mathematicians knew that Carroll, a mathematician himself, was slipping numbers in to his classic, “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland,” the hidden math came as a surprise to many others....   [tags: Lewis Carroll, rational, math, language, limits]
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The Life of Nicolas Copernicus and His Heliocentric Theory - The Life of Nicolas Copernicus and His Heliocentric Theory Nicolas Copernicus died never knowing what a revolution he made in the scientific world. Mathematicians and scientist like Ptolemy, Newton, and Brahe supported his heliocentric theory. He was born in Poland on February 19th, 1473 the baby of four children. His father was Nicholas Copernicus Sr. died in 1483 when Copernicus was at the young age of ten. He and his sibling went to live with his Uncle Lucas Waltzenrode the bishop of Warmia in Germany....   [tags: Science, Biography, Nicolas Copernicus, Heliocentr] 510 words
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I Am a Ponarvian - I Am a Ponarvian Some of you have already scoured the dictionary in vain for a definition of the word "Ponarvian." One of my greatest ambitions is to get this word safely into Websters where it belongs. Until that happy time, the following definition will have to do: PONARV (PO narv) n. [acronym] A project of no apparent redeeming value. Hence, Ponarvian: one who pursues such projects. It is my contention that not some, but MOST of the greatest human triumphs in art, science, and technology have their root in the humble ponarv....   [tags: Personal Narrative Essays] 1420 words
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A Beautiful Mind: Case Study of Schizophrenia - “A Beautiful Mind” movie is based on the case study of real life mathematician John Nash who suffered from schizophrenia. The aspects of schizophrenia affected John Nash in many ways. Ethics is defined in the textbook as, “Are the tools or behaviors that one employs to achieve a desired outcome. Means can be either good or bad. Ends are those outcomes that one desires to achieve”(Polgar &Thomas, 2008). The movies case study, include the sign and symptoms, social effects and treatment of schizophrenia and how it took a toll on his overall career....   [tags: Schizophrenia Case Study]
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Johann Bernoulli - On August 6, 1667, a famous Swiss mathematician was born in Basel, Switzerland. He was the tenth child of Nikolaus Bernoulli and Margaretha Schonauer (McElroy 31). They named him Johann Bernoulli, but he was also called Jean and John (Young 52). Bernoulli's family of wealthy merchants from Holland wanted him to follow a career in business. However, he failed as a business person, and followed his brother's pathway in mathematics and sciences (McElroy 31). In 1683, Bernoulli enrolled at the University of Basel (Young 52)....   [tags: Biography]
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The Making and Unmaking of an Autarkic Physics in Franco’s Spain - The end of the Spanish Civil War brought a completely new kind of nation-state into existence. Never before (or after) Fascist Spain did such a conservative, militaristic, and anti-communist state exist in modern Europe. General Francisco Franco’s iconoclastic Spain demanded a complementary scientific structure. The resulting autarkic science was ideologically aligned with Franco, and wholly functional to state power. This autarkic science was not conjured up out of nowhere: it was created out of the ashes of Spain’s previous scientific structure, which was largely obliterated by the Civil War....   [tags: Nuclear Propaganda, Political Elite]
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Islmaic Achievements and Muslim Contributions and Their Spread - The Muslim Empire grew to encompass a wide range of territory. Their empire included India, Greece, and Rome in addition to many other places. The Muslims were much more advanced than other nations because of their tolerance of other cultures. This enabled them to adopt many of the developments and innovations of the people whose land they conquered. They were able to attain intelligence at the highest level of the time from a specific area they conquered whose main focus of study was that field....   [tags: Islam] 1229 words
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The Shakespeare Theory of Seven Ages of Man - Nowadays, information is the cornerstone of the modern enterprise and the web became the largest and most accessible information resources. The ability to gather, arrange, manipulate information with computers has given practice as well as for business people in order to manage information in an effective way. Information retrieval is a process and techniques of searching and interpreting information in order to store the data for easy retrieval when needed. The article entitled “Seven Ages of Information Retrieval”, the author who is Michael Lesk explained about the history or the beginning of information retrieval based on the theory of Vannevar Bush’s 1945, Warren Weaver in 1949 and also...   [tags: Development Information Retrieval]
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The Endless Contributions of Isaac Newton - Sir Isaac Newton once said, “We build too many walls and not enough bridges.” Aside from his countless contributions to the worlds of math and science, this may be his most important quote because it is what he based his life on—building bridges of knowledge. Throughout his life he was devoted to expanding his and others knowledge past previously known realms. Often regarded of the father of calculus, Newton contributed many notable ideas and functions to the world through his creation of calculus and the various divisions of calculus....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Biography]
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The Life of Sir Isaac Newton - Over the centuries, math has evolved in an astounding way. Since the beginning of time, there have been many mathematicians that has influenced and contributed to the math we know today. None compares to the work of Sir Isaac Newton. He was influential as a person, as well as in his work. Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Wools Thorpe, Lincolnshire. Shortly after his father’s death, Newton was born premature and was not expected to survive. After his father’s death, his mother got remarried to an ignorant man....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Biography]
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Archimedes and The Principle of Buoyancy - Archimedes is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time, and most of his inventions, theories, and discoveries are used even to this day. Archimedes was born sometime in the year 287 BC, in Syracuse Sicily (Mac). His father, Phidias, who was an astronomer, and his mother, which little information is given about, were natives to Sicily. Archimedes is said to be related to Hiero II, meaning he would have lived a somewhat royal life (Famous). Being of one of the Greek, he was to study and be more intelligent than other countries children....   [tags: Early Scientists, Ancient Innovation]
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A Brief Survery of Babylonian Mathematics - As the light from the window grows significantly darker, two men keep awake, scribbling what seems to be chicken scratch onto clay tablets. Carrying out their work to the second or third order, it is remarkable what has been accomplished with some clay, a crude utensil for scratch writing, and the minds of many mathematicians. While this may have not been exactly how it happened, scenes like this one, along with the preservation of their work, provide insight today into the earliest documentation of not only historical algebra, but of mathematics itself....   [tags: babylonian empire, clay tablets]
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The Last Four Hundred Years - At the turn of the century, it was apparent that we, the human race, could no longer continue at the rate we were going. At several billion people, we were rapidly multiplying at an exponential rate. Scientists declared an international emergency because of drastic depleation of natural resources. It became obvious that in a few decades the continuation of the human way of life would be impossible if we did not find a solution to our problem. We needed more space for our species, and something with which to nourish them and keep them alive....   [tags: Creative Writing Essays] 780 words
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The Evolution of Differential Calculus - Differential calculus is a subfield of Calculus that focuses on derivates, which are used to describe rates of change that are not constants. The term ‘differential’ comes from the process known as differentiation, which is the process of finding the derivative of a curve. Differential calculus is a major topic covered in calculus. According to Interactive Mathematics, “We use the derivative to determine the maximum and minimum values of particular functions (e.g. cost, strength, amount of material used in a building, profit, loss, etc.).” Not only are derivatives used to determine how to maximize or minimize functions, but they are also used in determining how two related variables are chan...   [tags: Math]
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Humanism the Gateway to Individualism - The greatest and most influential intellectual movement of Renaissance Italy was humanism. The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and were the best models for a person to live by. They developed a new kind of classical scholarship, with which they corrected and tried to understand the works of the Greeks and Romans, which was important to them. Both the republic elites of Florence and Venice, and the ruling families of Milan, Ferrara, and Urbino hired humanists to teach their children classical morality and to write elegant, classical letters, histories, and propaganda....   [tags: renaissance, italian renaissance, humanist] 515 words
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Career Opportunities For Recipients Of Degrees In Mathematics - The Many Career Opportunities For Recipients Of Degrees In Mathematics I have chosen to do Possibility 7. It states that once a person decides to study mathematics they are limited to the possible fields of work that is available to them. According to this statement the only possible jobs are teaching jobs at the school, college, and university levels. It also talks about how this can be dull to some and how a person can't become a millionaire this way. I am in total opposition of this statement....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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To what extent is truth different in mathematics, the arts, and ethics? - Humans constantly seek truth, though this is often elusive. To this end, when we seek the truth about the world around us, we are seeking knowledge, and use the Ways of Knowing as the input by which we gain knowledge; we organize it into the Areas of Knowledge to provide a framework for this knowledge. But, it is pertinent to question how truth, what it is and how it is acquired, varies between Areas of Knowledge. How truth differs for a Knower between three Areas of Knowledge, mathematics, the arts, and ethics, is the subject that will be evaluated by this paper....   [tags: Philosophy] 1634 words
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Finding Truth in Math, Arts, and Ethics - The title asks one to what extent is truth different among mathematics, the arts and ethics; it does not question the existence of truth. I interpret truth as justified belief and categorize it into three approaches: personal, social and universal. Personal is what one perceives to be true, social is what a group perceives to be true, and universal is what the whole perceives to be true (Bernardin). In this essay, it will be shown that the approach towards finding the truth within mathematics, the arts and ethics vary, but upon further investigation, the final truth is intertwined....   [tags: Philosophy]
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Triangulated Polygons - From the beginning of time there have been many anomalies in humanity. With the advancement of techniques, tools, and knowledge, our understanding of the world aspires to clarify our curiosities. The most beneficial to factors throughout our history would include our knowledge of numbers. Numbers hold great possibilities and bring forth answers to the most complex systems of life. Our mathematics is incorporated into basic aspects of our daily lives, allowing us to unlock our potentials and give keys to uncover the hidden secrets in the universe....   [tags: Mathematics]
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The Issue of Experiment in Mathematics - The Issue of Experiment in Mathematics ABSTRACT: The issue of the status of mathematical knowledge a priori or a posteriori has been repeatedly considered by the philosophy of mathematics. At present, the development of computer technology and their enhancement of the everyday work of mathematicians have set a new light on the problem. It seems that a computer performs two main functions in mathematics: it carries out numerical calculations and it presents new areas of research. Thanks to cooperation with the computer, a mathematician can gather different data and facts concerning the issue of interest....   [tags: Math Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Fractals: The Organization of Chaos - Fractals: The Organization of Chaos Please ignore the references to pictures or figures. I no longer have them, so I could not include them on this page. Thanks. Fractals are a relatively new concept in geometry. Most concepts for Euclidean geomtery, the division of geometry which deals with lines, circles, triangles, and other standard shapes, stem from the Late Greek and Early Rioman times. Considering the age of mathematics, the study of fractals is new becasue it dates to the beginning of this century....   [tags: Mathematics Geometry Essays]
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The Humor of Lewis Carroll - The works of Lewis Carroll, and in particular Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass, cannot be read without noting the author’s mastery of wit. The creativity and insight permeating the humor in these texts are so clever and artful that the parody, pun, and nonsense are themselves the topic of many a critical essay. Most literature on the subject claims one of two things: either that the humor in his writing is inspired by his mathematical inclinations, or that it is a byproduct of an astounding innate linguistic aptitude....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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Amalie Emmy Noether - By the time Amalie Emmy Noether’s life ended, she had become one of the greatest mathematicians of her time. She was born on March 23rd 1882, in Erlangen, Germany and died on April 14, 1935, at the age of 53, in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. She was the oldest out of the four kids that her mother, Ida Kaufmann, had. Amalie, known as Emmy, to most everybody she knew, was the only female child out of the bunch. Her dad Max Noether was also a famous mathematician. She had an unproblematic time in her early years of school, being smarter than the majority of the kids at an adolescent age gave her an advantage....   [tags: Biography]
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The Organisation and Work of the People at Bletchley Park - The Organisation and Work of the People at Bletchley Park The organisation and work of the people at Bletchley Park was very important this was because in the First World War code-breaking had become more important for the first time because messaging had gone more technical and opposite armies were able to get their hand on messages from the enemy quicker and easier. The British Government wanted to be able to decode all enemy communications so they decided to build a base that would house all of Britain’s secret weapons....   [tags: Papers] 978 words
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A Notion of Zero in the Philosophy of Aristotle - A Notion of Zero in the Philosophy of Aristotle ABSTRACT: This article shows that Aristotle created the first notion of a zero in the history of human thought. Since this notion stood in evident contradiction to the basic principles of his metaphysics and logic, he rejected it. The origin and development of mathematical symbols was closely connected with the development of mathematics itself and development of philosophy. It resulted from the fact that philosophy provided the motivation for investigations and creation of adequate and good mathematical symbols....   [tags: Philosophical Math Essays] 2038 words
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Gods Gift To Calculators: The Taylor Series - Gods Gift to Calculators: The Taylor Series It is incredible how far calculators have come since my parents were in college, which was when the square root key came out. Calculators since then have evolved into machines that can take natural logarithms, sines, cosines, arcsines, and so on. The funny thing is that calculators have not gotten any "smarter" since then. In fact, calculators are still basically limited to the four basic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division....   [tags: essays research papers] 496 words
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Analyzing The Universe and The Teacup - Analyzing The Universe and The Teacup The Universe and the Teacup is a pretty interesting book with one purpose: To make math seem relevant and cool to people who have decided that they don't like math. K. C. Cole pushes this idea by explaining how math applies to every imaginable thing in the universe, and how mathematicians are, in a sense, scientists. She also uses quotes to promote the coolness of math: "Understanding is a lot like sex," states the first line of the book. This rather blunt analogy, as well as the passage that explains how bubbles meet at 120-degree angles, supports Cole's theory that math can be applied to any subject....   [tags: Papers] 1219 words
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