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Your search returned over 400 essays for "malnutrition"
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Double burden of malnutrition in India - Undernutrition and Overnutrition - Double burden of malnutrition in India - Undernutrition and Overnutrition Introduction The nutritional double burden, encompassing both undernutrition (stunting, underweight and wasting) and overnutrition (overweight and obesity), has become an important public health challenge in many developing countries. Globally, an estimated 99 million under-five year olds were underweight in 2012, with the low- and -middle income countries of Asia accounting for more than 70 percent of these undernourished children (WHO, 2012a)....   [tags: health,malnutrition india]
:: 25 Works Cited
2186 words
(6.2 pages)
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Golden Rice: The Fortified, Modified and Vilified Option for Third World Malnutrition - Each year without fail anywhere between 250,000 to 500,000 children go blind from Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD), more than half of those die within twelve months. To visualize this number think of Seattle, now imagine half or all of its population going blind. With a few dollars’ worth of food or supplements enriched in vitamin A this problem can be mollified. But getting fresh foods and vitamins to those with the greatest need has proven an insurmountable problem. Food Aid, while indeed lifesaving, is costly and does not fix the underlying problems in poor societies....   [tags: Malnutrition Nutrition food]
:: 11 Works Cited
1712 words
(4.9 pages)
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Malnutrition in the Philippines - ... Iron deficiency anemia is among one of the most common because iron is usually found in spinach, certain beans, and dried fruits like prunes (Zelman). It is apparent that the average Filipino diet lacks these foods, and because of that many suffer from, “… fatigue… decreased immune function… and Glossitis (an inflamed tongue)” (CDC). Another common health problem that results from malnutrition is Vitamin A deficiency, a nutrient often found in vegetables like lettuce and carrots, and fruits like cantaloupes and mangos (US Department of Health)....   [tags: high poverty rates, lack of necessary foods]
:: 12 Works Cited
1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Problem of Malnutrition around the World - ... If malnutrition continues to go untreated, its effects will kill millions of children. The world needs to realize that the current solution is not working and address the real issue before more lives are lost. With so many people affected by severe malnutrition, the “2013 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics” explored which countries were the most affected by this crippling problem. Their discovery found that one in four people are hungry in Africa. In the past few years, 20 million more people became hungry and malnourished every year....   [tags: providing relief and nutrients]
:: 10 Works Cited
1461 words
(4.2 pages)
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Malnutrition in the Hospital Setting - ... distributing medication), thus not able to prioritise feeding12. It has been shown that the amount of time required for full eating assistance is up to 25 minutes, (compared to the usual nurse care time of 6 mins average /patient4, 13). Nine out of ten nurses in one large study indicated that they rarely had enough time to ensure those in their care ate properly 3. It is of no surprise that of the nurses surveyed by Walton 2, 54% expressed concern about the lack of time and staffing resources at meal times, and also a desire for a feeding assistance program (ideally volunteers)....   [tags: Australia's ageing population] 1784 words
(5.1 pages)
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Taking a Look at Malnutrition - ... For reasons such as these, wasting takes place as the highest priority form of malnutrition. On the other hand, micronutrient deficiency diseases is a more less noticeable repercussion of not having enough of the proper nutrients. Repercussions such as anaemia, scurvy, pellagra, beriberi, xeropthalmia, and even death. Deficiencies of iron, vitamin A and zinc are ranked within the World Health Organization's (WHO) top 10 leading causes of death through disease in developing countries. According to the World Food Programme: - Iron deficiency is the most prevalent form of malnutrition worldwide, affecting millions of people....   [tags: social, political, cultural factors] 1750 words
(5 pages)
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Malnutrition is Caused by an Unbalanced Diet - A balanced diet is when you eat a range of food and drinks from all the different groups but at the same time maintaining and taking care of what you eat. Especially staying away as much as possible from salt, trans fats etc. Malnutrition is caused by an unbalanced diet due to having too much or too little nutrients (PubMedHealth.com). Under nutrition is when the body isn’t given enough calories, due to the person’s diet, and because they don’t utilize the food properly as they should. Over nutrition, is when the person consumes a lot more proteins and calories then they should....   [tags: energy, body mass index]
:: 15 Works Cited
940 words
(2.7 pages)
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Malnutrition - Introduction Malnutrition is a global challenge in low-income and middle-income countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia (Shetty, 2002, Black, et al., 2008). More than ten million children under five years of age die annually worldwide and percentage of child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa is approximately 41% and another 34% in south Asia (Black, et al., 2003). It was estimated that more than 50% of these child deaths could be attributed to the potentiating effects of malnutrition in infectious disease such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, tuberculosis, and other infections (Rice, et al., 2000, Caulfield, et al., 2004)....   [tags: Social Issues, Poverty, Vitamin Deficiency] 1804 words
(5.2 pages)
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Malnutrition - Malnutrition is both a cause and a consequence of ill-health. The term malnutrition can apply to various states – under-nutrition, over-nutrition or deficiencies of specific nutrients (8).Malnutrition is common but under-recognised in the elderly. Clinicians are seldom taught about the subject during their undergraduate or postgraduate level.Malnutrition can lead to serious consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality (5).Undernutrition is a global problem that is usually caused by a lack of food or alimited range of foods that provide inadequate amounts of specific nutrients or other food components, e.g....   [tags: Health, Nutrition Related Diseases] 1447 words
(4.1 pages)
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Malnutrition Increases Morbidity and Mortality - ... The author searched for Randomized controlled trials (RCT) in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from 1996-2008 for published articles and no language restrictions were used. The RCTs that compared EN and TPN in adult patients (>/= 18 years) with SAP were included. Trials had to report at least 1 of the following: infections, organ failure, artificial nutrition related complications, pancreatitis and non-pancreatitis related complications, and mortality. Exacerbations of chronic pancreatitis and pregnant patients were excluded....   [tags: nutrition risks, screening tools] 1196 words
(3.4 pages)
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Battle Against Starvation and Malnutrition - Throughout human history there has been an ongoing battle against starvation, malnutrition, and the production, accessibility, and availability of enough food for the growing populations. Today many people, families, communities, and even entire countries struggle to maintain an adequate and fulfilling diet. The state of not having enough food for all people in a given family or community is known as food insecurity. To contrast food insecurity, and since malnutrition and hunger are such prominent issues, a condition known as food security is a goal of many initiatives across the globe....   [tags: Production, Availability, Acessibility, Food]
:: 5 Works Cited
1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Four Groups of Malnutrition - ... (2000) completed a similar study with a total of 337 patients, assessing the prevalence of malnutrition, methods for identification and clinical management in acute settings. The diagnostic criteria used for malnutrition included those with BMI <18.5 kg/m2 in accordance with WHO guidelines and those with a BMI between 18.5-20 kg/m2 who reported a weight loss of more than three kg in the last three months. Kelly et al. (2000) discovered the following prevalence of malnutrition; BMI was <18.5 kg/m2 in 9% of patients; of these, 63% reported having also lost >three kg in the last three months....   [tags: undernutrition, overnutrition, Imbalance] 2314 words
(6.6 pages)
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Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool - This assignment will discuss a trust adapted version of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). It will demonstrate an understanding of theoretical knowledge used to develop the assessment tool. The assignment will focus on three components within the tool; discussing the reliability and validity when used in a clinical environment. A reflection of my own experience using the tool will be included and linked to aspects of reliability. Any issues with reliability will be identified and suggestions given on how they can be corrected to aid future use....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2042 words
(5.8 pages)
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Malnutrition in Haemodialysis Patients - Introduction Malnutrition is common in haemodialysis patients due to specific characteristics of chronic renal insufficiency such as insufficient filtration ability and accelerated protein degradation. A deteriorated nutritional condition threats chronic dialysis patients lowered mobility and poor outcome include increased mortality (Carrero et al., 2013; Locatelli et al., 2002; Vannini, Antunes, Caramori, Martin, & Barretti, 2009). Thus there are several malnutrition indicators of haemodialysis patients were proposed such as SGA, GNRI and albumin level....   [tags: renal insufficiency, degradation] 1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Elderly and Malnutrition - The Elderly and Malnutrition         At any age, nutrition is vital to maintaining health and enhancing quality of life.  However, achieving good nutrition can be especially difficult for the elderly, the fastest growing portion of America's population.  Many factors, including physiological changes, changes in nutritional needs, illness and physical limitations, food-medication interactions, depression and loneliness, and food insecurity are common causes of malnutrition in the elderly.  This paper will explore factors affecting elderly nutrition, provide suggestions for obtaining and maintaining good nutrition after age 65, and describe the services available to help the elderl...   [tags: Health Nutrition Pyramid Diet]
:: 10 Works Cited
1697 words
(4.8 pages)
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Increasing Rates of Child Malnutrition in India - INTRODUCTION Malnutrition is a critical issue that affects children worldwide. Given that, the social determinants of health are defined as "the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system"(World Health Organization, 2009). These conditions are 'shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels"( World Health Organization, 2009). More generally, when dealing with the issue of child malnutrition, there are many leading factors that contribute to the issue....   [tags: world hunger] 2884 words
(8.2 pages)
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Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients. - Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the association between serum adiponectin levels and the nutritional–inflammation status of hemodialysis patients....   [tags: Medical Research]
:: 16 Works Cited
2240 words
(6.4 pages)
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Hunger and Malnutrition in the World: What Can be Done About it? - Here, in America, we have a surplus of food supply. The majority of Southern Asia and Eastern Asia is affected by the shortage of food. All over the continent of Africa, there are starving people. These helpless people are praying for their next meal, while people in the United States are praying for the newest technology. What will it take for people to realize that these people need help. The poor people of Africa are in desperate need of their rightful share of the Earth’s plentiful supply. One in every eight people in the world suffer immensely from hunger and malnutrition....   [tags: Africa, Starvation, Aid]
:: 7 Works Cited
928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Malnutrition of African Students - Malnutrition of African Students In this paper, I shall discuss the effects of malnutrition of children in Africa and the effect it has on their school performance. I will also examine what has been done to improve the problem of starvation and the long road ahead to solve this issue. I believe this problem is very serious and should not be over looked by other countries. So many children wake up hungry and go to bed famished in Africa. Their days are hard to get through and the idea of going to school and having to concentrate is almost an impossible task....   [tags: Poverty Starvation Africa Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
957 words
(2.7 pages)
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Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition - Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition Every morning when I wake up the first thought in my mind is usually: FOOD. I often lie in bed for a few extra minutes, planning out what I am going to eat for breakfast. Seldom as I go through this routine do I stop to think about those who are less fortunate than me. I often take for granted that everyone wakes up and eats breakfast. But this is far from true, not everyone shares the luxuries that we have in the United States. Some people wake up and wonder if they will eat at all that day, let alone eat breakfast....   [tags: Nutrition Pyramid Health] 1151 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Chronic Malnutrition Crisis of Ethiopia: The Perpetual Cycle of Its Causes - The Chronic Malnutrition Crisis of Ethiopia: The Perpetual Cycle of its Causes Malnutrition has been under the world spotlight for many years. Many remember the 90’s where Western populations were overwhelmed with images of stick thin Ethiopians with the harsh backdrop of the underdeveloped Ethiopian countryside. One opinion is that the crisis of malnourishment must be defeated in order to free the majority of the population that is ensnared in Ethiopian poverty trap. Malnutrition in the Ethiopian context has been described as a long-term year round phenomenon due to chronic inadequacies in food intake combined with high levels of illness (National Nutrition Policy-Draft 2003)....   [tags: sanitation, healthcare, agriculture, caregiver] 2063 words
(5.9 pages)
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Obesity in America - Obesity in America Introduction The Dynamics of Obesity Once the issue of malnutrition plagued many countries around the world, today obesity has become the new epidemic. The word epidemic traditionally “refers to an acute outbreak of disease caused by a specific microorganism that spreads through a sizable portion of a population and requires serious responses such as quarantines, travel restrictions, and medical treatment” (Bellisari, 2013, p. 4). Dealing with an epidemic often brings social disruption....   [tags: Health, Malnutrition ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2092 words
(6 pages)
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The Role of Gut Microbiota in the Exaggeration of Kwashiorkor - ... There are some aspects of the study that are not clearly explained in the article and if elaborated, may contribute to more concise findings. First, Smith et al. only used young twins in the study to investigate the microbiome with the diet. Although twins create a control group within human studies, there can be negative aspects, such as differences between twins and the rest of a population. The twins are genetically identical or similar, in fraternal twins, so the study may only be used to understand the disease in twins, compared to the rest of the people in Malawi that may also have the disease....   [tags: malnutrition, diet, bacteria] 545 words
(1.6 pages)
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What Exactly is Meant by World Hunger? - What Exactly is Meant by World Hunger. Famine is associated with death, starvation, or excess mortality. There are different types of hunger that are measured in several ways. People who do not consume enough calories to sustain minimum physiological needs for an active life are considered undernourished. Undernourishment can lead to disease or irreversible damage. Then there are people who are malnourished, meaning that considers what is lacking in a diet. Malnutrition can lead to infections and diseases because a lack of intake of protein....   [tags: famine, malnutrition, poor] 1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Hunger Situation in North Korea - ... North Korea is a country of East Asia by a long name is Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The hunger situation in North Korea is not pretty good. According to the Global Hunger Index (2010) North Korea achieve 19.4 % of starved population. In comparing with 1990 it rose up slightly. It is bad for region to be under effect of hunger. It makes country to spend a lot of money to fight with famine on the other hand government will not have money to spend and probably they will be forced to borrow money from other country....   [tags: malnutrition problem in the world] 789 words
(2.3 pages)
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A Life-Threatening Genetic Disorder in Cystic Fibrosis - Body imagine and disordered thoughts on eating among adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis Introduction: In order to orient the reader, the introduction will provide an overview of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and eating disorders in the general population. This will then be followed by a consideration of both physiological and psychosocial aspects that may offer insight into factors that may make individuals with CF more vulnerable to developing disordered eating thoughts and behaviors in CF. Background to problem: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening genetic disorder that is associated with respiratory and digestive problems and consequently inadequate nutrition and poor growth....   [tags: respiratory, body image, malnutrition] 2633 words
(7.5 pages)
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Healthcare System of India Needs Healing Too - HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF INDIA NEEDS HEALING TOO No doubt we are a very progressing nation with a huge population of 120 crores and maximum of them are youth with huge potential and will to serve the nation. According to an average status we have only 1 doctor over 2000 people which is very low and ranks to 67th among 133 developing nation. Also the ratio of nurses over people stands very low to 1:2950 which ranks India at 75th nation among 133 countries. The total public expenditure by government on medical facilities stands to be 1.5% of our total GDP....   [tags: malnutrition, infant mortality] 2177 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Harsh Reallity of Preparing for a Professional Combat Competition - Professional boxing is a combat sport for two opponents who are tested between each other’s strength, speed, reflexes, endurance, and will against each other. It is pretty obvious that nutrition affects the performance of this sport because if you don't treat your body well it will have a negative effect towards your performance as an athlete. The purpose of this paper is to expose the harsh reality of a professional combat sport athlete when preparing for competition. Before the general rules of boxing where created people participated in bare fists fighting....   [tags: boxing, nutrition, malnutrition] 1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Leadership and Government of North Korea - ... North Koreans do not have much under the totalitarian system. There is no free time and even if they did have free time there is nothing to do for them to enjoy. Girls are not allowed to ride a bicycle, it is considered lascivious. Kim II Sung implemented women’s right to work, rights of free marriage and divorce and rights of sharing properties and inheriting. Women work in a various labor jobs, a few women are in high positions. The few women in high positions are relatives or wives of top leaders....   [tags: execution, malnutrition, concentration camps] 655 words
(1.9 pages)
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Efforts to Fight Against World Hunger - ... This means one sixth of humanity is undernourished. (FAO, 2009). Hunger and malnutrition are still the number one risks to health worldwide. (World Food Programme). In 2008, nearly 3 million children died before they reached their fifth birthday due directly or indirectly to hunger and malnutrition. (Bread for the World). It is estimated that 684,000 child deaths worldwide could be prevented by increasing access to vitamin A and zinc. (World Food Programme, 2007).” Many of these people suffering from world hunger are those who were forced out of their homes because of war or some other causes such as natural disasters or people in underdeveloped or still developing countries....   [tags: malnutrition, homelessness, volunteer ]
:: 3 Works Cited
728 words
(2.1 pages)
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Extreme Poverty and World Hunger - • According to the Oxford English Dictionary 1971, hunger means 1) the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite; also the exhausted condition caused by want of food; 2) the want or scarcity of food in a country; 3) a strong desire or craving. World hunger corresponds to the second definition because it relates to hunger at the world level (Hunger Notes). • Malnutrition means that one is lacking some or all nutritional elements that are necessary for proper health. There are two types of malnutrition: o Protein-energy malnutrition, or PEM • This means that one is lacking protein and other foods that provide energy to the body....   [tags: malnutrition, poverty, agriculture] 2557 words
(7.3 pages)
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Ways to Solve World Hunger - ... Micronutrient (vitamin and mineral) deficiency is not the type that is discussed with world hunger but is still relevant. Almost all of the hungry people live in developing countries. There are 16 million people living in developed countries undernourished. Developed regions saw the number of hungry rise, from 13 million in 2004-2006 to 16 million in 2010-2012, reversing a steady decrease in previous years from 20 million in 1990-1992. (FAO 2012) Children are the most visible victims of under nutrition....   [tags: micronutrient & protein-energy malnutrition] 572 words
(1.6 pages)
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Excessive Alcohol Causes Accute Liver Failure in too Many People - Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the most common cause of acute liver failure in the United States and accounts for approximately 7% of all drug-related adverse reactions (1,2). Associated risk factors include female gender, alcohol abuse, and malnutrition. Though DILI is most commonly associated with acetaminophen and antibiotics, thousands of medications are listed to have this adverse effect. Presentation varies from asymptomatic lab abnormalities to severe jaundice, pruritis, and liver failure....   [tags: abuse, malnutrition, injury] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Genetically Modified Food: Monsters or Miracle? - As our society shifted from hunter gathers to farmers to the present day, humans have always been working towards the common goal of steady food supply. The idea of a seed naturally taking root and growing into a beautiful plant that supplies bountiful amounts of food is an ideal thought but working in my family’s garden for a large majority of my life has shown me, that is not what happens. The success of a plant depends on many factors, many of which are out of our control such as rain, sunshine, temperature, and insects....   [tags: gmo, malnutrition, dna]
:: 4 Works Cited
1025 words
(2.9 pages)
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Health and Poverty in FIlipinos - ... According to a journal entry by Loliger, J., MSG “balances, blends and rounds the total perception of other tastes.” MSG provides the ultimate flavor profiles that consumers crave for. Lisa Kramer, in her No Msg for Me Cookbook, summarizes the adverse side effects like headaches, palpitations, chest pain, and nausea (9). Recent studies, however, have shown that over-consumption of MSG can potentially cause obesity- the extreme accumulation of excess body fat. Dr. Joey Miranda, secretary of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinology-Philippines, said that there were 3.4 million cases of diabetes in the Philippines in 2010....   [tags: malnutrition, lack of money, health]
:: 16 Works Cited
1248 words
(3.6 pages)
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Why I Want to Be a Dietitian - ... I am utterly curious about that , so surely I enjoy science. For instance , sometimes when I see the various types of vitamins and elements at the label of food packages , the first thing come to my mind is what is the benefits to the body of those combination of vitamins and elements that present in the food . How is it going to work and function in our body system . Sometimes , I can fulfil my curiosity by surfing from the Internet . My hobby is playing football , I learn the ability to work in a team for achieving a goal ....   [tags: hypotension, malnutrition, science, team] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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The White Plague of Tuberculosis - ... The following discussion enlightens this fact. Vitamin-A: Vitamin A metabolites are essential for normal growth and development. This boosts up both body’s natural innate immunity as well as the adaptive immunity (Iwata et al., 2003; Iwata et al., 2004; Ma et al., 2005; Ma & Ross, 2005; Villamor et al., 2005). Retinoic acid, a vitamin-A metabolite has been shown to inhibit expression of toll like receptor-II (TLR-II) on the cellular surface and thus affect the TLR-II signalling pathway and prevents Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other gram positive bacteria to cause human infections (Ott et al., 1996; Abel et al., 2002; Branger et al., 2004; Liu et al., 2005; Tenaud et al., 2007; Jalian...   [tags: vaccine, malnutrition, antibiotics] 1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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Health Consequences of Poverty for Children - ... Typically poverty measures are divided in two: absolute and relative poverty (Bradbury & Jäntti, 2001). Absolute poverty is defined as poverty in which people in specific family types are unable to purchase a bundle of goods and services thought to be an essential part of the basic necessities of life in the society in which they live. Meanwhile relative poverty is defined with reference to a measure of typical consumption level, but in practice they are usually set against household income....   [tags: malnutrition, healthcare, disease] 2502 words
(7.1 pages)
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Poverty Reduction Action Plan for Haiti - ... Macroeconomic stability is a necessity for the security of a poverty reduction plan in Haiti. With macroeconomic developments it creates a framework for the increase in the tax ratio from around 10 percent in 2005 to roughly 15 or higher by the year 2018 creating a stronger Haitian economic system fundamentally and to pursue an increase in tax revenue for beneficial government departments leading to growth having “dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets”....   [tags: malnutrition, earthquake, reconstruction] 915 words
(2.6 pages)
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Growth and Development of Children - In terms of physical characteristics, the average height and weight for a two year old is thirty-four inches tall and twenty –eight pounds. Over time, their head growth will slow, from 3⁄4 inch (2 cm) in their second year alone to 3⁄4 to 1 1⁄4 inches (2–3 cm) over the next ten years. The child’s posture will change as well during the toddler years. These physical changes are due to improved muscle tone, which is cause for a more erect posture, thus giving the child a taller, and more lean appearance (“Physical Appearance,” 2013)....   [tags: cognitive theory, malnutrition, anemia]
:: 6 Works Cited
1713 words
(4.9 pages)
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Suffering and Death in Africa - ... Which is an estimated 71 percent of all adults and 87 percent of all children living with the disease in the early-twenty-first century reside in this region. Eighty-eight percent of all children who have been orphaned by AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa. The main impact of the disease is noticeable felt by a loss economically active people in their child years to mid years, which is between the ages of fifteen and forty-five. UNICEF's Africa's Orphaned Generations (2003) puts the number of African children orphaned by AIDS at 11 million, with an estimate that the disease will practically kill 20 million children from their parents....   [tags: HIV, malnutrition, transportation] 898 words
(2.6 pages)
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Moral Obligation or Moral Responsibility - Moral obligation is a controversial matter. We currently live in a “world of plenty”, however, the number of human beings dying or suffering from hunger, malnutrition or disease is staggering. In this essay, I am going to examine the arguments for and against moral obligation to helping the poor and starving, and in particular I will take into account Singer’s opinions on the matter. “Do we have any obligations to, or moral responsibility for, people living in other countries. If so, are we responsible only for our political allies, or obligated only to countries we think can benefit us....   [tags: human rights, hunger, malnutrition]
:: 11 Works Cited
1669 words
(4.8 pages)
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Healthcare Group Proposal Letter - ... The report reads that “…the National Alliance on Mental Illness reports that SMI costs America $193.2 billion in lost earnings every year...” This group’s main message is that, “…the personal, societal and economic effects of SMI practically mandate that better care for this illness be developed….” They go further into the problems with SMI by noting that there are many barriers that arise not with individuals initially receiving their medications but rather getting refills. The report suggests that “…Medicaid programs should consider the unintended consequences of medication utilization management practices for beneficiaries with SMI…” Along with giving their own suggestions they do poi...   [tags: mental illness, malnutrition, hepatitis] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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Fighting Hunger in America - The world produces enough food every day to feed every single man, woman, and child – 7 billion people – 2,700 calories, several hundred more than the recommended daily amount for most adults. The National Resources Defense Council released a report in 2012 documenting that 40 percent of food in the United States goes uneaten, equivalent to 20 pounds of food per person every month and $165 billion wasted each year. Yet, the World Food Programme (WFP) reports that one in eight people – 842 million people – go to bed hungry every night....   [tags: malnutrition, groceries, health] 1822 words
(5.2 pages)
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What is Maramus Disease? - Marasmus is a disease, which is a chronic state of inadequate intake of protein energy malnutrition. This consists of the wasting away of fat, muscle, and other tissues in the body. It mostly occurs in children 5 years old and under that live in high poverty areas. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Chronic diarrhea will cause the victim to be extremely dehydrated which will make the victim feel fatigue and weakness. The victim can experience extreme discomfort and loss of consciousness from being so undernourished....   [tags: malnutrition, protein energy, paralysis] 1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Mark of Agriculture - There have been several major revolutions throughout human history. V. Gordon Childe explains them as; The Neolithic Revolution, The Urban Revolution and The Industrial Revolution. (Harris 1994) These revolutions mark monumental periods in human history. The Neolithic revolution took place approximately ten to twelve thousand years ago in an area of the Middle East we call the Fertile Crescent. When agriculture first took hold there they began by cultivating wheat. From there agriculture spread to the surrounding areas and into Asia Minor....   [tags: nutrition, malnutrition, diet, food]
:: 5 Works Cited
1483 words
(4.2 pages)
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Slavery by Another Name - Slavery by Another Name For most American’s especially African Americans, the abolition of slavery in 1865 was a significant point in history, but for African Americans, although slavery was abolished it gave root for a new form of slavery that showed to be equally as terrorizing for blacks. In the novel Slavery by Another Name, by Douglas Blackmon he examines the reconstruction era, which provided a form of coerced labor in a convict leasing system, where many African Americans were convicted on triumphed up charges for decades....   [tags: malnutrition, disease, and over working] 584 words
(1.7 pages)
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Improving Undernourished Populations - ... That is not to say babies don’t need this formula. According to Sally Grantham-McGregor, “...malnutrition in the first few months of life is not common”. By creating a substance rich in nutrients, it can help prevent both babies and toddlers from being malnutritious and is “the best means for preventing micronutrient deficiencies” (Müller and Krawinkel 5) One of the biggest factors in creating a food product for children with malnutrition is knowing what types of nutrients they need and how they affect malnourished children....   [tags: malnutrition, children, water]
:: 3 Works Cited
648 words
(1.9 pages)
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Food Secuirty and Malnutition in the World - ... The expansion of globalization resulted in several nutritional trends and problems. From the1980s until now, there was a decline in the amount of malnourished children and adults in the world. However the “proportional rate of decline was slow, the numbers remained high, and, in Africa, the actual number of undernourished people rose.” Consequently, food insecurity in developing nations has caused many of negative health effects on the population. Approximately 842 million people in the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition a majority of them (827 million) live in developing countries....   [tags: distribution, population, crops] 833 words
(2.4 pages)
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Effects of Drugs While Pregnant - What happened to Regina Mcknight. unfortunate, this does not happens often and the frequency affects far too many lives, but in no case is it the fault of mother. No law that man conceives can ever change the sad fact that women are the victim of addiction. Any mother will knowingly sacrifice themselves for their children, this fact is instinctive and hereditary. Therefore, no law or course of disciplinary action has the ability to overdrive a woman's instinctive nature to protect their infant, the issue is the drug itself....   [tags: crack baby, drug abuse, malnutrition]
:: 6 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Ethiopia: Food Deficiency and Food Insecurity - ... For example, Ethiopia is mainly arable land, which is land used to grow only crops. So when the climate changes it is hard to preserve this land because the climate is so unpredictable. Demographic factors are more population based factors, for example, births, deaths, migrations, etc. Since Ethiopia has a large population of over 85 million people, this factor plays a large role in Ethiopia’s food deficiency and food insecurity issues. Rising demand is when the people in an area, usually emerging countries like Ethiopia using their affluence to buy more diary, meat and egg products....   [tags: Malnutrition, Nutrition, Third-World] 1258 words
(3.6 pages)
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Extra Fabulous Reasons Why You Are Fat, Tired and Sick - Many of the foods Americans consume on a daily basis serve as a catalyst for a slow and painful demise riddled with preventable disease. This is due to the fact that people simply do not feed the body what it is designed for. Low fat products flavored with dangerous sugars and high fructose corn syrup line the shelves of grocery stores everywhere, with “heart healthy” labels proudly displayed on the colorful and flashy boxes. The cereal grains, legumes, dairy products (if not tolerated), hydrogenated fats and overly processed foods with refined sugars that are considered cultural staples, which form the foundation of the Standard American Diet (SAD), are more than likely the cause of unfort...   [tags: Diet, Health, Malnutrition, Food, America]
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Hunger vs Environment: Can We Have Both? - ... An estimated 1,345 million people are poor in developing countries, and only live off of $1.25 or less a day. Although this number may seem high, it has come down a significantly since 1981, when the estimated poverty level was at 1900 million people (2013 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics). Being able to produce more and more food for the plant can take a toll on the land. I mean if you want to grow something it takes time and effort. It doesn’t magically pop out of the ground overnight....   [tags: hunger, world, malnurtition, food]
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Nicaragua's Contemporary Global Issue - Nicaragua’s Contemporary Global Issue Modernly, there are several social and environmental issues facing Nicaraguans. Pollution, civil war, and unjust poverty affect the lives of Nicaraguans everyday. Furthermore, Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. (Malnutrition, 2011) One result of this dismal reality is that many Nicaraguans, particularly children, living in rural areas of the small Latin American country suffer from malnutrition and malnourishment. In fact, nearly 27% of the population physically aches over the lack of food to maintain a healthy diet....   [tags: Nicaragua, poverty, globalization]
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Taking a Look at Bolivia - ... Under nutrition indicates a lack of the necessary energy, protein or micronutrients while over nutrition and obesity mean too much energy, fats or specific micronutrients. Traditionally, under nutrition is prevalent in developing countries and obesity is an epidemic in developed countries. (http://www.gainhealth.org/about-malnutrition) In Bolivia, one out of every three children suffers from malnutrition—the food they eat does not provide enough essential nutrients. Child mortality in Bolivia An overwhelming 25 percent of Bolivian children under the age of 3 currently suffer from malnutrition....   [tags: quinoa, nutrition, food security and santation] 1814 words
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Inadequate Nutrition on the Home Front - While the issue of obesity in America is taking center stage, a less conspicuous health issue of equal importance is occurring in many families throughout the country. This nutrient deficiency is known as malnutrition. Malnutrition is most abundant in families living in poverty. It has a distinct set of symptoms and can cause irreversible damage if not treated properly. Though malnutrition isn’t a lost cause, organizations such as Unicef and ACF are not only covering the home front, they are reaching out to developing countries as well....   [tags: Food Donations, Balanced Diet]
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The Consequences of Inaccurate Nursing Assessments - Inaccurate nursing assessments and recording of client data can detrimentally affect a patient’s well-being. Nurses are ethically, legally and morally responsible for assessing their patients appropriately. Nurses are also expected to document this data accurately in order to ensure safe and effective care for patients. In this case study, a nurse fails to assess the patient’s weight and instead estimates it. In this situation, it is key to consider the health complications that may arise as a result of the nurse’s actions, and at the same time, it is also important to look at the ethical issues surrounding this negligence....   [tags: recording of clietn data, health-care]
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Malnutrion and Poverty in Bangladesh - Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is one of the least developed countries, which are strangled by several problems of health such as water contamination and HIV aids but the most widespread health issue in Bangladesh is child malnutrition (Christian Nordqvist, 2010). Malnutrition is classified into two types, sub-nutrition and over-nutrition. Though in Bangladesh, the major concern in sub-nutrition, the status when individuals cannot utilize food they eat or are malnourished when their diet does not provide them with adequate calories and protein for maintenance and growth (Christian Nordqvist, 2010)....   [tags: dire straits in underdeveloped nations] 691 words
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The Main Causes of Hunger in Africa - Hunger has affected much of Africa with its vidal epidemic. The main causes of hunger in Africa are the change in climate, the government, growing population but most important poverty. Many people in Africa don't have jobs and for that reason they don't have enough money to buy food for their families. As Director General, Jose Graziano da Silva suggested, the decision to end hunger needs to be taken by society as a whole, not by a single organization or a single government. Hunger is spreading in Africa including Niger where some 2.9 million people face food shortages....   [tags: change in climate, government, cassava, corn] 575 words
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Systems Built to Solve: Global Priorities - Many Global issues are not being solved due to lack of resource. Several organizations exist to help solve different global issues today. Government agencies also play a strong role in helping to solve global crises. Unfortunately, even with help from the government and organizations several severe worldwide issues are very apparent. Although organizations and the government are attempting to solve the global issues, they need to find a clear process to collaborate and solve one issue at a time....   [tags: Government]
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Nourishing a Child - The word hunger can mean the painful sensation caused by the want of food, the want or scarcity of food in a country or a strong desire or craving. In relation to the term World Hunger, the word refers to the want or scarcity of food in a country (World Hunger, 2011). In areas of the world, including the United States, where hunger is an issue, malnourishment becomes a very serious concern. Malnutrition is a very basic term referring to the general lack of some or all nutrients needed to support human health....   [tags: Child Development ]
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The Lack of Nutrition In Africa - In Africa there are about 276 million individuals who are affected by lack of nutrition. Moreover, 399 million individuals live on one dollar a day in Africa. Developing countries carries 90% of the disease burden, yet benefit from only 10% of the resources allocated to health (Kinabo, 2001), even though the majority of the population is located in these countries. Approximately “43% of the children in the developing countries experience stunted growth due to malnutrition, and 36% of the children are underweight” (Bone and France, 2003)....   [tags: Nutrition]
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Respiratory Tract Infection - ... It is among the most important cause of mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Morbidity and mortality due to ARIs utilizes a fraction of governmental resources. Peter Baldini, Chief Executive Officer, World Lung Foundation said, "We know that at least four million people die from ARIs, yet the global health community does not even recognize them as a distinct disease group," During 2000 to 2003, six causes accounted for 73% of the 10.6 million yearly deaths in children younger than age 5 years: pneumonia (19%), diarrhea (18%), malaria (8%), neonatal pneumonia or sepsis (10%), preterm delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%)....   [tags: risk factors among children] 568 words
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Effects of War in Families - War affects everyone in the world. Everyone in the world knows someone who is in some branch of military. If you do not, war still affects the government and economy in an country where war is present. This paper will talk about the effects of war on the soldier that is overseas fighting. How war affects the children of that soldier fighting overseas. As well as how war affects the Parents of the soldier fighting overseas. War has a negative impact on all members of a military family including the soldier himself, his children and his parents....   [tags: military veterans, malnourished children]
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Nausea During Chemotherapy - Nausea During Chemotherapy Nausea is considered one of the worst symptoms associated with a patient undergoing chemotherapy treatments. Nausea is a “subjective phenomenon of an unpleasant feeling in the back of the throat and stomach that may or may not result in vomiting” (Ralph & Taylor, 2011, p. 210). The main reason being that when a patient develops nausea, he or she are more likely to run into more symptoms such as vomiting, malnourishment due to the lack of eating, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and physical and emotional deterioration (Hawkins & Grunberg, 2009, p....   [tags: symptoms, vomiting, malnourishment]
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Gilad Schalit’s Treatment in an Israeli Prison and the Palestinian / Israeli Conflict - Column: Diss Ident Nutritional Evils by Redacted In October of last year, Telegraph, The Guardian, and Associated Press covered the news of IDF soldier Gilad Schalit’s release in a relentless barrage of hand-wringing and doom-mongering, as if to make up for their telling lack of interest in Palestine’s application for admission to membership in the United Nations the month before. But it is only natural – Gilad Schalit’s release is more historical than Palestine’s bid, since US President Obama promised to veto the application as a member of the UN Security Council....   [tags: Human Rights / War]
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South Africa: Nutrition in the KwaNuyswa Community - I have chosen to focus on nutrition in the KwaNyuswa Community for my Research Task. The KwaNyuswa Community is a traditional isiZulu speaking community and is situated in the Valley of a 1000 hills (See Map on the next page). It is a rural settlement located on the outskirts of Hillcrest. This community would have originated as a result of Apartheid. Apartheid was a system put in place by the National Party government of racial segregation in South African. Apartheid occurred from 1948 to 1994....   [tags: segregation, apartheid]
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High Rate of HIV/AIDS In Florida - ... The HEI is considered to be a valid tool for monitoring diet quality in research.17,18 The Healthy Eating Index is updated as needed to reflect any changes made to the Dietary Guidelines. The Healthy Eating Index-2010 reflects changes to include categories of greens and beans, plant protein and seafood, fatty acids, and a moderation category.18 When used to determine diet quality of HIV positive individuals living in Brazil, it was determined that 64% had inadequate dietary quality, with an average HEI score of 68.3.13 Limited data is available on the HEI of HIV positive individuals living in the United States....   [tags: nutrition, diet, health] 2654 words
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Effects of Deficiencies in Nutrition - ... Furthermore, as you read this paper, please do keep in mind the following important points: Firstly, that our planet currently produces enough food to sufficiently feed the 7,194, 199, 832 people who call it home, yet more people than the combined total of the European Union, Canada and the United States suffer from malnutrition each day (WFP, 2012). Secondly, in 2012, the Copenhagen Consensus panel of Nobel laureates reported their findings on the economic benefits of investing in a comprehensive package of direct nutrition interventions and concluded that the benefits in terms of increased wages could be as much as 138 larger than the costs (Save The Children 2013) Defining terms Unde...   [tags: cycle of poverty] 745 words
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Public Health and Nutrition Objectives - Objectives: Know the organic and functional alterations of the individual and their relationship to the nutritional aspect. Know the elements of cellular pathology in relation to the various organic disorders. Identify the signs and symptoms of each disorder. Program: I. Eating disorders: Anorexic and bulimia. Feeding behaviour. Malnutrition. Malnutrition. Food plans. II. Esophagus: The stenosis, reflux. Feeding Plan. III. Stomach: Gastritis, erosions, ulcers, pyloric obstruction, gastrectomy....   [tags: Health Nutrition Pyramid Diet] 528 words
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Brazil's Economy in the 1980's - ... Men were paid $10 per week and women who worked were paid $5 per week. This created a financial situation for families because to feed a family of four, the household needed an income of $40 per week to meet basic food necessities. Since some families were unable to make $40 per week, the men then moved to cities to make more money for survival. Although there were local harms, the GDP in Brazil increased from $648 in 1971 to $4508 in 1993, raising the nation to a ‘developed status’. The anthropologist, Nancy Scheper-Hughes studied the subsistence families who were affected by the implementation of the plants....   [tags: case stdy, global financialization] 536 words
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Media Biased Against Palestinians - Last October, Telegraph, The Guardian, and Associated Press and several others covered the news of IDF soldier Gilad Schalit’s release in a barrage of hand-wringing, as if to make up for their telling lack of interest in Palestine’s United Nations membership bid the month before. The indifference is only natural; Schalit’s release is more historical, since Obama promised to use the US’ Security Council veto on Palestine’s bid. Historical, that is, because history is written by the winners. Forget about the 1,027 Palestinian prisoners....   [tags: Palestinians]
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The Fragile Being - Women and men deserve equitable opportunities to achieve a reasonable standard of a healthy living. However, in developing countries, the interplay of various economic, social, cultural and biological factors render women underprivileged to attain their rights to decent nutrition, health care services and health information. Nevertheless, some issues affecting women’s health are shared, in part, by the opposite gender. Inadequate access to nutritious food, and the resulting malnutrition, is perhaps the greatest dilemma for the health of women in developing countries....   [tags: Developing Countries, Inadequate Access to Food] 1065 words
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Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS - As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (www.cdc.gov). Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression....   [tags: social workers ethical issues]
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Contemporary Global Issue 3: Food Security in Congo - Introduction The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. Since 1996, the country has been cursed by conflict, which has devastated and destabilized the country and claimed the lives of an estimated 5 million civilians. People continue to live in crisis conditions in many parts of the country. The war, which began in August 1998, dramatically reduced national output and government revenue, increased external debt, and resulted in the deaths of perhaps 3.5 million people from violence, famine, and disease....   [tags: Economics]
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Factors Affecting Food Intake in Australia - ... To determine levels of the body for different people, body mass index forms the basis for comparing individuals in terms of their varied weights and heights (Hare, 2006). Problem Statement This paper determines the effectiveness of the Australia standard guidelines; how the food consumed on a daily basis meets the recommended nutrients set of national standards. To attain the above, this paper aims at providing an analysis of nutrient eaten within 3 days time to determine its content. After analysis of the consumed nutrients, the figure collected will be compared with standard data for food consumption given by Australia local authorities....   [tags: anthropometric gauge, dietary survey]
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3073 words
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How Diet Impacts Childhood Development - Children look up to primary caregivers, be it family, teachers, babysitters or peers, as role models. It is important to teach good eating habits by adults demonstrating to children. Parents and caregivers are responsible to help instill these lessons to become habits instead of just occasional instructions. A healthy diet that follows the food pyramid and calorie consciousness allows for flourishing growth in children. Good nutrition is vital for mental, emotional, physical, cognitive development, and reproductive health....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Epidemiology of the Kwashiorkor Disorder - If you were to mention the word or phrase “Kwashiorkor” most everyone in this world would respond by giving you a puzzled look on their face, a muffled response and have no clue as to what you were referring to. In the Ga language it is literally known as “one who is physically displaced.” When you think of Santa Claus or old Saint Nick what images come to your mind. For most it is a jolly old man with a big, dominant, and a distended, round pot belly. Now with that image in your imagination put that same physical characteristic (round pot belly) on a small, young child, this is known as a disease called Kwashiorkor Disease....   [tags: Extreme Famine, Limited Food Supply]
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Description of Genetically Modified Organisms - What are GMO’s. They are genetically modified organisms. They were created in a laboratory back in 1972, when scientist spliced a strand of virus DNA and a strand of bacterium DNA, recombining them together creating what was termed a “recombinant” molecule. This process was then used to produce genetically modified foods also known as genetically engineered foods or GMO’s. These foods began to be distributed for consumption by the general public in the 1990’s (Wang). Since their first appearance in the mid 1990’s, the United States of America has not only used them for humans, but also for animal consumption....   [tags: world hunger, gmo's, modified food]
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Implications of Protein Deficiency - Implications of Protein Deficiency When a person has deficiency of protein in their diet, they can become victims of protein energy malnutrition. The malnutrition of protein has many health effects. There are two types of protein energy malnutrition, the first type is acute protein energy malnutrition, children who are recently deprived of food, the effect of it is characterised in children by thinness for their height. The second type is chronic protein energy malnutrition, this occurs in children due to long term deprivation of food and as a result the child’s height is affected....   [tags: Free Essays] 429 words
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