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Your search returned over 400 essays for "malaria"
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Trend of Malaria in Odisha - ... The north-east, central and eastern states of India are the high malaria transmission zones accounting for nearly 80% of total malaria incidence and deaths reported in the country[11]. Odisha, the tribal dominated state on the east coast of India, is considered as the most hard core malaria endemic zone in the country. This state is divided into 30 districts, out of which 27 districts are regarded as malaria endemic[12]. Out of these, 10 southern districts constituting more than 50% of state’s tribal population bear the maximum malaria burden with 64% of malaria deaths in the state[6]....   [tags: epidemiology of malaria in india]
:: 15 Works Cited
549 words
(1.6 pages)
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DDT & Malaria: Observation and Background - Malaria is a a terrible and sometimes lethal disease caused by a parasite which feed on human and bite them (1). And mosquito is one of the parasite, especially for female mosquitoes which are affected, they transmit the organisms from their saliva into the circulatory system of a person. If people get malaria, they will become very sick, they may get high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like lillness (1). Malaria is a serious problem in developing countries whith warm and moisture climates, that’s why in this places, it is a major cause of death....   [tags: malaria, ddt, insects, mosquitos]
:: 10 Works Cited
1256 words
(3.6 pages)
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Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria - Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria Abstract: Malaria has haunted man for centuries. Humanities experiments in drugs allowed for the discovery of chloroquine, perhaps the most successful cure against the parasitic infection. However, a new strain of malaria, plasmodium falciparum, has proven to be resistant against chloroquine and other cures we have for this virulent disease. Should man then cast aside this antique drug. Not before trying to optimize it to once again combat malaria....   [tags: Biology Medical Malaria Disease] 1415 words
(4 pages)
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Malaria- Falciparum Malaria - The most common strain of malaria, falciparum malaria, must be treated in the hospital since it is considered a medical emergency. The mode of treatment including the type of drugs administered depends on the severity of the disease and the place in which the malaria was contracted. The basic treatment for all strains of malaria (except falciparum) is normally chloroquine, which is administered for 3 days by mouth. Since most falciparum strains are resistant to chloroquine, a combination of tetracycline and quinine is normally used to treat them....   [tags: Medical Emergency, Hospital, Health, Treatment]
:: 3 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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Analysis of Malaria - Malaria is one of the most prevalent and serious illnesses that affects a majority of the world’s population. The disease spreads through a specific type of mosquito, belonging to the genus anopheles, which has the ability to transmit the malaria parasite into human body while feeding on the human blood. Malaria is caused by the single celled, protozoan parasite called plasmodium. Plasmodium has a complex life cycle and is able to get into the human cells at a very fast rate. It is able to evade immune responses as it produces multiple surface proteins that keep varying in type and signals....   [tags: Vaccines, Affected Areas, WHO]
:: 15 Works Cited
754 words
(2.2 pages)
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Malaria in Zambia - Handing the underweight two-year old back to her mother, the clinic nurse turned to the battered register and wrote: malaria. When they arrived at Lusuntha clinic on the eastern border of Zambia earlier that morning, the mother explained that the child had spent three days suffering from diarrhea. Lethargic and miserable, she looked like she was on the verge of tears but her body, so extremely dehydrated, probably didn’t have any left. The nurse turned to me and asked me to hand her a regimen of Coartem – the World Health Organization’s “Essential Medicine” used to treat malaria....   [tags: Test, Treatment, Nursing] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Life Threatening Disease of Malaria - Malaria is a preventable and treatable, yet life-threatening disease. It is an infection of the blood that is spread to humans by pregnant Anopheles mosquitos (“What is Malaria?” 2014). According to Medical News Today, “The word malaria comes from 18th century Italian mala meaning ‘bad’ and aria meaning ‘air.’ Most likely, the term was first used by Dr. Francisco Torti, Italy, when people thought the disease was caused by foul air in marshy areas” (“What is Malaria?” 2014). Symptoms include chills, fatigue, headache, high temperature, nausea, sweats, tiredness and vomiting....   [tags: Preventable, Treatable, Blood]
:: 5 Works Cited
927 words
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The Causes of Malaria and Treatment Options - Did you know that every 30 seconds a child who is infected with Malaria dies. (Malaria, World Health Organization) Over 20% of the world population is at risk at getting Malaria each day. If you want a better idea on what 20% of the world population is, it’s over 1.3 billion people. Hundreds of millions of people are infected with Malaria right now, and it can lead to millions of deaths each year. (Malaria: Past and Present) However you cannot get this disease in certain places. Some of the countries such as Australia and North America are some of the areas you cannot get Malaria in, unless you travel to areas that have Malaria and come back infected....   [tags: medical] 1756 words
(5 pages)
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Signs and Symptoms of Malaria - Malaria Introduction to Malaria Malaria is a deadly disease, responsible for 300,000,000 malaria-infected people and over a million deaths annually. It is caused by malaria parasites that have infected mosquitoes, so the disease is transferred into a person’s blood when the mosquito bites us. Malaria-diseased people experience fevers and chills that lingers every few days. The diagnosis of malaria is identified in their blood along with the symptoms. Malaria requires different treatment for mild cases or more severe ones, like mild circumstances usually need an oral medication, but serious conditions need a hospital visit....   [tags: Disease, Deaths] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Epidemiological Trend of Malaria in Odisha - BACKGROUND Since ancient times, malaria has been posing a grave threat to the mankind in terms of morbidity, mortality and economic adversity. This infectious disease is caused by protozoan parasites from Plasmodium family and transmitted by infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It afflicts people from all age groups across tropical and sub- tropical regions in the world[1]. Presently, malaria is endemic in 104 countries[2].Though, in the past decade the fight against this preventable disease has been intensified worldwide and as a result , during 2000-2012 the global malarial mortality and incidence rates have declined by about 42% and 25% respectively; this deadly disease has still infli...   [tags: anopheles mosquitoes, protozoan disease]
:: 20 Works Cited
881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Orevention Strategies of Malaria in Indonesia - Malaria in Indonesia As a widespread unremitting communicable disease, malaria poses a global health concern with millions dying annually from the disease (World Health Organization [WHO], 2011). Among the countries within the South-East Asia, Indonesia shows significant infection trends. Compared to its neighboring countries, Indonesia’s healthcare situation is relatively poorer (Saadah & Knowles, 2000). Environmental factors, resistant strains of malaria parasites, ineffective treatment and inadequate preventative measures contribute to the persistence of this lethal epidemic....   [tags: disease, healthcare, factors, efforts] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Half the World Is at Risk for Malaria - Data obtained by the World Health Organization show that approximately half of the world's population is at risk of malaria. Most cases and fatalities due to malaria ensue in Africa on the southern side of the Sahara. But parts of Latin America and Asia are also affected As well as parts of Europe and the Middle East. In 2013, a total of 98 countries and other small states had a presence of continuous malaria infections. Specific population risk groups include: Non-Immune Pregnant women, Young Children, Semi-immune pregnant women, People with HIV/AIDS....   [tags: transmission, treatment, prevent] 1487 words
(4.2 pages)
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Taking a Look at Malaria - ... Malaria parasites were first founded in mosquitoes who were reserved in amber and was approximately 30 million years old. It was known that parasites originated from Africa and from those who caught the parasites from chimpanzees and gorillas. One of the earliest protections from malaria were the Egyptians using large amounts of garlic and using bed nets to prevent mosquitoes from biting them. The earliest case of malaria found in the United States was in 1951 but scientist thought they have cured malaria....   [tags: anopheles mosquito, blood disease] 654 words
(1.9 pages)
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How People Are Infected with Malaria - According to the Welcome-trust, an organization that is involved in the study and research of Malaria, there are over 120 known species of the genus Plasmodium parasite, but only four of these 120 species infect humans to cause malaria. Humans can be infected by four species of Plasmodium parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium ovale. The main difference between the different species is that the Plasmodium falciparum, can cause severe and life-threatening malaria, while the others cannot “Malaria lifecycle - mosquito stages | Wellcome Trust") In most cases of malaria the patient feels well and the infection is only detected by a b...   [tags: patients, blood, ] 1992 words
(5.7 pages)
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Taking a Look at Malaria - ... This is primarily the result of positive effects on vector breeding, development rates, parasite sporogony and vector survival. Thus, the distribution of malaria is concentrated in tropical countries with prevalence generally increasing towards the equator. The sensitivity of malaria to temperature change has been noted in some highland regions in Africa, where El Niño-associated warming and increases in rainfall have triggered epidemics. Most of the areas with a high density of malaria are also less developed countries....   [tags: life-threatening diseases, Anopheles mosquito] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Taking a Look at Malaria - Malaria is an extremely deadly parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a mosquito called plasmodium. This pathogen was discovered a long time ago and since then, a profound study has been made. From the studies made, scientists discovered that plasmodium vivax, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium ovale and falciparum are the four types responsible of human malaria. However, plasmodium vivax and falciparum are the most common (CDC). Malaria has been an issue in many African countries, such as Angola, while in United States it was completely eradicated....   [tags: deadly parasitic diseases] 601 words
(1.7 pages)
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Malaria is a Deadly Disease - Malaria is a Deadly Disease Malaria is a disease and deadly infection that is most common in hot and tropical areas of the world. It can also happen in temperate climates, specially in the stagnant water in the canals where the mosquitoes can stay. Malaria is an ancient organisms and has infected humans since the beginning of human race (Davis). The term name “mal aria” as in meaning “bad air” in Italian and was first used in 1740 in English by Walpole (Davis). This was combined to “malaria” in 1880 and the parasite was first identified in human blood (Davis)....   [tags: Infection, Temperate Climates, Disease]
:: 3 Works Cited
1407 words
(4 pages)
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Life Cycle of the Malaria Parasite - What is the disease: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease to humans and other animals which is caused by parasitic protozoans. You develop it by a female infected mosquito with parasites transmitting its bite through the skin. This can cause severe redness on the area and continuous itching which can cause the bite to inflame. Malaria is quite rare in countries such as the United States, but it is most commonly found in countries such as Southern Asia and Africa. It is said that there is 20 species around the world but there are 4 most common species that cause the disease in humans a few are known as: Plasmodium falciparum, this is the most deadly out of all 4 to humans this lies...   [tags: mosquito, parasitic protozoans]
:: 4 Works Cited
951 words
(2.7 pages)
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Deforestation, A Possible Cause of Malaria - A common fact that reminds people everyday of how important the rain-forests are to the world is that they provide about three-fourths of the world’s oxygen. So what if this source of life to the planet is removed or even destroyed by Earth’s inhabitants. The obvious answer is that species won’t be able to survive without an oxygen source, but the less obvious is what is happening now with deforestation of the forests, and specifically rain-forests. In these rain-forest regions, such as Vietnam, the Amazon, and Sub-Saharan Africa, the effects of deforestation can be seen dramatically....   [tags: Deforestation Essays]
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1038 words
(3 pages)
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Malaria Disease and Hepatitis C - Malaria is a common disease in a hot tropical area and it affects about 300 million people worldwide. There are four types of parasites that cause malaria in humans. Among the types of species Plasmodium falciparum is most common in Africa region and it can cause deadly form of disease. The Plasmodium vivax which is the second type of species is not life-threatening form of malaria. Plasmodium ovale also causes malaria. The system malaria affect most is the immune system. Malaria undergoes a complex life cycle, which involves two separate asexual reproductive stages in the vertebrate host which include humans and sexual reproduction as well as multiplication in the insect vector of all human...   [tags: parasites, human, host]
:: 1 Works Cited
534 words
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The Mosquito-Born Disease of Malaria - ... A hypothesis must be formulated to predict the solution to an uncertainty, which guides what will be researched. The hypothesis is followed by experiments and analyzing data, giving rise to the conclusion (“ScienceBob.com”, 2014). Purpose Questions about a topic direct researchers to the purpose of the study. Can mosquitoes be engineered to prevent migration of the human parasite Plasmodium falciparum within the insect vector. Would engineering mosquitoes to inhibit the migration of the malarial parasite in chimpanzees work the same way for the human malarial parasite....   [tags: plasmodium, life threatening, chimpanzees] 1642 words
(4.7 pages)
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New Treatments for Malaria - ... The largest amount of malaria infections are a result of Plasmodium vivax; however, Plasmodium falciparum generates the 90% of deaths due to malaria. Certain types of mosquitos transfer these infections to humans, with female mosquitos from the genus Anopheles being the main transmitter. When they drink the blood of a human with the malaria infection, female mosquitos then become infected with the malaria parasite. The parasite then goes through certain stages of life while it is inside the mosquito, causing the newly developed parasite to be transferred through the female mosquito’s salvia when she feeds on a new host....   [tags: global health crisis] 863 words
(2.5 pages)
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Ancient Mystery of Malaria - ... Hosting Malaria Often between species non-mutual symbiotic relationships can occur where one species, a parasite, survives at the cost of other species, the hosts. A classic example of parasitism is the interaction between the parasitic species of the genus Plasmodium, which exploit both vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Parasitic species of Plasmodium are microscopic unicellular organisms called protozoans. These protozoans are the causative agents of malaria. Plasmodium parasites survive by completing their life cycle using two very different hosts: mosquito (invertebrate) primary host, which the parasite uses to accomplish sexual reproduction, as well as a vertebrate secondary host...   [tags: symptoms, death, parasites] 1752 words
(5 pages)
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The Fight Against Malaria - The Fight Against Malaria The scorching temperature of the hot sun beats down on the sandy ground. Flies and mosquitoes roam the air, and the sound of suffering children fill the atmosphere. This is sub-saharan Africa, and the noise of the children in agony is due to a deadly parasitic disease known as malaria. Every year, nearly one million deaths occur because of it (World of Health). Fortunately, this sickness was eradicated in the U.S. through various techniques. They used DDT utilization to areas that were known to have malaria present there in latter years....   [tags: mosquitores, children, sub-saharan africa]
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1306 words
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Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa - Malaria is blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium. This disease occurs widely in poor, subtropical and tropical regions of the world. One subtropical region that has been greatly affected by this disease is Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Olowookere, Adeleke, Kuteyi, and Mbakwe (2013) malaria is one of the leading causes of death and illness in sub-Saharan Africa. It is important to be aware of the impacts this disease carries and how it has greatly affected millions of people. This paper will explain the impacts of Malaria and discuss, compare, and contrast the malaria research conducted by various researchers and reflect on the issue....   [tags: blood disease, plasmodium, mortality, impact]
:: 4 Works Cited
861 words
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Global Effort against Malaria - ... Sceptics of the GMAP argue that the most endemic countries are generally the One’s most susceptible to political unrest and civil conflict.3 The interplay of such non-scientific obstacles and the poor health infrastructures often encountered in the realms of sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Latin America and to lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe, only augment the enormity of the task at hand.2 The RBM Partnership and WHO maintain, however, that the goal of eradication is theoretically possible given that Plasmodium parasites require human hosts to reproduce.1, 6 This suggests, therefore, that if malaria is eradicated in humans there exist no other animal reservoirs from...   [tags: artemisinin-based combination therapies] 2001 words
(5.7 pages)
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Parasite Resistance to Malaria - Increasing concerns about the effectiveness of artemisinin against malaria has been raised. Plasmodium falciparum malaria increased resistance to most antimalirial drugs is becoming a global challenge in regard to the fight against malaria. Parasite resistance refers to the ability of a disease causing parasite to thrive, survive and reproduce regardless constant application of drugs aimed to suppress it action in the human body. Most antimalarial drugs has become ineffective causing wide human suffrage and increased social costs worldwide....   [tags: Drugs, Disease, Artemisinin] 518 words
(1.5 pages)
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DDT and Malaria Control - Introduction Nearly half a billion people are infected with malaria each year and more than a million people die from this disease. Malaria is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito infected with malaria parasites. When the parasites enter the human body, it slowly destroys the body’s red blood cells, eventually killing the patient if left without undergoing immediate treatment (Stanmeyer 2007). One of the means employed to counter the spread of malaria is through the use of DDT as an insecticide to kill the mosquitoes before they are able to infect more people....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
:: 10 Works Cited
1175 words
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Malaria in Ghana, Africa - ... The second ranked disease was Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), which accounted for 7.6% of total disability-adjusted life year (DALY’s). The third ranked leading cause of burden of diseases is diarrhoeal diseases which accounted for 6.0% of total DALY’s. Furthermore, 3.2% of tuberculosis and 2.2% of other unintentional injuries accounted for the least cause of diseases in this population. From data gathered by the WHO between year 1990 and 2008, the percentage of Ghanaian population living in urban areas have increased from 36% to 50%....   [tags: non-communicable diseases, hiv, health]
:: 1 Works Cited
537 words
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The Impacts of Malaria - The Impacts of Malaria Approximately 300 million people are affected worldwide by malaria and between 1 and 1.5 million people die from it every year. Malaria is now mainly confined to Africa, Asia and Latin America having previously been widespread across the world. The problems of controlling malaria in these countries are heightened due to insufficient health structures and poor socioeconomic conditions. The situation has become more complicated over the last few years with the increase in resistance to the drugs normally used to combat the parasite that causes the disease....   [tags: Papers] 1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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Preventing Malaria - Preventing Malaria Updated by Søren Thybo, Consultant and specialist in infectious diseases: What is malaria. Malaria is a serious tropical disease that in the extreme can be fatal. It is widespread across the globe in tropical and subtropical areas. Globally, malaria is a huge health problem with 300 million new cases per year. In Denmark, turning around, 100 people returned from abroad every year with the disease. Deaths among Danes have fortunately been rare some years, but in 2008, was a Danish woman infected in the Gambia and died in Denmark untreated....   [tags: Disease ] 1830 words
(5.2 pages)
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Malaria Vaccine Development - Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans; Wikipedia defines malaria as a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by a eukaryotic protist of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. However malaria to me is a nightmare, it is scary as hell, very frustrating and intimidating disease that puts you down. In my village malaria is a disease that is common during rainy season due to presence of stagnant water which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes....   [tags: Symptoms, History, Illness]
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1167 words
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Studies Pertaining to the Clinical Aspects of Malaria - STUDIES PERTAINING TO THE CLINICAL ASPECTS OF MALARIA Malaria is a complex condition exhibiting different manifestations in different parts of the world depending on a few variables (Bin Mohanna et al. 2007). It was found that anemia and splenomegaly are significantly associated with malaria among asymptomatic schoolchildren in Hajr valley, Hadramout (Bin Mohanna et al. 2007). Agina and Abd-Allah (1999) conducted a case control study for the association of nitric oxide levels to the severity and outcomes of cerebral malaria in Yemeni in-patients....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 984 words
(2.8 pages)
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Malaria Eradication Program - Malaria is one of the most dangerous diseases rooming this planet. The disease—carried by mosquitoes infected by a parasite—affects half the world's population (3.3 billion people) who live in sectors at risk of the transmission. In Africa, Malaria comes in 2nd as one of the leading causes of death, right after HIV and AIDS. In the United States, there are on average 1500 cases reported each year since The National Malaria Eradication program successfully eradicated malaria in the country, in the 1950's....   [tags: Disease ] 2435 words
(7 pages)
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Malaria: Anopeles Mosquitoes - Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by the female anopheles mosquitoes. It is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths each year among adults and children in regions of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and South America. The life cycle of malaria occurs in the human body and mosquito organisms. Malaria can be classified into different variations. They are different on severity and the kinds of symptoms each type of malaria presents. The diagnostic tests used to diagnose malaria have their own advantages and disadvantages....   [tags: plasmodium, parasaites]
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1210 words
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It is Still Killing: The Contunued Prevalence of Malaria - “It is still killing,” These are the words of Dr. Margaret Chan, the head of the World Health Organization; The wing of the United Nations tasked with directing and coordinating on international health work. - Dr. Chan made this comment during a recent televised trip to the east African country of Ethiopia where there has been an increase in the Malaria infection rate. It is estimated that 300 million people are affected by malaria, and also less than one percent of the 300 million affected people die, there are still an estimated 1.5 million deaths recorded per year....   [tags: infection, parasites, mosquito] 719 words
(2.1 pages)
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Roll Back Malaria - Malaria is an important public health disease endemic in over a hundred countries globally. About 90% of malaria deaths occur in Africa with a child dying every forty five seconds. Malaria accounts for 16% of child deaths in the Africa (Remme, Binka & Nabarro 2001) and 7% of deaths in children worldwide (WHO 2010). It is a disease of poverty, causing significant constraint to the economic growth of susceptible nations (WHO 2010; Sachs, Malaney 2002). Globally, numerous malaria control programmes have been initiated to eliminate and eradicate the disease....   [tags: Disease]
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2454 words
(7 pages)
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Infectious Disease: Malaria - ... Signs and Symptoms There are a number of symptoms associated with quick detection of malaria they are, being irritable, troubled sleep, poor appetite and drowsiness. Soon after people infected usually get the chills followed by a fever with fast breathing. Over the next 1-2 days the fever will rise suddenly to 40° C. After recovery from the fever, there is intense sweating. This pattern may repeat at intervals of 2-3 days depending on the species of the Plasmodium parasite causing the infection....   [tags: symptoms, detection] 585 words
(1.7 pages)
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Malaria is an Infection Caused by a the Bite of a Mosquito - ... When an antigen is introduced into the body, it triggers the production of antibodies and white blood cells by the immune system, to destroy the foreign invaders. The adaptive system consists of four types of cells: three classes of lymphocytes, called B lymphocytes (B cells), T lymphocytes (T cells), and natural killer cells, and a class of non-antibody producing cells, called antigen presentation cells (APC). There are two main processes of the adaptive system; the antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity and the cell- meditated immunity....   [tags: death, economic burden, plasmodium parasite ] 1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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Malaria and DDT - Malaria and DDT Malaria has been a huge problem among many developing nations over the past century. The amount of people in the entire world that die from malaria each year is between 700,000 and 2.7 million. 75% of these deaths are African children (Med. Letter on CDC & FDA, 2001). 90% of the malaria cases in the world are located in Sub-Saharan Africa. Once again, the majority of these deaths are of children (Randerson, 2002). The numbers speak for themselves. Malaria is a huge problem and needs to be dealt with immediately....   [tags: Health Biology Essays] 924 words
(2.6 pages)
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Linking Deforestation to Disease - Around the world exorbitant amounts of land are cleared for the purpose of human development. Land that was once forested and sloping is now flat and cleared for more humans to settle. This process of clearing forests and trees is known as deforestation. Deforestation occurs all over the globe as the increasing human population needs to expand the amount of land they use for living or farming. Our planet was once covered with trees and forests but now nearly half have disappeared with an estimated 16 million hectares that will continue to disappear each year....   [tags: Deforestation and Malaria ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1298 words
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Malaria, Caused by Mosquitos, Can Cause Death - There are millions of diseases around the world today, all in wide varieties of viruses, protozoa, and parasites. Some diseases are treatable, preventable, and manageable while other diseases are much more complicated than that. Malaria for instance is a serious disease and if left untreated, it could cause further complications resulting in death. Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite, Mosquitos. The female Anopheles mosquito becomes infected by ingesting blood that is infected with the sexual forms of the parasite plasmodium and then bites a human that then transmits it to another....   [tags: parasite, blood, plasmodium] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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Malaria: A Leading Cause of Death and Disease Worldwide - ... There are fossils that show the malaria mosquito has existed for approximately 30 million years. The first recorded treatment dates back to 1600. In 1820, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran discovered that quinine, purified from tree bark, a common treatment for fever, could be used to treat what was later identified as malaria. In 1880, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran identified malaria and its cause. When his opinion that blood parasites caused malaria was first confirmed, it was received with scepticism, but was gradually accepted by all scientists....   [tags: history, vaccine, africa] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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How Malaria Is Passed from Person to Person - Because the malaria parasite exists in human red blood cells which form part of blood, it is possible for malaria to be passed on from one person to the next via organ transplant, shared use of sharp objects that come in contact with blood such as knives, needles and syringes; it can also be passed on through blood transfusion. An infected mother can also card malaria on to her unborn baby during the process of birth (delivery).Malaria passed on in this matter is called congenital malaria. Because malaria can only be passed on through blood, a person cannot “latch" malaria from others just by being near an infected person....   [tags: parasite, blood, endemic] 1250 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Ongoing Battle with Making the World Malaria Free - ... “Malaria incidence decreased sharply following the use of IRS in large-scale programs in many parts of Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe (Jamison).” “In southern Africa, more than 13 million people in six countries are protected from malaria (Jamison).” Coupled with ITNs and IRS, home repellents serve as another effective way to minimize your exposure to malaria. Being used as aerosols, lotions, or creams; repellents are placed directly on the skin or clothing and consist of active ingredients that shield people from being bit by a mosquito (Jamison)....   [tags: mosquito trnasmitted disesases]
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1105 words
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Malaria : Treatment and Prevention - Malaria: Treatment and Prevention Malaria treatment is different for different patients. For severe cases, patients get blood transfusions. Others get various drugs to help get rid of the parasite. Many of these drugs are also used for prevention. Mosquito eradication and nets are also ways of preventing malaria. Unfortunately, there are many difficulties with creating malaria vaccines, so they are currently still under development. Every 30 seconds, at least one person dies of malaria. About 350-500 million people are infected with malaria each year, and about 1.3-3 million of these result in death....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]
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977 words
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Malaria and The Problem of Global Justice by Thomas Nagel - Topic C – Malaria In “The Problem of Global Justice”, author Thomas Nagel establishes that there are various moral responsibilities nations within the international community have toward one another. He does this by claiming “the duties governing relations among peoples include not only nonaggression and fidelity to treaties, but also some developmental assistance to ‘peoples living under unfavorable conditions that prevent their having a just or decent political and social regime,’” (Nagel 124)....   [tags: public health, CDC, epidemiology]
:: 6 Works Cited
2701 words
(7.7 pages)
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Malaria - Malaria is regarded as one of the world's deadliest tropical parasitic diseases. It claims more lives than any other communicable disease except tuberculosis. In Africa and other developing countries, it also accounts for millions of dollars in medical costs. Malaria, however, is a curable disease if promptly diagnosed and adequately treated. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the parasite plasmodium. In recent years, most cases in the U.S. have been in people who have acquired the disease after travelling to tropical and sub-tropical areas....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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Malaria in Swaziland: Key Factors and Colonial Response - Malaria has been a major health problem in Swaziland for as long as both historical records and the Swazi themselves have recorded. Colonial records illustrate the problem of malaria from a British perspective, which provides interesting insight into the study and response to the disease. Alan William Pim wrote one such document, titled “Financial and economic situation of Swaziland. Report of the commission appointed by the secretary of state for dominion affairs, January, 1932”. As the title suggests, it details the economic atmosphere of Swaziland, which in turn reveals the relationship between political atmosphere, environment, and health in Swaziland....   [tags: health issues in African countries] 1479 words
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Malaria - The Disease…………… That lead everyone in for a great awaking. Malaria in humans is caused by a protozoon of the genus Plasmodium and the four subspecies, falciparum, vivax, malariae, and ovale. The species that causes the greatest illness and death in Africa is P. falciparum. The disease is transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, of which the Anopheles gambiae complex (the most efficient) is responsible for the transmission of disease in Africa. Fever is the main symptom of malaria....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Malaria - Malaria (also called biduoterian fever, blackwater fever, falciparum malaria, plasmodium, Quartan malaria, and tertian malaria) is one of the most infectious and most common diseases in the world. This serious, sometimes-fatal disease is caused by a parasite that is carried by a certain species of mosquito called the Anopheles. It claims more lives every year than any other transmissible disease except tuberculosis. Every year, five hundred million adults and children (around nine percent of the world’s population) contract the disease and of these, one hundred million people die....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Malaria - Malaria There are a great number of diseases that are endemic in many of the poorer, developing nations due to the lack of sanitation and disease prevention programs in these areas. The steady increase of malaria epidemics in many of the African countries is a point of great concern, because this continent is home to 90% of the world’s total cases of this particular disease. Malaria gets its name from “mal aria,” meaning bad air, because patients used to blame the sudden illness on the poor air quality of the nearby swamps....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Current Status Of Malaria Vaccinology - Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology In order to assess the current status of malaria vaccinology one must first take an overview of the whole of the whole disease. One must understand the disease and its enormity on a global basis. Malaria is a protozoan disease of which over 150 million cases are reported per annum. In tropical Africa alone more than 1 million children under the age of fourteen die each year from Malaria. From these figures it is easy to see that eradication of this disease is of the utmost importance....   [tags: essays research papers] 2213 words
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Malaria - Malaria Malaria parasites have been with us since the beginning of time, and fossils of mosquitoes up to thirty million years old show that malaria’s vector has existed for just as long. The parasites causing malaria are highly specific, with man as the only host and mosquitoes as the only vector. Every year, 300,000,000 people are affected by malaria, and while less than one percent of these people die, there are still an estimated 1,500,000 deaths per year. While Malaria was one of the first infectious diseases to be treated successfully with a drug, scientist are still looking for a cure or at least a vaccination today (Cann, 1996)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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malaria - It is one of the ten deadliest diseases of all time. It effects men, women, children, and animals. It is in full force in Africa, India, Asia, China, South America, and the Caribbean. This disease is malaria. Nearly 40 percent of the world’s population lives in areas that are effected by the disease. Malaria is a serious, infectious disease spread by certain mosquitoes. It is caused by infection with the Plasmodium genus of the protozoan parasite. More than one hundred species of this parasite exist....   [tags: essays research papers] 688 words
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Malaria - Abstract: Malaria, which has killed more people than those killed by all the war and all the plagues combined, is caused by a small protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium that resides within cells in the bloodstream to mature and avoid detection. There are four main species of Plasmodium that cause malaria. These species of the parasite infect humans and female anopheline mosquitoes at different stages in their life cycle. When an infected female anopheline mosquito feeds upon the blood of the vertebrate, the parasite is transferred through the saliva, into the body of the vertebrate host....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease] 780 words
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Malaria and Global Responsibility - Malaria and Global Responsibility The United Nations has declared 2000-2010 the "decade to roll back malaria." The social, economic and human effects of this disease are dramatic: 40% of the world's population is currently at risk for malaria, and it kills an African child every 30 seconds(7). The presence of malaria, as that of most other endemic tropical diseases, is directly related to the precarious living conditions of people in developing countries, but is also a cause that hinders growth and development, "In Africa today, malaria is understood to be both a disease of poverty and a cause of poverty." (6)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Issue of Infectious Disease and How They Are Spread with Cholera and Malaria - The TED talk addressed the issue of infectious disease and the ways in which disease is spread using the examples of cholera and malaria. The speaker Paul Ewald discussed the ways in which humans may have the ability to reduce their exposure and spread of infectious disease through applying the theory of evolution by natural selection. This spread of disease poses a threat to humans as the bacteria that cause the disease evolves with humans and become resistant to the medical interventions. The speaker addressed some key issues and posed some important solutions towards the betterment of human lives....   [tags: disease, spreading, health science] 992 words
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Malaria is Passed to Humans through a Parasitic Mosquito - ... It can’t require much training to use as most people will not have this training resulting in it being implemented wrongly. The control method must be effective. If it fails to reduce the vector it does not serve its function. And the control method must be safe to the environment and the user. For this reason DDT is not a good vector control method. Source Reduction As mosquitos in the genus Anopheles lay eggs into still water which hatch and mature at adults within a few days before the water sources dry up....   [tags: organism, larvae, blood] 1447 words
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Presentation on Anti-Malaria Mosquitoes - The Malaria Protozoan parasite, of the genus Plasmodium. There are two main types of Plasmodiumthat infect humans Plasmodium Falciparum Plasmodium Vivax Transmitted by female mosquitoes Develops in mosquito gut Migrates to salivary glands Transfers to other organisms through the saliva of the mosquito. The Mosquito A mosquito is an organism of the family Culicidae. The females require a blood meal to develop eggs. The mosquito vector for malaria is the mosquito genus Anopheles. Transfers Plasmodiumthrough saliva while feeding on blood....   [tags: Powerpoint Presentation] 1024 words
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Understanding Malaria - Understanding Malaria For several years, I have had an interest in virology and the spread and characteristics of various infectious diseases. Though it makes sense not to possibly induce a state of panic by informing individuals of illnesses that are not native to the area they live in and that they are not likely to contract, I have always liked to remain informed out of my own curiosity and interest. Thus, I have decided to write about malaria. Malaria kills more people than any communicable disease except for tuberculosis....   [tags: Research Papers Term Papers]
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Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease - The Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease Abstract For ages malaria has affected mankind in almost all parts of the world. It has left a deep imprint on people who have been affected with the disease, and even today in countries where epidemics are common, malaria is a constant threat to people's daily lives. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium (phylum Apicomplexa), and there are four species in the genus that cause the disease in humans. Their primary hosts and transmission vectors are female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles; humans act as intermediate hosts....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]
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Plasmodium falciparum: The Causative Agent of Malaria - Plasmodium falciparum: The Causative Agent of Malaria Introduction The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for causing 500 million cases of malaria per year as well as 100-200 million deaths per year worldwide (Kuby, p438). The majority of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa, especially among malnourished children. Malaria is endemic in 92 countries, where 40% of the world’s population is at risk of the disease (WHO). Documentation of malaria occurs as far back as 4000BC, with mentions of the disease on clay tablets....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Malaria Life Cycle - Page 1 of 6 Life Cycle of Malaria Page 2 of 6 Malaria is an ancient disease transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito that predates recorded history. Historically it was common in the swampy areas around Rome, and was believed that the tainted air in those locations made people very sick, the disease was therefore named malaria for the Latin root words bad air. Malaria is caused by small parasitic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium which infects both humans and mosquitoes in a cyclical process....   [tags: essays research papers] 1484 words
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Taking a Look at Plasmodium Falciparium - ... As a vector, it transmits plasmodia through its saliva into its host while feeding on blood (7). Plasmodia enter circulating red blood cells and feed on the hemoglobin and other proteins in the cell (7). The gametocytes that are ingested during feeding go through the process of fertilization, forming an ookinete, then an oocyst, which results in a number of sporozoites that end up infecting the salivary glands (4). These sporozoites are injected into a new host when the mosquito feeds again and because the mosquito is infected for life, it keeps on transmitting infections (4)....   [tags: protozan parasites, malaria] 1173 words
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Use of Insecticides Among African Woman - Strategies of improving the use of insecticide treated nets amongst antenatal women in North central, Nigeria. Background The preventable and curable, but life threatening parasitic disease known as malaria have been a graven menace transnationally, with more prevalence in tropical climatic regions, such that in 2013, the World Health Organization ( WHO) reported that, about 207 million people were infected annually with the plasmodium species, with over one million deaths cases annually occurring as a result of this disease (Afolabi et al., 2009), and about 627, 000 deaths cases occurring highly among African children (World Health Organization, 2013a), such that for every 30 seconds a chil...   [tags: malaria, maternal mortality, pregnant] 1852 words
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DDT Isn't Cool With Me - ... An alternative solution should be considered despite the potential higher economic cost, as the costs to public health are tremendous. In addition to the possible detriments for human health, DDT wreaks havoc when it is introduced into the environment. Due to the fact that it is readily soluble in fats but not so much in water it persists in the environment for obscene amounts of time. The World Health Organization states that this can be up to 12 years before this substance and its byproducts finally leave the environment (WHO p.4)....   [tags: insecticides for Malaria control]
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Malaria: What Travelers Need to Know in order to Prevent this Life Threatening Disease - The four types of the protozoa species, which is Plasmodium falciparum, Plamodium vivax, Plasmodium Ovale, causes malaria and Plasmodium malariae.Transmission occurs via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito which is bite mainly between dusk and dawn. Types of Malaria is different between regions.For example falciparum is more common in Africa,Haiti,the Dominican Republic and Papua New Guinea.Vivax strain is usually found in India,Pakistan ,Bangladesh and Mexico and Central America.Both vivax and falcifarum are present in South America and South East Asia.Ovale and malariae are uncommon....   [tags: medical] 1972 words
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Effects of DDT on Human Health and the Environment - ... When sprayed on walls and ceilings, DDT creates a barrier to what is inside the wall and the mosquitoes. In addition, because of its persistent characteristic its stays on the walls and ceiling for a long period of time which means less contact with the mosquitoes and no malaria infections. Nets, drugs and chemicals have proven to be less efficient alternatives to DDT concerning the cost of its production as well as their ability kill organisms, which are responsible for dengue, malaria etc(WHO,2006)....   [tags: Malaria, polluting insecticides] 1074 words
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Annotated Bibliography on Mosquite-Borne Diseases - ... C., . . . Petersen, L. R. (2003). Transmission of west nile virus from an organ donor to four transplant recipients. The New England Journal of Medicine, 348 (22), 2196-2203. Medical professionals conducted an investigation to prove that four recipients obtained the West Nile virus through organ transplants from the same donor who also received various blood donations from donors with viremia. The donor`s organs was diligently examined and no visible problems were found until the recipients developed flu-like symptoms in which was tested to be a case of West Nile virus....   [tags: infections, malaria, west nile] 623 words
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The Need for Vaccines and Prevention of Disease - ... People usually are infected with malaria when they travel but if they take preventive measures they won’t be exposed to it. Additionally, HIV can be prevented if people do not expose themselves to risky behaviors such as having unprotected sex. However, both diseases do not cause a person to become immune if they are exposed to it. For example, vaccines do not protect a person from HIV. Therefore, the only possible method to gain herd immunity from both infectious diseases is to use preventive measures and try to not expose themselves in situations where the disease can become acquired....   [tags: malaria, herd immunity, HIV] 601 words
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The Danger from Mosquitoes - According to Factmonster.com, mosquitoes are likely to be the most dangerous insects in the world. It has been reported that due to mosquitoes, there are over 300 million malaria cases worldwide annually. 1 million Africans alone die from malaria every year, most being children under the age of 5. Horrible diseases such as yellow fever can also be caught by humans and animals because of mosquitoes. Mosquito bites are hardly ever painful and because of this, people usually don’t fully understand how dangerous they are....   [tags: malaria, africa, deet] 581 words
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The Impact of Chemical DDT on Human Health. - ... A prospective study of organochlorines in adipose tissue and risk of non Hodgkin lymphoma. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Jan; 120(1): 105-11. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22328999 3. Cohen, J., Smith, D., Cotter, C., Ward, A., Yamey, G., Sabot, O., et al. Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes. Malaria Journal. 2012; 11(122), 1-17. Retrieved From http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1475-2875-11-122.pdf 4. Cohn, B. A., Wolff, M. S., Cirillo, P....   [tags: insecticides, malaria prevention, health issues]
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AgDscam is a Receptor found in Vectors Correlates to Malaria - Introduction The most dangerous creature in the world is the mosquito. Every year, mosquito-borne diseases, such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, viral encephalitis, and West Nile virus, cripple and kill millions of people. In fact, malaria, a parasitic mosquito-borne disease, infects more than 400 million people and kills more than two million people each year. It is one of the principal causes of mortality in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The most fatal version of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is transmitted by the mosquito Anopheles gambiae....   [tags: Biology Mosquito] 1757 words
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Nazi Human Experimentation - ... Therefore, he ordered Dr. Rascherat to cultivate a blood coagulant that could be given to German troops before going war (Baruch).Performing his order from Himmler in Dachau, Rascherat began testing his patented coagulant most likely containing Polygala, on the freshly amputated remains of breathing and conscious prisoners from the crematorium. He did this by observing the rate at which blood drops excreted from the cut. Thus, testing to see how the blood would clot (Baruch). For fourteen months inside the women’s camp Ravensbruck, sulfanilamide experiments were conducted....   [tags: malaria, victims, holocaust] 951 words
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Insufficient Health Care in Developing Nations - A very global issue is the insufficient health care available to pregnant women and their newborn babies in developing countries. “Greater than 500,000 women die each year as a result of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.” (Schwartz, 2013) The majority of these deaths (85%) are occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This global issue is greatly affected by the lack of health professionals, not enough resources and preventable diseases that aren’t being controlled. It is extremely important for the public to take action because it is countries similar to Canada that have the resources to make a difference....   [tags: global issues, newborn babies, malaria]
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Parasitic Malaria Prorogation Through Mosquito Host - Introduction Malaria is transmitted through a plasma-based gamete that first infects the vector through which the disease is passed, in this case the Anopheles mosquito. The gametes begin as gametocytes that are rapidly fertilized and soon transformed into zygotes, then to ookinetes (mobile forms of the zygotes) that cross the mosquito’s midgut wall as soon as nineteen and up to thirty-six hours after ingestion. These ookinetes soon convert themselves into oocysts, which are thick-walled structures that make the transfer of the zygotes to new hosts easier, and then settle in the outer lining of the midgut....   [tags: Biology] 1523 words
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Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium - Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite and transported by the Anopheles mosquito. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. Other symptoms include arthralgia and vomiting. The most common diagnosis process for this disease is looking at the patient’s blood under a microscope. If microscopy is not available, antigen detection tests can be used. In a year, there can be as many as five hundred million new cases of malaria, and of those five hundred million, 2.7 million die....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Malaria]
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Poverty in Kenya, Africa - Poverty is one of the biggest problems that the world faces in present time. The poverty that takes place in more underdeveloped countries such as Kenya, Africa, is majorly affecting the citizens because of the diseases that are being spread throughout the entire state, the lack of medical supplies that is needed for each doctor, and unsanitary water and a very insufficient amount of food. The health and well being of the citizens of Kenya, Africa is horrific, many of the diseases that are spread are very severe which can sooner or later lead to death....   [tags: hiv, aids, malaria, water borne disease]
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Genetic Engineering Solutions to Serious Health Problems - b) On average, 4100 people are added to the waiting list of transplant organs each month in the United States of America and almost 20 people die every day from not receiving the organs that they greatly need. (Taranto, 2012) The following graph illustrates the increasing gap between organ donors and organ recipients and the increase in demand for donor organs. This Graph refers specifically to Kidneys. KEY: Deceased Donor Living Donor Number of people on waiting list . Solutions to the rapid increase in demand for donor organs include: • Xenotransplantation of animal organs • Lab-organ-cultivation using the ‘seed-and-scaffold’ method of organ creation Xenotransplantation Xenotransp...   [tags: organ transplants, malaria]
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