Search Results

Free Essays
Good Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "macroeconomics"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Impact of Macroeconomics on the Housing Industry - To better understand the real impact macroeconomics has in an economy or a particular industry, it is better to define what macroeconomics is and what it attempts to study. Contrary from microeconomics which studies the impact that individuals or companies have in a local economy, macroeconomics focuses on the behavior of the economy or industries as a whole, in a national or global perspective. (Investopedia.com, 2015) However, microeconomics and macroeconomics are interdependent and complement each other....   [tags: Macroeconomics Essay]
:: 3 Works Cited
612 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics Stability - I agree to the above statement that macroeconomic stability as well as building long-term growth have been critical in the success of these countries. What is macroeconomics stability Macroeconomics stability refers to sustainable economic growth, low and stable inflation, low and stable unemployment and a sustainable balance of payments (BOP) position. These are the four goals that are important for any country to maintain macroeconomic stability. These are measured by key macroeconomic indicators such as GDP growth rate, inflation rate, unemployment rate and balance of payments....   [tags: Leading Success, South Korea]
:: 17 Works Cited
1391 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics Coursework - It is the role of every government to safeguard its people in all matters including controlling the economy. Every economy faces different challenges including the business cycles that may emanate from the global market. In this paper we try to examine measures taken by the UK’s coalition government in trying to ensure that the economy benefits every citizen and reduces the overall burden to it. We consider the recent comprehensive review on spending. Many countries in the world have been suffering a recession in their economies and UK has not been an exception....   [tags: Economics]
:: 8 Works Cited
2033 words
(5.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics: Should Minimum Wage Be Raised? - ... To be fair it would need to be free of bias, dishonesty, or injustice. I am not confident that our elected officials would be able to come up with anything that is legitimately sought, pursued, and done that would be considered “fair”. Mr. Coy went on to share “the first minimum wage was 25¢ an hour, and was born in 1938 under similar conditions of economic hardship and class resentment. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins and President Franklin Roosevelt had fought for it for five years.” The free market conservatives argue that it’s wrong for government to interfere with work contracts....   [tags: big government, economic growth] 809 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Ferguson Enterprise: Macroeconomics Term Paper - ... According to "hamptonroads" , during the recession Wolseley PLC, has already cut 1,700 jobs in the United States, and will cut another 1,300 in the second fiscal quarter. The cuts only represent 5 percent of the work force. This correlate because of what kind of business that they are in. Since Ferguson deals with plumbing supplies, when the house market crashes they will definitely be affected. It will cause a whole domino effect in the job market. For example, you need homebuyers, construction workers; new homes need plumbing, and so on....   [tags: business analysis] 1372 words
(3.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Macroeconomics Of Slavery - Macroeconomics of Slavery Sales of Slaves Slaves were freely bought and sold across the antebellum South. Southern law offered greater protection to slave buyers than to buyers of other goods, in part because slaves were complex commodities with characteristics not easily ascertained by inspection. Slave sellers were responsible for their representations, required to disclose known defects, and often liable for unknown defects, as well as bound by explicit contractual language. Hiring Out Slaves Slaves faced the possibility of being hired out by their masters as well as being sold....   [tags: Economics Slavery History] 1693 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Education and Macroeconomics - ... Human capital by definition is the knowledge and skills that worker require through school, training, and experience. Productivity is usually higher when human capital is higher because you have the knowledge and skills to go out into the labor force and be productive because of your previous knowledge from vocational school, college education, internships etc. But without any prior education is hard for a person to exceed and if there are large groups of people in a country that do not have a sound education, that is means for the country to have a low productivity rate....   [tags: HMAN CAPITAL]
:: 1 Works Cited
539 words
(1.5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Current Macroeconomic Situation in the United States - The United States is the leading economy across the globe and experienced several tribulations in the recent past following the 2008 global recession. Despite these recent challenges, there are expectations among policymakers and financial experts that the country will experience solid economic growth. Actually, financial analysts have stated that the U.S. economy will be characterized by increased consumer spending, increased investments by businesses, reduced rate of unemployment, and reduction in government cut....   [tags: us economy, macroeconomics, recession] 883 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - Macroeconomics “How might a country go about lowering its NAIRU. What are the welfare implications of so doing?” In tackling this question, we will adopt a theoretical approach in the sense that we will focus on an economy and explain the determinants of NAIRU as well as the policy options. But it seems logical to first introduce the concept of NAIRU, or the non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment, which will be interchangeably used with the “equilibrium rate of unemployment”. According to Carlin and Soskice , the central concept of equilibrium unemployment can be defined as “the rate of unemployment at which the expected real wage that results from wage-setting decisions is equ...   [tags: Economy Economics Essays] 2096 words
(6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - Macroeconomics IS-LM Basics A) The IS curve slopes downward and to the right. B) The LM curve slopes upward and to the right. C) The slope of the LM curve depends on the interest sensitivity of money demand. An elastic money demand function caused the LM curve to be relatively flat. An inelastic money demand function caused the LM curve to be steep. D) The slope of the IS curve depends on the slope of the investment function. If investment is highly interest elastic, then the IS curve is relatively flat....   [tags: essays papers] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - You may have already studied microeconomics, which looks at supply, demand and prices for individual goods. Macroeconomics looks at the bigger picture and involves the study of the economy as a whole. National income Let us start by looking at a simple example - a 'two sector' economy made up of households (consumers) and firms (producers) -and use this to develop the idea of national income. To start with we will ignore the impact of government policy and overseas sectors. Households ultimately own the factors of production, e.g., labour, materials and capital, and supply these factors to firms who use them to produce goods and services....   [tags: Economics Essays] 1996 words
(5.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics Impact On Business Operations - “Some people got to have it, some people really need it” – For the Love of Money by the O’Jays. That is one of the many odes to money that we can find within pop culture. The want, pursuit, use, and maintenance of the cash we long for is described in countless ways. The Pretender, as performed by Jackson Browne paints a torn feeling for money. ABBA’s song Money, Money, Money also defines the classes created by money and its emotional consequences. In the song first mentioned, money is depicted as a controller of the holder....   [tags: Business Economics] 1586 words
(4.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations - Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations "Job Weak, Unemployment Soars, More Cuts coming, and Bankruptcies Jump 40%." These are typical headlines we see in the newspaper, internet, and journals. We also hear these in news, radio stations and office chats. These are valuable information that economists use to analyze economic situation of the country. These can also be information that individual use to guard their spending....   [tags: Macroeconomics economics economy business] 1738 words
(5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - In the following text, readers will form an understanding of what monetary policy is and the effect monetary policy has on macroeconomic facts such as gross discount products (GDP), unemployment, inflation, and interest rates. The text will also explain how money is created and give a combination of monetary policy that will best achieve a balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment. Monetary policy is the process governments and central banks use to manipulate the quantity of money in the economy to achieve certain macroeconomic and political objectives....   [tags: Macroeconomics Monetary Policy] 1739 words
(5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations This paper will discuss the objective of monetary policy and its influence on the performance of the economy as it relates to such factors as inflation, economic output, and employment. Monetary policy affects all kinds of economic and financial decisions people make in this country, whether to get a loan to buy a new house or car or to start up a company, whether to expand a business and whether to put savings in a bank, in bonds, or in the stock market....   [tags: Economics Macroeconomics Business] 1832 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - Since the failed attempt to control inflation by targeting the growth of monetary aggregates in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Federal Reserve (the Fed) has explored the use of various policy guides, including price indices, gold prices, and indicators of future price levels (Wray 2004). Each was used, with varying success, to assist the Fed in carrying out its dual mandate: the promotion of price stability and maximum employment (Bell-Kelton 2006). National income accounting is a measure of the economy's overall performance....   [tags: Economics Economy] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Monetary Policy Impact On Macroeconomics - There are 12 Federal Reserve Banks that make up the central bank in the United States of America. These 12 banks are also known as the Fed. The Fed has three tools of monetary policy they can use to control the money supply. They are open-market operations, the reserve ratio, and the discount rate. These three tools used by the Fed have an impact on gross domestic, product (GDP), inflation, interest rates, and unemployment. Open-Market Operations The Fed's the most important tool is the open-market operations....   [tags: Economics Finance Economy] 1496 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Money Supply and Inflation - Money Supply plays an important role in macroeconomic analysis, especially in selecting an appropriate monetary and fiscal policy. Considerably, I am yet to come across theoretical work that has been done on this topic (analysis money supply and its impact on other variable i.e. inflation, interest rate, real GDP and nominal GDP). However some other topics similar to this one have been done by AL-SHARKAS, Adel, where he uses the same technique and models on the topic ‘out put response to shocks to interest rate, inflation and stock returns....   [tags: Economy, Macroeconomics] 1726 words
(4.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Effects of Monetary Policy on Macroeconomics, GDP, Unemployment, Inflation and Interest Rates - Introduction Economics primarily focuses on how laws and government policies impact the economy. Much of this looks at taxes specifically and more generally the public finance, which includes the spending and borrowing the government does. The root word of economics is economy. Economy comes from the Greek oikos - home and nomos - managing. (Dkosopedia, 2006) Economy can be described as the current soundness of financial indicators such as jobs and job growth, economic productivity and output, and can also be measured by a vast range of other factors such as the trade deficit, national debt, GDP, and unemployment rates....   [tags: Monetary Policy Essays] 1607 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Money Can Affect Us both Psychologically and Financially - ... These two definitions are routinely checked by the Federal Reserve in order to avoid confusions between the bank system and the Federal Reserve. The only reason why credit cards aren’t included in these two definitions is because credit cards are used to buy goods with money from the bank. In other words you’re getting a loan from your bank which isn’t included in either M1 or M2’s definitions. While in the conversation of banks and loans banks are one of the most important things that deal with money and the economy....   [tags: macroeconomics, monetary policy] 1847 words
(5.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Private Investments in Human Capital Growth in Asian Countries - ... Private investments and human capital growth are key factors to the growth of economy. Chor Boon, G and Gopinathan. S (2006) explains that after the war, baby boom in the early 1950s together with the free immigration policy had resulted in an average annual population growth rate of 4.4 per cent between 1947 and 1957, and as the unemployment rate is standing at 5 per cent, rising to 9.2 per cent high in 1966. Singapore Government reacted by setting the improvement employment rate as a priority, the government sees a need to equip singaporean with technical skills as well as being literacy to meet the need of economic survival and stability....   [tags: macroeconomics, interest rates] 676 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Economy: Fundamental of Macroeconomics - Economic Definitions • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of a countries products and services produced over a year. • Real GDP is GDP adjusted for price changes. • Nominal GDP is GDP adjusted for inflation. • Unemployment Rate is the percentage of the work force that is currently not working. • Inflation Rate is the rate at which goods and services rise in cost over a period of time. • Interest Rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower over a period of time. Economic Activities The economy is like an intricate machine with many moving parts that affect the output of the machine....   [tags: GDP, unemployment rate, government]
:: 1 Works Cited
882 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Ben Bernanke: Educating Citizens on Financial and Economic Literacy - ... Many times Bernanke was tasked with making economic decisions extremely fast. Bernanke is accredited for slashing interest rates, establishing new lending programs, extending hundreds of billions of dollars to troubled financial firms, amongst other financial decisions (Cassidy, 2008). During his tenure as chairman of the Federal Reserve, Bernanke oversaw the response to the late-2000s financial crisis, something that many never saw coming. Bernanke is extremely intelligent. He taught himself calculus in high school because his school did not offer the course....   [tags: global financial crisis, macroeconomics] 603 words
(1.7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Supply and Demand Simulation - ... The supply curve states the quantity rises as price rises, and similarly the quantity falls as price falls if all other things are constant. A shift in the supply curve indicates something is not constant. In the simulation, Goodlife decides to convert some of their apartment homes to condominiums. The switch is in response to the growing interest in detached homes. Goodlife decided to decrease their supply of apartments to equalize the rent rate at a higher threshold. The supply change coupled with a further demand shift lowered rates, but not as far as it would have been if the supply stayed the same....   [tags: business decisions, micro and macroeconomics]
:: 3 Works Cited
1008 words
(2.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the Global Economy - To properly consider the impact of integrating with the global economy on China, Japan, India and Southeast Asia, it is useful to first define the global economy. When did it come into being. Frank (1998) posits that a global economy had existed since the start of the thirteenth century. Although financial flows were limited, there was a burgeoning exchange of commodities between Asian and European economies. Of the Asian economies, China and India stood out for the extensiveness of their trade links and magnitude of their trade volumes....   [tags: Macroeconomics]
:: 15 Works Cited
2263 words
(6.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Movie 'In Time' - ... The supply is low but the demand is very high. People can trade time, work for time and steal time. In the real world when someone works they get paid by the hour or weekly. They get paid in cash, checks, or deposited straight in to your checking or savings account. In the film people are paid in time and they are free to spend it on whatever they want instantly. The currency on the forearms is almost like having instant cash or a debit because you can use it to buy goods or services right away and the money or time is instantly gone....   [tags: film analysis, topic of macroeconomics] 975 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Measuring the Macroeconomic Impact of Monetary Policy - Monetary policy is the method by which the government, central bank, or monetary authority controls the supply of money, or trading foreign exchange markets. This policy is usually called either an expansionary policy, or a contractionary policy. An expansionary policy multiplies the total supply of money in the economy, and a contractionary policy diminishes the total supply. Expansionary policy is used to tackle unemployment in an economic decline by lowering interest rates, while contractionary policy has the goal of elevating interest rates to fight inflation....   [tags: Economics Economy Macroeconomics]
:: 3 Works Cited
1324 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - “Many economic forecasters are suggesting that the US economy is about to enter into recession. Using IS/LM/BP analysis and assuming perfect capital mobility, suggest how the US could use its exchange rate policy to counter this movement but also highlight the potential problems of using such a policy to the US government”. History Background: The US Economy. There are increasing signs that the US economy is heading towards a recession as major corporations (from the auto industry, to banking, to technology, to consumer goods) have announced far weaker than expected sales and earnings and a new round of mass layoffs and plant closings....   [tags: Use of IS/LM/BP Analysis] 1808 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomics - When searching and analyzing which topic to choose for my research paper I was a little bit confused but then I stopped at a very interesting for me and hopefully for my group mates topic which sounds Economic Impacts of Hispanic Immigration. I have chosen this topic as it is very actual and troublesome situation for many American workers. For the beginning I choose one source (article) where I can discus the topic. Does Immigration Hurt U.S. Workers. – Nowadays it is the main meaningful and very instable question for many skilled (experienced) politicians and economists who can not answer this critical question directly, without doubts and misunderstandings that is why the rest of the publi...   [tags: Business Economics] 1299 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sub-Prime Mortgages and the Death of the American Dream - Sub-Prime Mortgage: The Snowball Effect Intermediate Macroeconomics Sub-prime mortgages were a lucrative new market idea, pushed by the government, executed by the lending institutions, in order to provide everyone the American Dream. During the expanding economy, this dream became a reality—untested and unchecked—as low interest rates fueled the desire of investors to make dreams come true. Ultimately, the vicissitudes of the economy turned downward and the snowball effect began while financial sectors and investors scrambled to catch the falling knife....   [tags: Economics Economy Macroeconomics] 1574 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
How Unemployment, Underemployment and Discouraged Workers Affect the GDP in an Economy? - ... In economic terms, unemployment is harmful too. Unemployed is the ability of lost production. This means that the economy produces fewer goods and services that could happen. This also means that there is less money spent by consumers, which has the potential to lead to more unemployment, to start a new cycle. Secondly, the unemployment can easily affect the GDP. According to Okun’s law, GDP levels are driven by the principles of demands and supply. An increase in demand leads to an increase in GDP....   [tags: macroeconomics, social stability, desintegration]
:: 3 Works Cited
1159 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
American Fiscal Policies and Economic Growth - American fiscal policies and economic growth Fiscal policy refers to the use of taxation and expenditure to impact on the economy of any country. Specifically, an economy of a country relies on the major instruments of fiscal policy which entails government expenditure on the various sectors of the economy and changes in the taxation system. As a result of the changes that the government can make on the two components for example through the ministries of finance or planning, various macroeconomic variables can be affected....   [tags: macroeconomics, taxation, expenditure] 1819 words
(5.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Running The British Economy - Running The British Economy Introduction ============ A study of economics in terms of whole systems especially with reference to general levels of output and income and to the interrelations among sectors of the economy is called macroeconomics. Macroeconomics is concerned with the behavior of the economy as a whole—with booms and recessions, the economy’s total output of goods and services and the growth of output, the rates of inflation and unemployment, the balance of payments, and exchange rates....   [tags: Economics Macroeconomics UK Great Britain] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Keynesian Economics - Macroeconomics is the branch of economics concerned with the aggregate, or overall, economy. Macroeconomics deals with economic factors such as total national output and income, unemployment, balance of payments, and the rate of inflation. It is distinct from microeconomics, which is the study of the composition of output such as the supply and demand for individual goods and services, the way they are traded in markets, and the pattern of their relative prices. At the basis of macroeconomics is an understanding of what constitutes national output, or national income, and the related concept of gross national product (GNP)....   [tags: Keynesian model, Macroeconomics] 1668 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Policy - The main components of macroeconomic policy are monetary and fiscal policy. The main aims of macroeconomic policy are continued economic growth, high employment, stable prices (low inflation), an elevation in average living standards, and a maintainable stance on the balance of payments (Macroeconomics). Practically all governments apply macroeconomic policies to reach policy goals and to improve the workings of the economy. Economic growth is important for reducing poverty levels. Continued growth means the ability to meet the needs of the current generation without burdening future generations with debt (Macroeconomics)....   [tags: Economics]
:: 8 Works Cited
854 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Role of Macroeconomic Variables in the Financial Market - ... Also except the indices such as CNX_Auto, CNX_Bank, CNX_IT and CNX_PSU Bank have a unidirectional causal relationship with GDP and CPI. Only the index CNX_FMCG has a unidirectional relationship with all the macroeconomic variables. This study will facilitate different sections of the people namely, financial analysts, corporations, government departments, banking sectors and the like to take the investment and policy decisions. Key words: Macroeconomic Variables, Stock Prices, Granger Causality, Unit Root Test, Stationary variables, Serial correlation....   [tags: CPI, GDP, Silver Price, FOREX rates USD, WPI] 685 words
(2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Estimating the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Coal, Petroleum and Nuclear Energy Industries According to Country and Time Period - Literature Review In order to define optimal investment in R&D, it is necessary to study the rate of return to R&D investments. Jones and Williams in the 1998 paper “Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D” estimate the effects of non-optimal investment using an endogenous growth model. This paper will use a similar growth model to conduct its research, with the goal of estimating the social rate of return instead of the private rate of return. The reason for this distinction being the social rate of return includes positive spillovers, as mentioned previously....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Modeling, Public Good]
:: 14 Works Cited
1933 words
(5.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Obama vs. Romney: A Tale of Two Economic Plans - Mitt Romney and Barack Obama are two presidential candidates who both differ greatly on their economic stances on several issues such as military, foreign policy, healthcare, and the nation’s budget and taxes. Each presidential candidate has their own reasoning and beliefs for why their economic policy is correct and why theirs is going to benefit our great nation’s economy the best. Even though Barack Obama won the 2012 presidential election, there are still many who believe his economic plan is not to our nations benefit, with Romney’s potentially being better....   [tags: Macroeconomics Research Paper]
:: 13 Works Cited
3164 words
(9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Causes and Effects of a Recession - Average cost is total cost divided by total output at a specific point. For instance if 100 units are produced and total cost incurred is 200 then average cost of one unit would be 2/unit. Whereas Average revenue is calculated same as average cost however, instead of total cost we take total revenue. Marginal cost is cost of producing one additional unit of output or in other words a rise in total cost when output rises by one unit. Similarly marginal revenue is the rise in total revenue when output rises by one unit....   [tags: inflation, economic recovery, macroeconomics]
:: 26 Works Cited
2723 words
(7.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Economic Systems: Traditional Economy and Mixed Economic - Table of Contents Traditional economy 3 Command economy 4 Market economy 5 Mixed economy 6 Conclusion 7 Introduction An economic system is where goods and services are produced, consumed, and distributed. It is also the way resources (also known as factors of production) are controlled in a nation. Economic systems aims at solving the three economic activities which are: “what should be produced. How should it be produced. For whom should it be produced?” economic systems do not always work well, but they are often so vast and complicated that it is quite marvellous that they work at all....   [tags: skills and resources, macroeconomics] 1582 words
(4.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Green Energy and the Carbon Footprint - ... It measures the quantity of resources you use and how your actions contribute to the greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions are what are causing the climate changes that we have seen recently. For example, it measures the amount of building materials you use in both your home and workplace and the amount of water you consume and use in your garden, home, and workplace. It also measures the amount of fossil fuels you need in order to run your home, power your vehicles and transportation, and how much is used to dispose of your waste....   [tags: macroeconomics, dealing with environmental issues]
:: 1 Works Cited
720 words
(2.1 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Globalization of Trade - ... Over the coming decades, GATT evolved, culminating in the development of the World Trade Organization in 1995. The WTO had more than 150 members accounting for 97% of world trade as of 2009 (Fidler, 2009), with many binding agreements in place among parties. These include, among other things, “application of measures to protect human, animal, and plant health; … implementation of technical barriers to trade; use of trade-related investment measures; imposition of additional tariffs on dumped or subsidized imports; and protection of intellectual property rights” (Ibid)....   [tags: goods, macroeconmics, interconnectedness] 1166 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Analysis of Singapore's Economic Development - 1 INTRODUCTION This paper will first describe how two nations sharing similar history went on their different paths in developing their economies. Then, this paper would describe three components that helps maneuver Singapore towards outstanding economic development based on 3 principles 1) leadership 2) strategy and 3) implementation. Thirdly, negative implications that may have been brought about by the development policies will be discussed in Section 4. Lastly, the conclusion would be underlined....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Economic Development]
:: 17 Works Cited
1992 words
(5.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations - Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations Money supply is the availability of money in the hands of the public (economy) that can be used to purchase goods, services and securities. In macroeconomics, the price of money is equivalent to the rate of interest. There's an inverse relationship between money supply and interest rates. As money supply increases, interest will decrease. On the other hand, interest will increases as money supply decreases. It is very important to understand that the economy works at market equilibrium....   [tags: Economics] 1602 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Effects of Politics on Fiscal Policy over the Last Seven Business Cycles - Abstract Being an election year, all you hear is the incoming presidential nominee bashing the policies of the current president. Of all of the administration policy, his economic stance, the health of the economy under his administration, and this fiscal policy are among the most prevalent. Does the possibility of losing an election affect how administration reacts to a recession. This paper shows that out of the last seven business cycles, during the last five, politics does not seem to be an issue when administrations consider what needs to be done to boost the economy....   [tags: Macroeconomics Research Paper] 2921 words
(8.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Why are Some Countries Poor? Poverty, Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction - Poverty is the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions. The World Bank defines poverty as the inability of people to attain a minimum standard of living, encompassing low income, deprivation of basic needs, low levels of health and education, poor access to clean water and sanitation, insufficient physical security and lack of voice. According to the United Nations, poverty is “the inability of getting choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity”. Concern about poverty has a long tradition, and many economists fixed their studies on poverty and development....   [tags: Government Policies, Political Elite]
:: 6 Works Cited
2597 words
(7.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Classical Dichotomy - The Classical Dichotomy What is the Classical dichotomy. Under what circumstances of disequilibrium did the Classical economist accept that the dichotomy does not hold. Selfishness is a reprehensible human characteristic; yet it is precisely the necessary behavior yielding the greatest possible economic benefit for the entire society according to Classical economics. The dominant economic theory from the 18th to 20th century was of a free market system of continuous competitive exchange equilibrium in which prices and output regulate themselves perfectly until markets achieve the market-clearing price....   [tags: Economics Classical Economist Macroeconomics] 1052 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Endogenous Growth Theory - Recall that in the Harrod-Domar, Kaldor-Robinson, Solow-Swan and the Cass-Koopmans growth models, we have maintained, either explicitly or implicitly, that technical change is "exogenous". In the Schumpeter version, this was not true: we had "swarms" of inventors arising under particular conditions. The Smithian and Ricardian models also had technical change arising from profit-squeezes or, in the particular case of Smith, arising because of previous technical conditions. Allyn A. Young (1928) had argued for the resurrection of the Smithian concept in terms of increasing returns to scale: division of labor induces growth which enables further division of labor and thus even faster growth....   [tags: Macroeconomics Economics Economy] 1396 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Justification of the Use of Macroeconomic Policies - A justification of the use of macroeconomic policies After the inception of the global financial crisis, the level of output in the Australian economy declined. This led to the level of aggregate supply exceeding the level of aggregate demand as consumers’ and investors’ confidence was shaken. This is evident in the Keynesian diagram below: Figure 1.8- Keynesian deflationary gap As it is evident in the graphical representation above, the equilibrium level of national income is Ye, determined by the intersection of the aggregate demand (AD) and aggregate supply (AS) curves....   [tags: Economics ]
:: 7 Works Cited
377 words
(1.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Limits to Macroeconomic Policy - ... Policies facilitating success in 1950 do not translate into success in the 1980’s. The Latin Debt crisis of the 1980’s hit Argentina especially hard. Argentina experience an inflation increases of 3080 percent while gross domestic product (GDP) fell by 7 percent (Gerber, 2011). This hyperinflation prompted macroeconomic reform in order to regain control. In 1991 Argentina decided to fixed its currency rate 1:1 with the U.S. dollar. This put pressure on the central bank to maintain a dollar for every peso put into circulation....   [tags: increasing supply & demand stimulus]
:: 5 Works Cited
1259 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Outlook of U.S. Economy - ... In March 2014, government hiring was almost zero continuing the trend of small declines in federal hiring and small increases in state and local hiring each month. Most months won’t see a decline because stronger job growth will continue to bring many of those who haven’t been earning a paycheck back into the manual labor compel as they were searching for employment. There is slow gain in the worker buying power, as production worker wages are up 2.4% from a year ago and inflation is expected to rise only 1.8% this year....   [tags: investment analysis]
:: 5 Works Cited
1842 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Macroeconomic Country Study: Australia - Economic Background: In the past two decades, the Australian economy has been, and continues to be a very strong and steady economy because of steady GDP growth rates, with an average around 3.5% annually (Heritage.org). Australia has also benefitted from considerably low inflation and unemployment rates. Because of these macroeconomic values, Australia is ranked third in the ranking of regional economies (Heritage.org). The reasons for Australia’s ongoing success is mainly because of the boom in foreign demand of importing the plethora of natural resources and minerals the country contains, combined with the structural economic policies enacted in the 1980’s (The Economist - Australia’s Ec...   [tags: economy, success, recession, natural resources]
:: 11 Works Cited
1398 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Economics: The Macroeconomic Calendar - ... The normal yield curve typically occurs when investors in bonds expect the economy to expand at a healthy rate without fear of inflation. The curve slopes moderately upwards and is defined by an interest rate spread between the long and the short ends of several hundred basis points. There are slightly higher yields at the long end, compensating bondholders for inflationary risk associated with time. The inverted yield curve comes about because of two related bearish forces. At the short end the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates to combat inflation....   [tags: yield curve, indicators, recession] 1055 words
(3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Philippine Inflation this Year - ... Inflation happens with the increase of food prices by 5% from the lowest of 1.8% caused by the weather-related production disruptions. There was an increase of rice prices as well, rose up to 13% due to higher farm gate prices and supply shortages. Another factor is the non-food inflation increased, gasoline and LPG prices hike, and higher electricity rates. Core inflation, however, remained low at 2.9 percent in 2013. In February 2014, CPI inflation remained at 4.1 percent as food supply remained tight in Typhoon Yolanda-affected areas....   [tags: macroeconomic analysis]
:: 4 Works Cited
1071 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Kazakhstan: Macroeconomic Overview - ... The field lies at a depth of about 4,000-5,000 meters, in shallow water and is mixed with high levels of hydrogen sulphide, a gas that can kill a human in 30 seconds. The environment is harsh in the winter, with floating ice threatening to crush the drilling rigs, therefore artificial islands are needed to safeguard them. The production and operation difficulties of the project have led Kashagan to be the costliest oil development project in the world. The pre-production stage requires a lot of infrastructure to be built, before anyone can reach the oil....   [tags: country, independence, economy, oil] 2024 words
(5.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Analysis of Solar Panel Industry - ... The macroeconomic perspective on the solar panel industry as well as overall U.S. economy is not so bright. As the “official” unemployment rate is still high while the actual “unemployment rate” would be more severe in the real sector, many households will not be able to afford the large investment for their house power generation. The figure 1 shows the historical unemployment rate in the United States. The latest rate is 6.7%. Figure 1. Unemployment Rate (Bureau of Labor Statistics) As many of the government program, the incentive program does not make a contribution to improve the U.S....   [tags: small scale, electric power]
:: 6 Works Cited
1642 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Inflation Indexing and its Macroeconomic Effects - ... The Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) has utilized the PCE as its primary inflation measure because it is thought to be more accurate than the CPI (Miller, R., 2008). The FRB uses PCE to determine anticipated inflation. The FRB adjusts monetary policy in an attempt to smooth inflation rates and prevent spikes of inflation or deflation. As to whether or not these attempts are fruitful depends on which school of economic you follow. The United States government, on the other hand, uses the CPI to set cost of living adjustments (COLA) for many entitlement programs as well as adjustments in tax brackets (Miller, J.,2013)....   [tags: price levels, cost of living, production costs]
:: 8 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
South Africa Macroeconomic/Financial Profile - South Africa Macroeconomic/Financial Profile Any attempt at explaining recent South African economic history must begin with a discussion of apartheid. Beginning around the middle of the 20th century and ending in 1990, the ruling government of the National Party (NP) engaged in the systematic oppression of non-white South Africans, in what became known as the apartheid system. To understand the net economic consequences of apartheid, consider the graph in the lower right hand corner of Figure 1 which shows real GDP per capita in constant PPP US dollars from 1980 until 2008....   [tags: Economics] 1518 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Casual Relationship between the Macroeconomic Variables and Stock Prices - ... Pethe and Karnik (2000) reported weak causality running from IIP to share price index (Sensex and Nifty) but not the other way round and it held the view that the state of economy affects stock prices. Fama and Gibbon (1982) examined the relationship between inflation, real returns and capital investment and supported Mundell (1963) and Tobin (1965) findings that expected real returns on bills and expected inflation rates are negatively correlated. Cheung and Ng (1998) found that the real returns of the stock indices are related to deviations from the empirical long-term relationships and to changes in macroeconomic variables....   [tags: literature review] 577 words
(1.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Difficulties in Formulating Macroeconomic Policy - Difficulties in Formulating Macroeconomic Policy Policy makers try to influence the behaviour of broad economic aggregates in order to improve the performance of the economy. The main macroeconomic objectives of policy are: a high and relatively stable level of employment; a stable general price level; a growing level of real income (economic growth); balance of payments equilibrium, and certain distributional aims. This essay will go through what these difficulties are and examine how these difficulties affect the policy maker when they attempt to formulate macroeconomic policy....   [tags: Economics Policy Making Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1999 words
(5.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Federal Reserve and Macroeconomic Factors - The Federal Reserve and Macroeconomic Factors   Introduction The Federal Reserve controls the economy of the United States through a variety of tools. They use these tools to shape the monetary policy of the United States in order to promote economic growth and reduce the rate of inflation and the unemployment rate. By adjusting these tools, the Fed is able to control the amount of money in the supply. By controlling the amount of money, the Fed can affect the macro-economic indicators and steer the economy away from runaway inflation or a recession....   [tags: Monetary Policy Economics] 1460 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Variables Affecting Exchange Rates for the US Dollar - 1. Introduction Exchange rates are the price of a country’s currency in terms of another country’s currency. For example, the Japanese yen is pegged to the United States dollar which is known as the USD/JPY exchange rate. This in turn, means that exchange rates have two components, the domestic currency and a foreign currency, which can be quoted either directly or indirectly. A direct quotation is the price of a unit of foreign currency expressed in terms of a domestic currency, whereas, an indirect quotation is the price of 1 unit of domestic currency expressed in terms of a foreign currency....   [tags: currency, GDP, money] 2259 words
(6.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations Introduction The monetary policy consists of three tools used by the Federal Reserve, also known as the Fed, to control the money supply; open-market operations, reserve ratio, and the discount rate. These tools influence the money supply and in turn affect macroeconomic factors such as the gross domestic product (GDP), the unemployment rate, the inflation rate, and the interest rate. gMost economists believe that monetary policy influences economic activity and prices by affecting the availability and cost of money and credit to producers and consumers.h (Meulendyke, 1998, p....   [tags: Economics] 1937 words
(5.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic flaws in the Euro - Fundamental Macroeconomic Flaws in the Euro Five years ago, the biggest thing in economic and international news was the introduction of the new European currency, the Euro, into circulation and into the pockets of the consumers of the participating countries within the European Monetary Union. In an attempt to unite Europe and to form a dominant currency to rival the US dollar, Europe locked their exchange rates and went full steam with this plan. Unfortunately, for many of the European countries, what seemed to be the end all for European economics, quickly unraveled the inherent reality of the fundamental macroeconomic flaws in the European monetary system that may cause its downfall an...   [tags: Economy Economics Euro Currency Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
2075 words
(5.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Some say money is the root of all evil. Those who have it do not know what to do with it and those who want it dream of having it. The creation of money has always been somewhat confusing. The Federal Reserve uses various tools to control the money supply. Theses tools influence the money supply and in turn affect macroeconomic factors. To better understand the purpose and structure of the Federal Reserve we writing expectations, all instances first have to understand how money is created and which combinations of monetary policy best achieves a balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment....   [tags: Economics] 1993 words
(5.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Abstract This paper focuses on Monetary Policy, which centers on connections between money, banks, and credit to lenders. In addition, this paper will cover the effect on macroeconomic factors such as GDP, unemployment, inflation, and interest rates. Additionally, an explanation on money creation and the implications of making money gives an insight on Money Supply and Macroeconomic Factors. With many combinations of monetary policy, the paper covers the optimal balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment....   [tags: Business Economics ] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Mediums of exchange have been used by people for many years. As time evolved so did the creation and use of money. Different countries have their unique dominations; however, how money is created is essentially the same. Often, money is thought to be created when it is printed by a central bank or the government. This is only partially true as money can be created in two ways; it can be printed or it can be created through loans from commercial banks. With the creation of money, policies have to be implemented to monitor and control the supply....   [tags: Economics Business Economy] 1853 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - In this paper, I will identify the three monetary tools used by the Federal Reserve. In addition, I will explain how these monetary tools influence the money supply and in turn affect macroeconomic factors. Next, I will explain how money is created. Lastly, I will recommend monetary policy combinations that best achieve a balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment. Tools Used by the Federal Reserve to Control the Money Supply The three monetary tools used by the Federal Reserve to alter the reserves of commercial banks are: Open-market operations, reserve ratio, and the discount rate (McConnell-Brue, 2004, chpt....   [tags: Economics] 1624 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Why and How Do Policy-Makers and Practitioners Intervene to Encourage New Firm Formation and Development? - ... Policy makers wield huge influence when it comes to intervention in new firm creation and growth. Policy makers often put into place macro economic policies that seek to overcome attitudinal, resource, operational and strategic barriers to the formation of new firms. (Storey 1994) New firms represent a large portion of the new jobs created each year and therefore politicians are incentivized to make sure new firms are formed. In the past 17 years 63 percent of new jobs have come from small businesses in the United States....   [tags: modern economy, macroeconomic policies] 773 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Overview on Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Strategy - INTRODUCTION Since the 1990s, a large number of industrial countries and a growing number of emerging market and transition economies have adopted inflation targeting as their monetary policy strategy. During the implementation they face many challenges. However, there is no established pattern so countries must learn along the way from one another and more importantly from their own experience. This paper provides an overview on inflation targeting as a monetary policy strategy, necessary preconditions for its successful implementation, its advantages and disadvantages and issues and challenges that emerging market and transition economies face while defining and implementing this monetary...   [tags: transition economies, macroeconomic policy]
:: 14 Works Cited
2842 words
(8.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
National Debt: –Macroeconomic Perspective - National Debt: –Macroeconomic Perspective For years, the issue of the Government's national debt (and its payment) has been a major political issue. As of July 1st, 2004 the Federal Debt has reached an all time high of 7.252 trillion dollars (that means that each person in the United States is be over 24,000 dollars in debt). According to economists, the debt will increase by 1.6 billion dollars per day. In economical terms, a debt occurs when an individual or group borrows money and is charged interest on that loan....   [tags: Economics Government Budget] 1762 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Equilibrium - Macroeconomic Equilibrium Introduction Macroeconomic equilibrium for an economy in the short run is established when aggregate demand intersects with short-run aggregate supply. At the price level Pe, the aggregate demand for goods and services is equal to the aggregate supply of output. The output and the general price level in the economy will tend to adjust towards this equilibrium position. If the price level is too high, there will be an excess supply of output. If the price level is below equilibrium, there will be excess demand in the short run....   [tags: Economics] 1789 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Forecasting - Macroeconomic Forecasting Abstract Annual data was gathered on the United States' Gross Domestic Product and the economic indicators of unemployment, employment growth, inflation, and interest rates. Using 2004 as the base year, forecasts for the next two years were taken from three different forecasting organizations and compared to historical figures. Differences in projected data were addressed as well as relationships between forecasts and among the targeted indicators. The results of the economic forecasts were applied to current Motorola operations and plans....   [tags: Economics Business Forecasting] 1873 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact - Macroeconomic Impact on Business Operations Many have heard the phrase "Money makes the world go round", but where does money come from. The United States, like most other countries today, has a fractional reserve banking system in which only a fraction of the total money supply is held in reserve as currency. Early traders began to use gold in making transactions; they soon realized that it was both unsafe and inconvenient to carry gold and to have it weighed every time they negotiated a transaction....   [tags: Economics] 1537 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact - Macroeconomic Impact In order to achieve stability in the nation's economy, the creation of a centralized banking system was put into place to target double digit inflation. The Federal Reserve System was created 1913 with the hopes of increasing the supply of currency. Monetary Policy Monetary policy is the process by which the government, central bank or monetary authority manages the money supply to achieve specific goals. These goals include constraining inflation, maintaining an exchange rate, achieving full employment or economic growth (Monetary policy, Wikipedia)....   [tags: Economics] 1641 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Impact Of Macroeconomic Variables On The Telecommunication Industry - Introduction The intent of this paper is to perform an analysis of the cable industry's external environment. The first sections of the document will discuss environmental scanning and define the telecommunication niche that is currently occupied by cable operators such as Comcast. The next section will identify the macroeconomic variables that currently impact cable operators and will compare two variables to two corresponding industry variables. The final section of the paper will identify some of the challenges and opportunities facing the industry....   [tags: Economics] 1634 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Pfizer Macroeconomic Forecast - Macroeconomic Forecast Pfizer, Inc. Abstract This paper is a Macroeconomic Forecast Outline of Pfizer, Inc. This outline will identify main economic indicators for Pfizer as a business entity and as a representative of pharmaceutical industry. This paper will identify sources of various data collected based on economical activity and relationships between different economical indicators. Main Economic Indicators The purpose of economic indicators is to provide for researchers and analysts the ability to interpreter economic data....   [tags: Economics] 1533 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Fed's Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - The Federal Reserve, or “The Fed is best known for it’s making and carrying out the country’s monetary policy – that is, for influencing money and credit conditions in the economy to promote the goals of high employment, sustainable growth and stable prices,” (FED101, ¶ 1). A number of tools are used by the Federal Reserve to control the supply of money in the economy, which has a direct impact on macroeconomic factors such as Gross Domestic Product, inflation and the unemployment rate. Below is a brief description of a simulation based on how those macroeconomic factors are influenced by changes in the Fed’s tactics, how money is created and which combinations of the monetary policy help to...   [tags: Case Study] 1213 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Case Studies - Macroeconomic Case Studies The article titled ‘Fed Unlikely to Alter Course’ by John M. Berry of the Washington Post takes an interesting look at actions that Alan Greenspan his colleges of the Federal Reserve have been taking over the last 9 months to slow the economic growth of United States. The astonishing growth rate of 7.3% is fueled by an economy that is in the midst of a “high tech revolution”. The article also explores the contrasting view of other economists that say that the Fed has increased interest rates too much in its attempts to slow the economy....   [tags: essays papers] 1666 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Analysis of 1997 U.S. Macroeconomic Predictions - Analysis of 1997 U.S. Macroeconomic Predictions The U.S. economy ended 1996 at a blistering pace of 4.7% growth rate of real GDP in the fourth quarter. Despite this strong growth, the inflation rate remained relatively low in fact the CPI showed its lowest core growth rate in the last 34 years. This low inflation along with low unemployment finished off a very healthy year for the U.S. economy. These numbers seem to indicate a positive trend for the U.S. economy in 1997. Real GDP is expected to grow at a strong to moderate rate of 2.25%, with CPI rising around 3% and the unemployment rate between 5.25-5.5%....   [tags: essays papers] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "macroeconomics"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>