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Kierkegaard's Fear And Trembling - Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling What is a human person. How do human beings relate to God. Who am I. Why do I exist. I. Soeren Kierkegaard, a famous theologian of the 19th Century, wrote Fear and Trembling in 1843 in response to Hegelianism. Kierkegaard takes on the pseudonymous role of Jonannes de Silentio and speaks on modern peoples' attitudes toward doubt and faith. He believes humans are creatures entrenched in reason and doubt but not in the same sense as Descartes, a French mathematician, scientist and philosopher....   [tags: Soeren Kierkegaard] 1641 words
(4.7 pages)
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Faith in Kierkegaard's Breaking the Waves - Faith in Kierkegaard's Breaking the Waves In Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling, he discusses the "Three Movements to Faith." For Kierkegaard, faith of any kind involves a paradox. This paradox, as well as Kierkegaard's suggested path to faith, is illustrated by the main characters of Breaking the Waves, Bess and Jan. Kierkegaard explains there are steps one can take towards faith; however, they are so difficult he believes only one person, the "Knight of Faith," has completed the movements....   [tags: Kierkegaard Breaking the Waves Essays] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Concept of Anxiety by Soren Kierkegaard - The Moment and Inwardness I. Introduction In The Concept of Anxiety, S�ren Kierkegaard deals with human anxiety about the possibility posed by freedom as it relates to sinfulness and spiritual progress. This paper will show that Kierkegaard?s concept of the moment and his prescription for inwardness, both in the context of spirituality, are connected. Importantly, inwardness depends on the moment and the possibility of transition that does not take place in time, transition that seems sudden if spotted from a temporal perspective....   [tags: Philosophy Soren Kierkegaard] 1753 words
(5 pages)
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Faith in Fear and Trembling by Kierkegaard - Kierkegaard believes that true faith can only be attained through a double movement of giving up rationality or logic, while at the same time believing one can understand logically. In “Fear and Trembling” Kierkegaard relates true faith to the Knight of infinite resignation and the Knight of faith; in this paper, I will examine this claim and show why Kierkegaard’s analogy is an excellent metaphor for the double movement which is required in one’s quest to attain faith and why. Kierkegaard’s position on faith is represented with the Knight of infinite resignation and the Knight of faith....   [tags: Faith Literary Analysis]
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2216 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Father of Existentialism: Soren Kierkegaard - During the late 19th and 20th centuries, several philosophers debated on the doctrine differences that all philosophical thinking begin with the human in terms of thinking, acting and feeling. The fundamental concepts of the externalist philosophers are that they believed that the existence of human conditions is the main problem to share similar ontology. Soren Kierkegaard is considered to be the father of existentialism. Although, he did not use the word ‘existentialism’, but initially the concept that no society or religion is the main cause that leads an individual to live a life with sincerity or passionately....   [tags: philosophy, human condition, doctrine]
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1053 words
(3 pages)
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Existentialism: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche - The Merriam – Webster Dictionary defines existentialism as a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad (Merriam, 2011). In other words, an existentialist believes that our natures are the natures we make for ourselves, the meaning of our existence is that we just exist and there may or may not be a meaning for the existence, and we have to individually decide what is right or wrong and good or bad for ourselves....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Sickness Unto Death According to Kierkegaard - 1. Kierkegaard believes that truth is only a subjective process. Truth only exists from the subjective existing of the individual and cannot be found in a complete system. Objective truth to Kierkegaard is a simply an idea created by the illusion of subjective existence that one can have complete and true objective knowledge of something that exists out in the world. This is evident when he states, “In the objective sense, thought is understood as being a pure thought; this corresponds in an equally abstract-objective sense to its object, which object is therefore the thought itself, and truth becomes correspondence of thought with itself....   [tags: existencialistm, truth] 1065 words
(3 pages)
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Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling: A Solution to Kierkegaard’s Despair Over Christianity - In Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling, the concept of the Knight of Faith is an exalted one, a unique title awarded to those whose devotion to God goes far beyond what is even comprehensible or expected for the average man, who has an aesthetic or ethical life. We are told by Kierkegaard that this Knight of Faith, when in a situation where resignation appears to be the only solution to a problem, puts his faith in what appears to be the absurd, and believes that the solution that he desires lies in God....   [tags: The Knight of Faith] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein - Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein The connections between Ludwig Wittgenstein and Soren Kierkegaard as philosophers are not at all immediately obvious. On the surface, Wittgenstein deals with matters concerning the incorrect use of philosophical language and Kierkegaard focuses almost exclusively on answering the question 'how to become a Christian'. But this account belies deeper structural similarities between these men's important works. Thus, this paper suggests that their methods, rather than exclusively content, contain a strong parallel on which a natural and hopefully fruitful examination of their work can be based....   [tags: Papers] 2160 words
(6.2 pages)
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Soren Kierkegaard's Fear And Trembling - How does the individual assure himself that he is justified. In Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling, Abraham, found in a paradox between two ethical duties, is confronted with this question. He has ethical duties to be faithful to God and also to his son, Isaac. He believes that God demands him to sacrifice Isaac. But, Abraham, firmly adhering to his faith, submitted to what he believed was the will of God. By using his perspective and that of his alternative guise, Johannes de Silentio, Kierkegaard concentrates on the story of Abraham in such a way that his audience must choose between two extremes....   [tags: Judgment Ethics Dilemma] 958 words
(2.7 pages)
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Kierkegaard and P.M. Moller on Immortality - Kierkegaard and P.M. Moller on Immortality P.M. Moller and His Relation to S.A. Kierkegaard Although virtually unknown today outside of Danish philosophical circles, Moller (1794-1838) was, during his lifetime, esteemed as one of Denmark’s most loved poets, and beginning in 1831 he held the position of professor of philosophy at the University of Denmark. While at the university Moller taught Moral and Greek Philosophy, and his early philosophical position has been regarded as Hegelian. Kierkegaard began his university studies in 1830, and the young professor made a deep impression upon him....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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Kierkegaard - Kierkegaard Kierkegaard felt that subjective reflection was more crucial to the individual life than objective reflection because it focused on passion and human existence instead of logic and impersonal truth. The objective world is the world of facts and truth independent of the perceptions of humans. Objective reflection focuses on what actually is, in the objective world. Objective reflection centers on the things and ideas in the world that can give meaning to life. The subjective world is the world of human thoughts, feelings, and perceptions....   [tags: Papers] 518 words
(1.5 pages)
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Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard - Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard Zarathustra is always a favorite, with the ringing of God is dead throughout the mountains. Re-evaluating our idols, discovering the significance of their dethroning and how it relates to the intricate web that we create for our lives. Zarathustra, holy man in his blasphemy, ushering in a new era where the last men are eradicated, the filthy vermin masquerading intelligence led by the promise of cheese. Formerly the world was a mad place, filled with mice traps, and the drool pours down their uncomprehending faces....   [tags: Papers] 398 words
(1.1 pages)
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Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning - Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning As some philosophers suggest, an individual may only know what he knows through experience. What is sensed equals what is known. Because we understand things through our senses, then what we understand must also be expressed through our senses. We represent that knowledge through language. Language is a means of transferring our experiences to a concrete, literal form, so the sensuous can be made known in the psyche. To describe a snake (itself a linguistic representation of my experience), I might use the word, “slimy,” thus, I have distinguished one feeling from another feeling....   [tags: Essays Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kierkegaard and Abraham: A Literary Tool and Belief in the Ideal Christian-Existentialist - Abraham, the father of the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic religions is held up by Kierkegaard as the perfect model for faith in Fear and Trembling. The specific example most strongly used in Kierkegaard’s writing is the unhesitant actions of Abraham to heed God’s call and sacrifice his only son and promised heir to his kingdom, Isaac. Abraham faithfully follows God’s command without remorse, doubt, sadness, or anger. It is only moments before the murder and sacrifice of Isaac that God intervenes and send a ram in his stead....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1631 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Chicken or the Egg - Most have heard the classical paradox of the chicken and the egg. Which came first, the chicken or the egg. The same question can apply to the individual and society. Which comes first. To answer the question, a concept of the individual must be established and the origins of society must be explored. Only then can one compare and contrast their roles in relation to the other. Two revolutionary thinkers, Soren Kierkegaard and Bertolt Brecht, will give their arguments of opposition to try to determine whether the power between society and the individual is pulled in one particular direction than the other....   [tags: Soren Kierkegaard, Bertolt Brecht] 1060 words
(3 pages)
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Edvard Munch: Perception of Anxiety - Introduction How did Edvard Munch perceive anxiety. Edvard Munch, a famous world known painter from Norway, was able to express his suppressed feelings of fear and anxiety onto a canvas with an ability that both amazed and scared the people of the world. He used his anxiety of life, love and death, to inspire people, and let them see the troubles in his life. Edvard Munch is especially known for his works ‘The scream’ and ‘Madonna’. Munch popularity is due to his extraordinary ability to convey a deep and raw emotion from the unconscious onto the canvas leaving it to the viewers to interpret, feel and reflect....   [tags: the scream, madonna, Kierkegaard]
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2798 words
(8 pages)
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Kierkegaard: "Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself" as a Basis for Ethics - Kierkegaard: "Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself" as a Basis for Ethics "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets." [Matthew 22:37-40, AV] "When you open the door which you shut in order to pray to God, the first person you meet as you go out is your neighbour whom you shall love....   [tags: Morals Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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2450 words
(7 pages)
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Defending Organized Religion and Kierkegaard’s Anti-Climacus - Defending Organized Religion and Kierkegaard’s Anti-Climacus Practice in Christianity, written by the pseudonym[1] of Anti-Climacus, describes the ideal Christian life from the perspective of the ideal Christian. ‘Anti-’ in the sense of ‘Anti-Climacus’ is not an indication of opposition (to Climacus, the ‘devoutly non-Christian’ ethicist and editor of Either/Or whose esthetic sense was particularly keen). Rather, “Anti-” is an older form of “ante”, meaning ‘before’ both in the sense of time and in the sense of rank....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3297 words
(9.4 pages)
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Leap of Faith - The Leap of Faith In his book, Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Soren Kierkegaard talks about the difference between subjective and objective truth. When talking about subjective truth, he compares it to taking a “leap of faith”. This means that you will believe something no matter what, and you don’t need any evidence to back it up. He later connects the “leap of faith” to religion. “Through the “leap of faith,” in which one affirms the proposition that God did exist in time, one is able to enter into a “God-relationship,” and thereby attains “an eternal happiness” (Schacht, 308)....   [tags: Soren Kierkegaard, faith, religion]
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903 words
(2.6 pages)
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Comparing and Contrasting Nietzsche’s Preparatory Human Being and Kierkegaard’s Knight of Faith - Take a minute to relax. Enjoy the lightness, or surprising heaviness, of the paper, the crispness of the ink, and the regularity of the type. There are over four pages in this stack, brimming with the answer to some question, proposed about subjects that are necessarily personal in nature. All of philosophy is personal, but some philosophers may deny this. Discussed here are philosophers that would not be that silly. Two proto-existentialists, Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche, were keen observers of humanity, and yet their conclusions were different enough to seem contradictory....   [tags: philosophy]
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1475 words
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Kierkegaards View on Faith - Kierkegaards View on Faith Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher in the mid 1800s. He is known to be the father of existentialism and was at least 70 years ahead of his time. Kierkegaard set out to attack Kant’s rational ethics and make attacks on the Christianity of our day. He poses the question, how do we understand faith. He states that faith equals the absurd. In “Fear and Trembling”, he uses the story of Abraham and his son Isaac to show an example of faith as the absurd. The story of God asking Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac signifies a break in the theory that ethics and religion go hand in hand....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1037 words
(3 pages)
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The Individual Being in Hegel's Philosophy - The only similarity between Marx and Kierkegaard – beyond disagreeing with Hegel – is they both find Hegel to be apathetic. As Kierkegaard summarized in Either/Or, and as Marx exemplifies in his many writings, either one is to resign themselves to inaction for the greater good or one commits to action regardless of the consequences. Hegel, they argue, commits himself to the former. He resigns himself to universal ethics, acting on the greater good at the expense of the individual. Here, Kierkegaard and Marx swerve away from Hegel....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1745 words
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The Principle of Credultiy, the Will to Believe, and the Role of Rationality and Evidence in Religious Experience - The Principle of Credultiy, the Will to Believe, and the Role of Rationality and Evidence in Religious Experience Explain the principle of credulity, the will to believe and the role of rationality and evidence in religious experience The principle of credulity, the will to believe and the role of rationality and evidence all play crucial roles while attempting to explain religious experience. The principle of credulity states that religious experiences should be taken at their face value when we have no positive reason to doubt them....   [tags: Papers] 572 words
(1.6 pages)
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Understanding Human Nature: Examples from Philosophy and the Arts - Understanding Human Nature: Examples from Philosophy and the Arts ABSTRACT: Ours is not the first time philosophers have looked to art for examples to illustrate their arguments. One example would be Kierkegaard, who turned to Mozart's operas in an attempt to expose what he called the aesthetic realm of existence. I hold that if Kierkegaard lived today, he would consider the main character of Nikita Mikhalkov's Dark Eyes (1987) as a prototype of the aesthetic way of existence. In order to support my thesis, I first discuss Kierkegaard's theory of the three spheres of existence....   [tags: Philosophy] 3521 words
(10.1 pages)
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The Individual’s Existentialist Struggle Rooted in Fear - The individual is naturally comprised of a conglomeration of cumbersome and distressing emotions, such as fear and distress. It is within inane circumstances that human beings are able to experience inherent fear. In moments of fear, people are able to apply existentialist thought, for it is through fear in which people decide to act. Existentialism is a philosophical theory that is governed by authenticity, which is that the existence of a person is determined through the acts of their own will (“Existentialism”)....   [tags: Power of Fear]
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2448 words
(7 pages)
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A Call to the Task: The Attunement of Fear and Trembling - In the “Attunement” of Soren Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling, the author produces four beautiful variations on God’s temptation of Abraham in Genesis 22. In each, Abraham fails at his test in some way; even though in each he offers his son, he misses the full movements of philosophy and faith that the true Abraham completed. Each is closed by a brief image of a child being weaned, presumably a metaphor of the past story. Characteristically of Kierkegaard’s non-prescriptive style, we are told that these stories are the way in which a certain man has tried to understand Abraham; we are invited, but not forced, into contemplation of these various stories....   [tags: Literary Review] 1727 words
(4.9 pages)
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Religion: A Want or Need? - Religion is defined as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Throughout time, religion has been debated to the point where many have philosophers have claimed it as a crutch for individuals in times of depression or despair. However, the purpose of religion has been argued numerous times and now the age old question remains whether or not religion is a want or a need....   [tags: Creator, Faith, Morality] 1117 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Individual or Society - “Society exists only as a mental concept; in the real world there are only individuals.” What is the concept of the individual. The common notation is one who separates from society in the pursuit of his or her own needs, goals, and desires; to define his or her own self and to gain independence and self-reliance. However, an individual must enter into society to further his or her own self interest. Due to that contradiction, individualism is often contrasted with society or anti-individualism....   [tags: Sociology ]
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1245 words
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Black and White - In Sunset Limited, Black conveys Kierkegaard’s philosophy through his own life and words. In the beginning of the play, Black and White argue over the meaning of life—the former loving it, the latter trying to end it. Early on, Black tries to identify with White’s suicidal argument by noting that “Suffering and human destiny are the same thing” (55). Of course, Black’s admittance does not mean he believes in White’s argument, but instead that he understands White’s pain. Likewise, Kierkegaard’s description of life is similar to Black’s reasoning....   [tags: Literary Review] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Beliefs of Philosophers and The Belief in God - The beliefs I have, and what has given me strength is combined with what I have been taught and what I have researched. Throughout this paper, there are five questions that has me describe life, but also describes the person I have become. The three philosophers I chose were all different, and all have something in common. What they all have in common is that they all stand by what they believe in. The three I have chosen are Aristotle, because I enjoy happiness and he believes it is the key to life....   [tags: buddha, greek, aristotle]
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1583 words
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Relationships in a World without God - Relationships in a World without God In a world in which lives are shaped by irreversible choices and by random events, a world in which everything occurs but once, existence seems to lose its substance. Life in this designless universe raises questions of identity and can cause turmoil between the relationships of the self to others, the self to history, and the self to God. Through the words of existentialist novelists and philosophers Milan Kundera and Jean-Paul Sartre, we witness the philosophical and psychological struggles for identity, existence, and ‘being’ of the characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being, and Nausea....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Religion Essays] 2220 words
(6.3 pages)
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Existentialism In The Early 19th Century - Existentialism in the Early 19th Century Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers since Plato have held that the highest ethical good is the same for everyone; insofar as one approaches moral perfection, one resembles other morally perfect individuals....   [tags: essays research papers] 1641 words
(4.7 pages)
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Tragedy as a Catalyst for Character Development - When analyzing the use of tragedy-wisdom that stems from pain or sorrow- as a form of character development, one must mention Sophocles’ play Oedipus Rex yet more iconically Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Although traditionally ignored, Isak Dinesen, whom Thomas R. Wissen regarded as an author who’s “tales will not disappoint” must be included among the elite of authors of tragic stories (“The Ring” 237). Many are familiar with her best known pieces such as Out of Africa or Babbete’s Feast; however her most very skillful use of tragedy is in the short story The Ring (230)....   [tags: Literature]
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1608 words
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Can We Prove God Exists? - Philosophers, whether they are atheists, or believers have always been eager to discuss the existence of God. Some philosophers, such as St Thomas Aquinas, and St Anselm, believe that we have proven that God exists through our senses, logic, and experience. Others such as Soren Kierkegaard, and Holbach, feel that we will never have the answer to this question due to our human limitations, and reason. The believer tends to rely on faith for his belief, and claim they do not need proof in order to believe in the God's existence....   [tags: Philosophy] 564 words
(1.6 pages)
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"The Second Coming" and the Death of God - Death of God theology is a theological movement dating back to the radical theologians of the 1960s, like Thomas Altizer and William Hamilton, and continuing in a more diverse form in the work of individuals like Slavoj Žižek and John Caputo. The movement can be traced back to the works of G.W.F. Hegel, of whom Thomas Altizers says, "The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) is the first philosophical enactment of the Death of God,” and thinkers like Nietzsche, Marx, Freud, Lacan, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, and Derrida and poets like William Blake, Dante, and Milton....   [tags: liberation theology, sphinx]
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Life has meaning by showing God’s love through service to others needs. - Life has meaning by showing God’s love through service to others needs. When attempting to answer the question of the meaning of life each person will give a different answer, one that would reflect their age, religious beliefs, personal history and current circumstances. For many the meaning of life can be best described as meeting a person’s basic needs for survival, as observed by Simone Weil. She classified the needs of the body as food, shelter, clothing, and physical security, whereas, the needs of the soul were meaning and value, rooted in freedom of choice (Ambrosio, 2008)....   [tags: Philosophy]
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The Evolution of the Existential Psyche of Raskolnikov through Crime and Punishment - The introspective and self-scrutinizing nature of Raskolnikov from Crime and Punishment, allows for us to delve into the existential rationales that warrant and influence the decisions and courses of action that he carries out. It is crucial to explore the workings of Raskolnikov’s mind, to understand the motives by which he is compelled by to perform the heinous murder of Alyona the pawnbroker. By examining Raskolnikov’s psyche, characterization, and decision making processes, which are characterized by his constant schisms and dichotomies, we can gain an understanding of how the portrayal of existentialist ideals as represented by Raskolnikov, evolve through the plot of the novel....   [tags: Raskolnikov, Literary Analysis]
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1314 words
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The Human Condition: Existentialism in Literature Relates to Religion - Noam Chomsky firmly believes that novels, as well as other literary works, peer deeper into humanity than scientific theory ever will (Chomsky). Literature being a means of introspection is known to be true; a solitary manuscript contains the lives of countless characters. Slowly unearthing details, and remaining helpless as a plot twist unfolds, the reader discovers truths of not only those who cannot leave the paper bound prison, but begins to formulate who they are and how the world has warped the author....   [tags: Human Condition, Noam Chomsky]
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1002 words
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Salvation Through Human Suffering in Crime and Punishment - Salvation Through Human Suffering in Crime and Punishment “All men must suffer, and salvation can not be obtained unless this suffering is present” (Boland, p.4). All of the characters in the novel experience some sort of internal or external suffering. The main character, Raskolnikov, must grow and realize this in order to overcome his conflicts and reach the salvation of peace within. Dostoevsky’s concentration and focus is on why suffering must exist and how this suffering can be conquered. This is found to be true because in the six sections of the novel, only one is focused on the crime, and the remaining five are concentrated on Raskolnikov’s journey to overcome his suffering....   [tags: Crime and Punishment Essays] 1194 words
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Understanding Fate in Oedipus Tyrannos - The Greeks were one of the most powerful empires of early civilizations with the well documented conquest, legends, gods, etc. One of their most significant things left of their empire, is their theatrical style, none bigger than Tragedy. The Greek Tragedy was their basis of Drama and is still studied today. Their view of the world and life could be personified in the plays and by the personages. It is the case in the play Oedipus Tyrannos. The play, written by Sophocles, represents the typical Greek view of the world with all the values that the Greeks wanted to show....   [tags: Greek, Early Civilization]
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1211 words
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Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism - Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism 1.Hegel is a pantheist, meaning that he believes that everytng toeather comes to being God. Subsequently he believes that everythenig is one, menatin gtat reason and reality actually are the same thing, fuirtheremore Hegel believst that reality is reason, this is his "first Principle". In contrast to this Kant believes that all we really know are our persc=eptions of the real (Nominal world) and tat we cannot really knowanything aobut the real world....   [tags: Papers] 994 words
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Existentialist Views on Death - Existentialist Views on Death What is Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy developed chiefly in the 20th century that attempts find meaning in a seemingly meaningless world. The central theme of existentialism is that an individual must assume all responsibilities for his or her acts of free will without any absolute knowledge of what is right or wrong. Existentialism analyzes this somewhat dismal situation mankind has been thrown into, and produces a model for how an individual should live his or her life....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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5684 words
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Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye - Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden's individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existence along with the individual freedom and choice....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Fate of Prometheus - The Fate of Prometheus “Ah me, alas, pain, pain ever, forever. / No change, no pause, no hope. – Yet I endure” (I, 23-24) – such are the words of Prometheus, when in desperation and overwhelmed by emotion, his thoughts dissolve in sheer agony and turn to himself, away from the Mighty God whose “ill tyranny” has nailed him to the “eagle-baffling mountain” (I, 19-20). In his essay, Prometheus: The Romantic Revolutionary, Northrop Frye observes that “pain is the condition which keeps Prometheus conscious” (96), because in reflection, he is confronted with himself, and his sense of self and being....   [tags: Prometheus]
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2369 words
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Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God - Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God Rational: To be rational is to think logically and within reason. To base your thoughts on evidence, and then use that evidence to come to a "rational" conclusion. Motivation: To be motivated to do or think something, normally the motivation will be because it will benefit you in the long run. Many philosophers use theses types of words when talking about whether or not it is rational to believe in god. Pascal for instance thinks that you should believe in God as you will gain more from it when you pass away if he does exist, i.e....   [tags: Papers] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
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Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento - Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento Although Christopher Nolan does not acknowledge any philosophical basis for Memento, the film provides a character, Leonard Shelby, who serves as an example of several aspects of existentialism. Through Leonard, Memento illustrates Soren Kierkegaard's idea of truth as subjectivity, Freidrich Nietzsche's notion that God is dead, and Jean-Paul Sartre's writings on the nature of consciousness. In Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Kierkegaard differentiates between the subject as the knower, and the world (object) as the known: the only way we know the world is through ourselves....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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1985 words
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19th Century Theories in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment - 19th Century Theories in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment "I teach you the Superman. Man is something that has to be surpassed. What have you done to surpass him?" These words said by Friedrich Nietzsche encompass the theories present in Dostoevsky's nineteenth century novel, Crime and Punishment. Fyodor Dostoevsky, living a life of suffering himself, created the character of Raskolnikov with the preconceptions of his own sorrowful and struggling life. Throughout his exile in Siberia from 1849-1859, his sentiments of suffering, sorrow, and the common man surfaced and heightened, inspiring him to begin writing Crime and Punishment in 1859....   [tags: Crime Punishment Essays] 2467 words
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Anxiety in Post Open-Heart Patients - Concept analysis of Anxiety For many decades nursing has been developing tools to assist with development of theoretical and conceptual bases. Concept analysis has been identified by Walker and Avant (2005) as encouraging communication within the discipline it is being research in. Walker and Avant (2005) also point out that “the results of the concept analysis, the operational definition, the antecedents, and the defining attributes can provide scientists with an excellent beginning for a new tool or an excellent way to evaluate an old one” (p.64)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Theories of Anxiety] 1912 words
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Tyrant and Martyr in Sophocles' Antigone - Tyrant and Martyr in Antigone "The tyrant dies and his rule ends,the martyr dies and his rule begins."  Soren Kierkegaard  This quote applies to Sophocles’ play Antigone in many ways. The two lines can be used to describe the opposition of the two main characters in the play, Creon and Antigone. One is a king new to the throne who will not be ruling for long, and the other, a martyr whose strong convictions will live on even after her death. In the first line of his quote, Kierkegaard states that a tyrant’s reign dies with him....   [tags: Antigone essays] 753 words
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Paradox of Faith - Paradox of Faith In Fear and Trembling Kierkegaard examines the old story of Abraham being commanded by what is perceived to be god to kill his only child. Abraham had spent many years trying to conceive a child with his wife Sarah and finally successfully had a boy named Isaac. In what appears to be the test of ultimate sacrifice god, appearing as a burning bush, asks Abraham to take his only son to the mountain and kill him with a knife. The question most people ask is why would a god command Abraham to commit such an atrocious act....   [tags: Faith] 731 words
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Finding an Existential Ethic - Finding an Existential Ethic   Existential philosophy is subject to a single, seemingly debilitating criticism: it comprises a frame of mind rather than a theory. As Mary Warnock argues in her book Existentialist Ethics, "It seems that to be attracted by Existentialism is to be attracted by a mood. When it comes to serious thought, one may find . . . that it is necessary to cast off the mood and start again" (57). The focus of the existentialist is on the individual, existing being. By nature, the subject of existentialism appears incommunicable....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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The Beliefs of Different Ideas of Philosophic Thought - Monism vs. Dualism Believers and non-believers sums up monism vs. dualism. For the non-believer such as Spinoza God just does not exist, that all things can be reduced to a single substance or form. Spinoza believed that it is simple to explain how the body communicates with the body; it is virtually the same thing only conceptualizing from different viewpoints. Nevertheless, there is no life after death; there is only a substance in which we came from. The body is ruled by the laws of physics and what happens to them is determined to what happened before....   [tags: philosophy, ] 1163 words
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Albert Camus’ Concept of Absurdity and Happiness - Introduction In the midst of the problems of the world, no one can deny that human suffering is inevitable, since it has been presented throughout the history of mankind. That life is absurd, indeed as Albert Camus asserts. Since how can one really find meaning in life if we live in a senseless world. Fortunately, three possibilities were presented, that man can choose in order to be released from human suffering. First would be suicide, which is also considered as one of the most serious philosophical problem, since suicide becomes an option for some by ending their life to be released from their sufferings....   [tags: Post Modern Period]
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The Philosophy of Existentialism - ‘The most dangerous follower is he whose defection would destroy the whole party: that is to say, the best follower.’ – Friedrich Nietzsche Being recognizable and distinctive nowadays is something most individuals seek after. To become important or standing out in any community is not something today’s individuals have created or whatsoever. Ever since the twentieth century and even before, that belief and eagerness to prove your existence has been noticeably present. Not only between common people has this been there, also philosophers had sincerely thought about that humanly keenness to prove that one is different and essential, and tried to philosophically explain it....   [tags: Philosophy, Nietzsche, Socrates] 1066 words
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The Meaning of Life and Death - The Meaning of Life and Death The abstract idea of life cannot be explained by such simple ideas as being animated, breathing, or speaking. Ordinary machines in this century can perform all of these basic functions. The quandary with defining death is not as abstract and elusive as that of life. The problem of defining life and death has plagued philosophers and the religious bodies for thousands of years for one reason; each philosophy or religion has tried to define the meaning of life and death from only their certain perspective....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Human Morality Essays]
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Repetition and the Split of Sign - We follow Lacan and return to Freud, only to find ourselves arriving at the knowledge that the unconscious operates like translating without the original text. There goes a process of representing activity in which we achieve a representation without knowing what is the "represented." Lacan leads us back to so many of Freud's decisive terms, thereby prefiguring the way those terms slip away from the grasp of traditional conceptual discourse. In The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis we are told that "the unconscious is structured like language" (FFC 20)....   [tags: Linguistics] 2968 words
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A Kierkegaardian Structure to Man's Impetus - A Kierkegaardian Structure to Man's Impetus I do not agree with Frankl. I do not believe Man’s primary driving force is a search for meaning. Nor do I concede with his critics that propose alternative ‘motivations’, such as power, or pleasure. I believe that man has the capacity to be driven by many motivational factors, not just any single one. Moreover, I believe that these motivations represent themselves in a predictable, patterned way. In three of the books we read this summer, it is possible to trace the evolution of the protagonist’s motivations, and their subsequent philosophical state of awareness....   [tags: Papers] 1182 words
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Personal Experience and Conviction: Journal Entry - “Why am I here?” “What is the meaning of life?” “Who am I?” These are all common questions for one to occasionally ponder throughout his or her lifetime. Some people, however, are plagued by those questions, constantly interrogating their life, and its purpose. I, happen to be one of the people who are chronically bedeviled by questions. I want to know what my purpose on this earth is, and why I’m really here. More than that though, I want to know who I am. (insert your name here) isn’t who I am; it’s a name....   [tags: essays research papers] 490 words
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Logic of the Absurds - Logic of the Absurds Man's fundamental bewilderment and confusion, stems from the fact that man has no answers to the basic existential questions: why we are alive, why we have to die, why there is injustice and suffering, all this serve as the impetus for such a thinking. Man constantly wonders about the truth of life and realizes that the more you expect from it, the more it fails you or may be the more we expect from ourselves the more we find ourselves engaging in a futile battle with the odds....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 1597 words
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God’s Existence - This semester our Philosophy of Religion class took a more broad approach towards the intimate ideas of God. A question we must all ask ourselves; is there a God and if so how can we prove there is. As a class we challenged our minds and throughout possibilities, yet we never really came to an agreeable conclusion, considering the topic it must be broken down. The moral and ethical views will help guide me throughout, along with many other popular philosophical stand points and leaders to sustain and validate my assessments on the subject....   [tags: Argumentative Essay Theology]
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Victorianism and Existentialism - Victorianism “can be taken to mean the parent of the modern” (Landow). The term Victorianism refers to the attitudes, ways, ideas, changes and events of the Victorian Era. “The Victorian Era is generally agreed to stretch through the reign of Queen Victoria” (Miller), from 1837 to 1901. During this period, which was “sometimes called the Second English Renaissance” (Miller), the Victorians faced many modern problems. However, the Victorian Era was an age of power which allowed the Victorians to come up with modern solutions and ideas....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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History of Philosophy - Throughout the semester our class has explored a chronological look at just some of the philosophers whose works have been published over time. Throughout the readings reoccurring themes, such as religion, wisdom, knowledge, reality and life occur and each philosopher offering their own opinions. Given these works, a timeline of viewpoints can be developed and can give a decent view of the shape of philosophy over time, as well as offering insight to how the time period and location may have shaped the views of philosophers....   [tags: informative essay] 1350 words
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20th Century Liberalism's Philosophies are False - During the 20th Century, liberalistic philosophers created countless numbers of false philosophies that many people practice today. Among those wrong ideologies are existentialism, secularism, pragmatism, and Freudianism. The first false ideology, existentialism, claims that there is no truth and believes that all man can do is take a ?leap of faith.. This ideology claims to ?resolve. all man?s problems and worries because ?nothing is true.. Because there is no truth, therefore, there would be no God and, therefore, there is no wrong in the world....   [tags: essays research papers] 361 words
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Existentialist Themes Of Anxiety And Absurdity - Existentialist Themes of Anxiety and Absurdity In a world with such a vast amount of people there exists virtually every different belief, thought, and ideology. This means that for every argument and every disagreement that their exists two sides of relative equal strength. It is through these disagreements that arguments are formed. Arguments are the building blocks in which philosophers use to analyze situations and determine theories of life. For the purpose of this paper I will try and argue my personal beliefs on a specific argument....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Anxiety Essays] 1855 words
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Virtual Organization E-Business - Virtual Organization E-Business Marshall Industries has been making its mark as one of the first company to provide distribution of electronic components by conducting e-business on an international basis. Like many other company in its century, technology have played an important part and changing the way and giving many options on marketing and service a business. Countless businesses have taking a piece of the pie by taking advantage of the world wide web to conduct their business to a broader list of clients and taking their business out of the box....   [tags: Marshall Industries Case Study Analysis Virtual] 1024 words
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In the Post-modern World, Truth is Only an Opinion - To explain the impacts of postmodernism, we have to understand the very composite nature of postmodernism, which is a relatively new all encompassing philosophy and one that reputedly lacks a historiography. The nature of the title question is very philosophical to which an equally philosophical answer could be given – why. However I am not so bold as to give that as the answer. I will therefore endeavour to simplify and qualify, what I consider are, related factors and, where applicable, their origins....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Greek and Christian Models of the Truth - Greek and Christian Models of the Truth In his Philosophical Fragments, Søren Kierkegaard, writing under the pseudonym of Johannes Climacus, poses the question, "How far does the Truth admit of being learned?" (154). A more direct and succinct formulation of Climacus' question is "How is the Truth learned?" since his question does not concern the extent of human knowledge, which "How far" implies, but the possible modes through which one comes, or may come, to know the Truth. For Climacus, there are two possible modes of knowing, or two theories of how one comes to know the Truth: the Greek and the Christian....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Intellectual Freedom - It Isn't Free - Intellectual Freedom - It Isn't Free We have lingered in the chambers of the sea By sea-girls wreathed with seaweed red and brown Till human voices wake us, and we drown. T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock Very few of us are unfamiliar with the Genesis account of creation, where it is written that "God said, 'Let there be light,' and there was light." [1] The obvious point is that God creates the world; but later writings have chosen to focus on the idea that the divine being both creates and destroys by the power of His word alone....   [tags: Politics Political] 4782 words
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Pathology Arises Out Fo The Ex - Concepts of pathology, as treated by the traditions of clinical psychology and psychiatry, define what is ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’ in human behaviour. Various psychological paradigms exist today, each emphasising diverse ways of defining and treating psyopathology. Most commonly utilised is the medical model which is limited in many respects, criticised for reducing patients problems to a list of pathological symptoms that have a primarily biological base and which are to be treated behaviourally or pharmacologically (Schwartz & Wiggins 1999)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2420 words
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Choice and Individual Freedom in The Stranger (The Outsider) - Choice and Individual Freedom in The Stranger Camus's The Stranger is a grim profession that choice and individual freedom are integral components of human nature, and the commitment and responsibility that accompany these elements are ultimately the deciding factors of the morality of one's existence. Meursault is placed in an indifferent world, a world that embraces absurdity and persecutes reason; such is the nature of existentialist belief, that rationalization and logic are ultimately the essence of humanity, and that societal premonitions and an irrelevant status quo serve only to perpetuate a false sense of truth....   [tags: Camus Stranger Essays] 442 words
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Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism - Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn - Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn In this paper I will be making a comparison between the thoughts of Karl Jaspers and Korean Zen master Seung Sahn on the nature of consciousness and transcendence. The essays in question by Jaspers are his essays “On the Origin of My Philosophy,” written in 1941, and his lectures on the significance of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche and “the Encompassing,” given in 1935 (p. 158). The other text being studied is The Compass of Zen, a compilation of Seung Sahn’s lectures on the three main branches of Buddhism....   [tags: Compare Contrast Philosophy Essays]
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Human Mortality According to Heidegger - Human Mortality According to Heidegger Martin Heidegger (1889 -- 1976) was, and still is considered to be, along with the likes of Soren Kierkegaard, Edmund Husserl and Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the principal exponents of 20th century Existentialism. An extraordinarily original thinker, a critic of technological society and the leading Ontologist of his time, Heidegger's philosophy became a primary influence upon the thoughts of the younger generations of continental European cultural personalities of his time....   [tags: Papers] 3649 words
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Faithing - Faithing Faith is an odd sort of virtue. In these days of televangelism, tracts, and the "Christian right," one would be tempted to identify faith with a set of beliefs, a conglomerate of successive religious propositions that one has accepted; a branch of one’s "mental furniture," so to speak. However, to limit one’s definition of faith to this narrow band is to do faith itself a disservice. In the history of literature and philosophy alike, there are those who have conceived of faith rather differently....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2112 words
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Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot: Existentialism and The Theatre of the Absurd - Every person is responsible for themselves. In society, people are responsible for their actions; good deeds will accede to rewards while bad deeds will lead to demerits. Humans live in a world where they are told what to do and how to do it, and faced with what is considered right and what is seen as wrong, but at the end of the day, humans have the freewill to do as they please and make their own choices, which leads them to being responsible for those actions. Everyday, humans are faced with these choices and decisions to make only to know deep down inside that they will either have positive or negative reactions to their choices, and it is this key idea that led to a specific philosophic...   [tags: Theater of the Absurd] 2525 words
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The Fall of the House of Usher, by Edgar Allan Poe - The Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard begins his book, The Sickness Unto Death like this: “Man is spirit. But what is spirit. Spirit is the self. But what is the self. The self is a relation which relates itself to its own self.” I understand The Fall of the House of Usher in these terms; the story is a description of the sick self, the sick spirit, the mortally morbid human. The title provides a reasonable summary of the story: the subject is the House of Usher and what happens to the House is a fall....   [tags: Thematic, Literary Analysis, Self]
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An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce Analytical Paper - “There are two ways to be fooled. One is to believe what isn't true; the other is to refuse to believe what is true” (Kierkegaard)- Misleading oneself by accepting things as true or valid when they are not is a common phenomenon of nearly every human being, especially when faced with life changing of threatening situations. Self-deception can therefore be considered an option to escape reality in order to prevent oneself from dealing with the weight of a situation. Basically, those strong influencing psychological forces keep us from acknowledging a threatening situation or truth....   [tags: time, symbol, illusion]
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Friedrich Nietzsche: One of the Greatest Thinkers of All Time - Friedrich Nietzsche was without a doubt one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th century. He was a man who ventured to question all of man's beliefs. He was out to seek the important questions in life, not always their answers. Some consider Nietzsche to be one of the first existentialist philosophers along with Søren Kierkegaard. He was the inspiration for many philosophers, poets, sociologists, and psychologists including Sigmund Freud. His goal to seek explanations for society's commonly accepted values was an inspiration for Freud's psychoanalysis theory1....   [tags: Philosophy] 1608 words
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Overview of The Seventh Seal by Ingmar Bergman - Ingmar Bergman should be most fondly remembered for his undying passion for theatre, and his effective applications of many theatrical techniques into a growing world of increasingly popular, modernist ‘art-films.’ Bergman’s films, including The Seventh Seal (Det sjunde inseglet), draw heavily on works by Scandinavian philosophers and writers—most notably, August Strindberg, Søren Kierkegaard, and a variety of painters. The Seventh Seal focuses on existential questions that have been asked for millennia; what is the meaning of life....   [tags: life, god, passion]
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