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Kierkegaard's Fear And Trembling - Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling What is a human person. How do human beings relate to God. Who am I. Why do I exist. I. Soeren Kierkegaard, a famous theologian of the 19th Century, wrote Fear and Trembling in 1843 in response to Hegelianism. Kierkegaard takes on the pseudonymous role of Jonannes de Silentio and speaks on modern peoples' attitudes toward doubt and faith. He believes humans are creatures entrenched in reason and doubt but not in the same sense as Descartes, a French mathematician, scientist and philosopher....   [tags: Soeren Kierkegaard] 1641 words
(4.7 pages)
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Faith in Kierkegaard's Breaking the Waves - Faith in Kierkegaard's Breaking the Waves In Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling, he discusses the "Three Movements to Faith." For Kierkegaard, faith of any kind involves a paradox. This paradox, as well as Kierkegaard's suggested path to faith, is illustrated by the main characters of Breaking the Waves, Bess and Jan. Kierkegaard explains there are steps one can take towards faith; however, they are so difficult he believes only one person, the "Knight of Faith," has completed the movements....   [tags: Kierkegaard Breaking the Waves Essays] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Concept of Anxiety by Soren Kierkegaard - The Moment and Inwardness I. Introduction In The Concept of Anxiety, S�ren Kierkegaard deals with human anxiety about the possibility posed by freedom as it relates to sinfulness and spiritual progress. This paper will show that Kierkegaard?s concept of the moment and his prescription for inwardness, both in the context of spirituality, are connected. Importantly, inwardness depends on the moment and the possibility of transition that does not take place in time, transition that seems sudden if spotted from a temporal perspective....   [tags: Philosophy Soren Kierkegaard] 1753 words
(5 pages)
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Kierkegaard - Kierkegaard Kierkegaard felt that subjective reflection was more crucial to the individual life than objective reflection because it focused on passion and human existence instead of logic and impersonal truth. The objective world is the world of facts and truth independent of the perceptions of humans. Objective reflection focuses on what actually is, in the objective world. Objective reflection centers on the things and ideas in the world that can give meaning to life. The subjective world is the world of human thoughts, feelings, and perceptions....   [tags: Papers] 518 words
(1.5 pages)
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Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein - Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein The connections between Ludwig Wittgenstein and Soren Kierkegaard as philosophers are not at all immediately obvious. On the surface, Wittgenstein deals with matters concerning the incorrect use of philosophical language and Kierkegaard focuses almost exclusively on answering the question 'how to become a Christian'. But this account belies deeper structural similarities between these men's important works. Thus, this paper suggests that their methods, rather than exclusively content, contain a strong parallel on which a natural and hopefully fruitful examination of their work can be based....   [tags: Papers] 2160 words
(6.2 pages)
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Faith in Fear and Trembling by Kierkegaard - ... Kierkegaard believes that God’s command of Abraham is absurd because it is a contradiction. The main contradiction with the entire scenario being that Abraham is going to sacrifice his son and minus the aspect of faith in this story, he becomes like any other murderer. “For if you simply remove faith as a nix and nought there remains only the raw fact that Abraham was willing to murder Isaac” (Kierkegaard 60). The contradiction that something unethical is to also be exalted, “It is like a two-edged sword, bringing death and salvation” (Kierkegaard 61)....   [tags: Faith Literary Analysis]
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2216 words
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Existentialism: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche - ... He is telling us we may never know, but the best way to find out is to develop our own nature and purpose in life. Make good decisions (to stay in God’s good graces), base those decisions on what we, as individuals feel is right or wrong, utilize our freedom (individuality) and have convictions in life. Another philosopher who also a pioneer of existentialism was Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche’s faith, like Kierkegaard’s, was at one time rooted in Christianity. However, Kierkegaard remained embedded in his faith and Nietzsche abandoned his....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1122 words
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Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling: A Solution to Kierkegaard’s Despair Over Christianity - In Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling, the concept of the Knight of Faith is an exalted one, a unique title awarded to those whose devotion to God goes far beyond what is even comprehensible or expected for the average man, who has an aesthetic or ethical life. We are told by Kierkegaard that this Knight of Faith, when in a situation where resignation appears to be the only solution to a problem, puts his faith in what appears to be the absurd, and believes that the solution that he desires lies in God....   [tags: The Knight of Faith] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Soren Kierkegaard's Fear And Trembling - How does the individual assure himself that he is justified. In Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling, Abraham, found in a paradox between two ethical duties, is confronted with this question. He has ethical duties to be faithful to God and also to his son, Isaac. He believes that God demands him to sacrifice Isaac. But, Abraham, firmly adhering to his faith, submitted to what he believed was the will of God. By using his perspective and that of his alternative guise, Johannes de Silentio, Kierkegaard concentrates on the story of Abraham in such a way that his audience must choose between two extremes....   [tags: Judgment Ethics Dilemma] 958 words
(2.7 pages)
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Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard - Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard Zarathustra is always a favorite, with the ringing of God is dead throughout the mountains. Re-evaluating our idols, discovering the significance of their dethroning and how it relates to the intricate web that we create for our lives. Zarathustra, holy man in his blasphemy, ushering in a new era where the last men are eradicated, the filthy vermin masquerading intelligence led by the promise of cheese. Formerly the world was a mad place, filled with mice traps, and the drool pours down their uncomprehending faces....   [tags: Papers] 398 words
(1.1 pages)
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Kierkegaard and P.M. Moller on Immortality - Kierkegaard and P.M. Moller on Immortality P.M. Moller and His Relation to S.A. Kierkegaard Although virtually unknown today outside of Danish philosophical circles, Moller (1794-1838) was, during his lifetime, esteemed as one of Denmark’s most loved poets, and beginning in 1831 he held the position of professor of philosophy at the University of Denmark. While at the university Moller taught Moral and Greek Philosophy, and his early philosophical position has been regarded as Hegelian. Kierkegaard began his university studies in 1830, and the young professor made a deep impression upon him....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Role of Love in the Thought of Kant and Kierkegaard - The Role of Love in the Thought of Kant and Kierkegaard ABSTRACT: Following Ronald Green's suggestion concerning Kierkegaard's dependence upon Kant, I show how Kierkegaard drew upon Kant's The Metaphysics of Morals in order to develop his own doctrine of divine love. Where Kant saw only a peripheral role for love in the moral life, we will see how Kierkegaard places love at the center of human life in Works of Love. The leap of faith requires that every aspect of life be informed by love in response to God's love for us....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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3259 words
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Is Kierkegaard's Absolute Paradox Hume's Miracle? - Is Kierkegaard's Absolute Paradox Hume's Miracle. ABSTRACT: I clarify Hume's concept of miracle with Kierkegaard's concept of absolute paradox. I argue that absolute paradox is like that miracle which, according to Hume, allows a human being to believe Christianity against the principles of his understanding. I draw such a conclusion on the basis that Kierkegaard does not think Christianity is a doctrine with a truth value and, furthermore, he holds that all historical events (such as miracles) are doubtful....   [tags: Religion Christianity Essays]
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3007 words
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Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning - Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning As some philosophers suggest, an individual may only know what he knows through experience. What is sensed equals what is known. Because we understand things through our senses, then what we understand must also be expressed through our senses. We represent that knowledge through language. Language is a means of transferring our experiences to a concrete, literal form, so the sensuous can be made known in the psyche. To describe a snake (itself a linguistic representation of my experience), I might use the word, “slimy,” thus, I have distinguished one feeling from another feeling....   [tags: Essays Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kierkegaard and Abraham: A Literary Tool and Belief in the Ideal Christian-Existentialist - ... has become precisely like any other human being” (42). By describing the absurd this way, Kierkegaard illustrates that the act of faithing encompasses believing in a truth that cannot be true and is therefore a paradox. Understanding faith as an action constantly relating to oneself and to the divine while embracing the absurd is foundational to Kierkegaard’s understanding of Abraham. In Fear and Trembling, Abraham is described as the perfect knight of faith unquestionably following the callings of God, but it is more than simply unquestioning allegiance....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1631 words
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Defending Organized Religion and Kierkegaard’s Anti-Climacus - Defending Organized Religion and Kierkegaard’s Anti-Climacus Practice in Christianity, written by the pseudonym[1] of Anti-Climacus, describes the ideal Christian life from the perspective of the ideal Christian. ‘Anti-’ in the sense of ‘Anti-Climacus’ is not an indication of opposition (to Climacus, the ‘devoutly non-Christian’ ethicist and editor of Either/Or whose esthetic sense was particularly keen). Rather, “Anti-” is an older form of “ante”, meaning ‘before’ both in the sense of time and in the sense of rank....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3297 words
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Kierkegaard: "Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself" as a Basis for Ethics - Kierkegaard: "Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself" as a Basis for Ethics "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets." [Matthew 22:37-40, AV] "When you open the door which you shut in order to pray to God, the first person you meet as you go out is your neighbour whom you shall love....   [tags: Morals Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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2450 words
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Comparing and Contrasting Nietzsche’s Preparatory Human Being and Kierkegaard’s Knight of Faith - Take a minute to relax. Enjoy the lightness, or surprising heaviness, of the paper, the crispness of the ink, and the regularity of the type. There are over four pages in this stack, brimming with the answer to some question, proposed about subjects that are necessarily personal in nature. All of philosophy is personal, but some philosophers may deny this. Discussed here are philosophers that would not be that silly. Two proto-existentialists, Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche, were keen observers of humanity, and yet their conclusions were different enough to seem contradictory....   [tags: philosophy]
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1475 words
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Kierkegaards View on Faith - Kierkegaards View on Faith Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher in the mid 1800s. He is known to be the father of existentialism and was at least 70 years ahead of his time. Kierkegaard set out to attack Kant’s rational ethics and make attacks on the Christianity of our day. He poses the question, how do we understand faith. He states that faith equals the absurd. In “Fear and Trembling”, he uses the story of Abraham and his son Isaac to show an example of faith as the absurd. The story of God asking Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac signifies a break in the theory that ethics and religion go hand in hand....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1037 words
(3 pages)
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The Individual Being in Hegel's Philosophy - The only similarity between Marx and Kierkegaard – beyond disagreeing with Hegel – is they both find Hegel to be apathetic. As Kierkegaard summarized in Either/Or, and as Marx exemplifies in his many writings, either one is to resign themselves to inaction for the greater good or one commits to action regardless of the consequences. Hegel, they argue, commits himself to the former. He resigns himself to universal ethics, acting on the greater good at the expense of the individual. Here, Kierkegaard and Marx swerve away from Hegel....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1745 words
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Understanding Human Nature: Examples from Philosophy and the Arts - Understanding Human Nature: Examples from Philosophy and the Arts ABSTRACT: Ours is not the first time philosophers have looked to art for examples to illustrate their arguments. One example would be Kierkegaard, who turned to Mozart's operas in an attempt to expose what he called the aesthetic realm of existence. I hold that if Kierkegaard lived today, he would consider the main character of Nikita Mikhalkov's Dark Eyes (1987) as a prototype of the aesthetic way of existence. In order to support my thesis, I first discuss Kierkegaard's theory of the three spheres of existence....   [tags: Philosophy] 3521 words
(10.1 pages)
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The Principle of Credultiy, the Will to Believe, and the Role of Rationality and Evidence in Religious Experience - The Principle of Credultiy, the Will to Believe, and the Role of Rationality and Evidence in Religious Experience Explain the principle of credulity, the will to believe and the role of rationality and evidence in religious experience The principle of credulity, the will to believe and the role of rationality and evidence all play crucial roles while attempting to explain religious experience. The principle of credulity states that religious experiences should be taken at their face value when we have no positive reason to doubt them....   [tags: Papers] 572 words
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Black and White - In Sunset Limited, Black conveys Kierkegaard’s philosophy through his own life and words. In the beginning of the play, Black and White argue over the meaning of life—the former loving it, the latter trying to end it. Early on, Black tries to identify with White’s suicidal argument by noting that “Suffering and human destiny are the same thing” (55). Of course, Black’s admittance does not mean he believes in White’s argument, but instead that he understands White’s pain. Likewise, Kierkegaard’s description of life is similar to Black’s reasoning....   [tags: Literary Review] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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A Call to the Task: The Attunement of Fear and Trembling - In the “Attunement” of Soren Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling, the author produces four beautiful variations on God’s temptation of Abraham in Genesis 22. In each, Abraham fails at his test in some way; even though in each he offers his son, he misses the full movements of philosophy and faith that the true Abraham completed. Each is closed by a brief image of a child being weaned, presumably a metaphor of the past story. Characteristically of Kierkegaard’s non-prescriptive style, we are told that these stories are the way in which a certain man has tried to understand Abraham; we are invited, but not forced, into contemplation of these various stories....   [tags: Literary Review] 1727 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Individual or Society - ... The interest of the group will without end dominate the interest of the individual. Since interest of the individual will always be submissive to the interest of the group. The question that remains to be asked is for which is the price worth it, to be an individual or to be in relation to society. Two contrasting philosophers come to mind to express both sides of this question. The first is Soren Kierkegaard, a nineteenth century Danish philosopher and writer of “Fear and Trembling”, whose philosophical work deals with the issues of how one lives as an individual, giving priority to the importance of personal choice and commitment....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Relationships in a World without God - Relationships in a World without God In a world in which lives are shaped by irreversible choices and by random events, a world in which everything occurs but once, existence seems to lose its substance. Life in this designless universe raises questions of identity and can cause turmoil between the relationships of the self to others, the self to history, and the self to God. Through the words of existentialist novelists and philosophers Milan Kundera and Jean-Paul Sartre, we witness the philosophical and psychological struggles for identity, existence, and ‘being’ of the characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being, and Nausea....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Religion Essays] 2220 words
(6.3 pages)
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Existentialism In The Early 19th Century - Existentialism in the Early 19th Century Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers since Plato have held that the highest ethical good is the same for everyone; insofar as one approaches moral perfection, one resembles other morally perfect individuals....   [tags: essays research papers] 1641 words
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Tragedy as a Catalyst For Character Development - ... Kierkegaard asserted that humans, when faced with life choices, will always involve feelings and morals. It gave Dinesen’s writing a cynical, yet emotional tone that resonated throughout. Kierkegaard’s existentialist movement in the late 19th century acted as the basis for Dinesen’s writing in the latter part of her life. Friedrich Nietzsche was the main source of philosophical inspiration during the majority of Dinesen’s life. While in Copenhagen for school, she read a book by ““Friedrich Nietzsche which was popularized by Brandes in a … book called Aristocratic Radicalism, whose title in many ways describes Dinesen’s outlook”” (“The Ring” 236)....   [tags: Literacy Analysis ]
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Tragedy as a Catalyst for Character Development - ... The veritable tragedy of Dinesen was that she fell by the wayside as the world moved on to bigger and better issues. It became “nostalgia for bygone ages… held to valorize the elitist values of a disappearing Danish aristocracy” (Yiannopoulou 1). Dinesen’s work, though well-written, was not timeless and soon became irrelevant for contemporary readers. During Dinesen’s lifetime, she was heavily influenced by the existentialist philosophical movements. Both her work and her lifestyle were very much predisposed to the movement’s views on the individual confusion in a disorienting world due to the fact that she began to follow the movement during adolescence, a naturally confusing time in life....   [tags: Literature]
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1608 words
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Faithing - Faithing Faith is an odd sort of virtue. In these days of televangelism, tracts, and the "Christian right," one would be tempted to identify faith with a set of beliefs, a conglomerate of successive religious propositions that one has accepted; a branch of one’s "mental furniture," so to speak. However, to limit one’s definition of faith to this narrow band is to do faith itself a disservice. In the history of literature and philosophy alike, there are those who have conceived of faith rather differently....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2112 words
(6 pages)
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Devils Grasp - Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Existentialism acquires its name from insisting that existence precedes essence....   [tags: essays research papers] 481 words
(1.4 pages)
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Can We Prove God Exists? - Philosophers, whether they are atheists, or believers have always been eager to discuss the existence of God. Some philosophers, such as St Thomas Aquinas, and St Anselm, believe that we have proven that God exists through our senses, logic, and experience. Others such as Soren Kierkegaard, and Holbach, feel that we will never have the answer to this question due to our human limitations, and reason. The believer tends to rely on faith for his belief, and claim they do not need proof in order to believe in the God's existence....   [tags: Philosophy] 564 words
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Existentialist Views on Death - Existentialist Views on Death What is Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy developed chiefly in the 20th century that attempts find meaning in a seemingly meaningless world. The central theme of existentialism is that an individual must assume all responsibilities for his or her acts of free will without any absolute knowledge of what is right or wrong. Existentialism analyzes this somewhat dismal situation mankind has been thrown into, and produces a model for how an individual should live his or her life....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye - Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden's individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existence along with the individual freedom and choice....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays] 615 words
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Paradox of Faith - Paradox of Faith In Fear and Trembling Kierkegaard examines the old story of Abraham being commanded by what is perceived to be god to kill his only child. Abraham had spent many years trying to conceive a child with his wife Sarah and finally successfully had a boy named Isaac. In what appears to be the test of ultimate sacrifice god, appearing as a burning bush, asks Abraham to take his only son to the mountain and kill him with a knife. The question most people ask is why would a god command Abraham to commit such an atrocious act....   [tags: Faith] 731 words
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Life has meaning by showing God’s love through service to others needs. - ... Kierkegaard was a devout Christian who was struggling with the difficulties presented in the story of Abraham. In, Fear and Trembling, he says, "In other words, one must give up all his or her earthly possessions in infinite resignation and must also be willing to give up whatever it is that he or she loves more than God” (Nothomb & Hunter, 2001, p. 46). In a letter, to Peter Wilhelm Lund, dated August 31, 1835, Kierkegaard writes, "What I really need is to get clear about what I must do, not what I must know, except insofar as knowledge must precede every act....   [tags: Philosophy]
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Salvation Through Human Suffering in Crime and Punishment - Salvation Through Human Suffering in Crime and Punishment “All men must suffer, and salvation can not be obtained unless this suffering is present” (Boland, p.4). All of the characters in the novel experience some sort of internal or external suffering. The main character, Raskolnikov, must grow and realize this in order to overcome his conflicts and reach the salvation of peace within. Dostoevsky’s concentration and focus is on why suffering must exist and how this suffering can be conquered. This is found to be true because in the six sections of the novel, only one is focused on the crime, and the remaining five are concentrated on Raskolnikov’s journey to overcome his suffering....   [tags: literary analysis, analytical essay] 1194 words
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God’s Existence - ... “Existence may explain the actions, but the actions do not prove His existence.” (PR) Kierkegaard says, “People would be living in uncertainty until proof was complete, followed by a waiting of future incidences.” (PR) For example, if a person knows their outcome of a situation and it was not good, although they may have learned from the significance of the problem they decided it was in their best interest to not compel to doing it because the consequences weren’t worth the learned value. Therefore this becomes problematic and evidently no human being would ever learn from their mistakes which could trial all the way back to when Thomas Edison decided to create the light bulb, he did not fail thousands of times he learned what not to do before he came to his final mission of creating the light bulb....   [tags: Argumentative Essay Theology]
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The Fate of Prometheus - The Fate of Prometheus “Ah me, alas, pain, pain ever, forever. / No change, no pause, no hope. – Yet I endure” (I, 23-24) – such are the words of Prometheus, when in desperation and overwhelmed by emotion, his thoughts dissolve in sheer agony and turn to himself, away from the Mighty God whose “ill tyranny” has nailed him to the “eagle-baffling mountain” (I, 19-20). In his essay, Prometheus: The Romantic Revolutionary, Northrop Frye observes that “pain is the condition which keeps Prometheus conscious” (96), because in reflection, he is confronted with himself, and his sense of self and being....   [tags: Prometheus]
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Tyrant and Martyr in Sophocles' Antigone - Tyrant and Martyr in Antigone "The tyrant dies and his rule ends,the martyr dies and his rule begins."  Soren Kierkegaard  This quote applies to Sophocles’ play Antigone in many ways. The two lines can be used to describe the opposition of the two main characters in the play, Creon and Antigone. One is a king new to the throne who will not be ruling for long, and the other, a martyr whose strong convictions will live on even after her death. In the first line of his quote, Kierkegaard states that a tyrant’s reign dies with him....   [tags: Antigone essays] 753 words
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19th Century Theories in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment - 19th Century Theories in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment "I teach you the Superman. Man is something that has to be surpassed. What have you done to surpass him?" These words said by Friedrich Nietzsche encompass the theories present in Dostoevsky's nineteenth century novel, Crime and Punishment. Fyodor Dostoevsky, living a life of suffering himself, created the character of Raskolnikov with the preconceptions of his own sorrowful and struggling life. Throughout his exile in Siberia from 1849-1859, his sentiments of suffering, sorrow, and the common man surfaced and heightened, inspiring him to begin writing Crime and Punishment in 1859....   [tags: Crime Punishment Essays] 2467 words
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Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento - Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento Although Christopher Nolan does not acknowledge any philosophical basis for Memento, the film provides a character, Leonard Shelby, who serves as an example of several aspects of existentialism. Through Leonard, Memento illustrates Soren Kierkegaard's idea of truth as subjectivity, Freidrich Nietzsche's notion that God is dead, and Jean-Paul Sartre's writings on the nature of consciousness. In Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Kierkegaard differentiates between the subject as the knower, and the world (object) as the known: the only way we know the world is through ourselves....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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Finding an Existential Ethic - Finding an Existential Ethic   Existential philosophy is subject to a single, seemingly debilitating criticism: it comprises a frame of mind rather than a theory. As Mary Warnock argues in her book Existentialist Ethics, "It seems that to be attracted by Existentialism is to be attracted by a mood. When it comes to serious thought, one may find . . . that it is necessary to cast off the mood and start again" (57). The focus of the existentialist is on the individual, existing being. By nature, the subject of existentialism appears incommunicable....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Absolute - An elephant was brought to a group of blind men who had never encountered such an animal before. One felt a leg and reported that an elephant is a great living pillar. Another felt the trunk and reported that an elephant is a great snake. Another felt a tusk and reported that an elephant is like a sharp ploughshare. And so on. And then they all quarreled together, each claiming that his own account was the truth and therefore all the others false (traditional parable). None of the accounts that the blind men made about the nature of the elephant are absolute truths, nor are the accounts false....   [tags: essays research papers] 1009 words
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Existentialism - Existentialism Existentialism refers to the philosophical movement or tendency of the nineteenth and twentyth centuries. Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, a precise definition is impossible; however, it suggests one major theme: a stress on individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice {3}. Existentialism also refers to a family of philosophies devoted to an interpretation of human existence in the world that stresses its concreteness and its problematic character....   [tags: Papers] 1045 words
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Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God - Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God Rational: To be rational is to think logically and within reason. To base your thoughts on evidence, and then use that evidence to come to a "rational" conclusion. Motivation: To be motivated to do or think something, normally the motivation will be because it will benefit you in the long run. Many philosophers use theses types of words when talking about whether or not it is rational to believe in god. Pascal for instance thinks that you should believe in God as you will gain more from it when you pass away if he does exist, i.e....   [tags: Papers] 661 words
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Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism - Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism 1.Hegel is a pantheist, meaning that he believes that everytng toeather comes to being God. Subsequently he believes that everythenig is one, menatin gtat reason and reality actually are the same thing, fuirtheremore Hegel believst that reality is reason, this is his "first Principle". In contrast to this Kant believes that all we really know are our persc=eptions of the real (Nominal world) and tat we cannot really knowanything aobut the real world....   [tags: Papers] 994 words
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Logic of the Absurds - Logic of the Absurds Man's fundamental bewilderment and confusion, stems from the fact that man has no answers to the basic existential questions: why we are alive, why we have to die, why there is injustice and suffering, all this serve as the impetus for such a thinking. Man constantly wonders about the truth of life and realizes that the more you expect from it, the more it fails you or may be the more we expect from ourselves the more we find ourselves engaging in a futile battle with the odds....   [tags: English Literature Essays] 1597 words
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The Meaning of Life and Death - The Meaning of Life and Death The abstract idea of life cannot be explained by such simple ideas as being animated, breathing, or speaking. Ordinary machines in this century can perform all of these basic functions. The quandary with defining death is not as abstract and elusive as that of life. The problem of defining life and death has plagued philosophers and the religious bodies for thousands of years for one reason; each philosophy or religion has tried to define the meaning of life and death from only their certain perspective....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Human Morality Essays]
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Love - It's a crazy thing to do, really. That two young people should together reach out and take hold of their future in this way--should determine that, come what may, it will be a future together--can hardly make sense. Unless, perhaps, God makes sense of it for us. For the miracle and the mystery of marriage is that God permits us to exercise just a little of his own creative power--to determine this one thing about our future: that it will be a future together. And having permitted us to be as creative as he himself is, God then asks us--and invites us--to learn also to be as steadfast and faithful as he is....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
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Repetition and the Split of Sign - We follow Lacan and return to Freud, only to find ourselves arriving at the knowledge that the unconscious operates like translating without the original text. There goes a process of representing activity in which we achieve a representation without knowing what is the "represented." Lacan leads us back to so many of Freud's decisive terms, thereby prefiguring the way those terms slip away from the grasp of traditional conceptual discourse. In The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis we are told that "the unconscious is structured like language" (FFC 20)....   [tags: Linguistics] 2968 words
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A Kierkegaardian Structure to Man's Impetus - A Kierkegaardian Structure to Man's Impetus I do not agree with Frankl. I do not believe Man’s primary driving force is a search for meaning. Nor do I concede with his critics that propose alternative ‘motivations’, such as power, or pleasure. I believe that man has the capacity to be driven by many motivational factors, not just any single one. Moreover, I believe that these motivations represent themselves in a predictable, patterned way. In three of the books we read this summer, it is possible to trace the evolution of the protagonist’s motivations, and their subsequent philosophical state of awareness....   [tags: Papers] 1182 words
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Virtual Organization E-Business - Virtual Organization E-Business Marshall Industries has been making its mark as one of the first company to provide distribution of electronic components by conducting e-business on an international basis. Like many other company in its century, technology have played an important part and changing the way and giving many options on marketing and service a business. Countless businesses have taking a piece of the pie by taking advantage of the world wide web to conduct their business to a broader list of clients and taking their business out of the box....   [tags: Marshall Industries Case Study Analysis Virtual] 1024 words
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The Philosophy of Existentialism - ‘The most dangerous follower is he whose defection would destroy the whole party: that is to say, the best follower.’ – Friedrich Nietzsche Being recognizable and distinctive nowadays is something most individuals seek after. To become important or standing out in any community is not something today’s individuals have created or whatsoever. Ever since the twentieth century and even before, that belief and eagerness to prove your existence has been noticeably present. Not only between common people has this been there, also philosophers had sincerely thought about that humanly keenness to prove that one is different and essential, and tried to philosophically explain it....   [tags: Philosophy, Nietzsche, Socrates] 1066 words
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The Beliefs of Different Ideas of Philosophic Thought - Monism vs. Dualism Believers and non-believers sums up monism vs. dualism. For the non-believer such as Spinoza God just does not exist, that all things can be reduced to a single substance or form. Spinoza believed that it is simple to explain how the body communicates with the body; it is virtually the same thing only conceptualizing from different viewpoints. Nevertheless, there is no life after death; there is only a substance in which we came from. The body is ruled by the laws of physics and what happens to them is determined to what happened before....   [tags: philosophy, ] 1163 words
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Victorianism and Existentialism - ... In general, “[e]xistentialism in the broader sense is a 20th century philosophy that is centered upon the analysis of existence and of the way humans find themselves existing in the world” (AllAboutPhilosophy). Also, “[c]ertain themes are common to almost all existential writing” (Mcintyre). For example, all their writings share some common main themes of existentialism which includes “individual existence, individual freedom and individual choice” (Hayes). Additionally, some other shared themes include subjectivity, anxiety, anguish, absurdity, nothingness, death and existence precedes essence (Mcintyre)....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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History of Philosophy - ... He finds Christianity a weakness, simply because they show compassion for the weak and the poor. Nietzsche is the first to attack the believers rather than the religion as a whole. In one of his writings “Joyful Wisdom” he considers non-believers the killers of God and that the churches are his tomb, rather than a place of honor. Nietzsche to me expressed one of the most negative views of religion, Christianity in particular. Another theme that appears amongst the readings is knowledge, whether in the form of wisdom or in how things came to be....   [tags: informative essay] 1350 words
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Existentialism - “Why am I here?” “What is the meaning of life?” “Who am I?” These are all common questions for one to occasionally ponder throughout his or her lifetime. Some people, however, are plagued by those questions, constantly interrogating their life, and its purpose. I, happen to be one of the people who are chronically bedeviled by questions. I want to know what my purpose on this earth is, and why I’m really here. More than that though, I want to know who I am. (insert your name here) isn’t who I am; it’s a name....   [tags: essays research papers] 490 words
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20th Century Liberalism's Philosophies are False - During the 20th Century, liberalistic philosophers created countless numbers of false philosophies that many people practice today. Among those wrong ideologies are existentialism, secularism, pragmatism, and Freudianism. The first false ideology, existentialism, claims that there is no truth and believes that all man can do is take a ?leap of faith.. This ideology claims to ?resolve. all man?s problems and worries because ?nothing is true.. Because there is no truth, therefore, there would be no God and, therefore, there is no wrong in the world....   [tags: essays research papers] 361 words
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Anxiety in Post Open-Heart Patients - ... Webster (2011) defines “anxiety” as: A painful or apprehensive uneasiness of mind usually over an impending or anticipated illness”. An abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physiological signs (as sweating, tension and increased pulse), by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by self doubt about one’s capacity to cope with it. Theories of Anxiety The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophers (2002) references Søren Kierkegaards’ 1844 work on anxiety....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Theories of Anxiety] 1912 words
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Greek and Christian Models of the Truth - Greek and Christian Models of the Truth In his Philosophical Fragments, Søren Kierkegaard, writing under the pseudonym of Johannes Climacus, poses the question, "How far does the Truth admit of being learned?" (154). A more direct and succinct formulation of Climacus' question is "How is the Truth learned?" since his question does not concern the extent of human knowledge, which "How far" implies, but the possible modes through which one comes, or may come, to know the Truth. For Climacus, there are two possible modes of knowing, or two theories of how one comes to know the Truth: the Greek and the Christian....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Intellectual Freedom - It Isn't Free - Intellectual Freedom - It Isn't Free We have lingered in the chambers of the sea By sea-girls wreathed with seaweed red and brown Till human voices wake us, and we drown. T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock Very few of us are unfamiliar with the Genesis account of creation, where it is written that "God said, 'Let there be light,' and there was light." [1] The obvious point is that God creates the world; but later writings have chosen to focus on the idea that the divine being both creates and destroys by the power of His word alone....   [tags: Politics Political] 4782 words
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Balance Of Power - The Balance of Power Throughout the semester, a theme that has guided our thoughts has been the idea that the self is the capacity to have capacities. Through what we have read, written about, and discussed, we have been trying to come up with our own answers to the questions about the self; what a capacity is, how we find them, which ones are essential to human flourishing, what we do with them once they are found. Yet all of these questions lead us to answer that final and defining question of "what is the 'truth'?" A capacity is a capability or a realized power in a person....   [tags: essays research papers] 2146 words
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Existentialism - Existentialism In our individual routines, each and every one of us strive to be the best that we are capable of being. How peculiar this is; we aim for similar goals, yet the methods we enact are unique. Just as no two people have the same fingerprint, no two have identical theories on how to live life. While some follow religious outlines to aspire to a level of moral excellence, others pursue different approaches. Toward the end of the Nineteenth-Century and on through the mid-Twentieth, a movement followed "existentialism," a philosophical theory of life, in order to achieve such a level....   [tags: essays research papers] 900 words
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Pathology Arises Out Fo The Ex - Concepts of pathology, as treated by the traditions of clinical psychology and psychiatry, define what is ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’ in human behaviour. Various psychological paradigms exist today, each emphasising diverse ways of defining and treating psyopathology. Most commonly utilised is the medical model which is limited in many respects, criticised for reducing patients problems to a list of pathological symptoms that have a primarily biological base and which are to be treated behaviourally or pharmacologically (Schwartz & Wiggins 1999)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2420 words
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Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn - Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn In this paper I will be making a comparison between the thoughts of Karl Jaspers and Korean Zen master Seung Sahn on the nature of consciousness and transcendence. The essays in question by Jaspers are his essays “On the Origin of My Philosophy,” written in 1941, and his lectures on the significance of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche and “the Encompassing,” given in 1935 (p. 158). The other text being studied is The Compass of Zen, a compilation of Seung Sahn’s lectures on the three main branches of Buddhism....   [tags: Compare Contrast Philosophy Essays]
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Human Mortality According to Heidegger - Human Mortality According to Heidegger Martin Heidegger (1889 -- 1976) was, and still is considered to be, along with the likes of Soren Kierkegaard, Edmund Husserl and Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the principal exponents of 20th century Existentialism. An extraordinarily original thinker, a critic of technological society and the leading Ontologist of his time, Heidegger's philosophy became a primary influence upon the thoughts of the younger generations of continental European cultural personalities of his time....   [tags: Papers] 3649 words
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Choice and Individual Freedom in The Stranger (The Outsider) - Choice and Individual Freedom in The Stranger Camus's The Stranger is a grim profession that choice and individual freedom are integral components of human nature, and the commitment and responsibility that accompany these elements are ultimately the deciding factors of the morality of one's existence. Meursault is placed in an indifferent world, a world that embraces absurdity and persecutes reason; such is the nature of existentialist belief, that rationalization and logic are ultimately the essence of humanity, and that societal premonitions and an irrelevant status quo serve only to perpetuate a false sense of truth....   [tags: Camus Stranger Essays] 442 words
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Existentialist Themes Of Anxiety And Absurdity - Existentialist Themes of Anxiety and Absurdity In a world with such a vast amount of people there exists virtually every different belief, thought, and ideology. This means that for every argument and every disagreement that their exists two sides of relative equal strength. It is through these disagreements that arguments are formed. Arguments are the building blocks in which philosophers use to analyze situations and determine theories of life. For the purpose of this paper I will try and argue my personal beliefs on a specific argument....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Anxiety Essays] 1855 words
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Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism - Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Importance of Philosophy in the Modern World - The Importance of Philosophy in the Modern World Many of the philosophers we have been reading in class seem to me to be hopelessly dated (although some of them express useful ideas and/or make good points). Of course, it's easy to become trapped in writing only for the period a person lives in, and a philosophy is necessarily dependant on the historical situation and the extent of man's knowledge. And many of the philosophers who have existed over the course of the centuries have necessarily had to worry about governmental, church, or societal disapproval, censorship, or punishment....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays] 630 words
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Embracing Depression - "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars." -- Oscar Wilde Perhaps I feel compelled to write on the subject of depression because it is a selfish disease. It seeps into every crevice of one's life; it refuses to be ignored, to be relegated to some obscure corner of the mind. Perhaps I'm writing about it because of what I have learned about my relationship with the disease. Perhaps the time has come when I'm ready to stop cursing the depression and start embracing it....   [tags: Personal Narrative, essay about myself] 568 words
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Bayard’s Search for Subjective Truth in Faulkner’s The Unvanquished - Bayard’s Search for Subjective Truth in Faulkner’s The Unvanquished Unlike Sarty Snopes of “Barn Burning”, the narrator of The Unvanquished leads a somewhat existential life. Sarty takes an objectively moral stance when abandoning his abusive father. Conversely, Bayard Sartoris is faced with the “ambiguity and absurdity of the human situation” and is on a search for subjective truth (Kierkegaard). Though he acts on behalf of his family, he does things that he knows can be considered wrong. Additionally, he is asked to believe new information and take in experiences that are foreign to him....   [tags: Faulkner’s The Unvanquished Essays] 526 words
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Reason For Existence - Reason For Existence Existentialism was born against Age of Reason in order to reject abstract thinking and absoluteness of reason. Existentialists have claims and evidences to support their idea. They are trying to find absolute truth without absolute thinking because of this they will look for the truth all the eternity. In this essay, I will point out the existentialists’ claims in terms of denying absolute reason. First of all, reason is highest creation of mind and people have ability to think what they want....   [tags: miscellaneous] 648 words
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Albert Camus - Albert Camus was a French-Algerian novelist, essayist, dramatist, and journalist and a Nobel laureate. He was born in Algeria to a French father and Spanish mother. After his father was killed in WWI, he was raised in poverty by his grandmother and mother. He was forced to end his studies and limit his life in theatre as a playwright, director, and actor due to tuberculosis. He then turned his interest to politics and, after briefly being a member of the Communist party, he began a career in journalism in 1930....   [tags: essays research papers] 565 words
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Discussion of the View that Morality and Religion are Linked - Discussion of the View that Morality and Religion are Linked The view that morality and religion are linked together implies that it is God who dictates to us humans whatever is moral. Therefore, any action dictated to humans to carry out by God is morally right or acceptable. Looking from this point of view, morality would be based on unchangeable laws and this view is deontological because it based on golden rules and does not look at present consequences before it is considered moral or right....   [tags: Papers] 579 words
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The Principles of Situation Ethics - The Principles of Situation Ethics For centuries people have based their moral rules on religious grounds, for example the Decalogue or Ten Commandments. However, at the end of the last century an alternate base to peopleÂ’s morals was offered, called Situation Ethics. Situation Ethics was an idea developed by a man called Joseph Fletcher, an Anglican Theologian. Situation EthicÂ’s is considered to be a compromise between Anarchy and Totalitarianism. Fletcher rejected the idea that people should follow a set of rules....   [tags: Papers] 533 words
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Essay Comparing Change in The Stranger and Nausea - Comparing Change in The Stranger and Nausea         Existentialists mean that we can't rationalize, since we can't explain human fear, anguish, and pain. To rationalize is absurd, because in the final analysis, we will find nothing. Life is absurd. This leads to the term Nothingness. Thus, since we can't find a meaning of life more than what we attempt to create by ourselves, we anguish. Living in the same era, Camus and Sartre individually helped to form the school of existentialism. Of course there were others: Kierkegaard, Heidegger, etc....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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The Rise and Fall of Existentialism - The Rise and Fall of Existentialism     Existential literature often focuses on the personal journey towards existential awareness. Common themes in existential works, such as alienation and confrontation with death, often lead the "anti-hero" towards a climactic choice that defines whether they have reached true understanding. The themes within existential literature are reflected from the world at large, and the works themselves are a metaphor for a grander shift in Western philosophy.   Intellectualism in post-war Europe had a sort of existential realization of its own, paralleling the experiences of its literary figures....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
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Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit, Eco's The Myth of Superman, and Camus'The Fall - Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit, Eco's The Myth of Superman, and Camus'The Fall   It is impossible to truly realize the impact of earlier minds on modern society, simply because that which they taught is so intrinsic to thought which followed. One great example is G.W.F. Hegel, an eighteenth-century philosopher who first named dialectical relationships. In his book Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel details the relations between people and ideas in a way that now seems obvious, but was groundbreaking at the time....   [tags: Phenomenology Dialectical Essays]
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