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Kashmir - While hearing either on the news or through news flashes on the internet of the strife taking place in Kashmir, I understood the war between Pakistan and Indian to be about who was going to own the land in between. This war between the two countries goes much deeper than just real estate. Through research I have learned about the different aspects of what created such hostility between Pakistan and Indian. The dynamics of such hostilities are made up of a need for power, religious belief’s and a sense of control over what each believes to belong to them....   [tags: essays research papers] 1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Kashmir - KASHMIR. Geography, Kashmir is located in Himalayan range. Most of the area is mountainous with very fertile land, beautiful lakes, covered with thick green forests and produce verity of fruits. Area, 84471 sq.: miles; with boundaries with Pakistan, India, china and Afghanistan. Population, About 5 million consisting of 77% Muslim. Borders with Pakistan 902 miles and borders with India 307 miles. Brief History, The state of Kashmir came into existence in 1848 when Lord Lawrence the Governor General of British India sold the area to Gulab Singh a leader of Hindu dogra tribe for RS 7.5 million....   [tags: essays research papers] 801 words
(2.3 pages)
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Unrest in Kashmir - ... The territory of Kashmir was contested even before India and Pakistan won their independence from Britain in August 1947. Under the partition plan Kashmir was free to accede to India or Pakistan. The maharaja, Hari Singh, wanted to stay independent but eventually decided to accede to India, signing over the key powers to the Indian government in return for military aid. Under the partition plan Kashmir was free to remain independent or become a part of either India or Pakistan. The maharaja took the decision of joining forces with the Indians which Pakistani argue that he was forced to do by the Indians as they knew that Kashmir was and is a Muslim majority population territory....   [tags: International Politics] 947 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Kashmir Earthquake - The Kashmir Earthquake At 08:50:38 (GMT), on the 8th October 2005, an Earthquake occurred affecting a place called Kashmir. The Earthquake registered 7.6 on the magnitude scale. It was a major Earthquake. In Pakistan itself the earthquake occurred five hours earlier due to the time difference. It was the strongest earthquake for 70 years in Pakistan or India. Kashmir itself is a disputed part of Pakistan, however at the moment it is still an area which is being administered partly by Pakistan and partly by India....   [tags: Papers] 394 words
(1.1 pages)
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Kashmir Conflict - Pakistan condemned India on Tuesday for detaining Kashmir separatist leader and Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front chief Yasin Malik and called for the release of all jailed Kashmiri separatists. Malik, an executive member of the separatist All-Parties Hurriyat Conference, was detained by police on Monday under anti-terrorism law Poto after they arrested a woman carrying $100,000 for his group. A Pakistan foreign ministry statement, quoted by the official APP news agency, called the charge trumped up and said the move reflected India's "disregard for the fundamental rights and liberties of Kashmiris" and frustration at failing to suppress their struggle....   [tags: essays research papers] 383 words
(1.1 pages)
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Kashmir: Paradise Exposed To Hell - Our group topic: “Causes and Effects of Wars” provoked me to write about the threatening dispute of “Jammu and Kashmir” which has become more threatening after the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan. My main claim revolves around the theme that the burning dispute of Kashmir, between India and Pakistan can play a vital role in the emergence of third world war and can act as battle-field for a nuclear war. Due to geographical and social impacts on the world these countries have realized some big nations to resolve the issue....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2805 words
(8 pages)
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Kashmir ; A lost paradise - Kashmir — a beautiful mountain state with clear rivers, evergreen forests and one of the highest death rates in the world. It is at the center of an age-old dispute between Pakistan and India that has dragged on from the independence of both nations over fifty years ago to the present time, with no resolution in sight. The combined population of the two nation totals over a billion, so no conflict between them is of passing importance, especially when nuclear weapons are involved. Pakistan and India share a common heritage, language, and traditions, yet the subject of Kashmir can push them to the brink of annihilation....   [tags: essays research papers] 3114 words
(8.9 pages)
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Kashmir Issue and Mediation - Kashmir Issue and Mediation The record of the international mediation (Third Party role), or meditative interventions in regard to the Kashmir dispute is clearly mixed: These interventions achieved both some successes and some failures. Among the successes were the cease-fire and truce agreements, arranged by UNCIP in 1948 and 1949.The cease-fire agreement did not hold for long, and peacekeeping operation that emerged from it failed in large measure to keep the peace. But that failure can hardly be charged exclusively against the United Nations....   [tags: Papers] 3463 words
(9.9 pages)
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India and Pakistan- Conflict over Kashmir - ... As Sumantra Bose writes, citing eyewitness reports by India Today, there was “a pattern of rigging and strong-arm tactics all over the Valley,‟ of massive booth-capturing forcible takeover of polling stations by gangs of entire ballot-boxes pre-stamped in favour of NC of numerous citizens simply not being allowed to vote, and of government-nominated supervisors stopping the counting as soon as they saw opposition candidates taking a lead.‟The 1987 elections transformed the face of Kashmiri resistance....   [tags: International Conflict ]
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2025 words
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Pakistan, India and The Disputed Region of Kashmir - ... Thornton elaborates, “The Taliban, for its part, had essentially been created and brought to power by Pakistan and other Jihadi remnants…were supplying many of the shock troops of the Islamist rebellion within Indian-held Kashmir.” It seemed like a brilliant plan, as the Pakistani Army saw it. Pervez Hoodbhoy narrates it as “The strategy now was to wage war by proxy…Low cost way to win Kashmir by bleeding India.” But this allowed the struggle of the people of the Kashmir to be termed as something extremist- like, dangerous to India and it also gave a chance to India to label Kashmiri Movement as a threat to its defense and thus, its right to prevent any such future incidents....   [tags: Foreign Policy]
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1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-determination - Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-Determination The protracted conflict in Kashmir has continually undermined efforts to restore peace and stability to the Indian subcontinent. This South Asian crisis must be resolved so that 'India and Pakistan can devote their resources and energies to the pressing task of advancing the welfare of their people' as espoused by the Simla Accord of 1972. The Simla Accord is the document that states both countries agreed to find peaceful solutions for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship that will restore peace to the subcontinent....   [tags: Argumentative persuasive papers]
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1045 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir Issue: Confrontations between India and Pakistani since Partition of the British Indian Empire - ... He was personally committed to secularism and felt that Kashmir had to be part of India as demonstration of India’s commitment to its secularist and diverse identity (Fernandes122). For Pakistani, partition would be considered incomplete without the rallying of this Muslim majority in a territory next to Pakistani (Fernandes122). On the other hand, the Hindu monarch of Jammu and Kashmir (Maharaja Hari Sighn) did not wish to join either India or Pakistani; he wanted to remain independent (Wirsing 23)....   [tags: International Conflict ]
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1095 words
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Effectiveness of the UN - ... UN however was unable to reach an agreement with either nation before a plebiscite could be held. These Indo-Pakistani conflicts still occur today and the situation of Kashmir has gone from bad to worse. The UN needs to step up and help these two nations figure out a way where both will be happy with the outcome. In 1994, Rwanda was a country that had a population of consisted of three ethnic groups: Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%), and Twa (1%). Rwanda’s social, economic, and political pressures were increasing during the early 1990s....   [tags: World Politics]
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2085 words
(6 pages)
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India and Pakistan Dispute - India and Pakistan Dispute This dispute dates back to the partition of the British Indian Empire, in August 1947, into two independent states, Pakistan and India. At that time there were also around 565 princely states, large and small, which were under British suzerainty but were not directly ruled by the British Government. Most of these states joined either India or Pakistan taking into account their contiguity to one or the other country and the wishes of their people....   [tags: Papers] 1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic - ... In 1962 India, seemingly wishful for Kashmir to be completely under its domain, clashed with the Chinese over regions in the North East of the Jammu/Kashmir territory known as Aksai Chin. The Chinese won a swift and complete victory of India, which maintained it’s control over the region; additionally, as a gesture of good faith towards China’s continued support of them, Pakistan formally gave China the rights to the Trans-Karakoram, which was determined as the Line of Control (LOC) between China-Pakistan and China-India....   [tags: Middle East] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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Indian Taboos and Customs - ... One specific of Indian food and eating is when a person is eating it is a custom that you consume your food with your right hand only due to the fact that the left hand is believed to be one often eats with the right hand as the left hand is considered bedraggled, (www.traveltaboo.com). A body gesture that may be considered as impudent in other societies is the point of the finger but in Indian society and culture it is considered as a ubiquitous act, (www.traveltaboo.com). A simple, “head wobble, which is very common throughout the country, can mean ‘yes’ and not ‘no,’ it depends on the angle and expression and the speed to determine which is which” (www.traveltaboo.com)....   [tags: Culture ]
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982 words
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middle east - India's foreign minister said Wednesday that Pakistan must take urgent steps to halt cross-border terrorism and rein in Islamic insurgents in Kashmir. Jaswant Singh said that Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf had been given enough time to fulfill his pledges to halt terrorism by militants operating from Pakistani soil. "It is vital that he recognizes the urgency of the situation," Singh told reporters at a joint news conference with British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw. "India has waited patiently for the fulfillment of those commitments, which are vital for peace." Musharraf, in a speech Monday night, said militant infiltration into Indian-controlled Kashmir had stopped....   [tags: essays research papers] 367 words
(1 pages)
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Analysis of India in Comparative Politics - Analysis of India in Comparative Politics Perhaps the most important issue to be addressed after the publication of this book is the dangerous climate that has risen in India. The debates over Kashmir, a small piece of territory both India and neighboring country Pakistan have been claiming since the 1940s, has heated up. The situation has grown to a point where the two nuclear powers have come the closest they have ever been to war, while the world holds its breath. When Great Britain gave India its independence in 1947, the subcontinent was split into Pakistan and India....   [tags: Compare Contrast History Essays]
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2278 words
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Conflict between Hindus and Muslims -      India is the center of a very serious problem in the world today. It’s a very diverse place with people from many different religious backgrounds, who speak many different languages and come from many different regions. They are also separated economically. Two of the country’s religious sects, Muslims and Hindus, have been in conflict for hundreds of years. Their feelings of mistrust and hatred for each other are embedded in all those years and will not leave easily. What’s most disturbing is that there seems to be no plan for reconciliation available....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Pakistan - Pakistan: Foreign Policy Pakistan, a land of many splendors and opportunities, a repository of a unique blend of history and culture for both the East and West has been the cradle of one of the oldest civilizations. The Indus valley, is the ninth most populous Area in the world, with 134 million tough, conscientious, hard working people wishing and striving hard to enter into the 21st century as equal partners in the community of the different developed nations. During the last 20 years Pakistan's economy has been one of the fastest growing in the world-the seventh fastest in Asia (www.forisb.org/fpolicy)....   [tags: essays research papers] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Hindutva Movement: A Struggle Towards a “Hindu Secular India” - "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." This seems like a pleasant statement from Mr. Bal Thackeray, the leader of the Shiv Sena party and a proponent of the Hindutva movement, but it hardly works to conceal the villainous face of the Hindu nationalistic movement he follows. This movement aims to protect the interests of India by enhancing cohesion not only within the Hindu classes but also with other religious communities present in the country. However, this movement has numerous controversies attached to it, out of which, the razing of the Babri Mosque, the land transfer in Kashmir and the Christian massacre in Orissa standout, underlining that this movement is not to protect the secular India, but is for a ‘Hindu’ Secular state....   [tags: Political/Religious Issues]
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1035 words
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Attacks and Al-Qaeda in Northern Afghanistan - According to the New York Times, the Taliban and Al-Qaeda have opened a new front in the previously peaceful northern Afghanistan. They have also stepped up attacks in their heartland, southern provinces. To defeat the insurgents, General McChrystal, the US commander in Kabul, has requested 40,000 additional troops and resources to persuade the moderate Taliban to abandon violence. But this strategy is likely to succeed only with the help from key regional states. Increased fatalities and dwindled public support have put pressure on President Obama to end the war quickly....   [tags: Afghanistan, USA, military, Al-Qaeda] 2095 words
(6 pages)
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Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits - Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits The history of Indo-Pakistani relations has been a dominated by turbulence and bitter rivalry. After the partition in 1947, millions of people migrated to their new home in either the Islamic state of Pakistan or the secular state of India. Only two weeks after independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over Kashmir in 1948. India and Pakistan fought two more wars with each other in 1965 and 1971, with the latter resulting in the creation of Bangladesh....   [tags: Politics Political Science Papers]
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6070 words
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People of the Himalayas - Arab geographers of the Middle Ages have described the Eurasian landmass to be a beautiful woman and the Himalayas to be the "jewel encrusted clasp," (Keay, 1). This region was widely unknown to the western world throughout history. The region has been romanticized by such authors as Thomas Moore, who "had never been to Kashmir but his balmy scent-laden breezes rustling the bowers so dear to lovers somehow managed to conjure up a not unrecognizable image of the place," (Keay, 5). The region's geography had made the area almost impossible to colonize during the Great Game....   [tags: World Cultures] 659 words
(1.9 pages)
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Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts - Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts As the war of the worlds collide between the more democratic Allies and the orthodox Central powers, there were numerous causes to the war in which they can be summed up into the –isms of modern analysis. In the 19th, 20th, and even the 21st century, almost all of the conflicts can be categorized in either one or a combination of those –isms. Nationalism and Extreme Nationalism One of the causes of World War I can be linked to the use of extreme nationalism....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan - The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan The Land and Its People Pakistan, which means "land of the pure", is a predominantly Muslim state located in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. Extending from the northern Himalayan mountain ranges one thousand miles down to the Arabian Sea, it is bounded on the northwest by the mountain ranges of Koh Sulaiman and by Afghanistan and on the southwest by the Iranian section of Baluchistan. In the east, Pakistan is separated from India along the Sutlej River, the deserts of Rajasthan, and the Rann of Kutch; and a cease fire line dividing the Kashmir Valley separates the two countries in the north....   [tags: Papers] 3235 words
(9.2 pages)
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India - India I. Introduction India, country in southern Asia, south of Afghanistan and east of Pakistan. Including the portion of Jammu and Kashmir administered by India but disputed by Pakistan, India has an area of 1,222,243 sq miles . The capital is New Delhi , and the largest city is Mumbai (formerly Bombay). II. Land and Resources India may be divided into four main regions. The Himalayas, the highest mountain system in the world, lie along India's northern and eastern margins. (This region includes Jammu and Kashmir, a territory disputed between India, Pakistan, and China....   [tags: Papers] 535 words
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India and Nuclear Disarmament - India and Nuclear Disarmament Works Cited Not Included India’s stronghold on their position about nuclear weapons and disarmament has been a major issue for the United States and Chinese governments for the past 50 years. Their history with Pakistan has been far from peaceful. Many events and policies have led up to their current state. The nuclear testing in May 1998 has only escalated the situation. " India is alone in the world in having debated the available nuclear position for the past 35 years." Why should India be denied the right to own nuclear weapons....   [tags: International Politics India Essays Papers] 2412 words
(6.9 pages)
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How War Changes Us - The experience that someone else had that I know that was like the experiences of a character in the book is my aunt. She told me that her experience was in 1971. When two countries were having a war. For example India and Pakistan had a war because they have a border between them and also Pakistan wants Kashmir. But Hindus does not want to give Kashmir. People were very scared of the war and also my aunt. The war has happened because of political issues my aunt told me it was so scary that how they were killing people by attacking bombs....   [tags: war, journals,] 900 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hinduism - ... The unequal distribution of money, influence, pain and suffering are seen as a natural consequence for ones previous actions, both in this life and in previous lives. Hindus can be reborn at a higher level through pure acts, good thoughts and devotion. They can also be reborn at a lower level through bad deeds. It is even possible to be reborn as an animal. Arizona State University (2004) lists the five social castes. They are: Brahmins (priests and academics); Kshatriyas (military); Vaishyas (farmers and merchants); Sudras (peasants and servants); and Harijan (outcasts or untouchables)....   [tags: Religion, Ancient Aryans, The Vedas] 1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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Terrorism, Peace and Diversity - Terrorism, Peace and Diversity Acts of terrorism underscore the urgent need to promote peace. Yet, this is also an opportunity to promote diversity. Indeed, peace and diversity are related. --It is a good time to look at ripple effects and connections. --More than 1/3 of the people killed in the World Trade Center on September 11 were not Americans. They were citizens of 70-80 other countries. Hundreds were Muslims. --More than 40% of residents of New York City are foreign-born. --The dead and missing and 6,000+ treated at hospitals in New York City, and several hundred more at the Pentagon and in the Pennsylvania crash, have families and friends--if each one has only 10 family and 10 friends, that's 250,000 people directly connected to the injuries and deaths, in shock and mourning for their personal loss and grief--but of course the number is much larger....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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Captains of Industry - In 1796, president George Washigton wrote a farewell address to speak to the nation before he retired. In this, he explained valid reasons to keep America an isolated as well as neutral country. It is clearly prominent that Washington's farewell adress was necessary. This is due to the fact that it gave the nation something to ponder as well as dwell upon. Washington's intent was for his adress was to serve as an itenerary for the future of our nation. This did not succeed. Although it would be reasonable to be used today, we continue to remain allies with some countries, and enemies with others....   [tags: essays research papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Immigration - I am from Pakistan and I immigrated to the U.S about 5 years ago. I have noticed that Pakistan immigration is still going on till this day. People have heard how well people are doing in the U.S so they’ve applied for a visa and started immigrating. There are many unique contributions they’ve made and there are also a variety of reasons why they came. There was a war between Pakistan and Bangladesh. People lost their homes, money and stores. There was also a war between Pakistan and India for a land called Kashmir....   [tags: essays research papers] 472 words
(1.3 pages)
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GE0 347K, Gems and Gem Minerals, Spring 2006, Final Exam - 347K FINAL EXAM Answer the following questions. Answers should be concise and relevant; answers do not need to be lengthened to fill all the available space. 1) Choose one of the many gems discussed this semester and describe: a) Its optical and physical properties that make it a good gem; b) Identifying characteristics that distinguish it from similar looking gems or synthetic materials; c) Primary sources of origin and geologic occurrence; d) Method(s) of treatment used to improve appearance or color; e) factors that influence value, particularly those that are unique to the gem....   [tags: UTEXAS Geology Rocks Gems Minerals Test Tests] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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Creative Writing - Creative Writing It was a beautiful day like any other with the clear blue sky and the nice cool breeze chilling my morning tea. Everything was peace and quiet until I felt my chair shaking. I saw the tea water moving and my little round tea table become restless. I went into the house and I saw the dust falling down from the ceiling and the picture frames swinging like a pendulum. Then I thought to myself, it was definitely an earthquake happening. Nervous became fear as I ran to warn my parents....   [tags: Papers] 363 words
(1 pages)
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Terrorism Essay: War on Terrorism - Round 1 - War on Terrorism: Round 1 The Bush Troika´s war on terrorism reached first base after installing a new government in Afghanistan. One of the poorest and most defenseless countries on earth has been bombed into rubble by a megalomaniac superpower that can see no limits to its rights of domination. The country that harbors more Southern American terrorists, executioners and dictators than anyone else in the world has shown us all what happens when others harbor wanted men. What has been achieved if we look beyond Bush's clichés, Pentagon's hype and Rumsfeld´s and Ashcroft´s rhetoric....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 953 words
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Comparing the Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses - The Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses       British writer C.C. Colton once claimed, "Men will wrangle for religion; write for it; fight for it; die for it; anything but--live for it" (Copeland 345). Indeed, if nothing else, Hanif Kureishi's The Black Album shows the depths to which people concern themselves with questions of religion, ethnicity, and the identity associated with them. Kureishi's themes and symbolism work within a larger context of the politics of identity, race, and nationality....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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2541 words
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Maharaja Dalip Singh - Maharaja Dalip Singh Maharaja DALIP SINGH, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who was born in Lahore, on Feb. 1837, to mother Maharani Jind Kaur. His date of birth is disputed by some and alternately suggested as Sept. 4, 1838. Many foreign journalists have wrongly named him as Dhalip Singh and Duleep Singh. However, it should be noted that his correct name is Maharaja Dalip Singh. He assumed the Punjab throne as a child, after Maharaja Sher Singh, on Sept. 18, 1843. During his reign several wars were fought with the British....   [tags: European Europe History] 1488 words
(4.3 pages)
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History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion - History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion Punjab, state in northwestern India,bordered on the north by Jammu and Kashmir state and Himachal Pradesh state, on the east and south by Haryana state, on the south and southwest by Rajasthan state, and on the west by Pakistan. Punjab state lies between the great systems of the Indus and Ganges river. Punjab had a population of 20,281,969. Chandîgarh is the state capital. The population of Punjab consists mainly of Punjabis, Jats, and Rajputs. The official language is Punjabi....   [tags: World History] 712 words
(2 pages)
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Buddhism - Buddhism Gautama Buddha, previously known as Prince Siddhartha (before his enlightenment) founded the religion of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha was born to Queen Maha-Maya at Kapilavastu, Nepal, Indian. Buddha taught and organized the Sangha, monastic orders, until his death at Kusinagara, at the age of 80. There are 308,000,000 Buddhist devotees in the world today. They believe that there has been Buddha before Him; Bodhisattvas who come as Saviors of all and that all beings are Buddha whether they realize it or not....   [tags: Religion Buddha Essays] 2602 words
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Culture Of India - Nearly one sixth of all the human beings on Earth live in India, the world's most populous democracy. Officially titled the Republic of India, it's 1,269,413 sq. mi. lie in South Asia, occupying most of the Indian subcontinent, bordered by Pakistan (W); China, Nepal, and Bhutan (N); and Myanmar (E) and Bangladesh forms an enclave in the NE. Its borders encompass a vast variety of peoples, practicing most of the world's major religions, speaking scores of different languages, divided into thousands of socially exclusive castes, and combining the physical traits of several major racial groups (Compton's)....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 3828 words
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International Kidnapping as a Business - Summary: 5 pages. 7 sources. APA format. International kidnappings are on the rise and have become one of the fastest growing ‘industries’ in the world. This paper looks at kidnapping as a thriving business. International Kidnapping as a Business Introduction The kidnapping and ransom of individuals for profit has dramatically increased in the past decade throughout the world. While the majority of victims are wealthy businessmen, more recently, the average tourist has become a target for kidnappers looking for monetary and material gain....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1460 words
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Maharaja Ranjit Singh: The Sikh Ruler, In The Eyes Of Non-sikhs - According to the famous historian Carlyle, a worthy sovereign should be judged from a sole factor as to how he employs his sword after being victorious. ********** Le Griffin writes that: "Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled his kingdom exactly according to the Sikh way of life and Sikhism considers everyone as friends and talks about the welfare of all irrespective of caste and creed." ********** The spirit of Gurbani couplet, "The one Lord is the Father of all and we are the children of the one Lord rules supreme in every Sikh heart." Charles Hugal, writes in his book, "Travels in Kashmir and Punjab", that, "probably no person in the world could have established such a large empire with minimum bloodshed as Ranjit Singh has established his kingdom." ********** Affirming Hugal's views, Prinsep, also writes in his book, "Origin of Sikh Power in Punjab", that, "Ranjit Singh's whole career was free of any blemishes like unnecessary atrocities and cruel bloodshed." ********** Historian R.S....   [tags: essays research papers] 1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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Melanin - Religion in Our Society: Everyday Ritual of Life In our time of progress and technological evolution, it is hard to imagine more powerful force, except nuclear weapon, maybe, to destroy the universe. However, humans invented machines and guns, became strong and defensive against each other, but not against their beliefs and morals. It is very easy to destroy a building if you have a rocket launcher, but it is much more energy in the crowd, united in fanatic desire to kill. To kill, because of different thinking and beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers] 2238 words
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Space exploration - Elizabeth Elizabeth I: Cate Blanchett Sir Francis Walsingham: Geoffrey Rush Duke of Norfolk: Christopher Eccleston Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester: Joseph Fiennes Sir William Cecil: Richard Attenborough Mary of Guise: Fanny Ardant The Pope: John Gielgud Directed by Shekhar Kapur. Written by Michael Hirst. Running time: 124 minutes. Rated R (for violence and sexuality). BY ROGER EBERT The England of the first Elizabeth is a dark and sensuous place; the court lives intimately with treachery, and cloaks itself in shadows and rude luxury....   [tags: essays research papers] 1046 words
(3 pages)
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Salman Rushdie's Midnight Children - Salman Rushdie's Midnight Children Salman Rushdie is one of the greatest writers India has ever produced. Amongst the premier works of Rushdie, Midnight’s Children continues to be one of the best meta-fictional works of the postmodern era. Rushdie’s attempt to break the binary by using a different kind of narrative and play of words put him in the likes of American prodigies like Thomas Pynchon. Rushdie has marinated each line of his story with a web of words, abundance of allusions and a chutney of twists and turns....   [tags: Rushdie Midnight Children India Essays] 1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Threats to Indian Democracy - I. Introduction This paper examines the extent to which the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in collusion with Sangh Parivar constituents Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and Vishwa Hindu Parishwas (VHP) have sought to undermine secular India through subversive measures in implementing Hindu nationalistic programs to secure political power. The BJP remains the sole political party out of these named factions, yet through the historical and cultural power of the RSS and widespread religious influence of the VHP, the entire movement of the Sangh Parivar has been able to garner a stronghold in the country's political arena through corrupt anti-Muslim rhetoric and discursive measures to initiate Hindu communalism....   [tags: World Cultures] 2616 words
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Truth, Fact, and Purpose: History of "Colonizer" Vs. His Story of "Colonized" - A complex struggle often present in post-colonial literature is the attempt of the author to either break from or fuse together the literary and cultural traditions of the colonizer (in this case England) with the literary and cultural traditions of the author's own, colonized state. Salman Rushdie skilfully uses narrative technique and the concept of history in Midnight's Children in order to place his story outside the euro-centric, "colonizer" traditions of history. These traditions, made apparent in the colonial period, have constructed a notion of universalism in literature whereby the `classics' of the western canon set a standard for how all literature was to be written....   [tags: World Literature] 1420 words
(4.1 pages)
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Invasion of Afghanistan - Invasion of Afghanistan Even before the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre in New York on September 11th 2001, Afghanistan was probably the most isolated country in the world. Only three other states recognised its rulers, who in the mid-1990s had swept across the country to impose a very strict and distinctive form of Islamic law upon the Afghan people, ending nearly 20 years of civil war in the 90% or so of the country which they control. Osama Bin Laden, an exiled Saudi Arabian who is the USA's prime suspect for the World Trade Centre atrocity and other terrorist attacks in the 1990s, had based his Al-Qa'ida organisation in Afghanistan since 1996....   [tags: Papers] 1905 words
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Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers I killed for the first time when we captured a soldier near the bridge. My commander ordered me to do it. They tied him up and laid him on the ground. I cut that b*tch's throat with my bayonet. I enjoyed it, and my men opened fire in the air to celebrate. They treated me like a hero." (Fazil, nine year-old volunteer, Afghanistan) There are, literally, thousands of other pre-teen and teenaged children affected by first-hand effects of war, as young soldiers....   [tags: Papers] 805 words
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Disadvantages of Being Muslim Women - Disadvantages of Being Muslim Women LUCKNOW: M R Syeda Hameed's report on the status of Muslim women in India, entitled ``Voice of the Voiceless', is a bold initiative, documentating in no uncertain terms the double disadvantage of being women and Muslim in India. As member of the National Commission for Women, Dr Hameed conducted public hearings from Kerala to Kashmir, Calcutta to Surat. Everywhere, it was the same story, as women spoke of community objections to sending girls to school after puberty, the dangling threat of triple talaaq, zero maintenance, multiple marriage and absence of child support....   [tags: Papers] 5894 words
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Biography of Admiral Nimitz - Biography of Admiral Nimitz Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas. Chester’s grandfather was a retired sea captain, however Chester, had his sights set on an Army career. While a student in high school, he tried for an appointment to West Point. When there was not one available, he took a competitive examination for Annapolis and was selected and appointed from Texas in 1901. He left high school to enter the Naval Academy, Class of 1905. It was many years later, after he had become a Fleet Admiral that he actually was awarded his high school diploma....   [tags: Papers] 847 words
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Shopping in the Bazaars of Delhi - Shopping in the Bazaars of Delhi What do you sell , O Ye Merchants. Richly your wares are displayed. Turbans of Crimson and silver, Tunics of purple brocade, Mirrors with panels of amber, Daggers with handles of jade. Naidu, Sarojini. The Sceptred Flute. New York , 1928 Last summer, on a balmy morning, I was meandering aimlessly around the noisy lanes of Old Delhi’s Gandhi boulevard, famed for its narrow winding alleys and its Saturday morning flea bazaar. It was a typical market scene, perhaps from a medieval town in Central Asia....   [tags: Papers] 970 words
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Christian Teachings on Wealth and Poverty - Christian Teachings on Wealth and Poverty When we think poverty, we think being poor, hungry, homeless which is exactly what it means. The opposite of this would be wealthy, meaning a lot of money, property or riches. Even the world we live in is separated between wealthy and poor, this is called the north-south divide. The wealthier countries are located to be in the north, areas including USA, Eastern Europe, Canada, and Egypt. Meanwhile you would find poorer countries to be in the south, for example Brazil, Mexico, even poorer countries where you are more likely to find poverty would be places like Sudan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan....   [tags: Papers] 1519 words
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A Line in the Sand - Original Writing - A Line in the Sand - Original Writing A line. A simple, one-dimensional mark. It may be the edge of a square, the shortest distance between two points, or markings on the road. Lines, gentlemen, are boring yet useful tools in life. Right. Wrong. There is one line I would like to tell you about. If you were seen stepping over this line, it would result in your death on the spot, no questions asked. This is a line drawn in the sand. This line has caused the largest population movement ever witnessed by humankind....   [tags: Papers] 544 words
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The Role of Religion in Foreign Policy - The Role of Religion in Foreign Policy In order to best understand the role of religion in foreign policy, one needs to acknowledge that religion does play a role in foreign policy. However, the role religion plays in international relations is often overlooked. This omission of such an important factor that influences international politics in so many ways and on so many levels is detrimental and should be addressed (Fox, 2001:73). Religion influences international politics in varied ways....   [tags: Papers] 1030 words
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The Importance of Religion in Indian Politics - The Importance of Religion in Indian Politics India is the largest democratic country in the world, in the last fifty years it has travelled and been influenced by multiple social and economic changes. Its independence from Britain in 1947, the partition creating Pakistan and the Pakistan/ Indian debate over Kashmir have been fundamental political movements within these years. As Y.B.Damle states, “Politics is concerned with goal-attainment and politics is the art of possibility”, the political process cannot function without structural features....   [tags: Papers] 1084 words
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Book Review of Seeds of Terror - Book Review of Seeds of Terror The book entitled, “Seeds of Terror”, examines evidence of terrorist activity in Southeast Asian countries. It is an eyewitness account by Maria A. Ressa, about Al-Qaeda’s Center of Operations emerging in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia. She recollects her own, as she has lived through many of the terrorists’ attacks in the region. Over the years, al-Qaeda successfully infiltrated and co-opted homegrown Muslim movements in: North America, Europe, the Middle East, Chechnya, Kashmir, Africa, and Southeast Asia....   [tags: Papers] 978 words
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Water Issues in South Asia - Water Issues in South Asia If there is any single most important issue that mars bilateral relations among the countries of the subcontinent, it is water. The issues of cross-border water distribution, utilisation, management and mega irrigation/hydro-electric power projects affecting the upper and lower riparian countries are gradually taking centre-stage in defining interstate relations as water scarcity increases and both drought and floods make life too often miserable....   [tags: Papers] 13430 words
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contiential not drifting but raising - A skull of 95 million year old dinosaurs which unearthed from narmada river bed region of India has raised hot debate among researchers. Because the dinosaurs fossils totally contradict with the theory of continental drifting which proposed by German meteorologist Alfred Wagner. According to this theory before 200 million years ago all the present day continents were jointly present and the super continent was called as pangaea.and then splited in two major continents called as northern laurasia and the southern gonduwana.the theory continue to explains......   [tags: essays research papers] 2233 words
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Bharat versus India Ideology - “Bharat” and “India” Two Ideas of an Independent Indian State Hindu revivalism has been a part of Indian nationalism almost since the independence movement itself began. However, it has gone through many forms and been embodied in many different organizations, often being ignored in the forum of Indian politics. However, the victory of the Hindu revivalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the elections since 1998 has forced many scholars to reconsider the history of such movements, to analyze the forms they have taken throughout the 20th century....   [tags: Hindu Bharatiya Independence]
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Heavy Metal Music - Heavy Metal Heavy metal from the 1960’s to the 1980’s was a different and hard time for heavy metal bands. Heavy Metal is a genre of rock n’ roll that was created in the late sixties and late seventies. With influences from blues-rock and psychedelic rock mostly blues. With there twelve bar blues and extended guitar solos help create many guitar styles. Heavy Metal is recognized by its loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass and drum sound, and vigorous vocals. Metal subgenres either emphasize these things or take on or two of them out....   [tags: Music] 1407 words
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Nokia's India Strategy - Nokia in India Introduction Nokia, the global leader in mobile handsets had come a long way since it entered India in 1995. From winning the CII Brand of the Year award in 2005 to being invited to Harvard to talk on how the company had penetrated the Indian market, Nokia’s Indian operations had become a global case study of sorts. In brand surveys across Indian cities and demographics, Nokia topped the awareness list. More than half of the 49 million mobile users in India carried a Nokia handset....   [tags: Strategic Management] 1897 words
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Personal Statement - ... As I began working at the museum, the Current Science & Technology Center staff started reporting for the New England Cable News channel. We selected, researched, and presented stories in twice-weekly live segments on the morning or evening news. This experience led to multiple invitations for me to discuss space science on the local Fox affiliate and Comcast's CN8 channel, along with a segment on alternative fuels on NPR's The Bryant Park Project. The reach of television was much larger than the in-person reporting at the museum, so I began to explore ways my department could reach broad audiences without relying on mass media....   [tags: Personal Experience] 766 words
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How Have Folktales Evolved? - ... Crime rates were higher than ever before in 1992. (The Clinton Presidency). This is evidence supporting my claim that the generation had lost folklore, and as such I predict that crime rates will further rise with the maturing of the 90's generation. As seen in the above graphs (Trivia Tidbit), the incarceration rate has been steadily rising since 1980. These graphs show a reverse correlation; in 1980 there are high property crime rates and a low incarceration rate. As the incarceration rate increases, the property crime rates decrease....   [tags: Q&A: Folktales]
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The Concept of Power in International Politics - ... This wide-ranging concept involves two fundamental critical dimensions: the types of social relations through which power works in relations of interaction or in social relations of constitutions and specificity of social relations through which effects are produced. The more power inclines more foreign policy choices; the lesser-known theory of "balance of power," where nations compete for dominance in a complicated chess game of military spending and diplomatic posturing. Possession of power permits both individuals and countries to successfully endorse and guard their interests concerning others....   [tags: International Politics] 837 words
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CONCEPTS IN NCO – THE WAY AHEAD - ... This information determined as to whether additional effort was required to be diverted from the Strategic Air Campaign. This is the level of functioning of the Engagement Grid. Exploitation 9. While the ability to use NCO in a conflict is readily obvious, the difficulty lies in comprehending as to how this could fit into the more common OOTW. An applicable model is of Chaos Edge . As the scope of battle in the physical and material realm increases, the more difficult it is to maintain a given tempo of operations....   [tags: Military]
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A National Disaster - ... It will be interesting to see if Pakistan takes any effort into ensuring that the children have a safe and secure place to learn. The education of girls in Pakistan and Afghanistan has been another chief focus for Mortenson. He recognized that in the instances where the country did have schools built, the greater part, if not all of the students were boys. However, the Taliban has taken away the majority of the privileges that women used to enjoy. Women have been banned from many activities outside of homemaking (Stones into Schools, p....   [tags: International Government ]
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Wikileaks - ... Therefore, wikileaks can share government information with the American public. Wikileaks stands to improve the democracy and not to weaken it. The website saves many lives by exposing war crimes, and it is a service to humanity (Hansen 2010). The website is also not a threat, if anything it improves the system by exposing problems and finding solutions for them. Mary Cary, a reporter from USNews.com states that the US has been going in the wrong direction for years by classifying millions of documents as secrets....   [tags: Websites]
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How Does the UN Charter Try to Limit the Incidence and the Severity of Wars? Does It Work? - ... Interpretations and applications of the UN Charter to limit war incidents and their severity There are different interpretations of what might be a threat to international peace and security and when is the case for a country to self-defence. However, there are issues that are unanimously considered as threats by the Security Council and other UN members. These are the incidents that may result to a war including disputes over the geographical possession of a territory and resources (i.e. Kashmir dispute) and ethnicity or ideological conflicts (Balkan)....   [tags: International Government ]
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Yoga Misconceptions - ... He spoke about the history, teachings, and practice of yoga in an attempt to educate the western world on yoga. His speech paved the way for western practice of this eastern tradition. Yoga is mainly viewed as a healthy practice of physical postures as well as breathing techniques, but many are unaware that there are many different types of Yoga. These types range from subtle poses and breathing to more intense sessions of intellectual investigation. Although many people have mixed feelings towards yoga, it is hard to argue the mental and physical benefits of the exercise....   [tags: Fitness]
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UN Peacekeeping - ... On the other hand, they see limited or absence of contribution peacekeeping (Druckman, et.al 1997). Most observers see how peacekeeping has proven its value in stopping hostilities, maintaining cease-fires, restoring some degree of trust, and involvement of peacekeeping in sustaining peace significantly and substantially (Fisher, 1993; Doyle and Sambanis, 2000; Hartzell, Hoddie, and Rothchild,2001). The U.S. office of General Accounting (1999) also describes the success of the UN peacekeeping for the last fifty years....   [tags: International Politics, Conflicts] 1079 words
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Relations Between India and Pakistan - ... Similarly, while India portrays Pakistan as an atavistic inversion of itself, its burgeoning Hindu majority middle class personifies Muslims as irrational fanatics (Nandy 1997, 910). Entrapped in the identical Manichean struggle, India’s rising sectarianism endangers its prosperous Muslim community – one which Pakistan perceives as an existential threat, questioning its very raison d'être (Ganguly 2002, 3). Consequently, instability continues as both nationalisms are nascent and unstable; characterised by the Hindu – Muslim dyad and crude portrayals of the “other”....   [tags: History, The Partition of India] 1496 words
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The Ideological Framework of Lashkar-E-Taiba - ... Apart from the militant activities of jihad, the LeT also focuses heavily on dawa (proselytizing) in order to achieve medium-ranged political goals. In an interview with Hafiz Saeed he stated, “Islam profounds both dawa and jihad. Both are equally important and inseparable . . . our life revolves around Islam, therefore both dawa and jihad are essential, we cannot prefer one over the other. This was also the practice of the prophet . . . therefore recognizing the salience of dawa and jihad, the need is to fuse the two together....   [tags: Terrorism ]
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Pakistan: A Human Analysis - ... In addition, Pakistan grew nine percent of the world’s cotton but only had one percent of the cotton mills. Not only was there a lack of processing plants in Pakistan, but the non-Muslim entrepreneurial class fled Pakistan or transferred capital across the new border due to the unforeseen future of Pakistan to survive. The U.S. Consulate in Karachi estimated that three billion rupees of revenue was transferred out of Punjab in early June 1947. This economic flush shrunk the revenue base of the new country, with the Bank of India holding the monetary assets of the Pakistani government....   [tags: Social Studies]
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