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The Emergence of English Language Education in Kashmir - The valley of Kashmir has its ancient history and civilization. As Biscoe (2005: 67) confessed “Kashmir fortunately possesses an ancient history and a civilization more ancient than our own”. The land of the valley is very fertile and was known as seat of learning in the past. In fact, scholars came from different parts of the world in order to acquire knowledge from the ancient Kashmiri teachers and scholars. The history of the valley is divided into different periods – the first period was of Hindu rulers, the second was of Buddhism, the third was of Muslim rulers, the fourth was of Mughal rulers, the fifth was of Pathans and the sixth was of Dogra rulers....   [tags: Kashmir Education]
:: 7 Works Cited
3347 words
(9.6 pages)
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Background of the Kashmir Conflict - Describe the condition of Pandits and Muslims in Kashmir before the Treaty of Amritsar and the changes that took place after the Treaty was implemented. In what ways have forces external to Kashmir contributed to the conflict in the region during the colonial and post-colonial periods. The argument can be sustained that external forces have significantly contributed to Kashmir conflict for hundreds of years, within which the post-Treaty of Amritsar period is a relatively small potion. From the rise of the Islamist tyrant to the Kashmir throne in 1349, the region has been locked in various, seemingly indeterminate conflicts where the regional political players may change, but underlying, fund...   [tags: Pandits and Muslims in Kashmir]
:: 5 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Beauty and the Blood of Kashmir - Kashmir: Beauty And The Blood There are many beautiful places on the earth and every place is unique and has its own specialty. Some places are famous for their natural beauty and some for their architectural beauty. In addition, each person differs in choices, likings and tastes. Many people enjoy natural beauty and some are pulled towards historical and architectural beauty. There are few people who notice a different type of beauty which is cultural and traditional beauty. Kashmir is known for its natural beauty....   [tags: himalayas, urdu, karam sag, kashmir]
:: 3 Works Cited
1058 words
(3 pages)
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The Legend of Kashmir - "Who has not heard of the Vale of Cashemere," wrote the Irish poet Thomas Moore in 1817, "with its roses the brightest that earth ever gave.” Kashmir, along with the region of Jammu, Ladakh and Gilgit forms the State of Jammu and Kashmir which is spread over an area of 222236 square kilometers. The state consists of three parts: Indian controlled Kashmir (IcK), Pakistan controlled Kashmir (PcK) and China controlled Kashmir (CcK). The geography of Kashmir is divided into three land masses: the foothill plains of Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and the mountains of Ladakh....   [tags: Informative, Persuasive] 1177 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Valley of Kashmir - Kashmir, a magnificent vale with towering mountains, gushing rivers, dense forests coupled with sparkling green fields perhaps has only its fate to mourn. The issue of accession of the state of Jammu & Kashmir is not merely a question of controlling a piece of land over which two countries have a quarrel but Kashmir has gone through different phases since the splitting of former Hindustan in addition to emergence of two separate states of India and Pakistan. For the students of political history especially if they are interested in the chapter of South-Asian conflicts the topic concerning Jammu & Kashmir still has mysteries to solve, its question still haunts world leaders; its solution stil...   [tags: Persuasive, Informative Essay] 1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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The War in Kashmir - ... Culture difference does not play a major role in this particular conflict, but that does not mean it is absent. Kashmir, India and Pakistan are all cultural hubs dating back century’s. Yet it might be their lack of acceptance of each other’s culture and turning ignorance in action that is a root cause of the conflict. Cultural society established frameworks for gender roles, determining what is accepted, and valued. In a culture gender roles are taught at a young age, by parenting, school systems and societal influences....   [tags: cultural conceptions of women] 1988 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Destiny of Kashmir - Breath-taking scenery, multi-patterned landscapes, snow-powdered mountains and peaks, beautiful people, clear lakes, lush haze and forests are only a few wonders one comes across in the valley of Kashmir. Its values and traditions not only describe the rich Muslim culture but also reflect a well crafted civilization. For many facts, these reasons account for Kashmir’s present state of affairs. The vale of Kashmir is also a key factor for manipulating the political and economic conditions of Central and South Asia....   [tags: Historic Summary, Informative] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Cause of Kashmir - I often think why the people of Kashmir were denied their right of self determination. Why they were sold away like a commodity. Did they not possess the status of human beings. Were they not a part of the united India like other Muslims of India. When a rule of democracy and self determination was being followed by the people of every part of the country then, how it came to be unavailable for this part of India. Every one knows that the Muslims of India were not willing to live with biased Hindu majority because of their hypocritical character, pagan ideologies and no belief in the Day of Judgment....   [tags: Persuasive Essay] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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Claims to Kashmir - Kashmir is the land of awe-inspiring beauty. Through its incredible and breathtaking beauty, it has earned itself the name of the "Switzerland of the East". Beautiful rivers, calm lakes, tremendous gardens, peak meadows are some of the features of the remarkable landscapes of the Kashmir valley. The peaceful rivers, shiny waterfalls, attractive surrounding and the evergreen forests of Kashmir add to its beauty. Kashmir tourism is also famous for the exotic flora and fauna found in the region. Three mountain ranges surround it the Himalayas- Karakoram, Zanaskar and Pir Panjal....   [tags: Pakistan, Islam, Muslim Majority] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Kashmir Conflict - Kashmir has been in constant conflict for decades. The Kashmir conflict has been between India and Pakistan, with Kashmir in the middle. Kashmir is a disputed piece of land that came to be after Britain dismantled the Indian empire. As a result of this disputed land war broke out. Each country has territorial claims to Kashmir, and very different positions. If tensions continue, Kashmir could possibly enter the conflict for independence, from both nations; but the possibility of diplomatic solutions could present themselves....   [tags: India, Pakistan, War] 933 words
(2.7 pages)
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Unrest in Kashmir - Kashmir has been an immense issue since 1947. This downfall came along side with the partition of India-Pakistan. Both countries have been fighting for this territory and yet the feud still continues. We are still in the midst of deciding whether it belongs to the Indians or Pakistanis. Muslims and Hindus have been living together in Kashmir with peace and harmony. Later when the time came to draw a line between India and Pakistan the issue came to the naked eye when a decision had to be made about Kashmir being a part of India or Pakistan....   [tags: International Politics] 947 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Kashmir Issue - Sovereignty is a blessing of Almighty Allah to humankind; freedom by all means either refers to human beings or to other creatures does hold its magnitude in all aspects. It has widely been manifested by the human chronology that human beings have ever been seeking freedom, thus, the notion bands no dilemma in it as liberty stands to be the at heart right to all. The conflict between India and Pakistan, two nations united by history but divided by destiny, runs deep. Their rivalries over five decades have prevented both countries from realizing their full economic and geopolitical potential....   [tags: Informative, India and Pakistan] 1418 words
(4.1 pages)
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Taking a Look at the Kashmir Conflict - ... There is a confrontation between Hindus and Muslims, spiritual Islam, radical Islam and secularism and central government control versus self-government. In the past, ethnic conflicts with a strong religious components have not only domestic causes and consequences, but international ones as well. As a result, internationalization of ethnic conflict has become an important factor in religious quarrels, and has become a significant factor in the Kashmir conflict as well. The conflicts that are arising from religion-related factors are as important as issues that substantially determine the course of international relations, such as political and economic globalization, the balance of powe...   [tags: ongoing battle between India and Pakistan] 2660 words
(7.6 pages)
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Religion and Conflicts: The Future of Kashmir - The spreading of religion has been the catalyst of numerous conflicts in world history, and in the past several decades it has been occurring in a land known as Kashmir. This territory, located in Central Asia, sits between India, Pakistan and China, and is known for its beauty and strife, all stemming from religious and cultural differences. In 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, a freedom fighter for Indian nationalism, was terrified at the possibility of war, and delivered a famous speech at a prayer meeting, as he said, “Pakistan is being requested to get out of Kashmir and to arrive at a settlement with India over the question through bilateral negotiations....   [tags: independence, India, Pakistan, religion, Asia]
:: 13 Works Cited
2314 words
(6.6 pages)
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The War in Kashmir a Religious Conflict? - ... Jihad is differentiated between two; greater jihad and the lesser jihad where as it cannot be neglected that jihad also reflects military aspects in Islam. The United States and Saudi Arabia together funneled some three and half billion into Afghanistan and Pakistan during the Afghan war. By financing and training the mujahideen, the United States helped to create a multinational jihadi organization. Jihad tagging Kashmir as a religious struggle and one hand they tend to support their violent resistance to Indian rule....   [tags: relationship between religion and politics]
:: 6 Works Cited
1680 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Wars Over Kashmir - Kashmir, a 222,236 sq km region in the northwestern Indian subcontinent, is surrounded by China in the northeast, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south, by Pakistan in the west, and by Afghanistan in the northwest. One portion of Kashmir is called Jammu and Kashmir and the other, Pakistani-controlled part of the region is known as Azad Kashmir. The Kashmir Valley is one of the most fertile lands on the planet, thick with rich pine and cedar forests and covered in rice paddies, hemp and saffron, apple and apricot orchards and walnut trees....   [tags: Call to Action] 1017 words
(2.9 pages)
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Kashmir: The Unresolved Issue - It has been around 19 years; I have grown up watching the news, listening to the radio about the poor voice of Kashmiris who have been kept hostage for over half a century. Who has been violence by none other than our so called friend Bharat, who has acted sarcastically with Kashmir. When we talk about the role of Pakistan in this core issue, so we don’t see actually any major role but yes we do arrange the rallies, we form human chains; we arrange exhibitions, We arrange seminars, we do talk about the change but never by our heart, we regularly watch many leaders making their fake promises especially on the Kashmir day....   [tags: Informative Essay] 1485 words
(4.2 pages)
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Kashmir Crisis - Within its ongoing sixty year period, the Kashmir crisis has become one of the most potentially reactive situations the world has seen. Preceding the British decolonization of the greater Indian area into modern-day India and Pakistan in 1947, Kashmir was an independent region, ruled by a Hindu maharaja, though its people were, and continue to be, predominately Muslim. Maharaja Hari Singh, the royal ruler, was able to select whether to comply with either newly independent nation. Hesitant to join either, the Maharaja chose to wait until the British presence fully departed the region....   [tags: Britain, Muslim, India, Pakistan, power, rivalry]
:: 18 Works Cited
1062 words
(3 pages)
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Ethnic Conflict: Kashmir - ... This is the first of three wars to occur between India and Pakistan, none with a winner. India referred the conflict to the UN who asked Pakistan and India to remove their forces, although neither did. It finally ended in 1949 when a ceasefire agreement was made and the Line of Control was established. The LOC was meant to be temporary, but it continues to be the border between and India and Pakistan today, giving 65% of the territory to India and 35% to Pakistan. The second war occurred in 1965 when Pakistan crossed the LOC, thinking India was unable to defend their territory and that the Kashmir people were tired of Indian rule....   [tags: Pakistan, India, War]
:: 2 Works Cited
552 words
(1.6 pages)
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Pakistan, India and The Disputed Region of Kashmir - Any country’s foreign policy is determined by myriad factors that includes geographical position, relations with other countries, domestic and international affairs and along strategic dimensions. Pakistan is no other exception to this; now this thought paper will discuss what sort of flaws are there is Pakistan’s foreign policy regarding the undisputed territory: Kashmir. The long conflict ravaged part which has caused several wars between India and Pakistan. Pakistan, ever since its inception, has been proclaiming a right on the territory of Kashmir....   [tags: Foreign Policy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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India and Pakistan- Conflict over Kashmir - Introduction In late 1947, the newly created states of India and Pakistan went to war over the valley of Kashmir. A United Nations brokered ceasefire divided the state into Indian and Pakistani controlled territories, and resolved that a referendum would be held in which the people of Kashmir would be able to choose to join either country. The referendum has not been held to this day. India granted its portion of Kashmir a special status within its constitution, allowing for a great degree of self-autonomy....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2025 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Kashmir Earthquake - The Kashmir Earthquake At 08:50:38 (GMT), on the 8th October 2005, an Earthquake occurred affecting a place called Kashmir. The Earthquake registered 7.6 on the magnitude scale. It was a major Earthquake. In Pakistan itself the earthquake occurred five hours earlier due to the time difference. It was the strongest earthquake for 70 years in Pakistan or India. Kashmir itself is a disputed part of Pakistan, however at the moment it is still an area which is being administered partly by Pakistan and partly by India....   [tags: Free Essays] 394 words
(1.1 pages)
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Top Three Places to Visit During The Summer - ... The monasteries are the main attraction of Ladakh. What is the temperature during the summer months. The temperature usually varies from 0 degree Celsius to 20 degree Celsius during the day time. The nights are usually cold and the temperature dips down to 0 degree. 2. Kashmir ( The paradise on earth) Kashmir often referred to as paradise on earth surely stands up to its reputation. This place is the one hotspot for the newly wedded couples. An amazing nature walk and beautiful scenario will surely make you feel that love is oozing out of you....   [tags: Ladakh, kashmir ] 720 words
(2.1 pages)
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China, India, and Pakistan: Fighting Over Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu and Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, with areas claimed by Pakistan, India as well as China, making it a disputed territory. In one of the biggest and most controversial political acts of modern times, Hari Singh, by handing over Jammu and Kashmir to India despite Pakistani protests, has left the Kashmir issue as one of the principal and bitterest legacies of the Partition of India (1947). A steady sequence of wars and guerrilla operations has succeeded in bestowing Jammu and Kashmir with the dangerous status of one of the most volatile and bloody regions in the world....   [tags: Recent History] 1054 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir: Paradise Exposed To Hell - Our group topic: “Causes and Effects of Wars” provoked me to write about the threatening dispute of “Jammu and Kashmir” which has become more threatening after the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan. My main claim revolves around the theme that the burning dispute of Kashmir, between India and Pakistan can play a vital role in the emergence of third world war and can act as battle-field for a nuclear war. Due to geographical and social impacts on the world these countries have realized some big nations to resolve the issue....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
2804 words
(8 pages)
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Kashmir ; A lost paradise - Kashmir — a beautiful mountain state with clear rivers, evergreen forests and one of the highest death rates in the world. It is at the center of an age-old dispute between Pakistan and India that has dragged on from the independence of both nations over fifty years ago to the present time, with no resolution in sight. The combined population of the two nation totals over a billion, so no conflict between them is of passing importance, especially when nuclear weapons are involved. Pakistan and India share a common heritage, language, and traditions, yet the subject of Kashmir can push them to the brink of annihilation....   [tags: essays research papers] 3114 words
(8.9 pages)
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Kashmir - While hearing either on the news or through news flashes on the internet of the strife taking place in Kashmir, I understood the war between Pakistan and Indian to be about who was going to own the land in between. This war between the two countries goes much deeper than just real estate. Through research I have learned about the different aspects of what created such hostility between Pakistan and Indian. The dynamics of such hostilities are made up of a need for power, religious belief’s and a sense of control over what each believes to belong to them....   [tags: essays research papers] 1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Kashmir - KASHMIR. Geography, Kashmir is located in Himalayan range. Most of the area is mountainous with very fertile land, beautiful lakes, covered with thick green forests and produce verity of fruits. Area, 84471 sq.: miles; with boundaries with Pakistan, India, china and Afghanistan. Population, About 5 million consisting of 77% Muslim. Borders with Pakistan 902 miles and borders with India 307 miles. Brief History, The state of Kashmir came into existence in 1848 when Lord Lawrence the Governor General of British India sold the area to Gulab Singh a leader of Hindu dogra tribe for RS 7.5 million....   [tags: essays research papers] 801 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kashmir Issue and Mediation - Kashmir Issue and Mediation The record of the international mediation (Third Party role), or meditative interventions in regard to the Kashmir dispute is clearly mixed: These interventions achieved both some successes and some failures. Among the successes were the cease-fire and truce agreements, arranged by UNCIP in 1948 and 1949.The cease-fire agreement did not hold for long, and peacekeeping operation that emerged from it failed in large measure to keep the peace. But that failure can hardly be charged exclusively against the United Nations....   [tags: Papers] 3463 words
(9.9 pages)
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Kashmir Conflict - Pakistan condemned India on Tuesday for detaining Kashmir separatist leader and Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front chief Yasin Malik and called for the release of all jailed Kashmiri separatists. Malik, an executive member of the separatist All-Parties Hurriyat Conference, was detained by police on Monday under anti-terrorism law Poto after they arrested a woman carrying $100,000 for his group. A Pakistan foreign ministry statement, quoted by the official APP news agency, called the charge trumped up and said the move reflected India's "disregard for the fundamental rights and liberties of Kashmiris" and frustration at failing to suppress their struggle....   [tags: essays research papers] 383 words
(1.1 pages)
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A Paradise on Earth - The Kashmir issue has been the bone of contention between Pakistan and India since the independence of the two countries in 1947 and is one of the oldest of the issues present in the agenda of the United Nations. From the Pakistan’s point of view, this issue of Kashmir is a human rather than a territorial problem, involving the lives of about 13 million Kashmiris. Many international declarations, as well as the resolutions of the United Nations have declared the right of self determination of the Kashmiri people....   [tags: Jammu and Kashmir Dispute] 1048 words
(3 pages)
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Pakistani and Indian Relations, History, Problems, and What are some Strategies to Cope the Problems - A report published by the international crisis group working to prevent conflict worldwide work on the Pakistan relations with India beyond Kashmir. In the report major concern was at the relations, their history, what are problems, what are some strategies to cope the problems. The study found the economic ties as solution, deeper economic ties would help repair the breach between Pakistan and India. The democratic transition is also important step for building relations. A senior Pakistani government official and economist rightly noted: “Once the governments make a breakthrough and remove barriers, it will be the private sector and the individuals that further increase it”....   [tags: pakistan, india, kashmir] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-determination - Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-Determination The protracted conflict in Kashmir has continually undermined efforts to restore peace and stability to the Indian subcontinent. This South Asian crisis must be resolved so that 'India and Pakistan can devote their resources and energies to the pressing task of advancing the welfare of their people' as espoused by the Simla Accord of 1972. The Simla Accord is the document that states both countries agreed to find peaceful solutions for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship that will restore peace to the subcontinent....   [tags: Argumentative persuasive papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
1045 words
(3 pages)
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India and Pakistan Negotiations - ... One of these newly independent states was Kashmir, which according to its geographical positioning had the option of choosing either of the two dominions but there lied a problem which was, the ruler of Kashmir was a Hindu believer but the majority of the population in Kashmir was Muslim. Being in such a dilemma the ruler of Kashmir HARI SINGH decided to remain neutral and act as an independent state. Soon his hopes of remaining neutral were dashed by Pakistan on September 1, 1947 when the Azad Kashmir force from Pakistan “Mujahedeens” came calling at the Bhimber sector and seized Chamb and Deva in Kashmir region....   [tags: kashmir region, attack, security council ]
:: 1 Works Cited
637 words
(1.8 pages)
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Kashmir Issue: Confrontations between India and Pakistani since Partition of the British Indian Empire - In the late 1940s, when the two competing nationalist for India and Pakistani failed to reach accommodation, Britain decided to partition its Indian empire (Wirsing 22). The role of dividing the empire was on the hands of a British representative (Viceroy Lord Mountbatten). He facilitated creation of a Muslim subcontinent, Pakistani. The state of Pakistani was formed with two flanks (eastern and western) separated by 1500 miles of the new states of India (Wirsing 22). The main aim was to establish a region to be occupied by Muslims in the British India....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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Who Introduced Innovations in the Kashmiri Shawl - ... Till the end of 11th century, we cannot find any reference from the historical chronicles which will suggest the role of Kings or communities over the development of this industry. But, the role of Sultans in the 13th and 14th century is well documented. Many historians hold the argument that among the sultans who ruled Kashmir, Sultan Zain who ruled Kashmir from 1420- 1470 took personnel interest in the development of the shawl industry. They (Historians) argue that Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin took many “great” steps in the ‘revival’ of this industry and made elaborate arrangements to make shawl weaving a great economic, profit making industry....   [tags: kings, royal patronage] 866 words
(2.5 pages)
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Kasimir Malevich - Kasimir Malevich Kasimir Malevich, a Russian painter and designer, was born near Kiev on February 26, 1878 (Guggeheimcollection.org) and was “one of six children from Russified Poles” (Articons.co.uk). While living in Ukraine, he became absorbed into art during his teens, “largely teaching himself” the basics (Articons.co.uk). After saving his money “from his job as a railroad clerk” (Articons.co.uk), Malevich enrolled in the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in 1903 and began to study art more seriously....   [tags: Russian Painter Designer Artists Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
744 words
(2.1 pages)
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India Pakistan Negotiation is Best in the Interest of Pakistan - ... The divided, mostly Muslim Himalayan region of Kashmir is at the heart of hostility between the neighbours and was the cause of two of their three wars since independence from Britain in 1947. The third was over the founding of Bangladesh. The Kashmir issue has led to at least three major wars in the region with media claiming the souring chances of a fourth war between the two countries. Kashmir has always been a flashpoint of war which has constantly threatened the peace of both the nuclear powers (Kashmir issue can trigger war, says Sharif- DAWN)....   [tags: ongoing rivalry, military grievances] 1760 words
(5 pages)
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United States’s involvement in the India and Pakistan Conflicts - ... The U.S. has and is still making every attempt to thwart any peril which may have the chance of a nuclear war between the two countries. The Americans are extremely worried about the nuclear war possibility because it could not only annihilate both the countries, but would have rippling repercussions on the surrounding countries as well. The U.S. is especially vigilant because each country has this lethal power (Pear and Dugger, Dec., 2001). The U.S. Attempts at the Kashmir Conflict The U.S....   [tags: hindu-muslim hatred, separation, intervention] 1181 words
(3.4 pages)
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Effectiveness of the UN - United Nations (UN) - An organization of sovereign nations with the main goal being the maintenance of international peace and security (United Nations, 1982). The UN was founded in 1945, during the final weeks of World War II. According to the Charter of the United Nations, this organization was made through the people’s feelings towards war and does not want future generations to suffer the untold sorrow that comes with it (United Nations, 1987). At first UN peacekeeping missions, which is handled by the Security Council, was limited to maintaining ceasefires among nations....   [tags: World Politics]
:: 4 Works Cited
2085 words
(6 pages)
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Description of Aga Shahid Ali as a Daisporic Poet - This paper attempts to study the diasporic dimension of Indian diasporic writer late Aga Shahid Ali who emigrated from Kashmir to America. Aga Shahid Ali narrates the loss of his homeland due to enforced migration and rexhibit the original exilic resonance of diasporic experience. In his poetic collection ‘the country without a post office’, the poet articulates diasporic experience of exile, loss, pain and creates possibilities of Kashmiri diaspora in America. Key words: Aga Shahid Ali, The country without a post office, Diaspora....   [tags: india, freedom, diaspora, daisporic poet]
:: 4 Works Cited
1500 words
(4.3 pages)
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Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic - Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic Background: As World War II drew to a close, many new nations began to emerge. In the Middle East of course, the State of Israel was established; in South East Asia, two nascent countries were born, India and Pakistan. In 1947, Great Britain drafted a partition plan, separating British India into the two countries we now know as India and Pakistan. In conjunction was the Indian Independence Act, which formally gave both countries their sovereign right to govern, and also set forth plans for the princely states that surrounded India and Pakistan....   [tags: Middle East] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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Violence Suffered by Natives of Kashmiris - ... Syncretism of cultural and religious beliefs was not acceptable to either the Hindus or the Muslims, and Kashmiri Pandits were not willing to leave their homeland. Trouble erupted in full force in the late eighties when the insurgents from Pakistan started another campaign of terror against the Kashmiris, with Hizbul Mujahideen seeking unification with Pakistan. An estimated 350,000 Kashmiris1 were forced to flee from the valley in response to separatist and fundamentalist threats and attacks, to say the least....   [tags: mass killings, violence, refugees] 2855 words
(8.2 pages)
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Indian Taboos and Customs - India Taboos and Customs The country of India is not only the second most densely populated country in the world with the world’s ninth largest economy along with some of the strangest taboos and customs. India contains over 1.2 billion people, various religions like Muslim, Hinduism, along with different gesture and greeting taboos, the Kashmir conflict and the fierce competition to fight for the Kashmir Valley and how taboos of India compare to the likes of other counties taboos. India is a very unique country that is like no other on Earth....   [tags: Culture ]
:: 10 Works Cited
982 words
(2.8 pages)
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India and Pakistan Dispute - India and Pakistan Dispute This dispute dates back to the partition of the British Indian Empire, in August 1947, into two independent states, Pakistan and India. At that time there were also around 565 princely states, large and small, which were under British suzerainty but were not directly ruled by the British Government. Most of these states joined either India or Pakistan taking into account their contiguity to one or the other country and the wishes of their people....   [tags: Papers] 1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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India and Pakistan are So Close and Yet So Far from Each Other - ... (More about British rule). Muslims and Hindus mixed minimally with each other due to their religious differences. Muslims followed their Koran, while Hindus had their Bhagavad Gita. Muslims ate cow meat while Hindus worshipped cows. They did not study or eat together and never dared to intermarry. India's Muslim leaders demanded a Muslim homeland as a condition for independence in 1947. As Britain pulled out from the Indian subcontinent, it divided the nation into secular, but mainly Hindu India, and predominantly Muslim Pakistan....   [tags: culture, religion, distrust] 918 words
(2.6 pages)
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Different Types of Indian Cuisine - India cuisine or Indian food consists of a wide diversity of cuisines which are native to Indian regions. Given the range of variety in soil type, climate and type of employment, these cuisines differ significantly from each other and use herbs, spices, vegetables and fruits that are locally available. Indian food is also under strong influence of religious and cultural choices and traditions. The development of these types of food has been mold by Dharmic beliefs, and particularly by vegetarianism, which is quite a noticeable dietary trend in Indian society....   [tags: culture, ingredients, curry] 545 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Contribution of the Kushan Empire to Buddhism - The material world constantly changes according to the natural law of impermanent. History had shown that while one civilization perished, another develops. However, for some disappeared civilization, vast information remained intact, while other buried in ruins or even no trace is left behind. It is essential to note that without past there would not be possible for current and future. Therefore, history is very important. According to David Hume: History is not only a valuable part of knowledge, but opens the door to many other parts, and affords materials to most of the sciences....   [tags: Kushan Empire]
:: 11 Works Cited
1868 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Partition of India by the British Empire - ... Significant brutality emitted succeeding the division of Punjab, Bengal, and Kashmir which raised into prompting the first war between India and Pakistan. With aid and further United Nations (UN) and Soviet Union's contribution finished the war however it turned into an until now uncertain Kashmir question. Taking after the freedom, the Pakistan got included in nonstop regional debate with India (in east) over Kashmir and Bengal and with the Afghanistan (in west) over the tribal line. Its political history has been portrayed by tyrant military standard and the short vote based rivalry between conservative preservationists and left-wing gatherings all around its history....   [tags: afghanistan, autonomous, sovereign nations] 587 words
(1.7 pages)
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Stability in India and Pakistan - Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root. Both the regions form part of the South Asian sub-continent. South Asia is home to one fourth of the human race and has the largest middle class anywhere in the world. But the region also accounts for the majority of the world’s poor which is hamstrung by sectarian and caste beliefs and spends a disproportionate share of its resources, to meet non-productive needs....   [tags: economy, peace, attitudes] 729 words
(2.1 pages)
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India-Pakistan Timeline - ... At the end of 1971, Bangladesh was created out of East Pakistan. 1989 Resistance to Indian rule broke out in Kashmir valley in 1989, with some groups calling for independence and others calling for union with Pakistan. India accused Pakistan of supplying weapons to the enemies. During the 1990s, with the uprising of enemy Muslim groups, the movement’s became Islamic in nature. 1996 India and Pakistan set up meetings to calm stress over Jammu and Kashmir. The push became more noticed a year later and peace talks were agreed on....   [tags: Hindus, Muslims, Asian countries] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Hindutva Movement: A Struggle Towards a “Hindu Secular India” - "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." This seems like a pleasant statement from Mr. Bal Thackeray, the leader of the Shiv Sena party and a proponent of the Hindutva movement, but it hardly works to conceal the villainous face of the Hindu nationalistic movement he follows. This movement aims to protect the interests of India by enhancing cohesion not only within the Hindu classes but also with other religious communities present in the country. However, this movement has numerous controversies attached to it, out of which, the razing of the Babri Mosque, the land transfer in Kashmir and the Christian massacre in Orissa standout, underlining that this movement is not...   [tags: Political/Religious Issues]
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1035 words
(3 pages)
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The Causes of tension Between Hinduism and Islam - While analyzing past interactions between Hinduism and Islam, we can see some outstanding tensions that arise from territorial conflict between India, a predominantly Hindu country, and Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country. The primary focus of this tension arises from a common area – Kashmir/Jammu. The conflict in this region can be accredited to the differences in religion. The conflict in Kashmir stems from 1947. This was the year the partition of the Indian sub-continent occurred. However, this partition of land was based on approximate religious lines created by the British empirical rule, when they allowed the princes of 650 states to choose which country they would join....   [tags: Hinduism, Islam, Territorial Conflicts, Pakistan]
:: 9 Works Cited
894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Solutions to Improve Relations Between Pakistan and India - ... These dams enable India to control Pakistan’s only source of water and threaten the sustainability of its agricultural sector. Moreover, this could also threaten Mangla dam’s ability to generate hydropower which produces half of Pakistan’s hydropower, causing the entire country to suffer the consequences. This fight is adding a new layer of volatility at a critical moment to one of the most strained relationship, one between deeply distrustful, nuclear armed nations who have already fought three wars....   [tags: Terrorism, Mistrust, Government]
:: 7 Works Cited
797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Shankaracharya Sanctuary - ... Kalhana additionally says that Lord Gopaditya allowed the area at the foot of the rise to the Brahmins that had hailed from the "Araya versh." The area stipend was called "GOPA AGRAHARAS". We now call this zone Gupkar. Kalhana likewise specifies an alternate town in the region of the knoll. It so happens that the Lord Gopaditya housed a percentage of the Brahmins who had consumed Garlic to a town adjacent. Kalhana names this town as Bhuksiravatika. That might be our Buch'vore today. Kalhana additionally specifies that Ruler Gopaditya based the sanctuary on the highest point of the slope as a holy place to Jyesthesvara (Shiva Jyestharuda) around 371 BC....   [tags: the Jyesteshwara sanctuary, pas-pahar] 760 words
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Headlines from India - India's foreign minister said Wednesday that Pakistan must take urgent steps to halt cross-border terrorism and rein in Islamic insurgents in Kashmir. Jaswant Singh said that Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf had been given enough time to fulfill his pledges to halt terrorism by militants operating from Pakistani soil. "It is vital that he recognizes the urgency of the situation," Singh told reporters at a joint news conference with British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw. "India has waited patiently for the fulfillment of those commitments, which are vital for peace." Musharraf, in a speech Monday night, said militant infiltration into Indian-controlled Kashmir ha...   [tags: News Report] 367 words
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India and Pakistan Relations - India’s relation with Pakistan has definitely seen more low points than the high points. The bitter-sweet relation shared between the two nations has neither made significant progress nor achieved any major breakthroughs since its 65 years of Independence. Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root....   [tags: relations, terrorism, peace] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Issue of Academic Libraries not Being Able to Recover Effectively from Disasters - For this paper to be presented, the topic of disaster planning and the way that disasters have been managed in academic libraries around the world will be discussed. Disaster planning and recovery is an often returned to topic in the library and information services world, as it is something that can happen to any information service and unlike many other organisations the majority of the responsibility in disasters lies with the information service itself. Unfortunately as the research will show, though many academic libraries are simply not prepared enough....   [tags: disaster planning,academic library, insurance]
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1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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Vaishnavism: Brief Insight into one of the Main Branches of Hinduism - Vaishnavism is one of the major branches of Hinduism. The followers of Vaishnavism worship Vishnu and his incarnations or Avatars and are known as Vaishnavites, Rama and Krishna being the most popular amongst the incarnations. It is monotheism in which worship of a personal god is the focus. Vaishnavites believe that Vishnu is the Supreme god and he is the one who simultaneously permeates all creation and exists beyond it. Vishnu’s consort is believed to be Lakshmi, the auspicious one. The Vaikuntha form of Vishnu first originated from Pancaratrins in the 9th century....   [tags: Religion, India, Reincarnation] 1948 words
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The Benefits of India and Pakistan Negotiation - ... Both countries want to boost trade, particularly important for Pakistan's weak economy.Since both the countries have eyed each other with suspicion, trade has been hindered. The two most relevant dimensions are political and economic. Politically, the question is whether to trade with India until the Kashmir issue is resolved. This is a contentious question. However, globally, economically successful countries are increasingly de-linking politics and economics. Thus, India-China, China-Taiwan and China-Japan have big disputes but are still trading extensively....   [tags: peace, untapped trade, supporters] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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Attacks and Al-Qaeda in Northern Afghanistan - According to the New York Times, the Taliban and Al-Qaeda have opened a new front in the previously peaceful northern Afghanistan. They have also stepped up attacks in their heartland, southern provinces. To defeat the insurgents, General McChrystal, the US commander in Kabul, has requested 40,000 additional troops and resources to persuade the moderate Taliban to abandon violence. But this strategy is likely to succeed only with the help from key regional states. Increased fatalities and dwindled public support have put pressure on President Obama to end the war quickly....   [tags: Afghanistan, USA, military, Al-Qaeda] 2095 words
(6 pages)
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Global Peace in a Chaotic World? - War it is such a vast word in our society today and seems to be everywhere. What is war. How do we define it in a technologically advanced society. Traditionally war involved armies fighting one another in a battle to overtake or annihilate the enemy. The concept is still the same although war is no longer contained to battlefields or between countries. These days we have civil wars within countries; economic war, race wars, religious wars, political wars and even class wars. Furthermore, the invention of nuclear weapons greatly increases tension and instability on a global level....   [tags: Power Struggles, Reasons For War]
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2179 words
(6.2 pages)
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Analysis of India in Comparative Politics - Analysis of India in Comparative Politics Perhaps the most important issue to be addressed after the publication of this book is the dangerous climate that has risen in India. The debates over Kashmir, a small piece of territory both India and neighboring country Pakistan have been claiming since the 1940s, has heated up. The situation has grown to a point where the two nuclear powers have come the closest they have ever been to war, while the world holds its breath. When Great Britain gave India its independence in 1947, the subcontinent was split into Pakistan and India....   [tags: Compare Contrast History Essays]
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2278 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Islamic Republic of Pakistan - Pakistan, also known officially as “The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.” The government in Pakistan is a nominal democracy by military leader Pervez Musharraf. In the south and north it can be cold and dry during December to February, but in the south June to September is monsoon season with high winds and intense rain. Pakistan has a high conflict with India, about the Kashmir. As both wanting it for independence, from 1959 to now there has been wars here and there for Kashmir. The type of government in Pakistan is the Islamic Republic, which is a UN Member....   [tags: Pakistan, Government, Nominal Democracy]
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928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Organizing Insurgency by Paul Staniland - ... Whereas with a divided social base, the soldiers are more likely to be coming from different backgrounds and do not have a social basis that connects them together. An example of an overlapping insurgency group would be the Taliban in Afghanistan, this group has a social basis of the Islamists religion, making the group stronger because the soldiers have a religious connection with one another. Within the article Staniland states “The Taliban’s ability to create and maintain both central and local institutions was facilitated by its access to an overlapping social base of Islamists linked to one another through camps and schools of western Pakistan while remaining embedded in local commu...   [tags: internal conflict, fragmented groups] 901 words
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Conflict between Hindus and Muslims -      India is the center of a very serious problem in the world today. It’s a very diverse place with people from many different religious backgrounds, who speak many different languages and come from many different regions. They are also separated economically. Two of the country’s religious sects, Muslims and Hindus, have been in conflict for hundreds of years. Their feelings of mistrust and hatred for each other are embedded in all those years and will not leave easily. What’s most disturbing is that there seems to be no plan for reconciliation available....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
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Using Technology to Reduce Diseases that Are Killing off the Bee Population - Wayne Hunter, James Ellis, Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Jerry Hayes, Dave Westervelt, Eitan Glick, Michael Williams, Ilan Sela, Eyal Maori, Jeffery Pettis, Diana Cox-Foster, and Nitzan Paldi all had a hand in writing the research. The writers are associated with at many different and separate institutions. Educational institutions include University of Florida (UF), Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI). Specifically, in UF the research is joined with the Department of Entomology and Nematology; in Penn State the research is partnered with the Department of Entomology; in HUJI the research is affiliated with Robert H....   [tags: environmental issues]
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1144 words
(3.3 pages)
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Nuclearisation of South Asia and Increasing Danger of War Escalation - India and Pakistan, the two South Asian states, despite having nuclear weapons were indulged in a war known as Kargil War in 1999. The root cause of Kargil war can be traced back to 1980’s, when Pakistan was beginning to acquire nuclear capability, Pakistan’s leaders were unhappy with the division of Kashmir .Pakistan launched three wars in 1948 and 1965 but 1971 demonstrated that it could no longer confront India without risking its catastrophic defeat. Pakistan’s acquisition of nuclear capability enabled Pakistan to challenge the territorial boundaries in Kashmir without fearing any catastrophic Indian retaliation....   [tags: globalization of weapons of mass destruction]
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2045 words
(5.8 pages)
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Stakeholder Analysis of Religious Ideology in the Punjab Conflict - Unpacking the Punjab conflict through stakeholder analysis is the central feature of this essay. As with the Kashmir conflicts, there is sense that the various Punjab regional players are so deeply rooted in their mutual antagonisms, that any mutual solution seems highly unlikely. Pettigrew provides guidance that gives the analysis its dimensions. The contemporary Punjab battle is between two sources of authority, namely central Indian state administration versus the Sikh nationalist symbol, Akal Takht....   [tags: Ethnic Conflict in India]
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1145 words
(3.3 pages)
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Sports, Wars and Politics in India - Sports India participated in the winter Olympics for the first time ever during the year 1964, in Innsbruck Austria. The only athlete to represent India in the Olympics was Jeremy Bujakowski. Jeremy Bujakowski participated in the Men’s downhill event Alpine Skinning, yet failed to finish the competition due to injury. However he then participated again in the 1968 Olympics in Grenoble France. He participated in 3 events in Alpine Skiing: Men’s Downhill, Men’s Slalom, Men’s Giant Slalom, and ranked 2nd in heat 2 of Men’s slalom....   [tags: olympics, sino-indian war, agriculture] 572 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Attack on Mumbai and 9-11 - ... (December 2008 ) . The Al Qaeda was blamed for the 9/11 Commission has a long history and that his works came to the surface, one got to know in due time, which itself was formed U.S. to fight the Russian armies in Afghanistan. The word Islamic Terrorism was built by the U.S. media uncritically and was picked up by the global media . The meanings of the words Jihad and Kafir were modified to suit the indoctrination module developed by U.S. to train terrorists in specially created Madrasa in Pakistan....   [tags: terrorist incidents and catastrophies] 624 words
(1.8 pages)
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Telecommunication in Pakistan during Disasters - ... In 2008 Pakistan was the world’s third fastest growing telecommunications market. Pakistan's telecom infrastructure is improving dramatically with foreign and domestic investments. According to the very recent data released by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), the country has 125 million mobile phone users. At present Pakistan’s population is approximately 16 million and with 125,012,860 mobile phone users, teledensity in the country reached 77 per cent mark. Currently only two agencies have direct access to these records, while other law enforcement agencies, such as Police and FIA requests the approved agencies for any information required regarding mobile phone subsc...   [tags: mobile, phone, logs, engineering] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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How War Changes Us - The experience that someone else had that I know that was like the experiences of a character in the book is my aunt. She told me that her experience was in 1971. When two countries were having a war. For example India and Pakistan had a war because they have a border between them and also Pakistan wants Kashmir. But Hindus does not want to give Kashmir. People were very scared of the war and also my aunt. The war has happened because of political issues my aunt told me it was so scary that how they were killing people by attacking bombs....   [tags: war, journals,] 900 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Development of Embroidery Techniques - ... Modern embroidery has veered away from the traditional freehand stitch embroidery as the machine age of the 1800’s began (Morris). The cross stitch became more popular because it was easier as it used a square canvas with stitch by stitch thread designs. Some canvasses even included the colored pictures of the design on it so that the person stitching knew where to stitch and when to change colors for the designs. Modern embroidery thread is made of cotton, rayon, or yarn. This is different from the materials used for traditional thread which included wool, linen, and silk that have been used for thousands of years....   [tags: stitching, design, india] 1515 words
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India-Pakistan Conflict Victim's Story - Pakistan has been engulfed in conflicts and civil war for more than three decades. Peace, instability and institutional arrangements usually have not lasted even one term of the government. Democracy has not been practiced well due to both hostility and antagonism in the region. Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K) is a disputed region in Pakistan where I was born and raised. The region has been under the Indo- Pakistan conflicts and since partition of sub-continent into India and Pakistan, it has experienced three direct wars....   [tags: Pakistani civil war, ] 539 words
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Pakistan: A Human Analysis - This paper analyzes the human terrain of Pakistan. Political, Religion, Military, economic, social and environmental variables will be explored to better understand this nation-states complex operational environment. The political variable describes the distribution of power at all levels of Governance in Pakistan. As a democratic parliamentary federal republic, with Islam as the state religion, the first Constitution was adopted in 1956, suspended by Ayub Khan in 1958, reinstated in 1973, suspended by Zia-ul-Haq in 1977 and reinstated again in 1985....   [tags: Social Studies]
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1748 words
(5 pages)
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Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts - Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts As the war of the worlds collide between the more democratic Allies and the orthodox Central powers, there were numerous causes to the war in which they can be summed up into the –isms of modern analysis. In the 19th, 20th, and even the 21st century, almost all of the conflicts can be categorized in either one or a combination of those –isms. Nationalism and Extreme Nationalism One of the causes of World War I can be linked to the use of extreme nationalism....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
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The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan - The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan The Land and Its People Pakistan, which means "land of the pure", is a predominantly Muslim state located in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. Extending from the northern Himalayan mountain ranges one thousand miles down to the Arabian Sea, it is bounded on the northwest by the mountain ranges of Koh Sulaiman and by Afghanistan and on the southwest by the Iranian section of Baluchistan. In the east, Pakistan is separated from India along the Sutlej River, the deserts of Rajasthan, and the Rann of Kutch; and a cease fire line dividing the Kashmir Valley separates the two countries in the north....   [tags: Papers] 3235 words
(9.2 pages)
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Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits - Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits The history of Indo-Pakistani relations has been a dominated by turbulence and bitter rivalry. After the partition in 1947, millions of people migrated to their new home in either the Islamic state of Pakistan or the secular state of India. Only two weeks after independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over Kashmir in 1948. India and Pakistan fought two more wars with each other in 1965 and 1971, with the latter resulting in the creation of Bangladesh....   [tags: Politics Political Science Papers]
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6070 words
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People of the Himalayas - Arab geographers of the Middle Ages have described the Eurasian landmass to be a beautiful woman and the Himalayas to be the "jewel encrusted clasp," (Keay, 1). This region was widely unknown to the western world throughout history. The region has been romanticized by such authors as Thomas Moore, who "had never been to Kashmir but his balmy scent-laden breezes rustling the bowers so dear to lovers somehow managed to conjure up a not unrecognizable image of the place," (Keay, 5). The region's geography had made the area almost impossible to colonize during the Great Game....   [tags: World Cultures] 659 words
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