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The Emergence of English Language Education in Kashmir - The valley of Kashmir has its ancient history and civilization. As Biscoe (2005: 67) confessed “Kashmir fortunately possesses an ancient history and a civilization more ancient than our own”. The land of the valley is very fertile and was known as seat of learning in the past. In fact, scholars came from different parts of the world in order to acquire knowledge from the ancient Kashmiri teachers and scholars. The history of the valley is divided into different periods – the first period was of Hindu rulers, the second was of Buddhism, the third was of Muslim rulers, the fourth was of Mughal rulers, the fifth was of Pathans and the sixth was of Dogra rulers....   [tags: Kashmir Education]
:: 7 Works Cited
3347 words
(9.6 pages)
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Background of the Kashmir Conflict - Describe the condition of Pandits and Muslims in Kashmir before the Treaty of Amritsar and the changes that took place after the Treaty was implemented. In what ways have forces external to Kashmir contributed to the conflict in the region during the colonial and post-colonial periods. The argument can be sustained that external forces have significantly contributed to Kashmir conflict for hundreds of years, within which the post-Treaty of Amritsar period is a relatively small potion. From the rise of the Islamist tyrant to the Kashmir throne in 1349, the region has been locked in various, seemingly indeterminate conflicts where the regional political players may change, but underlying, fund...   [tags: Pandits and Muslims in Kashmir]
:: 5 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Beauty and the Blood of Kashmir - Kashmir: Beauty And The Blood There are many beautiful places on the earth and every place is unique and has its own specialty. Some places are famous for their natural beauty and some for their architectural beauty. In addition, each person differs in choices, likings and tastes. Many people enjoy natural beauty and some are pulled towards historical and architectural beauty. There are few people who notice a different type of beauty which is cultural and traditional beauty. Kashmir is known for its natural beauty....   [tags: himalayas, urdu, karam sag, kashmir]
:: 3 Works Cited
1058 words
(3 pages)
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The Legend of Kashmir - "Who has not heard of the Vale of Cashemere," wrote the Irish poet Thomas Moore in 1817, "with its roses the brightest that earth ever gave.” Kashmir, along with the region of Jammu, Ladakh and Gilgit forms the State of Jammu and Kashmir which is spread over an area of 222236 square kilometers. The state consists of three parts: Indian controlled Kashmir (IcK), Pakistan controlled Kashmir (PcK) and China controlled Kashmir (CcK). The geography of Kashmir is divided into three land masses: the foothill plains of Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and the mountains of Ladakh....   [tags: Informative, Persuasive] 1177 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Valley of Kashmir - Kashmir, a magnificent vale with towering mountains, gushing rivers, dense forests coupled with sparkling green fields perhaps has only its fate to mourn. The issue of accession of the state of Jammu & Kashmir is not merely a question of controlling a piece of land over which two countries have a quarrel but Kashmir has gone through different phases since the splitting of former Hindustan in addition to emergence of two separate states of India and Pakistan. For the students of political history especially if they are interested in the chapter of South-Asian conflicts the topic concerning Jammu & Kashmir still has mysteries to solve, its question still haunts world leaders; its solution stil...   [tags: Persuasive, Informative Essay] 1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Destiny of Kashmir - Breath-taking scenery, multi-patterned landscapes, snow-powdered mountains and peaks, beautiful people, clear lakes, lush haze and forests are only a few wonders one comes across in the valley of Kashmir. Its values and traditions not only describe the rich Muslim culture but also reflect a well crafted civilization. For many facts, these reasons account for Kashmir’s present state of affairs. The vale of Kashmir is also a key factor for manipulating the political and economic conditions of Central and South Asia....   [tags: Historic Summary, Informative] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Cause of Kashmir - I often think why the people of Kashmir were denied their right of self determination. Why they were sold away like a commodity. Did they not possess the status of human beings. Were they not a part of the united India like other Muslims of India. When a rule of democracy and self determination was being followed by the people of every part of the country then, how it came to be unavailable for this part of India. Every one knows that the Muslims of India were not willing to live with biased Hindu majority because of their hypocritical character, pagan ideologies and no belief in the Day of Judgment....   [tags: Persuasive Essay] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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Claims to Kashmir - Kashmir is the land of awe-inspiring beauty. Through its incredible and breathtaking beauty, it has earned itself the name of the "Switzerland of the East". Beautiful rivers, calm lakes, tremendous gardens, peak meadows are some of the features of the remarkable landscapes of the Kashmir valley. The peaceful rivers, shiny waterfalls, attractive surrounding and the evergreen forests of Kashmir add to its beauty. Kashmir tourism is also famous for the exotic flora and fauna found in the region. Three mountain ranges surround it the Himalayas- Karakoram, Zanaskar and Pir Panjal....   [tags: Pakistan, Islam, Muslim Majority] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Kashmir Conflict - Kashmir has been in constant conflict for decades. The Kashmir conflict has been between India and Pakistan, with Kashmir in the middle. Kashmir is a disputed piece of land that came to be after Britain dismantled the Indian empire. As a result of this disputed land war broke out. Each country has territorial claims to Kashmir, and very different positions. If tensions continue, Kashmir could possibly enter the conflict for independence, from both nations; but the possibility of diplomatic solutions could present themselves....   [tags: India, Pakistan, War] 933 words
(2.7 pages)
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Unrest in Kashmir - Kashmir has been an immense issue since 1947. This downfall came along side with the partition of India-Pakistan. Both countries have been fighting for this territory and yet the feud still continues. We are still in the midst of deciding whether it belongs to the Indians or Pakistanis. Muslims and Hindus have been living together in Kashmir with peace and harmony. Later when the time came to draw a line between India and Pakistan the issue came to the naked eye when a decision had to be made about Kashmir being a part of India or Pakistan....   [tags: International Politics] 947 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Kashmir Issue - Sovereignty is a blessing of Almighty Allah to humankind; freedom by all means either refers to human beings or to other creatures does hold its magnitude in all aspects. It has widely been manifested by the human chronology that human beings have ever been seeking freedom, thus, the notion bands no dilemma in it as liberty stands to be the at heart right to all. The conflict between India and Pakistan, two nations united by history but divided by destiny, runs deep. Their rivalries over five decades have prevented both countries from realizing their full economic and geopolitical potential....   [tags: Informative, India and Pakistan] 1418 words
(4.1 pages)
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Religion and Conflicts: The Future of Kashmir - The spreading of religion has been the catalyst of numerous conflicts in world history, and in the past several decades it has been occurring in a land known as Kashmir. This territory, located in Central Asia, sits between India, Pakistan and China, and is known for its beauty and strife, all stemming from religious and cultural differences. In 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, a freedom fighter for Indian nationalism, was terrified at the possibility of war, and delivered a famous speech at a prayer meeting, as he said, “Pakistan is being requested to get out of Kashmir and to arrive at a settlement with India over the question through bilateral negotiations....   [tags: independence, India, Pakistan, religion, Asia]
:: 13 Works Cited
2314 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Wars Over Kashmir - Kashmir, a 222,236 sq km region in the northwestern Indian subcontinent, is surrounded by China in the northeast, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south, by Pakistan in the west, and by Afghanistan in the northwest. One portion of Kashmir is called Jammu and Kashmir and the other, Pakistani-controlled part of the region is known as Azad Kashmir. The Kashmir Valley is one of the most fertile lands on the planet, thick with rich pine and cedar forests and covered in rice paddies, hemp and saffron, apple and apricot orchards and walnut trees....   [tags: Call to Action] 1017 words
(2.9 pages)
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Kashmir: The Unresolved Issue - It has been around 19 years; I have grown up watching the news, listening to the radio about the poor voice of Kashmiris who have been kept hostage for over half a century. Who has been violence by none other than our so called friend Bharat, who has acted sarcastically with Kashmir. When we talk about the role of Pakistan in this core issue, so we don’t see actually any major role but yes we do arrange the rallies, we form human chains; we arrange exhibitions, We arrange seminars, we do talk about the change but never by our heart, we regularly watch many leaders making their fake promises especially on the Kashmir day....   [tags: Informative Essay] 1485 words
(4.2 pages)
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Kashmir Crisis - Within its ongoing sixty year period, the Kashmir crisis has become one of the most potentially reactive situations the world has seen. Preceding the British decolonization of the greater Indian area into modern-day India and Pakistan in 1947, Kashmir was an independent region, ruled by a Hindu maharaja, though its people were, and continue to be, predominately Muslim. Maharaja Hari Singh, the royal ruler, was able to select whether to comply with either newly independent nation. Hesitant to join either, the Maharaja chose to wait until the British presence fully departed the region....   [tags: Britain, Muslim, India, Pakistan, power, rivalry]
:: 18 Works Cited
1062 words
(3 pages)
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Pakistan, India and The Disputed Region of Kashmir - Any country’s foreign policy is determined by myriad factors that includes geographical position, relations with other countries, domestic and international affairs and along strategic dimensions. Pakistan is no other exception to this; now this thought paper will discuss what sort of flaws are there is Pakistan’s foreign policy regarding the undisputed territory: Kashmir. The long conflict ravaged part which has caused several wars between India and Pakistan. Pakistan, ever since its inception, has been proclaiming a right on the territory of Kashmir....   [tags: Foreign Policy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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India and Pakistan- Conflict over Kashmir - Introduction In late 1947, the newly created states of India and Pakistan went to war over the valley of Kashmir. A United Nations brokered ceasefire divided the state into Indian and Pakistani controlled territories, and resolved that a referendum would be held in which the people of Kashmir would be able to choose to join either country. The referendum has not been held to this day. India granted its portion of Kashmir a special status within its constitution, allowing for a great degree of self-autonomy....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2025 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Kashmir Earthquake - The Kashmir Earthquake At 08:50:38 (GMT), on the 8th October 2005, an Earthquake occurred affecting a place called Kashmir. The Earthquake registered 7.6 on the magnitude scale. It was a major Earthquake. In Pakistan itself the earthquake occurred five hours earlier due to the time difference. It was the strongest earthquake for 70 years in Pakistan or India. Kashmir itself is a disputed part of Pakistan, however at the moment it is still an area which is being administered partly by Pakistan and partly by India....   [tags: Free Essays] 394 words
(1.1 pages)
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China, India, and Pakistan: Fighting Over Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu and Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, with areas claimed by Pakistan, India as well as China, making it a disputed territory. In one of the biggest and most controversial political acts of modern times, Hari Singh, by handing over Jammu and Kashmir to India despite Pakistani protests, has left the Kashmir issue as one of the principal and bitterest legacies of the Partition of India (1947). A steady sequence of wars and guerrilla operations has succeeded in bestowing Jammu and Kashmir with the dangerous status of one of the most volatile and bloody regions in the world....   [tags: Recent History] 1054 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir: Paradise Exposed To Hell - Our group topic: “Causes and Effects of Wars” provoked me to write about the threatening dispute of “Jammu and Kashmir” which has become more threatening after the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan. My main claim revolves around the theme that the burning dispute of Kashmir, between India and Pakistan can play a vital role in the emergence of third world war and can act as battle-field for a nuclear war. Due to geographical and social impacts on the world these countries have realized some big nations to resolve the issue....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
2804 words
(8 pages)
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Kashmir ; A lost paradise - Kashmir — a beautiful mountain state with clear rivers, evergreen forests and one of the highest death rates in the world. It is at the center of an age-old dispute between Pakistan and India that has dragged on from the independence of both nations over fifty years ago to the present time, with no resolution in sight. The combined population of the two nation totals over a billion, so no conflict between them is of passing importance, especially when nuclear weapons are involved. Pakistan and India share a common heritage, language, and traditions, yet the subject of Kashmir can push them to the brink of annihilation....   [tags: essays research papers] 3114 words
(8.9 pages)
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Kashmir - While hearing either on the news or through news flashes on the internet of the strife taking place in Kashmir, I understood the war between Pakistan and Indian to be about who was going to own the land in between. This war between the two countries goes much deeper than just real estate. Through research I have learned about the different aspects of what created such hostility between Pakistan and Indian. The dynamics of such hostilities are made up of a need for power, religious belief’s and a sense of control over what each believes to belong to them....   [tags: essays research papers] 1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Kashmir - KASHMIR. Geography, Kashmir is located in Himalayan range. Most of the area is mountainous with very fertile land, beautiful lakes, covered with thick green forests and produce verity of fruits. Area, 84471 sq.: miles; with boundaries with Pakistan, India, china and Afghanistan. Population, About 5 million consisting of 77% Muslim. Borders with Pakistan 902 miles and borders with India 307 miles. Brief History, The state of Kashmir came into existence in 1848 when Lord Lawrence the Governor General of British India sold the area to Gulab Singh a leader of Hindu dogra tribe for RS 7.5 million....   [tags: essays research papers] 801 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kashmir Issue and Mediation - Kashmir Issue and Mediation The record of the international mediation (Third Party role), or meditative interventions in regard to the Kashmir dispute is clearly mixed: These interventions achieved both some successes and some failures. Among the successes were the cease-fire and truce agreements, arranged by UNCIP in 1948 and 1949.The cease-fire agreement did not hold for long, and peacekeeping operation that emerged from it failed in large measure to keep the peace. But that failure can hardly be charged exclusively against the United Nations....   [tags: Papers] 3463 words
(9.9 pages)
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Kashmir Conflict - Pakistan condemned India on Tuesday for detaining Kashmir separatist leader and Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front chief Yasin Malik and called for the release of all jailed Kashmiri separatists. Malik, an executive member of the separatist All-Parties Hurriyat Conference, was detained by police on Monday under anti-terrorism law Poto after they arrested a woman carrying $100,000 for his group. A Pakistan foreign ministry statement, quoted by the official APP news agency, called the charge trumped up and said the move reflected India's "disregard for the fundamental rights and liberties of Kashmiris" and frustration at failing to suppress their struggle....   [tags: essays research papers] 383 words
(1.1 pages)
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A Paradise on Earth - The Kashmir issue has been the bone of contention between Pakistan and India since the independence of the two countries in 1947 and is one of the oldest of the issues present in the agenda of the United Nations. From the Pakistan’s point of view, this issue of Kashmir is a human rather than a territorial problem, involving the lives of about 13 million Kashmiris. Many international declarations, as well as the resolutions of the United Nations have declared the right of self determination of the Kashmiri people....   [tags: Jammu and Kashmir Dispute] 1048 words
(3 pages)
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Pakistani and Indian Relations, History, Problems, and What are some Strategies to Cope the Problems - A report published by the international crisis group working to prevent conflict worldwide work on the Pakistan relations with India beyond Kashmir. In the report major concern was at the relations, their history, what are problems, what are some strategies to cope the problems. The study found the economic ties as solution, deeper economic ties would help repair the breach between Pakistan and India. The democratic transition is also important step for building relations. A senior Pakistani government official and economist rightly noted: “Once the governments make a breakthrough and remove barriers, it will be the private sector and the individuals that further increase it”....   [tags: pakistan, india, kashmir] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-determination - Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-Determination The protracted conflict in Kashmir has continually undermined efforts to restore peace and stability to the Indian subcontinent. This South Asian crisis must be resolved so that 'India and Pakistan can devote their resources and energies to the pressing task of advancing the welfare of their people' as espoused by the Simla Accord of 1972. The Simla Accord is the document that states both countries agreed to find peaceful solutions for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship that will restore peace to the subcontinent....   [tags: Argumentative persuasive papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
1045 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir Issue: Confrontations between India and Pakistani since Partition of the British Indian Empire - In the late 1940s, when the two competing nationalist for India and Pakistani failed to reach accommodation, Britain decided to partition its Indian empire (Wirsing 22). The role of dividing the empire was on the hands of a British representative (Viceroy Lord Mountbatten). He facilitated creation of a Muslim subcontinent, Pakistani. The state of Pakistani was formed with two flanks (eastern and western) separated by 1500 miles of the new states of India (Wirsing 22). The main aim was to establish a region to be occupied by Muslims in the British India....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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Kasimir Malevich - Kasimir Malevich Kasimir Malevich, a Russian painter and designer, was born near Kiev on February 26, 1878 (Guggeheimcollection.org) and was “one of six children from Russified Poles” (Articons.co.uk). While living in Ukraine, he became absorbed into art during his teens, “largely teaching himself” the basics (Articons.co.uk). After saving his money “from his job as a railroad clerk” (Articons.co.uk), Malevich enrolled in the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in 1903 and began to study art more seriously....   [tags: Russian Painter Designer Artists Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
744 words
(2.1 pages)
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Effectiveness of the UN - United Nations (UN) - An organization of sovereign nations with the main goal being the maintenance of international peace and security (United Nations, 1982). The UN was founded in 1945, during the final weeks of World War II. According to the Charter of the United Nations, this organization was made through the people’s feelings towards war and does not want future generations to suffer the untold sorrow that comes with it (United Nations, 1987). At first UN peacekeeping missions, which is handled by the Security Council, was limited to maintaining ceasefires among nations....   [tags: World Politics]
:: 4 Works Cited
2085 words
(6 pages)
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Description of Aga Shahid Ali as a Daisporic Poet - This paper attempts to study the diasporic dimension of Indian diasporic writer late Aga Shahid Ali who emigrated from Kashmir to America. Aga Shahid Ali narrates the loss of his homeland due to enforced migration and rexhibit the original exilic resonance of diasporic experience. In his poetic collection ‘the country without a post office’, the poet articulates diasporic experience of exile, loss, pain and creates possibilities of Kashmiri diaspora in America. Key words: Aga Shahid Ali, The country without a post office, Diaspora....   [tags: india, freedom, diaspora, daisporic poet]
:: 4 Works Cited
1500 words
(4.3 pages)
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Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic - Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic Background: As World War II drew to a close, many new nations began to emerge. In the Middle East of course, the State of Israel was established; in South East Asia, two nascent countries were born, India and Pakistan. In 1947, Great Britain drafted a partition plan, separating British India into the two countries we now know as India and Pakistan. In conjunction was the Indian Independence Act, which formally gave both countries their sovereign right to govern, and also set forth plans for the princely states that surrounded India and Pakistan....   [tags: Middle East] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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Indian Taboos and Customs - India Taboos and Customs The country of India is not only the second most densely populated country in the world with the world’s ninth largest economy along with some of the strangest taboos and customs. India contains over 1.2 billion people, various religions like Muslim, Hinduism, along with different gesture and greeting taboos, the Kashmir conflict and the fierce competition to fight for the Kashmir Valley and how taboos of India compare to the likes of other counties taboos. India is a very unique country that is like no other on Earth....   [tags: Culture ]
:: 10 Works Cited
982 words
(2.8 pages)
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India and Pakistan Dispute - India and Pakistan Dispute This dispute dates back to the partition of the British Indian Empire, in August 1947, into two independent states, Pakistan and India. At that time there were also around 565 princely states, large and small, which were under British suzerainty but were not directly ruled by the British Government. Most of these states joined either India or Pakistan taking into account their contiguity to one or the other country and the wishes of their people....   [tags: Papers] 1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Contribution of the Kushan Empire to Buddhism - The material world constantly changes according to the natural law of impermanent. History had shown that while one civilization perished, another develops. However, for some disappeared civilization, vast information remained intact, while other buried in ruins or even no trace is left behind. It is essential to note that without past there would not be possible for current and future. Therefore, history is very important. According to David Hume: History is not only a valuable part of knowledge, but opens the door to many other parts, and affords materials to most of the sciences....   [tags: Kushan Empire]
:: 11 Works Cited
1868 words
(5.3 pages)
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Stability in India and Pakistan - Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root. Both the regions form part of the South Asian sub-continent. South Asia is home to one fourth of the human race and has the largest middle class anywhere in the world. But the region also accounts for the majority of the world’s poor which is hamstrung by sectarian and caste beliefs and spends a disproportionate share of its resources, to meet non-productive needs....   [tags: economy, peace, attitudes] 729 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Hindutva Movement: A Struggle Towards a “Hindu Secular India” - "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." This seems like a pleasant statement from Mr. Bal Thackeray, the leader of the Shiv Sena party and a proponent of the Hindutva movement, but it hardly works to conceal the villainous face of the Hindu nationalistic movement he follows. This movement aims to protect the interests of India by enhancing cohesion not only within the Hindu classes but also with other religious communities present in the country. However, this movement has numerous controversies attached to it, out of which, the razing of the Babri Mosque, the land transfer in Kashmir and the Christian massacre in Orissa standout, underlining that this movement is not...   [tags: Political/Religious Issues]
:: 6 Works Cited
1035 words
(3 pages)
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The Causes of tension Between Hinduism and Islam - While analyzing past interactions between Hinduism and Islam, we can see some outstanding tensions that arise from territorial conflict between India, a predominantly Hindu country, and Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country. The primary focus of this tension arises from a common area – Kashmir/Jammu. The conflict in this region can be accredited to the differences in religion. The conflict in Kashmir stems from 1947. This was the year the partition of the Indian sub-continent occurred. However, this partition of land was based on approximate religious lines created by the British empirical rule, when they allowed the princes of 650 states to choose which country they would join....   [tags: Hinduism, Islam, Territorial Conflicts, Pakistan]
:: 9 Works Cited
894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Headlines from India - India's foreign minister said Wednesday that Pakistan must take urgent steps to halt cross-border terrorism and rein in Islamic insurgents in Kashmir. Jaswant Singh said that Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf had been given enough time to fulfill his pledges to halt terrorism by militants operating from Pakistani soil. "It is vital that he recognizes the urgency of the situation," Singh told reporters at a joint news conference with British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw. "India has waited patiently for the fulfillment of those commitments, which are vital for peace." Musharraf, in a speech Monday night, said militant infiltration into Indian-controlled Kashmir ha...   [tags: News Report] 367 words
(1 pages)
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The Issue of Academic Libraries not Being Able to Recover Effectively from Disasters - For this paper to be presented, the topic of disaster planning and the way that disasters have been managed in academic libraries around the world will be discussed. Disaster planning and recovery is an often returned to topic in the library and information services world, as it is something that can happen to any information service and unlike many other organisations the majority of the responsibility in disasters lies with the information service itself. Unfortunately as the research will show, though many academic libraries are simply not prepared enough....   [tags: disaster planning,academic library, insurance]
:: 6 Works Cited
1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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Attacks and Al-Qaeda in Northern Afghanistan - According to the New York Times, the Taliban and Al-Qaeda have opened a new front in the previously peaceful northern Afghanistan. They have also stepped up attacks in their heartland, southern provinces. To defeat the insurgents, General McChrystal, the US commander in Kabul, has requested 40,000 additional troops and resources to persuade the moderate Taliban to abandon violence. But this strategy is likely to succeed only with the help from key regional states. Increased fatalities and dwindled public support have put pressure on President Obama to end the war quickly....   [tags: Afghanistan, USA, military, Al-Qaeda] 2095 words
(6 pages)
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Global Peace in a Chaotic World? - War it is such a vast word in our society today and seems to be everywhere. What is war. How do we define it in a technologically advanced society. Traditionally war involved armies fighting one another in a battle to overtake or annihilate the enemy. The concept is still the same although war is no longer contained to battlefields or between countries. These days we have civil wars within countries; economic war, race wars, religious wars, political wars and even class wars. Furthermore, the invention of nuclear weapons greatly increases tension and instability on a global level....   [tags: Power Struggles, Reasons For War]
:: 9 Works Cited
2179 words
(6.2 pages)
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Analysis of India in Comparative Politics - Analysis of India in Comparative Politics Perhaps the most important issue to be addressed after the publication of this book is the dangerous climate that has risen in India. The debates over Kashmir, a small piece of territory both India and neighboring country Pakistan have been claiming since the 1940s, has heated up. The situation has grown to a point where the two nuclear powers have come the closest they have ever been to war, while the world holds its breath. When Great Britain gave India its independence in 1947, the subcontinent was split into Pakistan and India....   [tags: Compare Contrast History Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
2278 words
(6.5 pages)
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Conflict between Hindus and Muslims -      India is the center of a very serious problem in the world today. It’s a very diverse place with people from many different religious backgrounds, who speak many different languages and come from many different regions. They are also separated economically. Two of the country’s religious sects, Muslims and Hindus, have been in conflict for hundreds of years. Their feelings of mistrust and hatred for each other are embedded in all those years and will not leave easily. What’s most disturbing is that there seems to be no plan for reconciliation available....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Stakeholder Analysis of Religious Ideology in the Punjab Conflict - Unpacking the Punjab conflict through stakeholder analysis is the central feature of this essay. As with the Kashmir conflicts, there is sense that the various Punjab regional players are so deeply rooted in their mutual antagonisms, that any mutual solution seems highly unlikely. Pettigrew provides guidance that gives the analysis its dimensions. The contemporary Punjab battle is between two sources of authority, namely central Indian state administration versus the Sikh nationalist symbol, Akal Takht....   [tags: Ethnic Conflict in India]
:: 5 Works Cited
1145 words
(3.3 pages)
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How War Changes Us - The experience that someone else had that I know that was like the experiences of a character in the book is my aunt. She told me that her experience was in 1971. When two countries were having a war. For example India and Pakistan had a war because they have a border between them and also Pakistan wants Kashmir. But Hindus does not want to give Kashmir. People were very scared of the war and also my aunt. The war has happened because of political issues my aunt told me it was so scary that how they were killing people by attacking bombs....   [tags: war, journals,] 900 words
(2.6 pages)
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Pakistan: A Human Analysis - This paper analyzes the human terrain of Pakistan. Political, Religion, Military, economic, social and environmental variables will be explored to better understand this nation-states complex operational environment. The political variable describes the distribution of power at all levels of Governance in Pakistan. As a democratic parliamentary federal republic, with Islam as the state religion, the first Constitution was adopted in 1956, suspended by Ayub Khan in 1958, reinstated in 1973, suspended by Zia-ul-Haq in 1977 and reinstated again in 1985....   [tags: Social Studies]
:: 7 Works Cited
1748 words
(5 pages)
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Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts - Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts As the war of the worlds collide between the more democratic Allies and the orthodox Central powers, there were numerous causes to the war in which they can be summed up into the –isms of modern analysis. In the 19th, 20th, and even the 21st century, almost all of the conflicts can be categorized in either one or a combination of those –isms. Nationalism and Extreme Nationalism One of the causes of World War I can be linked to the use of extreme nationalism....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan - The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan The Land and Its People Pakistan, which means "land of the pure", is a predominantly Muslim state located in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. Extending from the northern Himalayan mountain ranges one thousand miles down to the Arabian Sea, it is bounded on the northwest by the mountain ranges of Koh Sulaiman and by Afghanistan and on the southwest by the Iranian section of Baluchistan. In the east, Pakistan is separated from India along the Sutlej River, the deserts of Rajasthan, and the Rann of Kutch; and a cease fire line dividing the Kashmir Valley separates the two countries in the north....   [tags: Papers] 3235 words
(9.2 pages)
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Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits - Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits The history of Indo-Pakistani relations has been a dominated by turbulence and bitter rivalry. After the partition in 1947, millions of people migrated to their new home in either the Islamic state of Pakistan or the secular state of India. Only two weeks after independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over Kashmir in 1948. India and Pakistan fought two more wars with each other in 1965 and 1971, with the latter resulting in the creation of Bangladesh....   [tags: Politics Political Science Papers]
:: 35 Works Cited
6070 words
(17.3 pages)
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People of the Himalayas - Arab geographers of the Middle Ages have described the Eurasian landmass to be a beautiful woman and the Himalayas to be the "jewel encrusted clasp," (Keay, 1). This region was widely unknown to the western world throughout history. The region has been romanticized by such authors as Thomas Moore, who "had never been to Kashmir but his balmy scent-laden breezes rustling the bowers so dear to lovers somehow managed to conjure up a not unrecognizable image of the place," (Keay, 5). The region's geography had made the area almost impossible to colonize during the Great Game....   [tags: World Cultures] 659 words
(1.9 pages)
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India and Nuclear Disarmament - India and Nuclear Disarmament Works Cited Not Included India’s stronghold on their position about nuclear weapons and disarmament has been a major issue for the United States and Chinese governments for the past 50 years. Their history with Pakistan has been far from peaceful. Many events and policies have led up to their current state. The nuclear testing in May 1998 has only escalated the situation. " India is alone in the world in having debated the available nuclear position for the past 35 years." Why should India be denied the right to own nuclear weapons....   [tags: International Politics India Essays Papers] 2412 words
(6.9 pages)
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How Does the UN Charter Try to Limit the Incidence and the Severity of Wars? Does It Work? - During World War I and World War II countries lost enough human and economical resources that they decided to establish principles embodied in the form of the United Nations to “practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and...” According to the Charter of the United Nations, maintaining international peace and security is the main purpose of the United Nations....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 6 Works Cited
2150 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism by Pape, Bloom, and Horowitz - “Terrorism involves the use of violence by an organization other than a national government to cause intimidation or fear among a target audience;” at least, this is how Pape (2003) defines terrorism in his article “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism” (343). The goal of this article by Pape is to discuss suicide terrorism and how it “follows a strategic logic, one specifically designed to coerce modern liberal democracies to make significant territorial concessions” (343). Similar to Pape, Bloom (2004) and Horowitz (2010) also delve into the exponential increase of suicide terrorism and why it occurs....   [tags: violence, intimidation, al-qaeda]
:: 5 Works Cited
1414 words
(4 pages)
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Medicine or Spice? The Many Uses of Saffron. - Throughout history saffron has been used for many things. Although it is known as the most expensive spice in the world, it was and still is commonly used as a dye and as a spice by wealthy people in many parts of the world. Crocus sativus, also known as saffron, is one of the most expensive spices in the world due to the extensive harvesting process which has to be done manually. While it is historically known for being a spice as well as a dye, it also has been discovered to have some very interesting medicinal effects, such as improving glycemia (diabetes), reducing cancer, and improving impotency in males....   [tags: Crocus sativus, Crocus cartwrightianus, plant]
:: 22 Works Cited
1279 words
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Sociocultural Evolution and Modifications in the Indian Society - I still remember the day when I was just a kid. It was 1980s and for the last three consecutive days we had no news about my elder brother. He went to Bombay to bring the letter of Government Sanction to his Typewriting Institute. My parents were in anxiety. Suddenly, a postman appeared and brought a telegram. My mother sat down in misery. Most of the time, the telegram is an ill omen. It was a social perception about the telegram. Fortunately, it was a good news. I read the only word ‘Sarkarmanyata’ (Government-sanction) and my parents offered sugar to the postman and others....   [tags: communication, telegram, hindu]
:: 1 Works Cited
2416 words
(6.9 pages)
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Pakistan Should Be Open to Trade with Inida - Trading is a process of buying, selling and exchanging of necessities within a country or between different countries. Trading helps in boosting of the economy of a country and fulfils the requirements which the country lacks. It also makes it possible for a country to sell its surplus product the in international market, thus act as an income source for a country. Most Favoured Nation is a trading status that one country gives to another by virtue of which trade is enhanced with that country. This status is enforced by World Trade Organization and it provides the country which is being favoured with several advantages as it makes the product easily reachable to that country and it lowers th...   [tags: World Trade Organization, International Trade]
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The Concept of Power in International Politics - The concept of power is central to the study of international politics. International politics has been defined in terms of influencing major nations in the world to advance the purpose of a nation against the opposition of other nations. Thus, it is rather not surprising that power, either by means of influence or control, has been a dominant concept that is intertwined in discussion when it comes to the study of international politics. Before getting into the fundamental nature of power in international relations, it is needed to consider just what power is....   [tags: International Politics] 837 words
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Definition of Human Rights Across the Globe - Human rights is implicated as a worldwide significant right obtained by which an individual is genetically categorized as a human being. Thus, human rights are comprehended as a national and international right, claiming that each anthropomorphous being is considered an equal including equality for gender, race, and religion. These rights may be obtained by natural or legal authority, depending on territory, religion, national and international laws according to courts assuring that they are constructed in order to protect the freedom of every individual....   [tags: International Law, Government]
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China is Oppressing the Uyghur People - It has happened to most native peoples, they’re pushed out of their homelands by a big, foreign power. Peoples’ rights get violated, and they are treated as second class citizens. Native Americans, Africans, Siberians, Indians, it has happened to all of them. In Asia, a new superpower has risen up, communist China, and has gained a massive amount of influence, using the largest military in the world. The native peoples in the western borderlands have suffered the greatest, and most people have heard about the struggle of Tibet....   [tags: Chinese Oppression of Uighurs]
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The Legacy of the Mongol Empire. - The Mongol empire was an empire that at its height touched the destiny of almost all Eurasia. The Mongol empire consisted of a group of extraordinary Asian nomads, ruled by Genghis khan (Chinggis Khan), born Temujin, son of Yisugei. This group of nomads along with their aspiring leader, flourished against their odds between the years and 1368. This empire, dominated the surrounding populations, by taking over approximately 24,000,000 square kilometres of Eurasia, an area extending from Korea to the principalities of Russia, and from the Siberian forests to southern Iran and present-day Afghanistan (Jacksona, 2000)....   [tags: mongol empire, eurasia, mogols, genghis khan]
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Relations Between India and Pakistan - Often synonymous with open hostility, relations between India and Pakistan are influenced by numerous discordant factors. This essay will examine the primary antecedent, the Partition of India and its bifurcation into two states. In emphasising the collective trauma and fragile nationalisms that emerged, a connection will be established between the ensuing fear and distrust and its manifestation into policies and actions over the past six decades. Its ramifications will be considered in relation to each state’s security and regional ambitions, the Kashmir dispute and their acquiring of nuclear technology....   [tags: History, The Partition of India] 1496 words
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The Ideological Framework of Lashkar-E-Taiba - On November 26th, 2008 a largely unknown terrorist group forced their way into the international consciousness after an armed group of 10 terrorist’s implemented a well-planned, coordinated, and complex assault on the civilian populace of Mumbai. Utilizing Ak-47’s, hand grenades, and communication equipment, the terrorist attackers killed 104 people and injured another 308. For three days the Mumbai government struggled to effectively eliminate the perpetrators of the terrorist attack, which finally ended in a gun battle between the last living attacker and an Indian Commando unit....   [tags: Terrorism ]
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Some Companies Still Resist Outsourcing - In recent years, global and local companies alike have felt the sting of the failing economy and turned to outsourcing in order to produce in the most economically efficient way possible. Outsourcing can be defined as a technique used by companies to reduce costs by transferring portions of work to outside suppliers rather than completing the work internally. Many things must be considered when companies make the decision to outsource. Economically, it would only make sense for the company to outsource if the potential partner had a comparative production advantage....   [tags: economy, efficiency, quality, globalization]
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Terrorism: The Future of War - 1 INTRODUCTION In this essay, I will focus on the key features of the global threat of terrorism and also discuss how the world was changing the last decades while dealing with this issue. In addition, I will highlight the most important current developments concerning to this topic. To give the paper a clear structure, I will divide the topic into six sections, which will be an introduction, the dimensions boundaries, locations, flows, events and finally a conclusion with an overview of the information....   [tags: Politics, Global Threat]
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The Impact of Global Terrorism - Introduction At the moment, terrorism is happening all over the globe ranging from the Middle East to Europe and Latin America and every part of the world. It is now a day to day act happening to innocent citizens of their countries. Terrorism can be caused by quite a number of factors that can affect the activity of terrorism, for example politics is a very good example of factors the can possibly cause a group of people to terrorize against another party or even rebel against their own country....   [tags: Terrorism Essays]
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1400 words
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Digital Currency: What is Bitcoin? - Introduction: Throughout this Bitcoin: A History; what is bitcoin. To start off primarily, Bitcoin is a digital currency as opposed to physical currency that we’re accustomed to and use in our daily life. Straight off their site, Bitcoin is described as a pseudo-anonymous, P2P technology operating with no central authority or banks, it’s open-source, public, owned by no one and open for everybody to take part; but what does that all mean. “Bitcoin is the leader in a new generation of emerging currencies known as “cryptocurrencies” which aim to, among other things, facilitate the movement of money electronically while still maintaining a sense of privacy,” (Hobson) Bitcoin stores no pers...   [tags: amazon, virgin galactic, eBay and subway]
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How Have Folktales Evolved? - A folktale is "a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk". (Folktale). By that definition, written (literary) stories are not classifiable as folktales. I would that you do not presume a definition to be the final word in what makes a folktale; for it can be seen that most of all stories classified as folklore have one or more of several key characteristics. They prominently feature a strong moral value, or a recurring motif. Folktales usually involve some key factors such as trickery, magic, monsters, or becoming rich....   [tags: Q&A: Folktales]
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The Country of India - India is one-third the size of the United States and it is the seventh largest country in the world, with 1.27 million square miles of land. In the north are the Himalayas, they are 1,490 miles long and their highest peak is Mt. Everest. Mt. Everest is also the highest peak in the world. To the north there is also the Gangetic Plains and to the south is the Deccan Plateau. Three major rivers that flow through India are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers. They all flow into the Bay of Bengal, which is an important body of water in India....   [tags: international studies] 1114 words
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A War Story - Original Writing - A War Story - Original Writing I perched over the wall, looking deep into the darkness. Deep, with unfocused pupils trying to forget it all. I stared at the sophisticated shapes of the mosque when my eyes suddenly came into focus. I sat and observed the devout Muslims, not coming to pray but to bargain with Allah. The regulars were all there; the blind woman wishing to see her daughter for the first time; the schoolgirl praying to do well in her exams, somehow bargaining at the same time; and Shahbana-the searching mother....   [tags: Papers] 2168 words
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Network Centric Warfare - INTRODUCTION 1. ‘Warfare takes on the characteristics of its age’. Network Centric Operations are therefore the military response to the Information Age. Network Centric Warfare can be concisely defined as the concept of linking all aspects of warfighting into a shared situation awareness and understanding of command intent so as to achieve a unity and synchronicity of effects that multiplies the combat power of military forces. Network-centric operations are military operations across the spectrum of conflict from peace, to crisis, to war to which the concepts and capabilities of Network Centric Warfare have been applied (US DoD report, 2006)....   [tags: Military]
:: 11 Works Cited
4370 words
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A National Disaster - There often comes a time in the history of any nation when an evaluation of international pursuits and goals should be weighed against the care and well-being of that nation’s citizens. Specifically, I think that the nation of Pakistan needs to reevaluate its stance on the education of its populace. As pointed out in the film “The Miseducation of Pakistan,” and in Greg Mortenson’s work, “Stones into Schools,” an ominous picture is painted demonstrating corruption and abuse within the Pakistani education system....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1549 words
(4.4 pages)
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Brief on Pakistan - Pakistan a very large country with a very diverse culture, in previous years Pakistan been invaded by many different countries to include Arabs, Persians, Huns and many countries form the European Continent, which have influenced the culture of Pakistan. The culture in Pakistan resembles that of the western world in things such as movies, music as well as sports. Pakistani movie companies produce at least 40 films a year with movies concerning anything of India illegal. Music is also very popular in Pakistan ranging from traditional Pakistani music and more recently music from parts of the western world....   [tags: Political Geography, Southeast Asia]
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2076 words
(5.9 pages)
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Terrorism, Peace and Diversity - Terrorism, Peace and Diversity Acts of terrorism underscore the urgent need to promote peace. Yet, this is also an opportunity to promote diversity. Indeed, peace and diversity are related. --It is a good time to look at ripple effects and connections. --More than 1/3 of the people killed in the World Trade Center on September 11 were not Americans. They were citizens of 70-80 other countries. Hundreds were Muslims. --More than 40% of residents of New York City are foreign-born. --The dead and missing and 6,000+ treated at hospitals in New York City, and several hundred more at the Pentagon and in the Pennsylvania crash, have families and friends--if each one has only 10 family and...   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 632 words
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Pakistan - Pakistan: Foreign Policy Pakistan, a land of many splendors and opportunities, a repository of a unique blend of history and culture for both the East and West has been the cradle of one of the oldest civilizations. The Indus valley, is the ninth most populous Area in the world, with 134 million tough, conscientious, hard working people wishing and striving hard to enter into the 21st century as equal partners in the community of the different developed nations. During the last 20 years Pakistan's economy has been one of the fastest growing in the world-the seventh fastest in Asia (www.forisb.org/fpolicy)....   [tags: essays research papers] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
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Captains of Industry - In 1796, president George Washigton wrote a farewell address to speak to the nation before he retired. In this, he explained valid reasons to keep America an isolated as well as neutral country. It is clearly prominent that Washington's farewell adress was necessary. This is due to the fact that it gave the nation something to ponder as well as dwell upon. Washington's intent was for his adress was to serve as an itenerary for the future of our nation. This did not succeed. Although it would be reasonable to be used today, we continue to remain allies with some countries, and enemies with others....   [tags: essays research papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Truth, Fact, and Purpose: History of "Colonizer" Vs. His Story of "Colonized" - A complex struggle often present in post-colonial literature is the attempt of the author to either break from or fuse together the literary and cultural traditions of the colonizer (in this case England) with the literary and cultural traditions of the author's own, colonized state. Salman Rushdie skilfully uses narrative technique and the concept of history in Midnight's Children in order to place his story outside the euro-centric, "colonizer" traditions of history. These traditions, made apparent in the colonial period, have constructed a notion of universalism in literature whereby the `classics' of the western canon set a standard for how all literature was to be written....   [tags: World Literature] 1420 words
(4.1 pages)
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Maharaja Ranjit Singh: The Sikh Ruler, In The Eyes Of Non-sikhs - According to the famous historian Carlyle, a worthy sovereign should be judged from a sole factor as to how he employs his sword after being victorious. ********** Le Griffin writes that: "Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled his kingdom exactly according to the Sikh way of life and Sikhism considers everyone as friends and talks about the welfare of all irrespective of caste and creed." ********** The spirit of Gurbani couplet, "The one Lord is the Father of all and we are the children of the one Lord rules supreme in every Sikh heart." Charles Hugal, writes in his book, "Travels in Kashmir and Punjab", that, "probably no person in the world could have establis...   [tags: essays research papers] 1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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Comparing the Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses - The Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses       British writer C.C. Colton once claimed, "Men will wrangle for religion; write for it; fight for it; die for it; anything but--live for it" (Copeland 345). Indeed, if nothing else, Hanif Kureishi's The Black Album shows the depths to which people concern themselves with questions of religion, ethnicity, and the identity associated with them. Kureishi's themes and symbolism work within a larger context of the politics of identity, race, and nationality....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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2541 words
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