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Kashmir - ... Along with the possibility of creating a religiously tolerant society, the history of violence in the Kashmir region will be impossible to ignore when creating a solution to the control of the land. Pakistan and India have been fighting since their creation, and the magnitude of this violence has escalated in recent years. The hostilities in the region originate from the centuries of fighting between Hindus and Muslims, with the movement of Islam into Southern Asia early in the 8th Century....   [tags: independence, India, Pakistan, religion, Asia]
:: 13 Works Cited
2314 words
(6.6 pages)
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Kashmir - While hearing either on the news or through news flashes on the internet of the strife taking place in Kashmir, I understood the war between Pakistan and Indian to be about who was going to own the land in between. This war between the two countries goes much deeper than just real estate. Through research I have learned about the different aspects of what created such hostility between Pakistan and Indian. The dynamics of such hostilities are made up of a need for power, religious belief’s and a sense of control over what each believes to belong to them....   [tags: essays research papers] 1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Kashmir - KASHMIR. Geography, Kashmir is located in Himalayan range. Most of the area is mountainous with very fertile land, beautiful lakes, covered with thick green forests and produce verity of fruits. Area, 84471 sq.: miles; with boundaries with Pakistan, India, china and Afghanistan. Population, About 5 million consisting of 77% Muslim. Borders with Pakistan 902 miles and borders with India 307 miles. Brief History, The state of Kashmir came into existence in 1848 when Lord Lawrence the Governor General of British India sold the area to Gulab Singh a leader of Hindu dogra tribe for RS 7.5 million....   [tags: essays research papers] 801 words
(2.3 pages)
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Claims to Kashmir - ... The goal is to divide people on the basis of sectarian affiliation and undermine the secular fabric and territorial integrity of India. Kashmir militant groups have committed about serious abuses included the deliberate targeting of Kashmir Hindus by terrorists groups and foreign mercenaries. It had been during the years that nobody in Indian Kashmir wanted Kashmir to be a part of Indian Territory. The question was whether they wanted to join Pakistan or wanted to be independent. It has been a tragedy with the most fascinating place on the entire world, that they have suffered losses all the time and never have lived peacefully because of Indian over ruling it....   [tags: Pakistan, Islam, Muslim Majority] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Kashmir Conflict - ... When the war finally came to an end a ceasefire was put into effect and Kashmir remained disputed. “India and Pakistan first went to war in October 1947 after Pakistan supported a Muslim insurgency in Kashmir… The war ended on 1 January 1949, with the establishment of a ceasefire line… The status of the territory remained in dispute” (BBC). With rising tension in both countries, war broke out again, and took place in Kashmir. Only about six years later Pakistan broke out into civil war, and in the end was split into, East and West Pakistan....   [tags: India, Pakistan, War] 933 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Legend of Kashmir - ... Kashmir is also a lifeline to Pakistan as three out of six rivers that run through Pakistan originate from Kashmir while the other three originate from India This water is essential to the agricultural life of Pakistan. Hence giving up Kashmir means being at the mercy of India. With India the state has its historical and cultural ties. Indians are also fearful that granting independence to Kashmiris may lead to a chain reaction, that is, similar demands of freedom be made by different Indian ethnic groups resulting in a civil war....   [tags: Informative, Persuasive] 1177 words
(3.4 pages)
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Unrest in Kashmir - Kashmir has been an immense issue since 1947. This downfall came along side with the partition of India-Pakistan. Both countries have been fighting for this territory and yet the feud still continues. We are still in the midst of deciding whether it belongs to the Indians or Pakistanis. Muslims and Hindus have been living together in Kashmir with peace and harmony. Later when the time came to draw a line between India and Pakistan the issue came to the naked eye when a decision had to be made about Kashmir being a part of India or Pakistan....   [tags: International Politics] 947 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Kashmir Issue - ... In 1947, the ruler of Kashmir was a Hindu but the state had a large Muslim majority population. The Hindu maharaja was suspected of wanting to declare his independence from both India and Pakistan and so delayed accession to either new state. In September 1947, the Hindu maharaja started a brutal campaign to force many Muslim Kashmiri’s out of Kashmir. Indian troops had managed to secure Srinagar. After some months of fighting, India referred the case to the United Nations. Neither side was in a position to fight for long, nor so a cease-fire was arranged in January 1948, did leaving Kashmir divide between India and Pakistan....   [tags: Informative, India and Pakistan] 1418 words
(4.1 pages)
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Kashmir Crisis - ... They neither interlock nor interlace; they belong to two different nations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas. The real-estate debate over Kashmir is a symptom of these ideas. Pakistan’s possessive claim to Kashmir is mainly due to their religious ties. The south-Asian country is an Islamic republic, founded on Muslim principles and their first campaign slogan, “Islam is in danger.” During the early 1900s, Muslim opulence and popularity in South Asia was downwards bound, and Muslims were highly aware of the fact....   [tags: Britain, Muslim, India, Pakistan, power, rivalry]
:: 18 Works Cited
1062 words
(3 pages)
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The Valley of Kashmir - ... As a matter of fact Maharaja of Kashmir did make a stand still agreement to accede to Pakistan. But he could not enter into a formal agreement due to some reasons (b/c of his throne and pressure from Nehru who wanted his ancestral home to be India’s Northern Province). At one point he decided to remain independent. Mountbatten immediately warned him of the consequences. In the meantime the people revolted. To back the local support, AFRIDI & MAHSUDS tribes from the then N.W.F.P moved towards Kashmir.2 The situation soon turned against Maharaja who escaped to Jammu....   [tags: Persuasive, Informative Essay] 1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Destiny of Kashmir - ... In 1948, UN ordered a cease fire but with no beneficiaries as the call of plebiscite was not responded by India. Not only this, the UN has been trying to call out the fierce rivalry in form of different pacts and resolution yielding only a timely settlement in the region. After the occupation of different territories in Kashmir, India now administers 43% while Pakistan secured 37% and the rest of 20% under Chinese dominion. Riots and massacres carried on and kashmiryats were the only ones to face the music....   [tags: Historic Summary, Informative] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Cause of Kashmir - ... If the rule was democracy, if the rule was the aspirations of the majority of the people, as today the people of the world accept and according to which government of India acceded and annexed the two Muslim princely states of Junagadh and Hyderabad to their dominion then, why the people of Kashmir were not allowed to exercise the same. This shows that the Muslims of India were right in their thinking of Hindu hypocrisy, bias and selfishness. Kashmir was a Muslim majority territory through centuries with 94 per cent Muslim population....   [tags: Persuasive Essay] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Kashmir Earthquake - The Kashmir Earthquake At 08:50:38 (GMT), on the 8th October 2005, an Earthquake occurred affecting a place called Kashmir. The Earthquake registered 7.6 on the magnitude scale. It was a major Earthquake. In Pakistan itself the earthquake occurred five hours earlier due to the time difference. It was the strongest earthquake for 70 years in Pakistan or India. Kashmir itself is a disputed part of Pakistan, however at the moment it is still an area which is being administered partly by Pakistan and partly by India....   [tags: Free Essays] 394 words
(1.1 pages)
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Kashmir Conflict - Pakistan condemned India on Tuesday for detaining Kashmir separatist leader and Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front chief Yasin Malik and called for the release of all jailed Kashmiri separatists. Malik, an executive member of the separatist All-Parties Hurriyat Conference, was detained by police on Monday under anti-terrorism law Poto after they arrested a woman carrying $100,000 for his group. A Pakistan foreign ministry statement, quoted by the official APP news agency, called the charge trumped up and said the move reflected India's "disregard for the fundamental rights and liberties of Kashmiris" and frustration at failing to suppress their struggle....   [tags: essays research papers] 383 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Wars Over Kashmir - ... The war was inconclusive, costing the two sides a combined 7,000 casualties but gaining them little. Further war broke out between India and Pakistan over Kashmir in 1999, whilst there is also a Kashmir separatist movement. But still after three major wars, the matter is unsolved and inconclusive and therefore named “Kashmir issue”. India has officially stated that it believes that Kashmir is an integral part of India while, Pakistan says that Kashmir is a disputed territory whose final status must be determined by the people of Kashmir....   [tags: Call to Action] 1017 words
(2.9 pages)
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Kashmir: The Unresolved Issue - ... They start helping Kashmir’s as soon as we saw that Muslims are helping the Kashmir’s so maharaja asked India for help so maharaja signed INSTRUMENT OF ACCESSION on 27th Oct 1947.sources tell that Allister lamp told that it was not signed instrument of accession. In a result media sends their troops in Srinagar papers were given by mount lord batten. Pakistan made procession to not send troops in Kashmir. In 1948 media complained about Pakistan that she is making trouble in Jammu Kashmir to UNO....   [tags: Informative Essay] 1485 words
(4.2 pages)
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Pakistan, India and The Disputed Region of Kashmir - Any country’s foreign policy is determined by myriad factors that includes geographical position, relations with other countries, domestic and international affairs and along strategic dimensions. Pakistan is no other exception to this; now this thought paper will discuss what sort of flaws are there is Pakistan’s foreign policy regarding the undisputed territory: Kashmir. The long conflict ravaged part which has caused several wars between India and Pakistan. Pakistan, ever since its inception, has been proclaiming a right on the territory of Kashmir....   [tags: Foreign Policy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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India and Pakistan- Conflict over Kashmir - Introduction In late 1947, the newly created states of India and Pakistan went to war over the valley of Kashmir. A United Nations brokered ceasefire divided the state into Indian and Pakistani controlled territories, and resolved that a referendum would be held in which the people of Kashmir would be able to choose to join either country. The referendum has not been held to this day. India granted its portion of Kashmir a special status within its constitution, allowing for a great degree of self-autonomy....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2025 words
(5.8 pages)
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Kashmir: Paradise Exposed To Hell - Our group topic: “Causes and Effects of Wars” provoked me to write about the threatening dispute of “Jammu and Kashmir” which has become more threatening after the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan. My main claim revolves around the theme that the burning dispute of Kashmir, between India and Pakistan can play a vital role in the emergence of third world war and can act as battle-field for a nuclear war. Due to geographical and social impacts on the world these countries have realized some big nations to resolve the issue....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
2804 words
(8 pages)
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Kashmir ; A lost paradise - Kashmir — a beautiful mountain state with clear rivers, evergreen forests and one of the highest death rates in the world. It is at the center of an age-old dispute between Pakistan and India that has dragged on from the independence of both nations over fifty years ago to the present time, with no resolution in sight. The combined population of the two nation totals over a billion, so no conflict between them is of passing importance, especially when nuclear weapons are involved. Pakistan and India share a common heritage, language, and traditions, yet the subject of Kashmir can push them to the brink of annihilation....   [tags: essays research papers] 3114 words
(8.9 pages)
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Kashmir Issue and Mediation - Kashmir Issue and Mediation The record of the international mediation (Third Party role), or meditative interventions in regard to the Kashmir dispute is clearly mixed: These interventions achieved both some successes and some failures. Among the successes were the cease-fire and truce agreements, arranged by UNCIP in 1948 and 1949.The cease-fire agreement did not hold for long, and peacekeeping operation that emerged from it failed in large measure to keep the peace. But that failure can hardly be charged exclusively against the United Nations....   [tags: Papers] 3463 words
(9.9 pages)
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A Paradise on Earth - ... Keeping in concern the wishes of the people of these states and the geographical location, they were given the liberty to either join India or Pakistan. Indo Pak War of 1947 The Muslim militants of the Western Kashmir and the tribesmen of Pakistan advanced in the Barmalla sector after the rumors that the Maharaja supported the accession of Kashmir to India. As those were just the tribal fighters, officially there was no proof that Pakistan was involved. When the Pakistani tribesmen reached the border of Srinagar, the Maharaja required military assistance....   [tags: Jammu and Kashmir Dispute] 1048 words
(3 pages)
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China, India, and Pakistan: Fighting Over Jammu and Kashmir - ... Kashmiri people of Indian-controlled areas have openly expressed anti-Indian sentiments and Pakistan has, with evidence, condemned India for its reported Human Rights violation against the Kashmiri people. While there are a huge number of deep-rooted reasons to the conflict, the Indians hold that Kashmir rightly belongs to India as Hari Singh signed it over to her on 26th October 1947, which was completely valid in terms of the Government of India Act (1935). Moreover, India rejects the two-nation theory and argues that Kashmir, despite being a Muslim-majority state, is in many ways an “integral part” of secular India....   [tags: Recent History] 1054 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-determination - Kashmir Must Gain the Right of Self-Determination The protracted conflict in Kashmir has continually undermined efforts to restore peace and stability to the Indian subcontinent. This South Asian crisis must be resolved so that 'India and Pakistan can devote their resources and energies to the pressing task of advancing the welfare of their people' as espoused by the Simla Accord of 1972. The Simla Accord is the document that states both countries agreed to find peaceful solutions for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship that will restore peace to the subcontinent....   [tags: Argumentative persuasive papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
1045 words
(3 pages)
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Kashmir Issue: Confrontations between India and Pakistani since Partition of the British Indian Empire - In the late 1940s, when the two competing nationalist for India and Pakistani failed to reach accommodation, Britain decided to partition its Indian empire (Wirsing 22). The role of dividing the empire was on the hands of a British representative (Viceroy Lord Mountbatten). He facilitated creation of a Muslim subcontinent, Pakistani. The state of Pakistani was formed with two flanks (eastern and western) separated by 1500 miles of the new states of India (Wirsing 22). The main aim was to establish a region to be occupied by Muslims in the British India....   [tags: International Conflict ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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Kasimir Malevich - Kasimir Malevich Kasimir Malevich, a Russian painter and designer, was born near Kiev on February 26, 1878 (Guggeheimcollection.org) and was “one of six children from Russified Poles” (Articons.co.uk). While living in Ukraine, he became absorbed into art during his teens, “largely teaching himself” the basics (Articons.co.uk). After saving his money “from his job as a railroad clerk” (Articons.co.uk), Malevich enrolled in the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in 1903 and began to study art more seriously....   [tags: Russian Painter Designer Artists Essays]
:: 6 Sources Cited
744 words
(2.1 pages)
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Effectiveness of the UN - United Nations (UN) - An organization of sovereign nations with the main goal being the maintenance of international peace and security (United Nations, 1982). The UN was founded in 1945, during the final weeks of World War II. According to the Charter of the United Nations, this organization was made through the people’s feelings towards war and does not want future generations to suffer the untold sorrow that comes with it (United Nations, 1987). At first UN peacekeeping missions, which is handled by the Security Council, was limited to maintaining ceasefires among nations....   [tags: World Politics]
:: 4 Works Cited
2085 words
(6 pages)
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Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic - Indo Pakistan Conflict Topic Background: As World War II drew to a close, many new nations began to emerge. In the Middle East of course, the State of Israel was established; in South East Asia, two nascent countries were born, India and Pakistan. In 1947, Great Britain drafted a partition plan, separating British India into the two countries we now know as India and Pakistan. In conjunction was the Indian Independence Act, which formally gave both countries their sovereign right to govern, and also set forth plans for the princely states that surrounded India and Pakistan....   [tags: Middle East] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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India and Pakistan Dispute - India and Pakistan Dispute This dispute dates back to the partition of the British Indian Empire, in August 1947, into two independent states, Pakistan and India. At that time there were also around 565 princely states, large and small, which were under British suzerainty but were not directly ruled by the British Government. Most of these states joined either India or Pakistan taking into account their contiguity to one or the other country and the wishes of their people....   [tags: Papers] 1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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Indian Taboos and Customs - India Taboos and Customs The country of India is not only the second most densely populated country in the world with the world’s ninth largest economy along with some of the strangest taboos and customs. India contains over 1.2 billion people, various religions like Muslim, Hinduism, along with different gesture and greeting taboos, the Kashmir conflict and the fierce competition to fight for the Kashmir Valley and how taboos of India compare to the likes of other counties taboos. India is a very unique country that is like no other on Earth....   [tags: Culture ]
:: 10 Works Cited
982 words
(2.8 pages)
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middle east - India's foreign minister said Wednesday that Pakistan must take urgent steps to halt cross-border terrorism and rein in Islamic insurgents in Kashmir. Jaswant Singh said that Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf had been given enough time to fulfill his pledges to halt terrorism by militants operating from Pakistani soil. "It is vital that he recognizes the urgency of the situation," Singh told reporters at a joint news conference with British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw. "India has waited patiently for the fulfillment of those commitments, which are vital for peace." Musharraf, in a speech Monday night, said militant infiltration into Indian-controlled Kashmir had stopped....   [tags: essays research papers] 367 words
(1 pages)
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The Hindutva Movement: A Struggle Towards a “Hindu Secular India” - "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." This seems like a pleasant statement from Mr. Bal Thackeray, the leader of the Shiv Sena party and a proponent of the Hindutva movement, but it hardly works to conceal the villainous face of the Hindu nationalistic movement he follows. This movement aims to protect the interests of India by enhancing cohesion not only within the Hindu classes but also with other religious communities present in the country. However, this movement has numerous controversies attached to it, out of which, the razing of the Babri Mosque, the land transfer in Kashmir and the Christian massacre in Orissa standout, underlining that this movement is not to protect the secular India, but is for a ‘Hindu’ Secular state....   [tags: Political/Religious Issues]
:: 6 Works Cited
1035 words
(3 pages)
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Analysis of India in Comparative Politics - Analysis of India in Comparative Politics Perhaps the most important issue to be addressed after the publication of this book is the dangerous climate that has risen in India. The debates over Kashmir, a small piece of territory both India and neighboring country Pakistan have been claiming since the 1940s, has heated up. The situation has grown to a point where the two nuclear powers have come the closest they have ever been to war, while the world holds its breath. When Great Britain gave India its independence in 1947, the subcontinent was split into Pakistan and India....   [tags: Compare Contrast History Essays]
:: 10 Sources Cited
2278 words
(6.5 pages)
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Conflict between Hindus and Muslims -      India is the center of a very serious problem in the world today. It’s a very diverse place with people from many different religious backgrounds, who speak many different languages and come from many different regions. They are also separated economically. Two of the country’s religious sects, Muslims and Hindus, have been in conflict for hundreds of years. Their feelings of mistrust and hatred for each other are embedded in all those years and will not leave easily. What’s most disturbing is that there seems to be no plan for reconciliation available....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Pakistan - Pakistan: Foreign Policy Pakistan, a land of many splendors and opportunities, a repository of a unique blend of history and culture for both the East and West has been the cradle of one of the oldest civilizations. The Indus valley, is the ninth most populous Area in the world, with 134 million tough, conscientious, hard working people wishing and striving hard to enter into the 21st century as equal partners in the community of the different developed nations. During the last 20 years Pakistan's economy has been one of the fastest growing in the world-the seventh fastest in Asia (www.forisb.org/fpolicy)....   [tags: essays research papers] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
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Attacks and Al-Qaeda in Northern Afghanistan - According to the New York Times, the Taliban and Al-Qaeda have opened a new front in the previously peaceful northern Afghanistan. They have also stepped up attacks in their heartland, southern provinces. To defeat the insurgents, General McChrystal, the US commander in Kabul, has requested 40,000 additional troops and resources to persuade the moderate Taliban to abandon violence. But this strategy is likely to succeed only with the help from key regional states. Increased fatalities and dwindled public support have put pressure on President Obama to end the war quickly....   [tags: Afghanistan, USA, military, Al-Qaeda] 2095 words
(6 pages)
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How War Changes Us - The experience that someone else had that I know that was like the experiences of a character in the book is my aunt. She told me that her experience was in 1971. When two countries were having a war. For example India and Pakistan had a war because they have a border between them and also Pakistan wants Kashmir. But Hindus does not want to give Kashmir. People were very scared of the war and also my aunt. The war has happened because of political issues my aunt told me it was so scary that how they were killing people by attacking bombs....   [tags: war, journals,] 900 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hinduism - Hinduism is known as the world's oldest religion. According to ISKCON Educational Services (2004), it is hard to construct a timeline because Hinduism has no identifiable human founder or specific origin in history. It is so old that its past goes into pre-history. It is extremely diverse with the Hindu people being more interested in the meaning of events than in providing first hand records. There is also no clear-cut divide between history and myth. It is believed that Hindu traditions appeared around 1500 B.C.E....   [tags: Religion, Ancient Aryans, The Vedas] 1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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Pakistan: A Human Analysis - This paper analyzes the human terrain of Pakistan. Political, Religion, Military, economic, social and environmental variables will be explored to better understand this nation-states complex operational environment. The political variable describes the distribution of power at all levels of Governance in Pakistan. As a democratic parliamentary federal republic, with Islam as the state religion, the first Constitution was adopted in 1956, suspended by Ayub Khan in 1958, reinstated in 1973, suspended by Zia-ul-Haq in 1977 and reinstated again in 1985....   [tags: Social Studies]
:: 7 Works Cited
1748 words
(5 pages)
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Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits - Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits The history of Indo-Pakistani relations has been a dominated by turbulence and bitter rivalry. After the partition in 1947, millions of people migrated to their new home in either the Islamic state of Pakistan or the secular state of India. Only two weeks after independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over Kashmir in 1948. India and Pakistan fought two more wars with each other in 1965 and 1971, with the latter resulting in the creation of Bangladesh....   [tags: Politics Political Science Papers]
:: 25 Works Cited :: 10 Sources Cited
6070 words
(17.3 pages)
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People of the Himalayas - Arab geographers of the Middle Ages have described the Eurasian landmass to be a beautiful woman and the Himalayas to be the "jewel encrusted clasp," (Keay, 1). This region was widely unknown to the western world throughout history. The region has been romanticized by such authors as Thomas Moore, who "had never been to Kashmir but his balmy scent-laden breezes rustling the bowers so dear to lovers somehow managed to conjure up a not unrecognizable image of the place," (Keay, 5). The region's geography had made the area almost impossible to colonize during the Great Game....   [tags: World Cultures] 659 words
(1.9 pages)
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Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts - Causes of World War I with Relationship to Current Conflicts As the war of the worlds collide between the more democratic Allies and the orthodox Central powers, there were numerous causes to the war in which they can be summed up into the –isms of modern analysis. In the 19th, 20th, and even the 21st century, almost all of the conflicts can be categorized in either one or a combination of those –isms. Nationalism and Extreme Nationalism One of the causes of World War I can be linked to the use of extreme nationalism....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan - The Severity and Extent of Environmental Scarcity in Pakistan The Land and Its People Pakistan, which means "land of the pure", is a predominantly Muslim state located in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. Extending from the northern Himalayan mountain ranges one thousand miles down to the Arabian Sea, it is bounded on the northwest by the mountain ranges of Koh Sulaiman and by Afghanistan and on the southwest by the Iranian section of Baluchistan. In the east, Pakistan is separated from India along the Sutlej River, the deserts of Rajasthan, and the Rann of Kutch; and a cease fire line dividing the Kashmir Valley separates the two countries in the north....   [tags: Papers] 3235 words
(9.2 pages)
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India - India I. Introduction India, country in southern Asia, south of Afghanistan and east of Pakistan. Including the portion of Jammu and Kashmir administered by India but disputed by Pakistan, India has an area of 1,222,243 sq miles . The capital is New Delhi , and the largest city is Mumbai (formerly Bombay). II. Land and Resources India may be divided into four main regions. The Himalayas, the highest mountain system in the world, lie along India's northern and eastern margins. (This region includes Jammu and Kashmir, a territory disputed between India, Pakistan, and China....   [tags: Papers] 535 words
(1.5 pages)
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India and Nuclear Disarmament - India and Nuclear Disarmament Works Cited Not Included India’s stronghold on their position about nuclear weapons and disarmament has been a major issue for the United States and Chinese governments for the past 50 years. Their history with Pakistan has been far from peaceful. Many events and policies have led up to their current state. The nuclear testing in May 1998 has only escalated the situation. " India is alone in the world in having debated the available nuclear position for the past 35 years." Why should India be denied the right to own nuclear weapons....   [tags: International Politics India Essays Papers] 2412 words
(6.9 pages)
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Terrorism, Peace and Diversity - Terrorism, Peace and Diversity Acts of terrorism underscore the urgent need to promote peace. Yet, this is also an opportunity to promote diversity. Indeed, peace and diversity are related. --It is a good time to look at ripple effects and connections. --More than 1/3 of the people killed in the World Trade Center on September 11 were not Americans. They were citizens of 70-80 other countries. Hundreds were Muslims. --More than 40% of residents of New York City are foreign-born. --The dead and missing and 6,000+ treated at hospitals in New York City, and several hundred more at the Pentagon and in the Pennsylvania crash, have families and friends--if each one has only 10 family and 10 friends, that's 250,000 people directly connected to the injuries and deaths, in shock and mourning for their personal loss and grief--but of course the number is much larger....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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Captains of Industry - In 1796, president George Washigton wrote a farewell address to speak to the nation before he retired. In this, he explained valid reasons to keep America an isolated as well as neutral country. It is clearly prominent that Washington's farewell adress was necessary. This is due to the fact that it gave the nation something to ponder as well as dwell upon. Washington's intent was for his adress was to serve as an itenerary for the future of our nation. This did not succeed. Although it would be reasonable to be used today, we continue to remain allies with some countries, and enemies with others....   [tags: essays research papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Immigration - I am from Pakistan and I immigrated to the U.S about 5 years ago. I have noticed that Pakistan immigration is still going on till this day. People have heard how well people are doing in the U.S so they’ve applied for a visa and started immigrating. There are many unique contributions they’ve made and there are also a variety of reasons why they came. There was a war between Pakistan and Bangladesh. People lost their homes, money and stores. There was also a war between Pakistan and India for a land called Kashmir....   [tags: essays research papers] 472 words
(1.3 pages)
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GE0 347K, Gems and Gem Minerals, Spring 2006, Final Exam - 347K FINAL EXAM Answer the following questions. Answers should be concise and relevant; answers do not need to be lengthened to fill all the available space. 1) Choose one of the many gems discussed this semester and describe: a) Its optical and physical properties that make it a good gem; b) Identifying characteristics that distinguish it from similar looking gems or synthetic materials; c) Primary sources of origin and geologic occurrence; d) Method(s) of treatment used to improve appearance or color; e) factors that influence value, particularly those that are unique to the gem....   [tags: UTEXAS Geology Rocks Gems Minerals Test Tests] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Earthquake - It was a beautiful day like any other with the clear blue sky and the nice cool breeze chilling my morning tea. Everything was peace and quiet until I felt my chair shaking. I saw the tea water moving and my little round tea table become restless. I went into the house and I saw the dust falling down from the ceiling and the picture frames swinging like a pendulum. Then I thought to myself, it was definitely an earthquake happening. Nervous became fear as I ran to warn my parents....   [tags: Creative Writing Essay] 363 words
(1 pages)
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Personal Statement - I started my career in an unorthodox way: delivering science and technology news directly to live audiences from a stage. I was an early member of the experimental Current Science & Technology Center at Boston's Museum of Science, an effort to bring cutting edge science to adult members of the public through extended interactions with science journalists in an informal education setting. I was fortunate enough to work alongside a graduate of the Columbia University School of Journalism, a former producer for NOVA, the current executive director of the National Association of Science Writers, and other highly skilled science communicators....   [tags: Personal Experience] 766 words
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How Have Folktales Evolved? - A folktale is "a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk". (Folktale). By that definition, written (literary) stories are not classifiable as folktales. I would that you do not presume a definition to be the final word in what makes a folktale; for it can be seen that most of all stories classified as folklore have one or more of several key characteristics. They prominently feature a strong moral value, or a recurring motif. Folktales usually involve some key factors such as trickery, magic, monsters, or becoming rich....   [tags: Q&A: Folktales]
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The Concept of Power in International Politics - The concept of power is central to the study of international politics. International politics has been defined in terms of influencing major nations in the world to advance the purpose of a nation against the opposition of other nations. Thus, it is rather not surprising that power, either by means of influence or control, has been a dominant concept that is intertwined in discussion when it comes to the study of international politics. Before getting into the fundamental nature of power in international relations, it is needed to consider just what power is....   [tags: International Politics] 837 words
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Network Centric Warfare - INTRODUCTION 1. ‘Warfare takes on the characteristics of its age’. Network Centric Operations are therefore the military response to the Information Age. Network Centric Warfare can be concisely defined as the concept of linking all aspects of warfighting into a shared situation awareness and understanding of command intent so as to achieve a unity and synchronicity of effects that multiplies the combat power of military forces. Network-centric operations are military operations across the spectrum of conflict from peace, to crisis, to war to which the concepts and capabilities of Network Centric Warfare have been applied (US DoD report, 2006)....   [tags: Military]
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A National Disaster - There often comes a time in the history of any nation when an evaluation of international pursuits and goals should be weighed against the care and well-being of that nation’s citizens. Specifically, I think that the nation of Pakistan needs to reevaluate its stance on the education of its populace. As pointed out in the film “The Miseducation of Pakistan,” and in Greg Mortenson’s work, “Stones into Schools,” an ominous picture is painted demonstrating corruption and abuse within the Pakistani education system....   [tags: International Government ]
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Wikileaks - Wikileaks Wikileaks is a website dedicated to informing the public with classified government information. The website allows for the public to be aware of the hidden agenda of the government. This act is viewed as an expression of our freedom of speech. Wikileaks provides a reliable source for Americans to educate their selves about the actions of their government. It offers a transparent view of the government, and allows Americans to be whistleblowers on unreasonable issues administered by the government....   [tags: Websites]
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How Does the UN Charter Try to Limit the Incidence and the Severity of Wars? Does It Work? - During World War I and World War II countries lost enough human and economical resources that they decided to establish principles embodied in the form of the United Nations to “practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and...” According to the Charter of the United Nations, maintaining international peace and security is the main purpose of the United Nations....   [tags: International Government ]
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Yoga Misconceptions - “Yoga is not a religion. It has no creed or fixed set of beliefs, nor is there a prescribed God-like figure to be worshipped in a particular manner” (American Yoga Association 1). The common misconception is that yoga is a religion. In actuality, “the whole school of Yoga is built on three main structures: exercise, breathing, and meditation” (Christensen 13). Though yoga has been around for centuries, the modern world has altered the way this originally humble practice is performed, culturally stereotyped, and religiously viewed. The practice of yoga dates back thousands of years and is traditionally an intimate practice between a disciple and teacher....   [tags: Fitness]
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UN Peacekeeping - Even though, the UN charter does not mention the creation of a peacekeeping force, it has become a major instrument to deter violence and conflict since WWII. Particularly, after Cold War, international peacekeeping has climbed to the top of the agenda of the United Nations (UN) and many national governments (Druckman, et.al, 1997). As result, the UN peacekeeping currently operates in more than 60 disputed areas. Are these peacekeeping are effective in sustaining peace and stability. Or they are not....   [tags: International Politics, Conflicts] 1079 words
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Relations Between India and Pakistan - Often synonymous with open hostility, relations between India and Pakistan are influenced by numerous discordant factors. This essay will examine the primary antecedent, the Partition of India and its bifurcation into two states. In emphasising the collective trauma and fragile nationalisms that emerged, a connection will be established between the ensuing fear and distrust and its manifestation into policies and actions over the past six decades. Its ramifications will be considered in relation to each state’s security and regional ambitions, the Kashmir dispute and their acquiring of nuclear technology....   [tags: History, The Partition of India] 1496 words
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The Ideological Framework of Lashkar-E-Taiba - On November 26th, 2008 a largely unknown terrorist group forced their way into the international consciousness after an armed group of 10 terrorist’s implemented a well-planned, coordinated, and complex assault on the civilian populace of Mumbai. Utilizing Ak-47’s, hand grenades, and communication equipment, the terrorist attackers killed 104 people and injured another 308. For three days the Mumbai government struggled to effectively eliminate the perpetrators of the terrorist attack, which finally ended in a gun battle between the last living attacker and an Indian Commando unit....   [tags: Terrorism ]
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The Country of India - India is one-third the size of the United States and it is the seventh largest country in the world, with 1.27 million square miles of land. In the north are the Himalayas, they are 1,490 miles long and their highest peak is Mt. Everest. Mt. Everest is also the highest peak in the world. To the north there is also the Gangetic Plains and to the south is the Deccan Plateau. Three major rivers that flow through India are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers. They all flow into the Bay of Bengal, which is an important body of water in India....   [tags: international studies] 1114 words
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Some Companies Still Resist Outsourcing - ... The textile industry used to employ millions of Americans, and with outsourcing taking such a toll on the availability of jobs, this is obviously no longer the case. Many other countries are feeling the pressure to outsource, as we see in the article “Chinese Imports and Contrabands Make Bolivia’s Textile Trade a Casualty of Globalization”. For example, Bolivia has become a country that mainly imports its textiles as well. Many companies and small businesses have difficulty keeping up with the new, cheaper products from other countries, and as author Matilde Flores points out, many consumers are more interested in the price of the garment than where it comes from....   [tags: economy, efficiency, quality, globalization]
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Racial Profiling - ... The result is not surprising as most of them feel target and only “show weak to modest support”(Sun, Wu, and Poteyeva 540) to the measures. Because of the attackers are Muslims; the other Muslim people in the society automatically become suspicious to be terrorist. No matter what they do, people seem to judge them without a factual support. Other school kids will still bully others, even if one is only 10 years old, which obviously does not have “anything to do with the attack.” (Syed) And they also experience all kinds of “tapping into [their] phone lines, visit by actual FBI agents”(Syed) just because they are Muslims....   [tags: terrorism, anti-terrorism, ethnics, race, Muslims]
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Terrorism - A different kind of war... - ... The PKK is still following their agenda. A further type, which is directly relating to boundaries would be the “social revolutionary terrorism” (ibid, 514), in which the Baader-Meinhof Group played a key role. 3 LOCATIONS The evolution of terrorism has also changed locations. First there was mainly a kind of domestic terrorism, as it was the case with the Baader-Meinhof Group, which was engaged in armed resistance against the Federal Republic of Germany, what they deemed to be a fascist state....   [tags: Politics, Global Threat]
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A War Story - Original Writing - A War Story - Original Writing I perched over the wall, looking deep into the darkness. Deep, with unfocused pupils trying to forget it all. I stared at the sophisticated shapes of the mosque when my eyes suddenly came into focus. I sat and observed the devout Muslims, not coming to pray but to bargain with Allah. The regulars were all there; the blind woman wishing to see her daughter for the first time; the schoolgirl praying to do well in her exams, somehow bargaining at the same time; and Shahbana-the searching mother....   [tags: Papers] 2168 words
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Terrorism Essay: War on Terrorism - Round 1 - War on Terrorism: Round 1 The Bush Troika´s war on terrorism reached first base after installing a new government in Afghanistan. One of the poorest and most defenseless countries on earth has been bombed into rubble by a megalomaniac superpower that can see no limits to its rights of domination. The country that harbors more Southern American terrorists, executioners and dictators than anyone else in the world has shown us all what happens when others harbor wanted men. What has been achieved if we look beyond Bush's clichés, Pentagon's hype and Rumsfeld´s and Ashcroft´s rhetoric....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 953 words
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Comparing the Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses - The Black Album and Rushdie's The Satanic Verses       British writer C.C. Colton once claimed, "Men will wrangle for religion; write for it; fight for it; die for it; anything but--live for it" (Copeland 345). Indeed, if nothing else, Hanif Kureishi's The Black Album shows the depths to which people concern themselves with questions of religion, ethnicity, and the identity associated with them. Kureishi's themes and symbolism work within a larger context of the politics of identity, race, and nationality....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Maharaja Dalip Singh - Maharaja Dalip Singh Maharaja DALIP SINGH, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who was born in Lahore, on Feb. 1837, to mother Maharani Jind Kaur. His date of birth is disputed by some and alternately suggested as Sept. 4, 1838. Many foreign journalists have wrongly named him as Dhalip Singh and Duleep Singh. However, it should be noted that his correct name is Maharaja Dalip Singh. He assumed the Punjab throne as a child, after Maharaja Sher Singh, on Sept. 18, 1843. During his reign several wars were fought with the British....   [tags: European Europe History] 1488 words
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History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion - History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion Punjab, state in northwestern India,bordered on the north by Jammu and Kashmir state and Himachal Pradesh state, on the east and south by Haryana state, on the south and southwest by Rajasthan state, and on the west by Pakistan. Punjab state lies between the great systems of the Indus and Ganges river. Punjab had a population of 20,281,969. Chandîgarh is the state capital. The population of Punjab consists mainly of Punjabis, Jats, and Rajputs. The official language is Punjabi....   [tags: World History] 712 words
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Buddhism - Buddhism Gautama Buddha, previously known as Prince Siddhartha (before his enlightenment) founded the religion of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha was born to Queen Maha-Maya at Kapilavastu, Nepal, Indian. Buddha taught and organized the Sangha, monastic orders, until his death at Kusinagara, at the age of 80. There are 308,000,000 Buddhist devotees in the world today. They believe that there has been Buddha before Him; Bodhisattvas who come as Saviors of all and that all beings are Buddha whether they realize it or not....   [tags: Religion Buddha Essays] 2602 words
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Culture Of India - Nearly one sixth of all the human beings on Earth live in India, the world's most populous democracy. Officially titled the Republic of India, it's 1,269,413 sq. mi. lie in South Asia, occupying most of the Indian subcontinent, bordered by Pakistan (W); China, Nepal, and Bhutan (N); and Myanmar (E) and Bangladesh forms an enclave in the NE. Its borders encompass a vast variety of peoples, practicing most of the world's major religions, speaking scores of different languages, divided into thousands of socially exclusive castes, and combining the physical traits of several major racial groups (Compton's)....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 3828 words
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International Kidnapping as a Business - Summary: 5 pages. 7 sources. APA format. International kidnappings are on the rise and have become one of the fastest growing ‘industries’ in the world. This paper looks at kidnapping as a thriving business. International Kidnapping as a Business Introduction The kidnapping and ransom of individuals for profit has dramatically increased in the past decade throughout the world. While the majority of victims are wealthy businessmen, more recently, the average tourist has become a target for kidnappers looking for monetary and material gain....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Maharaja Ranjit Singh: The Sikh Ruler, In The Eyes Of Non-sikhs - According to the famous historian Carlyle, a worthy sovereign should be judged from a sole factor as to how he employs his sword after being victorious. ********** Le Griffin writes that: "Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled his kingdom exactly according to the Sikh way of life and Sikhism considers everyone as friends and talks about the welfare of all irrespective of caste and creed." ********** The spirit of Gurbani couplet, "The one Lord is the Father of all and we are the children of the one Lord rules supreme in every Sikh heart." Charles Hugal, writes in his book, "Travels in Kashmir and Punjab", that, "probably no person in the world could have established such a large empire with minimum bloodshed as Ranjit Singh has established his kingdom." ********** Affirming Hugal's views, Prinsep, also writes in his book, "Origin of Sikh Power in Punjab", that, "Ranjit Singh's whole career was free of any blemishes like unnecessary atrocities and cruel bloodshed." ********** Historian R.S....   [tags: essays research papers] 1277 words
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Melanin - Religion in Our Society: Everyday Ritual of Life In our time of progress and technological evolution, it is hard to imagine more powerful force, except nuclear weapon, maybe, to destroy the universe. However, humans invented machines and guns, became strong and defensive against each other, but not against their beliefs and morals. It is very easy to destroy a building if you have a rocket launcher, but it is much more energy in the crowd, united in fanatic desire to kill. To kill, because of different thinking and beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers] 2238 words
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Space exploration - Elizabeth Elizabeth I: Cate Blanchett Sir Francis Walsingham: Geoffrey Rush Duke of Norfolk: Christopher Eccleston Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester: Joseph Fiennes Sir William Cecil: Richard Attenborough Mary of Guise: Fanny Ardant The Pope: John Gielgud Directed by Shekhar Kapur. Written by Michael Hirst. Running time: 124 minutes. Rated R (for violence and sexuality). BY ROGER EBERT The England of the first Elizabeth is a dark and sensuous place; the court lives intimately with treachery, and cloaks itself in shadows and rude luxury....   [tags: essays research papers] 1046 words
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Salman Rushdie's Midnight Children - Salman Rushdie's Midnight Children Salman Rushdie is one of the greatest writers India has ever produced. Amongst the premier works of Rushdie, Midnight’s Children continues to be one of the best meta-fictional works of the postmodern era. Rushdie’s attempt to break the binary by using a different kind of narrative and play of words put him in the likes of American prodigies like Thomas Pynchon. Rushdie has marinated each line of his story with a web of words, abundance of allusions and a chutney of twists and turns....   [tags: Rushdie Midnight Children India Essays] 1467 words
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Threats to Indian Democracy - I. Introduction This paper examines the extent to which the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in collusion with Sangh Parivar constituents Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and Vishwa Hindu Parishwas (VHP) have sought to undermine secular India through subversive measures in implementing Hindu nationalistic programs to secure political power. The BJP remains the sole political party out of these named factions, yet through the historical and cultural power of the RSS and widespread religious influence of the VHP, the entire movement of the Sangh Parivar has been able to garner a stronghold in the country's political arena through corrupt anti-Muslim rhetoric and discursive measures to initiate Hindu communalism....   [tags: World Cultures] 2616 words
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Truth, Fact, and Purpose: History of "Colonizer" Vs. His Story of "Colonized" - A complex struggle often present in post-colonial literature is the attempt of the author to either break from or fuse together the literary and cultural traditions of the colonizer (in this case England) with the literary and cultural traditions of the author's own, colonized state. Salman Rushdie skilfully uses narrative technique and the concept of history in Midnight's Children in order to place his story outside the euro-centric, "colonizer" traditions of history. These traditions, made apparent in the colonial period, have constructed a notion of universalism in literature whereby the `classics' of the western canon set a standard for how all literature was to be written....   [tags: World Literature] 1420 words
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Invasion of Afghanistan - Invasion of Afghanistan Even before the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre in New York on September 11th 2001, Afghanistan was probably the most isolated country in the world. Only three other states recognised its rulers, who in the mid-1990s had swept across the country to impose a very strict and distinctive form of Islamic law upon the Afghan people, ending nearly 20 years of civil war in the 90% or so of the country which they control. Osama Bin Laden, an exiled Saudi Arabian who is the USA's prime suspect for the World Trade Centre atrocity and other terrorist attacks in the 1990s, had based his Al-Qa'ida organisation in Afghanistan since 1996....   [tags: Papers] 1905 words
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