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Your search returned over 400 essays for "judges"
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Analysis of The Judges by Elie Wiesel - The Judges, by Elie Wiesel, tells the story of five passengers on a flight from New York to Tel Aviv, who find themselves in a tumultuous situation after their plane is forced to land due to bad weather. The passengers, saved from the weather by a local beneficiary, quickly realize the malicious intent of their host. The Judge, as their host deems himself, interrogates the passengers and forces them to justify their reasons for living in his maniacal game. The passengers introspectively contemplate their own lives as they judge the lives of each other....   [tags: elie wiesel, tone, the judges]
:: 2 Works Cited
754 words
(2.2 pages)
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Judges Allocation and Sentencing Guidelines - 1.4 Judges are typically white men with strong political connections. Do you see any problems with this in terms of fairness in sentencing. Judges allocation of outcomes is constrained by a diversity of factors; race has no weight on sentencing. What is taken into consideration is the severity of the crime and the individual’s criminal history. The judge has to consult the Constitution and a group of statutes and court rules that governs sentencing procedure in that given jurisdiction. When considering procedures for sentencing, it is important to know that the outset that sentencing is an area in which jurisdictions vary considerably, and to distinguish the differences in sentencing systems...   [tags: Judges, Functions, Bail] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Judges Must Make Law - INTRODUCTION: Parliament, the supreme law-making body, has an unrestricted legislative power, and the laws it passes cannot be set aside by the courts. The role of judges, in relation to laws enacted by Parliament, is to interpret and apply them, rather than to pass judgment on whether they are good or bad laws. However, evidence has shown that they have a tendency to deviate from their ‘real roles’ and instead formulate laws on their own terms. Thus the real role of a judge in any legal system continues to be a phenomenon questioned by many....   [tags: Judges Make Law]
:: 8 Works Cited
2340 words
(6.7 pages)
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Analysis of Women in the Book of Judges - When interpreting the Hebrew Bible from a feminist perspective, many are quick to decry the subjugation of women at the hands of men and the lack of female representation in dominant roles in biblical literature. However, although some women are objectified or possibly marginalized, this claim of inequality does not always hold true. Especially in the book of Judges, women are not discarded as characters and are not wholly unappreciated. In fact, the book of Judges features many strong female characters who serve in significant roles, and who are effectively portrayed as leaders, heroes, and capable, resourceful individuals....   [tags: Scripture Analysis ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1964 words
(5.6 pages)
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Reality TV and the Perception of Judges - Over the past few years, there has been a rise in the production of reality TV. A lot of production time and money has been invested in this field of TV which has grabbed the audience by storm. From stand-up comedies, music competitions, expeditions, races to mention but a few have graced the sitting rooms of many across the globe. Despite their apparent popularity, many have fallen under the axe of financial constraints to lack of popularity. There has however been one class that has stood up to the challenge, persevered the test of time, and seems to have the potential to go all the way, the judge oriented TV shows, and they are many in number, all with different disciplines and all have a...   [tags: reality tv, study of law, jugdes]
:: 3 Works Cited
656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Taking a Look at the Book of Judges - ... All the Isralites came together to choose Saul. He was the “people’s choice” based off of events surrounding him being selected. Ironically, Saul was not Gods choice at all. The reason he was the people choice is because they were not focused to see if he had a sincere heart, but more on his overall outward appearance. The people had completely rejected God, when the requested Saul as there king. Saul happened to be from Benjamin not Judah, God was waiting for a descendent from the tenth generation of Judah’s son Perez....   [tags: Old Testament, religious beliefs] 687 words
(2 pages)
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Methods of Selecting Judges - ... Meaning that the election can list or not list political affiliation on the ballot (Walsh and Hemmens, 2014:105). However; in Georgia and South Carolina judges are elected by the legislature (Walsh and Hemmens, 2014: 105). The merit system is the third and last method of judge selection. This system consists of three parts: a nonpartisan nominating commission selects a list of potential candidates based on the candidates’ legal qualifications, the governor makes a selection from this list, and last the selected candidates stand for election also known as retention (Walsh and Hemmens, 2014: 105)....   [tags: appoinment, election, merit] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
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Judges and The Judiciary - Judges and The Judiciary There are several levels of judges. All judges are required to be independent from government or political pressures. The Lord Chancellor who is responsible for the judiciary whilst being a member of parliament conflicts with the idea of separation of powers. Appointment and selection ========================= The Lord Chancellor appoints judges for the lower level courts and nominates people for the higher levels. The judges of the court of appeal and the house of lord the prime minister makes the nomination however this would be on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor....   [tags: Free Essays] 422 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Book Of Judges - The book of Judges is the sequel to Joshua. It is the seventh book of the Old Testament. It recounts stories and events from the death of the hebrew leader and prophet Joshua to the birth of the hebrew Samuel. That is roughly, from the end of the Israelite conquest of Canan in the 13th Century B.C to the begining of the monarchy in the 11 th century B.C. It tells about the hebrews from Joshua’s Death to the time of Samuel. It was written in about 550 BC, on tablets named the Ras Shamra tablets....   [tags: essays research papers] 452 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Appointment of Judges - The Appointment of Judges Judges can be split into two categories; superior and inferior. Although each judge has a different role in their own court all appointment of judges goes through the Lord Chancellor, currently Lord Falconer. But whether the appointment of judges is a fair process or not is a topic of interest and certain biases have been shown to exist. For superior judges (Law Lords, Lord Justices of Appeal and Puisne Judges) it is the Lord Chancellor that actually selects them and does the appointing....   [tags: Papers] 496 words
(1.4 pages)
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Judges and Their Roles - Judges and Their Roles The Lord Chancellor plays a crucial role in the appointment of all judges. The selection and appointment procedure for district judges, recorders and circuit judges is broadly the same. Suitably qualified candidates apply to the Judicial Appointments Department of the Lord Chancellor’s Department (LCD) in response to an advertisement. References are taken up, and wider ‘secret surroundings’ are carried out by officials within the LCD. A shortlist is prepared and those candidates are interviewed by a panel of three – a circuit judge, an official from the Judicial Appointment Department and a lay member....   [tags: Papers] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Conclusion for Judges - The Conclusion for Judges The book of Judges tells of an era in Israel in which the people of the land had no king. This book follows the incidents of twelve individuals whom were selected by God and shown favor to lead the Israelites out of the hands of the oppressors of their days. A judge is a military official known for his or her bravery in battles or incidents and nothing more than a mere warlord. This individual was given authority over decision-making and political squabbles among the people of Israel since there was no king....   [tags: essays research papers] 1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Immense Power of Judges in the United Kingdom - ... The process of making the law is through passing Acts of Parliament and by use of delegated legislation. Judges use these acts to judge cases and apply it in court. However, nowadays, judges do not only apply these acts, but are also able to ‘make law’ themselves by using the doctrine of judicial precedent and statutory interpretation. The doctrine of judicial precedent is the process whereby a judge stands by what has previously been decided in similar cases (Stare Decisis). When a judge makes a statement of law in a case, this statement becomes binding and will be a precedent for later judges to follow....   [tags: government, legislative, policy] 787 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Analysis of Judges in the Superior Courts - The Analysis of Judges in the Superior Courts A power passed by a French political theorist called Montesquieu states “that there are three primary functions of the state and that the only way to safeguard the liberty of the citizens is by keeping these here functions separate.” The three main powers that ach group has is; 1. The legislature. This is the law-making area of the state or In England the Parliament. 2. The executive or the body administering the law. Under the British political system this is the government of the day which forms the Cabinet....   [tags: Papers] 645 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Independence or Neutrality of Judges - The Independence or Neutrality of Judges Judges are supposed to be totally independent from the government. They are there to protect the rights of citizens in Britain. The government says that the Lord Chancellor despite the fact they are appointed by the Government are still 100% independent and neutral. This I personally find difficult to agree with as the government pays the bills of the Judges, the government is able to sack judges and the more the judges agree with the government the more the government likes them....   [tags: Papers] 346 words
(1 pages)
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Hellanodikai: The Chief Judges of the Olympics - "There, the method of premliminary training and the kind of exercises are decided by others, and it is not the trainer, but the Hellanodikes who, entirely on his own initiative and without being bound in any way, organizes everything, in accord with the particular circumstances pertaining from time to time. And the Hellanodikes has the whip at his disposal, not only for the athlete, but also for the trainer, and he uses it in case of any contravention of his orders; and all have to conform with the orders of the Hellanodikai, since those who violate them may be immediately excluded from the games."1 Philostratos, ca....   [tags: ancient modern sport athletic competition] 1322 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Role of Superior Court Judges - The Role of Superior Court Judges INTRODUCTION: Law is one part of a set of processes, social, political, economic and cultural, which shape and direct the development of society. Like all other mechanisms the law seeks to govern human behaviour. The Irish law system belongs to common law systems established in England by the Norman's. This type of law responded to actual rather than anticipated problems. In contrast the law in the civil system is contained in comprehensive codes which are enacted by legislators and which attempt to provide for every legal contingency....   [tags: Papers] 3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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The Book of Judges: Humanity’s Recurrent Nature Exemplified - In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes. Judges 21:25 (ESV) I doubt any verse gives a more accurate of its respective book than Judges 21:25. This verse, the final verse of Judges, is the culmination of nearly 400 years of disobedience, strife, war, repentance, and temporary peace through God-appointed leaders. Inside of twenty words, this small excerpt manages to capture both the heart and soul of the Israelites after their conquest of the Promised Land....   [tags: human, failures, rebellious, worshi] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
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Missouri's Nonpartisan Selection of Judges Court Plan - During the 1930’s, the community became more and more displeased with the growing role of politics in judicial selection and judicial decision-making. Judges were inundated by outside pressures due to the political features of the election process, and dockets were overcrowded due to time the judges spent campaigning. In November 1940, voters amended the Missouri constitution by adopting the Nonpartisan Selection of Judges Court Plan. This plan was placed on the ballot by initiative petition. The acceptance of the plan by initiative referendum resulted from a public repercussion against the widespread abuses of the judicial system by the political machine in Kansas City and by the political...   [tags: Justice System] 1409 words
(4 pages)
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The Ways Superior and Inferior Judges Are Appointed - The Ways Superior and Inferior Judges Are Appointed The Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 brought in significant changes regarding appointment. Traditionally all judges were drawn from The Bar. Positions were not advertised and direct applications for positions were not acceptable. The 1990 Act has increased the pool of prospective judges by making judicial appointments open to solicitors as well as barristers, so long as they have the requisite number of years' experience of advocacy in the higher courts....   [tags: Papers] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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Comparison of The Judges House versus The Signalman - I think that mystery stories are so popular with people today, and with the last couple of generations because they are so intriguing. The author tries to give the story an element of surprise and also put twists in the tails to keep the reader guessing. Rather than just watching a film it allows the reader to build up their own imagination and interpret the story in their own way. The author will also try to integrate a ghost or spirit into the story, whether it be physically there or just psychologically, this gives the sense of mystery and usually results in the protagonist of the story dying....   [tags: essays research papers] 2323 words
(6.6 pages)
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Part-time Judges in the Magistrates Court. - Part-time Judges in the Magistrates Court. There are about over 30,000 sitting as part-time judges in the Magistrates Court. They sit to hear cases as a bench of two or three, while a single magistrate could issue search warrants and arrest warrants. There are also District Judges (formerly Stipendiary Magistrates) who are qualified lawyers and sit on their own to deal with the cases. The history of magistrates goes back to the 12th Century and they have been a very important part of the criminal justice system....   [tags: Papers] 1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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Judges' Need to Follow Previous Precedent - Judges' Need to Follow Previous Precedent The lower courts are bound by the House of Lords so they have to apply their rules as if they were applying a statute. It was decided after the case 'London street tramways v London county council (1898)' that the House of Lords would be bound by its own previous decisions. This was a case during the nineteenth century, during the Victorian times when it was important to be consistent and certain. However during the twentieth century both society and the law developed and some decisions made in previous cases were now unsuitable, so the House of Lords made a Practice Statement in 1966....   [tags: Papers] 600 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Moral Judges of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter - The Moral Judges of The Scarlet Letter If human beings are evil, then they can easily appoint themselves as judges, and from their point of view, the decisions they make are moral. These judges try to make themselves look better, by lowering the criminal below their level. These moral judges also try to play God, by selecting, and if they have enough power, executing their decision as a punishment for the crime committed. It is as clear as glass, that these decisions that come from evil beings will also be immoral, and evil....   [tags: Scarlet Letter essays] 628 words
(1.8 pages)
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Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges - Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges The basis of a civilized society is law. The law allows for standardized treatment of men, the law allows people to plan their futures, the law gives people assurance that wills, contracts, and trusts will be enforced, that certain behavior will be allowed while other behavior (crimes and torts) will be punished, etc. Five important characteristics of "the law" in a civilized society follow: 1) The law must be of manageable size so the average man can learn the law without a lifetime of study....   [tags: essays research papers] 1556 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Selection Process of District Judges and Lay Magistrates - The Selection Process of District Judges and Lay Magistrates Lay magistrates in England and Wales are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on behalf of the Queen. In the Duchy of Lancaster they are appointed by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The procedure is as follows: Individuals make an application to the Local Advisory Committee, which consists of magistrates and other local people. People or organisations may also recommend a candidate for appointment. Committees also advertise for magistrates....   [tags: Papers] 795 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Story of Samson and the Lion Discussion - Over two thousand years have passed and yet, Samson still remains a well-known and idealized character. Long, luxurious hair, strength and stature unmatched, blessed by God from birth and handpicked to be the leader of a blessed nation – it’s no wonder that today, Samson is remembered more for these qualities than the actual acts he is infamous for. In Judges 14, Samson shows blatant disregard for tradition, customs, sacrament, his parents, women, and people, as he kills over 30 people without a second thought, and yet we are to believe that he is the man who will lead Israel out of the hands of the Philistines....   [tags: god, book of judges, israel]
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1772 words
(5.1 pages)
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Hierarchy of the Court System of the State and Federal Goverment - The federal government and the state government have its own court system. Both the federal and state court system has a hierarchically organized system. Sec.1article III of the constitution created the supreme court of the United States. This paper will compare and contrast the court system of the federal and state government. This paper will also point out the hierarchically structure of them both. The federal courts system consists of the highest court, which is the U.S. Supreme Court. Congress has three basic responsibilities under the Constitution that determine how the federal courts will operate....   [tags: jursidiction, appeals, judges] 579 words
(1.7 pages)
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Understanding the Complexity of Canada's Courts - ... The act also assigns power go both the provincial and federal governments. The constitution is Canada's supreme law, and any government, whether it be federal, provincial, or territorial, that passes laws that are inconsistent with the constitution are invalid. Canada's constitution is similar to that of the UK and there are four unwritten elements to the constitution; federalism, democracy, constitutionalism and rule of law, and respect for minorities. All of the provinces (excluding Quebec) follow the common law system....   [tags: common law, judges, supreme]
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734 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Battle of Gibeah and Micah's Idol - ... Her values, like Micah’s, are not in line with God’s. She blesses him and the hires a silversmith to make her son idols, a clear sin against God, and he keeps them. The mother doesn’t condemn her son because she is as much of a thief as he is. In 17:3 she says, “I wholly dedicate the silver from my hand to the Lord for my son to make a graven image and a molten image; now therefore, I will return them to you.” however, in the very next verse she only gives 200 pieces of the silver. So, she kept 900 pieces of the silver that she just said he was giving “wholly.” There is a bit of a mystery of what happened to the additional 900 pieces but I think it’s safe to assume that she keeps it for...   [tags: Book of Judges, Hebrew Bible] 674 words
(1.9 pages)
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Old Testament: The Book of Ruth - Evidence is insufficient on the author of the book of Ruth. Historically, it gives the impression to be during the era of the judges (Ruth.1:1), but was finalized at another time. (Hubbard, 1988). According to Gerald West, editor for Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible, “The opening words, In the days when the judges ruled looks back to that period; the gloss in Ruth 4:7 explains an ancient custom for later readers; and Ruth 4:22 mentions David. Thus, the final editorial process could not have ended before the time of David” (West, 2003, p....   [tags: era of judges, israelites, god] 1097 words
(3.1 pages)
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Early Prisons, Law, and Punishments - ... This sealed building pumps toxic gas into a sealed chamber filled with prisoners. which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced, usually used on a mass of prisoners all at once. After the first set of laws and punishments, new laws came into action. When the kings or judges realized that the laws didn’t stop criminals they made new punishments. Public hanging became popular. Some criminals were lightly punished and some were killed (Punishment and Corrections in American History). To deter crime judges would sentence criminals to mutilation, burning and branding....   [tags: criminals, judges, corrections]
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675 words
(1.9 pages)
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The American Legal System - The American legal system is a complex animal with many parts and functions dictated to it. At the heart of the legal system are the judges who make the hard calls in the name of justice and equality. While the majority of people know what a judge is, great multitudes do not know the full extent of their positions and role in the grand scheme of the legal system. And so, the question arises, “What is the role of the judge in the American legal system. Quite simply, in the American legal system, judges serve as the intermediaries of the law and as such, serve as defenders, interpreters and enforcers of the laws that they swear to uphold....   [tags: judges, court, justice, equality]
:: 7 Works Cited
876 words
(2.5 pages)
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A Call for a Revision of Mandatory Minumum Drug Laws - ... This creates a sentencing inversion.” With the discretion of the judges included in the sentencing process, the offenders will get the sentence equal to the crime they committed. A job of a judge is to determine the sentence for an offender that will be fair and just. Through the establishment of this law, judges cannot add their input for when there is extreme circumstances, but the offenders must serve the time attributed to the crime committed. One of the more serious problem with mandatory minimum sentences is that they have a disparate effect on non-White offenders....   [tags: drugs, sentence, judges, severity, laws] 2895 words
(8.3 pages)
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Criminal Punishment: Sentencing - The sentencing process is created by some of the legislative party, who use their control to decide on the type of criminal punishment. The sentencing guidelines for the judges to go by can be different depending on the jurisdiction and can include different sentencing such as “diversionary programs, fines, probation, intermediate sanctions, confinement in jail, incarceration in a state or federal prison, and the death penalty” (Siegel & Bartollas, 2011, p. 40). In some jurisdictions the death penalty is not included as one of the punishments....   [tags: crime, judges, discretion]
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1028 words
(2.9 pages)
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Supreme Court Justices: Sonia Sotomayor - The Supreme Court rules over the most pressing and landmark cases in United States Judicial system. The judges that decide the outcomes of these cases are called Supreme Court Justices. Many of them have impressive backgrounds in law and are nominated because of the assets they bring to the court. Sonia Sotomayor is a judge that resides in this part of our judicial system. She has been for about 5 years now and will continue as such. She has looked over many cases in her time but though she has made decisions that impact our daily lives would everyone do the same....   [tags: liberal judges, landmark NFL cases]
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1384 words
(4 pages)
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Interpretation in Judicial Decision-Making - The importance of legal positivism for legal practitioners is undoubted. The legal system, originating from two version being both English and Continental-European, has indeed undergone a process of evolution. Today, the existence of a separate legal view in society with its legal norms and a strict separation of law and morality is witnessed. An autonomous order has emerged in our modern society and law is now seen to be separate and self-sustaining with a normative function. There was no longer an external view of the legal system, as all law is man-made by the Parliament and thus a new theory was needed to understand and replace natural law....   [tags: legal positivism, judges, rule bound]
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2130 words
(6.1 pages)
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Trying Juveniles as Adults - According to Caldwell (1961) the juvenile justice system is based on the principle that youth are developmentally and fundamentally different from adults. According to Mack (1909) the focus of the juvenile justice system has shifted from “was the crime committed” to “why did the child commit the crime”, “how can we help the child”. When performing as it is designed and up to the initial intentions, the juvenile court balances rehabilitation (treatment) of the offender with suitable sanctions when necessary such as incarceration....   [tags: juvenile justice, court systems, judges]
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1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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The United States Department of Justice Analysis - The federal court system has three main levels: District Courts, Circuit Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court. Through out the nation there are 94 district courts, 13 circuit courts and one Supreme Court (“The United States Department of Justice - United States Attorney's Office”). During the early days of the Federal Convention in 1787, the delegates all agreed on a plan for the government that will include national judiciary (“History of the Federal Judiciary”). Article III, in the Constitution, is the shortest article that established the institution of the government....   [tags: magistrate judges, supreme court, federal court]
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1491 words
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The Issue of Bad Math in Court Discussion - Bad math in court is something that happens over and over again and because of it, many innocent victims have been jailed and punished unjustly over the years. The problem is not some sort of miscalculation, but the refusal of the court to recalculate. More than often enough, the judge refuses to reexamine the collected DNA in an investigation case. What the people of the court fail to realize at times is that probability is not a one off thing, it is something that should be repeated at least more than once and can even be repeated over and over again....   [tags: court, judges, jail, mathematical fallacy]
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912 words
(2.6 pages)
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Innocent Judged By Ignorants - "The jury has the right to judge both the law as well as the fact in controversy. " Said John Jay, first president of the United States Supreme Court. Society in the last couple of decades has improved when it comes to take decisions that punish criminal acts. There are certain ways to decide whether an individual is guilty or not, these decisions are taken by judges in court but is has not always been that way. Courts all over the world decided that the best way to be impartial when taking a decision was to choose unrelated individuals from any ethnicity or group as a jury....   [tags: jury of peers, law, attorney]
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1446 words
(4.1 pages)
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Appearance Judged! - This is the shattering truth: books are judged by their covers. I mean this literally and figuratively. Appearance counts – from job applications to social networking. Research has shown that all it takes is just thirty seconds for others to form any initial judgment about us. And in those mere thirty seconds, a decent and smart appearance is all we have to give an impression, which in most cases are very lasting impressions, where psychologists term it as the halo effect (Bixler, 2012). It is common knowledge: a positive self-image would make us better liked and a negative visual message may cost us our job opportunities and our social network....   [tags: Social Issues]
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1090 words
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Size 6: The Western Women's Harem by Fatema Mernissi and Mother Tongue by Amy Tan - ... By this, Mernissi shows her concern as to why women not only accept it, but also practice it. In the essay, Mernissi writes, “In fact, I have to confess that I lost my usual self-confidence” (106). As a result of this statement we can determine how Mernissi feels shameful of her body at that moment. This is an example of how Mernissi uses the nonfiction element of characterization in her essay. In fact, all throughout her essay we can see how she uses characterization to express not only her feelings but her thoughts about the situation as well....   [tags: being stereotyped and judged] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Society in Jordan - ... In 1951, a revision of the Jordanian Criminal Code legalized private, adult, and consensual sodomy, with the age of consent set at 16. The Jordanian penal code no longer allows family members to beat or kill a member of their own family whose sexuality is interpreted as brining “dishonor” to the family. As of 2013, the newly revised penal code makes Honor killings, as a legal justification for murder, illegal. Honor killing are acts of vengeance, usually death, committed by a male family members against female or male members, who are held to have brought dishonor upon the family....   [tags: discrimination, religion, family, judged] 518 words
(1.5 pages)
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Students Should NOT be Judged based on SAT Scores - Standardized tests like the SAT and ACT are on everyone ‘s minds as the November 1st early admission deadline approaches. As a high school senior I know that it is a very stressful time. The competition is intense, we are not only competing with people from our school for a slot in a college class, but we are competing against students across the nation. The competition is between people from every background imaginable; public schools, private schools, AP, honors, and academic classes, wealthy, poor, Black, White, Hispanic, Asian, etc....   [tags: argumentative essay]
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1962 words
(5.6 pages)
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Caseloads in America's Courts Today - The court historically has heard an average of 700 cases monthly. However, over the past few years the number of cases filed has doubled. In most cases, the efficiency of the courts allowed final case disposition within a month. Current backlogs in court hearings exceed two months. Cases sometimes take up to three months for final disposition. Because of the perpetual problem with hearing backlogs, judges wish to reconsider the present mixed calendar system. Six judges rotate between hearing criminal and civil cases on a monthly basis....   [tags: caseloads, courts, USA,] 1699 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Independent Judiciary in the United Kingdom - The Independent Judiciary in the United Kingdom Q. Is there an independent judiciary in the United Kingdom. What obstacles, if any, hinder this independence. Although judges in the English Legal System are not part of the law making process, and full time judges are not allowed to be members of the House of Commons, they are still thought to be independent in a number of ways, as an independent judiciary plays an important role in protecting the liberty of an individual from abuse of power by the executive....   [tags: Papers] 586 words
(1.7 pages)
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The American Legal System: The Title of Judge - ... To become certified, one must pass an exam that is proctored by state officials. Lay judges and many professional judges are elected to their position by the citizens of the area that they wish to represent on the bench. Alternatively, some judges as in the case of Supreme Court Justices are appointed to their position by the legislative body of the area that they represent. That is a simple view of the rigorous path to becoming a judge. The role of the judge in a court is essential and allows for disputes to be settled separate from the bias of the parties involved....   [tags: justice and equality] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Objectivity of Judicial Decision-Making and Interpretation - ... American Legal Realism goes even further to say that judges’ decisions are influenced buy many factors other than the objective use of the law, such as emotions and prejudices, and other psychological factors experienced by the judge himself which shows us that the law is not the basis of what judges interpret and make their decisions and thus subjectivity is apparent to a great extent. In this sense, judges are required or permitted to act completely subjectively. American Legal Realism also looks at interpretation of facts in a behaviorist sense....   [tags: Dworkin, American Legal Realism]
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1282 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Australian Justice System - The Australian Justice system is bound by certain rules and regulations which are integral to its role on society within Australia and its differences to the rest of the world, except for one other country whereby it follows suit. Though the laws of the Australian colonies fluctuated from the United Kingdom in countless respects from the commencements of settlement, the underlying configurations of thought mirror the common law institution as received from Britain. From those essential patterns we took from the United Kingdom we gained a legal system of which bases itself on the courtroom and the societies who run it....   [tags: Rules, Regulations, Society, Australia, UK]
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1535 words
(4.4 pages)
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Automatic Transfer Law: An Effective Policy? - ... The Judges were asked to lend their expertise to help present researchers understand the transfer process better and what to consider when making such a decision. The results of this study were that out of the 361 surveys there were similar response patterns. Geographically, the results were evenly spread across the nation, however the surveys did not provide the ultimate decision of whether judges would transfer the particular cases used in this study. Based on the data results, most judges believes that the prosecutorial direct file should be left as the last resort for offender and pinpointed things such as mental illness as a reason to retain youths in the juvenile system....   [tags: juvenile justice system] 1208 words
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Sandra Day O'Connor - Sandra Day O'Connor Perhaps no other jurist could have come to the Supreme Court under greater expectations. When President Ronald Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor in 1981 to be the first woman to sit on the Supreme Court, he did soto keep a campaign promise. O'Connor's nomination was quick to draw criticism from both the political people left and right. Conservatives put down her lack of federal judicial experience and claimed that she didn't have any constitutional knowledge. They considered her a wasted nomination and suspected her position on abortion....   [tags: o'connor justice judget supreme court] 1174 words
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Role of Integrity in Dworkin's Philosophy of Law - ... Dworkin explained this with the chain novel analogy, which helps judges by ‘carrying out the constructive interpretation theory…each new piece of the law has to ‘fit’ with what has come before. Within the number of possible interpretations that make sense, judges choose the one that makes the law the best it can be. I will explain how judges interpret the law when analysing if integrity help judges in hard cases. Integrity is one of Dworkin’s essential theory of adjudication as it holds a fundamental and unique idea by adopting both legislative and adjudicated inherent political value....   [tags: critical evaluation] 1358 words
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Considerations for Contract Law - ... Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co demonstrates that the rules of offer and acceptance benefit ordinary members of society. This is due to the rational of the case, the deposit of money showed an intention to be bound; therefore the advert was an offer. The buying and using the smokeball amounted to acceptance. Thus, the large corporation Carbolic Smoke Ball Co set out false contracts to raise their profits had backfired due to the simple principles in contract law. Therefore, the ordinary member of society Carlill benefited through the rules of offer and acceptance....   [tags: judiciary, backgrounds, handicapped ] 1887 words
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The Japanese Judicial System - This research paper elaborates on the structures and functions of the Japanese judicial system. This report speaks on the different courts, the court judges, and extra court officials. It introduces the Public Prosecutors, their assistants and the prosecutors’ offices and the functions of those offices throughout Japan. The paper mentions the amount(s) of each of these buildings, officials, and offices; including the types of cases these courts handle. Also you will read about the qualifications that someone has to accomplish in Japan to be qualified as a judge....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Common Law in Australia - Common law is the law made by judges when deciding a certain case before the court. The reasoning the judge applies becomes a precedent, to be followed by other lower courts in future matters of similarity. This is the basis for the doctrine of precedent. A precedent is either a binding precedent, the reason for a decision of a higher court that must be followed by a court of lower status in the same hierarchy; or a persuasive precedent, meaning a reason for a decision of another court that is not binding, and should only be considered for its persuasive value....   [tags: stare decisis, Commonwealth legislature]
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Analysis of Books Read in Class - To be just is to do the right thing. In the books read in class doing the right thing encompasses being peaceful and treating other people well. With justice as the actions of treating others well and being peaceful these actions will be examined, and patterns of these actions will be identified, in the books Ajax, Mencius, and the Quran. In Ajax the theme of justice is brought up on numerous occasions. It often is the catalyst for conflict in the story. The first time justice creates conflict does not actually take place in the story of Ajax but slightly before, when it is decided that Odysseus will get Achilles armor instead of Ajax....   [tags: Literature Analysis] 1740 words
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Judicial Corruption in the United States - The problem of judicial corruption in United States is immense. The Sixth Amendment in the United States Bill of Rights refers to the right to a speedy, fair and public trial. Unfortunately, our judicial system does not always maintain these rights. The United States judicial system is very corrupt and most of our country’s citizens do not know how corrupt it actually is. When thinking about the judicial system, words that come to mind are justice, morality, and fairness. Sadly, these words are not accurate descriptions of this system....   [tags: Jurisprudence, Ethics]
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The Power of an Unelected Judge - ... It can both be a tool and hinder to what many people including myself consider right. The year 1988 is an example of when the Charter of Rights and Freedoms was upheld by the supreme court. In Dialogic Judicial Review and its Critics, it states that the supreme court was able to overturn a previous ruling on abortion. Legislative was voting to remove a law that allowed abortion in some certain cases. The law passed in the House of Commons but failed to pass from a vote of unelected officials (Dyzenhaus, David, Arthur Ripstein, and Sofia Reibetanz Moreau 610)....   [tags: charter, freedom, rights] 664 words
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The Lust For Power: How Politics And Personal Relations Become One - The Lust For Power: How Politics and Personal Relations Become One The stories of the Bible reveal a pattern of “ups and downs” for the nation of Israel. A period of prosperity, faithfulness and fearing God would almost always be followed by a period of destitution, lawlessness and idolatry. This recurring cycle can be linked to political authority, and the level of separation of political authority from other influences. The successful struggle for liberation under the leadership of Moses and the glorious conquest of Canaan under Joshua instilled a fresh breeze of hope and a renewed faith in God in the nation of Israel....   [tags: essays research papers] 2586 words
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Judge Posner's Challenge to the Philosophy of Law - Judge Posner's Challenge to the Philosophy of Law ABSTRACT: This paper presents a conceptual analysis of Richard Posner's empirical theory of judicial behavior. His theory opposes the conventional view which holds that judges are insulated from external pressures so their judicial decisions will be based upon a disinterested understanding of the law. Since economics holds that all people — including judges — attempt to maximize their utilities, Posner thinks that the conventional view is an embarrassment which presumes judges are not rational....   [tags: Posner Law Essays]
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Unelected Supreme Court Justices - Government officials serving in the Judiciary branch hold incredible power, not only due to judicial review, but also because they are insulated from the American people. Supreme Court Justices are unelected and hold lifelong terms in office. Officials that are appointed by the President or a party usually have that person or party’s interests in mind. This action is not democratic because it allows the Judicial Bench to be stacked with a singular party’s morals and beliefs. This phenomenon contradicts all aspects of democracy by giving indispensable powers to these officials for life, by taking away the people’s right to representation by election, and by allowing certain degrees of judicia...   [tags: judiciary branch, democracy, corruption, politics]
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Sentencing Guidelines in the Criminal Justice System - The criminal justice system has been in place the United States for centuries. The system has endured many changes throughout the ages. The need for a checks and balances system has been a priority for just as long. Federal sentencing guidelines were created to help create equal punishments among offenders. Judges are given the power of sentencing and they are not immune to opinions, bias, and feelings. These guidelines are set in place to allow the judge to keep their power but keep them within a control group of equality....   [tags: difference between state and federal guidelines]
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The Major Participants in a Courtroom - The Major Participants in a Courtroom The major participants in a criminal trail include the judge, prosecuting attorney, defense counsel, clerks of the courts, bailiff, and the court reporter. At trail, whether if the charge is a felony or misdemeanor or even if the trail is a court trial or jury trail, the defendant is entitled to a fair trial before an impartial judge and a honest jury in an atmosphere of judicial claim. The judge presides over the trial proceedings and exercises those duties and power imposed by the law....   [tags: Judicial Courts] 585 words
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An Evaluation of One Case at a Time - Since the ratification of the Constitution in 1788 the Judiciary branch has enabled federal, state and district level judges to proceed over court cases and bestow difficult decisions. For over 200 years an array of different and distinct judges have possessed this judicial role allowing them to preside over hearings and issue judgment based rulings Consequentially, the perspectives and beliefs held by each individual judge heavily influences their final assessments and verdicts. For this reason a substantial amount of attention must be placed upon each justice’s unique attitudes and viewpoints....   [tags: Professor Cass Sunstein book review] 2413 words
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Prison Overcrowiding and the Laws that Made Them that Way - One of the major reasons that prisons have overcrowded is that crime control strategies and legislative changes have meant longer sentencing (Mcshane, 2008). A study in 2006 showed the change in the State and Federal prison population from 1990 to 2005. In 1990 there was a total of 773,124 inmates. In 2005, that number increased to 2,186,230 (Harrison & Beck, 2006). The three- strikes laws has a great impact on the overpopulation of our prison systems because it means more life sentencing with a lesser possibility of parole for most offenders....   [tags: three-strikes law, crime control strategies]
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The Establishment of a Supreme Law Constitution in New Zealand - ... As we have no formal written constitution that can be upheld, New Zealand has a more successful separation of powers doctrine in the section of judicial independence as the government cannot threaten the judges for unfavourable decisions (which means they cannot lose their jobs or have their salaries cut for reaching a decision MPs do not approve of). American presidents commonly appoint judges who agree with their political views. This benefits the president as they are more likely to get the outcomes they want compared with New Zealand, where there are apolitical judges ie judges who are not politically biased....   [tags: increasing judiciary power]
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Amanda Knox and Italy's Legal System - On the night of November 1st 2007 in Peruglia Italy, Meredith Kercher was murdered by being stabbed in the neck. Kercher’s roommate, Amanda Knox had returned home on the morning of November 2nd, from spending the night with her boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito. Later, Knox returned to Sollecito’s apartment and explained that she had observed small speckles of blood in the bathroom, the front door ajar, and Kerchers bedroom door locked. Kercher’s body was found half naked, and under a duvet after police broke down the door to Kercher’s bedroom....   [tags: Amanda Knox Essays]
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Where Does Law Come From? - Where does law come from. Law has been defined in many ways by various leaders and thinkers but there is no universal definition. There are numerous sources and the English legal system adopts the rules derived from these various sources to form the English law. Sources of law include common law and equity, legislation, and international conventions such as the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). It must be noted that customs or constitutional conventions are not law. It is a common misconception that customs or conventions are law....   [tags: The Origin of Law]
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Major League Sports Labor Disputes - Eleanor Roosevelt once said: “Why cannot we sit down together with a board of arbitration, honestly state our difficulties and try to work out a sane method of procedure?” Mrs. Roosevelt is saying that they should have a third party to help work out the disputes in a professional manner. The relation from this quote to major league sports labor disputes is the league and players tend to go to court to try to settle their disputes. However, the leagues have gotten very use to going to court to settle their disputes that they do not try to settle the little disputes personally....   [tags: government intervention]
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Landmark Supreme Court Cases Project - ... Ferguson and they felt that the conditions and the fairness of the Jim Crow laws was right and just. Whereas, later in Brown v. Board the Supreme Court saw now that Blacks were equal with Whites and deserved to have the same privileges and rights, as any person should. Brown v. Board had a major impact on the United States of America. It created a place that truly is free. Where all people are under the protection of the law. Where people of any color or religion or class can get along and have the same rights as any other person in this country....   [tags: Brown v Board of Education, Roe v Wade]
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The Judiciary and Republicanism - The United States promotes itself as being based on the principle of popular sovereignty, that is, the people’s capacity for self-government. The latter is secured by the existence of the higher and fundamental law that is the constitution. Indeed, article VI section 2 of the constitution states that it is the «supreme law of the land» by which the judges shall be bound. This fundamental law was «establish[ed] and ordain[ed]» by the people of the United States according to the preamble of the constitution; it thus follows that the people are sovereign....   [tags: self government, ratification, sovereignty]
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Georgia State Court System - Court systems between states can vary significantly while maintaining the same general functions. Georgia state court structure is set up to handle a large number of proceedings. To understand how the system is able to accommodate the numerous counties and the growing population we must consider the types of courts that are in place, the process of putting judges into place, and how the jury is chosen to facilitate the courts. Civil courts handle jury trials in civil matters. There is a jurisdictional limit of $25,000 placed on civil courts....   [tags: Justice System] 1956 words
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The Restriction of Free Speech in McCullen v. Coakley - A controversial modern U.S. Supreme Court decision is the McCullen v. Coakley case. An initial ruling for this case in Massachusetts, “…has made it a crime for speakers to ‘enter or remain on a public way or sidewalk’ within 35 feet of an entrance, exit, or driveway of ‘a reproductive health care facility.’ The law applies only at abortion clinics…In effect, the law restricts the speech of only those who wish to use public areas near abortion clinics to speak about abortion from a different point of view” (American Bar Association)....   [tags: abortion, constitution, healthcare] 782 words
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Taking a Look at the Country of Fredonia - ... The only people who should be put on the bench are those who have the skills and qualifications to bring out the best in everything. Those who can represent the countries laws in the best possible manner. From there alongside the selection process that is recommended for the country the Supreme Court will be one with most prestige’s judges on the bench. Appointment and election This method is often referred as the Missouri Plan or commission- based appointment. In this method those applicants for the position are reviewed by a panel or committee which usually includes the governor, attorney general, and judges....   [tags: rewriting new constitution & court procedings] 2632 words
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Scales of Justice - The Founding Fathers established the U.S. with special laws that give citizens the freedom that the British had denied to them. When they traveled to the country, the documents that the Founding Fathers wrote permitted them freedom of speech and freedom of religion. However, the Bill of Rights also grants citizens the right to a fair trial. Many judges have abused this right by creating their own opinions on cases before they have heard all the evidence against both sides. This principle, called judicial discretion, has helped weigh down the standard system of the scales of justice....   [tags: Justice System ]
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Qualitative Hedonism and Happiness - In determining what is the foundation of happiness, hedonism claims that it is pleasure with the absence of pain that is the only intrinsic good. An intrinsic good can be described as something that is good in and of itself. It is good not because it leads to something else, it is good for its own sake; as compared to an instrumental good, which is a means to an end. Pleasure describes the broad class of mental states that humans experience as positive, enjoyable, or worth seeking. Qualitative hedonists believe that there can be different levels of pleasure, meaning that some will be better than others....   [tags: Absense of Pain, Intrinsic Good, Pleasure]
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Religion's Precedence Over Realism in Depicted in Arthur Miller's The Crucible - Sometimes people are so narrow-minded that they do not see the whole picture. People see what they want to see because they cannot handle the actuality or do not like the truth. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Danforth refuses to come to the truth that the witch trials in Salem were the result of a cover-up, and that the court hung a handful of innocent people because of a lie. Miller once said, “The tragedy of The Crucible is the everlasting conflict between people so fanatically wedded to this orthodoxy that they could not cope with the evidence of their senses.” In other words, the tragedy of The Crucible involved the theocracy’s failure to control Salem’s witchcraft mania....   [tags: Essay on The Crucible] 623 words
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The Inquisitorial and Adversarial Systems of Justice - ... In the inquisitorial system the judge is the central evidence gatherer and directs the trial to get to the truth, he then questions the witness and examines evidence of a case in private and comes to a decision. The judge plays the detective law and fact finder role that looks into facts and evidence. No burden of proof is necessary and no jury is used in the inquisitorial system instead a panel of judges to decide on a case. This is better than having a jury because they are qualified and experienced in this field....   [tags: trial, ordeal, medieval legal systems] 581 words
(1.7 pages)
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Balancing the Powers of the Government - ... The Executive Branch was given the power to carry out the laws. As like the other branches, it has many responsibilities and powers to keep our country efficacious. Some of their powers being the power of veto, and the choice to approve executive appointments. If they choose to do that, the judges are appointed for life, free from presidential influence. The executive branch is one of the most commonly known branches, because this is the branch that the president resides. The president has the power to appoint supreme court and other federal judges....   [tags: control, branches, responsibilities]
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