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Judges and The Judiciary - Judges and The Judiciary There are several levels of judges. All judges are required to be independent from government or political pressures. The Lord Chancellor who is responsible for the judiciary whilst being a member of parliament conflicts with the idea of separation of powers. Appointment and selection ========================= The Lord Chancellor appoints judges for the lower level courts and nominates people for the higher levels. The judges of the court of appeal and the house of lord the prime minister makes the nomination however this would be on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor....   [tags: Papers] 422 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Book Of Judges - The book of Judges is the sequel to Joshua. It is the seventh book of the Old Testament. It recounts stories and events from the death of the hebrew leader and prophet Joshua to the birth of the hebrew Samuel. That is roughly, from the end of the Israelite conquest of Canan in the 13th Century B.C to the begining of the monarchy in the 11 th century B.C. It tells about the hebrews from Joshua’s Death to the time of Samuel. It was written in about 550 BC, on tablets named the Ras Shamra tablets....   [tags: essays research papers] 452 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Appointment of Judges - The Appointment of Judges Judges can be split into two categories; superior and inferior. Although each judge has a different role in their own court all appointment of judges goes through the Lord Chancellor, currently Lord Falconer. But whether the appointment of judges is a fair process or not is a topic of interest and certain biases have been shown to exist. For superior judges (Law Lords, Lord Justices of Appeal and Puisne Judges) it is the Lord Chancellor that actually selects them and does the appointing....   [tags: Papers] 496 words
(1.4 pages)
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Judges and Their Roles - Judges and Their Roles The Lord Chancellor plays a crucial role in the appointment of all judges. The selection and appointment procedure for district judges, recorders and circuit judges is broadly the same. Suitably qualified candidates apply to the Judicial Appointments Department of the Lord Chancellor’s Department (LCD) in response to an advertisement. References are taken up, and wider ‘secret surroundings’ are carried out by officials within the LCD. A shortlist is prepared and those candidates are interviewed by a panel of three – a circuit judge, an official from the Judicial Appointment Department and a lay member....   [tags: Papers] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Conclusion for Judges - The Conclusion for Judges The book of Judges tells of an era in Israel in which the people of the land had no king. This book follows the incidents of twelve individuals whom were selected by God and shown favor to lead the Israelites out of the hands of the oppressors of their days. A judge is a military official known for his or her bravery in battles or incidents and nothing more than a mere warlord. This individual was given authority over decision-making and political squabbles among the people of Israel since there was no king....   [tags: essays research papers] 1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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Analysis of Women in the Book of Judges - ... Deborah’s dual role as a prophetess and as a national leader (militarily and judicially) is demonstrative of her extreme significance to Israel, despite her gender. While Deborah was a leader and hero due to her own initiative and by divine appointment, a couple women in the book of Judges function as unprompted and surprising heroes, demonstrating their resourcefulness. Jael, for instance, senses the opportunity to save her people, and does so quite bravely. When Sisera approaches her tent, she lures him inside by giving him a false sense of security....   [tags: Scripture Analysis ]
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(5.6 pages)
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The Independence or Neutrality of Judges - The Independence or Neutrality of Judges Judges are supposed to be totally independent from the government. They are there to protect the rights of citizens in Britain. The government says that the Lord Chancellor despite the fact they are appointed by the Government are still 100% independent and neutral. This I personally find difficult to agree with as the government pays the bills of the Judges, the government is able to sack judges and the more the judges agree with the government the more the government likes them....   [tags: Papers] 346 words
(1 pages)
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The Analysis of Judges in the Superior Courts - The Analysis of Judges in the Superior Courts A power passed by a French political theorist called Montesquieu states “that there are three primary functions of the state and that the only way to safeguard the liberty of the citizens is by keeping these here functions separate.” The three main powers that ach group has is; 1. The legislature. This is the law-making area of the state or In England the Parliament. 2. The executive or the body administering the law. Under the British political system this is the government of the day which forms the Cabinet....   [tags: Papers] 645 words
(1.8 pages)
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Hellanodikai: The Chief Judges of the Olympics - "There, the method of premliminary training and the kind of exercises are decided by others, and it is not the trainer, but the Hellanodikes who, entirely on his own initiative and without being bound in any way, organizes everything, in accord with the particular circumstances pertaining from time to time. And the Hellanodikes has the whip at his disposal, not only for the athlete, but also for the trainer, and he uses it in case of any contravention of his orders; and all have to conform with the orders of the Hellanodikai, since those who violate them may be immediately excluded from the games."1 Philostratos, ca....   [tags: ancient modern sport athletic competition] 1322 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Role of Superior Court Judges - The Role of Superior Court Judges INTRODUCTION: Law is one part of a set of processes, social, political, economic and cultural, which shape and direct the development of society. Like all other mechanisms the law seeks to govern human behaviour. The Irish law system belongs to common law systems established in England by the Norman's. This type of law responded to actual rather than anticipated problems. In contrast the law in the civil system is contained in comprehensive codes which are enacted by legislators and which attempt to provide for every legal contingency....   [tags: Papers] 3195 words
(9.1 pages)
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Missouri's Nonpartisan Selection of Judges Court Plan - ... In Missouri a nonpartisan judicial commission evaluates applications, interviews candidates and chooses a judicial panel. For the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals, the Appellate Judicial Commission makes the choice. It is made up of three lawyers selected by members of the Missouri Bar, three citizens chosen by the governor, and the chief justice, who is the chair. Each of the three geographic districts of the Court of Appeals must be represented by one lawyer and one citizen member on the Appellate Judicial Commission....   [tags: Justice System] 1409 words
(4 pages)
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The Ways Superior and Inferior Judges Are Appointed - The Ways Superior and Inferior Judges Are Appointed The Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 brought in significant changes regarding appointment. Traditionally all judges were drawn from The Bar. Positions were not advertised and direct applications for positions were not acceptable. The 1990 Act has increased the pool of prospective judges by making judicial appointments open to solicitors as well as barristers, so long as they have the requisite number of years' experience of advocacy in the higher courts....   [tags: Papers] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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Comparison of The Judges House versus The Signalman - I think that mystery stories are so popular with people today, and with the last couple of generations because they are so intriguing. The author tries to give the story an element of surprise and also put twists in the tails to keep the reader guessing. Rather than just watching a film it allows the reader to build up their own imagination and interpret the story in their own way. The author will also try to integrate a ghost or spirit into the story, whether it be physically there or just psychologically, this gives the sense of mystery and usually results in the protagonist of the story dying....   [tags: essays research papers] 2323 words
(6.6 pages)
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Part-time Judges in the Magistrates Court. - Part-time Judges in the Magistrates Court. There are about over 30,000 sitting as part-time judges in the Magistrates Court. They sit to hear cases as a bench of two or three, while a single magistrate could issue search warrants and arrest warrants. There are also District Judges (formerly Stipendiary Magistrates) who are qualified lawyers and sit on their own to deal with the cases. The history of magistrates goes back to the 12th Century and they have been a very important part of the criminal justice system....   [tags: Papers] 1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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Judges' Need to Follow Previous Precedent - Judges' Need to Follow Previous Precedent The lower courts are bound by the House of Lords so they have to apply their rules as if they were applying a statute. It was decided after the case 'London street tramways v London county council (1898)' that the House of Lords would be bound by its own previous decisions. This was a case during the nineteenth century, during the Victorian times when it was important to be consistent and certain. However during the twentieth century both society and the law developed and some decisions made in previous cases were now unsuitable, so the House of Lords made a Practice Statement in 1966....   [tags: Papers] 600 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Moral Judges of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter - The Moral Judges of The Scarlet Letter If human beings are evil, then they can easily appoint themselves as judges, and from their point of view, the decisions they make are moral. These judges try to make themselves look better, by lowering the criminal below their level. These moral judges also try to play God, by selecting, and if they have enough power, executing their decision as a punishment for the crime committed. It is as clear as glass, that these decisions that come from evil beings will also be immoral, and evil....   [tags: Scarlet Letter essays] 628 words
(1.8 pages)
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Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges - Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges The basis of a civilized society is law. The law allows for standardized treatment of men, the law allows people to plan their futures, the law gives people assurance that wills, contracts, and trusts will be enforced, that certain behavior will be allowed while other behavior (crimes and torts) will be punished, etc. Five important characteristics of "the law" in a civilized society follow: 1) The law must be of manageable size so the average man can learn the law without a lifetime of study....   [tags: essays research papers] 1556 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Selection Process of District Judges and Lay Magistrates - The Selection Process of District Judges and Lay Magistrates Lay magistrates in England and Wales are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on behalf of the Queen. In the Duchy of Lancaster they are appointed by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The procedure is as follows: Individuals make an application to the Local Advisory Committee, which consists of magistrates and other local people. People or organisations may also recommend a candidate for appointment. Committees also advertise for magistrates....   [tags: Papers] 795 words
(2.3 pages)
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Murmering Judges - Look closely at one scene exploring its dramatic impact and its relevance to the play as a whole Act 1 scene 7 appears to be so far the only scene where all three institutions are seen together; although all three of them are not seen communicating directly, they are all linked either by music (Mozart playing in background, same as the opera) or by the fact that they all share the stage. However, even with this closeness and opportunity to have had the three different groups communicate there is still a distinct lack of cooperation and rapport between them; although it does appear that the police and the prison service do have some degree of contact with each other by the way the conversation about Gerard’s appeal is structured, as though they were talking to each other....   [tags: essays research papers] 752 words
(2.1 pages)
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Appearance Judged! - ... Like it or not, it is something that have already been programmed in our genes since birth (Park, 2007). In an ideal world, this prejudice is of course unjust, unfair, and immoral, especially when we are only critically evaluated by our appearances. Many would argue that paying too much attention to our appearance implies vanity. And passing judgment based solely on appearance means we are shallow and superficial. What happen to “beauty is only skin deep” (American proverb). Honestly speaking though, this idea of “fairness” just does not exist....   [tags: Social Issues]
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1090 words
(3.1 pages)
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Caseloads in America's Courts Today - The court historically has heard an average of 700 cases monthly. However, over the past few years the number of cases filed has doubled. In most cases, the efficiency of the courts allowed final case disposition within a month. Current backlogs in court hearings exceed two months. Cases sometimes take up to three months for final disposition. Because of the perpetual problem with hearing backlogs, judges wish to reconsider the present mixed calendar system. Six judges rotate between hearing criminal and civil cases on a monthly basis....   [tags: caseloads, courts, USA,] 1699 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Independent Judiciary in the United Kingdom - The Independent Judiciary in the United Kingdom Q. Is there an independent judiciary in the United Kingdom. What obstacles, if any, hinder this independence. Although judges in the English Legal System are not part of the law making process, and full time judges are not allowed to be members of the House of Commons, they are still thought to be independent in a number of ways, as an independent judiciary plays an important role in protecting the liberty of an individual from abuse of power by the executive....   [tags: Papers] 586 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Judiciary - The Judiciary A judge is a public official appointed to make life-changing decisions regarding the futures of members of the general public. So is it not reasonable for one to assume that a vital criterion for this responsibility is the need to be familiar with the lives of ordinary people and the situations they face. In the evidence it is submitted that in reality there is a coherent argument to suggest that Judiciary is infact totally unrepresentative and out of touch with society....   [tags: Papers] 1031 words
(2.9 pages)
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Judge Posner's Challenge to the Philosophy of Law - Judge Posner's Challenge to the Philosophy of Law ABSTRACT: This paper presents a conceptual analysis of Richard Posner's empirical theory of judicial behavior. His theory opposes the conventional view which holds that judges are insulated from external pressures so their judicial decisions will be based upon a disinterested understanding of the law. Since economics holds that all people — including judges — attempt to maximize their utilities, Posner thinks that the conventional view is an embarrassment which presumes judges are not rational....   [tags: Posner Law Essays]
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2953 words
(8.4 pages)
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The Lust For Power: How Politics And Personal Relations Become One - The Lust For Power: How Politics and Personal Relations Become One The stories of the Bible reveal a pattern of “ups and downs” for the nation of Israel. A period of prosperity, faithfulness and fearing God would almost always be followed by a period of destitution, lawlessness and idolatry. This recurring cycle can be linked to political authority, and the level of separation of political authority from other influences. The successful struggle for liberation under the leadership of Moses and the glorious conquest of Canaan under Joshua instilled a fresh breeze of hope and a renewed faith in God in the nation of Israel....   [tags: essays research papers] 2586 words
(7.4 pages)
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The Japanese Judicial System - ... The High Courts have branch offices in six locations. The High Court cases are ruled on by a panel of three judges. The Supreme Court is the highest court that last court in Japan that handles appeals, Jokoku-appeals and special Kokoku-appeals. These are appeals filed against judgments handed down only by the High Courts. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice who is head of the Supreme Court and fourteen Justices with a Grand Bench with a total of all fifteen Justices and three Petty Benches....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1877 words
(5.4 pages)
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Analysis of Books Read in Class - To be just is to do the right thing. In the books read in class doing the right thing encompasses being peaceful and treating other people well. With justice as the actions of treating others well and being peaceful these actions will be examined, and patterns of these actions will be identified, in the books Ajax, Mencius, and the Quran. In Ajax the theme of justice is brought up on numerous occasions. It often is the catalyst for conflict in the story. The first time justice creates conflict does not actually take place in the story of Ajax but slightly before, when it is decided that Odysseus will get Achilles armor instead of Ajax....   [tags: Literature Analysis] 1740 words
(5 pages)
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Judicial Corruption—It is Ruining Our Hope in the Courtroom - ... Since 1997, about $500,000 dollars has not been accounted for (CBSNews.com). Judge Cecilia Atonga consistently made decisions in contradiction to United States law to benefit a big business and her family’s bank account. Judge Jon Gordon ruled against a sick child in favor of a large corporation all because a female lawyer simply flirted with him (Judiciaryreport.com).Many judges other than the ones mention participate in these fraudulent activities. With all of these corrupt judges how are we going to end up as a nation years from now....   [tags: Jurisprudence, Ethics]
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1835 words
(5.2 pages)
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The Major Participants in a Courtroom - The Major Participants in a Courtroom The major participants in a criminal trail include the judge, prosecuting attorney, defense counsel, clerks of the courts, bailiff, and the court reporter. At trail, whether if the charge is a felony or misdemeanor or even if the trail is a court trial or jury trail, the defendant is entitled to a fair trial before an impartial judge and a honest jury in an atmosphere of judicial claim. The judge presides over the trial proceedings and exercises those duties and power imposed by the law....   [tags: Judicial Courts] 585 words
(1.7 pages)
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Scales of Justice - ... Though many feel as if judges abuse their power to get revenge on criminals, many cases have arisen where the opposite has occurred. The story of Chelsea Rogers and her abuse has helped amplify this difference. The story appeared almost 14 years ago in the city of Brillion, Wisconsin (Elliot). Chelsea, then seven years old, and her two older brothers, told police that they suffered repeated mistreatment with wooden rods and leather belts (Elliot). In the fall of 1997, the kids had been caught taking candy without asking permission, so Angeline Rogers, their mother, locked the two boys outside and trapped Chelsea in a miniscule dog cage in the unheated basement of their home (Elliot)....   [tags: Justice System ]
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1388 words
(4 pages)
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EC Law - EC LAW ASSIGNMENT Gary Slapper states ¡°that ever since the UK joined the European Community it has progressively, but effectively passed the the power to create laws which have effect in this country to the wider European institutions such¡±(Slapper`99 P.33) So in all practical terms the UK`s legislative, executive and judiciary¡¯s powers are in the main controlled by and operated within the framework of the European community laws. The increasing importance of Uk judges to consider the issues and principles of EC Law is clearly evident now as regards such issues as human rights and employment rights....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1067 words
(3 pages)
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Georgia State Court System - ... There are 120 judges and Associate Judges, whom are appointed by the agreement of Superior Court Judges, to serve 4 year terms. The purpose of juvenile courts is to protect the well-being of children, provide guidance, provide control conducive to child welfare and the best interests of the state, and to secure care for children removed from their homes. Jury trials are not conducted in juvenile court, decisions are made by the judge in bench trials. State courts were established in 1970 and are funded by the state....   [tags: Justice System] 1956 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Role of the Judiciary - The Role of the Judiciary A judge is a person who presides over a court of law whether it is a lower court or a higher court. There are many different types of judges, varying from the Justices of Peace who sit mainly in the Magistrates Court in ordinary clothes, to the robed Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States of America or the English Court of Appeal who decide questions of National importance. Yet they are all judges. The judiciary is the branch of the government whose task is the administration of justice....   [tags: Papers] 1240 words
(3.5 pages)
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Religion's Precedence Over Realism in Depicted in Arthur Miller's The Crucible - Sometimes people are so narrow-minded that they do not see the whole picture. People see what they want to see because they cannot handle the actuality or do not like the truth. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Danforth refuses to come to the truth that the witch trials in Salem were the result of a cover-up, and that the court hung a handful of innocent people because of a lie. Miller once said, “The tragedy of The Crucible is the everlasting conflict between people so fanatically wedded to this orthodoxy that they could not cope with the evidence of their senses.” In other words, the tragedy of The Crucible involved the theocracy’s failure to control Salem’s witchcraft mania....   [tags: Essay on The Crucible] 623 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Columbian Government - When one is looking at a country’s government there are a few things that one should look at specifically: the type of government, the leadership and how it is achieved, and how the people are represented in the government. At times it can be difficult to find this information, especially true information, while at other times it can be very easy. The latter is true for the Columbian government. The Columbian government looks and runs very similar to the United States government, at least on a federal level....   [tags: International Government]
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Judicial Review - ... Judicial review in the United Kingdom is either non-existent or has a different meaning to the courts in the UK compared to the courts of the United States. There are a few reasons to the neglect of judicial review. One reason is that the UK does not have a written constitution to be placed under review in any circumstance; it does operate as if there is a constitution, which allows the country to strive as it always has (Morris, 2008). Another reason is that the United Kingdom government wants to keep politics out of the court system, keeping them unbiased and fact-based rulings; any reviews on a courts ruling in a case is done to make sure the decision was made following the law (Judicial Review, 2011)....   [tags: Justice System ]
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977 words
(2.8 pages)
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - ... Community-based programs available to the offender ranged from behavior modification, conflict resolution, mediation services, substance abuse treatment, mental health councils job training and assistance. The creation of specialized drug courts to provide supervision and treatment of drug and substance abuse problems freed up resources for other more serious crimes. Educational programs provide resources to become literate and obtain a high school diploma. House arrest allows offenders to leave home for work, treatment, and education (McCarthy, 2001)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, prisons, Jails]
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1689 words
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Judicial Precedent - Judicial Precedent ESSAY: a) Explain and illustrate the operation of the doctrine of judicial precedent. b) How far is it true to say judges are bound by decisions in earlier cases. A) Judicial precedent is where the past decisions of the judges create law for future judges to follow. English precedent is based on the Latin, stare decisis, meaning stand by what has been said in the past. This allows the rules system to be consistent: like cases treated alike, and it is just, as people can decide on a course of conduct knowing what the legal consequences will be....   [tags: Papers] 780 words
(2.2 pages)
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Trophy Babies - Child beauty pageants have been a part of American society since the 1960’s. These pageants consist of modeling swimwear, evening attire, dance and talent. The young children entered in the pageants are judged on perfection, confidence, capability and looks. Judges would call this “the complete package.” Children are divided into different age groups to make the pageants fair. They are guided by there parents who spend well over 200 dollars for the pageants. Money is spent on fake nails, hair extensions, makeup, clothing, eyebrow waxing, and anything else their parents are willing to do to make their child the best looking....   [tags: Child Beauty Pageants]
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1840 words
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Cameras and the Courtroom - ... Circuit Court in Wise County, Virginia, maintained a webcast of all of its court proceedings, until July 2004 and since then, the court has switched to cable, and that brought the number of viewers the video of its proceedings had from 100,000 to 150,000 (Thompson 7). This means that with the material more available, more people are watching and by watching, more people are learning. By allowing the cameras in the room to record the trials and then air them, more of the public will have access to court proceedings and will be better able to understand upfront how the justice system works....   [tags: Justice]
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1596 words
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Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues - Vermont’s Permission of Same-sex Marriage - The Irrationality of Vermont’s Permission of Gay Marriage This essay explains the rationale behind the Vermont decision - and its effect upon conservative groups especially. In December of 1999, the Supreme Court of Vermont decided that it was, on balance, a violation of the Constitution of Vermont to withhold from couples of the same sex the benefits that flow to married couples. But the court did not think it proven that the laws on marriage had been animated by any intention to discriminate against women, lesbians, and gays in the way that other laws, in the past, had discriminated against blacks....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1554 words
(4.4 pages)
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Examining the View that the Supreme Court is an Effective Protector of Civil Liberties - Examining the View that the Supreme Court is an Effective Protector of Civil Liberties In 1789, the founders of the Constitution set out the power of the Supreme Court in Article III section 2, and, arguably, in the Supremacy clause in Article 6. These clauses gave the Supreme Court the power to protect the Constitution, and by doing so, the power to protect civil liberties. The strength of the Supreme Court is essential in protecting civil liberties that are protected by the Constitution....   [tags: Papers] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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Judicial Precedent - Judicial Precedent "Within the present system of precedent in the English legal system, judges have very little discretion in their decision making." Judges have always been relied upon to interpret and apply the law. Therefore, their decisions should be fair and consistent so as the individuals seeking legal remedies would have more faith in the judicial system of the state. AS the UK has not a very complete and/or codified constitution, this doctrine is very much relied on as contrasted with other countries which seemed to have provisions for virtually any kind of offence, like France or the US where judges had only to refer to legislation....   [tags: Papers] 1714 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Effects of Women's Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness and Social Desirability - The Effects of Women's Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness and Social Desirability Without question, the concepts of attractiveness and age are both important considerations to many individuals within Western culture. Age itself, is often viewed as a component of physical attractiveness. Arthur H. Perlini, Susan Bertolissi and David L. Lind performed an interesting study that incorporates the well-recognized factors of age and attractiveness. Moreover, the study used these two factors as variables, and evaluated if their absence or presence effected the way an individual was perceived by others....   [tags: Papers] 1222 words
(3.5 pages)
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Statuary Interpretation - Statuary Interpretation Statutory law is law that has been made by parliament. For a statute to be passed it need to go through the House of Commons, House of lords and finally has to get the Royal Asset this is technically when the monarch must give their consent before legislation can become law but however in practice that consent is never refused. Parliament is the highest source of English law “sovereignty of Parliament” (also known as The supremacy of Parliament) this means that any law that has been passed in parliament according to the correct procedures of parliament has to be followed and applied in the courts....   [tags: Papers] 1066 words
(3 pages)
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Juvenile Court - The first juvenile court was established in Illinois in 1899. In the late 18th century children as young as seven could stand trial in criminal court and could be sentenced to prison or death. The perception of children was later changed and they were viewed as persons with undeveloped moral and cognitive capacities. This allowed the state of Illinois to intervene in the lives of children providing protection and care or supervision. The mission to help children in trouble was clearly stated in the laws that established juvenile courts....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1128 words
(3.2 pages)
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Recommended Prison Policy - Recommended Prison Policy Hello Sir/Madam in this report one will examine the importance of suggesting new recommendations for increasing the maximum prison sentence for offenders convicted of aggravated robbery, known as armed robbery. One will address issues of why our state legislature should consider changing the existing prison terms of those found guilty of armed robbery. As well address, the reason one believes this responsibility lays in the hands of legislators instead of judges, or parole boards....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1624 words
(4.6 pages)
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Judicial Review - ... Constitution. Because the Constitution is considered the law of the land the Judiciary Act of 1789 that granted the Court power to issue writs was null and void because of Article III. It states the authority given to the Court despite the Act (Marbury v. Madison,1803). This case limit the Court's power in one way but enhanced in another way by ultimately establishing the Congressional acts unconstitutional. It set the Court as arbiter and final authority of the Constitution. As a result of this ruling, the Supreme Court became an equal partner in the three branches of the federal government....   [tags: Justice System ]
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863 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Aesthetics of Passion and Betrayal - The Aesthetics of Passion and Betrayal In The Passion of Joan of Arc, Carl Theodor Dreyer uses the visuality of spatial relationships in each shot with the human face and its ability to convey unspoken emotion in his portrayal of the demise of Joan of Arc. Unlike most film, the message is almost entirely told by just the eyes and expressions of the actors. There is very little reliance upon props and background. The camera angles and close-up shooting accentuate emotions and reactions. The editing style is almost methodic in keeping the emotional pace; it is much like an argument, alternating images of Joan’s tenacity, and the judges’ contempt....   [tags: essays papers]
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2090 words
(6 pages)
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The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law - The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law The Human Rights Act came in force in 2000 and has been successful in UK. This is because after a year Michael Beloff QC pointed out in The Times that 15% of the cases brought in the high court with Human Rights Act implication had been successful. The Act has the effect of in cooperating the European convention on Human Rights into British law. The home secretary Jack Straw said “these are the new rights for the new millennium....   [tags: Papers] 1559 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Pelican Brief - The Pelican Brief, an irresistible story that begins with the simultaneous assassinations of two Supreme Court Judges. One October night one of the liberal Judges, A. Rosenberg, is shot in the head while sleeping in his Georgetown home. Two hours later G. Jensen, the Court's youngest and most conservative judge, is strangled, possibly by the same assassin. America is in shock, the F.B.I. has no clues. Darby Shaw is a brilliant law student at Tulane University in New Orleans when she heard about the two murders....   [tags: Pelican Brief John Grisham Book Review] 1453 words
(4.2 pages)
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Legal System and Cultural Influence in Japan - The flexibility of the law allows the law to change in order to meet changing situations. However, from foreign viewpoint, the Japanese laws and regulations are too detailed, numerous, and restrictive. The Japanese judiciary system is an independent branch of the government. The judicial branch has equal power to the executive and legislative branches in Japan. After the World War II, the Supreme Court was created in Japan. The whole judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, 8 high courts, 50 district courts, 50 family courts and 575 summary courts....   [tags: Law] 400 words
(1.1 pages)
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Judgment at Nuremberg - Judgment at Nuremberg The Nuremberg trials took place between 1945 and 1949 and were used to judge the acts of over a hundred judges accused of committing war crimes. The movie "Trials at Nuremberg" dealt specifically with the justice trials. The justice trials adjudicated the criminal responsibility of judges accused of enforcing immoral, unjust, and inhumane laws set by the Nazi party. ====================================================================== Justice Werner Lammpe ===================== Werner Lammpe was accused of sending numerous citizens to concentration camps where they were later killed....   [tags: Papers] 477 words
(1.4 pages)
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Dworkin's Wishful-Thinkers Constitution - Dworkin's Wishful-Thinkers Constitution ABSTRACT: Developing ideas first put forth in my Abortion Rights as Religious Freedom, I argue against Ronald Dworkin's liberal view of constitutional interpretation while rejecting the originalism of Justices Scalia and Bork. I champion the view that Justice Black presents in his dissent in Griswold v. Connecticut. INTRODUCTION In Life's Dominion Ronald Dworkin uses a liberal interpretation of the Constitution to defend constitutional rights to abortion and euthanasia....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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law in political science - “The law, then, is a language that lawyers and judges use when they try to prevent or resolve problems–human conflicts– using official rules made by the state as their starting point” (Carter, 6). “Viewing individual autobiographies over a sweep of time reveals the variety of ways in which rights can become active or remain inactive” (Engel, 13). Reason in Law and Rights, Remembrance and the Reconciliation of Difference both examine the way that law affects daily life. They have a wide range of situations in which they have examined law and to some extent have both reached the same conclusions when it comes to the issue of law being uncertain and ambiguous....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Is Judicial Precedent an efficient System of Lawmaking? - Is Judicial Precedent an efficient System of Lawmaking. Judicial precedent often referred to as case law, is one of the main sources of English law. Its roots go back to the early common laws of the country. It is based on the Latin maxim Stare decisis et non quieta morvere, which loosely translated means, stand by what has been decided and do not unsettle the established. In order for the judicial precedent system to work, an accurate detailed method of reporting cases is of great importance....   [tags: Papers] 1008 words
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The Sources of English Law - The Sources of English Law In UK there are three main sources of English law, Legislation (Statue Law), Common Law (Judge-made Law) and the European Communities law. English Law was historically based on customs and social traditions. Today Custom Law is a part of Common Law, notably being in cases where there was no judicial precedent but which were known to exist since time memorial (i.e. since 1189). Many of these laws such as the Fisherman's Case (1894) 2 East PC 661( http://wilmington.butterworths.co.uk/citator-0/Citator.ASP?WCI=tmpSearch&WCE=Form&WCU=) in criminal law and Beckett Ltd v....   [tags: Papers] 713 words
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The Australian Constitution - The Australian Constitution The founding fathers of Australia could never have predicted the society that was to come. However, the constitution- the most important document of the land- stands today with only 8 changes to the words after over 100 years of use. The constitution is not without flaws; the rights outlined in the document are far from clear, which hampers the knowledge of the public about their rights. However, this does not mean that the rights are not upheld in Australia....   [tags: Papers] 1390 words
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Possible Problems with Attempting to Measure Attitudes - Possible Problems with Attempting to Measure Attitudes The question what problems might arise in trying to measure attitudes itself conjures up many complicated questions that seem tricky to answer. The complicated task is that we are all unique and have our individual differences. A basic assumption on measuring attitudes is that ‘a person’s attitude can be measured by asking questions about thoughts, feelings and likely actions toward the attitude object (Hoff and Vaughan, 1995, Chapter 5) From this assumption it is obvious that measuring attitudes is not directly observable....   [tags: Papers] 1484 words
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The Separation and Balance of Powers in the UK Constitution - The Separation and Balance of Powers in the UK Constitution “By the latter part of the 20th century the independence of the judges had come under increasing threat from interference by the executive. Recent reforms have, however, served to redress this position and ensure that a proper division of personnel and functions between these two arms of the state is restored. Discuss this statement in the context of the Separation/ Balance of Powers in the UK constitution.” French political thinker Montesquieu argued during the Enlightenment that in a democratic state the three branches of government; the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary should not overlap in personnel or function....   [tags: Papers] 1236 words
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The US Judicial System - The US Judicial System (Text -C39: Question no. 1)Hamilton states "It proves incontestably, that the judiciary is beyond comparison the weakest of the three departments of power" was Hamilton right. For hundreds of years the forefathers of the United States of America had been undertaking the task of creating and constantly amending a constitution that all men shall abide by. Alexander Hamilton, along with other contributors of the constitution, created essays which are better known as the federalist papers....   [tags: US Government Politics] 956 words
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Socrates and Epicurus - Live Life Without Fear of Death - Live Life Without Fear of Death         Many people seem to fear death, but philosophers such as Socrates and Epicurus would argue that one has no reason to fear it. Socrates sees death as a blessing to be wished for if death is either nothingness or a relocation of the soul, whereas Epicurus argues that one shouldn't worry themselves about death since, once we are gone, death is annihilation which is neither good nor bad. Epicurus believes that death itself is a total lack of perception, wherein there is no pleasure or pain....   [tags: Philosophy essays]
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The Battle of the Iron Chefs - The Battle of the Iron Chefs A couple of months ago, I found myself sitting at home alone on a Saturday night. Robert was still at work. For once, I was caught up withmost of my homework and all of my housework. It was a miracle. I didn't feellike reading or cooking, so I turned on the TV. Like many young couplestoday, Rob and I choose not to spend the $40 per month on cable TV. Iflipped through the fourteen channels we get from our rabbit-ears antennafor at least fifteen minutes. Cheesy teledrama movie of the week....   [tags: Observation Place Descriptive] 1206 words
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The Joy of Winning - The Joy of Winning       "Oh my God!" was exclaimed into my right ear and resonated above everyone in the room. My heart was thumping because I wasn't exactly sure what was happening. I wasn't excited to be going or even pleased. All I could think about was, "What did I get myself into. I shouldn't be here, I don't deserve this."       It all began on one of the most disastrous bus rides I have ever experienced that doesn't include a wreck. I was going to Grand Junction for the Western Slope Science Fair....   [tags: Narrative Memoir Essays] 1664 words
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Putting Value into Art - Putting Value into Art The attempt to base a standard for assessing the value of works of art upon sentiment (the feeling of pleasure or displeasure) was famously made by David Hume in his essay "Of the Standard of Taste." Hume's attempt is generally regarded as fundamentally important in the project of explaining the nature of value judgements in the arts by means of an empirical, rather than a priori, relation. Recently, Hume's argument has been strongly criticized by Malcolm Budd in his book Values of Art....   [tags: Philosophy Craftsmanship Papers]
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REPORT ON MISSOURI - REPORT ON MISSOURI GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS Missouri has had four constitutions: 1820, prior to statehood; 1865 and 1875, in the aftermath of the Civil War; and 1945. Amendments to the constitution may be proposed by a majority of the legislature or by petition signed by 8% of the voters in two-thirds of the state's congressional districts. Proposed amendments must be approved by a majority of the voters in a statewide election. A constitutional convention must be called every 20 years to review the constitution for possible changes....   [tags: essays papers] 1661 words
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criminal justice - Tushnet's A Court Divided By R. Anastasia Tremaine - February, 2005 Tushnet's A Court Divided Tushnet (2005) takes an insightful look into the current Supreme Court and what it means for the future in his work entitled A Court Divided. Much has been discussed about the Court, particularly since the 2000 election ended up being referred to the judicial branch of government. Constitutional law has always been fascinating subject, as it broaches the areas of guaranteed legal protections....   [tags: essays research papers] 1334 words
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State Laws - Most legal disputes involving state law are initially decided in the trial courts or by an administrative agency. But after such a decision, an individual may turn to the state’s appeal courts if he or she believes a legal error occurred that harmed the case. In fact, thousands of cases are appealed every year.(1) They include criminal convictions as well as civil cases involving personal injury, contracts, employment, real estate, probate, divorce, child custody and many other issues. Whenever an appellate court reverses a trial court decision, it almost always allows that court to rehear the case using the correct law and procedures....   [tags: essays research papers] 916 words
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Parliament and Parliamentary Sovereignty - Parliament and Parliamentary Sovereignty When we talk about 'Parliament' and 'parliamentary sovereignty' what exactly do we mean. Firstly we must take the word 'Parliament' to mean not the actual Houses of Parliament themselves but instead the Acts passed by Parliament with the consent of the Commons, Lords and the Queen. The doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty is about the relationship between those who create the Acts (Parliament) and those who must apply them (courts)....   [tags: Papers] 1122 words
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The Function of the Judiciary Within the Constitution of the United Kingdom - The Function of the Judiciary Within the Constitution of the United Kingdom If miscarriages of justice occur, then not only is the defendant treated very unjustly, but also society (including the victims of crime) has not been accorded the gains in terms of safety, retribution and possible rehabilitation which should flow from an accurate conviction. The question requires us to examine the possible failings, which arise from the personnel by which justice is administered. Taking the argument that case outcomes are construction of fact as mediated by social and professional perspectives, it must be worthwhile to examine some aspects of the performance of the judiciary, who are undoubtedly major players within the criminal justice system....   [tags: Papers] 2666 words
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The Conjoined Twins Jodie and Mary - The Conjoined Twins Jodie and Mary The moral and legal case of the conjoined twins Mary and Jodie has set the nation off in a frenzy of debating on whether or not the twins should be separated. In doing so, it has been revealed that only Jodie has a chance of surviving the operation, meaning the operation is virtually an act of murder in order to save Jodie's life. It has also been made known that if both twins are left to let fate take its course, they will be dead within six months....   [tags: Papers] 675 words
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Dancing Queen - As I stand in my starting pose, after the judges have called the name of my dance group, and we have walked out to onto the stage. I can hear the people in the audience applauding and talking. I can hear my heart beating. I can also feel it. I feel like it's about to jump right out of my chest I am so nervous. I have been here once before but never for this age group and we have never been this group. We are the junior tap lines we are one of the best in Arkansas. As the music starts I forget everything and everybody around me .I can no longer see the people watching my every move I can no longer see the judges facial expressions or try to read there lips....   [tags: essays research papers] 476 words
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The Role of Ratio Decidendi in Judicial Precedent - The Role of Ratio Decidendi in Judicial Precedent Ratio decidendi plays a very important role in judicial precedent as it is the legal principle underlying the decision in a particular case. Therefore, it creates the precedent for future cases and is considered the most important part of a judge's speech. Judicial precedent, which is case law, has been and still is a major source of law in the English system. The decisions from previous cases create law for future judges to follow....   [tags: Papers] 397 words
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Celebrating Nutrition Month at a School - Nutrition Month Celebration Last July, Life College has a celebration for Nutrition Month. The program runs like this: In the morning, the students have a food fair, each level decorated their booth and sell cuisines. Elementary students sell nutritious food like fruit salad, pancit, eggs and etc. assisted by their parents. 1st year class was assigned to cook Seafood cuisines, 2nd year for Asia cuisines and 3rd year for World cuisines. While the food fair is on going, chosen grade 1to 4 students participated in Poster Making Contest....   [tags: Health Nutrition Pyramid Diet] 413 words
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Canada - Canada This ISP is is about my views on the Canadian Constitution and what I think needs to be changed in it. Some topics I have chose to discus, which I think need to be changed ar ones such as the notwithstanding claws and it's disadvantages, as well as the discanct society claws and it's disadvantages as well as what effects it has on the Canadian socity. I will also discuis the effects and disadvantages of what the appontiment of the suprem court judges. The supreme court of Canada is yhe higest court in Canada....   [tags: essays papers] 679 words
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freedom expressed - Freedom of Expression The statement that most of us are not really very tolerant of people who express unpopular ideas, or act in nonconforming ways is nothing less than the out right truth. The accuracy of this statement just helps you to realize that you do not want to hear something that is going against the grain of society. There should be judges who strictly deal with these kinds of very sensitive cases. We need to try to find others ways when we think that we are not being heard if we are expressing unpopular ideas, or act in nonconforming ways....   [tags: essays research papers] 623 words
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Could The English Legal System Function Without Lay Magistrates? - Could The English Legal System Function Without Lay Magistrates. Lay magistrates are unqualified, part-time and unpaid, yet they deal with the vast majority of cases in the legal system. They do not hear cases on their own but sit as a bench or panel of two or three magistrates. The use of such unqualified judges is open to criticism. The role of magistrates is that they are expected to deal with a wide variety of cases. Their main work is trying minor criminal cases, but they also have some civil functions, e.g....   [tags: Papers] 585 words
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The Ugly World of Competitive Figure Skating - The Ugly World of Competitive Figure Skating For every Olympic games, there always seems to be some type of scandal or drama. The 2002 Winter Olympic games in Salt Lake City proved itself to be full of this excitement and controversy. That year the scandal appeared in one of the most popular events, figure skating. The competition was between the Russian and Canadian figure skating pairs. The Russians showed a performance full of technical difficulty without pulling it off completely. Their performance was marred by simple mistakes....   [tags: Exploratory Essays] 1130 words
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American Idol - American Idol “That rendition was impressive, but you do not look like an American Idol; however, we will give you one more chance. Welcome to Hollywood!” A person with a mediocre voice that is not stunningly attractive would have a harder time advancing to Hollywood on American Idol. As the judges say, an American Idol should be a distinct person with an exceptionally fantastic voice. Culture is the training or refining of intellectual faculties and the way of life for a particular people. My goal will be to critique the ideal of image on American Idol and discuss how people may or may not get though based on looks alone....   [tags: Cheathouse Essays] 892 words
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Australia's Unfair Legal System - Australia's Unfair Legal System In theory all jury systems (which have existed for almost 800 years) are fair and just. The jury system originated in England and has so far failed in cases (all too common) when defendants are wrongfully prosecuted or convicted of crimes which they did not commit. In societies without a jury system, panels of judges act as decision makers. They weigh the evidence and apply the law. In the court system, criminal law is interpreted by a jury who are seen as expressing the sense of justice of ordinary men and women....   [tags: miscellaneous] 821 words
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