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Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes - Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes I would like to take this opportunity to discuss Jean Paul Sartre's philosophy and it's integration into his play "No Exit". Embedded within the character interactions are many Sartrean philosophical themes. Personal attributes serve to demonstrate some of the more dominant ideas in Sartre's writings. Each of the three characters in the play show identifiable characteristics of sexual perversion, bad faith, and interactions of consciousness.This play takes an interesting setting, that of the afterlife....   [tags: No Exit Jean Paul Sartre Essays Existentialism]
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3041 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre: Conscience to the World - Jean-Paul Sartre: Conscience to the World At the time of his death on the fifteenth of April, 1980, at the age of seventy-four, Jean-Paul Sartre’s greatest literary and philosophical works were twenty-five years in the past. Although the small man existed in the popular mind as the politically inconsistent champion of unpopular causes and had spent the last seven years of his life in relative stagnation, his influence was still great enough to draw a crowd of over fifty thousand people – admirers or otherwise – for his funeral procession....   [tags: Biography Sartre Essays]
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3226 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre’s Play No Exit - Jean-Paul Sartre’s Play “No Exit” Existentialism is a very confusing concept to understand. Existentialism is a school of thought, so to speak, where people believe that for every action there is a reaction. Moreover, most of the time, the reaction is a negative one. There is the basic understanding that humans have free will. They have the choice to do whatever they feel in life, which in turn makes life very stressful. Our choices obviously result in some other consequence, and as I said, the consequences, though we may not notice, are negative ones....   [tags: Existentialism Sartre No Exit Essays] 957 words
(2.7 pages)
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Title Analysis of No Exit by Jean Paul Sartre - Title Analysis of No Exit by Jean Paul Sartre Since its first publication in 1944 in French, the play Huis Clos by Jean-Paul Sartre has been translated into numerous languages around the world. The English translations have seen many different titles, including In Camera, No Way Out, and Dead End. The most common and accepted of all the title translation, however, is No Exit. The translation is derived from the literal meanings of the title words in French: “huis” means “door” and “clos” means “closed”....   [tags: Sartre Play Analysis] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Jean Paul Sartre - ... 208) Sartre’s argument denies the traditional philosophy of an existing human nature, or an ideal abstract of being that we are all born with. Sartre’s theory articulates the absence of an omniscient creator (Sartre, p. 209). Sartre believes that man creates his nature and finds value though his free choices. Sartre elaborates this through his concept of freedom by establishing that our conscience is separate from the physical world; it is without restriction and therefore must be free. (Sartre, p....   [tags: Philosophy, God, Creation] 948 words
(2.7 pages)
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Jean-Paul Sartre - Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre was an existentialist philosopher. The questions of his philosophy often come out in his readings. Existentialism questions why we exist. Existentialists deny the existence of God. Existentialist writers such as Kafka and Sartre often use prisons and solitary confinement to tell their stories. Often, neither the reader nor the protagonist is aware of what crime has been committed. Jean-Paul Sartre’s “The Wall” reflects his philosophy and personal experiences. He worked for the French resistance and was imprisoned by the Germans during WWII....   [tags: Biography Biographies Philosophers Essays] 1537 words
(4.4 pages)
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Characters in Sartre's No Exit - Characters in Sartre's No Exit     “No Exit,” by Jean-Paul Sartre, is a play that illustrates three people’s transitions from wanting to be alone in Hell to needing the omnipresent “other” constantly by their sides. As the story progresses, the characters’ identities become more and more permanent and unchangeable. Soon Inez, Garcin, and Estelle live in the hope that they will obtain the other’s acceptance. These three characters cannot accept their existentialist condition: they are alone in their emotions, thoughts and fears....   [tags: Jean-Paul Sartre No Exit Essays]
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1602 words
(4.6 pages)
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Jean Sartre - JEAN-PAUL SARTRE 	Jean-Paul Sartre is a French philosopher, novelist, play-write, and journalist. He is mostly recognized for his leadership in French Existentialism. After questioning his own ideas he gave up his own ideas, and started to support Marxism. Existentialism was the ideology that he is mostly known and supported for. 	Jean Paul was born on June 21, 1905 and was schooled at Evole Normale Superieure in Paris, University of Fribourg in Switzerland, and the French Institute in Berlin....   [tags: essays research papers] 1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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Jean Paul Sartre and the Fundamental Project - Jean Paul Sartre and the Fundamental Project In this paper I am addressing Jean Paul Sartre premise of the fundamental project. In my presentation I will first give a brief over view of Sartre's existentialism. Next Sartre's a notions of the spontaneous and reflective phases of consciousness will be my focus Upon discussing the reflective phase I will go into depth about the fundamental project, and why it is pursued, and I will give examples from No Exit. I will conclude by making a brief contrast and comparisson between Garcin, a character from No Exit, and myself....   [tags: Papers] 1761 words
(5 pages)
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The Body as Anstoss in Sartre's Account of Constitution - The Body as Anstoss in Sartre's Account of Constitution ABSTRACT: Of all the German idealists, Jean-Paul Sartre refers the least to Fichte-so little in fact that there have been long-standing suspicions that he was not even familiar with Fichte's writings. It is perhaps ironic, then, that Fichte's writings are as helpful as they are for clarifying Sartre's views, especially his views on subjectivity and inter-subjectivity. Here I want to look closely at a key concept in Fichte's mature writings: the concept of the Anstoss, a concept which Dan Breazeale has called "Fichte's original insight." Fichte introduces the Anstoss, or "check," to explain why the I posits the world as it does....   [tags: Jean-Paul Sartre Philosophy Existentialism]
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3932 words
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Jean Paul Sartre on the Anti Semite - Jean Paul Sartre on the Anti Semite Describe the anti-semitic person's attitude toward reason. How does his attitude toward reason reflect or reveal his general attitude toward life, the human condition and even himself. How does his attitude toward reason compare to the attitude of the rational man. Sartre explains that an Anti-Semite is "impenetrable", and it is actually something he strives to achieve. By gaining impenetrability, the Anti-Semite strengthens his beliefs because another person is not capable of reasoning with him....   [tags: Papers] 1415 words
(4 pages)
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Jean-Paul Sartre's No Exit and Existentialis - No Exit and Existentialis Jean-Paul Sartre's portrayal of Hell in No Exit is fueled with dramatic irony, implemented in order to amuse the reader. Sartre's illustration of Hades is very psychological, and instead of Satan agonizing you, three roommates take to the task. They each in turn irritate and aggravate one another, thus making themselves hysterical, and thus producing dramatic irony. In addition to a door that will not open, and living in a windowless room, all three characters possess no eyelids, and thus are unable to sleep....   [tags: essays papers] 981 words
(2.8 pages)
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Jean-Paul Sartre: On the Other Side of Despair - Jean-Paul Sartre: On the Other Side of Despair   In an age of modern pessimism and inauthentic, insignificant existence, Jean-Paul Sartre clearly stands out amongst the masses as a leading intellectual, a bastion of hope in the twentieth century. Confronting anguish and despair, absurdity and freedom, nihilism and transcendence, "Sartre totalized the twentieth century... in the sense that he was responsive with theories to each of the great events he lived through" as Arthur C. Danto commented (Marowski and Matuz 371)....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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3101 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre and Our Responsibility for Teaching History - Jean-Paul Sartre and Our Responsibility for Teaching History ABSTRACT: Historical research was one of Jean-Paul Sartre's major concerns. Sartre's biographical studies and thought indicate that history is not only a field in which you gather facts, events, and processes, but it is a worthy challenge which includes a grave personal responsibility: my responsibility to the dead lives that preceded me. Sartre's writings suggest that accepting this responsibility can be a source of wisdom. Few historians, however, view history as transcending the orderly presenting and elucidating of facts, events, and processes....   [tags: Philosophy Education Research Papers]
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5485 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre - Problems with the Notion of Bad Faith - Jean-Paul Sartre - Problems with the Notion of Bad Faith In Being and Nothingness, Jean-Paul Sartre presents the notion of "bad faith." Sartre is a source of some controversy, when considering this concept the following questions arise. "Of what philosophical value is this notion. Why should I attend to what one commentator rightly labels Sartre's 'Teutonically metaphysical prose' (Stevenson, p. 253), in order to drag out some meaning from a work so obviously influenced by Heidegger....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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4319 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre’s Philosophy: Radical Freedom and Responsibility - ... Over time humans will begin to define who and what they are by their actions and choices. Sartre then divides things that exist into three kinds: human beings, artifacts, and naturally occurring objects. He declares that human existence precedes essence, that in artifacts essence precedes existence and that in the case of naturally occurring objects existence and essence coincide. Sartre’s stance that human existence precedes essence directly ties into his notion of rational freedom and responsibility....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1238 words
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Jean-Paul Sartre and Louis Althusser as Responses to Vichy France - Jean-Paul Sartre and Louis Althusser as Responses to Vichy France The Second World War seems to have had an enormous impact on theorists writing on literary theory. While their arguments are usually confined to a structure that at first blush seems to only apply to theory, a closer examination finds that they contain an inherently political aspect. Driven by the psychological trauma of the war, theorists, particularly French theorists, find themselves questioning the structures that led to the particular events and situations of the war....   [tags: Literary Theory]
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1910 words
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A Comparison Between William James' and Jean Paul Sartre's Points of View on Emotions - A Comparison Between William James' and Jean Paul Sartre's Points of View on Emotions What is an emotion. William James and Jean-Paul Sartre present two different arguments regarding what constitutes an emotion. This paper will explore William James' analysis of emotion as set out in his 1884 essay . It will attempt to discover the main points of his view, and then present Sartre's rebuttal of this view taken from his essay on emotions . Concluding with an explanation regarding why Sartre's account is flawed and James's argument is the stronger of the two, it will use outside examples to demonstrate the various weaknesses and strengths within the two perspectives....   [tags: Papers] 687 words
(2 pages)
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Comparing Albert Camus' The Stranger (The Outsider) and Jean-Paul Sartre's Nausea - Lack of Order in Albert Camus' The Stranger (The Outsider) and Jean-Paul Sartre's Nausea   Nausea, by Jean-Paul Sartre, and The Stranger, by Albert Camus, refuse to impose order on their events by not using psychology, hierarchies, coherent narratives, or cause and effect. Nausea refuses to order its events by not inscribing them with psychology or a cause for existence, and it contrasts itself with a text by Balzac that explains its events. Nausea resists the traditional strategy of including the past to predict a character's future....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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2127 words
(6.1 pages)
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Sartre's Theories and Sylvia Plath's Poem Lady Lazarus - Sartre's Theories and Sylvia Plath's Poem Lady Lazarus After reading Sartre's Essays in Existentialism, I evaluated Sylvia Plath's poem "Lady Lazarus" according to my interpretation of Sartre's philosophy, then used this aesthetic impression to evaluate the efficacy of Sartre's theories as they apply toward evaluating and understanding art. If you have not read the poem in question, I suggest you go here to check it out before reading this essay. "We write our own destiny -- we become what we do." -- Madame Chiang Kai-Shek When a reader experiences Sylvia Plath, immediately he is aware that he has never read anything like it....   [tags: Sartre Sylvia Plath Lazarus Philosophy Essays] 1748 words
(5 pages)
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Jean Paul Sartres Writing - No Exit - Jean Paul Sartre’s Philosophical Writing Jean Paul Sartre personally believed in the philosophical idea of existentialism, which is demonstrated in his play No Exit. His ideas of existentialism were profoundly outlined in the play. Based on the idea that mental torture is more agonizing than physical, No Exit leaves the reader with mixed emotions towards the importance of consequences for one’s acts. Set in Hell, the vision of the underworld is nothing the characters imagined as they are escorted to a Second Empire styled hotel....   [tags: essays research papers] 523 words
(1.5 pages)
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Sartre and the Rationalization of Human Sexuality - Sartre and the Rationalization of Human Sexuality ABSTRACT: Sartre rationalizes sexuality much like Plato. Rationalization here refers to the way Sartre tries to facilitate explanation by changing the terms of the discussion from sexual to nonsexual concepts. As a philosophy which, above all, highlights those features of human existence which seem most resistant to explanation, one would expect existentialism to highlight sexuality as a category that is crucial for considering human existence....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 2690 words
(7.7 pages)
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Life According to Sartre - ... (30) She watches the “normal people” with disgust as they carry on there business. She wishes her father and the world would just leave them alone. However, this is a lost cause the world just is regardless of her input in it. Pierre’s room is dark, black and he only wears black. This is to black out the world and hallucinations but there is not enough black. Her true existence can’t be the same as his “It isn’t possible for me to see exactly like him”. (34) Eve realizes that her place is not in the dark room as she acknowledges her belonging were removed....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1043 words
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Existentialism - ... Sartre aligns himself with the atheistic existentialists for the remainder of the essay. What the existentialist philosophers have in common, and where Sartre begins his definition, is the idea that existence precedes essence. The reader is provided the example of a paper cutter. A designer has a plan for a paper cutter in his/her mind and sets about creating it with the preconceived notion of its function. This preconceived notion is the essence of the object and thus for the object (a paper cutter) essence precedes existence....   [tags: Analysis, Jean-Paul Sartre] 1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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Jean Genet’s The Balcony - Jean Genet’s The Balcony The Methods of Cultural Appropriation in Jean Genet’s “The Balcony” The now-famous story of Jean Genet’s ascension to literary sainthood begins with an accusation. The young Genet, an orphan and an outcast in the rural Morvan, was subject to suspicion and, due to his dubious origins, finally accused of thievery. However, instead of shaking the label, Genet decided to embrace it to fulfill all the mordant potential that it promised. From this inaugurating act sprang the literary Genet....   [tags: Literature Writing Papers]
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2388 words
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Sartre: Authentic Existence in Living in Bad Faith - Sartre: authentic existence in contrast to living in bad faith Jean Paul Sartre's philosophy is one of the most popular systems of thought in the school called existentialism. Sartre valued human freedom and choice, and held it in the highest regard. To be able to live an authentic existence, one must take responsibility for all the actions that he freely chooses. This total freedom that man faces often throws him into a state of existential anguish, wherein he is burdened by the hardship of having to choose all the time....   [tags: Philosophy] 311 words
(0.9 pages)
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Sartre’s Existentialism in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot - Sartre’s Existentialism in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot Critics often misunderstand the quintessence of Sartre’s philosophy. Jean-Paul Sartre, in his lecture “Existentialism is Humanism,” remarks that “existence precedes essence” (2), that is, man first materializes and then searches for a purpose – an essence. Samuel Beckett, through his play Waiting for Godot, affirms Sartre’s core argument. Misinterpreting Godot, critic Edith contends that it differs fundamentally from Sartre’s philosophy; Kern acknowledges the existential elements within Godot, but argues – incorrectly – that the play is primarily about the absurdity of the human condition (Kern 47)....   [tags: Waiting for Godot Essays]
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1566 words
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The Extent to Which the Characteristics Sartre Claims for Words Affect the Different Areas of Knowing - The Extent to Which the Characteristics Sartre Claims for Words Affect the Different Areas of Knowing “Words are more treacherous and powerful than we think”. Just reading the question makes me wonder whether this essay will in fact ever have any potential since it may have multiple meanings that I have failed to take into account. How will I ever know that what I write has any meaning. Jean-Paul Sartre, the great French existentialist philosopher, was revolutionary in his views on life and the meaning of life....   [tags: Papers] 824 words
(2.4 pages)
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Master Harold vs No Exit - ... Likewise, “Master Harold”…and the boys the set only one room. “There is an entrance on one side and an exit into a kitchen on the other” (Fugard 3). This play is based in a small coffee shop in South Africa. A rainy day forces the shop to very unproductive. Still there are two African workers with the son of the white owner. “Look at the three of us this afternoon” (Fugard 46). Sam is talking to the rest saying that only the three of them are here this afternoon. Fugard uses the one room to keep all of the characters together....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Sartre, Fugard] 1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Existentialism - Existentialism 'Existence precedes essence'. These are the few words that many people live by. These words describe a philosophy called Existentialism. The philosophical term, Existentialism, came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. Jean Paul Sartre wrote 'No Exit', where he portrayed his philosophy negatively. On the other hand, Albert Camus, who wrote The Stranger, portrayed Existentialism positively through his characters. Each author uses the characteristics of Existentialism positively or negatively to define their own story as well as their characters as true Existentialists or not      Existentialism has been described as a philosophical movement especially of the 20th century that stresses the individual position as self determining agent responsible for his or her own choices....   [tags: Philosophy Sartre Existentialist Essays] 1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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No Exit - Hell - Hell. The four lettered word that trembles in the throats of men and children alike; The images of suffering, flame pits and blood, the smell of burning flesh, the shrieking of those who have fallen from grace. For centuries man has sought out ways to cleanse his soul, to repent for his sins and possibly secure his passage into paradise, all evoked by the fear of eternal damnation and pain. The early 20th century philosopher and existentialist writer Jean-Paul Sartre saw life as an endless realm of suffering and a complete void of nothingness....   [tags: essays research papers] 826 words
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Setting Vs Story - Dantes Inferno And Sartres No Exit - This essay is on setting differences using the works of Dante's The Inferno and Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit.Adam looks about spotting all the important people that will influence the rest of his life. He takes a deep breath and prepares to make this his last and final addition to life. Quietly he draws back from the church as if to stop time, this moment may define him as a man. He turns to look at the priest as if to reply his answer, but suddenly he realizes the hand he is holding is as cold as death....   [tags: essays research papers] 1368 words
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Comparing Common Characteristics of The Trial and Nausea - Common Characteristics of The Trial and Nausea I am happy I took the opportunity to explore Jean-Paul Sartre's Nausea and Franz Kafka's The Trial. These novels are considered by many to be two of the definitive works representing Existentialist philosophy. Many other authors have dealt with the subject of existence in the form of a novel, most notably Samuel Beckett (Molloy) and Albert Camus (A Happy Death). Existentialist ideas have even slipped into the works of authors such as Ernest Hemingway and Joseph Heller....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 385 words
(1.1 pages)
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Philosophy of Existentialism - Philosophy of Existentialism From what I understand reading Jean-Paul Sartre's work the Existentialism is philosophy that places emphasis on individual existence, subjectivism, and freedom of making choice. According to Sartre, Existentialism is philosophy that states that "if God does not exist, there is at least one being in whom existence precedes essence." It seems that Sartre's theory rests on this thesis that 'existence precedes essence' and therefore it should be basis for any further discussion or understanding of this philosophy....   [tags: Papers] 345 words
(1 pages)
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The Fall - The Fall I first read The Fall in college and thought it one of the best explorations of a single character I have ever or will ever read. Unfortunately, my paper on the work was less well received. In fact, it was given a mark of "C" with the advice that I pay closer attention to the story. To this day I consider The Fall an incredible character study in search of a story. Why does one need a perfect story, anyway. It remains my bias... the professor did not appreciate what Camus accomplished and overstated what Camus did not....   [tags: Papers] 362 words
(1 pages)
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Consciousness: Are We All In This Together? - ... This notion of being-for-itself is what makes clear Sartre’s belief that existence proceeds essence; we aren’t born with innate traits, but rather, we create our consciousness. We are free to choose how we will interpret our surroundings, what we will believe, and what type of personality we wish to have in accordance to those beliefs and interpretations. Sartre further explains that this freedom comes with heavy responsibility. Once we make a choice, we cannot make excuses for ourselves or put the blame on someone or something else if the choice turns sour or ends up being faulty; when we accept the freedom, we accept the full responsibility, too....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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William Faulkner’s Quentin Section: Time Motif - ... Sartre is most known for his definition of existentialism: “Existence precedes essence” (www.jstor.org). Sartre holds an assumption regarding time that it is, “dependent on being-for-itself. It’s one of the items, which are incompatible with the nature of being-in-itself and therefore must have its origin in consciousness. Sartre thinks, that this line of thought is capable, to answer some of the philosophical questions concerning time” (www.mwelzel.com). Sartre in his essay, “On ‘The Sound and The Fury’: Time in the Work of Faulkner,” he points out that the technique of the fiction writer always relates back to his metaphysics....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1343 words
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Existentialists: I Am Me, And You Are You - Existentialists: I Am Me, and You Are You Existentialists view mankind as individuals whose unique past experiences establish personal characteristics that set all of us apart. This idea can be best expressed in an intuitive statement by a celebrated individualist, Tarzan. “Me Tarzan, you Jane” is at the nucleus of the beliefs of the existential atom. This seemingly simplistic statement relates to existentialism by leading us to the idea of man's individualism, guiding us to belief of existence before essence and ushering us to the notion of freedom of choice....   [tags: essays research papers] 619 words
(1.8 pages)
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Analysis of Memory and Time in Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury - Sartre and Brooks’ Literary Critiques: Analysis of Memory and Time in Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury “History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time.” Cicero presaged the study of historical memory and conceptions of time, which assumes that what and how we remember molds our past into something more than a chronological succession of events. Ever more appreciative of the subjectivity of recollection, we grasp that without memory, time passes away as little more than sterile chronology....   [tags: Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury] 929 words
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Hamlet - ... To Sartre, man creates meaning through his actions in life and creates his own values. At birth, man possesses neither identity nor value, but creates it as life goes on. The ornament is obviously inanimate, but its existence precedes its essence. Garcin must give the bronze piece its meaning, When Hamlet takes Yorick’s skull in his hand, memories of childhood flood into his head. Yorick to Hamlet is the symbol of innocence, of a past life much less complicated. Whereas Sartre relies on symbols to convey his existentialist themes and acceptance of death, Shakespeare relies on speech....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Shakespeare] 1451 words
(4.1 pages)
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Is The Second Sex Beauvoir's Application of Sartrean Existentialism? - Is The Second Sex Beauvoir's Application of Sartrean Existentialism. ABSTRACT: Simone de Beauvoir's 1949 feminist masterpiece, The Second Sex, has traditionally been read as an application of Sartrean existentialism to the problem of women. Critics have claimed a Sartrean origin for Beauvoir's central theses: that under patriarchy woman is the Other, and that 'one is not born a woman, but becomes one.' An analysis of Beauvoir's recently discovered 1927 diary, written while she was a philosophy student at the Sorbonne, two years before her first meeting with Sartre, challenges this interpretation....   [tags: Beauvoir Feminist Feminism Essays]
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Comparing Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea - Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea   The Trial and Nausea   Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism as a "philosophic doctrine of beliefs that people have absolute freedom of choice and that the universe is absurd, with an emphasis on the phenomena of anxiety and alienation." As Existentialism was coming to the foreground of the philosophical world during the 1940's, a group of Existentialist philosophers became well-known public figures in America. Their philosophies were commonly discussed in magazines, and their concepts of man's ultimate freedom of choice were quite intriguing to readers....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 559 words
(1.6 pages)
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Logic of the Absurds - Logic of the Absurds Man's fundamental bewilderment and confusion, stems from the fact that man has no answers to the basic existential questions: why we are alive, why we have to die, why there is injustice and suffering, all this serve as the impetus for such a thinking. Man constantly wonders about the truth of life and realizes that the more you expect from it, the more it fails you or may be the more we expect from ourselves the more we find ourselves engaging in a futile battle with the odds....   [tags: English Literature Essays] 1597 words
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The Responsibility of Freedom - The Responsibility of Freedom Today’s world is full of choices. In our highly advanced modern society our choices are complicated by new moral and ethical issues each day. Is it possible to lead a moral and ethical life in today’s society. Ethics and morals are learned from the people we are raised by, not necessarily parents. Teachers, environment and almost everyone around a child leave an impression. Today in our morally chaotic world it is more important than ever for children to be taught morals....   [tags: Papers] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
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Black and White - In Sunset Limited, Black conveys Kierkegaard’s philosophy through his own life and words. In the beginning of the play, Black and White argue over the meaning of life—the former loving it, the latter trying to end it. Early on, Black tries to identify with White’s suicidal argument by noting that “Suffering and human destiny are the same thing” (55). Of course, Black’s admittance does not mean he believes in White’s argument, but instead that he understands White’s pain. Likewise, Kierkegaard’s description of life is similar to Black’s reasoning....   [tags: Literary Review] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento - Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento Although Christopher Nolan does not acknowledge any philosophical basis for Memento, the film provides a character, Leonard Shelby, who serves as an example of several aspects of existentialism. Through Leonard, Memento illustrates Soren Kierkegaard's idea of truth as subjectivity, Freidrich Nietzsche's notion that God is dead, and Jean-Paul Sartre's writings on the nature of consciousness. In Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Kierkegaard differentiates between the subject as the knower, and the world (object) as the known: the only way we know the world is through ourselves....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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The Role of Reason in Human Behavior - ... He went on to argue that the time we experience is an illusion, because words like past, future, and present can be called something other than what they are called. Henri Bergson views time as being placed in two types of characteristics which is pure time and mathematical time. He then follows to say that when time is pure it is real time where it moves continuous and inseparable in other words it do not wait for no one or nothing it keeps on going. Mathematical time is different can be detachable into divisions of time unlike real time it can be stopped at any time....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Form Versus Chaos - Form Versus Chaos We are all acute schizophrenics. Consider Anna in Doris Lessing’s The Golden Notebook: Anna as mother, Anna as activist, Anna as writer, and Anna as lover combine to produce an Anna more complete than each individual element. Alone, each component breaks down the entirity of Anna, in a process of self-alienation. We, too, are an amalgamation of our experiences and multiple personalities, yet to deny any part of ourselves, even the fragments, is to deny our entire being. Seduced by anarchy in a world where “everything’s cracking up,” we must find our own truth, a balance between our fragmentation and the totality of our existence (1)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Existentialism - Jean-Paul Sartre says "man is nothing else but what he makes of himself" (762). This existentialist view depicts the idea that one is not based on the essence of a soul, but rather, based on decisions made throughout life. Sartre also believes that every man is responsible for all men. One may choose his marriage partner, however, in choosing to marry, one chooses monogamy. Decisions that individuals make will collectively create a set of principles and beliefs for all of man. Many people believe that a person’s decisions are a reflection of his soul and personality....   [tags: essays research papers] 1008 words
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Relationships in a World without God - Relationships in a World without God In a world in which lives are shaped by irreversible choices and by random events, a world in which everything occurs but once, existence seems to lose its substance. Life in this designless universe raises questions of identity and can cause turmoil between the relationships of the self to others, the self to history, and the self to God. Through the words of existentialist novelists and philosophers Milan Kundera and Jean-Paul Sartre, we witness the philosophical and psychological struggles for identity, existence, and ‘being’ of the characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being, and Nausea....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Religion Essays] 2220 words
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Finding an Existential Ethic - Finding an Existential Ethic   Existential philosophy is subject to a single, seemingly debilitating criticism: it comprises a frame of mind rather than a theory. As Mary Warnock argues in her book Existentialist Ethics, "It seems that to be attracted by Existentialism is to be attracted by a mood. When it comes to serious thought, one may find . . . that it is necessary to cast off the mood and start again" (57). The focus of the existentialist is on the individual, existing being. By nature, the subject of existentialism appears incommunicable....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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Human Nature - ... These responsibilities involve consequences both for a person, and for all, as if a man chooses to be cruel, this influences not only himself, but the whole society, where cruelty is multiplied. If to consider this choice existentially, it becomes clear that in such circumstances, in which a society lives, a man makes a reasoned choice that is part of a greater choice for everybody. Mencius and Xunzi have quite different approaches to treatment of human nature. Mencius argues that all people have the sense of good and bad, and there are a lot of potential tendencies in a human nature that induce one’s doing good (Kline, 2000:206)....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Existentialism - Existentialism has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice that influences many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries. The philosophical term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. He combined the theories of a select few German philosophers, the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, the metaphysics of G.W.F. Hegel and Martin Heidegger, and the social theory of Karl Marx. This philosophy became a worldwide movement....   [tags: essays research papers] 409 words
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Existentialism - “Why am I here?” “What is the meaning of life?” “Who am I?” These are all common questions for one to occasionally ponder throughout his or her lifetime. Some people, however, are plagued by those questions, constantly interrogating their life, and its purpose. I, happen to be one of the people who are chronically bedeviled by questions. I want to know what my purpose on this earth is, and why I’m really here. More than that though, I want to know who I am. (insert your name here) isn’t who I am; it’s a name....   [tags: essays research papers] 490 words
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Exploring the Differences Between Existential Freedom and Traditional Freedom - For centuries the term “freedom” had been a heavily discussed topic for many reasons. It has acquired many different definitions, understandings and ideas on how it affects our everyday lives. In the eyes of a Philosopher it takes on two extremely different and contrasting views. These views are what we call: Existential freedom, and traditional freedom. Though the two accounts of freedom in turn, have preferable views and critical perspectives, the traditional freedom is a more preferable definition of freedom in today’s modern society because of majorities understanding and the terms legal association....   [tags: philosophy] 650 words
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Simone de Beauvoir - A lot of things happened in Simone de Beauvoir’s life, most having to do with women and the way they were treated. She was a very observant person, and her writing reflects that. Simone de Beauvoir’s writings attempted to deal on paper with the vast emotions conjured by her life experiences, particularly women she knew who were “assassinated by bourgeois morality.” (“Simone”) Simone de Beauvoir was born in Paris, France on January 9, 1908. She was raised by a Catholic mother from Verdun, and a father who was a lawyer who enjoyed participating in amateur theatrical productions....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Rise and Fall of Existentialism - The Rise and Fall of Existentialism     Existential literature often focuses on the personal journey towards existential awareness. Common themes in existential works, such as alienation and confrontation with death, often lead the "anti-hero" towards a climactic choice that defines whether they have reached true understanding. The themes within existential literature are reflected from the world at large, and the works themselves are a metaphor for a grander shift in Western philosophy.   Intellectualism in post-war Europe had a sort of existential realization of its own, paralleling the experiences of its literary figures....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
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Human Nature - Human Nature *Missing Works Cited* Is there or is there not human nature. For Charles Darwin the answer is no. Darwin was the first to introduce the concept of evolution. He believed that humans evolved from the ape and not in the image of God. Darwin contradicted Aristotle's view that man has a purpose in life -to reason. For Darwin, man has no purpose. According to Darwin, man began as one of a few species on this planet, fighting for survival. Man was better equipped with certain traits that allowed him to pass through the filters of natural selection....   [tags: Papers] 1088 words
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Human Mortality According to Heidegger - Human Mortality According to Heidegger Martin Heidegger (1889 -- 1976) was, and still is considered to be, along with the likes of Soren Kierkegaard, Edmund Husserl and Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the principal exponents of 20th century Existentialism. An extraordinarily original thinker, a critic of technological society and the leading Ontologist of his time, Heidegger's philosophy became a primary influence upon the thoughts of the younger generations of continental European cultural personalities of his time....   [tags: Papers] 3649 words
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Godot and Existentialism - ... Yet, the primary difference between Existentialism and the Theatre of the Absurd is that the Theatre of the Absurd demonstrated the failures of humans without suggesting a solution. This is exactly what Samuel Beckett’s primary focus was; the failure of man to overcome absurdity. His pieces were centred “around “poverty, failure, exile and loss- as he puts it, on man as a “non-knower” and as a “non-can-er” (James Knowlson, 428). The two interconnecting concepts (Existentialism and Theatre of the Absurd) both exemplify and support Samuel Beckett’s intertwining of the two, illustrating the importance of Existentialism in everyday life and situations....   [tags: Philosophy, Deeds] 2502 words
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Existentialism in Night - Existentialism in Night In his essay “Existentialism”, Jean Paul Sartre discusses the main beliefs of existentialism. Perhaps the most important belief of existentialism is that there is no human nature, and there is no God. This means that each individual man has control of his own destiny. The definition of each individual man is the sum of his life and all he has accomplished in his life. He is also responsible for all the choices and actions he makes in his life. These types of choices and actions can be seen in the book “Night” by Elie Wiesel....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Existentialism in Beckett's Waiting for Godot - Existential philosophy became prevalent in the twentieth century as a symbol of the destruction of culture and tradition following World War II, asserting the hopelessness of humanity and focusing on life in a more honest but pessimistic manner than other socialistic philosophies. The philosophy recognizes the fact that humankind is capable of great evil and has limitless possibilities, yet this is a curse rather than a blessing: we are condemned to be free and are thus held accountable for our actions....   [tags: essays research papers] 1433 words
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Use of Religion to Offer a Critique of Society in Forster's “A Room with a View" and Hartley's "The Go-Between" - “Life is nothing until it is lived; but it is yours to make sense of, and the value of it is nothing else but the sense that you choose”, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1946. In these books, religion is used as a tool to express this feeling; even though A Room with a View was written before Existentialism and Humanism, Sartre’s idea is very clear in Forster’s work. The authors examine ways of living; impassively, as is thrust upon one by a society with such concrete values, or actively, through a rejection of the innate morals of this society....   [tags: A room with a view, the go between]
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Philosophical Analysis of a Non-Philosophical Stimulus - ... The implication of this is that we undertake actions sometimes which do not arise out of any sort of exercising of free will but rather simply to do with our external factors: what Sartre might call facticity. Freud might claim that the photograph does not depict an expression of radical freedom but moreover, simply, an unavoidable, pre-determined end of a set of psychological processes and latent dissociated personality. The two primary counter-criticisms about this potential criticism from an existentialist point of view are: to make such a generalisation about human psychic predisposition towards such actions is to make a claim about ‘human essence’ or ‘human nature’....   [tags: Philosophy]
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Existential Philosphy - ... So Nihilism for me is ironically void of meaning to people who still live life with meaning though their subjective perspectives, and in turn for becomes a problematic philosophy because it does not convey utter meaninglessness to everyone as it suggests it should. With Nietzsche’s purposed problem of a chaotic and standstill meaningless world that he suggests Nihilism creates, is what existentialism answers, existentialist agree with the meaninglessness of the world that Nihilism suggests, however they differ in the sense that existentialism then argues that because live has no intrinsic meaning....   [tags: Philosophy ] 1698 words
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The Glass Menagerie: Existentialist Responsibilities Conveyed Through the Character Tom - ... In result, he follows the destiny his father paved for him and deserts his family (“Menagerie, Drama for Students” 129). Tom’s situation can be explained through existentialism. According to Sartre, one is responsible for their self and for all, and this responsibility can lead to agony, if one chooses to feel this way. This agony exists because an existentialist has to depend on their self. A person is held accountable for their imperfections and failures (Brosman 37). Once Tom leaves, he understands he failed at providing and caring for his family....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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Themes in Albert Camus' "The Plague." - Albert Camus was born on the 7th of November 1913 in Mondovi, Algeria to Lucien Camus, whose family had settled in Algeria in 1871, and Catherine Sintes, of Spanish origin. During Camus' high school years, he met Jean Grenier, the man who would influence Camus' career to the greatest extent by opening his mind to the philosophy of thinkers such as Nietzsche and Bergson. He and Grenier focused much of their writing on the duality of mortality. Still achieving highly at school, Camus received his diploma from the University in philosophy in 1936, examining the legacies and conflicts of thought in his thesis, which would later inhabit his works....   [tags: European Literature] 1798 words
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The Style of Milan Kundera - The Style of Milan Kundera ex is ten tial ism - A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. This word has been used when describing Milan Kundera’s style of writing. The term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. Existentialism emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays] 514 words
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Existentialistic Analysis of the Epilog of The Tempest - Existentialistic Analysis of the Epilog of The Tempest        One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existentialism in its 20th century form, however one must keep in mind, that existentialism does not appear as a single philosophical system. It is more an attitude of life, a general vision - existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is known to have stated that existentialism was never invented, it has always existed as the ultimate foundation. Upon that light, why not seek the foundations from the work of the forefather of all dramatists....   [tags: Shakespeare Tempest]
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A Clockwork Orange Essay: Existentialist Analysis - Existentialist Analysis of Burgess' A Clockwork Orange      Freedom and liberalism are catchwords that appear frequently in both philosophical and political rhetoric. A free man is able to choose his actions and his value system, to express his views and to develop his most authentic character. What this kind of idealistic liberalism seems to forget, however, is that liberty does not mean a better society, better life or humanistic values such as equality and justice. In his novel A Clockwork Orange (1962), Anthony Burgess portrays an ultimately free individual and shows how a society cannot cope with the freedom which it in rhetoric so eagerly seeks to promote....   [tags: Clockwork Orange Essays]
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Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism - Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Waiting for Sisyphus - Every mind has struggled with Existentialism. Its founders toiled to define it, philosophers strained to grasp it, teachers have a difficult time explaining it. Where do these Existentialists get the right to tell me that my one and only world is meaningless. How can a student believe that someone was sitting in jail and figured out that our existence precedes our essence. Existentialism places man in the center of his own universe; free to make his own choices and decide his purpose. Many of us are not ready for this....   [tags: essays research papers] 1162 words
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T.S. Eliot's The Wasteland - T.S. Eliot's The Wasteland In T.S. Eliot’s most famous poem The Wasteland, a bleak picture of post-war London civilization is illuminated. The inhabitants of Eliot’s wasteland are living in a morally bankrupt and spiritually lost society. Through fragmented narration, Eliot recalls tales of lost love, misplaced lust, forgone spirituality, fruitless pilgrimages, and the “living dead”- those who shuffle through life without a care. These tales are the personal attempts of each person to fulfill the desires which plague them, though none ever stop to consider that what they want may not be what they need, nor do they consider why it is they feel they must do these things....   [tags: T.S. Eliot Wasteland Essays] 3279 words
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Facebook and Personal Morality - ... However the older generation’s knowledge was produced from a limited source of technology when they were growing up, as a result this absence of balance may have differentiated their perceptions and abilities for the use of social networking sites.(Lauzon, 2011). When defining the difference, the older adults appear to have a more traditional sense of communication close to their hearts, their morale has more depth, demonstrating fulfilment from family orientated values and religious beliefs....   [tags: Social Networking, Social Network]
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The Stranger by Albert Camus - ... Otherwise what’s going to happened to me. (p.39) Even though Salamano’s actions show that he didn’t seem to care about his dog, when the dog runs off he goes to Meursault for help. This proves that he really cares about him because he is concerned about where he may be and he doesn’t want him to be taken from him. Therefore, Salamano’s situation relates to the myth of Sisyphus because Camus states a belief that all of one’s efforts come to nothing. Without his dog Salamano is left all alone to keep growing old and die lonely....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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The Stance of Political Magazine, The Nation - The Stance of Political Magazine, The Nation The Nation magazine has been in operation since 1865 as the independent voice of America’s people. It is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, weekly political magazine in America and is one of the most popular opinion journals. According to The Nation’s original prospectus, The Nation will not be the organ of any party, sect, or body. It will, on the contrary, make an earnest effort to bring to the discussion of political and social questions a really critical spirit, and to wage war upon the vices of violence, exaggeration, and misrepresentation by which so much of the political writing of the day is marred.(Original Prospectus) It is easy to seen from the articles in the magazine that it is a voice for liberal opinions....   [tags: Media] 517 words
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Devils Grasp - Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Existentialism acquires its name from insisting that existence precedes essence....   [tags: essays research papers] 481 words
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Existentialism - Existentialism Thrown into the world, and condemned from freedom, Existentialists believe that every action they make they will have some kind of action returned. Therefore, the person must be accountable without excuse. Existentialism is not its own philosophy but a vast world in itself. A world filled with many philosophies sharing many of the same traits. Existentialism is the world of existence. Existentialists believe that a personality will develop best if left alone. Existence consists of basically two types of being, the authentic being, and the inauthentic being....   [tags: Papers] 387 words
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An Inward Collapse of the Human Perspective in Forster's A Passage to India - An Inward Collapse of the Human Perspective in Forster's A Passage to India        The reverberation of sound in the form of an echo is threaded throughout E.M. Forster's A Passage to India, and the link between the echo and the hollowness of the human spirit is depicted in the text. The echo is not heard in the beginning of the text when the English newcomers, Mrs. Moore and Ms. Quested, arrive in India; it is more clearly heard as their relationship with India gains complexity. The influence of the colonizers and the colonized on one another is inevitable; however, the usual assumption is that the colonists are the most successful in imposing their values and ideologies on the individuals whom they view as the "natives." In an introduction to a text depicting a portrait of the colonizer and the colonized, Jean-Paul Sartre states that in attempting to dehumanize colonized individuals, the colonist becomes dehumanized himself....   [tags: Passage to India Essays]
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Homeless and Alienated in Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot - Homeless and Alienated in Waiting For Godot   Jean-Paul Sartre (1957) once said "Man is condemned to be free; because, once thrown into the world, he is responsible for everything he does." (23) Whether this is good or bad is not an issue, whereas the implications derived from this are profound. Life, in this case, has no fixed purpose, and we are free to give it one; perhaps it is more appropriate to say that we are condemned to give it one, instead. One look at today's western modernized society makes it seem as if we strive to learn about everything and invent the ultimate tool to carry out all conceivable tasks for us (however artificial the task may be.) Writers, like Albert Camus, describe how waiting, or more generally, boredom, causes the individual to put serious effort into thought of questions regarding one's identity....   [tags: Waiting for Godot Essays]
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