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Your search returned over 400 essays for "infrastructure"
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International Maritime Public Key Infrastructure - A. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED SOLUTION 1. International Maritime PKI description The foundation of our proposal is the development of an International Maritime Public Key Infrastructure that should act as the coordinator of the infrastructure and may be functionally under International Maritime Organization. On the other hand each maritime country should develop its own public key infrastructure that should satisfy a minimum number of the International Maritime PKI standards in order to be compatible....   [tags: authority, authentication, infrastructure] 1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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Analyzing Management Strategies for Control Applied in Infrastructure - Development Company Limited “Management control refers to the process by which an organization influences its subunits and members to behave in ways that lead to the attainment of organizational objectives (Arrow, 1974; Flamholtz, Das, & Tsui, 1985; ouchi, 1977).” Regarding control strategies child stated, “While there are numerous ways to do this, the system must be flexible and provide accurate information in a short time frame so that managers can respond. The controls set forth determine the rules everyone within the organisation must follow and help to govern the essential activities of employees.” “According to Child (2005), “There are six main strategies of control that can exist wit...   [tags: management control, infrastructure, idcol]
:: 2 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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Ambulance Service Administration System Software Used with Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Technology - Background What is Vehicle-to-Infrastructure technology. Vehicle-to-Infrastructure technology is technology that allows cars to communicate with infrastructure elements, like stop lights. Vehicular Network is getting to be progressively well known lately, Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure portable correspondence can give incredible assortment of practical applications. My proposal to First Medics, Inc. will incorporate point by point data in respect to emergency response administrations systems (or Computer Aided Dispatching) with V2I technology and what amount of improvement joining it will give....   [tags: stop lights, urban traffic infrastructure]
:: 7 Works Cited
1429 words
(4.1 pages)
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Residential Access to Basic Infrastructure - INTRO: Splintering urbanism can be better defined and understood by taking each word and their definition individually and then bringing them together and looking at the two words as a whole. Splintering refers to splitting or breaking up into parts, a fragmentation. Urbanism can be defined as the pattern of behaviour, relationship and modes of thought characteristic of urban life. Graham and Marvin define splintering urbanism as the dialectical and diverse sets of processes surrounding the parallel unbundling of infrastructure networks and the fragmentation of urban space is described by the broad umbrella term ‘Splintering Urbanism’ (Graham & Marvin, Splintering Urbanism, 2010)....   [tags: Urban Development ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1513 words
(4.3 pages)
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Wireless IT and RF Infrastructure for Stores - 1. Introduction This document discusses the security implications of the proposed new wireless IT infrastructure for Stores. This document primarily focuses on issues related to the risk of adopting pre-shared keys for authenticating devices, as the risks associated with the end user devices are documented elsewhere. The following is extracted from the TAD: Currently there are a number of store devices and applications that rely on the existing Stores RF Infrastructure. The current RF systems were first deployed in stores several years ago....   [tags: retail, business,] 4125 words
(11.8 pages)
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IT Infrastructure Outsourcing At Schaffer - INTRODUCTION TO OUTSOURCING: Definition: The practice of having certain job functions done outside a company instead of having an in-house department or employee handle them; functions can be outsourced to either a company or an individual. In common words, outsourcing is a practice used by different companies to reduce costs by transferring portions of work to outside suppliers rather than completing it internally. It can also be defined as the farming of services to third party (Smith & McKeen, 2012)....   [tags: functions done outside a company]
:: 5 Works Cited
1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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Critical Infrastructure Protection Explained - Critical Infrastructure Protection Explained The outflow "critical infrastructure" implies belonging of physical and PC based frameworks that are central to the base operations of an economy and its government. They consolidate, however are not compelled to, telecommunications, power, sparing cash and record, transportation, water frameworks and emergency organizations, both government and private. Notwithstanding the way that various nation's critical infrastructures have undeniable been physically and reasonably isolated as frameworks that had little acquaintanceship, in any occasion, until 9/11, improvements in information building with consultations performed to upgrade proficiency in...   [tags: Spearphishing, Cybersecurity]
:: 4 Works Cited
1367 words
(3.9 pages)
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China and Infrastructure Projects - ... In addition to infrastructure, China focused on strengthening its credentials as a supporter of South- South economic interchange. This took the form of small scale technical cooperation, including provision of technical experts, training for African workers, cultural agreements and provision of scholarships for African students to study in Chinese universities. As Lammers (2007, p.2) points out, 15,000 Africans had graduated from Chinese institutions by 2004. In the other direction, there is a growing Chinese community in Africa, estimated to be over 750,000 (Mohan, 2008, pp.6-8; Eisenman and Kurlantzick, 2006, pp.219-224; Corkin, 2008, pp.4-5)....   [tags: africa, colonialism, oppressed people] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Telecommunications Infrastructure - Lack of adequate level of telecommunications infrastructure, human capacity building and capital are some of the challenges developing countries are facing in adopting mobile banking. However (Proenca and Rodrigues, 2011) posits that e-banking enable banks to scale borders, change strategic behaviour and create a lot of new opportunities that can significantly reduce the physical costs of the banking operations. However, for banks to scale border, they need an agent network which (Berger, 2009), argues that building an agent network is a challenge hindering the growth of mobile phone banking in Malawi....   [tags: Technology ]
:: 27 Works Cited
883 words
(2.5 pages)
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Repairing Massachusetts' Infrastructure - Repairing Massachusetts’ Infrastructure In today’s world, people are looking for ways to help improve their quality of life and their environment around them. These ways can be as simple as recycling or as large as improving the infrastructure. One of the main issues in the past several years has been the state of the infrastructure in Massachusetts, which has received a cumulative grade of a ‘D’ in 2009 by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Planning, designing, and undertaking new projects, engineers responded to an endless amount of issues that have come with the current infrastructure....   [tags: Civil Engineers, Public Transit, Utilities]
:: 13 Works Cited
1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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Protecting Critical Infrastructure - Protecting Critical Infrastructure According to the Department of Homeland Security, Critical Infrastructure are the assets, systems and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have debilitating effect on security, National economic security, national public health or safety, or ay combination thereof. In order words, protecting critical infrastructure is one of the six major missions of the Department of Homeland Security and especially since the 9/11 attacks numerous changes has been applied on infrastructure protection....   [tags: homeland security] 1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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Critical Infrastructure Protection - Introduction When it comes to protecting an infrastructure, careful planning and coordination needs to take place. Protecting an infrastructure takes an important security initiative called Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). The United States critical infrastructure is protected by the Department of Homeland Security. Examine three areas of the Department of Homeland Security: mission, operations and responsibilities The first area is the Department of Homeland Security’s mission. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created in 2002 by the Homeland Security Act....   [tags: planning, homeland security, cyber systems]
:: 5 Works Cited
1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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Maintaining the United States' National Infrastructure - ... infrastructure and in the same time on how to have a system that work well with other agencies. For example; is important to have a system that work together and share information, but it can also create problems, with so much information available in an electronic form, it creates an open door to criminal to sabotage any infrastructure system. The same way companies directs there business is the same way criminal coordinated attack against any critical infrastructure around the word. All critical assets are need it to operate any nation in a more effectively matter and to keep all those assets, systems, and networks operating safe and without vulnerability....   [tags: cyberattacks, terrorism, oil] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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Solid Infrastructure Plan - There is no one solution to the current foreclosure crisis in America. Instead there are multiple solutions. Some go straight for the heart of the problem while others take a longer route. Some are effective solutions while others are just quick fixes. I think that there is a solution that will have long term effects and fix the current foreclosure crisis. I call this solution the “Solid Infrastructure Plan.” This plan not only fixes the foreclosure crisis, but fixes the unemployment problem and repairs the deteriorating American infrastructure....   [tags: Economics] 1862 words
(5.3 pages)
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Network Infrastructure Upgradation - ... Two such devices are said to be networked together when one device is able to exchange information with the other device, whether or not they have a direct connection to each other. Computer networks support applications such as access to the World Wide Web, shared use of application and storage servers, printers, and fax machines, and use of email and instant messaging applications. Computer networks differ in the physical media used to transmit their signals, the communications protocols to organize network traffic, the network's size, topology and organizational intent....   [tags: computer networks, telecommunications] 674 words
(1.9 pages)
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Critical Information Infrastructure Should Be Protected - . INTRODUCTION The ever evolving technology plays a major role in the global community and that includes the introduction of the cyberspace which is used by a number of role players with different intentions. In the process, cyberspace becomes a playground for criminal activities whereby cyber crimes are committed. The interdependence of nation states that involve the provision of basic services is also affected as technology is used in the provision of those services globally. Technology is therefore regarded as a critical infrastructure in any country....   [tags: supply chain security] 2544 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Impact of the RSS Breach on Critical Infrastructure - RSA is a division of EMC Corporation that offers security products to businesses and government agencies. RSA’s flagship product is SecurID, a combination of two-factor authentication tokens (hardware and software) and the associated server software used in their implementation. This product aims to deliver secure remote access, including access to critical infrastructure. In 2009, it was estimated RSA had “about 40 million tokens and 250 million mobile software versions deployed in over 25,000 organizations”, including banks, government, manufacturing, and pharmaceutical companies (Rashid, 2011)....   [tags: Security ]
:: 12 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Private Security and Critical Infrastructure Assets - The private security and law enforcement officer as well the FBI function and responsibilities have tightened after the 9/11 attacked. Private security officers are undergoing more advanced training from latest technology system to protect the nation to terrorism to be prepared and ready in any event that might come along the way like the 9/11 attacked. After the disastrous event of the 9/11 attack numerous companies and group of people obligate themselves a thorough investigation and evaluation....   [tags: National Security ]
:: 1 Works Cited
936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Urban Planning: The History of Cycling Infrastructure - ... 3 is the type of road in the green area which are unpaved roads full of gravel, stone, and no defined edges which are not the perfect conditions for daily commuters and these roads have no possibility of becoming paved. Fig. 4 shows another issue which we face because of the terrain which is two very powerful slopes which are dangerous for bikers as they go down these slopes, and they create another problem when people try to go back up these slopes as they might prove demanding for some cyclists....   [tags: bike boom, bike paths]
:: 4 Works Cited
2226 words
(6.4 pages)
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Poor Healthcare Infrastructure in Developing Countries - Currently in low to middle income countries, the poor healthcare infrastructure limits the citizens to seek medical attention. For example, South Africa recently tried to pass a national healthcare bill which allows all the citizens to be able to afford an insurance policy, much like that of United States. Unfortunately, there is a blinding error in national healthcare policies. The social issues are the same for United States and South Africa. Simply, no matter what standard of living a country has, the healthcare infrastructure cannot accommodate for all of the people....   [tags: healthcare, south africa, mobile health] 2107 words
(6 pages)
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Sparta: Infrastructure, Social Structure, and Superstructure - Spartan culture is a great example of how a society’s infrastructure will directly affect both, its social structure and superstructure. It also serves as a warning that any society that becomes too rigid in its structure and too static in its values will not last long when confronted with more agile and adaptable cultures. This paper will explore why Sparta became the Hellenic army par excellence, how this worked to create a very specific social structure founded on martial values, and, finally, how that social structure would ultimately be the undoing of the culture....   [tags: Sparta, city-state, culture]
:: 5 Works Cited
1515 words
(4.3 pages)
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Information Security: Public Key Infrastructure - With the increase of digital communications and transactions, a stronger level of security is required to protect the user and their data transactions. Systems, servers, personal computers, mobile devices, tokens and smart cards are all being used ubiquitously to view protected communications. With the influx of data management, there is an ever-apparent contest between the two adversaries in the game of Information Security: the developers and the hackers. PKI was designed to leverage the Internet infrastructure for communications (CITE Samuelle 2009)....   [tags: Information Technology ]
:: 19 Works Cited
2562 words
(7.3 pages)
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Realistic Hurricane Testing for Resilient Energy Infrastructure - 1. SUMMARY Economic and resilient designs of energy infrastructure require accurate estimation of hurricane-induced loads. Hurricane wind, rain and wave loads are governing design parameters for resilient energy infrastructure. While the current direction for seeking energy resources pay attention to clean and renewable energy, for instance, wind energy and solar energy, the technology is not yet widely spread in Louisiana because of the construction cost and the risk of damage by aggressive hurricanes....   [tags: energy, wind, hurricane] 1665 words
(4.8 pages)
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Analysis of Internet Protocols and Infrastructure - Analysis of Internet Protocols and Infrastructure Introduction: Network: Anything reticulated or decussated at equal distances, with interstices between the intersections. - A Dictionary of the English Language SECTION : 1 1.1 WHAT IS A NETWORK. A) What is a network. A network is simply a collection of machines connected in some way that allows them to communicate with each other and share information. To do this the machines have to be connected in some way that allows communication, and have an agreed upon a language to talk when they do communicate....   [tags: Internet Technology Protocols Essays] 7295 words
(20.8 pages)
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Gamuda Berhad: Transforming Infrastructure Development in Malaysia - Gamuda Berhad is one of Malaysia Construction Company which is leading infrastructure group, with core business activities ranging from infrastructure privatization, construction, property development and manufacturing & quarrying. For more than three decades Gamuda Berhad has played a consequential role in availing to transform infrastructure development in Malaysia. Incorporated on 6 October 1976, Gamuda Berhad was listed on the Main Board of the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange on 10 August 1992. They have inspire and strong vision and mission which is to deliver innovative world-class infrastructure and homes for our customers through our core businesses in infrastructure development and cons...   [tags: financial accounting] 1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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Improving the Infrastructure of India with Public Private Partnership - ... The road length per unit area is high solitary in Nagaland, Tripura, and Assam. In most NE states, village and district roads are primary. These roads are mostly important for facilitating intra-state pressure group of people and freight. The main road programmers that are being undertaken in the region are as follows: 1. National Highway development Programme (NHDP)-II proposes to link the east-west passageway beginning at Porbandar, Gujarat to the NE through a 678 km four-lane highway connecting Silchar to Srirampur via Lumding-Daboka-Nagaon-Guwahati in Assam....   [tags: economy, tourism, transportation] 3229 words
(9.2 pages)
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Building an Improved Infrastructure for Collection & Analysis of Nursing Workforce - Building an Improved Infrastructure for Collection & Analysis of Nursing Workforce Data Healthcare Reform The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed in 2010 with the goal of expanding healthcare coverage to all Americans by reforming insurance policies and practices (Tillett, 2011). The ACA upsurges the demand for an increase in primary care providers in order to supply quality care to the much larger population that will have coverage and therefore acquiring healthcare. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) through its report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health has generated a solution to the shortage of primary care providers by promoting a transformation of the nursing profess...   [tags: healthcare professionals]
:: 8 Works Cited
1420 words
(4.1 pages)
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Developmental Progress with the Insertion of Mobile Phones into the Infrastructure - Africa, often seen as a third-world continent, has had dramatic developmental progress with the insertion of mobile phones into the infrastructure. Most mobile devices are the simple, low-end brands, of which tens of millions have already been sold across the continent. As prices drop, the more expensive “smartphones”, such as the Blackberry, have been increasing in popularity, bucking the market trends in North America and Europe. Between the years 2000 and 2010, mobile phone subscriptions for some companies have increased nearly 500-fold....   [tags: Africa's mobile phones, mobile banking]
:: 6 Works Cited
2113 words
(6 pages)
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Upgrading A Network Infrastructure: Philips Insurance Company - ... • The company is having brand in the market. • The company is kind of big company, so it can easily spare the extra budget involved in the Upgradation of the network. • The company is well versed with the technology and the end users use the local Intranet for class sessions and videos. Weakness (W) • Lack of Secuirty program could be a isuue. • The data leakage issue could be very high in case of any failure would happen in any part of the upgrade in the network infrastructure. • Slow data transfer and black out during the upgrade while switching from the old infrastructure to the new one....   [tags: SWOT analysis, computers] 631 words
(1.8 pages)
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Desktop Virtualization and Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Devices - Moore’s law states that “every two years the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits has doubled every year since the integrated circuit was invented” (Intel, 2014). This was a term that was coined by Intel co-founder Gordon Moore in 1995 (Webopedia, 2014). This trend has allowed computers to go from large devices, where one computer would take up entire rooms to the computer devices we have now. This same trend can be seen in all parts of computer technology including the networking side of computer hardware....   [tags: software, computers, moore's law]
:: 28 Works Cited
1796 words
(5.1 pages)
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Infrastructure and Economic Prosperity - Infrastructure and Economic Prosperity A famous Canadian geographer was once quoted saying, “ …any region which has a well developed transportation and communication network also enjoys a high degree of economic prosperity…”. This statement has sparked much controversy between geographers, as well as economists. The argument is, is there a direct link between a developed infrastructure and economic prosperity. Without a doubt, there is a direct link between economic prosperity and a well-developed system of transportation and communication....   [tags: essays research papers] 1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Firewalls And Infrastructure Security - Firewalls and Infrastructure Security A firewall is a network device, hardware, software, or a combination of the two, whose purpose is to enforce a security policy across its connections. It is comparable to a wall that has a window where the wall serves to keep things out, except those permitted through the window. A security policy acts like the glass in the window; it permits some things to pass, light, while blocking others, air. The heart of a firewall is the security policy that it enforces....   [tags: Technology Research Paper] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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India's Economy and Infrastructure - India's Economy and Infrastructure OVERVIEW India is rich in natural resources and manpower and has made significant economic progress since attaining independence in 1947. India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, forestry, fishing, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. Economy transformed from primarily agriculture, forestry, fishing, and textile manufacturing in 1947 to major heavy industry, transportation, and telecommunications industries by late 1970s....   [tags: India Economy] 1763 words
(5 pages)
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Global Information Infrastructure - Global Information Infrastructure Introduction Regardless of a nation’s level of economic development; political, economic and social structure; and language and culture they are all seeking to develop and improve the quality of life of their citizens. At present, the industrialized countries have an overwhelming lead in development over most developing nations. However, modern information and communication technologies offer a significant window of opportunity for developing countries to accelerate their development in all spheres of economic and social activity and to narrow the gap between countries....   [tags: Economy Information Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
2340 words
(6.7 pages)
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Identifying the Channels Between Public Expenditure in Core Infrastructure and Private Investment - Abstract The purpose of this paper is to identify the channels between the public expenditure in core infrastructure and private investment. Profitability and lack of financial constraints considered as the major effects for corporate investment. For this purpose a large panel data of US firms as well as the economic results of the majority of the states. The results show that the infrastructure affect the costs and the revenues of the firms and as a result their profitability. The level of this affect depends on the state and economic sector each firm belongs to....   [tags: Economics] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Australia Should Not Adopt High Speed Rail as a National Infrastructure - High Speed Rail is modern passenger trains that have the capacity to move at an average speed of 250km/h or more, on purpose-built tracks. The Shinkansen in Japan, the French TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) and the German ICE (Inter-City Express) are just some of the example of High Speed Rail. Currently there are new railways under construction or being planned in countries including China, Portugal, Russia, Vietnam, United States, and India. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of this infrastructure in Australia, specifically focusing on a high speed railway line between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 17 Works Cited
1700 words
(4.9 pages)
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Infrastructure Strategic Analysis and Solution Exercise: Smith's Media Services - Infrastructure Strategic Analysis and Solution Exercise (ISASE) Introduction Smith’s Media Services plc has a network which is in need of modernisation. This report will got through the problems with their current network, solutions to their problems and anything they could do to improve and modernise their network. Problems 1. Extensive amount of under-utilized servers taking up more space and consuming more resources than can be justified by the amount of work they are actually doing. This is known as IT server sprawl....   [tags: network, modernization, it server]
:: 9 Works Cited
1805 words
(5.2 pages)
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India's Investment in Infrastructure to Boost Economic Growth - Investment in infrastructure The Eleventh Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12) aims at a sustainable growth rate of 9 percent with emphasis on a broad-based and inclusive approach that would improve the quality of life and reduce disparities across regions and communities. There is consensus that infrastructure inadequacies would constitute a significant constraint in realizing this development potential. To overcome this constraint, an ambitious programme of infrastructure investment, involving both public and private sector, is being developed for the Eleventh Plan....   [tags: Economics Economy] 1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Coffee Industry's Effect on the Brazilian Economy - A. The Plan of Investigation This investigation unveils to what extent the coffee industry was responsible for the modernization of the Brazilian economy. The investigation focused on the accounts of the coffee industry flourishing in Brazil and the effects of the coffee industry on the economy. In order to get a detailed record of the coffee industry’s effect on the Brazilian economy, one must look at accounts of how coffee shaped Brazil’s commerce and infrastructure. It is important to be aware of the transition period from sugar as Brazil’s major export to coffee....   [tags: commerce and infrastructure]
:: 11 Works Cited
1591 words
(4.5 pages)
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Urbanism and Fantasy World of Disney and Sea World - Sorkin’s begins his article by arguing the widespread of the new urbanism, which had accomplished over the course of the 20th century. He says that by visiting the themed park, the Disneyland as a destination illustrates the preference of the themed environment above the authentic one. Where as Davis’s article brought exciting social thoughts to the topic of SeaWorld and the other nature themed parks. I think today the fascinations about nature have a great influence from entertainment to education....   [tags: Infrastructure, Town] 709 words
(2 pages)
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The Chicago Transit Authority - Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of services and facilities in society. It generally means to provide framework supporting an entire development of a particular project, for instance, infrastructure of public transport can be defined as better train and bus stations, fast and direct transit service, access to every place in city via train and busses Public transport is a service provided by the government of the city which is available use for general public....   [tags: infrastructure, services]
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1135 words
(3.2 pages)
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Ideal IT Infraestructure in a Company - One of the most difficult things that can be achieved in the field of technology is to be able to pinpoint the very best technology solution for your business or enterprise. One of the reasons why it’s so difficult, until recently, is because of what’s referred to as ‘big iron’ or mainframe technology. Essentially, the time honor practiced technology solution was to purchase a mainframe that’s many multiples more powerful than what a business would need at the date of purchase. So that as your technology needs evolve you’re not forced to purchase new hardware for a decent amount of time....   [tags: hardware, mainframe technology, cloud]
:: 8 Works Cited
1180 words
(3.4 pages)
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Data Transfer Systems - Data transfer systems are divided into conducted media and wireless media. Cellular telephones are only one types of appliances which depend on radio waves to successfully operate. Because cell phones belong to the wireless industry, it is not possible to organize suitable standards. Current business theories cannot organize and predict dynamic industries, such as the wireless industry, because several companies in the industry coexist and evolve together, so they inevitably affect each other and form irregular movement patterns on the market (Seo & Mak, 2010)....   [tags: Communication, Infrastructure] 567 words
(1.6 pages)
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Contributing Factors for the Low Sales of the Nissan Leaf - In December of 2010, the world’s first, entirely electric vehicle was introduced to the car industry and Nissan was responsible for launching this innovative car known as the Nissan Leaf (“Nissan Product Information”). According to business reporter Michael Strong, Nissan Motor Company’s CEO Carlos Ghosn previously set a goal of selling 1.5 million electric vehicles by the year 2016. However, in 2013, Ghosn announced that it is very likely that Nissan will not reach this goal. He believes this may be achieved four or five years later than expected....   [tags: electric, infrastructure, cost] 1192 words
(3.4 pages)
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Environmental Issues and Infastructure - The Australian government and some agencies develop and outline infrastructure plans for a medium term period. The infrastructure plans may include both approved projects and potential projects which can be executed by public or private organizations and partnerships. The Australian government is however not committed to projects and expenditure for the infrastructure plans. Infrastructure is part of National Projects which have their main objective of creating a national network that will bring about many benefits to Australia....   [tags: Government]
:: 8 Works Cited
2134 words
(6.1 pages)
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World War I: The Primary Cause of the Russian Revolution - ... All the combatants in World War I suffered scarcities and provisions because Russia was faced with the occupation of huge expanses of Russian territory. Russia was faced with major battlefield defeats and dangerously strained supply lines as well because “Over the course of the entire war, Russia mobilized 12 million men, of whom some 1.7 million were killed and 4.9 million were wounded ... All the combatants in World War I suffered shortages and supply problems” (“Provisional Government”). This demonstrates that since the stress of waging war was tremendous, it should be no surprise that the first war could be a primary cause of the Russian Revolution....   [tags: economic, political, social, infrastructure] 1107 words
(3.2 pages)
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Characteristics of Disater Relief Supply Chains, Especially the Red Cross - INTRODUCTION Hundreds of millions of people are affected by disasters each year and that number of worldwide natural and man-made disasters is increasing. Improving the nature of logistics and supply chain management for humanitarian aid are essential for responders to save human lives. In these situations, demand can fluctuate greatly and is often uncertain. Coordination of supply chains between organizations and management of supplies for humanitarian needs are increasingly needed and must be put in place effectively to save more lives....   [tags: humanitarian, life-saving, infrastructure] 2232 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Cause of Financial Distress in Airlines Industry - The Cause of Financial Distress in Airlines Industry Introduction According to International Air Transport Association (IATA), global airline industry has a history of 100 years (2014). Today, there were more than 3 billion passengers and 50 million tonnes of cargo reach their destination through the wonder of flight every year, supporting over 57 million jobs and $2.2 trillion in economic activity (IATA, 2014). The airline industry plays a crucial role in economic because it helps in opening up new possibilities for tourism, business, and human connections, as well as affecting aircraft manufacturers....   [tags: global airline, infrastructure]
:: 3 Works Cited
1385 words
(4 pages)
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Overview of Three Risk Analyses: MSRAM, OCTAVE, and CRAMM - Introduction This paper discusses three risk analysis methodologies, specifically, MSRAM, OCTAVE, and CRAMM and provides a detailed description of each and how they incorporate risk into a platform for decision makers to use in their endeavors to prevent, protect, mitigate, respond, and in recovery measures as part of the risk assessment and management processes. MSRAM The MSRAM method was established through the U.S. Coast Guard to deliver a uniform and all-inclusive approach for gauging risks and allocating resources throughout all areas of responsibility of the U.S....   [tags: Vulnerabilities, Infrastructure Components]
:: 5 Works Cited
1892 words
(5.4 pages)
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Impacts of the Iron and Steel Industry in India - ... Plants in Bhilai and Bokaro were established with help from Soviet Union and Durgapur and Rourkela came up with British and West German partnership. Production Scenario of Iron and Steel Industry in India This industry is classified as heavy industry as all its raw materials are heavy and massive. They employ iron-ore, lime stone and coking coal in huge quantities. Efficient transport system to carry raw materials and finished product is a necessity. Also proximity to raw materials specially coal and iron are helps in economic production....   [tags: investment, infrastructure, manufacturing] 950 words
(2.7 pages)
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One of the Asian Giants: South Korea - Introduction South Korea is one the four Asian Tigers with fastest economic growth. Seoul, the capital of it is a megacity with a population of more than 10 million, Social and Cultural Aspect As the capital city of South Korea, Seoul is the center of social and cultural activities. Software and hardware element of Seoul shows the unique characteristics of Koreans. The software element includes modern values, local cultures. And the hardware element of the city includes historical architecture, technological advanced infrastructures and airport facilities....   [tags: Economy, Infrastructure, Technology] 1963 words
(5.6 pages)
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Taxation, Corruption and Unsuccessful Reforms Caused Rome to Fall - From tax collectors running up and down the Nile to modern day families submitting their statements via TurboTax, taxes have been a fundamental component of both ancient and modern societies. Although, helpful with the correct expenditure and system of taxation, in Rome, taxes were detrimental. The inflation of currency, sporadic collection and unequal taxation were all factors that contributed to Rome’s demise. Through, a poor tax infrastructure, corruption, and series of unsuccessful reforms, taxes were destructive to Rome....   [tags: Infrastructure, Tax, Ancient] 798 words
(2.3 pages)
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What Causes the Fall of Empires - Looking back through history on the classic civilizations, one will observe many strong and powerful empires. Empires such as the Romans, Greeks, Gupta, and the Han, all seemed so dominate and indestructible. However, as time has told, all these great empires have fallen into the history books as greatness that has passed. What is it that caused these great empires to fall, was it the results of external factors such as invasion, or the spread of a dominating religion, or was it due to internal factors such as political or economic issues....   [tags: government, economies, infrastructure]
:: 7 Works Cited
821 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Destruction of the Anthropocene Era - In this article, the author talked about of the life experiences that he had in 2003; when he was a private in the U.S. Army. He compared Baghdad destruction with its infrastructure and civilization, made by humans after their invasion and the destruction he found when he was back in the states. But this time, the destruction was made by nature.He learned to die in Iraq and now in the states, he learns to live without a future, in the new era. It is The Anthropocene, the different modus Vivendi....   [tags: humans, environment, infrastructure] 1073 words
(3.1 pages)
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How Urbanization is Defining the New Generation - Urbanization is one of the defining words of the new generation. Since 2008, more than half of the world population resided in cities and towns. By 2030, that figure is set to grow to 5 billion, about two- thirds of the population. Currently over one billion children live in an urban environment worldwide. Urban environments are unique, often said to “attract and generate wealth, jobs and investment, and therefore are associated with economic development.” The figures and statements used to generalize these urban areas are incredibly misleading, with poverty and aging education infrastructure over shadowed by small percentage of high preforming and wealthy individuals....   [tags: environments, education, infrastructure] 796 words
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IT Project in the Health Industry for ZAP Pharmaceutical - Introduction: ZAP Pharmaceutical We are managing a large IT project in the healthcare industry for ZAP. Our project consist of the following task: refurbish the existing office building; install the IT infrastructure, and outfit the area for our new telephone answering hub. The project is in the execution phase, with three quarters of the work finish - refurbishing and installation of the infrastructure currently being done in concert with each other, and new office equipment is on order. We have four vendors working on this project under fixed price contracts: Bear’s Construction Company, Anne’s Interior Design, Roxy’s IT Services and Sheba’s Office Equipment....   [tags: refurbishment, infrastructure, network]
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1296 words
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Should Australia reconsider its financial obligations and redirect funding to nationally devastated areas? - Issue: Should Australia reconsider its financial obligations and redirect funding to nationally devastated areas. Concept: International Relationships Topic 7: People Power and Politics in the Post-war Period Task 1.Name and describe a controversial contemporary social, economic, political or technological issue. With appropriate evidence, show that the issue has contemporary social significance. Explain why the issue is relevant to secondary school students. An earthquake measuring Australia is no stranger to ‘natural disasters’ that include bushfires, floods, severe storms, earthquakes, landslides and cyclones....   [tags: rebuilding infrastructure in Queensland] 1966 words
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The Link in Bringing the City and People Together with Urban Design - ... Cyber space is a new mode of place. It eliminates distance and as a result has minimized the importance and meaning of place (Sepe & Pitt, 2014). There are three conditions that must be met in order to allow for public interaction: (1) open persons, the accessibility for an encounter with others, (2) Open regions/ locales, a situated place which is mutually accessible to all, and (3) triangulation, external stimulates that creates opportunities for strangers to talk to each other (Aelbrechy, 2010)....   [tags: building, cyberspace, infrastructure]
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(2 pages)
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The Cloud Service Provider and Its Protection of Company Data - Because information and technology is the cornerstone for a wide array of businesses, keeping those resources protected and secure is a top priority. Moving to the cloud can alleviate some of the security overhead from organizations, but it also requires a closer look at the client/provider relationship. This association, and the mutual provisions and expectations, between entities is explicitly defined within the service level agreement (SLA). Therefore, it is important that the SLA includes considerations that will protect critical business data and processes while they are in the hands of a third party....   [tags: Privacy Levels, Global Infrastructure]
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1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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An Application to a Civil Engineering Program - No matter which way we look, the world is growing with more demand for creative and peculiar constructions with strong infrastructure. Chiang Mai, the city I currently live in is no different from the rest of the world, growing richer with buildings. To see the city’s style change into an environment with more human’s intervention made me realize that the shape of society is now in our hands. Together with the growing concerns of natural disasters and population growth, I realized civil engineers play a crucial role in every societies, designing more efficient structures that can provide safety and happiness, which attracted my interest into being one....   [tags: infrastructure, education, society] 571 words
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Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace - This paradigm has enabled adversaries of the U.S. to sidestep the military supremacy of the U.S and conduct asymmetric cyber-attacks against the less secured private sector of America. Adopting this approach nullifies the ability of the U.S. to respond militarily as there is no definitive redline that an adversary cannot cross in which military action would be warranted. As a result of this nexus, the private and public networked sectors have become the new front line of twenty-first century warfare (Adams, 2001)....   [tags: cyber-attacks, modern infrastructure]
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Haiti´s 2010 Earthquake and Its Effect - Introduction On the 12th of January 2010, a quake 15 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince devastated the people of Haiti. The magnitude of the quake was 7.0 with many aftershocks to follow the initial quake. The damage was so cataclysmic which led to the occurrence of many casualties, about 300,000 people were injured and over one million were left homeless. Haiti is the poorest nation in the western hemisphere and is still struggling to rebuild itself. (Poster of the Haiti Earthquake, USGS Newsroom) How it was caused The earthquake happened on a known fault line between the conservative plate boundaries of the North American and Caribbean plate....   [tags: Infrastructure, Tsunami, Death] 801 words
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Cloud Computing on the Internet - Cloud computing refers to hosting services provided over the Internet. The Internet connects the users to the subscribed remote database, where all the consumers under the cloud service will use a pooled set of resources with the infrastructure cost being shared across everyone. The cloud computing allows the user to share the data, ranging from common word processing software to customized computer programs, from the same remote database. Cloud computing is also an attractive alternative for more storage capacity and disaster recovery....   [tags: infrastructure, recovery, storage] 2284 words
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The Effects of Colonization on Rwanda - Genocide, destruction, poor infrastructure, Rwanda a recovering country that cannot shed it’s bad reputation. Before Belgium colonized Rwanda there were Hutu’s and Twa’s, later on in the 1300’s the Tutsi’s migrated over. When these ethnic groups met they created a common culture and language, they were equals. However the ethnic divisions perpetuated by Belgium resulted in a Genocide that tarnished Rwanda’s global image. People can note that Belgiums reign created chaos and terror, in addition politic issues regarding government power and the treatment of it’s people shaped modern day Rwanda....   [tags: genocide, destruction, poor infrastructure]
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The Industrial Revolution in Europe - In 1750 political liberalism, the enlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integra...   [tags: infrastructure, economy, transport] 1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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Opposing Views on African Colonialization - The scramble for Africa and consequent colonization, a term used to describe European economic and cultural penetration, occurred between the 1870s and 1900. For some African states, imperial rule saw to their economic development through the implementation of infrastructure and institutions. In the case of others, little or a negative impact was felt, resulting in their present state of technological-backwardness. This regional heterogenic development has led to the emergence of two opposing views....   [tags: culture, infrastructure, economy] 704 words
(2 pages)
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Politics and Economy of Brazil - Brazil is an enormous and diverse country with a long and turbulent history, and an economy that reflects this. With the seventh largest GDP in the world and a population of over 200 million, no discussion of Brazil is without political or economic significance, both for its people and for the world as a whole. As such, inequalities in income (also reflected in geography, race and gender) certainly matter, and must be a key concern for those who promote the development of the country; these gaps mean that poor members of society gain nominally less from growth, although figures show relative gains , an outcome which is undesirable for various economic, social and ethical reasons....   [tags: infrastructure, industrialization, wages] 3268 words
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Contemporary Design Issues Issue Assignment - Design has established itself as core elements in societies helping countless communities build infrastructure, invent new ways to better living conditions and create design desirable for consumption hence bettering the economy. Though this is a positive, most designers of the 21st century use their skills and their designs alike for those who can afford it; designing for what’s in fact the minority, 10% of the world’s population. The reason why developmental aid and design for development is essential to improving standards of living for those who live in developing countries, but to also bridge the gap between the rich and the poor....   [tags: Core Elements, Communities, Infrastructure]
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Economic Development and Transportation - The Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of services and facilities in society. Infrastructure of Public Transport system in a country or city represents a integral picture of services provided by government or enforcing authorities. It generally means to provide framework supporting an entire development of a particular project. If the infrastructure of public transport system is full-fledged or is in the process of proper development it can benefit thousands of commuters who use train or buses as their commute to work places....   [tags: infrastructure, commuters, transit investments]
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(5.5 pages)
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Strengthening Surface Transportation Security - Executive Order 13416 Strengthening Surface Transportation Security The purpose of this executive order is to make sure American surface transportation security is protected from terroristic acts. Surface transportation is a critical infrastructure that includes “…highways, transit systems, railways, and waterways that comprise the intermodal transportation network…” (Surface Transportation Policy and Legislation, 2013). It is a critical infrastructure because surface transportation makes a huge impact on the American economical system and effects American way of life....   [tags: terrorists, infrastructure, transportation] 1416 words
(4 pages)
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Socitey's Infrastructure - Society has convinced us that submitting to conformity is the best solution to have a reasonably well social life. Others however, believe that being yourself is the best way to converse with others. In Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman,” the Loman family is having difficulty with following the customs society throws at them, while their successful neighbors, Charley and his son Bernard, cope with their surroundings and succeed. Miller uses honesty and stability to illustrate the differences between the Loman’s and Charley as well as Bernard, in the attempt to become successful....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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1095 words
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Development through Public-Private Partnership - Sclar (2000) provides a simple definition of privatization as the process of providing public services and goods that will be managed by private entities. While this definition leans more on the transfer of ownership and changes in the mechanism of distribution, this also pushes for issues regarding efficiency and quality. Arguments on which entity should control the public resources also come with the question of who handles it more effectively. As this issue involves the public sector and how the government will run the nation’s resources, the common notion in the process of privatization as the way of earning revenues of private companies create concerns to the public of the real interest...   [tags: infrastructure,construction industry]
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(5.8 pages)
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One of the Leading Concerns of Today's Businesses - Security continues to be one of the leading concerns of businesses today. With increasing interconnection of networks, extending work outside of the traditional office, and electronic commerce with customers the vectors for attacks are growing. A carefully crafted security policy is the first step to securing your enterprise. Upon review of your current business practices we have several recommendations to help increase your security posture. Social Engineering Social engineering is the practice of utilizing known information to misrepresent oneself for the purpose of broaching a company’s security....   [tags: LDAP,network infrastructure,social engineering]
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The IT Department and Virtualization - Introduction Virtualization has become an essential service that the IT department has offered to Access strategies internal users as a service. The result of this initiative has been a cost saving. As a result of the success, the company has mandated this approach to be adopted for our remote offices. However, our business need for expansion has resulted in the need for adopting new security strategies to protect our virtual infrastructure. These new requirements will require us to evaluate our current infrastructure for weakness and to implement policies, new products, or approaches to better serve our customers....   [tags: virtual infrastructure, risk, data services]
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2010 Haiti Earthquake - Earthquakes have afflicted the world since its inception. The sudden release of energy from volcanoes or displacing of earth plates can result in disasters of extreme magnitude. These usually naturally occurring phenomenon have been responsible from wiping out entire towns throughout history and until today continue to produce major loss of life and infrastructure. It can take years for a city or country to recover from a major event of this kind and when a third world country is involved, the result is usually exponentially worse than in a developed country....   [tags: health care, infrastructure, Caribbean]
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2092 words
(6 pages)
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Foreign Direct Investment - Introduction: Foreign Direct Investment, or FDI, is a type of investment that involves the injection of foreign funds into an enterprise that operates in a different country of origin from the investor” (economy watch). The determinants of foreign direct investment may be the socio-economic, financial and the cultural factors which usually have positive and negative effect on the foreign direct investment. The risk is attached to the determinants of foreign direct investment. This paper examines the major determinants of foreign direct investment exchange rate, market size, political instability, infrastructure, openness to market and military rule....   [tags: Economy, Pakistan, Infrastructure]
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1684 words
(4.8 pages)
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Defensive Cyberspace Initiatives - ... invaded Afghanistan in December 2001 and Iraq in 2003, it expected similarly decisive results as U.S. military supremacy was still unmatched. However, as history has demonstrated, over the past decade the U.S. has had to redefine its military strategies to counter the growing asymmetric tactics utilized against U.S. forces by terror organizations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Strategists define asymmetric warfare as conflict deviating from the norm, or an indirect approach to affect a counter-balancing of force (Grange, 2000)....   [tags: terrorism, warfare, infrastructure] 1556 words
(4.4 pages)
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Financial Institutions in Pakistan Face Security Challenges - ... Challenges One issue that was of particular importance to the bank was ensuring that files on its internal network could only be accessed by authorized employees. Another focal point for enhancing access security was providing employees remote access to the network nationwide. The Key challenges were: • Secure remote access for all employees • Convenient Solution for End-users • Centralize solution • Enable Mobility (Globalization and mobility of the workforce) Besides above in the previous setup NiB was running remote access VPN through ISA server which is resided in the inside network (Enterprise LAN) and with Windows based authentication through username and password....   [tags: NIB bank, infrastructure, remote access] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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e-Business and e-Commerce Infrastructure - E-Commerce E-commerce (electronic commerce) can be defined as commercial transactions of goods and services over the internet and other computer networks (Chaudhury & Kuilboer, 2002). It consists of online shopping, online banking and e-learning (Tkacz & Kapczynski, 2009). E-commerce is becoming increasingly popular since the spread of the internet. The e-commerce users are businesses, consumers and government departments (Kessler, 2009). E-commerce is controversial but the advantages of it greatly outweigh the disadvantages....   [tags: Business Finance ]
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Biodiversity and Land Quality - Biodiversity and Land Quality Human society's progression through time has resulted in many environment-altering effects, particularly those brought about by industrialization and rapid population growth. The combination of increased numbers of humans and improved technology has created the need for better management of resources and transportation across the globe. This need has produced great leaps in infrastructure, such as roads and dams. However, the introduction of this infrastructure into the natural world has adversely affected the environment....   [tags: Infrastructure Biodiversity Essays]
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989 words
(2.8 pages)
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