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Your search returned over 400 essays for "infrastructure"
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Analyzing Management Strategies for Control Applied in Infrastructure - Development Company Limited “Management control refers to the process by which an organization influences its subunits and members to behave in ways that lead to the attainment of organizational objectives (Arrow, 1974; Flamholtz, Das, & Tsui, 1985; ouchi, 1977).” Regarding control strategies child stated, “While there are numerous ways to do this, the system must be flexible and provide accurate information in a short time frame so that managers can respond. The controls set forth determine the rules everyone within the organisation must follow and help to govern the essential activities of employees.” “According to Child (2005), “There are six main strategies of control that can exist wit...   [tags: management control, infrastructure, idcol]
:: 2 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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Residential Access to Basic Infrastructure - INTRO: Splintering urbanism can be better defined and understood by taking each word and their definition individually and then bringing them together and looking at the two words as a whole. Splintering refers to splitting or breaking up into parts, a fragmentation. Urbanism can be defined as the pattern of behaviour, relationship and modes of thought characteristic of urban life. Graham and Marvin define splintering urbanism as the dialectical and diverse sets of processes surrounding the parallel unbundling of infrastructure networks and the fragmentation of urban space is described by the broad umbrella term ‘Splintering Urbanism’ (Graham & Marvin, Splintering Urbanism, 2010)....   [tags: Urban Development ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1513 words
(4.3 pages)
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Wireless IT and RF Infrastructure for Stores - 1. Introduction This document discusses the security implications of the proposed new wireless IT infrastructure for Stores. This document primarily focuses on issues related to the risk of adopting pre-shared keys for authenticating devices, as the risks associated with the end user devices are documented elsewhere. The following is extracted from the TAD: Currently there are a number of store devices and applications that rely on the existing Stores RF Infrastructure. The current RF systems were first deployed in stores several years ago....   [tags: retail, business,] 4125 words
(11.8 pages)
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Telecommunications Infrastructure - Lack of adequate level of telecommunications infrastructure, human capacity building and capital are some of the challenges developing countries are facing in adopting mobile banking. However (Proenca and Rodrigues, 2011) posits that e-banking enable banks to scale borders, change strategic behaviour and create a lot of new opportunities that can significantly reduce the physical costs of the banking operations. However, for banks to scale border, they need an agent network which (Berger, 2009), argues that building an agent network is a challenge hindering the growth of mobile phone banking in Malawi....   [tags: Technology ]
:: 27 Works Cited
883 words
(2.5 pages)
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Repairing Massachusetts' Infrastructure - Repairing Massachusetts’ Infrastructure In today’s world, people are looking for ways to help improve their quality of life and their environment around them. These ways can be as simple as recycling or as large as improving the infrastructure. One of the main issues in the past several years has been the state of the infrastructure in Massachusetts, which has received a cumulative grade of a ‘D’ in 2009 by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Planning, designing, and undertaking new projects, engineers responded to an endless amount of issues that have come with the current infrastructure....   [tags: Civil Engineers, Public Transit, Utilities]
:: 13 Works Cited
1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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Critical Infrastructure Protection - Introduction When it comes to protecting an infrastructure, careful planning and coordination needs to take place. Protecting an infrastructure takes an important security initiative called Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). The United States critical infrastructure is protected by the Department of Homeland Security. Examine three areas of the Department of Homeland Security: mission, operations and responsibilities The first area is the Department of Homeland Security’s mission. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created in 2002 by the Homeland Security Act....   [tags: planning, homeland security, cyber systems]
:: 5 Works Cited
1122 words
(3.2 pages)
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Solid Infrastructure Plan - There is no one solution to the current foreclosure crisis in America. Instead there are multiple solutions. Some go straight for the heart of the problem while others take a longer route. Some are effective solutions while others are just quick fixes. I think that there is a solution that will have long term effects and fix the current foreclosure crisis. I call this solution the “Solid Infrastructure Plan.” This plan not only fixes the foreclosure crisis, but fixes the unemployment problem and repairs the deteriorating American infrastructure....   [tags: Economics] 1862 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Impact of the RSS Breach on Critical Infrastructure - RSA is a division of EMC Corporation that offers security products to businesses and government agencies. RSA’s flagship product is SecurID, a combination of two-factor authentication tokens (hardware and software) and the associated server software used in their implementation. This product aims to deliver secure remote access, including access to critical infrastructure. In 2009, it was estimated RSA had “about 40 million tokens and 250 million mobile software versions deployed in over 25,000 organizations”, including banks, government, manufacturing, and pharmaceutical companies (Rashid, 2011)....   [tags: Security ]
:: 12 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Private Security and Critical Infrastructure Assets - The private security and law enforcement officer as well the FBI function and responsibilities have tightened after the 9/11 attacked. Private security officers are undergoing more advanced training from latest technology system to protect the nation to terrorism to be prepared and ready in any event that might come along the way like the 9/11 attacked. After the disastrous event of the 9/11 attack numerous companies and group of people obligate themselves a thorough investigation and evaluation....   [tags: National Security ]
:: 1 Works Cited
936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Sparta: Infrastructure, Social Structure, and Superstructure - Spartan culture is a great example of how a society’s infrastructure will directly affect both, its social structure and superstructure. It also serves as a warning that any society that becomes too rigid in its structure and too static in its values will not last long when confronted with more agile and adaptable cultures. This paper will explore why Sparta became the Hellenic army par excellence, how this worked to create a very specific social structure founded on martial values, and, finally, how that social structure would ultimately be the undoing of the culture....   [tags: Sparta, city-state, culture]
:: 5 Works Cited
1515 words
(4.3 pages)
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Information Security: Public Key Infrastructure - With the increase of digital communications and transactions, a stronger level of security is required to protect the user and their data transactions. Systems, servers, personal computers, mobile devices, tokens and smart cards are all being used ubiquitously to view protected communications. With the influx of data management, there is an ever-apparent contest between the two adversaries in the game of Information Security: the developers and the hackers. PKI was designed to leverage the Internet infrastructure for communications (CITE Samuelle 2009)....   [tags: Information Technology ]
:: 19 Works Cited
2562 words
(7.3 pages)
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Analysis of Internet Protocols and Infrastructure - Analysis of Internet Protocols and Infrastructure Introduction: Network: Anything reticulated or decussated at equal distances, with interstices between the intersections. - A Dictionary of the English Language SECTION : 1 1.1 WHAT IS A NETWORK. A) What is a network. A network is simply a collection of machines connected in some way that allows them to communicate with each other and share information. To do this the machines have to be connected in some way that allows communication, and have an agreed upon a language to talk when they do communicate....   [tags: Internet Technology Protocols Essays] 7295 words
(20.8 pages)
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Developmental Progress with the Insertion of Mobile Phones into the Infrastructure - Africa, often seen as a third-world continent, has had dramatic developmental progress with the insertion of mobile phones into the infrastructure. Most mobile devices are the simple, low-end brands, of which tens of millions have already been sold across the continent. As prices drop, the more expensive “smartphones”, such as the Blackberry, have been increasing in popularity, bucking the market trends in North America and Europe. Between the years 2000 and 2010, mobile phone subscriptions for some companies have increased nearly 500-fold....   [tags: Africa's mobile phones, mobile banking]
:: 6 Works Cited
2113 words
(6 pages)
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Desktop Virtualization and Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Devices - Moore’s law states that “every two years the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits has doubled every year since the integrated circuit was invented” (Intel, 2014). This was a term that was coined by Intel co-founder Gordon Moore in 1995 (Webopedia, 2014). This trend has allowed computers to go from large devices, where one computer would take up entire rooms to the computer devices we have now. This same trend can be seen in all parts of computer technology including the networking side of computer hardware....   [tags: software, computers, moore's law]
:: 28 Works Cited
1796 words
(5.1 pages)
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Infrastructure and Economic Prosperity - Infrastructure and Economic Prosperity A famous Canadian geographer was once quoted saying, “ …any region which has a well developed transportation and communication network also enjoys a high degree of economic prosperity…”. This statement has sparked much controversy between geographers, as well as economists. The argument is, is there a direct link between a developed infrastructure and economic prosperity. Without a doubt, there is a direct link between economic prosperity and a well-developed system of transportation and communication....   [tags: essays research papers] 1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Firewalls And Infrastructure Security - Firewalls and Infrastructure Security A firewall is a network device, hardware, software, or a combination of the two, whose purpose is to enforce a security policy across its connections. It is comparable to a wall that has a window where the wall serves to keep things out, except those permitted through the window. A security policy acts like the glass in the window; it permits some things to pass, light, while blocking others, air. The heart of a firewall is the security policy that it enforces....   [tags: Technology Research Paper] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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India's Economy and Infrastructure - India's Economy and Infrastructure OVERVIEW India is rich in natural resources and manpower and has made significant economic progress since attaining independence in 1947. India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, forestry, fishing, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. Economy transformed from primarily agriculture, forestry, fishing, and textile manufacturing in 1947 to major heavy industry, transportation, and telecommunications industries by late 1970s....   [tags: India Economy] 1763 words
(5 pages)
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Global Information Infrastructure - Global Information Infrastructure Introduction Regardless of a nation’s level of economic development; political, economic and social structure; and language and culture they are all seeking to develop and improve the quality of life of their citizens. At present, the industrialized countries have an overwhelming lead in development over most developing nations. However, modern information and communication technologies offer a significant window of opportunity for developing countries to accelerate their development in all spheres of economic and social activity and to narrow the gap between countries....   [tags: Economy Information Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
2340 words
(6.7 pages)
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Identifying the Channels Between Public Expenditure in Core Infrastructure and Private Investment - Abstract The purpose of this paper is to identify the channels between the public expenditure in core infrastructure and private investment. Profitability and lack of financial constraints considered as the major effects for corporate investment. For this purpose a large panel data of US firms as well as the economic results of the majority of the states. The results show that the infrastructure affect the costs and the revenues of the firms and as a result their profitability. The level of this affect depends on the state and economic sector each firm belongs to....   [tags: Economics] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Australia Should Not Adopt High Speed Rail as a National Infrastructure - High Speed Rail is modern passenger trains that have the capacity to move at an average speed of 250km/h or more, on purpose-built tracks. The Shinkansen in Japan, the French TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) and the German ICE (Inter-City Express) are just some of the example of High Speed Rail. Currently there are new railways under construction or being planned in countries including China, Portugal, Russia, Vietnam, United States, and India. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of this infrastructure in Australia, specifically focusing on a high speed railway line between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 17 Works Cited
1700 words
(4.9 pages)
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Infrastructure Strategic Analysis and Solution Exercise: Smith's Media Services - Infrastructure Strategic Analysis and Solution Exercise (ISASE) Introduction Smith’s Media Services plc has a network which is in need of modernisation. This report will got through the problems with their current network, solutions to their problems and anything they could do to improve and modernise their network. Problems 1. Extensive amount of under-utilized servers taking up more space and consuming more resources than can be justified by the amount of work they are actually doing. This is known as IT server sprawl....   [tags: network, modernization, it server]
:: 9 Works Cited
1805 words
(5.2 pages)
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India's Investment in Infrastructure to Boost Economic Growth - Investment in infrastructure The Eleventh Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12) aims at a sustainable growth rate of 9 percent with emphasis on a broad-based and inclusive approach that would improve the quality of life and reduce disparities across regions and communities. There is consensus that infrastructure inadequacies would constitute a significant constraint in realizing this development potential. To overcome this constraint, an ambitious programme of infrastructure investment, involving both public and private sector, is being developed for the Eleventh Plan....   [tags: Economics Economy] 1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Chicago Transit Authority - Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of services and facilities in society. It generally means to provide framework supporting an entire development of a particular project, for instance, infrastructure of public transport can be defined as better train and bus stations, fast and direct transit service, access to every place in city via train and busses Public transport is a service provided by the government of the city which is available use for general public....   [tags: infrastructure, services]
:: 6 Works Cited
1135 words
(3.2 pages)
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Data Transfer Systems - Data transfer systems are divided into conducted media and wireless media. Cellular telephones are only one types of appliances which depend on radio waves to successfully operate. Because cell phones belong to the wireless industry, it is not possible to organize suitable standards. Current business theories cannot organize and predict dynamic industries, such as the wireless industry, because several companies in the industry coexist and evolve together, so they inevitably affect each other and form irregular movement patterns on the market (Seo & Mak, 2010)....   [tags: Communication, Infrastructure] 567 words
(1.6 pages)
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Ideal IT Infraestructure in a Company - One of the most difficult things that can be achieved in the field of technology is to be able to pinpoint the very best technology solution for your business or enterprise. One of the reasons why it’s so difficult, until recently, is because of what’s referred to as ‘big iron’ or mainframe technology. Essentially, the time honor practiced technology solution was to purchase a mainframe that’s many multiples more powerful than what a business would need at the date of purchase. So that as your technology needs evolve you’re not forced to purchase new hardware for a decent amount of time....   [tags: hardware, mainframe technology, cloud]
:: 8 Works Cited
1180 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Cause of Financial Distress in Airlines Industry - The Cause of Financial Distress in Airlines Industry Introduction According to International Air Transport Association (IATA), global airline industry has a history of 100 years (2014). Today, there were more than 3 billion passengers and 50 million tonnes of cargo reach their destination through the wonder of flight every year, supporting over 57 million jobs and $2.2 trillion in economic activity (IATA, 2014). The airline industry plays a crucial role in economic because it helps in opening up new possibilities for tourism, business, and human connections, as well as affecting aircraft manufacturers....   [tags: global airline, infrastructure]
:: 3 Works Cited
1385 words
(4 pages)
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Overview of Three Risk Analyses: MSRAM, OCTAVE, and CRAMM - Introduction This paper discusses three risk analysis methodologies, specifically, MSRAM, OCTAVE, and CRAMM and provides a detailed description of each and how they incorporate risk into a platform for decision makers to use in their endeavors to prevent, protect, mitigate, respond, and in recovery measures as part of the risk assessment and management processes. MSRAM The MSRAM method was established through the U.S. Coast Guard to deliver a uniform and all-inclusive approach for gauging risks and allocating resources throughout all areas of responsibility of the U.S....   [tags: Vulnerabilities, Infrastructure Components]
:: 5 Works Cited
1892 words
(5.4 pages)
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Taxation, Corruption and Unsuccessful Reforms Caused Rome to Fall - ... (Shaw 815). The older system of Roman taxation was dependent on the success of farming. As nature is erratic every year, the Roman Empire did not have a stable source of income (Shaw 815). The empire had years with prosperous wealth from taxes as well as years with little, due to the unpredictable nature of agriculture. Corruption was rampant throughout the roman business of taxation. Instead of focusing on the good of the people governors were only interested in advancing their own political careers....   [tags: Infrastructure, Tax, Ancient] 798 words
(2.3 pages)
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IT Project in the Health Industry for ZAP Pharmaceutical - Introduction: ZAP Pharmaceutical We are managing a large IT project in the healthcare industry for ZAP. Our project consist of the following task: refurbish the existing office building; install the IT infrastructure, and outfit the area for our new telephone answering hub. The project is in the execution phase, with three quarters of the work finish - refurbishing and installation of the infrastructure currently being done in concert with each other, and new office equipment is on order. We have four vendors working on this project under fixed price contracts: Bear’s Construction Company, Anne’s Interior Design, Roxy’s IT Services and Sheba’s Office Equipment....   [tags: refurbishment, infrastructure, network]
:: 1 Works Cited
1296 words
(3.7 pages)
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Should Australia reconsider its financial obligations and redirect funding to nationally devastated areas? - Issue: Should Australia reconsider its financial obligations and redirect funding to nationally devastated areas. Concept: International Relationships Topic 7: People Power and Politics in the Post-war Period Task 1.Name and describe a controversial contemporary social, economic, political or technological issue. With appropriate evidence, show that the issue has contemporary social significance. Explain why the issue is relevant to secondary school students. An earthquake measuring Australia is no stranger to ‘natural disasters’ that include bushfires, floods, severe storms, earthquakes, landslides and cyclones....   [tags: rebuilding infrastructure in Queensland] 1966 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Cloud Service Provider and Its Protection of Company Data - Because information and technology is the cornerstone for a wide array of businesses, keeping those resources protected and secure is a top priority. Moving to the cloud can alleviate some of the security overhead from organizations, but it also requires a closer look at the client/provider relationship. This association, and the mutual provisions and expectations, between entities is explicitly defined within the service level agreement (SLA). Therefore, it is important that the SLA includes considerations that will protect critical business data and processes while they are in the hands of a third party....   [tags: Privacy Levels, Global Infrastructure]
:: 7 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace - This paradigm has enabled adversaries of the U.S. to sidestep the military supremacy of the U.S and conduct asymmetric cyber-attacks against the less secured private sector of America. Adopting this approach nullifies the ability of the U.S. to respond militarily as there is no definitive redline that an adversary cannot cross in which military action would be warranted. As a result of this nexus, the private and public networked sectors have become the new front line of twenty-first century warfare (Adams, 2001)....   [tags: cyber-attacks, modern infrastructure]
:: 10 Works Cited
1889 words
(5.4 pages)
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Economic Development and Transportation - The Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of services and facilities in society. Infrastructure of Public Transport system in a country or city represents a integral picture of services provided by government or enforcing authorities. It generally means to provide framework supporting an entire development of a particular project. If the infrastructure of public transport system is full-fledged or is in the process of proper development it can benefit thousands of commuters who use train or buses as their commute to work places....   [tags: infrastructure, commuters, transit investments]
:: 11 Works Cited
1920 words
(5.5 pages)
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Development through Public-Private Partnership - Sclar (2000) provides a simple definition of privatization as the process of providing public services and goods that will be managed by private entities. While this definition leans more on the transfer of ownership and changes in the mechanism of distribution, this also pushes for issues regarding efficiency and quality. Arguments on which entity should control the public resources also come with the question of who handles it more effectively. As this issue involves the public sector and how the government will run the nation’s resources, the common notion in the process of privatization as the way of earning revenues of private companies create concerns to the public of the real interest...   [tags: infrastructure,construction industry]
:: 3 Works Cited
2020 words
(5.8 pages)
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Socitey's Infrastructure - Society has convinced us that submitting to conformity is the best solution to have a reasonably well social life. Others however, believe that being yourself is the best way to converse with others. In Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman,” the Loman family is having difficulty with following the customs society throws at them, while their successful neighbors, Charley and his son Bernard, cope with their surroundings and succeed. Miller uses honesty and stability to illustrate the differences between the Loman’s and Charley as well as Bernard, in the attempt to become successful....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
:: 1 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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Environmental Issues and Infastructure - The Australian government and some agencies develop and outline infrastructure plans for a medium term period. The infrastructure plans may include both approved projects and potential projects which can be executed by public or private organizations and partnerships. The Australian government is however not committed to projects and expenditure for the infrastructure plans. Infrastructure is part of National Projects which have their main objective of creating a national network that will bring about many benefits to Australia....   [tags: Government]
:: 8 Works Cited
2134 words
(6.1 pages)
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One of the Leading Concerns of Today's Businesses - Security continues to be one of the leading concerns of businesses today. With increasing interconnection of networks, extending work outside of the traditional office, and electronic commerce with customers the vectors for attacks are growing. A carefully crafted security policy is the first step to securing your enterprise. Upon review of your current business practices we have several recommendations to help increase your security posture. Social Engineering Social engineering is the practice of utilizing known information to misrepresent oneself for the purpose of broaching a company’s security....   [tags: LDAP,network infrastructure,social engineering]
:: 3 Works Cited
939 words
(2.7 pages)
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The IT Department and Virtualization - Introduction Virtualization has become an essential service that the IT department has offered to Access strategies internal users as a service. The result of this initiative has been a cost saving. As a result of the success, the company has mandated this approach to be adopted for our remote offices. However, our business need for expansion has resulted in the need for adopting new security strategies to protect our virtual infrastructure. These new requirements will require us to evaluate our current infrastructure for weakness and to implement policies, new products, or approaches to better serve our customers....   [tags: virtual infrastructure, risk, data services]
:: 4 Works Cited
879 words
(2.5 pages)
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2010 Haiti Earthquake - Earthquakes have afflicted the world since its inception. The sudden release of energy from volcanoes or displacing of earth plates can result in disasters of extreme magnitude. These usually naturally occurring phenomenon have been responsible from wiping out entire towns throughout history and until today continue to produce major loss of life and infrastructure. It can take years for a city or country to recover from a major event of this kind and when a third world country is involved, the result is usually exponentially worse than in a developed country....   [tags: health care, infrastructure, Caribbean]
:: 10 Works Cited
2092 words
(6 pages)
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Foreign Direct Investment - Introduction: Foreign Direct Investment, or FDI, is a type of investment that involves the injection of foreign funds into an enterprise that operates in a different country of origin from the investor” (economy watch). The determinants of foreign direct investment may be the socio-economic, financial and the cultural factors which usually have positive and negative effect on the foreign direct investment. The risk is attached to the determinants of foreign direct investment. This paper examines the major determinants of foreign direct investment exchange rate, market size, political instability, infrastructure, openness to market and military rule....   [tags: Economy, Pakistan, Infrastructure]
:: 10 Works Cited
1684 words
(4.8 pages)
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e-Business and e-Commerce Infrastructure - E-Commerce E-commerce (electronic commerce) can be defined as commercial transactions of goods and services over the internet and other computer networks (Chaudhury & Kuilboer, 2002). It consists of online shopping, online banking and e-learning (Tkacz & Kapczynski, 2009). E-commerce is becoming increasingly popular since the spread of the internet. The e-commerce users are businesses, consumers and government departments (Kessler, 2009). E-commerce is controversial but the advantages of it greatly outweigh the disadvantages....   [tags: Business Finance ]
:: 15 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
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Biodiversity and Land Quality - Biodiversity and Land Quality Human society's progression through time has resulted in many environment-altering effects, particularly those brought about by industrialization and rapid population growth. The combination of increased numbers of humans and improved technology has created the need for better management of resources and transportation across the globe. This need has produced great leaps in infrastructure, such as roads and dams. However, the introduction of this infrastructure into the natural world has adversely affected the environment....   [tags: Infrastructure Biodiversity Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
989 words
(2.8 pages)
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America’s Aging Power Grids - Infrastructures are the foundation of which our nation’s security, health and economy are built and operate upon. They provide services from an individual level to the national level. Amongst the services they provide are the power we use in our homes (electricity), the water we drink (water and sewage), the transportation that moves us (railways, airports, and seaports), and the communication systems we depend on to communicate with family and friends, as well as, conduct daily business (i.e. internet and telephones)....   [tags: America’s Infrastructure]
:: 14 Works Cited
2310 words
(6.6 pages)
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How the Impact on Architecture Modernised Newcastle - Introduction In the 1950s Newcastle was known as a sleep city, Dan described it as “moribund” (1) decades had past and very little economic development had taken place between that time frame and families were left to suffer. In 1959, T. Dan Smith became Leader of Newcastle City Council, he set up his own independent planning department in the council and appointed Wilfred Burns as chief officer in 1960. They both wanted to re-modernise Newcastle for the better by undertaking new road plans to resolve the traffic congestion that plagued the city and breath new life into the city by clearing out the slum areas and rebuilding new homes to help improve peoples living conditions....   [tags: history, infrastructure]
:: 8 Works Cited
1241 words
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Network Design for Worldwide Advertising Inc - Worldwide Advertising Inc (WAI) is a startup advertising firm that is about to hire three hundred employees to work at its newly constructed Los Angeles and New York offices. The company is in need of IT consulting to design its network infrastructure on top of already existing Ethernet wiring and RJ45 connections. WAI has not hired any IT staff yet, but when the company does, the IT staff will take over administration of the network. The company has requested a proposal for initial implementation and configuration of their core IT services....   [tags: infraestructure, virtualization, server core]
:: 5 Works Cited
2537 words
(7.2 pages)
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Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urban Rural - Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urban Rural Fringe: A Comparative Gradient Analysis of Qixia District, Nanjing City, China Introduction The focus of this study was to understand how the impacts of different transportation arteries in the Qixia District of Nanjing City, China affected land change over time. This areas has had some of the most rapid urbanization and industrialization along with massive tendencies towards urban sprawl. Since the outer regions of urban areas are more susceptible to land change from country to urban, this area was suitable to use as a study area....   [tags: china, nanjing city, infrastructure]
:: 4 Works Cited
1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Investing in Distressed Real Estate - I have acquired $150,000 in cash to be used to purchase distressed real estate. I want to maximize my return on my investment both in terms of financial profit and personal satisfaction. I am interested in purchasing a home to live in. I work from home, so the structure must allow for a home office. My needs have changed from a decade ago. I am more aware of things like security, economy, environmental issues, and financial investment. The new millennium has seen a dramatic redefining of value, and wellbeing....   [tags: Evolving Social Culture, Infrastructure] 1634 words
(4.7 pages)
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Overview of Municipal Biomass Composting - In 2009, the total amount of waste thrown away by American industries, businesses, and residences exceeded 243 million tons. 33% of this waste, or roughly 82 million tons of waste, was recycled or composted. However, 28% of this waste was recyclable, and 67% was compostable. The American population does not understand the effect mass composting may have on their own lives. Mass composting has fundamentally impacted many ecological issues, reducing an estimated 42% of annual greenhouse gas emissions; by composting or recycling that same 33% of American waste in 2009, an estimated 178 million tons of carbon dioxide were prevented from being released into the atmosphere....   [tags: American Infrastructure, Aerobic Digestion]
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2949 words
(8.4 pages)
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The Allphones Arena in Sydney - The Olympics are seen as one of the biggest events put on within the sports world and with its magnitude comes the even larger expenses that cities are willing to spend in order to have their city on the international stage while the world watches the games. The planning that goes into creating a city that is ready for the Olympics takes many years of preparation as well as the creation of multi-million dollar facilities. Often times these facilities are rarely used after the games and sometimes become burdens for the cities and seen as a waste of money instead of an investment....   [tags: Entertainment Planning, Infrastructure]
:: 5 Works Cited
1777 words
(5.1 pages)
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Technology Infrastructures for Healthcare Access to Rural Residents - Given the recent passage of the heath care bill, and complicated language within the bill it is unclear if electronic health records (EHR) systems will be mandatory. Nonetheless, research indicates that electronic Health Records improve patient safety and satisfaction. However, the implementation cost of this process is significant. Memorial Hospital in Wyoming, a 99 bed hospital, implemented a full electronic medical records system in 18 months at a cost of $2 million dollars. Memorial Hospital did have a successful implementation and was able to stay within budget and on-time (“Lessons Learned”, 2009)....   [tags: Health, Health Care Bill] 2381 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Importance of Bridges to Society - The Importance of Bridges to Society Society has always relied on transportation to survive. When man first walked the earth he relied on himself for transportation. Eventually man learned to tame wild animals and use them as a form of transportation. And finally he created machines to take him places he could not reach on his own or with the assistance of any animal. Along with the evolution of transportation came maps to mark the locations of routes taken between cities and important locations....   [tags: Transportation History Infrastructure Essays] 500 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Three Gorges Dam - Flood control and drought relief The most significant function of the dam is to control flooding, which is a major problem of a seasonal river like the Yangtze. Millions of people live downstream of the dam, and many large and important cities like Wuhan, Nanjing and Shanghai lie next to the river. Plenty of farm land and the most important industrial area of China are built beside the river. In 1954, the river flooded 47.75 million acres (193,000 km²) of land, killing 33,169 people and forcing 18,884,000 people to move....   [tags: China Chinese Infrastructure] 1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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Dangerous Intersection In Alcoa - Although Knoxville has many dangerous spots transportation wise, I have chosen an intersection in Alcoa in which I have much more knowledge of to discuss. This particular intersection is the US 129 bypass at Louisville Road. I mention that I have previous knowledge of this intersection because I am in fact an employee of this city, and have therefore compiled crash data as well as traffic counts for such. Not only is this intersection dangerous because of high speeds, but there is also a lack of acceleration lanes in which to enter traffic, and businesses such as Wal-mart and Cracker Barrel contribute to it’s cross road over crowding....   [tags: Construction Improvement Infrastructure] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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China's Railway - In 1894, the Qing government was defeated in the Sino-Japanese War; the Boxer Rebellion in China seized the railway interests. More than ten thousand kilometres to be swallowed up in China and carved up the right of way to form the imperialist plunder of China's first climax. Subsequently, in accordance with their needs, they were designed and built a number of railways; however it was in different standards, equipment clutter, resulting in confusion and China Railway backwardness. The development of China's railway construction was started from 1876, which named ‘Songhu Railway’ since 1981, and it was 105 years ago, building a 50,181 km railway....   [tags: China History Infrastructure]
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1758 words
(5 pages)
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Infrastructural Warfare and the Conditions of Democracy - Infrastructural Warfare and the Conditions of Democracy When political leaders refer to the September 11th attacks in New York and Washington as "war", what do they mean. It used to be that our concept of war was defined by a set of boundaries. Nation-states fought wars to defend their borders. They fielded armies, and those armies fought along front lines. Soldiers were separate from civilians, and the military domain was separate from the civilian domain. Soldiers ran the war from day to day; the civilian leadership gave the big orders and sat back....   [tags: Warfare Violence Essays] 4335 words
(12.4 pages)
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Electricity crisis: Alive in Nepal - Electricity crisis: Alive in Nepal This topic may seem irrelevant to the readers here in United States. Nepal is the second richest country in water resource but we still have problems with hydroelectricity. Everyday electric current goes off for hours and people are compelled to live in the darkness. Unable to form and established new hydroelectricity projects is the main reasons why Nepalese are still deprived to full electric facilities. Establishment of complex structure like hydroelectricity project is not a joke....   [tags: Nepal Hydroelectric Power Infrastructure Analysis] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Business Proposal to Implement New IT Infastructure - Business Proposal to Implement New IT Infastructure 1.0 - INTRODUCTION Welcome to the Information Technology Era. Ever since the Stone Age, Man has begun the quest of improving the efficiency of life. Today, this mission continues and the hottest topic in our company, as a matter of fact, is to unite our business with the Information Technology. Information Technology general means the acquisition, processing, storage, and dissemination of massive information by aid of computers or by telecommunication devices while the processed data can be ranged from vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical, etc....   [tags: Papers Business Info Technology Essays Papers] 4599 words
(13.1 pages)
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Domed Cities - The goal of a domed city is to take a large urban area and cover it so that: • The temperature is the same year round. • There's never any rain or snow to spoil picnics and weddings. • The cancerous effects of the sun are eliminated during outdoor activities. Small-scale Domed Cities There have been lots of attempts to create domed cities on a very small scale. Consider these examples: • The Mall of America near Minneapolis is a tiny city under glass. It contains about 80 acres of floor space (on 27 acres of ground) holding more than 500 stores, 80 restaurants and an indoor amusement park....   [tags: Infrastructure Architecture Domed City] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Breakwater - Conventional breakwaters are massive in size and generally associated with large scales in construction materials, effort and cost. The development of large breakwater schemes with poor design and management may trigger a number of adverse effects on neighbouring coastal environment, e.g. large amount of wave reflection, alteration of beach morphology, water quality deterioration and change of marine ecosystem. To alleviate the above problems, various ingenious designs of light-weight breakwaters have been proposed, tested and constructed in the past as alternatives to the conventional breakwaters, one of which is the free surface breakwaters....   [tags: Marine Infrastructures] 885 words
(2.5 pages)
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Investing in Distressed Real Estate - I have acquired $150,000 in cash to be used to purchase distressed real estate. I want to maximize my return on my investment both in terms of financial profit and personal satisfaction. I am interested in purchasing a home to live in. I work from home, so the structure must allow for a home office. My needs have changed from a decade ago. I am more aware of things like security, economy, environmental issues, and financial investment. The new millennium has seen a dramatic redefining of value, and wellbeing....   [tags: Evolving Social Culture, Infrastrucure] 1634 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Relationship Between Public Capital and Economic Activity - 1 INFRASTRUCTURE: In the Aschauer’s (1989a, 1989b) original work, a Cobb-Douglas production function was estimated with stocks of various infrastructure as capital and labour as the other input. He established that military capital had insignificant association with productivity. Nevertheless, the ‘core’ infrastructure such as streets, highways, airports, mass transit, sewers, water systems, etc., had the majority explanatory power for productivity. The relationship between public capital and economic activity at the State level in the US was examined by Munnell (1990a, 1990b)....   [tags: Economics]
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China, A Growing Country - On 14 March 2011 the National People’s Congress had approved a new national development program for the five years. The plan makes a dramatic point in China’s infrastructure development. It will no longer have emphasis on headline growth; China is looking for higher quality in growth. China has raised the living standards for its large population in the past thirty years. With bringing up the living conditions for it peoples it also wants to focus on things such as intensive energy and pollution....   [tags: chinese highways, expressways]
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South Africa Issues Today - South Africa has been plagued for centuries by racial inequality and economic disparity. Blacks were relegated to mere servants of the white population. Apartheid, lasting from 1948 to 1994 furthered this gap between the races. When the apartheid-supporting Nationalist government lost its hold on power in 1994, the new ANC spoke of economic prosperity for all South Africans; however, economic disparity continues to plague South Africa, and there is still a high correlation between total income and race....   [tags: Racial Inequality, Economic Disparity]
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Information and Communication Technologies - Computer Networking Computer networking includes a seven domain design, methods of connectivity, and compatible hardware/software combinations implemented within the IT system infrastructure to facilitate the flow of information transmissions. Each functional computer networking system and infrastructure must be facilitated by the connective media, both internal and external. Through telecommunication agreements, networking with the entire world can be effectively accomplished, accessing and retrieval of information can be established, while ensuring the operations and functionality for network sustainability and survivability....   [tags: computer networking, hardware, software]
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Cloud Computing: Email and Storage Services - This paper is intended for the purpose of providing the CIO with the information needed to make a decision whether or not to implement cloud services into our network infrastructure. Information is provided on the types of cloud services available, the vulnerabilities, strengths and weaknesses, email and storage providers, and the recommendation of the research team.   Introduction The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) initiated an electronic communication project which led to one of the most advanced computer infrastructures of its time....   [tags: Cybersecurity, Risk Assessment]
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3384 words
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Importance of Cyber Security - The nation has become dependent on technology, furthermore, cyberspace. It’s encompassed in everything we deliver in our daily lives, our phones, internet, communication, purchases, entertainment, flying airplane, launching missiles, operating nuclear plants, and implicitly, our protection. The more ever-growing technology empower Americans, the more they become prey to cyber threats. The United States Executive Office of the President stated, “The President identified cybersecurity as one of the top priorities of his administration in doing so, directed a 60-day review to assess polices.” (United States Executive Office of the President, 2009, p.2)....   [tags: technology, phones, internet]
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1732 words
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Nissan Leaf: First Electrical Car - In December of 2010, the world’s first, entirely electric vehicle was introduced to the car industry and Nissan was responsible for launching this innovative car known as the Nissan Leaf (“Nissan Product Information”). According to business reporter Michael Strong, Nissan Motor Company’s CEO Carlos Ghosn previously set a goal of selling 1.5 million electric vehicles by the year 2016. However, in 2013, Ghosn announced that it is very likely that Nissan will not reach this goal. He believes this may be achieved four or five years later than expected....   [tags: swot analysis, car industry]
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The International Expansion Of Macquarie Bank - Macquarie Bank (now Macquarie Group) has risen from a small, Australian subsidiary of a UK investment bank to become one of the world’s most prominent banks. It is particularly prominent in the field of infrastructure where an innovative, specialist approach to investing and structuring has given it a platform to grow assets and revenues and secure early market share in an infrastructure privatisation renaissance. Macquarie Group successful international expansion began with the accumulation of specialist skills in “real asset” management and investing....   [tags: Bank Financial Analysis Strategy] 1936 words
(5.5 pages)
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VoiceXML Technology: Benefits and Limitations - VoiceXML is the W3C’s standard XML format for creating interactive voice applications that can be accessed over the phone. It could be described as a markup language used for scripting interactive dialogues between humans and computers. It is like HTML, the only difference is that while HTML uses a graphical user interface to access information VoiceXML uses an audio interface where speech and keypad tones replaces the screen, keyboard and mouse (Hampton, 2001, para.1). The basic elements for interaction are speech and Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF) signalling with telephone keypads....   [tags: Technology ]
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Security Issues in Cloud Computing - Security Issues in Cloud Computing Introduction The first computer ENIAC was invented by Charles Babbage in 18th century. But the real technological advancement of the computers came with the invention of the first four bit microprocessor in 1971. From 1971 till date, in the span of these 40+ years many operating systems came into existence (such as Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows XP, Windows 7, Fedora, Mac, Redhat, Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Solaris etc.), many programming languages and web languages came into existence ( such as C, CPP, JAVA, .NET, HTML, XML, DHTML, SQL, PLSQL etc.), and many Multi-National Companies came into existence(such as Wipro, Genpact, Apple, Goo...   [tags: IT, Computer Science]
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Policy Recommendations to Improve Transportation In Kabul - Afghanistan has suffered from decades of war and conflicts. During these decades of war and due to lack of regular maintenance much of the transportation infrastructure has either been damaged or has deteriorated. This paper presents an overview of the current challenges of transportation in Kabul in particular the traffic jam by using some geographical theories, experiences, and methodologies will propose some policy-oriented recommendations and opportunities for improving the transportation situation....   [tags: Afghanistan Traffic]
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3050 words
(8.7 pages)
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Large Multinational Corporations - Large multinational corporations today often struggle with the complex issues in managing and developing their local IT resources to support the primary goal of global information infrastructure (GII). Global information infrastructure, at a high level point of view, is the worldwide information and communication systems that process and transmit data inside and outside national boundaries (Bowker, G. C., Baker, K., Millerand, F., & Ribes, D, 2010). In this paper I will discuss the major components that support GII for multinational corporation; how architecture and the included components of a company’s GII affect core information technology (IT) capabilities; finally, how managers can acc...   [tags: IT resources, global information]
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Network Neutrality: Protecting the Future - Indeed, the future of current technologies already points towards increased utilization of the Web. A perfect example of this trend is the rise of Netflix as a dominant brand. When it was first introduced, Netflix was a mail-order DVD rental service. Its only connection to the internet was the ability to order DVDs on their website. With the introduction of their streaming service, its popularity increased to the point it is at today: 44 million subscribers worldwide, with $1.2 billion in revenue in their 2013 fourth quarter (Stelter)....   [tags: internet, online streaming, technology]
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Enhancing DNS Resilience against Denial of Service Attacks - Enhancing DNS Resilience against Denial of Service Attacks Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is a critical Internet infrastructure that provides name to address mapping services. In the past few years, distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks have targeted the DNS infrastructure and threaten to disrupt this critical service. In this paper we show that the existing DNS can gain significant resilience against DDoS attacks through a simple change to the current DNS operations, by setting longer time-to-live values for a special class of DNS resource records, the infrastructure records....   [tags: Internet Security]
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We Must Promote Bicycle Use in Urban Centres - Many growing cities of the twenty-first century have a common problem: the overwhelming favouritism of cars over other, more environmentally friendly and less congestive methods of travel. Cars in large numbers cause traffic issues, accidents, and pollution [1]. The bicycle is among the most popular solutions to these problems, as bicycles are cheap for the user, healthy, and are a form of sustainable transportation. The two primary things to consider when encouraging bicycle usage are the cost and viability of implementation and the overall effectiveness of the solution [2, 3]....   [tags: Public Policy]
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Building Rail to Last - “A railroad is like a lie, you have to keep building it to make it stand.” - Mark Twain Sustainability, the ability to create an enduring system, is a critical factor in the evaluation of an industry. The health of the transportation industry and specifically the railroad industry depends on the industry’s ability to sustain its business model in the face of resource challenges. A key driver of rail sustainability is the infrastructure, the rails, switches, yards and turnouts that the railroad industry uses when moving goods from source to destination....   [tags: Transportation]
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Resources and Governance in Papua New Guinea - “The government, which was designed for the people, has got into the hands of the bosses and their employers, the special interests. An invisible empire has been set up above the forms of democracy.” -Woodrow Wilson The Independent State of Papua New Guinea, like many of its neighbors, has struggled with issues of governance issues since the country gained independence in 1975. The influx of foreign capital and currency that will result from the exploration of Papua New Guinea’s natural gas resources will certainly affect the country....   [tags: International Government ]
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Cloud Computing: Services Models and Deployment Models - Introduction “At its most basic, cloud computing is moving applications accessible from our internal network onto an internet (cloud)-accessible space. We're essentially renting virtual machines in someone else's data center, with the capabilities for immediate scale-out, failover, and data synchronization. In the past, having an Internet-accessible application meant we were building a website with a hosted database. Cloud computing changes that paradigm—our application could be a website, or it could be a client installed on a local PC accessing a common data store from anywhere in the world....   [tags: private, public, hybrid, Community]
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The Production and Distribution of Oil Products - Ports can be considered clusters of economic activity (Tongzon, 2002). One of the facilities that is often found in ports is the production and distribution of oil products. The oil products that I will be taking into consideration in this assessment are: gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, and fuel oils. This list represents refined oil products, not crude oil. The factors that are going to be presented in the methodology of this assessment are: quality innovation system, hinterland infrastructure, services to to hinterland markets, safety and security in port, intra-competition in port and efficiency....   [tags: gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene]
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(5 pages)
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How is the Upcoming Soccer World Cup Affecting Brazil's Economy and Politics? - Introduction Of all the countries in the world, Brazil is the most football obsessed region with many young people dreaming of becoming international players. This obsession dates back decades ago when legendary players like Pele (Edson Arantes do Nascimento) made headlines with their exquisite football performance on the international scene. Brazil has been a renowned football team and winning the bid to host FIFA 2014 world cup and IOC Olympic Games in 2016 was largely seen as a reward to a country that has been and continues to be the greatest source of fine football players....   [tags: international football tournament]
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