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Your search returned over 400 essays for "individualism"
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Conformity vs. Individualism - We’ve all know what it feels like: walking down the halls in middle school or high school while you feel like you’re being watched…analyzed…critiqued. It would almost seem like every person you passed would be silently judging you for what you’re wearing, how you applied your makeup, how you did in the last soccer game, or what they heard you did with Jonny. The passerby’s in the hallway would place you on the high-school-hierarchy-of-coolness scale based on superficial characteristics even before getting to know you....   [tags: From Conformity to Individualism 2014]
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2747 words
(7.8 pages)
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The Perspectives on Mindsets of Individualism - Individualism is a school of ethic that can be defined by various perspectives of intelligent mindsets. Nathaniel Brenden (1994) defined individualism as two different concepts: 1) ethical-psychological and 2) ethical-political. Under ethical-psychological concept, he stated that a human being should be able to judge independently and think, while respecting the jurisdiction of his or her mind. In addition, Brenden stated that individuals should uphold its command of individual rights under ethical-political concept (Brenden, 1994)....   [tags: Ethics ]
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1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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What is Individualism? Is it Good Or Bad? - Individualism, Good or bad. America is filled with two types of people, people who tell you to be yourself and do whatever you want in life, and then there are also those people who try and tell you what you should be and what you should do in life. Individualism and collectivism are conflicting views of the nature of humans. By comparing the pros and cons of individualism, we will have a clear view of the American citizen. There are many advantages and difficulties of individualism. Individualism states that the individual is the main unit of reality and the ultimate way of life....   [tags: reality, collectivism, independent]
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1115 words
(3.2 pages)
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Individualism and Collectivism Culture Theories - Individualism and Collectivism are two accepted theories that are commonly used when dealing with one’s culture and political views. According to Kemmelmeier, H. M. and Coon, Individualism and Collectivism concepts has been used to “depict, clarify, and envision divergence in people’s opinion, behavior, principles, attribution, self perception, socialization, and communication.” Nonetheless, individualism and collectivism has shared some mutual views as well as incongruous stances on humanity, the disposition of human beings, the affiliation of society and the characteristics of people in the individualistic culture....   [tags: Culture ]
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1366 words
(3.9 pages)
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Individualism in Samurai Culture and History - The principle of individualism was essential to the shaping of the samurai history and culture. The beliefs of self reliance and personal dependence were evident throughout samurai life. “The process of Japanese state formation and self identity in Japan have been intimately connected” (Ikegami 43). Not only did this sense of individualism affect samurai identity but Japan as a whole. The samurai class as a whole sought to be part of their own warrior class, or even a part of the upper class; anything but the commoner class....   [tags: Principles, Self-Reliance]
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916 words
(2.6 pages)
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Individualism in Samurai Culture and History - The principle of individualism was essential to the shaping of the samurai history and culture. The beliefs of self reliance and personal dependence were evident throughout samurai life. Ikegami discusses how the process of the formation of Japan and self identity of the people have been intimately connected (Ikegami 43). Not only did this sense of individualism affect samurai identity but Japan as a whole. The samurai class sought to be part of their own warrior class, or even a part of the upper class, anything but the commoner class....   [tags: Japan, muromachi, kamakura, seppuku]
:: 3 Works Cited
949 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Spirit of Individualism: Transcendentalism - In the unit “The Spirit of Individualism” there are two parts, “Celebrations of the self” and “The Dark side of Individualism” with pieces that present very different perspectives on human nature. “The Dark side of Individualism” portrays human nature as greedy, confused, easily caught up in fame, and addicted to wealth and possessions. In “Celebrations of the Self”, human nature is viewed in a more positive light. The characteristics shown are self reliance, independence, wisdom and selflessness....   [tags: thoreau, romanticism] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Individualism in "Anthem" by Ayn Rand - Anthem, by Ayn Rand, is a very unique novel. It encircles individualism and makes the reader think of how people can conform to society and do as they are told without knowing the consequences and results of their decisions. Also, it teaches the importance of self expression and the freedom that comes along with being your own person and having the power to choose what path to take in life. Figurative language is used often in this book and in a variety of quotes that have great importance to the theme, plot, and conflict of the novel....   [tags: Anthem, Ayn Rand, ] 814 words
(2.3 pages)
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Individualism or Collectivism in Society - Debate Question: Which ideological group has had the greatest impact on modern society. Individualism or Collectivism. Terms: Individualism-> when you value the freedom and worth of the individual, sometimes over the security and harmony of the group or a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence Collectivism-> is basically when you think that values and the goals of the group and the common good over the goals of any one individual are the most beneficial....   [tags: Society] 1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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Humanism the Gateway to Individualism - The greatest and most influential intellectual movement of Renaissance Italy was humanism. The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and were the best models for a person to live by. They developed a new kind of classical scholarship, with which they corrected and tried to understand the works of the Greeks and Romans, which was important to them. Both the republic elites of Florence and Venice, and the ruling families of Milan, Ferrara, and Urbino hired humanists to teach their children classical morality and to write elegant, classical letters, histories, and propaganda....   [tags: renaissance, italian renaissance, humanist] 515 words
(1.5 pages)
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Methodological Individualism - In the social sciences, an endless debate is ongoing involving fundamental issues pertaining between methodological individualism and methodological holism. The reason this is such a deep rooted heated debate amongst researchers is the fact that it touches upon our most 'deeply-seated' beliefs about the nature of the individual and of society, our knowledge about these, and the idea of a good society (Udehn, 2002). According to Parsons (1937) methodological individualism is a claim in social phenomena which must be explained by showing how these results from individual actions, which in turn must be explained through reference to the intentional states that motivate the individual actors....   [tags: social sciences, holism]
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986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Individualism in The Fountainhead - Individualism in The Fountainhead        Individualism, the doctrine of free thought and action of the individual, forms the basis of Ayn Rand's novel The Fountainhead. The major theme of her fiction is the primacy of the individual, the unique and precious individual life. That which sustains and enriches life is good, that which negates and impoverishes the individual's pursuit of happiness is evil. The Fountainhead is Rand's fullest explication of the primacy of the individual. As she worked out her interpretation of the inalienable rights: the rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; and what these entailed, she saw three areas of conflict where these rights were held in...   [tags: Fountainhead]
:: 5 Works Cited
1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Debate Between Methodological Individualism and Holism - Explain and evaluate the debate between methodological individualism and holism. Introduction The explanatory variants of MI and holism are likely to be interdependent; both individualists and holists contribute meaningfully to the nature of social explanations. MI states that social phenomena are fully explained only when there is reference to the behaviour and action of individuals. Holism states that it is the study of collective forces, groups, and organisations that dictates the explanation of social phenomena ....   [tags: Social Issues, Holism]
:: 9 Works Cited
1827 words
(5.2 pages)
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Individualism in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter - Individualism in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter Often in society people are criticized, punished and despised for their individual choices and flaws. In the novel, The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the author uses Hester Prynne to symbolize that those who challenge social conformities can benefit society as a whole. Though she has been banished for committing adultery, she sees that the community needs her. Through her generous accomplishments the community realizes she is a person who, regardless of her sin, can affect the community in a positive way....   [tags: Scarlet Letter Hawthorne] 1063 words
(3 pages)
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Individualism In Kate Chopin´s The Awakening - Kate Chopin’s The Awakening is about the slow awakening of Edna Pontellier, a young married woman who pursues her own happiness of individualism and sexual desires in a Victorian society. As a result, Edna tries to makes changes in her life, such as neglecting her duties as a “mother-woman” and moving into her own home. But she soon realizes that nothing can change for the better. Feeling completely hopeless, Edna chose to die as a final escape from the oppression of the Victorian society she lives in....   [tags: victorian society, Edna Pontellier, independence]
:: 1 Works Cited
1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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Americans and Individualism - The United States of America is the land of the free, the land of opportunity, the wealthiest country in the world, a country that half the modern world is modeled after. Its President is referred to as the "Leader of the free world". Thousands of people come to this country every year, learning about the country in hopes of becoming citizens. William Hudson in his book 'American Democracy in Peril ' talks about the seven biggest challenges to this democratic nation. Individualism can be seen as a gift or a curse, depending on the context in which it occurs....   [tags: essays research papers] 1078 words
(3.1 pages)
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Dreadlocks and Individualism - Dreadlocks and Individualism Imagine having the flexibility of wearing your hair loose and flowing. . .maybe pulled back in a simple rubber band, or allowing your long locks to swing expressively in front of your face. It's a natural feeling and style, that epitomizes your love for individualism, they are your Dreadlocks. The art of dreadlocks can be traced back to the Ancient Caribbean islands such as Jamaica where they were fine tuned to perfection by Rastafarians. Here at Syracuse University, students give a new meaning to what it is like to be a part of the dreadlock society without having to be a Rastafarian, a black radicalist, or politically correct....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1589 words
(4.5 pages)
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Individualism and Fascism - Individualism and Fascism Modern political thought has given a considerable amount of attention to the conception of the individual's function in modern society. In this paper, I will discuss the fascist philosophy on individualism. Using the Italian philosopher Alfredo Rocco's arguments on this topic, I will consider how Liberalism, Democracy and Socialism are closely related, while Fascism can be seen as the true antithesis to Liberalism. In this process I will review Fascism and its principles....   [tags: Papers] 1099 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Autonomous Self and the Dichotomy of Individualism - The Autonomous Self and the Dichotomy of Individualism It is not only intellectuals and English theory professors who spend countless hours and study attempting to determine the notion of self. People all over the world do it everyday, whether consciously or unconsciously. People question who they are and how their lives are structured in relation to the society in which they live. From questioning why they forgot the eggs on the grocery list to why life seems to be an eternal roller-coaster, people have an innate desire to learn about the self and how it functions in day-to-day life....   [tags: Self Image Philosophy Essays] 1428 words
(4.1 pages)
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Individualism versus Collectivism in The Fountainhead - Individualism versus Collectivism in The Fountainhead       The theme of The Fountainhead as stated by its author, Ayn Rand, is "individualism versus collectivism, not in politics, but in man's soul." Three major characters serve as types for the noble, contemptible, and parasitic in this comparison. Howard Roark is an architect who serves as Rand's model for individualism to the extent that he is willing to sacrifice everything he has in order to retain his status as an individual. Ellsworth Monkton Toohey is a charismatic genius who uses his knowledge of human nature and collectivism to manipulate and control the masses, who hang on his every word....   [tags: Ayn Rand Fountainhead Essays]
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947 words
(2.7 pages)
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Individualism in Habits of The Heart - Habits of The Heart create a vision of the middle class American life with all its good, bad, strengths and weaknesses. Its examines the conflict that exists between individuality and community in this country, as well as how these conflicts effect our ability to form relationships with others, whether it is in a public arena or our own intimate relationships with family and friends. The very word individualism means to look out for number one, it implies a me society that has lost it’s way from the way it use to be....   [tags: essays research papers]
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2761 words
(7.9 pages)
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Individualism - Individualism 1) An individualist is considered to be someone with personality and character, someone who is not easily intimidated by social pressure or customs, someone with a personal opinion and a singular view of the world. Because modern society finds it important that people think independently, decide autonomously and take personal initiatives, the concept of individualism has acquired a positive connotation. However, individualism is also linked with the tendency to withdraw from social life and turn in towards oneself....   [tags: essays papers] 1281 words
(3.7 pages)
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Individualism - Individualism Many characteristics may create one’s individualism. Personality, appearance, environment, and heredity are the characteristics that make up one’s individuality. One can control the individual he may become with the help of individualism. Personality is a characteristic that plays a major role in one’s individuality. “One has many parts that make up his personality” (Kramer 27). One may show these parts in different ways. There are a variety of personalities that one can have....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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440 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Power of Individualism Revealed in The Fountainhead - The Power of Individualism Revealed in The Fountainhead       Imagine power as a form of free flowing energy, a source found within every one and for each individual. Assume that to gain power, one has to tap this resevoir of immense proportions and relish upon the rich harvest to their hearts desires. Consequently, when there is such a dealing of concentrated materials, nature takes charge and similarly to other physical abstracts, rendering this package lethal, with the potential for untold destruction....   [tags: Fountainhead]
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2856 words
(8.2 pages)
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Defending Egotism and Individualism in The Fountainhead - Defending Egotism and Individualism in The Fountainhead        "The structures were austere and simple, until one looked at them and realized what work, what complexity of method, what tension of thought had achieved the simplicity. No laws had dictated a single detail. The buildings were not Classical, they were not Gothic, they were not Renaissance. They were only Howard Roark." This dialogue in the powerful book The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand, set in the early 1920's in the city of skyscrapers, New York, describes the unique building style of the architect, Howard Roark which parallels his uncompromising and individualistic personality....   [tags: Fountainhead]
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2166 words
(6.2 pages)
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Roots Of Individualism In Euro - Roots of Individualism in Europe During the Middle Ages, independent thought was viewed disdainfully. Almost any idea deviating from the status quo, largely determined by the Roman Catholic Church, was condemned as heresy. One convicted of such a grievous offense was often excommunicated or killed, either by means of a proper execution or by a hostile mob. However, with the decline of the Middle Ages, the conditions arose for the birth of individualism—the development of which can be traced through the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the rise of capitalism....   [tags: essays research papers] 1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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Modern American Culture and Individualism - The 20th century is considered to be a money culture. Materialism, a devotion to making money and to having a good time are all products of a money making culture. All of technology is controlled by an interest in private profit (Dewey, p15). Sigmund Freud and John Dewy both see this day in age as a time devoted to the “scientific revolution” and profit from this drastic advance in mankind. Civilization, as we know it today, is largely to blame for the misery of the common people. The American people no longer have a sense of individualism....   [tags: Materialism essays research papers] 1030 words
(2.9 pages)
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Identities and Individualism: Youth cultures - Identities and Individualism: Youth cultures ‘Identities and Individualism: Youth cultures’ is aimed at lower secondary, level 6. As a part of a ‘suite of modules for Levels 1 to 6,’ this module addresses the very important issue of identity in today’s world (QSCC 2002:4). It not only allows for flexibility in discovering one’s position within a group in society but how they relate to and within the broader world scheme. The module explores identity as constructed by the media focussing on the strand of Culture and Identity (CI) with some Time, Continuity and Change (TCC) core learning outcomes used to provide background and context....   [tags: essays research papers] 1931 words
(5.5 pages)
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Individualism versus Other Ideologies - Individualism versus Other Ideologies "Liberalism expresses an encompassing view of human life, one that aspires to leave individuals as much as possible free to shape their lives in a meaningful direction." According to Ronald Beiner, practices of liberalism are not the same with what it must be. Ronald Beiner criticises the liberalism and the communitarianism. In his journal, individuals have to get more rights to choice what they want and what they will do. However, it can only be a utopia. Also, it is not a good idea to break of individuals from community....   [tags: Papers] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Fountain Head: Individualism - The Fountain Head: Individualism Individualism, the only element which makes a person's character unique. In the Fountain Head, a character binds true to this belief and goes by the name of Howard Roark. This young architect who had his own viewpoint of the world and how he envisioned it, was condemned by the media and the public by doing so. Roark's lifestyle completely perpendiculates the mundane lifestyle that the average citizen lives. Roark conforms to only what he considers valid in his own conscience....   [tags: essays research papers] 818 words
(2.3 pages)
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Seventeenth Century Jewish Individualism - Seventeenth Century Jewish Individualism The seventeenth century not only marks an important era in Jewish history, the arrival of Jews in the New World, but it marks a shift in Jewish ideology as well. Traditionally, in the Old World prior to the Inquisition, Jews did not live as individuals but rather as a part of a social network or community that worshipped together, studied together, at times lived together, and had the same set of beliefs. During, and for sometime after the Inquisition, some secret Jews were part of an underground community but other secret Jews chose not to be part of any Jewish community, secret or not, out of fear....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1590 words
(4.5 pages)
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Democracy Individualism - Democracy Individualism There is growing consensus in the United States of the potential collapse of democracy, and many scholars question whether America will be able to address the challenges necessary to avert it. At the heart of the issue is the disintegration of civil society. In a remarkable book on the subject – Democracy on Trial – Jean Elshtain (1995: 5) notes, “As a civic question – and it is by no means a civic matter alone – the locus of despair speaks to the loss of civil society....   [tags: Papers] 3517 words
(10 pages)
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Transcending Through American Literature - ... They also tell Huck that he needs to be civilized and to do so, he must walk right, sit correctly, eat a certain way, and so on and so forth. In addition, Huck’s father, Pap, tells Huck that getting an education and learning to be “civilized” is foolish. In fact, he even refuses to allow Huck to go to school. “And looky here - you drop that school, you hear...you lemme catch you fooling around that school again, you hear?” (Twain 19). In addition to these three influences, Huck has his friend, Tom Sawyer, encouraging him to become a rebel....   [tags: individualism, equality]
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1588 words
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Exploring Methodological Individualism - Exploring Methodological Individualism ABSTRACT: I defend the truth of the principle of methodological individualism in the social sciences. I do so by criticizing mistaken ideas about the relation between individual people and social entities held by earlier defenders of the principle. I argue, first, that social science is committed to the intentional stance; the domain of social science, therefore, coincides with the domain of intentionally described human action. Second, I argue that social entitites are theoretical terms, but quite different from the entities used in the natural sciences to explain our empirical evidence....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 5 Sources Cited :: 10 Sources Consulted
3735 words
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Individualism in Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy - Julian West, a man born and raised in the 19th century has suddenly appeared in the 20th century. Due to an apparent mishap in the 19th, his body was never awaken and remained in its mesmeric state. When he woke up, he found himself in a whole different society then he was living in. The economy, government, and the whole social structure were completely changed. To Julian, the 20th century became the perfect image of a utopian society. But the society of the 20th century has left behind the pride of individualism which was cherished in the 19th century....   [tags: Looking Backward Essays] 349 words
(1 pages)
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John Dewey's Critique of Socioeconomic Individualism - John Dewey's Critique of Socioeconomic Individualism My paper attempts to exhibit the consistency of John Dewey’s non-individualistic individualism. It details Dewey’s claim that the traditional dualism opposing the individual to the social is politically debilitating. We find Dewey in the 20’s and 30’s, for example, arguing that the creation of a genuine public arena, one capable of precluding the rise of an artificial chasm between sociality and individuality—or, rather, one capable of precluding the rise of an artificial chasm between notions of sociality and individuality—had itself been forestalled by an inherited, outdated, but nonetheless dominant custom called individualism....   [tags: Sociology Papers] 4133 words
(11.8 pages)
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Discuss Orwell's treatment of individualism in 1984 - "For every text a context" and only through referral to the non-literary world can we understand the motivation behind the literary. In a time of Nazism, Stalin and Civil War in Europe, Orwell's disillusionment towards politics and society rapidly increased and his ideas and criticisms were published in various essays regarding politics and literary traditions. When he became unwell towards the end of his life, he wrote 1984 as an expression of both his own views and as a parallel to Zamyatin's We, a novel concerned with Russian communism and portraying a very similar storyline....   [tags: European Literature] 1525 words
(4.4 pages)
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Comparing the Concepts of Authority and Individualism in Literature - Comparing the Concepts of Authority and Individualism in Literature Authority is defined as a person or group of people who control the society and make major decisions affecting the society. Individual is a person who has no particular influence on the society and neither do his decisions. The term Authority may be applied to any type of people who hold some sort of influence or power on the society such as The Police; Courts from local courts to supreme courts and of course the ruling party of the government....   [tags: Shawshank Redemption Fahrenheit 451 Essays] 1318 words
(3.8 pages)
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John Updike’s Portrayal of Individualism vs. Conformity in Society - A society consists of a community of people living together and sharing customs and traditions. Once immersed in this society, one can begin to see certain standards woven into the social fabric of the community. These standards, ranging from not walking into public areas scantily clad to not embarrassing people in front of others, are usually unspoken and sometimes cause strife. Young adults often find these standards to be extremely restricting and favor freedom of action over the collective control....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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2074 words
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How Technology Development is linked to the Dutch Culture - ... Masculinity The last dimension is the study of duality of gender and how the males/females traits could fit into their occupations. Masculinity (MAS) focuses on biological characteristics of gender in which men are stereotyped as more ‘assertive’ while women more ‘nurturing’ (Hofstede, 1980: 176). I shall not discuss this aspect in depth since the sources of data are mainly from statistical analysis and it is ambiguous yet subjective to relate technology development to gender. Some researchers argued that masculine society tends to be more capable in field of technology (Kedia and Bhagat, 1988)....   [tags: innovation, power distance, individualism]
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1741 words
(5 pages)
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Letter from a Birmingham Jail and The Declaration of Individualism - Letter from a Birmingham Jail and The Declaration of Individualism Although the time periods and goals may be different the method for bringing about change is usually the same, this method is protest. This method is supported by two different people, in two different time periods, with two different goals; these two people are Thomas Jefferson and Martin Luther King Junior. Martin Luther King Junior's letter from a Birmingham Jail was an expression of his encouragement for protest against tradition and established laws and a justification for his actions....   [tags: Letter from Birmingham Jail] 849 words
(2.4 pages)
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Gerard Hendrik Hofstede' Value Dimensions: Understanding China's Culture - ... Language in China is very broad in terms of variety, with the seven main dialects of a similar language; Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, Min, Xiang, and Gan (ChinaLang). Then when it comes to the most common language in China, Mandarin has even more different dialects. Seeing as how there are so many different dialects of a similar language, it is very parallel to the many different dialects of the English language. For instance, American English and England English are the same basic language; however, there are a few words and phrases that are different in either context or meaning....   [tags: individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance]
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1639 words
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William James’ and the Legacy He Left Behind - ... William James speaks about consciousness, in his article The Stream of Thought, that there are five characteristics of thought. First thoughts are part of personal consciousness. Secondly thoughts are always changing, and in process. A third characteristic of thought is that they are continuous rather than divisions or separations. A fourth characteristic James mentions that thoughts are not chosen by the individual but by the mind. Finally thoughts deal with objects independent of itself (p....   [tags: modern psychology, individualism,pragmatism]
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1228 words
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The Negative Impact of Working in Teams in The Workplace - Why is teamwork hurting companies and the employees that work there. Teamwork in the workplace is something that is becoming more popular every year with focus on getting a variety of ideas from employees. According to Ana Shetach, “Teams are becoming more common as workers join virtual, autonomous, cross-functional, action-learning, and many other kinds of teams” (2012, p. 25). Similarly, teamwork is difficult for most people. There are many problems that come up with working in teams. Conflict, demographics, stress, recognition and dominant leadership are the 5 main topics that I feel are negatives when it comes to working in teams....   [tags: Work Conflict, Individualism]
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1374 words
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Symbols and Poetry in Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Coleridge - ... According to Christianity in the shipmates’ eyes the Mariner committed a sin but the Mariner did not realize it right away. It took the Mariner later to learn from it and to tell his story or teach his lesson to people so they could take something away from it. Coleridge is using the poem as a whole to teach a component of religion like he once preached the word of the lord through his life. The Mariner was punished for his sins when he speaks about the slimy snakes in a negative manner when he says, “And a thousand slimy things/Lived on; and so did I” (Coleridge)....   [tags: freedom, imagination, individualism]
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1181 words
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Women’s 20th Century Political Power: Emma Goldman and Pamela Harriman - If ever placed in a room together – and a transatlantic trip would have made it possible, for their lives overlapped by 20 years – Emma Goldman and Pamela Harriman probably would not have liked each other at all. Harriman, the younger by more than three decades, would have disdained claiming Goldman as an enabler of her own later success; and the elder would likely have despised Harriman as a betrayer of the principles for which Goldman endured adversity, denunciation and imprisonment. Nevertheless parallels can be drawn between the two women as tireless workers and champions of individualism....   [tags: individualism, empowerment, United States]
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1205 words
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Reigning In Hermits: The Conflict Between Individualism and Participation - Reigning In Hermits: The Conflict Between Individualism and Participation In the wake of Enlightenment thinkers like Hobbes and Locke, who asserted the primacy of the individual as the possessor of rights and emphasized the resulting legal equality of all men, the question arose of how an individual who originates in a state of nature interacts with society. Early 19th Century writers had an advantage in answering this question over the original thinkers in the form of a grand experiment in Enlightenment theory currently being conducted in America....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1545 words
(4.4 pages)
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Romantic Themes in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein - ... Victor’s creation also displays a theme of alienation. The one true thing that the creature longs for is to be loved by others, but its hideous appearance makes people alienate it. After several attempts to be accepted by humans, the monster realizes that he will never fit into society. The very first feeling of alienation is when the monster pops its eyes open for the first time, and sees the frightened look upon Victors’ face. Even though Victor had created the creature, its own ‘father’ wants to have nothing to do with it; “unable to endure the aspect of the being I had created, I rushed out of the room and continued a long time traversing my bedchamber, unable to compose my mind to s...   [tags: victor, isolation, individualism, alienation]
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955 words
(2.7 pages)
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Selfishness in The Grapes of Wrath - ... The only disturbance is that they are overwhelmed by a feeling of selfishness and extreme competition for material achievement. They cannot help being mistreated by the cruelty of the La-Paz community in “The Pearl”, who had an extremely money-oriented and selfish behavior. As an eyewitness of the thirties, Steinbeck pinpoints the strained tension between rich landowners and poor farmers. The deprived farmers suffered from an “economic and psychological degradation” and are engaged in a rough struggle against this ruthless agricultural system....   [tags: materialism, individualism, john steinbeck]
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1896 words
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From Individualism to Unionism: The Changing Meaning of Freedom in America - From Individualism to Unionism: The Changing Meaning of Freedom in America In 1893, when Frederick Jackson Turner delivered his speech on the significance of frontier at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, he was addressing an audience that had witnessed the drastic changes that swept through the country over the past sixty or so years. The United States had gone from the agrarian nation of Jefferson’s vision—one with a relatively balanced division of wealth, a population of homogenous skilled workers, and a narrow definition of equality based on a broad definition of freedom—to the highly industrialized urban nation glorified by the World’s Fair itself—one of polarized wealth, vas...   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Individualism and Paradox in the Works of D. H. Lawrence - Individualism and Paradox in the Works of D. H. Lawrence        When you read something by D. H. Lawrence, you often end up wondering the same thing: does he hate people. Lawrence has a profound interest in us human beings, but it's the fascination of a child picking at a scab that drives him, rather than a kind of scientific or spiritual quest for some mythical "social truth." Some of Lawrence's works--"Insouciance," for example--question mankind's tendencies outright: what good is served by a world of "white-haired ladies" wasting time "caring" and sounding intelligent and cultured and talking about pretentious, bourgeois issues?(2)   But this work is blatant in its negative descri...   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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1511 words
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Collectivism and Cultural Diversity - Culture has been a pervasive part of humanity since the beginning of civilization. Wood (2010), professor of communications, defines culture as "the totality of beliefs, values, understandings, practices, and ways of interpreting experience that are shared by a number of people" (p 78). The way I see it, culture shapes an individual and creates their worldview. Each culture emphasizes an important aspect of the humans and displays the complexities of our species. Even though culture includes many elements, I will discuss one of Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions, Individualism, and explain how it creates a high or low context culture....   [tags: Human Aspects, Individualism] 853 words
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Art and Video Game - Historically video games have been considered a novelty or technical subject, but in recent year given the increase in technology video games have been able to show that they are more. While not a traditional art form, video games do have an artistic basis. Video games are increasingly becoming more story and visually based. With these increased artistic elements it is increasingly becoming harder to deny that video games are art, but maybe they are not the art defined by a traditional definition....   [tags: technology, individualism and genetic tweaking]
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Cross Cultural Differences - ... Hofstede said he was not making an absolute measure, he was merely gauging differences between cultures and this style of cross-sectional analysis was appropriate. In addition, Hofstede points out that the use of a single multinational employer eliminates the effect of the corporate policy and management practices from different companies influencing behaviour differently, leaving only national culture to explain cultural difference (Hofstede, 1998). 2.6 Out-dated Some researchers like McSweeney, (2000) have claimed that the study is too old to be of any modern value, particularly with today's rapidly changing global environment, internationalization and convergence....   [tags: power distance, individualism, collectivism]
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Transcendentalism- How Thoreau's "Resistance to Civil Government" Relates to Phillip Berrigan's Beliefs about Individualism - Transcendentalism, a philosophy based on principles that reality is to be discovered by the study of the thought processes, or a philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical. Society has taken this philosophy and has implemented it as part of the daily lives of its people. Transcendentalism makes its connection to society and real life in many ways. The “Resistance to Civil Government” by Thoreau embodies what transcendentalists believed. Throughout time there have been more people like Thoreau who believed in Transcendentalism....   [tags: government] 887 words
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All the Pretty Horses by Cormac McCarthy - Individualism vs. Society - The concept of what is "individuality" and what is not has plagued and delighted man since the dawn of time. “All the Pretty Horses” by Cormac McCarthy adds 302 more pages to the pile of all the works that have been on the quest to define individualism. In this novel, McCarthy takes us through four faces of the key character’s life, John Grady, to portray the idea of illusory individualism. He contends that John Grady is simply a product of a society in contrast to his (Grady) notion of free will....   [tags: All the Pretty Horses Essays] 1676 words
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A Defense Of Individualism Based On Foydor Dostoevskys Novel:notes F - Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel, NOTES FROM THE UNDERGROUND, has held many labels, such as being a case history of nuerosis or a specimen of modern tragedy. The most popular label it has obtained however, is being the author's defense of individualism. The novel is writen as a performance, part triad, part memoir, by a nameless personage who claims to be writing for hiomself but consistently maipulates the reader--of whom he is morbidly aware-- to the point where there seems to be no judgement the reader can make which has not already been made by the writer himself....   [tags: essays research papers] 664 words
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Self Types and Their Differences Across Generations and The Life Cycle - Self Types and Their Differences Across Generations and The Life Cycle With modernization, the quest for knowledge of oneself has become a major preoccupation for many Americans. "Who am I?" "Know Thyself" and "Unto thine own self be true"--Such are the themes of wall plaques, self-help manuals, and religious maxims. When surveying older individuals' reflections on the whole of life, one 83-year-old nun told one of my student researchers: I would tell any young person to be your own self....   [tags: Individualism Community Compare Contrast] 1991 words
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The Quintessence of Humanity in The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood and Never Let Me Go by Kazuo Ishiguro - The Quintessence of Humanity Often in life, people take their freedoms, a gift that allows them to express their individuality, for granted. However, in the dystopian societies of The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood and Never Let Me Go by Kazuo Ishiguro, people are reminded of just how easily their freedoms and humanity can be stripped away. Attwood and Ishiguro urge people to never lose sight of the core values that define who they are. The compelling novels chronicle the life journey of two protagonists as they fight to define their own existence and worth in life....   [tags: freedom, existentialism, individualism]
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Individualist - In Defense of the Individualist Throughout history it has been the individualists, like Henry Ford and Rosa Parks, who have led nations, formed common groups, and made the greatest impact. However, people, such as the author, Michael Walzer, of “Multiculturalism and Individualism,” condemn the independent person as an unreliable “footloose” and “empty” creature (533). This denouncement of the socially unrestrained human is the fearful reaction to the power that these individuals can possesse. Nonetheless, strong individuals form the foundation of the world’s progress in technological and social fields because of their willingness to question and create....   [tags: essays research papers] 534 words
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Christian Leadership - Nations crumble, churches and business fail, families become dysfunctional, children lose their way, and men stray from God for one disturbing reason; lack of leadership. These failures are often because of the lack of instruction, proper leadership, and confusion over what Christian leadership is and how that leadership is applicable to every facet of business and personal life. The Webster Dictionary defines leadership as an office or position, the capacity to lead, the act or an instance of leading (Merriam-Webster, 2011)....   [tags: leadership, God, individualism, Church]
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Defining Self-Reliance - “Nothing can bring to a man so much of happiness or so much of misery as man himself.” – Frederick Douglass Since the dawn of the creation of man until our present day, we have pondered on the idea of being in control of our destiny. However, an answer to such a difficult proposition did not present itself until the late 19th century. This era gave birth to the Lyceum movement, which sparked belief in individualism amongst Americans. The two men known to be the catalyst of this theory were Frederick Douglas and Ralph Waldo Emerson....   [tags: Individualism, Entrepeneurship, America]
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Indiviualism in Fahrenheit 451 - Missing Works Cited Individualism A lot of the things we have today that are manmade came from people who dared to think outside of the box. There are not so good ideas that we learn from and there are also really great ideas from which we learn and benefit from. Ask yourself this how is society to grow, change, and develop if we only listen to how one person wants it to be. Individualism is belief in the primary importance of the individual and personal independence, it makes everyone unique....   [tags: Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451] 675 words
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Individualism in Robert Frost's "The Road Not Taken," Zalman King's "In God's Hands" and James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" - Individualism in Robert Frost's "The Road Not Taken," Zalman King's "In God's Hands" and James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" Every society has certain values and generally accepted ways of living that are considered normal. These principles are what keep societies organized and orderly. Conforming to these principles, however, is not necessarily the road to happiness for every individual. The main character, Shane, in In God’s Hands, Sonny, in Sonny’s Blues, and the speaker in The Road Not Taken, all choose not to live by what is considered normal, or popular, and are able to find happiness by living as individuals....   [tags: Frost Road King Hands Baldwin Blues Essays] 930 words
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Distress and Individualism: Comparing Douglass and de la Cruz - Frederick Douglass once said, “Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe” (Brainy Quotes 1). Many people believe in order for society to be safe and homeostatic, the economy and irrational mentalities must change. Prior to comparing and contrasting Frederick Douglass and Sor Juana de la Cruz, brief summaries of the literary works "Reply to Sor Filotea de la Cruz" and Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass will be given....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged - I swear by my life and my love of it, that I will never live for the sake of another [hu] man, nor ask another [hu]man to live for mine. Missing citation… In the United States feminism is often shrouded in two categories, left and right wing, that fall into a spectrum of politics. Most people associate feminism with leftist movements, bra burning and man hating. The movement to many is a collectivist one which sets women together as a unit aiming towards the benefit of the whole. Collectivism is an outlook that places emphasis on a necessary interdependence among humans....   [tags: Feminism, Agency, Hero Worship, Individualism]
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Values - The importance of values can not be overstated, they shape our intrinsic motivation (Kollmuss, & Agyeman, 2002, p.251). The significance of looking at values allows us to see the inter-workings behind peoples actions. Too often society sees the natural environment as something available for our use, a set of resources to be consumed(Cohen, 2006, p.13). Our system of values causes great environmental destruction, only a change in the priority of our values will allow us to counter this trend. Our western values and American values in particular are very inward looking as a country and individually....   [tags: Ethics, Individualism] 1424 words
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Arcady: His Voyage Towards Individualism - In the novel Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev, Arcady plays a major role both in his own life and the lives of others. Arcady, despite the shield he surrounds himself with, is not a true Nihilist like his friend Bazarov through his thoughts and actions we see his change. To begin, Arcady shows signs of Romanticism Early on in the novel despite the announcement of his Nihilist beliefs. For example, Bazarov and Arcady were walking one afternoon in the garden and overheard Nicholas playing his cello....   [tags: essays research papers] 834 words
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Emerson - In understanding this quotation, it is absolutely essential to be cognizant of the context in which “Self-Reliance” was written. The philosophical and social movement that Emerson and his contemporaries founded, Transcendentalism, espoused the idea that although America had formally gained political independence, Europeans possessed virtually hegemonic control over the culture of America. Emerson and his contemporaries sought not only to pioneer a uniquely American style of literature, but also to forge a distinct culture and ethos independent from those of Europe....   [tags: Philosophy, Unapologetic Individualism] 679 words
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Reason in Ayn Rand's "The Fountainhead" - The Fountainhead is the story of an individual, Ayn Rand’s vision of the ideal man. It is the tale of his unabashed refutal of tradition, his struggle against conventionality, and his eventual triumph over the parasites who fear and lust after his greatness. This man, Howard Roark, succeeds because he thinks of his own accord and embraces reason. While others let themselves be controlled by tradition and trends of public opinion, Roark only follows his own logical judgement. That is why—in the midst of a sea of “second-handers,” people who live only in others’ eyes—Roark stands alone and magnificent....   [tags: Character Analysis, Individualism]
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Advertising: Manipulation and Deception - High school students engage in the weirdest fads, making up words like Swag and acronyms like YOLO. That’s where the trend usually increases in popularity because of the music they listen to and the videos they watch. Usually these trends grow with those people for the rest of their lives. They don’t start at high school or college though. Most trends start from the media in order to sell products to consumers. Advertising, like commercials and billboards, has a lot of behind the scenes psychological antics that only trained professionals can catch in order for us to buy the product their selling, which we as people should note and use to our advantage....   [tags: Individualism, Psychological Principles]
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What Anti-Individualists Cannot Know A Priori - What Anti-Individualists Cannot Know A Priori ABSTRACT: The attempt to hold both anti-individualism and privileged self-knowledge may have the absurd consequence that someone could know a priori propositions that are knowable only empirically. This would be so if such an attempt entailed that one could know a priori both the contents of one’s own thoughts and the anti-individualistic entailments from those thought-contents to the world. For then one could also come to know a priori (by simple deduction) the empirical conditions entailed by one’s thoughts....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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The Veil: Marjane's Journey to Individuality - A veil is an article of clothing that is intended to cover some part of the head, face, or physical feature that may hold some significance. It is especially associated with women and sacred objects. Not only does it conceal a person’s physical appearance, but it contributes to stifling one’s individuality. In Marjane Satrapi’s graphic novel Persepolis, Marjane, the main character, lives in Iran and is required, by fear of punishment, to wear a veil that only leaves her face uncovered. The veil becomes an important symbol and throughout the novel, the reader can see the lasting impact the veil has on Satrapi....   [tags: women, Persepolis, Iran, punishment, fear]
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The Evolved Meaning of Individuality - The Evolved Meaning of Individuality The word “individual” holds an important place in today’s society. If asked the meaning of the word “individual,” a randomly chosen person would confidently reply, “ an individual is one person.” Compared to the modern definition, the person would be correct. According to the most recent meaning of “individual”, as defined in the Oxford English Dictionary , is “of, pertaining or peculiar to, a single person or thing, or some one member of a class” ( OED individual 5a)....   [tags: Individual Society Papers]
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Individuality in Whitman's Song of Myself - Individuality in Whitman's Song of Myself During a lecture in 1907, William James said "the philosophy which is so important in each of us is not a technical matter; it is our more or less dumb sense of what life honestly means. It is only partly got from books; it is our individual way of just seeing and feeling the total push and pressure of the cosmos" (Bartlett 546) Individuality has been a prevalent theme in every type of literature for quite some time. Whether it is a character discovering his/her individuality or the author expressing his, literature is full of distinctness....   [tags: Song of Myself Essays]
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National Socialism: The Loss of Individuality - National Socialism: The Loss of Individuality National Socialism in Germany between 1933 and 1945 offered no room for individuality. The unification of Germany and the purification of the Arian race did not allow for the citizens in Nazi Germany to have any singularity. The rise of National Socialism was due to many linked motivations, from the disgrace that the Germanys were feeling after their defeat in the First World War, to the racism against the Jews that plagued all of Europe. After World War One Germany was demolished, both economically and agriculturally....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Suppression of Individuality in Huxley's Brave New World and Rand's Anthem - Fahrenheit 451, a Ray Bradbury book, possesses a stereotypical citizen named Guy Montag. Guy sees the world just the same as any other individual. No true happiness or emotion is ever evoked. In his society, Montag becomes aware that books and other censored items exist in the world, but their presence has no impact on him until a female character enters the story. Talking one afternoon, Montag becomes interest in this female’s opinions on society. He soon concludes that the government is repressing individuality by censoring numerous avenues of entertainment that allow people to form their own thoughts and judgments; done so to maintain social stability....   [tags: brave new world, anthem] 1682 words
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Thoughts on Individuality and Non-individuality - Natural systems can be thought of as non-separable and therefore non-individual. This non-individuality is a conceptual framework of the philosophy of science. Specifically, we observe from the theory of quantum mechanics "the intimate connection in the inseparably connected things, e.g., of parts and wholes, of substances and their attributes, of action and reaction, of genus and species, and substances in which they reside, and of eternal substances and their ultimate differences". On this principle, nothing possesses an essential nature of its very own individuality, because "every several thing is a blend, and its name is merely an indication of the dominant constituent." Furthermore, "t...   [tags: philosophy of science, quantum state] 745 words
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The Loss of Individuality in the Strive for Power: Aldous Huxley's Brave New World - The love of Power and its grasp on humanity is exemplified in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. In Huxley’s dystopian society, access to power is limited; it is allowed only to those who have been conditioned to gain it. "We also predestine and condition. We decant our babies as socialized human beings, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewage workers or […] future Directors of Hatcheries." Power in Brave New World initiates from eliminating choice but also from giving the illusion of choice, thus, erasing any conception of choice....   [tags: Subordinate Gender, World State]
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Modernism’s Legacy in Today’s World - Modernism’s Legacy in Today’s World The seeds sown by the Modernists nearly one hundred years ago can clearly be seen today, if you know what you are looking for. Nearly everything from the technology that comprises your computer to your world view can be attributed, at least in part, to the Modernists. Their values, ideas, and writings have transcended time and have stayed relevant in today’s society. All of which were inspired by the times: eminent destruction of individualism at the hands of factories, war, and technology....   [tags: Society, Hipsters, Individuality] 1075 words
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