Search Results

Free Essays
Good Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "immunity"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Immunity to Parasites and Apoptosis - IMMUNITY TO PARASITES AND APOPTOSIS. Humoral and cellular immunity are the two sides of immunity turn on during parasitic infections and ideally are aimed to fight infection. However, in some cases immunity to parasites can exacerbate the disease and induce tissue injury. Cellular Immunity Animal models have been most useful to better understand mechanisms of immunity to parasites. Athymic mice that lack T cells are unable to control several parasite infections. This clearly indicates that T cells play an important role during the development of these infections (39,40)....   [tags: Biology, Cellular Immunity] 1925 words
(5.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Goal Setting and Overcoming Immunity to Change - In March, my PSYC class was presented with a challenge - to identify a personal improvement goal and to address this issue using an Immunity to Change map. My lengthy list of personal struggles was quickly narrowed down to one item with focused reflection. My improvement goal was to engage in productive thoughts and behaviors that would provide better time management practices. I was initially looking to improve my behaviors at home so that it would translate into success in all areas of my life including my career....   [tags: Immunity Change Map]
:: 3 Works Cited
2746 words
(7.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Immunity in the U.S. Court - The right to not incriminate one’s self is established within the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution. The Fifth Amendment states, “No person…shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself” (Davenport, 2006, P. 87). People may plead the fifth as a means of refusing to answer questions about alleged criminal activities. The right to not self incriminate, is a fundamental right meant to protect individuals from being forced into giving evidence that could be used against one’s self....   [tags: Justice System ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1433 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Hazing Cases and Qualified Immunity - Introduction: In recent years several high profile national cases have brought hazing to the forefront in American society as a real issue and a problematic one at that. According to recent statistics from the University of Maine, 1.5 million high school students are hazed each year. Of the athletes who have reported hazing, 40% have reported that a coach or advisor was aware of the activity. 22% report that the coach was actually involved in the activities. (Allan & Madden, 2008). Moreover, 36% of students say they would not report hazing primarily because “there’s no one to tell,” and 27% feel that officials or coaches won’t handle the situation right....   [tags: humiliating, dangerous initiation rituals] 1745 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Dilemma of Artificial Immunity: Vaccines - On the 28th of February 1998 British gastroenterologists, Dr. Andrew Wakefield, published a paper declaring correlations between vaccines and severe developmental disorders in children (Gerber & Offit, 2009, p. 456). Although Dr. Wakefield’s study has since then been found to be flawed, his research started a highly controversial debate between artificial and natural immunity. The reality is that we still do not know all the potential short and long-term effects vaccines may have on us. Do the side effects they pose out weighing their benefits....   [tags: Vaccines, Prevention, Disease]
:: 7 Works Cited
866 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Foreign Soverign Immunity - Introduction The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (FSIA) and the Federal Common Law of Foreign Relations enable the United States with a means to uphold approachable international relations amongst the relaxed absolute jurisdiction of the U.S. while deciding litigation for injured foreign nationals seeking compensation and justice (Albright, 2006; Collier, 2004). Schooner Exchange v. McFaddon (1812) case is an early example of the importance for the existence of FSIA. The Balaou, a French warship, docked in the Port of Philadelphia due to bad weather and two U.S....   [tags: morals, ethics, United States, Dole v Patrickson]
:: 9 Works Cited
1729 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Immunity to Change Personal Development Process - In this paper we will discuss how the Immunity to Change (ITC) and the Constructivism Developmental Theory (CDT) can be used in service of personal and spiritual evolution. We will look at an ITC map and the data generated by it and then reflect upon this information. To do this we start by introducing the terms of ITC and CDT and how we can make use of them to support our developmental growth. Furthermore, we are going to explore my personal ITC map and how working with it, through the lens of CDT, has led me to an adaptive change, to my personal growth and evolution....   [tags: Constructivism Developmental Theory]
:: 3 Works Cited
2884 words
(8.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Application to Infection and Immunity M.Sc. Program - Personal Statement Application to Infection and Immunity MSc Program I began high school in 2003. Like every other student I aimed for the so called high and prominent careers and my first choice was Medicine while my second choice was nursing. This led me to volunteer in a hospital immediately after High school but after the results were out I did not qualify for the Medicine program as a government sponsored student instead, I was selected for the General Science program. I did not know what the program entailed when I enrolled in the university but I embraced it positively and settled on making it work for me....   [tags: personal statement of purpose] 698 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Indemnity is Immunity from Responsibility for Damages - Indemnity Indemnity in the legal sense means immunity from responsibilities for damages. This immunity is attained by a contractual agreement between two parties on a particular issue. In the agreement, one party decides to pay for any future damages or losses caused by the second party on agreed issues. In other words, the second party will not be held responsible for any damages or losses. Indemnity will be paid in terms of monetary benefits or by repairs/replacements. The indemnity payments will be made in accordance with the contractual agreement....   [tags: contract, compensation, clinical trials] 985 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Evolution Of Immunity And The Invertebrates - Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates "Article Summery" Name: "Immunity and the Invertebrates" Periodical: Scientific American Nov, 1996 Author: Gregory Beck and Gail S. Habicht Pages: 60 - 71 Total Pages Read: 9 The complex immune systems of humans and other mammals evolved over quite a long time - in some rather surprising ways. In 1982 a Russian zoologist named Elie Metchnikoff noticed a unique property of starfish larva. When he inserted a foreign object through it's membrane, tiny cells would try to ingest the invader through the process of phagocytosis....   [tags: essays research papers] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Giving the Body Immunity to a Specific Disease with a Vaccine - The definition of a vaccine is, medication or medicine, taken before infection or illness to prevent infection and sickness by giving the body immunity to said specific disease. The immunity varies in lasting time from temporary to permanent. www.dictionary.com, would refer to vaccines as ,”Any preparation used as a preventive inoculation to confer immunity against a specific disease, usually employing an innocuous form of the disease agent, as killed or weakened bacteria or viruses, to stimulate antibody production”....   [tags: anitbody, inoculation, toxoid]
:: 3 Works Cited
564 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Immunity from Sate Jurisdiction - Immunity from Sate Jurisdiction International law specifies that 'the jurisdiction of a state within its territory is complete and absolute'[1]. However, it is identified that certain categories of persons and bodies acting in the public interest are entitled to immunities and privileges from the exercise of the State jurisdiction. In April 1984 WPC Fletcher, a British policewoman was killed, as a result of shots being fired from the Libyan Bureau. The incident created great anger and it was asked by many as was whether the Libyan diplomats were immune from being tried in the United Kingdom courts and the abuse of such privilege granted to diplomatic persons....   [tags: Papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Presidential Immunity: Cases In The Supreme Court - The Supreme Court has had to rule on issues regarding Presidential immunity in a few cases. Three specifically have helped to set the precedent for how the court would interpret another case brought before the court. In Mississippi v. Johnson the ruling decided whether a president can have an injunction placed on him/her based on the carrying out of their executive duties. Next, in the case of Nixon v. Fitzgerald the court ruled on whether a president can be personally sued for decisions they made while in office that violated established law....   [tags: US History Justice court ] 1138 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
DESCRIBE THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF DIFFERENT CELL TYPES OF INNATE IMMUNITY - The immune system is a complicated biological body system that protects us from pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi which has cells that are from the hematopoietic stem cell in the bone marrow. It includes white blood cells, chemicals and proteins like complement proteins and antibodies. The system is divided into two major parts that is the innate immunity system (non-specific) and the adaptive system (specific). The innate plays a vital role in the system as it is the primary defence mechanism whilst the adaptive immune system is the second line of defence....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1219 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's "fathers and Sons" - Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's Fathers and Sons Whenever reform or revolution is possible, it is because a new, progressive ideal has been quickly and widely perpetuated among the people of a particular nation. It is often a country's youth population that most readily accepts such new ideals, since they, being in the process of education and the development of their personal beliefs, tend to be malleable to new ideas and standards, and ready for change and development. The older generation is thus an opponent to change, or at least, not passionately motivated towards any revolution, being older and accustomed to certain ways of life....   [tags: European Literature] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Watergate-presidential Immunity - In the early morning hours of June 17, 1972, District of Columbia police officers discovered five men, wearing surgical gloves and carrying tear gas fountain pens, walkie-talkies, and wads of new $100 bills, apparently attempting to plant electronic surveillance equipment in the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate apartment-office complex. The resulting investigation led to the discovery of the roles of several White House staff and eventually to the President himself....   [tags: President Richard Nixon] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Religion as a Threat to Vaccination - Since the debut of vaccines, global health has improved as diseases become less common and, in some cases, eradicated. “Herd immunity,” the overall immunity established when a significant proportion of a community is immune to a disease, can be reached through widespread vaccination. The result of herd immunity is an extreme reduction of disease prevalence (Fine, Eames, & Heymann, 2011). Current herd immunity saves forty-two thousand lives and fourteen billion dollars in the United States each year in direct medical costs alone (Buttenheim, Jones, & Baras, 2012)....   [tags: Global Health, Herd immunity]
:: 8 Works Cited
1066 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
IL-2 and IL-4 Produced upon Vaccination Results in Humoral Response and Predicts Vaccine Effectiveness - Vaccination is used to prevent or to improve immunity to various diseases. The main purpose of vaccine use is to induce immune response in individuals. Different techniques to assess vaccines focus on antibody response. The issue is that antibody based vaccine assessment does not show whole picture and might not be accurate. Cytokine assays testing IL-2, IL-4, TNF-α, and IFN-γ levels might be more potent for vaccine assessment. The goal of the proposal is to create IL-2 and IL-4 based cytokine assays, which will predict vaccine potency depending on its concentration during immunity development....   [tags: medicine, health, immunity]
:: 8 Works Cited
1707 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Overview of Sossamon vs. Texas - I Introduction Harvey Leroy Sossamon III was denied the ability to use the prison chapels, in the state prison in which he was being held (Oyez.org). Sossamon had been in the Robertson Unit of the Correctional Institutions Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice since 2002 (Fasoro). His claims for use were that of religious purposes, the state prison warden in fact denied all inmates that were cell restricted access to such activities. Sossamon was entitled to the use the chapel, in fact it was in his rights....   [tags: Prison Chapels, Sovereign Immunity]
:: 4 Works Cited
2911 words
(8.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Immunological Theory of Aging - ... Roy Walford, M.D. Roy had believed and hypothesized that the aging process in a man and all animals is pathologically related to faulty immune processes as seen with autoimmune disorders (Effros, 2005) However it wasn’t until the early 1980’s that Walford began to construct this proposal. During this same time, immunologists and cell biologists were in a stalemate of debates focused on aging in respect to their individual fields. In the same period, a cytokine that was found to have promoted T-cell proliferation within cellular culture was discovered, promoting a flourish of immunology papers announcing the discovery of proof that the “unlimited growth of normal human T-cells” existed an...   [tags: cells, immunity, youth]
:: 3 Works Cited
763 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Increase in Cancer Incidence - Cancer in recent times became an epidemic. In the recently published report from the international agency for research on cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency for research on cancer of the world health organization (WHO), the global burden of cancer has been expected to almost double in the next decade. This trend is not only limited to the cancer incidence but is expected to be replicate in the cancer death or even more [1]. As per the 2012 WHO report, the most common cause as per the incidence globally is lung(1.8 million,13 %), breast (1.7 million,11.9%) and large bowel (1.4 million,9.7%)....   [tags: anesthetics, tumors, immunity] 1426 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Should Vaccines Be Mandatory? - Health care is complex and ever changing. What makes perfect sense for one individual may bring deep-seated ethical issues for another individual. With the vast amount of possibilities expanding through research, ethical dilemmas develop and complicate the decisions we need to make for ourselves and loved ones. The varied choices regarding cancer vaccines, fraud and euthanasia will be explored. Cancer Vaccines The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer demonstrates a parade of polarizing ethical issues of today, but the topic of mandatory cervical cancer vaccines particularly caught my attention....   [tags: herd immunity, fraud, euthanisia]
:: 2 Works Cited
889 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Type I Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy - Thymocytes experience four main processes before maturing. The entry of thymocytes into the thymus, the generation of double-positive thymocytes in the cortex, the positive selection of thymocytes in the cortex and the negative selection of thymocytes in the medulla, and the export of mature T-cells from the thymus to peripheral tissues. The negative selection of thymocytes depends on the expression of self-antigens by medullary thymic epithelial cells (MECs). The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) is a transcription factor, which turns on the expression of these self-antigens in the MECs and therefore, defects in the AIRE protein can result in autoimmunity (Metzger and Anderson, 2011)....   [tags: Immunity, Disease, Cells]
:: 6 Works Cited
1520 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Psychological Stress and Immunity - Events that provoke stress are known as stressors, this covers a wide range of situations. Stressors can be anything from a risk of physical danger to taking an in-class exam or even conducting a presentation at work. The human body responds to these stressors by activating the nervous system and specific hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. The adrenal glands are signaled by the hypothalamus to produce more of these hormones and then to release them into the bloodstream. The hormones adrenaline and cortisol increase breathing rate, heart rate, blood pressure and metabolism....   [tags: Stressors] 1449 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sleep Deprivation and Test Scores - Sleep deprivation is something that every adult, teenager, and child has suffered from at some point in their lives. Being deprived of sleep has negative effects on mood, productivity, immunity against infection, weight, reaction time, memory, blood pressure, and many other things. (Psych textbook pg 90) But what effect does it have on the test scores of teenagers. Most teenagers say they wish that they could get more sleep during the week and claim they often feel the harsh effects of sleep deprivation....   [tags: mood, productivity, immunity, weight, time] 926 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Pathogenesis of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis - Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a relatively large (2-4 micrometers in length) rod shaped bacillus that acts as a common human pathogen throughout the world.1 This mycobacterium species is an obligate aerobe, which limits its pathogenicity to the oxygen rich lobes of the lungs. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is non-motile and is characterized by its unusually high cell wall lipid content. M. tuberculosis has several unique clinical characteristics as a result of this unusually high lipid content. This bacterium cannot be stained using the common Gram staining technique and must instead be stained with the Ziehl-Neelsen, or acid fast stain....   [tags: impermeability, infectious, immunity] 951 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gilead: Opposition is Futile - The Republic of Gilead’s power comes from a violent control of its citizen’s actions. Gilead, replacing the Constitution with “the overweening patriarchal principles of Genesis,” uses force and intimidation to inspire people’s natural tendency of self-preservation and uses it to control them (Stimpson 764). They enforce compliance through fear and create a society of suspicion and anxiety. The government’s unadulterated control is evident in the atmosphere of Gilead. The people of Gilead are censored, their actions, emotions, and knowledge is not under their management....   [tags: Moral Immunity, Brainwashing]
:: 4 Works Cited
1411 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Embodiment of the Principle of Universal Jurisdiction - Universal jurisdiction also called the universality principle enables nations to prosecute offenders of certain crimes, even though they don’t have any nexus to the crime, the alleged offender and the victim. As a concept it was historically developed on the maritime legal principle of hostis humani generis (enemy of the humankind) to address the issue of piracy, which caused considerable destruction of international trade. However, today this principle is applied to prosecute perpetrators of crimes against humanity....   [tags: crimes, Eichmann Trial, Pinochet, immunity, law]
:: 2 Works Cited
1878 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Battle Of Impunity - Battle of Impunity Insults often serve as a catalyst for revenge. Yet, revenge never comes without consequences. These consequences can stay in a person’s subconscious for the remainder of their life. Through the clever short story “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe, Montresor suffers from being insulted, seeking revenge and living with guilt. Montresor is unsuccessful in punishing Fortunato with impunity. The obsession to confess is a killer. Montresor starts the evil revenge plot with a smile on his face....   [tags: essays research papers] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Importance of Vaccines - According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, a vaccine is defined as a preparation of killed microorganisms, or living, virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease. There are approximately fifty principle vaccines utilized in the United States to prevent bacterial and viral diseases in humans. Disease prevention is a primary concern of public health in the U.S. Over the past two centuries, vaccines have been successful in preventing numerous cases of infectious diseases including: polio, measles, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), rubella (German measles), mumps, and tetanus....   [tags: safety and effectiveness, human papiloma virus] 1443 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Link between Vaccines and Allergies - An allergy is an immune response to substances that are recognized as harmful In most situations, genetic heredity plays a role in what allergy a person acquires. Children inherit their allergy from their parents. (Mills et al., 2007) On the contrary, some of individuals develop certain allergies in spite of their parents. One proposed theory that will be explored in this paper is whether or not the use of vaccines causes us to develop certain allergies. Before that theory can be proven as right or wrong, we must first get a more thorough understanding of the immune system....   [tags: health issues and reactions]
:: 21 Works Cited
1882 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Modern-Day Vaccine Development Raising Eyebrows - ... This stage may last for 1-2 years and often some candidate vaccines cannot go beyond this stage due to the potential lack of immunity generation. After this, the next step includes clinical studies on human beings. First a small group of humans are tested with the vaccine, followed by a larger group, to assess the safety and extent of the immune response that vaccine can provoke. Successful trial phases are followed by an approval and licensing procedure. FDA approves the labeling of vaccine after satisfaction and inspection of the manufacturing unit....   [tags: antibodies, immune, medical] 1596 words
(4.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Evolutionary Importance of Maternal Anti-Bodies and its Implications on Evolution and Ecology - An organism’s ability to survive is not limited to the number of resources available but even more importantly the organism’s ability to fight off infections. Immunity is one of the most important features an organism has to distinguish and protect itself against certain pathogens that could potentially be fatal to the organism. From the first line of defense such as skin and mucous membranes, an organism’s body is constantly fighting off antigens. Antigens are molecules from a pathogen or a foreign organism that provoke a specific immune response....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 6 Works Cited
972 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
5 Court Cases - I. Name and Citation STATE OF FLORIDA, versus SEMINOLE TRIBE OF FLORIDA II. Key Facts In this complaint, the the Tribe was operating "electronic or electromechanical facsimiles of games of chance" and that such operations constituted class III gaming as defined by IGRA. These games were operated despite the absence of a compact between the Tribe and the State regarding the regulation of class III gaming. The State also alleged that the Tribe planned to construct a new facility on its lands in order to conduct additional class III gaming....   [tags: essays research papers] 1814 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Latest Advances In Drug Manipulations Of The Immune System - INTRODUCTION In order to provide a detailed analysis of recent pharmacological developments involving the human immune system, it is firstly necessary to introduce the innate and adaptive immune responses . Immunosuppressants and immunomodulators will be differentiated between and a selection of new and often experimental drugs belonging to each category will be provided. Specific drugs will be described including the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics involved with each type. The possible clinical uses will be alluded to along with details from recent research....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 9 Works Cited
3818 words
(10.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How Malaria Is Passed from Person to Person - Because the malaria parasite exists in human red blood cells which form part of blood, it is possible for malaria to be passed on from one person to the next via organ transplant, shared use of sharp objects that come in contact with blood such as knives, needles and syringes; it can also be passed on through blood transfusion. An infected mother can also card malaria on to her unborn baby during the process of birth (delivery).Malaria passed on in this matter is called congenital malaria. Because malaria can only be passed on through blood, a person cannot “latch" malaria from others just by being near an infected person....   [tags: parasite, blood, endemic] 1250 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Understanding the Importance of Immunisation - Understanding the Importance of Immunisation According to http://www.amfar.org/cgi-bin/iowa/bridge.html, immunisation is the administration of antigenic components of an infectious agent to stimulate a protective immune response. Immunisation is a technique that is used to increase immunity to specific diseases in humans by exposing the individual to an anti-gen in order to raise ant-bodies to that anti-gen. Immunisation is a way of protecting against serious diseases such as tuberculosis and polio....   [tags: Papers] 1595 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Asian Auschwitz - “’How many logs did you chop today?’ People would answer ‘Two logs were cut at my section’, or ‘No logs were cut at my section’” (Simkin). This conversation was not a discussion on the productivity of a day’s work of cutting wood, no this was far worse. The discussion between these men was about the vivisection of live human subjects. Here was a daily part of the lives of workers and researchers of the Japanese Covert Biological and Chemical Warfare Research Department Unit, or better known as Unit 731, and the atrocities committed by the “Asian Auschwitz”....   [tags: Japan]
:: 7 Works Cited
1654 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Ukranian Crisis: Extradition of Viktor Yanukovich - The Ukrainian crisis was a result of social upheaval against the former president, Mr. Yanukovich, who decided to pull out of the association with the European Union (BBC News, 2014). The upheaval that lasted for about two months resulted in more than 100 people killed (NY Times, 2014). In February 22 Mr. Yanukovich disappears and the opposition takes control over the government in Ukraine (BBC News, 2014). Upon learning that Mr. Yanukovich is currently residing in Kazakhstan, the new government of Ukraine requests from Kazakhstan the extradition of the overthrown president, who is accused of crime against the Ukrainian citizenry....   [tags: european union, crime, kazakhstan]
:: 5 Works Cited
1358 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Roles of Microbiota on Immunological Function - Within the gastrointestinal tract of the human body thrive trillions of bacteria, comprising what is known as the microbiota (Slack et al. 2009, Figure 1). The microbiota can be defined as the combination of microorganisms, consisting primarily of bacteria, living simultaneously in a location (Round et al. 2009). Thousands of years of evolution have contributed to the relationship that is observed between human intestinal bacteria and the adaptive immune system. Beginning with the initial divergence of vertebrates, humans have acquired the ability to establish and maintain a microbiota, which can be altered in response to various factors....   [tags: bacteria, gut, pathogens ] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Why Our Children Should be Vaccinated - Why our children should be vaccinated Vaccines are said to be one of the greatest public health achievements in history. They date back to 1796, when Edward Jenner used cowpox material to create immunity to the smallpox disease. (Historyofvaccines.org 2014) Now over two-hundred years later they’ve helped dramatically reduce the instance of viral diseases in children. For example, old childhood diseases such as Polio, Smallpox, and Diptheria have either been completely eradicated or are rarely seen in the United States thanks to vaccines....   [tags: childhood diseases, polio, smallpox] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Detoxification and Cleansing Elements - In recent articles, I’ve discussed pre-cleansing the circulation and digestive tracts with alkalizing and detoxifying foods, along with gentle cleansing supplements like modified citrus pectin (MCP) and alginates. This initial phase helps to prepare the body for a more thorough detox process. In this article, I recommend herbs and nutrients to add to your program that help with in-depth toxin removal. Taking The Next Step As we proceed with detoxification, we need to incorporate cleansing supplements that comprehensively remove toxins from organs and tissues, following what’s called the detox cycles....   [tags: removing toxins fro organs and tissues] 771 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Vaccines Are Necessary - The most dangerous diseases of our nation have been more or less wiped out by extensive immunity. This widespread protection has been the result of vast vaccination. Like any respectable affair, there are bound to be individuals who disagree with common immunity. These critics base themselves off of fragile and fictitious studies, and then go further to spread their misled beliefs. Nevertheless, universal immunity has proved itself time and time again to be a proficient way to rid countries of disease and illness....   [tags: immune, unvaccinated children, health]
:: 3 Works Cited
970 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Lymphatic System - ... The red blood cells purify blood and white blood cells largely composed of lymphocytes determine the response of the immune system to fight foreign substances. While the spleens role is of importance if ruptured it can be removed and other nearby organs will fulfill the roles of the spleen. (Lymph Transport and Immunity, McGraw Hill) The thymus gland is located in the upper thoracic cavity. It is divided in lobules and the thymus glands main function is to help stimulate T lymphocytes also known as killer T cells....   [tags: antigens, body drainage network] 2012 words
(5.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The History of Swine Flu and the Current Worldwide Outbreak of this Virus - A long time ago, the world has been greatly hit by the virulent disease of swine flu in 1918, 1976, 1988, 1998, 2007 and now finally in the year of 2009. This flu is also referred to as swine influenza, hog flu, or pig flu. The swine flu that has hit humans has been mainly associated with bonds of the H1N1 virus. In the past, in Mexico, the Midwestern United States, South America, China, Taiwan, Japan and other parts of Eastern Asia have been found tainted with swine flu. Over the very past years this virus has shown its evil face along the entire world....   [tags: health, medical]
:: 2 Works Cited
846 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Coevolution of Bacterial Gut Microbiota and the Human Adaptive Immune System - Within the gastrointestinal tract of the human body thrive trillions of bacteria, comprising what is known as the microbiota (Slack et al. 2009, Figure 1). The microbiota can be defined as the combination of microorganisms living simultaneously in a location, with that location being the human body (Round et al. 2009). Many years of evolution have contributed to the relationship that is observed between human intestinal bacteria and the adaptive immune system. Contrary to the common belief that all intestinal bacteria are pathogenic, recent evidence suggests that the bacteria residing in the human gut actually play a crucial role in human adaptive immunological function....   [tags: human gut, immune system, microbiota]
:: 12 Works Cited
907 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Immunizations: Not All They Are Cracked Up to Be -   Immunizations have saved millions of lives over the last hundred years. Currently vaccination rates are at their highest in the United States. Most vaccinations are given during infancy through adolescents. Infants especially are more susceptible to infectious diseases; this being the reason it is so important to guard via immunization. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention immunizations help prevent disease from spreading and protect infants and toddlers against threatening difficulties of diseases such as polio and measles.(2004) Data compiled by the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) states that children today now receive as many as 49 doses of 14 vaccines...   [tags: vaccines can trigger auto inmune disorders]
:: 22 Works Cited
976 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Smith v Ministry of Defence [2013] UKSC 41 - In 2013, the Supreme Court heard the landmark, strikeout case of Smith v Ministry of Defence, which is of great significance; it extends the jurisdiction of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) to military operations outside the UK. The case also exhibits the Court’s adopting of a narrow approach in the interpretation and application of the doctrine of ‘combat immunity’. “In effect, it extends a civilian understanding of duty of care and rights guaranteed by the ECHR to Service personnel in combat”....   [tags: Military Operations, United Kingdom, Supreme Court]
:: 16 Works Cited
1221 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The 'But for' Test and 'Balance of Probabilities' - ... Or Spring where the claimant is deprived the opportunity of a potential new job because of a negligent job reference from the previous employer; each demonstrating loss of chance as compensable. However, the crucial distinguishing fact between these cases and medical negligence is the fact the loss of chance is definite whilst in medical negligence it is not. In the majority of medical negligence cases the chance is unresolved during trial as the trial tends to occur within the projected loss of chance time period rendering the loss unknown....   [tags: nglish law, determining negligence]
:: 29 Works Cited
1715 words
(4.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Ebola Virus Infection Treatment & Management - “Scientists in Canada announced the successful treatment of Ebola viral infection in monkeys. The encouraging results were published in the journal Science Translational Medicine on June 13.” - www.healthmap.org Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral disease that was first recorded in 1976, when an outbreak occurred in Yambuku, Zaire, a country that was latter renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo (Walsh, Biek & Real, 2005). During the outbreak 318 cases were recorded of which 280 (88%) died. Later the same year, an outbreak occurred in Sudan where 284 cases were recorded with fatality rate of 53%....   [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF)]
:: 9 Works Cited
1296 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Law and Medicial in Healthcare - ... While the nurse made a faulty decision, this could have been avoided had she contacted the physician regarding the drastic change in the patient’s vital signs and condition. The nurse had a duty to provide the necessary assessments and reassessments to ensure optimal care of the patient. Furthermore, proper documentation of assessments, reassessments, medication administration, and the patient’s condition is critical in managing overall patient care responsibilities. Because the healthcare industry is heavily regulated by both federal and state laws, emphasis must be placed ensuring availability of complete and accurate patient documentation....   [tags: methods, polices, procedures, legal] 1886 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Exploring the Human Immune System - 2.4.1 Overview The immune system can be subdivided into two systems; innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Innate immune system is made up of physical, chemical, and microbiological barriers, as well as the others elements of the immune system such as phagocytic cells (polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages), cells that release inflammatory mediator (basophils, mast cell, and eosinophils), natural killer cells, and the protein component (complement, cytokines, and acute phase proteins)....   [tags: medical, immunology] 1051 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Importance of Childhood Vaccination - Since the introduction of vaccinations, medical science has managed to all but eliminate many formerly fatal and debilitating childhood illnesses in countries where the immunization of children is nearly universal. Diseases such as measles, mumps, diphtheria, rubella and polio have been relegated to a marginal status in developed countries with active immunization campaigns; smallpox is actually considered to have been completely eliminated from the earth, without a single case having been reported since roughly 1979 (“Childhood”)....   [tags: Medicine Vaccinations]
:: 7 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Human Immune System - ... Neutrophil and macrophage cells are both categorized as phagocytes, cells that destroy pathogens by surrounding and engulfing them; although, both cells differ in the types of pathogens they engulf. Lymphocyte cells can be divided into two categories: T cells and B cells. “T cells destroy body cells that have been infected with pathogens,” and B cells produce antibodies that inactivate pathogens. T cells and B cells are imperative to the immune responses of cellular and humoral immunity. “Cellular immunity is an immune response that depends on T cells.” Before a T cell is able to destroy an infected body cell, it must be activated....   [tags: fighting diseases, cellular inmunity] 626 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The History of Vaccine - ... This method helps produce small amount of the virus to stimulate the immune system without harming the body. Scientists use it to make vaccines for diseases like measles, chickenpox, and mumps. (“ Weaken the Virus”1,2,3). The benefit of this method is providing a life lasting immunity for the person with one or two doses of the vaccine.( “Weaken the Virus” 9,10). However, this type of vaccine can not be used for people with low immune system .(“ Weaken the Virus” 10,11). The second method is using dead virus that does not produce any viruses, but still has its character....   [tags: children's immunization, smallpox] 1371 words
(3.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses on First and Subsequent Exposure to a Pathogen - The immune system is comprised of two responses: the adaptive immune response and the innate immune response. The first line of defence against invading organisms is classified as the innate immune response and the second line of defence and protection against re- exposure to the same pathogen is known as the adaptive immune response. Innate immune responses are known as the non-specific manner which composes the cells and defend the host from infection by other organism by mechanism. The adaptive immunity represents the antigen-specific immune response....   [tags: Medical Science]
:: 2 Works Cited
503 words
(1.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The impact of Ig G levels on routine clinical biochemistry parameters in neonatal calves - Summary: The minimisation of neonatal mortality is critical for the success of an animal management programme. The period between calving and weaning is the most crucial period in the animal's life. A major management tool that could be used to reduce health problems in calves is feeding with colostrum. Colostrum is rich in energy, protein and vitamins (especially vitamins A, D, E and B12). Most importantly, colostrum is essential for newborns, in that it contains high levels of immunoglobulins, which transfer passive immunity to the calf, and thereby, enable it to fight with infections....   [tags: Animal Science ]
:: 13 Works Cited
1934 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Mandatory Vaccination, and the High Risk of Vaccine-preventable Disease (VPD) to the Vaccine Refusal. - ... Massachusetts. Briefly, there was a Swedish immigrant who refused the vaccination for him and for his children during the small pox outbreak, because he thought that vaccination made him and his children sick, and he also refused to pay the fine. The case was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld the authority of states to enforce compulsory vaccination laws. (5) There was another story about the girl in taxes who excluded from the public school because she was not fulfilled the immunization requirement....   [tags: health issues and effects]
:: 11 Works Cited
1360 words
(3.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Discovery of Vaccines Prevented The Spread of Infectious Diseases - The discovery of vaccines prevented the spread of infectious diseases around the world. Vaccines control the spread of diseases such as measles, tuberculosis, smallpox, and the flu. In addition, vaccines increase the overall health of not only individuals, but of populations. Although these benefits prove effective on the world wide scale, the requirement of vaccinations of children to enter the public school system remains a current public health concern. Some argue that vaccines are dangerous for children and can lead to adverse effects....   [tags: measles, tuberculosis, smallpox]
:: 3 Works Cited
1356 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Federal Aviation Administration, et. al., Petitioners v. Stanmore Cawthon - FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, et al., Petitioners v. STANMORE CAWTHON Facts Stanmore Cawthon Cooper was a pilot who contracted HIV during his time in service for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA); at the time he was diagnosed the FAA did not issue medical certificates, which are required as a precondition to operate aircraft to persons with HIV. Subsequently Mr. Cooper applied to the Social Security Administration to receive benefits based on his diagnosis and thereafter renewed his pilot certificate six times without revealing his medical status or any medications he was taking before being discovered by the government....   [tags: pilot certification, HIV positive]
:: 2 Works Cited
1564 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Phagocytosis and the Immune Response - Phagocytosis and the Immune Response What are the roles of leucocytes in Phagocytosis and secretion of antibodies. The roles of cellular components of the blood are vital in the transport of respiratory gases and in the defence against disease. The role of white blood cells (also known as leucocytes) are concerned with the defence of the body against disease. Leucocytes are nucleated cells present in the blood. They are less numerous in comparison to red blood cells: there are around 7000 per nm³ of blood compared with 5000000 red cells....   [tags: Papers] 1106 words
(3.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Prospective Jailers v Sheriff and Stanton County - Overview of the Case Two females applied for jailer positions in the state of Kansas at the Stanton county jail. Cheri was a guard in the State Kansas Prison. She applied for one of the open positions within the count jail. She is thirty-four years old, five feet five inches tall, weighs one hundred forty-five pounds. She has a degree from a junior college, and corrections experience. The Sheriff did not hire Cheri. Laura is a veteran of the Marine Corps. She applied for the other jailer position available....   [tags: US Constitution, equal protection, discrimination]
:: 12 Works Cited
2098 words
(6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Vaccines and the Prophylactic use of Antipyretics - Background Many parents express concern and worry over their child developing fever after receiving vaccines. Because of this, parents often choose to medicate their child with antipyretics in order to prevent this unpleasant side effect. According to Pedulla (2012), it was previously common practice by pediatric health care provides to recommend using an antipyretic prior to the administration of immunizations in order to reduce fever and discomfort experienced by the patient until a study done by Prymula and colleagues in 2009 showed evidence that these types of medications caused a decline in primary antibody response....   [tags: pediatric care, healthcare, medicine]
:: 18 Works Cited
2523 words
(7.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Parents Should Not Avoid Vaccinating Their Children - Introduction Child's immune system is a very dynamic and plastic system that has several stages of development. Each of these stages (there are at least 4-5) or periods may largely affect the entire life of each little man. Clinical experience suggests that the majority of adult diseases are usually formed in childhood in many ways - through proper or defective immune response to the formation surrounding the child’s inner world and infections. The infections that are natural companions with which people go by the entire life from birth to old age living with in harmony or in continuous hostility....   [tags: immune system, bacterial infection]
:: 11 Works Cited
2022 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Vaccinations Necessary to the Nation’s Youth - Parents must make many decisions about their child, which vary from what brand of diapers to use to at what age to start a college fund. Parents also take responsibility for their child’s health, including deciding whether or not to vaccinate. Immunizations serve as the most efficient way to prevent possible life threatening diseases, including mumps, Hepatitis B, and polio, from affecting children, not only during adolescence, but also throughout their adult lives. Parents need to make the informed decision to vaccinate their children....   [tags: Medical Research, Immunization]
:: 12 Works Cited
1755 words
(5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Poliomyelitis Vaccine - Poliomyelitis, also known as polio, was the most feared childhood disease of the first half of the 20th century. It was an acute viral disease which was caused by the inflammation of the motor neurons of the brainstem and spinal cord. In addition, being affected by the poliovirus caused paralysis of the body and sometimes even death. It was a disease that scientists could not find a cure for it. But at the peak of its devastation in the United States, a vaccine has been introduced to prevent it....   [tags: feared childhood diseases]
:: 5 Works Cited
1117 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Risks of Vaccinating Children - Every parent must decide whether or not they will vaccinate their child. The medical community advocates for vaccinating children, which will contribute to herd immunity, and help in the eradication of preventable diseases. However there are arguments to be made against vaccinating as well. People are finding that vaccines are not providing long term protection, and are less effective than developing immunity through a natural defense process. Vaccines provide unnecessary exposure to toxins which may be linked to developmental delays....   [tags: lifelong disabilities, anaphylactic shock]
:: 3 Works Cited
867 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Modern Immunizations: Flaws and Imperfections - ... I could understand looking at the failed form of the vaccine to modify it and inject it into animals to see the outcome that they produce but why they would look at two completely different virus’s vaccinations confuses me. While it is still largely unknown why the HIV vaccination was a complete failure, most believe that the it was unsuccessful mostly because of the researchers’ neglect to realize that they cannot only study certain components of the immune system without looking at the system as a whole....   [tags: vaccinations, health care] 1477 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Advantages and Disadvantages of Vaccination - Vaccines teach the immune system by mimicking an infection. When a person is injected with a vaccine, they are exposed to a killed or weakened version of the pathogen that will not make them sick. Once the body recognizes that this is a foreign pathogen that needs to be attacked, our immune system produces leukocytes, or macrophages. Once the macrophage has engulfed the pathogen, the antigens that were on the pathogen are now saved for the macrophage to use so that our lymphocytes, or T-Cells and B-cells, can recognize them and reproduce to fight off the pathogen....   [tags: artificial immunization] 869 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Recreational Property Negligence - M E M O R A N D U M TO: FROM: DATE: RE: Cole Gershwin- Immunity for Negligence on Recreational Property _________________________________________________________ I. STATEMENT OF FACTS Our Client, Mr. Cole Gershwin, is considering suit against the Chicago School District for injuries sustained as a result of tripping in a pothole. Gershwin, a teacher at Washington Elementary School, alleges that on October 10, 2000 at 12:20 pm, he was walking from the school to the teacher’s parking lot, and tripped in a pothole and fell....   [tags: essays research papers] 1501 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Benefits of Vaccinations - Introduction Vaccines against diphtheria, polio, pertussis, measles, mumps and rubella, and more recent additions of hepatitis B and chicken pox, have given humans powerful immune guards to ward off unwelcome sickness. And thanks to state laws that require vaccinations for kids enrolling in kindergarten, the U.S. presently enjoys the highest immunization rate ever at 77%. Yet bubbling beneath these national numbers is the question about vaccine safety. Driven by claims that vaccinations can be associated with autism, increasing number of parents are raising questions about whether vaccines are in fact harmful to children, instead of helpful (Park, 2008)....   [tags: Vaccinations Essays] 1147 words
(3.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Negative Effects of Vaccinations - A parent can’t go a week without hearing about vaccinations and the problems they will cause our children. Generally the advertised negative effects of the vaccinations are immediate, whereas others may indicate they cause problems later in life. In the day and age of the internet, what is a person to do. Get informed. Don’t take the information that is presented to you on Facebook, Twitter, email, or through the grapevine as science. Vaccinations have become a very taboo subject for parents today....   [tags: epidemic, polio, children, pediatrician]
:: 5 Works Cited
1080 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Risk Perception and Communication - A generation ago there was overwhelming support for inoculating against Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD). In the mid-20th Century VPD’s, such as measles and polio, had annual mortality rates in the tens of thousands (Gussman, 2009; Larson, Brocard Paterson & Erondu, 2012). Yet, today differing perceptions of the risks of immunisations has led to an increased number of individuals opting out of scheduled vaccinations. This assignment will investigate the different risk perceptions that are associated with childhood immunisation through the use of risk perception literature....   [tags: childhood inmunization, vaccination]
:: 14 Works Cited
1410 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Exploring the Black Death - Puzzled by incomplete historical records of Modern England, interdisciplinary researchers are calling into question the historical accuracy of the Black Death. The Black Death was a prodigious epidemic, killing anywhere from thirty-three to sixty percent of Europe’s population (Theilmann 376). Popular belief is that the disease Y. pesits caused the Black Death. However, after examination of historical and modern plague accounts, some researchers feel otherwise. This paper explores the background of epidemics, the contrasting views of the Black Death, and the implications of the Black Death on modern science....   [tags: bubonic plague, medieval Europe] 2149 words
(6.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
What are DNA Vaccines? - DNA vaccines have been researched, and scientists are trying to find ways to put them into use and cure diseases in humans and animals. Vaccines activate the protective immunity that is an effect natural infection, without having to become sick with an infection (Paul Offit, 2014). Vaccines reduced the probability of people today to get diseases like the measles, and other major infectious diseases (Anonymous, 2011). Vaccines are not always safe, and also lots of vaccines are not always as effective as wanted (Anonymous, 2011)....   [tags: Genetics, Trials, Research] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Review of Research Report on an Oral Inhibitor of HIV-1 - Review of the Research Report: An Orally Bioavailable, Small Molecule Antagonist of the Chemokine Receptor CCR5, is a Potent Inhibitor of HIV-1 Infection in vitro and in vivo Background The human body contains two type of immunity—innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Adaptive immunity provides a specific response against the antigens of pathogens. White blood cells or lymphocytes are the main tools of adaptive immunity. There are two main types of lymphocytes; T and B cells. Pathogens have chemical signals, antigens, which the immune system recognizes....   [tags: Biology HIV AIDS] 1372 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Officer Fatigue - Officer fatigue Officer fatigue can be a quite serious problem for police departments. Excess fatigue will generally reduce alertness, decrease performance and worsen mood. These symptoms can reduce officer's performance and safety with potentially life-threatening effects. Patrol officers are expected to remain alert and able to resolve complex, emotional, and potentially dangerous situations. They are expected to be able to multi-task, as well as stay alert during periods of inaction. These activities can be quite difficult for a fatigued officer to complete (Vila 1996)....   [tags: Police Departments, Moonlighting ] 1771 words
(5.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Opportunistic HIV Infections - Opportunistic HIV infections Description- opportunistic HIV infections are those infections that are caused to a HIV positive person, when his CD4 count starts decreasing. Opportunistic HIV infections can be treated with strong antiretroviral drugs that aim to uplift the CD4 count and keep our immunity system stronHETEROSEXUAL HIV INFECTION Description- Heterosexual HIV infection is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. Heterosexual HIV infection may not be the major cause in advanced nations, but in developing and the developed countries, this reason accounts for more than half of all HIV cases....   [tags: Disease] 1444 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
What is Polio? - Polio is a highly contagious disease that is spread from person to person by contact with infected secretions from nose, mouth or infected feces. The virus enters the host through the mouth and replicates in the intestine affecting mostly children under the age of five, especially those who are not toilet-trained (WHO, 2013). Poliovirus is composed of an RNA genome with about 7500 nucleotides and a protein capsid. It infects human cells by binding to CD155 receptor (the poliovirus receptor (PVR)) on the cell surface....   [tags: disease, Center for disease control]
:: 4 Works Cited
1192 words
(3.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Ambulance Driver Negligence - Statute 444 reads, “Whoever shall during parturition of the mother destroy the vitality or life in a child in a state of being born and before actual birth, which child would otherwise have been born alive, shall be confined in the penitentiary for life or for not less than five years.” This discussion deals with the applicability of this statute to an incident wherein four pregnant women suffered damage to their fetuses as the result of an ambulance driver’s negligence. Any interpretation of a statute by the courts must examine the language used in that statute very closely....   [tags: Pregnant Women, Babies, Court, Case ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1276 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "immunity"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>