Search Results immunity

Free Essays Unrated Essays Better Essays Stronger Essays Powerful Essays Term Papers Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "immunity". To narrow your search results, please add more search terms to your query.
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.
Title Length Color Rating  
Immunity to Parasites and Apoptosis - ... This is a disease caused by the filarial worms Wuchereria bancrofti (W. bancrofti) and Brugia malayi (B. malayi), it has been reported that this condition is frequently confused as acute or refractory bronchial asthma (42). Interleukin-10 and TGF-1 are cytokines that induce responses associated to Th17 cells, which are probably effective in the protection against extracellular bacteria and perhaps parasitic infections, but they also play a role in the amplification of autoimmune disorders (18-20) and produce tissue damage by inducing the synthesis of autoantibodies....   [tags: Biology, Cellular Immunity] 1925 words
(5.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Immunity in the U.S. Court - ... United States, the belief was that Charles Joseph Kastigar would use the Fifth Amendment protection against self incrimination. The issued an order granting immunity but Kastigar and Stewart refused to testify (Kastigar v. United States - Case Background, 2009). The claim was that “only transactional immunity, which was not granted, would satisfy the Fifth Amendment with respect to self-incrimination” (How Comprehensive Must The Offered Immunity Be?, 2009). The main concern with this case is whether the government can force a witness who invokes the Fifth Amendment to testify....   [tags: Justice System ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1433 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Evolution Of Immunity And The Invertebrates - Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates "Article Summery" Name: "Immunity and the Invertebrates" Periodical: Scientific American Nov, 1996 Author: Gregory Beck and Gail S. Habicht Pages: 60 - 71 Total Pages Read: 9 The complex immune systems of humans and other mammals evolved over quite a long time - in some rather surprising ways. In 1982 a Russian zoologist named Elie Metchnikoff noticed a unique property of starfish larva. When he inserted a foreign object through it's membrane, tiny cells would try to ingest the invader through the process of phagocytosis....   [tags: essays research papers] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Immunity from Sate Jurisdiction - Immunity from Sate Jurisdiction International law specifies that 'the jurisdiction of a state within its territory is complete and absolute'[1]. However, it is identified that certain categories of persons and bodies acting in the public interest are entitled to immunities and privileges from the exercise of the State jurisdiction. In April 1984 WPC Fletcher, a British policewoman was killed, as a result of shots being fired from the Libyan Bureau. The incident created great anger and it was asked by many as was whether the Libyan diplomats were immune from being tried in the United Kingdom courts and the abuse of such privilege granted to diplomatic persons....   [tags: Papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Watergate-presidential Immunity - In the early morning hours of June 17, 1972, District of Columbia police officers discovered five men, wearing surgical gloves and carrying tear gas fountain pens, walkie-talkies, and wads of new $100 bills, apparently attempting to plant electronic surveillance equipment in the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate apartment-office complex. The resulting investigation led to the discovery of the roles of several White House staff and eventually to the President himself....   [tags: essays research papers] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Presidential Immunity: Cases In The Supreme Court - The Supreme Court has had to rule on issues regarding Presidential immunity in a few cases. Three specifically have helped to set the precedent for how the court would interpret another case brought before the court. In Mississippi v. Johnson the ruling decided whether a president can have an injunction placed on him/her based on the carrying out of their executive duties. Next, in the case of Nixon v. Fitzgerald the court ruled on whether a president can be personally sued for decisions they made while in office that violated established law....   [tags: US History Justice court ] 1138 words
(3.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
DESCRIBE THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF DIFFERENT CELL TYPES OF INNATE IMMUNITY - ... Neutrophils are also granulocytes that are mainly found in the bloodstream and makeup seventy percent of the circulating leukocyte population. They respond quickly to inflammatory signals from infected tissues that are damaged and are bacterial infected. They go through the endothelium of the blood vessels and enter sites of inflammation through the process of chemotaxis. Factors of this process like the IL-8 and C5a take neutrophils from the blood and enter the area of inflammation. This cell recruits several effector mechanisms that fight against infection....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1219 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's "fathers and Sons" - Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's Fathers and Sons Whenever reform or revolution is possible, it is because a new, progressive ideal has been quickly and widely perpetuated among the people of a particular nation. It is often a country's youth population that most readily accepts such new ideals, since they, being in the process of education and the development of their personal beliefs, tend to be malleable to new ideas and standards, and ready for change and development. The older generation is thus an opponent to change, or at least, not passionately motivated towards any revolution, being older and accustomed to certain ways of life....   [tags: European Literature] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Battle Of Impunity - Battle of Impunity Insults often serve as a catalyst for revenge. Yet, revenge never comes without consequences. These consequences can stay in a person’s subconscious for the remainder of their life. Through the clever short story “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe, Montresor suffers from being insulted, seeking revenge and living with guilt. Montresor is unsuccessful in punishing Fortunato with impunity. The obsession to confess is a killer. Montresor starts the evil revenge plot with a smile on his face....   [tags: essays research papers] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
5 Court Cases - I. Name and Citation STATE OF FLORIDA, versus SEMINOLE TRIBE OF FLORIDA II. Key Facts In this complaint, the the Tribe was operating "electronic or electromechanical facsimiles of games of chance" and that such operations constituted class III gaming as defined by IGRA. These games were operated despite the absence of a compact between the Tribe and the State regarding the regulation of class III gaming. The State also alleged that the Tribe planned to construct a new facility on its lands in order to conduct additional class III gaming....   [tags: essays research papers] 1814 words
(5.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Latest Advances In Drug Manipulations Of The Immune System - INTRODUCTION In order to provide a detailed analysis of recent pharmacological developments involving the human immune system, it is firstly necessary to introduce the innate and adaptive immune responses . Immunosuppressants and immunomodulators will be differentiated between and a selection of new and often experimental drugs belonging to each category will be provided. Specific drugs will be described including the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics involved with each type. The possible clinical uses will be alluded to along with details from recent research....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 9 Sources Cited
3818 words
(10.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Asian Auschwitz - ... What would the U.S. need this type of research for. The reason behind granting immunity to Unit 731 researchers was not to obtain the Unit’s research but to prevent the Russians from receiving this research and possibly using it against the U.S. If this was their true intention, the U.S. should have tried and prosecuted the Unit 731 researchers, while preventing any of their research from reaching the public eyes, since they had already covered up the Unit 731’s existence till recently. Even today the Japanese government still denies claims that Unit 731 existed as a human experimentation research facility....   [tags: Japan]
:: 7 Works Cited
1654 words
(4.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Evolutionary Importance of Maternal Anti-Bodies and its Implications on Evolution and Ecology - ... Although it is apparent that maternal antibodies have an effect on the early development of the immune system, research has shown that these antibodies could improve “juvenile immune response… [and thus] have potential for far-reaching fitness consequences.” (Boulinier and Staszewski 2008). There have been genetic factors associated with the transfer of maternal antibodies, specifically in regards to the amount of antibodies transferred by the mother or the amount of antibodies the offspring takes in....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 6 Works Cited
972 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Understanding the Importance of Immunisation - Understanding the Importance of Immunisation According to http://www.amfar.org/cgi-bin/iowa/bridge.html, immunisation is the administration of antigenic components of an infectious agent to stimulate a protective immune response. Immunisation is a technique that is used to increase immunity to specific diseases in humans by exposing the individual to an anti-gen in order to raise ant-bodies to that anti-gen. Immunisation is a way of protecting against serious diseases such as tuberculosis and polio....   [tags: Papers] 1595 words
(4.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Officer Fatigue - ... Liability and officer's status while moonlighting With the many dangers of moonlighting assignments and the potential for lawsuits against the moonlighting officer the question of who is liable for paying for these events is a serious concern. While on-duty and while acting as a police officer off-duty, it seems reasonable that the agency is responsible. It is much less clear who should be responsible when a moonlighting officer injures themselves or another. The issue can be further complicated by the fact that many departments permit or even encourage moonlighting officers to wear their department-issued uniform and gun while moonlighting (Scarry 2007)....   [tags: Police Departments, Moonlighting ] 1771 words
(5.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Recreational Property Negligence - M E M O R A N D U M TO: FROM: DATE: RE: Cole Gershwin- Immunity for Negligence on Recreational Property _________________________________________________________ I. STATEMENT OF FACTS Our Client, Mr. Cole Gershwin, is considering suit against the Chicago School District for injuries sustained as a result of tripping in a pothole. Gershwin, a teacher at Washington Elementary School, alleges that on October 10, 2000 at 12:20 pm, he was walking from the school to the teacher’s parking lot, and tripped in a pothole and fell....   [tags: essays research papers] 1501 words
(4.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The History of Swine Flu and the Current Worldwide Outbreak of this Virus - A long time ago, the world has been greatly hit by the virulent disease of swine flu in 1918, 1976, 1988, 1998, 2007 and now finally in the year of 2009. This flu is also referred to as swine influenza, hog flu, or pig flu. The swine flu that has hit humans has been mainly associated with bonds of the H1N1 virus. In the past, in Mexico, the Midwestern United States, South America, China, Taiwan, Japan and other parts of Eastern Asia have been found tainted with swine flu. Over the very past years this virus has shown its evil face along the entire world....   [tags: health, medical]
:: 2 Works Cited
846 words
(2.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The History and Details of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever - Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral disease that was first recorded in 1976, when an outbreak occurred in Yambuku, Zaire, a country that was latter renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo (Walsh, Biek & Real, 2005). During the outbreak 318 cases were recorded of which 280 (88%) died. Later the same year, an outbreak occurred in Sudan where 284 cases were recorded with fatality rate of 53%. The disease and the virus that cause it are named after River Ebola that passes though Yambuku. In the USA, Ebola killed several monkeys in Reston, Virginia in 1989 (Barton, 2006; CDC, 2000)....   [tags: contagious diseases, ebola hemorrhagic fever]
:: 9 Works Cited
1296 words
(3.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Exploring the Human Immune System - 2.4.1 Overview The immune system can be subdivided into two systems; innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Innate immune system is made up of physical, chemical, and microbiological barriers, as well as the others elements of the immune system such as phagocytic cells (polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages), cells that release inflammatory mediator (basophils, mast cell, and eosinophils), natural killer cells, and the protein component (complement, cytokines, and acute phase proteins)....   [tags: medical, immunology] 1051 words
(3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Asian Seabass - ... (1994), two factors that affect the decreasing of L. calcarifer production in aspect of quality and quantity are disease and malnutrition. Larvae of this fish that face the malnutrition problems will show physical symptoms such as pale, less active, poor appetite thus cause death. The high content of unsaturated fatty acid is so important in L. calcarifer diet or the lack of this unsaturated fat will cause the larvae resistance against disease decrease thus decreasing the larvae survival rate and growth (Wattanabe et al....   [tags: Business, Malaysian Market, Fish] 1224 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Importance of Childhood Vaccination - ... In Japan in 1974, there was a roughly 80% immunization rate against pertussis, which resulted in about 400 reported cases of the illness and zero deaths (“Childhood”). When a safety scare involving the vaccine occurred and the immunization rate dropped to about 10%, the number of cases skyrocketed to over 13,000 and resulted in 41 deaths (“Childhood”). This is a staggering 32,500% increase in the number of sick children from this specific reduction in vaccinations alone. There have also been similar disease outbreak issues in the United States....   [tags: Medicine Vaccinations]
:: 7 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Phagocytosis and the Immune Response - Phagocytosis and the Immune Response What are the roles of leucocytes in Phagocytosis and secretion of antibodies. The roles of cellular components of the blood are vital in the transport of respiratory gases and in the defence against disease. The role of white blood cells (also known as leucocytes) are concerned with the defence of the body against disease. Leucocytes are nucleated cells present in the blood. They are less numerous in comparison to red blood cells: there are around 7000 per nm³ of blood compared with 5000000 red cells....   [tags: Papers] 1106 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses on First and Subsequent Exposure to a Pathogen - The immune system is comprised of two responses: the adaptive immune response and the innate immune response. The first line of defence against invading organisms is classified as the innate immune response and the second line of defence and protection against re- exposure to the same pathogen is known as the adaptive immune response. Innate immune responses are known as the non-specific manner which composes the cells and defend the host from infection by other organism by mechanism. The adaptive immunity represents the antigen-specific immune response....   [tags: Medical Science]
:: 2 Works Cited
503 words
(1.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Review of Research Report on an Oral Inhibitor of HIV-1 - Review of the Research Report: An Orally Bioavailable, Small Molecule Antagonist of the Chemokine Receptor CCR5, is a Potent Inhibitor of HIV-1 Infection in vitro and in vivo Background The human body contains two type of immunity—innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Adaptive immunity provides a specific response against the antigens of pathogens. White blood cells or lymphocytes are the main tools of adaptive immunity. There are two main types of lymphocytes; T and B cells. Pathogens have chemical signals, antigens, which the immune system recognizes....   [tags: Biology HIV AIDS]
:: 1 Sources Consulted
1372 words
(3.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Opportunistic HIV Infections - Opportunistic HIV infections Description- opportunistic HIV infections are those infections that are caused to a HIV positive person, when his CD4 count starts decreasing. Opportunistic HIV infections can be treated with strong antiretroviral drugs that aim to uplift the CD4 count and keep our immunity system stronHETEROSEXUAL HIV INFECTION Description- Heterosexual HIV infection is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. Heterosexual HIV infection may not be the major cause in advanced nations, but in developing and the developed countries, this reason accounts for more than half of all HIV cases....   [tags: Disease] 1444 words
(4.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Vaccines - ... Table 1 lists the current vaccination schedule for early childhood vaccinations. Negatives for Vaccinations More than any other matter, the question of autism has stirred the battle over vaccines. Since the 1980’s, the quantity of vaccinations that children get has doubled, and in that same time, autism diagnoses have tripled. In 1998, Dr. Andrew Wakefield, a British gastroenterologist of London's Royal Free Hospital published a paper in the journal the Lancet in which he stated the results of a study that he did....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Immunology] 1147 words
(3.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Vaccinations Necessary to the Nation’s Youth - ... In the mid-1980’s, countless individuals brought lawsuits against pharmaceutical manufacturers in civil court claiming and “adverse reaction to a vaccine” (Binski 15). Vaccine manufacturers soon built up a cost damage of 3.5 billion dollars between the years 1980 and 1986. Due to the fear of limitless liability in future lawsuits, an abundance of pharmaceutical manufacturers began to greatly limit or altogether cease the production of vaccines. The general public’s faith in vaccines began diminishing, because diseases that vaccines originally protected people from had been all but eradicated, which made parents less concerned about the disease and more concerned with the possible adverse side effects (Binski 16)....   [tags: Medical Research, Immunization]
:: 12 Works Cited
1755 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The impact of Ig G levels on routine clinical biochemistry parameters in neonatal calves - ... On the other hand, although easily applicable and inexpensive, the zinc sulphate and sodium sulphate turbidity tests do not produce sensitive results. In this respect, the development and use of inexpensive, highly sensitive, rapid tests that can be easily applied under field conditions would provide major advantages (2,7). In calves and lambs, intestinal absorption being non-selective within the first 24¬–48 hours of life, enables the direct absorption of several proteins and macromolecular substances from the intestines (9)....   [tags: Animal Science ]
:: 13 Works Cited
1934 words
(5.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Spread of Disease In the New World - The Spread of Disease In the New World The extraordinary good health of the natives prior to the coming of the Europeans would become a key ingredient in their disastrous undoing. The greatest cause of disease in America was epidemic diseases imported from Europe. Epidemic diseases killed with added virulence in the " virgin soil" populations of the Americas. The great plague that arose in the Old World never emerged on their own among the western hemisphere and did not spread across oceans until Columbus' discovery....   [tags: American America History]
:: 5 Works Cited
1820 words
(5.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Dual Nature of Disease - The Dual Nature of Disease The technologies and abilities encouraging human mobility have been an essential force in the shaping of global history. Ranging from footwear to airplanes, advancements in travel have resulted in both positive and negative consequences. A pioneering human spirit has led to extensive voyages seeking new lands, which explorers have found beneficial and detrimental. One of the most important components influencing the success or failure of exploration has been the effect of disease....   [tags: Disease Humanity Health Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
848 words
(2.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
VARIOLA VIRUS - VARIOLA VIRUS SMALLPOX INTRODUCTION The Variola virus, which is the most virulent member of Genus Orthopoxvirus, is the causative agent of smallpox. It specifically infects humans. The primary reason for infection in humans is due to its ability to evade the host immune responses, and avoid complement activation. Over the centuries, this naturally occurring virus has spread throughout the earth, through various environments, to cause severe outbreaks. The most devastation outbreak had a case-fatality rate of 40 percent in individuals who have not been vaccinated....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 9 Sources Cited
1963 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
English - Racial Tension in Fever With the racial tension as high as it was in Philadelphia at the time of the Fever, one would think that any common enemy or goal would bring everybody together. However, when the illness known as the Fever hit the city, prejudice rose to different heights. Prejudice and racism is bad enough as it is. However, the citizens of Philadelphia were making it look like they wanted the blacks and immigrants to come back into the city. They told the blacks that they could come back to the city because they had immunity to the disease, when in actuality they only needed the blacks and immigrants to act as caretakers for the white upper class citizens....   [tags: essays research papers] 815 words
(2.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Immune System - The Immune System The Immune System is a group of cells, molecules, and organs that act together to defend against disease. The body depends on the immune system to seek and destroy bacteria or viruses that could cause harm. There are two types of immunity: innate and adaptive. Innate is the body's first line of a defense against the disease. The innate immunity helped by barriers such as skin, tears, mucus, saliva, and infection. But the innate can't usually prevent disease completely. After the disease has passed through this it has a specific immunity which is known as adaptive immunity....   [tags: Papers] 1255 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Immunization and Violence - Immunization and Violence 1. In a text dedicated to Kant as interpreter of the Enlightenment, Michel Foucault locates the task of contemporary philosophy in a precise stance. It concerns that taut and acute relation with the present that he names the "ontology of the actual." How are we to understand the phrase. What does it mean to situate philosophy in the point or on the line in which the actual is revealed in the density of its own historical being. What does an ontology of the actual mean, properly speaking....   [tags: Philosophy Kant] 4320 words
(12.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Vaccination and Eradication of Smallpox - The Vaccination and Eradication of Smallpox Smallpox, a disease caused by the variola virus, has devastated humanity for many centuries. Because of its high mortality rate, civilizations around the world sought to protect themselves from this disease. Throughout the 1700's, these protective methods became more sophisticated, and led up to Edward Jenner’s vaccination method in 1796. Indeed, the World Health Organization, the Center for Disease Control and the Agency for International Development began a joint program to eradicate smallpox in 1967....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
H1N1 and the Regular Seasonal Flu - H1N1 and the Regular Seasonal Flu There is currently a debate going on between the regular flu and the swine flu (H1N1). Both are viruses, but there is a difference between them. In this report, I will be discussing what a virus is, how it is transmitted, how it is proliferated, and what types of symptoms one has if they get the virus. I will also be discussing vaccines, how they are developed, why they are used, what a flu vaccine is in particular, how the early flu vaccine is different from H1N1 vaccine, and why there is a concern about the swine flu verses the regular flu, since swine flu season occurs yearly....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Virus, Flu] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
DNA vaccines Vs Traditional - DNA vaccines Vs Traditional ( TURKI ) Convectional vaccines have had many limitations and disadvantages that another solution had to be Coined Out (Cui, 2005). Some of the weakened and attenuated viruses reverted to their virulent state and led to death of many patients. In other wjords, some of the attenuated virus regain their fatal stage in invading the body and causing severe infection. Some other vaccines for example diphtheria and tetanus vaccines were associated with toxins that compromise the health of the patient (Cui,2005; Davis, 1998)....   [tags: Health]
:: 49 Works Cited
1553 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Child Immunization - Intro: The pros and cons of children immunization is my topic because being in the medical field it is my duty and responsibility to educate parents about the vaccinations which child is receiving and be able to explain to the parents what the vaccination is for and how to protect their child from illness or deadly diseases. According to MedlinePlus website the meaning of immunization (vaccination) is a way to trigger your immune system and prevent serious, life threatening diseases.17 Vaccination is another form of keeping our children healthy, especially when they are in school or daycare center....   [tags: Health Care]
:: 18 Works Cited
2391 words
(6.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
IMPLEMENTATION OF HEPATITIS B VACCINATION AMONG STUDENTS OF SCHOOL OF ALLIED MEDICINE - CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of Study Hepatitis B is a disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver of hominoidae, including human, and cause an inflammation of the liver called hepatitis. The disease was originally known as "serum hepatitis" that caused epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa, and it is endemic in China. About a one third of the world's population or more than 2 billion people have been infected with the hepatitis B virus. This includes 350 million chronic carriers of the virus....   [tags: Health ]
:: 5 Works Cited
715 words
(2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Granuloma Formation during Parasitic Infections - ... The enzyme heme oxygenase-1 or its product (carbon monoxide) can reduce the amount of free heme, opening the way for a new therapeutic approach to this deadly complication (66). It is clear that in other parasitic diseases such as Chagas’ disease there is not a complete understanding of immunopathology that follows infection. During acute infection some parasite molecules can activate macrophages and this provokes nitric oxide synthesis, pro-inflammatory cytokine production and as a consequence there is a control of parasitemia and reduction in the number of deaths (54,67,68)....   [tags: Biology, Parasites] 2267 words
(6.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Infant Nutrition: What is best for your baby - breast milk or formula? - ... It can protect your baby from allergies, asthma, diabetes, obesity and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). A convincing number of studies have shown that babies who are breastfed have better immunity and digestion, a lower mortality rate, a higher IQ, not as many hospital admissions, pneumonia, stomach flu and diarrhea. In general, breastfed babies have less of a risk of becoming overweight, developing high blood pressure and tooth decay. The infection-fighting antibodies that are passed from a mother to her baby through colostrum and breast milk contain immunities to ear and respiratory infections, diarrhea and meningitis....   [tags: Parenting]
:: 11 Works Cited
1798 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) - ... The current treatment options of early intervention and secondary prevention will benefit many patients with signs of active liver disease. In my reading if not intervened promptly, the patients may develop into worse situations that need the use of drugs, hospitalization or surgery (tertiary prevention). They should talk to their doctors about whether they are good candidates for drug therapy or a clinical trial. Hepatitis B current estimates suggests that there are nearly 150,000 new infections of Hepatitis B annually, and there are about 1.2 million people with chronic Hepatitis B infections in the United States....   [tags: biology, medicine, nursing]
:: 2 Works Cited
1199 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hepatitis A - Introduction: Hepatitis is caused by a virus that is targeted at the liver, one of your most important organs!. Specifically, it causes inflammation and injury to the liver. Hepatitis comes in many different forms, five to be exact. There is Hepatitis A, B, C, D & E. Hepatitis is caused mainly by viruses, all of which are set on shutting down your liver. I will be specifically concentrating on Hepatitis A in this report. Hepatitis A is also known as infectious Hepatitis, an extremely contagious viral infection that often effects young children and young adults, especially those in large groups....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1055 words
(3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Malaria - The Disease…………… That lead everyone in for a great awaking. Malaria in humans is caused by a protozoon of the genus Plasmodium and the four subspecies, falciparum, vivax, malariae, and ovale. The species that causes the greatest illness and death in Africa is P. falciparum. The disease is transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, of which the Anopheles gambiae complex (the most efficient) is responsible for the transmission of disease in Africa. Fever is the main symptom of malaria....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
1679 words
(4.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Toll like receptors and their therapeutic potential - Cellular Basis Of Disease: Why has the discovery of Toll-like receptors revolutionised our understanding of how the innate immune system works, and what is the therapeutic potential. The body has two immune systems: the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Adaptive, or acquired, immunity refers to antigen-specific defence mechanisms that take several days to become protective and are designed to react with and remove a specific antigen. This is immunity develops throughout life....   [tags: essays research papers] 2112 words
(6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Second Meaning of Dicey's Rule of Law - The Second Meaning of Dicey's Rule of Law The second meaning of Dicey’s rule of law states: “Equality before the law, or the equal subjection of all classes to the ordinary law of the land administrated by the ordinary law courts”[1] Here Dicey is saying that we are all not only subject to law, but equal before it, irrespective of our role in the society. The public have more powers under the criminal law and the police and criminal evidence act 1984 for in excess of the citizens.,[2] so this conveys that no man is above the law; so the private citizens are under a duty to obey the same law, and that there can not be no special court or administrative tribunal for the state officials.[3] The principle of the equality before the law has raised problems for the rule of law....   [tags: Papers] 728 words
(2.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Introduction of foreign pathogens into Australia - Introduction of foreign pathogens into Australia It is widely known that the poor health experienced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders relates from complex reasons originating from their history after European settlement. Two centuries of introduced disease, combined with today’s lifestyle diseases and impoverished socioeconomic and environmental conditions, have had devastating, and all too often fatal, effects on Indigenous health. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population suffered from introduced disease that often turned out to be fatal because of lack of immunity to introduced pathogens....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
431 words
(1.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Stress and the Immune System - Stress and the Immune System AIM: to study the effect of stress (exams) on the immune system. They wanted to test the hypothesis that stress reduces immunity by seeing if there is a difference in immune response between two conditions (high and low stress). They were also interested to see if other factors affected immunity, such as psychiatric symptoms, loneliness, and life events. PROCEDURES: · 75 first year medical students (self-selected sample) volunteered to participate....   [tags: Papers] 368 words
(1.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Ebola Virus - Africa has been the focus of several deadly diseases for many years. The poor living conditions and tight quarters within the villages make it very difficult for the people to fight off disease when it strikes. One such disease is hemorrhagic fever caused by Ebolavirus. The fever it causes upon infecting humans has a high fatality rate, meaning almost certain death. Since Africa is still a developing nation and is unable to provide efficient care to those that become ill, there is a high demand to quickly understand all aspects of how the virus works....   [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 2014]
:: 12 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
850 words
(2.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Infectious Disease and Demise of the Indians in the New World - Infectious Disease and Demise of the Indians in the New World The European conquest of the New World was not caused by guns, swords, or barbaric type behavior but by the invisible danger- germs. Infectious diseases have played a major role in shaping the conquest of the New World. Vast amounts of people indigenous to the Americas died due to various types of diseases. It is often said that in the centuries after Columbus landed in the New World on 12 October 1492, more native North Americans died each year from infectious diseases brought by the European settlers than were born (Meltzer 38)....   [tags: American America History]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
2043 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Movement of Disease - The Movement of Disease The desire to travel and explore developed among many early civilizations. This mobility provided these cultures with many advantages that have helped to advance their societies. Unfortunately, these movements are also responsible for the transmission of numerous diseases and their resulting adverse effects upon the inhabitants of the Earth. This essay seeks to outline the causes of epidemic diseases, explain their diffusion around the world, and explore why they are more harmful in certain societies....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 4 Sources Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hepatitis B Virus - Hepatitis B Virus Characteristics: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a double-stranded DNA virus in the Hepadnaviridae family. The infectious particle is 42nm in diameter, with a genome 3200 nucleotides long. It has an outer envelope and an icosahedral nucleocapsid, which contains viral DNA polymerase and has a diameter of 27nm. The envelope contains the HBV surface antigen (HBsAg); this is the molecule to which anti-HBV antibodies are directed. The non-infectious hepatitis B particles are composed of HBsAg only and come in the form of filaments and spheres....   [tags: Essays Paper]
:: 25 Sources Cited
1123 words
(3.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
army - Facing worldwide opposition, the United States has retreated from its demand that American peacekeepers be permanently immune from the new war crimes tribunal. U.S. diplomats are instead proposing a yearlong ban on any investigation. The compromise proposal made Wednesday marked a significant change in the Bush administration’s campaign to shield Americans from frivolous or politically motivated prosecutions by the new International Criminal Court. Members of the U.N. Security Council have been grappling with a U.S....   [tags: essays research papers] 666 words
(1.9 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Current Status Of Malaria Vaccinology - Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology In order to assess the current status of malaria vaccinology one must first take an overview of the whole of the whole disease. One must understand the disease and its enormity on a global basis. Malaria is a protozoan disease of which over 150 million cases are reported per annum. In tropical Africa alone more than 1 million children under the age of fourteen die each year from Malaria. From these figures it is easy to see that eradication of this disease is of the utmost importance....   [tags: essays research papers] 2213 words
(6.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Mononucleosis - ITION Infectious mononucleosis is a clinical syndrome that can be characterized by a multitude of symptoms. They include malaise, headache, fever, pharyngitis, pharyngeal lymphatic hyperplasia, lymphadenopathy, atypical lymphocytosis, and mild transient hepatitis. This disease occurs most often in adolescents and young adults. Mononucleosis is one of these diseases that are grouped into a class known as a viral infection; more specifically it is caused by the Ebstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV is a herpes virus....   [tags: essays research papers] 1945 words
(5.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Immune System - The Immune System The immune system is a network of organs that contain cells which recognize foreign substances and destroys them. All living organisms are exposed to harmful substances and most can protect themselves in several ways, either with physical barriers or chemicals that repel and kill them. It protects vertebrates against viruses, bacteria, fungi and other parasites. These viruses are called pathogens. The immune system is known to help in the fight against cancer....   [tags: Papers] 2305 words
(6.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines - Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccines Edward Jenner (1749-1823) trained in London, under John Hunter, and was an army surgeon for a period of time. After that, he spent his whole career as a country doctor in his home county, Gloucestershire (West of England). His research was based on careful case studies and clinical observation more than a hundred years before scientists could explain what viruses and diseases actually were. His innovative new method was successful to such an extent that by 1840 the British government had banned alternative preventive treatments against smallpox....   [tags: Papers] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Bioterrorism with Smallpox - Bioterrorism: Smallpox Smallpox is a highly infectious and fatal disease caused by the Variola virus. It causes extremely painful pustules to sprout across the entire body. Spread from human to human, it has since been eradicated from the world through the efforts of the World Health Organization. However, there is a distinct possibility that it may be reintroduced through bioterrorism. Biological weapons may cause another pandemic to erupt across the world and kill millions of individuals. Through constant vigilance and careful planning, mankind can prevent this scenario....   [tags: Variola virus Terrorism Terrorist]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 5 Sources Cited
2341 words
(6.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Influenza - Influenza Influenza, normally called “the flu”, the influenza virus causes an infection in the respiration tract. Even though the influenza virus can sometimes be compared with the common cold. It also can cause a more severe illness or death. During this past century, pandemics took place in 1918, 1957, and 1968, in all of these cases there where unfortunately many deaths. The “Spanish flu” in 1918, killed approximately half a million people in the United States alone. It killed around 20 million worldwide....   [tags: essays research papers] 607 words
(1.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
North Americas Different History - North America’s Different History The human history in North America I believe was very different than that of Asia, Eurasia, and Europe. One example of why I believe that North America’s history was different is that the importance of a military force was far more important to the Europeans than the Americans. The Europeans were so intertwined in their problems of over population, poverty, and political order that the need for a military was needed. The Americans did not have these problems right away....   [tags: essays research papers] 583 words
(1.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Hepatitis C - Hepatitis C Introduction For my final paper, I will do research on Hepatitis C for recognition targeted towards technical publications as JAMA, New England Journal Of Medicine etc. Hepatitis C (HCV) causes inflammation of the liver and can cause liver damage leading to cirrhosis. Occasionally, liver cancer may develop. First called non-A non-B hepatitis, hepatitis C was discovered in the early 1970’s, but it wasn’t until 1989 that testing for specific antibodies to the virus began....   [tags: Papers] 527 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Rabies Prevention - Rabies Prevention This writing is mainly about the vaccines or the products that can be used to prevent Rabies. Its states the names of a couple of vaccines such as preexposure phophylaxis and Rabies immune globulin. And it explain how each of them work or what they do. It names some kinds of people who are at daily exposure or at risk of obtaining Rabies. It also says who long the Rabies immune globulin has effect. Rabies is a very dangerous thing once you get it, because once you get the symptoms for Rabies there is nothing anyone can do about it....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease] 616 words
(1.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Mis Education of the Negro - Long before the Civil War the mis-education of Negroes began. Missionaries were sent south to teach freed slaves and schools began to form. Rather than help the Negroes develop they instead set out to transform them into what they wanted them to be, allowing them to learn what they wanted them to learn. Freed men who considered themselves well educated taught other freed men, but had no curriculum other than that made by whites for whites educating Negroes away from there history. Negroes were left out of all educational curriculum except to condemn them or portray them as savages....   [tags: essays research papers] 338 words
(1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Terrorism and the Just War Tradition - Terrorism and the Just War Tradition     It´s important, at the outset, to understand what the just-war tradition is, and isn´t. The just-war tradition is not an algebra that provides custom-made, clear-cut answers under all circumstances. Rather, it is a kind of ethical calculus, in which moral reasoning and rigorous empirical analysis are meant to work together, in order to provide guidance to public authorities on whom the responsibilities of decision-making fall. This essay will study the tradition and apply it to the Sept....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1059 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Violence, Terrorism, and the Interactions between Cultures - Violence, Terrorism, and the Interactions between Cultures When humans from different cultures interact, the result is often bloodshed, domination and disease. Also, without exception, the exchange of ideas gradually occurs. All of these factors have shaped the course of history. While much of the spread of disease has been reduced since the Black Death, much bloodshed still comes from the interaction of cultures, possibly from physical contact without intellectual or rational interaction and understanding....   [tags: Terrorism]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1518 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Impact of Blood Sugar and Insulin on Dieting - The Impact of Blood Sugar and Insulin on Dieting People, who support weight loss plans, believe that isolating the different causes of obesity and overweight will guarantee weight loss in a short amount of time. By isolating the different causes of weight gain, the supporters of the weight loss plans believe that losing weight will be made simpler for people, who would want to lose weight without devoting too much time for exercise and dieting. The causes of weight gain are determined by a person’s consumption of food and production of hormones....   [tags: exploratoty essay research paper]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1211 words
(3.5 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Thomas Becket vs Henry II - Thomas Becket vs Henry II The High Middle Ages was a time of power struggles between the Church and the State. Increases in royal power and expeditions like the Crusades symbolized the teeter-totter of the balance of power between the two foundations, and a prime example of the fight for power is the conflict of Henry II, King of England, and Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry II gained his throne thanks to the efforts of his mother, who fought to maintain her family's stature in the royal family tree....   [tags: European Europe History] 2285 words
(6.5 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Chile - The Pinochet Era - Chile - The Pinochet Era Background: Salvador Allende Gossens was elected the first Marxist president of Chile in 1970. He governed Chile from 1970 until 1973, the year of his death. The Allende government was not very successful. It approved sharp increases in the minimum wage whilst attempting to prevent price increases in consumer goods, in an effort to end Chile's economic slump. This resulted in disaster for the country, as inflation soared, strikes became common and opposition towards the Allende government increased....   [tags: American America History] 1174 words
(3.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Sex in Reality TV - Sex in Reality TV The Sex Factor on Survivor Survivor, one of the first successful reality shows, is a show that puts a selected group of people in a beautiful setting leaving them to fend for themselves within the two different teams. Every week the two teams compete for rewards and immunity before someone is voted off at the end of each episode. The shows main theme is how the different people interact with one another, and since the theme of the show is outwit, outplay, and outlast there is plenty of drama to go around on the show....   [tags: Television Media Papers]
:: 6 Sources Cited
2245 words
(6.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Psychoneuroimmunology and Natural Healing by the Brain - Psychoneuroimmunology and Natural Healing by the Brain After having studied the placebo effect for our last paper, I was greatly intrigued by its' importance in understanding health and implications for the connection of mind and body. As I acknowledged in my previous paper, the placebo effect is often documented in a scientific study, yet is considered to be something not completely understood and therefore deemed unreliable by the medical community. However, what I found from my research was that there does seem to be an inherent reliability and could thus be a cornerstone for the concept for mind-body healing....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
:: 17 Sources Cited
2176 words
(6.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Jennifer Nichols - Jennifer Nichols For the past decade or so there has been an ongoing debate about the health benefits of alcohol, particularly red wine. Many wonder how such drinks could possibly be beneficial, as alcohol is a toxin and its consumption has consistently been linked to, amongst others, cardiovascular heart diseases, cirrhosis of the liver, and decreased longevity. While these may in fact occur with heavy usage, studies cite that moderate alcohol consumption has been found to have potentially positive effects on the following ailments: http://www.wineinstitute.org/res_ed/health_research/emerging_benefits.html Common Cold,Kidney Stones,Insulin Sensitivity, Diabetes, Parkinson’s Disease Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s Disease, Cognition and Memory, Digestion, Pancreatic Cancer, Hepatitis A,Arthritis, Stress and Depression Wine has been the focus of most recent studies and will be the primary focus of this website....   [tags: Alcohol Health Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited :: 7 Sources Cited
2158 words
(6.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The tour - The tour Her breath was becoming labored. It was always like this after working a full shift in the zone. The dust made her throat dry and her lungs ache. The feeling of every pore in her body closing in response to the biological assault was all too familiar. She had been on the Tour now for three months; many people did not survive more than two, and she theoretically had to serve five. There wasn't anyone she knew that had actually completed their Tour, except for Xern, and his respiratory system had been replaced at least twice....   [tags: Short Stories Science Medical Essays] 1821 words
(5.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Polio Virus - Polio Virus Introduction The polio virus which causes poliomyelitis in humans is an enterovirus which belongs to the picornavirus (small, RNA) family. Polio virus is rapid, acid-resistant, stable, highly tissue specific and consists of a single-stranded, positive RNA. Polio virus is able to reside in the throat or intestinal tract of humans. Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious infectious disease which has three strains, poliovirus 1 (PV1), PV2 and PV3. Polio virus, although rare in developed countries, can be found in many under-developed countries due to the uncommonness of vaccinations there....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 9 Sources Cited
795 words
(2.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
EUROPEAN DISEASES - The greatest adversary to the natives in the Americas was not the swords or guns of the invaders. It was the devastation brought by deadly diseases infecting an unsuspecting population that had no immunity to such diseases. The Europeans were said to be thoroughly diseased by the time Columbus set sail on his first voyage (Cowley, 1991). Through the domestication of such animals as pigs, horses, sheep, and cattle, the Europeans exposed themselves to a vast array of pathogens which continued to be spread through wars, explorations, and city-building....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1435 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gulf War - St. Augustine's Just War Theory and the Persion Gulf War On August 2nd, 1990 the first Iraqi tanks crossed into Kuwait, as part of an invasion that marked the start of a six-month conflict between the United States and Iraq. These tanks were ordered to invade Kuwait by Saddam Hussein, the ruthless dictator of Iraq. The Iraqi troops looted Kuwaiti businesses and brutalized Kuwaiti civilians. Saudi Arabia began to fear that they may be invaded as well, and on August 7th they formally asked President Bush for US assistance....   [tags: essays research papers] 2758 words
(7.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
In Defense of Patenting You and Your Family - In Defense of Patenting You and Your Family How would you feel if I told you that I am the new proud owner of you and your family. That is, that I have been granted a United States patent on the DNA sequence particular to your line of descent because I have identified a unique property of your genetic material. A few cultured cells with your genetic makeup, added to lotion and rubbed on the skin, allow one to look younger, wrinkle-free, and be less susceptible to skin cancer. Of course this does not mean that I have control over yours and your family’s actions – only over the application of your DNA to skin care....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1179 words
(3.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Influences on Judicial Power - Influences on Judicial Power      Under Article III of the Constitution the judicial branch was established, but rather implicit in proportion to the other two branches of government. This ambiguity allocates various opportunities for interpretation of judicial power. In Federalist 78, Alexander Hamilton addresses the role of the judiciary branch within the federal government in regards to political immunity of judges through life tenure and contribution to checks and balances through power or judicial review....   [tags: Political Science Judicial Review Essays] 1468 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Native Americans - People have been living in the Americas for thousands of years. Only fairly recently, the past few hundred years, have foreigners begun to arrive and drastically disrupt the way of life of the aboriginal population. The situation has become so severe that a population that was one believed to be numbered in the millions, was at one point reduced to as few as 220,000 in 1910, and entire tribes have been either irretrievably warped or have disappeared altogether. While Native American Indians have almost completely recovered population-wise, they will never catch up to the rest of the world, and their culture can never fully recuperate....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1752 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Reality Television - Reality Television      When Philo T. Farnsworth invented the electric television, he probably did not think that it would be used to show people eating bugs, finding husbands based on votes of viewers, or living on deserted islands. But that is exactly what you can see any given night on television now. This newest form of television programming fad is the reality television genre. Reality television is now on every station, every night, everywhere. The web page Fact Monster credits the beginning of reality TV as beginning around 2000 when a little reality game show called Who wants to be a Millionaire hit television screens....   [tags: TV Television Real Reality Essays]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1641 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Smallpox - The Scourge of the World Nestled deep in the bowels of the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia, locked away in a blue and silver freezer lays what remains of humankind’s deadliest enemy. Neatly tucked away in a virology institute in Siberia, guarded twenty-four hours a day, lays it’s counterpart. No, not a man made weapon of mass destruction; just a natural born killer of man. This insatiable killer is known in the scientific community as the Variola Virus. To the layperson, it is called, smallpox....   [tags: essays research papers] 1423 words
(4.1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "immunity". To narrow your search results, please add more search terms to your query.
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]



Copyright © 2000-2014 123HelpMe.com. All rights reserved. Terms of Service