My Account
Search Results

Free Essays
Good Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "hypertension"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
The Dangers of Hypertension - Ms. Gm, my client, lived alone in the community housing corporation. On this faithful morning my patient woke-up complaining of severe headache, fatigue, inability to sleep, dyspnea and dizziness. Following this situation she was taken to the hospital by a neighbor and while she was in the emergency department she was seen by the physician where she was diagnosed with hypertension. Hypertension is deadly and it is a silent killer, if not detected on time, it can cause severe complications to major organs in the body....   [tags: Hypertension, medical, nursing,]
:: 8 Works Cited
2381 words
(6.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Risk Assessment Report: Hypertension - Hypertension (HTN) is a chronic disease determined by high levels of blood pressure in the arteries, thus the heart must exert more effort than normal order to circulate blood through the blood vessels. In Canada, approximately 6 million people over 20 years or more have been diagnosed with HTN being this disease the most common cardiovascular disease and is a major risk factor for the most common cardiovascular diseases: such as stroke and myocardial infarction, which are responsible for about 29% of deaths in Canada in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2011) Are considered risk factors for the development of HTN: Age (the age of greatest risk being the 40 years or older), gender and ethnicity (the...   [tags: cardiovascular, stroke, hypertension, htn]
:: 7 Works Cited
861 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hypertension: The Risks for High Blood Pressure - Hypertension is caused by lifestyle habits (Drinking, smoking, stress, nutrition, physical activity, weight) and predetermined factors (genetics, age, ethnicity/ race). Even if somebody is born with a higher risk of hypertension because of genetics or ethnicity it doesn’t mean that they are going to get it; this individual could develop lifestyle habits to prevent hypertension. Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease (Hoeger, 2009, p. 334). Hypertension is also referred to as “high blood pressure”....   [tags: Hypertension cardiovascular disease]
:: 14 Works Cited
1605 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Self-Reported Hypertension and Use of Antihypertensive Medication - The age of rapid and modern development has brought us into a lifetime filled with a whole new array of lifestyle choices that can be made. However, these developments have led to an increased sedentary lifestyle. In addition, jobs have become more demanding causing more work-related stress. These are just few of the problems which have led to one of the biggest consequences of the developing lifestyle in regards to health, an increased prevalence in hypertension. The Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports a third of the adult population suffer from hypertension in the United States itself (Fang et al., 2013)....   [tags: modern development, hypertension]
:: 12 Works Cited
1301 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Overview of Hypertension - Introduction: Hypertension, as you may know refers to high blood pressure and is a common disease in the United States. Records indicate that the Unites States has about 45 million hypertension patients1. Worldwide, raised blood pressure causes at least 13 percent of deaths and the lifetime risk of developing hypertension is about 90 percent2. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries3. So the more blood the heart pumps and the width of the arteries determines how high your blood pressure could be, for example narrow arteries cause higher blood pressure because there is more force pushing against the arter...   [tags: Health, Medicine]
:: 12 Works Cited
1854 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hypertension in Britain - Hypertension is one of the commonest chronic diseases in British primary care . It is also a major risk contributor for coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease for example stroke and myocardial infarction. , Hypertension is also a global health problem affecting people of different ethnicity and ages around the world. The UK population which consists of varies ethnic groups for example Caucasians, Afro-Caribbean, Asians and many more might illustrated the problem. Hypertension is usually asymptomatic .The higher the blood pressure measurement, the greater the risk....   [tags: Health]
:: 5 Works Cited
285 words
(0.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Patient With Hypertension - Hypertension is diagnosed by having a blood pressure of 140/90 or above, this may sound like a simple diagnosis but high blood pressure is a very serious condition. Hypertension is also known as the silent killer due to its limited and quiet symptoms yet deadly aftermath, it puts a person at high risk for heart disease and stroke by damaging your arteries. According to the CDC (2010), Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the U.S. and stroke is number four. Hypertension also damages your kidneys after time; this may lead to kidney failure and require kidney transplant or dialysis down the line....   [tags: Nursing Essay]
:: 2 Works Cited
1069 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Physiological Effects of Renovascular Hypertension (Renal Hypertension) on the Body - Renovascular hypertension, also known as renal hypertension, is a condition in which chronically elevated high blood pressure is caused by a narrowing of the renal arteries. The renal arteries are the arteries that bring blood to the kidneys (9). This blood is processed by which the kidneys filter the blood, removing some substances and sometimes adding others. The kidneys also have several functions, which can be negatively affected by renovascular hypertension. One function is the regulation of water and ion balances within the body....   [tags: medical, physiology]
:: 10 Works Cited
1666 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension - Hypertension Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure about 25% of all adults have high blood pressure, normal blood pressure in an adult is measure is less than 120/80 the top number is known as systolic and the bottom diastolic any reading above this is known as hypertension. If the blood pressure is regularly high this can damage to the blood vessels kidney, heart and other parts of the body which can result in a stroke or heart attack, causes of high blood pressure may be more than one thing for example too much salt in a person’s diet, being overweight, not eating enough fruits and vegetables and other life factors like stress....   [tags: High Blood Pressure, Health]
:: 7 Works Cited
1328 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Drug Assessment for Hypertension Treatment - Introduction Hypertension is one of the most important health issue. It is one of the leading cause for heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. (Gay & Ndefo 2008). Anti-hypertensive drugs include several classes of medications which are used to control blood pressure in hypertensive patients. β-blockers are one of these classes which are widely prescribed worldwide. Because of the tolerability issue, the uses of β-blockers have been limited and are no longer considered as a first-line treatment for hypertension....   [tags: Safety, Tolerability]
:: 9 Works Cited
1481 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Hypertension - Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases including stroke and may also have a role in the development of vascular cognitive impairment and vascular dementia [1, 2]. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (EC 3.4.15.1; ACE) plays an important role in the rennin-angiotensin system and it is a carboxyl-terminal dipeptidyl exopeptidase that catalyzes the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II [3-6]. ACE converts an inactive form of decapeptide, angiotensin I, to a potent vasoconstrictor, octapeptide, angiotensin II, in addition; since the ACE is a multifunctional enzyme it also catalyzes the degradation of bradykinin, which is known as a vasodi...   [tags: Health, Cardiovascular Diseases, Stroke] 1709 words
(4.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hypertension: The Silent Killer - The patient that stimulated the interest in this subject was a 57-year-old male admitted with an acute exacerbation of COPD. The patient also had a history of hypertension, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis. The patient is a smoker as well as his family. He has had many problems with trying smoking cessation for years. The patient also has a history of depression and anxiety. The patient has been on many medications to control his hypertension, but it is still out of the normal range....   [tags: Healthcare]
:: 5 Works Cited
1401 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Hypertension in Hispanic Americans - Millions of Americans are living with hypertension. Collaboration of patients and providers to control the disease can help prevent life-threatening illnesses. Patient perceptions pertaining to an illness or disease can dictate one’s health behaviors, yet little attention has been directed toward the perceptions of Mexican American adults in relation to hypertension. Although hypertension is most prevalent among African Americans, Hispanics have higher rates of mortality due to poverty, cultural barriers, and customs affecting modifiable risk factors, prevention, and treatment....   [tags: Nursing Research Papers]
:: 14 Works Cited
2613 words
(7.5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Hypertension: Effects and Prevention - Life expectancy has grown over the last 100 years. This leads to a variety of health issues and problems that affect these elder generations quality of life. According to the United States CDC, one in three American adults suffers from hypertension. With so many Americans having high blood pressure it is no surprise that hypertension is one of the most dangerous conditions, leading to death, in the elderly. Doctors often skip directly to subscription, medications to help control elevated blood pressures, but other problems can arise from these medications, like dementia....   [tags: high blood pressure, medication, health]
:: 12 Works Cited
2488 words
(7.1 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Patient With History of Hypertension - My patient who is a 57 year old male who has a past history of Hypertension, takes Accupril to help with his high blood pressure. Is complaining of chest and lest arm pain. He has a blood pressure of 140bpm a high heart rate, and on the ECG showing significant ST elevation and Sinus Tachycardia. From what my patient is showing and complaining of gives me two differential diagnoses of what he actually might be suffering from. First diagnoses is Acute Pericarditis which is a disease that must be considered in the differential diagnosis of my patient as he is complaining of chest pain....   [tags: Medical Case Studies] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hypertension: A Case Study - Improving Health: One Patient at a Time Patient Data Mary is a 52-year-old woman with poorly controlled hypertension who came into the office today because she has become increasing inactive over the past 8 years as a result of work and life stresses, including chaperoning 2 teenage daughters to clubs and dance classes. Mary complains of persistent fatigue and a vague feeling of malaise. She denies having shortness of breath or chest pains but states that she "barely does anything more physical than starting the car." She has put on 42 pounds over the past 6 years....   [tags: medicine, treatment, healthcare]
:: 6 Works Cited
3361 words
(9.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Hypertension: The Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure - Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Hypertension is another term used to describe high blood pressure. This common condition increases the risk for heart disease and stroke, two leading causes of death for Americans. High blood pressure contributed to more than 362,895 deaths in the United States during 2010. Approximately 67 million persons in the United States have high blood pressure, and only half of those have their condition under control....   [tags: silent killer, cardiovascular risks]
:: 5 Works Cited
1340 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Low Sodium Intake Prevents Hypertension - Hypertension affects approximately 25% of adults worldwide and 16% of US adults and it is estimated to increase in prevalence by 60% over the next 10 to 15 years (1). Hypertension, or increased systemic blood pressure, is directly correlated with many morbidities, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), congestive heart failure, and chronic renal dysfunction (reference). Essential hypertension, also known as primary hypertension, accounts for 95% of all known cases of hypertension....   [tags: blood pressure, cardiovascular disease]
:: 6 Works Cited
1052 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Pathology and Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - ... Unless transplantation can occur, prognosis for these patients is less than ideal. In order to be considered for transplantation, patients must have a mean arterial pressure less than or equal to 35 mm Hg. Long term cocaine and methamphetamine abuse have been linked to developing PAH (McLaughin et al., 2009). Cocaine can cause overexcitement of the sympathetic nervous system triggering an erratic, potentially severe condition called vasospasm, which involves a rapid narrowing in various blood vessels....   [tags: health concerns, causes]
:: 6 Works Cited
1865 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Hypertension - Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. A normal blood pressure is 120/80. A blood pressure reading higher or equal to 140/90 is considered abnormally high. Elevated blood pressure means your heart is working harder than normal, putting both your heart and arteries under great strain. High blood pressure is serious business. On average, people with uncontrolled hypertension are:Seven times more likely to have a stroke. Six times more likely to develop congestive heart failure....   [tags: essays research papers] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The New Drugs to Treat Hypertension - The New Drugs to Treat Hypertension The purpose of this report is two discuss the Pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, proposed benefits, research method, results of research, and possible-nursing implications of newly approved drugs for the treatment of hypertension. These drugs include Atacand HCT and Diltiazem HCL. All newly approved drugs from the FDA are either new drugs or new formulations of older drugs. The information contained in this report was derived from various web pages and online search engines....   [tags: Papers] 806 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Case Study of Hypertension - Case Study of Hypertension During my experience in volunteering, I chose a patient for the case study assignment. The subject I chose was identified as GKM. The patient’s chief complaint upon her visit to the clinic was for a follow-up on her hypertension and for more medication for this disease. GKM is a 56-year-old Caucasian female with the date of birth on 12-14-43. Her past medical and surgical history consisted of childhood diseases, heart and cardiovascular problems, and cancer. The childhood diseases she had were chicken pox, mumps, and scarlet fever....   [tags: Papers] 2742 words
(7.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Primary Pulmonary Hypertension - Primary Pulmonary Hypertension INTRODUCTION A.Each year in the US there are about 300 new cases of PPH diagnosed each year. B.My purpose today is to inform you on the disease PPH C.This topic concerns you because it is a deadly disease that is on the rise. D.Today I will discuss.... 1.What the disease is 2.Causes of PPH 3.Symptoms of PPH 4.Diagnosis 5.Course and Treatment PPH-What is it. Primary(unexplained) pulmonary hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure) is an extremely rare lung disorder....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
815 words
(2.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Preeclampsia - Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Preeclampsia A. Discussion of disease/condition 1. Incidence Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) is a multi-organ disease process that develops as a result of pregnancy and regresses in the postpartum period. It usually develops after 20 weeks of gestation in a woman who had normal blood pressure. It is defined as an elevation of systolic and diastolic pressures equal to or above 140/90 mm Hg. In clinical practice, the terms PIH and preeclampsia are used interchangeable, but in preeclampsia the woman also has protein in her urine indicating that there is renal involvement as well....   [tags: Health] 844 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Program Design to Reduce the Risk of Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes in Brazilian Teens - Over the last thirty years there has been a considerable change in the profile of morbidity and mortality of the Brazilian population (Foletto, 2009). Nowadays, apart from infectious and parasitic causes, the epidemiological profile of Brazil has a high prevalence of diseases and deaths due to chronic illnesses. The economic burden of these diseases produces high costs for patients and their families, to society and especially to the health systems and social welfare due to early mortality and disability caused by this type of clinical conditions....   [tags: Healthcare, Medicine, Brazil]
:: 13 Works Cited
1868 words
(5.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome Theory in Cardiovascular Disease - When adapting nursing care for particular clients, it is important to consider applicable theories used in guiding practice. Hans Selye's theory of general adaptation syndrome or stress response for instance, is helpful to consider when caring for patients whose challenges may be partially caused or exacerbated by many overlapping factors within both the internal and external environments. Important also to nursing is the metaparadigm which forms the framework of nursing theories. The metaparadigm for nursing revolves around the concepts of the client as recipient, the environment, health, and nursing, all of which can be used in discussing any nursing endeavor (Berman and Snyder, 2012, Chap...   [tags: hypertension, stress, nursing care]
:: 4 Works Cited
1460 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiovascular Diseases - Cardiovascular diseases come in many forms ranging from atherosclerosis to hypertension and even strokes. Today’s leading cardiovascular diseases are the result of various contributing factors, particularly lifestyle choices. Among these lifestyle choices, sedentary behaviors has become a prominent trend in the American society. Sedentary behavior refers to any waking activity with energy expenditure lower than a 1.5 metabolic rate such as sitting or lying down. The rising trend of sitting more and becoming less active is beginning to imbed itself as second nature and a social norm....   [tags: atherosclerosis, hypertension, physical activity]
:: 5 Works Cited
1642 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Management of Leg Ulcers - Treatment of leg ulcers Leg ulcerations are a common manifestation of HbSS, although their prevalence varies with geographical distribution. For example, 75% of HbSS patients in Jamaica are affected whereas only 8-10% of South American patients are affected. Potential contributing factors to leg ulcerations are; obstructions due to cell sickling, venous incompetence, excessive vasoconstriction caused by malfunctioning autonomic control and bacterial infections. Furthermore, impaired endothelial function caused by decreased nitric oxide bioavailability and anaemia or chronic hypoxia are also linked....   [tags: Treatment, Hypertension, Cell Transplant]
:: 21 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hypertemsion and Prevention - Assessment of Learner: This group is somewhat knowledgeable about the information related to hypertension. The male participants knew the least information on high blood pressure and ways to prevent high blood pressure. Some were unsure if they were at risk for hypertension while others had a family history of hypertension. A few people had hypertension and had trouble keeping it under control. Most participants were at a point where they were motivated to change unhealthy behaviors related to hypertension....   [tags: Health Care] 1739 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn - There are many ways that they can diagnose PPHN, but I want to start off by informing you about the laboratory testing that they use. Starting with Arterial blood gas levels also known as ABG. ABG tests are used to measure the levels of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood from an artery. The blood is always taken from an artery. It must be used from an artery due to the fact that in veins the oxygen has already been used up and carbon dioxide is present (Lung Disease & Respiratory Health center, 2012)....   [tags: coagulation, pphn, abg test, artery blood]
:: 16 Works Cited
1892 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Intervention Plan for Hypertensive Patients - INTERVENTION PLAN FOR HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge all over the world because of its high prevalence and its high risk of complications (Whelton et al, 1997). It is also recognised to be a universal risk factor for mortality and morbidity, and the most significant modifiable risk factor for renal failures, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and premature deaths (Ezzati et al, 2002). In the U.K, Hypertension is one of the most common conditions associated with heavy morbidity and substantial cost of healthcare (Faculty of Public Health, 2005)....   [tags: public health, blood pressure, treatment]
:: 6 Works Cited
1795 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Research Article Critique: "The Effect of Clothes on Sphygnomanometric Blood Pressure Measurement in Hypertensive Patients - Introduction The article “The effect of clothes on sphygmomanometric blood pressure measurement in hypertensive patients,” formulated by Rukiye Pinar, Siddika Ataalkin, and Roger Watson examines the effect of garments, under the cuff, on the reading of blood pressures in hypertensive patients. Hypertension is a major healthcare concern, and the monitoring and precise measurement of blood pressure is crucial. There is evidence to suggest that clothes have no effect on blood pressure readings, but is this also true for hypertensive patients....   [tags: health, medical science]
:: 1 Works Cited
1450 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Postural Hypotension - Postural Hypotension Hypotension is the medical term given for low blood pressure, which basically means that there isn't enough blood flow to the heart, brain and vital organs. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm HG). For a healthy young person around our age, the normal blood pressure is supposed to be less than 140mm Hg over 90mm Hg. The first number (in this case 140), represents systolic blood pressure, which is the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart contracts and the second number (in this case 90), is the pressure between the hearts contractions....   [tags: Papers] 782 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Quality of Care in Student Run or Free Clinics - Introduction Hypertension is one of the most prevalent disorders in the US, affecting about 1 in 3 adults. Since uncontrolled blood pressure has been linked to consequences such as stroke, congestive heart failure, and chronic kidney disease, it poses considerable risk for a significant portion of the population. According to the American Heart Association, hypertension was responsible for 46,284,000 ambulatory care visits in 2007; and it is estimated that this condition will be either directly or indirectly responsible for $76.6 billion in health care costs in 2010.9 The morbidity and mortality associated with uncontrolled hypertension make initiatives to improve the quality of care in thi...   [tags: Healthcare]
:: 14 Works Cited
2179 words
(6.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Effect of Yoga Nidra on Blood Pressure - Introduction Yoga Nidra (Yoga Sleep) is a term used to represent the state in which an individual exhibits all the symptoms of a deep non-REM sleep, remaining fully conscious(1). PET studies have shown that the brain activities during Yoga Nidra is unique in the sense that it can be called as the “fourth state of mind"(2). Yoga Nidra had been traditionally used in yoga practices to bring the subject into a state of deep relaxation. Studies have shown that practice of Yoga Nidra reduces Sympathetic Activity from baseline levels(3) and a shift in heart rate variability suggestive of parasympathetic(4) improvement....   [tags: yoga sleep, mindfulness]
:: 11 Works Cited
944 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Women Have the Right to Abortion - The issue of abortion has always been a controversial one for citizens of the United States. Abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy after the embryo has been planted in the uterus (Abortion). An individual’s stance on this controversial issue categorizes them into one of two very different groups. An individual who feels that a woman should not have an abortion- due to moral or religious views- is said to be “pro-life”. Coincidently, those who feel that a woman should have the right to choose abortion are said to be “pro-choice”....   [tags: Legalized Abortion]
:: 11 Works Cited
1835 words
(5.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
High Blood Pressure among Black Americans - High blood pressure (hypertension) is a major health condition which affects many Americans. This health condition may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. A normal blood pressure consists of systolic blood pressure divided by diastolic blood pressure, 120/80mmHg (millimeters of mercury). High blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure which is greater than 140mm Hg, and diastolic pressure which is over 90mm Hg. Hypertension influences the health outcomes of black Americans more than other races in the United States....   [tags: Medical Conditions]
:: 14 Works Cited
1756 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Factors Affecting Blood Pressure - Blood pressure is effected by external and internal variables. Internal variables such as age, gender and heredity can not be changed. External variables such as exercise, reduced stress, and healthy diet can significantly improve blood pressure. Regular exercise can reduce blood pressure and help manage weight and stress. External factors gone unmanaged can cause hypertension that can lead to death. In the average human, the heart beats sixty to seventy times per minute. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood....   [tags: Health] 823 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Pre-eclampsia And Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women - Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are disorders in pregnant women. Pre- eclampsia is hypertension and eclampsia is the worsening of pre-eclampsia where the woman experiences convulsions or goes into a coma. The complication of eclampsia in a pregnant woman can put her and her unborn child at risk. A risk that may be fatal. This is only to briefly define the disorders. Furthermore, I predict that women who have suffered from eclampsia do need future medical help due to the permanent damage caused in the physiological make up of the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1728 words
(4.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Rationale for Lesser Pressure: A Program to Enhance the Health of Independently Living Seniors of Chicago, Illinois - A Rationale for “Lesser Pressure”: A Program to Enhance the Health of Independently Living Seniors of Chicago, Illinois. A stroke or a brain attack or a cerebrovascular attack is one of the most devastating neurological conditions that causes death or physical disability. Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted causing the death of affected brain cells within minutes (Medline Plus, 2014). Because of the urgent nature of the disease, stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world which has caused almost 6.2 million deaths during the year 2011 worldwide (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013)....   [tags: stroke, physical and cognitive health]
:: 3 Works Cited
1119 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure - Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the chronic medical conditions that cause the pressure of the blood to go high. It has become a silent killer and a common disease of the modern age. The physical and mental pressure of the fast pace of life can be in way responsible to increase the adrenaline in the blood stream that causes the pressure to elevate. The heart exerts a force as it pumps blood into the large arteries and as such creates a pressure within them which is known as blood pressure....   [tags: Health Care ] 848 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Pre- Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Weight Gain During Pregnancy - During pregnancy, many women experience hypertensive and diabetic disorders. These disturbances usually cease to exist after delivery; however, they may impose serious complications for mother and or/ fetus. Some evidence suggests that both disorders can be attributed to pre- pregnancy body mass index of the mother, and other evidence suggests that they are precipitated by weight gain that occurs during pregnancy. The authors of ‘Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Weight Gain during Pregnancy: Relations with Gestational Diabetes and Hypertension, and Birth Outcomes’ theorized in their introduction that “maternal obesity at conception increases the risk of maternal and or/ fetal complications...   [tags: body mass, pregnancy, weight gain]
:: 3 Works Cited
2003 words
(5.7 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Negative Impact of Low Wage Jobs - What if one had to work long hours, with countless hours of no sleep, a stress level that was skyrocketing, earning money that could barely support a family. There is a woman approximately the age of forty working full time at a restaurant. Her hands were wrinkled from washing dishes in bleach water. A few white hairs have grown under her thick, black hair. Dark bags are under her eyes, which seems as though she does not get much sleep. This is how the average low working employees suffer. Many people are stuck in this crisis....   [tags: Dead End Jobs]
:: 11 Works Cited
2777 words
(7.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
High Blood Pressure in Adults - How to Measure It in Adults The force of blood against your artery walls is referred as blood pressure (National Stroke Association, 2014). Heighted blood pressure or Hypertension, affects nearly one third of the population, 67 million individuals aged 18-older (Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring, 2013). High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and ophthalmic issues (Medline Plus, 2012). According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2010), the hypertension mortality rate among Erie County, NY, is about 233.5-395.3 cases per 100,000 for the years 2008-2010....   [tags: Danger, Awareness Importance, Solution Plan]
:: 15 Works Cited
1826 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Antihypertensive Patient Education - A Complete History of The Patient The patient receiving education is RL. RL is an eighty-one year old caucasian male who is allergic to Levaquin. He was admitted to the hospital because of a fall and was on the floor for twelve hours before he was found. His admitting diagnosis was possible septicemia and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with a secondary diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia. He has a medical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bilateral leg edema, and unspecified essential hypertension....   [tags: Nursing Essay]
:: 3 Works Cited
897 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Psychological Skills Training in The World of Healthcare - For centuries, patients located within rural and inner city communities have lacked access to adequate healthcare resources. Due to the shortage of medical doctors within these regions, the nursing profession continues to expand. The growth of this field of medicine has enabled patients rural and inner city clinics that do not attract full-time doctors, to receive adequate health care in a cost-effective manner. The goal of a nurse practitioner will be to provide traditional health care services in all areas of medicine, and to maintain, treat and prevent human illnesses under the supervision of a physician....   [tags: Psychology] 1387 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Health Effects of a Vegetarian Diet - Society has recently become increasingly obsessed with health and nutrition, as more and more individuals realize that they can dramatically change their quality of life by adjusting their diet and lifestyle. One such way that people have tried to pursue a healthier lifestyle, is by removing meat and other animal products from their diets, whether they become a strict vegetarian who eats no animal byproducts, or a lacto-ovo vegetarian who still eats eggs and dairy. As with any other lifestyle, research is always being done to see if the benefits outweigh the disadvantages, and so far, the results of vegetarian diets have been encouraging....   [tags: vegetebles, nutrition, cardiovascular health]
:: 24 Works Cited
2865 words
(8.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Alpha Methyldopa Induced Hepatotoxicity in Pregnancy - Drug-induced hepatotoxicity, also called drug-induced liver injury or drug-induced liver disease, is injury to the liver that is associated with impaired liver function caused by exposure to a drug. Adverse drug reaction has to be considered one of the major causes of iatrogenic disease. Though some of the adverse drug reactions are predictable & preventable, there are many others which cannot be predicted or prevented as there is failure to understand and unravel why, how and in whom they occur....   [tags: ] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Coding for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) - Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is defined as a clinical syndrome in which the heart fails to propel blood forward normally, resulting in congestion in the pulmonary and/or systemic circulation and diminished blood flow to the tissues due to reduced cardiac output. (Berkow, M.D.) The result is that the heart does not pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. CHF can be caused by a variety of conditions that affect the heart such as: diseases or substances that weaken the heart muscle such as heart attacks, infections, or toxins; diseases that cause stiffening of the heart muscle such as hemochromatosis, amyloidosis, coronary artery disease, and long term hypertension; and diseases that inc...   [tags: Coding Heart Failure]
:: 6 Works Cited
1618 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Nursing Essay: Patient Assessment - This piece of work will be based on the pre-assessment process that patients go through on arrival to an endoscopy unit in which I was placed in during my second year studying Adult diploma Nursing. I will explore one patient’s holistic needs, identifying the priorities of care that the patient requires; I will then highlight a particular priority and give a rational behind this. During an admission I completed under the supervision of my mentor I was pre-assessing a 37 year old lady who had arrived to the unit for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy....   [tags: Endoscopy, Patient History] 2489 words
(7.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Understanding Preeclampsia and Eclampsia - Eclampsia is considered a complication of severe preeclampsia, most commonly defined as new onset of grand mal seizure activity accompanied by unexplained coma during pregnancy or postpartum in a woman. It normally occurs during or after the 20th week of gestation or in the postpartum period. The clinical manifestations of preeclampsia are hypertension and proteinuria. There is also a fetal manifestation of preeclampsia encompassing fetal growth restriction, reduced amniotic fluid, and abnormal fetal oxygenation....   [tags: Women's Health Nursing]
:: 5 Works Cited
1522 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - Pathophysiology One of the important anatomical alteration with the ARDS is the Alveolar Damage. The damage of the alveoli is due to the fluid build up as well as the compromised respiratory mechanism. The condition is also correlated with the damage of the lung endothedlium. The ARDS occurs in three phases where the damage for both alveoli as well as the endothelium. The three phases are Exudative, Proliferative, and Fibrotic. Exudative Phase Occurs approximately during the first week, usually start within 24 to 48 hours after the direct lung injury....   [tags: pathophysiology, alveolar damage]
:: 11 Works Cited
1608 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Obesity in Australia - Obesity is becoming a major health problem in developing countries like Australia, North America, Europe and other developing nations. The Australian Diabetes, obesity and life style study (AUSDIAB) predicts the changes in glucose indices; health behaviour and incidence of diabetes in 5 year follow up experiments among 5842 participants (Barr et al., 2007). This study suggests that a large number of Australians suffered mortality due to cardiovascular diseases associated with abnormal glucose metabolism every year....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 484 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Renal System Diseases - ... glomerulonephritiis, nephrotic toxicity, and acute tubular nephrosis are some examples of intra renal risk factors. post renal is the obstruction of structures leaving the kidneys like renal calculi, urinary tract obstruction, and spinal cord disease. ARF is when the blood flow through the kidneys is significantly compromised and cannot filter the blood properly. there are four phases of acute renal failure they are onset, oliguria, diuresis, and recovery. When assessing for ARF there are fluid overloads that we look objective data for in the renal,cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory reproductive, neurological, and muscular skeletal systems....   [tags: Kidney, Chronic Disease] 567 words
(1.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Causes of High Blood Pressure - The heart pumps blood into the arteries and the force of the blood pushing against blood vessel walls is called blood pressure. Arteries carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure is also know as hypertension and is very dangerous in many different ways. One way is that it makes the heart have to work harder in order to pump the blood to the body. Secondly it contributes to hardening of the arteries and lastly, it also contributes to heart failure. A healthy heart is essential to life and having high blood pressure it not healthy for the heart....   [tags: Health ] 499 words
(1.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Prevention and treatment of Prevention and Treatment of Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia - WHO Analysis: Prevention and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia In completing the assignment for WHO analysis, required for Community and Global Health, examination of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the Prevention and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia has occurred. According to the guidelines, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are prevalent and carry a high rate of morbidity. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness and plausibility of the WHO guidelines, which this author believes are effective, however the ability to enact the guidelines in developing countries, regardless of the lives saved, seems feeble at best....   [tags: pregnancy, global health]
:: 10 Works Cited
1208 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Delayed Diagnosis of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) - Background: Although ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease, it is usually diagnosed late. The image of the disease is variable; sometimes it is so quit and silent that might even be healed and be improved spontaneously, and in some certain cases if the appropriate, on time and early treatment is not be done, this would lead to irreparable complications even in the early life period such as mortality. This study aimed to study, review and the way of diagnosis process, treatment and follow-up of these patients....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2065 words
(5.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Chronic Renal Failure - Introduction Every human body contains one pair of kidneys. They are situated towards the back of the body under the ribs, just at the level of the waist, with one on each side of the body. Each kidney is composed of about one million units called nephrons, and each nephron consists of two parts: a filter, called the glomerulus and a tubule leading out from the nephrons (Cameron 1999). According to Marshall and Bangert (2008), the kidneys have three major functions: firstly, the kidneys excrete waste from plasma in the blood....   [tags: Health]
:: 11 Works Cited
839 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
What is Stress? - Final Action Plan Author Affiliation   Stress is a body's method of reacting to a challenge. According to the stressful event, the body's way to respond to stress is by sympathetic nervous system activation which results in the fight-or-flight response. In humans, stress typically describes a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an impact on a person's mental and physical well-being. Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition or a stimulus....   [tags: Body Method, Challenge, Reaction]
:: 4 Works Cited
875 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Obesity in the United States - Obesity in America has been an ever present issue for the past three decades. Unfortunately, it is being passed from one generation to the next. There are approximately over 60 million Americans who are obese and now, children are pre-disposed to this epidemic. According to Alfred, a person is considered obese of their body mass index is over 30 percent. This number continues to rise and the number of overweight Americans, whose body mass index is 25 to 29.9, this total escalates to over 66 percent of Americans (A18)....   [tags: Epidemic, Health Issues, Heart Disease]
:: 3 Works Cited
1003 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History and Physical Examination (H&P) - Name: S.A. Occupation: Business owner Source of History: Patient Reliability of Historian: Reliable Age: 47 Date of Birth: 7/2/1967 Sex: Female Birth Place: Iraq, Mosul Race: Middle Eastern Religion: Muslim Chief Complaint: Patient states, “ I have been having chest pains for the past two weeks”. History of present illness: 51 y/o middle eastern Female c/o chest pain for the past two weeks. She was in her usual state of good health until she noticed an abrupt onset of chest pain which lasted from a few seconds to a minute....   [tags: History and Physical Write-up] 2294 words
(6.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Cardiovascular Disease: Annotated Bibliography - Capingana, D. P., Magalhaes, P., Silca, A. T., Goncalves, M. A., Baldo, M. P., Rodrigues, S. L. (2013). Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic level among public-sector workers in Angola. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-9. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-732 The purpose of this article was to identify the socioeconomic levels within the study group at UAN in Luanda, Angola. Within the socioeconomic levels, the researchers determined the occurrence of adjustable cardiovascular risks and the relationships among the different social levels....   [tags: Annotated Bibliography]
:: 12 Works Cited
2573 words
(7.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Overview Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary Artery Disease which is also known as heart disease and cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death around the world. According to the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, deaths from heart disease occur every 7 minutes (2014). First of all, it is important to know what this disease is. Heart disease develops when blood pressure increases due to the lack of oxygenated blood being supplied to the heart causing the heart to work much harder then what is considered healthy. This can occur from various controversies but the main cause is the blockage of an artery which ultimately leads to it narrowing explained by Douglas Wetherill (2000)....   [tags: Heart Health, Medicine]
:: 5 Works Cited
1875 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comprehensive Evaluation of Patient - History Mr. S. G is an eighty year old African American male who was brought into the emergency room of County Hospital on the second of May, 2015 and was admitted with the complaint of Respiratory distress. He has no known allergies and he is on full code status. While he was at the hospital, Mr. Geis was diagnosed with Hyperkalemia, Hypernatremia and acute renal failure. He was then transferred to the intensive care unit to be stabilized and then transferred to the floor for recovery. He has a past surgical history of vertebrae fracture from a fall seven years ago....   [tags: Nursing Paper]
:: 6 Works Cited
1151 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Patient Education Case Study - Patient education refers to a program involving patients, which is designed to reduce the risk factors associated with various disease developments (Falvo, 2011). It also involves monitoring the effectiveness of disease treatment procedures as directed by the medical nurses, as well as maintaining the lifestyle changes of the patients in order to improve the health outcomes. Patient education involves dieticians, nurses, and medical personnel approach to guide the patients to achieve recommended health benefits, enhancing lifestyle changes in terms of behavioral and dietary practices in order to accomplish the patient’s health goals (Serrano & Monden, 2011)....   [tags: Patient Education] 1665 words
(4.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Nursing Management of a Complex Multi-System Disorder - There are many multi-system diseases that affect numerous lives every day. One of those, known as preeclampsia, affects women who are pregnant. Because this disease can lead to death if not treated, nurses play a pivotal role in assessing, managing, and educating women with this disease. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder; however, the actual cause of the disease is unknown. Because this condition begins at conception, it is believed that the placenta plays an important role in causing preeclampsia....   [tags: Nursing ]
:: 1 Works Cited
2023 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Prevention and Treatments of Coronary Heart Disease - Prevention and Treatments of Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease is caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries, which feed the heart. All muscles need a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients, therefore so does the heart since it to is a muscle. The heart gets these nutrients and oxygen by the blood carried to it by the coronary arteries. However, when the coronary arteries get clogged by fat deposits and cholesterol, the coronary arteries become narrower, this process is called atherosclerosis, and therefore not enough blood gets supplied to the heart and results in coronary heart disease (CHD)....   [tags: Papers] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Endothelin - Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading deaths in the United States. Pulmonary hypertension disease one type of cardiovascular disease that is due to the narrowing of the arteries within the lungs. When the arteries are narrowed the right side of the heart is unable to pump blood through the lungs, pressure begin to build up and not enough oxygen is being picked up, therefore causing pulmonary hypertension. If there are damages to the endothelium, it can cause this disease because it can produce more endothelin-1, which is one of the isomer of Endothelin that influence as a vasoconstrictor....   [tags: Health]
:: 2 Works Cited
924 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Atrial Fibrillation: Causes, Pathophysiology and Treatment - Introduction Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia. It is the most common arrhythmia and it has implications for patients and anaesthetists alike. The anaesthetist must take into consideration the physiological and pharmacological implications of this common arrhythmia. In a healthy individual receiving a general anaesthetic, the anaesthetist must be aware of the causes and treatment of acute onset AF, both intra-operatively and peri-operatively. Patients with AF often develop a decline in left ventricular performance and other hemodynamic instabilities including reduced diastolic filling and tachycardia mediated cardiomyopathy1, all of which can reduce cardiac output and pose d...   [tags: health, cardiac arrhythmia]
:: 15 Works Cited
1506 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
High Blood Pressure - High blood pressure is considered one of the highest causes of morbidity, one of the main leading causes for cardiovascular disease, and social global burden health risk factor. In addition to the high cost burden to the global health service providers. (referances) Data from World health organization2002, estimated that high blood pressure was the cause of death for more than 7 million individuals every year , affecting almost one billion of world population and responsible for 11% of all diseases burden in industrial countries.( WHO,2003) (BHFSD,2010).in industrial countries high blood pressure estimated to be the case of death for more than 20% of men and almost 24% of women (WHO....   [tags: Health, Cardiovascular Disease] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Obesity and Overweight - Have you ever gone to the store and nothing you tried on fit you right. How would you feel if people made fun of you because you were overweight. Have you ever felt like you can’t do certain things because you are overweight. How would you feel if you looked at a fashion magazine and you know you could not wear the outfits advertised in them. Many people in our society feel this way every day. It is becoming a major problem for Americans, our life styles, the food we eat are all things are contributing to this problem....   [tags: diabetes, eating habit, junk food, genetics]
:: 4 Works Cited
1012 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Soda Consumption and the Risk of Stroke in Men and Women. By: Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode & Willett, - Literature Review The hypothesis for this research paper is that educational pamphlets provided to Denver School of Nursing students on the health risks of regular and diet soda will not influence the students desire for consumption. “Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, including soda has increased in the United States over the past three decades” (Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode, & Willett, 2012). The following papers used for this research all emphasize and educate readers on the possible health risks involved in the consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages....   [tags: health, sweetened beverages]
:: 5 Works Cited
926 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Atrial Fibrillation with No Structural Heart Disease Should Always Undergo Catheter Ablation - BACKGROUND Approximately 10% to 30% of patients with atrial flibrillation (AF) do not present structural heart disease or have a comorbidity such as hypertension. Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent arrhythmia in daily practice that occurs under diverse situations and its treatment should be based on the different scenarios of presentation. Severe population-based studies have found that AF is associated with greater morbidity and mortality and worse quality of life. It is the leading cause of arrhythmia-related hospitalizations with an important impact on medical costs....   [tags: Medical Science]
:: 17 Works Cited
2246 words
(6.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Link Between Smoking and the Ocurrence of Cardiovascular Diseases - Introduction Majority of people associate cigarette smoking and tobacco with lung cancer and breathing problems. However, in addition to these, smoking is a major cause of cardiovascular disease that is, blood vessel and heart diseases. Tobacco and cigarette smoking have been regarded as major risk factors for different chronic diseases Everett (2004). According to AHA (American Heart Association) cigarette smoking is seen as the most significant and preventable reason for many premature deaths McCay et al....   [tags: smoking cigarette, tobacco, psycotherapy]
:: 8 Works Cited
1730 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Causes and Effects of Adult Obesity - Introduction Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, & Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, etc....   [tags: Obesity] 1953 words
(5.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Impact of Determinants of Health - For the purpose of this paper, a 43 year-old female of Aboriginal decent, who is originally from Saskatoon, was interviewed. For confidentiality reasons, the patient will be referred to as A.B. This paper will discuss the admitting diagnosis of A.B., the determinants of health with a focus on income and social status, as well as a reflection on nursing practice. A.B. sought health care after two weeks of experiencing of fever, chills, coughing, and black tarry stool. The admitting diagnosis was pneumonia and upper gastrointestinal bleed (UGIB)....   [tags: cirrhosis, pneumonia, ugib, nursing]
:: 32 Works Cited
889 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Understanding Acromegaly: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments - ... Gurel (2014) also noted that women tend to start having menstrual problems for which they seek out a gynecologist. Since they have irregular hormones many of the doctors assume that these patients are pregnant or are experiencing menopause. Many women also experience hypogonadism, hyperprolactinemia, and hirsutism often caused by androgen excess (Katznelson, 2011). Many male patients present with low Testosterone noted by fatigue and sexual dysfunction (Katznelson, 2011). Thyroid problems are also common, such as goiter and hypothyroidism, which also brings them into the doctor (Katznelson, 2011)....   [tags: pituitary adenoma]
:: 5 Works Cited
1846 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Childhood Obesity Control and Prevention - Obesity has grown to become an epidemic in the United States. No single solution or strategy can prevent the disease. Sedentary lifestyles of American school children have reached an alarming rate. Greater attention, focus, and preventive measures should be placed on African American and Hispanic children because they have the highest obesity rates. Children from poverty stricken families are also at greater risk for obesity than other socioeconomic groups (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004)....   [tags: obesity, overweight children, youth weight]
:: 9 Works Cited
1743 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Motor Development Skills in Stroke Patients - When assessing the relative literature as well as the plight of stroke patients, one finds that there are many causes or reasons why people fall victim to strokes. Accidents, diet, and old age-related factors are most often identified. Similarly, there exists some consensus as to appropriate treatment or therapy, which of course is dependent upon the individual and actual condition. The risk of stroke in all Americans increases after the age of 45. More often that not, clinicians are predisposed to prevention over treatment....   [tags: Papers] 2470 words
(7.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Obesity, a Genuine Disease - ... Each happy meal a child consumes let’s not forget has 600 calories and most of the healthy options offered by fast food restaurants have no nutritional and are filled with empty calories and sugar. Another approach was to encourage kids to move to get outside and play every day, again this approach is very viable and works expect for the three things. First thing is that again children do not exercise as much as they did in the past years. Going outside and playing has been replaced with staying inside and gaming or watching T, V, walking or biking home has been replaced with car rides or bus rides home....   [tags: unhealthy lifestyles, overweight]
:: 10 Works Cited
1396 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "hypertension"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>