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Your search returned over 400 essays for "hypertension"
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The Dangers of Hypertension - Ms. Gm, my client, lived alone in the community housing corporation. On this faithful morning my patient woke-up complaining of severe headache, fatigue, inability to sleep, dyspnea and dizziness. Following this situation she was taken to the hospital by a neighbor and while she was in the emergency department she was seen by the physician where she was diagnosed with hypertension. Hypertension is deadly and it is a silent killer, if not detected on time, it can cause severe complications to major organs in the body....   [tags: Hypertension, medical, nursing,]
:: 8 Works Cited
2381 words
(6.8 pages)
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Hypertension: The Risks for High Blood Pressure - Hypertension is caused by lifestyle habits (Drinking, smoking, stress, nutrition, physical activity, weight) and predetermined factors (genetics, age, ethnicity/ race). Even if somebody is born with a higher risk of hypertension because of genetics or ethnicity it doesn’t mean that they are going to get it; this individual could develop lifestyle habits to prevent hypertension. Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease (Hoeger, 2009, p. 334). Hypertension is also referred to as “high blood pressure”....   [tags: Hypertension cardiovascular disease]
:: 14 Works Cited
1605 words
(4.6 pages)
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Self-Reported Hypertension and Use of Antihypertensive Medication - ... It is produced through an enzymatic reaction from its inactive precursor angiotensin I through the enzyme, ACE (ibid). Angiotensin II stimulates vasoconstriction by activating the mechanism of which calcium is absorbed into the arterial vascular cells (Berridge and Dupont, 1994; Touyz and Schiffrin, 1997) as well as promoting the growth of endothelial cells and smooth vascular muscle (Itoh et al., 1993; Wolf et al., 1996; Sweitzer, 2003) therefore narrowing the size of the lumen . Angiotensin II has also induces the production of aldosterone, a hormone which increases the level of salt in the blood, by the kidneys which essentially draw in more fluid into the blood vessels (Patlak, 200...   [tags: modern development, hypertension]
:: 12 Works Cited
1301 words
(3.7 pages)
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Hypertension in Britain - Hypertension is one of the commonest chronic diseases in British primary care . It is also a major risk contributor for coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease for example stroke and myocardial infarction. , Hypertension is also a global health problem affecting people of different ethnicity and ages around the world. The UK population which consists of varies ethnic groups for example Caucasians, Afro-Caribbean, Asians and many more might illustrated the problem. Hypertension is usually asymptomatic .The higher the blood pressure measurement, the greater the risk....   [tags: Health]
:: 5 Works Cited
285 words
(0.8 pages)
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Patient With Hypertension - ... She was not even aware of how much of an issue her hypertension was. The patient claimed to have “O.K.” blood pressure, but her chart showed a history of high blood pressure and a current blood pressure of 148/96. The patient also presented with imbalanced nutrition: more than body requirements related to lack of knowledge of relationship between diet and disease process. She fits this diagnosis due to the fact that she had limited knowledge on the disease. She was completely unaware of how her diet affected her hypertension....   [tags: Nursing Essay]
:: 2 Works Cited
1069 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Physiological Effects of Renovascular Hypertension (Renal Hypertension) on the Body - Renovascular hypertension, also known as renal hypertension, is a condition in which chronically elevated high blood pressure is caused by a narrowing of the renal arteries. The renal arteries are the arteries that bring blood to the kidneys (9). This blood is processed by which the kidneys filter the blood, removing some substances and sometimes adding others. The kidneys also have several functions, which can be negatively affected by renovascular hypertension. One function is the regulation of water and ion balances within the body....   [tags: medical, physiology]
:: 10 Works Cited
1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension - Hypertension Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure about 25% of all adults have high blood pressure, normal blood pressure in an adult is measure is less than 120/80 the top number is known as systolic and the bottom diastolic any reading above this is known as hypertension. If the blood pressure is regularly high this can damage to the blood vessels kidney, heart and other parts of the body which can result in a stroke or heart attack, causes of high blood pressure may be more than one thing for example too much salt in a person’s diet, being overweight, not eating enough fruits and vegetables and other life factors like stress....   [tags: High Blood Pressure, Health]
:: 7 Works Cited
1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Drug Assessment for Hypertension Treatment - Introduction Hypertension is one of the most important health issue. It is one of the leading cause for heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. (Gay & Ndefo 2008). Anti-hypertensive drugs include several classes of medications which are used to control blood pressure in hypertensive patients. β-blockers are one of these classes which are widely prescribed worldwide. Because of the tolerability issue, the uses of β-blockers have been limited and are no longer considered as a first-line treatment for hypertension....   [tags: Safety, Tolerability]
:: 9 Works Cited
1481 words
(4.2 pages)
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Hypertension - Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases including stroke and may also have a role in the development of vascular cognitive impairment and vascular dementia [1, 2]. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (EC 3.4.15.1; ACE) plays an important role in the rennin-angiotensin system and it is a carboxyl-terminal dipeptidyl exopeptidase that catalyzes the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II [3-6]. ACE converts an inactive form of decapeptide, angiotensin I, to a potent vasoconstrictor, octapeptide, angiotensin II, in addition; since the ACE is a multifunctional enzyme it also catalyzes the degradation of bradykinin, which is known as a vasodi...   [tags: Health, Cardiovascular Diseases, Stroke] 1709 words
(4.9 pages)
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Hypertension: The Silent Killer - The patient that stimulated the interest in this subject was a 57-year-old male admitted with an acute exacerbation of COPD. The patient also had a history of hypertension, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis. The patient is a smoker as well as his family. He has had many problems with trying smoking cessation for years. The patient also has a history of depression and anxiety. The patient has been on many medications to control his hypertension, but it is still out of the normal range....   [tags: Healthcare]
:: 5 Works Cited
1401 words
(4 pages)
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Hypertension: Effects and Prevention - Life expectancy has grown over the last 100 years. This leads to a variety of health issues and problems that affect these elder generations quality of life. According to the United States CDC, one in three American adults suffers from hypertension. With so many Americans having high blood pressure it is no surprise that hypertension is one of the most dangerous conditions, leading to death, in the elderly. Doctors often skip directly to subscription, medications to help control elevated blood pressures, but other problems can arise from these medications, like dementia....   [tags: high blood pressure, medication, health]
:: 12 Works Cited
2488 words
(7.1 pages)
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Hypertension: A Case Study - Improving Health: One Patient at a Time Patient Data Mary is a 52-year-old woman with poorly controlled hypertension who came into the office today because she has become increasing inactive over the past 8 years as a result of work and life stresses, including chaperoning 2 teenage daughters to clubs and dance classes. Mary complains of persistent fatigue and a vague feeling of malaise. She denies having shortness of breath or chest pains but states that she "barely does anything more physical than starting the car." She has put on 42 pounds over the past 6 years....   [tags: medicine, treatment, healthcare]
:: 6 Works Cited
3361 words
(9.6 pages)
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Hypertension: The Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure - ... The test involves carrying a mobile blood pressure monitor that records several blood pressure measurements throughout the day and night. According to NICE this test can give a better diagnosis than simply relying on measurements in a clinical setting (Williams, 2013). For HBPM, the patient needs to have access to a validated BP machine that has been calibrated. The patient takes BP readings morning and evening for seven days and records the results. For every BP recording, two consecutive measurements should be taken at least one minute apart with the person seated....   [tags: silent killer, cardiovascular risks]
:: 5 Works Cited
1340 words
(3.8 pages)
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Low Sodium Intake Prevents Hypertension - ... (4) analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and measured the association between sodium and potassium intake on blood pressure and the development of hypertension. Researchers analyzed data on 10,563 of participants whose age was 20 and greater from the 2005-2010 NHANES. Zhang Z. et al. used NHANES as their data source, which uses a stratified, multistage probability cluster sampling design in order to create a large non-biased sample pool of long term subjects to study important nutritional data....   [tags: blood pressure, cardiovascular disease]
:: 6 Works Cited
1052 words
(3 pages)
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Hypertension - Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. A normal blood pressure is 120/80. A blood pressure reading higher or equal to 140/90 is considered abnormally high. Elevated blood pressure means your heart is working harder than normal, putting both your heart and arteries under great strain. High blood pressure is serious business. On average, people with uncontrolled hypertension are:Seven times more likely to have a stroke. Six times more likely to develop congestive heart failure....   [tags: essays research papers] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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The New Drugs to Treat Hypertension - The New Drugs to Treat Hypertension The purpose of this report is two discuss the Pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, proposed benefits, research method, results of research, and possible-nursing implications of newly approved drugs for the treatment of hypertension. These drugs include Atacand HCT and Diltiazem HCL. All newly approved drugs from the FDA are either new drugs or new formulations of older drugs. The information contained in this report was derived from various web pages and online search engines....   [tags: Papers] 806 words
(2.3 pages)
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Case Study of Hypertension - Case Study of Hypertension During my experience in volunteering, I chose a patient for the case study assignment. The subject I chose was identified as GKM. The patient’s chief complaint upon her visit to the clinic was for a follow-up on her hypertension and for more medication for this disease. GKM is a 56-year-old Caucasian female with the date of birth on 12-14-43. Her past medical and surgical history consisted of childhood diseases, heart and cardiovascular problems, and cancer. The childhood diseases she had were chicken pox, mumps, and scarlet fever....   [tags: Papers] 2742 words
(7.8 pages)
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Primary Pulmonary Hypertension - Primary Pulmonary Hypertension INTRODUCTION A.Each year in the US there are about 300 new cases of PPH diagnosed each year. B.My purpose today is to inform you on the disease PPH C.This topic concerns you because it is a deadly disease that is on the rise. D.Today I will discuss.... 1.What the disease is 2.Causes of PPH 3.Symptoms of PPH 4.Diagnosis 5.Course and Treatment PPH-What is it. Primary(unexplained) pulmonary hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure) is an extremely rare lung disorder....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
815 words
(2.3 pages)
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Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Preeclampsia - Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Preeclampsia A. Discussion of disease/condition 1. Incidence Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) is a multi-organ disease process that develops as a result of pregnancy and regresses in the postpartum period. It usually develops after 20 weeks of gestation in a woman who had normal blood pressure. It is defined as an elevation of systolic and diastolic pressures equal to or above 140/90 mm Hg. In clinical practice, the terms PIH and preeclampsia are used interchangeable, but in preeclampsia the woman also has protein in her urine indicating that there is renal involvement as well....   [tags: Health] 844 words
(2.4 pages)
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Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome Theory in Cardiovascular Disease - ... Given the scenario of a nurse caring for a patient who is recovering from myocardial infarction who has a history of hypertension, the need for the application of Selye's theory is clear. This client, from this information alone, is already at increased risk for adverse events such as myocardial infarction (MI), as his blood pressure is already elevated, and damage and inflammation within the cardiovascular system is evident in his experience of a recent MI. A great degree of intermittent or prolonged stress would then exacerbate these conditions and put the client at risk for future recurrence of MI....   [tags: hypertension, stress, nursing care]
:: 4 Works Cited
1460 words
(4.2 pages)
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Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiovascular Diseases - ... Participants who did not engage in any moderate or vigorous physical activity during leisure time had almost twice the odds of having metabolic syndrome and increased risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. How findings inform our understanding of how one combat cardiovascular diseases by reduce sedentary behaviors There is a direct correlation between increasing risk for cardiovascular disease and sedentary behaviors. Engaging in moderate or vigorous physical activities during leisure time can reduce the risk for metabolic syndrome and ultimately cardiovascular diseases....   [tags: atherosclerosis, hypertension, physical activity]
:: 5 Works Cited
1642 words
(4.7 pages)
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Management of Leg Ulcers - ... Furthermore, avascular necrosis resulting in femoral and humeral head complications can also arise. Treatment usually requires orthopaedic and surgical procedures such as hip replacement. Physical therapy and occupational retraining is often required as lifestyle adjustments are normally expected. In addition, SCD does not only affected patients physically but also psychologically and emotionally. The disease can lead to anxiety, depression and chronic pain behaviour. It is therefore essential that there is a strong doctor-patient relationship and that counselling is offered as soon as it is necessary....   [tags: Treatment, Hypertension, Cell Transplant]
:: 21 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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Hypertemsion and Prevention - Assessment of Learner: This group is somewhat knowledgeable about the information related to hypertension. The male participants knew the least information on high blood pressure and ways to prevent high blood pressure. Some were unsure if they were at risk for hypertension while others had a family history of hypertension. A few people had hypertension and had trouble keeping it under control. Most participants were at a point where they were motivated to change unhealthy behaviors related to hypertension....   [tags: Health Care] 1739 words
(5 pages)
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Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn - ... Effects of PPHN on the newborn I would like to begin this section by laying out the normal circulatory transition of the newborn. This is referred to as the fetal to neonatal transition (Glanville, 2011). Increased PaO2 which is oxygen pressure in the neonate as opposed to the fetus should lower the resistance of pulmonary vasculature which in return allows more blood flow to the pulmonary circulation. The closing of the ductus arteriosus increases blood flow to the lungs since the breathing is focused mainly on liquid to air gas exchange in the lungs, as opposed to the placenta in the fetus....   [tags: coagulation, pphn, abg test, artery blood]
:: 16 Works Cited
1892 words
(5.4 pages)
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Postural Hypotension - Postural Hypotension Hypotension is the medical term given for low blood pressure, which basically means that there isn't enough blood flow to the heart, brain and vital organs. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm HG). For a healthy young person around our age, the normal blood pressure is supposed to be less than 140mm Hg over 90mm Hg. The first number (in this case 140), represents systolic blood pressure, which is the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart contracts and the second number (in this case 90), is the pressure between the hearts contractions....   [tags: Papers] 782 words
(2.2 pages)
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Quality of Care in Student Run or Free Clinics - Introduction Hypertension is one of the most prevalent disorders in the US, affecting about 1 in 3 adults. Since uncontrolled blood pressure has been linked to consequences such as stroke, congestive heart failure, and chronic kidney disease, it poses considerable risk for a significant portion of the population. According to the American Heart Association, hypertension was responsible for 46,284,000 ambulatory care visits in 2007; and it is estimated that this condition will be either directly or indirectly responsible for $76.6 billion in health care costs in 2010.9 The morbidity and mortality associated with uncontrolled hypertension make initiatives to improve the quality of care in thi...   [tags: Healthcare]
:: 14 Works Cited
2179 words
(6.2 pages)
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Effect of Yoga Nidra on Blood Pressure - Introduction Yoga Nidra (Yoga Sleep) is a term used to represent the state in which an individual exhibits all the symptoms of a deep non-REM sleep, remaining fully conscious(1). PET studies have shown that the brain activities during Yoga Nidra is unique in the sense that it can be called as the “fourth state of mind"(2). Yoga Nidra had been traditionally used in yoga practices to bring the subject into a state of deep relaxation. Studies have shown that practice of Yoga Nidra reduces Sympathetic Activity from baseline levels(3) and a shift in heart rate variability suggestive of parasympathetic(4) improvement....   [tags: yoga sleep, mindfulness]
:: 11 Works Cited
944 words
(2.7 pages)
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Women Have the Right to Abortion - The issue of abortion has always been a controversial one for citizens of the United States. Abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy after the embryo has been planted in the uterus (Abortion). An individual’s stance on this controversial issue categorizes them into one of two very different groups. An individual who feels that a woman should not have an abortion- due to moral or religious views- is said to be “pro-life”. Coincidently, those who feel that a woman should have the right to choose abortion are said to be “pro-choice”....   [tags: Legalized Abortion]
:: 11 Works Cited
1835 words
(5.2 pages)
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High Blood Pressure among Black Americans - High blood pressure (hypertension) is a major health condition which affects many Americans. This health condition may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. A normal blood pressure consists of systolic blood pressure divided by diastolic blood pressure, 120/80mmHg (millimeters of mercury). High blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure which is greater than 140mm Hg, and diastolic pressure which is over 90mm Hg. Hypertension influences the health outcomes of black Americans more than other races in the United States....   [tags: Medical Conditions]
:: 14 Works Cited
1756 words
(5 pages)
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Factors Affecting Blood Pressure - Blood pressure is effected by external and internal variables. Internal variables such as age, gender and heredity can not be changed. External variables such as exercise, reduced stress, and healthy diet can significantly improve blood pressure. Regular exercise can reduce blood pressure and help manage weight and stress. External factors gone unmanaged can cause hypertension that can lead to death. In the average human, the heart beats sixty to seventy times per minute. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood....   [tags: Health] 823 words
(2.4 pages)
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Pre-eclampsia And Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women - Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are disorders in pregnant women. Pre- eclampsia is hypertension and eclampsia is the worsening of pre-eclampsia where the woman experiences convulsions or goes into a coma. The complication of eclampsia in a pregnant woman can put her and her unborn child at risk. A risk that may be fatal. This is only to briefly define the disorders. Furthermore, I predict that women who have suffered from eclampsia do need future medical help due to the permanent damage caused in the physiological make up of the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1728 words
(4.9 pages)
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Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure - Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the chronic medical conditions that cause the pressure of the blood to go high. It has become a silent killer and a common disease of the modern age. The physical and mental pressure of the fast pace of life can be in way responsible to increase the adrenaline in the blood stream that causes the pressure to elevate. The heart exerts a force as it pumps blood into the large arteries and as such creates a pressure within them which is known as blood pressure....   [tags: Health Care ] 848 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Negative Impact of Low Wage Jobs - What if one had to work long hours, with countless hours of no sleep, a stress level that was skyrocketing, earning money that could barely support a family. There is a woman approximately the age of forty working full time at a restaurant. Her hands were wrinkled from washing dishes in bleach water. A few white hairs have grown under her thick, black hair. Dark bags are under her eyes, which seems as though she does not get much sleep. This is how the average low working employees suffer. Many people are stuck in this crisis....   [tags: Dead End Jobs]
:: 11 Works Cited
2777 words
(7.9 pages)
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Antihypertensive Patient Education - ... The medications include acetaminophen (Tylenol), albuterol (Proventil), albuterol sulfate (Proventil), sodium chloride 7% (Hypersal), aluminum magnesium hydroxide-simethicone (Maalox advanced 200-200-20mg/mL), acetylsalicylic acid, ASA (Aspirin EC), atrovastatin (Lipitor), atropine (AtroPen), nitroglycerin (Nitrostat), azythromycin (Zithromax), digoxin (Lanoxin), ducosate sodium (Colace), enalapril (Vasotec), enoxaparin (Lovaenox), fluticasone-salmeterol (Advair diskus), furosemide (Lasix), insulin aspart (NovaLog injection pen), insulin glargine (Lantus injection pen), metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL), ondansteron (Zofran), oxybutynin (Ditropan), potassium chloride SA (K-Dur, KLOR-CON),...   [tags: Nursing Essay]
:: 3 Works Cited
897 words
(2.6 pages)
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Psychological Skills Training in The World of Healthcare - For centuries, patients located within rural and inner city communities have lacked access to adequate healthcare resources. Due to the shortage of medical doctors within these regions, the nursing profession continues to expand. The growth of this field of medicine has enabled patients rural and inner city clinics that do not attract full-time doctors, to receive adequate health care in a cost-effective manner. The goal of a nurse practitioner will be to provide traditional health care services in all areas of medicine, and to maintain, treat and prevent human illnesses under the supervision of a physician....   [tags: Psychology] 1387 words
(4 pages)
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Health Effects of a Vegetarian Diet - ... 321). Dioxin is only one example of many dangerous chemicals contained in meat. Obesity is another huge problem currently plaguing the world, particularly in America. 67 percent of United States citizens are considered overweight, and 34 percent of people are also classified as obese (Sabate, Wien, 2010, pg. 1525S). Although other factors may influence an individual’s weight, a major factor is one’s diet, which is why weight loss plans are often called diets. The fat content of foods is extremely important when considering a healthy diet....   [tags: vegetebles, nutrition, cardiovascular health]
:: 24 Works Cited
2865 words
(8.2 pages)
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Coding for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) - Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is defined as a clinical syndrome in which the heart fails to propel blood forward normally, resulting in congestion in the pulmonary and/or systemic circulation and diminished blood flow to the tissues due to reduced cardiac output. (Berkow, M.D.) The result is that the heart does not pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. CHF can be caused by a variety of conditions that affect the heart such as: diseases or substances that weaken the heart muscle such as heart attacks, infections, or toxins; diseases that cause stiffening of the heart muscle such as hemochromatosis, amyloidosis, coronary artery disease, and long term hypertension; and diseases that inc...   [tags: Coding Heart Failure]
:: 6 Works Cited
1618 words
(4.6 pages)
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Nursing Essay: Patient Assessment - This piece of work will be based on the pre-assessment process that patients go through on arrival to an endoscopy unit in which I was placed in during my second year studying Adult diploma Nursing. I will explore one patient’s holistic needs, identifying the priorities of care that the patient requires; I will then highlight a particular priority and give a rational behind this. During an admission I completed under the supervision of my mentor I was pre-assessing a 37 year old lady who had arrived to the unit for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy....   [tags: Endoscopy, Patient History] 2489 words
(7.1 pages)
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Understanding Preeclampsia and Eclampsia - Eclampsia is considered a complication of severe preeclampsia, most commonly defined as new onset of grand mal seizure activity accompanied by unexplained coma during pregnancy or postpartum in a woman. It normally occurs during or after the 20th week of gestation or in the postpartum period. The clinical manifestations of preeclampsia are hypertension and proteinuria. There is also a fetal manifestation of preeclampsia encompassing fetal growth restriction, reduced amniotic fluid, and abnormal fetal oxygenation....   [tags: Women's Health Nursing]
:: 5 Works Cited
1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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Obesity in Australia - Obesity is becoming a major health problem in developing countries like Australia, North America, Europe and other developing nations. The Australian Diabetes, obesity and life style study (AUSDIAB) predicts the changes in glucose indices; health behaviour and incidence of diabetes in 5 year follow up experiments among 5842 participants (Barr et al., 2007). This study suggests that a large number of Australians suffered mortality due to cardiovascular diseases associated with abnormal glucose metabolism every year....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 484 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Causes of High Blood Pressure - The heart pumps blood into the arteries and the force of the blood pushing against blood vessel walls is called blood pressure. Arteries carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure is also know as hypertension and is very dangerous in many different ways. One way is that it makes the heart have to work harder in order to pump the blood to the body. Secondly it contributes to hardening of the arteries and lastly, it also contributes to heart failure. A healthy heart is essential to life and having high blood pressure it not healthy for the heart....   [tags: Health ] 499 words
(1.4 pages)
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Prevention and treatment of Prevention and Treatment of Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia - ... This option would be of greater importance in regards to women who lack prenatal care. Medication Management WHO recommends the use of antihypertensive therapies in the beginning stages of pre-eclampsia. In more severe cases of pre-eclampsia, the use of magnesium sulfate is the recommendation. The organization gives a strong recommendation for the use of magnesium sulfate with moderate to high level of supporting evidence. The use of magnesium sulfate is to help prevent maternal seizures. “The drug of choice for the prevention and control of maternal seizures in patients with severe preeclampsia or eclampsia during the peripartum period is i.v....   [tags: pregnancy, global health]
:: 10 Works Cited
1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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Delayed Diagnosis of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) - Background: Although ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease, it is usually diagnosed late. The image of the disease is variable; sometimes it is so quit and silent that might even be healed and be improved spontaneously, and in some certain cases if the appropriate, on time and early treatment is not be done, this would lead to irreparable complications even in the early life period such as mortality. This study aimed to study, review and the way of diagnosis process, treatment and follow-up of these patients....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2065 words
(5.9 pages)
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Chronic Renal Failure - Introduction Every human body contains one pair of kidneys. They are situated towards the back of the body under the ribs, just at the level of the waist, with one on each side of the body. Each kidney is composed of about one million units called nephrons, and each nephron consists of two parts: a filter, called the glomerulus and a tubule leading out from the nephrons (Cameron 1999). According to Marshall and Bangert (2008), the kidneys have three major functions: firstly, the kidneys excrete waste from plasma in the blood....   [tags: Health]
:: 11 Works Cited
839 words
(2.4 pages)
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Obesity in the United States - Obesity in America has been an ever present issue for the past three decades. Unfortunately, it is being passed from one generation to the next. There are approximately over 60 million Americans who are obese and now, children are pre-disposed to this epidemic. According to Alfred, a person is considered obese of their body mass index is over 30 percent. This number continues to rise and the number of overweight Americans, whose body mass index is 25 to 29.9, this total escalates to over 66 percent of Americans (A18)....   [tags: Epidemic, Health Issues, Heart Disease]
:: 3 Works Cited
1003 words
(2.9 pages)
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Description of Interventions - Approximately, four percent of global burden of disease has been estimated to be resulted from hypertension (Ezzati 2002; Asia Pacific cohort studies collaboration 2003). As systolic blood pressure (SBP) increases from 115 mm Hg, the cardiovascular diseases and stroke risk continuously increases (Vasan 2001;Law 2003; Kokubo 2008). Clinical trials and observational studies have demonstrated that the treatment of mild-to-moderate hypertension with medication can significantly reduce the risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease (Collins 1994; Hennekens 1999; Friday 2002; Barrios 2009)....   [tags: Medical Research]
:: 5 Works Cited
2399 words
(6.9 pages)
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Nursing Management of a Complex Multi-System Disorder - There are many multi-system diseases that affect numerous lives every day. One of those, known as preeclampsia, affects women who are pregnant. Because this disease can lead to death if not treated, nurses play a pivotal role in assessing, managing, and educating women with this disease. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder; however, the actual cause of the disease is unknown. Because this condition begins at conception, it is believed that the placenta plays an important role in causing preeclampsia....   [tags: Nursing ]
:: 1 Works Cited
2023 words
(5.8 pages)
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Prevention and Treatments of Coronary Heart Disease - Prevention and Treatments of Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease is caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries, which feed the heart. All muscles need a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients, therefore so does the heart since it to is a muscle. The heart gets these nutrients and oxygen by the blood carried to it by the coronary arteries. However, when the coronary arteries get clogged by fat deposits and cholesterol, the coronary arteries become narrower, this process is called atherosclerosis, and therefore not enough blood gets supplied to the heart and results in coronary heart disease (CHD)....   [tags: Papers] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Endothelin - Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading deaths in the United States. Pulmonary hypertension disease one type of cardiovascular disease that is due to the narrowing of the arteries within the lungs. When the arteries are narrowed the right side of the heart is unable to pump blood through the lungs, pressure begin to build up and not enough oxygen is being picked up, therefore causing pulmonary hypertension. If there are damages to the endothelium, it can cause this disease because it can produce more endothelin-1, which is one of the isomer of Endothelin that influence as a vasoconstrictor....   [tags: Health]
:: 2 Works Cited
924 words
(2.6 pages)
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High Blood Pressure - High blood pressure is considered one of the highest causes of morbidity, one of the main leading causes for cardiovascular disease, and social global burden health risk factor. In addition to the high cost burden to the global health service providers. (referances) Data from World health organization2002, estimated that high blood pressure was the cause of death for more than 7 million individuals every year , affecting almost one billion of world population and responsible for 11% of all diseases burden in industrial countries.( WHO,2003) (BHFSD,2010).in industrial countries high blood pressure estimated to be the case of death for more than 20% of men and almost 24% of women (WHO....   [tags: Health, Cardiovascular Disease] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Obesity and Overweight - Have you ever gone to the store and nothing you tried on fit you right. How would you feel if people made fun of you because you were overweight. Have you ever felt like you can’t do certain things because you are overweight. How would you feel if you looked at a fashion magazine and you know you could not wear the outfits advertised in them. Many people in our society feel this way every day. It is becoming a major problem for Americans, our life styles, the food we eat are all things are contributing to this problem....   [tags: diabetes, eating habit, junk food, genetics]
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1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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Soda Consumption and the Risk of Stroke in Men and Women. By: Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode & Willett, - ... The following article talks about how the consumption of sugar sweetened drinks especially soft drinks may be the main contributor to the epidemic of the United States overweight and obesity because of the high sugar content that is in each soft drink. The article states that the mean intake of added sugar by Americans can account for 15.8% of energy and the largest source of the added sugars are from non-diet soft drinks that account for 47% of total added sugars in the diet (Malik, 2006). This article focuses on evidence that link the intake of sugar sweetened beverages, weight gain and obesity....   [tags: health, sweetened beverages]
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926 words
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Atrial Fibrillation with No Structural Heart Disease Should Always Undergo Catheter Ablation - BACKGROUND Approximately 10% to 30% of patients with atrial flibrillation (AF) do not present structural heart disease or have a comorbidity such as hypertension. Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent arrhythmia in daily practice that occurs under diverse situations and its treatment should be based on the different scenarios of presentation. Severe population-based studies have found that AF is associated with greater morbidity and mortality and worse quality of life. It is the leading cause of arrhythmia-related hospitalizations with an important impact on medical costs....   [tags: Medical Science]
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2246 words
(6.4 pages)
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Link Between Smoking and the Ocurrence of Cardiovascular Diseases - Introduction Majority of people associate cigarette smoking and tobacco with lung cancer and breathing problems. However, in addition to these, smoking is a major cause of cardiovascular disease that is, blood vessel and heart diseases. Tobacco and cigarette smoking have been regarded as major risk factors for different chronic diseases Everett (2004). According to AHA (American Heart Association) cigarette smoking is seen as the most significant and preventable reason for many premature deaths McCay et al....   [tags: smoking cigarette, tobacco, psycotherapy]
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Causes and Effects of Adult Obesity - Introduction Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, & Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, etc....   [tags: Obesity] 1953 words
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The Impact of Determinants of Health - ... Due to her low socioeconomic status, A.B. did not have the best access to education and she did not attend school past grade nine. The lack of education could have contributed to A.B.’s choice of lifestyle, which ultimately led to alcoholism, IV drug use, and related diseases such as Hepatitis C (Fraser health, 2010). The physical environment consisting of housing, neighborhood, and employment conditions are responsible for determining the health status of a population (WHO, 2014). Inappropriate housing conditions are often associated with low income and directly increase the risk for acquiring diseases due to presence of mold, lack of clean water, or overcrowding (Fraser health, 2010)....   [tags: cirrhosis, pneumonia, ugib, nursing]
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Motor Development Skills in Stroke Patients - When assessing the relative literature as well as the plight of stroke patients, one finds that there are many causes or reasons why people fall victim to strokes. Accidents, diet, and old age-related factors are most often identified. Similarly, there exists some consensus as to appropriate treatment or therapy, which of course is dependent upon the individual and actual condition. The risk of stroke in all Americans increases after the age of 45. More often that not, clinicians are predisposed to prevention over treatment....   [tags: Papers] 2470 words
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Personal Narrative Losing Weight - Personal Narrative Losing Weight I know I should lose weight. It requires a lot of perseverance that I one time had and need to find again. Many of the reasons I should lose weight are very clear to me. I have read many articles and have heard what my doctor has told me. I lost over forty pounds about three years ago, unfortunately, I gained it back two fold when I was pregnant with my daughter. I still have not been able to get rid of this weight since she was born. Sometimes it causes me to get tired just from going to the grocery store....   [tags: Papers] 688 words
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Kidney Failure - Introduction There is a pair of kidneys in the human body. They are situated towards the back of the body under the ribs, just at the level of the waist where one on either side of the body. Each kidney is composed of about one million units which are called nephrons and each nephron consists of two parts: a filter which is called the glomerulus and a tubule leading out from the nephron (Cameron 1999). According to Marshall and Bangert (2008) the kidneys have three major functions. Firstly, the kidneys are excretion of waste from plasma in the blood....   [tags: Health]
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The Dangers of Alcoholism - Alcohol drinkers, who drink excessively, should seek professional help to quit because of the many potential health risks. Three examples of these risks are liver cirrhosis, cancer of the mouth and throat, and pancreatitis. The first reason a heavy drinker of alcohol should quit is because of the risk of pancreatitis. Each year, about 210,000 people in the U.S. are admitted to a hospital with this condition. Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas is irritated by digestive enzymes that attack and damage it....   [tags: Health]
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(1.8 pages)
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The Relationship between Low Birth Weight and Disease Later in Life - The Relationship between Low Birth Weight and Disease Later in Life When hearing low birth weight, most people think about premature babies. However, babies sometimes have low birth weights even at full term for various reasons. A baby is considered to have a low birth weight if he or she weighs less than 5.5 pounds. Being born premature or full term with a low birth weight, may increase the risks of disease later in life. First of all, hypertension may be caused by low birth weight that is followed by rapid growth....   [tags: Papers] 469 words
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Treating Mrs. Masood - The skill of reflecting is a process of making sense out of all life experiences in general and nursing practice in particular (Taylor B, 2004). The process of reflection helps nurses to continually question and improve on the quality of care given. As I am bound by the Nursing and Midwifery Council Code of Conduct (2008), and in line with the Data Protection Act (1998) of confidentiality a pseudonym, Mrs Masood has been used to protect the patient’s identity. During my first hospital place I came across a situation where communication played a major role....   [tags: Nurse]
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1673 words
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Stroke a Leading Cause of Long-Term Disability - ... If hypertension, diabetes and/or atrial fibrillation are detected then maintaining control over them is of vital importants. Still, Post-stroke situations need to be addressed as well. “All stroke patients, indifferent of disability, have the same possibility to improve with training.” (Langhammer) Furthermore, Physically addressing their post-stroke inabilities show the greatest alterations within the first 6-12 months (Langhammer) (Teuschl,) (Aidar) (Mohamed) (Mang) and can help to trigger long-term behaviour changes (Teuschl,) (Mang) while helping to avoid a delayed cognitive decline when continued for the first 18 months post stroke....   [tags: post-strokes, screening]
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Cardiovascular Disease, Menopause, and Isoflavones Supplementation - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major threat to women in the western world. While breast cancer is more common around the age of menopause, the risk of CVD is 1 in 2, as compared to 1 in 26 for breast cancer. Relevance of CVD in menopausal women is not well understood, but risk factors for CVD can be modified by managing them (hypertension, diabetes) with modification of lipids. Premenopausal women are at low risk for CVD, but probability increases with age. (Dubey et al., 2005). With age comes an increase in weight, which is linked to increased risks of metabolic disorders such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases (Lemay et al., 2010)....   [tags: Women's Health]
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Prevention of Postoperative Vision Loss: A Case Study - Prevention of Postoperative Vision Loss: A Case Study Postoperative visual loss (POVL) after nonocular surgery is an infrequent, but destructive problem that has been associated with numerous types of surgeries and patient risk factors (Stoelting & Miller, 2007). Stoelting and Miller estimate the incidence of POVL from 1 in 60,965 to 1 in 125,234 for patients undergoing noncardiac, nonocular surgeries, from 0.06% to 0.113% in cardiac surgery patients with cardiopulmonary bypass and 0.09% of prone spine surgeries....   [tags: Medical Research]
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The Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet - The Advantages of a Vegetarian Diet Having a healthy dietary method can reduce the chances of receiving many health diseases. These health diseases include obesity, heart disease, and cancer. By consuming certain foods and nutrients in one’s diet the risk factors for these health diseases can be reduced. A healthy dietary method that is beneficial to reducing and/or improving these health diseases is the vegetarian diet. The vegetarian diet follows a dietary pattern that is characterized by the consumption of plant-like foods and the avoidance of flesh foods (meat, poultry, and fish)....   [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays] 899 words
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The Dangers of Race Based Medicine - The Dangers of Race-Based Medicine An analysis of new drug therapies specifically targeted towards African American populations with hypertension. I. Introduction to Contemporary Race-Based Therapeutics On November 11th, 2004, NitroMed, a Massachusetts based pharmaceutical company published a study on the effects of a new drug called BiDil in treating heart failure among African Americans in the New England Journal of Medicine (Taylor 2049). Since announcing the study, NitroMed’s research has sparked controversy surrounding the ethical implications and scientific evidence of race-based medicine....   [tags: Drug Therapies African American]
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(12.1 pages)
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A Sweet Death? - A Sweet Death. For a moment, imagine you are a very health conscious person. You start the mornings off with a brewed cup of coffee, a newspaper, and your favorite cereal. As you eat, you are comforted in seeing the bold print on the packaging that reads, “Loaded with vitamins and minerals.” However, you become curious and decide to investigate the back panel of ingredients to see if it is as wholesome as it leads you to believe. The number one ingredient is enriched wheat flour. You are content as you swallow the next to last spoonful of your shredded richness....   [tags: Nutrition]
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The Fundamental Caring Skill of Blood Pressure recording Using an Appropriate Model of Reflection. - The fundamental caring skill that was chosen to demonstrate knowledge and understanding within a reflective framework was recording blood pressure. Blood pressure was chosen because it is a critical physiological function and a fundamental indicator of well being (Fullbrook 1993). It is an important and vital observation, in that it allows early therapeutic intervention should a patient’s status change (Fullbrook 1993). This essay will also demonstrate an understanding of best practice for the theory of blood pressure measurement of the patient....   [tags: Health Care, Medication, Blood Pressure] 2190 words
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Cardiovascular Disease - Cardiovascular Disease in the African American Community Causes, Preventions, and Treatments Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to the dysfunctional conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins that supply oxygen to vital life- sustaining areas of the body like the brain, the heart itself and other vital organs. Since the term cardiovascular disease refers to any dysfunction of the cardiovascular system there are many different diseases in the cardiovascular category, and many of these diseases are strongly intertwined....   [tags: essays research papers] 1768 words
(5.1 pages)
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High Blood Pressure - Data from World health organization (2002), estimated that high blood pressure was the cause of death for more than 7 million individuals every year, affecting 972 million of world population which accounts for 26.4% in total, 26.6% of those are men and 26.1% are women. In addition 333 million of those in developed countries and 639 million in developing countries and responsible for 11% of all diseases burden in industrial countries, it also estimated to be the case of death for more than 20% in men and almost 24% in women....   [tags: Health, Cardiovascular Disease] 1377 words
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physiotherapeutic management of stroke - Introduction Cerebrovascular disease or the term stroke is used to describe the effects of an interruption of the blood supply to a localised area of the brain. It is characterized by rapid focal or global impairment of cerebral function lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death (Hatano, 1976). As such it is a clinically defined syndrome and should not be regarded as a single disease. Stroke affects 174-216 people per 10,000 population in the UK per year and accounts for 11% of all deaths in England and Wales (Mant et al, 2004)....   [tags: essays research papers] 8017 words
(22.9 pages)
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Ischaemic Stroke - A stroke defined by Lemone et al. (2011, p.1582) “is a condition in which neurological deficits result from a sudden decrease in blood flow to a localised area of the brain”. In this case Mr Peter Edwards, a 68yr old gentleman has suffered an ischaemic stroke where the blood supply to the brain has suddenly been interrupted by a blood clot. It is important to understand the pathophysiology of his clinical condition in order to provide the appropriate care and be aware of any changes. Knowledge of his past history, medications and current treatment is important as to prevent a secondary attack and complications....   [tags: Health Conditions, Treatments]
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1938 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Elderly - The term Ageism is practiced by many of America's youth who lack nothing short of ignorance. Many individuals use discriminative terms to falsely describe the elderly. We forget that despite their advanced age, they're people full of life that are purely undergoing senescence, the universal and inevitable changes that all of us experience from the time we are born. Wilbert is a gentleman who must combat multiple ailments such as diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. These are merely from secondary aging which encompass changes that are due to illness, health habits, and other individual differences that have expedited his degeneration physically....   [tags: Ageism, Illness, Health Habits]
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1082 words
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The Relationship Between Anthropometric Measurements and Percent Body Fat (PBF) in Students - Abstract Objective: To study the relationship between anthropometric measurements and percent body fat (PBF) in students (17-19 years) and to find the percentage of males and females who are obese using percent body fat cut off values, since Obesity is a predisposing factor for many diseases like Hypertension, Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Coronary Artery Disease. Methods: Weight, height, Waist Circumference (WC) and Hip Circumference (HC) of 93 students in AIMS (38 males and 55 females) were measured....   [tags: Health] 1801 words
(5.1 pages)
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Automatic Optic Disc Detection in Digital Fundus Images Using Image Processing Techniques - Optic disc (OD) is important part of eye. In developing systems automatic OD detection is an important step for automated diagnosis of various serious ophthalmic diseases like Diabetic retinopathy, Glaucoma, hypertension etc. The variation of intensity within the optic disc and intensity close to the optic disc boundary are the major hurdle in automated optic disc detection. General edge detection algorithms are frequently unsuccessful to segment the optic disc because of this. Complexity increases due the presence of blood vessels....   [tags: health, ophtalmic disease]
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1710 words
(4.9 pages)
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Congestive Heart Failure in the Elderly - A Nursing Approach - Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a foremost health problem worldwide, touching 4.8 million U.S. patients and accounts for 978,000 or 5-10% of all hospitalizations. Some estimates show 550,000 new cases of CHF diagnosed each year in the United States alone. Currently, CHF accounts for 20% of all discharges in the over age 65 categories; with the aging demographic, this statistic is expected to increase significantly. Overall, the cost of treating CHF is very high -$38 billion annually in the U.S., representing 5.4% of total health care costs and involves many physician visits - at least 11 million ambulatory visits per year....   [tags: Global Health Issues, Medication]
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2240 words
(6.4 pages)
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Space Mobility in Mexican American Aged 75 and Older - Having the sense of independence and mobility is a main key to being able to maintain an active quality of life. There is a distinct link to health statues and the quality of an aging adult’s life. When thinking of mobility it was traditionally believe to only mainly be focused on the person’s ability to perform everyday activities such as bathing, using the restroom, and everyday independent living activities. This also includes instrumental activities such as shopping and having social contact with others....   [tags: Muscular Strength, Senior Citizens]
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1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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Oral Hygiene Care in Dependent or Cognitively Impaired Patients - As a nurse in a skilled nursing facility, oral hygiene care is very important, but the importance significantly increases when our patients are functionally dependent or cognitively impaired. These patients are unable to perform this task and depend on nurses to provide daily care. Nurses need to pay close attention for potential problems. They will need to perform assessments, develop oral care plans, and identify preventions and strategies to eliminate any potential problems. Poor oral health has been linked to serious systemic illnesses including diabetes mellitus, stroke, hypertension, myocardial infarction and aspiration pneumonia (Dyck et al., 2012)....   [tags: nursing, assesment, oral health, oral care]
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1249 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Impact of Rotating Shift Work on Police Officers - Studies have shown that officers working rotating shifts sleep one to four hours less on average than those assigned to permanent shifts (Aveni, 1999). Some of these officers develop a long term sleep deficiency that can never be recovered. Officers that are sleep deprived are not only operating at an unsafe level, but have been found to have the same level of performance as someone with an alcohol impairment between 0.04% and 0.08% BAC and would be presumed to be legally unsafe to operate a motor vehicle (Aveni, 1999)....   [tags: sleep deprivation, medical conditions]
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