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The Hebrew Exiles In Babylon - The Hebrew Exiles in Babylon      When Jerusalem fell to the conquering Babylonians in 587 BC, most of what was important to the Hebrew people was gone. They lost their holy city, the Temple was destroyed, and the Davidic monarchy ended (Beasley 221). Following the destruction of Jerusalem, the Babylonian king, Nebuchadrezzar, deported most of the population to other cities, including Babylon. These exiles remained there for about fifty years until the Persian forces, under king Cyrus, took the city of Babylon in 539 BC....   [tags: Hebrew History Historical Exiles Essays]
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1821 words
(5.2 pages)
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A Comparison of the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Hebrew Scriptures - A Comparison of the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Hebrew Scriptures The Hebrew Flood story of Noah and his obligation to preserve man kind after God had punished all living creatures for their inequities parallels The Epic of Gilgamesh in several ways. Even though these two compilations are passed on orally at different times in history the similarities and differences invoke deliberation when these stories are compared. Numerous underlining themes are illustrated throughout each story. Humans are guilty of transgressions and must be punished, God or Gods send a flood as punishment to destroy this evil race, a person is selected by the gods to build a craft that will withstand the flood and allow this person to create a new race....   [tags: Hebrew Flood Story Scripture Gilgamesh Essays]
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1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Hebrew Scriptures - The Hebrew Scriptures Truth, scripture and revelation are three concepts that the Bible has been based on. Truth is defined as the way that things are or should be. It can relate to reality or wisdom. Truth can be communicated in a variety of ways. Literally which is facts and figures and can be shown in math and science. Figuratively which is metaphor and simile and can be shown in humanity. Symbolically in fine arts such as art, drama and music and also narratively such as stories, parables and myths....   [tags: essays research papers] 1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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Hospitality in The Hebrew Scriptures - ... In the story of Ruth, we see a figure, the woman Ruth, who, along with her mother in law, suffers great loss and most move in order to maintain a livelihood. In moving, she becomes dependent on the kindness of the locals to source food for the two of them (Ruth 2:2). As she works the fields, she meets Boaz, the master of the field, who permits her to gather from greater locations and to share the resources of the male harvesters, offering her protection from them also. This model of allowing the other to share in the plenty of the resources and of the harvest reflects further the underlying value held within the biblical story of Israel, that the alien should be welcomed and be sustained, be it for their journey or their life....   [tags: Social Studies]
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1877 words
(5.4 pages)
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Saving The Hebrew People - The Hebrew people forced into slavery by Pharaoh were miraculous freed from bondage, and delivered out of Egypt. God miraculous moved in their behalf through Moses, leading them out of Egypt and through the desert, establishing His Covenant, Decalogue, Code of Laws, and instructions for the Tabernacle and priesthood making a nation for Himself. The Hebrew people cried out to God in the midst of their slavery to Pharaoh and He heard their cry. God spoke to Moses to be their deliverer while he was in the desert, through a burning bush....   [tags: Religion] 711 words
(2 pages)
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Hebrew Text And Fonts - Hebrew Text and Fonts Today's written language is quickly becoming history. Just as the carved tablet has become a conversation piece in the archeologist's living room, the written language is quickly becoming as ancient as the dead sea scrolls. A new form of visual communication is taking over the entire world. Languages from across this widespread planet are now becoming more accessible to ever culture. As the pen and pencil begin to disappear into the history books, keyboards and monitors are making it easier for people to communicate in fast and effective ways....   [tags: essays research papers] 344 words
(1 pages)
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Hebrew Bible Exegesis - The translation and exegesis of the Hebrew Bible , have led to many versions of stories that we thought we knew, especially the book of Genesis and the first fall story . Hebrew words such as adam, and other significant words in Hebrew language will be the main focus on in this paper. These words can have very different meanings according to the exegetes and also of a person's belief system that is translating them. Thorough critical analysis of postexilic writings will cast doubt into believers of their faith that indeed, what they have been taught about the stories of the Bible are just one interpretation....   [tags: Religion] 1543 words
(4.4 pages)
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Egyptian, Babylonian, And Hebrew Religions - Egyptian, Babylonian, and Hebrew Religions Egyptians, Babylonians, and Hebrews have similarities yet also differences in their religions. The importance is not in the similarities as much as it is in the differences that distinguish the cultures from each other and their views on life. I would like to point out each civilization's creation and flood story. By analyzing these stories we can come to a better understanding of their world views. The Hebrew creation story from the book of Genesis is one that most people know well....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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990 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Hebrew, Babylonian, and Sumerian Stories of The Creation of Enkidu - ... The serpent who was the devil in disguise tricked Eve into eating from the forbidden tree that God specifically told them both not to eat from. She then tempted Adam into eating from it. “The woman saw that the tree was good for food, pleasing to the eyes and desirable for gaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized that they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths for themselves” (Genesis 3:6-7)....   [tags: Religion/Spirituality]
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2323 words
(6.6 pages)
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Religions of Egypt, Greece, and the Hebrew People - How did people revere their gods differently among three civilizations. Did they worship with the same general intent. What were gods’ role(s) in people’s lives. A brief exploration into the religions of Egypt, Greece, and the Hebrew people may bring insight to these questions. Although the main idea of higher beings remains constant throughout societies’ religion, their form of presence in people’s lives varies. I will present the relationship between the leaders and the gods, as well as resemblance to monotheism and systems of government....   [tags: essays research papers] 625 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Land is Mine - ... He is God of gods, controlling the world from on high. YHWH’s unknown deity was not widely recognized among the other nations and is only in the process of being revealed fully to Israel. All the good things of the good land are derived from YHWH. The ideology of the land as a grant from YHWH functions to reinforce the indebtedness of Israel to YHWH, Israel’s right to the land, and justification of the dispossession of the original inhabitants of the land and negate their rights. Land as Family Lots : An Ancestral Household Ideology YHWH as the owner of the land invites the Israel to possess the land they have been allocated....   [tags: Hebrew Scriptures] 899 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Christian Bible, the Hebrew Scripture, The Muslim Koran - The Christian Bible, the Hebrew Scripture, The Muslim Koran: Words are Not Important, Our Actions Are Matt 13:3 "He told them many things in parables. 13:10 "Why do you talk to them in parables?" That's the crucial question: Did God, should God, have intended direct and final communication with us. If so, Jesus certainly failed his mission. There is little evidence that Jesus' appearance cleared anything up or gave us God directly. Wittgenstein, who wanted our language to be clear, knows well enough that neither the Hebrew nor the Christian God's words could fall within his constructed linguistic net....   [tags: Religion Theology Essays] 2277 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Kingdom of God: The Old Testament Hebrew God as Hypocritical and Capricious - ... Aside from the rule Adam and Eve were to follow, the law forbidding murder was the only other real justifiable guideline established in the book of Genesis. This arose following Cain’s jealousy-fueled slaying of his brother Abel; interestingly enough, it occurred retrospectively. God favored Abel over Cain, who became discouraged and did away with his competition. Later, after lying to God about Abel’s whereabouts, Cain was punished and sentenced to life as a wanderer. Three chapters later, after God killed the majority of Adam’s descendants, he explained that “whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man” (Genesis 9:6)....   [tags: Religion] 1241 words
(3.5 pages)
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Role Of Ruth And Esther In The Bible - Torah (the Law) "…means "teaching" or "instruction"…(Harris, 3) for mankind. The Torah includes both the Oral Law and the Written Law. In addition, the Law is an extension of sacred oral tradition, thus broadening the meaning of Torah to designate the entire body of Jewish laws, customs, and ceremonies. Nevi'im( the Prophets) "…consists of narratives relating to Israel's …" (Harris, 3) history as a nation on its land and a "…collections of oracles" (Harris, 6) . Supporters of God's covenant do battle against the paganism of neighboring groups and among the Israelites themselves....   [tags: Hebrew Bible Religion Religious] 1327 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Nation of Israel - The Nation of Israel The nation of Israel has played a critical role in the formation of Western and Eastern ideologies and has had an unmistakably profound impact upon the theological and cultural evolution of mankind. Former U.S. President John Adams, commenting on the historical importance of the Hebrews, once said the following: "I will insist the Hebrews have [contributed] more to civilize men than any other nation. If I was an atheist and believed in blind eternal fate, I should still believe that fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations … They are the most glorious nation that ever inhabited this Earth....   [tags: Hebrew Israel Religion Religious Essays]
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4563 words
(13 pages)
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Hebrew and Persian Religions - Greece consisted of many city-states, two of which were Athens and Sparta. Although they were both part of Greece, they had many differences in the types of people and systems of government for each region. Sparta, descendants of the Dorians, were a very war-like city-state. They obtained an over-populated region of Greece, and needed room for agriculture. This is the cause for their war-like mindset. The Spartans were controlled by the Spartan Code, which is a military code that was very strict....   [tags: essays research papers] 411 words
(1.2 pages)
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Jewish History : Qumran Sect - There are three central periods that need to be analysed in order to evaluate the influence of Hellenisation on Jewish history, up until the period of the Roman invasion: the Ptolemaic period, the Seleucid period and the Maccabean revolts, and the Hasmonean state. Each of these historical events shaped Jewish society and had a profound influence over the religious beliefs of many Jews. But it was the conquests of Alexander the great that were the main catalyst that brought about the process of Hellenisation, a process that was embraced by many Jews and rejected by others....   [tags: History Jews Hebrew] 1889 words
(5.4 pages)
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Marriage as Viewed by Greeks, Christians and Hebrews - ... The fact that she is beautiful is not enough to justify her attracting all those men while there is evidence of there being other ladies available. The holy Bible’s explanation of those feelings of love and the subsequent decision to marry is one where there is one man and one lady, both in love. These later become man and wife and are allowed to start a family. That relationship and a mutual decision to marry are the main characteristics of love according to the Bible. Homer gives a different meaning to love in his poem when more than a hundred men converge in one home and confess their undying love to a lady but sleep with the house helps....   [tags: Bible vs Greek Mythology] 963 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Canon of Biblical Writings - The Canon of Biblical Writings For centuries now Christians have claimed to possess the special revelation of an omnipotent, loving Deity who is sovereign over all of His creation. This special revelation is in written form and is what has come to be known as The Bible which consists of two books. The first book is the Hebrew Scriptures, written by prophets in a time that was before Christ, and the second book is the New Testament, which was written by Apostles and disciples of the risen Lord after His ascension....   [tags: Papers] 2279 words
(6.5 pages)
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Determining the True Divine Name from the Bible - This issue concerning the divine name has existed for hundreds of years, and there have been a number of Bible translations that have restored the divine name in the Hebrew Scriptures. One such version is the American Standard Version of 1901. However, in recent times this issue has gained even more attention because of a particular Bible translation. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, translated by the Watchtower organization, has not only restored the divine name to the Hebrew portion of the Bible, but has used the name 237 times in the New Testament....   [tags: bible, religion, theology] 2135 words
(6.1 pages)
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Isaiah 10:1-6 The Hebrews Prophets: Isaiah & Amos - Isaiah 10:1-6 The Hebrews Prophets "Woe to those who make unjust laws, to those who issue oppressive decrees , to deprive the poor of their rights and withhold justice from the oppressed of my people. Making widows their prey and robbing the fatherless. What will you do on the day of the reckoning, when disaster comes from afar. To whom will you run for help. Where will you leave your riches. Nothing will remain but to cringe among the captives, of fall among the slain.. Yet for all this his anger is not turned away....   [tags: essays research papers] 812 words
(2.3 pages)
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Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority - Arabic in Israel Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority The objective of this report is to give a concise study regarding the Arab minority in Israel. It will trace some significant issues that have impacted the overall linguistic reality, nevertheless the marginalization of Arabs in that small but complex country. It will track the language policy adopted in that country, the educational, political,practical,social,ideological reasons that have lead to the Arabic status in Israel....   [tags: Social Issues] 1354 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Divine Name - The divine name certainly falls within the dictionary, lexical and semantic range of Lord/Kurios, and that is why many other versions/translations have seen fit to also include the name in their New Testaments. In the end, our oldest and most comprehensive lexicon of the New Testament’s use of Kurios is the Septuagint itself. It has been suggested that the majority of NT quotations were taken from the Septuagint. Therefore, if we follow this through to the logical conclusion, based on the following facts, we will see that the NT's use of Kurios means YHWH or Jehovah....   [tags: Holy Scriptures] 1355 words
(3.9 pages)
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Abraham versus Moses - The definition of dominant is "having authority or influence; main, chief" and the definition of trait is "characteristic feature". Therefore, when placed together you have "the main characteristic features of God that has authority and influence". This essay hopes to explore this area through comparing and contrasting the main characters of Abraham and Moses. Before this exploration can take place there needs to be a brief explanation of the nature of ‘name' in the Hebrew of the ANE [ancient near east]....   [tags: Religion Bible] 1298 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Social History of Satan - The essay written by Elaine Pagels, "The Social History of Satan," illustrates the transformation of Satan from his depiction in the Hebrew Bible to the Gospel's vision of him as a Prince of Darkness who brings about the struggle between good and evil. In her essay, Pagel illustrates the concept of an evil entity and its functions. Satan, or the Devil, plays various evil roles in ancient and modern literature and in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious traditions. Satan is seen as the opponent of God....   [tags: Book Reviews] 690 words
(2 pages)
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The Life of Moses - The Life of Moses The Bible is a compilation of historical occurrences that have been documented to confirm all of God's miraculous works. God has performed many miracles in the Bible. They were not only performed that his people may believe, but they were performed for the well being of his people and as a means of his people's redemption. In the Bible, God also appointed many people to deliver his message and to do his works. The people whom God had chosen were not always the people man had said was fit to do his work....   [tags: Bible Religion God]
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1771 words
(5.1 pages)
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A Comparison of the Divine in Gilgamesh, the Old Testament of the Bible, and Metamorphoses - The Divine in Gilgamesh, The Old Testament, and Metamorphoses     Along with different languages, customs and traditions, ancient Hebrews, Middle-easterners and Romans had very different beliefs about the divine. For example, Hebrews are monotheistic, while Middle-easterners and Greco-Romans of early time periods believe in many gods. Writings from the ancient time period sketch these differences, as well as the many similarities between religious beliefs. The Old Testament is an excellent reference depicting Hebrew beliefs, while Gilgamesh outlines many Middle-eastern beliefs, and The Metamorphoses shows readers many ancient Greco-Roman beliefs about the divine....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1133 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Bible Story: The Old Testament - ... This section has the purpose of drawing the reader away from a purely sacrificial system that could be read from the Law section and instilling a far deeper ethical concept to the covenant and of both a personal and corporate responsibility for a just society. It also has the purpose of reinforcing a deuteronomistic reading of history, with disobedience from the people leading to oracles and realities of destruction and exile, and commitment to God bringing joy and promise . The final section of the Hebrew Scriptures we will explore stands in far starker contrast to the previous ones of Law and Prophecy in terms of content and purpose....   [tags: Scripture Analysis ]
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2051 words
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History of the Jewish Religion - History of the Jewish Religion The Jewish religion has also undergone many transformations over the years. It started off in its earliest years as being animistic, with Hebrews worshipping forces of nature. As a result this religion had a number of practices that concerned magic and animal sacrifices. The Hebrew religion also became polytheistic which involves several gods. Hebrew religion eventually became anthropomorphic, in which God or gods became human individuals and had human characteristics....   [tags: Papers] 3603 words
(10.3 pages)
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The History of Writing - The History of Writing Language existed long before writing, emerging probably simultaneously with sapience, abstract thought and the Genus Homo. In my opinion, the signature event that separated the emergence of palaeohumans from their anthropoid progenitors was not tool-making but a rudimentary oral communication that replaced the hoots and gestures still used by lower primates. The transfer of more complex information, ideas and concepts from one individual to another, or to a group, was the single most advantageous evolutionary adaptation for species preservation....   [tags: Literature Language Essays] 1236 words
(3.5 pages)
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A Synagogue - A Synagogue A synagogue will look like any other building from the outside - the only sign you might get from the outside is the star of David which is called magen David in the Hebrew tongue. There may also be a sign outside stating the name of the synagogue. There are many names for a synagogue such as; shul - which means school in Hebrew, bet haknesset, which means house of assembly - this is only used by Sephardim, which is oriental Jews. A synagogue is primarily a place of worship but also functions as a community centre for the Jews....   [tags: Papers] 1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Old Testament - ... Moses in battling the pharaohs of Egypt in Exodus had to provide a differing social and political view to the politics of oppression with the legitimate order of their God Yahweh (Brueggemann p. 8). By changing the language of public discourse through doxology, Moses introduces the notion of God’s freedom to the Hebrew people, where God does not take sides so much as his people ought to be on his side amidst the static deities of ancient Mesopotamia (Brueggemann p. 10-11). Brueggemann cites multiple passages from Exodus to explain his view of combating political ideologies of the time....   [tags: Religion, Bible, Christian Theologians] 891 words
(2.5 pages)
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How Can We Be Sure That What We Are Taught About Jesus Is True And Not - There are several ways in which we can be assured that what we are taught about Jesus is true and not just made up. These are called our faith sources. These sources, like the Bible and other sources of information about Jesus have accounts of Jesus’ life. The most important part of these faith sources is the Christian Scriptures. Although the Christian Scriptures are one of the most valuable tools we have to learn about Jesus there are also the Gospels, and also other non-biblical, and non-Christian accounts of Jesus’ life that we can consider when trying to answer the question How can we be sure that what we are taught about Jesus is true and not just made up....   [tags: essays research papers] 492 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Dead Sea Scrolls: An Enlightening Archaeological Discovery - In early 1947, a Bedouin shepherd boy went searching for a stray goat that had wandered away onto the cliffs along the coast of the Dead Sea. While looking for it, he discovered a cave containing pottery jars filled with manuscripts that would come to be known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The study of these scrolls has advanced human understanding on the authenticity of the Old Testament, the development of historical Hebrew texts, the culture of the Jewish community where Christianity was born and Rabbinic Judaism was developed, and the connections that can now be made between Judaism and Christianity....   [tags: Religion]
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2066 words
(5.9 pages)
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The Tomb of Jesus - The Tomb of Jesus 1980, South Jerusalem, a build site for new apartments are held when a tomb of some sort is found while digging. Upon the arrival of the first archaeologists Josef Gat, Amos Kloner and Shimon Gibson one thing was noted right away, the strange symbol over the door to the Tomb. Nothing like it had ever been seen before, a decorative V- or Y-shaped chevron over a prominent circle. It measured more than a meter wide. All three archaeologists knew that the splendor of the fascia, especially in a tomb with no other decorative features, was extremely rare....   [tags: Movies Film] 838 words
(2.4 pages)
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Moses as an Inspiational Figure - I think Moses was a very inspirational character and in this essay I am going to talk a bit on the message of Moses and why by the world's major religions he is seen as an inspirational figure and one of the best leaders and prophets. He was born in Egypt to a Jewish mother, Yochevet. When Moses was born the Hebrew?s were slaves in Egypt. Pharaoh was afraid of them because he thought they might take over his country. He ordered that all Hebrew baby boys be killed at birth so that they would not grow up and fight against him....   [tags: essays research papers] 595 words
(1.7 pages)
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Ancient Religions - Religions of the Ancient World Religions of the ancient world were in a state of constant flux. Karl Jaspers states that between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C.E, “great changes took place in all the civilized world” (qtd. in Basham 36), and the great thinkers of these times began thinking independently and individually. Moreover, “after these great thinkers the world was never the same again” (qtd. in Basham 36-37). These times were dubbed the “axial period” (qtd. in Basham 37). The axial religions that emerged during this period were profound and lasting....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2998 words
(8.6 pages)
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What is Passover? - What is Passover. Its History and Traditions Passover is one of the oldest festivals in the world. This festival falls in spring, in the first month of the Hebrew year, called Nisan (March-April), and lasts for eight days, from the fifteenth to the twenty-third. It commemorates the release of the Israelites from Egypt and the fact that God “passed over” their houses when he sought the first-born in that land. According to the Bible, the story of Passover runs as follows. A group of Hebrews known as the sons of Jacob came down from Canaan towards Egypt....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2713 words
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The Book Of Judges - The book of Judges is the sequel to Joshua. It is the seventh book of the Old Testament. It recounts stories and events from the death of the hebrew leader and prophet Joshua to the birth of the hebrew Samuel. That is roughly, from the end of the Israelite conquest of Canan in the 13th Century B.C to the begining of the monarchy in the 11 th century B.C. It tells about the hebrews from Joshua’s Death to the time of Samuel. It was written in about 550 BC, on tablets named the Ras Shamra tablets....   [tags: essays research papers] 452 words
(1.3 pages)
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Abraham and Moses - Abram is presented to us as an old man without an offspring or heir. He is at the age of seventy-five when God comes to him with the offer of the covenant. Abraham stands for devotion, justice, compassion, faith, tact, and personal integrity. He is also seen as cunning, humorous, and pragmatic throughout the story. Abram is a man looking for his faith, and God asks Abram to leave his land and kinship to a land which God will show him. In exchange for Abram's faith and compliance, God will make of Abram a great nation, make his name great, bless those who bless him and curse those who curse him, and finally all the communities of the Earth will find blessing in him....   [tags: Bible Religion Religious] 1155 words
(3.3 pages)
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Moses in the Book of Exodus - Moses in the Book of Exodus There have been many individuals who could be considered leaders, but some stand out among the others. An example of a superb leader is Moses. Moses is viewed as a righteous man in God's eyes and is chosen to lead the Hebrews out of oppression in Egypt. Contained in the story of Exodus are many examples of Moses' sacrifices and the hardships he endured while freeing the Hebrews. The faith of Moses was tested numerous times throughout the story, and, in some instances, it seemed that Moses had lost faith, however, being the "righteous" man that he was, he stuck it out until the end....   [tags: Papers] 833 words
(2.4 pages)
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Israel - Israel The Official language for Israel is Hebrew. It is a very old language dating back over 5000 years. The version that is spoken today is different than the kinda of Hebrew written in the Old Testament. The version spoken today is commonly refered to as modern Hebrew. Since Israel is a Jewish state, naturally the main religion is going to be Judaism. There is also a lot of Muslims and Christians, but most of the people are Jewish. Many of the Jewish Holiday are also national holidays, such as Yom Kippur, Purim, and Rosh Hashanah....   [tags: essays research papers] 515 words
(1.5 pages)
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Noah Vs. Utnapishtim - The roles of Noah and Utnapishtim in the Flood Myths are quite similar. There are several differences regarding the two flood myths, but the general idea behind the two remains consistent. In the Mesopotamian Flood Myth, the Gods were overwhelmed by the amount of humans that existed on Earth and were unable to sleep due to the noise of men. So they decided to "exterminate mankind." While in the Hebrew story of Noah and the Flood Myth, God grew tired of the evil that had plagued mankind and engulfed the earth....   [tags: World Cultures, Bible, compare, contrast, religion] 315 words
(0.9 pages)
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Abortion - Bible is Pro-Choice - Bible is Pro-Choice Without any question, the Bible is overwhelminly pro-choice. Although the Hebrews were influenced by many of the laws of their Assyrian, Sumerian, and Babylonian neighbors, all of which forbade abortion, the Hebrew scriptures had no laws forbidding abortion, not a single one. This was chiefly because the Hebrews placed a higher value on women than did their neighbors. There are, however, some references to the termination of pregnancy. Exod. 21:22-25 says that if a pregnant woman has a miscarriage as a result of injuries she receives during a fight between two men, the penalty for the loss of the fetus is a fine; if the woman is killed, the penalty is "life for life." It is obvious from this passage that men whose fighting had caused a woman to miscarry were not regarded as murderers because they had not killed the woman....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 401 words
(1.1 pages)
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Culture of the Near East - From the Near East comes the Old Babylonian account of the life and death of GILGAMESH. There was a real Gilgamesh, a king who ruled some 2700 years before Christ lived and the Romans consolidated their vast empire. The character and the exploits of this king were preserved in the form of stories that circulated for many years after the king's death. Some of these tales -- more than 600 years after Gilgamesh's rule -- were collected by a story teller and were put down in the form of an epic poem....   [tags: Ancient World Culture] 395 words
(1.1 pages)
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Homer-Comparison And Contrast Of The Gods In Homers Epics With The G - Tucker 1 Bobby Tucker Ms. Barrett English 2205 30 October 2000 Word Count: 2900 Comparison and Contrast of the gods in Homer’s epics with the God of the Hebrews There are many similarities and differences between the Greek gods and the Hebrew God. These similarities and differences are revealed in the character and functionality of the gods. The revelation of similarities and differences can also be seen in man’s relationship to his god or gods....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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3011 words
(8.6 pages)
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Greeks vs Hebrews - Alcohol Advertising-Under Age Drinking In researching my report on alcohol advertising, I came across underage drinking and what influences someone under the age of 21 to drink. I today’s society, I don’t believe that the under 21 age group is influenced by alcohol advertisements, such as television and magazines, but more so by their peers as well as how they are raised by their parent(s) as well as how much time the parent(s) spend with their children. After one graduates from high school it usually means that the person will go off to college and the perception being that there will be a lot of parties, drinking and just being away from the parent(s)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1850 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Contributions of Ancient Civilizations to History - What contributions did near eastern civilizations make to history. New ideas and inventions of Pre History man were important, but how they evolved and led to new and more complex ideas and inventions is imperative to history. Over time these advancements brought people into a more efficient living environment, making for higher population and spread of cultural, political, economic, and social ideals over large geographical areas. What we know about the people before written records is limited to what artifacts and artwork we find....   [tags: European History] 867 words
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Bible - Role Of Abraham - Hebrew Bible Paper - Abraham Abraham stands as one of the most important figures in the Hebrew Bible, and is central to the understanding of God’s solution to the problem of mankind. Man, the mysterious creature that God wraught as a semi-experiment, is constantly prone to believe he is self-sufficient and capable of survival without God, the central problem God must deal with in the Hebrew Bible. To solve this problem, God decides to strike fear in the heart of man and to revolutionise his lifestyle by creating laws and empowering a chosen group of people, who will spread the word of God by example....   [tags: essays research papers] 1590 words
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Anger in The Iliad and Genies - Anger in The Iliad and Genies We live in a society of violence and extravagance. One can pick up a newspaper and see a headline reading “Bride Killed On Wedding Day By Crazed Ex-Boy Friend”. We live in an age of people who drive hundred thousand dollar cars. These are on opposite sides of the spectrum. We see people causing great pain and people who are trying to lose themselves in material goods, to avoid the suffering in life. This is the society we live in, which can be seen in all civilizations in the history of man....   [tags: Papers] 933 words
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Moses and Campbell's Journey of a Spiritual Hero - Moses and Campbell's Journey of a Spiritual Hero Long ago, in the desert of Egypt, Hebrew slaves known as Israelites escaped from the tyranny of the pharaoh. This story has a common theme that an unlikely hero leads people out of a wasteland and into a place of new life. The Israelites heroes' name was Moses. There are several attributes that his quest shares with Joseph Campbell's theme of the journey of the spiritual hero, found in The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Departure, initiation, and return are all part of the journey....   [tags: Papers] 1327 words
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Comparing Phaedo and Ecclesiastes - Comparing Phaedo and Ecclesiastes   Separated by language, history and several hundred miles of the Mediterranean Sea, two of the world's greatest cultures simultaneously matured and advanced in the centuries before the birth of Christianity. In the Aegean north, Hellenic Greeks blossomed around their crown jewel of Athens, while the eastern Holy City of Jerusalem witnessed the continued development of Hebrew tradition. Though they shared adjacent portions of the globe and of chronology, these two civilizations grew up around wholly different ideologies....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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The Lilith in Dracula, Carmilla, Christabel, Geraldine and The Hunger - The Lilith in Dracula, Carmilla, Christabel, Geraldine and The Hunger For centuries Lilith, the Queen of the Night, has been blamed when a child or man dies without certain cause or when a woman refuses to be submissive to her husband.  While the Legend of Lilith is not widely known today, it is not difficult to find information about the demoness. However, there are slight variations found from story to story.  Here we will focus on the myth as found in Hebrew mythology, and we will particularly emphasize the similarities seen between Lilith and various vampires seen in literature today.  The Hebrew figure of Lilith was actually borrowed from Babylonian and Syrian myths.  Lilitu was a Babylonian demon and a spirit of the night and of storms.  Lamassu was a Sumerian goddess and the daughter of Anu, the god of Heaven.  It is believed that Lilith is a combination of these two demons from earlier legends.  However, for the purpose of our study, we will focus on the legend of Lilith found in Hebrew scriptures.  According to Hebrew scriptures, Lilith was Eve’s predecessor and therefore, the first wife of Adam....   [tags: Dracula]
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Judiasm & Rastafarianism: A study of the Falashas - Judiasm & Rastafarianism: A study of the Falashas In this research paper I will discuss the ethnic groups of Africans in the Caribbean and Jews in Ethiopia. Jews in Ethiopia call themselves Beta Israel which means `house of Israel.' They are also known as the Falashas. Falasha means `stranger' or `immigrant' in the classical language of Ethiopia (the Ge'ez tongue). I will also describe the culture of the African people displaced into the Caribbean who identify themselves as the Rastafarians and the connections I have made between them and Judaism....   [tags: essays papers]
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Biblical Rhythm - Biblical Influences on Cry, the Beloved Country or: Cry, the Beloved Country: Like the Bible but Shorter To anyone and everyone: This is one of the great books. It reads like a lovely poem. Enjoy and reflect. --unknown lawyer from Chicago The owner of the South Haven, Michigan bookstore The Hidden Room discovered this simple yet memorable comment written firmly on a memo card of a noted Chicago legal firm. The card was left in a copy of Alan Paton’s Cry, the Beloved Country. From his early childhood, Paton was a lover of language and a devout Christian....   [tags: essays research papers] 709 words
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Dead Sea Scrolls - The Dead Sea Scrolls In 1947 in a cave near the Dead sea in the Jordan Desert, a fifteen year old boy chased after one of his goats that wandered off. This boy's name was Muhammad adh-Dhib. While going after his goat, the boy stumbled upon perhaps the greatest religious discovery of the modern era. Inside the cave, he found broken jars that contained scrolls written in a strange language, wrapped in linen cloth and leather. These scrolls would later become known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. This first discovery produced seven scrolls and started an archaeological search that produced thousands of scroll fragments in eleven caves....   [tags: Religion Archaeology Essays Papers]
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The Sotah Ritual in Ancient Israel - The Sotah Ritual in Ancient Israel Introduction      The ritual of the sotah from the book of Numbers is a fascinating passage to read in the Hebrew Bible. For one thing, this ritual deals with the idea of a man being able to bring his wife to trial, even if he has no evidence against her. While such an instance might be seen as negative treatment of women, others might explain it as the Israelites’ constant concern over the idea of impurity. Another interesting aspect of the sotah rite is that it is the only example of an ordeal similar to those practiced in other cultures of the Ancient Near East....   [tags: Book of Numbers Religion Israel Bible Essays]
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Gods and Their Connotations - According to www.dictionary.com Adonai is defined as: A Hebrew name for God, usually translated in the Old Testament by the word ``Lord'. Note: The later Jews used its vowel points to fill out the tetragrammaton (This is the description for the four (tetra) Hebrew letters (grammata) used in the Hebrew Bible for the name of the God of Israel, usually spelled YHWH, or JHVH.) "The indescribable name,' and during reading it was substituted by the word "Adonai'. Significant to the understanding of the word Adonai is the suffix `ay'....   [tags: Religion] 1037 words
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Comparison of Judaism and Islam - Comparison of Judaism and Islam Because of the history of political and religious warfare that has separated them, the underlying unity of Judaism, and Islam is seldom recognized except by scholars. Yet these two great world religions have the same origins, the same central belief in monotheism, and to a large extent the same genealogical and scriptural authorities. It is in a greater sense a tale of two sons or two brothes. It is not surprising that these religions should share a common belief of creation and patriarchy, since the roots of these two are to be found in the basin of Mesopotamia, in the “Fertile Crescent” of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers....   [tags: Papers] 1495 words
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Dead Sea Scrolls - Dead Sea Scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls are a group of 800-900 manuscripts found in caves at Qumran east of Jerusalem and north-west of the Dead Sea. The first scrolls were discovered in 1947 by a shepherd-boy who wandered into a cave after a stray goat. The texts are believed to have been hidden in eleven caves for safe-keeping prior to the destruction of Rome in A.D.70. The scrolls are a collection of biblical and non-biblical documents comprising of the Hebrew Bible, (every book except Esther); the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha; rules for community life; biblical commentaries; a Testimonia, (a collection of verses from the Bible about the Messiah); a War Scroll; Temple Scroll; poetic and liturgical pieces; Thanksgiving Hymns; wisdom instructions; legal rulings; horoscopes and even a treasure map.1 Hailed as the archaeological find of modern times they were made out of papyrus or animal skins called gevil and written right to left with no punctuation....   [tags: Religion New Testament God] 1346 words
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Religious Beliefs - Religious Beliefs Today's religious beliefs, governmental structures, laws and traditions of social behavior find their roots in the development of three main belief systems - Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Although other religious movements have developed throughout the years, these three belief systems have had the most impact on civilizations of the West. To better understand this impact, it is important to trace the development of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and review the relationships between them....   [tags: Religion History Essays Papers]
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Biblical Icons: Moses - From Birth To The Burning Bush - Biblical Icons: Moses - From Birth to the Burning Bush Born a Hebrew child, Moses came into the world at a time when his people were facing persecution by the standing tyrannical Pharaoh. At that time, the Pharaoh had ordered the children of the Israelites to be killed, and separated the men and women by putting them into jails. He also enthralled the women by making them servants. This all stemmed from someone telling him that a child from the Israelites would destroy him with his kingdom. In addition, he appointed Coptic women to keep an eye out for male babies born to Israelites, and if they found one, they were to kill it (Kirsch 35)....   [tags: Research Paper Moses Biography] 1729 words
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Creation of Identity in Chaim Potok’s The Chosen - Creation of Identity in The Chosen Many forces can powerfully change the identity of a person. In the novel, The Chosen, a few of these forces are religion, family, and friends. Religion is one of the main points in anyones identity and much of the book is based around the fact that the main characters, Reuven and Danny, are Jewish. In Danny's case religion changes the entire way he was raised, as his father puts it, "I did not want to drive my son away from God, but I did not want him to grow up a mind without a soul." (Potok pg....   [tags: Potok Chosen Essays] 543 words
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This is gay - nstalling over Windows 2000 releases ------------------------------------- Typical and full installations are not currently available for Windows 2000. Internet Explorer 6 will install a minimal set of files onto your system. This includes the Internet Explorer 6 Web browser and scripting support. Uninstalling Internet Explorer 6 before upgrading to Windows 2000 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Windows 2000 contains an earlier version of Internet Explorer components than Internet Explorer 6....   [tags: essays research papers] 553 words
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Accuracy in Epic of Gilgamesh and the Holy Bible - Accuracy in The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Hebrew Bible There is much debate over the historical accuracy of the Hebrew Bible and The Epic of Gilgamesh. Even further, yet address less frequently is the importance of discerning this accuracy. Some claim that to understand a work of literature requires extensive knowledge of the background of this work. The contrary position is that a work of literature can be interpreted solely on it’s content. The meaning of the term classical literature is that it can be applied during any period of time, it is eternal....   [tags: Epic Gilgamesh essays]
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Two Methods of Defending the Trinity - Two Methods of Defending the Trinity Christians believe in one God, yet the apparent contradictory nature of the Trinity is such that it has caused many to doubt whether Christianity is indeed monotheistic. This has consequently caused Christians to defend their monotheism in relation to the Trinity. In the two such defenses that are studied in this essay, we find that Christians have explained the nature of Trinity with varying degrees of effectiveness and success. Timothy the Patriarch defends the Trinity before the Caliph Madhi with few compelling arguments, and Gregory of Nyssa explains it in a more abstract and therefore more effective way....   [tags: monotheism Trinity monotheistic] 1688 words
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Islam, Judaism, Catholicism, and Protestantism - Islam, Judaism, Catholicism, and Protestantism I. Islam The Muslims’ main sacred text is the Koran, which they believe Gabriel gave to Mohammad from God. Muslims believe that the Koran is the final revelation from God, as the Bible has been “corrupted” upon translation. My passage is Isaiah 53 where it talks about a suffering servant for Israel. While Christians believe this is a prophecy of Jesus, Muslims believe that Jesus was only a prophet. They believe Jesus was never crucified, and Allah made someone look like Jesus instead....   [tags: Religion Faith Theology] 1600 words
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Why is this night different from all other nights? - Why is this night different from all other nights. My sister Sarah is lighting the candles, and her hands tremble when she turns to cover her face ina gesture of piety. I am thirteen years old, and we are gathered at my house for the Passover seder ("order" in Hebrew) and my whole family is here: mother, sister, grandmother, aunt, and two cousins. Did I say my whole family is here. That is not entirely correct: my father is absent. My parents split five years ago, and he doesn't celebrate holidays with us anymore....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 1719 words
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Baruch Spinoza - Baruch Spinoza The task of simply just surviving is for most of us a handful in itself in this life. However, only a few in a life time choose not to be satisfied with only just survival rather they assume the yoke of redefining life for themselves and for others. In philosophy of religion, pantheism is usually in conflict with traditional religious authority, which claims that the pantheistic belief is nothing more than a blasphemous form of idolatrous worship. A man by the name Benedictus (Baruch) Spinoza took it upon his shoulders to construct an explainable theory of this deistic belief and as a result earned the name of the father of Pantheism....   [tags: History] 1948 words
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Daniel Deronda - Daniel Deronda Daniel Deronda, the final novel published by George Eliot, was also her most controversial. Most of Eliot’s prior novels dealt largely with provincial English life but in her final novel Eliot introduced a storyline for which she was both praised and disparaged. The novel deals not only with the coming of age of Gwendolyn Harleth, a young English woman, but also with Daniel Deronda’s discovery of his Jewish identity. Through characters like Mirah and Mordecai Cohen, Eliot depicts Jewish cultural identity in the Victorian period....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Cosmogony - Cosmogony Works Cited Brandon, S.G.F. Dictionary of Comparative Religion. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1970. “Cosmogony.” World Book Encyclopedia. 1990 ed. Different religions view the idea of how the world was created, or cosmogony, in different ways. China holds many cosmogonies, but they all revolve around the same ideas. Egypt’s cosmogony was motivated by the desire that their God created all other gods. The views of people define the cosmogony in Greece, mostly of Homer....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 678 words
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Moses and the Burning Bush - Two men are walking to temple. The older man says to the younger man, “So, do you know why the Jewish people aren’t voting for President Bush?” The younger man replies with an inquisitive “No.” “Well,” says the older man, “the last time the Jewish people followed a Bush they wound up wandering in the Desert.” This recent political joke is in reference to the Exodus story of Moses and the burning bush. As stated in the bible it reads: “Moses was tending the flock of Jethro, his father in law, the priest of Midian....   [tags: essays research papers] 2281 words
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Creation - Genesis 2: 4-25 covers the second of creation, I say the second story because in Genesis 1: 1-28 there is another account of creation to refer to. The creation story in Chapter 1 differs in format to the story in Chapter 2, but they cover all the main details of creation. In Chapter 1 the story of creation is broken up into days and on each day, seven total, God created something in particular. On the first day Chapter 1 reads," In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless wasteland, and darkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept over the waters." This is quite similar to the second story of creation in Chapter 2 which starts off, "At the time when the Lord God made the earth and the heavens--while as yet there was no field shrub on earth and no grass of the field had sprouted." Though the wording is different these two accounts do describe the world in a similar fashion....   [tags: Religion] 577 words
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Religion Journal Analysis - The Journal of Biblical Literature Volume 91, Number 3 of the year September 1972 addresses the issue of mistranslation and misunderstandings of particular words within the bible. This volume contains four articles written by four different scholars with varying educational backgrounds. The first article titled, In the "Image" and "Likeness" of God, written by J. Maxwell Miller, expounds on the inter-changeable words "image" and "likeness" found throughout three separate versus in the book of Genesis....   [tags: Religion] 705 words
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Caravaggio's First Inspiration of St. Matthew - Michelangelo Caravaggio, the great Baroque painter of the seventeenth century, was always an artist under scrutiny. His style, the subject matter of his paintings, and how he chose to depict his subjects, was often criticized and rejected by his patrons. In a journal article written by Troy Thomas, entitled "Expressive Aspects of Caravaggio's First Inspiration of Saint Matthew", these rejected paintings are discussed. The article focuses on the themes of these rejected works, but namely Inspiration of St....   [tags: Artists] 903 words
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Arbitrary Hierarchies - Arbitrary Hierarchies The wisdom of God is said to be of ultimate totality, and a prophet, according to Hebrew and Christian scriptures, is the means through which he relays this wisdom to the people. But what constitutes God’s selections. Are prophets spiritually superior to the common man. Are some prophets more powerful than others, or does God, in effect, distribute the same amount of power to all of his prophets. Is there, in other words, a hierarchy and if so are the reasons for it contingent upon the individual, or the situation that God commands him/her to handle....   [tags: Papers] 1578 words
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Israel - Israel Israel has such a great history behind it. There has been a great deal of events that have occurred in this one country. A lot of the history is still standing today and if not it is still being talked about. The country today has a very different culture than the one that Americas are a costume to. The formal name of Israel is Medinat Yisrael, which means "State of Israel". They have a prime minister and a president that help rule the country. Ariel Sharon is the Prime Minister while Moshe Katsav is the president....   [tags: Papers] 878 words
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Discussing the Palestinian – Israeli Conflict - An issue as complicated, sensitive, and controversial as the Palestinian – Israeli conflict is not one that can be resolved with a simple yes or no answer. It is something that did not simply begin with the creation of the Current State of Israel in 1948, but something that has roots going back to the ancient times. The history of the persecution of the Hebrew people started with the start of Judaism in ancient Egypt. The Pharaoh of Egypt who prophesized in his dreams that a child born to the Israelites would one day grow up and conquer him and his kingdom....   [tags: essays research papers] 828 words
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Gospel of Matthew - The Teachings of Matthew The Gospel according to Matthew is the first book in the New Testament, and also serves as a bridge between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The gospel tells us of Jesus and his teachings. It is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, and it circulated anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and Jewish-Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders aggravated bitter controversy....   [tags: Religion Christian Bible] 1382 words
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What Is The Bible? - The Bible is the most significant book in the history of civilization. In the context of Jewish history, the Bible’s impact on politics, history, and religion is without comparison. Along with establishing the covenant-based legitimacy of the Jewish people and their history, the Bible’s political impact is exemplified through prophetic politics, the power of kings, and the effects of political authority. Biblical archeology has discovered biblical structures which supports the historical validity of the Bible....   [tags: Religion Bible] 1928 words
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