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Your search returned over 400 essays for "genetics"
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy Gene therapy, the process of inserting a gene into an organism to replace or repair gene function to treat a disease or genetic defect, has made headlines world wide over the past several years as the new cutting edge technique that has the potential to change the way we look at medicine and treat people. Gene therapy is a method of treating inherited diseases by inserting copies of genes into the cells of affected individuals. The current research on gene therapy has centered on targeting somatic cells, such as red blood cells and nerve cells....   [tags: Genetics Genetic Engineering Essays] 508 words
(1.5 pages)
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Epigenetics: “Medicine’s New Epicenter” - ... There is a possibility of receiving cancer if the gene concerns cell growth. Epigenetics focus on the epigenome. There are basic differences between the human genome and the epigenome. The key difference is that the epigenome can be repaired, and the genome cannot. Because the epigenome can be repaired, the cure for cancer might not be far off. Dacogen, a demethylating agent, strip the methylation patterns in the genome, which allows the fire to burn itself out. Other differences include that the genome is often referred to as the blueprint, and the epigenome is the contractor that directs which set or sets of instructions to follow, or to ignore....   [tags: Genetics, DNA, Medical World] 769 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Pros and Cons of Gene Therapy - What is Gene Therapy and what is it used for. Gene therapy (otherwise known as somatic gene therapy or therapeutic gene therapy) is a process that is used to correct defective genes responsible for development of various diseases. (www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BA/Gene_Therapy_Overview.php) There are two main types of gene therapy; somatic (body) cell gene therapy and germ line gene therapy. As it suggests, somatic gene therapy is correcting the faulty genes of normal body cells. Germ line therapy is altering genes in gametes....   [tags: Medical, Genetics, Medicine, DNA] 2363 words
(6.8 pages)
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Gene Therapy - Considered one of the more controversial up comings in the world of science, it’s hard to ignore what amazing benefits gene therapy has to offer. With many potential treatments aimed to target some rather serious diseases, much support has been gained for the field. Although gene therapy remains at the forefront of change, much discussion has been created due to several potential drawbacks. These drawbacks, however substantial, must not be overlooked for the risk of lives isn’t a fair price to pay for innovation of healthcare reform....   [tags: Genetics / Science / Health]
:: 9 Works Cited
1508 words
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The Future of the Human Genome Project - The Future of the Human Genome Project Can you imagine knowing your own genetic code. Going into the doctor for a routine physical and leaving with the knowledge of your genetic downfalls so that you may prevent disease and cancers. This may seem unbelievable but it is likely to be implemented in the near future. Since the start of the human genome project, the medical community has been anxiously awaiting its completion because the applications it has to this field are obviously enormous. However, we still have much to learn about genetic variability and the information we gain can be used to prevent, repair, and eradicate illness....   [tags: Science Genetics Biology Technology Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
1586 words
(4.5 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy Gene therapy is the term used for the process of curing various diseases on the genetic level by injecting patients with a healthy gene so their bodies will continue to produce healthy copies of the gene rather than destructive ones. The term gene therapy and the basic notions that it entailed weren't even in researchers' vocabulary until the mid 1960's. Early endeavors to cure people via a genetic approach began in 1970 with a disease called argininemia, but proved ineffective....   [tags: Genetics Genetic Engineering] 399 words
(1.1 pages)
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DNA Forensics - Before the 1980s, courts relied on testimony and eyewitness accounts as a main source of evidence. Notoriously unreliable, these techniques have since faded away to the stunning reliability of DNA forensics. In 1984, British geneticist Alec Jeffreys of the University of Leicester discovered an interesting new marker in the human genome. Most DNA information is the same in every human, but the junk code between genes is unique to every person. Junk DNA used for investigative purposes can be found in blood, saliva, perspiration, sexual fluid, skin tissue, bone marrow, dental pulp, and hair follicles (Butler, 2011)....   [tags: Biology, Genetics, DNA Profiles] 2809 words
(8 pages)
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MC1R RECEPTOR - ... Furthermore, gender may influence skin pigment in the human population (Jablonski and Chaplin 2002). According to Jablonski and Chaplin, women have a lighter skin tone than men by three to four percent. Women produce more vitamin D, which is essential to absorb calcium, because calcium in-take is needed for reproduction and lactation. During the 1990s a mouse experiment revealed the MC1R gene as an important factor in determining natural variations in skin and hair pigment (Rees 2003). The skin and hair pigmentation of humans is produced by two main types of melanin pigments: eumelanin and phaeomelanin in melanocytes....   [tags: Skin Color, Genetics]
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1005 words
(2.9 pages)
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Endosymbiosis and evolution of Organelles - ... Chloroplast ribosomes resemble more closely to bacterial ribosome compared to the mitochondrial ribosome. Experiment involving the hybridization of plastid DNA of Euglena and cyanobacteria DNA, carried out by Pigott and Carr, emphasized the relatedness between their nuclear genome (McFadden, 2001). Genome sequencing has shown that chloroplast nuclear genomes contain many genes that was incorporated and maintained from the photosynthetic cyanobacteria. Additionally, evolution of RuBisCO oxygenase activity in photorespiration gives credence to the theory....   [tags: Evolution of life, Genetics]
:: 11 Works Cited
1627 words
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Nature vs. Nurture - Nature vs. Nurture When we look at the world around us today, we are struck by the amazing diversity that we see in people. There is a vast diversity in the characteristics of people that are immediately obvious: short, tall; fat, thin; Asian, Caucasian; and many other characteristics. Each person as an individual is unique, be it in physical outlook or character. How is it that of the 6 billion people on Earth, there are no 2 individuals who are exactly alike. Every persons physical and psychological characteristics are determined by many factors, and these can be divided into 2 main groups: our genes and our environment, or nature and nurture....   [tags: Philosophy Essays Genetics Learned Inherited ] 871 words
(2.5 pages)
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A Study Of Inheritable Traits In Fruit Flies - A Study Of Inheritable Traits in Fruit Flies INTRODUCTION The Drosophila melanogaster, more commonly known as the fruit fly, is a popular species used in genetic experiments. In fact, Thomas Hunt Morgan began using Drosophila in the early 1900’s to study genes and their relation to certain chromosomes(Biology 263). Scientists have located over 500 genes on the four chromosomes in the fly. There are many advantages in using Drosophila for these types of studies. Drosophila melanogaster can lay hundreds of eggs after just one mating, and have a generation time of two weeks at 21°C(Genetics: Drosophila Crosses 9)....   [tags: fruit fly genetics drosophila melanogaster]
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1545 words
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genetic counselling - ... If these parents are too culturally inhibited to conceive a child, it is reducing the amount of disabled people in that culture, thereby selecting against this type of individual. Using genetic counselling to determine whether to pursue conceiving a child or whether to abort a pregnancy is a process that can easily be taken “too far”, morally speaking. Once we become used to the idea that we can select for a “better” child, the line between a debilitating handicap and a condition that would still render a child as functional in society will become more blurred....   [tags: health, genetic disease]
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879 words
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Newborn Genetic Screening - The purpose of newborn genetic screening is to screen newborns for potential health concerns. Newborn genetic screening started in 1965 with the testing of one disorder, phenylketonuria (WDHS). Since then, newborn genetic screening has evolved and over 4 million newborns are screened in the U.S. every year (CCHC Report). Currently, in the state of Wisconsin, there are 47 different disorders that are tested for (WDHS). The process of screening newborns is a relatively short procedure. Before a newborn leaves the hospital a nurse pricks its heel and takes a few drops of blood and deposits it on a special test paper....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]
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Is Genetic Engineering Safe? - Genetic engineering is the intended modification to an organism’s genetic makeup. There have been no continuing studies on this topic or action so there is no telling whether or not it is harmless. Genetic engineering is not safe because scientists have no absolute knowledge about living systems. Given that, they are unable to do DNA surgery without creating mutations. Any interference on an organism’s genetic makeup can cause permanent damage, hereditary defects, lack of nutritious food, or a spread of dangerous diseases....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
:: 5 Works Cited
902 words
(2.6 pages)
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Apocalyptic Visions of Genetic Engineering - Global warming, nuclear winter, microscopic black holes—society views all these as apocalyptic phenomena resulting from the accelerating rate of discovery in the fields of science and technology. Opinions on fields like climate change and atomic weaponry certainly have a basis in scientific evidence, but many other apocalyptic reactions derive from hypothetical situations and thought experiments. To further examine public opinions on scientific fields, we can examine genetic engineering (GE). The possibilities of GE have prompted many ethicists to provide commentary on the topic, opening a dialogue between policy and experimentation in order to address topics such as genetically modified crops and genetic enhancement in humans....   [tags: Genetic Engineering]
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2203 words
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Examining the Crosses Between Drosophila Fruit Flies - Examining the Crosses Between Drosophila Fruit Flies Introduction The major topic of this experiment was to examine two different crosses between Drosophila fruit flies and to determine how many flies of each phenotype were produced. Phenotype refers to an individual’s appearance, where as genotype refers to an individual’s genes. The basic law of genetics that was examined in this lab was formulated by a man often times called the “father of genetics,” Gregor Mendel. He determined that individuals have two alternate forms of a gene, referred to as two alleles....   [tags: Fruit Flies Experiments Genetics Biology Essays] 613 words
(1.8 pages)
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Annotated Bibliography on Genetic Engineering - Works Cited “Genetic Engineering.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2008 ed. Kavanaugh, John F. “The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering. ( Designing Life)( Book Review)”. America. 13 August 2007: 33. From Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Parker, Steve. World Issues Genetic Engineering. Fressingfield: Gissing‘s Farm, 2002. Torr, James D., ed. Genetic Engineering. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Gerdes, Louise I., ed. Genetic Engineering Opposing Viewpoints....   [tags: Annotated Bibliographies, Genetic Engineering,] 879 words
(2.5 pages)
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Genetic Engineering The Perfect Child - Modern society has an unquestionable preoccupation with perfection. Indulging in our vanities with things such as plastic surgery, veneers, botox, collagen, hair dye, and so on, have become a part of the socially acceptable norm. People do these things, and more, in an attempt to become their ideal selves. However, many are taking these practices to a completely new extreme, and are not stopping at just altering their own physical characteristics. With recent advances in medical science and technology, couples are now able to genetically modify embryos to create their ideal children....   [tags: Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis]
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1022 words
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Potential for Abuse in the Field of Genetic Engineering - Prior to 1982, genetic engineering was a relatively new branch of science. Today, scientists have a firm understanding of genetics and its importance to the living world. Genetic engineering allows us to influence the laws of nature in ways favorable to ourselves. Although promising in its achievements, it also has the potential for abuse. If engineering of this caliber were to be used for anything other than the advancement of the human race, the effects could be devastating. If precautions are not implemented on this science, parents might use it solely for eugenic purposes....   [tags: genetic engineering] 773 words
(2.2 pages)
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Genetic Engineering: A Major Advancement for Mankind - As the Biochemist Isaac Asimov once said, "The advancement of Genetic Engineering makes it quite conceivable that we will design our own evolutionary progress.” Scientists have always thought about new ways to progress through technology in our era, and in 1946, scientists discover that Genetic material from different viruses can be combined to form a new type of virus. This was a major discovery that trickles down to the modern era of Genetics. Current scientists have pioneered new ways to decode human DNA, beating the $3 billion government-run Genome project to its goal....   [tags: Genetic Engineering]
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973 words
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Sperm Sorting - Sperm Sorting Humans have tried for some time to determine the gender of their child while it is still in the womb. Craving sweets or a slower heart rate means you’ll be having a baby girl. Eating a lot of salty foods, having an especially active baby or carrying your baby low means it’s time to start painting the baby’s room blue1. Advances in science have moved us beyond these old wives’ tales and allowed us to exactly determine the gender of a child before it is born through the use of an ultrasound....   [tags: DNA Sex Selection Reproduction Genetics Essays]
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2801 words
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Pros and Cons of Gene Therapy - Pros and Cons of Gene Therapy Gene therapy is thought of by some people as an terrific discovery that could greatly improve the human population and also give people with certain disabilities some glimmer of hope. And on the other side of the coin there is some people that think we have no business playing God. They feel that playing God may possibly cause devastating effects to the human gene pool and may also led to misuse. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines gene therapy as the insertion of normal or genetically altered genes into cells usually to replace defective genes especially in the treatment of genetic disorders....   [tags: Genetics Science Essays]
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1544 words
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Image what it would be like if doctors could cure Huntington's disease, muscular dystrophy, or even hemophilia. Could this be possible. With gene therapy this all could be reality in the near future. Gene therapy is a potential approach to the treatment of genetic disorders in humans. This is a technique where the absent or faulty gene is replaced by a working gene, so the body can make the correct enzyme or protein and consequently eliminate the root cause of the disease (BIO, 1990)....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
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1776 words
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Ethics of Human Gene Therapy - Ethics of Human Gene Therapy Gene therapy is a technique which has developed in the wake of recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. It is a process which results in the correction of a genetic disorder by the addition of a piece or fragment of DNA into the genetic material of a living, functioning cell. A mere thirty years ago this concept belonged to the realm of the human imagination made manifest in the works of science fiction. Today it belongs to the realm of the human imagination made manifest in the works of science, period....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
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2330 words
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Altering Human Genome - Altering Human Genome “The gene pool could use a little chlorine.” -Bumper Sticker “Consider God’s handiwork; who can straighten what He hath made crooked?” -Ecclesiastes 7:13, from Gattaca “I not only think that we will tamper with Mother Nature. I think Mother wants us to.” -Willard Gaylin, from Gattaca With the scientific breakthroughs of the recent decades the humans have become more powerful than ever in their mastery of Nature. The genetic engineering that allows extracting and modifying the genetic makeup of the future person or animal is in a sense the power of Creation....   [tags: Eugenics Genetics Science Essays]
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1425 words
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy What is human gene therapy. Human gene therapy is a procedure that is being used in an attempt to treat genetic and other diseases. Many ethical, social and safety concerns are being raised on the use of human genetic engineering. Gene therapy techniques will introduce copies of a "healthy" gene into cells of the body. The disease will be controlled if the introduced genes work normally. This is called somatic gene therapy because it introduces the gene into a somatic or body cell....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
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1736 words
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Gene therapy is the use of genes to treat disease. It represents a quantum leap in our approach to the treatment of human disease and will have a significant effect on medicine over the next ten years. William French Anderson, Michael Biase, and Ken Culver performed the first successful gene therapy on a human in 1990. They developed a protocol for treating Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency, severe combined immune deficiency, also known as the" Boy in the Bubble disease"....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
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2809 words
(8 pages)
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Gender Selection of Babies - For centuries there had been one sex that dominated the development of society. Laws, religion and lifestyle all revolved around the idea that one sex, the male sex, was dominant. Oppressed and considered inferior, women would obey the men, forgo all rights and accept all responsibility. Only recently, with the emergence of the women’s liberation movement, have both sexes been considered equal. For the first time in human history, both sexes have been given the chance to fulfill their potentials without discrimination....   [tags: Biotechnology Genetics Parenting] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Gene Therapy Regualtion - Gene Therapy Regualtion Gene therapy techniques are a rapidly growing area of interest and concern. Gene therapy technologies will have great impacts on how deal with medical problems and perhaps even on how we live our lives. Yes, gene therapy is something that will probab ly impact your life in one form or another. There are many issues discussed related to this topic, one of which is regulation. Who should regulate this research and to what extent should it be regulated. The following essay addresses the later question ....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
1743 words
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The Ethics of Gene Therapy - The Ethics of Gene Therapy Francis Crick was quoted as saying, "We used to think that our fate was in our stars. Now we know that, in large measure, our fate is in our genes." Over 40 years ago, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). From this a new technique has evolved called gene therapy. Gene therapy was discovered in the 1980’s a few years after researchers were already able to isolate specific genes from DNA. These techniques matured from the massive surge of ideas generated during the Recombinant DNA (rDNA) era....   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
3057 words
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was discovered in 1944 by Avery and colleagues. Avery identified DNA as the primary genetic material. Watson and Crick later discovered the double helix structure of DNA. Leder and co-workers deciphered the triple nucleotide code that designated the amino acids from which proteins were built. The science of molecular biology was born (Sokol, Gewirtz, 1996). In 1990 a four year old girl who was suffering from severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) was the first to undergo gene therapy....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1926 words
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy: The New Vaccine ABSTRACT This research paper details what gene therapy is and what it is (and potentially will be) used for. It also describes the gene therapy techniques and delivery methods that have been clinically tested and/or verified by scientists and the ideas that stimulate activity in the field in the race to perfect gene therapy methods and their application, as well as telling about the beginnings of its clinical testing and where this budding technology is headed. Finally, it discusses one last question: Is gene therapy the vaccination of the future....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1343 words
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Ethics of Genocide and Eugenics - Gene Therapy: Genocide and Eugenics or Striving for a More Perfect Population Controversy and Ethics Just as there are different types of people who look at one glass of water and describe it as half full or half empty, the public has many different views on the future of our society. Gene therapy is also a glass that can be viewed in different angles – different perspectives. Some say it has great potential to shape the ideals of our future, while others believe it signifies intolerance for disabilities, imperfections that supposedly deplete from a person’s interests, opportunities and welfare (quoted by Peter Singer, xviii)....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1413 words
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The Cloning Dilemma - The Cloning Dilemma Cloning is one of the most widely talked about topics in this world. It is one topic that evokes a great public response worldwide. The defenders of cloning believe that cloning and genetic engineering will be the answer to most of the diseases in the future. On the other hand, the people against cloning view it as ‘ playing God ’. Cloning is unethical because people will lose their identities if their clones come into this world. We are taking nature into our own hands by cloning animals or humans....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
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1774 words
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Huntington's Disease - Huntington's Disease A shadow of love doesn't have arms to embrace you, to make you feel wanted and secure. It only blocks out the warmth of what could be. -Jean Miller, a woman whose daughter Kelly died of Huntington's Disease A woman stares pensively out her bedroom window. Today is her twenty-seventh birthday. Most people have the whole rest of their lives to look forward to when staring out the window at this age, but not Sylvia. She isn't sure. Ten years ago her mother was diagnosed with Huntington's Disease, a late-onset genetic disorder, and Sylvia was forced to watch her mother deteriorate to the point where she could no longer take care of herself....   [tags: Genetics Disorders Diseases Papers]
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Imagine this, you have just married your college sweetheart this past summer. You have now been happily married for over a year and you find out that the two of you are going to be parents. So as the typical soon to be mom and dad so commonly do, the two of you start going to the doctor for checkups to make sure the pregnancy is running smoothly. Early in the pregnancy you hear the worst, your baby has a fatal disease. The two of you are terribly heart broken over the situation....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]
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1925 words
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The Role of Nature vs Nurture - The Role of Nature vs Nurture "We used to think our fate was in our stars. Now, we know, in large part, that our fate is in our genes." ---James Watson While social research has been steady and ongoing, our biological knowledge has advanced disproportionately in recent times. As we discover more about the role of genes in pre-determining who we are, the nature versus nurture debate seems headed for a tilt of the biological over the environmental. Nature, or our biological aspect, does matter a lot....   [tags: Biology Genetics Essays] 629 words
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Basics of Human Gene Therapy - Basics of Human Gene Therapy Wouldn't it be wonderful if there was no cancer. No heart disease. No blood problems. Everyone wants to be healthy and have a healthy family but some diseases are genetically related. How are these diseases avoided. This question was pondered by molecular biologists and geneticists. What they developed will revolutionize medicine and health care as we know it. The technique used to try to cure these "incurable" genetic diseases is called human gene therapy. Gene therapy is by no means a new field of scientific query....   [tags: Genetics Science Essays]
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Gene Therapy: A new generation of molecular medicine - Gene Therapy: A new generation of molecular medicine In September of 1990, eight year old Ashanthi DeSilva made medical history when she received the first authorized human gene therapy treatment. Ashanthi has been born with a defective gene that normally produces an essential enzyme adenosine deaminase (ADA). If left untreated the inability to produce this enzyme results in the fatal malfunction of the immune system. Four years after receiving the first of many treatment of transgenic cells containing functional ADA genes, Ashanthi was still doing well....   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]
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2351 words
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Each of us carry about half a dozen defective genes. Most of us do not suffer any harmful effects from our defective genes because we carry two copies of nearly all genes, one derived from our mother and the other from our father. Because in the majority of cases, the potentially harmful gene is recessive, its normal counterpart will carry out all the tasks assigned to both. Only if we inherit from our parents two copies of the same recessive gene will a disease develop. Every year a considerable number of children are born with a genetic disease, a disease that occurs because each of their parents carries a defect in the same gene (Rigby 1995)....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
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A New Future: Gene Therapy - A New Future: Gene Therapy Imagine a world where a person could change his or her genetic structure and redirect the future course of evolution in their child and themselves. Through gene therapy this is a very real possibility. In the future it could be just as easy to change your physical or mental health as it is to get flu shot now. But the affects of gene therapy are long lasting and could affect your future offspring as well as your own health. What is gene therapy. First discovered in the middle of the 1970's researchers were able to isolate certain genes from DNA....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Essays]
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1432 words
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Issues of the Human Genome Project - Issues of the Human Genome Project The history of the human race has been filled with curiosity and discovery about our abilities and limitations. As an egotistical creature with a seemingly unstoppable desire for new accomplishments, we attempt feats with emotion and tenacity. People worldwide raced to be the first to discover the secrets and the ability of flight. Enormous amounts of monies were spent on sending people into space and the race to land on the moon. With the rapid growth of scientific knowledge and experimental methods, humans have begun to unravel and challenge another mystery, the discovery of the entire genetic make-up of the human body....   [tags: Genetics Genes Science Papers]
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2775 words
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The Human Genome Project - The Human Genome Project Almost every aspect that makes a person unique is due to genetic factors, from the color of an individual's eyes to the functions of white blood cells. The one thing that makes an individual's unique characteristics the hardest to understand is the fact that it is all composed of four bases in different patterns. These patterns of adenine, thiamine, guanine and cytosine are the only things that differ one human from the next. This genetic code is contained in every cell that is found in the human body....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Papers]
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2076 words
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The Transgenic Tomato - The Transgenic Tomato The Need for Genetic Engineering of Crops For most Americans, fresh vegetables come from the supermarket. One only has to walk down an aisle loaded with gleaming red tomatoes, juicy melons, fresh potatoes, and a plethora of other vegetables and fruits and gather whatever captures one's fancy or appetite. A person living in a Westernized culture often takes for granted the hard work, resource usage, and waste that occurs to bring food to him. Tomatoes, for example, currently follow a long and difficult route to the supermarket....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
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2482 words
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Somatic Gene Therapy - Somatic Gene Therapy To a parent, the thought of their child having a severe, yet rare genetic disease brings guilt, sadness, and responsibility to an aching heart. Parents who see their child pass through life with the weight of a terminal illness often wish in their hearts that the curse had been placed upon them rather than their child. To some, the thought of the old cliché "no parent ought to see their child die" seems to swim endlessly in their mind. The hope for a cure fills the hearts of many waiting on the edge of their seats in hopes for a better quality of life for themselves, loved ones, and human kind....   [tags: Genetics Science Ethics Essays]
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2891 words
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Conservation of Endangered Marsupials - Conservation of Endangered Marsupials Marsupials are creatures that are a very unique group of mammals. Many creatures are becoming threatened, and some have already become extinct. Threatened marsupials could be a pool of agricultural, medicinal, or genetic wealth that we do not yet have the technology to utilize. There are many methods to conserving these genetic pools; one of which is through reproduction manipulation. Artificial insemination, embryo transfer, and nuclear transfer are ways in which marsupials can be conserved if proper adjustments are made....   [tags: Breeding Genetics Reproduction Essays]
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3179 words
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Gene Therapy : Ethics, Progress, and Future - The Factor of Gene Therapy: the Ethics, Progress, and Future Abstract Erasing genetic diseases from the human race has been a vital role in science. However, there is a point where the moral standards have interrupted the advancement of curing genetic diseases. One of the many sciences that have the ability to completely wipe out the future of any genetic diseases, gene therapy, is being stifled due to the infliction of morals. There is a fine line in what is inhumane and moral to the standards of society; causing the advancement of gene therapy to be limited....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 6 Sources Cited
3351 words
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Techniques and Outcomes of Germ-line Gene Therapy - The Relative Positives and Negatives Behind the Techniques and Outcomes of Germ-line Gene Therapy Abstract: Ever since the idea of altering the human genome was created through the research of germ-line gene therapy, advocates and protestors entered into contention with one another. Supporters of the new technology argue about the benefits of germ-line therapy. Humans have the right to scientific inquiry, especially if it is beneficial to mankind. However, their counterparts claim that the difficulty and unknown side effects (coupled with a few unsuccessful and fatal trials) will cause damage greater than any potential good....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1689 words
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The Implications of DNA Profiling - The Implications of DNA Profiling Former attorney General Janet Reno described our system of justice as a search for the truth.(1) Increasingly, the forensic use of DNA technology is an important ally in that search. DNA fingerprinting, better known in the scientific realm as DNA profiling, has given police and the courts a means of identifying the perpetrators of rapes and murders with a very high degree of confidence. However, nine years after its introduction, forensic DNA typing is still used only selectively....   [tags: Genetics Technology Testing Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
3182 words
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Ian Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly - Ian Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly Definitions of creativity vary based on different people’s interpretations, yet most people agree that creative individuals produce new ideas that can completely change or invent a domain. According to Howard Gardner, creativity is not limited to a single domain, but is unique for all seven domains. Creativity is based on three core elements: the relationship between the child and the master, the relationship between an individual and the work in which he/she is engaged, and the relationship between the individual and others, such as family and friends (Gardner, 9)....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
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On Human Cloning - On Human Cloning How should we think about cloning as philosophers and feminists. Reproduction by cloning is not, in itself, morally inferior to human sexual reproduction. Moral criticism of cloning rests on condemnation of its "unnaturalness" or "impiety," but this kind of criticism should not persuade non-believers. I evaluate cloning in two phases. First, some hypothetical situations involving private choices about cloning are examined within a liberal framework. From this individualistic perspective, cloning appears no more morally problematic than sexual reproduction....   [tags: Genetics Science Feminist Papers] 2645 words
(7.6 pages)
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Science I-search - Science I-search When the word scientist is mentioned, the public most commonly accepts this word in a positive sense. Scientists are known to find the cure for diseases and heal people through their research. Not until the genetic revolution have scientists been shunned and viewed as malevolent to the community. When the term genetic revolution is used, I am pertaining mainly to the issue of cloning. After the new discovery by Scottish researchers, who were responsible for creating the sheep that captured the attention of the world, the society's reproduction and moral issues have taken a different meaning in life....   [tags: Cloning Genetics Genes Essays]
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1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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A Look Into the Human Genome Project - A Look Into the Human Genome Project Would people buy a set of books that repeated the same four letters in random order page after page. Or would this information be more convenient to the public if on a computer disc. Many people would agree with the idea that this set of books would be boring. Surprisingly, America and the rest of the world are buying the information in this set of books. In fact, these books contain the human genome. The mapping of the genome (or writing this set of books) is a 15-year project that has brought many ethical issues to attention....   [tags: Science Technology Genetics Papers]
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2037 words
(5.8 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy The Human Genome Project began around 1986. The main goal of the project is to locate and sequence all genes found in human DNA. The objectives for this ambitious effort are to learn more about heredity of disease and to discover the genes that would aid in gene therapy. Advances in gene therapy strive to treat hereditary diseases and possibly eliminate disease from the genome. The definition of gene therapy is the introduction of genes into existing cells to prevent or cure a wide range of diseases (Jaroff, 1996)....   [tags: Genetics Science Essays]
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1624 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Future Of Cloning - The Future Of Cloning On July 5, 1996, a sheep named Dolly was born, having been cloned from an adult sheep cell. This event brought with it a swirl of controversy regarding the implications of cloning. Just days after the event, Bill Clinton banned all federal funding for human cloning research in order to analyze the legal and ethical ramifications of human cloning. Cloning of both humans and animals has amazing potential in research and medicine, but there are drawbacks. There are many ethical, philosophical, and religious objections to cloning, especially the cloning of humans....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
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1543 words
(4.4 pages)
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Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley - Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley When you get right down to it, the Rio Grande Valley is a lot like a cell. Everyone in the valley contributes to its existence, working day and night, keeping everything working. Our unique cultural blending serves as the DNA, and tacos seem to serve as our primary food source. Oh, and not to mention that the vast openness of the King Ranch serves as our cell membrane. The Valley, even though our quiet and simple life may not speak it, is well aware of the science taking place in the world around us, as well as in our own backyard....   [tags: Genetics Biology Essays Papers] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies - Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies Abstract There are many sides to the issue of using germ-line and somatic germ therapies. Many people argue that it should be stopped completely, whereas others argue that both germ therapies should continue for the benefit of all people. There are other arguments that lie somewhere in between. Most of the controversy is caused by germ-line gene therapy because it can be passed on through generations. Somatic gene therapy has more support and funding but is still considered untrustworthy by many who believe it may also affect the germ-line in some cases....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1586 words
(4.5 pages)
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Bio-ethics and Cloning - Bio-ethics and Cloning The idea that humans might someday be cloned-created from a single somatic cell without sexual reproduction-moved further away from science fiction and closer to a genuine scientific possibility on February 23, 1997. On that date, The Observer broke the news that Ian Wilmut and his colleagues at the Roslin Institute announced the successful cloning of a sheep by a new technique that had never before been fully successful in mammals. The scientists from Roslin Institute of Edinburgh isolated differentiated somatic cells of Finn Dorset sheep and fused them with unfertilized enucleated eggs....   [tags: Biology Science Genetics Essays]
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564 words
(1.6 pages)
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Ethnobotany of the Tomato Plant - Ethnobotany of the Tomato Plant The origin of the cultivated tomato is somewhat unclear. Ethnobotanists and geneticists however have attempted to track down the centre of domestication. "The genus Lycopersicon- the botanical group to which the tomato belongs- is native to western South America, and only Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme, the wild cherry form of the cultivated species, has spread throughout Latin America and the New World Tropics. Second, the tomato was not known in Europe until after the discovery and conquest of America, descriptions and drawings first appearing in the European herbals of the middle and late 16th century....   [tags: Botany Plant Genetics] 506 words
(1.4 pages)
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Human gene therapy is a fairly new study in the biology and medical fields. The value of gene therapy extends from curing horrible genetic diseases, to enhancing our bodies physical appearance, and to being a new drug delivery system (1). The results from gene therapy seem almost limitless once it becomes common practice, but for right now there are still some technical aspects to overcome. Gene therapy is also a highly controversial topic in some aspects. One of the major goals of gene therapy, and could be the most important, is replacing defective or missing genes with healthy ones....   [tags: Science Biology Genetics Essays]
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1877 words
(5.4 pages)
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Humang Genome Project - Humang Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an internationally collaborative venture to identify and mark all the locations of every gene of the human species. The HGP in the United States was started in 1990 and was expected to be a fifteen year effort to map the human genome. There have been a number of technological advances since 1990 that have accelerated the progress of the project to a completion date sometime during the year 2003. The U.S. HGP is composed of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) which hopes to discover 50,000 to 100,000 human genes and make them available for further biological study (1)....   [tags: Science Genetics Technology Papers]
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2291 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - The Moral Debate over Stem Cell Research President George W. Bush looked stern and confident as he addressed the American people on August 9th, 2001. It was an historic day for the 43rd president, as he explained the debate surrounding embryonic stem cell research, including its possible benefits for science but also its problems surrounding morals and ethics. “The issue is debated within the church, with people of different faiths, even many of the same faith coming to different conclusions,” Bush said....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers] 2354 words
(6.7 pages)
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Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning - Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning Cloning is defined as the “creation of an exact copy of a living matter, such as a cell or organism” according to Encarta encyclopedia. The copies produced through cloning have identical genetic makeup and are known as clones. Scientists use cloning techniques in the laboratory to create copies of cells or organisms with valuable traits. Cloning is a controversial topic because new areas of science often raise questions about safety. Early experiment performed on animals showed potential dangers....   [tags: Science Technology Genetics Essays] 1475 words
(4.2 pages)
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Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning - Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning New areas of science often raise questions about safety. Reflecting back on the past medical technologies invented, people have always opposed it but often benefit from it later on in life. The use of in-vitro fertilization, for instance, was once a controversial issue. Some people worried that society could discriminate against humans produced as a result of IVF and humans could spread diseases. Furthermore, its usefulness cannot be predicted because it is just a research tool, and so on....   [tags: Technology Science Genetics Essays] 2448 words
(7 pages)
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Gene Therapy Research - Gene Therapy Research The National Institute of Health and the Food and Drug Administration are the government bodies responsible for the regulation of gene therapy experimentation. The NIH oversees gene therapy clinical trials through the NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules and the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also oversees the trials through such regulatory measures as scientific review, testing, and inspection.10 Following the death of Jesse Gelsinger, the Advisory Committee to the Working Group on NIH Oversight of Clinical Gene Therapy Research was established to examine the purpose and role of the NIH in gene therapy regulation....   [tags: Science Genetics Health Essays] 1094 words
(3.1 pages)
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Interspecific Fungal Horizontal Gene Transfer - Abstract Abstract: Strong evidence was found that horizontal gene transfer occured between two fungal species. Genetic sequencing and compartive genomics, with specific attention to a loci containing the ToxA gene, showed that the two loci on Stagonospora nodorum and Pyrenophera tritici-repentis species are nearly identical and could not be derived from inheritance from a common ancestor. This gene transfer resulted in increased virulence of the P. tritici-repentis wheat pathogen sometime in the 1940's....   [tags: Biology Fungi Genetics Genomics] 3330 words
(9.5 pages)
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History And Procedures of Gene Therapy - The History And Procedures of Gene Therapy Abstract: Over the course of history there has been the idea of gene therapy has inspired many great scientists. The history of eugenics is important to the history of gene therapy because it is how gene therapy originated. Eugenics has driven many people to take extreme measures to try and make a “better human race”, this includes the Nazi party and the movement in the 1930’s inspired by Francis Galton. After that, research in eugenics continued and the human genome project sprung from the minds of scientists....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1810 words
(5.2 pages)
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How to Ensure that Cloning is Safe - How to Ensure that Cloning is Safe With the Roslin Institute’s successful cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997, Ian Wilmut has taken human scientific advancement beyond the ability to improve our lives and standard of living, to the point where the recreation of our biological self is no longer a distant science fiction fantasy but a technological possibility. Cloning is a naturally occurring phenomenon; we have common instances of identical twins, of plants undergoing asexual reproduction as well as cells undergoing mitotic division from an original cell in the process of replacement of worn cells in our body....   [tags: Biology Science Genetics Essays] 561 words
(1.6 pages)
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Galactosemia - Galactosemia missing works cited Galactosemia is a potentially fatal genetic defect that prevents the body from metabolizing milk. It is fatal because an infant's early diet consists mostly of milk. The disease does not usually hinder the development of children in North America or Europe; it is a not-uncommon cause of death, however, in third-world nations, where lactose-free milk is not readily available. So, what impacts people afflicted with galactosemia more, the fact that they have the disease, or the question of whether or not it can be treated....   [tags: Genetics Disorders Essays] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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Niemann: Pick's Disease - Niemann: Pick's Disease Niemann Pick disease consists of a group of genetic disorders in which the common feature is a varying degree of sphingomyelin storage in certain tissues of the body. According to the current classification based on the enzymatic defect underlying these disorders, two main groups are distinguished. The first group, which comprises type A, which is characterized by a severe deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase activity, includes infantile neuronopathic form; and type B, an adult chronic form without neurologic symptoms....   [tags: Medicine Medical Genetics Papers]
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2070 words
(5.9 pages)
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Gene Therapy and its Potential to Cure Deafness - Gene Therapy and its Potential to Cure Deafness Losing a vital sense makes living life more difficult. Gene therapy, the process of replacing faulty genes with genes genetically engineered to replace them, can potentially cure deafness. Yashimo Raphael experimented with intentionally deafened guinea pigs and the gene Atoh 1, a gene said to replace lost hair cells in the inner ear. He found that hair cells grew, but were not fully functional. The slight aid in hearing the gene did give the guinea pigs almost completely disappeared after a few weeks time....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1442 words
(4.1 pages)
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Genetic Screening - Genetics has provided knowledge that is changing humanity's view of itself and its relation to the rest of the universe. This has brought changes of our current philosophies and religions. For instance, the catholic church has accepted the evolution theory (1). Genetic, cytogenetic and molecular studies show that we are related to every living thing on the planet, including plants, fungi and bacterium (6) An important area in which current genetic knowledge is causing revolution is anthropological science (14)....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]
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3323 words
(9.5 pages)
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Say Yes to Genetic Tests - ... Stem cell research is an area largely unexplored because of all the red tape and stigma surrounding it. However these regenerative, self sustaining miracles could be the foundation of new milestones in medicine concerning bone structure, nerve damage, skin tissue, and so much more. A group of scientists in 2013 proposed that the use of epidermal skin cells and cells derived from hair follicles were the perfect places to start. These cells have the capability to renew themselves without relying on the rest of the human body to do so, and possess the ability to differentiate into other kinds of cells....   [tags: ethical issues, genetic material, debate]
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907 words
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Genetic Engineering: There is No Genetic Definition of Humanity - With advances in genetics and the decryption of the human genome, many people are taking the time to sit back and ponder the questions of what humanity is and where it comes from.1 Will techniques such as gene therapy eventually create people who aren't quite human. If humanity is a flexible and ever-changing concept, then how do people know if they are human. Does some standard measure of humanity seem likely in our future, and is it even ethically proper to impose such a standard. Philosophy offers the most satisfying definition of humanity: a human person is a conscious individual who interacts with an outside world....   [tags: Genetic Ethics Essay Examples]
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1812 words
(5.2 pages)
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Genetic Engineering - Genetic Engineering of Humans Human genetic engineering in the world today has become an issue because of its many positive uses and its probable consequences. There is no denying that it could be incredibly useful for preventing diseases such as cancer and others before we are even born. But, with this also comes the ability to give children genes before their born that will give them talent to run faster, jump higher, use more of their brain that will severly distinguish them from the rest of society....   [tags: Genetic Alteration Manipulation] 1064 words
(3 pages)
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The Benefits of Human Genetic Engineering - Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is a revolutionary procedure that utilizes in vitro fertilization to implant a healthy egg cell into the mother’s uterus after it is screened for mutations or other abnormalities. That way, only healthy eggs can develop to term and become beautiful, bouncing boys or girls. Designer babies have a bright future in the face of science because they are genetically engineered to be: disease free; viable donors for a sibling or parent; and with optional elimination of any severe cosmetic disorders that might develop,—without risk to human diversity in the future....   [tags: Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, PGD]
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1650 words
(4.7 pages)
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Genetic Engineering: Major Advancement or Major Setback? - As the Biochemist Isaac Asimov once said, "The advancement of Genetic Engineering makes it quite conceivable that we will design our own evolutionary progress.” Scientists have always thought about new ways to progress through technology in this era, and in 1946, scientists discovered that Genetic material from different viruses can be combined to form a new type of virus. This was a major discovery that trickles down to the modern era of Genetics. Current scientists have pioneered new ways to decode human DNA, beating the $3 billion government-run Genome project to its goal....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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1335 words
(3.8 pages)
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Genetic Engineering - Genetic Engineering Research I. Introduction       In the past three decades, scientists have learned how to mix and match characteristics among unrelated creatures by moving genes from one creature to another. This is called “genetic engineering.” Genetic Engineering is a test tube science and is prematurely applied in food production. There are estimates that food output must increase by 60 percent over the next 25 years to keep up with demand. Thus, the result of scientist genetically altering plants for more consumption....   [tags: Science Biology Genetic Engineering Essays]
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1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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Genetic Identification of Major Psychiatric Disorders - ... Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder also shared a 60 percent comorbidity, or likelihood that they would be diagnosed together. Such comorbidity rate would be conclusive of a similar additive genetic effect. These findings of also contradict the hierarchy of each disorder based on DSM and ICD considerations that both psychological disorders are classified in different diagnostic categories. While Lichtenstein et al. (2009) correlated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder to common hereditary determinants, the study was not conclusive evidence for common gene variants causing a genetic pattern of inheritance....   [tags: common genetic risk variants]
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2526 words
(7.2 pages)
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Genetic Engineering: The Next Technological Leap or a Disruption to the Natural Order of Our Planet? - While walking down the produce aisle at your local grocery store, have you ever questioned where the assortment of goods came from. When asked, perhaps your first thought would likely be from a local farm or orchard. But what if I were to tell you that those very goods could in fact be from a far less obvious third choice. What if someone told you that those pretty peaches on display were meticulously grown in a laboratory to bring forth predetermined traits. As futuristic as it may sound, this type of technology is no longer science fiction but has become a new reality....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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936 words
(2.7 pages)
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