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The Pros and Cons of Gene Therapy - What is Gene Therapy and what is it used for. Gene therapy (otherwise known as somatic gene therapy or therapeutic gene therapy) is a process that is used to correct defective genes responsible for development of various diseases. (www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BA/Gene_Therapy_Overview.php) There are two main types of gene therapy; somatic (body) cell gene therapy and germ line gene therapy. As it suggests, somatic gene therapy is correcting the faulty genes of normal body cells. Germ line therapy is altering genes in gametes....   [tags: Medical, Genetics, Medicine, DNA] 2363 words
(6.8 pages)
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Gene Therapy - ... These rules and regulation are put in place as a way to protect all parties involved, specifically patients. Within the U.S., the National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Institute of Health’s Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee must all approve any procedure before-hand. Once this takes place, the practice begins by using a technique known as gene isolation. Many times patients are infected with a disease that causes mutations of genes that lead to the production of inefficient or even absent proteins....   [tags: Genetics / Science / Health]
:: 9 Works Cited
1508 words
(4.3 pages)
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DNA Forensics - ... After this layer is removed, the DNA is filtered out, and the result is usually smaller than a quarter of a drop from a medicine pipette (Butts, 2004). After isolating the DNA, scientists use a UV spectrometer to measure how much of it they have to work with. Different types of molecules absorb different wavelengths of light, so the spectrometer sends rays that DNA absorbs (Crest, 2005). With some simple calculations, the amount of DNA present can be measured based on the ratio of light that is absorbed, reflected, or passed through the sample....   [tags: Biology, Genetics, DNA Profiles] 2742 words
(7.8 pages)
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Eugenics - ... The fact is that in the Greek language the word pan means all and the word genos means race, kind, or offspring and is where the word gene is derived from. The word gene in the English language refers to a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristics of the offspring (Oxford Dictionary). The measurement that determines the standard of worth with the Greeks and even the Egyptians was your name and title. However, Darwin reduced the human species to primates....   [tags: Genetics Darwin ]
:: 41 Works Cited
1299 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Ethics of Gene Therapy - The Ethics of Gene Therapy Francis Crick was quoted as saying, "We used to think that our fate was in our stars. Now we know that, in large measure, our fate is in our genes." Over 40 years ago, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). From this a new technique has evolved called gene therapy. Gene therapy was discovered in the 1980’s a few years after researchers were already able to isolate specific genes from DNA. These techniques matured from the massive surge of ideas generated during the Recombinant DNA (rDNA) era....   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
3057 words
(8.7 pages)
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was discovered in 1944 by Avery and colleagues. Avery identified DNA as the primary genetic material. Watson and Crick later discovered the double helix structure of DNA. Leder and co-workers deciphered the triple nucleotide code that designated the amino acids from which proteins were built. The science of molecular biology was born (Sokol, Gewirtz, 1996). In 1990 a four year old girl who was suffering from severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) was the first to undergo gene therapy....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1926 words
(5.5 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy: The New Vaccine ABSTRACT This research paper details what gene therapy is and what it is (and potentially will be) used for. It also describes the gene therapy techniques and delivery methods that have been clinically tested and/or verified by scientists and the ideas that stimulate activity in the field in the race to perfect gene therapy methods and their application, as well as telling about the beginnings of its clinical testing and where this budding technology is headed. Finally, it discusses one last question: Is gene therapy the vaccination of the future....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1343 words
(3.8 pages)
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Ethics of Genocide and Eugenics - Gene Therapy: Genocide and Eugenics or Striving for a More Perfect Population Controversy and Ethics Just as there are different types of people who look at one glass of water and describe it as half full or half empty, the public has many different views on the future of our society. Gene therapy is also a glass that can be viewed in different angles – different perspectives. Some say it has great potential to shape the ideals of our future, while others believe it signifies intolerance for disabilities, imperfections that supposedly deplete from a person’s interests, opportunities and welfare (quoted by Peter Singer, xviii)....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1413 words
(4 pages)
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The Cloning Dilemma - The Cloning Dilemma Cloning is one of the most widely talked about topics in this world. It is one topic that evokes a great public response worldwide. The defenders of cloning believe that cloning and genetic engineering will be the answer to most of the diseases in the future. On the other hand, the people against cloning view it as ‘ playing God ’. Cloning is unethical because people will lose their identities if their clones come into this world. We are taking nature into our own hands by cloning animals or humans....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
1774 words
(5.1 pages)
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Huntington's Disease - Huntington's Disease A shadow of love doesn't have arms to embrace you, to make you feel wanted and secure. It only blocks out the warmth of what could be. -Jean Miller, a woman whose daughter Kelly died of Huntington's Disease A woman stares pensively out her bedroom window. Today is her twenty-seventh birthday. Most people have the whole rest of their lives to look forward to when staring out the window at this age, but not Sylvia. She isn't sure. Ten years ago her mother was diagnosed with Huntington's Disease, a late-onset genetic disorder, and Sylvia was forced to watch her mother deteriorate to the point where she could no longer take care of herself....   [tags: Genetics Disorders Diseases Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
3464 words
(9.9 pages)
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Imagine this, you have just married your college sweetheart this past summer. You have now been happily married for over a year and you find out that the two of you are going to be parents. So as the typical soon to be mom and dad so commonly do, the two of you start going to the doctor for checkups to make sure the pregnancy is running smoothly. Early in the pregnancy you hear the worst, your baby has a fatal disease. The two of you are terribly heart broken over the situation....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1925 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Role of Nature vs Nurture - The Role of Nature vs Nurture "We used to think our fate was in our stars. Now, we know, in large part, that our fate is in our genes." ---James Watson While social research has been steady and ongoing, our biological knowledge has advanced disproportionately in recent times. As we discover more about the role of genes in pre-determining who we are, the nature versus nurture debate seems headed for a tilt of the biological over the environmental. Nature, or our biological aspect, does matter a lot....   [tags: Biology Genetics Essays] 629 words
(1.8 pages)
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Basics of Human Gene Therapy - Basics of Human Gene Therapy Wouldn't it be wonderful if there was no cancer. No heart disease. No blood problems. Everyone wants to be healthy and have a healthy family but some diseases are genetically related. How are these diseases avoided. This question was pondered by molecular biologists and geneticists. What they developed will revolutionize medicine and health care as we know it. The technique used to try to cure these "incurable" genetic diseases is called human gene therapy. Gene therapy is by no means a new field of scientific query....   [tags: Genetics Science Essays]
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1739 words
(5 pages)
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Gene Therapy: A new generation of molecular medicine - Gene Therapy: A new generation of molecular medicine In September of 1990, eight year old Ashanthi DeSilva made medical history when she received the first authorized human gene therapy treatment. Ashanthi has been born with a defective gene that normally produces an essential enzyme adenosine deaminase (ADA). If left untreated the inability to produce this enzyme results in the fatal malfunction of the immune system. Four years after receiving the first of many treatment of transgenic cells containing functional ADA genes, Ashanthi was still doing well....   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
2351 words
(6.7 pages)
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Each of us carry about half a dozen defective genes. Most of us do not suffer any harmful effects from our defective genes because we carry two copies of nearly all genes, one derived from our mother and the other from our father. Because in the majority of cases, the potentially harmful gene is recessive, its normal counterpart will carry out all the tasks assigned to both. Only if we inherit from our parents two copies of the same recessive gene will a disease develop. Every year a considerable number of children are born with a genetic disease, a disease that occurs because each of their parents carries a defect in the same gene (Rigby 1995)....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
2540 words
(7.3 pages)
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A New Future: Gene Therapy - A New Future: Gene Therapy Imagine a world where a person could change his or her genetic structure and redirect the future course of evolution in their child and themselves. Through gene therapy this is a very real possibility. In the future it could be just as easy to change your physical or mental health as it is to get flu shot now. But the affects of gene therapy are long lasting and could affect your future offspring as well as your own health. What is gene therapy. First discovered in the middle of the 1970's researchers were able to isolate certain genes from DNA....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited
1432 words
(4.1 pages)
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Issues of the Human Genome Project - Issues of the Human Genome Project The history of the human race has been filled with curiosity and discovery about our abilities and limitations. As an egotistical creature with a seemingly unstoppable desire for new accomplishments, we attempt feats with emotion and tenacity. People worldwide raced to be the first to discover the secrets and the ability of flight. Enormous amounts of monies were spent on sending people into space and the race to land on the moon. With the rapid growth of scientific knowledge and experimental methods, humans have begun to unravel and challenge another mystery, the discovery of the entire genetic make-up of the human body....   [tags: Genetics Genes Science Papers]
:: 8 Sources Cited
2775 words
(7.9 pages)
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The Human Genome Project - The Human Genome Project Almost every aspect that makes a person unique is due to genetic factors, from the color of an individual's eyes to the functions of white blood cells. The one thing that makes an individual's unique characteristics the hardest to understand is the fact that it is all composed of four bases in different patterns. These patterns of adenine, thiamine, guanine and cytosine are the only things that differ one human from the next. This genetic code is contained in every cell that is found in the human body....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Papers]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 9 Sources Cited
2076 words
(5.9 pages)
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The Transgenic Tomato - The Transgenic Tomato The Need for Genetic Engineering of Crops For most Americans, fresh vegetables come from the supermarket. One only has to walk down an aisle loaded with gleaming red tomatoes, juicy melons, fresh potatoes, and a plethora of other vegetables and fruits and gather whatever captures one's fancy or appetite. A person living in a Westernized culture often takes for granted the hard work, resource usage, and waste that occurs to bring food to him. Tomatoes, for example, currently follow a long and difficult route to the supermarket....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
2482 words
(7.1 pages)
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Somatic Gene Therapy - Somatic Gene Therapy To a parent, the thought of their child having a severe, yet rare genetic disease brings guilt, sadness, and responsibility to an aching heart. Parents who see their child pass through life with the weight of a terminal illness often wish in their hearts that the curse had been placed upon them rather than their child. To some, the thought of the old cliché "no parent ought to see their child die" seems to swim endlessly in their mind. The hope for a cure fills the hearts of many waiting on the edge of their seats in hopes for a better quality of life for themselves, loved ones, and human kind....   [tags: Genetics Science Ethics Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited :: 6 Sources Cited
2891 words
(8.3 pages)
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Conservation of Endangered Marsupials - Conservation of Endangered Marsupials Marsupials are creatures that are a very unique group of mammals. Many creatures are becoming threatened, and some have already become extinct. Threatened marsupials could be a pool of agricultural, medicinal, or genetic wealth that we do not yet have the technology to utilize. There are many methods to conserving these genetic pools; one of which is through reproduction manipulation. Artificial insemination, embryo transfer, and nuclear transfer are ways in which marsupials can be conserved if proper adjustments are made....   [tags: Breeding Genetics Reproduction Essays]
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3179 words
(9.1 pages)
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Gene Therapy : Ethics, Progress, and Future - The Factor of Gene Therapy: the Ethics, Progress, and Future Abstract Erasing genetic diseases from the human race has been a vital role in science. However, there is a point where the moral standards have interrupted the advancement of curing genetic diseases. One of the many sciences that have the ability to completely wipe out the future of any genetic diseases, gene therapy, is being stifled due to the infliction of morals. There is a fine line in what is inhumane and moral to the standards of society; causing the advancement of gene therapy to be limited....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 6 Sources Cited
3351 words
(9.6 pages)
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Techniques and Outcomes of Germ-line Gene Therapy - The Relative Positives and Negatives Behind the Techniques and Outcomes of Germ-line Gene Therapy Abstract: Ever since the idea of altering the human genome was created through the research of germ-line gene therapy, advocates and protestors entered into contention with one another. Supporters of the new technology argue about the benefits of germ-line therapy. Humans have the right to scientific inquiry, especially if it is beneficial to mankind. However, their counterparts claim that the difficulty and unknown side effects (coupled with a few unsuccessful and fatal trials) will cause damage greater than any potential good....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Implications of DNA Profiling - The Implications of DNA Profiling Former attorney General Janet Reno described our system of justice as a search for the truth.(1) Increasingly, the forensic use of DNA technology is an important ally in that search. DNA fingerprinting, better known in the scientific realm as DNA profiling, has given police and the courts a means of identifying the perpetrators of rapes and murders with a very high degree of confidence. However, nine years after its introduction, forensic DNA typing is still used only selectively....   [tags: Genetics Technology Testing Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
3182 words
(9.1 pages)
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Ian Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly - Ian Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly Definitions of creativity vary based on different people’s interpretations, yet most people agree that creative individuals produce new ideas that can completely change or invent a domain. According to Howard Gardner, creativity is not limited to a single domain, but is unique for all seven domains. Creativity is based on three core elements: the relationship between the child and the master, the relationship between an individual and the work in which he/she is engaged, and the relationship between the individual and others, such as family and friends (Gardner, 9)....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
:: 10 Works Cited :: 7 Sources Cited
4071 words
(11.6 pages)
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Science I-search - Science I-search When the word scientist is mentioned, the public most commonly accepts this word in a positive sense. Scientists are known to find the cure for diseases and heal people through their research. Not until the genetic revolution have scientists been shunned and viewed as malevolent to the community. When the term genetic revolution is used, I am pertaining mainly to the issue of cloning. After the new discovery by Scottish researchers, who were responsible for creating the sheep that captured the attention of the world, the society's reproduction and moral issues have taken a different meaning in life....   [tags: Cloning Genetics Genes Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited
1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Future Of Cloning - The Future Of Cloning On July 5, 1996, a sheep named Dolly was born, having been cloned from an adult sheep cell. This event brought with it a swirl of controversy regarding the implications of cloning. Just days after the event, Bill Clinton banned all federal funding for human cloning research in order to analyze the legal and ethical ramifications of human cloning. Cloning of both humans and animals has amazing potential in research and medicine, but there are drawbacks. There are many ethical, philosophical, and religious objections to cloning, especially the cloning of humans....   [tags: Science Genetics Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
1543 words
(4.4 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy The Human Genome Project began around 1986. The main goal of the project is to locate and sequence all genes found in human DNA. The objectives for this ambitious effort are to learn more about heredity of disease and to discover the genes that would aid in gene therapy. Advances in gene therapy strive to treat hereditary diseases and possibly eliminate disease from the genome. The definition of gene therapy is the introduction of genes into existing cells to prevent or cure a wide range of diseases (Jaroff, 1996)....   [tags: Genetics Science Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
1624 words
(4.6 pages)
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Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley - Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley When you get right down to it, the Rio Grande Valley is a lot like a cell. Everyone in the valley contributes to its existence, working day and night, keeping everything working. Our unique cultural blending serves as the DNA, and tacos seem to serve as our primary food source. Oh, and not to mention that the vast openness of the King Ranch serves as our cell membrane. The Valley, even though our quiet and simple life may not speak it, is well aware of the science taking place in the world around us, as well as in our own backyard....   [tags: Genetics Biology Essays Papers] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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On Human Cloning - On Human Cloning How should we think about cloning as philosophers and feminists. Reproduction by cloning is not, in itself, morally inferior to human sexual reproduction. Moral criticism of cloning rests on condemnation of its "unnaturalness" or "impiety," but this kind of criticism should not persuade non-believers. I evaluate cloning in two phases. First, some hypothetical situations involving private choices about cloning are examined within a liberal framework. From this individualistic perspective, cloning appears no more morally problematic than sexual reproduction....   [tags: Genetics Science Feminist Papers] 2645 words
(7.6 pages)
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A Look Into the Human Genome Project - A Look Into the Human Genome Project Would people buy a set of books that repeated the same four letters in random order page after page. Or would this information be more convenient to the public if on a computer disc. Many people would agree with the idea that this set of books would be boring. Surprisingly, America and the rest of the world are buying the information in this set of books. In fact, these books contain the human genome. The mapping of the genome (or writing this set of books) is a 15-year project that has brought many ethical issues to attention....   [tags: Science Technology Genetics Papers]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
2037 words
(5.8 pages)
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Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies - Ethical Controversies Involved in the Use of Germ-line and Somatic Gene Therapies Abstract There are many sides to the issue of using germ-line and somatic germ therapies. Many people argue that it should be stopped completely, whereas others argue that both germ therapies should continue for the benefit of all people. There are other arguments that lie somewhere in between. Most of the controversy is caused by germ-line gene therapy because it can be passed on through generations. Somatic gene therapy has more support and funding but is still considered untrustworthy by many who believe it may also affect the germ-line in some cases....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1586 words
(4.5 pages)
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Bio-ethics and Cloning - Bio-ethics and Cloning The idea that humans might someday be cloned-created from a single somatic cell without sexual reproduction-moved further away from science fiction and closer to a genuine scientific possibility on February 23, 1997. On that date, The Observer broke the news that Ian Wilmut and his colleagues at the Roslin Institute announced the successful cloning of a sheep by a new technique that had never before been fully successful in mammals. The scientists from Roslin Institute of Edinburgh isolated differentiated somatic cells of Finn Dorset sheep and fused them with unfertilized enucleated eggs....   [tags: Biology Science Genetics Essays]
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564 words
(1.6 pages)
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Ethnobotany of the Tomato Plant - Ethnobotany of the Tomato Plant The origin of the cultivated tomato is somewhat unclear. Ethnobotanists and geneticists however have attempted to track down the centre of domestication. "The genus Lycopersicon- the botanical group to which the tomato belongs- is native to western South America, and only Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme, the wild cherry form of the cultivated species, has spread throughout Latin America and the New World Tropics. Second, the tomato was not known in Europe until after the discovery and conquest of America, descriptions and drawings first appearing in the European herbals of the middle and late 16th century....   [tags: Botany Plant Genetics] 506 words
(1.4 pages)
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Human Gene Therapy - Human Gene Therapy Human gene therapy is a fairly new study in the biology and medical fields. The value of gene therapy extends from curing horrible genetic diseases, to enhancing our bodies physical appearance, and to being a new drug delivery system (1). The results from gene therapy seem almost limitless once it becomes common practice, but for right now there are still some technical aspects to overcome. Gene therapy is also a highly controversial topic in some aspects. One of the major goals of gene therapy, and could be the most important, is replacing defective or missing genes with healthy ones....   [tags: Science Biology Genetics Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
1877 words
(5.4 pages)
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Humang Genome Project - Humang Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an internationally collaborative venture to identify and mark all the locations of every gene of the human species. The HGP in the United States was started in 1990 and was expected to be a fifteen year effort to map the human genome. There have been a number of technological advances since 1990 that have accelerated the progress of the project to a completion date sometime during the year 2003. The U.S. HGP is composed of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) which hopes to discover 50,000 to 100,000 human genes and make them available for further biological study (1)....   [tags: Science Genetics Technology Papers]
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2291 words
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - The Moral Debate over Stem Cell Research President George W. Bush looked stern and confident as he addressed the American people on August 9th, 2001. It was an historic day for the 43rd president, as he explained the debate surrounding embryonic stem cell research, including its possible benefits for science but also its problems surrounding morals and ethics. “The issue is debated within the church, with people of different faiths, even many of the same faith coming to different conclusions,” Bush said....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers] 2354 words
(6.7 pages)
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Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning - Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning Cloning is defined as the “creation of an exact copy of a living matter, such as a cell or organism” according to Encarta encyclopedia. The copies produced through cloning have identical genetic makeup and are known as clones. Scientists use cloning techniques in the laboratory to create copies of cells or organisms with valuable traits. Cloning is a controversial topic because new areas of science often raise questions about safety. Early experiment performed on animals showed potential dangers....   [tags: Science Technology Genetics Essays] 1475 words
(4.2 pages)
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Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning - Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning New areas of science often raise questions about safety. Reflecting back on the past medical technologies invented, people have always opposed it but often benefit from it later on in life. The use of in-vitro fertilization, for instance, was once a controversial issue. Some people worried that society could discriminate against humans produced as a result of IVF and humans could spread diseases. Furthermore, its usefulness cannot be predicted because it is just a research tool, and so on....   [tags: Technology Science Genetics Essays] 2448 words
(7 pages)
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Gene Therapy Research - Gene Therapy Research The National Institute of Health and the Food and Drug Administration are the government bodies responsible for the regulation of gene therapy experimentation. The NIH oversees gene therapy clinical trials through the NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules and the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also oversees the trials through such regulatory measures as scientific review, testing, and inspection.10 Following the death of Jesse Gelsinger, the Advisory Committee to the Working Group on NIH Oversight of Clinical Gene Therapy Research was established to examine the purpose and role of the NIH in gene therapy regulation....   [tags: Science Genetics Health Essays] 1094 words
(3.1 pages)
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Interspecific Fungal Horizontal Gene Transfer - Abstract Abstract: Strong evidence was found that horizontal gene transfer occured between two fungal species. Genetic sequencing and compartive genomics, with specific attention to a loci containing the ToxA gene, showed that the two loci on Stagonospora nodorum and Pyrenophera tritici-repentis species are nearly identical and could not be derived from inheritance from a common ancestor. This gene transfer resulted in increased virulence of the P. tritici-repentis wheat pathogen sometime in the 1940's....   [tags: Biology Fungi Genetics Genomics] 3330 words
(9.5 pages)
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History And Procedures of Gene Therapy - The History And Procedures of Gene Therapy Abstract: Over the course of history there has been the idea of gene therapy has inspired many great scientists. The history of eugenics is important to the history of gene therapy because it is how gene therapy originated. Eugenics has driven many people to take extreme measures to try and make a “better human race”, this includes the Nazi party and the movement in the 1930’s inspired by Francis Galton. After that, research in eugenics continued and the human genome project sprung from the minds of scientists....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1810 words
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How to Ensure that Cloning is Safe - How to Ensure that Cloning is Safe With the Roslin Institute’s successful cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997, Ian Wilmut has taken human scientific advancement beyond the ability to improve our lives and standard of living, to the point where the recreation of our biological self is no longer a distant science fiction fantasy but a technological possibility. Cloning is a naturally occurring phenomenon; we have common instances of identical twins, of plants undergoing asexual reproduction as well as cells undergoing mitotic division from an original cell in the process of replacement of worn cells in our body....   [tags: Biology Science Genetics Essays] 561 words
(1.6 pages)
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Galactosemia - Galactosemia missing works cited Galactosemia is a potentially fatal genetic defect that prevents the body from metabolizing milk. It is fatal because an infant's early diet consists mostly of milk. The disease does not usually hinder the development of children in North America or Europe; it is a not-uncommon cause of death, however, in third-world nations, where lactose-free milk is not readily available. So, what impacts people afflicted with galactosemia more, the fact that they have the disease, or the question of whether or not it can be treated....   [tags: Genetics Disorders Essays] 1558 words
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Niemann: Pick's Disease - Niemann: Pick's Disease Niemann Pick disease consists of a group of genetic disorders in which the common feature is a varying degree of sphingomyelin storage in certain tissues of the body. According to the current classification based on the enzymatic defect underlying these disorders, two main groups are distinguished. The first group, which comprises type A, which is characterized by a severe deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase activity, includes infantile neuronopathic form; and type B, an adult chronic form without neurologic symptoms....   [tags: Medicine Medical Genetics Papers]
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2070 words
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Gene Therapy and its Potential to Cure Deafness - Gene Therapy and its Potential to Cure Deafness Losing a vital sense makes living life more difficult. Gene therapy, the process of replacing faulty genes with genes genetically engineered to replace them, can potentially cure deafness. Yashimo Raphael experimented with intentionally deafened guinea pigs and the gene Atoh 1, a gene said to replace lost hair cells in the inner ear. He found that hair cells grew, but were not fully functional. The slight aid in hearing the gene did give the guinea pigs almost completely disappeared after a few weeks time....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Genetics]
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1442 words
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Nature vs. Nurture: Parental Promotion of A False Dichotomy - ... An intriguing study showed that in a safe play lab separated from parents, boys will play with dolls; however, men typically will not allow their sons to play with dolls (Schwartz, 2010). Females that have masculine traits are accepted in our society as tomboys; however, males that have feminine traits are rejected in our society as gay. Why is there an acceptable gray area for females but not males. If a boy publicly enjoys playing with dolls or wearing pink he faces ridicule and banishment....   [tags: Genetics vs Environment]
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1681 words
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The Genome Revolution - The Genome Revolution As one of our most precious national heroes, Neil Armstrong, set foot upon the moon he said the following, “this is one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Throughout the years, deep investigations in the scientific area and modern technological advances have lead us to create the building blocks necessary for us to take yet another “giant leap for mankind.” The genome revolution has come along way, with many discoveries leading it to the road it’s on today....   [tags: Genetics Biology Argumentative Essays Papers] 904 words
(2.6 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy Gene therapy is a powerful new technology that has the ability to change the way medicine is practiced in the future. The potential of gene therapy offers great hope for cure and alleviation of suffering from genetic disorders that now plague numerous people. Within this past decade, much research has been conducted to learn about the aspects of gene therapy, but there is still much to learn before it is an effective medical treatment. Despite failures to prove any clinical efficacy, many experts of gene therapy predict that the first clinical success will occur in the near future....   [tags: Genetics Ethics Treatment Disorders Papers]
:: 9 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
4676 words
(13.4 pages)
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Gene Therapy - Gene Therapy Imagine yourself being a parent of a young child suffering from a horrible disease in which you now know to be genetically inherited. This disease is caused from the genes that you and your partner passed on to your child. Now lets say, you can treat this disease or may even be able to cure your child of this disease by altering, modifying, or replacing the genes that cause this disease through a process called gene therapy. Would you do it. I think most of us would answer yes. The option of being able to help our child several years ago may not have seemed possible....   [tags: Biology Science Genetics Technology Essays]
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1854 words
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The Ethics of Cloning - The Ethics of Cloning Imagine a world where everyone looked like you and was related to you as a sibling, cousin, or any form of relation, wouldn’t that be freaky. Although cloning is not an important issue presently, it could potentially replace sexual reproduction as our method of producing children. Cloning is a dangerous possibility because it could lead to an over-emphasis on the importance of the genotype, no guaranteed live births, and present risks to both the cloned child and surrogate mother....   [tags: Genetics Biology Genes Essays Papers ]
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2127 words
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Gene Therapy and Cancer - Gene Therapy and Cancer In 1997, an estimated 1.38 million Americans will be newly diagnosed with cancer (Blaese, 1997). The treatments available only cure half of them. Many new strategies, including gene therapy are in developmental stages for treating cancer. Nearly half of all gene therapy trials currently under way deal with cancer and experts believe a number of these applications will be in use within the next three to five years (Lyon, 1997). Cancer is considered a genetic disorder. Studies have identified a small number of genes that must be mutated to bring about development of cancer or maintain the growth of malignant cells (Klug, 1996)....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Medical Essays]
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1998 words
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Genomics - Genomics Genomics is the study of the functions of genes and DNA in an organism, including location, structure, sequence, regulation and function. The genome provides a list of building materials for proteins. (Kerns/McDonald, 2001) Today scientists are striving to identify every gene in human DNA and the sequences of the chemical base pairs that make up each one. This is no easy task, but within the next few years, the world will acknowledge genomics as the biggest thing since sliced bread....   [tags: Genomes DNA Genetics Science Essays]
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2247 words
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Cloning: A Good Thing - Cloning: A Good Thing A growing controversy in the world today is cloning. One stance is that cloning and cloning research should be banned altogether. Another position is in support of no restrictions of cloning and that scientists should be able to test on animals if they deem it necessary. Many other views are squeezed into different gray areas on the topic. It would be beneficial to explore the methods, benefits, moral and ethical conflicts involved with human cloning to fully understand the pros of cloning....   [tags: Science Genetics DNA Clone Essays]
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Genetically Engineered Crops - Genetically Engineered Crops Chemical and seed companies have been working the last several years to alter the genetic make-up of certain crops to combat heavy pressure from insects and weeds. Through genetic manipulation plant breeders have been able to make certain crops resistant to different types of chemicals and insects. Breeders can alter the crops by adding to a specific plant one or more genes from other related crops with a known resistance to an insect or herbicide The use of genetically engineered crops has become a hotly debated topic over the last couple of years....   [tags: Farming Agriculture Genetics Science Essays]
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1876 words
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Human Cloning - Human Cloning Ever since the cloning of the first mammal, the sheep Dolly, in 1996 by Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute, people have been begun to consider how they feel about human cloning. Is it possible. Should we do it. The overwhelming answer seems to be "yes" to the first question, and "no" to the second. "Yes," because cloning a human is not much different from cloning a sheep. The cloning procedure is actually so surprisingly non-technical that laboratories could easily begin conducting their own research on human embryos today....   [tags: Science Biology Genetics Genes Essays]
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Ethics, Business, and the Human Genome Project - Ethics, Business, and the Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project began in 1990, as part of a collaborative movement by the scientific community to better understand our own genetic makeup. The U.S Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health coordinate this original 15-year plan, which are parts of the National Human Genome Research Institute. The major goals cited by these institutes is as follows: Identify all the estimated 100,000 genes in the human genome. Map the three billion chemical bases that make up human DNA....   [tags: Genetics DNA Genes Science Essays]
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The Cloning of Dogs - The Cloning of Dogs Introduction: The new "Star Wars" movie features an entire army made of clones. These clones are genetically perfected to be the ultimately obedient and powerful soldiers. How could this type of cloning technology be used in dogs. We could use it for the good to make the perfectly obedient dog, for use in seeing-eye work, rescue work, etc. This technology could also be used to affect the world of dog showing. An owner of a number one winning champion dog could replicate it and make the sport completely obsolete and pointless....   [tags: Clone Genetics DNA Science Essays]
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Clone - Clone Cloning is defined by Webster is “a cell, cell product, or organism that is identical to the unit or individual it was asexually derived” (Webster 150). The actual process of cloning is considerably easier because of trial and error. This process can be helpful and can be deadly in the right hands. In this light, the ethics of cloning has, is, and will be one of the hottest topics of all time. The clone has many different meanings in the modern world. The past identified a clone as something that that was copied from an original item or product....   [tags: Science Genetics Biology DNA Essays] 782 words
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Cloning - Cloning Cloning humans has recently become a possibility that seems much more realistic in today's society than it was twenty years ago. It is a method that involves the production of a group of identical cells or organisms that all derive from a single individual (Grolier 220). It is not known when or how cloning humans really became a possibility, but it is known that there are two possible ways that we can clone humans. The first way involves splitting an embryo into several halves and creating many new individuals from that embryo....   [tags: Clones Cloning Science Genetics Essays]
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2569 words
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The Genome Revolution - The Genome Revolution Works Cited Not Included Ever since the rediscovery of Gregor Mendal’s pea plant experiments through which he determined the laws of hereditary, new interests in the Genome Revolution ignited. Opinions were across the charts from being drastically pessimistic to the contrasting optimistic. Through the years up to recent day, issues concerning the impact of the fields of medicine, reproduction, insurance, law and even our sense of self have completely filled the minds of those who are in touch with the happenings of the Genome Revolution, whether they are against or for it....   [tags: Genetics Biology Hereditary Essays Papers] 991 words
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Behavior: Nature vs. Nurture - For centuries psychologists have argued over which plays the larger role in child development, heredity or environment. One of the first theories was proposed in the seventeenth century by the British philosopher John Locke. Locke believed that a child was born with an empty mind, tabula rasa (meaning "blank slate") and that everything the child learns comes from experience, nothing is established beforehand. Years later, Charles Darwin brought forth his theory of evolution, which led to a return of the hereditarian viewpoint....   [tags: genetics vs environment]
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Ownership of Human Genes - Ownership of Human Genes With the advent of the Human Genome Project, a Pandora's box of ethical, legal, economic, and social issues was irrevocably released. The project, which aims to map the entire human genome by the year 2005, is an enormous international undertaking (7). At the onset, many realized that redundancy and its extraordinary cost could be minimized through international collaboration. With a $3 billion allocation to the DOE (Department of Energy) and NIH (National Institute of Health) towards this project, a database of sequences and gene identifications was established and research poured in from countries around the world such as France, Britain, Switzerland, and Japan....   [tags: Genetics Science Technology Papers]
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Evolution Before Darwin and of the Primal Meme - Evolution Before Darwin and of the Primal Meme "Yet the water did not calm, It stirred within itself, And waters within the waters Moved and parted, the waters folded open And from the deeps of the deeps... Ak-ana whispered: 'Create.'" (Persian creation myth) It is not an astounding observation to say that there exists (or existed at one point in time) thousands, possibly millions, of stories on Earth. Stories that our innocent young selves were subjected to in elementary school that have influenced the way we see ourselves and those around us, more so than we would like to admit....   [tags: Science Genetics Genes Essays]
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Cloning Madness - Cloning Madness Cloning, a topic that has recently caused mayhem all over the world, is possible, but will it be here to stay. The astonishing news that scientists had cloned a sheep a couple of years ago sent people into panic at the thought that humans might be next. "Cloning is a radical challenge to the most fundamental laws of biology, so it's not unreasonable to be concerned that it might threaten human society and dignity" (Macklin 64). Since most of the opposition is coming from the pure disgust of actually being able to clone species, it makes it difficult for people to get away from the emotional side of the issue and analyze the major implications cloning would have for society....   [tags: Science Genetics Biology Papers]
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2406 words
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Embryonic Stem Cell Research - Embryonic Stem Cell Research Embryonic stem cell research is a controversial topic nationwide, because of its clash of ethical and moral values. Many people, including those suffering from diseases that this research is seeking to cure, do not believe in killing a living embryo in order to advance research and science. “Even though having Parkinson’s Disease is something I’d rather not go through, I cannot find it in me to support embryonic stem cell research at this time in my life, simply because my improvement or being cured shouldn’t depend on the killing of an innocent life,” said Wilbanice Ayala, 22, of Hudson, New Hampshire....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers embryo] 2158 words
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The Cloning Controversy - The Cloning Controversy A mad scientist stands in one part of a double-chambered machine, leaving the other empty. As he presses a button, gears begin to whir and smoke. A bright light flashes, and out of the empty chamber steps a perfect replica of the scientist, complete with clothes and command of the English language. This sci-fi plot line may be familiar, but it has nothing to do with the actual, controversial cloning process, one that may be used by today’s scientists to create cloned human embryos in the not-so-distant future....   [tags: Science Genetics Clone Essays] 2363 words
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Neurological Effects of Fos B Gene on Behavior of Mice - The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the fos B gene and it's neurological effects on the behavior of mice through the analysis of "A Defect in Nurturing in Mice Lacking the Immediate Early Gene fos B" appearing in the July 26 issue of Cell. Through various chemical and behavioral tests it is found that fos B mothers demonstrate an inability to nurture their young. It was shown that the lack of expression of the fos B gene in certain areas of the brain was the probable cause of the lack of the nurturing response in the mutant mice....   [tags: Biology Genetics Mouse] 1839 words
(5.3 pages)
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Choosing The Sex Of a Baby - Choosing The Sex Of a Baby With new technologies available everyday, it seems almost as if we can customize our children. Reproduction is no longer an outcome of random and inherited genes, but now it’s a process of creating the child that we want to have. Fertility clinics are in debate as to whether or not it is ethical to be able to determine the sex of our children. Some view this as a valid option, while others see it as another step down the road to designer babies. But how far is too far....   [tags: Science Ethics Genetics Engineering Essays Papers] 900 words
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The Pathogenesis of Down’s Syndrome - The Pathogenesis of Down’s Syndrome Down’s syndrome (DS) is the most common cause of mental retardation in the United States. It occurs with a frequency of one in 700 live births. The disease is caused by the presence of three copies of chromosome 21 as a result of chromosomal mutation (95% nondisjunction, 5% translocation) during cell division, leading to a total of 47 chromosomes instead of the normal number, 46. There are no individuals with the clinical signs of DS who do not have at least partial trisomy of chromosome 21....   [tags: Science Medical Genetics Diseases Essays]
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The Debate of Human Cloning - Missing Appendix The Debate of Human Cloning Human cloning has become a hot topic for debate. As we progressed one step closer to successfully cloning and developing a human being, legislators and the general public have become more concerned about the ethical and moral implications of this procedure. The federal government has been unsuccessful in reaching an agreement as to what policy to pass and enact. Thus, any current legislation on human cloning has been developed and enforced by individual states....   [tags: Cloning Clones Science Genetics Essays]
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4493 words
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The Human Genome Revolution And Its Implications - The Human Genome Revolution And Its Implications Thanks to today’s technology, we can talk to people thousands of miles Rezadistant, view stars that are worlds away, and delve into our body on an unimaginable scale. This revolution has been peaceful for the most part, but the human genome threatens to be the smallest item to spark controversy in history. Both sides hold powerful cards, and, when the smoke clears, the decisions made in this country and around the world will alter the future for our descendants....   [tags: Genetics Biology Argumentative Essays Papers] 874 words
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Newborn Genetic Screening - The purpose of newborn genetic screening is to screen newborns for potential health concerns. Newborn genetic screening started in 1965 with the testing of one disorder, phenylketonuria (WDHS). Since then, newborn genetic screening has evolved and over 4 million newborns are screened in the U.S. every year (CCHC Report). Currently, in the state of Wisconsin, there are 47 different disorders that are tested for (WDHS). The process of screening newborns is a relatively short procedure. Before a newborn leaves the hospital a nurse pricks its heel and takes a few drops of blood and deposits it on a special test paper....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]
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Is Genetic Engineering Safe? - ... For many people including myself who are against genetic engineering, there are some acceptable excuses to use them. In the medical field, if it wasn’t for genetic creation or mutation many people would have died. Now that there are new technologies, scientists are capable of helping doctors by creating life-saving technology. If a person is bleeding excessively and lacks the correct gene, doctors would insert a gene into their DNA so that a healing process in that person is now possible. Cloning is the production of something that is genetically identical to each other....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
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902 words
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Genetic Screening - Genetics has provided knowledge that is changing humanity's view of itself and its relation to the rest of the universe. This has brought changes of our current philosophies and religions. For instance, the catholic church has accepted the evolution theory (1). Genetic, cytogenetic and molecular studies show that we are related to every living thing on the planet, including plants, fungi and bacterium (6) An important area in which current genetic knowledge is causing revolution is anthropological science (14)....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]
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The Advantages and Alleged Negative Consequences of Human Cloning - The Advantages and Alleged Negative Consequences of Human Cloning The cloning of humans is now very close to reality, thanks to the historic scientific breakthrough of Dr. Ian Wilmut and his colleagues in the UK. This possibility is one of incredible potential benefit for all of us. Unfortunately the initial debate on this issue has been dominated by misleading, sensationalized accounts in the news media and negative emotional reactions derived from inaccurate science fiction. Much of the negativity about human cloning is based simply on the breathtaking novelty of the concept rather than on any real undesirable consequences....   [tags: Human Clones Science Technology Genetics Essays] 3771 words
(10.8 pages)
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The Stem Cell Dilemma - The Stem Cell Dilemma Every day, nearly 3,000 people die while waiting for an organ transplant (D’Agnese). Moreover, 66,000 people are still on an organ donor list in the United States, few of which will ever see their name come up on that list (“Improving”). Many people believe nothing can be done about this sad fact. However, this is not the case. Studies on stem-cell research point toward a solution to this deadly problem. With efficient use of stem cells, many diseases and medical problems could be solved....   [tags: Stem Cells Medical Health Science Genetics Essays]
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1799 words
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Genetic Engineering: There is No Genetic Definition of Humanity - With advances in genetics and the decryption of the human genome, many people are taking the time to sit back and ponder the questions of what humanity is and where it comes from.1 Will techniques such as gene therapy eventually create people who aren't quite human. If humanity is a flexible and ever-changing concept, then how do people know if they are human. Does some standard measure of humanity seem likely in our future, and is it even ethically proper to impose such a standard. Philosophy offers the most satisfying definition of humanity: a human person is a conscious individual who interacts with an outside world....   [tags: Genetic Ethics Essay Examples]
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1812 words
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Genetic Engineering - Genetic Engineering of Humans Human genetic engineering in the world today has become an issue because of its many positive uses and its probable consequences. There is no denying that it could be incredibly useful for preventing diseases such as cancer and others before we are even born. But, with this also comes the ability to give children genes before their born that will give them talent to run faster, jump higher, use more of their brain that will severly distinguish them from the rest of society....   [tags: Genetic Alteration Manipulation] 1064 words
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Genetic Engineering - Genetic Engineering Research I. Introduction       In the past three decades, scientists have learned how to mix and match characteristics among unrelated creatures by moving genes from one creature to another. This is called “genetic engineering.” Genetic Engineering is a test tube science and is prematurely applied in food production. There are estimates that food output must increase by 60 percent over the next 25 years to keep up with demand. Thus, the result of scientist genetically altering plants for more consumption....   [tags: Science Biology Genetic Engineering Essays]
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1347 words
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