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Your search returned 39 essays for "fracking":

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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking for a Better World - In recent years there has been great concern over the growing demand for energy, and the lack of non-renewable energy resources to meet the demand in the future. In addition, the question of “sustainability”—the ability to balance social, economic, and environmental needs in energy production to meet both current and long-term requirements—has come to the fore. It is clear that America must expand energy production quickly, and that we must develop renewable, sustainable energy sources to meet long-term demand and protect our future....   [tags: hydrofracking, fracking, fraccing]
:: 15 Works Cited
3562 words
(10.2 pages)
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The Problems with Fracking - No Fracking Way Imagine a world where fresh and clear water was a luxury. Imagine water so contaminated with chemicals that every plant it comes into contact with dies. As the trees begin to die, oxygen levels drop. As the vegetation dies, wildlife begins to die out. The polluted water which flows through the ground into wells causes instant contamination. As the water flows out of the sink, one can strike a match and light the liquid on fire. Showering in these chemicals is out of the question....   [tags: Environmentalism, Human Health]
:: 2 Works Cited
2006 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Dangers of Fracking - With the age of constant industrial and technological growth has come the necessity for not only cost effective and efficient methods for industry, but also the need for obtaining fuel for the machines that make the modern world possible. Oil has become as precious a commodity as gold, if not more so; its attainments constantly driving the world's largest businesses and governments across the world into action. Naturally, a "quick-fix" solution to this problem is constantly sought after by oil companies wishing to provide oil on a massive scale....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing]
:: 8 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
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Fracking: The Water Problem - ... Supporters need to consider that water contamination is a possible side effect of the fracking process. Although there is not much research available for topics like fracking fluid contami- nating water sources, it can happen. Even though methane is more commonly found in water sources, fracking fluid can contaminate water as well. A study done about the Ohio River found that the river’s tributaries were contaminated due to a wastewater plant receiving fracking fluid, and the contamination led to the formation of hydrocarbons within the drinking water, which is unsafe for human health (“Should”)....   [tags: Toxic Compounds, Oil Industry]
:: 1 Works Cited
1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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Natural Gas Fracking Risks - ... “In the United States, such secrecy has been abetted by the 2005 “Halliburton loophole”, which exempts fracking from many of the nation’s major federal environmental-protection laws, including the Safe Drinking Water Act” (Howarth, Ingraffea, and Engelder 272). Ironic, or maybe not, the former Vice President of the United States, Dick Cheney was once the CEO of Halliburton. “Each ‘frac-job’ can utilize as much as 5 million gallons of water (taken from lakes, rivers, or municipal water supplies)” (Nelson 20)....   [tags: Safe Drinking Water Act, Drilling Areas]
:: 7 Works Cited
1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Fracking and its Effect on the Environment - Oil and natural gas companies have developed a way to drill for natural gas, a process called hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. Natural gas is a flammable gas mixture consisting of methane and several other hydrocarbons that occur naturally underground. Natural gas is used as fuel for heating, cooking, and even in some automobiles like the “RideOn” buses. This technique has only recently become economically feasible with the rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, argumentative]
:: 4 Works Cited
1451 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of Fracking - ... The fracturing fluid that had been used initially is recovered (about 60% of it is), which then allows these companies to recycle the fluid in order to be used on other fracturing sites, or safely disposed of. However, this process happens along a 3-5month period. The outcome of it is 20+ years of oil available globally. Reference: Unknown. ( 27/06/13. ). What is Fracking and why is it controversial. .Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14432401 . Last accessed 06/12/13. MarathonOilCorp....   [tags: fossil fuel, hydraulic fracturing, hydrovarcbons]
:: 8 Works Cited
1646 words
(4.7 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracking Should Not Be Allowed - ... Not all of the compounds are released into underground water aquifers. Many of these chemicals come back to the surface in gaseous form. The emission of natural gas out of the well also includes the emission of hydrocarbons along with it. Though many of these gases are captured, an abundance of the gases escape the collection methods and are released into the atmosphere. This leads to a higher concentration of toxins within the surrounding perimeters of the fracking well. The fracking compounds which do not resurface into aquifers or into the air are returned through the pipeline as waste water....   [tags: Natural Gas, Shale Rock Formations, Energy Source]
:: 3 Works Cited
1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking - ... While the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was intended, as the name of the law implies, to ensure that all public drinking water be free of contaminants that may cause adverse public health effects” (Wikipedia 1). Yet the government granted the energy industry an exemption from these laws. What plausible reason could the government have for granting such an exemption. I can only think of one, money. One might ask why in a country where we regulate over the counter drugs, such as Benadryl, as well as spray paint, is the use of carcinogenic chemicals by the oil industry not regulated....   [tags: natural gas, geothermal energy]
:: 8 Works Cited
1864 words
(5.3 pages)
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Is America Fracking Crazy? - In a highly advanced society such as the one we find ourselves in today, advancements in technology itself and the processes it involves are constantly being innovated. Presently, one of the major technological concerns is to find alternative ways to harness cheap energy in order to keep our society running. In the past it has been discovered that the previous forms of energy that we used such as oil and coal, were harmful to the environment.  Because of this, the recent development of natural gas extraction from shale rock, by the means of hydraulic fracturing has been discovered....   [tags: Contaminate Water Supplies]
:: 3 Works Cited
1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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Fracking: Causing More Harm Than Good - ... Because humans are naturally greedy we seem to only focus on that aspect as Saudi Arabia once did but they are now suffering because of this.” The Saudis have massive economic and demographic problems to deal with, including a pending peak and rapid decline in oil exports”; “This decline will occur due to the dramatic growth in consumption by Saudi Arabia’s rapidly growing population and increases in per capita energy consumption. Saudi domestic consumption of oil is growing at about 7 percent per year, which leads to a doubling of consumption in just ten years” (Hunt).As Saudi Arabia became more wealth and the population boomed due to that they used more of there on resources and once they started they couldn’t stop....   [tags: ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing Research Paper - Around the world, countries are dependent on oil and more often than not, foreign oil. The U.S. is at a time where they believe buying foreign oil supports terrorism and hurts our economy. However, shale formations deep underground that spread all over the U.S. have been found to contain natural gas. This includes the Marcellus Shale formation and the Utica Shale formation, which can be found all throughout New York State and down the East Coast (Hydro-Fracking pg.1). To get at this abundance of gas underground, hydraulic fracturing was invented, but this new method of gas extraction safe for the environment and for the people around it....   [tags: Energy, fracking, environment, public health]
:: 6 Works Cited
1764 words
(5 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing - ... McKenzie et al., research associates at the Colorado School of Public Health, noted, "It is becoming increasingly common for unconventional natural gas development (NGD) to occur near where people live, work, and play" (1). Unlike conventional resources which are more easily extracted, unconventional ones such as shale gas usually require the execution of more aggressive methods. It is actually for decades now that hydraulic fracturing has been used which hardly makes it a new technology. However, it is only with recent public awareness as to the threat it imposes (particularly to people living in surrounding areas) that studies are more and more aimed at assessing and acknowledging the impact of hydraulic fracturing on water, air, and climate....   [tags: fracking, fraccing]
:: 7 Works Cited
2399 words
(6.9 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: The Future of America’s Energy - Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is not a novel concept. The hope of being able to access fossil fuels trapped inside layers of shale deep beneath the Earth’s surface was achieved by the process of fracking, developed in 1903 (energyindepth.com). Over the last century, hydraulic fracturing has become an efficient and environmentally friendly way to access the natural gas needed to meet the United States’ high demands. With the condition of the environment rapidly deteriorating, the process of hydraulic fracturing is being questioned....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing Must be Reformed - ... 2012) Fracking zones are surrounded with steel casings to prevent groundwater contamination, however thousand of gallons of “back-flow fluids” are pushed to the surface when production commences. (Manuel) These back-flow fluids are usually placed in on site puts that depending on which state the fracking process is implemented, could not be lined that protects it from seeping into surrounding ground. (Manuel) The back flow referred to is usually a combination of chemicals and fluids including formaldehyde, methanol, hydrochloric acid, and sodium hydroxide....   [tags: Energy, Gas Industry]
:: 10 Works Cited
1465 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Politics of Natural Gas Production - ... Given the assorted infrastructure associated with natural gas drilling, such as roads, fences, and temporary housing for workers, the landscape takes on a vastly different, industrial quality. Assuredly, destroying natural resources is also not consistent with maintaining wildlife populations; once a habitat is lost, extinction is not far behind. Emissions from natural gas contribute to global warming. Energy executives and politicians on both sides of the aisle espouse the “climate-friendly” aspect of natural gas, though according to the EPA, the primary component of natural gas, methane, is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from one industry in the United States (United)....   [tags: Natural Gas, Fossil Fuels, Energy]
:: 9 Works Cited
1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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Natural Gas - ... Environmentalists opposing shale gas extraction pointed out that this indicates the leaching of the unrecovered fracking fluid to the surrounding rock formations and water tables. They also assert the present inability to contain groundwater movement will allow the spread of these toxic chemicals to water sources that supply water to the surrounding environments and communities. Not only leaving chemical waste underground which ended up leaching to the surroundings, fracking and acidizing which are important in shale gas extraction also produce outflow of fluid waste from the drilled well which contains concentrated radioactive elements, chemicals, saline, and carcinogenic hydrocarbons....   [tags: Government Profit, Endocrine Disruptors]
:: 8 Works Cited
2850 words
(8.1 pages)
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The Environmental Crises - A major concern of people from all demographics and religions is the environmental crises are taking place in the US and all over the world today. Many aspects our daily lives in the capitalist society we live in are causing grave destruction to our planet. Issues such as global warming, bottling water, and the search for oil and fossil fuels are some of the most known environmental crises taking place in the US. I believe the US could in fact find safe, profitable solutions to many of these problems as long as it is willing to be proactive and address the serious issues at hand while they can be corrected....   [tags: Environment , Environmental]
:: 5 Works Cited
1317 words
(3.8 pages)
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When Humans Impose on the Environment, Expect Negative Outcomes - Before the use of technology, humans had to solely rely on the environment to fulfill their daily needs. Humans respected, and even feared nature for its destructive capabilities. Before the use of technology, humans were connected with nature at an almost spiritual level. They knew how to use the environment and sustain it at the same time. Before technology, there was a natural balance between nature and humans. Unfortunately, as humans developed by advancing in industry and technology, a lot of the respect and fear once held for nature was lost, which lead to an increase in the occurrences of environmental problems....   [tags: Environment ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1963 words
(5.6 pages)
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Energy Production - In today’s society, it’s nearly impossible to open a newspaper, fire up a computer, or hold a conversation that isn’t someway related to energy. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution over a century and a half ago, nothing has been more pivotal to mankind’s rise to power as the apex species of planet earth. Had our ancestors not discovered the potential of using million year old plant and animal remains to create combustible power, the world would look very different. There is no denying that energy production is one of, if not, the most important developments in human history....   [tags: Environment, Natural Gas] 1865 words
(5.3 pages)
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Effects of Hydraulic Fracturing - Advanced technology created the possibility to extract a natural gas beneath the earth which has never been possible before. Oil industries are once again booming deploying hydraulic fracturing method to access the natural gas lies beneath the earth, specifically the Marcellus Formation which contains limestone beds that is black shale or black rock due to presence of iron pyrite and siderites. Marcellus shale formation lie under New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Ohio and other parts of the US states according to Parks & Recreation Journal (Dolesh 57)....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1777 words
(5.1 pages)
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America's Energy Sources - ... With technology modified from offshore oil rigs, a horizontal drill is able to push through shallow gas deposits as far as a mile away from the wellhead. Government and private businesses partnered to develop new ways to extract shallow deposits on land. As the success of Mitchell Energy and Development became apparent, other companies aggressively entered the play, so that by 2005, the Barnett Shale alone was producing nearly 0.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas per year. As producers gained confidence in the ability to produce natural gas profitably in the Barnett Shale, with confirmation provided by results from the Fayetteville Shale in Arkansas, they began pursuing other shale plays, including Haynesville, Marcellus, Woodford, Eagle Ford, and others (U.S....   [tags: Natural Gas, Fossil Fuels, Horizontal Drilling]
:: 7 Works Cited
927 words
(2.6 pages)
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Shale Gas: Changing the Global Energy Market - ... This is a clear indicator how in this region shale gas has completely shifted the primary production of natural gas from offshore to onshore. Will this similar shift occur in Europe. It is difficult to say as shale gas exploration is still in its infancy. In the United States the boom in shale gas was so extensive that it is difficult to translate the effects to the European energy market. For a similar change to occur it will be proportional to the commercial viability and extent of success which this unconventional energy can achieve on different soil....   [tags: Natural Gas]
:: 13 Works Cited
979 words
(2.8 pages)
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Politics of the people - Politics of the People touches on a multitude of topics discussed this term. The article brings to light the issues in South America. Specifically in the Amazon, surrounding big oil companies, the destruction of land and environment, and the destitution of the people of Ecuador and how the people and NGO's have taken action to fight it. In this territory of the Amazon according to Judith Kimerling, “the oil spills and contamination of this region of Ecuador equal or supersedes those of the 1989 Alaskan Exxon Valdez oil spill.”(81)....   [tags: Analysis, South American Politics] 1066 words
(3 pages)
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Alternative Fuel for Airplane - One of the most significant current discussions in sustainable aviation is alternative fuel for airplane, which is a serious argument; however, big question is that efforts to produce a more sustainable fuel to power aircraft are technically and ethically feasible. This paper going to investigate and show there is no alternative fuel to power aircraft in this time. The fuel using by airplane is fossil fuel, which is Jet A1 by burning this fuel there are impact on the global warming the researcher investigate what is the problem with fossil fuel (Jet A1)....   [tags: Energy, Sustainable Fuel] 2199 words
(6.3 pages)
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Churches of Cherokee - ... While many of these workers return to homes on the weekend a large portion of those workers have moved their families into Cherokee and the surrounding communities. One of the primary ethnic groups represented in this group are Hispanic. One of the key issues facing the churches, social services and schools of Cherokee is language as this ethnic group is primarily Spanish speaking. Other issues include outreach to this basically new community within a community, engaging this new community with the longer term residential community, and engaging this new community with the local churches....   [tags: Religion, God, Hispanic Community]
:: 1 Works Cited
1711 words
(4.9 pages)
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Ecotourism in South Africa - ... 1). The organization also works to protect endangered species such as black rhinos, elephants, wild dogs, antelopes, and buffaloes. Elephants and black rhinos have returned to graze the land safely for the first time in 150 years. Kuzuko reintroduces the animals in stages to provide time for the land to adjust to the influx. Predators may only join the reserve once the endangered species have had adequate time to restore their numbers to sustainable levels (“Eco-Tourism Game Reserve,” Environmental Impact, pt....   [tags: Ecology, Biodiversity, Economy, South Africa]
:: 8 Works Cited
1333 words
(3.8 pages)
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Uncovering the Hidden Oil Vats - ... Large oil companies such as Exxon, Chevron, Shell and BP turned up huge discoveries offshore in ultra-deep water with the help of faster computers and better sensors that allowed them to see once-hidden oil deposits” (Fahey). Not only does this expedite the process of finding oil, it protects drillers from taking unnecessary extreme measures, and allows for them to pinpoint an ideal location in respect to the placement of the well. Advancement in technology prevents disasters and pollution; therefore, drilling for oil in protected areas should not be any different and can be done without problems....   [tags: Oil Drilling, Controversial Practice]
:: 5 Works Cited
884 words
(2.5 pages)
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Navajo Water Rights - ... Aboriginal Rights Winters Doctrine Colorado River Compact California vs Arizona Navajo-Hopi Little Colorado River Settlement Act In my review of legal documents and related literature of the Navajo/Hopi Little Colorado River Water Rights Settlement the following concerns were consistently (list concerns San Juan River Water Settlement The San Juan River settlement establishes the Navajo Tribes water rights to the San Juan River. It grants the Navajo Nation 646,600 acre-feet of diversion water, and 335,000 acre-feet of depletion water....   [tags: Native Americans, Tribes ]
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1058 words
(3 pages)
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Tweeting Towards Reelection - Humans, being the self-interested creatures that we are, require an incentive in order to produce some sort of action. For the American Congress, Mayhew proposes that reelection into position acts as a sufficient incentive to explain a congressman’s actions and behavior. Mayhew finds this an attractive explanation for many reasons, but one of which specifically being that it “puts the spotlight directly on men rather than on parties and pressure groups.” Congressmen are elected through direct primaries, thus not necessarily requiring party cohesiveness but rather just appealing to one’s constituency, and therefore a congressman’s reelection being more concerned with the individual than the party....   [tags: Politics] 1649 words
(4.7 pages)
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Anthropic Paradox - Anthropic Paradox The Blast Off was lined with photos of rockets charging into space. George settled into the bar stool, took a drink and put the glass down. Joe recognized this as the preparations prior to the start of a story and hoped he had heard it only a few times before. A stranger appeared next to George and asked, "May I purchase a drink please?" "Sure, bourbon OK?" Joe asked. "That would be fine. Is this sufficient?" He reached into a pocket and dropped a dollar coin on the bar. It bounced a few times and Joe slapped his hand down to keep it from rolling off the bar....   [tags: Creative Writing Essay] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Reentry Bar - Photos of rockets charging into space lined the walls of the Reentry bar. George relaxed into the bar stool, drained his drink and put the glass down. Joe realized that George was about to start a story and wondered how many times he had heard this one before. "May I purchase a drink?" A stranger standing next to George asked. George nearly fell off his stool but with the poise of years of bartending Joe asked,"Sure, beer OK?" "Bourbon would be better. Is this sufficient?" He reached into a pocket and dropped a dollar coin on the bar....   [tags: Creative Writing Essay] 993 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Effect of Users on the Development of the Telegraph and Telephone - Starr argues that it is the government and political decisions that mainly influence the development of the post office, telegraph, and telephone during the 19th and early 20th centuries. While accurate in some regards, this view is too narrow-sighted in that it forgets the impact that users (individuals and organizations) had on the development of the various technologies. It also overlooks the fact that the users of the systems are able to influence the government, either through voting or through lobbying, and can therefore be responsible for the very decisions that Starr attributes solely to the government....   [tags: Socio-Technical Systems] 1655 words
(4.7 pages)
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Branches of Government - Branches of Government 222 years ago, the United States government was created, thanks to a little document known as the Constitution. Within the Constitution, three branches of government were created; the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Each of these branches have checks upon each other and keep the country running like a well-oiled machine. Of the three branches, the first one to be outlined in the Constitution is the Legislative branch. This branch serves many purposes regarding the formation of the nation's laws....   [tags: Government] 1462 words
(4.2 pages)
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Members of Congress Should Have Term Limits - When the United States was founded, the theme behind the new government was to establish an efficient system without doling out too much power to any one person. The Founders intended to prevent a rebirth of tyranny, which they had just escaped by breaking away from England. However, when members of Congress such as Tom Foley, who served as a Representative from 1964 through 1995, and Jack Brooks, who served as a Representative from 1952 through 1994, remain in the legislative system for over forty years, it is evident that tyranny has not necessarily been eradicated from the United States (Vance, 1994, p....   [tags: congressional term limits]
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1810 words
(5.2 pages)
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The Moonstone - Wilkie Collins portrayal of a cursed diamond in The Moonstone, this Victorian era detective fiction book is still recognized globally today. Although, this novel was written in the nineteenth century Collin effortlessly distinguished the novel for viewers of all ages. The novel is not only a detective fiction but also has some elements of action and romance. Collins not only writes novels but also poetry and has been recognized internationally for all his work. Collins can with ease characterize all his characters in the novel....   [tags: Literature Review]
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1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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Campaign Finance Reform - Campaign Finance Reform Campaign finance issues are complicated in the United States by the fact that the funding sources of the Republican and Democratic parties differ so sharply. As a result, any reforms intended to affect one kind of funding are likely to adversely and disproportionately affect one of the two parties. Furthermore, while most issues on which elected officials decide concern benefits for constituents. Campaign finance reform involves changing an institution that benefits those who make the legislative choices....   [tags: Papers] 452 words
(1.3 pages)
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Sports and Student Athletes - Student Athletes My alarm woke me up, screaming incessantly in my ear. It was eight o'clock Saturday morning, and I felt like I had fallen asleep only a few minutes earlier. I rolled out of bed onto the itchy carpet and somehow found my towel and shampoo in the darkness so I could drag myself to the shower. As the steaming water helped wake me up, I began to think about the day I had in front of me. "Here we go," I thought. "I better make it through this one or I'll be in serious trouble." It was the 27th, and in under an hour I would be in huge gym with hundreds of people taking the SAT....   [tags: Dialogue Conversation Essays] 2614 words
(7.5 pages)
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The 1996 Margin of Victory for U.S. House Incumbents - The 1996 Margin of Victory for U.S. House Incumbents In 1996, the American public reelected 357 members to the United States House of Representatives; of those running for reelection, 95% succeeded. Several congressmen received a large margin of victory over their political opponents, similar to election results of the past. Trends in American politics have been the overwhelming reelection rates of House incumbents as well as large margins of victory over challengers. The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors influencing incumbents’ margin of victory in the 1996 Congressional elections....   [tags: Politics Political Election Government Essays]
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3566 words
(10.2 pages)
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Your search returned 39 essays for "fracking":



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