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The Pros and Cons of Fracking - In today's global economy, energy is one of the most crucial and sought after commodities. Who supplies it and how much they supply determines how much influence they have over other countries as well as the global economy. This is why hydraulic fracturing is currently such an important and controversial topic in the United States. Hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as "fracking" or hydrofracturing, is the process of using pressurized liquids to fracture rocks and release hydrocarbons such as shale gas, which burns more efficiently than coal....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1351 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Federal Government Should Regulate Fracking - An individual’s environment plays a pivotal role in their overall health. The environment can affect a range of physical and mental processes, and is considered a defining factor of well-being. As a result, specific geographic areas are instrumental in shaping an individual’s health profile. This is clearly seen in the disparity between those living in areas exposed to toxic substances, versus individuals living in clean environments. Individuals in unpolluted environments experience the advantage of a body system free from the barrage of chemical assault....   [tags: hydraulic fracking research paper]
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3264 words
(9.3 pages)
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Fracking: Causing More Harm Than Good - If the question: “what hydraulic fracturing or fracking is?” was asked to the average person, depending on their location their answer could vary. Most likely though most or many people would not know what Fracking truly is but most would say that they have heard at least a little about it from the news. Hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking is a process that occurs after well has been drilled or bored, and the process through use of a perforated casing that injects fracking fluid which travels through the holes and to target zones and soon when the target zones can’t absorb the fluid and pressure is created causing natural gas or oil to flow up to the surface (Hydraulic Fracturing 101...   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Positive and Negative Effects of Hydraulic Fracking - Hydraulic Fracturing is the cracking of the Marcellus Shale by injecting more than one million gallons of water, sand, and other chemicals at a high pressure into wells that go as far as 10,000 ft. deep. Miners and people who work for gas companies do this to collect the natural gas that shale rock produces. “Fracking” was developed by Haliburton about 60 years ago. This was a big break through because there was a point in time where the United States was considered energy poor. With this relatively new finding, the U.S....   [tags: fracking, energy, natural gas]
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747 words
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking for a Better World - In recent years there has been great concern over the growing demand for energy, and the lack of non-renewable energy resources to meet the demand in the future. In addition, the question of “sustainability”—the ability to balance social, economic, and environmental needs in energy production to meet both current and long-term requirements—has come to the fore. It is clear that America must expand energy production quickly, and that we must develop renewable, sustainable energy sources to meet long-term demand and protect our future....   [tags: hydrofracking, fracking, fraccing]
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3562 words
(10.2 pages)
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Fracking: Is It Worth It? - ... The force with which the fluids hit the shale causes it to fracture, and then the fluids then fill the fractures and opens them up. From the cracks in the shale, natural gas and oil is released There are at least two different types of fluid combinations that may be used in fracking: slick water and crosslink gel. Slick water is a freshwater based fluid that contains a friction reducing substance to decrease the amount of pipe friction as water is forced down the well Crosslink gel is too a freshwater based fluid....   [tags: process of obtaining natural gas from below] 1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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No Fracking in California - ... The toxic fumes can affect the air causing disease or infection in the human environment. Diseases and infections such as cancer are found in the fluids they use for fracking. These hazards are “often laced with contaminants such as Quijano 2 boron, ammonia, and organic compounds.” (http://www.environmentcalifornia.org/programs/cae/no-fracking-california). Ammonia is a strong colorless gas, if a person breathes in ammonia, there can be poisoning in their body. If ammonia was ever mixed to California’s water, it could be deadly for people to drink....   [tags: extracting natural gas] 805 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Problems with Fracking - No Fracking Way Imagine a world where fresh and clear water was a luxury. Imagine water so contaminated with chemicals that every plant it comes into contact with dies. As the trees begin to die, oxygen levels drop. As the vegetation dies, wildlife begins to die out. The polluted water which flows through the ground into wells causes instant contamination. As the water flows out of the sink, one can strike a match and light the liquid on fire. Showering in these chemicals is out of the question....   [tags: Environmentalism, Human Health]
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2006 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Dangers of Fracking - With the age of constant industrial and technological growth has come the necessity for not only cost effective and efficient methods for industry, but also the need for obtaining fuel for the machines that make the modern world possible. Oil has become as precious a commodity as gold, if not more so; its attainments constantly driving the world's largest businesses and governments across the world into action. Naturally, a "quick-fix" solution to this problem is constantly sought after by oil companies wishing to provide oil on a massive scale....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing]
:: 8 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
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Fracking Is Ethical - Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling and pumping large amounts of water beneath the Earth to open up natural gas deposits (Banerjee). Countries with large natural gas deposits, such as France and Bulgaria, have already banned the practice of hydraulic fracturing. Though fracking may seem like a new concept, it is not; about one million wells have been fracked since the mid-1900s in America (Brantley). Fracking has only become so controversial recently because the most current proposals have been in more residential areas....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, natural gas extraction]
:: 7 Works Cited
539 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Need to Stop Fracking - ... A lot of animals lose their homes because they have to cut down the forest trees where animals live.fracking can cause a lot of traffic and noise from all the drilling and construction problems. Fracking also pollutes the air which can be very dangerous. The pros of fracking: Fracking creates a lot of jobs for people unemployed. Fracking creates a big money boom for the people who are getting the drilling done on their land. Fracking gives us our own oil instead of us getting it from another place....   [tags: drilling, habitats, destroy, earthquakes, water]
:: 8 Works Cited
625 words
(1.8 pages)
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Global Geopolitics of Fracking in Australia - ... However local governments can still be given the accountability of fracking by the general public and therefore fracking is said to disempower local communities (De Rijke 2013). Global Geopolitics of Fracking The success of hydraulic fracturing will have huge geopolitical implications around the world. As the production of shale gas increases, the global price to import fossil fuels will decrease. Countries will a dependence on the production of conventional oil and gas such as the Gulf monarchies and Russia will lose trade and income where as big importers such as China and India will have a lot to gain from an increase in hydraulic fracturing (Blackwill & O’sullivan 2014)....   [tags: fossil fuel, energy demands] 594 words
(1.7 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Fracking - The U.S federal government should significantly increase fracking because oil and gas fracking is big business in America, with more than two million hydraulically fractured wells across the country producing 43 and 67 percent of our national oil and gas outputs, respectively. But in my opinion these wells also nearly played a secondary role as nuclear waste storage sites and had the Atomic Energy Commission had its way with Project Plowshare. And fracking is the process of pumping water deep into the Earth, specifically into underground oil and gas reserves, at tremendous pressures in order to break apart the surrounding rock and free the energy product, which can then be pumped out and use...   [tags: environmental issues, big business] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Fuels: Hydraulic Fracking, Yes or No? - From the mining to burning, coal creates large amounts of pollution, and damages the environment. “Clean Coal” is a myth, there is only less dirty coal. This is why fracking should be used to obtain other fuels, which are cleaner. Fracking is a process in which different fluids are pumped into the earth at high pressures to drill a hole. Horizontal fracking is when after they reach a certain depth, the nozzle makes a ninety degree turn to reach areas that were previously unreachable. Once the deposit is reached, the fluid is pumped back out....   [tags: pollution, coal, environment]
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1215 words
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The Positives and Negatives of Fracking - ... This caused all sorts of uproar across the nation as people who had wells drilled on their properties became paranoid that this would also happen to them. He also found many people along his journey that suffered from neurological issues, headaches, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, swelling, and a loss of the senses of smell and/or taste, all of which they contributed to fracking. Fox points out that sometimes, toxic water that comes from fracking is dumped into local streams or fields contaminating the water supply further....   [tags: chemicals, additives, bias] 696 words
(2 pages)
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Fracking: Is It Really Damaging the Earth? - ... A person driving a car with a windshield that’s cracked would be preposterous, how would the driver be able to drive safely. Normally a person would replace the windshield but can we replace our ocean floor. The answer is no. Fracking enthusiasts have said that breaking into the ocean floor basically does nothing but awaken the slumbering natural shale gas. Well when a surface cracks, inevitably that crack will expand and spread out through the surface it lies on. Lets go back to 2010 when BP promised and swore that their gas company was completely safe towards the environment....   [tags: energy, green, primary, harmful]
:: 2 Works Cited
810 words
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Taking a Look at Fracking - According to an article on businessweek a because of fracking the areas around the drill locations have seen household incomes rise by $1,200. The energy sector supports 2.1 million jobs which added $75 billion to “federal and state revenues”. Fracking also added $283 billion to the US GDP or gross domestic product. Because of fracking fuel prices will fall which will lead to an increase of 3.5% to industrial production by the end of the decade. These have been some environmental questions about the safety of fracking most of which is the safety of the water and other natural resources....   [tags: oil and natural gas extraction methods] 1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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A Brief Look at Fracking - ... While ignoring the rising number of bad reports and broken promises, local communities being hurt, and air pollution. Just recently, the Environmental Protection Agency found chemicals in well water from fracking. This has cause many problems with farmers, and small towns close to the fracking site. People believe that’s why citizens authored a legislative provision that pointed the EPA to take over the first-ever comprehensive study of fracturing. Residents who live near drilling sites have reported disgusting smells, dirty-drinking water, livestock deaths, fish deaths, and other environmental issues have been proven to happen when fracking....   [tags: natural gal exploitation] 1391 words
(4 pages)
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Fracking and its Effect on the Environment - Oil and natural gas companies have developed a way to drill for natural gas, a process called hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. Natural gas is a flammable gas mixture consisting of methane and several other hydrocarbons that occur naturally underground. Natural gas is used as fuel for heating, cooking, and even in some automobiles like the “RideOn” buses. This technique has only recently become economically feasible with the rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, argumentative]
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1451 words
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The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of Fracking - The controversy that lies behind the use of 'Fracking' 7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in todays world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of 'Fracking' (Hydraulic Fracturing)....   [tags: fossil fuel, hydraulic fracturing, hydrovarcbons]
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1646 words
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Fracking and the Halliburton Act - ... Timeline 1865- Lt. Col. Edward A. Roberts introduced the technique of the “exploding torpedo” in the birthplace of the industry Titusville, PA. Which originally used gunpowder but later advanced to using liquid nitroglycerin. The torpedo was made of an iron shell. Inside were 15 to 20 pounds of gunpowder and topped with and explosive cap. The torpedo was lowered in and superincumbent fluid tamping took place. Water was pumped into the well so that it concentrated the explosion down the cracks in the formations....   [tags: natural gas, environment, epa] 1142 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of Fracking - The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of fracking 7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in today's world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of fracking (Hydraulic Fracturing)....   [tags: oil, fractures, wells]
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2397 words
(6.8 pages)
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Fracking: A Pathway to Energy Independence - For decades, the United States has struggled to become energy independent. That is, creating enough energy to supply the needs of Americans instead of getting it from less stable countries overseas, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. However, recent technology advances in fracking have made the goal of energy independence realistic and achievable (Biello). Fracking is a drilling technique used to extract natural gas from roughly a mile in the Earth's crust. Progress in mapping as well as mechanical equipment have given fracking companies the ability to drill efficiently and retrieve greater amounts of natural gas....   [tags: drilling, environment, economy]
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726 words
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Hydraulic Fracking Should Not Be Allowed - Natural gas within shale rock formations is the new energy resource that is on the rise due to the decline of oil reserves in recent years. Though, the benefits of this recent discovery can be economically advantageous for our country’s future. However, we have ignored water and air as a natural resource. These two resources are taken for granted by people all over the world, possibly due to the high abundance of both. Water and our atmosphere are two resources that are essential for life to thrive, and the production of natural gas through hydraulic fracking endangers these resources....   [tags: Natural Gas, Shale Rock Formations, Energy Source]
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1295 words
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The Positive Aspects of Fracking - Imagine a country that could depend solely on itself for energy, a place where energy wasn’t a concern. A country that unveiled an untouched, vast amount of energy that may be harnessed and used to create a legacy. The way this opportunity has presented itself, was through the courageous acts of many gas companies using a process called fracking. Through the use of hydraulic fracking, companies have created millions of jobs for people all across America. The problem is extremists and environmentalists want to bring this process to a halt, due to chemicals causing “harm” to the environment....   [tags: Energy Expansion, Chemicals]
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1206 words
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Is Fracking Our Energy Future? - ... New jobs, lower energy costs, less dependence on foreign energy sources, and cleaner energy extraction, are some of the most important (Prud’homme 53-57). With all of the advantages that fracking has to offer, why have over “200 municipalities and counties in sixteen states,” placed bans or restrictions on fracking (Savaka 46). The environmental experts, including the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), have not been as quick to jump on the pro-fracking bandwagon. The EPA is heavily involved in the research regarding the safety of fracking and the effects on our environment....   [tags: oil, safety, chemicals]
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831 words
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Extracting Gas and Oil: Fracking - ... Particularly, Spain has joined them in this dangerous action, allowing more and more exploitations be done each year. It seems that the profitability of fracking has more supporters with time. Above all, politicians from the right such as PP, CiU or UPyD, have favoured it, while the leftist parties like PSOE or “Izquierda Plural” are against it. It is criticized that even in the most dangerous and problematic circumstances it is allowed to put in practice this method. This leads us to one question: Do politicians from the right care more about money than about the dangers of hydraulic extraction....   [tags: environment, chemicals, harmful] 838 words
(2.4 pages)
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Fracking the World: The Marcellus Shale - ... The process was first used in the late 1940’s by Stanolind oil and Gas Company, but it wasn’t until the early 2000’s that new age technology was developed to make hydraulic fracturing more possible and side way or horizontal drilling for easier access to the natural gas that was trapped in the shale rock. Over the years hydraulic fracturing wells have been showing up all over the world. It wasn’t until recent years that it has been a main focus of concern for environmentalist. Although the main stream media has focused mostly on reporting the concerns of the mechanical aspects of the drilling process itself, and its possible impacts that it has on the environment and personal safety....   [tags: natural gas, oil, drilling process]
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1158 words
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The Harm Caused By Hydraulic Fracking - ... Plus, in rural areas, fracking can account for 25% of water usage. This is extremely wasteful and a misuse of water that could be going to the people. Fracking produces a lot more wastewater than traditional oil and gas drilling. Not only is an extreme amount of water used per well, but at least thirty percent of that water is trapped up in the shale thousands of feet below the ground, which most of the time is too difficult to retrieve. Hydraulic fracturing involves not only pumping millions of gallons of chemically treated water into deep shale formations (a mile or more underground) at extremely high pressures; but a fluid is used to crack the shale and widen cracks that already exist...   [tags: gas, chemicals, water] 937 words
(2.7 pages)
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Taking a Look at Fracking - Fracking in the natural gas community is a vital part of the recovery of natural gas. Fracking is a controversial subject right now; some environmentalists believe that fracking is detrimental for the environment, although some people believe that fracking is a necessity for the future of fuel. In other words, until the human race finds a better and more renewable fuel, such as wind, solar, geothermal, or nuclear. Fracking for natural gas could offset the United States oil consumption by one third, but all these fuels are a small percent of the energy being produced now....   [tags: natural gas recovery techniques] 1538 words
(4.4 pages)
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Fracking: The Water Problem - Ever since the process of hydraulic fracturing—or fracking—made its entrance to the oil industry, issues and problems surrounding the process have become a common occurrence. Fracking is the controversial process of horizontal drilling (see fig. 1), where millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are pumped deep into an oil well to extract natural gas from the earth’s crust (Ehrenberg 20). This practice has even been banned in some places (see fig. 1). The methane that comes out of the earth and the water used—called fracking fluid—has the potential to cause problems with local ground water supplies....   [tags: Toxic Compounds, Oil Industry]
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1308 words
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Cement and Hydraulic Fracking - Within the past year the growing topic of discussion in Southern Illinois has been hydraulic fracking. Simply put, hydraulic fracking is “a process in which fractured rocks below the earth’s surface are opened and widened by injecting chemicals and liquids at high pressure: used especially to extract natural gas or oil.” (“hydraulic fracking”, dictionary.com) Hydraulic fracking, as with any other topic, has both positives and negatives. Although this is hardly new, it is continuously growing and so is the controversy surrounding it....   [tags: natural gases, oil, hydrocarbons]
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859 words
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Fracking or Hydraulic Fracturing - ... When an upright well hits a layer of shale, water and sand are blasted down at high speeds to crack open a rock and liberate the natural gas. (Mooney). The fracking business contaminates our water in many ways such as employing methanol, benzene, and trimethylbenzene. About 25% of the fracking chemicals could cause major health problems such as cancer, if taken in (From drinking water). Evidence says that these chemicals are starting to make their way into our aquifers and drinking water. The water quality can be threatened by the meth contamination because of the drilling and the fracturing of rock formations....   [tags: chemicals, oil, gas]
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833 words
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Taking a Look at Fracking - ... This process creates fissures in the rocks below the surface. The gasses and products which were once trapped below are then freed, enabling them to be removed from the well and harvested. For those wondering what the natural gas is composed of, it is made many different components, but there are four main substances looked for in shale gas including; methane, ethane, butane and propane. Methane itself makes up approximately 70-90% of the extracted resource (energyfromshale.org). It is amazing to think, how large this production of our own natural resource has become....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, oil exploitation] 2185 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Effects of Fracking on the Environment - ... As pointed out previously, contaminated water toward the end of the hydraulic fracturing process is introduced back into the ground. Unfortunately, this can have a profound effect with conventional production for the petroleum sector within the nation’s critical infrastructures. Common sense seems to dictate if water is contaminated from hydraulic fracturing processes it would have an effect on conventional oil refining processes, particularly if its placed back in the ground for reuse during refining....   [tags: obtaining natural gas procedures] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking - ... If Fracking continues the world may be looking at a greener future. Fracking is an alternative to burning fossil fuels, “many have described Fracking as the bridge between the carbon-based energy of the past and a cleaner greener future” (Elias). As stated before, Fracking itself is not entirely bad. It is the process of extracting the natural gas where the issues begin. But give time, humans are sure to develop some better and greener method of Fracking. Although some better method of Fracking is to be sought out, right now is the present....   [tags: shale rock, climate change, environment] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Benefits and Drawbacks of Hydraulic Fracking - “The United States is home to what some estimate to be the largest known shale gas reserves in the world. According to the oil and gas industry, natural gas, which is often referred to as the “bridge fuel”, contributes to the country’s energy transition from coal to renewable energy sources like wind and solar” (Grace Communications Foundation, 2014) . In recent years, and in lieu of the depleting fossil fuels, natural gas use has soared but so has the controversy surrounding the environmental health, the public health, and the benefits of how the natural gas reserves are not only obtained but accessed....   [tags: environment, health, fuel]
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829 words
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Fracking and Drilling Letter - ... Air monitor showed within 3 to 5 seconds that the farmers’ had an excessive level of methane in their water. They had 56.3 Mg per liter of methane in their water system. BP said that if someone has over 3 Mg per liter they should have a vent system and an air monitor in their house. Since their methane level is high, they are at a very high chance of their house exploding. The family takes short showers (under five minutes) because if they stay in the shower too long they get a dizzy, light-headed feeling....   [tags: natural, gas, crime, shale]
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673 words
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Fracking: Extracting Natural Gas - Introduction: Environmental and socioeconomic debate over an alternative method of extracting natural gas thousands of feet below the surface using horizontal drilling and hydraulic “fracking” has risen in last twenty years. Fracking is the technique of drilling deep wells under high pressure with sand, water and a variety of chemicals to crack open rocks to release natural gas (hydrogen carbons) and oil from shale or coal bed methane deposits. Townships in Colorado like Lafayette and Fort Collins, voted on a moratorium to ban fracking within city limits....   [tags: environment, oil, gas]
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1110 words
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Taking a Look at Fracking - ... So is a lot of natural gas down there to make money off of as long as they can get to it. Many problems come up because of this that I will go over to a large extent of this paper. There are two sides to every story, and surely there are some beneficial things can come from this business. Its biggest attribute to our communities is money. Not only do they have to pay everyone fro the land they put pads down on and run the pipelines and roads to and from. It is also a very well paying industry for the average hands on worker at the site, and there is always more work to be done, so it has been creating many jobs in North East Pennsylvania especially recently What is so dangerous about t...   [tags: oil and natural gas exploitation] 1274 words
(3.6 pages)
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Natural Gas Fracking Risks - Natural gas is said to be one of the most popular forms of energy today. In the past, often left undeveloped and wasted, it was once considered “unusable” and “worthless”, compared to oil. In order to try to break our country’s dependence on foreign oil supplies, we have begun to dip into our own natural gas supply. Natural gas is found underground, and is produced when trapped gas is released above ground. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a process that extracts natural gas from the ground....   [tags: Safe Drinking Water Act, Drilling Areas]
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1503 words
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What is Hydraulic Fracking? - ... Effects of Fracking on the Air The pollution is caused by the leak of the toxic gases produced by the drilling of the rock and extracting the oil and the shale gas from the shale rock. Researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in late 2012 stated that an average of 4% methane gas is a by-product of Hydrofracking. Methane plays a major role in the environment and the causes of Global Warming. There has been a direct correlation to asthma and lung diseases being caused by the high levels of methane gas in the atmosphere....   [tags: epidemic in south africa, karoo] 1013 words
(2.9 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking - Hydraulic fracturing is the propagation of fractures in a rock layer by a pressurized fluid. Fracking is one such highly dynamic source of getting natural gas.The technique is used to increase or restore the rate which fluids, such as oil, gas or water, can be produced from the formation. By creating or restoring fractures, the surface area of the formation exposed to the borehole is increased and the fracture provides a conductive path connecting the reservoir to the well, which effectively increases the rate that fluids can be produced from the reservoir formationsIt cannot be denied that people and governments need this resource in wake of technology changes....   [tags: natural gal exploitation] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Fracking for natural gas - ... Health concerns have also risen and accused fracking for air pollution .Just like the claims of water contamination, health concerns have not been tested accurately and are reports done with no background research. These concerns should be taken very seriously, but should not deter the expansion of natural gas operations in the United States. These claims of health damage caused by natural gas can be caused by almost any other energy source and should not be causing Americans to cast a negative position on natural gas before research is completed....   [tags: ] 766 words
(2.2 pages)
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Risk Reward and Fracking - Risk Reward “Fracking provides a source of energy that is not only new but also relatively clean, cheap, without political strings” (www.economist.com, 2014, para. 3). In the article “The Petrostate of America” the debate about fracking, the energy boom throughout the world, and what decisions the U.S. government along with President Obama should make on deciding to lift the ban on exportation of crude oil and restrictions on getting permits to export natural gas are starting to heat up. There are many topics in the article that focus on key principle and indices of economics and based on the decision made by our leaders could possibly determine our fate in an economy that is trying to rebu...   [tags: Source of Energy, Energy Boom, United States]
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1317 words
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Fracking Causes Water Concerns - Fracking Causes Water Concerns Texas is the leading domestic producer of oil and gas (Allen 489), even above the state of Alaska, and is responsible for thirty percent of the nation’s output. Hydro- Fracturing or “fracking” is the latest trend in oil and natural gas recovery. This industry is creating jobs and wealth at on obscene rate and will possibly lead the way for independence from foreign fuel sources (Davis 179-180). Despite the downsides to this industry‘s use of water and toxic chemicals....   [tags: oil and gas extraction/exploitation]
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1099 words
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Fracking Hydraulic Fracturing - ... 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2013. Wines, Michael. "Colorado Cities’ Rejection of Fracking Poses Political Test for Natural Gas Industry." Nytimes.com. Nytimes.com, 7 Nov. 3013. Web. Choi, Charles Q. "Nbc News Science." NBC News. Live Science, 4 Sept. 2013. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. Berezow, Alex B. "RealClearScience - There's Methane in Your Drinking Water. So What?" RealClearScience - There's Methane in Your Drinking Water. So What?Newton Blog, 29 June 2013. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. Gibson, James W. "Crime Accompanies Flow of Oil Workers into North Dakota | Latest News | Earth Island Journal | Earth Island Institute." Crime Accompanies Flow of Oil Workers into North Dakota | Latest News | Earth Island Journa...   [tags: gas, drilling, crime, economy, toxins]
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616 words
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking - I became interested in hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking”, after watching the documentary Gasland II. It chronicled the experiences of those who inhabit areas in proximity to active fracking wells in Pennsylvania. Detailing how their lives had been affected by the drilling. Focusing primarily on water contamination and illnesses that potentially could be linked to the chemicals used in the drilling process. By the end, I had questions about the actual process and what chemicals were used....   [tags: natural gas, geothermal energy]
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1864 words
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What the Frack? Understanding Both Sides of the Fracking Controversy - ... Lead, radium, uranium, menthol, and hydrochloric acid are some of the known chemicals mixed in to create the fracking fluid. After producing the fluid the fluid is pressure injected into the ground, 10,000 feet down, through a drilled pipeline. Then, when the mixture reaches the bottom of the well the high pressure causes nearby shale rocks to crack and release natural gas into the well. This is basically the process of fracking summed up, seems fairly simple I would say. Now, what benefits could hydraulic fracturing and the release of natural gas imply....   [tags: chemicals, gas, water] 862 words
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Fracking: Not a New Technology in Hydrocarbon Fuel Exploitation - To frack or not to frack, is the question that is heavily debated in Colorado. Many might think that fracking and oil and natural gas production in Colorado is a relatively new process, but it has actually been around for many decades. The industry has provided 110,000 jobs to the citizens of Colorado making gas and oil production very important to our state. Even though oil and natural gas have brought jobs and revenue to Colorado, the citizens of Colorado are much divided when it comes to fracking and how it effects our environment....   [tags: oil and natural gas production in Colorado]
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1844 words
(5.3 pages)
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Increasing the Evidence for Health Implications of Hydraulic Fracking in Maryland - The lack of knowledge about the health effects from hydraulic fracking was one of the main reasons that the Maryland legislature originally decided to place a de facto moratorium for the state. Maryland placed a moratorium in the hope of gaining more knowledge and data about both the short and long-term health effects before the decision deadline. Under the order of Governor O’Malley, the Maryland Safe-Drilling Advisory Commission was created to “determine whether and how Marcellus gas production can be accomplished without unacceptable risks of adverse impacts to public health, safety, the environment and natural resources”....   [tags: chemicals, recommendations, data]
:: 5 Works Cited
526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Fracking: A Controversial Method for Extracting Natural Gas - One of the fuels commonly used today is natural gas. Natural gas can be harvested through hydro-fracturing or fracking shale, a type of sedimentary rock. The natural gas is harvested by drilling wells deep into the shale and releasing the natural gas trapped inside. Natural gas has become increasingly important recently and as a result there has been an increased focus on attaining the natural gas through fracking. However, there has been an increasing amount of backlash about the effects that fracking has on water supplies, livestock (including animals used for food) public concerns and safety....   [tags: environmental consequences]
:: 11 Works Cited
3005 words
(8.6 pages)
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Is America Fracking Crazy? - In a highly advanced society such as the one we find ourselves in today, advancements in technology itself and the processes it involves are constantly being innovated. Presently, one of the major technological concerns is to find alternative ways to harness cheap energy in order to keep our society running. In the past it has been discovered that the previous forms of energy that we used such as oil and coal, were harmful to the environment.  Because of this, the recent development of natural gas extraction from shale rock, by the means of hydraulic fracturing has been discovered....   [tags: Contaminate Water Supplies]
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1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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Conventional Oil, Biofuels, and Fracking: A Comprehensive Comparison - Conventional Oil, Biofuels, and Fracking: A Comprehensive Comparison. As our knowledge of energy resources increases, the potential risks and rewards of each become increasingly evident for us. With these revelations also comes an even greater deal of questions as to which is the more feasible, sustainable, and environmentally beneficial option to pursue. The past century has seen our world’s energy portfolio dominated by conventional oil, which has proven to be as precious a commodity as it is an environmental detriment....   [tags: hydrocarbon exploitation] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Wind Power: Giving Back to the Environment - The western plains of North Dakota have recently experienced a boom of a great magnitude. The oil industry has found great success from fracking in the region. This Fracking is producing considerable amounts of oil and natural gas. Although the region has seen great wealth from these fossil fuels we need to remember that they are pumping great amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere which is essentially destroying our environment. Taking care of our environment has come to the forefront of the power industry lately....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1200 words
(3.4 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing and Drinking Water - I have many serious concerns about high volume horizontal hydrofracturing in tight shale formations. This paper will focus on the cumulative effects of this process on drinking water and specifically on the repeated fracturing of each well over its productive life. Although there has been considerable experience with hydrofracturing in conventional oil and gas fields for many years, the process currently used in tight shale formations is relatively new and vastly different. Hydrofracking in conventional fields, if done at all, is typically performed either at the initial completion of a well or as a means of secondary recovery late in the well’s life....   [tags: Fracking Essays] 850 words
(2.4 pages)
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Taking a Look at Hydrauling Fracturing - ... The advancements in drilling technology have lead us to be able to obtain natural gasses from places we never could have before. When using the fracking method to drill into the earth’s surface, once the miners have reached the shell rock they then drill another whole horizontally into the shell rock. “Horizontal drilling allows for the injection of highly pressurized fracking fluids into the shale area. This creates new channels within the rock from which natural gas is extracted. (What is Fracking)” Fracking can occur around a mile underneath the earth’s surface so it can take around a month to obtain the natural gases....   [tags: fracking, petroleum and gas exploitation] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Resolved that Fracking for Natural Gas from Shale Formations Will Be Banned in the US - Definition of Terms According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Fracking, or Hydraulic Fracturing is a method used to extract underground resources including oil, natural gas, and geothermal energy by injecting high pressure fluid into a geologic formation containing oil or natural gas deposits. The high pressure fluid opens up existing fractures and creates new fracture systems that allow the resources that were once trapped to move more freely into a production well for further extraction....   [tags: environmental issues and policies]
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1888 words
(5.4 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas Extraction - The oil and gas industries have been using certain technologies to make underground fossil fuels accessible through the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and drilling of rock formations. Fracking is the process by which water, sand, and numerous chemicals are injected into wells under high pressure to extract natural gases out of the cracks that have been created in the shale rocks deep under the surface. Fracking is an attempt to lower the economic costs that a need for fossil fuels causes (Cooley, 2012)....   [tags: fracking, fossill fuel industry] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Importance of a Secure Energy Supply for the Future - ... As of now, more than 90 percent of the natural gas mining sites in the States operates on fracking. Fracking will double the nation’s natural gas production in the next two decades. As attractive as fracking is to the energy industry, there are side effects from fracking that involve water and air contamination and other social issues. In this paper, an investigation is done on the technique of fracking, as well as its economic and environmental benefits and concerns. 1.2 Fracking vs. Conventional drilling Hydraulic fracturing is a more aggressive drilling technique compared to traditional drilling method....   [tags: mining, natural resources, fracking] 819 words
(2.3 pages)
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Analysis on the Ethics of Hydraulinc Fracturing - ... These negative externalities heavily contribute to air pollution and water pollution and hence are transforming our local communities into breeding grounds for human health issues. Fracking serves as a calamitous threat to the resources that we depend on for sustenance. These precious commodities must not be used as collateral for our efforts to sustain an ignorant and inevitably detrimental reliance upon nonrenewable resources as energy. If we allow this ignorant process of resource retrieval to continue, future generations of life on earth could be subject to brave a nightmarish wasteland inhospitable to organic life....   [tags: fracking, gas and oil extraction] 824 words
(2.4 pages)
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Major Concerns for Canada's Northwestern Territories - ... Fracking is outing holes in rock, forcing water at a high pressure down in order to find a resource such as gas or oil. Fracking can be very dangerous due to the lack of knowledge or one hundred percent accuracy involved. Residents of the Northwest Territories have created an anti-fracking petition “in response to the approval of the territory’s first and only existing horizontal hydraulic fracturing project in the Sahtu.” (Wohlberg1) Residents were angered because “oil giant ConocoPhillips began exploration without an environmental review.” (“Anti-fracking Groups Petition”1) Without a proper environmental review the company can miss some very important information about the site that c...   [tags: population, fracking, mining] 1239 words
(3.5 pages)
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Filling the Void: Hydraulic Fracturing - Hydraulic fracturing, also commonly referred to as fracking, is a type of drilling for natural gas and oil that started in the 1940’s. In the beginning, when a well was slowing down, dynamite or TNT were placed inside the well head and detonated to help the flow of gas and oil by expanding natural cracks and veins in the earth. This method of fracking was used extensively for almost fifty years in the United States until the easy to mine and profitable oil had been almost completely tapped. A new form of hydraulic fracking was created in the early 90’s to help capture the less available oil and gas pockets remaining in the United States....   [tags: drilling for natural gas, fracking] 1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Natural Gas Drilling in the Drillers Are Coming by Mark Fischetti - In his article The Drillers Are Coming Mark Fischetti examines the pros and cons of the natural gas drilling procedure known as hydraulic fracturing or fracking. He also discusses the Marcellus formation, a shale deposit that stretches from New York to Tennessee (Fischetti, 2010). According to the article, the Marcellus formation could potentially provide the United States with enough natural gas for the next 40 years if consumption rates stay at the present rates (Fischetti, 2010). Fischetti discusses the current political pressures to achieve energy dependence from overseas countries and mentions that natural gas could be a cleaner alternative to coal....   [tags: procedure, fracturing, fracking, formation]
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721 words
(2.1 pages)
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Taking a Look at Hydro-Fracturing - ... Anti-Fracking Currently one of the biggest concerns with fracking is the environmental risk. Most citizens fear that pumping these chemicals deep below the surface has the potential to contaminate the local freshwater supplies. Another concern is the release of methane gas into the atmosphere. In addition to the risk of polluted water and air, some people claim that the fracking process increases the possibility of seismic activity near these sites creating earthquakes. All of these problems have led to a grassroots movement and strong opposition of fracking....   [tags: fracking, gas and oil exploitation] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Current Status of Hydraulic Fracturing - Hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as Fracking, has become a major issue in current years. Water table and air pollution are the most prevalent concerns as the 21st century dawns. Countries around the world have to balance out the economic and environmental benefits of burning natural gas as a fuel source rather than oil and coal with the dangers of polluting the world’s water ways and the air that we breathe. Millions of dollars have already been poured into the research and development of burning natural gas, and millions if not billions more are sure to be pushed into this blooming industry should it prove profitable....   [tags: fracking, environment, pollution]
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1670 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Three Main Soures Of Energy - ... Solar energy is not universal because different areas of the world get different amounts of sunlight. Solar energy may not offer the best solution: there distractions, they have high environmental costs and they have a large outlay of cash. There can be contamination from radio activation saved used to make solar panels. (Hinder 1-4) Installation is expensive being $80,000 for a three bedroom after the federal rebate. The angle of the roof, percentage of sunlight and the area of the country all play a part in the effect of how much it will cost to install....   [tags: wind, solar, fracking energy] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Shale Gas Good for America - Introduction Shale gas is a natural gas that is found deep in the earth’s crust. This type of natural gas usually forms in shale deposits and can be released with a drilling technique known as fracking. Shale gas has become the most important source of natural gas in the United States. Scientist and researchers have always known of shale gas, but none have had the technologies to reach it till now. In early 2000, shale gas compensated for one percent of the United States supply of natural gas resources, but by 2010, shale gas accounted for over twenty percent of the United States supply of natural gas....   [tags: fracking, fossil fuels]
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(2.7 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing Research Paper - Around the world, countries are dependent on oil and more often than not, foreign oil. The U.S. is at a time where they believe buying foreign oil supports terrorism and hurts our economy. Shale formations deep underground that spread all over the U.S. have been found to contain natural gas. This includes the Marcellus Shale formation and the Utica Shale formation, which can be found all throughout New York State and down the East Coast (Hydro-Fracking pg.1). To get at this abundance of gas underground, hydraulic fracturing was invented, but this new method of gas extraction safe for the environment and for the people around it....   [tags: Fracking Research Paper]
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1764 words
(5 pages)
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The Repercussion of Fracking - ... In fact, some bottled water is just filtered tap water not spring water. Perhaps the biggest problem with bottled water is that that it takes tremendous energy to produce the plastic bottles. In the U.S. alone it takes 1.5 million barrels of petroleum a year to make water bottles, and even more energy is required to ship them, Therefore, we need to conserve water everywhere, starting at home. How. Turn off the faucet while brushing teeth and don’t let the water run when not in use. Repair all water leaks....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, oil and gas exploitation] 1113 words
(3.2 pages)
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Peer Review Work Abour Support for Hydraulic Fracturing - The question of whether or not hydraulic fracturing increases the likelihood of harm to the environment, and to humans has come to light. The negative effects that fracking poses is dwarfed by both its current and projected benefits. For instance, Terry Engelders and Thomas Merill have written peer reviewed work about their support for fracking. In this paper, I will explain the main points that the two authors make in selected articles, improve their points by relating the authors main points, and lastly conclude with a concise summary of the main points and how the main points apply in a general context....   [tags: terry engelders, fracking, thomas merill]
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1098 words
(3.1 pages)
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Does Hydraulic Fracturing Cause Seismic Activity? - The United States has an immense amount of proven natural gas reserves that could become a major source for the nation's energy future (1). The mining of the natural gas resources have become feasible and cheaper due to the advancement of hydraulic fracturing technologies which have increased the amount the extraction and enabled “greater access to gas in shale formations” (2). Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking of shale formations has positive benefits that includes economic growth and the natural gas extracted is cleaner than coal and oil, however it has caused serious environmental problems and possibly could be the cause of recent seismic activity in areas where fracking operations exist...   [tags: gas, resources, energy, fracking, growth]
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531 words
(1.5 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing - Hydraulic fracturing was first invented in 1997 and is basically a technique and form of mining. Rather than searching for solid minerals such as copper, silver or gold. When it comes to fracturing, the real money comes in from the shale gas. Shale gas is a natural gas found underneath Earth’s surface within the cracks and crevices of the rock walls. Gas and oil is usually formed over thousands and thousands of years under large bodies of water, where organic materials have died. The organic material of plants and animals settle to the bottom of the waters floor and begins to be preserved through the process of settlements....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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3061 words
(8.7 pages)
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Buisness Context on Energy Companies - In this assignment the topics comprise of Fracking and Stakeholders involvement, Supply and Demand and how that is effected through increase in energy prices. Also a detailed depiction of Carroll’s Model and how energy companies utilize this. As a final point a detailed reflective statement is needed, and the focus is how government involvement impacts on the supply and price of energy to businesses. Fracking is the procedure of piercing down into the ground before a water mix is directed at the rock to discharge the gas inside....   [tags: fracking, stakeholder, supply, prices, government] 1694 words
(4.8 pages)
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Analyzing the Galsand II Film - My event was the viewing of Gasland II, this film was about the effects of hydraulic fracturing drilling aka "fracking". Fracking is the pumping down of millions of gallons of chemically treated water into the earth which cracks rock and releases gas (). In the film Josh Fox travels around the USA talking to people about how fracking has effected their lives and homes. He found out that fracking taints* water sources near drilling sites, this has horrific effects of domestic water supplies, making the water not only undrinkable and in most cases flammable....   [tags: effects of hydraulic fracturing aka 'fracking'] 709 words
(2 pages)
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The Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing - ... The water that was released was also spilled onto a road near one of the homeowners property. Another incident occurred when the barriers for the wastewater impoundment failed causing a spill into a creek. It is believed that this occurrences could have created unwanted effects on the water, the animals and the humans within the area. While homeowners in the first case study did notice some immediate results from the leaking wastewater, most of the symptoms occurred more than a year after the fracking had started....   [tags: oil, natural gas extraction, fracking] 814 words
(2.3 pages)
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Health Effects on Humans of Fracking - Human Health and Hydraulic Fracturing Current research, in the field of public health, is looking at the adverse health effects of hydraulic fracturing on community members. This research is focused on looking for evidence-based research in processes, procedures, materials and cleanup from drilling and running a well. In recent years, several states such as Maryland and New York, have called for special advisory commissions to examine the potential adverse health implications for the community if the moratoriums are lifted and fracturing is allowed to start....   [tags: Human Health, Hydraulic Fracturing, Research]
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1836 words
(5.2 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing - The social and economic evolution which unfolded along the course of the industrialization era since the 1800s onwards has constituted the basis for many scientific investigations with regards to social and economic history, and politics as well. The creation and developmental process of national industry has very much been an important and dominant facet of economic upheaval. Despite the numerous benefits, industrialization nonetheless has brought about downsides which affect societies altogether....   [tags: fracking, fraccing]
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2399 words
(6.9 pages)
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Issues with Using Fossil Fuels - ... It has 1 carbon and 4 hydrogen or CH4. The carbon is in the middle and the 4 hydrogen are connected to the one carbon. An easy way of seeing if it is saturated is if it has an ending with –ane (known as alkanes). An example of an unsaturated hydrocarbon would be ethene which has 2 carbon and 4 hydrogen. The 2 carbon are connected by a double bond and both of them have covalent bond with 2 hydrogen each. An easy way to find out of it is a unsaturated hydrocarbon is if it ends with either –ene (double, known as alkenes) or –yne (triple, known as alkynes)....   [tags: finite, crude oil, fracking] 1463 words
(4.2 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: A Fool's Gold - Deep underneath The United States are natural gas rich shale formations that contain enough fossil fuels to power America for nearly a century. Big oil companies such as Halliburton have started extracting the natural gases that mainly consist of methane, through a process called hydraulic fracturing. Although it seems like natural gas may save the United States from an energy crisis, many opponents to hydraulic fracturing exist because it requires vast amounts of resources, hazardous chemicals, and it has adverse effects on the environment as well....   [tags: fossil fuel extraction techniques] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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