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The Pros and Cons of Fracking - In today's global economy, energy is one of the most crucial and sought after commodities. Who supplies it and how much they supply determines how much influence they have over other countries as well as the global economy. This is why hydraulic fracturing is currently such an important and controversial topic in the United States. Hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as "fracking" or hydrofracturing, is the process of using pressurized liquids to fracture rocks and release hydrocarbons such as shale gas, which burns more efficiently than coal....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1351 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Federal Government Should Regulate Fracking - An individual’s environment plays a pivotal role in their overall health. The environment can affect a range of physical and mental processes, and is considered a defining factor of well-being. As a result, specific geographic areas are instrumental in shaping an individual’s health profile. This is clearly seen in the disparity between those living in areas exposed to toxic substances, versus individuals living in clean environments. Individuals in unpolluted environments experience the advantage of a body system free from the barrage of chemical assault....   [tags: hydraulic fracking research paper]
:: 13 Works Cited
3264 words
(9.3 pages)
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Fracking: Causing More Harm Than Good - If the question: “what hydraulic fracturing or fracking is?” was asked to the average person, depending on their location their answer could vary. Most likely though most or many people would not know what Fracking truly is but most would say that they have heard at least a little about it from the news. Hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking is a process that occurs after well has been drilled or bored, and the process through use of a perforated casing that injects fracking fluid which travels through the holes and to target zones and soon when the target zones can’t absorb the fluid and pressure is created causing natural gas or oil to flow up to the surface (Hydraulic Fracturing 101...   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Positive and Negative Effects of Hydraulic Fracking - ... It has also impacted the trade balance between the U.S. and other countries (Kevin A. Hasset, Oxford Energy Forum, 2013). In addition to those, it is a cheap natural gas, it reduced energy dependence on the Middle East, and lastly, it reduced greenhouse gases due to replacement of coal with natural gas (UNF, Chris J. Brown, 2013). There is a guess that chemists predict that natural shale gas will become our primary source of gas production. Natural gas is highly abundant and the use of it is environmentally responsible....   [tags: fracking, energy, natural gas]
:: 3 Works Cited
747 words
(2.1 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking for a Better World - In recent years there has been great concern over the growing demand for energy, and the lack of non-renewable energy resources to meet the demand in the future. In addition, the question of “sustainability”—the ability to balance social, economic, and environmental needs in energy production to meet both current and long-term requirements—has come to the fore. It is clear that America must expand energy production quickly, and that we must develop renewable, sustainable energy sources to meet long-term demand and protect our future....   [tags: hydrofracking, fracking, fraccing]
:: 15 Works Cited
3562 words
(10.2 pages)
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Fracking: Is It Worth It? - ... The force with which the fluids hit the shale causes it to fracture, and then the fluids then fill the fractures and opens them up. From the cracks in the shale, natural gas and oil is released There are at least two different types of fluid combinations that may be used in fracking: slick water and crosslink gel. Slick water is a freshwater based fluid that contains a friction reducing substance to decrease the amount of pipe friction as water is forced down the well Crosslink gel is too a freshwater based fluid....   [tags: process of obtaining natural gas from below] 1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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No Fracking in California - ... The toxic fumes can affect the air causing disease or infection in the human environment. Diseases and infections such as cancer are found in the fluids they use for fracking. These hazards are “often laced with contaminants such as Quijano 2 boron, ammonia, and organic compounds.” (http://www.environmentcalifornia.org/programs/cae/no-fracking-california). Ammonia is a strong colorless gas, if a person breathes in ammonia, there can be poisoning in their body. If ammonia was ever mixed to California’s water, it could be deadly for people to drink....   [tags: extracting natural gas] 805 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Problems with Fracking - No Fracking Way Imagine a world where fresh and clear water was a luxury. Imagine water so contaminated with chemicals that every plant it comes into contact with dies. As the trees begin to die, oxygen levels drop. As the vegetation dies, wildlife begins to die out. The polluted water which flows through the ground into wells causes instant contamination. As the water flows out of the sink, one can strike a match and light the liquid on fire. Showering in these chemicals is out of the question....   [tags: Environmentalism, Human Health]
:: 2 Works Cited
2006 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Dangers of Fracking - With the age of constant industrial and technological growth has come the necessity for not only cost effective and efficient methods for industry, but also the need for obtaining fuel for the machines that make the modern world possible. Oil has become as precious a commodity as gold, if not more so; its attainments constantly driving the world's largest businesses and governments across the world into action. Naturally, a "quick-fix" solution to this problem is constantly sought after by oil companies wishing to provide oil on a massive scale....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing]
:: 8 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
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Fracking Is Ethical - Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling and pumping large amounts of water beneath the Earth to open up natural gas deposits (Banerjee). Countries with large natural gas deposits, such as France and Bulgaria, have already banned the practice of hydraulic fracturing. Though fracking may seem like a new concept, it is not; about one million wells have been fracked since the mid-1900s in America (Brantley). Fracking has only become so controversial recently because the most current proposals have been in more residential areas....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, natural gas extraction]
:: 7 Works Cited
539 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Need to Stop Fracking - ... A lot of animals lose their homes because they have to cut down the forest trees where animals live.fracking can cause a lot of traffic and noise from all the drilling and construction problems. Fracking also pollutes the air which can be very dangerous. The pros of fracking: Fracking creates a lot of jobs for people unemployed. Fracking creates a big money boom for the people who are getting the drilling done on their land. Fracking gives us our own oil instead of us getting it from another place....   [tags: drilling, habitats, destroy, earthquakes, water]
:: 8 Works Cited
625 words
(1.8 pages)
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Global Geopolitics of Fracking in Australia - ... However local governments can still be given the accountability of fracking by the general public and therefore fracking is said to disempower local communities (De Rijke 2013). Global Geopolitics of Fracking The success of hydraulic fracturing will have huge geopolitical implications around the world. As the production of shale gas increases, the global price to import fossil fuels will decrease. Countries will a dependence on the production of conventional oil and gas such as the Gulf monarchies and Russia will lose trade and income where as big importers such as China and India will have a lot to gain from an increase in hydraulic fracturing (Blackwill & O’sullivan 2014)....   [tags: fossil fuel, energy demands] 594 words
(1.7 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Fracking - ... We won't achieve the full promise of fracking if environmental impacts and public reaction cause land to be pulled out of production. The U.S federal government should not significantly increase fracking because fracking produces significant amounts of air pollution and methane, a potent greenhouse gas. It also generates wastewater, often containing toxic chemicals. At scale, fracking requires vast amounts of water, which can reduce regional supplies. And industrializing the countryside not only disturbs locals, it can harm habitat and wildlife....   [tags: environmental issues, big business] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Fuels: Hydraulic Fracking, Yes or No? - From the mining to burning, coal creates large amounts of pollution, and damages the environment. “Clean Coal” is a myth, there is only less dirty coal. This is why fracking should be used to obtain other fuels, which are cleaner. Fracking is a process in which different fluids are pumped into the earth at high pressures to drill a hole. Horizontal fracking is when after they reach a certain depth, the nozzle makes a ninety degree turn to reach areas that were previously unreachable. Once the deposit is reached, the fluid is pumped back out....   [tags: pollution, coal, environment]
:: 5 Works Cited
1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Fracking: Is It Really Damaging the Earth? - ... A person driving a car with a windshield that’s cracked would be preposterous, how would the driver be able to drive safely. Normally a person would replace the windshield but can we replace our ocean floor. The answer is no. Fracking enthusiasts have said that breaking into the ocean floor basically does nothing but awaken the slumbering natural shale gas. Well when a surface cracks, inevitably that crack will expand and spread out through the surface it lies on. Lets go back to 2010 when BP promised and swore that their gas company was completely safe towards the environment....   [tags: energy, green, primary, harmful]
:: 2 Works Cited
810 words
(2.3 pages)
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Taking a Look at Fracking - ... The next step is the pad stage, where water fills the well to help force open the shale formations in the ground. This helps to extract the natural gas faster because it allows the chemicals to flow more freely. The prop sequence stage then begins which is when the water, chemicals, and and the shale material such as sand or rock combines in order to keep the well propped open to allow the well to be reused. The last stage is the flushing stage where more fresh water is shot into the well in order to cause a chain reaction where the fracking fluid rises up the pipe and washed into a collection basin....   [tags: oil and natural gas extraction methods] 1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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Fracking and its Effect on the Environment - Oil and natural gas companies have developed a way to drill for natural gas, a process called hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. Natural gas is a flammable gas mixture consisting of methane and several other hydrocarbons that occur naturally underground. Natural gas is used as fuel for heating, cooking, and even in some automobiles like the “RideOn” buses. This technique has only recently become economically feasible with the rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, argumentative]
:: 4 Works Cited
1451 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of Fracking - The controversy that lies behind the use of 'Fracking' 7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in todays world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of 'Fracking' (Hydraulic Fracturing)....   [tags: fossil fuel, hydraulic fracturing, hydrovarcbons]
:: 8 Works Cited
1646 words
(4.7 pages)
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Fracking and the Halliburton Act - ... Timeline 1865- Lt. Col. Edward A. Roberts introduced the technique of the “exploding torpedo” in the birthplace of the industry Titusville, PA. Which originally used gunpowder but later advanced to using liquid nitroglycerin. The torpedo was made of an iron shell. Inside were 15 to 20 pounds of gunpowder and topped with and explosive cap. The torpedo was lowered in and superincumbent fluid tamping took place. Water was pumped into the well so that it concentrated the explosion down the cracks in the formations....   [tags: natural gas, environment, epa] 1142 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of Fracking - The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of fracking 7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in today's world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of fracking (Hydraulic Fracturing)....   [tags: oil, fractures, wells]
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2397 words
(6.8 pages)
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Fracking: A Pathway to Energy Independence - ... Next, fracking has sparked debate in the political realm. Environmentalist fear waste will leak into nearby water supplies and contaminate the water table. Up to 600 chemicals are used during the drilling process. Chemicals such as lead, uranium, mercury, radium and methanol are just a few chemicals in question that could hurt the environment and those living within it. Another concern opponents have with the fracking process is the vast amount of resources needed to complete the job. There are 500,000 active wells in the United States....   [tags: drilling, environment, economy]
:: 4 Works Cited
726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracking Should Not Be Allowed - Natural gas within shale rock formations is the new energy resource that is on the rise due to the decline of oil reserves in recent years. Though, the benefits of this recent discovery can be economically advantageous for our country’s future. However, we have ignored water and air as a natural resource. These two resources are taken for granted by people all over the world, possibly due to the high abundance of both. Water and our atmosphere are two resources that are essential for life to thrive, and the production of natural gas through hydraulic fracking endangers these resources....   [tags: Natural Gas, Shale Rock Formations, Energy Source]
:: 3 Works Cited
1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Positive Aspects of Fracking - Imagine a country that could depend solely on itself for energy, a place where energy wasn’t a concern. A country that unveiled an untouched, vast amount of energy that may be harnessed and used to create a legacy. The way this opportunity has presented itself, was through the courageous acts of many gas companies using a process called fracking. Through the use of hydraulic fracking, companies have created millions of jobs for people all across America. The problem is extremists and environmentalists want to bring this process to a halt, due to chemicals causing “harm” to the environment....   [tags: Energy Expansion, Chemicals]
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1206 words
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Extracting Gas and Oil: Fracking - ... Particularly, Spain has joined them in this dangerous action, allowing more and more exploitations be done each year. It seems that the profitability of fracking has more supporters with time. Above all, politicians from the right such as PP, CiU or UPyD, have favoured it, while the leftist parties like PSOE or “Izquierda Plural” are against it. It is criticized that even in the most dangerous and problematic circumstances it is allowed to put in practice this method. This leads us to one question: Do politicians from the right care more about money than about the dangers of hydraulic extraction....   [tags: environment, chemicals, harmful] 838 words
(2.4 pages)
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Fracking the World: The Marcellus Shale - ... The process was first used in the late 1940’s by Stanolind oil and Gas Company, but it wasn’t until the early 2000’s that new age technology was developed to make hydraulic fracturing more possible and side way or horizontal drilling for easier access to the natural gas that was trapped in the shale rock. Over the years hydraulic fracturing wells have been showing up all over the world. It wasn’t until recent years that it has been a main focus of concern for environmentalist. Although the main stream media has focused mostly on reporting the concerns of the mechanical aspects of the drilling process itself, and its possible impacts that it has on the environment and personal safety....   [tags: natural gas, oil, drilling process]
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1158 words
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The Harm Caused By Hydraulic Fracking - ... Plus, in rural areas, fracking can account for 25% of water usage. This is extremely wasteful and a misuse of water that could be going to the people. Fracking produces a lot more wastewater than traditional oil and gas drilling. Not only is an extreme amount of water used per well, but at least thirty percent of that water is trapped up in the shale thousands of feet below the ground, which most of the time is too difficult to retrieve. Hydraulic fracturing involves not only pumping millions of gallons of chemically treated water into deep shale formations (a mile or more underground) at extremely high pressures; but a fluid is used to crack the shale and widen cracks that already exist...   [tags: gas, chemicals, water] 937 words
(2.7 pages)
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Taking a Look at Fracking - Fracking in the natural gas community is a vital part of the recovery of natural gas. Fracking is a controversial subject right now; some environmentalists believe that fracking is detrimental for the environment, although some people believe that fracking is a necessity for the future of fuel. In other words, until the human race finds a better and more renewable fuel, such as wind, solar, geothermal, or nuclear. Fracking for natural gas could offset the United States oil consumption by one third, but all these fuels are a small percent of the energy being produced now....   [tags: natural gas recovery techniques] 1538 words
(4.4 pages)
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Fracking: The Water Problem - Ever since the process of hydraulic fracturing—or fracking—made its entrance to the oil industry, issues and problems surrounding the process have become a common occurrence. Fracking is the controversial process of horizontal drilling (see fig. 1), where millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are pumped deep into an oil well to extract natural gas from the earth’s crust (Ehrenberg 20). This practice has even been banned in some places (see fig. 1). The methane that comes out of the earth and the water used—called fracking fluid—has the potential to cause problems with local ground water supplies....   [tags: Toxic Compounds, Oil Industry]
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1308 words
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Cement and Hydraulic Fracking - Within the past year the growing topic of discussion in Southern Illinois has been hydraulic fracking. Simply put, hydraulic fracking is “a process in which fractured rocks below the earth’s surface are opened and widened by injecting chemicals and liquids at high pressure: used especially to extract natural gas or oil.” (“hydraulic fracking”, dictionary.com) Hydraulic fracking, as with any other topic, has both positives and negatives. Although this is hardly new, it is continuously growing and so is the controversy surrounding it....   [tags: natural gases, oil, hydrocarbons]
:: 6 Works Cited
859 words
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Fracking or Hydraulic Fracturing - ... When an upright well hits a layer of shale, water and sand are blasted down at high speeds to crack open a rock and liberate the natural gas. (Mooney). The fracking business contaminates our water in many ways such as employing methanol, benzene, and trimethylbenzene. About 25% of the fracking chemicals could cause major health problems such as cancer, if taken in (From drinking water). Evidence says that these chemicals are starting to make their way into our aquifers and drinking water. The water quality can be threatened by the meth contamination because of the drilling and the fracturing of rock formations....   [tags: chemicals, oil, gas]
:: 3 Works Cited
833 words
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Taking a Look at Fracking - ... This process creates fissures in the rocks below the surface. The gasses and products which were once trapped below are then freed, enabling them to be removed from the well and harvested. For those wondering what the natural gas is composed of, it is made many different components, but there are four main substances looked for in shale gas including; methane, ethane, butane and propane. Methane itself makes up approximately 70-90% of the extracted resource (energyfromshale.org). It is amazing to think, how large this production of our own natural resource has become....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, oil exploitation] 2185 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Effects of Fracking on the Environment - ... As pointed out previously, contaminated water toward the end of the hydraulic fracturing process is introduced back into the ground. Unfortunately, this can have a profound effect with conventional production for the petroleum sector within the nation’s critical infrastructures. Common sense seems to dictate if water is contaminated from hydraulic fracturing processes it would have an effect on conventional oil refining processes, particularly if its placed back in the ground for reuse during refining....   [tags: obtaining natural gas procedures] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Benefits and Drawbacks of Hydraulic Fracking - ... By introducing hydrofracking into an area, there would be a high job demand, and for those who have been in search of employment since the economy went under, it could not have come at a better time. In Pennsylvania, hydrofracking added 72,000 jobs between 2009 and 2011 alone. “A higher job demand means more business for those local store owners, possibly showing those store owners the most business they’ve seen in years. The oil companies would lease land from landowners, thereby receiving a check for the land leased which would probably benefit those living on Social Security the most ” (Shannon Friel, 2014) ....   [tags: environment, health, fuel]
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829 words
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Fracking and Drilling Letter - ... Air monitor showed within 3 to 5 seconds that the farmers’ had an excessive level of methane in their water. They had 56.3 Mg per liter of methane in their water system. BP said that if someone has over 3 Mg per liter they should have a vent system and an air monitor in their house. Since their methane level is high, they are at a very high chance of their house exploding. The family takes short showers (under five minutes) because if they stay in the shower too long they get a dizzy, light-headed feeling....   [tags: natural, gas, crime, shale]
:: 5 Works Cited
673 words
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Fracking: Extracting Natural Gas - Introduction: Environmental and socioeconomic debate over an alternative method of extracting natural gas thousands of feet below the surface using horizontal drilling and hydraulic “fracking” has risen in last twenty years. Fracking is the technique of drilling deep wells under high pressure with sand, water and a variety of chemicals to crack open rocks to release natural gas (hydrogen carbons) and oil from shale or coal bed methane deposits. Townships in Colorado like Lafayette and Fort Collins, voted on a moratorium to ban fracking within city limits....   [tags: environment, oil, gas]
:: 7 Works Cited
1110 words
(3.2 pages)
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Natural Gas Fracking Risks - Natural gas is said to be one of the most popular forms of energy today. In the past, often left undeveloped and wasted, it was once considered “unusable” and “worthless”, compared to oil. In order to try to break our country’s dependence on foreign oil supplies, we have begun to dip into our own natural gas supply. Natural gas is found underground, and is produced when trapped gas is released above ground. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a process that extracts natural gas from the ground....   [tags: Safe Drinking Water Act, Drilling Areas]
:: 7 Works Cited
1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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What is Hydraulic Fracking? - ... Effects of Fracking on the Air The pollution is caused by the leak of the toxic gases produced by the drilling of the rock and extracting the oil and the shale gas from the shale rock. Researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in late 2012 stated that an average of 4% methane gas is a by-product of Hydrofracking. Methane plays a major role in the environment and the causes of Global Warming. There has been a direct correlation to asthma and lung diseases being caused by the high levels of methane gas in the atmosphere....   [tags: epidemic in south africa, karoo] 1013 words
(2.9 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking - ... They may argue that the land belongs to them and is private but it does harm the neighborhood too. The government should put a ban and make it legally punishable if people are found fracking in their private lands .The harm that these have caused to the environment is slowly becoming troublesome. I think the most important environmental issue is global warming presents the greatest threat of all those we face today. All our food, commerce, and habitation depend on the climate under which our civilization evolved....   [tags: natural gal exploitation] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Fracking for natural gas - ... Health concerns have also risen and accused fracking for air pollution .Just like the claims of water contamination, health concerns have not been tested accurately and are reports done with no background research. These concerns should be taken very seriously, but should not deter the expansion of natural gas operations in the United States. These claims of health damage caused by natural gas can be caused by almost any other energy source and should not be causing Americans to cast a negative position on natural gas before research is completed....   [tags: ] 766 words
(2.2 pages)
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Risk Reward and Fracking - Risk Reward “Fracking provides a source of energy that is not only new but also relatively clean, cheap, without political strings” (www.economist.com, 2014, para. 3). In the article “The Petrostate of America” the debate about fracking, the energy boom throughout the world, and what decisions the U.S. government along with President Obama should make on deciding to lift the ban on exportation of crude oil and restrictions on getting permits to export natural gas are starting to heat up. There are many topics in the article that focus on key principle and indices of economics and based on the decision made by our leaders could possibly determine our fate in an economy that is trying to rebu...   [tags: Source of Energy, Energy Boom, United States]
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1317 words
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Fracking Causes Water Concerns - Fracking Causes Water Concerns Texas is the leading domestic producer of oil and gas (Allen 489), even above the state of Alaska, and is responsible for thirty percent of the nation’s output. Hydro- Fracturing or “fracking” is the latest trend in oil and natural gas recovery. This industry is creating jobs and wealth at on obscene rate and will possibly lead the way for independence from foreign fuel sources (Davis 179-180). Despite the downsides to this industry‘s use of water and toxic chemicals....   [tags: oil and gas extraction/exploitation]
:: 5 Works Cited
1099 words
(3.1 pages)
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Fracking Hydraulic Fracturing - ... 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2013. Wines, Michael. "Colorado Cities’ Rejection of Fracking Poses Political Test for Natural Gas Industry." Nytimes.com. Nytimes.com, 7 Nov. 3013. Web. Choi, Charles Q. "Nbc News Science." NBC News. Live Science, 4 Sept. 2013. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. Berezow, Alex B. "RealClearScience - There's Methane in Your Drinking Water. So What?" RealClearScience - There's Methane in Your Drinking Water. So What?Newton Blog, 29 June 2013. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. Gibson, James W. "Crime Accompanies Flow of Oil Workers into North Dakota | Latest News | Earth Island Journal | Earth Island Institute." Crime Accompanies Flow of Oil Workers into North Dakota | Latest News | Earth Island Journa...   [tags: gas, drilling, crime, economy, toxins]
:: 9 Works Cited
616 words
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking - I became interested in hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking”, after watching the documentary Gasland II. It chronicled the experiences of those who inhabit areas in proximity to active fracking wells in Pennsylvania. Detailing how their lives had been affected by the drilling. Focusing primarily on water contamination and illnesses that potentially could be linked to the chemicals used in the drilling process. By the end, I had questions about the actual process and what chemicals were used....   [tags: natural gas, geothermal energy]
:: 8 Works Cited
1864 words
(5.3 pages)
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What the Frack? Understanding Both Sides of the Fracking Controversy - ... Lead, radium, uranium, menthol, and hydrochloric acid are some of the known chemicals mixed in to create the fracking fluid. After producing the fluid the fluid is pressure injected into the ground, 10,000 feet down, through a drilled pipeline. Then, when the mixture reaches the bottom of the well the high pressure causes nearby shale rocks to crack and release natural gas into the well. This is basically the process of fracking summed up, seems fairly simple I would say. Now, what benefits could hydraulic fracturing and the release of natural gas imply....   [tags: chemicals, gas, water] 862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Fracking: Not a New Technology in Hydrocarbon Fuel Exploitation - To frack or not to frack, is the question that is heavily debated in Colorado. Many might think that fracking and oil and natural gas production in Colorado is a relatively new process, but it has actually been around for many decades. The industry has provided 110,000 jobs to the citizens of Colorado making gas and oil production very important to our state. Even though oil and natural gas have brought jobs and revenue to Colorado, the citizens of Colorado are much divided when it comes to fracking and how it effects our environment....   [tags: oil and natural gas production in Colorado]
:: 3 Works Cited
1844 words
(5.3 pages)
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Increasing the Evidence for Health Implications of Hydraulic Fracking in Maryland - The lack of knowledge about the health effects from hydraulic fracking was one of the main reasons that the Maryland legislature originally decided to place a de facto moratorium for the state. Maryland placed a moratorium in the hope of gaining more knowledge and data about both the short and long-term health effects before the decision deadline. Under the order of Governor O’Malley, the Maryland Safe-Drilling Advisory Commission was created to “determine whether and how Marcellus gas production can be accomplished without unacceptable risks of adverse impacts to public health, safety, the environment and natural resources”....   [tags: chemicals, recommendations, data]
:: 5 Works Cited
526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Fracking: A Controversial Method for Extracting Natural Gas - One of the fuels commonly used today is natural gas. Natural gas can be harvested through hydro-fracturing or fracking shale, a type of sedimentary rock. The natural gas is harvested by drilling wells deep into the shale and releasing the natural gas trapped inside. Natural gas has become increasingly important recently and as a result there has been an increased focus on attaining the natural gas through fracking. However, there has been an increasing amount of backlash about the effects that fracking has on water supplies, livestock (including animals used for food) public concerns and safety....   [tags: environmental consequences]
:: 11 Works Cited
3005 words
(8.6 pages)
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Is America Fracking Crazy? - In a highly advanced society such as the one we find ourselves in today, advancements in technology itself and the processes it involves are constantly being innovated. Presently, one of the major technological concerns is to find alternative ways to harness cheap energy in order to keep our society running. In the past it has been discovered that the previous forms of energy that we used such as oil and coal, were harmful to the environment.  Because of this, the recent development of natural gas extraction from shale rock, by the means of hydraulic fracturing has been discovered....   [tags: Contaminate Water Supplies]
:: 3 Works Cited
1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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Conventional Oil, Biofuels, and Fracking: A Comprehensive Comparison - Conventional Oil, Biofuels, and Fracking: A Comprehensive Comparison. As our knowledge of energy resources increases, the potential risks and rewards of each become increasingly evident for us. With these revelations also comes an even greater deal of questions as to which is the more feasible, sustainable, and environmentally beneficial option to pursue. The past century has seen our world’s energy portfolio dominated by conventional oil, which has proven to be as precious a commodity as it is an environmental detriment....   [tags: hydrocarbon exploitation] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Wind Power: Giving Back to the Environment - The western plains of North Dakota have recently experienced a boom of a great magnitude. The oil industry has found great success from fracking in the region. This Fracking is producing considerable amounts of oil and natural gas. Although the region has seen great wealth from these fossil fuels we need to remember that they are pumping great amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere which is essentially destroying our environment. Taking care of our environment has come to the forefront of the power industry lately....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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1200 words
(3.4 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing and Drinking Water - I have many serious concerns about high volume horizontal hydrofracturing in tight shale formations. This paper will focus on the cumulative effects of this process on drinking water and specifically on the repeated fracturing of each well over its productive life. Although there has been considerable experience with hydrofracturing in conventional oil and gas fields for many years, the process currently used in tight shale formations is relatively new and vastly different. Hydrofracking in conventional fields, if done at all, is typically performed either at the initial completion of a well or as a means of secondary recovery late in the well’s life....   [tags: Fracking Essays] 850 words
(2.4 pages)
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Resolved that Fracking for Natural Gas from Shale Formations Will Be Banned in the US - Definition of Terms According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Fracking, or Hydraulic Fracturing is a method used to extract underground resources including oil, natural gas, and geothermal energy by injecting high pressure fluid into a geologic formation containing oil or natural gas deposits. The high pressure fluid opens up existing fractures and creates new fracture systems that allow the resources that were once trapped to move more freely into a production well for further extraction....   [tags: environmental issues and policies]
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1888 words
(5.4 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas Extraction - ... There are concerns about the economic, environmental, and health issues that fracking can cause. The use of this has increased causing a surge in contaminated water and polluted air. Studies have shown that this technique of harnessing fossil fuels can become a more prominent health issue as its use becomes more frequent. Fracking also takes a significant economic toll as well. These economic problems are not necessarily addressed by the oil and gas industries. Instead, the public is paying for the damages to the environment as well as damages to their own health....   [tags: fracking, fossill fuel industry] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
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Major Concerns for Canada's Northwestern Territories - ... Fracking is outing holes in rock, forcing water at a high pressure down in order to find a resource such as gas or oil. Fracking can be very dangerous due to the lack of knowledge or one hundred percent accuracy involved. Residents of the Northwest Territories have created an anti-fracking petition “in response to the approval of the territory’s first and only existing horizontal hydraulic fracturing project in the Sahtu.” (Wohlberg1) Residents were angered because “oil giant ConocoPhillips began exploration without an environmental review.” (“Anti-fracking Groups Petition”1) Without a proper environmental review the company can miss some very important information about the site that c...   [tags: population, fracking, mining] 1239 words
(3.5 pages)
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Filling the Void: Hydraulic Fracturing - ... Tim Mullaney writing for USA Today cites a study from Merrill Lynch that states the gain from new and expanded drilling with fracking is near one billion dollars per day for America with $556 million being savings for households and companies on heating in the last year alone. With billion dollar per day gains hydraulic fracking is helping keep America out of another recession by enabling many people to have the extra money to stay current on loans or have money to spend at retailers and lowering the unemployment rate....   [tags: drilling for natural gas, fracking] 1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Natural Gas Drilling in the Drillers Are Coming by Mark Fischetti - ... The author describes an air-quality study done by Texas’ Commission on Environmental Quality in 2009 in which they found benzene, xylene, and other toxins exceeded the legal limit (Fischetti, 2010). Fischetti, however, makes it known that isolated incidents such as the previously described one do not hold scientific proof that fracking poses enough of a threat for the procedure to be outlawed (Fischetti, 2010). The safety disagreements regarding fracking have caused legislators to propose tough controls in an attempt to slow down the creation of new fracking sites while a clear answer to problem is found (Fischetti, 2010)....   [tags: procedure, fracturing, fracking, formation]
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721 words
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Taking a Look at Hydro-Fracturing - ... Anti-Fracking Currently one of the biggest concerns with fracking is the environmental risk. Most citizens fear that pumping these chemicals deep below the surface has the potential to contaminate the local freshwater supplies. Another concern is the release of methane gas into the atmosphere. In addition to the risk of polluted water and air, some people claim that the fracking process increases the possibility of seismic activity near these sites creating earthquakes. All of these problems have led to a grassroots movement and strong opposition of fracking....   [tags: fracking, gas and oil exploitation] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Current Status of Hydraulic Fracturing - Hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as Fracking, has become a major issue in current years. Water table and air pollution are the most prevalent concerns as the 21st century dawns. Countries around the world have to balance out the economic and environmental benefits of burning natural gas as a fuel source rather than oil and coal with the dangers of polluting the world’s water ways and the air that we breathe. Millions of dollars have already been poured into the research and development of burning natural gas, and millions if not billions more are sure to be pushed into this blooming industry should it prove profitable....   [tags: fracking, environment, pollution]
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1670 words
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The Three Main Soures Of Energy - ... Solar energy is not universal because different areas of the world get different amounts of sunlight. Solar energy may not offer the best solution: there distractions, they have high environmental costs and they have a large outlay of cash. There can be contamination from radio activation saved used to make solar panels. (Hinder 1-4) Installation is expensive being $80,000 for a three bedroom after the federal rebate. The angle of the roof, percentage of sunlight and the area of the country all play a part in the effect of how much it will cost to install....   [tags: wind, solar, fracking energy] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Shale Gas Good for America - ... They see this as a small price to pay for a resource that gives the United States a promising future. Another view on shale gas is that it is a cleaner energy than oil and coal, because its emission does not pollute the environment like the other two resources do. A gas boom with shale gas would bring surprising environmental benefits. Burning shale gas emits less carbon dioxide than coal; so if one substitutes shale gas for coal, emissions would fall. In their article Shale Gas the Future of Americas Energy, Steve Burnham and Lisa Dodge explain, “Emissions in the United States have fallen dramatically since the introduction of shale gas to the energy industry....   [tags: fracking, fossil fuels]
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Hydraulic Fracturing Research Paper - Around the world, countries are dependent on oil and more often than not, foreign oil. The U.S. is at a time where they believe buying foreign oil supports terrorism and hurts our economy. Shale formations deep underground that spread all over the U.S. have been found to contain natural gas. This includes the Marcellus Shale formation and the Utica Shale formation, which can be found all throughout New York State and down the East Coast (Hydro-Fracking pg.1). To get at this abundance of gas underground, hydraulic fracturing was invented, but this new method of gas extraction safe for the environment and for the people around it....   [tags: Fracking Research Paper]
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1764 words
(5 pages)
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Peer Review Work Abour Support for Hydraulic Fracturing - The question of whether or not hydraulic fracturing increases the likelihood of harm to the environment, and to humans has come to light. The negative effects that fracking poses is dwarfed by both its current and projected benefits. For instance, Terry Engelders and Thomas Merill have written peer reviewed work about their support for fracking. In this paper, I will explain the main points that the two authors make in selected articles, improve their points by relating the authors main points, and lastly conclude with a concise summary of the main points and how the main points apply in a general context....   [tags: terry engelders, fracking, thomas merill]
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1098 words
(3.1 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing - Hydraulic fracturing was first invented in 1997 and is basically a technique and form of mining. Rather than searching for solid minerals such as copper, silver or gold. When it comes to fracturing, the real money comes in from the shale gas. Shale gas is a natural gas found underneath Earth’s surface within the cracks and crevices of the rock walls. Gas and oil is usually formed over thousands and thousands of years under large bodies of water, where organic materials have died. The organic material of plants and animals settle to the bottom of the waters floor and begins to be preserved through the process of settlements....   [tags: Fracking Essays]
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3061 words
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Does Hydraulic Fracturing Cause Seismic Activity? - The United States has an immense amount of proven natural gas reserves that could become a major source for the nation's energy future (1). The mining of the natural gas resources have become feasible and cheaper due to the advancement of hydraulic fracturing technologies which have increased the amount the extraction and enabled “greater access to gas in shale formations” (2). Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking of shale formations has positive benefits that includes economic growth and the natural gas extracted is cleaner than coal and oil, however it has caused serious environmental problems and possibly could be the cause of recent seismic activity in areas where fracking operations exist...   [tags: gas, resources, energy, fracking, growth]
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Buisness Context on Energy Companies - In this assignment the topics comprise of Fracking and Stakeholders involvement, Supply and Demand and how that is effected through increase in energy prices. Also a detailed depiction of Carroll’s Model and how energy companies utilize this. As a final point a detailed reflective statement is needed, and the focus is how government involvement impacts on the supply and price of energy to businesses. Fracking is the procedure of piercing down into the ground before a water mix is directed at the rock to discharge the gas inside....   [tags: fracking, stakeholder, supply, prices, government] 1694 words
(4.8 pages)
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Analyzing the Galsand II Film - ... The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or "EPA" is trying to help residents that have been effected, as they try to hold the gas industries accountable for contaminating drilling areas around the USA. Due to this the drilling companies begin to buy off politicians who end up forcing the EPA to shut down their investigations. In turn, the industries smear* homeowners who dared* to speak up about their contaminated water or health issues. The whole film directly shows how the industry is shadowy* and malevolent* and how driven governments are by capitalism, resulting in these industries being the true power source behind the government....   [tags: effects of hydraulic fracturing aka 'fracking'] 709 words
(2 pages)
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The Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing - ... The water that was released was also spilled onto a road near one of the homeowners property. Another incident occurred when the barriers for the wastewater impoundment failed causing a spill into a creek. It is believed that this occurrences could have created unwanted effects on the water, the animals and the humans within the area. While homeowners in the first case study did notice some immediate results from the leaking wastewater, most of the symptoms occurred more than a year after the fracking had started....   [tags: oil, natural gas extraction, fracking] 814 words
(2.3 pages)
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Health Effects on Humans of Fracking - Human Health and Hydraulic Fracturing Current research, in the field of public health, is looking at the adverse health effects of hydraulic fracturing on community members. This research is focused on looking for evidence-based research in processes, procedures, materials and cleanup from drilling and running a well. In recent years, several states such as Maryland and New York, have called for special advisory commissions to examine the potential adverse health implications for the community if the moratoriums are lifted and fracturing is allowed to start....   [tags: Human Health, Hydraulic Fracturing, Research]
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Hydraulic Fracturing - The social and economic evolution which unfolded along the course of the industrialization era since the 1800s onwards has constituted the basis for many scientific investigations with regards to social and economic history, and politics as well. The creation and developmental process of national industry has very much been an important and dominant facet of economic upheaval. Despite the numerous benefits, industrialization nonetheless has brought about downsides which affect societies altogether....   [tags: fracking, fraccing]
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2399 words
(6.9 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: A Fool's Gold - ... After using, a drilling rig to create a well that leads down to the shale, drillers pump in fracking fluid; eventually natural gas is released as a result of the fractures created by pressure build up. Oil corporations claim that fracking has been in use since the 1940’s, but have failed to mention that fracking techniques used today are very different from the ones used 70 years ago. Modern day fracking involves using a mixture of sand, water, and several highly toxic chemicals called fracking fluid....   [tags: fossil fuel extraction techniques] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing: The Future of America’s Energy - Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is not a novel concept. The hope of being able to access fossil fuels trapped inside layers of shale deep beneath the Earth’s surface was achieved by the process of fracking, developed in 1903 (energyindepth.com). Over the last century, hydraulic fracturing has become an efficient and environmentally friendly way to access the natural gas needed to meet the United States’ high demands. With the condition of the environment rapidly deteriorating, the process of hydraulic fracturing is being questioned....   [tags: Energy ]
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(3.7 pages)
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Hydraulic Fracturing Must be Reformed - The multi-billion dollar gas industry is seeking to expand its production across the nation, in light of new technology making extracting natural gas much easier. A Healthy alternative to the fossil fuels we so frivolously use is now more critical than ever. In 2011, the United States used 18.83 million barrels of raw oil daily, and in 2010 19.18 million barrels of petroleum products and biofuels. In 2010 and 2011, that was nearly 22% of the world’s oil supply. (U.S Department of Energy) Previously inaccessible areas in the Marcellus Shale region of the United States, stretching from West Virginia to New York, are being unearthed by a controversial method of extracting natural gas, called h...   [tags: Energy, Gas Industry]
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1465 words
(4.2 pages)
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Research Essay: Hydraulic Fracturing - ... Amy Jaffe, an expert on global energy policy; states that “By the 2020s, the capital of energy will likely have shifted back to the Western Hemisphere, where it was prior to the ascendancy of Middle Eastern mega-suppliers such as Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the 1960s.”(Jaffe 2) This statement shows that North America with the United States in particular can produce much more natural gas than the Middle East can. Many others such as Kevin Hassett and AparnaMathur also believe that fracking can help solve some of our worst economic problems....   [tags: energy, resources] 901 words
(2.6 pages)
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Risk and Economics in The United States vs. China - Introduction The Frackers: The Outrageous Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters (Zuckerman, 2013) and The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine (Lewis, 2011) are two books that each tell a story of how normal citizens in a capitalist society became incredibly successful. In The Frackers, Zuckerman tells the story of oil and gas wildcatters that changed the face of the American energy market. These bold wildcatters pioneered a new method of extracting oil and gas known as fracking. Fracking had been considered to be impractical by established names in the oil and gas industry due to its high cost....   [tags: Frackers, Capitalism, Communism]
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1420 words
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The Middle Road: Where Energy Surrounding Hydraulic Fracturing Should Be Directed - United States’ energy concerns have been postponed due to recent discovery. Estimates from the Energy Information Administration speculate enough natural gas underneath the United States to supply itself for the next 110 years (Weinstein 882). Improvement of the practice called hydraulic fracturing or fracking in which natural gas is extracted from shale rock has been able to reach previously inaccessible natural gas, dramatically increasing its profitability and sparking a boom. While critics voice environmental concerns, proponents are its pushing benefits of which include affordable energy, economic growth, energy independence, and reduced carbon emissions....   [tags: natural gas exploitation]
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1792 words
(5.1 pages)
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Petroleum and Uranium Extraction: Hydraulic Fracturing - ... The National Groundwater Association quotes the United States’ ground water usage at over 79.6 billion gallons per day; Uses vary from public and private supply to livestock, to irrigation, and manufacturing (Ground Water Facts). Is it really worth putting this resource at risk all in the name of profit. Many advocates of fracking claim that natural gas obtained in this manner will lift the US out of an oil crisis, while helping the country get out out of an economic crisis. “Hundred years worth” of natural gas is heralded as a national game changer by many....   [tags: natural gas, oil crisis]
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689 words
(2 pages)
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The Consequences of Drilling for Natural Gas - The United States relies on imports for about forty percent of its crude oil, which is the lowest rate of dependency since 1991 according to the U.S Energy Information Administration. Today our country is trying to keep on track in becoming less and less dependent. When it comes to the topic of the future ways the United States will get its fuel, most of us readily agree that the United States should become more independent by using natural gas that is already here on our land. Where this argument usually ends, however, is on the question of the consequences drilling for natural gas brings....   [tags: drilling sites, dependency, energy]
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1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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Replacing Our Energy Sources Debate - ... It was thought that these natural gas deposits are cleaner-burning than other fossil fuels, could at least buy us some time and be a reliable bridge to future clean energy. However, in recent years this account has come under increased examination as environmental groups, scientists, and average residents have raised concerns about the true impact of hydraulic fracturing. While there is no disagreement about the relatively cleanliness of natural gas, and the process of horizontal drilling on its own doesn’t pose any significant risks, it’s the drilling technique of fracturing, commonly referred to as fracking, which has been raised as the danger of this industry....   [tags: nuclear, fossil fuel, natural gas] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Politics of Natural Gas Production - The Politics of Natural Gas Production In 2010, roughly 25 percent of the nation’s energy came from natural gas, a “fossil fuel” which American consumers and businesses heavily depend on for transport, light, and heat (Squire 6). As the U.S. population increases, so do the country’s energy needs. Political debate over how the U.S. can meet those needs has slowly simmered for several decades, escalating exponentially when the energy supply grows short. Disputes over just how clean natural gas is, as opposed to coal, dominate headlines and presidential campaigns alike....   [tags: Natural Gas, Fossil Fuels, Energy]
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1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Ethical Issues Regarding Hydraulic Fracturing - ... All the farmers owning mineral rights will be financially rewarded by the gas industry leasing those rights (Potter & Rashid, 2013). The fact that natural resources continuous to dwindle is obvious, therefore the need for sustainable energy from alternative resources is completely understandable. Natural gas in the Karoo has raised several optimism regarding the abundance that has been found, however several ethical issues raises when drilling natural gas. When the process of drilling takes place there is a possibility for methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, to escape and leak into the atmosphere which will of course add to global warming....   [tags: technology, natural resources] 666 words
(1.9 pages)
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