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Habits and Explanation - Habits and Explanation Habits form a crucial part of the everyday conceptual scheme used to explain normal human activity. However, they have been neglected in debates concerning folk-psychology which have concentrated on propositional attitudes such as beliefs. But propositional attitudes are just one of the many mental states. In this paper, I seek to expand the debate by considering mental states other than propositional attitudes. I conclude that the case for the autonomy and plausibility of the folk-psychological explanation is strengthened when one considers an example from the non-propositional-attitude mental states: habits....   [tags: Psychology Science Papers]
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3168 words
(9.1 pages)
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An Explanation Of Terrorism - An Explanation of Terrorism After browsing through Stephen E. Atkins book Terrorism, I soon learned many interesting things regarding the history of terrorism. It seems this form of protest has been around since Biblical times. Also, the main goal of a terrorist is not to do damage to one peticular person or place, but to gain publicity for an idea they support. (page 1) Evidence of this can be found by looking at the recent past of the United States. The Oklahoma bombing was one man's way of expressing his dislike of the government....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1134 words
(3.2 pages)
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Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity - Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity ABSTRACT: Many theorists of explanation from Hempel onward have worked with the explicit or implicit assumption that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding should be kept out of the formulation of a proper theory of explanation. They claim that genuine understanding of an event comes only from being in an appropriate cognitive relation to the true explanation of that event. I argue that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding cannot be completely removed from the process of formulating and justifying an acceptable theory of explanation....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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3341 words
(9.5 pages)
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Problems about Scientific Explanation - Problems about Scientific Explanation Have you ever thought about the way your car works. The inner works of the engine, how does the fuel make it work, how does combustion lead to movement and is then passed to the wheels. If you have, what are you going to answer an 8-year-old kid when he asks: 'Why does the car move?'; Are you going to start explaining high school physics, mechanics, chemistry of combustion and the concept of friction. Or are you just going to say: 'Well, the car eats up gas, and that makes the engine move the wheels.'; Granted, the latter doesn't explain much about what a car is....   [tags: Van Fraassen Scientific Explanations Essays] 1584 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Quarrel About Historical Explanation - The Quarrel About Historical Explanation The discussion of the philosophical question of historical explanation is in reality a disagreement concerning the nature of the philosophic method. There are primarily two sides taken in this argument, those who agree with Carl Hempel and those that do not. According to Hempel a historical event is only sufficiently explained when it logically fits a set of confirmed pre-existing conditions along with some universal laws. Certainly all things cannot easily be assigned to rules and laws....   [tags: essays research papers] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean - On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]
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2763 words
(7.9 pages)
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Biological Explanation for Anorexia Nervosa - Biological Explanation for Anorexia Nervosa Evidence for a faulty gene. AIMS: to see if concordance rates for anorexia are higher in MZ twins compared to DZ twins. This would provide evidence for a faulty gene causing the disorder because if one MZ twin develops anorexia, there should be 100% concordance (agreement) with the second MZ twin also suffering from it, since they share the same genes. The rates for DZ twins should be much lower because they share only 50% same genes....   [tags: Papers] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Need for an Explanation of Human Memory - The Need for an Explanation of Human Memory Discuss the need for an explanation of human memory, which proposes that memory is a set of stages, rather than a single process. This essay is going to discuss the need for an explanation of human memory, which proposes that memory is a set of stages rather than a single process. Flanagan (1997) defines memory as "the mental function of retaining data, the storage system holding the data, and the data which is retained." It is evident from reviewing the literature that an explanation of memory as a set of stages proves to be more understandable than as a single process, the theories of memory all providing information about how memory is structured and organised and the findings from the research studies inevitably pointing in the direction of memory existing as a set of stages rather than a single process....   [tags: Papers] 1439 words
(4.1 pages)
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Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation - Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation Severely injuring a digit or limb can result in unrepentant damage and amputation. However, the painful sensations experienced in regard to that limb do not necessarily cease after amputation. The concept of feeling sensations in a limb that is no longer attached to the body is referred to as feeling a "phantom limb." This phenomenon is experienced by approximately 80%-100% of all patients who have lost a limb (1), and has therefore sparked wide interest in scientific community....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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997 words
(2.8 pages)
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An Explanation of Kenya's Population Distribution - An Explanation of Kenya's Population Distribution There are many reasons why people do not live in the North and North East of Kenya, and reasons why people live in Central/Western Kenya. [IMAGE] Few people choose to live in the North and North East because of the poor water supply - with only about 15 inches of rainfall every year, water supplies are extremely limited. Without water, you can't live, which is a reason why that area is so unpopulated. A Long dry season and a semi-desert terrain make farming almost impossible because animals can not survive under such extreme temperatures on the Equator....   [tags: Papers] 364 words
(1 pages)
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An Explanation of How the Internet Works - An Explanation of How the Internet Works Have you ever thought how the Internet works. The research found here will help answer that question. The Internet is a complicated system. There are two main protocols that the Internet uses that allow you to transmit and there are certain procedures that allow you to receive information via the Internet. The Internet is very large and many things have to work correctly for information to get to your computer or to get from your computer to someone else's computer....   [tags: Expository Process Essays]
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813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Metaphysical Explanation for the Number Three - Metaphysical Explanation for the Number Three What is the Number Three. When examining what sort of existence the number three has, it is important first to understand exactly how it exists relevantly in the physical world. First of all, the primary existence of number three is not a tangible existence; one cannot walk through the forest and find threes growing wild with beautiful, silky, burnt orange and maroon spotted petals and green leaves. Second of all, the number three cannot do anything by itself to declare its own existence in the physical....   [tags: Philosophy] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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explanation paper benchmark - Explanation Paper (European Foods~ Impact of Exploration) For my benchmark, I chose to research and learn about the impact that exploration had on European foods. In my oral presentation, which I will give on March 21, 2002, I will explain certain characteristics before and after European exploration. I will speak about how the only spices that were ordinarily used in Europe in the beginning of the Renaissance were pepper and salt, while after Christopher Columbus explored the new world common spices also included ginger and cinnamon....   [tags: essays research papers] 934 words
(2.7 pages)
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Explanation of the Term Miracle - Explanation of the Term Miracle The term 'miracle' is defined in the Oxford dictionary as 1 "a remarkable and welcome event that seems impossible to explain by the means of the known laws of nature and which is therefore attributed to a supernatural agency".2 "a remarkable example or specimen, it's a miracle of ingenuity". The first meaning defines a miracle as being something great that happens, which goes against the laws of nature. The second meaning defines a miracle as being something that happens which was not expected, but people are grateful it has happened; for example, people would say that someone who recovered from a terminal illness would be a miracle....   [tags: Papers] 1239 words
(3.5 pages)
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Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms - Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms The dictionary definition of Utilitarianism is: 'The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principal of conduct.' When making a moral decision, we should look at the outcome of an action. Whatever brings the greatest happiness to the most people is the morally 'right' decision. It is a consequentialist principal where the majority rules. It is also relative as each situation is looked at differently and will have a different outcome....   [tags: Papers] 3062 words
(8.7 pages)
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Explanation and Analysis of Stoic Philosophy - Explanation and Analysis of Stoic Philosophy Stoicism is, without a doubt, one of the most widely misunderstood schools of Philosophy ever established and followed by a wide number of people. The common opinion of Stoic adherents is that they are merely cold, somber individuals dedicated to the idea that happiness is evil, emotion is to be avoided at all costs and pleasure is wicked. Although they do stress control over strong emotions and that pleasure is not the sole end of life, this is a gross misunderstanding of Stoicism....   [tags: Papers] 1547 words
(4.4 pages)
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An Explanation of Corporate Crime - An Explanation of Corporate Crime This analytical source review will analyse and detail the views and opinions of four different sources including: The sociology of corporate crime: an obituary, Corporate Crime, Corporate Crime at the tip of the iceberg and White Collar and Corporate Crime. The topic this review will be primarily concerned with is corporate crime, the topic will be examined and the notion of ignorance towards the subject will be addressed. However in order to research and provide a review on the subject in hand a brief definition of corporate crime is required....   [tags: Papers] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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Explanation of the Term Cabinet Government - Explanation of the Term Cabinet Government The book ‘British Politics: Ideas and Concepts by Keith Pye and Richard Yates is an understandable guide to politics. It is split in to three sections- Concepts, Theory and Institutions. The chapter of interest to us is ‘The Executive’ which can be found in the Institutions section. This chapter goes over the basic principles associated with the Executive, discusses the make up and foundations of the same, and outlines the powers of the Prime Minister....   [tags: Papers] 831 words
(2.4 pages)
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Explanation of Osmosis and Diffusion - Explanation of Osmosis and Diffusion “Osmosis is the passage of water from a region of high water concentration through a semi-permeable membrane to a region of low water concentration, which will then become equal.” Diffusion, although at first may seem insignificant in nature, plays quite a major part. The most obvious example would be in cells, plant and animal alike. They have partially permeable membrane in order to let in things like water, and to prevent unwanted big chemicals such as sucrose from entering....   [tags: Papers] 2303 words
(6.6 pages)
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Explanation for Criminality from a Sociological Perspective - Explanation for Criminality from a Sociological Perspective From a sociological perspective, explanation for criminality is found in two levels which are the subculture and the structural explanations. The sociological explanations emphasize aspects of societal arrangements that are external to the actor and compelling. A sociological explanation is concerned with how the structure of a society, institutional practices or its persisting cultural themes affect the conduct of its members. Individual differences are denied or ignored, and the explanation of the overall collective behavior is sought in the patterning of social arrangements that is considered to be both outside the actor and prior to him (Sampson, 1985)....   [tags: Criminals Violence Sociology Essays]
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4015 words
(11.5 pages)
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Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning - Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning We use the term "classical conditioning" to describe one type of associative learning in which there is no contingency between response and reinforcer. This situation resembles most closely the experiment from Pavlov in the 1920s, where he trained his dogs to associate a bell ring with a food-reward. In such experiments, the subject initially shows weak or no response to a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g. the bell), but a measurable unconditioned response (UCR, e.g....   [tags: Papers] 1627 words
(4.6 pages)
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Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning - Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning As some philosophers suggest, an individual may only know what he knows through experience. What is sensed equals what is known. Because we understand things through our senses, then what we understand must also be expressed through our senses. We represent that knowledge through language. Language is a means of transferring our experiences to a concrete, literal form, so the sensuous can be made known in the psyche. To describe a snake (itself a linguistic representation of my experience), I might use the word, “slimy,” thus, I have distinguished one feeling from another feeling....   [tags: Essays Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Levels of Processing Model as an Explanation of Memory - The Levels of Processing Model as an Explanation of Memory Craik and Lockhart believe that the memory is one single unit and cannot be broken down into short-term memory and long-term memory. The idea is that our ability to remember depends on how deeply we process and encode information. We process information in three different depths, from shallow to very deep. The shallowest level of processing involves the structural pattern of a word or number (what the word or number looks like)....   [tags: Papers] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Eichengreen and Temin’s Explanation of the Cause of the Great Depression - Eight decades has elapsed since the outbreak of the Great Depression, but the continuing mystery of its cause keep provoking academic debates among scholars from various fields. Eichengreen and Temin joint the debates by linking the gold-standard ideology with the cause of the Great Depression. They content that because of this ideology monetary and fiscal authorities implemented deflationary policies when the hindsight shows clearly that expansionary policies were needed. And these contractionary policies consequently pushed the stumbling world economy into the Great Depression....   [tags: american history, great depression] 2383 words
(6.8 pages)
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Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture - Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture ABSTRACT: I explore the nature of scientific explanation in a culture centering on the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phrases, wu-hsing (YYFP). I note how YYFP functions as an alternative to the causal way of thinking, as well as the meaning of scientific explanation in a culture. I also consider whether a scientific concept becomes metaphorical when it is superseded by an alternative organizing concept. To a Western eye, or even to a contemporary Eastern eye, many explanations given under the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phases (wu-hsing), apparently intended to be scientific, would seem either absurd or too arbitrary at first sight....   [tags: Technology Technological Essays]
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3153 words
(9 pages)
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The Christian Explanation of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot - The Christian Explanation of Waiting for Godot   "The human predicament described in Beckett's first play is that of man living on the Saturday after the Friday of the crucifixion, and not really knowing if all hope is dead or if the next day will bring the life which has been promised."   --William R. Mueller                In the five decades since Waiting for Godot's publication, many of the countless attempts to explain the play have relied on some variation of this religious motif proposed by William Mueller....   [tags: Waiting for Godot Essays] 2417 words
(6.9 pages)
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ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation - ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation My father, like many Asian immigrants, left India to pursue his educational goals in America in order to provide a better life for his family. He arrived in the U.S. with fourteen dollars in his coat pocket, a suitcase in his hands, and a will to succeed. For my father, in a place like America where opportunities were plentiful and where hard work actually paid off there was no excuse not to succeed. The practical translation of this belief meant that if his children worked hard in school there was nothing they too could not achieve....   [tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]
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1605 words
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Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action - Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action In The Interpretation of Dreams (henceforth ID) Freud claims that "the dream is a wish-fulfilment" (der Traum ist eine Wunscherfüllung) - an assertion which constitutes not only the title of one of the central chapters of the book, but also one of its main theses. But what exactly does defining the dream as the fulfilment of a wish imply. What relation do dreams bear to desires. And how can a wish be fulfilled in (or through) a dream....   [tags: Papers] 2660 words
(7.6 pages)
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An Explanation of Mr. Buckley’s Helping Behaviour - An Explanation of Mr. Buckley’s Helping Behaviour The murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964 caused a national outcry. Although her death was horrific, the public could not believe the police reported 38 people witnessing the incident yet not one person took any action. The dismay this caused prompted Psychologists to study the factors involved in helping behaviour. Helping behaviour may be defined as “an intentional act to benefit someone else”. (Hogg and Vaughan, 1995, cited in Hogg and Vaughan, 2002, p 280)....   [tags: Papers] 1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Functionalist Explanation of the Role of Education in Modern Society - The Functionalist Explanation of the Role of Education in Modern Society I will discuss the functionalist's theories in comparison to those of the Marxist and Interactionists. Functionalists believe that all in society serves a purpose and it's a positive function. They also believe that education is a way of achieving in society; it develops people so that it gives them the opportunities in society (workplace). Durkheim believed that in order for children to feel as though they belong in society and for society to work, the education system will enable people to belong to society for example the teaching of certain subjects (transmission of cultural capital) i.e....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Religious Believer's Explanation for the Existence of Evil and Suffering in the World - The problem of evil and suffering presents a real problem to the religious believer because it compels them to accept conflicting claims that are logically impossible to reconcile. Religious followers often question the nature of God and whether or not he is the type of God we are led to believe. St Augustine said that if God cannot stop evil and suffering he is not all powerful if he will not stop evil and suffering then he is not all good. However Augustine did not actually believe this to be true he set it out as something which he was going to solve....   [tags: religion, faith, theology] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Explanation of Haunting Thoughts in Emily Dickinson's Poem 670 - An Explanation of Haunting Thoughts in Emily Dickinson's Poem 670 Poem 670 is about the inner workings of your mind. The beginning of this poem addresses everyone. She does that by saying, "One need not be a Chamber....One need not be a House." This is saying whether you are small like a chamber or big like a house you will be haunted in your mind. The phenomenon of haunting thoughts, in your brain, exceed anything externally at that moment. Your mind becomes totally focused on the inner dealings that external people or actions are perceived as ghosts....   [tags: Emily Dickinson Poem 670 Essays] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property - Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property ‘The great and chief end... of Mens uniting into Commonwealths, and putting themselves under Government, is the preservation of their property’ (Second treatise, para.124). How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property....   [tags: Papers] 5868 words
(16.8 pages)
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Plato's Explanation of an Ideal State in his Work, The Republic - What is the ideal state. This question has sparked debate since the very formation of organized political society. In Plato’s The Republic, Plato seeks to define justice and in doing so he seeks to explain the ideal just state. In Plato’s explanation of an ideal state, there is an extreme emphasis on unity and harmony. The reason unity and harmony are so important to Plato are because they are responsible for bonding together Plato’s ideal state and protecting it from tyranny. Plato explains at great length the framework which ties together the individual soul with the ideal political society....   [tags: The Republic] 1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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Gender Differences in Antisocial Personality Disorder: An Explanation of Theories of Unequal - ... The belief is that everyone is out to help themselves. Persons with the disorder are often lacking in empathy and are callous towards the feelings of others. They often have a sense of entitlement and think that many things are beneath them. This is indicative of an exaggerated sense of worth. A common associated feature is a shallow charm and a high degree of verbal execution. For example, using jargon to impress people unfamiliar with the topic. There is often a degree of disruptiveness and exploitation in their sexual relationships....   [tags: Gender Studies]
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An Examination Yoshihara Kunio’s Explanation of the Economic Growth of Postwar Japan - ... When villagers moved to the industrial sector they did not want to consider relations with their employers purely in monetary terms, and they also wanted their social needs met. As long as their economic needs were reasonably satisfied, they did not wish to move from one social setting to another. They were willing to take a long-term view in assessing benefits from work such as initially low pay that would mean higher pay later on. These psychological traits seem to have contributed to the establishment of lifetime employment,”(Kunio, 2006, p....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud - "I gazed-and gazed-but little thought" Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud" Imagine walking through a field in early summer, around an aqua blue lake that is in the shape of a giant egg. You discover a field of daffodils that is flowing in motion like a grand "dance" full of elegance. This area is full of sublime that can only be fully appreciated by a poet. William Wordsworth has been to this place and it was the subject of his poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud.” He entered a state of tranquility when he visited here and writes this proficient piece of poetry when he has recollections about the daffodils....   [tags: essays research papers] 799 words
(2.3 pages)
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Anthem: An Explanation of Three Quotes - In the book Anthem by Ayn Rand, Prometheus is a man who must overcome his collective society to find himself. Prometheus is born into a society where everything is equal. Without concern for consequences, he loves a woman and looks and discovers knowledge of the past. After his discovery is rejected he flees to the forest, and his lover follows. In the forest is where he finds the meaning of the word I. There is where he says "... we crushes all beneath it, and that which is white and that which is black are lost in the gray of it," he talks about what his society did to the differences of man, after he had run away....   [tags: World Literature] 495 words
(1.4 pages)
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Explanation of a Human Being - People have many different descriptions of the nature of human beings. Basically, a human being belongs to the species Homo sapiens, whether a man, woman, or child. The term human being can be described many different ways, taking into account diverse lifestyles and such characteristics as trustworthiness and religious beliefs. For instance, human beings have diverse life styles. For example many human beings live a simple life style. According to the author of the essay “Could you live with less” a simple lifestyle is “lush with comfort and convenience… I have a monastically simple life” (Mills 571)....   [tags: Human Beings, ] 697 words
(2 pages)
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An Explanation of Different Business Types - ... Types of partnership include a general partnership which has very active partners and assume responsibility for the firm. Limited partners include invest in a partnership but take limited risks of their assets as if the business fails they lose their investment but not their assets. “A silent partner is one who is known as a partner by the general public but who does not play an active role in the operations of the business” (Hodgetts & Kuratko, 2008). Someone who plays an active role in the business but may not be known by the public is a secret partner....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Explanation Of How Both Long-t - Using some of the causes in the list explain how both long-term and short-term causes contributed to Hitler’s rise to power. The treaty of Versailles caused a reaction of horror and outrage to the Germans. They were being forced to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment. Ebert was in an extremely difficult position. So he decided to accept the treaty of Versailles’ terms. When Ebert agreed to sign the treaty the Germans were furious, they were pleased the war had ended but they didn’t want humiliation....   [tags: essays research papers] 648 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Explanation of Vygotsky and Piaget’s Theories - ... Learning is developed though the organization of information and accommodation. The Preoperational stage that occurs between ages 2 and 4 when the child cannot conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations. The Concrete operation happens at the ages 7 to 11. When a physical experience accumulates, the accommodation seems to increase; and the child is able to think abstractly and create structures to explain their physical experiences. And last the Formal operations stage, this begins at ages 11 to 15....   [tags: Child Development]
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A Scientific Explanation of Stem Cells and Stem Cell Research - In general, a cell can be defined as a stem cell if two basic criteria are met. First, stem cell is capable of self renewal for indefinite period throughout life while maintaining undifferentiated state, i.e., the cell can divide and produce two identical daughter cells and thereby maintains the stem cell pool. Second, stem cell possesses capacity for differentiate into specialised and functional progeny under the right conditions, or given the right signals. It may divide asymmetrically to yield an identical cell and a daughter cell that acquires a particular cell type’s properties, such as morphology, phenotype and functional physiology that classified it belongs to a particular tissue (Burns and Zon 2002; Preston et al....   [tags: Science, Stem Cells, Stem Cell Research, ] 610 words
(1.7 pages)
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An Explanation for Jobless Poverty through the Structural Hole Theory - ... Steady out-migration by more advantaged families has made it difficult for the large proportion of poor families to sustain basic neighborhood institutions or to achieve adequate levels of social organization. Middle class families provide structural resources that sustain neighborhood services such as property maintenance. Culturally middle class families act as role models for neighborhood children. Without the presence of a middle class, the children lose the cultural resources to look up to as guidance for upward social mobility....   [tags: Economy, Sociology]
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2026 words
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The LSAT, Three Times - I would like to explain why I took the LSAT three times. To explain my low LSAT scores, I would first have to explain why and how I was diagnosed with a learning disability at Florida State University. In 2001, my academic advisor advised and referred to Florida State’s Adult and Learning Evaluation Center, because I was failing most of the college level mathematic courses. I completed a psycho-education evaluation and assessment test and was diagnosed with a learning disability that contributed from academic problems, associated with college level mathematics....   [tags: Personal Explanation] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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Jumping the Shark: An Explanation of Why it Was Ultimately During Brezhnev’s Regime That the Soviet Union Began to Collapse - ... Currently, Vladimir Putin is being compared by many to Brezhnev, who ruled the Soviet Union for 18 years, from 1964-1982 . This comparison has been brought about following Putin’s announcement to return to office for as long as twelve years, next year. If this does occur, there is no doubt that Putin will be accused of attempting to revert the Russian Federation back to the totalitarian rule that Brezhnev had been known so well for. Ruling with an iron fist has does not automatically call for revolution, as history suggests....   [tags: Soviet History ]
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1387 words
(4 pages)
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A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia - A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia Both the biological and the psychological explanations of schizophrenia are supported by empirical evidence which justify their explanations. However ,within the biological explanation there is the genetic explanation which is used largely based on scientific research such as that of Gottesman’s research using meta-analysis which looked at the family (including twin) relationships and concordance rates of schizophrenia....   [tags: Papers] 544 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Simulation Theory and Explanations that Make Sense of Behavior - The Simulation Theory and Explanations that ‘Make Sense of Behavior’ ABSTRACT: Underlying the current debate between simulation theory and theory theory is the assumption that folk psychological explanations of behavior are causal. Simulationists Martin Davies, Tony Stone, and Jane Heal claim that folk psychological explanations are explanations that make sense of another person by citing the thoughts important to the determination of his behavior on a given occasion. I argue that it is unlikely these explanations will be causal....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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3598 words
(10.3 pages)
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Explaining Laws in Special Relativity - Explaining Laws in Special Relativity Wesley Salmon has suggested that the two leading views of scientific explanation, the “bottom-up” view and the “top-down” view, describe distinct types of explanation. In this paper, I focus on theoretical explanations in physics, i.e., explanations of physical laws. Using explanations of E=mc2, I argue that the distinction between bottom-up explanations (BUEs) and top-down explanations (BUEs) is best understood as a manifestation of a deeper distinction, found originally in Newton’s work, between two levels of theory....   [tags: Science Mathematics Papers]
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3847 words
(11 pages)
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Accounts of Miracles and Their Support of Belief in God - Accounts of Miracles and Their Support of Belief in God The definition of a miracle is a violation of the "laws of nature", it is an exception that is beyond all naturalistic explanations, meaning they must be explained supernaturally. So do accounts of miracles support the belief in God. Firstly, one must decided whether there is sufficient evidence to prove the existence of miracles, something that people have disagreed about a lot....   [tags: Papers] 552 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Effect of Psychological Factors on Anorexia Nervosa - The Effect of Psychological Factors on Anorexia Nervosa In the research to explain whether anorexia nervosa is caused by psychological factors several explanations were given. The “Psychodynamic explanation” being one of the main ones suggests that ‘one’ is motivated to behave the way they do by unconscious and often repressed desires that featured in their past. For example someone doesn’t want to grow up, set off in to adulthood, instead they want to remain a child; not eating helps them to do this as it ‘preserves childhood’....   [tags: Papers] 419 words
(1.2 pages)
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Brain versus Mind By Logic,A Historically Irresolvable Debate - Brain versus Mind By Logic,A Historically Irresolvable Debate As computer and neuroscience technology progresses, the perceived role of the human brain grows ever more complex and seemingly more determinant as to what makes a person, a self. Research and development projects in both the fields of neuroscience and artificial intelligence add fire to the Mind versus Brain debate. Are the biochemical mechanics of the brain sufficient explanation for human behavior, or is there a “mind”, distinct from the brain, which harbors free will....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Papers]
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2369 words
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Comparing Scientific Theories - Carl G. Hempel was of the most influential proponents of what is now regarded as the classic view of explanation in science. In his work, Philosophy of Natural Science, he created the deductive-nomological model which is the following account of scientific explanation, where an explanation is set out as a formalized argument. This is the principle format for works such as Aristotle’s Physica, Ptolemy’s Almagest, Newton’s Principia and Opticks, Franklin’s Electricity, Lavoisie’s Chemistry, and Lyell’s Geology....   [tags: Science] 1458 words
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Use of Frameworks in Skills-Based Learning - Use of Frameworks in Skills-Based Learning   During the 1990s, many science programs across the country replaced concepts-based learning with skills-based learning. Many teachers, however, have experienced difficulties in making the transition. Moreover, they have noted that some students do not seem to benefit from the skills-based learning. One reason for this is that in many skills-based courses, students are not given a conceptual framework in which they can situate the skills that the course emphasizes....   [tags: Graduate College Admissions Essays] 743 words
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Practice for Teaching English as a Second Language to Students in Hong Kong: Analyzing my Own Classroom Interaction - Introduction Classroom interaction has been widely recognized as one of the most crucial factors in a second language classroom that allows second language learning to take place. As pointed out by Tsui (1995: 11), ."..the language used affects the nature of interaction, which in turn affects the opportunities for learning that are made available." This statement is exceptionally true in Hong Kong context because English are seldom used by students in their daily lives. English lessons seem to be their solely exposure to this target language....   [tags: ESL, languages, teacher] 1661 words
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The Cosmological Argument - The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument Things exist It is possible for those things not to exist Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 845 words
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Varying Arguments for the Existence of God - Varying Arguments for the Existence of God Many philosophers and theologians have provided varying arguments for the existence of God. These arguments are either a priori, understood independent of worldly experience and observation (Ontological Argument), or a posteriori, dependent on experience and based on observations of how the world is (Cosmological and Teleological Arguments). This paper will focus on the Cosmological Argument, and show that its underlying principle, the Principle of Sufficient Reason, fails to establish it as a sound argument for the existence of God....   [tags: Papers] 850 words
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The Impact of Social Intervention on Individuals - The Impact of Social Intervention on Individuals When attempting to explain the question of what is crime. Two predominate theories emerge, that of a structural explanation and that of an agency. These theories form one of the fundamental debates in Social Science and each offers its own perspective on how free individuals are to act as they chose with out social intervention. As such in this essay I intend to illustrate the key points of each explanation and in turn highlight key methods of evidence used to support them....   [tags: Papers] 706 words
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Investigating Students' Intuitive Knowledge About Patterns That Are Discussed in the Science Classroom - Abstract Professional scientists construct explanations to explain how and why various phenomena in the world operate. Formulating an explanation can allow us to engage in the scientific process by providing a better understanding of new phenomena and the ability to reflect on observations. Both the content and the form of the explanation can influence our understanding of the phenomena to be explained and how we perceive the explanation. In this paper I will attempt to understand in detail the relationship between the content and form of students’ generated causal explanations....   [tags: Research Analysis] 2012 words
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Sciene and Christianity - Sciene and Christianity Generally, science and Christianity are considered two contradictory views of the universe. Science symbolizes an evolutionary and naturalistic view of the universe from which God is (or at least can be) excluded....   [tags: Papers] 520 words
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The Anthropic Teleological Argument by Betty and Cordell - The Anthropic Teleological Argument by Betty and Cordell In the article, “The Anthropic Teleological Argument,” using a cumulative argument and referring to cosmological and biochemical complexity of the universe, Betty and Cordell arrive at a conclusion that God exists. Through several citation and examples, they try to show that those accounts which suggest that universe came into existence from nothing and merely by chance are highly improbable. In the first part of their essay, “Cosmology,” they indicate that the existence of the universe in its current form depend upon a few physical constants such as Planck’s constant, and hence, the chance of having them ex nihilo, and without an intelligent creator who calculated them is close to zero....   [tags: Religion God Existence Essays]
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Physics of Lift - Lift is a commonly used term to describe "something" that results in objects moving upwards against the force caused by gravity. This "something" is actually a force in itself. Lift is one of the four main forces that act upon all objects that move through the air. These four forces are: # Lift - an upward force on the object # Weight - a downward force due to the acceleration of gravity # Thrust - a forward force (propulsion) # Drag - a force caused by resistance that acts in the opposite direction of thrust Lift is a simple concept to grasp, yet the reason it exists is a complex one....   [tags: physics lift airplane fly] 1433 words
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Visual Form Agnosia - ... On the other hand, the dorsal action pathway and early-level vision are undamaged which saves the person’s visuomotor competence. Vercera noted that there were a few implications with this explanation. The first was that the account would have a hard time justifying current data on perceptual organization procedure. The second was that the explanation fully makes the locality supposition that the “cognitive architecture is modular and brain damage has local effects” (Vercera, 2001). ‘Spared input account’ is the second explanation for the dissociation in visual form agnosia according to Vercera....   [tags: Medical Research]
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The Stranger - The Stranger Meursault's actions reflect his inner self in many ways. He is the protagonist in the story. He emotionally really doesn't care about other people like is mother and Marie. Many events end up leading to the his murder of an Arab. During his trial, there was no emotional attachment between him and his mother. That becomes a main focus of the prosecutor's argument that he is a monster. Meursault is a young man living in Algiers. He receives a report of his mother Madame Meursault's funeral....   [tags: Papers] 344 words
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Violent Themes in Modern Society - Violent Themes in Modern Society In today's society, cruelty and violent themes are everywhere. Avoiding something that contains even the smallest bit of these would be almost impossible because of the fact it is so widespread. It is everywhere. Not only is cruelty and violence seen in popular culture such as movies, music, and television but unexpectedly in biblical stories and fairy tales. Even nursery rhymes and lullabies contain images of cruelty and violence. Many believe that prolonged exposure to such harsh themes can cause not only desensitization to violence and cruelty but ultimately duplication....   [tags: Religion, Social Issues, Pyschology] 323 words
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Astronomy, why is the sky dark - “Why is the night sky dark?”(Hienrich) For thousands of years this question, also known as Olber’s paradox, has been asked. Astronomers are constantly growing closer to the answer but still no one has yet found a finite answer. As scientists relentlessly collect data hoping to find some clue as to the answer to this riddle we seem to realize that the answer may be because of something that is too mind blowing for us to comprehend. Several explanations have been considered over the years. But as of right now only about two reasons seem to answer the question at hand....   [tags: essays research papers] 544 words
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Creationism Vs. Evolutionism - The scientific explanation of the creation of the universe is better known as the "Big Bang." It is to my understanding that the "Big Bang" theory states that billions of years ago there was nothing. A small, but very intensely hot ball of pure energy then exploded, and gave way to radiation and matter. Gravity then pulled the matter outward, and thus was the beginning of the universe. The "Big Bang" explanation is the atheistic view of the creation of the universe. The major difference between the scientific and the biblical versions is the belief that there is a Creator and that the creation was not an accident, but rather a carefully planned design....   [tags: Biology] 446 words
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Causes of the Rapid Social Change - Causes of the Rapid Social Change The view of the title is that sects emerge as a response to rapid social change, social dislocation and anomie. Cohn 1957 said that the experience of disasters either natural or manmade e.g. outbreaks of plague or war can lead to people feeling a deep sense of doom and an eager desire for salvation. Sects may also emerge as a response to contact with an “alien culture” especially when it is with being occupied and colonised e.g....   [tags: Papers] 633 words
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Popper and Unification - The unificationist account of explanation and the notion of ad hoc-ness as posited by Popper are very similar concepts, but there is a nuance between the two that is worth explaining. Although both notions seem to show why we choose certain explanatory theories over others, they differ in that the model of unification shows us what type of theory we should accept, while Popper’s notion of ad hoc-ness shows us what type of theory to reject. Together, these concepts help us better understand the explanatory model of unification which leads us to a better understanding of why we are inclined to accept certain scientific theories over others....   [tags: Science Theory] 2073 words
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Natural Selection - God Has No Role in Evolution - Natural Selection - God Has No Role in Evolution My research of Darwinian evolution has led me to believe that there is little room for spirituality of any kind in a truly rigorous scientific theory of the origin of life. This is disconcerting, to say the least. Obviously we have outgrown a strictly creationist lens, but has religion become completely obsolete. Does spirituality have a real place amongst the scientific tenets of evolutionary theory, or is it merely a crutch that we lean on. Can God and Darwin co-exist....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Nietsche and Evolution - Nietsche and Evolution "It is the image of the ungraspable phantom of life; and this is the key to it all." -Melville In 1859 Charles Darwin offered a theory that seemed to disprove the longstanding explanation of the Origin of existence. Darwin's theory of evolution proposes a convincing argument that the universe was not created for a purpose, with intention, by a conscious God, but rather, was a phenomenon of random change. Fredrick Nietzsche articulated the gravity of the effect of Darwin's theory on society....   [tags: Religion Creationism Evolution Essays] 1173 words
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Science and African Metaphysics - Science and African Metaphysics If one takes the African situation as a case study, one finds that serious efforts are made for the sake of scientific progress and exploration. However, the results attained are not comparable to the energy expended. Lack of progress is often attributed to faulty policy formation and execution on the part of African leaders and governments. This essay attempts to shed light on the source of this problem. The heuristic principle I follow holds that the metaphysical preconditioning of consciousness leads us to approach sensory data in particular ways and, furthermore, influences both our formulation of problems and possible solutions....   [tags: Africa Government Papers] 3956 words
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Using the Biological Approach to Explain Lottery Addiction in Children - Using the Biological Approach to Explain Lottery Addiction in Children Britain is producing a generation of child gamblers hooked on the Lottery and fruit machines. Disturbing research by two eminent academics shows that hundreds of thousands of children-some as young as 11- are now addicted despite the supposed legal restrictions. The findings will fuel warnings from lottery critics that the country is storing up social problems and is likely to trigger pressure for a uniform age limit of 18 on all gambling." (Reproduced from AQA A specimen material.) In the A level examination you will be required to explain a target behaviour using any approach....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The "War" Of Religion And Science Due To Their Similarities And Diff - The “War” of Religion and Science Due to Their Similarities and Differences Samantha Pavlakos Ms. Smith Period 6 English Term Paper March 13, 2000 Outline Thesis: In the book Phantoms, Dean Koontz relates the “war” between religion and science through the defeat of a supernatural being. I. Religion A. Similarities to science from the theological view B. Differences to science from the theological view 1. Why they are different from the theological view 2....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Investigatin Attraction Between People - Investigatin Attraction Between People a) Similarity. For example similar backgrounds, ages, attitudes, beliefs and interests. The more they have in common the more likely a couple are to stay together. b) Familiarity. The more a couple meet up the more attractive they become to each another. In a 1968 study, Zajonc showed his participants a large number of photographs. He found that there was a positive correlation between the number of times a photograph was shown and the attraction....   [tags: Papers] 1950 words
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Free Will, Determinism, and Responsibility - Free Will, Determinism, and Responsibility There are many events in a person's life that have an impact so large, that the person' life is forever changed. Hopefully most such events are positive, and help him in his life. However, there is also the undeniable fact that bad things happen. It is not uncommon to hear someone wondering aloud why an event took place. A person's actions come into question, and it is wondered what the person's motivation was. Once we start questioning the events of our lives, we begin to test out different theories that we have heard over time....   [tags: Papers] 689 words
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Teleological Argument for the Existence of God - This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly: that the criticisms made by David Hume concerning the argument hold more weight than is generally granted by other philosophers, and should have convinced one even before the advent of Darwinian theory....   [tags: Natural Theology, William Paley] 2089 words
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Title Ix - Michael Burch had been the University of California, Davis' head men's wrestling coach since 1995. He was employed through one-year contracts and was classified as a part-timer in the athletic department. UCD acknowledged that the wrestling team's win-loss record, and the wrestling program overall, improved significantly during Burch's tenure. Despite that, on May 29, 2001, the university told Burch his contract would not be renewed. Burch sued. He accused UCD of retaliation in violation of Title IX....   [tags: Title IX] 1725 words
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Deviant Behavior - ... He used the term “atavism” to describe these people, and said that they were not fully evolved (Burfeind and Bartusch 2011:119). Nowadays, Lombroso’s theories have been scientifically discredited with good reason. Lombroso’s studies did have a positive effect as they gave researchers the new idea of studying the criminal instead of just the crime. Thomas Scheff is interested in social psychology and emotions. He believed in a very different approach of how a person becomes deviant, to Lombroso....   [tags: Psychology, Social Psychology] 2093 words
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Moral Realism's Indispensability Argument - ... Instrumental indispensability entails the idea that if there is a project, and the thing (e.g. electrons) in question is eliminated, the project would be rendered less successful. So, if electrons were eliminated from certain types of scientific explanation, then the project would be less successful. Similarly, he argues that if normative truths were eliminated from deliberation, then people would be less successful in achieving the correct answer. Additionally, intrinsic indispensability means that the thing in question must be part of a larger, indispensable, project that is not rationally possible to disengage from....   [tags: Philosophy] 1969 words
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