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Problems about Scientific Explanation - Problems about Scientific Explanation Have you ever thought about the way your car works. The inner works of the engine, how does the fuel make it work, how does combustion lead to movement and is then passed to the wheels. If you have, what are you going to answer an 8-year-old kid when he asks: 'Why does the car move?'; Are you going to start explaining high school physics, mechanics, chemistry of combustion and the concept of friction. Or are you just going to say: 'Well, the car eats up gas, and that makes the engine move the wheels.'; Granted, the latter doesn't explain much about what a car is....   [tags: Van Fraassen Scientific Explanations Essays] 1584 words
(4.5 pages)
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Habits and Explanation - Habits and Explanation Habits form a crucial part of the everyday conceptual scheme used to explain normal human activity. However, they have been neglected in debates concerning folk-psychology which have concentrated on propositional attitudes such as beliefs. But propositional attitudes are just one of the many mental states. In this paper, I seek to expand the debate by considering mental states other than propositional attitudes. I conclude that the case for the autonomy and plausibility of the folk-psychological explanation is strengthened when one considers an example from the non-propositional-attitude mental states: habits....   [tags: Psychology Science Papers]
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3168 words
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An Explanation Of Terrorism - An Explanation of Terrorism After browsing through Stephen E. Atkins book Terrorism, I soon learned many interesting things regarding the history of terrorism. It seems this form of protest has been around since Biblical times. Also, the main goal of a terrorist is not to do damage to one peticular person or place, but to gain publicity for an idea they support. (page 1) Evidence of this can be found by looking at the recent past of the United States. The Oklahoma bombing was one man's way of expressing his dislike of the government....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1134 words
(3.2 pages)
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Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity - Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity ABSTRACT: Many theorists of explanation from Hempel onward have worked with the explicit or implicit assumption that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding should be kept out of the formulation of a proper theory of explanation. They claim that genuine understanding of an event comes only from being in an appropriate cognitive relation to the true explanation of that event. I argue that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding cannot be completely removed from the process of formulating and justifying an acceptable theory of explanation....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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3341 words
(9.5 pages)
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The Quarrel About Historical Explanation - The Quarrel About Historical Explanation The discussion of the philosophical question of historical explanation is in reality a disagreement concerning the nature of the philosophic method. There are primarily two sides taken in this argument, those who agree with Carl Hempel and those that do not. According to Hempel a historical event is only sufficiently explained when it logically fits a set of confirmed pre-existing conditions along with some universal laws. Certainly all things cannot easily be assigned to rules and laws....   [tags: essays research papers] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean - On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]
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2763 words
(7.9 pages)
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Biological Explanation for Anorexia Nervosa - Biological Explanation for Anorexia Nervosa Evidence for a faulty gene. AIMS: to see if concordance rates for anorexia are higher in MZ twins compared to DZ twins. This would provide evidence for a faulty gene causing the disorder because if one MZ twin develops anorexia, there should be 100% concordance (agreement) with the second MZ twin also suffering from it, since they share the same genes. The rates for DZ twins should be much lower because they share only 50% same genes....   [tags: Papers] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Need for an Explanation of Human Memory - The Need for an Explanation of Human Memory Discuss the need for an explanation of human memory, which proposes that memory is a set of stages, rather than a single process. This essay is going to discuss the need for an explanation of human memory, which proposes that memory is a set of stages rather than a single process. Flanagan (1997) defines memory as "the mental function of retaining data, the storage system holding the data, and the data which is retained." It is evident from reviewing the literature that an explanation of memory as a set of stages proves to be more understandable than as a single process, the theories of memory all providing information about how memory is structured and organised and the findings from the research studies inevitably pointing in the direction of memory existing as a set of stages rather than a single process....   [tags: Papers] 1439 words
(4.1 pages)
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Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation - Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation Severely injuring a digit or limb can result in unrepentant damage and amputation. However, the painful sensations experienced in regard to that limb do not necessarily cease after amputation. The concept of feeling sensations in a limb that is no longer attached to the body is referred to as feeling a "phantom limb." This phenomenon is experienced by approximately 80%-100% of all patients who have lost a limb (1), and has therefore sparked wide interest in scientific community....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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997 words
(2.8 pages)
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An Explanation of Kenya's Population Distribution - An Explanation of Kenya's Population Distribution There are many reasons why people do not live in the North and North East of Kenya, and reasons why people live in Central/Western Kenya. [IMAGE] Few people choose to live in the North and North East because of the poor water supply - with only about 15 inches of rainfall every year, water supplies are extremely limited. Without water, you can't live, which is a reason why that area is so unpopulated. A Long dry season and a semi-desert terrain make farming almost impossible because animals can not survive under such extreme temperatures on the Equator....   [tags: Papers] 364 words
(1 pages)
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Explanation of the Term Miracle - Explanation of the Term Miracle The term 'miracle' is defined in the Oxford dictionary as 1 "a remarkable and welcome event that seems impossible to explain by the means of the known laws of nature and which is therefore attributed to a supernatural agency".2 "a remarkable example or specimen, it's a miracle of ingenuity". The first meaning defines a miracle as being something great that happens, which goes against the laws of nature. The second meaning defines a miracle as being something that happens which was not expected, but people are grateful it has happened; for example, people would say that someone who recovered from a terminal illness would be a miracle....   [tags: Papers] 1239 words
(3.5 pages)
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explanation paper benchmark - Explanation Paper (European Foods~ Impact of Exploration) For my benchmark, I chose to research and learn about the impact that exploration had on European foods. In my oral presentation, which I will give on March 21, 2002, I will explain certain characteristics before and after European exploration. I will speak about how the only spices that were ordinarily used in Europe in the beginning of the Renaissance were pepper and salt, while after Christopher Columbus explored the new world common spices also included ginger and cinnamon....   [tags: essays research papers] 934 words
(2.7 pages)
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An Explanation of How the Internet Works - An Explanation of How the Internet Works Have you ever thought how the Internet works. The research found here will help answer that question. The Internet is a complicated system. There are two main protocols that the Internet uses that allow you to transmit and there are certain procedures that allow you to receive information via the Internet. The Internet is very large and many things have to work correctly for information to get to your computer or to get from your computer to someone else's computer....   [tags: Expository Process Essays]
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813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Metaphysical Explanation for the Number Three - Metaphysical Explanation for the Number Three What is the Number Three. When examining what sort of existence the number three has, it is important first to understand exactly how it exists relevantly in the physical world. First of all, the primary existence of number three is not a tangible existence; one cannot walk through the forest and find threes growing wild with beautiful, silky, burnt orange and maroon spotted petals and green leaves. Second of all, the number three cannot do anything by itself to declare its own existence in the physical....   [tags: Philosophy] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms - Utilitarianism: Explanation And Study of Criticisms The dictionary definition of Utilitarianism is: 'The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principal of conduct.' When making a moral decision, we should look at the outcome of an action. Whatever brings the greatest happiness to the most people is the morally 'right' decision. It is a consequentialist principal where the majority rules. It is also relative as each situation is looked at differently and will have a different outcome....   [tags: Papers] 3062 words
(8.7 pages)
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Explanation and Analysis of Stoic Philosophy - Explanation and Analysis of Stoic Philosophy Stoicism is, without a doubt, one of the most widely misunderstood schools of Philosophy ever established and followed by a wide number of people. The common opinion of Stoic adherents is that they are merely cold, somber individuals dedicated to the idea that happiness is evil, emotion is to be avoided at all costs and pleasure is wicked. Although they do stress control over strong emotions and that pleasure is not the sole end of life, this is a gross misunderstanding of Stoicism....   [tags: Papers] 1547 words
(4.4 pages)
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An Explanation of Corporate Crime - An Explanation of Corporate Crime This analytical source review will analyse and detail the views and opinions of four different sources including: The sociology of corporate crime: an obituary, Corporate Crime, Corporate Crime at the tip of the iceberg and White Collar and Corporate Crime. The topic this review will be primarily concerned with is corporate crime, the topic will be examined and the notion of ignorance towards the subject will be addressed. However in order to research and provide a review on the subject in hand a brief definition of corporate crime is required....   [tags: Papers] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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Explanation of the Term Cabinet Government - Explanation of the Term Cabinet Government The book ‘British Politics: Ideas and Concepts by Keith Pye and Richard Yates is an understandable guide to politics. It is split in to three sections- Concepts, Theory and Institutions. The chapter of interest to us is ‘The Executive’ which can be found in the Institutions section. This chapter goes over the basic principles associated with the Executive, discusses the make up and foundations of the same, and outlines the powers of the Prime Minister....   [tags: Papers] 831 words
(2.4 pages)
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Explanation of Osmosis and Diffusion - Explanation of Osmosis and Diffusion “Osmosis is the passage of water from a region of high water concentration through a semi-permeable membrane to a region of low water concentration, which will then become equal.” Diffusion, although at first may seem insignificant in nature, plays quite a major part. The most obvious example would be in cells, plant and animal alike. They have partially permeable membrane in order to let in things like water, and to prevent unwanted big chemicals such as sucrose from entering....   [tags: Papers] 2303 words
(6.6 pages)
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Eichengreen and Temin’s Explanation of the Cause of the Great Depression - Eight decades has elapsed since the outbreak of the Great Depression, but the continuing mystery of its cause keep provoking academic debates among scholars from various fields. Eichengreen and Temin joint the debates by linking the gold-standard ideology with the cause of the Great Depression. They content that because of this ideology monetary and fiscal authorities implemented deflationary policies when the hindsight shows clearly that expansionary policies were needed. And these contractionary policies consequently pushed the stumbling world economy into the Great Depression....   [tags: american history, great depression] 2383 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Religious Believer's Explanation for the Existence of Evil and Suffering in the World - The problem of evil and suffering presents a real problem to the religious believer because it compels them to accept conflicting claims that are logically impossible to reconcile. Religious followers often question the nature of God and whether or not he is the type of God we are led to believe. St Augustine said that if God cannot stop evil and suffering he is not all powerful if he will not stop evil and suffering then he is not all good. However Augustine did not actually believe this to be true he set it out as something which he was going to solve....   [tags: religion, faith, theology] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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Plato's Explanation of an Ideal State in his Work, The Republic - What is the ideal state. This question has sparked debate since the very formation of organized political society. In Plato’s The Republic, Plato seeks to define justice and in doing so he seeks to explain the ideal just state. In Plato’s explanation of an ideal state, there is an extreme emphasis on unity and harmony. The reason unity and harmony are so important to Plato are because they are responsible for bonding together Plato’s ideal state and protecting it from tyranny. Plato explains at great length the framework which ties together the individual soul with the ideal political society....   [tags: The Republic] 1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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Explanation for Criminality from a Sociological Perspective - Explanation for Criminality from a Sociological Perspective From a sociological perspective, explanation for criminality is found in two levels which are the subculture and the structural explanations. The sociological explanations emphasize aspects of societal arrangements that are external to the actor and compelling. A sociological explanation is concerned with how the structure of a society, institutional practices or its persisting cultural themes affect the conduct of its members. Individual differences are denied or ignored, and the explanation of the overall collective behavior is sought in the patterning of social arrangements that is considered to be both outside the actor and prior to him (Sampson, 1985)....   [tags: Criminals Violence Sociology Essays]
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4015 words
(11.5 pages)
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Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning - Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning We use the term "classical conditioning" to describe one type of associative learning in which there is no contingency between response and reinforcer. This situation resembles most closely the experiment from Pavlov in the 1920s, where he trained his dogs to associate a bell ring with a food-reward. In such experiments, the subject initially shows weak or no response to a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g. the bell), but a measurable unconditioned response (UCR, e.g....   [tags: Papers] 1627 words
(4.6 pages)
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Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning - Possible Explanation of Kierkegaard’s Reasoning As some philosophers suggest, an individual may only know what he knows through experience. What is sensed equals what is known. Because we understand things through our senses, then what we understand must also be expressed through our senses. We represent that knowledge through language. Language is a means of transferring our experiences to a concrete, literal form, so the sensuous can be made known in the psyche. To describe a snake (itself a linguistic representation of my experience), I might use the word, “slimy,” thus, I have distinguished one feeling from another feeling....   [tags: Essays Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Levels of Processing Model as an Explanation of Memory - The Levels of Processing Model as an Explanation of Memory Craik and Lockhart believe that the memory is one single unit and cannot be broken down into short-term memory and long-term memory. The idea is that our ability to remember depends on how deeply we process and encode information. We process information in three different depths, from shallow to very deep. The shallowest level of processing involves the structural pattern of a word or number (what the word or number looks like)....   [tags: Papers] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture - Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture ABSTRACT: I explore the nature of scientific explanation in a culture centering on the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phrases, wu-hsing (YYFP). I note how YYFP functions as an alternative to the causal way of thinking, as well as the meaning of scientific explanation in a culture. I also consider whether a scientific concept becomes metaphorical when it is superseded by an alternative organizing concept. To a Western eye, or even to a contemporary Eastern eye, many explanations given under the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phases (wu-hsing), apparently intended to be scientific, would seem either absurd or too arbitrary at first sight....   [tags: Technology Technological Essays]
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3153 words
(9 pages)
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The Christian Explanation of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot - The Christian Explanation of Waiting for Godot   "The human predicament described in Beckett's first play is that of man living on the Saturday after the Friday of the crucifixion, and not really knowing if all hope is dead or if the next day will bring the life which has been promised."   --William R. Mueller                In the five decades since Waiting for Godot's publication, many of the countless attempts to explain the play have relied on some variation of this religious motif proposed by William Mueller....   [tags: Waiting for Godot Essays] 2417 words
(6.9 pages)
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Gender Differences in Antisocial Personality Disorder: An Explanation of Theories of Unequal - ... The belief is that everyone is out to help themselves. Persons with the disorder are often lacking in empathy and are callous towards the feelings of others. They often have a sense of entitlement and think that many things are beneath them. This is indicative of an exaggerated sense of worth. A common associated feature is a shallow charm and a high degree of verbal execution. For example, using jargon to impress people unfamiliar with the topic. There is often a degree of disruptiveness and exploitation in their sexual relationships....   [tags: Gender Studies]
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1061 words
(3 pages)
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An Examination Yoshihara Kunio’s Explanation of the Economic Growth of Postwar Japan - ... When villagers moved to the industrial sector they did not want to consider relations with their employers purely in monetary terms, and they also wanted their social needs met. As long as their economic needs were reasonably satisfied, they did not wish to move from one social setting to another. They were willing to take a long-term view in assessing benefits from work such as initially low pay that would mean higher pay later on. These psychological traits seem to have contributed to the establishment of lifetime employment,”(Kunio, 2006, p....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2322 words
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An Explanation of Mr. Buckley’s Helping Behaviour - An Explanation of Mr. Buckley’s Helping Behaviour The murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964 caused a national outcry. Although her death was horrific, the public could not believe the police reported 38 people witnessing the incident yet not one person took any action. The dismay this caused prompted Psychologists to study the factors involved in helping behaviour. Helping behaviour may be defined as “an intentional act to benefit someone else”. (Hogg and Vaughan, 1995, cited in Hogg and Vaughan, 2002, p 280)....   [tags: Papers] 1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation - ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation My father, like many Asian immigrants, left India to pursue his educational goals in America in order to provide a better life for his family. He arrived in the U.S. with fourteen dollars in his coat pocket, a suitcase in his hands, and a will to succeed. For my father, in a place like America where opportunities were plentiful and where hard work actually paid off there was no excuse not to succeed. The practical translation of this belief meant that if his children worked hard in school there was nothing they too could not achieve....   [tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]
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1605 words
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Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action - Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action In The Interpretation of Dreams (henceforth ID) Freud claims that "the dream is a wish-fulfilment" (der Traum ist eine Wunscherfüllung) - an assertion which constitutes not only the title of one of the central chapters of the book, but also one of its main theses. But what exactly does defining the dream as the fulfilment of a wish imply. What relation do dreams bear to desires. And how can a wish be fulfilled in (or through) a dream....   [tags: Papers] 2660 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Functionalist Explanation of the Role of Education in Modern Society - The Functionalist Explanation of the Role of Education in Modern Society I will discuss the functionalist's theories in comparison to those of the Marxist and Interactionists. Functionalists believe that all in society serves a purpose and it's a positive function. They also believe that education is a way of achieving in society; it develops people so that it gives them the opportunities in society (workplace). Durkheim believed that in order for children to feel as though they belong in society and for society to work, the education system will enable people to belong to society for example the teaching of certain subjects (transmission of cultural capital) i.e....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Explanation of Haunting Thoughts in Emily Dickinson's Poem 670 - An Explanation of Haunting Thoughts in Emily Dickinson's Poem 670 Poem 670 is about the inner workings of your mind. The beginning of this poem addresses everyone. She does that by saying, "One need not be a Chamber....One need not be a House." This is saying whether you are small like a chamber or big like a house you will be haunted in your mind. The phenomenon of haunting thoughts, in your brain, exceed anything externally at that moment. Your mind becomes totally focused on the inner dealings that external people or actions are perceived as ghosts....   [tags: Emily Dickinson Poem 670 Essays] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property - Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property ‘The great and chief end... of Mens uniting into Commonwealths, and putting themselves under Government, is the preservation of their property’ (Second treatise, para.124). How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property....   [tags: Papers] 5868 words
(16.8 pages)
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Explanation of a Human Being - People have many different descriptions of the nature of human beings. Basically, a human being belongs to the species Homo sapiens, whether a man, woman, or child. The term human being can be described many different ways, taking into account diverse lifestyles and such characteristics as trustworthiness and religious beliefs. For instance, human beings have diverse life styles. For example many human beings live a simple life style. According to the author of the essay “Could you live with less” a simple lifestyle is “lush with comfort and convenience… I have a monastically simple life” (Mills 571)....   [tags: Human Beings, ] 697 words
(2 pages)
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The LSAT, Three Times - I would like to explain why I took the LSAT three times. To explain my low LSAT scores, I would first have to explain why and how I was diagnosed with a learning disability at Florida State University. In 2001, my academic advisor advised and referred to Florida State’s Adult and Learning Evaluation Center, because I was failing most of the college level mathematic courses. I completed a psycho-education evaluation and assessment test and was diagnosed with a learning disability that contributed from academic problems, associated with college level mathematics....   [tags: Personal Explanation] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Explanation of Vygotsky and Piaget’s Theories - ... Learning is developed though the organization of information and accommodation. The Preoperational stage that occurs between ages 2 and 4 when the child cannot conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations. The Concrete operation happens at the ages 7 to 11. When a physical experience accumulates, the accommodation seems to increase; and the child is able to think abstractly and create structures to explain their physical experiences. And last the Formal operations stage, this begins at ages 11 to 15....   [tags: Child Development]
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An Explanation of Different Business Types - ... Types of partnership include a general partnership which has very active partners and assume responsibility for the firm. Limited partners include invest in a partnership but take limited risks of their assets as if the business fails they lose their investment but not their assets. “A silent partner is one who is known as a partner by the general public but who does not play an active role in the operations of the business” (Hodgetts & Kuratko, 2008). Someone who plays an active role in the business but may not be known by the public is a secret partner....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud - "I gazed-and gazed-but little thought" Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud" Imagine walking through a field in early summer, around an aqua blue lake that is in the shape of a giant egg. You discover a field of daffodils that is flowing in motion like a grand "dance" full of elegance. This area is full of sublime that can only be fully appreciated by a poet. William Wordsworth has been to this place and it was the subject of his poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud.” He entered a state of tranquility when he visited here and writes this proficient piece of poetry when he has recollections about the daffodils....   [tags: essays research papers] 799 words
(2.3 pages)
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Anthem: An Explanation of Three Quotes - In the book Anthem by Ayn Rand, Prometheus is a man who must overcome his collective society to find himself. Prometheus is born into a society where everything is equal. Without concern for consequences, he loves a woman and looks and discovers knowledge of the past. After his discovery is rejected he flees to the forest, and his lover follows. In the forest is where he finds the meaning of the word I. There is where he says "... we crushes all beneath it, and that which is white and that which is black are lost in the gray of it," he talks about what his society did to the differences of man, after he had run away....   [tags: World Literature] 495 words
(1.4 pages)
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A Scientific Explanation of Stem Cells and Stem Cell Research - In general, a cell can be defined as a stem cell if two basic criteria are met. First, stem cell is capable of self renewal for indefinite period throughout life while maintaining undifferentiated state, i.e., the cell can divide and produce two identical daughter cells and thereby maintains the stem cell pool. Second, stem cell possesses capacity for differentiate into specialised and functional progeny under the right conditions, or given the right signals. It may divide asymmetrically to yield an identical cell and a daughter cell that acquires a particular cell type’s properties, such as morphology, phenotype and functional physiology that classified it belongs to a particular tissue (Burns and Zon 2002; Preston et al....   [tags: Science, Stem Cells, Stem Cell Research, ] 610 words
(1.7 pages)
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An Explanation for Jobless Poverty through the Structural Hole Theory - ... Steady out-migration by more advantaged families has made it difficult for the large proportion of poor families to sustain basic neighborhood institutions or to achieve adequate levels of social organization. Middle class families provide structural resources that sustain neighborhood services such as property maintenance. Culturally middle class families act as role models for neighborhood children. Without the presence of a middle class, the children lose the cultural resources to look up to as guidance for upward social mobility....   [tags: Economy, Sociology]
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2026 words
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Explanation Of How Both Long-t - Using some of the causes in the list explain how both long-term and short-term causes contributed to Hitler’s rise to power. The treaty of Versailles caused a reaction of horror and outrage to the Germans. They were being forced to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment. Ebert was in an extremely difficult position. So he decided to accept the treaty of Versailles’ terms. When Ebert agreed to sign the treaty the Germans were furious, they were pleased the war had ended but they didn’t want humiliation....   [tags: essays research papers] 648 words
(1.9 pages)
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Jumping the Shark: An Explanation of Why it Was Ultimately During Brezhnev’s Regime That the Soviet Union Began to Collapse - ... Currently, Vladimir Putin is being compared by many to Brezhnev, who ruled the Soviet Union for 18 years, from 1964-1982 . This comparison has been brought about following Putin’s announcement to return to office for as long as twelve years, next year. If this does occur, there is no doubt that Putin will be accused of attempting to revert the Russian Federation back to the totalitarian rule that Brezhnev had been known so well for. Ruling with an iron fist has does not automatically call for revolution, as history suggests....   [tags: Soviet History ]
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1387 words
(4 pages)
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The explaination of ‘cinema of attractions’ - ... After watching Voyage dans la lune, The great train robbery, the audience is in awe and moved by the exotic prospects of the film and its allurement. Even after the progressive artists of the 20th century added narrative, multiple screen shots, points of view and greater audiovisual audiences still respected the works that led to domination over what was produced in the beginning. Gunning observed that audiences of that time were more responsive and less sensitive to traditional narrative. (Gunning, Tom 2000 p 229) The industry from Europe to America The film greats may be hard at work creating the foundations in France and Italy but the new money and film adventures travelled to America in the early 1900’s....   [tags: Film]
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1161 words
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Discarding Intuitively Appealing Explanations - ... Jennifer Carter, 22-year old woman, was raped. She paid careful attention to the man so she would be able to accurately describe him to law enforcement later. After she reported the incident, she was shown several pictures of possible men that could have committed the crime. She immediately chose one man, Ronald Cotton, and was absolutely certain of her selection. She said that she could clearly visualize this man. Ronald Cotton was sent to jail. However, eleven years later, it was proven that this man was innocent....   [tags: Logic]
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1333 words
(3.8 pages)
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Two Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia - Two Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia There are many biological explanations of schizophrenia. In this essay I will concentrate on the genetic explanation and biochemical explanation of the disorder. There are many studies that look in to genetics and the link to schizophrenia. This is dues to an original finding that schizophrenia runs in families and therefore suggests that genes are responsible for the disorder. I study was preformed by Janicak et al 2001; they found that monozygotic twins have a 48% concordance rate....   [tags: Papers] 489 words
(1.4 pages)
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Evolutionary Explanations for Human Intelligence - Evolutionary Explanations for Human Intelligence Intelligence is a hard word to define. Eysenck defined intelligence as 'the all-round mental abilities or thinking skills either of human or of lower species.' These include problem solving, reasoning, predicting events, memory and language. Another definition of intelligence is 'the ability to adapt, survive and thrive in response to changing environmental demands. Taking both these definitions of intelligence, we can deduce that human intelligence must be a development from the lower species, and the greater the ability to problem solve, reason, predict events, remember and use language the more evolved the intelligence....   [tags: Papers] 540 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Psychological Explanations of Rape - Rape is an experience which shakes the foundations of the lives of the victims. For many its effect is long term, impairing their capacity for personal relationships, altering their behaviour and values and generating fear, Temkin (1986:17). Rape is an extremely controversial issue and this notion is supported based on the fact that basic definitions and explanations of rape usually directly correlate with a state's lawful definition of rape. This proves problematic as many people's explanations and definitions of rape are quite different to that of the law....   [tags: Psychology] 787 words
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Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia - Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia Based on the idea that woman experience more pressure to be thin that men, Behar et al. investigated the effect of gender identity on eating disorders. Behar et al. aimed to compare some traits of gender identity between females with eating disorders and a control group. 126 participants, 63 of whom had either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and 63 who did not, were given a structured clinical interview based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) for gender identity....   [tags: Causes of Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa] 375 words
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A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia - A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia Both the biological and the psychological explanations of schizophrenia are supported by empirical evidence which justify their explanations. However ,within the biological explanation there is the genetic explanation which is used largely based on scientific research such as that of Gottesman’s research using meta-analysis which looked at the family (including twin) relationships and concordance rates of schizophrenia....   [tags: Papers] 544 words
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Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder - Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder Phobias are an example of an anxiety disorder and the psychological explanations of these are cognitive, psychodynamic, behavioral and social factors. The Behavioral, Psychodynamic and social factors of the psychological explanation will be discussed in greater detail. Behavioral explanations say that all behaviour is learnt whether it is normal or abnormal and this approach has been applied to humans and animals. There are three theories that make up the behaviorist approach, which are classical and operant conditioning, Social Learning and information transmission....   [tags: Papers] 755 words
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Biological and Psychological Explanations of Anxiety Disorders - Biological and Psychological Explanations of Anxiety Disorders Research has often concluded that no one biological or psychological theory can provide a sufficient explanation into anxiety disorders such as depression. The diathesis stress model explains psychological anxiety disorders as an interaction between a predisposition to the disorder and environmental stress. In terms of anxiety disorders, predispositions include aspects of biological and psychological factors. Often the main problem found with psychological explanations of anxiety disorders, especially the psychodynamic theory, is that is the theories are more difficult to test....   [tags: Papers] 484 words
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When should we discard explanations that are intuitively appealing? - ... Albert Einstein suggests that intuition will lead us to the unknown, and that you should trust your intuition, because if it allowed our ancestors to survive, it will also help us out too. But again, intuition is not always to be trusted. How do we know when to accept or reject our intuition, especially if it is intuitively appealing. This question cannot be fully answered by being totally on one side or the other. Yet, our experience and insight along with three of the four Theory of Knowledge “Ways of Knowledge”: emotion, reason, and sense perception, will help clarify the question....   [tags: Psychology]
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A Critical Discussion of the Psychological Explanations of Prejudice - A Critical Discussion of the Psychological Explanations of Prejudice Gordon Allport described prejudice as “aversive or hostile attitude toward a person who belongs to a group, simply because he belongs to that group, and is therefore presumed to have the objectionable qualities ascribed to that group”. Prejudice is assuming things about a person putting them into a group. The aim of this essay is discuss the attempts to reduce prejudice and explain how successful they have been....   [tags: Papers] 1317 words
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Conceptualizing Neurological and Cultural Explanations of Synesthesia - Tangled Wires: Conceptualizing Neurological and Cultural Explanations of Synesthesia Synesthesia - a mixing or combination of senses - is a concept relatively familiar in the Western world. History is littered with descriptions of people tasting words and seeing sounds; the folklore of creative and expressive arts, in particular, filled with stories of famous "synesthetes." Russian author Vladimir Nabokov, German painter Wassily Kandinsky, American artist David Hockney, and Russian composer Alexander Scriabin have all been labeled as such, and books on the topic were published as early as 1890 ....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Simulation Theory and Explanations that Make Sense of Behavior - The Simulation Theory and Explanations that ‘Make Sense of Behavior’ ABSTRACT: Underlying the current debate between simulation theory and theory theory is the assumption that folk psychological explanations of behavior are causal. Simulationists Martin Davies, Tony Stone, and Jane Heal claim that folk psychological explanations are explanations that make sense of another person by citing the thoughts important to the determination of his behavior on a given occasion. I argue that it is unlikely these explanations will be causal....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Structuralism and Intentionalism Explanations for the Causes of World War One - Structuralism and Intentionalism Explanations for the Causes of World War One The main causes of World War 1 can be roughly divided into Structuralist, long-term forces and attitudes, and Intentionalist, where individuals make premeditated acts, explanations. I think that Structuralism is a more convincing explanation for the causes of World War 1, as I do not personally believe that any individual was solely to blame for the First World War. I do not believe that any individual went out of their way to purposely cause the First World War....   [tags: Papers] 1016 words
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Psychoanalytic and Phenomenological Explanations of Persistent Antisocial Criminal Behavior - Individuals' personalities and overall quality of living are significantly influenced by several interrelated sources ranging from one's upbringing and quality of relationships to their own feelings of self-esteem and worth. Though this may seem relatively easy and un-complex, countless people today are engaged in persistent antisocial, criminal behavior, and seem unable to find an alternative, legal, means of living. While many have tried to explain such behavior through various theories, the causes of criminal activity remain to be satisfactorily clarified....   [tags: Psychology] 1692 words
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ACG 2021, Introduction to Financial Accounting, Fall 2000, Exam 2 Explanations - ACG 2021 Fall 2000 Exam 2 Answer Key Explanation Based on the Order of Version A 1) A defined contribution program is one with “Regular, defined contributions to the fund. The fund balance changes in value with the accumulation of contributions and earnings and is decreased by benefits paid. Benefits received depend on the fund balance available at retirement.” (9-21 in the notes on page 247) 2) This is an error because ordinary repairs (ones that do not increase the original useful life, efficiency or capacity of the asset) are to be treated as expenses and entirely reported on the income statement in the year they are incurred....   [tags: UFL Florida Business Accounting] 3849 words
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Outline and evaluate two explanations of attachment John Bowlby argued that attachment is a biological need - Outline and evaluate two explanations of attachment John Bowlby argued that attachment is a biological need to attach to our caregiver. This attachment is innate and we have evolved in this way to maximise protection, as forming this attachment has survival value – staying close to the mother or primary care giver (PCG) ensures food and protection from danger. This one special attachment that a baby has with his/her PCG is called monotropy, which gives us a template, or internal working model for all future attachments and relationships....   [tags: Papers] 431 words
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Exploring Explanations for the Salem Witch Trials - Between the years of 1692 and early 1693 in the colonial Massachusetts Bay colony of Essex known as Salem Village great paranoia broke out in the form of witchcraft accusations, neighbor against neighbor, and as a result much injustice was done. During this time in our nation’s history at this place more than one hundred and fifty people, residents of Salem Village, were accused of practicing witchcraft and consorting with the devil. At least twenty were put to death nineteen by hanging and one man by laying stones on him until his body was crushed under the weight....   [tags: American History, Massachusetts Bay, Puritan] 1322 words
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Two Explanations of the Behaviour of Crowds - Describe & Evaluate Two Explanations of the Behaviour of Crowds When people are alone, their behaviour can be different to when they are part of a crowd, and sometimes this change in behaviour can even lead to violence. When you consider that crowds exist in nearly all walks of life, such as work, sports and general social life, this can become a problem, so why is it that a persons behaviour does in fact change. There have been many studies in conjunction with crowd behaviour and they often fall into the category of conformity....   [tags: essays research papers] 1040 words
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Two Explanations Of The Formation Of Relationships - Two Explanations Of The Formation Of Relationships There are around 4 ideas or theories on how relations are formed, I will discuss 2 of these: Physical attractiveness is found to be the most highly rated feature in the likelihood of a relationship forming e.g. when a person is asked what feature they would expect from a perfect partner many people will see ‘attractive’. In 1966 Walster and Berscheid researched the factors of the forming of relationships with a ‘computer dance’ experiment....   [tags: Papers] 423 words
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Explanations of EVA, MVA and NPV - Explanations of EVA, MVA and NPV and their relationship with each other. The concept of EVA is a measure of economic profit and was popularised and originally trade-marked by Stern Stewart Consulting Company in the 1980’s. Economic Value Added (EVA) can be defined as the difference between net operating profit after taxes and the monetary value of a company’s total cost of capital. Should a company’s profit exceed the overall costs of funds they create EVA. It can be so important because EVA is the most efficient internal measure of the true economic profit of a company....   [tags: Economics] 1019 words
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The Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality - The Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality There is much debate in sociology about whether class is still important. Many argue that class is no longer important as an individual's identity and life chances are based more status and cultural factors such as lifestyle, values, intelligence, education and the like, the post-modernists state that class has ceased to be the prime determinant of identity and suggest that societies are now organised around consumption rather than production, consequently people now identify themselves in terms of what they consume rather than in terms of social-class position....   [tags: Papers] 1283 words
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Explanations of Personality Development - Explanations of Personality Development According to Sigmund Freud, what we do and why we do it, who we are and how we became this way are all related to our sexual drive. Differences in personalities originate in differences in childhood sexual experiences. In the Freudian psychoanalytical model, child personality development is discussed in terms of "psychosexual stages". In his "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1915), Freud outlined five stages of manifestations of the sexual drive: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital....   [tags: Papers] 686 words
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Origins and Explanations of The Sonnet - Origins and Explanations of The Sonnet The sonnet originates in Italy in the 12th and 13th century. The term comes from the Italian for "little song" and the best known Italian sonneteers were Dante and Francesco Petrarca. Petrarch proved most influential on the sonnet's successive history, leaving his predominant theme of secular love as well as the form itself to subsequent poets. In 14th century Italy the sonnet was clearly established in as a major form of love poetry. The sonnet is a lyric poem comprised of 14 rhyming lines of equal length utilising a variety of different rhyme schemes, but usually in five-foot iambic pentameters in English....   [tags: Papers] 1008 words
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Aggression: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Explanations - Aggression: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Explanations Most people will agree that aggression can become dangerous and that it is a serious problem. The source of different acts of aggression is trying to be understood from medical, psychological and cultural perspectives. Some scientists try to treat the abnormal aggressive behavior with medication, while others go deeper and try to find out why they have abnormal behavior. Some answers are biological, like genes and hormones, other answers are psychological, like rejection as a cause of aggression, and still others are cultural, blaming aggression on violence in the media....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers] 1273 words
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Work of the Manager in Practice and Theoretical Explanations - Work of the Manager in Practice and Theoretical Explanations Introduction "Manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organisational goals" (Robbins et al 2006, p8). Management is the process of coordinating and harmonizing people and activities towards achieving a goal efficiently and effectively (Robbins et al 2006). This project is mainly focus on the research that I did by interviewing a manager. It is analysis of jobs perform by a modern manager comparing to the theoretical aspects of management....   [tags: Business Management Manager] 1437 words
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Explination Of Butlers Thesis - Bret Hribar Q1: Butler’s theory of desire separates all desires into two groups, the desire for “self-love” and the desire for “particular affection”, which are all other desires like hunger, sleep, or sex. “Self-love” is a person general desire for happiness, this, as Butler states is an internal desire, a desire for our own enjoyment and satisfaction. Butler separates this desire from the desire for “particular affections” because these are all external desires, the desire for objects around us that fulfill those desires....   [tags: essays research papers] 865 words
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Effect of Male Stream Knowledge on Sociological Explanations of Behavior - Effect of Male Stream Knowledge on Sociological Explanations of Behavior One effect of male stream knowledge in sociological explanations of behaviour is that men tend to be very much in favour of positivist methods, like scientific research and proof. Whereas feminists think that the sympathetic approach is better therefore using things like observations, this mainly due to the fact that positivist research has many flaws. Another effect is that due to the fact that men develop most sociological explanations of crime and therefore they only talk bout men....   [tags: Papers] 2444 words
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Expanation Of A Rose For Emily - “A Rose for Emily'; William Faulkner wrote the short story “A Rose for Emily';. It was published in 1930. The story was set in the Deep South, Jefferson to be precise. The time period was from 1884 to 1920. Emily Grierson was the main character in the story. Faulkner uses characterization to revel the character of Emily, he expresses the content of her character through physical description, through her actions, words, and feelings, through a narrator’s direct comments about the character’s nature and through the actions, words, and feelings of other characters....   [tags: essays research papers] 686 words
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Describe and Discuss One or More Explanations of Divided Attention - Divided attention refers to the ability to divide ones attention between two or more tasks. The focused attention models explain how all our inputs are focused on one task at any one time, however it is clear from looking at everyday life that we are able to divide our attention, successfully being able to complete more than one task at the same time. There are two main explanations of divided attention, one is the modular theories and the one I will be focusing on; the capacity model by Kanheman....   [tags: Psychology] 992 words
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A Closer Look at Sociologist's Explanations for Women's Susseptibility to Poverty - A Closer Look at Sociologist's Explanations for Women's Susseptibility to Poverty Within Britain, there is poverty all around us. However, poverty is quite difficult to define because there is no official poverty line in Britain, and the 3 method used are: using 50-60% average income, this is difficult because there are different numbers of people within each household, therefore income may need to stretch more or less due to this....   [tags: Papers] 1243 words
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Interruptions and Delayed Explanations in Act III of The Crucible - The Crucible Essay In act three opportunities constantly arise for the whole problem of the play to be cleared up satisfactorily, but these are always frustrated. Show how this act is one of interruptions and explanations which are tragically delayed. The crucible is a play written by Arthur miller and concerns the mass hysteria, which led to the 1692 Salem witchcraft trials in the U.S.A. At that time the people who lived in Salem believed in witches and the devil. They believed that the bible told them that witches should be hanged and they were required to live by strict puritan laws....   [tags: Essay on The Crucible] 1253 words
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breif explination of characters and themes of catcher in the rye - Catcher in the rye Vocabulary 1. Fencing - The art or sport of using a foil, epée, or saber in attack and defense. 2. Grippe - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease. 3. Phonies - Something not genuine; a fake. 4. Ashamed - Feeling shame or guilt. 5. Compulsory - Obligatory; required: a compulsory examination 6. Peculiar - Unusual or eccentric; odd. 7. Descriptive - Involving or characterized by description; serving to describe. 8. Conceited - Holding or characterized by an unduly high opinion of oneself; vain....   [tags: essays research papers] 1182 words
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Exploration of Memory - Exploration of Memory Forgetting is a common process that occurs near enough every day. The general definition of forgetting is the inability to recall or recognise something that has been previously learned. Forgetting occurs in both short and long term memory, and several explanations have been put forward as to why forgetting occurs. There are two main theories concerning forgetting in long term memory. The first explanation was the decay theory, this suggests that information stored in memory can eventually fade away....   [tags: Papers] 2311 words
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