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Ergonomics - Ergonomics Ergonomics, as defined by the Board of Certification for Professional Ergonomists (BCPE), "is a body of knowledge about human abilities, human limitations and human characteristics that are relevant to design. Ergonomic design is the application of this body of knowledge to the design of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for safe, comfortable and effective human use". The term ergonomics is derived from the Greek word ergos meaning "work" and nomos meaning "natural laws of" or "study of." The profession has two major branches with considerable overlap....   [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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Ergonomics - What is ergonomics. Ergonomics is the science of fitting the job to the worker. When there is a mismatch between the physical requirements of the job and the physical capacity of the worker, work-related musculoskeletal disorders can result. Workers who must repeat the same motion throughout their workday, work in an awkward position use a great deal of force to perform, repeatedly lift heavy objects or face a combination of these risk factors are most likely to develop work-related musculoskeletal disorders....   [tags: essays research papers] 1094 words
(3.1 pages)
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A Technical Analysis of Ergonomics and Human Factors in Modern Flight Deck Design - A Technical Analysis of Ergonomics and Human Factors in Modern Flight Deck Design Missing Works Cited I. Introduction Since the dawn of the aviation era, cockpit design has become increasingly complicated owing to the advent of new technologies enabling aircraft to fly farther and faster more efficiently than ever before. With greater workloads imposed on pilots as fleets modernize, the reality of he or she exceeding the workload limit has become manifest. Because of the unpredictable nature of man, this problem is impossible to eliminate completely....   [tags: Aviation Ergonomics Engineering Airplanes Essays] 4030 words
(11.5 pages)
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Workplace Ergonomics, Ergonomics Assessment, Ergonomics Training - Workplace Ergonomics, Ergonomics Assessment, Ergonomics Training In the past, most businesses have strived for high production at low cost. This strategy resulted in the highest profit for a company. When in reality to many businesses, this was only a mirage. This was because the “lower cost” of the business usually resulted in a “higher cost” for the employees. This lower cost for businesses may have meant lower quality workplace items, lower salaries, less benefits, etc. These lower costs created an upset workplace environment for the employees....   [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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Ergonomics In Modern Planning And Design - Ergonomics, human engineering or human factors engineering is the science of creating products or designing machines which maximize safety, comfort or efficiency of people who use them. People who work with ergonomics apply general principles of industrial engineering, psychology, anthropometrics, which is the science of human measurement, and even biomechanics to adapt certain designs of products or workplaces to peoples constitution, strengths and limitations. This science also takes into consideration peoples reactions and the amount of time they need to process a specific task or information received from their environment, as well as the capacity of dealing with certain psychological factors, mainly stress and isolation....   [tags: Engineering] 1299 words
(3.7 pages)
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Health Benefits Of Ergonomics - Ergonomics involves designing workplaces and work tools to be used easily, efficiently and effectively by people. The overall goal is to promote health and productivity in the workplace. Where ergonomic principles are not applied, chronic musculoskeletal disorders such as tendinitis of the arm and hand, eyestrain injury and back injuries may be common.Most people are concerned when they cannot use parts of the body like they know they should be able to use them. People are often unaware of ways to prevent injury, and ergonomics will introduce methods that will help reduce those injuries....   [tags: essays research papers] 2238 words
(6.4 pages)
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Computer Ergonomics In The Work Place - Computer Ergonomics In The Work Place Business strive for high production at low cost. This would result in the highest profit for a company. To many businesses, this is only a mirage. This is because the 'low cost' of the business usually results in a 'high cost' for the employees. This high cost is lower quality workplace items, lower salaries, less benefits, etc. These costs create an upset workplace environment. Companies understand that the more efficient their workers are, the more productive their business will become....   [tags: essays research papers] 3228 words
(9.2 pages)
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Multidisiplinary approaches in ergonomics - In the redesign of an assembly or packing line a multidisciplinary team of medical and technical representatives work collectively to identify, evaluate, and control risks to employees whilst maintaining productivity for the company concerned. Those who contribute to the redesigning of industrial equipment, such as assembly or packing lines, include professionals with a variety of expertise, including the occupational health nurse, occupational therapist, occupational hygienist, physiotherapist, ergonomist, human resource staff, and the design engineers....   [tags: essays research papers] 1092 words
(3.1 pages)
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OCCUPATIONAL BACK INJURIES DURING MANUAL HANDLING OF MATERIAL - INDEX PAGE INTRODUCTION 3 ERGONOMICS 4 OBJECTIVES OF ERGONOMICS 4 RESULTS OF ERGONOMIC APPLICATIONS 5 THE BACK STRUTURE 6 BACK AND BACK PROBLEMS 6 Back injuries 6 Causes of back injuries 7 The following are common causes of back injuries:– 7 Back injury prevention 8 Back injury-preventative techniques 8 Techniques 9 Strategies 9 ORIGINAL LIFTING MODEL 10 Strain index (SI) = 10 Action limit 11 Maximum permissible limit 11 Administrative controls 12 Engineering controls 12 Limitations of the NIOSH lifting model 13 LEGISLATIVE TRENDS: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMMES 13 CONCLUSION 14 APENDIX 1 15 REFERENCES 16 OCCUPATIONAL BACK INJURIES DURING MANUAL HANDLING OF MATERIAL INTRODUCTION Almost one third of all disabling injuries at work, temporary or permanent are related to manual handling of objects....   [tags: essays research papers] 2260 words
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Communications Technology - Communications Technology Your Rights and what the Data Protection Commissioner can do to help Right of Access The personal information to which you are entitled is that held on computer or in a manual filing system that facilitates access to information about you. You can make an access request to any organisation or any individual who has personal information about you. For example, you could make an access request to your doctor, your bank, a credit reference agency, a Government Department dealing with your affairs, or your employer....   [tags: Papers] 1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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I/O psychology - -I/O psychology is the psychology applied to work -The behavior of an individual in the work place -Motivation to work and feelings about work Psychology- scientific study of the behavior of people -I/O is made up of two parts: 1) Research methodology used to discover things about work 2) Put them into work; apply -Three major sub fields: personnel, organizational and human factors/ergonomics 1) Personnel Psychology – deals with the selection of personnel -Performance appraisal, job analysis (backbone of I/O psychology) -Training: understanding the job well enough to know who to hire and how well they are doing....   [tags: essays research papers] 1052 words
(3 pages)
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The Process of Industrial Engineering - 1. Introduction Industrial engineers combine numerous different methods of thinking, advanced technical and mathematical knowledge, and clear, systematic thought processes to determine the most effective ways to solve a variety of organizational challenges within any kind of business practice. Industrial engineers exist primarily in manufacturing businesses, but are found in levels of offices, services, and health facilities. Using advanced analysis of the basic factors of production- people, machinery, energy, information, and materials- they derive the most efficient and productive solutions to production, safety, cost, and other related problems that are present in any company, with emphasis on manufacturing facilities....   [tags: Engineering] 1780 words
(5.1 pages)
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Computers and Health - Computers and Health For my I-Search topic I chose to research health related issues due to increased computer usage both in the work and home settings. Computer technology is becoming commonplace in the work field. As a teacher, I use the computer to present topics to my students, enter grades, send email to co-workers and parents, and to post homework assignments on the Internet. Ten years ago, teachers and other professionals used computers on a limited basis. I became interested in the side effects caused by prolonged usage of computers since several family members complain of wrist soreness as well as eyestrain due to the effects of monitor radiation....   [tags: Technology Papers]
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2805 words
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Cell Phones And Driving: Dangers Involved with Cell Phone Use While Driving - Most people don’t abide by the rules and regulations of the road. Most people don’t even know that they are breaking the law because they do it so often. Talking on the cell phone and driving has become a very popular thing these days. Technology is coming out with the newest phones that can do everything for you and people are attracted to that. There are people that don’t have hands free and drive their car with only one hand, people that text and totally take their eye off the road and type conversations to each other....   [tags: Distracted Driving Argument Paper Cell Phone] 1037 words
(3 pages)
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Consultancy Report - ... The aspect of having reduced brain functions may lead to errors in the office, since individuals may find it hard to make logical and professional decisions. For this reason, the errors that are experienced in such situations may be as a result of reduced brain functions and this is a very serious problem, considering the activities of the company (Gladwell 79). The excessive heat of the surrounding that is said to reach up to 25 degrees could make the office a poor working environment. Increased temperatures in the surrounding cause the blood to heat up and consequently accelerates the pulse rate....   [tags: Business Analysis ]
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Living with Computers - Living with Computers Ergonomics is the study of the physical relationships between humans and their tools, such as computers. Office chairs should be adjustable in height and should have lower-back support and arm rests. Desks that allow proper keyboard height and special ergonomic keyboards have been developed to prevent carpal tunnel syndrome, a type of repetitive stress injury. To avoid damaging your eyes, avoid starring at the screen for long periods, position yourself from the monitor between two and five feet from your eyes, make sure no bright lights reflect off your screen, and use a monitor that has a relatively large screen without noticeable flicker....   [tags: Essays Papers] 462 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Light Bulb and How It Works - The Light Bulb and How It Works When examining a light bulb, one can describe the light bulb as a device that provides light when it is switched on from its power source. It is used when our natural source of light (the sun) happens to reduce its output. We as humans use it in order to see when it is dark. The light bulb works by electricity flowing through the wire causing it to heat up. The heat makes it glow. It heats up because of resistance. As electricity passes through an object, the substance it is passing through tries to hold on to the electrons.It is as the electrons force through that some of the force present is absorbed and given off as heat.As the filament heats up, it gives off light....   [tags: Papers] 511 words
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The Use of Computer Technology in the Classroom - The Use of Computer Technology in the Classroom The classroom as we know it is undergoing dramatic changes in the information age. New technologies have always been introduced into the classroom such as overhead projectors, televisions, and even instructor-operated computers, but they never significantly affected the process or the experience of teaching and learning. However, individual computers and the advent of digital textbooks have emerged to reshape and redefine the classroom. Many debate the effects of e-books and the Internet on students and the overall impact that it will have on the educational system as a whole....   [tags: Teaching Education Essays]
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Digital Camera - Digital Camera Digital camera is a very important tool nowadays. People would always want to save their memories in the shape of pictures that will last forever. People were amazed when the first ever camera introduced back in hundreds of years ago. At that time camera consisted of large and impractical components and it was very hard to use. In fact, it even took quite some time to develop the pictures on the paper. But now there are some products of digital camera that are very easy to use and with its pocket-sized feature, one can carry it everywhere....   [tags: Technology Photos Photography Cameras Essays]
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Technology Available - Technology Available Given that the Fine Arts contain expression such as sculpting, painting, drawing, dance, theater, music, etc, there are countless opportunities for advancement within the curriculum. Having such a broad range of options enables different types of technological support to be introduced to both teachers and students. Theater students use technology constantly, whether it's accessing the computer catalog to find plays for study or on the Internet for reviews or to study about a particular playwright....   [tags: essays papers]
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The IT Department at Maysfield - The IT Department at Maysfield Task 1 INTRODUCTION The business, which I have decided to base this assignment on, is Mayfield School And College. The school has a large ground area with 6 additional buildings placed separately around the school site. As Mayfield has many department areas, I have decided to mainly focus on the IT department of the college. There are two main aspects of the IT department, which is; Ø THE PRACTICAL – this involves the use of computers, with a qualified teacher or supervisor within the room to assist students....   [tags: Mayfield School and College Education Essays] 8655 words
(24.7 pages)
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The Major Marketing Strategies - The Major Marketing Strategies Most of the major marketing strategies can be classified into one of the following four categories: * Product * Place * Price * Promotion These four categories are known as the marketing mix or the four P’s of marketing. These are variables that the marketing managers have to control in order to satisfy their customers. Below is a diagram of how the marketing mix comprises. Product: looks at the physical product or service offered to the consumer, it also refers to the service or the conveniences that are part of the offering....   [tags: Business and Management Studies] 3452 words
(9.9 pages)
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Computers and Health - Computers and Health Computers can be responsible for a number of diseases, such as: eye strains, wrist injuries, back problems, stomach ulcers or mental collapse. Not so long ago was it thought that computers, which could perform calculations and process data with high speed and complete accuracy, would free up humans to only work 3-4 hours a day. But now, humans are working harder than ever. Stress Stress is often a major sector of work related illness. Simply the though of computers can cause stress in some people....   [tags: Medicine Biology Technology Essays] 729 words
(2.1 pages)
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Industrial Engineering - Technical Drawing Related Career Report Industrial Engineers serve as a bridge between management and operations. They combine their solid engineering background with good business sense and management ability. They figure out the best use of facilities, equipment and people for the most cost efficient and productive way to make or process a product. Industrial Engineers concentrate on improving manufacturing productivity and reducing costs associated with inventory. They are also concerned with worker safety and work environment....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Product Evaluation: A Hairdryer - Product Evaluation: A Hairdryer Introduction. I am a 4th year student in St Patrick's Grammar school Downpatrick studying technology and design for my GCSE. I must do two focused tasks, my first task is a product evaluation, for this task I will be evaluating a hairdryer manufactured by Vidal Sassoon. Justification. I picked this appliance because: Ÿ It is a commonly used household object. Ÿ I have this appliance in my house so I can look at it whilst testing it against my specification....   [tags: Papers] 653 words
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The Key to Designing Safely - The Key to Designing Safely We have come a long way since the first recordings of workplace related incidents and over the years the UK construction industry has witnessed a steady decline in the number of accidents and fatalities. However, compared to other industries these figures are still unacceptably high. Formally, safety held its domain firmly within the construction phase where it was perceived most accidents were caused. Over the last twenty-five years fundamental changes to UK legislation have seen health and safety being addressed in the design phase....   [tags: Papers] 2906 words
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Psychology in 2008 - Psychology in 2008 “The roots of psychology can be traced back through centuries. Cave men and cave women probably wondered why each behaved as they did. Since at least the time of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle in ancient Greece, psychological topics have inspired lively curiosity” (Bernstein, 6). In 1879, founded by Wilhelm Wundt the science of psychology was born. Since then psychology has been and always will be an ever-growing scientific field. In a field that focuses around human thought processes and behavior there will always be opportunities available and as long as there is human consciousness the world will need psychologists....   [tags: Papers] 919 words
(2.6 pages)
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Advancements in Peripherals - Advancements in Peripherals A Peripheral device is any external device attached to a computer. Without Peripherals a computer is just a box full of wires, transistors and circuits, which is able to: - 1. Respond to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. 2. Execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). The only problem being that without any input Peripherals you cannot tell the computer to do any of the above processes, and if you could, without an output device of some kind, the computer has no way of delivering the result to the user....   [tags: Papers] 1192 words
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High End Audio - High End Audio HIGH END'S ALIVE AND KICKIN'. Talk of high-end audio's demise greatly exaggerated Russ Herschelmann's over-the-top rant on "the death of high-end audio" really ticked me off. I felt as if I should call Krell, Mark Levinson, Wilson Audio and conrad-johnson to see if their phones were still connected. The fact is that all these companies are enjoying robust sales. So, why do I have the feeling that he just wishes these companies were dead. I'll admit that the high-end audio market isn't exactly booming....   [tags: Papers] 893 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Health and Safety Problems Connected with ICT - The Health and Safety Problems Connected with ICT There are many health problems that can occur when you are working with computers with long periods. Repetitive strain injury (RSI), backache, eyestrain, headaches, and skin rashes etc. are conditions which can occur. By using various devices, correct posture, and good working practices, these conditions can be prevented. Here at the Leisure Centre we aim to protect our staff in many ways and we will provide the correct conditions for them to work in....   [tags: Papers] 2631 words
(7.5 pages)
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Human Computer Interface - Human Computer Interface Introduction ============ HCI stands for either Human Computer Interface or Human Computer Interaction. HCI is the study of how the users of computers utilise them to complete tasks in the environment they will finally be used in. Each of these are specific to each task, a HCI cannot be designed for just one set of users for one set of tasks and then just expect a different set of users to respond the same to a similar set of tasks in the same HCI....   [tags: Papers] 805 words
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Keyboarding Software Packages: Analysis and Purchase Recommendation - Keyboarding Software Packages: Analysis and Purchase Recommendation TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION A. Purpose and Scope B. Procedures II. FINDINGS A. Overview of Software Being Evaluated B. Evaluation of Software 1. Based on Cost 2. Based on Ease of Use 3. Based on Feature Set 4. Based on Help and Support 5. Based on Supported Configurations III. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS A. Summary of the Problems and Procedures B. Summary of the Findings C. Conclusions and Recommendations INTRODUCTION Every company needs to ensure that it is receiving the utmost in productivity from its employees....   [tags: Software Recommendation] 1161 words
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The da Vinci Surgical System - The da Vinci Surgical System is a computer enhanced system that replicates a surgeon’s movements using mechanical arms that hold electromechanical instruments. The name is based on Leonardo Da Vinci, who designed a humanoid automaton in 1495, and worked with anatomical design (Intuitive Surgical, 2005). This system is also referred to as a telemanipulator robot, which means “master-slave.” The surgeon, or “master,” is seated at a console away from the bedside and can view the surgical field, in real time, through an endoscope....   [tags: Surgery] 1731 words
(4.9 pages)
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Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy - 1.1 BACKGROUND Vegetable growers play large role in getting food and plants to the market. There are about 7000 vegetable growers in Mauritius. Their activities are mainly planting, seeding and harvesting crops outdoors. Some activities may be part of their work such as applying fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides, removing weeds, selling foods and plants at the market, installing irrigation, embarking and debarking crops, using tractors, preparing lands and inspecting quality of food and work....   [tags: Medical Research]
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Automobile Analysis: Volvo - Volvo’s have been claimed to be the safest motorcars on the road, but are they more than just safe, and what I mean is, can they also be entertaining and fun. I have driven several different Volvo models in the last few years, some SUV’s, a couple of convertibles, even some of their impressive luxuries sedans, but I have never really found any of them to be completely entertaining. The only one that I had not spent time with was the C30 and although I had a good look when it arrived on our shores, I was not overly impressed....   [tags: Automobile Analysis ] 890 words
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Reason to Oppose the Proposition 19 - ... Due to T.H.C. one hallucinates instead of focusing solely on the road. Likewise, researchers Horrey and Wickens (2006) reveal that, “cell-phone distraction causes 2,600 deaths and 330,000 injuries in the United States every year”. Furthermore, the California Department of Motor Vehicles (1991) codifies that, “it is unlawful for anyone with 0.08 percent or more alcohol in his or her blood to drive”. On this note, research from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (C.D.C) (1993) found that, “deaths among young persons aged 10-24 years in the United States are related…to motor-vehicle crashes (37%)”....   [tags: Drugs ]
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Putting Research into Practice - ... That evidence has been seen in the writer’s own work environment; the new T-Systems CPOE does not and cannot communication with Meditech-Gemms (the hospital intranet computer communication system). There continues to be problems with security issues, workflow, ergonomics, and interpersonal relationships with other physicians, departments (such as radiology, lab), and nurses. Many doctors believe the system was faster than paper-based methods of documentation, but did not save time for staff workloads and created an increased dependency on the computer....   [tags: Information Technology ]
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Boeing Company - ... Punishment to workers not performing is also mandatory to prevent cases of poor performance. Ethical considerations must be looked at and employees must follow rules and company policies for plans made by management to be successful. Workers and management relate like a family and this has enabled the company perform to its expectation. These plans are aimed at ensuring total customer satisfaction and delight. Boeing’s management plan shows determination to improve through creation of new more members of their airplane family (commercial airplanes)....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Safety Intervention - ... & Perry, A.G., 2009, p.1244). Leg usage is critical in several preventive techniques. Bending at the knees aids in preventing low back stooping and to keep objects in the center of gravity (pelvic and abdominal region). This should be done in correlation with tightening the abdominal and pelvic muscles. Keeping objects and/or patients close to the body puts requires distributes the force needed from the back to the whole body (abs, arms, legs, chest) (Potter, P.A. & Perry, A.G., 2009, p.1244)....   [tags: Nursing]
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Safety Regarding Falls - ... This study was done in a community hospital located in Michigan and used archived hospital data for analyses. The archives involved were from four adult acute care units during February 2007- June 2008: one surgical unit with 53 beds, two medical units with both totaling 87 beds and one medical-surgical combined unit with 58 beds (Tzeng, & Yin, 2009). Risk factors for falls are categorized by intrinsic or extrinsic (Tzeng, & Yin, 2009). According to Tzeng and Yin (2008), intrinsic factors, referring to the patient themselves, are related to their health status and possibly associated with age-related changes: previous falls, reduced vision, unsteady gait, musculoskeletal system deficits, mental status deficits, acute illness, and chronic illness....   [tags: Health Care, Inpatient Falls] 1222 words
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