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Your search returned over 400 essays for "ecosystem"
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The Coastal Ecosystem of Bay of Bengal - The coastal ecosystem of Bay of Bengal (BOB) is described using a mass-balance model of trophic interactions, in order to understand the effects of Set Bagnet (SBN) on the ecosystem. The BOB model encompassed an area of 24,000 km2 and had 14 functional ecological groups of which 13 were living groups and one dead group (detritus). Result showed that all consumers had ecotrophic efficiency (EE) >0.90 indicated that the consumers were heavily exploited in the system. The fishery was operating at a mean trophic level of 2.45....   [tags: Environment, Ecosystem ] 2658 words
(7.6 pages)
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Coral Reefs: A Diverse Ecosystem - Coral reefs are one of the oldest and the most diverse ecosystems in the planet; because of such matter, scientists coined coral reefs as ‘rainforests of the sea. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA for short (2008) estimated that about 25% of marine life use coral reefs as safe havens from predators, breeding grounds, and feeding grounds despite the fact that coral reefs only cover a small percentage (estimated about 0.1%) of the world’s oceans. It serves an umbrella specie because it serves both as a habitat and a living, breathing organism for other marine animals to thrive....   [tags: coral reefs, ecosystem, marine life] 811 words
(2.3 pages)
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Pollination, Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services - ... Desiccation happens due to the effect of the sun and wind, as ultraviolet radiation, and oxidation caused by the air, harm such fragility (Trivedi, 2006).The pollen is genetically very similar, or even, of the same variety, germination is inhibited. On the other hand, the pollen from the same plant is rendered ineffective to fertilization, self-pollination is impossible. In nature, everything is organized to effectively remove the "consanguinity" (Moore, Webb, & Collison, 1991). Pollination may be regarded as an ecosystem service, which is provided by the natural processes that take place during the travelling and feeding of bees....   [tags: powder, bees, ecosystems] 1125 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Everglades' Ecosystem - ... This meant the once meandering rivers and streams no longer got to filter the fertilizers from the farmers' crops, and were dumped directly into the Everglades. The fertilizers caused algae to grow, and when the algae withered and sunk to the bottom, it caused the oxygen levels to drop. This killed fish and created less of a food source for the animals that ate fish as their primary food source (13-14). The second point of research is about the landscape of the Everglades and how it affects the ecosystem....   [tags: wildlife, park, marshland] 700 words
(2 pages)
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Invasive Species Managment: The Greater Everglades Ecosystem - ... Recently the park has started to serve another purpose. Due to the heavy encroachment of humans on the everglades, scientists now use it as a human impact gauge on the natural world (National Park Service 2013). Since the Everglades is so closely monitored the changes caused by human projects such as rerouting water can now be fully understood. This knowledge can then be applied to other projects all over the U.S. Importance of the Everglades What is left of the everglades includes nine different habitats; hardwood hammock, pineland, mangrove, coastal lowlands, freshwater slough, freshwater marl prairie, cypress, marine and estuarine....   [tags: damages, ecosystems, alien] 2370 words
(6.8 pages)
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Taking a Look at Ecosystem Services - ... Methodology of Ecosystem services assessment We identified and analysed ecosystem services available at the university, by looking at sites within the premises of the university: Ecological garden, ponds (east and west campus), Library lawns, lawns (west campus) and roof top gardens. The identified services were categorised as provisioning, supporting, cultural or regulation services, and the future possible pressures on the ecosystem services due to development were assessed. Findings/ Results Table 1: Provisioning ecosystem services identified....   [tags: methodology, assessment] 1005 words
(2.9 pages)
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Sustainable Management of Ecosystem Services - ... They can be grouped into four main categories: regulating , provisioning , supporting , and cultural services. These services, which are key to well-being, including security, sufficient nutritious food, health, and good social relations, can only be maintained if ecosystems—which provide these services—are maintained. Ecosystems are currently facing many challenges such as system disturbance by migration of species, pollution, and habitat decline which are all caused by human activities. To mitigate such effects, strategies and programs were designed to maintain the state of ecosystems....   [tags: pollution, and habitat] 657 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Rainforest: More Than an Ecosystem -   An ecosystem is a community of all organisms in a given area, and the physical environment which they interact with. On the land there are terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, grasslands or rain forests; and in the water there are freshwater and marine ecosystems such as lakes and, say, coral reef. The rain forest is an energetic ecosystem. This means that the rain forest vegetation grows quickly and when dead, decomposes extremely quickly. Rain forest biome is very complex. It includes a myriad of different species of plants and animals that are all adapted to rain, and lots of it....   [tags: organisms, physical environment]
:: 5 Works Cited
885 words
(2.5 pages)
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Composition of an Estuary Ecosystem - Estuary Ecosystem What is the Estuary. Estuary is a partially enclosed body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows into the ocean, mixing with the salty sea water” as noted by (Biomes (n.d). The Estuary is part of the Marine Ecosystem (ocean and lakes) it is believed that the Estuary is the part of the bay where fresh water mix with saltwater rivers once this mixture takes place it is consider to be brackish water that is not as salty as ocean water. Furthermore estuary ecosystem is along the coast thousands birds, fish, mammals, plant life , and other animals seek habitation in the estuary ecosystem although there are rapid fluctuation in temperatures from hot to...   [tags: marine, organisms, destruction] 562 words
(1.6 pages)
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Mangroves in the Australian Ecosystem - ... This oil can smother the roots of mangrove trees, which kills the mangroves. Deforestation is caused when many mangrove systems are cut down in order to develop infrastructure on the mangrove site. When fertilizers and other nutrient filled products are not disposed of properly, the result is eutrophication. Mangroves act as nurseries to fish and other marine animals. Currently too many sea creatures are being fished, leading to the destruction of the mangrove ecosystem. Deforestation Many people see mangroves as nothing more than smelly, useless, trees, taking up valuable building space....   [tags: fish, nutrients, environment, tourists] 1910 words
(5.5 pages)
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Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in Academic Organization - ... 1.3 Problem Statement / Question Of Study There are several problem that can be detect in the organization. Problem statement are: I. How does employer encourage innovation in their organization . II. How employer identify the employees somehow they implement or not implement. III. innovation in their daily work environment . 1.4 Research Objective The main objectives of the research are as follows: -to identify clearly the entrepreneurial ecosystem in academic organization. -to study about how manager in the organization bring innovation to their place....   [tags: innovation, methodology] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Asian Carp's Harm to the Ecosystem - There is a great big debate over whether the Asian Carp should be considered a menace and about what we should do about them. Grass, Bighead, Black, and Silver Carp are all Asian carp species. According to Keith Lawrence of the Messenger-Inquirer, Carp are being made into fertilizer, and fish oil, as well as being sold to Asia as food products. However, the New York Times say that the Carp could easily put an end to the $7 million dollar fishing industry in the Great Lakes. Aside from economic reasons for keeping or eliminating them, the main reason to stop them from spreading is the fact that they threaten to collapse the entire ecosystem if they get out of control....   [tags: Environmentalism]
:: 10 Works Cited
983 words
(2.8 pages)
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How Humans Impact the Ecosystem - Humans play an extensive role when it comes to the sustainability of the environment, our actions now can have repercussions in the future. Learning how humans leave their footprint on the environment will help us to become more conscious of our actions and how they manipulate the world around us. Humans sway the precarious balance of the environment; the ramifications of tipping the scales will be felt by generations to come. Discovering what your ecological footprint is and how your actions effect the environment is a good place to start if you are concerned about ecological sustainability....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
:: 3 Works Cited
1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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Analysis of Our Diverse Ecosystem - There are many similarities and differences between species within our diverse ecosystem. There are many different types of plants and animals, some more similar than others. Not surprisingly, these similarities also give light to a large amount of differences between kingdoms and even species. Analyzing these species and their differences and similarities helps to give understanding to our incredibly diverse ecosystem. Plants make up a large portion of life on Earth. There are four major groups of plants; bryophytes, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms....   [tags: plants, animals, species, reproduction] 1264 words
(3.6 pages)
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Protecting the Australian Native Ecosystem - ... The volunteers meet up on the designated date and take the weeds out fix up all the mismanagement over a period of the time. If there were no roads and houses or any human activity in front of those dunes in that area then there would have been a climax zone of rainforest in that particular place (Nichols, 2014). This human activity has led to the stop to the natural cycle of the sand dunes which start from the fore dune and leads to a climax community. Whereas in the Red Beach which had neither houses nor any proper roads was able to reach the climax community....   [tags: human activity, environment, climax zone] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
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Importance of Mangrove Ecosystem - What is the Mangrove Ecosystem. Mangroves are found in tropical and sub-tropical areas which located at intertidal areas and estuary mouths between land and sea. There are consists a group of plant growing in shallow and muddy salt water or brackish waters. The specific regions where the plants occur are called “mangrove ecosystem”. Mangroves provide critical habitat for a diverse marine and terrestrial flora and fauna. The continuous interruption of physiological and morphological stresses, salinity effect, aeration and onslaught of wave action in long term period are causes of the ecosystem highly fragile (source?)....   [tags: Ecology ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2143 words
(6.1 pages)
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Ecosystem Services - D1. What are ecosystem goods and services. People have been relying for their daily needs and well-being on nature. The natural ecosystem provides varieties of goods and services to us, for instance, fresh water, fisheries, timber, water purification etc. The benefits that people directly get from the natural systems are called ecosystem services (ES). The natural ecosystem provides both goods and services to us. The ecosystem goods are the things that people produced from soil, water and plants; Crops, Fibre, Timber, Livestock, Tourism, etc....   [tags: Environmental Science]
:: 2 Works Cited
809 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Meaning of Ecology and Ecosystems - The meaning of Ecology is the connection that exists between living organisms and their environment. From the largest animal on Earth to the smallest, they all share our world with us. The ecosystem is connected by the flow of matter and energy and as organisms eat and dispose of matter it supplies them to sustain life. Across the planet various densities of uneven configurations accumulate minerals and nutrients. For example “Energy necessary for all life processes reaches the earth in the form of sunlight....   [tags: environment, ecosystem, organisms, energy]
:: 3 Works Cited
1054 words
(3 pages)
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Wetland Ecosystem - 1. Introduction Wetland ecosystem is one of the most productive ecosystems on this planet delivering massive goods and services to human society. However, due to poor awareness of their values and underestimation of their contribution, many wetlands have been converted to farmland or urban areas, or influenced by pollution due to agricultural and industrial activities. Consequentially wetland ecosystems have severely declined and degraded globally during the past decades. In order to restore and protect wetlands, hence ensure a sustainable supply of wetland goods and services, it is important to recognize their values....   [tags: Environment, Sustainable Development] 2088 words
(6 pages)
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Ecosystem Literature Review - Ecosystem Literature Review The aquatic ecosystems are home to some of the most diverse life forms on the planet. From plankton and plants to fish and even to large mammals, the aquatic ecosystem provides shelter to such a diverse range of life that few other ecosystems can ever compare to this large scope. In the aquatic ecosystem, there are many factors that allow for biotic life to flourish. Some of these factors include biodiversity, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Not only do these factors allow for the prosperity of the aquatic ecosystem function, but also allow for the proper function of the other factors....   [tags: Environment]
:: 11 Works Cited
1777 words
(5.1 pages)
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Ecosystem Services: Deforestation and Soil Erosion - According to Mooney and Ehrlich (1997), the idea that human beings depend on natural systems traces back as far as Plato. Plato (c. 400 BC) realised that deforestation could lead to soil erosion and the drying of springs (Daily 2007; Gómez-Baggethun et al., 2009). The first modern publication that addresses this concept is in the book Man and Nature written by George Perkins Marsh dated 1864. Marsh started to realize that the world’s resources were not infinite and that natural systems are important to water, soil, climate, the disposal of waste and pest control....   [tags: environmental science, fresh water]
:: 12 Works Cited
1705 words
(4.9 pages)
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Integrated Ecosystem Management - ... In general, the aim of this essay is to explore the role of interdisciplinary approaches in IEM. 2. Sustainable Integrated Ecosystem Management As sustainable IEM requires an interdisciplinary research approach, different disciples should further integrated (Richards, 1993). Ecosystem and natural resources provide the basis for human survival and development. However, increasing demand and decrease in availability of the ecosystem and natural resource emphasise the need for a better coordinated management approach....   [tags: modern natural resource management] 1458 words
(4.2 pages)
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How Does One Create an Ecosystem and How Are Countries Protecting Their Ecosystem? - ... the environmental movemovement started by the united nations raised awarness for a number of problems faced by the natural ecosystem and agricultural activities. It also provided people with hope after the rize of the nuclear age and fear of pollution from radition. The movement held the “earth summit” in 1992 at rio de janeiro and gave birth to “agenda 21”, a blueprint for the protection of our planet and its sustainable development. Agenda 21, represented the apex of 20 years of focused attention the Agenda 21 blueprint provided action that could push the world away from its unsustainable model of economic growth towards processes that protect and renew the environmental resources on...   [tags: biotic and abiotic features in a region]
:: 1 Works Cited
809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Salt Marsh Ecosystem - Salt marshes, usually mistaken for a mosquito infested mud pits, have a higher purpose than what the human population gives them credit for. Salt marshes are a unique ecosystem that makes home to many different species of vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. Salt marsh ecosystem’s serve as nursery grounds for many juvenile game fish such as red fish and black drum and are also home to a very important commercial fish, the bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli). The salt marsh ecosystems also serve as a buffer by filtering the pollution out of our waters....   [tags: environmental science, ecology]
:: 12 Works Cited
1853 words
(5.3 pages)
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Common Mycorrhizal Network in the Forest Ecosystem - The amount of fungal biomass in the boreal forest soil is estimated to around 900 kg ha−1 (Wallander et al., 2001). Considering this quantity of fungal mycelia in the soil, it is easily possible that the whole forest ecosystem might be interconnected by a fungal web called common mycorrhizal network (CMN) (Peter, 2006; Lekberg et al., 2010). The simplest CMN structure consists of one or more mycorrhizal fungi that connect at least two plant root systems. Another possibility is when the fungal hyphae fuse togeather and connect the root systems of their host plants....   [tags: fungi, interconnected, nutrients] 545 words
(1.6 pages)
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Corporations and the Ecosystem - We live in a fragile environment that is for the most part under our control and we should not abuse that power by letting corporations abuse it. These corporations abuse or ignore the regulations of pollution and have repeatedly gone past the limits. These corporations should not be allowed to devastate the world and ecosystems that people live in but also the numerous animals and plants which have no choice but to cope with what we create. With the current system we live with the future is bleak due to the current consumption of current resources, it could be that in the near future we could be looking for food in every part of the western world....   [tags: Pollution, Animals, Plants, Natural Resources]
:: 6 Works Cited
1781 words
(5.1 pages)
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Climate Reconstruction in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem - Climate Reconstruction in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem When you think about visiting national parks like Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, usually it’s about where you’re staying and learning a little bit of the history of the area. What usually isn’t thought of, however, is that vast amount of physical phenomena that occur in one of the few intact ecosystems left in the world. In this research paper, I will be conducting a brief analysis of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (commonly referred to as the GYE)....   [tags: environmental issues]
:: 4 Works Cited
1514 words
(4.3 pages)
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Humans Are Wiping Out the Marine Ecosystem - ... Around 7:30 am on 7 December 2007 in Korea’s local time, Samsung Heavy Industries’ crane barge crashed into Hebei Spirit, a crude carrier anchored by Hong Kong, while being towed. The tragic accident took place near the Daesan port on the coast of Yellow Sea, spilling approximately 260,000 tons of oil in the sea. The situation worsened as the barge freely floated around after the tug cable had snapped. Fortunately enough, no casualties were reported from this incident. However, the region that the spill had affected was one of the major homes used migratory birds, and contained a national maritime park along with 445 sea farms as well....   [tags: pollution, oil slicks, whaling] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
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Chapter 9 Review: Biodiversity and the Ecosystem - Chapter 9 on biodiversity and the ecosystem was interesting, especially the section on forests. Living in a forest area and being surrounded by them my entire life it was really interesting to learn so much more about forests. Even when humans think they are being responsible, they can still cause great harm. The building of roads to farm trees for instance, can cause damage to a forest because it increases erosion, water runoff, and it can harm the diversity of an ecosystem (Miller & Spoolman, 2010)....   [tags: Literature Review ]
:: 21 Works Cited
2605 words
(7.4 pages)
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Planet Earth: A Closed or Open Ecosystem? - 1. Changes in ecosystems have a more direct and brutal influence on human well-being among poor populations mostly in developing countries than among wealthy populations. It has become a matter of urgency to balance the issues of development and environment so that the current generation hands over the earth to their future generation without any further damage to the environment. The development process of any kind should always be sustainable. Sustainable development is a recent concept that has become important for a wide range of people and industries....   [tags: ecology, environmental damage]
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1287 words
(3.7 pages)
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Intermountain Healthcare: A Modern Healthcare Ecosystem - Intermountain Healthcare: a modern healthcare ecosystem Intermountain Healthcare, Headquartered in Salt lake City, Utah, was founded in April 1975, when the Church of Jesus Crist of Later-day Saints donated all of its hospitals to the community. IHC is a nonprofit organization. It is an example of an integrated delivery system, spanning the continuum of care. IHC is comprised of three divisions, hospitals & clinics, physicians, and health plans. It operates 22 hospitals, 185 Clinics. Its physician group includes over 1,000 doctors and its health plans insure approximately 600,000 people in the region (Intermountain Healthcare [IHC], n.d., para....   [tags: integrated delivery system for continuum care]
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1223 words
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Effects Of Overfishing Atlantic Cod on East Coast Ecosystems - ... This increase has led to the decrease in the large-bodied zooplankton species (>2 mm) because this is what the shrimp and crab populations prefer to feed off of (Frank et al., 2005; Scheffer et al., 2005). Now that the zooplankton abundance isn’t as high, the phytoplankton population has increased, which is due to the reduced pressure being put on them by the zooplankton (Frank et al., 2005; Scheffer et al., 2005). Lastly, the concentration of nitrate is lower, which suggests the phytoplankton populations are depleting it more strongly (Frank et al., 2005; Scheffer et al., 2005)....   [tags: ocean, ecosystem, plankton]
:: 6 Works Cited
592 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Challenges of Non-timber Forest Ecosystem Services Approach - Forest ecosystems services emerge and replace timber as a focus point of forest management. Eftec (2005) defines forest ecosystems service as benefits from forest to support human life through such natural processes, for example, in regulating air, water, and nutrient cycles, stabilizing microclimate, and preventing droughts and floods. This approach then emphasize on how to maintain all natural processes within the forest to sustain their natural product such as water, fresh air, and fruits, instead of focusing on sustaining the products itself, especially on timber....   [tags: maintaining natural processes within forests]
:: 10 Works Cited
1355 words
(3.9 pages)
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An Ecosystem's Disturbance by a Pollutant - Freedman defines a pollutant as "the occurrence of toxic substances or energy in a larger quality then the ecological communities or particular species can tolerate without suffering measurable detriment" (Freeman, 562). Although the effects of a pollutant on an organism vary depending on the dose and duration (how long administered). The impact can be one of sublethality to lethality, all dependent upon the factors involved. These factors need to be looked at when determining an ecosystem's disturbance by a pollutant....   [tags: Ecotoxicology Essays] 3005 words
(8.6 pages)
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Mapping Ecosystem Services in Colombia’s Putumayo Region - Mapping Ecosystem Services in Colombia’s Putumayo Region to Inform a Compensation Scheme to Establish Silvopastoral Systems Key Message The rain and cloud forests of Colombia’s Upper Putumayo region are becoming increasingly exposed to agriculture, ranching, and infrastructure development. These activities can have adverse effects on water supply and quality, soil erosion, carbon capture and sequestration, and biodiversity. The additional impacts from climate change intensify these effects and can have serious consequences for future ecosystem services supply, development and livelihoods....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
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2255 words
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The Florida Everglades ? A Wetlands Ecosystem - The Florida Everglades — A Wetlands Ecosystem The Everglades, a vast wetlands ecosystem made up of marshes and swamps, begins at Lake Okeechobee, a large lake in the center of Florida, and ends in the Gulf of Mexico and Florida Bay. It is nearly 50 miles across and 110 miles long (Hinrichsen), and when viewed from the air, appears to be miles and miles of shallow water flowing through thick mats of grass. This perception has earned it the name “River of Grass”. Although it does flow like a river, the flow is so incredibly slow that, from a distance, it doesn’t seem to move at all....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 5 Works Cited
2060 words
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The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study - The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study word count (excluding references) 1492 Introduction The Hubbard Brook Study in New Hampshire takes place in a deciduous northern hardwood forest and is involved in important environmental research to improve the planet's ecosystem. There are inputs (light, precipitation, chemicals) and outputs (water and nutrients) used to discover how a fully integrated ecosystem functions. (Bormann and Likens 1979).There are long-term studies carried out, as short-term observations give false trends of data that is not realised at the time of study....   [tags: Environmental] 1620 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Main Features of a Savanna Ecosystem - The Main Features of a Savanna Ecosystem For most of the year in this part of Kenya, the climate is very warm and very dry. However for a short season of three months (April, May and June), there is abundant rainfall and then a shorter period known as the 'little rains' (November and December). Both of these periods of rain follow quite soon after the overhead sun has past right over the equator. The temperatures throughout the year are generally high, the cooler part of the year occurs when the sun is overhead in the opposite hemisphere....   [tags: Papers] 1585 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Development of an Artificial Life based Software Ecosystem Model - ... In fact, the most important attribute of the definition of SE should be its ability to encompass varied components developed in various environments, working together for a common task. The definition should be open to ascertain the effect of components on environment and vice versa. According to another definition, a SE is a set of businesses functioning as a unit and interacting with the share market for software and services together with them, relationship among them. These relationships are underlined by the common technological platform or market and operate through the exchange of information, resources or artifacts....   [tags: evolution, relationship, business] 3338 words
(9.5 pages)
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The Ecosystem of the Coral Reef - The Ecosystem of the Coral Reef Coral reefs are among the most diverse and productive communities on Earth. They are found in the warm, clear, shallow waters of tropical oceans worldwide. Reefs have functions ranging from providing food and shelter to fish and invertebrates, to protecting the shore from erosion. Although many corals resemble plants, they are actually members of the animal phylum Cnidaria. Most corals are colonial, which means that each coral is made up of many individual polyps connected by living tissue (the coenosarc)....   [tags: Papers] 519 words
(1.5 pages)
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Wetland and Atmospheric Ecosystem Case Study in Australia - ... The biophysical environmental interactions provide conditions which then determine the biosphere and how it function. Energy from the atmosphere being sunlight is absorbed by plants and used in photosynthesis. This energy is inspired by all living organisms. The detritis is fallen leaves in a partially decomposed state which is a food source for primary consumers. Most organisms in the lower trophic levels inhabit the mangrove forest floor and eat the detritis. The energy travels and flows from the primary producer, being the mangroves, to the primary consumer; the crabs and crustaceans, then the secondary consumer, being the fish, eels, prawns, then the tertiary consumers; the birds....   [tags: Climate, Environment] 2699 words
(7.7 pages)
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The Mississippi Delta and Oil: Ecosystem Services and Human Health - Growing up near the Chesapeake Bay, I was bombarded with guest speakers since elementary school about protecting the environment. I knew what an ecosystem was by fifth grade, and in seventh grade our class went on a class trip to Smith Island and Port Isabel in the Chesapeake Bay for more intensive education about how humans are connected to ecosystems. Water and ecosystems are important to public health all over the globe, as water touches all of our lives. And when this water is contaminated by oil, many global health issues are caused, but these problems to health may be worth the profits gained from oil....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
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1101 words
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Predators And Ecosystem Management - Predators and Ecosystem Management Natural Resources Management Predators have an everlasting effect on different kinds of ecosystems. They influence there ecosystems by controlling the abundance of lower species certain habitats. In this article, “Predators and Ecosystem Management” by (James A. Estes). He explains results of case studies that indicate important ecological roles for predators in a huge coastal ecosystem. The main challenge in this article is to determine if there are recurrent patterns else where in nature and to also understand when and where they occur....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
424 words
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The Strength and the Weaknesses of Pay for Ecosystem Services (PES) - All biological lives need a supply of external energy. Most Plants are capable of photosynthesis, some bacteria employ natural sources of chemical energy. Many other organisms require different types of energy to grow. Beyond this biological need of humanity, technologically advance societies have increasingly weaken in their dependence on external energy for production of many manufactured goods. Where this technological advancement is a wonderful convenience of modern life in particular, there it allows people to live under a diverse condition of climate, in general....   [tags: Ecology ]
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2190 words
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Climate Changs is Affecting Earth's Delicate Ecosystem - ... Transportation is an important part of a person’s life. Additionally, industrial processes emit this greenhouse gas through fossil fuel combustion. As carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, the heat is trapped. Scientists are able to see “a clear increase in the lighter molecules from fossil fuel and deforestation sources that correspond closely to the trend and emissions” according the Union of Concerned Scientist. Human footprints are left through the different activities humans do that are related to a carbon overload....   [tags: fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, temperature] 863 words
(2.5 pages)
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Improvising Data Locality and availlability in the Hbase Ecosystem - HBase has a rigid master slave architecture and its main purpose is to be a scalable and efficient NoSQL database which helps in storing data. HBase has strongly constant read/writes which makes it suitable for high-speed counter aggregation. There is automatic sharding which helps in splitting of regions as the volume of data grows in a particular region. The automatic failover mechanism of HBase allows availability of data to a higher probability as the regions are reallocated among the rest of the region servers....   [tags: hmaster, region servers, database] 552 words
(1.6 pages)
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Freshwater Ecosystems - Introduction An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem takes place in a body of water, which has a community of organisms that depend upon each other to live and function. Three major ecosystem functions are energy flow, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. Energy flows through an ecosystem and trophic levels from primary producers, which use solar energy in photosynthesis to synthesize complex organic substances (Reece & Campbell 2011, Lindeman 1942, & Gaston 2000). Solar energy is the basis from which all life in an ecosystem depend upon (Lindeman 1942)....   [tags: aquatic ecosystem, organisms, substance]
:: 9 Works Cited
1588 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem - ... If a water source cannot be found, rainwater is more than enough to keep you alive. Remember before consuming any water, to boil it over a fire (see ‘Fire’) so that any bacteria is killed off. (http://news.discovery.com /adventure/survival/top-ways-to-purify-water-in-the-wilderness.htm) Build a fire for cooking and warmth near your shelter. In a tropical rainforest, it is relatively hard to create a fire with just matches as the moisture level is high. Instead, gather pieces of wood and stack them into a pyramid shape; once the pyramid is done, find dried grass and ferns that can be easily ignited and use it to start the fire....   [tags: water, food, shelter, predators] 643 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Effects Of Foreign Species Introduction On An Ecosystem - The Effects of Foreign Species Introduction On An Ecosystem The effects of foreign species introduction into an ecosystem are very profound. From small microorganisms to species of large mammals, many foreign species introductions occur every day. New implications of their introduction are found just as often. When a foreign species is introduced into an ecosystem, often the ecosystem contains no natural predators for the new species. This lack of predators sometimes leads to; in conjunction with a supply of food suitable for the new species, a period of exponential growth of the species....   [tags: essays research papers] 652 words
(1.9 pages)
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems - Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems Amid growing concerns about increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, mitigation techniques that reduce levels of greenhouse gases are receiving attention as a possible remedy for climate change. Forest ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon cycle, but there are still questions about how significant of a role they play and how manipulating management plans affects a forested area’s carbon sequestration potential. Various factors such as land-use history, age of a forest stand, and potential feedback processes must all be taken into account when determining if forests are a feasible method of climate change miti...   [tags: Ecosystems] 2418 words
(6.9 pages)
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Environmental Economics: A Short Evaluation of the Monetary Valuation of Ecosystem Goods and Services - ... However, the creation of a monetary value system has been criticized for its challenges in policy implementation and management. Some values and services, such as spiritual, are largely outside the market making them difficult to measure, often resulting in concern that valuation may be incomplete, biased or uncertain, or causing them to be ignored or undervalued by traditional economists. Furthermore, global transactions make irresponsible environmental actions difficult to track and warrants to prevent environmental destruction unachievable....   [tags: regulating, provisioning, supporting, cultural]
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Ecosystem Instability: The Incumbent Problems and Possible Solutions - Ecosystem Instability: The Incumbent Problems and Possible Solutions Thesis Ecosystem instability is a problem that we can no longer put off to the side. We are being confronted with this problem and we need to find ways to resolve the present situations. The forms of confrontation are through foriegn invaders and lack of apex predators (to name a few). We must realize that through research as well as changes in lifestyle we can save our planet. These changes must occur individually for them to be a true success....   [tags: Environment Environmental Essays]
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Reintroducing Bison Restores the Great Plains Ecosystem - Reintroducing Bison Restores the Great Plains Ecosystem Great Plains history The Great Plains offer a familiar story of overexploitation and the emergence of the need to fix the damage. Today rural areas are showing the decline of traditional agriculture and extractive land uses that have left the area barren and unproductive. Restoration projects, in particular those involving the reintroduction of the bison, give an example of bringing the native ecosystem of an area back to life. Grasslands once covered 40% of our nation, the bison once ranged over 48 of our states....   [tags: Environment Animals Nature Ecology Essays]
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1056 words
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The Invasion of the Florida Everglades Ecosystem by the Brazilian Pepper - The Invasion of the Florida Everglades Ecosystem by the Brazilian Pepper It was as if the class had just stepped out onto the moon the way the limestone craters pockmarked the area's surface. It looked most uninhabitable indeed. Yet, here and there tufts of sawgrass had naturally reseeded and sprung up to reclaim the land. Like the American flag hoisted in place by Neil Armstrong on the moon, the tufts of sawgrass seemed to be saying, “One small step for sawgrass, one giant leap for the Everglades ecosystem!” Indeed, to witness the success of the Hole-in-the-Donut Restoration Project is like being the captain of a boat lost at sea catching a break in the fog long enough to glimpse a be...   [tags: Environment Nature Descriptive Essays]
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How Acid Rain Affects the Aquatic Ecosystem - How Acid Rain Affects the Aquatic Ecosystem Abstract This paper shows that acid rain is a reality. It is destroying our freshwater ecosystems and must be stopped in order to save them. If the problem is not fixed soon the aquatic ecosystems will be destroyed. Table of Contents 1. What is acid rain. 2. Acidification of Freshwater 3. Effects of Freshwater Acidification 4. Where is Affected the most. 5. What is being done to fix it. 6. Conclusion 7. References What is acid rain. Acid rain is polluted rain, snow, or fog....   [tags: Geology]
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Differences in the Woodland Ecosystem as the Result of Different Management Strategies - Differences in the Woodland Ecosystem as the Result of Different Management Strategies Introduction: In this piece of work, I am studying the hypothesis, "Differences in woodland ecosystems are the result of different management strategies." This means the way woodlands are managed affect the ecosystems. Places like Bishops wood, need to be looked after and carefully managed, if they are to remain attractive. Bishops wood is very large park and attracts over 90 million visitors a year....   [tags: Papers] 546 words
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The Effects of Mono Lake's Hydrology on its Ecosystem - The Effects of Mono Lake's Hydrology on its Ecosystem Situated at the foothills of the Eastern Sierra Nevada, Mono Lake has an unusual and unique hydrology that is highly influential in shaping the water chemistry (specifically the water's salinity and alkalinity) and biological life that survives there. Mono Lake is a hypersaline, highly alkaline, hydrographically closed basin in which the only natural means of water export is through evaporation. The basin itself was carved out by faulting of tectonic plates that occurred atleast 500,000 years ago....   [tags: Environment Biology Essays]
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Ecology Lab Report: Creating an Ecosystem in a Bottle - Objective: To create an ecosystem contained in a bottle with both terrestrial and aquatic environments sealed to the outside world. Hypothesis/Predictions: I predict the fish will last for 3 days. I predict the crickets will last for a week. Materials: 1. fish 2. Water 3. 2 plants 4. Soil 5. Rag 6. Graphite 7. 2 Liter Bottle (2) 8....   [tags: essays research papers] 1929 words
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Economics to Biodiversity - ... These species affect the native species for the availability of resources and compete with them to grow. They have environmental impacts but with it they can pose a threat to the food security, human health and economic development. With the increase in the travel, trade, and tourism the movement of species has been facilitated beyond its natural bio-geographical boundaries thereby creating new pathways for their introduction and competition. These pathways can also be referred to as vectors through which these invasive alien species are introduced into new and healthy environments....   [tags: ecosystem, money] 1000 words
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Grazing Versus Ecosystem Conservation: Managed Grazing Techniques Must be Implemented - Grazing Versus Ecosystem Conservation: Managed Grazing Techniques Must be Implemented One of the major issues confronting western America is that of environmental conservation and protection versus agricultural essentials and needs. This issue includes the environmentalists' fight against herbicides and pesticides, reservoirs for irrigation water, and livestock grazing on public land. The controversy that this essay confronts will be that of the desire to use public land for livestock grazing versus the importance of preserving the rangeland ecosystem....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive]
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Biofuel Impacts on Biodiversity and Ecosystem - The article in question, Biodiversity conservation in the era of Biofuels: risks and opportunities, touches on many important ecological and environmental concerns derived from the necessity of energy. It dissects the market created by biofuels, reporting, in detail, on its inherent environmental consequences. By introducing energy as the focal point of the essay, the authors are able to discuss the problems and solutions associated with different sources of energy, specifically biological energy....   [tags: fossil fuel use, and climate change ] 1307 words
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Causes, Impacts, and Potential Solutions of Invasive Species - Introduction Globalization has successfully increased the amount of trade, transport and tourism around the globe; however, it also facilitates the introduction and spread of non-native species. These alien species are intruders that are not indigenous to a particular ecosystem. Successful alien species become invasive by out-competing native organisms for food and habitat, causing harms to the local ecosystem. Invasive species are believed to be one of the leading threats to native wildlife. They also adversely affect people’s health and the economy standing behind the ecosystem....   [tags: lake trout, tourism, ecosystem]
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What We Give to the Earth Is What We will Get in Return - ... Studies have shown that burning one gallon of gas creates twenty pounds of carbon dioxide, and the average automobile emits about six tons of carbon dioxide each year. (LiveScience) Cities with nearby services mean more people can walk to their destination. This is compared to other cities where there are no services in walking distance, for example, Denver Colorado. Denver is found to have five times higher emissions than any other city in the United States, including New York City. This is because Denver’s density level is actually 1,558 residents per square kilometer which is a result of the transportation greenhouse gas emissions....   [tags: ecosystem, enviornment, emissions]
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The Importance of Wildlife Conservation - Imagine a world with barren trees in overgrown fields. The only sound to be heard is the wind blowing through the tall grass. A world once full of life now lays empty do to extinction. This is the result of a world that failed to understand the importance of wildlife conservation. Why is wildlife so important. What steps need to be taken to preserve wildlife. How can one become involved in wildlife conservation. These are all important questions that need to be explored in order to help maintain the delicate ecosystem on Earth....   [tags: ecosystem, earth, extintion]
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Port Noarlunga Reef is Adelaide’s Main Attraction - ... Positives: The human impact on the reef has caused a lot of damage and so in 1971 the City of Onkaparinga, State Government, Coast care groups and environmental organisations all had supported a decision to protect the reef. So the reef has now a reserved part which is protected and separated from the one open to tourists. The positive effect of human intervention has been creating this 300 ha of aquatic reserve to safe guard the reef and all life form in this part of the reef. This will ensure that the negative effects on the reef are diminished and we protect the coastal areas biodiversity....   [tags: education, marine ecosystem, organisms] 688 words
(2 pages)
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The Once Pristine Idyllic Wetland is Now a Garbage Dump - Recently, I posted an article titled "February 2, 2014 is World Wetlands Day". Why am I interested in wetlands. Because I am concerned. My home in Jalladianpet, in the suburbs of Chennai is just 2.5 miles (4 km) from the Pallikaranai wetland in Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. A wetland is technically defined as: "An ecosystem that arises when inundation by water produces soils dominated by anaerobic processes, which, in turn, forces the biota, particularly rooted plants, to adapt to flooding." The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation that adapts to its unique soil conditions....   [tags: ecosystem, marsh, species] 547 words
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The Ecological and Economical Importance of Seagrass - Introduction Seagrass is on the decline around the world and it is an extremely vital marine ecosystem found in shallow water mainly distributed throughout tropical seas, from a temperature around 4oC to 24oC (Green and Short 2003). They are the only true flowering plant (angiosperm) to live in aquatic conditions providing support and shelter for vast amounts of species (Orth et al. 2006; Jackson et al. 2001). They are a marine aquatic plant and a keystone species for many coastal areas found all over the world (Libralato, Christensen and Pauly 2006)....   [tags: ecosystem, marine life, water]
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Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment - Introduction Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) categorize a vast assemblage of environmentally toxic compounds and have received notoriety in recent decades for their lingering presence within an ecosystem. Most POPs are lipophilic and enabling them to bioaccumulate within an ecosystem which may potentially cause long lasting damage as they are transferred through consumption of an organism’s fat content (Ritter et al. 1995). The chemical stability of POPs allows these substances to persist in an ecosystem for many years either in soils or within animal tissue (Ritter et al....   [tags: Ecosystem, Environment, Canasa, Pollutants]
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Developing a Land Use Plan for Haida Gwaii - ... They see humans as being part of the land and believe they owe their existence to Haida Gwaii. Yah’Guudang is a term used to describe their respect for all things living (Council of the Haida Nation, 2005). Yah’Guudang is the celebration of the spirits and lives that are entwined as well as our responsibility for the future generations. The indigenous people of Haida Gwaii believe that they as well as everything else on the land has come up from the ocean, and have been shaped as well as nourished by it (Council of the Haida Nation, 2005)Page 15)....   [tags: ecosystem, protection, resources] 1524 words
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Acidification and the Ocean’s Changing Climate - Acidification and the Ocean’s Changing Climate ( 600-700) The sole reason for the change in atmospheric temperature can be attributed to Carbon Dioxide emissions. Ocean acidification has occurred due to chemical changes in oceans. Highly concentrated carbonic acid is the product formed due to CO2 entering into the oceans and reacting with water. Oceans on Acidification Scott Doney, in 2007 mentioned that ocean life was facing an almost unprecedented environmental challenge. He stated that marine life has endured large climatic changes and acidification discrepancies in the past but the anticipated rates of climate change and ocean acidification over the next century are much rapid than expe...   [tags: carbon dioxide, ecosystem, fishing] 638 words
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Targeting a National Strategic Action Plans in Aichi Targets, Japan - ... More sustainable agriculture and forestry 4. Better management of fish stocks 5. Tighter controls on invasive alien species 6. A bigger EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss4 3. Brazil Brazil launched a national consultation to develop National Targets for Biodiversity on 8 April 2011. The initiative entitled “Dialogues on Biodiversity: building the Brazilian Strategy for 2020” is meant to engage Brazilian society in a process to strengthen the implementation of the agreements reached at the 10th Conference of the Parties on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 10) which took place in October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan....   [tags: ecosystem, sustainability, biodiversity] 450 words
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The Effects of Climate Change in the World - Introduction Analyzing the possible effects of climate change still remains a major enigma for both ecologists and environmentalists alike. It is known that extreme hot weather anomalies are becoming more and more prevalent as shown by temperature outliers greater than 3σ now occur in almost 10% of the world’s surface as compared to less than 1% during 1951-1981 (Hansen et al. 2012). Since 1880 the combined land and ocean temperature has increased by about 0.85°C. Additionally the concentrations of CO2, CH4, and N2O in the atmosphere have increased by 40%, 150%, and 20% respectively since the pre-industrial era....   [tags: Ocean, Ecosystem, Ecology]
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The Everglades: Florida's Unique Landscape of Change - ... 2014.) Consequently, the behavior of the Everglades ecosystem and climate has also been modified by human innovation and urbanization. The creation of drainage ditches, levees, and increased agricultural land are all instances of rearrangement of the natural environments surrounding the tree islands in the swamplands of the Everglades and have resulted in changes of the tree island biota (Willard et al. 580-581). The main influence of these changes became evident in 1910 to 1930 as urbanization increased and agricultural land use demanded dryer land for farming....   [tags: Southern Florida diverse ecosystem]
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Taking a Look at the Saguaro Lizard - Horrned Lizard When you think of an ecosystem, you might think of lush forests, or wide oceans, abundant with wildlife. However, the Saguaro desert is unique in its own way. Hidden amongst the 91,446 million acres of this hot, harsh, desert, are a world of organisms that thrive to survive. Located in Arizona, this park’s variety of plant and animal life surpass all other North American deserts. It is divided into two districts, named after the mountain ranges that surround the park; named the Tuscan and Rincon....   [tags: the Saguaro desert ecosystem] 753 words
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Sharks are Being Hunted to Extinction - ... (Heimbuch) They maintain species diversity by preying upon the most available species. They act as crowd control to help maintain the balance of the ecosystem. Sharks also act as a food sources for other sharks and killer whales. (Heimbuch) Without sharks, the balance of the ocean will break down, which will create a devastating effect. (Heimbuch) Many of the shark species are on the endangered list and are close to become extinct. Researchers estimate that by 2017, twenty species of sharks will become extinct because of overfishing....   [tags: ecosystem, finning, endangered]
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Human Perception of Other Species - ... They have become endangered due to the increase in exotic plantations such as eucalyptus, tea, teak, cinchona, coffee plantations in the western ghats . These primates avoid human interventions and are adapted to natural thick rainforests making their survival more difficult. Until the British era, resources were procured and maintained by the local people in that region, mainly tribals’ who considered them as an integral part of their lives and used them in a sustainable manner. Hence, there was a balance maintained in the ecosystem....   [tags: changes in ecosystem imbalance] 1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Benefits of Hunting in Our Society - The Benefits of hunting in our Society(Draft) Hunting has always been a cornerstone of the American way of life. To Our forefathers, and Native Americans before them, hunting was a necessary for their survival. In our current times hunting, generally, is not viewed as a way of life, but as a destructive pastime. What most people don't understand is that without hunting, the population of deer and other wild game could grow to unsustainable levels. Without hunters, animals could overpopulate, and cause great ecological damage....   [tags: maintaining a balanced ecosystem] 1573 words
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Biodiversity: How Ecological Systems Link Us Together - Biodiversity is the unit of variation of life. It can refer to genetic variation, species variation, or ecosystem variation which seems to be the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Biodiversity usually tends to bunch in hotspots, and the number has been growing through time but will be likely to slow in the future. According to Lemons and Morgan (1995) study the biological diversity defines as “the variability among living organisms from all sources and ecological complex of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems’’....   [tags: species variation, ecosystem, life]
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The Origins of a Newly Formed Toxic Algae in the Ocean - Recently, scientists have been noticing a quite thing occurring in the ocean that had never been seen before. Scientists have been recently finding a new type of algae in the ocean that does not have very great effects on the environment. Many say that this alga is probably a type of algae that is similar to the ones that grew millions of years ago; this alga is toxic though. It releases terrible pungent odors that can affect health. This algae was first discovered in Australia by fisherman and is now ruining Australian fishing industries by taking over the ocean....   [tags: fireweed, ecosystem, jellyfish] 1023 words
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Using the Bitumen in the Alberta Tar Sands - ... The Government of BC is estimated to generate $1.2 billion in tax revenue. The First Nations, who have voiced their disapproval of the pipeline, have been offered 10% equity in the project that estimates $1 billion in revenue for them. Although the benefits of the pipeline are very high in monetary value, there are a lot of environmental issues that are of concern. Firstly, the pipeline will run through BC’s Great Bear rainforest. This is the world’s largest intact temperate rainforest....   [tags: pipeline, revenue, ecosystem] 780 words
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