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Indigenous Knowledge and Ecology - ... Forty-thousand years can be represented in one panel because traditional culture is unchanging; history begins with the arrival of whites. This perception has had broad implications for law and policy, such as constraints in Native Title legalisation that require Indigenous people to not only prove that they owned the land (according to Western notions of ownership), but that they prove continuing practice of ‘traditional’ customs. Historian Heather Goodall (2008) points out that pressure to construct Indigenous knowledge as a ‘static repository of pre-colonial knowledge’ also came from the environmental movements that emerged in the 1960s, where ‘indigenous people were depicted as exotic “noble environmentalists” living “in harmony” with the non-human environment’....   [tags: Ecology] 914 words
(2.6 pages)
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Ecology - In the original Greek "oikos" means, "house". So ecology is "the study of the house" the place where you live, or the environment which technically includes all those factors, both nonliving and living, that affect an organism. Ecology then is the study of the interactions of organisms in their environment includes both the living (biotic) and physical (abiotic) factors of the environment. It's also the science, which formulates and tests hypotheses about environment....   [tags: essays research papers] 1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Role of Competition and Predation in Ecology - ... Predation and available food impact population densities together (Freeman, 2008). Since competition and predation play a key role in ecology it is important to study the impact that they have on population densities of species. For this experiment, the population density of Selenastrum was studied. Selenastrum is green algae that does well in lakes with low nutrient levels. When lakes become polluted with high nutrient levels from human development a different kind of algae becomes dominant (Jenson 2010)....   [tags: ecology]
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563 words
(1.6 pages)
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Maryland's Ecology and Environment - ... Since 1927 the commission has acquired over 13,300 acres of stream valley and river parks. These areas are used to protect natural resources, conservation, and education. Many of these water ways are considered ecological greenways. Before European settlers colonized parts of Maryland, the area was dominated by mixed hardwood forests. European settlers cut down native forests at a high rate and the timber was sold in Europe. These old growth forests are now virtually extinct in the state....   [tags: Ecology ]
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1051 words
(3 pages)
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Ecology - Ecology An organism has several ways to avoid being prated upon. One way to avoid this is to practice crptis. Crypis is the action of organisms avoiding predation by blending in with their backgrounds and matching the color pattern of a bark, twigs or leaves. Palatable animals often utilize this strategy as well. Another type of defense is aposematism or warning coloratio. Organisms that produce noxious chemicals or accumalate them from food plants, advertise the fact that they are harmful with conspicous color patterns....   [tags: Papers] 1877 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Impact of Sea Otters on Marine Ecology - ... Studies showed that the elimination of sea otters during the 1800s from the Californian waters might be responsible for the dwindling numbers of kelp forests. Further studies have also shown that the population density of sea otters affects seaweed biodiversity as well. In a study conducted in Alaska on three different bays, the Torch Bay, Deer Harbor and the Surge Bay, it was found that the presence of sea otters led to a decrease in the population of sea urchins, which led to an increase in the population of seaweeds....   [tags: Ecology ]
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1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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Impact of Sea Otters on Community Ecology - ... Innumerable coastal marine organisms thrive on kelp forests, enhancing biodiversity of the region. Therefore, to maintain the diversity and richness of coastal marine ecology, sea otters should be preserved, who indirectly lead to the preservation of kelps. Impact of sea otters on community ecology The presence or absence of sea otters influences marine ecology at the community-level. Studies have shown that kelp forests enhance the underwater environment, providing a suitable habitat for fishes....   [tags: Ecology ]
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1490 words
(4.3 pages)
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Theories of Social Ecology - ... "The right of all forms [of life] to live is a universal right which cannot be quantified. No single species of living being has more of this particular right to live and unfold than any other species" (Naess, 1995, Reader p. 68). Deep ecology was also modeled after Naess’ view. Deep ecology is an ecological philosophy which recognizes the inherent worth in nature rather than its utility. Echoing this view, all life forms whether human or non-human deserve the right to live and to flourish. When we destroy, transform, preserve, and renovate the well-being, flourishing, richness, and diversity of nature (Naess, p....   [tags: Social Ecology]
:: 2 Works Cited
1862 words
(5.3 pages)
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Bioerosion and Reef Ecology - Bioerosion and Reef Ecology The breakdown of calcareous substrates among coral reefs, or bioerosion, is a facet of reef ecology too often forgotten. The process plays a much more important role than it is usually credited with. Bioeroding species, consisting of many different types of organisms that act on the environment in a seemingly endless variety of ways, interact with the ecosystem and with each other as part of the reef growth and degradation cycle. The degradation portion of this cycle, the part that is most often overlooked, is essential for the development of reefs as the diverse and beautiful habitats that we know them as....   [tags: Bioeroding Ecosystem Ecology Essays]
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3565 words
(10.2 pages)
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Design, Ecology, and Ethics - Design, Ecology, and Ethics “We need to design institutions (and cars and homes and toothbrushes, etc.) that make it easy for people to be good.” (Jim Farrell) Right now, if someone in America wants to be good to the earth and good to future generations, it’s hard. It’s expensive to purchase local, organic food. In the suburbs, to get to work and practice and the store and back home again on a schedule without a car is tricky if not impossible. To think about how and where and by whom nearly 100% of products in Target are made is to most certainly become ashamed....   [tags: Environment Ecology Essays Papers] 721 words
(2.1 pages)
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Population Ecology vs. Neoinstitutional Theory - ... The liability of newness commonly affects opening a new campus with high turnover rates due to the uncertainty of sub-organization (Sutton 2/22/11). Yet, UCSB extensions are successful because they are able to uphold UCSB’s status in education while giving the population the chance to practice education in available areas, not just Santa Barbara. Such external and internal pressures can either cause the “life” or “death” of the organization. One of the many strengths of population ecology is resource partitioning, a model managing generalists and specialists organization....   [tags: Environment, Ecology] 1820 words
(5.2 pages)
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Population Ecology vs. Neoinstitutional Theory - ... The liability of newness commonly affects opening a new campus with high turnover rates due to the uncertainty of sub-organization (Sutton 2/22/11). Yet, UCSB extensions is successful because they are able to uphold UCSB’s good faith and name while giving the population the chance to practice education in available areas, not just Santa Barbara Such external and internal pressures can either cause the “life” or “death” of the organization. One of the many strengths of population ecology is resource partitioning which looks at generalists and specialists organization....   [tags: Environment, Ecology] 1875 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Importance of Cooking in Ecology of a Cracker Childhood - The Importance of Cooking in Ecology of a Cracker Childhood Janisse Ray wrote the book, "Ecology of a Cracker Childhood." In the story, the author describes how she grew up, the influences that her family history, culture, and nature had on her, and how she is an individual as well as part of a whole. The memory that I believe gives a very personal insight into the author's identity details her mother's down home, southern cooking and the imprints, that her cooking impressed on her....   [tags: Ecology Cracker Childhood] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Influence of Species Ecology on the Performance and the Generality of Species Distribution Models - ... Contrarily, some studies found no evidence for an effect of species-specific traits such as use of ecological breadth (Stockwell and Peterson 2002) and habitat tolerance (Newbold et al. 2009, Poyry et al. 2008) or even a negative effect of niche width (Kadmon et al. 2003) on the accuracy of distribution models. Finally, species range is an ecological characteristic found to be related to the predictive accuracy of SDMs: Guisan et al. (2007) report localized tree species with narrow distri- butions to be easier to model than widepread species....   [tags: Ecology ]
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1469 words
(4.2 pages)
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Human Ecology- Watershed - ... It has been working to coordinate efforts to improve the watershed. Its efforts have been made possible by the Clean Water Act. Its main objective has been to identify all projects dealing with pollution prevention, monitor their progress, track the rules and regulations, identify trends in water quality, assist in the efficient use of resources, and enhance communication between the relevant parties. The Authority also provides a point of contact between the various stakeholders and other parties interested in activities involving the watershed....   [tags: Ecology ]
:: 4 Works Cited
920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Social Ecology - ... 2. How does your particular philosophy propose to eradicate these woes. Social ecology cannot force humans to change, however they must differentiate from what is right and what is wrong to make a change. Men and women have to remove any previous way of life to make to world clean and enhanced (Dogan, Rokkan, 1974). The more we understand the earth, the better we can comprehend the problems we face. From an environmental standpoint, you need a functional, well-balanced environment with clean air, clean water, healthy food and a good source of shelter (Gutkind, 1974)....   [tags: Environment ]
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1533 words
(4.4 pages)
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Buddhism and Ecology - If there was ever a culture that truly cared for the Earth, it was that of Buddhism. Buddhism itself is often known for commitment to World ecology. This is explored in the essay, Relational Holism, by David Landis Barnhill, in the book, Deep Ecology and World Religions. The subject of holism is brought to us many times and often acknowledgement of critical views is used to help convey the information. Beginning with a strong statement by Barnhill, “Critics of deep ecology have often attacked its holistic views of self and cosmology....   [tags: essays research papers] 316 words
(0.9 pages)
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Deep Ecology - Deep Ecology/Ecosophy The ideas behind deep ecology have major implications today. They allow people to think more profoundly about the environment and possibly come to a better understanding of their own meaning. People are intensely concerned about the world’s technological adolescence, massive consumerism, and overpopulation. A man named Arne Naess, former head of the philosophy department at the University of Oslo founded an idea that can direct people’s anxiety away from their "shallow" notion of the problem to one that is much "deeper." "Deep ecology goes beyond the limited piecemeal shallow approach to environmental problems and attempts to articulate a comprehensive religious and philosophical worldview." (EE p.145) In its most basic form, deep ecology is a wisdom, an ecosophy, which requires humans to see themselves as part of the bigger picture....   [tags: essays research papers] 1840 words
(5.3 pages)
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Personal Ecology - Personal Ecology A deep desire to cry. The hanging, haunting chant of Gordon Comes at Night, waves of sweat crystallizing on the skin, loosened joints, unfolded from the lodge into the cold night air. Wiped clean, nothing to say. Reach inside for a voice, a meaning, the distance between the earth and the moon in its fullness. Which orbits which. For a year I sat in the only seat that was not part of the circle. "Me" is still a long way off. Each stanza seems a step in a different direction....   [tags: Creative Writing Story Essays] 2529 words
(7.2 pages)
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Ecology Investigation - Ecology Investigation Introduction Comparison of the species diversity of the vegetation of upland and lowland ecosystems. Plan When studying a particular organism in its ecosystem physical features that may affect it such as rainfall, temperature, soil pH etc. are considered. The physical features or abiotic features determine the range, type and number of species in the ecosystem. Species diversity is measured in relation to a given area. It can be assessed in terms of the number of species or the range of different types of species an area consists of....   [tags: Papers] 1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Application Of Fractal Geometry To Ecology - The Application of Fractal Geometry to Ecology Abstract New insights into the natural world are just a few of the results from the use of fractal geometry. Examples from population and landscape ecology are used to illustrate the usefulness of fractal geometry to the field of ecology. The advent of the computer age played an important role in the development and acceptance of fractal geometry as a valid new discipline. New insights gained from the application of fractal geometry to ecology include: understanding the importance of spatial and temporal scales; the relationship between landscape structure and movement pathways; an increased understanding of landscape structures; and the ability to more accurately model landscapes and ecosystems....   [tags: essays research papers] 3415 words
(9.8 pages)
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Modern technology's effect on ecology - ?It is because of those scientists. inventions.. ?Modern technology owes ecology an apology!. This is what some people say when the read the news about haze, deforestation, extinction of flora and fauna and global warming. They blame modern technology, the materials and ideas developed in the last century to assist humans in their activities, for the deterioration of ecology. The ecological cycle has been very much disturbed by the developments humankind have achieved....   [tags: essays research papers] 1278 words
(3.7 pages)
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Deep Ecology And Religion - Through this portion of class readings and discussions, we have sought deeper meaning and understanding of philosophies of individuals and organizations that revolve around the fundamental aspects and notions of deep ecology and eco-activism. These associations offer more views and attitudes on how an individual and society can create and maintain a kinship and positive influence with the natural environment. Like deep ecologist’s view on the metaphysical relationship of man and nature. Eco-activist’s contend to a belief of “ecology as religion”(Kinsley 193)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Lord of the Rings: Ents and Ecology - ... He has a mind of metal and wheels; and does not care for growing things, except as far as they serve him for the moment," (Tolkien, 76). Saruman has become the figure of industry, clear cutting the forests in the name of progress; in the name of world domination. Saruman is puppet of the Dark Lord Sauron; he has in essence sold out to the forces of evil. He is now but an extension of Sauron’s evil and he must obey him. Saruman has become that which he fought against: evil. He is now a hand of war and destruction; he must change his old world to fit with his new beliefs....   [tags: Literary Themes]
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1831 words
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The Ecology of a Small Stream in Tillingbourne - The Ecology of a Small Stream in Tillingbourne Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment. Invertebrates are interesting organisms to investigate because they represent an enormous diversity of body shapes, survival strategies, and adaptations. Many invertebrates require clear, cool water, adequate oxygen, stable flows, and a steady source of food in order to complete their life cycles. My aims are to investigate the abundance and distribution of freshwater invertebrates in the stream, and to measure abiotic factors such as oxygen levels, in the stream....   [tags: Papers] 1633 words
(4.7 pages)
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Fire Ecology of Australian Eucalypts - Fire Ecology of Australian Eucalypts Eucalypts belong to the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), which are evergreen ‘tropical’ rainforest trees (Bowman 2000). Three genera are considered eucalypts: Eucalyptus, Angophora, and Corymbia. Roughly 600+ species of eucalypts exist today, and nearly all are endemic to Australia (farrer.riv.csu.edu.au). Although eucalypts began as members of the rainforest, the pressures of poor soil, increasing aridity and most importantly recurrent fires pushed them out of the rainforests and on to become the dominant species in a harsh land....   [tags: Geology Nature Essays]
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3278 words
(9.4 pages)
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Applications of G.I.S. in Agriculture and Ecology - Applications of G.I.S. in Agriculture and Ecology Geographic Information Systems (G.I.S.) is one of the fastest growing technologies today. This field covers anything and everything that can be mapped, anything from weeds to urban sprawl, if it can be mapped, G.I.S. can be used. G.I.S. uses computers to store, analyze, and show data collected about a given topic(Kennedy 1), (Zimmerman 5-9, 73-91). G.I.S. basically turns a computer into an atlas(Kennedy 1). With all this information available, how can it help the field of agriculture....   [tags: Agricultural Environment Farm Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited :: 5 Sources Cited
1070 words
(3.1 pages)
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Review of Wolves and the Ecology of Fear: Can Predation Risk Structure Ecosystems? - ... Additionally, the nonlethal effect of changes in prey behavior are discussed; this can include changes in herbivores’ use of spaces such as foraging patters within a habitat or even habitat preference. These changes are caused by fear of predation. Next, prey and plant refugia are discussed. Prey refugia are areas occupied by prey where they are less likely to encounter a predator. In the status quo, predation risks may occur due to human hunting. A previous study found that in St. John, Montana, elk adjusted their eating behaviors by browsing far from roads in order to avoid human contact....   [tags: Ecology] 744 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Influence of Species Ecology on the Performance and the Generality of Species Distribution Models - ... 2006). Contrarily, some studies found no evidenve for an effect of species-specific traits such as use of ecological breadth (Stockwell and Peterson 2002) and habitat tolerance (Newbold et al. 2009, Poyry et al. 2008) or even a negative effect of niche width (Kadmon et al. 2003) on the accuracy of distribution models. Another ecological characteristic found to be related to the predictive accuracy of SDMs is the species range, with widespread species being easier to model than localized species with more narrow distributions Guisan et al....   [tags: Ecology ]
:: 45 Works Cited
1360 words
(3.9 pages)
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Social Ecology versus Differential Association - Social Ecology versus Differential Association Which is a better theory of crime Social ecology or differential association. While both have good concepts I feel that both are somewhat flawed in their concepts of crime. But for the purposes of this paper I will chose differential association as the better predictor and concept for criminal behavior as a whole. Social ecology says that most criminal behavior is centered around those areas that are central to a neighborhood. So if a neighborhood is one of great social and economical pressures then crime is more prevalent in that area as this is true it is not true of all residents of that area....   [tags: Papers] 344 words
(1 pages)
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The role of fire ecology in plant succession - Succession is defined as a directional change in community composition and structure over time (Gurevitch et al, 2002). Succession is either primary or secondary. In primary succession plants grow and colonize earth for the first time. In secondary succession plants inhabit and colonize earth that was once inhabited by plants life. A wildfire is one example of secondary succession. When a disturbance in the environment occurs, such as a wildfire, either part or all of the community is destroyed....   [tags: essays research papers] 776 words
(2.2 pages)
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Free Essay on Ecology of a Cracker Childhood - Free Essay on Ecology of a Cracker Childhood By reading Ecology of a Cracker Childhood, it is safe to assume that Janisse Ray, the main character, author, is one who doesn't conform and has a stubborn nature. For instance, when Ray wants to play football with the boys in her class at recess she gets angered when they tell her no she can not play with them; so instead of accepting their reply she jumps in the game anyway and tackles the boy with the football. The boys angry with the fact that their friend, a guy, got tackled by a girl went chasing after her....   [tags: Cracker] 646 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Ecology of Jane Eyre: Surviving the Struggles - The Ecology of Jane Eyre: Surviving the Struggles Wild, calm, fierce, gentle, damaging, nurturing – nature, such an unpredictable force, can be paralleled with Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre. Many of Jane Eyre’s characters resemble nature, and many of the novel’s events are supported or foreshadowed by occurrences in nature. Jane Eyre’s main character, Jane, is shown maturing from child to adult. Jane’s metamorphosis throws her from the fairytale escape she has created, into real life that she must adapt to in order to survive....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1218 words
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Obesity Alters Gut Microbial Ecology - A common theme among the concerns of today’s American citizens is that of obesity. Obesity, identifiable by abnormal fat accumulation, can be defined in absolute terms by one who has a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. It is estimated that over 30 percent of American adults are clinically obese. This number has shown a dramatic increase from the 15 percent of American adults suffering from obesity in 1980. Globally, 400 million adults are obese, while predictions place this number at 700 million by 2015....   [tags: Biology] 1879 words
(5.4 pages)
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Integrating Sustainable Agriculture, Ecology, and Environmental Policy. - Integrating Sustainable Agriculture, Ecology, and Environmental Policy Whose business is it to create a sustainable agriculture. How will knowledge systems required to support such an agriculture be developed and implemented. These pragmatic questions are addressed by the 14 contributors to this book. If in fact the agricultural community is beyond the stage of understanding and internalizing the need for the concept of an agriculture that can be sustained, then this book offers concrete suggestions for the types of research objectives and social and political decisions that must be followed in order to make sustainable systems a reality....   [tags: Agricultural Ecological Environmental Essays] 1867 words
(5.3 pages)
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European Animals The Major Part They Took In Forever Altering the Ecology of the Americas - European Animals The Major Part They Took In Forever Altering the Ecology of the Americas Although the Europeans presence in the Americas from 1492 to many years later caused drastic change in the environment, their part in forever altering the entire American ecosystem was minor when compared to the part of the true criminals: the European animals. The introduction of these European animals into the New World had the most destructive effects on the new environment and everlastingly altered the ecology of the Americas....   [tags: essays papers]
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1327 words
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The Evolutionary Importance of Maternal Anti-Bodies and its Implications on Evolution and Ecology - ... Although it is apparent that maternal antibodies have an effect on the early development of the immune system, research has shown that these antibodies could improve “juvenile immune response… [and thus] have potential for far-reaching fitness consequences.” (Boulinier and Staszewski 2008). There have been genetic factors associated with the transfer of maternal antibodies, specifically in regards to the amount of antibodies transferred by the mother or the amount of antibodies the offspring takes in....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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972 words
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Ecology Lab Report: Creating an Ecosystem in a Bottle - Objective: To create an ecosystem contained in a bottle with both terrestrial and aquatic environments sealed to the outside world. Hypothesis/Predictions: I predict the fish will last for 3 days. I predict the crickets will last for a week. Materials: 1. fish 2. Water 3. 2 plants 4. Soil 5. Rag 6. Graphite 7. 2 Liter Bottle (2) 8....   [tags: essays research papers] 1929 words
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Streams Assessments - ... The Location of the Jenkins Pond Cree is Sec.30T22NR6E. The date of this assessment was March 1, 2010 and the weather was overcast skies with a temperature of 57 degrees. The final assessment was Soos Creek and is located at Sec.16T21NR5E. The date of this assessment was March 1, 2010. The weather was overcast skies with a temperature of 60 degrees. All of these locations are located in King County and all streams and ponds are within the Green-Duwamish watershed. Background Covington Creek has 14,314 acres within its drainage basin....   [tags: Ecology]
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796 words
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Ecological Change in New England under Native Americans and Colonists - ... Cronon gives us good insight into the sound methodology that historians used to determine the environment at that point, from primary sources describing the environment or various phenomenon, to the presence of various local statutes dealing with the environment that hinted at the changing state of the colonial settlements and wilderness. From most accounts, it seems that most colonists were unaware of the complex relations that existed between them, Native Americans, and the environment. Cronon’s work meticulously details the chasm between the colonial and Native American outlooks on the environment and on each other....   [tags: Ecology]
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1629 words
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Indigenous People’s View of the Conservation of Resources - ... This knowledge includes the spiritual, physical, emotional, and mental aspects and related components of the earth and universe. Traditional ecological knowledge is often passed from generations to generations through oral form. The basic principle of TEK is about stewarding the “land” for the benefit of future generations. To the indigenous people in northern Canada, the concept of land does not always mean a physical entity, it also includes the living environment like plants and animals(Leopold, 1949)....   [tags: Ecology ] 1394 words
(4 pages)
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The Strength and the Weaknesses of Pay for Ecosystem Services (PES) - ... With the materials from both plants and animals humans have been able to cure a cough, help cuts and bruises heal, induce hallucinations, protect from the heat and help fight cancer, but all of these have been discovered buy humans and are used to benefit humans. As technology and the whole global economic market have begun there has been a fight over these plants and animals and whether or not they can be patented and sold to the buying public. This issue of patenting a plant or the active ingredient of the plant or the certain material from a living organism is called bio-prospecting (Asquith et al....   [tags: Ecology ]
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Amphibians - ... The Connecticut Amphibian Monitoring Project, otherwise known as CAMP, is 15 year study that started in 1998 to assess amphibian populations in Connecticut. Amphibians are studied by volunteers that use basic scientific survey methods on 13 randomly selected 1.5 sq. mile blocks. There are 22 native species of amphibians to Connecticut and they are identified by standard census techniques. A 15 year study may sound tedious; however long-term studies are required to accurately assess population of amphibian because of annual fluctuation and variability of the birth and death rates....   [tags: Ecology ]
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2006 words
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“The Sad Fate of Coral Reefs” - ... How has mankind affected coral reefs. To begin to discuss how the coral reefs have been affected, I had to turn to research to further expand my knowledge. I began by exploring one of the main factors I know causes coral reefs great harm. The factor of which I speak of is the negative effect of our country’s continuous population growth. This over population is what ultimately causes pollution in our oceans. I turned to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) website, based on a recommendation from my Ecology of South Florida instructor....   [tags: Ecology ]
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1070 words
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Microbial Diversity - ... For the first time uncultivable species could be studied simply by extracting DNA from a microbial environment. Specific primers allowed for the uncovering of presence or absence of a bacterial species in a sample (For example pathogenic salmonella could be identified by the presence of pagC/pagD) {{75 Gunn, J.S. 1995;}}. All prokaryotes contain ribosomes through genes responsible for coding the 5S, 16S and 23S rRNA. From them the 16s rRNA has become the leading gene of interest in determining the phylogentic diversity of prokaryotes....   [tags: Micro-Ecology] 1951 words
(5.6 pages)
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Animal Disturbances in Eastern Deciduous Forests - ... To better understand the impacts of the disturbances caused by ecosystem engineers, both the varieties of ecosystem engineers and the general trends that have been established as to the results of their presence on biodiversity may be examined. Two basic types of ecosystem engineers, autogenic and allogenic, were identified by Jones, Lawton, and Shachack in 1994 (Jones 1994). Autogenic engineers change the ecosystem by the effects of their presence, the form of the organism and the space that the organism is occupying creating the impact....   [tags: Ecology, Ecosystems] 2592 words
(7.4 pages)
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Different Theories of Ecological Ethics - ... "The right of all forms [of life] to live is a universal right which cannot be quantified. No single species of living being has more of this particular right to live and unfold than any other species" (Naess, 1995, Reader p. 68). Deep ecology was also modeled after Naess’ view. Deep ecology is an ecological philosophy which recognizes the inherent worth in nature rather than its utility. Echoing this view, all life forms whether human or non-human deserve the right to live and to flourish. When we destroy, transform, preserve, and renovate the well-being, flourishing, richness, and diversity of nature (Naess, p....   [tags: Philosophy Social Ecology]
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1862 words
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Earth and Spirituality - Earth and Spirituality For many people, spirituality and ecology may be separate disciplines, spirituality being the realm of clergy and ecology the realm of scientists. But we are living in a time of both ecological and spiritual crisis, one in which we are loosing species at unprecedented rates and in which masses of people are desperately seeking some spiritual direction in life. It is possible that the only way to restore wholeness may be to rediscover the vital connection between the two crises: a spirituality centered in Creation....   [tags: Christianity Creation Ecology Papers]
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4573 words
(13.1 pages)
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Henry Thoreau and Science - Henry Thoreau and Science Though best known as a literary figure, Henry Thoreau showed a lasting interest in science. He read widely in the scientific literature of his day and published one the first scholarly discussions on forest succession. In fact, some historians rate Thoreau as one of the founders of the modern science of ecology. At the same time, Thoreau often lamented science’s tendency to kill poetry. Scientific writings coupled with his own careful observations often revealed life to him, but in other ways rendered nature lifeless....   [tags: Literature Poems Ecology Papers] 4617 words
(13.2 pages)
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Australian Termites and Nutrient Recycling - Australian Termites and Nutrient Recycling Australia’s outback is characterized by minimal rainfall and nutrient deficient soils, which has led to slow nutrient cycling between plants and soils. Termites have adapted to this climate in astounding ways, particularly by their role as decomposers. Their symbiotic relationship with intestinal protozoa and bacteria allows them to digest grass, wood, and other debris. Termites are also capable of forming new soil. Using their excrements, termites create structured mounds that regulate the microclimate for their survival....   [tags: Nature Ecology Essays]
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2427 words
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Private Development and Corporate Funding to Fight Shoreline Erosion - Private Development and Corporate Funding to Fight Shoreline Erosion At its simplest, shoreline erosion is the result of the combination of processes, both natural and manmade, by which shoreline and beaches are damaged or lost. For this discussion, wetlands are also included. There is an ongoing debate over the best way by which to preserve beaches, shorelines, and wetlands. Conservation extremists argue that limiting or restricting land use, and restoring damaged property with tax money represents the most prudent answer to shoreline erosion....   [tags: Environment Ecology Ecological Essays]
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1654 words
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How Is Waste Management Affected By Socioeconomic Factors? - How Is Waste Management Affected By Socioeconomic Factors. Summary. One of the most pressing environmental issues facing the world today is the issue of waste management and disposal. This problem crosses all international borders and touches the lives of all of the world’s peoples. Waste management encompasses everything from collection and handling to disposal by incineration, landfill and other methods, and recycling. Also included are the serious associated implications for the health of people and the environment....   [tags: Ecology Pollution Environmental Essays]
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3659 words
(10.5 pages)
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Ecopsychology - Ecopsychology You do not have to be good. You do not have to walk on your knees for a hundred miles through the desert, repenting. You only have to let the soft animal of your body love what it loves. Tell me about despair, yours, and I will tell you mine. Meanwhile the world goes no. Meanwhile the sun and the clear pebbles of rain are moving across the landscapes, over the prairies and the deep trees, the mountains and the rivers. Meanwhile the wild geese, high in the clean blue air, are heading home again....   [tags: Religion Ecology Papers]
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3887 words
(11.1 pages)
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The Mysterious Vanishing Frogs of North America - The Mysterious Vanishing Frogs of North America I have a passion for all things slimy, wet, and creepy-crawly. Some of the best times of my life have been spent on my knees, digging in the dirt for earthworms, traipsing back from ponds with buckets of putrid swamp water teeming with tadpoles, or chasing fat little toads in knee-high grass. I love the outdoors and all of the ugly animals that inhabit it. I like to catch them, watch them, and – especially – photograph them. For the longest time, lizards have been the main focus of my photographic endeavors, but last summer, inspired by a book on frogs from the local library, I set out to document the lives of these often overlooked amphibians....   [tags: Environment Ecology Nature , Pollution]
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3290 words
(9.4 pages)
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Ecological Role of Termites in Dry Environments - Ecological Role of Termites in Dry Environments Termites are predominantly thought of as destructive and menacing creatures that serve only a small part in Earth’s ecology. The contrary, however, is a more accurate description of the incredible niche that this animal fulfills, particularly amid arid and infertile environments. The inhospitable outback of Australia receives a minute amount of annual precipitation. The shortage of moisture has led to an astounding adaption of the few animals that continue living there, notably the termites....   [tags: Environmental Ecology Research Papers]
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6050 words
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Green Architecture - Green Architecture Green Architecture began with the first Earth Day in 1970, and has grown in popularity as awareness of the earth’s many ecological problems become more wide spread. Professor Rocky Brittain states "I’ve been teaching this subject for twenty years and have watched interest grow. Now I could say there is some element of sustainability taught in just about every architecture school in the country."(Talarico, 1998) Economic factors have also helped the green movement by causing changes in building materials, and technology....   [tags: Environmental Ecology Essays]
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940 words
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Water Shortage in the Middle East - ... But there are few problems connected with leading treatment into usage. One of them are health and environmental risks (Baroudy 2005, 25-35). Purified in such way water contains bacteria, viruses and parasites (Middle East Water Shortage). Use of treated water can cause different infectious and gastrointestinal diseases. According to Baroudy even contact with this water sometimes can cause allergies and other dermatological illnesses (2005, 25-35). Another problem is that this water has some biological and chemical matter dissolved in it, which can obstruct soil pores....   [tags: Environmental Science Ecology]
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Should Dolphins Be Granted Rights? - ... Should a person who accidentally killed a dolphin be arrested for murder. Should the fine be equal to the murder of a human ($250,000)?. who should decide the value of dolphins's lives. Politicians or PETA activists. There would be a debate over the value of of a dolphin's life. Some might argue that all life is sacred and should be protected. Others might argue that dolphinss are nothing but animals and should not be given this excessive protection. The debate over this will probably hold up any sort of legal process for a long period of time....   [tags: Ecology]
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Diversity of Species Found in Tropical Rainforests and Temperate Forests - ... There are very few temperate forests that can be considered to be untouched wilderness. The temperate forests of the North East have been subjected to agricultural activities. These forests are considered to be secondary forests. A secondary forest is one that is somewhat new and growing in an area that once supported a forest. The previous forests ceased to exist because of farming practices from the 1800’s where trees were cleared and the land was farmed until its nutrient content was exhausted....   [tags: Ecology]
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The Green Gap: Exploring the Divide Between Ecological Thinking and Acting - ... Sadly, it seems that change only happens when we are directly and negatively impacted. Direct and negative usually translates to money; when Americans have to spend more money they change their habits. This behavior became apparent in 2008 when gasoline prices surged to around $4 per a gallon. Increased gas price caused a reduction in miles driven. Another issue contributing to the Green Gap is America's instant gratification culture. The expectation is for everything to happen fast and have immediately apparent results....   [tags: Ecology]
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The Economic Consequences of Giving Dolphins “Non-Person Rights” - ... While this will give humanity probably the most accurate survey of oceans, the cost of this would be exstravagant in today’s economy. The legal system would need to be rehashed to deal with “Non-Person” protections of sapient animals. Deciding the consequences of crimeswill lead to long arguments to put a value on the life of a “non-person”. Should a person who accidentally killed a dolphin be arrested for murder. Should the fine be equal to the murder of a human ($250,000)?. who should decide the value of dolphins's lives....   [tags: Ecology]
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2202 words
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The Cheshire Region - ... Much of the colonisation of open moorland and lowland raised bogs occurred in the Iron Age when the earlier forests in these locations were encroached upon by water-holding mosses. Substantial erosion in this period, attributed to both forest clearence and high rainfall. Reduction in woodland continued throughout the Roman period 45 BC. Agriculturally Cheshire is now primarily a dairy farming area as the soil concentrated with clay and sand are more suited to pasture than the plough....   [tags: Ecology] 934 words
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The Grasslands and the Northern Swift Fox - ... The wildlife ranges from insects, to birds, to reptiles, to small mammals; all the way to bison. ‘The American Buffalo or Bison, the undisputed “King of the Prairie,”’ 1 show off their intimidating size through the grasses, looking for and providing food for animals. A few specific examples of the natural fauna include prairie dogs, deer, mountain lions, buffalo, and swift foxes, some mentioned above. Animals, like plants, also need to have special adaptations that allow them to live in that ecosystem....   [tags: Ecology] 1913 words
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The Environmental Impact of Fisheries and Fish Farming on a Global Scale - ... As fisheries continually catch large quantities of fish, they deplete the ocean of large fish effecting fish populations, food chains, and the oceanic environment. Pauly and Zeller’s article, Marine Fisheries, contains the image on the right showing that fisheries catch large fish until they die out, while simultaneously destroying sea floor life. They call this “fishing down food webs”, a practice that occurs in almost all fisheries as large fish populations become less plentiful causing fisheries to catch smaller fish, which overtime usually alters or eliminates the organism along the ocean floor(Pauly, Zeller 1)....   [tags: Ecology]
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The Genesee River Watershed - ... Several birds breed in the GRW at Bergen Swamp, which is a habitat that is rare nationally, and nowhere else in the Lake Ontario Plain (GFLRPC, 2004). The Winter Wren along with four species of Warbler, Hermit Thrush, Blue-headed Vireo, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Purple Finch, and the Alder Flycatcher are all species that are found in Bergen Swamp. There are also five breeding owl species in the swamp they are the Great Horned, Screech, Barred, Saw-whet, and the Long-eared owls. Other animals also use the GRW as their habitat....   [tags: Ecology ] 1989 words
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Synthesis and Application of Magnetite Nanoparticles for Mercury Removal and Recovery from Industrial Effluent - ... Wat. Sci. Tech., 35, 89-95.  Brown, P., Gill, S. and Allen, J. (2000). Metal Removal from Wastewater using Peat. Journal of Water Resources, 34 (16), 3907-3916.  Baughman, R., Zakhidov, A. and De-Heer, W. (2002). Carbon nanotubes-the route toward applications. Science 297(5582): 787-792.  Chand S., Agarwai V. K. and Pavankumar C. (1994). Removal of hexavalent chromium from wastewater by adsorption. Ind. J. Environ. Health, 36(3), 151-158.  Colvin, V. (2003). The potential environmental impact of engineered nanomaterials....   [tags: Ecology]
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Protecting the Daintree Rainforest - ... This ecosystem contributes to the overall health of this plant in many ways. The diversity contributes in the breakdown of pollution and helps to control the climate to name a few. This rainforest also is a great ‘carbon sink’. It has many photosynthesising plants and this allows the control of carbon dioxide (CO2). The plants take in the CO2 from the atmosphere and return oxygen (O2) b) Logging has impacted this special ecosystem. There are trees that are hundreds of years old and their timber is being pushed to be sold for high prices....   [tags: Ecology]
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(2.2 pages)
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RFLPs OF THE MITOCHONDRIAL GENE COI: A STRATEGY TO IDENTIFY SPECIMENS OF HAWKSBILL TURTLES Eretmochelys imbricata (Cheloniidae - ... The amplified fragments were analyzed by RFLP using the restriction enzyme AluI. Then compared in silico with the COI gene of Chelonia mydas and other species of freshwater turtles (GenBank). Were obtained COI gene sequences for each individual studied and analyzed by BLAST to identify genus and species. Results DNA was obtained in good quality and concentration (50 ng/ul), being optimal for use in PCR reactions. Were amplified 12 fragments between 700-835 bp (Figure 4), corresponding to the COI mitochondrial gene....   [tags: Ecology]
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The Fisheries Management of the Lake Annecy Stocked Arctic char - ... Juveniles produced from INRA captive brood stock were found more effective in the catch and also showed wider dispersal after stocking. Mean effectiveness of stocking is 14 %. Key Words: Arctic char, Growth, stocking, dispersal, Lake Annecy Introduction The Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus (L.) is a northern, circumpolar salmonid with pronounced differences in morphological, life history and behavioural traits between populations (Johnson, 1980). It is plastic in appearance, feeding habits and growth (Kahilainen and Lehtonen, 2002)....   [tags: Ecology] 570 words
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Parasitic Abundance in Snake Head Fish (channa striata) Collected from Rawang Region, Malaysia and Molecular Characterization of the Recovered Parasit - ... MATERIALS AND METHODS Fish and experimental conditions 50 alive Snake head fish (channa striata) was brought from the Rawang region, Malaysia. The fish was stored alive in oxygenated tank and the tank water was maintained as the water collected from sample region. Parasite examination Length (cm) of each fish was measured prior to parasite examination. The use of anaesthetics is necessary to reduce the stress as well as for easy handling. Anaesthetics used were tricaine methane sulfonate (MS 222) (50 mg/L)....   [tags: Ecology ] 1752 words
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Efficacy of Feratox® Cyanide Pellets to Control Introduced Brushtail Possums on Middle Island - ... 2. Methods: 2.1 Site Selection: The 65ha Middle Island lies north-west of Great Keppel Island and forms part of the Keppel Bay Islands National Park. The primary vegetation communities of the island include heath and coastal shrubland, and the island has a varied landscape of rugged cliffs, rocky headlands and beaches. Middle Island is managed by QPWS as a protected area under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 and the Nature Conservation Regulation 1994 and it is therefore managed in accordance with principles for national parks....   [tags: Ecology]
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Kānuka and Gorse as Ecosytem Engineers: A Study on Motutapu - ... Quantitative samples were taken from the end of each transect, from their confluence in the centre, and from points between that. Measurements At each sampling point, two litres of litter in the immediate surrounds was taken, along with a small soil sample for later pH testing in the lab. Seedlings and saplings were counted using a quadrat, and light measurements taken with a luxmeter. Regarding invertebrate fauna, the only feasible way to sample within the time frame available was through litter sampling....   [tags: Ecology]
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Information Theory & Optimization for Location of Sensors in Water Distribution for Contaminant Detection - ... Fig.1settelments contributing contamination along with Rivers in Rawal Dam The Rawal Dam has all type of contaminations such as human induced and natural. The untreated sewerage water from nearby villages contains human and animal excreta. The chemicals contaminations which also added in the dam water produced by nearby villagers using detergents and soaps etc. the biological micro-organisms such as bacteria, allege and other are also found in the Rawal Dam. The Rawal Dam water contains pH 7.9 and 24 Turbidity (NTU)....   [tags: Ecology ]
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3277 words
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Traditional Ecological Knowledge - ... To the indigenous people in northern Canada, the concept of land does not always mean a physical entity, it also includes the living environment like plants and animals(Leopold, 1949). Many Indigenous communities have relied for thousands of years on their direct relationship with the environment they lived in. Through their direct contact with the nature over a long period of time have learned to manage their resources in a way that ensures that their resources would be conserved for future generations....   [tags: Ecology] 2423 words
(6.9 pages)
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Wetlands - ... Native Americans used the leaves for baskets, chair seats, and mats. When planted along shores, cattails help prevent erosion. The fluffy can be placed inside pillows and coats for insulation. The stems can be made into glue, and the pollen is sometimes used in fireworks. Because of the amounts of organisms that use the common cattail is shelter, it is an indispensible part of a wetland. American Alligators are native to the wetlands of Southeastern United Sates. They are usually grey or black with a heavy, flat head....   [tags: Ecology]
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Belize Barrier Reef Platform - ... Next there is the Littoral forest. There are four types of trees which make up the Littoral forests and they are the Ziricote Cordia sevestena, the Teabox Myrica cerifera, the Gumbo Limbo Bursera simaruba and the Coco Plum Chrysobalanus icaco. Last, the Littoral forests are fringed by various shrubs such as the Tournefortia ganaphalodes, the Suriana maritime and the Borrichia arborescens. There is also the Coconut tree Cocos nucifera and the Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera. Other types of vegetation found in this area include; Herbaceous – marsh and swamp, Rushes, Sedges, Calabash Amphitecna breedlovei, Bullet Tree Bucida buceras, Jacquinia aurantiaca, Grass savannas, A....   [tags: Ecology] 1486 words
(4.2 pages)
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Dy-Yu Creek Watershed Study - ...  ANSWERS ANSWERS (Areal Nonpoint Source Watershed Environment Response Simulation) was developed at Purdue University and is a model intended to simulate the behavior of watersheds having agriculture as their primary land use, during and immediately following a rainfall event. ANSWERS uses a distributed parameter concept to model the spatially varying processes of runoff, infiltration, subsurface drainage, and erosion for single-event storms. A fundamental characteristic of the ANSWERS model is its distributed parameter approach as contrasted to the more common lumped parameter models [59][60]....   [tags: Ecology] 1023 words
(2.9 pages)
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Critical Water Conditions of the Dy-Yu Creek Watershed Under Storm Patterns - ... The results of the flow calibration all fall within acceptable ranges set by HSPEXP.  Regarding water quality calibration/validation, this study adopted some goodness-of-fit measures such as R2, ENS, and Willmott’s D index along with mean error criteria recommended by the HSPF application guide. The calibration/validation of flow, nutrients TP and NH3-N are in either good or very good conditions, while the SS calibration is in fair condition.  The above calibration/validation methodology is basically complied with guidelines recommended by the ASCE Task Committee (1993)[101]....   [tags: Ecology] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Adverse Effects of Oil Spills - ... (Add a “transitioning sentence here to the next sentence)To clean up the oil spill, there are many techniques in practice today such as situ burning– where they burn the oil or they may use a process that contains the oil and then vacuum it off the surface of the water. However, all of these processes take a long time to do and by the time before anyone could service the control of the oil spill, the oil has already spread many miles across the ocean making the problem even more difficult to contain....   [tags: Ecology] 1296 words
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The Potency of Enthomopathogenic Nematode Isolated from Longicorn Borer in Controlling Squamura Celebensis (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) on cocoa - ... After the eggs hatch, the young larvae begin their life cycle by feeding on bark, sheltering by a day in short tunnel and feeding on the cambial tissue at night, concealing the damage with a layer of frass held in silk (Khoo et al., 1991; Hajek and Bauer, 2007). Pupation takes place within the tunnel and adults from the tree to feed, disperse, mate, and oviposit . To complete their life cycle take about 3 to 4 months (Khoo et al., 1991; Hajek and Bauer, 2007). Cultural practices such as maintaining a healthy and balanced ecosystem to preserve natural enemies that kill stem borer caterpillars (Buss and Foltz, 2009 )....   [tags: Ecology ] 1293 words
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