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Your search returned over 400 essays for "earthquakes"
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The Messina Earthquake of 1908 - Earthquakes have been recorded throughout history for thousands of years. Even before seismographs in early times, there are records and accounts of mysterious ground shaking. Earthquakes occur when rocks break along an underground fault (UPSeis, 2007). This, in return, causes vibrations through the earth which causes ground shaking. The magnitude of the shaking varies depending on how great the movement along the fault is; the greater the movement, the bigger the earthquake. Some earthquakes are huge and cause significant damage, while others are small and cause little or no damage what-so-ever....   [tags: Earthquakes]
:: 16 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Kathmandu Valley and the Constant Terror of Earthquakes - The Kathmandu Valley and the Constant Terror of Earthquakes One important climatic feature that plagues the South Asian region of the Kathmandu Valley is earthquakes. A few severe earthquakes have taken place in the country's history and caused many deaths and nearly irreparable damage to impoverished Nepal. The residents of the Kathmandu Valley experience small tremors nearly every day, whether they can feel them or not. The world and the nation is waiting for the 'next big one' to terrorize the small country....   [tags: Essay on Nepal Earthquakes]
:: 2 Works Cited
1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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Major Earthquakes are Inevitable in Indiana’s Future - Major Earthquakes are Inevitable in Indiana’s Future An earthquake felt throughout the Midwest on June 18 was a shaky reminder that earthquakes can occur anywhere. The earthquake, whose epicenter was located north of Evansville, was felt through most of Indiana and surrounding states, as reported by the Indianapolis Star. The quake was not the largest in Midwestern history, only registering a 5.0 on the Richter scale, nor did it do much damage. However, it was a wake-up call reminding those who haven’t paid attention to past warnings about the possibility of larger, more destructive earthquakes....   [tags: Earthquakes Geology Essays] 1293 words
(3.7 pages)
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On Earthquakes - On Earthquakes An earthquake is a shaking or trembling of the crust of the earth caused by underground volcanic action or by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the surface. The volcanic action and shifting rocks create strain which continues to build to a sudden release of pressure resulting in a shock wave. The vibrations produced in the crust can vary from barely noticeable to enormously destructive. Shock waves can be classified into two broad categories. Waves that send particles oscillating back and forth in the same direction as the waves are traveling are called primary....   [tags: Papers] 1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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Earthquakes and Architectures - There were several topics to choose for this essay, but architectural earthquake-resistant design was best fitted for my Gaming/Animation degree for a few reasons. The first reason is I have had the privilege to take several art history classes that focused on architecture throughout the world. Secondly, I am learning how to use 3d modeling programs such as, Maya and Cinema 4d. To become successful with those programs, I have to learn about the interior as well as the exterior to make the models look real....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
1434 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Rise of Earthquakes in Oklahoma - The Rise of Earthquakes in Oklahoma With earthquakes on the rise, we must figure out the cause of them and determine a solution to help limit or even prevent them from occurring. Since early 2009, earthquakes have been sweeping across the state of Oklahoma, causing many people to worry about their own well-being. Many scientists speculate the source of the earthquakes might be a result of Hydraulic Fracturing deep down in Earths’ crust. Hydraulic fracturing is a process in which oil and natural gas companies pump up to millions of gallons of wastewater, sand, and chemicals down drilled holes in order to release pockets of shale within the earth....   [tags: potential damages, tornatoes]
:: 6 Works Cited
1285 words
(3.7 pages)
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Earthquakes - We have to know what earthquakes are in order for us to be prepared against them. Earthquakes are tremors that move the earth. They can create a lot of damage. Earthquakes have happened around the world. What causes earthquakes to happen. How do we protect ourselves against the powerful earthquakes. Earthquakes can cause a lot of damage to homes and places so it is important to know where it has happened. Also what causes them and how do we protect ourselves against earthquakes. To begin with earthquakes can happen around the world....   [tags: Natural Disasters] 518 words
(1.5 pages)
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Earthquakes: Shake, Rattle, & Roll - Natural disasters affect millions of people globally every day. Earthquakes are one of the most powerful natural disasters that inflict damage on our environment and in turn cost trillions of dollars every year. To respect the power of earthquakes we must first understand their cause, how they differ from biological energy, where they happen, the types of damage they cause, how we can predict them, and how we can safeguard ourselves against them. Living in known seismic zones is dangerous and can result in large financial and life losses....   [tags: Natural Disaster]
:: 11 Works Cited
989 words
(2.8 pages)
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Earthquakes Hazards And Disaster - Earthquakes belong to the class of most disastrous natural hazards. They result in unexpected and tremendous earth movements. These movements results from dissemination of an enormous amount of intense energy in form of seismic waves which are detected by use of seismograms. The impact of earthquakes leaves behind several landmarks including: destruction of property, extensive disruption of services like sewer and water lines, loss of life, and causes instability in both economic and social components of the affected nation (Webcache 2)....   [tags: Natural Disaster]
:: 3 Works Cited
1192 words
(3.4 pages)
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Earthquakes: Application of Mathematics - Earthquakes: An Application of Mathematics The October 13, 2010 earthquake triggered a large buzz across Oklahoma University’s Norman campus, startling students walking to class or sitting in the middle of calculus. This magnitude 4.3 earthquake was 10 miles southeast of Norman and was felt as far north as Stillwater. To many students, the few seconds of shaking was unrecognizable as an earthquake because Oklahoma’s seismicity is not well known. In reality, Oklahoma experiences multiple earthquakes, almost daily; they are usually just not strong enough to be felt....   [tags: Geology]
:: 1 Works Cited
1377 words
(3.9 pages)
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The History of Major Earthquakes Around World - The term earthquake comes from the Greek term for “shaking.” An earthquake is a visible rip across the Earth’s surface due to a release of energy and stored stress in the Earth’s crust and causes seismic waves. Earthquakes have been around since the time of the earliest civilizations. Earthquakes used to be compared to the “unrest of spiritual beings.” Specifically, Aristotle and the Ancient Greeks stated that earthquakes were the result of the “underground winds”. The earliest earthquakes were recorded by seismometers which calculate the waves generated by each earthquake....   [tags: seismography, Richter scale, ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1909 words
(5.5 pages)
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Natural Disasters: Earthquakes Part 1 - ... Most people believe that being prepared for the next earthquake is not important because the government will cover all financial needs of the people in case a disaster occurs. According to the handbook, Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country, the government will normally give out loans and grants to the people, which usually only cover basic needs such as food, water, and shelter. Most of these grants and loans will not replace losses made from an earthquake. These loans and grants come with interest, so it is also important to be financially ready when an earthquake strikes and not become complacent to the fact that someone else will prepare for you....   [tags: preparedness, aftermath]
:: 9 Works Cited
1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Natural Disasters: Earthquakes Part 2 - ... The program would cost just $80 million--a figure that would be repaid many times over when the first big quake strikes.” Even though creating a system that could potentially warn us minutes before an earthquake might seem expensive to many, it is a great investment. The program does cost quite some money, but if it could save the lives of many people, it is worth every penny. This system would work for the future generations that will live on earth and hopefully the future generations will end up having an even better system to prepare for potential earthquakes when technology advances even more than it already has....   [tags: preparedness, aftermath]
:: 9 Works Cited
1048 words
(3 pages)
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Earthquakes: One of the Most Potent Natural Powers on Earth - Earthquakes in General By: Jonathan Levron “Earthquakes are one of the most potent natural powers on earth and regularly affect people around the world. Unlike often equally destructive severe weather events such as hurricanes and tornadoes, earthquakes can hit at any time. Earthquakes can also have a array of magnitudes with the strongest having disturbing consequences for the zones where they are concentrated, nearby areas, and even some far away in the instance of earthquake-generated tsunamis” (Briney 1)....   [tags: teluric movement, tectonic plates]
:: 4 Works Cited
1919 words
(5.5 pages)
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Earthquakes the Destructive Natural Phenomena - Earthquakes the Destructive Natural Phenomena An earthquake, one of the most destructive natural phenomena, consists of rapid vibrations of rock near the surface of the earth. It is the most terrifying of all natural phenomena and has brought fear since ancient times because of its sudden unpredictable occurrence and enormous capacity of destruction. A single shock usually last no more than a few seconds, although several quakes may last for as much as a couple of minutes. The quake as felt on the surface is always the result never the cause of some geologic process although the damage done may be immense....   [tags: Papers] 663 words
(1.9 pages)
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EarthQuakes - Earthquakes Earthquakes, one of the most destructive natural phenomena, consist of rapid vibrations of rock near the earth's surface. Because of their unpredictable occurrence and enormous capacity of destruction, they have brought fear to mankind since ancient times. A single shock usually lasts no more than a few seconds, but a series of smaller quakes may last for as long as five minutes. The quake felt on the surface is always the result, not the cause of some underground geologic process, and in many cases the damage done is immense....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
2701 words
(7.7 pages)
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Earthquakes - I chose to research earthquakes and the prediction of earthquakes because I was curious as to how they work. In this paper, I will discus the history of earthquakes, the kinds and locations of earthquakes, earthquake effects, intensity scales, prediction, and my own predictions. An earthquake can be defined as vibrations produced in the earth's crust. Tectonic plates have friction between them which builds up as it tries to push away and suddenly ruptures and then rebounds. The vibrations can range from barely noticeable to a disastrous, and destructive act of nature....   [tags: essays research papers] 2186 words
(6.2 pages)
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Indonesia an Island Nation, No Stranger to Disastrous Earthquakes - The country of Indonesia has been the heart of many natural disasters, primarily due to the geographic proximity to large bodies of water. Tsunamis and typhoons are frequent, as well as, small-scale to large-scale mega thrust earthquakes which results from several extremely active subduction zones. Several active subduction zones are found there, the Indian-Australian plate moving beneath the Eurasian plate, moving at a rate of about 50-70 mm per year as well as, the Pacific plate moving beneath the Eurasian plate, moving at a rate of about 100- 110 mm per year....   [tags: Tsunamis and typhoons, java]
:: 10 Works Cited
1162 words
(3.3 pages)
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Earthquakes - Earthquakes Earthquakes occur almost everyday all over the world. Most of the time earthquakes are not strong enough to be felt by people, but the shaking caused by an earthquake can be recorded by a seismometer. These machines are located all over the world to ensure detection of earthquakes of all strengths. Only occasionally will a larger magnitude earthquake strike and cause damage to the region. There are many faults around the world and depending on where these faults are plays a major factor in determining where an earthquake will occur....   [tags: essays research papers] 1338 words
(3.8 pages)
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Earthquakes - EARTHQUAKES Objective: To define and discuss earthquakes and its effects. Earthquakes are a major catastrophe and can be a big threat to human lives. To understand earthquakes you must have a clear definition, know its mechanisms, be able to recognize the size and dynamics and understand its effects: I. Definition of Earthquake a. Earthquake b. Tsunamis c. Landslides d. Volcanoes II. Mechanism a. Faults b. Seismic Waves c. Aftershocks III. Size a. Strength b. Classification of Seismic Waves 1....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1128 words
(3.2 pages)
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Earthquakes - Earthquakes Throughout history, man has made many advancements. These advancements have been made to make life easier. The one thing man can't do is to control Mother Nature. Mother Nature can cause many things such as earthquakes. The causes of earthquakes have been theorized in many ways. According to the book Predicting Earthquakes by Gregory Vogt, the Greeks, "blamed the earthquakes on Poseidon, god of the sea"(25). The Hindu believed that "the earth was a platform that rested on the back of eight great elephants....   [tags: Natural Science]
:: 10 Works Cited
1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Bay Area and Earthquakes - The Bay Area and Earthquakes What have they learned since the quake quite allot. The fault moved in a fashion that geologists of the time did not expect: it moved horizontally, the southwestern side slipping to the northwest, relative to the southeastern side. "The 1906 earthquake marked the dawn of modern scientific study of the San Andreas fault system." (USGS) When the 1906 earthquake struck scientist set forth to make observations on effects of the quake. The final report published in 1908 (commonly known as the Lawson Report) was a compilation on detailed reports....   [tags: Papers] 340 words
(1 pages)
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Earthquakes - What is an Earthquake. An Earthquake is the shaking of the earth's surface caused by rapid movement of the earth's rocky outer layer. The sudden shaking of the ground that occurs when masses of rock change position below the Earth's surface is called an earthquake. The shifting masses send out shock waves that may be powerful enough to alter the surface of the Earth, thrusting up cliffs and opening great cracks in the ground. Earthquakes, called temblors by scientists, occur almost continuously....   [tags: essays research papers] 648 words
(1.9 pages)
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Earthquakes - Earthquakes are one of the most damaging natural disasters known to man. They have been known to destroy entire cities in their total time of 2 to 3 minutes. Most people do not know that earthquakes are common through out the entire world; they are just more powerful in places such as California and small countries in South America. The definition of earthquake is “ a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating” according to Infoseek.com.....   [tags: essays research papers] 377 words
(1.1 pages)
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Geographic Hazards of Earthquakes - Geographic Hazards of Earthquakes Many geographic and environmental hazards constantly affect and alter the world in which we live. One of the most unpredictable natural disasters to occur is an earthquake. According to Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, an earthquake is "a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tectonic in origin." However, the physical causes, economic and social effects, and costs go far beyond just that dictionary definition. A phenomenon known as tectonic forces is generally what causes an earthquake....   [tags: Papers] 399 words
(1.1 pages)
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Comparing Two Earthquakes - Comparing Two Earthquakes In 1989 an earthquake hit San Francisco, on the west coast of USA, killing around 200 people. Twelve years later an earthquake hit Gujarat, in India. This time it killed approximately 30,000 people. In this report I will be comparing the two earthquakes, giving reasons why the Gujarat earthquake was so much more deadly than the one in San Francisco. An earthquake is a movement or tremor in the earths crust. Earthquakes happen all the time, but some are so weak that they cannot be felt....   [tags: Papers] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Earthquake Engineering - Earthquake Engineering Earthquakes are vibrations felt at the surface of the earth which are caused by disturbances of the energy in the earth's interior. These vibrations are known as seismic waves. (Skinner Robinson McVerry 1) There are different type sof seisimc waves such as Primary (P) waves, whcih travel the fastest, Secondary (S) waves which cause the earth to vibrate vertically, Surface (L) waves. P and S waves are "affected by changes in the density and the rigidity of the materials through which they pass." (Columbia Encyclopedia) Earthquakes vary in their intensity and duration....   [tags: Earthquakes Earth Geology Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
903 words
(2.6 pages)
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Nuclear Power Plants and Earthquakes: Fukushima - Nuclear Chemistry Project - Fukushima There are too few precautions that are taken when considering Nuclear Power plants and the dangers involved. People trust the regulations too easily. Some systems fail; there needs to be more safety features and backup systems/plans that are checked more regularly. Nuclear power is made by a nucleus absorbing a neutron. It then splits into nuclei that are lighter than the original nucleus. This process emits large amounts of energy in the form of heat. Fuel rods are long slender rods of zirconium that provides the reactor with fuel....   [tags: nuclear power, Tsunami, Japan]
:: 8 Works Cited
983 words
(2.8 pages)
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A Long History of Disasters Have Constantly Hurt Filipinos - ... The Filipino people should work to prepare themselves for the future; otherwise they will just continue to suffer. Filipino Environment is Highly Vulnerable to Devastation To add on, the Philippines is already disaster-prone due to their vulnerable environment, yet people have done little to prepare their communities. In their book Mining and Natural Hazard Vulnerability in the Philippines, William Holden and Daniel Jacobson expound on how Filipino mining puts the landscape and environment at a disadvantage when it comes fighting natural disasters....   [tags: earthquakes, typhoons, floods]
:: 4 Works Cited
1042 words
(3 pages)
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Natural Disasters in the World - All over this earth there are numerous types of Natural Disasters. They are the most powerful forces of nature, which cannot be prevented. They cause all sorts of devastating destruction. Our only hope is that we can avoid them and keep ourselves out of their pathway. They occur in all different parts of the world. There is not a part of the world that does not experience at least some type of natural disaster. Hurricanes, Tornadoes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Avalanches, Wildfires, Volcanoes, Floods, and Thunderstorms are the N.D.’s that will be focused on in this research paper....   [tags: Prevention, Destruction, Earthquakes]
:: 8 Works Cited
1481 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Earth's Natural Disasters - Eli Roth once stated, “Natural disasters are terrifying – that loss of control, this feeling that something is just going to randomly end your life for absolutely no reason is terrifying. But, what scares me is the human reaction to it and how people behave when the rules of civility and society are obliterated.” I couldn’t agree more with this statement of his. Our world is full of dangerous conditions that can cause serious damage upon humanity. However, if one can learn to respond, rather than react, it could be the factor that saves lives....   [tags: tornatoes, tsunamis, earthquakes]
:: 11 Works Cited
1477 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Coliseum of Rome - The Coliseum The Coliseum is one of Rome's most famous buildings. It reminds people of ancient Romans culture and the deadly games that took place back then. The Coliseum was built in Rome, Italy around 80 AD. The Emperor at the time was Vaspacian. He decided to build the coliseum to attract people from around the world but he never finished it. However, his son Titus was the one who completed the Coliseum. The Coliseum was originally built with four floors. The first three floors had arched entrances, while the fourth floor had rectangular doorways....   [tags: roman culture, damages, earthquakes]
:: 8 Works Cited
866 words
(2.5 pages)
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Haiti Earthquake of 2010 - The Haiti Earthquake of 2010 was one of the most powerful earthquakes of recent history. It had a magnitude of 7.0. This massive and destructive earthquake occurred on January 12, 2010 at approximately 4:53 p.m. The earthquake was predominately felt in Haiti, specifically the Port-au-Prince area, but was also felt in surrounding areas such as the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Bahamas, and Cuba (see figure 1). Haiti is found in the Caribbean Islands. Specifically, it is found on the island of Hispaniola along with the Dominican Republic....   [tags: destructive earthquake, tectonic plate]
:: 8 Works Cited
1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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Causes of Natural Hazards - Hazards are possible sources of danger. Types of hazards are those such as hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. A cause is what makes something happen and is a reason for it happening. The two types of hazards I will be outlining the causes for are hurricanes and earthquakes. A hurricane and tropical storms are cyclones. When the winds reach a constant speed of 74 miles per hour or more, it is called a hurricane. A hurricane is caused when a large mass of air is warmed up and the warm humid air begins to rise....   [tags: hurricanes and earthquakes] 1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake - The 9.0 magnitude Indian Ocean earthquake was caused by subduction under the Indian Ocean. Earthquakes are usually caused by convection currents leading to subduction/convergent currents. Convection currents is caused by magma rising from the deepest part of the earth, then slowly cooling, sinking again then re-heating, then rising upwards basically repeating the rising and cooling then re-heating cycle over and over again. The plates are separated from each other and they move apart, the plates then obviously hit another plate right next to it causing subduction....   [tags: earthquake, indian ocean, convection current]
:: 10 Works Cited
927 words
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Guatemala Earthquake of 1976 - Table of Contents Executive Summary 2 1.0 Disaster Location 3 2.0 Disaster Drivers 4 3.0 Disaster Context 4 4.0 Hazard Magnitude and Frequency 6 5.0 Lesson of Precedent 7 6.0 Impact of Human Activity 8 7.0 Magnitude of Losses 9 8.0 Mitigation and Future Recommendations 10 Works Cited 11 Executive Summary Guatemala is a country that is very prone to natural disasters. It is a developing nation with many areas that must be addressed in order to take proactive measures, for disasters that may occur in the future....   [tags: Guatemala Earthquake Report]
:: 11 Works Cited
2362 words
(6.7 pages)
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Wildfires- Uncontrolled Fires - Ever heard of the "Finagle's corollary to Murphy's Law" that states that, "Anything that can go wrong, willa -- at the worst possible moment?" In our world of more than 7 billion people who reside on the planet Earth, natural disasters are a big part of our lives, some more than others. Of the seven main natural phenomena that result in disaster (Hurricanes, Earthquakes, Floods, Tsunamis, Volcanic Eruptions, Landslides) wildfires can be one of deadliest. A wildfires are uncontrolled fires, which is why they are so dangerous....   [tags: Natural Disasters, Earthquakes, Tornados]
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879 words
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Exploring Why LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's - Exploring Why LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's A MEDC is a more economically developed country; therefore it can afford to spend money on improving the countries stability and helping to decrease the damage from an earthquake. An example of a MEDC is Kobe, in Tokyo, where in January 1995; an earthquake that measured 7.5 on the Richter scale hit the city. A LEDC is a less economically developed country and therefore cannot afford to spend money to protect the country from earthquakes....   [tags: Papers] 1143 words
(3.3 pages)
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Natural Disaster - Debris is scattered for miles, houses are destroyed, trees are bent, and vehicles have been thrown. This would be an aftermath of a natural disaster. Natural disasters come in many forms such as earthquakes, tornados, floods, blizzards, fires, and volcanic eruptions, just to name a few. Every type of disaster is not subjected to one specific area. This means that people in certain areas only have to prepare for those disasters that are likely to occur in their region. Throughout the world, natural hazards are a frequent occurrence....   [tags: Earthquakes, Tornados, Flood] 818 words
(2.3 pages)
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Odontologist Forensic as an Aid for Main Disaster - Disasters are likely to happen at any time or place, they are unexpected events. They can be natural devastation (as earthquake, floods and tsunami), man-made (as terrorist attack and wars) or accident tragedies (as aircraft crashes, fires and groundwater contamination) that result in large destruction or victims (Oxford English Dictionary 2010; Alexander 2006). It can be presented in several ways and length (Parliamentarians 2011). What defines a mass disaster and its proportion it is not the how many death result from it, but the way it happen and the final situation of the dead body (Gonzales et al....   [tags: earthquakes, floods, accidents, dna]
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1668 words
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Japanese Earthquake Aftermath - Introduction Words simply cannot appropriately depict the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan on March 11, 2011. Japan is a developed country with the third largest economy in the world, behind the United States and China. The northeast border of Japan encountered an overwhelming natural disaster in the form of an earthquake that also created a massive tsunami and many strong aftershocks, which has affected Japan domestically and internationally. The aftershocks continually delayed recovery and have increased difficulty for search and rescue teams combing the disaster area for the deceased and wounded....   [tags: Japanese Earthquake]
:: 14 Works Cited
1925 words
(5.5 pages)
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Earthquake in Japan - The death toll climbs to over 10,000 and is still rising (Branigan 2). The disaster in Japan began without warning on Friday March 11, 2011 at 2:46pm with a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, the strongest ever recorded in the country (Fackler 3). A massive thirty-three foot high tsunami, generated by the earthquake, swept over lands in northern Japan, taking objects and debris with it. To make matters worse, the tsunami caused the cooling systems at several nuclear power plants to fail. The disaster in Japan was a tragic event, and it had a plethora of causes and effects....   [tags: Natural Disasters, Tsunami] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Earthquake Waves and Epicenter Location - Earthquakes happen all round the world daily and they are extremely dangerous. An earthquake is caused by the movement of plates called fault. Plates are segments of the outermost rigid shell of the Earth, composed of the crust and attached upper mantle, which float on the plastic like asthenosphere. Faults are in deep underground, they are always moving slowly that we can’t even feel it. Seismologists are studying how to predict an earthquake to be safer in the earthquake by learning and studying the seismic waves....   [tags: reverse fault,tectonic plates,seismic waves]
:: 7 Works Cited
1069 words
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How Solar Flares Affect Life and Resources on Earth - Solar flares, huge explosions of gasses, gamma rays and ultra-violet rays. These massive flares that come from the solar atmosphere are what I will be analyzing and teaching you about in this essay. Solar flares have had a profound effect on life and resources on earth throughout the history of our planet. Nowadays we are aware of the causes of solar flares and the damage that solar flares are capable of. Throughout this essay we will look into what solar flares are and how solar flares affect life and recourses on Earth....   [tags: Gas Explosions, Natural Disasters, Earthquakes]
:: 4 Works Cited
1170 words
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Understanding and Preparation of Earthquake - Understanding and Preparation of Earthquake An earthquake is a sudden movement of the Earth's lithosphere (its crust and upper mantle) by the release of build-up energy “in the form of low – frequency sound waves (seismic waves)” along geological faults or by volcanic activity. There are three types of the seismic wave: “primary (P) waves have a push – pull type of vibration, secondary (S) waves have a slide – to – slide types of vibration, and combination of primary (P) and secondary (S) of vibrations (HarperCollins Publishers, 2003)....   [tags: Natural Disaster ] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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Earthquake's Impact on the People of Haiti - On January 12th, 2010, the small Caribbean nation of Haiti was struck by a 7.0 magnitude earthquake. This was the worst earthquake to hit the region in over two centuries (BBC News). More than fifty aftershocks measuring over 4.5 followed within the next two weeks. The earthquakes left Haiti in shambles and exacerbated their conditions. There were 3.5 million people affected and over 220 thousand killed (Disasters Emergency Committee). Major damage was caused at the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince....   [tags: natural disaster, caribbean, cholera, haitians]
:: 18 Works Cited
1240 words
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The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 - The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 was not only damaging in its physical damage that was done to the lands; but also damaging in the sense that it caused a plethora philosophical and religious debates that shook, although eventually shaped European Enlightenment. In spite of this disaster; however, there were several new philosophical and scientific developments that are rooted in this earthquake. Nicholas Shrady gives an account of this disaster along with great detail of the aftermath and the process of rebuilding the city, and Western civilization as a whole....   [tags: Rebuilding, Controversy, Religion] 1540 words
(4.4 pages)
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Effects of the Great Kanto Earthquake in Japanese History - The Great Kanto Earthquake also known as the Tokyo-Yokohama Earthquake of 1923 hit the metropolitan area of Kanto on September 1st, 1923 around 11:58 pm. It was a 7.9 on the Richter magnitude scale, killing over one-hundred and forty thousand people due to its high magnitude and the time it happened. The earthquake struck around lunch time, when many Japanese people were at home cooking at their charcoal or gas fueled stoves. At the moment the earthquake hit, it knocked down buildings that caught flames from the stoves that fell over, enflaming the city....   [tags: Tokyo-Yokohama Earthquake, Kanto]
:: 12 Works Cited
1580 words
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Haiti: Earthquake, Aftermath and Condition - RESULTS Statistics: • 222,570 people died and 300,572 were injured • 1.5 million children under 18 were directly or indirectly affected by the quake • The total value of damage and losses caused by earthquake is estimated at US$7.8 billion — US$4.3 billion represents physical damage and US$3.5 billion are economic losses — some 120 percent of the 2009 gross domestic product (GDP) of Haiti • 60 percent of government, administrative and economic infrastructure has been destroyed, as well as parliament and the judicial sector Source: The United Nations’ Special Envoy to Haiti reported October 1, 2010 Haiti: A government with very little power and resources The Haitian government’s lack of p...   [tags: NGO, Slums, Housing]
:: 21 Works Cited
2033 words
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The Northridge California Earthquake - Introduction Hazards pose risk to everyone. Our acceptance of the risks associated with hazards dictates where and how we live. As humans, we accept a certain amount of risk when choosing to live our daily lives. From time to time, a hazard becomes an emergent situation. Tornadoes in the Midwest, hurricanes along the Gulf Coast or earthquakes in California are all hazards that residents in those regions accept and live with. This paper will examine one hazard that caused a disaster requiring a response from emergency management personnel....   [tags: hazards, risks, fault lines]
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1129 words
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The Physics Of An Earthquake - Earthquakes are vibrations produced in the earth's outer layer, or crust, when forces pushing on a mass of rock overcome the friction holding the rock in place and blocks of rock slip against each other. The vibrations can range from barely noticeable to verry destructive. There are six types of shock waves. Two are classified as body waves which means they travel through the earth's interior and the other four are surface waves. The waves are changed by the rock types or formations they hit. Primary or compressional waves (P waves) send particles moveing back and forth in the same direction as the waves are traveling, secondary or transverse shear waves (S waves) send vibrations perpendicu...   [tags: essays research papers] 850 words
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Comparing Television and Internet News Coverage of the Haiti Earthquake - Screaming, praying, and crying for help, the people of Haiti were in a state of panic on Tuesday afternoon, January 12, 2010 at 4:53 P.M. An earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.0, left the Haitians homeless, desolate, and in prayer. The story was everywhere; from news channels to local newspapers, but it wasn’t enough to satisfy my hunger for knowledge. This impulsive interest made me want to know more about this catastrophe; thus, I went on the internet to the New York Times website. The internet informed me with more than what I wanted to know....   [tags: media, haiti earthquake, news] 673 words
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San Francisco Earthquake of 1906 - On the night of April 18, 1906, the whole town was woken by erratic shaking. Although the earthquake lasted under a measly minute, it caused significant damage. Many fires started all throughout the city; San Francisco burned in turmoil. In the early 1900’s, Theodore Roosevelt took office after McKinley was assassinated. Unfortunately, that wasn’t the only turmoil at the time. A ship with rats infected with bubonic plague started the first plague epidemic in the continental U.S. Survivors of the plague believed that the corpses were still contaminated, so all burials were banned within San Francisco....   [tags: American History]
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Haiti After the Earthquake - The effects caused by earthquakes are devastating. They cause loss of human life and have effects on infrastructure and economy. Earthquakes can happen at any time anywhere. In January 12, 2010 an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.0 hit the nation of Haiti. An estimation of 316,000 people were killed, and more than 1.3 million Haitians were left homeless (Earthquake Information for 2010). Haiti was in a terrified chaos. After the earthquake, families were separated because many of the members were killed....   [tags: Haiti Essays]
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Earthquake in Haiti: Now who is next? - After calming the lives of 150,000 people, and making more than 1,200,000 people homeless, A big question is being created in the mind of people and earthquake experts; who is the next. Now, after Haiti, Geophysics’ are more concerned about Nepal and its future possible earthquake strike because of its geographical make up. Nepal lies just above the border between two huge plates that have moved together over millions of years to form the Himalayas. Nepal lies in just above the seismic zone and tectonic plate which is one of those countries where the earthquakes are frequent and sometimes very devastating....   [tags: Natural Disasters]
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Earthquake Resistance Techniques - Earthquake Resistance Techniques Introduction “Earthquakes don’t have the ability to kill or cause harm, however buildings do.” This is a famous quote that tries to emphasize on the need for earthquake precautions and measures especially in buildings. Earthquakes, just like other natural calamities, cannot be prevented, though it is possible to minimize their impacts and effects. Like other natural calamities, earthquakes have the ability to cause harm and damage to both life and property. Two basic types of seismic waves are responsible for causing earthquakes (Chang, & Soong, 1992)....   [tags: Seismic Waves, Energy Dissipation Devices]
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The Cascadia Earthquake: A Disaster that Could Happen - Imagine if a 9.0 earthquake struck the West Coast today, resulting in a giant tsunami. Coastal towns would be washed away or completely isolated, and electricity would be lost (FOX5). There would be $70 billion in damage and people would only have 15 minutest to evacuate or move to higher ground resulting in 10,000 deaths (FOX5). This sounds like a plot for a scary movie, but this is actually a reality. The Oregon Coast in located on a subduction zone, which makes it very susceptible to major earthquakes and tsunamis....   [tags: Natural Disaster, Oregon, Tsunami]
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The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Firestorm - San Francisco was a very opulent city during the 19th century due to the gold rush, the city was thriving and booming and more than 400,000 people residing in this area but the dynamics of this change when at 5:12 am April 1906.1 Powerful devastation ultimately gripped California in April 1906. The Great San Francisco Earthquake is number as one the most powerful devastation in the United Sates.2 On this despondent day many lives were taken and the costs of damages were very exorbitant. The implications were very profound and tumultuous....   [tags: history, catastrophies, ]
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2010 Haiti Earthquake - Earthquakes have afflicted the world since its inception. The sudden release of energy from volcanoes or displacing of earth plates can result in disasters of extreme magnitude. These usually naturally occurring phenomenon have been responsible from wiping out entire towns throughout history and until today continue to produce major loss of life and infrastructure. It can take years for a city or country to recover from a major event of this kind and when a third world country is involved, the result is usually exponentially worse than in a developed country....   [tags: health care, infrastructure, Caribbean]
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Global Warming - Global warming extremists want us to believe that as global temperatures rise, so do chances of complete extinction of entire species. Natural disasters will become more common, whole continents could one day be under water, and death rates could be at an all time high. This may seem like a bad science fiction novel, but in some ways they might actually be right. At the very least global warming can and will effect humans living in nearly every region. From those living on the coast, to those living in the Artic plains no area of our planet is safe from global warming....   [tags: Earth, Drought, Earthquakes]
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Japan, After the Tragedy of the Great East Japan Earthquake - Devastation struck Japan on March 11, 2011 when the main island, Honshu, was rocked by the worst earthquake in the country’s history. According the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake, named the Great East Japan Earthquake, was so severe it shifted the earth’s axis by 10 cm and the jolt of the earth’s crust triggered a tsunami of epic proportion. Carrying a wall of water over 10 meters high and massive enough to been seen by the International Space Station, the tsunami claimed more lives than the earthquake itself....   [tags: Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, Hiroshima] 744 words
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Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami: Operation Tomodachi - “On March 11, 2011 at 11:46 pm CST Japan was hit with an earthquake of 9.0 magnitude, followed by a tsunami shortly afterward. This earthquake and subsequent tsunami is known today as the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami. The epicenter was located 80 miles east of Sendai, the capital of Miyagi Prefecture, and 231 miles northeast of Tokyo.” This is how most stories of the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami are started. This intro is short, professional, to the point, and really speaks to how those who responded during operation Tomodachi carried out their mission....   [tags: fukushima plant, disaster]
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Earthquake of 1987 - I. Introduction Earthquakes in California are certainly not a surprise. What is a surprise is their unpredictability and randomness. Geologists say there is roughly a 50 percent chance that a magnitude 8 or more quake will hit the Los Angeles area sometime over the next 30 years. And, over the past twenty years, the Los Angeles area has witnessed several earthquakes, and in particular, two that were quite devastating; the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, and the January 17, 1994, Northridge Earthquake....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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A Comparison and Contrast of Earthquake in Haiti and Chile in 2010 - Introduction There are about 15 tectonic or lithospheric plates on the earth’s surface, which have different size and move relative to one another over the earth’s surface. As a result, the crust around the boundaries of the plates bends or deforms, accumulating strong energy during these processes (Briggs, 2006). When the strain becomes too great to bear by the crust in the future, the crust will snap or slip causing earthquakes. As a type of geophysical hazard, earthquakes are inevitable for mankind living on the Earth, which destroy tremendous buildings, and take human life away....   [tags: environment, disaster]
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The Kashmir Earthquake - The Kashmir Earthquake At 08:50:38 (GMT), on the 8th October 2005, an Earthquake occurred affecting a place called Kashmir. The Earthquake registered 7.6 on the magnitude scale. It was a major Earthquake. In Pakistan itself the earthquake occurred five hours earlier due to the time difference. It was the strongest earthquake for 70 years in Pakistan or India. Kashmir itself is a disputed part of Pakistan, however at the moment it is still an area which is being administered partly by Pakistan and partly by India....   [tags: Free Essays] 394 words
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Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean - Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards in the Caribbean If one took this statement to mean in recent times, it would not be fair to make such a statement as Caribbean people have not had to deal with earthquake hazards as they have the volcanic hazards; and one can’t say they find it difficult to respond to the earthquake hazards. The five major natural hazards that threaten the Caribbean are hurricanes, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, with earthquakes being the least common, especially in modern times....   [tags: Papers] 796 words
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Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design of Buildings - Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design of Buildings 1. 1 2. Summary 2 3. Earthquake Design - A Conceptual Review 2 4. Earthquake Resisting Performance Expectations 3 5. Key Material Parameters for Effective Earthquake Resistant Design 3 6. Earthquake Design Level Ground Motion 4 6.1. Elastic Response Spectra 4 6.2. Relative Seismicity 5 6.3. Soil amplification 6 7. Derivation of Ductile Design Response Spectra 7 8. Analysis and Earthquake Resistant Design Principles 8 8.1....   [tags: essays research papers] 7929 words
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Taiwan Earthquake - The 9-21 Earthquake (September 21 1999) - Taiwan Earthquake - The 9-21 Earthquake (September 21 1999) CNN: A special news report-This morning, there was an earthquake registering 7.6 on the Richter scale shaked Taiwan at 1:45am on September 21,1999. The epicenter is a mile under the ground in Nantou near Puli. There are many buildings crushed, and even a twelve floor-high rise building suddenly became a two floor- high rise building (the first to the sixth floors dipped into the underground, and the seventh to the twelfth floors went diagonally down and damaged the road.) As of press time the Disaster Management Center said 2,034 people were confirmed dead....   [tags: essays research papers] 1152 words
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Akin Sirnen & the Turkish Earthquake - Akin Sirnen & the Turkish Earthquake On the 17th of August 1999 in Western Turkey, also known as Kocaeli an earthquake struck at 3am. The destruction happened in poorer areas where experts say that the buildings there had broken building regulations and had been made of beach sand, which is not hard and strong enough to withstand the weight of a block of flats. The epicentre of the earthquake was at a town called Izmit in the densely populated north of Turkey, this was where the earthquake hit Turkey its hardest and caused complete devastation....   [tags: Papers] 635 words
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The Earthquake Scenario in Bangladesh - The Earthquake Scenario in Bangladesh As Bangladesh is located in a tectonically active much of the country including Chittagong, Sylhet, Dhaka, Rangpur, Bogra, Mymenshing, Comilla, Rajshahi are very much vulnerable to major earthquake disaster. Although, some awareness is raised among a limited groups, due to some recent earthquakes in the region, practically the country is far behind the minimum preparedness level to face such a disaster in any of our cities. Significant damaging historical earthquakes have occurred in and around Bangladesh, and damaging moderate-magnitude earthquake occur every few years....   [tags: Natural Disaster Bangladesh] 1296 words
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The Deaths of People in the Kobe Earthquake - The Deaths of People in the Kobe Earthquake As a class we have been asked to investigate "Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?" In this project I will be covering: 1.Where, when and why the earthquake happened and which plates were involved. 2.What the primary and secondary effects were. 3.How well prepared the Japanese people were for the earthquake. 4.How well people coped with the disaster. 5.How the Japanese authorities put thing's right afterwards. To do this I will be using my class work and searching the internet to help find pictures, diagrams and useful resources....   [tags: Papers] 1209 words
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Internal Displacement and Recovery from a Missouri Earthquake - A major earthquake along the New Madrid fault in SE Missouri could result in at least 42,000 Missouri homes being destroyed with another 83,000 or more suffering at least moderate damage. That figure is just for the state of Missouri, which will be competing for resources after the quake with seven other states in the region that will also sustain damage. The culmination of displaced persons for all eight states, at three days after the event, has been predicted to be as high as 7.2 million due to the lack of utilities knocked out by the earthquake on top of the damages of the quake (Elnashai, Jefferson, Fiedrich, Cleveland and Gress, 2009)....   [tags: Disaster Management ]
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earthquake - Earthquakes have plagued our lives for as long as people have inhabited the earth. These dangerous acts of the earth have been the cause of many deaths in the past century. So what can be done about these violent eruptions that take place nearly with out warning. Predicting an earthquake until now has almost been technologically impossible. With improvements in technology, lives have been saved and many more will. All that remains is to research what takes place before, during, and after an earthquake....   [tags: essays research papers] 1206 words
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Earthquake - LEBANON, Oh. - A 7.0 earthquake shook millions awake early Saturday in the tri-state region and derailed an Amtrak train. The quake jolted residents out of their beds and shook buildings as far away as Pittsburgh. Over 90,000 people lost their power, and a highway bridge was cracked in downtown Cincinnati. This 2:46 A.M. earthquake was more than the ordinary and caused a little more than incidental damage. “Did you ever play a pinball machine and see the ball get stuck in there and go bam-bam-bam-bam....   [tags: essays research papers] 428 words
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Turkey Earthquake - Turkey Earthquake Introduction The terrible earthquake that struck western Turkey on August 17, 1999 measured a massive Mw7.4 on the Richter scale (also known as the Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake) Turkey has had a long history of large earthquakes that often occur in progressive adjacent earthquakes. Starting in 1939, the North Anatolian fault produced a sequence of major earthquakes, of which the 1999 event is the 11th with a magnitude greater than or equal to 6.7. Starting with the 1939 event in western Turkey, the earthquake locations have moved both eastward and westward....   [tags: Papers] 759 words
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Earthquake Design - Earthquake Design Geology is the study of the earth's landmasses. The earth is constantly changing. These changes are to slow for one person to see in his or her lifetime. Forces cause different things to happen on the surface of the earth. Such as mountains growing and eroding. The earth is broken down into layers lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. The lithosphere is the dense, solid layer that surrounds they earth. Which we call the ground. Scientists believe that the earth was formed by very dense elements such as iron and nickel....   [tags: Papers] 1901 words
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The New Madrid Seismic Zone - According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) stretches from just west of Memphis TN., into southern Illinois and “several of the largest historical earthquakes to strike the continental United States occurred in the winter of 1811-1812 along the NMSZ. (USGS, 2007). This means when another major earthquake hits the region, cities like Memphis TN., Cape Girardeau and St. Louis MO., Paducah KY., and perhaps Nashville TN. and Little Rock AR., will be severely impacted....   [tags: Impact, Damage, Earthquake]
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Consequences of the Tsunami in Japan 2011 - 1896, Sanriku, Japan: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake rattled Japan, killing more than 26,360 people. In Tangshan, China, 1976, a magnitude 8.0 tsunami killed more than 255,000 people. 2004: The Indian Ocean experienced a 9.0 tsunami, its destruction killing more than 350,000 people. Just last year, Haiti lost 222,570 inhabitants because of a 7.0 earthquake (Brunner and Rowen 1), leaving the country in more trouble than they can dig themselves out of. Earthquakes can be predictable, and unpredictable....   [tags: natural disasters, tsunami, earthquake]
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The Symlar San Fernando Valley Earthquake of 1971 - Earthquakes are best described as a shaking or vibration of the ground caused by breaking of rock. Sometimes they are very strong and other times you would hardly notice them. This shaking occurs when stress that builds up in the crust is suddenly released as the crust breaks free and/or slides against the other pieces of crust. Earthquakes may also be thought of as the breaking of a popsicle stick by applying pressure to both ends at the same time. Should you try this experiment , you will feel the pressure build up as you apply more force until the stick snaps....   [tags: Seismology natural disaster] 1771 words
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Fukushima: A Nuclear Disaster - ... Not only does the radiation effect the land, but it also effects humans individually in many ways. Since March 2011, the lives of many Japanese people have changed dramatically. Over 150,000 people had to be evicted from the exclusion zones. During the eviction, approximitly 1,600 people lost their lives (Cuttler). Many of those who survived still make mortgage payments on the homes that they do not live in. Equally important, the radiation is effecting human health. Radioactive caesium has been found in spinach, tea leaves, milk, beef, and fresh water fish up to two hundred miles from Fukushima (Yamiguchi)....   [tags: Japan, radiation, earthquake, radioactivity]
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