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Dementia - Dementia While the average life expectancy of the world’s population has increased, the number of Dementia cases detected has commensurately risen to astonishing levels. Along with improved detection of this disorder, many new causes and treatments have been found, from which many innovative techniques have been discovered to prevent future incidences or reduce the effects of this condition. The quest for treatments and cures to this dilemma has brought additional questions to be answered, with limited success....   [tags: Mental Health]
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524 words
(1.5 pages)
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Dementia - ... An important note to bear in mind when the final publication of the CASCADE report is available, is that Mitchell et al. (2006) were very honest in their evaluation thus far. They present an open inspection of not only the work they are doing, but also the limitations and problems with their work. They also expect to influence and improve “evidence-based clinical practices and health policies” regarding the care of patients with dementia (p. 11). Mitchell et al. (2006) also state that “dementia remains a terminal condition” (p....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 1873 words
(5.4 pages)
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Dementia - Dementia Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimer's disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntington's disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimer's type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the most significant dementing disease occurring in over 50% of demented patients (see epidemiology)....   [tags: Papers] 3248 words
(9.3 pages)
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Canine Dementia - Many of the population today believe animals of the canine genus, dogs, to be “man’s best friend.” This philosophy appears to be especially pertinent when dealing with the comparison between Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia in the two species. The amount, progression and deterioration of the brain of the two are strikingly similar. Canine Dementia is a rising concern for elderly dogs, as the damage appears to localize on the areas of the brain that affect spatial determination. For example, a dog may stand for hours staring at the hinges of a door, knowing it to be open, but unable to remember where the door opens; another scenario is if one’s dog got out of the yard and wandered for hours, unable to remember where their own home is....   [tags: Animal Science ]
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1848 words
(5.3 pages)
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Intervention Dementia - ... This is a Convenience Sampling method because the participants have to come forward and identify themselves as suitable candidates (Polit & Tatano, 2012). The independent variable is categorical or nominal, having or not the treatment or intervention studied. There can only be two options which are mutually exclusive. The dependent variables are the length of time to hospitalization (staying at home) and the usage of healthcare and social services. The latter is divided in many different sub-variables including visits from district nurse to bathing services among many others....   [tags: Mental Health]
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1408 words
(4 pages)
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Effective Dementia Care - ... On the other hand, psychological approach to dementia involved the sufferer’s reaction to the injury, how they accept it and deal the situation. It also covers the effect of the disease process on their communication and action in relation to others. Particularly, people with dementia, mostly feel embarrassed and depressed by their brain injury. They are often angry, agitated and frightened because of the disease but maybe it also means seeking help to avoid embarrassment and disgrace. Dementia care in social domain explains the right of the person with dementia to enjoy and experience significant social interaction....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 1566 words
(4.5 pages)
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Dementia in Elder Adults - ... Some symptoms may be similar to those of other types of dementia and usually reflect increasing difficulty to perform everyday activities like eating, dressing, or shopping. There is not yet a known cure for vascular dementia, so prevention is important. The best way to prevent vascular dementia is to lower the risk of stroke. This means getting high blood pressure under control, avoiding cigarettes, and controlling cholesterol levels and diabetes (“Vascular dementia,” n.d.). Lastly, Dementia with Lewy Bodies is also a common, but often unrecognised type of dementia....   [tags: Mental Illness ]
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1711 words
(4.9 pages)
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Dementia Praecox - In 1887 Dr. Emile Kraepelin identified schizophrenia for the first time in history. Dr. Kraepelin used the term "dementia praecox” which means “early dementia,” separating it from other forms of dementia usually occurring later in life. Kraepelin believed that “dementia praecox” was primarily a disease of the brain. In 1911, a Swiss psychiatrist by the name of Eugene Bleuler, was the first to use the term “schizophrenia” and the first to describe the symptoms as “negative” or “positive.” Bleuler believed that the name given by Kreapelin was misleading, since the disease was not part of dementia since it did not lead to mental deterioration in all cases and it could occur in young age as well as in old age....   [tags: essays research papers] 1638 words
(4.7 pages)
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Dementia in Elder Adults - ... There are typically variations in attention, communication difficulties and severe psychiatric symptoms like hallucinations. There is no cure apart from management of symptoms may include some medications used for Alzheimer’s disease. However, side effects are common and can be serious (Saxon, Etten & Perkins, 2010). Nursing Assessment Assessment is considered to be the initial step in the process of individualised nursing care. Assessment of older people needs complete information about the physical, biological, psychosocial, psychological and functional aspects of the older person....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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1876 words
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Dementia and Alzheimer's - Dementia and Alzheimer's During an average lifetime, one can expect to have at least occasional memory lapses from time to time. Usually it's something as simple as forgetting what you just did a few minutes ago, forgetting if you turned the stove off, or if you left your keys on the table or in the bathroom counter. Such lapses are relatively normal, but when they become a recurring theme, it's a more serious problem. As people age, it is natural for them to experience a mild degree of memory loss....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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640 words
(1.8 pages)
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Dementia in Older Adults - ... DLB can be categorised as a kind of AD as 23 percent of dementia patients have LB as well. According to Miller (2009), Parkinson’s disease; another form of dementia; also includes the formation of LB but in smaller amounts. DLB patients have illusions in sight and hearing which lead to accidents and behavioural disputes. Unfortunately they have neuroleptic sensitivity and dehydration which affects treatment outcomes often resulting in death (Kerr, 2007).Therefore, it is important to be knowledgeable about this crucial and sensitive form of dementia which has varied symptoms depending on the individual....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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2100 words
(6 pages)
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Caring For Patients With Dementia - Caring for dementia involves a lot of patience and understanding. It should be dealt with audacity and flawlessness to ensure the vulnerable adults’ well-being. Aiding at home or care home required carers to be at their best, physically and emotionally. The responsibility can be distressing but it is rewarding as well since helping dementia adults in their day to day activities is a significant matter for them. However, carers need a pause as over duty can result to substandard nursing. The big question is: who take care for the carers of people with dementia....   [tags: Nursing]
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966 words
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Dementia: Forgotten Memories of the Past - Dementia Forgotten Memories of the Past While the average life expectancy of the world’s population has increased, the number of detected dementia cases has commensurately risen to astonishing levels. Along with improved discovery of this disorder, new causes and treatments have been found, from which many innovative techniques have been developed towards the prevention of future incidences and reduction of the effects of this condition; however, the quest for these solutions have raised more questions than it has answered....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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904 words
(2.6 pages)
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Edgar Allan Poe's Dementia - ... This attribute of disconnecting his works from the real world is what signified Poe as a romantic author. Literary critic, Richard Wilbur, described Poe’s abstraction from reality as warfare between Poe’s soul and the physical world, providing Poe with a fundamental subject to his works.(Bloom 54) Although separating himself from reality was futile in making of Poe’s work, it was not the only source of motivation. Poe also analyzed his dementia impaired mind in search of the ideas that fueled his work....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1336 words
(3.8 pages)
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End Stage Dementia - ... (2006) were very honest in their initial evaluations. The researchers present an open inspection of not only the work they are doing but also the limitations and problems with their work. They also expect to influence and improve “evidence-based clinical practices and health policies” (Mitchell et al., 2006, p. 11) regarding the care of patients with dementia, though they do not examine interventions as we are doing. Mitchell et al. (2006) stated, “Dementia remains a terminal condition” (p. 10)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Long Term Care] 1838 words
(5.3 pages)
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An Overview of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia - ... Therefore, people in other countries tend to have higher and quicker mortality rates. Etiology & Pathogenesis Section of Paper Alzheimer’s disease is believed to be a hereditary disease that can be passed down through DNA of genes. Studies performed by Doctor Carrie Call, show that those who have a close relative who has developed AD are two to three times more likely to develop the disease than those who have no family history of the disease. As mentioned earlier Dr. Alois Alzheimer, specifically identified a collection of brain cell abnormalities as a disease while doing an autopsy....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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1924 words
(5.5 pages)
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Falls Among Older Persons with Dementia - ... Methods: First and foremost, this study was approved by The Data Inspectorate in Norway. Informed consent (both oral and written) was taken from all the respondents by one of the researchers. The confidentiality of the questionnaire responses was maintained by coding. (Struksness et al., 2011). This particular study was conducted in multiple nursing homes. The qualitative research method was used to conduct this study, due to the fact that questionnaires and responses from the responders were collected....   [tags: Healthcare]
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1046 words
(3 pages)
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Etiology of HIV-Associated Dementia - Etiology of HIV-Associated Dementia The etiologic agents of the neurologic disease associated with HIV and AIDS are many. Opportunistic infections- cryptococcus, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, are a few of the organic causes of neurologic disease in AIDS patients, but will not be the main focus of this paper. The human immunodeficiency virus in itself is implicated in much of the neurological manifestations of the disease, and it is the effects of the presence of the virus within the central nervous system which is of interest to me in this paper....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Restlessness and Agitation in People With Dementia - Restlessness and Agitation in People With Dementia Restlessness and agitation are common in people with dementia. Cohen M et al (1986) attempted to define restlessness and agitation as " inappropriate verbal, vocal or motor activity" associated by 29 behaviors including general restlessness, constant attention seeking, complaining, negativism, pacing and screaming. In my nursing placement I experienced a case of vascular dementia. The name of patient, the name of the ward and hospital should remain unmentioned in the essay in order to maintain confidentiality....   [tags: Papers] 1502 words
(4.3 pages)
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Nursing Care Issues and the Frail Elderly: Dementia - ... In a fairly new program being tested in Long-term care facilities in the United States, called ‘Pieces of the Puzzle”, the program’s goal is to empower nurses to support a person-centered care model and to provide these trained nurses with the best therapeutic recreation tools. This program has been found to have many health and quality of life benefits, including improved depression levels and increased alertness levels. ‘Work-stations’ are set up that residents are able to wander through. These include things like a mock office set up, baby care center, linens or sheets for folding, and simple hand tools....   [tags: Nursing Profession, Nursing Career]
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1759 words
(5 pages)
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Factors, Symptoms and Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer Disease 1 Alzheimer Disease Introduction This research paper will examine factors, signs of symptoms, treatment, when to visit a doctor and how to care for a love one with Alzheimer disease. In the early stages of the disease, scientists have estimated that 500,000 people in their 30’s, 40’s and 50’s that have Alzheimer disease or a related dementia. Younger individuals may have problems with memory, thinking and concentration....   [tags: Dementia, medical, nursing, medicine] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
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High Cholesterol - ... Meanwhile, the exact mechanism of high blood cholesterol in dementia is not known, because cholesterol is not able to pass the blood-brain barrier (BBB) (Bojanic et al., 2010). Beyond that, observational studies have yielded mix results for lipids levels and cerebrovascular disease risk (Bowman et al., 2003). Of interest, lipid abnormalities have been also implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (Demchuk et al., 1999; Goldstein, 2007). Stroke contributes to the development of cognitive disorders in nearly 20% of elderly patients (citation)....   [tags: Health, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease] 446 words
(1.3 pages)
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Caring for Older People - ... Initially his wife managed well, but as time went by and the dementia worsened, she found it increasingly difficult to look after her husband, do her household chores and have any life for herself. She could not leave him alone while she shopped, and it was too difficult to take him along. Eventually the stress, the low morale and the frustration of caring for Scot began to toil on her. Fitting et al (1986) found that women more often feel obliged to give care than men and have more difficulty in coping with the dependency of their dementing relative....   [tags: Health Care, Diseases, Dementia] 1752 words
(5 pages)
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Understanding What Keeps Dementia Sufferers Awake at Night - Understanding What Keeps Dementia Sufferers Awake at Night Sleep disturbance is a very common and very problematic symptom of dementia. New research indicates that causes of this sleep disturbance may differ in different kinds of dementia. Hopefully, understanding these causes will lead to better treatments. Dementia is a term used to refer to a loss of thinking abilities. Although there are many causes of dementia, it is most often associated with aging. The most common cause of dementia associated with aging is Alzheimer's disease, which affects approximately one in 10 people over age 65 and nearly half of those over age 85....   [tags: Papers] 639 words
(1.8 pages)
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AIDS and The Nervous System: A Focus On The AIDS Dementia Complex - AIDS and The Nervous System: A Focus On The AIDS Dementia Complex Infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the biologic agent of the AIDS syndrome, has emerged as one of the most important threats to public health in the United States and its incidence is rapidly increasing. A highly lethal disease with over 70% of AIDS patients dying within 2 years of diagnosis. This disease has already become the leading cause of death in men aged 25-44 and women aged 25-34. The Centers for Disease Control have for the purpose of epidemiological surveillance, defined AIDS as a "reliably diagnosed disease that is at least moderately indicative of an underlying cellular immunodeficiency in a person who has no underlying cause of cellular immunodeficiency nor any other cause of reduced resistance reported to be associated with that disease." [5] The pathophysiology of HIV is indicative of a retrovirus....   [tags: AIDS Disease Diseases Essays]
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Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia - Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Dementia was defined by Cummings et al. (1980) as 'an acquired, persistent impairment of intellectual function with compromise and at least of the following spheres of activity: language, memory, visuospatial skills, emotion or personality and cognition.' Dementia occurs as a series of subtypes, one of which is known as vascular dementia (Brown, 1993). Vascular dementia is a disease which is most commonly caused by impairment to the circulatory system of the brain following damage caused by a stroke (Alzheimer, Scotland., 2002)....   [tags: Papers] 7577 words
(21.6 pages)
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Escape Through Dementia in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman - Escape Through Dementia in The Yellow Wallpaper     Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wall-paper" is an excellent story on several levels. It works as a suspenseful thriller about the effects of mental illness. It also serves to make several points about feminism and the pervailing attitudes of her time. John, the husband, serves as a metaphor for masculine views of the time, and for the masculine side of humans, the side of reason and logic. "John is practical in the extreme. He has no patience with faith, an intense horor of superstition, and he scoffs openly at any talk of things not to be felt and seen and put down in figures" (1658)....   [tags: Yellow Wallpaper essays]
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Alzheimer’s Disease - ... For instance, if paid care is decreased it means that amount of unpaid care from caregiver will increase. Likewise, if a person living with Alzheimer’s disease is more provided with formal care it will reduce informal care of caregivers (Montgomery and Kosloski, 2009, 56). According to Alzheimer’s Association (2010) seventy percent of total number of people living with Alzheimer’s disease are not institutionalized which means that they are provided with care of caregivers. Montgomery and Kosloski (2009, 47-48) claimed that caregivers must be provided with aid in order not to stop looking after people living with Alzheimer’s disease....   [tags: Mental Health, Medicine, Demencia] 1145 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Aging Brain - ... (2004). The normal brain aging differs from pathological aging caused by diseases that damage the brain, such as Alzheimer’s or cerebrovascular disease (Memory impairment. (2010). The normal aging process includes “wear and tear” damage from oxidative stress, reduced capacity detoxify molecules or proteins that are harmful to the brain cells; and declines in the energy-generating components of cells that allow them to functions optimally (Memory impairment.(2010). In many cases mild age-related memory loss is considered normal, but more severe memory impairments are not....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Memory - I. Introduction II. Dementia Senility is a misused term for the loss of ability to think, reason, and remember in older persons. Senility is not a medical condition; it is not normal, natural, or inevitable with aging; it is not limited to older people either. The term senility is replaced in most of my pertinent research by the medical term dementia, which seems to describe a group of symptoms that represent a change or deterioration from an individual's previous level of functioning (Tueth, 1995)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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976 words
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The Three Stages of Alzheimer's - ... When studying individuals, researchers first categorize them within these three stages. Tests are performed in order to diagnose their symptoms and later to see which stage they are categorized under. If they happen to be under the MCI stage then researchers diagnose those individuals and see if they are more likely to stay at the MCI stage or move on to Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. The initial stage in the process of Alzheimer’s is known as the asymptomatic “preclinical stage”. One of the undetectable symptoms in this stage is memory loss....   [tags: Disease, Disorders] 1401 words
(4 pages)
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Alzheimer’s Disease - Alzheimer’s disease defined: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive, terminal, degenerative brain disease. It is the fourth leading cause of death in adults and currently affects over four million people in the United States. This number is expected to increase over the next several years as the baby boomers age, until it reaches fourteen million by the year 2025. Alzheimer disease generally occurs in people over seventy five years of age; however it does strike people in their forties, fifties, and sixties, but this is rare....   [tags: Health] 2552 words
(7.3 pages)
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Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a progressive degenerative disease of unknown aetiology, as first described by Alois Alzheimer (1907). According to Shoenberg et. al (1987), it is the commonest cause of dementia in the elderly with an incidence ranging from 2.5 to 5 per thousand. Furthermore, this incidence has grown in recent years as a result people generally living longer. The disease is incurable at present but there are drug treatments that delay the symptoms in the early stages....   [tags: Papers] 2881 words
(8.2 pages)
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Alzheimer's Disease - ... The majority of these behaviors are a result of decreased cognitive and memory functioning. (Carlson et al., 1995) Depression is seen in about 50% of people with AD as with individuals affected by Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease, signs may vary but is common characteristics are a withdrawal from interests, anorexia and feelings of worthlessness. Caregivers can decrease some of these feelings using positive feedback in activities that may be more appropriate for the individual and their stage of cognitive abilities....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Exploring Alzheimer's Disease - Exploring Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders requires several criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's dementia. These include impairment in memory, disturbances in cognitive and executive functioning, and impairment in occupational or social functions. Cognitive disturbances may include one or more of the following: aphasia, apraxia, and agnosia. Cognitive deficits must demonstrate decline from previous levels of functioning and are characterized by gradual onset....   [tags: health medicine]
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1023 words
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Pathology and Current Treatment of the Alzheimer's Disease - Pathology and Current Treatment of the Alzheimer's Disease Introduction One of the most feared aspects of aging is the deterioration of the memory and cognitive function (dementia) that occurs among the elderly with increasing frequency with advancing years. A significant proportion of otherwise healthy elderly persons show a significant decline in mental function later in life. It has been estimated that 10% of the population over the age of 65 suffers from mild to moderate dementia and 4-5% suffer from severe dementia....   [tags: Health Medical Medicine Essays]
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Care Planning: Making Decisions That Involve Everyday Participation and Communication. - ... Marjorie decided to remain in the meeting by physically not moving. We continued to involve Marjorie in the care planning process through informal and formal meetings and overtime she began to sleep better at nights and reports of frustrating challenges were reduced. Kitwood (1993) confirms reasons for challenging behaviour can be occur through the act of blocking or distancing communication. Marjorie had been trying to communicate and she had not been heard. Therefore, there seems to be a strong link between a tool of well-being and the verification of how well a message is understood....   [tags: Communication ]
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Neuropathology of AIDS - Neuropathology of AIDS Since its discovery in 1981, AIDS has mainly been characterized as a disease effecting the bodying immune system. It has been recognized, however, that there are distinct neurological pathologies associated with the disease. AIDS neuropathology can be characterized by the existence of subcortical dementia, motor difficulties, and affective disorders. Most AIDS patients experience dementia of one form or another. It has been observed that approximately 95% of AIDS patients brain’s show signs of damage, and 60% of patients develop dementia of one degree or another....   [tags: Health Medicine Medical Diseases Essays]
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Rising Incidence of Alzheimer's Disease - ... Granted that estrogen has a regenerative effect on nerve cells and neuronal arborization, and increases the number of neuronal synapses in the brain, thus, this approach tends to be one with great future among all of AD-treatment methods. A review of 5 studies, held between 1994 and 1998, showed a 40-60% decrease in developing of the disease among women in comparison with women, who did not receive any treatment (from Levine, 2003: Brinton & Yamazaki, 1998). However, while the problem of Alzheimer’s is one of the most significant to date, the world of medicine needs to choose the most suitable and secure way of fighting with the disease....   [tags: Mental Health]
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Alzheimers Disease - ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE We are currently living in the age of technology. Our advancements in the past few decades overshadow everything learned in the last 2000 years. With the elimination of many diseases through effective cures and treatments, Canadians can expect to live a much longer life then that of their grandparents. In 1900 about 4% of the Canadian population was over the age of 65. In 1989 that figure tripled to 12% and the government expects that figure to rise to 23% by the year 2030 (Medical,1991,p.13)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2696 words
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Better Sleep for the Elderly - ... They assessed the time of sleep in comparison to brain function in a five year longitudinal study in London. Ferrie et al, 2010 described that people with less than five hours of sleep or interrupted sleep showed a marked decrease in brain function from the initial baseline which included, poor reasoning, vocabulary and the MMSE score. There is a direction correlation to lack of sleep and the actual brain age if the person continues with sleep deprivation. The actual age difference of the brain is “4-7 years older” than the person is....   [tags: Health, Geriatrics]
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1593 words
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Alzheimer’s Disease - Alzheimer’s Disease INTRODUCTION Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of insidious onset, characterized by memory loss, confusion, and a variety of cognitive disabilities. It is the major cause of dementia in the elderly and is characterized by the presence of neuropathologic lesions including: neurofibrillary tangles in the neuronal perikarya and in pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus, entorhinal cortex and neocortex, nucleus basalis of Meynert, and periaqueductal gray....   [tags: Diseases Health Medical Medicine Essays]
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The Desire to Die: Suicide and Euthanasia in the Elderly - Mrs. Jones, 78 years old, arrived in the emergency department (ED) via ambulance. She was alert and oriented, but was having episodes of lost consciousness. She was put on the cardiac monitor and her vital signs were obtained. Her cardiac rhythm was normal. Her vital signs were as follows: Temperature 97.3°F, Pulse 43, respirations 26, blood pressure 100/58 and O2 saturation of 94% on room air. Additionally, Mrs. Jones was vomiting and had 2 loose, incontinent stools. She was pale, cool to touch and diaphoretic....   [tags: Health] 1517 words
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A Cure for Alzheimer's - A Cure for Alzheimer's In February of 2000, I lost my grandmother to Alzheimer's disease. She was diagnosed with the disease just less than two years prior to her death. Throughout that time, I watched changes in my grandmother that made her seem like an entirely different woman to me. She gradually began losing her short-term memory and we began to see signs of her long-term memory degrading too. It began to get harder and harder to take her out into public without being afraid of what would happen next....   [tags: Papers] 1622 words
(4.6 pages)
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Alzheimer's Disease - Even in a world of modern medicine and major medical advancements like the world has never seen before, some diseases still continue to plague the human race and confuse even some of the brightest scientists today. Unfortunately, Alzheimer Disease (AD) is one of them and it affects between 2.4 and 4.5 million people in America. Alzheimer’s is usually diagnosed in people over the age of 65, but in rarer cases people as young as 16 have it. Since it is a degenerative disease, patients develop it with few symptoms at an earlier stage, but then it gradually becomes more predominant in how the patient lives his or her life, developing into dementia ⨥....   [tags: Mental Health]
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Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer’s disease is the disease of the century. This disease is affecting many lives, families, and caregivers. This research presented is to help educate on the topic of Alzheimer’s disease, which many people aren’t aware enough about. Statistics are given to show how extreme this disease is, and how many people it’s affecting in society. Also statistics are presented that give the amount of money being spent relating to Alzheimer’s disease. This research explains the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease....   [tags: Papers] 2412 words
(6.9 pages)
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The Neuropathology of AIDS - The Neuropathology of AIDS AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a disease of an individual’s immune system caused by HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus 1). HIV-1 is a retrovirus of the lentivirus subfamily. This virus is atypical in that it does not require mitotically active cells to reproduce. Reproduction of the viral nucleic acids occurs in the nucleus of infected cells. Until recently it was believed that AIDS related deaths as a result of HIV infection were caused primarily by opportunistic infections, usually bacterial or fungal, gaining a foothold in an immuno-compromised individual....   [tags: AIDS Health Medicine Essays] 1484 words
(4.2 pages)
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Schizophrenia, A splitting of the mind - Schizophrenia, A splitting of the mind Dementia Praecox, the early term for schizophrenia was presented by Emil Kraepelin in 1898. Dementia Praecox included – dementia paranoids, catatonia and hebephrenia. Whilst these different entities are symptomatically very diverse, Kraepelin believed they shared a common core. Kraepelin noted several major symptoms in his patients, these included hallucinations, delusions, negativism, attentional difficulties, stereotyped behaviour and emotional dysfunction....   [tags: essays research papers] 3072 words
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The Nervous System - The Nervous System Sensory neurones receive stimuli from sensory organ and receptors, which transmit the impulse to the spinal cord and the brain. Sensations transmitted by sensory neurone include heat, cold, pain, taste, smell, sight and hearing. Motor neurones conduct impulses away from the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord) to muscles and glands in order to stimulate them into carrying out their activities. 2. Describe how a motor impulse moves a muscle. (Include details of an action potential)....   [tags: Papers] 778 words
(2.2 pages)
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Memory Builders - Memory Builders When someone says "Can I pick your brain for a minute," does it bother you that that may be as long as it takes. Losing one's memory is a common subject of humor as we age. I'm just now realizing, however, that it's more serious and scary than we may like to admit (or, if I realized it earlier, I forgot about it). My dad, at 85 and one of the sharpest minds I know, has said in moments of not-totally-tongue-in-cheek, "If I ever lose my mind, shoot me." I like to obey my parents, but fortunately I can't remember where the gun is....   [tags: Papers] 1426 words
(4.1 pages)
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Mental Disorders - Mental Disorders There are many diseases and disorders that may affect the human mind. Some of these are serious, while others are minor and may not even be noticed. Some of the disorders and diseases to be covered in this report are delirium, dementia, and schizophrenia, also a discussion of specific symptoms and treatments available for the different disorders. A mental illness is defined as any disease that affects a person's mind, thoughts, emotions, personality, or behavior. For any mental illness, as in a physical illness, there are symptoms that make it possible to identify when a person is suffering from a mental disorder or illness....   [tags: Papers] 1476 words
(4.2 pages)
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Pick's Disease - Pick's Disease Pick's disease is a form of dementia characterized by a progressive and irreversible deterioration of social skills and changes in personality, along with impairment of intellect, memory, and language. In 1892 Arnold Pick, a German neurologist studied a patient who in his life had dementia and lost of speech. When the patient died, his brain shrunk, with the brain cells having died (atrophied) in the specific areas of the brain. In Pick’s disease, the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain are most affected....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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854 words
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Concussions in Football - Not many sports are as physically demanding on the human body as football. The physical toll that football players pay is almost impossible to comprehend unless one has actually played the sport for a significant amount of time. However, until recently any connection between the hits taken by football players and their health down the road was largely ignored. A common, yet difficult injury to detect in football is a concussion, the most common traumatic brain injury (Pearce). A concussion is defined as “a brain injury that is caused by a sudden blow to the head or the body....   [tags: Sports Medicine Head Injury]
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Early Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Look Into Biomarkers - INTRODUCTION Alzheimer's disease is a form of dementia that is nonreversible and develops over a period of years that affects mostly the elderly population. Alzheimer's disease can be mistaken for normal aging but personality and behavior changes sets Alzheimer's disease apart. Although Alzheimer's disease is considered an aged disease, it has been documented to affect people before the age of 65. This is termed early onset Alzheimer's disease which accounts for 5-10% of all Alzheimer's disease....   [tags: Medical Science ]
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Alzheimer’s Disease - ... An example of this is chromosome 21. Chromosome 21 is influentially connected to those who have Down syndrome, or DS. DS is a genetic abnormality in which, upon conception, are born with an extra chromosome 21. People with DS, also called trisomy 21, develop onset symptoms of Alzheimer’s. (“Studies Demonstrate”) The reason AD and DS are correlated is not completely known. The increasing risk for AD in people with DS may be correlated to the extra copy of chromosome 21 (which causes Down syndrome) because it leads to increased production of amyloid beta....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Participation, Facilitation and Power - ... Marjorie and Susan have entered into a partnership with us and we have facilitated negotiation. The model of everyday participation prepared by SCIE (2008) has identified strategies of constraint that create barriers to participation. At the beginning of this study, it is argued that a facultative participatory approach to care planning would be beneficial for people with living with dementia. The considered evidence from this analysis strongly suggests that this would be worthy of further discussion....   [tags: Communication ]
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Patient Care Plan - ... Risk for injury or trauma is very important for John as he has decreased mobility and is prone to falls. Any fall on the unit could have serious implications for his health and also this will affect the staff. As John’s ability to carry out his ADL’s has decreased it is important to look after these needs to ensure his self esteem is upheld and by aiding him with these. The author can inspect John on a regular basis and also promote independence at the same time. As John’s cognition has decreased his ability to maintain a healthy diet has also decreased and this leaves him at risk for malnutrition that in turn will lead to ill health....   [tags: Nursing ]
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Alzheimer's Disease in the Elderly - ... This is most commonly seen on patients who suffer the disease before the age of 50. In nutritional factors, scientists project some vitamin deficiencies can lead to Alzheimer disease. Symptoms and stages Alzheimer disease of the elderly has several stages. All the stages have various symptoms. Common early symptoms of Alzheimer disease include disturbances in short-term memory, confusion, problems with paying attention and spatial orientation, language difficulty, changes in personality, and mood swings....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Care In and Out of the Hospital - ... A third example is if an elderly person has a mental illness. Giving an example of this it would be dementia or schizophrenia. Both of these diseases are an illness of the mind and have to be watched carefully by the person who has it and their family. Since the person is sick, they are more likely to be rehospitalized because of their illness. When someone is discharged from the hospital, they are taken back home to continue their recovery. If the person keeps getting better while at home, they do not have to be taken back to the hospital....   [tags: Health Care]
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Professional, Ethical and Legal issues in nursing - ... Decision making and best interests of the patient in the care for people with mental health problems are one of the main concerns in nursing practice. Healthcare professionals should be knowledgeable enough to practice the legal code regarding decision making and protection of the patient with mental health problems (NMC, 2008). Focusing on dementia, it is not constantly possible to involve the dementia sufferers in the decision making course of their care without encouragement and assistance by healthcare provider if not considering the person’s best interests (Martin, 2009)....   [tags: Health Care] 2256 words
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Alzheimer’s Disease: The Importance of Public Awareness - ... Elderly people who are suspected to have Alzheimer’s disease are more likely to deny their cognitive difficulties than those who grow more forgetful due to age . However, as months and years progress the person’s forgetfulness will grow and affect more and more of his or her daily life. Eventually, the loss of memory prompts a visit to the doctor, where a diagnosis will be made. Unfortunately, the brain abnormalities caused by the disease cannot be seen without a biopsy. Also, none of the outward symptoms are unique to the disease....   [tags: Health, Alzheimer's]
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Treating Zara - ... It turned out that she had fear, pain and anxiety associated with bathing maybe due to past experience, cognitive decline or a combination if these. I wondered if her experience had been linked to a particular time of day, shower or bath, water temperature, duration it took, music playing or scent. I was determined to get Zara through the process of washing and of getting clean. I later found out that behavioural change like aggression resulted in resisting care offered. I explained the procedure involved and reassured her that bathing would not take long to complete....   [tags: Nursing]
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Brain Disease - ... Symptoms include getting lost, asking questions over and over again, taking longer to do different things, bad judgment, losing things, and having a change in personality (About Alzheimer’s Disease). It is interesting how all of the symptoms relate to memory loss. In moderate Alzheimer's disease, there is damage to language, reasoning, processing thoughts, and thinking. Symptoms are increased loss of memory, confusion, recognition problems, not being able to learn new things, multitasking problems, hallucinations and delusions, and paranoia (About Alzheimer’s disease)....   [tags: Medical Conditions]
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Informative Essay: Cell Phone Radiation May Help Alzheimer's Disease - ... Gamma rays are the most energetic form of light produced by the hottest regions of the universe and emitted by the nucleus of radioactive atoms. Because of this, gamma rays are used to penetrate tissue property, such as in the use of CT scans, and radiation therapy. Alpha particles are also ejected by the nuclei of unstable atoms; however, they are large and consist of two protons and two neutrons. Although alpha particles have a high mass, they are the most destructive form of radiation with a low penetrating force; a single piece of paper can block alpha particles....   [tags: Informative Essay] 1554 words
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Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer's Disease If we accept that the brain's ability to "fill in the blanks" about each experience we have, then we can conclude that our past is indeed partially our own brain's creature. However, there are still some norms created by people that define certain experiences as normal and others as not. What happens when a person starts to behave ab-normally. How is his/her brain filling the blanks in a different manner. To discuss this subject we would discuss the most common form of dementia among old people, the Alzheimer's disease....   [tags: Health Medical Medicine Essays]
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Alzheimer’s Disease - Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive condition where the neurons degenerate in the brain, while the brain substance shrinks in volume. Alzheimer’s is also the number one cause of dementia. When it was first noticed, Alzheimer’s was thought to be a pre-senile disease, but now it is known to be responsible for seventy-five percent of the dementia cases in people over sixty-five years of age. Alzheimer’s disease usually causes several years of personal and intellectual decline until death....   [tags: Neurology Memory Aging Essays]
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Alzheimers Disease Health Promotion Case Study - Running Head: GENDER, CULTURE, AND DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES Alzheimer's Disease Health Promotion Case Study Part 2: Gender, Culture, and Developmental Stages February 18,1999 Gender, Culture, and Developmental Stages Introduction This section will discuss the impact of Alzheimer's disease on racial, cultural, and gender variables, with the focus being on the various approaches to care of the disease. Developmental stages and tasks will be discussed for both the client and the caregiver....   [tags: essays research papers] 1197 words
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Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer's Disease Incomplete Works Cited Every era has its disease; the one debilitating killer that each individual grows up to fear and detest more than War or poverty or depression. In the sixteenth century the Black Plague swept Europe, and later Syphilis destroyed much of the New World. More recently Polio was what each mother feared would over take her child. However, each of these diseases had its own time and place, and each has all but disappeared by cure or public awareness. Unfortunately, as each disease passes away a new killer moves up through the ranks to strike fear in humanity, young and old....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The I-Function And Alzheimer's Disease: Where is The Person? - The I-Function And Alzheimer's Disease: Where is The Person. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a serious form of dementia that involves the destruction of brain cells, and ultimately leads to death (1). What makes AD such a frightening disease, for both the patient and their family members, is the loss of "self" associated with the dementia. Those afflicted with AD can't understand the changes going on within themselves. Family members are upset by the loss of the "person" they once knew. It is common for daughters (for example) to say that a mother in the later stages of AD is not their "mom" because the personality displayed by the patient is so different from the personality they associate with "mom"....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Etiology and Treatment of Parkinson Disease - Parkinson Disease There exists a group of people who live the final years of their lives in glass boxes. They are perfectly capable of seeing outside, but incapable of reaching out to the world around them. Their emotions can not be shown through facial expression, and as their condition continues, speech also becomes difficult or even impossible. These people are men and women of all races and geographical areas, constituting one percent of the world’s population over 50 years old. Parkinson disease is their affliction....   [tags: Health Aging Medicine Papers]
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Is There a Real Difference Between a Neurosis and a Psychosis - Is There a Real Difference Between a Neurosis and a Psychosis A major part of clinical psychology is the diagnoses and treatment of mental disorders. This can often be difficult and controversial due to the fact that many of the disorders can be confused with others; there aren’t always clear guidelines in which to follow. An example of this confusion can be seen in the disorders Neurosis and Psychosis. Neither neurosis nor psychoses appear as major categories in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III)....   [tags: science]
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Alzheimer?s Disease - Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive degenerative disease that attacks the brain and results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia. Dementia is the lost of thinking, remembering and reasoning so bad it screws up ability to do daily functions and eventually resolves in death. Dr. Alois Alzheimer’s first discovered the disease in 1906. Since then research has developed a deeper understanding of the changes in the brain....   [tags: essays research papers] 1070 words
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Alzheimer's Disease - Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, brain disorder that causes a slow and permanent decline in memory, language skills, perception of time and space, and, eventually the ability to care for oneself (Encarta, 1). Alzheimer’s is the most common from of dementia. Dementia is the impairment of memory and other mental powers due to a disease. It is also the fourth leading cause of death among older adults (Do You Need). According to the Alzheimer’s Association, about four million Americans suffer from Alzheimer’s....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Alzheimer's Disease - What Is Alzheimer's Disease. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, degenerative neurological disorder that leads to impairments in memory, thinking and reasoning. It is a late-life illness that causes a form of brain failure. It produces confused thinking, impairs judgment, changes personality, alters behavior. The illness is progressive and ultimately results in death. While it cannot be cured, it can be treated. During the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease, many people are aware that their memory is failing....   [tags: essays research papers] 890 words
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Alzheimers The Unsolved Mystery - Alzheimer's: The Unsolved Mystery Absentmindedness, with questions having to be repeated, trouble following conversations, or remembering people's names, sound familiar. These are classic early stage symptoms of Alzheimer's. Alzheimer's is a type of dementia in which parts of the brain stop working, causing memory loss, and instability in judgement, reasoning and emotions. Dementia, such as Alzheimer's is usually more frequent in elderly people. Approximately 15 percent of people who are over 65 will develop some form of dementia; by the age of 85 that percentage increases by at least 35 percent....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Health of Elderly Australia - How is Australia’s aging population supported by the Australian Health Care System. PREAMBLE Since 1901 Australia’s elderly population has had a dramatic rise with it estimated that 65-year olds make up just under 15% of Australia’s population (Northern Health Research). The median age of the country has risen from 22 to 35 years and people age 0-14 has decreased from 35.1% in 1901 to 20.7% in 2001 (Mayne Health Research). As this “greying of the nation” continues mirroring global trends, there has been an influx of residents admitted into aged care facilities around the country....   [tags: essays research papers] 1881 words
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Obesity - Obesity as a Disease I. Abstract As a health care professional it is our position statement that obesity should be considered as a disease. Overweight and obese adults are considered at risk for developing diseases such as type II diabetes, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, coronary heart disease, and certain type of cancers. An average of 300,000 deaths is associated with obesity and the total economic cost of obesity in U.S. was about $ 117 billion in 2000. As health care professionals it is our responsibility to increase public awareness of health consequences of over weight and obesity....   [tags: essays research papers] 1337 words
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My Work Experience - My Work Experience When I was told that I would be doing my work experience at Belleview nursing home, working with old sick people I found that it was a very daunting prospect. After my first day there, that had all changed. I made my way to work on Monday 6th of June by the service bus at 8.30am to be at my workplace by 9.00am. The thought of meeting new people and trying to act mature in an environment I was not sure of scared me. I got to Belleview nursing home and suddenly felt all my worries diminish within ten minutes of meeting my newfound work colleagues....   [tags: Papers] 563 words
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The Nature of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease - The Nature of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Dementia is traditionally considered to be one of the possible results of aging. Its effects are heartbreaking and tremendously exhausting for the patient as well as their family and friends. There are many factors to consider. What would be the best treatment plan for my loved one. Who would care for them. These are all very difficult decisions that impact the patient and family for years to come. But what if you only had a few months to make these decisions....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1225 words
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CJD Disease - CJD Disease The Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease is a rare brain disorder that is fatal. Reseachers find about one case of CJD disease per million each year.CJD can effect anyone, this disease effects both males and females of different ethnic groups usually between the ages of 50-75 .This disease causes progressive dementia and neuromuscular problems. Researchers still don’t know for sure what agent causes the Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, it is a topic that has been debated about. It was first thought to be a virus but a virus contains nucleic acid and when researchers looked at the CJD agent, they found it contained no nucleic acid....   [tags: essays research papers] 488 words
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