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The Crack-Up Critical Reception History - The Crack-Up Critical Reception History “…it was funny coming into the hotel and the very deferential clerk not knowing that I was not only thousands, nay tens of thousands in debt, but had less than 40 cents cash in the world and probably a $13. deficit in the bank.” This entry in Scott Fitzgerald’s Notebooks, about the time he spent in Hendersonville, North Carolina – washing his own linen and living on canned meats and food (Cody) – is a good summation of the state he was in when he began to write his “Crack-Up” essays....   [tags: Fitzgerald Crack Up Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
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Crack’s Effect on New York City - Crack’s Effect on New York City In the summer of 1985, New York City was introduced to the drug crack. The ensuing seventeen years have culminated into some of the most turbulent, and crime ridden years in the history of New York City. Crack is the street name for a form of cocaine introduced in the mid-1980s. Crack is smoked, rather then sniffed through the nose, or injected, which are all other ways to use cocaine. Users of the drug inhale the vapors that are given off when the crack is heated (Berger pg.20)....   [tags: Illegal Drugs Crack Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
4233 words
(12.1 pages)
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Crack and the Box - One is Crack and the Other is the Box Almost a century has passed since two revolutionaries have been born to change the world: television and drugs. It is clear that both drugs and television made their way to society at the same time, but it doesn't seem that obvious what is that made them escalate together. Some studious people say that it may have to do with the presence of drugs in the media, but it remains a mystery. In 'Crack and the Box' by Pete Hamill, there is an intention to explain the reasons to this phenomenon....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Pete Hamill] 1170 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Crack Down on Crack Houses - What looks like your neighborhood abandoned house with poor lightning, boarded up windows and doors and overgrown bushes, might just be your community's biggest crack or drug house. These vacant or condemned houses used for criminal activity are all over the United States. However watch out, police departments and neighborhoods around the nation are putting their foot down to crack and houses that sell it. Are you ready to take initiative. Crack is made from powered cocaine and is sold in rock form....   [tags: Informative Essays] 419 words
(1.2 pages)
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History of the Crack Cocaine - ... Taking crack cocaine produces a sense of euphoria, well-being (University Of Maryland). Symptoms of crack cocaine are both physical and psychological. Physical and psychological withdrawal begins if the addict lacks crack cocaine. Once he hits on the drug, his tolerance level boosts; he takes increased amounts of the drug each time to get desired effects. Psychological indications include the following: excessive thoughts over buying crack cocaine, regular craving for crack, determined etc and physical signs are as follows: insomnia, widen pupils, loss of appetite (“Crack abuse signs…”)....   [tags: powder, coughing, respiratory bleeding] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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Crack: The Decade of American Destruction - In the 1980s, the United States has witnessed a scar that swept many Americans off their feet. The scar consisted of the effect that crack had on Americans in the 1980s. Many Americans believe that drugs are the main thing that is causing many social problems in society. For instance, in 2004, New York Senator Charles Schumer stated, “Twenty years ago, crack was headed east across the United States like a Mack truck out of control, and it slammed New York hard because we just didn't see the warning signs” (n.p)....   [tags: Drugs]
:: 4 Works Cited
1691 words
(4.8 pages)
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Coca Leaves, Cocaine, and Crack - Cocaine can be traced back thousands of years, but its presence wasn’t widely known in North America until the late 1800’s and once it hit, there was an epidemic (Gootenberg 191-192). Cocaine was found to be highly addictive, forming a strong physiological and psychological dependence due to its direct effect on the brain’s central nervous system, specifically the reward pathway. Cocaine comes from the leaves of two specific coca plants that are primarily grown in South America. The leaves contain the specific cocaine alkaloid that is needed to make cocaine hydrochloride (Rhodium)....   [tags: Brain, Central Nervous System, Addictive, Drug]
:: 1 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Cocaine verus Crack Cocaine - Cocaine originated from South America, from coca leaves. Originally, the coca leaves were chewed by workers to decrease fatigue, improve endurance and have a greater resistance to the cold. This was to benefit the workers so they could work longer hours and be more productive. In 1855 the active ingredient in cocaine was isolated from the leaves, and in 1880 it was used as a local anesthetic (Nunes,2006). It was also used in coca cola. In 1855, coca cola was a soda beverage that contained sixty milligrams of cocaine for every eight ounces of the beverage....   [tags: hard core drugs]
:: 8 Works Cited
1593 words
(4.6 pages)
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Overview of Crack Cocaine - Behind Crack Cocaine Cocaine is a widely known drug derived from the leaves of coca plants which acts as a psychostimulant. Julien, Advokat, and Comaty (2011) explain how when processed, cocaine can be made into cocaine hydrochloride, known as powdered cocaine, or into crack cocaine, another form of cocaine created by mixing powder cocaine with a weak base. Its composition changes into rock form with a lower melting point than that of regular powder cocaine, therefore, allowing the drug to be inhaled or smoked when heated....   [tags: dopamine, drug, mixed]
:: 6 Works Cited
985 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Crack Cocaine Epidemic of the Mid 1980s - “Just Say No!” A statement that takes us deep into yet another decade in the history of the United States which was excited by controversies, social issues, and drug abuse. The topic of this statement is fueled by the growing abuse of cocaine in the mid 1980s. I shall discuss the effects of the crack cocaine epidemic of the mid 1980s from a cultural and social stand point because on that decade this country moved to the rhythms and the pace of this uncanny drug. Cocaine took its told on American society by in the 1980s; it ravaged with every social group, race, class, etc....   [tags: Drugs ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1391 words
(4 pages)
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How Cocaine and Crack is Effecting Lives - How Cocaine is Effecting Lives How is cocaine and crack effecting people today. The use of the drug can be prevented in many ways, for example the help and support from family members, considering the consequences that can come from the drug, and by attending rehab if needed. If everyone could do this the world could possibly be drug free. That means less crime, more lives saved, and less stress. This all sounds good. As a nation people should try their hardest to stop the use of this drug and all other harmful destructive drugs....   [tags: illegal drug abuse]
:: 4 Works Cited
1049 words
(3 pages)
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Crack - Cocaine Base (Crack Cocaine) As mentioned above, powder cocaine cannot be smoked unless chemically altered using the dangerous freebasing technique. Late summer of 1985, New York City drug dealers put an end to the need for freebasing powder cocaine. These same drug entrepreneurs would revolutionize the sale of cocaine and bring terror to the streets of America. The exact inventor of crack cocaine is unknown, but the lasting effects of their discovery is well documented. The benefits of cocaine base (crack) for the drug dealers have only been surpassed by the problems it has created for society in general....   [tags: essays research papers] 447 words
(1.3 pages)
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Drugs - Cocaine and Crack -       "Cocaine and crack are among the most addictive substances known to modern science, and they have already ruined the lives of millions of Americans" (Morganthau and Miller, 208). Cocaine and crack are both dangerous, harmful drugs. Though pleasurable effects can be obtained from these drugs, the use of crack and cocaine cannot be worth the actual consequences that are inflicted on mind and body. The bad effects of these drugs, by far outweigh the good. Because crack and cocaine are so closely related, it is important to have a firm understanding of both drugs....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Essay Examples]
:: 6 Works Cited
3346 words
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how to crack a game - Introducing So you want to be a cracker huh?Aha.I know what do you think.You think i download any shit crack help documents from the internet read them and can start to crack huh?Then i`ll call me CdKiller and be famous as every other cracker in the net huh?NO!ALL WHAT YOU HAVE THINK ABOUT CRACKING IS FALSE!FORGET IT NOW!CLEAR YOUR BRAIN AND I`LL TEACH YOU HOW TO CRACK. After you finished reading this text you`ll know how to crack Cd protection and how to disable movie/sound/music calls in the game exe....   [tags: essays research papers] 1859 words
(5.3 pages)
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Hemingway & the Crack-Up Report - Hemingway & the “Crack-Up” Report Works Cited Missing Between 1935 and 1936, F. Scott Fitzgerald suffered a mental breakdown, which would be referred to as the “Crack-Up.” Many things precipitated this meltdown including tuberculosis, alcoholism, Zelda’s deteriorating condition, and “his [troubled] sense of himself as a man” (Donaldson 189). During this period, Fitzgerald had been advised by his doctors to take time off work for the sake of his health. Heeding their advice, he decided to relocate to western North Carolina, most notably, Hendersonville, for some fresh mountain air....   [tags: Fitzgerald Hemingway Essays] 1054 words
(3 pages)
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Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine - Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black Males turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is defined as, the act of or facts of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally, Black Adolescent males engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This study is important because there are many underlying factors that are not studied in regard to why this population turns to crack cocaine as a means of survival....   [tags: Drugs] 2199 words
(6.3 pages)
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Laser Crack Measurement System for Pavement-Management Sytems - ... The requirements for acquiring these factors are the following: (1) That data-acquisition cost is as cheap as possible; (2) that data analysis can be done in a short time; and (3) that data acquisition doesn't influence the speed of other traveling vehicles, in particular on roads with heavy traffic [2]. Pavement surface distress measurement is an essential part of a pavement management system (PMS) for determining cost-effective maintenance and rehabilitation strategies. Visual surveys conducted by engineers in the field are still the most widely used means to inspect and evaluate pavements, although such evaluations involve high degrees of subjectivity, hazardous exposure, and low prod...   [tags: riding quality, skid, construction] 1587 words
(4.5 pages)
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How To Crack A Website - How to crack a website n previous articles, we've looked at protecting your online business in relation to credit card fraud and web site hacking, but another very important aspect of online security focuses on your most important tool - the computer you use to run your business. Many of us involved in ecommerce choose to work from home - it's a comfortable environment, we can dress the way we want, save time and money in travel and be close to our loved ones. But if the computer you use to run your online business is the same one your children use for homework and general surfing, this is potentially a very dangerous situation....   [tags: Computer Internet Security Ecommerce Analysis] 1245 words
(3.6 pages)
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Why Black Men Turn To Crack Cocaine To Survive - This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black men turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is living under but overcoming adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally black adolescent men engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This study is important because it emphasizes the many underlying factors that can promote this type of lifestyle as a means of survival. When examining this particular field of study two main causes come to mind, the struggle and the trouble....   [tags: Drugs] 2112 words
(6 pages)
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Samual Mohammed Burned Down a Nortorious Crack House - ... Florida Statute 806.01 defines arson as “The crime of maliciously setting fire to the property of another or of burning one's own property for an improper purpose, as to collect insurance.” Therefore, with that definition in mind its hard to say that Mr. Mohammed had malicious intentions or reason to collect insurance on the notorious crack house.To have malicious intent, would be to harm another, before setting the fire he checked to make sure the house was empty. In this case the defendant story is true to form....   [tags: civil disobedience, arson, crime] 669 words
(1.9 pages)
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Crank, Crack, Whatever You Want To Call It, in Ellen Hopkins’, Crank - ... She states that she has never felt anything near amazement like that in her life, hence falling in love with the drug and bringing the addiction back to Nevada with her. While settling back in with her stable family, Bree meets two boys named Brendan and Chase whom both have connections to the monster. In desperation for a fix one day, Bree puts herself in dangerous situation and basically “lets” Brendan rape her in change for, “a date with the monster.” After the event, they do not speak, allowing Chase and Kristina to bond more, until eventually they fall in love....   [tags: evolution, destruction, addiction]
:: 1 Works Cited
828 words
(2.4 pages)
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Design of the Railway Wheel - ... Both mode II and mode III having a shear stress acting parallel to the plane of the crack but the difference is in mode II, shear stress is acting perpendicular to the crack front while in mode III, shear stress is acting parallel to the crack front. 1.2 Problem Statement a. Fatigue crack propagation of the railway wheel due to the impact load b. Durability decrease since the wheel has operated under complex loads. c. Rolling contact fatigue due to the repeated contact stress during the rolling motion in the interface area....   [tags: braking, driction, crack, durability] 1108 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Legalization of Drugs and The Consequences on Society - The use of drugs by members of society is a problem for some individuals and a larger problem for the legal system. The use of drugs has created crime among the dealers of illegal substances in many forms, the classification of that substance determines the level of the crime, and with different charges the legal system acts accordingly. In the case of drugs and the legal systems, action against the use or distribution of those substances, many people have been incarcerated in the United States where the tax payers have to support the criminals that are housed for a period of time....   [tags: Marijuana, Crack, Economy] 1852 words
(5.3 pages)
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What are the effects of Cocaine? - Cocaine is a purified extract from the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca bush. The plant grows in the Andes region in South America. There are two forms in which cocaine comes in powdered cocaine, and crack cocaine. Powdered cocaine dissolves in water, and users can snort or inject it.(Goldberg) Crack cocaine is what is commonly known as “crack” or “rock” on the streets; It is made by a chemical process that leaves cocaine in its freebase form which a user can smoke.(Goldberg) Cocaine has many different effects on the user depending on the method of delivery....   [tags: cocaethylene, crack, erythroxylum]
:: 8 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Vulnerability of Weak Passwords - ... Brute Force Attack = A technique that is a trial-and-error method, it generates large quantities of consecutive guesses to try and obtain the users password. Prevention = If a hacker fails to login after the third time an account lockout policy can be implemented to prevent further attempts and only an administrator can unlock the account. Weak Password = A password that easy to crack by a computer or a human, People can use common passwords with no numerals or special characters and no upper case characters which make this much easier for someone to obtain their passwords or personal data....   [tags: computers, crack, hackers] 645 words
(1.8 pages)
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Knee Brace: An Athlete's Uniform - When an athlete catches the sound of their knee crack and pop, they better prepare themselves for a long journey. The Center for Injury and Policy (CIRP), from Science Daily, reports that, “Knees are the most accident prone part of the body in high school athletes.” Knee injuries are very common; in fact, they are responsible for 45% of the injuries that occur in high school athletics across America. Knee injuries are well known to not just those in the medical field, but also to athletes. Injuries to the knee are caused by many factors, and what happens after the injury has taken place is what’s most concerning (Science Daily)....   [tags: Osteoarthritis, knee crack and pop]
:: 7 Works Cited
1348 words
(3.9 pages)
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It's Time to Crack Down on Plagiarists and Eliminate Plagiarism - It's Time to Crack Down on Plagiarists and Eliminate Plagiarism Plagiarize v. 1. To appropriate and pass off as one’s own (the writings, ideas, etc., of another). 2. To appropriate and use passages, ideas, etc. from. 3. To commit plagiarism. [1] Plagiarism is an age-old habit of many people, with a large portion of these people being students who write essays or passages to earn a grade in a class. However, these students are unaware of the act they are doing which meets the criteria of the definition explained above....   [tags: Free Essays Online] 1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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It’s Time to Crack Down on Police Brutality - It’s Time to Crack Down on Police Brutality          Police brutality has become a widespread and persistent problem in the United States.  Police brutality occurs when a law enforcement officers use excessive or unlawful force while on or off duty.  "Established: A Pattern of Abuse" is an article in The Humanist, written by Barbara Dority.  She states, "Thousands of individual complaints are reported each year and local authorities pay out millions of dollars to vicitms in damages and lawsuits" (5).  Dority also describes some of the types of abuse that officers have done.  "[They] have beaten and shot unresisting suspects; they have misused batons, chemicals sprays, and electro-shock wea...   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
1702 words
(4.9 pages)
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Crack-Cocaine Addiction - Crack-Cocaine Addiction at It’s Best In quite a few lower-class communities, phrases like “your mom is a crack head,” or “shut up crack baby” are said jokingly to make fun of someone during what we call a “rip session.” Although said as a joke, some are very offended by the comments. Why. because for some, crack addiction hits too close to home for comfort. Seeing how easy it is obtained in lower class and poverty stricken neighborhoods, many find themselves falling victim to the powerful substance, crack cocaine....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1695 words
(4.8 pages)
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Effects of Drugs While Pregnant - What happened to Regina Mcknight. unfortunate, this does not happens often and the frequency affects far too many lives, but in no case is it the fault of mother. No law that man conceives can ever change the sad fact that women are the victim of addiction. Any mother will knowingly sacrifice themselves for their children, this fact is instinctive and hereditary. Therefore, no law or course of disciplinary action has the ability to overdrive a woman's instinctive nature to protect their infant, the issue is the drug itself....   [tags: crack baby, drug abuse, malnutrition]
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862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Discuss Merle Hodge’S Crick Crack Monkey As a Novel - Discuss Merle Hodge’S Crick Crack Monkey As a Novel DISCUSS MERLE HODGE’S CRICK CRACK MONKEY AS A NOVEL DEALING WITH THE CONFLICT OF CULTURES. Merle Hodge born in 1944, in Trinidad is the daughter of an immigration officer. After studying at the Bishop Anstey’s high school of Trinidad, she obtained the Trinidad and Tobago Girls Island Scholarship in 1962 which led her to the university college of London. She obtained a degree in French and later in 1967 a Master Philosophy degree. Merle Hodge traveled a lot in Eastern and Western Europe and when she returned to Trinidad she started teaching French in junior schools....   [tags: English Literature] 3314 words
(9.5 pages)
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Television Comedies - Television comedies have been on the air for decades, and throughout this time many different shows have come and gone. Due to the dominance of these shows, comedies are one of the biggest draws on television. There are many different types of comedies, each with their own unique characteristics and features that differentiate them from others and lead to their popularity. Whether the show is a sketch comedy, sitcom, mockumentary or dramatic comedy, each utilizes different types of humour, locations, themes, and situations to appeal to the audience; which is likely why they are so popular today....   [tags: Red Skeleton, The Crack-up]
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1195 words
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The Law Is Not Equally Distributed amongst Differente Economic Classes - ... The outright practice and flaunting of this policy/procedure is a major issue in the criminal justice system. Crack vs. Cocaine Laws In the 1980s, the criticizers of the American criminal-justice system complained that the penalties for possession of crack cocaine were far more severe than the penalties for possession of powder cocaine. Powder cocaine users were typically white, while Crack cocaine overpowered urban black communities in America. The federal government wanted to cleanup the problem by ordering severe prison sentences for those people caught dealing crack....   [tags: racism in the criminal justice system] 549 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 - The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 [the Act] was enacted for several reasons. One of the provisions of the act was to introduce mandatory minimum sentences for individuals who are convicted of possessing a particular amount of crack cocaine and powder cocaine. Individuals convicted with possession of 5 grams of crack would receive a mandatory minimum of 5 years in prison. Individuals convicted with possession of 500 grams of powder cocaine would receive the same 5 year mandatory minimum sentence. This ultimately means that an individual would need to be in possession of 100 times the amount of powder cocaine than that of crack cocaine to receive the same sentence....   [tags: Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse]
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1265 words
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Analysis of a Bridge's Physical Condition - Physically investigating bridge conditions sometimes becomes infeasible due to several factors such as the physical surroundings of the bridge, lack of expert knowledge and human resources. Bridges are essential components of any transportation network, which requires timely decision-making for maintenance, repair and rehabilitation (MR&R) operations. Many bridge authorities consult Bridge Management Systems (BMSs) to manage their routine inspection information and to decide on consequent maintenance services....   [tags: Physics, structural analysis]
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1696 words
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Milestone of Fatigue Behaviour in Composite Materials - A milestone of fatigue behaviour in composite materials is due thanks to Kenneth Reifsnider [5] whom also deeply studied damage development [6]. The phenomenon cannot be described easily as in metals because of the complexity of the internal microstructure. The most important consequence of this complexity lies in the loss of a well-defined damage state, which cannot be considered like a single crack in homogeneous materials. Reifsnider in his introduction highlights the difficulty to define the damage condition in composite....   [tags: Kenneth-Reifsnider, science of materials] 1541 words
(4.4 pages)
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Drugs Abuse and the Decay of the Inner City - Societal and ethnographic reports have link the arrival of crack to gang violence, high murder rates, poverty, and family disruption. Popular opinion seemed to indicate that the introduction of crack cocaine has led to increases in central-city crime and accelerated trends toward overall inner-city decay in America.. This manuscript will established (1) briefly what crack cocaine is (2) when it was introduced (3) if there is a direct link between the introduction of crack cocaine and an increase decadence in the social and economic life of the American community (4) and why this drug had such a significant influence....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essay Examples] 2721 words
(7.8 pages)
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It´s Always Sunny in Philadelphia - The series is about how four selfish friends who run Paddy’s Pub; a relatively unsuccessful neighborhood Irish pub in Philadelphia, struggle to find their way through the adult world of work and relationships. Sadly, their warped views and precarious judgments often lead them to trouble, creating an endless amount of uncomfortable situations that usually only get worse before they get better. In this episode, Dennis and Dee quit their jobs due to Frank's continuous interference and choose to pursue their dreams, but when Mac reminds them that unemployment runs out eventually, Dennis and Dee get addicted to crack so they can apply for welfare....   [tags: series, welfare, dreams] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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Sentencing and Punishment: The Quest for Justice by Susan Easton and Christine Pipe - Due to the unfair sentencing disparity between crack and cocaine, despite the fact that the two are the same drug, just in different forms, the government endorsed a law to reduce the sentencing of those who were convicted of crack related offenses. Repealing past wrong doings seemed to be a hurdle initially for lawmakers, but ultimately inmates finally received some of the justice that they deserved. The disparity in sentencing was seen by many as to be a racial war, considering the fact that blacks typically used crack, and whites used powder cocaine....   [tags: injustices, fair sentencing act]
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746 words
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Cocain and amphetamines are Addictive and Dangerous - ... 122). The other form of cocaine is crack. The process of obtaining crack is done by separating the hydrochloride salt from the cocaine base which forms a hard rock like substance which is known as crack. When it pertains to freebasing, the street cocaine is mixed with a highly inflammable chemical known as ether. Crack is considered to be very “potent,” “cheap,” and “affordable,” especially amongst black African Americans (Drug use and abuse, 2011, p. 122). According to table 6.1 in the text, a list is given with amphetamines along with their brand names and slang terms (Drug use and abuse, 2011, p....   [tags: hydrochloride, drugs, freebase, ] 540 words
(1.5 pages)
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War on Drugs - I. Thesis and Literature Summary In our contemporary society, the media constantly bombards us with horror stories about drugs like crack-cocaine. From them, and probably from no other source, we learn that crack is immediately addictive in every case, we learn that it causes corruption, crazed violence, and almost always leads to death. The government tells us that we are busy fighting a war on drugs and so it gives us various iconic models to despise and detest : we learn to stereotype inner-city minorities as being of drug-infested wastelands and we learn to "witchhunt" drug users within our own communities under the belief that they represent moral sin and pure evil....   [tags: Papers Narcotics Drug Society Essays]
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1935 words
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Disparities in Prison Populations - DISPARITIES IN PRISON POPULATIONS Although we would like to believe the world is not as racially charged in 2013 as it was in the 1960s, a look in our penal system would show that minorities are still arrested and incarcerated at a higher rate than whites. The United States has experienced a rise in its prison population over the last 40 years and our incarceration rate is nearly 5 times higher than any other country. Even though 13% of the US population are African American males, they make up 38% of the prison population....   [tags: penal system, felony, minority, youth, gangs]
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904 words
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The Problem of Racism and Discrimination in American Society - Shofner argues that even though slavery has been abolished, the ideologies and traditions of slavery still resonate among the Florida population. The idea that the left over residue of Slavery left us with discrimination, inequality and racism that have became institutionalized into the structure of American society. “Before emancipation blacks had been both property and the laboring class of Florida society. An extensive array of habits and beliefs had developed to support the system of bonded servitude and its racial composition....   [tags: racism, discrimination, prejudice] 1109 words
(3.2 pages)
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Racism in the Criminal Justice System - Is the Criminal Justice system racist. This question has been asked many times by people of many colors. According to Mac Donald (2008), the criminal justice system is not at all racist. The article depicts arrest rates of both whites and blacks and compares statistics on these arrests. It looks at the number of whites and the number of blacks in jails and prisons. In this critique, we will be looking into this article to see these points in which Mac Donald states proves that the criminal justice system is, in fact, not a racist one....   [tags: Prisons, Jails] 1262 words
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Criminal Justice Process Ensures Individual's Rights - ... According to Weiss, Mirin and Bartel (173), possession of cocaine in most cases is normally classified as a misdemeanor and the sale of cocaine is a felony. However, it is important to note that certain states may treat possession of cocaine as felony. Amanda Watson was being arrested based on an earlier arrest warrant when the police officer noticed a plastic bag that looked to contain crack cocaine. On field-testing, the results showed positive for crack cocaine. Thus, based on the location of the bags next to Amanda Watson, she was charged with possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute....   [tags: arresting officer, accused, court] 1447 words
(4.1 pages)
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, by Michelle Alexander - The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Michelle Alexander (2010) argues that despite the old Jim Crow is death, does not necessarily means the end of racial caste (p.21). In her book “The New Jim Crow”, Alexander describes a set of practices and social discourses that serve to maintain African American people controlled by institutions....   [tags: The New Jim Crow Essays]
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1198 words
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Fatigue in Materials and The Factors Which Influence Fatigue - Introduction: In materials science , uses loads of fatigue caused by the weakness of material over and over again . This is a gradual localized structural damage that occurs when the material is exposed to cyclic loading . Stressvalues maximum value that caused this damage could be much less than the tensile strength of the material usually as surface tension , reduce or restrict the effort described below. For the following reasons : Fatigue happens when you download the materials and discharged several times....   [tags: Metal Fatigue]
:: 4 Works Cited
1120 words
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The Crips Street Gang - The Crips Street Gang How has the Crips Street Gang evolved since the 1960’s. Gone are the days when battles were over community control, when loyalty meant self- determination, not self destruction. In the 1980’s crack cocaine became a major source of income for many African – American gang members in Los Angeles. Gangs were faced with intra-conflict old codes of conducts versus laissez-faire attitudes of the younger gang members. Gang violence increased as many capitalized on this new market the distribution of crack cocaine....   [tags: Youth Gangs Essays] 564 words
(1.6 pages)
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Substance Abuse Increasing In Inner-city Minorities - Substance Abuse Increasing in Inner-City Minorities Substance abuse is an ever increasing epidemic facing America's inner- city minorities. There are several different drugs that are gaining popularity amongst inner-city youths 1. Juice, that is marijuana soaked in embalming fluid is starting to show up in more and more inner east coast cities 2. Crack or rock cocaine is by far one of the most addicting drugs out there, it's been engulfing America's inner-cities since the early 80's 3. Heroin, is also making a comeback 4....   [tags: Drug Addiction Essays] 1123 words
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The War on Drugs - For several years the United States of America has been struggling with the problem of drug addiction of its citizens. This has led the federal government to take measures to restrain the problem of addiction in the United States. However, after observing these measures, such as the ‘War on Drugs’ and its consequences, scholars now question the effectiveness of the drug policy implemented. Some scholars even argue that the War on Drugs has been more harmful to American citizens than helpful. Also, scholars claim that the drug policy has had severe consequences in the foreign countries the policy has been targeting....   [tags: United States, Colombia, drug policy]
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Similarities and Differences Between Dennis and Dee - The very popular dark comedy, It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, showcases the similarities, and some differences between the twin characters, Dee and Dennis Reynolds, in many of its’ funniest episodes. In the show, Dee ( often referred to as “Sweet” Dee ) and Dennis have a rather unconventional brother-sister relationship. In their group of friends who are also coworkers, Dennis is viewed as somewhat a leader and superior to the others, while Dee is seen to be at the bottom of the ranks in “the Gang” and is often ridiculed....   [tags: Television]
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Myths of Black Motherhood and Their Consequences - Keeping with the legacy of American history, the African American family is a topic of controversy and concern. While other aspects of the family are studied, it could be argued that the area of African American motherhood receives the most attention. Unequivocally, African American mothers are depicted as matriarchs, crack-mothers, and welfare queens. In addition, Black mothers are often portrayed as lazy, irresponsible, destructive, and even worthless. These stereotypical images of African American mothers are important because they have powerful implications for African American moms, and for their families at large....   [tags: Race in America]
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How Successful Is The War On Drugs? - The war on drugs has maintained an accumulation of prohibitions on illegal drugs and mandatory minimum sentencing strategies for drug offenders. Incarceration rates have also increased due to the increase of laws against illegal drugs. In Eugene Jarecki’s film, The House I Live In, Jarecki states that the penalties for crack users were harsher than penalties for regular cocaine users. This suggests that penalties are more of a double standard theory. The “War on Drugs” is more of a failure that places restrictions and prohibitions on drug offenders and has not necessarily shown a sense of equal stability; thus, leading to faulty sentences, misinterpretations of the real purpose of this initi...   [tags: Illegal Drugs, War on Drugs]
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The Failure of the War on Drugs - The War on Drugs in the United States has a profound influence on both the incarceration rates and activities of the criminal justice system. Many politicians and advocates of the policy claim that the War on Drugs is a necessary element to deter criminal behavior and reduce the crime rate. However, studies show that drug deterrent policies on possession and use have been inadequate and unsuccessful (Cole & Gertz, 2013). Studies also show that the War on Drugs has not attained its objectives because the policy exhibits racial discrepancy as it has led to the disproportionate incarceration of Blacks and minorities....   [tags: politics, racial disparity]
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Fracking: Is It Really Damaging the Earth? - ... A person driving a car with a windshield that’s cracked would be preposterous, how would the driver be able to drive safely. Normally a person would replace the windshield but can we replace our ocean floor. The answer is no. Fracking enthusiasts have said that breaking into the ocean floor basically does nothing but awaken the slumbering natural shale gas. Well when a surface cracks, inevitably that crack will expand and spread out through the surface it lies on. Lets go back to 2010 when BP promised and swore that their gas company was completely safe towards the environment....   [tags: energy, green, primary, harmful]
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Change Society: Controversial Questions in Freakonomics - Yet another argument against Levitt and Dubner is the outcry surrounding the processes used to devise their controversial conclusions. While many opponents challenge the nature of the studies, people like Charles Jobs said their statistical methods were wrong. He illustrates how Freakonomics suggests “socioeconomic situations which violate a normative standard involving real life situations” (Jobs). He cites the naming study, which challenges the fabric of many people’s core beliefs and is viewed by many as unethical....   [tags: challenging Levitt and Dubner]
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Analysis of Losing Isaiah - Support is defined as a means to endure bravely or quietly (Merriam-Webster). In Losing Isaiah, Khaila, a recovered crack addict, serves some time incarcerated. She then goes through a rehabilitation program, during which her main source of support was her case worker and counselor. In the process of fully recovering from crack she discovers that her baby, Isaiah, is still alive. With the help of her counselor and a lawyer she is able to endure a long and pressing trial to gain a second chance to be a better mother to Isaiah (Losing Isaiah)....   [tags: Losing Isaiah 2014]
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The Effects of Cocaine Abuse - Cocaine is: a white powder, rock crystal, pure chemical cocaine hydrochloride. Cocaine is a drug, both used medically and illegally, primarily known for its euphoric effects. It essentially affects the physical and mental processes of the body and brain. Cocaine can be a dangerous drug to play with, and the influence of it changes lives. The use of cocaine is potentially taken to receive a “high” effect, which can last for up to fifteen minutes. Cocaine empowers the body to be mentally alert after a single dose, but misuse or abuse of cocaine, or any other drug, can lead to fatal and serious effects....   [tags: drugs]
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Comparison of the Mechanical Properties of Fresh and Cryopreserved Aortas - ... Different types of oils were tested and the one causing the lowest amount of friction were selected for the experiments. Furthermore, the consistency of the crack tip condition was assured by means of utilizing the cutting blade constraining the crack tip configuration. However, crack blunting and fiber pullouts cause toughening in the physiological conditions. The next step of this study could be to study the histological variations between the frozen and fresh samples, and their correlation with the toughness properties.\ \ Considering the importance of rupture mechanics in cryopreserved arteries a number of studies have addressed this issue....   [tags: fresh tissue, freezing, transplantation] 651 words
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Cracking Encrypted Messages - Q1). How would you approach the creation of a generalized program to decipher /break any encrypted message, independent of the technique used to create the cipher. What is your algorithm. Answer: If the algorithm to decipher an encrypted message has to be independent of the technique used to create cipher, i could think of only brute force technique that attempts to try every key possible. However, this is not always feasible even with the computing powers that are available today. The success of brute force largely depends on the length of the key used for encryption....   [tags: algorithm, ciphers, computing] 573 words
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Special Maintenence to Control the Instability of Aging Bridges - ... The inspectors use ladders and power lifts to access the bridges and other small hand tools such as flashlights, magnifying glasses and measuring tools. When a crack gets observed during the initial inspection in a steel member, it needs to be identified and characterized. Inspectors usually use magnetic particle testing or dye penetrant testing. While using the magnetic particle testing, an external magnetic field, or an electric current, magnetic iron oxide particles get applied over the magnetized specimen....   [tags: inspections, steel, cracks] 1517 words
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The Educational Television Show Team UmiZoomi - The educational television show “Team UmiZoomi” is an animated show aimed at preschoolers that focuses on mathematical concepts such as numbers and shapes. This show often places an emphasis on the inclusion of the audience as a way to signify that the child who is watching it has math abilities that can be used. The episode “The Aquarium Fix-It” follows the three main characters as they help the seahorses at an aquarium by fixing a leak in the tank. The segment of this episode that will be analyzed is intended to teach children how to measure and count correctly....   [tags: preschoolers, mathematical concepts, numbers]
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Substance Influence on the Family - ... It causes you to be over confident, loss of appetite, insomnia, alertness, increased energy and a craving for more. There are physical effects to this drug also. It makes you have an increased temperature, heart rate to increase rapidly, dilated pupils, blood pressure to increase, some to have violent behavior and muscle twitches. While you also have crystal meth. This is a form of the drug methamphetamine. People take it by snorting it through the nose is the most common however some do take it orally....   [tags: father, mother, marijuana, society, drug] 1114 words
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Understanding the Fair Sentencing Act - ... Our justice system has been battling the distribution of narcotics. Not only are drugs being distributed amongst our communities, but they also affect the lives of many innocent victims. One may ask, how does it affect innocent victims. The answer is simple; many innocent victims are affected through transferred intent. We have learned that transferred intent is the legal principle in which intent can be transferred from one victim to another. In this case, transferred intent applies because when under the influence of illicit drugs, the body does not respond adequately....   [tags: overcrowding, prisons, drugs] 702 words
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Anti-Drugs Policies in the 1960s - ... When LSD was first synthesized in a laboratory the world was two years away from the end of World War II. Albert Hoffman, a Swiss scientist is credited with the discovery of LSD’s hallucinogenic properties he was the first person to use LSD to intentionally go on an acid “trip,” the day became known as bicycle day. One score years later, LSD was being used recreationally by the new counterculture, or hippies. Many people turned to this mind-altering drug as way to experience nature, and the company of others....   [tags: illicit narcotics, prevention, columbian cartels] 1002 words
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What lies - Introduction Bruce A. Jacobs, the author of Dealing Crack: The Social World of Streetcorner Selling depends largely upon theoretical perspectives to explain the aspect of dealing crack. With the rational choice perspective, the author investigates the rational decision making of delinquents in the world of selling crack on the streets. Individuals have the free will to weigh costs and benefits of deviant acts. Nevertheless, by analyzing choices surrounding the offence such as location and potential targets, it is evident that there are also strains affecting the offenders....   [tags: Drugs, Criminal Justice, Social Issues] 1566 words
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Pride by Dahlia Ravikovitch - Pride By Dahlia Ravikovitch In the poem pride, Dahlia Ravikovitch uses many poetic devices. She uses an analogy for the poem as a whole, and a few metaphors inside it, such as, “the rock has an open wound.” Ravikovitch also uses personification multiple times, for example: “Years pass over them as they wait.” and, “the seaweed whips around, the sea bursts forth and rolls back--” Ravikovitch also uses inclusive language such as when she says: “I’m telling you,” and “I told you.” She uses these phrases to make the reader feel apart of the poem, and to draw the reader in....   [tags: literary analysis, poetry]
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The Sociological Imagination, by C. Wright Mills - The Sociological Imagination, by C. Wright Mills, is the ability to connect personal trouble with public issues. The sociological imagination, as Wright describes, is “a quality of mind that will help [journalists and scholars, artist and publics, scientist and editors] to use information and to develop reason in order to achieve lucid summations of what is going on in the world and what may be happening” (Mills). This is exactly what Philippe Bourgois applies in his study of street-level drug dealers in his work entitled “In Search Of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio”....   [tags: personal trouble, public issues] 590 words
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The House I Live In - “The House I Live In” has a collection of strongly informed and articulate interview subjects who have decades of research and practice in the subject. The war on drugs is costly and it has not worked. It has actually torn apart families and communities. It mainly targets the poor and minorities and has filled the prisons with many nonviolent offenders, most of them serving insanely long sentences. The director makes a well-reasoned case that society would be better assisted if most drug offenders were reformed instead of imprisoned....   [tags: documentary review and analysis] 558 words
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The War On Drug: Reasons Behind The Criminalisation of Drugs and Functions of Crime In Society - The War On Drug: Reasons Behind The Criminalisation of Drugs and Functions of Crime In Society The history of the War on Drugs in the United States can be traced back to 1914 with the Harrison Act, the first recorded law to ban the domestic distribution of drugs, as the cornerstone of the criminalisation of drugs in America (McNamara, 2011). However the popularisation of the criminality of drug use was when President Richard Nixon coined the term ‘War on Drugs’ in 1971 (Provine, 2011, p.45). This essay focuses on the disproportionality of incarceration rates between African and Anglo Americans, and illustrates the unequal operation of law enforcement on African-Americans (Provine, 2011)....   [tags: harrison act, drug use, criminology]
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Drugs Should Never be Legalized: Drugs are Responsilbe for Many Problems in Society - Everyone agrees that something must be done about the tremendous physical and emotional health problems that drug abuse causes. Concern about the abuse of drugs is so widespread that recent polls indicate it to be one of the most serious problems in today's world, threatening the security and freedom of whole nations. Politicians, health experts and much of the general public feel that no issue is more important than drug abuse. America's other pressing social problems- disease, poverty, child abuse and neglect, and corruption- often have a common element, that is drug abuse....   [tags: drug abuse, rhetorical essays, rhetoric] 1798 words
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A Call for a Revision of Mandatory Minumum Drug Laws - ... This creates a sentencing inversion.” With the discretion of the judges included in the sentencing process, the offenders will get the sentence equal to the crime they committed. A job of a judge is to determine the sentence for an offender that will be fair and just. Through the establishment of this law, judges cannot add their input for when there is extreme circumstances, but the offenders must serve the time attributed to the crime committed. One of the more serious problem with mandatory minimum sentences is that they have a disparate effect on non-White offenders....   [tags: drugs, sentence, judges, severity, laws] 2895 words
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Wind Turbine: A Study to Harness a Energy Source - ... Thermal methods is used for dimension of wall thickness and revealing of near surface irregularities like delaminations. EDDY CURRENT TECHNIQUES Eddy current technique is used for detecting crack. It is usually best to calibrate with a calibration block made from the same material as the real component. Althought this results in higher costs but it gives certainly most reliable results. Open cracks and tight cracks can be separated from each other with eddy current technique. However a crack which goes through grain boundary is clearly more difficult to estimate....   [tags: devices, energy, power, tests] 1296 words
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Kilauea and the Volcanism of the Hawaiian Islands - Kilauea is in the Hawaiian island chain, one of several dome volcanoes that form the big island of Hawaii. The unique feature of the islands stands in contrast to what we know about global plate tectonic theory and volcanoes that have formed around the ring of fire in the Pacific Ocean. Kilauea and the Hawaiian volcanic chain are driven by a geologic hot spot that is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. Thomas Jager was one of the pioneer researchers of Hawaiian volcanism and opened the way for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory established in 1912....   [tags: Geology ]
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The Social Impacts of Marijuana Prohibition in Brazil - ... In the movie breaking the taboo with the former Brazilian president Fernando Henrique, prisoners talk about how much drugs are a part of their lives in prison. One of them says “If you didn’t have a drug habit when going in, you leave with a drug habit.” If the prohibition continues, more prisons will have to be constructed and that could be a waste of money for the government. Also, a lot of money is spent on police reinforcement to fight drugs in the streets, this money could be going to other things such as education....   [tags: drug legalization in Latin America] 639 words
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Causes of Government Shutdown in the US - In 1995-1996, America under President Bill Clinton, experienced a Government shutdown crisis over the funding of Medicare and education A decade later under the Presidency of President Obama, the nation experienced a government shutdown on October 1,2013 because the Democratic and Republican party failed to agree to an appropriations bill for the next fiscal year. The American Media portrays the Government Shutdown as a bipartisan failure to cooperate that put the nation on hold, as well as many federal employees on furlough....   [tags: house of representatives, affordable care act]
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Spring Loaded Camming Device for Rock Climbing - Mathematical Exploration Calculus in Climbing I have decided this mathematical exploration will center around rock climbing. As I read the list of sample topics handed to me by my teacher, I instantly gravitated to rock climbing. It is a topic I have substantial interest in and a sport I routinely participate in. However the crag is a long away from the classroom, does math really have its place in rock climbing. I needed to decide where math applies in the vertical world. The solution to this question is the Spring Loaded Camming Device (SLCD)....   [tags: Math, Spiral, Angle] 1272 words
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Abuse of Legal and Illegal Drugs - Drug abuse is “a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress” (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, p.114-115). The difference between using drugs and abusing drugs depends on three things, what the drug is for, how much of the drug is used, and the effect that the drug has on the person. Drug abuse typically relates to one using drugs in an excessive manner, whether the drug is legal or illegal. For example, marijuana is illegal in some states, but in other states, it is not....   [tags: Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse] 2368 words
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Design and Manufacturing Process of Aeroplanes - ... Thus, analysing stress of stabilizers is focused. Fatigue crack is caused by material traits, environment condition, loading course and stress intensity. Main crack reaching critical size leads to fatigue damage. As observed, when the length of crack growth reaches 20mm-30mm, the structure function of stabilizer will be affected causing an unsafe flight mission. Simulation experimentation is developed to verify effectiveness of crack growth model. Material traits play an important role to ensure safe flight....   [tags: building of aircrafts] 1163 words
(3.3 pages)
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Taking a Look at Thermal Cracking - ... Fluid Coking: Fluid coking is a continuous technique used in petroleum refining to convert heavy distillates into valuable products and coke as a by-product. Fluid cracking utilizes fluidized solid bed technique to perform its function. The yields of distillates from residua can be increased by reducing the residence time of cracked vapours because if more residence time is allowed for vapours they may start to crack because of very high temperature and the remaining carbon forms as coke so the coke yield increases but we need high yields of valuable products with sufficient yields of coke so we have less residence time in Fluid coking....   [tags: crude oil production] 1757 words
(5 pages)
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