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Your search returned over 400 essays for "constructivism"
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The NSS, a Constructivist Approach to the World - ‘If you are going through Hell, keep going!’ When he was sworn in on January 20, 2009, the newly elected President Barack Obama could have had in mind this quote from Churchill for he was facing not only a still unstable new world order inherited after the end of the Cold War, but also an economic crisis qualified by many specialists as the worst since 1930. The political equation required to solve the problem wasn’t to be found on a dusty shelf and needed imagination. Therefore his democrat administration carried on building the policy and the strategy mentioned during the campaign....   [tags: Government, Liberalism and Constructivism]
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1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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My Philosophy of Education - I believe that when students are comfortable, whether it be with a teacher or just a setting, they will learn much more quickly. Therefore, I think that it is extremely important to create an environment that is safe and comfortable for the students. Because of the “laid back” atmosphere, I think that my model for discipline would fall under the umbrella of constructivism. The reason is that I believe that students need to be able to learn in a way that relates to their lives in the present day....   [tags: Constructivism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1718 words
(4.9 pages)
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Constructivism in the Classroom - 1. Constructivism is a method that says students learn by building their schema by adding to their prior knowledge by the use of scaffolding (Rhinehart Neas). Because the students are basically teaching themselves new information, the teacher is there mainly for support and guidance for the students. Pro: By using a constructivist approach to teaching, students will be “fully engaged in their own learning” (Rhinehart Neas). This allows the students to make sense of what they are doing by relating it to the real world and where they could use the information in their future....   [tags: scaffolding, teaching method]
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1824 words
(5.2 pages)
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Realism and Constructivism - The creation of the study of international relations in the early 20th century has allowed multiple political theories to be compared, contrasted, debated, and argued against one another for the past century. These theories were created based on certain understandings of human principles or social nature and project these concepts onto the international system. They examine the international political structure and thrive to predict or explain how states will react under certain situations, pressures, and threats....   [tags: education, international relations, realism] 1481 words
(4.2 pages)
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Deconstructing the Constructivism - ... In analysis of functionalism, all problems are going to the modernism, all problems are to be reduced to the fundamental elements, to separate and analyze together into a more useful form than the original. The idea of functionalism is based on analysis of the problem than the form of answers that you get into a single product of building. In doing so, it reduces experience to small fragments to produce economical theory or form to suit those people in their needs. It causes a reduction of personal experience, there is no longer any subjectivity in these issues, it all concern a precise analysis of a large group of phenomenal....   [tags: the paradox of the norm] 1999 words
(5.7 pages)
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Constructivism - What is Constructivism. Constructivism has been a popular term used in education since the 1990s but can be traced back to a much earlier time than that (Maddux & Cummings, 1999, p.8). Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are the two theorists who are closely linked to the development of constructivism. Over the past decade, education has seen an alarming increase in the number of students who are qualifying for special education services as well as students who are being labeled as “at risk” students. Having such an increase in special education the demand to find a teaching style that works best for students with disabilities has become extremely popular....   [tags: Philosophy, Piaget, Vygotsky] 2310 words
(6.6 pages)
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Constructivism and The Civil War in Sirya - ... Based on this condition, it is clearly portray that, even though a group is made up of multiple identities, they still can pursue the same interest because identity is intersubjective (Citation). Literally, the main catalyst of the identity conflict is the distinctive political goals pursue by both, Assad’s regime and the rebel. Assad’s regime strives for dictatorial political system as it is a secular based; the politic is separated from the religion (citation). Meanwhile, the rebel seek for the reformation and democratic political system which associated with Islamic Ruling System....   [tags: assad´s regime, alawite] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Constructivism and Connectivism as Theories of Learning - The technological inventions have led to many changes in our lives. Our age is called a digital age. People use technology not only for communication ,but also for education. As a result , educational materials are not only presented through the text books, but also presented by using technologies inside classrooms.Moreover,learners are asked to access information by using technologies outside a classroom Educational technology is an umbrella term that includes many types of technologies such as computer softwares,the internet, I pads , iPods, and mobiles....   [tags: Human Intellect, Technology]
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1543 words
(4.4 pages)
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Encouraging Constructivism in Today's Classroom - ... The new information that Sidney receives from his physics graduate class is combined and incorporated into his overall belief and understanding of what he already knows about physics. Accommodation is one if two ways that we as humans actively learn. When we try something and we don’t get the results we were expecting, we change our beliefs to accommodate that new information that we have just experience. (Fritscher, Accommodation, 2008). For instance John believed that construction was a man’s job and women were too weak to do construction work....   [tags: learning, assimilation, accomodation] 1956 words
(5.6 pages)
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Constructivism - Though constructivists believe that reality is based upon our own individual perceptions and thoughts, Delia’s constructivism theory is more objective. Within the objective approach, Delia’s theory falls primarily under the socio-psychological tradition, but dabbles in the rhetorical tradition of Griffins survey map. A socio- psychological scholar “believes that there are communication truths that can be discovered by careful, systematic observation”(Griffin, 2009, p, 42). It also displays a cause-and-effect relationship that will predict successful and unsuccessful communication (Griffin 2009)....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth, Informative] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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Constructivism - Empiricists and rationalists have proposed opposing theories of the acquisition of knowledge, which appear unable to coexist. Each theory holds its own strengths but does not demonstrate a strong argument in itself to the questions, “Is knowledge truly possible?” and “How is true knowledge obtained?”. Immanual Kant successfully merged the two philosophies and provided a convincing argument with his theory of empirical relativism, or what some may call constructivism. His theory bridges the gap between rationalism and empiricism and proves that empiricists and rationalists each present a piece of the full puzzle....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1403 words
(4 pages)
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Educational Theories: Humanism and Constructivism - ... The teacher makes sure she understands the students' existing thoughts, and guides the activities to address them and then build on them. Constructivism also taps into and triggers the students’ innate curiosity about the world and how things work. I believe a Christian educator is vital in today’s society to nurture students into having the kinds of relationships that enhance humanity. Possibilities for the future are endless and life has no limits when students learn from positive Christian role models in the classroom....   [tags: christian values, academic competence] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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War and Realism and Constructivism - ... In addition, realists think that the constant struggle involved in world politics is one of the results of anarchy. On the other side, realism theory defines peace as an absence of war and that it is possible only when states leaders follow their own narrowly defined national interests. This is why Europe and America have some interests on each others nations and even over Africa. Some countries that helps others countries during wars because one of them sees its interests or they share the same interests....   [tags: international affairs, foreign policy] 1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Constructivism: Potentials and Problems - Effective teaching (which includes lesson planning, delivery and assessment) is bolstered by an understanding of how humans learn. Learning is defined in many ways but can be viewed simply as an enhancement of one’s intelligence (Bigge & Shermis). Theories of how this occurs abound but evaluating and taking a stance among the theories available will permit the educator to weigh the “newest trend” against his/her practice in a rational way. This knowledge also provides the distinct advantage of being able to avoid riding education’s “traditional versus progressive pendulum”....   [tags: Religion]
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1107 words
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Sociocultural Constructivism Theory - Chapter 2: Theoretical Framework: Cognitive Constructivism Theory and Sociocultural Constructivism Theory As stated in Chapter I, to create better readers, many reading specialists agree that word study is a developmentally sound approach to providing reading instruction (Bear et al, 2008; Ganske, 2000; Zutell, 1999). Word study is founded on robust evidence-based research on the developmental stages of reading and spelling; however, word study and specifically word sorts have a diminuative amount of scientific evidence as to it success in reading instruction (Boscardin et al, ND)....   [tags: Sociology, Piaget] 1959 words
(5.6 pages)
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An Exploration of Constructivist Teaching Methods - Introduction Constructivist Learning theory suggests that learning is achieved through the active engagement of the learner through the senses. A learner constructs his or her own knowledge through the application of background knowledge and both new and past experience. Constructivist approaches to learning are aligned with what research suggests are the most effective practices for promoting student learning and engagement; they are learner rather than teacher centered and they promote self directed learning practices among students by engaging them in dialog and problem solving strategies that are relevant to real world experiences....   [tags: Constructivist Learning theory ]
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2517 words
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Constructivism in the classroom - Constructivism represents a paradigm shift form education based on cognitive theories. This concept assumes that learners construct their own knowledge on the basis of interaction with their environment. (Gagnon & Collay, 200?) The role of the teacher as a constructor of the learning experience to ensure authentic curriculum and assessment which is responsive to the skills, needs and experiences of the learner, within established curriculum framework and with the reference to the achievement of literacy, numeracy, retention and attainment of outcomes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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Social Constructivism - Kundi and Nawaz (2010) define social constructivism (SC) as “collective learning” through wireless computing, which places stakeholders to clarify distinct conceptions and maintains shared understanding between teachers-students and peer-peer (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010; Weston & Bain, 2010). Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), and Vygotsky (1978/1981) described SC as an alternative approach to promote the process of learning through constructing meaning while acquiring knowledge, instead of memorizing the introduced concepts (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010)....   [tags: Sociology, Technology, Informative] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Social Constructivism - Vygotsky's (1978/1981) social constructivism (SC) theory suggests that teachers can use an alternative instructional method by engaging students with a set of approaches and strategies. Vygotsky’s SC approach reflects on creating a learning setting which, allows students to negotiate meaning through learning by doing to facilitate wireless computing within the classroom (Woo and Lim, 2009). Teacher training and input in their personal view points on technology integration professional learning experiences are essential for constructive changes (So & Kim, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Teacher's Training] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Constructivism Theory - Theoretical Framework Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), Bruner and Vygotsky‘s (1978/1981) social constructivism (SC) theory will support this study. The theory of SC places teachers as facilitators in an active learning setting. An active social learning setting creates opportunities to facilitate learners with actively constructing knowledge using past experiences to connect to introduced concepts and tasks (Ryu et al., 2009). This can also be applied when teachers instill the value of the learning content through connecting the subject to past experiences and real-world situations (Specht, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Teachers, Wireless Computing] 2275 words
(6.5 pages)
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Reassessing Surrealism: Constructivism and Postcapitalist Appropriation - Department of Politics, Stanford University 1. Contexts of economy “Society is responsible for sexism,” says Debord; however, according to Prinn[1] , it is not so much society that is responsible for sexism, but rather the dialectic of society. In a sense, Sartre suggests the use of postcapitalist appropriation to deconstruct capitalism. If one examines Lacanist obscurity, one is faced with a choice: either reject subcultural discourse or conclude that class has significance, given that the premise of constructivism is invalid....   [tags: Economics]
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1099 words
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Social Constructivism (SC) - Kundi and Nawaz (2010) defined social constructivism (SC) as “collective learning” through wireless computing in which the stakeholders clarifies individual conceptions and maintains shared understanding between teachers-students and peer-peer (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010; Weston & Bain, 2010). Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), and Vygotsky (1978/1981) described SC as an alternative approach to promote the process of learning through constructing meaning while acquiring knowledge, instead of memorizing the introduced concepts (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010)....   [tags: collective learning] 1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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Teaching Phylosophies and Learning Theories: Constructivism - The purpose of this paper is to identify my personal teaching philosophies and describe how those principles fit into the learning theory that I recognize as an accurate way to approach learning and teaching. I believe that there are multiple learning theories through which educators must follow in order to reach students of diverse learning styles; it would be a disservice to the student to only focus on teaching through the paradigm of one theory. Throughout the paper, however, I will discuss examples where the learning theory of constructivism has proved to accurately portray how I best learn new information and also how it will be an appropriate theory to guide me in teaching high school...   [tags: classroom management]
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3041 words
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Realism, Constructivism, and Haiti, Oh My - The world around us is an increasingly complex web of interactions, relations and events that shape the very reality we live in. There is an ever growing list of theories that claim to hold the answers to understanding this web and the International Relations that occur in response to it. Among these theories, Realism and Constructivism stand out as clear examples of how varied they can be. Both of these assert that they describe the underlying frameworks of our global society and make sense of the seemingly chaotic world around us....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]
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1242 words
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What Is Constructivism - What Is Constructivism Watching a young child grow from infancy to toddler hood, we marvel at the amount of learning that has allowed her to understand her expanding environment. Those early years provide the basis for language, physical dexterity, social understanding, and emotional development that she will use for the rest of her life. All of this knowledge is acquired before she even sets foot in school. This child has taught herself by gathering information and experiencing the world around her....   [tags: Teaching Learning Learn Teacher Essays]
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3016 words
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What is Constructivism and How this Educational Approach Affect Educators? - Brittany Bass Constructivism: What is constructivism and how does this educational approach affect educators. A Constructivism approach to education does not have set rules for it’s pedagogical practice. It is not as simple of an educational view as some may believe it to be. Generally the agreement of this concept is that the students needs both to interact with their classmates as well with the physical world in order to stimulate a more meaningful interpretation of knowledge that occurs within the classroom....   [tags: knowledge, classroom] 539 words
(1.5 pages)
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Constructivism - Constructivism Missing works cited Definitions and Comparisons of Constructivism Constructivism is a defined, when referring to the learner, as a "receptive act that involves construction of new meaning by learners within the context of their current knowledge, previous experience, and social environment" (Bloom; Perlmutter & Burrell, 1999). Also, real life experiences and previous knowledge are the stepping stones to a constructivism, learning atmosphere. (Spigner-Littles & Anderson, 1999)....   [tags: Learning Education Learn Essays] 2610 words
(7.5 pages)
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Constructivism - Constructivism What is constructivism. Constructivism is a philosophy of learning that "refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns (Hein, 1991, p.1). In other words, "students construct their own knowledge based on their existing schemata and beliefs"(Airasian & Walsh, 1997, p.1) Constructivists deny the existence of one "true" body of knowledge that exists independently of the learners and espouse the idea that "there is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or community of learners (Hein, 1991, p.1)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Learning Essays]
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1923 words
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Chapter 2: Theoretical Frameworks: New Literacies and Constructivism - In order to understand how computer technology can be applied in the classroom to enhance literacy instruction, it is necessary to take a broader look at the influence of computer technology in our culture and the shifting paradigms of educational theory. When viewed through the complementary lenses of New Literacies/Multiple Literacies and Educational Constructivism, computer technology as an educational tool becomes essential to the future of literacy instruction. These theoretical frameworks can help us understand how changing literacy needs can be addressed through new models of classroom instruction....   [tags: Education]
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860 words
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Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism: Multiple Approaches To Learning - A. Behaviorism, constructivism and cognitivism are relatively common theories used in the classroom as ways to approach student learning. Behaviorism focuses on observable behavior, such as students answering questions correctly, or being able to follow directions to complete a task as instructed. Characteristics of a classroom that uses behaviorism might be memorization of facts, writing vocabulary words, or a token reward system to inspire the desired behavior and decrease undesired behaviors....   [tags: Education]
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2101 words
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Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation - Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation The theory of constructivism rests on the notion that there is an innate human drive to make sense of the world. Instead of absorbing or passively receiving objective knowledge that is "out there," learners actively construct knowledge by integrating new information and experiences into what they have previously come to understand, revising and reinterpreting old knowledge in order to reconcile it with the new (Billett 1996). The cognitive structures that learners build include procedural knowledge (how--techniques, skills, and abilities) and propositional knowledge (that--facts, concepts, propositions)....   [tags: Philosophy Learning Essays]
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1923 words
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Constructivism: Social Theory of International Politics by Alexander Wendt - Constructivism Alexander Wendt in his work entitled Social Theory of International Politics (1999) explain the basic propositions of constructivism, arguing that “structures of human association are determined primarily by shared ideas rather than material forces; thus, identities and interests of purposive actors are constructed by these shared ideas rather than given by nature” (Palan, 2000, p. 576). As such, these shared ideas construct identities and interests. In this regard, Wendt supports Thucydides who explains how language and convention form identities and enable power to be translated into influence (Lebow 2001, 547)....   [tags: al-Qaeda, thucydides, arab-israeli]
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1056 words
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Constructivism and Instructional Design - Constructivism and Instructional Design Constructivism is currently enjoying popularity as a "new theory" in education. In reality, the theory traces its roots through Piaget and Dewey to Kant. Constructivists align their beliefs with Kant’s writings on the interaction of the innate mind structures with the world. The individual can never know the "world-in-itself," only the world as it is constructed in the individual’s experience. Piaget traced his constructivist roots to Kant but Piaget sought to identify the structures of the mind behind the cognitive behaviors characteristic of each stage of human development....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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2201 words
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Constructivism - Students need to be able to learn how to become effective problem solvers. They should be able to identify problems, evaluate those problems and then decipher a way to transfer their learning to those problems in a way that will bring about a solution. If a student is able to perform in a problem solving situation a meaningful learning should then occur because he has constructed an interpretation of how things work using preexisting structured. This is the theory behind Constructivism. By creating a personal interpretation of external ideas and experiances, constructivism allows students the ability to understand how ideas can relate to each other and preexisting knowledge....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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548 words
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Constructivism and the USA-Israel Relation - ... However, in Gulf Wars Israel was not allowed to participate by USA in the fear that it may cause disintegration of coalition with Arab countries. Besides, post-Gulf War US relation with Arab countries shows that Israel now does not possess same strategic importance as before. Secondly, Israel assists US worldwide military hardware business in various ways. Apart from being major client, Israel acts as proxy for US arms business, where USA has certain constrains to sell. Besides, Israel continuously crafts arms race in the region by acquiring sophisticated arms from USA and thus compel oil rich Arab countries to spend on arms purchasing and the major share goes to USA....   [tags: international negotiation] 1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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After School Programs - This chapter provides a review of the literature related to after school programs. The literature review is organized into the following categories: History of After School Programs, Need for After School Programs, Effectiveness of After School Programs, Frequency and Duration, and Middle School After School Programs. This section also reviews the theoretical framework for this research. Theoretical Framework Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own knowledge of the world we live in (Au & Carrol, 1996)....   [tags: Education, Constructivism] 1884 words
(5.4 pages)
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Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey - Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey ABSTRACT: Schools are expected to transmit knowledge to younger generations. They are, however, also increasingly criticized for distributing so-called inert knowledge, i.e., knowledge that is accessed only in a restricted set of contexts even though it is applicable to a wide variety of domains. The causes of limited knowledge transfer are mostly attributed to the dis-embeddedness of learning situations in schools. Instructional procedures that result in learning in the sense of being able to recall relevant information provide no guarantee that people will spontaneously use it later....   [tags: Learning Education Essays]
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2955 words
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Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism In The Works Of Spelling - Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism in the works of Spelling 1. Spelling and Derridaist reading "Society is fundamentally meaningless," says Sartre. Many narratives concerning the role of the participant as poet may be discovered. But Foucault uses the term 'constructivism' to denote the futility, and some would say the failure, of dialectic art. The subject is contextualised into a postcapitalist textual theory that includes culture as a paradox. However, Sartre's analysis of constructivism implies that class has significance....   [tags: essays research papers] 792 words
(2.3 pages)
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Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners - Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners The advent of technology in the classroom has brought many new acronyms into teachers' lexicon: MOOs, MUDs, VREs, as well as chats and Discussion boards. Such technology, when students are loosed upon it, decenter the teacher and empower the student. Such a transition is firmly grounded in the ideological work of Friere who admonished that learning requires that students create knowledge and not be mere "receptacles for received knowledge." Discussion Boards, particularly, extend the notion of "classroom discussions" into a realm much more inclusive, and often more beneficial for students....   [tags: Technology Learning Education Essays]
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Theories of Teaching and Learning - There are many theories that are relevant to classroom teaching today. Marsh (2008, p. 17) states that “each theory is nothing more than a set of reasonable suggestions”. A teacher should look at the information available to them and take what is necessary to achieve a positive learning environment in their classroom. This may mean taking a little part of one theory and combining in with another part of a different theory, there is no singular theory or theorist that encompasses everything that is required in a modern classroom....   [tags: motivation, constructivism, behaviourism]
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1781 words
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Capturing Student's Attention with Artisitc Depiction of Historical Events - ... This article discusses the Constructivist theory of scaffolding and it is useful in this context because it allows teachers to teach the content as well as teach students the ability to analyze and critique information based on their own interpretation of the art that is being discussed. As we discovered in class, the collective experience from social studies classroom was that, depending on the content and the particular teaching style of the teacher, lessons revolved around a worksheet where students find answers in a textbook or they are asked to do research on a building or landmark and then write about its history....   [tags: constructivism, teaching, social studies] 652 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Immunity to Change Personal Development Process - In this paper we will discuss how the Immunity to Change (ITC) and the Constructivism Developmental Theory (CDT) can be used in service of personal and spiritual evolution. We will look at an ITC map and the data generated by it and then reflect upon this information. To do this we start by introducing the terms of ITC and CDT and how we can make use of them to support our developmental growth. Furthermore, we are going to explore my personal ITC map and how working with it, through the lens of CDT, has led me to an adaptive change, to my personal growth and evolution....   [tags: Constructivism Developmental Theory]
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Walter Gropius and The Bauhaus Movement - ... Influenced by Pop Art and Art Deco as well as 1950’s Kitsch styles and futuristic themes. These influences were the creation of concepts that were in stark contrast to the principles of so-called “Good Design”. [3] The Memphis Group movement produced many bright, colourful and shocking pieces. As other designers, at the time the movement began considered their products tasteless, though they were revolutionary. [4] The movement has given other designers inspiration to continue the ideas by the Memphis Group, which is why many of today’s furniture and appliances can vary in shape, colour and materials....   [tags: modernism and constructivism, design, colors] 1303 words
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Analysis of Rathenau Paper on Policy and the Evidence Beast - ... Nevertheless, the empiric view of knowledge on which positivism is based has long been subject to limitations. Immanuel Kant noted for instance that knowledge does not only come from the senses but also from a basic pallet of conceptual knowledge we all have. Furthermore, the interpretation of observations can differ due to the different way everyone acquires concepts. The claims done by Staman and Slob (2012) mentioned earlier are analyzed below for using this perspective on science. The aforementioned claims (k1,k2 an k3) are all subject to reliability issues if true knowledge is assumed to only come from what is observable or inductive....   [tags: rationalism and social-constructivism]
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1263 words
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Cognitive and Social Learning Theories - ... Social learning theory - Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory, 1977 said that most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action. The theory suggests that one learns through observing the people they interact with. Implying that one learns how to act in society via seeing how people in the society. You would find that people from the same neighbourhood are more likely to behave the same way....   [tags: Reinforcement, Constructivism, sensory stimulation] 779 words
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Compare and Contrast Between Rwanda and Darfur Genocide, from the Constructivism and Realism Perspectives - The analysis of the genocides that took place both in Rwanda and Sudan’s Darfur region exhibit some similarities as well as differences. The character of violence was similar in both cases, but in Rwanda the violence was more intense, participatory, and extraordinary. The violence in these two places took place in an environment that had experienced civil wars. It was a period of political transition which was further aggravated by ethnic nationalism and a conflict of ethnic populations that were living in close proximity....   [tags: International Relations]
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1509 words
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Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation - Some hold that Kant’s conception of autonomy requires the rejection of moral realism in favor of "moral constructivism." However, commentary on a little noticed passage in the Metaphysics of Morals (with the assistance of Kant’s Lectures and Reflexionen) reveals that the conception of legislation at the core of Kant’s conception of autonomy represents a decidedly anti-constructivist strand in his moral philosophy. I. Summary: the Meaning of "Kant's Moral Constructivism" A. John Rawls In A Theory of Justice, although Rawls's method of generating principles of justice from a choice in the Original Position is described as "constructive", in the sense of "helpful to settle disputes", the idea...   [tags: Philosophy Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]
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4338 words
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Constructive Procedure for Recognizing the Principles of Justice - ... I will begin by addressing, in turn, the three principles that Cohen alleges are problematic in Rawls’s account: the Pareto Principle, the stability principle, and the publicity principle. Finally, I will consider other, particular facts that Cohen claims Rawls’s constructive argument depends upon before concluding. Though I separate the arguments against each of the three principles and the facts Cohen presents, I believe the reader will find overlapping themes in all four sections. The Pareto Principle Let’s look at the Pareto Principle to begin, “which mandates improvements on the status quo from which everyone benefits” (Cohen 285)....   [tags: G.A. Cohen arguments, Rawl's constructivism] 2018 words
(5.8 pages)
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Constructivism and a Multi-media Project: Initial Questions and Problem - ... How can constructivist-based learning environment be achieved. 4. How can constructivist-based learning environment help students achieve the lesson. 5. What will be the students learning process. Literature Review What general field of knowledge does this study research. Examples could include research on teacher effectiveness, self-reflective learning, and gender differences in group performance. According to Malaysia (2010), this research seeks to design a constructivist learning environment that would incorporate the components of Jonassen (1999) as well as setting an authentic learning environment, as proposed by Herrington et....   [tags: Teaching, Education, Theory] 753 words
(2.2 pages)
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Langdon Winner's Article: Upon Opening the Black Box and Finding it Empty: Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Technology - Langdon Winner (1993): Upon Opening the Black Box and Finding It Empty: Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Technology The Social Construction of Technology, or Social Constructivism, is a theory introduced by Wiebe Bijker and Trevor Pinch. The theory proposes that the development of technology is an interactive sociotechnical process within relevant social groups (e.g users, producers). As a methodology, social constructivism analyses artefacts in the context of society and explores the dynamics of technological change....   [tags: phylosophical analysis]
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1583 words
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Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism - Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism Imagine Cleomedes, son of Lycomedes, general of the famed forces of the lustrous Athenian Empire, waiting for a trio of representatives to return from The Melian Dialogue. “Well?” he demands impatiently as they arrive, “What did they say?” As perspectives and opinions in the realm of political science are fluid and bound to change, he receives a variety of replies, for the representatives body he sent happen to comprise a Realist, a Liberal and a Constructivist....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1175 words
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Learning Theories - Instructional Setting The teacher is teaching in a small country public school in Crane, Missouri. The class sizes are small, and there are approximately 45 students in each grade. Crane is a Pre-K-12 school, and all grades are on the same campus. The teacher teaches first grade with approximately 17 students in my class. The classroom that this student was in has the student sitting in small groups with centers all around the classroom. Some of the centers are word art, writing using the word wall, there is a reading center and a math center....   [tags: Behaviorism, Constructivism, Cognitivism]
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The Constructivist Theory and Brain Development - ... Annette Karmiloff-Smith, a prominent figure for the constructivist theory, proposed that the brain is a self-organising system where there is interaction with the environment and the neural structures that begin to form and engage in development (Mareschal et al, 2004). Self-organisation can be seen from birth where the neural connections that a child has are random, but then, the neural connections begin to interact with the environment and small adaptive changes occur (Mareschal et al, 2004)....   [tags: constructivist approach, epigenesis]
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1966 words
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Constructivist Approaches to Acquiring Knowledge - ... It states that the teacher’s role as a facilitator to encourage learning to take place in a high interest and arousal will increased attention. This results in more effective long-term memory as learners are given the ownership in order to acquire the new knowledge and time for reflection. Similarly, Kim (2005) also mentioned about the need to increase motivation and anxiety towards learning and self-monitoring. The author also expressed the preference of a constructivist classroom approach as compared to the traditional ones....   [tags: education, learning, teaching] 1084 words
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A Constructivist Approach in the Classroom - ... This is where my creativity will come in. Go on field trips, or instead of learning the definition of a science concept, experience it. Not every child can learn through simply reading about a subject. Use all of the senses possible to cement the concept. Woolfolk et al. explained that “using different modalities for instruction and activities that draw on different senses may match preferences,” (2011) since students learn in different ways. I know I personally learn best through a combination of visual and kinesthetic means....   [tags: teaching, learning techniques]
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Power and Social Constructivism in Grand Torino Film - Within modern day Western society, we find ourselves more and more at the grasps of surveillance. Everywhere we go, everything we do, it seems progressively that these day to day activities of the general population are recorded, monitored and analyzed. It seems that the “consistent” surveillance instills fear into our culture, and the media has used it to its advantage by creating ways of life or certain attitudes and attributes that only certain groups can use. When another group uses it then they are either punished or isolated....   [tags: surveillance, panoticism, subjectivity] 1813 words
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem. I believe in enriching and empowering students’ mathematical experiences that fundamentally stems from a Piagetian genetic epistemological constructivist model that allow students to scaffold their learning through cognitive processes that are facilitated by teaching in a resource rich and collaborative environment (Thompson, 1994, p.69)....   [tags: mathematics, education, teaching] 537 words
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - “Understanding is a measure of the quality and quantity of connections that a new idea has with existing ideas. The greater the number of connections to a network of ideas, the better the understanding (Van de Walle, 2007, p.27).” My philosophy of a constructivist mathematics education At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem. I believe in enriching and empowering a student’s mathematical experience that fundamentally stems from a Piagetian genetic epistemological constructivist model....   [tags: Education ] 1279 words
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In support of the constructivist theory of education for future athletic trainers - Educational philosophies differ from person to person. From behaviorist to constructivist and everything in between, the one thing they have in common is that they attempt to explain how people learn. This paper will explain why I tend to lean toward the constructivist theory of education and defend this theory using a variety of current literature. It is important to note that the theories that are talked about as educational theories are often looked at as both theories of teaching and learning; however most of these theories are not theories of teaching but rather learning (Baviskar, Hartle, Whitney, 2009)....   [tags: Educational Philosophy]
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Importance of Community in Constructivist Online Learning Environments - Importance of Community in Constructivist Online Learning Environments Introduction In this paper, I will examine the importance of interaction in constructivist online learning environment and how the community affects online learning. In order to show that the community and interaction are important to online learning and especially to the constructivist learning environments, this paper will first examine the definition of constructivist approach, identify relevant types of interaction and define community as it is understood in online learning environment....   [tags: Education]
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Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy - Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy Science is a construction of the human mind. The theories, approaches, and methods that are used in any scientific field have gradually developed over time to become an objective standard of evaluation. As science continues to evolve, new approaches to obtaining knowledge about the world around us must be considered, and at the same time these new approaches must be evaluated within the present context of what is considered to be science. In doing so, conflict and confusion will arise as new concepts meet the critical evaluation of the old....   [tags: Psychotherapy Science Papers] 2048 words
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My Teaching Ideas and Theory Applications - ... In 1999, the National Numeracy Strategy stated that it is essential to adopt a structured approach to the teaching and learning of mathematical vocabulary (DfEE, 1999), and the Primary Framework for Literacy and Mathematics (DfES, 2006) stressed the importance of a collaborative learning environment in which children ‘support one another in group work and are happy to share their ideas and to explain their reasoning and methods’. However, OFSTED found that a majority of mathematics lessons did not encourage talk enough (Ofsted 2008)....   [tags: mathematical education, constructivist approach] 2712 words
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History of Architecture - “If we challenge the past, we shall learn that “Style” no longer exist for us, that a style belonging to our period has come about; and there has been a revolution”- Le Corbusier (Corbusier, 1986) After a period of time, the revolution of Modernism, Constructivism and Neorealism were still progressing. Modernism had the longest history in developing architecture, which became the major influence of the style in architecture and mobile. However, there were still a lot architects exploring out of modernism, and form their own style and theory of architecture, through adding symbolic element in structure, and varied of colors, I believe in the future, there will be another generation raise u...   [tags: Revolution of Modernism, Constructivsm, Neorealism]
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Piaget's Four Stages of Development - I choose the scenario about the baby and the educator. This is how I interpreted it: The educator believed that the baby was falling behind in relation to his developmental stage, maybe based on Piaget’s four stages of development. This prompted the educator to place the baby in a situation where he was to ‘learn to become independent’. The baby seemed to feel scared and overwhelmed by the situation he was placed in and made that evident to the educator by crying excessively, to the point that the educator had to justify why she had left him there “he needs to learn to be independent” (Mac Naughton, 2003, pp.51)....   [tags: child's learning, constructivist theory, equality]
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Vygotsky´s Social Constructionism - ... A fundamental aspect of Vygotsky’s theory is the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), this is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. Vygotsky, (1962) describes this as a “range of tasks that are too difficult for an individual to master alone, but can be mastered with the assistance or guidance of adults or more-skilled peers.” This can be applied to a classroom environment where students can be grouped such that the students who understand the content of the work with the students who do not (mixed ability groupings)....   [tags: learn, social, relationships, development] 896 words
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Constructionism Theoretical Critique - In International Relations theory there are many different theoretical schools of thought such as realism, liberalism, marxism, constructivism, world systems theory, and post modernism. Constructivism is a theory of international relations that emerged in the late 20th century as a response to the dominant schools of thought at the time, realism and liberalism. It states that international politics is driven by the social and institutional constructs of history rather than a base assumption of human nature....   [tags: international relations theories]
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Constructivist Theory: Teaching Theory - Among many teaching styles and learning theories, there is one that is becoming more popular, the constructivist theory. The constructivist theory focuses on the way a person learns, a constructivist believes that the person will learn better when he/she is actively engaged. The person acts or views objects and events in their environment, in the process, this person then understands and learns from the object or events(P. Johnson, 2004). When we encounter a certain experience in our life, we think back to other things that have occurred in our life and use that to tackle this experience....   [tags: learning, the role of the teacher]
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Experiential and Constructivist Learning - Experiential and Constructivist Learning Experiential approach to learning can be an extremely effective form of learning, especially for adults. Confucius said “Tell me, and I will forget. Show me and I may remember” and that saying still applies to today as many adults learn better by experience than they do by the traditional chalk and talk (Conlan, Grabowski & Smith, 2012). The following essay will discuss how to utilize experiential learning in a heavy equipment construction company. It will illustrate how to facilitate student employee learning by doing....   [tags: heavy equipment, construction, experience]
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Constructivist Learning Theory - The very first thing one must know about the constructivist theory of learning is the premise that learners arrive at learning situations with prior knowledge and proceed to take and active part in building new knowledge upon that prior knowledge as they experience new things and reflect on those collected experiences (Learning Theories Knowledgebase, 2012). This theory directly contradicts the behaviorist learning theory in which learners are believed to arrive at learning situations with “clean slates” of understanding....   [tags: Education]
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Teaching History and Geography in the Constructivist Classroom - In most curricular areas the curriculum has become strict rules that need to be adhered to. The constructivist approach brings a new light to a child’s learning experience with the focus being on practical interactive learning. Children often experience this type on learning before they reach primary school. For example when a child encounters a jigsaw they are not just shown on a whiteboard how to finish the jigsaw, the child is guided by an instructor through hands on experience. The child learns techniques to then complete a jigsaw by themselves and will move on to complete more complicated jigsaws with time....   [tags: curriculum, education, students, teachers]
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The Constructivist-Interpretative Paradigm - The constructivist-interpretative paradigm states that reality is constructed through interactions between a researcher and the research subject. According to Smith (2008), “[s]cientific knowledge can be created by virtual experience and conversations” (p. 102). Berger directly went into the Northern communities and spoke to many people about the Pipeline project. The indigenous people interviewed stated to Berger, how the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline would personally affect them; this is an example of a micro level of analysis, which is the ontology of this paradigm....   [tags: Social Science]
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The Clips in Relation to Constructivist and Socio-Cultural Approaches - ... For example, Piaget’s theories were in time when there was a great interest in science. Therefore, his theories were, “…to link biology and philosophy through the study of the development of the child” (Burman, E; 2008, p. 244). Nowadays, as educators, we are also affected by the political agenda that encourages and protects our cultural diversity. For example, you can find our program build on how to respect and deal with different traditions and cultures in our community using various activities....   [tags: proximal development, social guidence, education]
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A Constructivist View of North Korean Nuclear Proliferation - Since the end of the Korean War, the United States has enacted policies to isolate and undermine the Kim Dynasty in North Korea. A key development took place in the past several decades where North Korea broke away from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to develop their own nuclear weapons and while lacking launch capabilities, they have been successful in their development. During this process, the United States took active policies to deter the North Koreans in pursuit of their goals. It is easy to assume that the United States took this stance in order to maintain a military edge in the region....   [tags: Kim dynasty, North Korea, United States]
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Social Constructivist Theory: Preservice Training for Teachers - According to South Wales Echo (2014),they received 26,000 calls from teachers struggling to cope. This indicated that teachers were stressed by rigorous academic targets, bad pupil behavior, and long working hours. In this effect, observations also revealed that students are well- equipped with theories but when face with classroom realities, emotional problems occur, thus, teaching performance is affected. On the other hand, West Visayas State University has a reputation of producing high caliber educators....   [tags: disabilities, assistance, academics]
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Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception - Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception Two of the main theories of visual perception are constructivist and direct. Gregory is associated with the constructivist theory, while Gibson supports the direct theory. The both theories differ in their explanation of perception, however there are some aspects that relate them. Gregory's theory is a top down theory of perception, in the sense that he considers prior knowledge and experience to be crucially important in making sense of what we see....   [tags: Papers] 1138 words
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Definition of Peer Editing - ... Cognitive strategies refer to mental operations or steps used by learners to learn new information and apply it to specific learning tasks. Another major goal of teaching writing should always be training them in the way that they will become independent, in other words having strategies to cope with their own writing by which revising and editing or correcting their own errors are done. Learners should develop both cognitive and meta-cognitive learning strategies, that is, not only learn to be able to manipulate and follow steps of writing as an independent writer but also to be equipped with skills to monitor a particular writing task, in other words, to know what they should do when w...   [tags: cooperative learning, teacher, constructivist] 1238 words
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The Filippino Street Children - ... Nutrition is a foreign concept as the children struggle to find food of any type and in any condition. The nature and complexity of these struggles are key components to understanding how these atrocities can be abated. From plentiful research comes a clearer understanding of the situation, followed by an exploration of key points and finally a proposal for furthering the reach of organizations set on limiting or eliminating these dreadful circumstances. This paper will outline the most prominent threats to the lives of street children in the Philippines and then discuss key cause for these horrific events....   [tags: constructivist and bevahioral analysis] 753 words
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Social Constructionism - Social Constructionism: It’s EVERYWHERE. Diverse studies indicate that newborn female infanticide rates in the Inuit population can range anywhere from 15% to 80% (Schrire 162). They kill their babies. Specifically, they will dispose of infant girls or sick and weakly infants. While this practice might go against every moral belief you have, it is widely accepted amongst Inuit society as a normal practice. Mind you, the Inuit do not commit infanticide because they enjoy it. They view it as a last resort and will often try to get the infants adopted....   [tags: Inuit Society, Ideas, Beliefs, Changes]
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Conceptual Relativism and Radical Social Constructionism - Conceptual relativism is concerned with truth and knowledge and belongs specifically with the ability of the human mind to construct different realities, people have different versions of realities but there is no one reality as is the same with truth there is no one absolute truth there are only truths. (Lazar 1998)Many authors have described the nature of this in their own languages and this has bought about many different views of conceptual relativism. It was Daniel Little’s belief that conceptual relativism was concerned with the fact that as the world is separated into so many different countries, cultures, religions and beliefs....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth and Knowledge, Realism] 1330 words
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Human Nature in International Relations - ... And personally, I think this is one of the main reasons why new IR theories keep coming up, it is extremely difficult to explain all of human nature within one theory and just when one theory seems to have gotten in right, another theory comes up with a different aspect to human nature. And although there is some truth to each theories’ view of human nature, there are some inaccuracies as well and the only way to fully understand human nature if to look at it through all of these different lenses....   [tags: theory, realism, constructism, human nature] 602 words
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