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Constructivism - ... The only agreement about what it is seems to be is that constructivism involves children constructing their own knowledge” (Maddux & Cummings, 1999, p.17). The Theorists Behind Constructivism The theorists who are closely linked to the development of constructivism are Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Piaget is responsible for the development of cognitive constructivism referring to the individual process of constructing knowledge. Piaget states his theory of cognitive development in his book, The Orgin Of Intelligence in the Child stating, “that humans cannot be given information that they instantly understand; instead humans must build their own knowledge about the information that was presented to them.”(Powell & Kallina, 2009, p.242) Piaget based his theory of cognitive constructivism on the idea that “children’s schemas are constructed through the process of assimilation and accommodations as they go through the four stages of development” (Powell & Kalina, 2009, p.242)....   [tags: Philosophy, Piaget, Vygotsky] 2310 words
(6.6 pages)
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Constructivism - ... Character credibility is measured by the level of sincerity within an individual’s message, and expertness is defined by the credibility an individual has already proved through a degree or certificate (Griffin 2009). Therefore, by using the RCQ Delia is able to predict how credible an individual’s will distinguish his or her character to be. Furthermore, Delia’s constructivism theory also falls under the Rhetorical tradition. Rhetoric is defined as the art of persuasion through the use of argument, organization of ideas, language use, and delivery in public speaking (Griffin 2009)....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth, Informative] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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Constructivism - ... One notable problem with pure empiricism is that it does rely upon reasoning. If the concept of causality is true, there must be some form of reasoning to be able to relate one action to a reaction. Hume’s principle of induction assumes that one experience will be similar to a previous experience under similar circumstances. It takes a measure of reasoning to assume that the previous experience of dropping a glass would result in the same consequence when dropping a vase. To account for this, Hume believes that reason draws connections between concepts in the mind, but it cannot form connections between those ideas in the external world (Lawhead, 2010)....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1403 words
(4 pages)
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Constructivism - Constructivism Missing works cited Definitions and Comparisons of Constructivism Constructivism is a defined, when referring to the learner, as a "receptive act that involves construction of new meaning by learners within the context of their current knowledge, previous experience, and social environment" (Bloom; Perlmutter & Burrell, 1999). Also, real life experiences and previous knowledge are the stepping stones to a constructivism, learning atmosphere. (Spigner-Littles & Anderson, 1999)....   [tags: Learning Education Learn Essays] 2610 words
(7.5 pages)
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Constructivism - Constructivism What is constructivism. Constructivism is a philosophy of learning that "refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns (Hein, 1991, p.1). In other words, "students construct their own knowledge based on their existing schemata and beliefs"(Airasian & Walsh, 1997, p.1) Constructivists deny the existence of one "true" body of knowledge that exists independently of the learners and espouse the idea that "there is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or community of learners (Hein, 1991, p.1)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Learning Essays]
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1923 words
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Constructivism - Students need to be able to learn how to become effective problem solvers. They should be able to identify problems, evaluate those problems and then decipher a way to transfer their learning to those problems in a way that will bring about a solution. If a student is able to perform in a problem solving situation a meaningful learning should then occur because he has constructed an interpretation of how things work using preexisting structured. This is the theory behind Constructivism. By creating a personal interpretation of external ideas and experiances, constructivism allows students the ability to understand how ideas can relate to each other and preexisting knowledge....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Social Constructivism - ... Studies have confirmed that the SC theory enhances individualized skills, abilities and learning inclinations that could have an impact for more technology literacy (Tuckova & Tucek, 2010) within the K–12 curriculum. While technology literacy offers ways for teachers to actively engaging students and nurture the constructive utilization of communication resources in the classroom, an innovative societal of experiences is growing for students (Johnson, Levine, Smith, & Smythe, 2009). However, a lack of adequate training for teachers with the quality of technology literacy that offers students a social constructivism (SC) learning atmosphere equipped with new technologies (Uyangör & Karaca, 2010) are not provided in many school districts....   [tags: Sociology, Technology, Informative] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Social Constructivism - ... To prepare students to function in the age of a millennium nation, Wellings and Levine (2009) recommended the following elements to use technology effectively in the instructional setting: Redesign the current curriculum aligned to state standards, practice drills and apply problem based learning. Provide active settings through wireless laptops to promote active collaboration with developing solutions to situations which connect to past and newly developed knowledge. Train teachers to teach students to use interactive concept maps, visualization simulation software, and digital presentations to facilitate the demands of diverse learning styles....   [tags: Education, Teacher's Training] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Constructivism Theory - ... The SC theory also shows that the way teachers present wireless computing in the instructional practice will affect the way students use it in their learning. Vygotsky‘s (1978/1981) SC concept reflects on Bruner’s (1966), and Piaget’s (1932/1997) SC theories because they believed that teachers must create opportunities for students to become active-social competitors. Vygotsky‘s, SC learning theory focus on instructing through empirical approaches that hold a small aura of active-social connections....   [tags: Education, Teachers, Wireless Computing] 2275 words
(6.5 pages)
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What Is Constructivism - What Is Constructivism Watching a young child grow from infancy to toddler hood, we marvel at the amount of learning that has allowed her to understand her expanding environment. Those early years provide the basis for language, physical dexterity, social understanding, and emotional development that she will use for the rest of her life. All of this knowledge is acquired before she even sets foot in school. This child has taught herself by gathering information and experiencing the world around her....   [tags: Teaching Learning Learn Teacher Essays]
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3016 words
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Sociocultural Constructivism Theory - ... He work made his know as the founder of cognitive development, providing a new lenses for the “what, when, and how” of children’s cognitive development (Flavell, 1996; p. 200). Cognitive constructivism was influenced directly on Piaget’s findings. Piaget felt that “humans cannot be given information, which they immediately understand and use; instead, humans must construct their own knowledge” (Piaget, 1953). He used the word “schemas” which meant the categories children construct through incorporation and shared meaning....   [tags: Sociology, Piaget] 1959 words
(5.6 pages)
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Constructivism in the classroom - Constructivism represents a paradigm shift form education based on cognitive theories. This concept assumes that learners construct their own knowledge on the basis of interaction with their environment. (Gagnon & Collay, 200?) The role of the teacher as a constructor of the learning experience to ensure authentic curriculum and assessment which is responsive to the skills, needs and experiences of the learner, within established curriculum framework and with the reference to the achievement of literacy, numeracy, retention and attainment of outcomes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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After School Programs - ... In 1913, Joseph K. Hart wrote a book using community resources in the education educating children. This work, along with the books written by Dewey, led Michigan Board of Education, in the 1920s, to create recreation programs that connected the community with public schools. In the 1960s and 1970s after school programs were increasing in popularity. These programs became even more valuable because they provided a safe refuge where students could go after school and receive extra help with homework....   [tags: Education, Constructivism] 1884 words
(5.4 pages)
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Constructivism and Connectivism as Theories of Learning - ... A computer is used as a tutor because it is representing repeated drills to learners. The second approach is a communicative approach. A communicative approach emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language. The aim of this approach is to achieve fluency by practicing language use .Grammar is taught implicitly. Discussions are used to stimulate communicative competence. Communicative approach can be applied in teaching English in a technological environment....   [tags: Human Intellect, Technology]
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Constructivism: Potentials and Problems - ... Cultural norms are not necessarily the equivalent of God-given absolutes but at least we can gain some comfort in the fact that most educators are not willing to completely release objective, standards-based curricula in favor of a student’s entirely autonomous self-discovery. Certain aspects of Constructivism seem reasonable to those who have ever attempted to understand anything. For example, Piaget’s ideas about schemas and cognitive equilibrium describe well that which we have experienced in our own studying and learning....   [tags: Religion]
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Reassessing Surrealism: Constructivism and Postcapitalist Appropriation - Department of Politics, Stanford University 1. Contexts of economy “Society is responsible for sexism,” says Debord; however, according to Prinn[1] , it is not so much society that is responsible for sexism, but rather the dialectic of society. In a sense, Sartre suggests the use of postcapitalist appropriation to deconstruct capitalism. If one examines Lacanist obscurity, one is faced with a choice: either reject subcultural discourse or conclude that class has significance, given that the premise of constructivism is invalid....   [tags: Economics]
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1099 words
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Realism, Constructivism, and Haiti, Oh My - ... As written by Peter van Ham, Constructivists believes that our “norms, values, and identity heavily influence political life” (van Ham 2010, 47) While from these brief summaries these seem like very different theories that even oppose each other in many areas, they still share commonalities. As with most International Relations theories, States play a role in both philosophies; the degree to which they matter may vary but both claim they are prominent actors. Realism and Constructivism also agree that the global structure in which actors function affects the interactions that are possible....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]
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Constructivism and Instructional Design - Constructivism and Instructional Design Constructivism is currently enjoying popularity as a "new theory" in education. In reality, the theory traces its roots through Piaget and Dewey to Kant. Constructivists align their beliefs with Kant’s writings on the interaction of the innate mind structures with the world. The individual can never know the "world-in-itself," only the world as it is constructed in the individual’s experience. Piaget traced his constructivist roots to Kant but Piaget sought to identify the structures of the mind behind the cognitive behaviors characteristic of each stage of human development....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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2201 words
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Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation - Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation The theory of constructivism rests on the notion that there is an innate human drive to make sense of the world. Instead of absorbing or passively receiving objective knowledge that is "out there," learners actively construct knowledge by integrating new information and experiences into what they have previously come to understand, revising and reinterpreting old knowledge in order to reconcile it with the new (Billett 1996). The cognitive structures that learners build include procedural knowledge (how--techniques, skills, and abilities) and propositional knowledge (that--facts, concepts, propositions)....   [tags: Philosophy Learning Essays]
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Chapter 2: Theoretical Frameworks: New Literacies and Constructivism - ... Kellner (1998) notes that teaching new literacies “is part of a critical pedagogy that attempts to empower individuals so that they can analyze and criticize the emerging technoculture, as well as participate in its cultural forums and sites” (np). New and multiple literacies encompass the idea that we operate in a world where social and cultural literacies are in a state of continual evolution and change (Cervetti, Damico, & Pearson, 2006). Leu, et al. (2004) argue that in order to have more satisfying lives, to be productive in our civic and professional lives, we must acquire expertise in the new literacies of the Internet and ICTs....   [tags: Education]
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860 words
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Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism: Multiple Approaches To Learning - ... Behavior modification involves several components, such as determining what is desired, creating specifics within the environment, identifying appropriate rewards, reinforcing behavior patterns, and eventually evaluating and assessing the effectiveness of the modification. For students in a self-contained classroom, opportunities to transfer knowledge to real world situations, and handle manipulatives are effective uses of constructivism. Manipulatives can be chips used for mathematics practice, measuring devices like meter sticks, scales, or measuring cups, shapes used to reinforce geometry concepts, or play dough used to create models of atoms....   [tags: Education]
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Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey - Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey ABSTRACT: Schools are expected to transmit knowledge to younger generations. They are, however, also increasingly criticized for distributing so-called inert knowledge, i.e., knowledge that is accessed only in a restricted set of contexts even though it is applicable to a wide variety of domains. The causes of limited knowledge transfer are mostly attributed to the dis-embeddedness of learning situations in schools. Instructional procedures that result in learning in the sense of being able to recall relevant information provide no guarantee that people will spontaneously use it later....   [tags: Learning Education Essays]
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2955 words
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Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners - Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners The advent of technology in the classroom has brought many new acronyms into teachers' lexicon: MOOs, MUDs, VREs, as well as chats and Discussion boards. Such technology, when students are loosed upon it, decenter the teacher and empower the student. Such a transition is firmly grounded in the ideological work of Friere who admonished that learning requires that students create knowledge and not be mere "receptacles for received knowledge." Discussion Boards, particularly, extend the notion of "classroom discussions" into a realm much more inclusive, and often more beneficial for students....   [tags: Technology Learning Education Essays]
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Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism In The Works Of Spelling - Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism in the works of Spelling 1. Spelling and Derridaist reading "Society is fundamentally meaningless," says Sartre. Many narratives concerning the role of the participant as poet may be discovered. But Foucault uses the term 'constructivism' to denote the futility, and some would say the failure, of dialectic art. The subject is contextualised into a postcapitalist textual theory that includes culture as a paradox. However, Sartre's analysis of constructivism implies that class has significance....   [tags: essays research papers] 792 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation - Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation Some hold that Kant’s conception of autonomy requires the rejection of moral realism in favor of "moral constructivism." However, commentary on a little noticed passage in the Metaphysics of Morals (with the assistance of Kant’s Lectures and Reflexionen) reveals that the conception of legislation at the core of Kant’s conception of autonomy represents a decidedly anti-constructivist strand in his moral philosophy. I. Summary: the Meaning of "Kant's Moral Constructivism" A....   [tags: Philosophy Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]
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Compare and Contrast Between Rwanda and Darfur genocide, from the Constructivism and Realism Perspectives - ... Form the international perspective, we are not able to tell in what way the response in Rwanda is different or similar to what took place in Darfur (Straus). Why the US and the UN what are the similarities and differences of how they acted in each situation. The UN and the US government are accredited for deploring conflict situations as well as contributing humanitarian aid, and this is what these two organizations did in Rwanda and Darfur. However, the UN did not do anything to punish or prevent the genocides that took place in these two countries....   [tags: International Relations]
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1517 words
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Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism - Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism Imagine Cleomedes, son of Lycomedes, general of the famed forces of the lustrous Athenian Empire, waiting for a trio of representatives to return from The Melian Dialogue. “Well?” he demands impatiently as they arrive, “What did they say?” As perspectives and opinions in the realm of political science are fluid and bound to change, he receives a variety of replies, for the representatives body he sent happen to comprise a Realist, a Liberal and a Constructivist....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1175 words
(3.4 pages)
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem. I believe in enriching and empowering students’ mathematical experiences that fundamentally stems from a Piagetian genetic epistemological constructivist model that allow students to scaffold their learning through cognitive processes that are facilitated by teaching in a resource rich and collaborative environment (Thompson, 1994, p.69)....   [tags: mathematics, education, teaching] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - (works cited page missing from this essay) “Understanding is a measure of the quality and quantity of connections that a new idea has with existing ideas. The greater the number of connections to a network of ideas, the better the understanding (Van de Walle, 2007, p.27).” My philosophy of a constructivist mathematics education At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem....   [tags: Education ] 1279 words
(3.7 pages)
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Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy - Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy Science is a construction of the human mind. The theories, approaches, and methods that are used in any scientific field have gradually developed over time to become an objective standard of evaluation. As science continues to evolve, new approaches to obtaining knowledge about the world around us must be considered, and at the same time these new approaches must be evaluated within the present context of what is considered to be science. In doing so, conflict and confusion will arise as new concepts meet the critical evaluation of the old....   [tags: Psychotherapy Science Papers] 2048 words
(5.9 pages)
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In support of the constructivist theory of education for future athletic trainers - ... Teaching critical thinking skills starts early as students are introduced to athletic training and evidence based practice in athletic training. The students are asked to critically evaluate scholarly journal articles and use their research to create poster presentations on topics of their choosing (with direction from their instructor guide). During this project the students receive instruction on how to differentiate valid scholarly research from research that may not be as accurate or reliable....   [tags: Educational Philosophy]
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1022 words
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Importance of Community in Constructivist Online Learning Environments - ... In this case it is a group of learners connected through a common goal, and to a bigger or lesser degree, through a structured online learning environment. Learners in an online course are bounded by the framework of the course, such as participation requirements or the length of the course. Wilson, Ludwig-Hardman, Thornam, & Dunlap (2004) offer three reasons for consideration of “bounded communities:” they bridge school and work environments, provide social context, and make students feel more connected (p....   [tags: Education]
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Constructivist Learning Theory - ... This is, of course, a nod to Vygotsky’s theory that learning first occurs within a social context (which itself is one distillation of Humanistic Learning Theory). What’s more is that strong and appropriate classroom relationships naturally create an environment of trust, which is critical to 1) preparing students to be ready to learn, and 2) preparing students for collaborative experiences like civil dialogue, questioning, decision-making, and problem-solving. “When a climate of trust is established, the learning process can begin....   [tags: Education]
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The Constructivist-Interpretative Paradigm - The constructivist-interpretative paradigm states that reality is constructed through interactions between a researcher and the research subject. According to Smith (2008), “[s]cientific knowledge can be created by virtual experience and conversations” (p. 102). Berger directly went into the Northern communities and spoke to many people about the Pipeline project. The indigenous people interviewed stated to Berger, how the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline would personally affect them; this is an example of a micro level of analysis, which is the ontology of this paradigm....   [tags: Social Science]
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547 words
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Constructivist Moral Realism - Constructivist Moral Realism ABSTRACT: We are social animals in the sense that we spontaneously invent and continuously re-invent the social realm. But, not unlike other artifacts, once real, social relations, practices, institutions, etc., obey prior laws, some of which are moral laws. Hence, with regard to social reality, we ought to be ontological constructivists and moral realists. This is the view sketched here, taking as points of departure Searle's recent work on social ontology and May's on group morality....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 3837 words
(11 pages)
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Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception - Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception Two of the main theories of visual perception are constructivist and direct. Gregory is associated with the constructivist theory, while Gibson supports the direct theory. The both theories differ in their explanation of perception, however there are some aspects that relate them. Gregory's theory is a top down theory of perception, in the sense that he considers prior knowledge and experience to be crucially important in making sense of what we see....   [tags: Papers] 1138 words
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Conceptual Relativism and Radical Social Constructionism - ... It is essentially true that different people see the world differently and there is no objection in thinking different than others. (Ekman 2002)Thus, Conceptual relativism terminology enables the individual to conceive reality as per their own views. However it has been observed that human beings start practicing a specific behaviour that they think suitable with their environment. Thus, Radical social constructionism is the self created concept of human beings. (Lock 2010)Radical social constructionism is primarily concerned with the idea that a variety of phenomena’s are socially constructed and is linked with the idea of radical anti-realism in relation to reality and the validity of science....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth and Knowledge, Realism] 1330 words
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Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism - Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism It was 1800, when vice president Jefferson succeeded Adams in the role of president. Jefferson stressed republican virtues of independence and equality and his belief in a frugal government. With his inauguration, the transfer of power to the Republican from the Federalists intensified a political conflict between the two political parties. Even though Jefferson stated in his inaugural address that "we are all Republicans, we are all Federalists," the Federalists and Republicans continued to doubt each other, especially on the issue of the Constitution....   [tags: Papers] 753 words
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Social Constructionism and the Message of Feminism - In this essay I will define social constructionism and how the theories of social construction altered feminism’s message during its second wave. The second wave of the feminist movement started during the 1950’s and is thought to have ended with the failure of the equal rights amendment. The amendment was only three votes shy of being ratified. Prior to this era the first wave of feminism seem to focus mainly on suffrage, a women right to vote and own property. During the second wave era, feminist incorporated the theories of social construction in their message....   [tags: Sociology Gender] 681 words
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Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making - ... When applied in assessing communication activities, this theory looks at the emerging communicative practices that gave power to some groups while took it away from others (Littlejohn and Foss, 2008). Critical theory is “concerned with how power, oppression, and privilege are the products of certain forms of communication throughout society” (Littlejohn and Foss, 2008, p. 45). Critical theory then defines power differently such that being freed from oppression and being aware of the ideologies that dominate the community may lead to empowerment towards society transformation through communication....   [tags: Karl Marx, Social Constructionism] 1225 words
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Childhood - ... On the opposite page of the Book 1 (p. 23) there is an illustration from a moral tale in children’s book Struwwelpeter. The scene is very chaotic; it shows Cruel Frederic the mischievous boy in brightly coloured cloths. The boy’s actions in the illustration are very disruptive in comparison to the calm and relaxed painting. The image exposes what the tale says: “He killed the birds, and broke the chairs, And threw the kitten down the stairs”. (Hoffman, Struwwelpeter). The boy portrays Puritan discourse of childhood in which a child is seen as wicked and evil that should be punished for bad behaviour....   [tags: Sociology, Social Constructionism] 1452 words
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Theoretical Perspectives in Education - ... Students come to class with predetermined ideas about a course, or with personal needs that distract from attention from the classroom experience. Some students are not willing or able to interact with peers due to emotional issues, thus eliminating the face-to-face social interactions that Dewey and Vygotsky determined to help shape an individual’s knowledge and understanding. Teachers are responsible for administering building-level common assessments, district, state, and national curriculum, and are charged with educating large classes of students....   [tags: Education Theory, teaching]
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Educational Technology Theories and Theorists - ... Constructivist learning focuses on real problems, creative solutions, transfer, and problem solving. Educators function as guides or facilitators that assist students as they generate solutions and explore in complex and rich environments. Constructivism as a theory will be forced into play within our school by emerging technologies. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Learning Jean Piaget is renowned for constructing a highly influential model of child development and learning. Piaget’s cognitive learning theory is based on the idea that the developing child builds cognitive structures for understanding and responding to physical experiences within his or her environment....   [tags: Educational Technology ]
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Punctuation Application in Secondary Education Composition - ... Berthold, K, Nuckles, M., & Renkl, A. (2010). Writing Learning Journals: Instructional Support to Overcome Learning-Strategy Deficits. Learning and Instruction. 20(1), 18 – 29. Bothick, A. (1999). Designing learning experiences within learner’s zones of proximal development (ZPDs): Enabling collaborative learning on-site and online. Attempted Retrieval (defunct) March 31, 2011 from http://goliath.ecnet.com/coms2/gi 0199- 2983439/Designing- learning-experiences-within-learners.htm Brill, J....   [tags: Education]
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Theories of Teaching and Learning - ... Students can relate more to these examples and “think much harder about these questions than about those in workbooks” (Kamii & Lewis, 1990, p. 37). As Gray (1997) suggests “constructivist teaching fosters critical thinking and creates motivated and independent learners”. A constructivist classroom is very much a ‘learning community’ where lessons still have structure and goal but sometimes the journey to the goal can be just as important as the destination. Behaviourism Eggen & Kauchak (2011, p....   [tags: Education]
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Online Learning Environments - ... As exchanges of ideas can not exist in a vacuum the platform for these meaningful exchanges take place in a community in which information can be exchanged through interaction (Vygostsky, 1978). As we move away from the vacuum of first generation distance learning and enter the fifth generation of distance education we exam the holistic pedagogy of learning to determine what make it “deeper.” Simply stated social and cognitive interaction leads to a deeper understanding. We can not discuss interaction without examining constructivism....   [tags: Education]
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ICT in Cameroon Primary Schools - For ICT to be effective integrated in the school curriculum, one needs to understand its psychological foundation. The essence of integrating ICT in learning and teaching is to facilitate the process of knowledge acquisition (Mayer, 2003). Achieving this objective requires a clear comprehension of how individuals learn using various theories of learning and how the tool can be used to enhance the process. Roblyer (2006) states that “theories describe how learning should take place and hence strategies are derived from them”....   [tags: Education, technology, africa] 975 words
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SUCCEED: An Instructional Design Model Based on Student Clusters - ... Educators considering resources should start with the classroom resources and work their way out to school resources, community resources, and state/national resources. With each successive step away from the classroom, resources tend to be more diverse, but also harder to obtain. Classroom resources include any teaching materials available in the physical classroom, whereas school resources are the resources available to all teachers within a school. Classroom resources include such things as printed materials, technology, and any other form of resource from board games to microscopes....   [tags: informative, education]
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3367 words
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Effective Teachers - ...  Psycho-social refers to the relationship between students and the teacher and focuses on personal aspects, whereas pedagogical question focus on the educational aspects and can be used in classroom management to refocus and direct students when necessary (Marsh, 2010).  The third area of communication is listening and Marsh (2010) emphasises the term ‘reflective listening’, which involves considering the non-verbal cues when interpreting and considering the message being sent.     Fetherston states (2007) when a teacher asks questions of the students and has others students respond to students, the level of learning is increased due to the students maintaining their focus throughout the subject or activity.  Bloom’s taxonomy is a classification system of questioning that extends students thinking through asking a range of questions from low order, knowledge and recall through to high order analysis and evaluation (Marsh, 2010).  An effective teacher practices using a variety of questioning techniques that is designed to present students with a range of higher and lower order questions, with lower order questions being suitable for introducing a subject and to continue the flow of the lesson, whereas higher order questions promote consideration, discussion and in depth....   [tags: Education]
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1763 words
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NY Teaching Methods - NY Teaching Methods In recent years the National Science Education Standards ( National Research Council, 1996) have shifted from a traditional text book style of teaching to a more "hands-on" or otherwise known as constructivism. According to the standards, learning science is a process that students do, and not something that just happens to them. The standards are designed to outline what students need to know and understand in regards to science. The opportunity to learn science is given to all students....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1005 words
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Philosophy Statement - Philosophy Statement The concept of progressivism was introduced as early as 1875, but it was not until the 1920’s that this movement became more widely known. Credit for the success of progressivism is given to John Dewey, founder of the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago. Dewey began this educational movement of encouraging schools to abandon the essentialist curriculum of the traditional disciplines, and, instead navigate toward a curriculum centered on the experiences, interests, and abilities of the student....   [tags: Progressivism Teaching Education Essays] 1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Major Catalysts in the Formation of the Internet and Digital World - The Major Catalysts in the Formation of the Internet and Digital World Introduction There exisits two schools of thought concerning which components have been the major catalysts in the forming of the internet and digital world as we know it today. Both entertain stimulating and valid arguments. Manovich stipulates that the visual format of the internet is purely based on the visual reasoning that erupted out of the late nineteenth century as a result of constructivist principles and the tremendous introduction of the cinema, while Cook provides a good argument that although the assertions made by Manovich are true, Manovich overlooks an important component to the aesthetics and organization of the digital internet....   [tags: Internet Digital Essays]
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Assessing Mathematical Standards in Grades K-12 - ... Constructivism teaching also provides authentic learning tasks for students to carry out, and promote students with meaningful learning in the classroom. Many of these authentic tasks include hands-on learning activities, real-life solutions, and an emphasis on conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills for students to carry out. Traditional teaching methods are center more around paper-pencil and memorization drills for learning. According to Tienken et al., 2001, “traditional programs have a strict focus on accuracy and efficiency and the computational methods stressed in traditional programs are taught because they have been found to be the quickest and most efficient means of getting the correct answer”....   [tags: Education]
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1948 words
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Incorporating Technology "Chat" in the English Classroom - To assure a complete coherence among theories and concepts in order to carry out this research project, it is necessary to have a theoretical support on the following constructs: collaborative writing, the computer - assisted language learning (CALL) which deals with constructivism theory and collaborative work. Also, the use of chat in language teaching, and teaching English with technology to adult learners. These constructs will give a clear justification of what it is expected to demonstrate through the action research project....   [tags: education, technology]
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2596 words
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Jerome Seymour Bruner - ... However, both believe that the learners must find the lessons useful and relevant. The biggest similarity between both theories is that they are both constructivist in nature. Both of these theories need students to be active learners; constructing the knowledge by themselves. Driscoll (2000) found that a big difference between Bruner and Piaget's theories of development were related to progression. Piaget felt that human beings go through a step cycle of change which include approximate ages....   [tags: Psychology ]
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1347 words
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Ontology of Mathematics - An ontological theorist generally begins his discussion with a preconceived notion of what kind of thing an object will turn out to be. Instead, we will here begin with a Thomassonian approach to the ontology of mathematics. First, let us consider what happens when we rst come to determine a mathematical proposition (which I will use synonymously with 'mathematical entitty'). A mathematician does not feel as though he creates mathematical theories. Pythagoras can hardly be thought to have created the claim that a2 + b2 = c2....   [tags: Mathematics]
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Online Support Network (OSN) for K-12 Students - ... Researchers such as Teo (2009) posited that for effective changes in today’s classrooms school system should train teachers to integrating technology in the instructional practice using diverse instructional approaches. Some teachers use technology for primarily presentation use while others facilitate students to use a different range of technological devices. According to Toe (2009), for teachers to integrate technology devices within their instructional practice effectively are primarily influenced through their beliefs or perception about technology in education....   [tags: Education, Technology, Online Network] 2126 words
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paper - ... For example, traditional lecture has faced scrutiny as not actively engaging students in the subject matter (Ryu, Parsons, Li, Sheng & Javed, 2009). While technology literacy offers ways for teachers to actively engaging students and nurture the constructive utilization of communication resources in the classroom, an innovative societal of experiences is growing for students (Johnson, Levine, Smith, & Smythe, 2009). However, a lack of adequate training for teachers with the quality of technology literacy that offers students a social constructivism (SC) learning atmosphere equipped with new technologies (Uyangör & Karaca, 2010) are not provided in many school districts....   [tags: ] 1225 words
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Vladimir Tatlin and Naum Gabo Modern Art - ... He said about himself: “making images to communicate my feelings of the world”(Gabo, 1962). Gabo considered an artist as a talented master, who is able to catch up moments in dynamics and reflect them in their works. He claimed “art should exist actively in four dimensions including time” (Gabo 1962, p. 18). Consequently, both Tatlin and Gabo underlined the necessity to reflect motion or developing reality. Art is a combination of ideas about reality caught in motion. In such a way, it is possible to portray both artists’ ideas about the role of avant-garde artist....   [tags: compare, contrast, art]
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Critique Of ASEAN - ... Constructivists maintain that the notion of a common identity within ASEAN has resulted in the institution overcoming security dilemmas. Nevertheless, following the Asian economic crisis of 1997 and the East Timor conflict, constructivism was unable to clarify why ASEAN did not choose to employ a collective response to resolve the issues. This outcome appeared paradoxical to constructivists considering that ASEAN’s common identity was supposedly infallible. The last theory that Kai He uses to evaluate ASEAN is institutional realism....   [tags: Government]
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1769 words
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Teachers as the Foundation of Society - As a young student I believe that an education is the most valuable thing that a person can have. Therefore, I believe that teachers are the soul foundation of our society. The job of the teacher is to educate as well as nurture the students to the best of their ability. Our society as a whole is constantly growing and changing; and this has a strong influence on our education system. Thus forth my philosophy is continuously evolving and growing; and as I continue to learn more about school districts, different children, and the psychology of learning I will continue to adjust my educational philosophy as well....   [tags: Teachers, philosophy of education, narrative] 618 words
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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning - Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920’s but it was not until the late 1960’s that his ideas about learning became popular and were used to contribute to “Constructivism” as a method of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive development were significantly influenced by social interactions that occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four major influences on cognitive development. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of language • Role of private speech • The Zone of Proximal Development....   [tags: Educational Theory]
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The Importance of Integrated Production System in the Manufacturing Industry. - CHAPTER 3 Research Methodology 3.1 Introduction The chapter 2 literature review emphasized several approaches and key academic theories for the examination of role of integrated production system in the manufacturing industry to enhance the productivity. At this stage, it is crucial to expand knowledge and understanding of the philosophy and methodology of research. It is essential for the selection of most suitable methods to reach at the consistent and authentic conclusion according to the defined research objectives....   [tags: Business Management] 2390 words
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Implementing Technology Into Instructional Routines - The theoretical framework, involves the works of Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2001), Piaget (1973), Vygotsky (1978) and Augustin & Huang, (2002). The use of social constructivism (SC) will play a pivotal role in building collaborative relationships between teachers and their students. In addition, this framework will also apply Swan and Dixon's (2006) teachers’ technology attitude scale (TAS) to determine wireless laptop training needs for K-12 teachers. As anticipated by the theory of social constructivism, technology into the classroom produces a network of social learning agents....   [tags: Educational Technology] 1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Russian Avant Garde and the Bolshevik Revolution - The Russian Avant Garde and the Bolshevik Revolution The Russian Avant Garde began in Russia in about 1915 It was the year that Malevich revealed his Suprematist compositions that reduced painting to total abstraction. and rid the pictures of any reference whatsoever to the visual world. He is credited with being the first artist to do this; that is, forsake the visual world for a world of pure feeling and sensation. This was the first movement originated by Russians and the birth of several other Avant Garde movements....   [tags: Art Russian History]
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An Effective, Professional Teacher - ... Effective teachers intentionally build in these concepts, and by creating this positive environment, students can feel safe, happy, and as if they belong in their classroom. Constructivism can be reinforced with collaborative and cooperative learning approaches, by designing the activities to allow discussions and therefore scaffolding their students’ learning through ‘peer interaction’ (Fetherston, 2007, p. 161). This promotes social and communication skills by allowing the students to exchange their views and ideas with one another....   [tags: Education, philosophy of education]
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The Sociology of Scientific Knowledge - ... By this theory, scientific content and the context within which it is held have equally mutual influence in shaping each other. This is often associated with actor-network-theory. These constructivist considerations of the history of STS studies provides segmentation with which we can visualize the parallels from the Institutional Sociology of Science established back in the days of Robert Merton, and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. CONFLICT THEORY Conflict theory centers on the idea that social structures are created through conflict between people with unaligning interests and resources....   [tags: Sociology]
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Impact of Technology on Student Achievement - Outline Topic: Impact of Technology on Student Achievement I. Introduction II. Ensuring Equitable Use of Technology for Educational Excellence III. Theorists Views on Technology as it relates to Student Achievement IV. Using Technology as a means of Meaningful Learning V. Summary, implications, and discussions Impact of Technology on Student Achievement There are several ways a teacher can measures student achievement. Teachers can use grades, portfolios, etc. to monitor student’s progress in the classroom....   [tags: technological, Education, computers]
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Realism and the Significance of the Human Rights Norm - Realism and the Significance of the Human Rights Norm With rampant violation of the human rights norm, are norms relevant in international politics. What significance do they hold if they do not inform policy decisions. Can anything be done in order to strengthen the normative element of human rights protection on a large scale. Constructivists declare that norms, principles, regimes or ideas are important factors at play in the international system mitigating pure self-interest and power politics that dictate behavior, as per the dominant realist worldview....   [tags: Politics Political]
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Effective Teaching - ... The main underlying goal is for teachers to “encourage student learning by creating an atmosphere in which an open exchange of ideas was facilitated.” (Harden, 2000 p.339) An effective teacher is aware of their students, and plans lessons that will work with established classroom management programs and ideals. Effective teaching and effective class management go hand in hand, with "a supportive learning environment... as a characteristic of 'good' teaching practice than as the primary focus of the teacher's concern" (Latham, Blaise, Dole, Faulkner, Lang, Malone, 2006 p.11)....   [tags: Education]
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Digital - Digital The digital world of today can be understood as a product of late-Victorian construction of the machinery of information organization combined with Modernist visual forms. The works of Lev Manovich and Dr. Simon Cook use a revisionist approach to examine the past century and a half of visual forms. In his “Late Victorian Reasoning and a Modern History of Vision,” Dr. Cook attempts to prove a link between the late-Victorian visual forms and the “new vision” (including Modernist art) that Manovich observed in the early half of the twentieth century....   [tags: Technology Machines Psychology Papers]
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Cognitive Development Theory - ... Or that a young child’s egocentrism prevents them from recognizing that other people have different opinions about the same subject and to them everyone sees the world the way they see it. Piaget affirmed that language helps in the development, but does not provide any significant function in the formation of concepts. Lev Vygotsky’s (1896-1934) theory which asserts that it is not society waiting for a child to develop, but that society is the force developing that child when a child is interacting with society, and it is this interaction of child and society that stimulates a child’s brain to grow and cognitively develop through the use of tools such as language and as a child’s language develops so does their ability to interact with society....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless Technology - ... All school system teachers participated in the Georgia Technology Plan for 2007-2012 survey. The purpose of the survey was to assess teacher feedback and address ways technology contributes to statewide objectives for K–12 public school students. The survey stated that only 24% of participants reported that their school had a technology facilitator, such as an instructional lead-teacher or technology specialist, who could assist teachers with developing or finding digital content or assisting with implanting technology into the curriculum....   [tags: Education Technology, EdTech] 2902 words
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Alan Cromer’s Connected Knowledge - Alan Cromer’s Connected Knowledge A prospective reader casually thumbing through the pages of Alan Cromer’s Connected Knowledge: Science, Philosophy, and Education, would probably expect the book to explore how science and the philosophy of science should inform educational practices and pedagogy. Indeed such an exploration takes place, but the reader might be surprised to find that it is in the form of a vehement crusade Cromer wages against constructivism with science and a scientific habit of mind as his sword and shield....   [tags: Literature Science Debate Essays] 1426 words
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The Benefits of Narrative Therapy - Narrative Therapy In the early 80’s a new theory garnered acclaim in psychotherapeutic circles. It is called Narrative therapy and has its roots in a postmodern idea known as constructivism. Ian Ridgway (2005) defines constructivism this way, “Humans create meaning within social contexts because it is believed either that reality is essentially without meaning or its true meaning is beyond us.” Michael White and David Epston are the two most prominent figures in the development of Narrative Therapy....   [tags: psychotherapy, psychology]
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Laptops in the Classroom: Neither Educational Heroes nor Villains - ... In general students found the temptation of Internet activities too great to control their behavior in class. Students got over-involved in Internet activities and were inattentive to teacher lectures” (Wurst et al., 2008). If even high achieving, adult students caved-in to the temptation of using the Internet in a manner that was destructive to their education, it seems reasonable to expect similar or worse results from high school students in a lecture class. However, when laptops are used to involve students in the learning process, the results are quite different....   [tags: Educational Technology ]
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Australian Educational Curriculum - ... Skilbeck’s Situational Analysis (Marsh, 2009) has influenced the curriculum in that there is an emphasis on the entitlement for all students to receive a quality education regardless of where they live, their social economic position or individual learning needs. Student’s individual circumstances and diverse needs, both internal and external, are considered. There are provisions to cater for the needs of English as Another Language or Dialect (EAL/D) and students with special needs (ACRA, 2010e, p.14)....   [tags: Australian Education, Australia]
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Medical Illustrator - Dr. Fritz Kahn’s illustrations come from views of the contemporary art styles of Dada, Constructivism and new objectivity in relation to human physiology. As a scientist and writer Kahn chose to communicate these views through the direct functional analogies of industrial and contemporary technology within the human body. As shown in the cover illustration (Figure#1) Kahn uses popular industrial mechanisms to represent major functions of the human body. These include the brain, eyes, throat, and trachea but are represented through the calculated use of image/light projection, optic camera exposure, steam combustion pistons and a singular tube....   [tags: Medical Illustration] 972 words
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China's Rapid Rise - China is arguably one of the most powerful nations in the world today, much to the credit of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party). The Chinese government has taken many efforts to direct its country out from its chaotic beginning to its current position in less than a century. However, China’s rising is a challenge to the international status quo. Ever since the end of the Cold War, the US has enjoyed the privilege of being on the top of the global hierarchy. China’s rapid rise will shake the balance of Power that The US has been enjoyed....   [tags: International Politics ]
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Educational Achievement and Development - ... The issues surrounding race and ethnicity, in society today, are just as complex as they were over a hundred years ago. A person’s race can be defined by the colour of their skin, whereas a person’s ethnicity is defined by the social group in which they live, these affiliations can include religious beliefs, culture and their heritage. Walton and Caliendo (2011) confirm that the concept of race has to be considered in both cultural and political terms. Society has created a divide between individuals within the human race, to determine political and social power....   [tags: Education, Social Class, Minority] 1344 words
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