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Your search returned over 400 essays for "constructivism"
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The NSS, a Constructivist Approach to the World - ‘If you are going through Hell, keep going!’ When he was sworn in on January 20, 2009, the newly elected President Barack Obama could have had in mind this quote from Churchill for he was facing not only a still unstable new world order inherited after the end of the Cold War, but also an economic crisis qualified by many specialists as the worst since 1930. The political equation required to solve the problem wasn’t to be found on a dusty shelf and needed imagination. Therefore his democrat administration carried on building the policy and the strategy mentioned during the campaign....   [tags: Government, Liberalism and Constructivism]
:: 9 Works Cited
1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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My Philosophy of Education - I believe that when students are comfortable, whether it be with a teacher or just a setting, they will learn much more quickly. Therefore, I think that it is extremely important to create an environment that is safe and comfortable for the students. Because of the “laid back” atmosphere, I think that my model for discipline would fall under the umbrella of constructivism. The reason is that I believe that students need to be able to learn in a way that relates to their lives in the present day....   [tags: Constructivism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1718 words
(4.9 pages)
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Constructivism in the Classroom - 1. Constructivism is a method that says students learn by building their schema by adding to their prior knowledge by the use of scaffolding (Rhinehart Neas). Because the students are basically teaching themselves new information, the teacher is there mainly for support and guidance for the students. Pro: By using a constructivist approach to teaching, students will be “fully engaged in their own learning” (Rhinehart Neas). This allows the students to make sense of what they are doing by relating it to the real world and where they could use the information in their future....   [tags: scaffolding, teaching method]
:: 12 Works Cited
1824 words
(5.2 pages)
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Realism and Constructivism - The creation of the study of international relations in the early 20th century has allowed multiple political theories to be compared, contrasted, debated, and argued against one another for the past century. These theories were created based on certain understandings of human principles or social nature and project these concepts onto the international system. They examine the international political structure and thrive to predict or explain how states will react under certain situations, pressures, and threats....   [tags: education, international relations, realism] 1481 words
(4.2 pages)
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Constructivism - What is Constructivism. Constructivism has been a popular term used in education since the 1990s but can be traced back to a much earlier time than that (Maddux & Cummings, 1999, p.8). Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are the two theorists who are closely linked to the development of constructivism. Over the past decade, education has seen an alarming increase in the number of students who are qualifying for special education services as well as students who are being labeled as “at risk” students. Having such an increase in special education the demand to find a teaching style that works best for students with disabilities has become extremely popular....   [tags: Philosophy, Piaget, Vygotsky] 2310 words
(6.6 pages)
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Constructivism and Connectivism as Theories of Learning - The technological inventions have led to many changes in our lives. Our age is called a digital age. People use technology not only for communication ,but also for education. As a result , educational materials are not only presented through the text books, but also presented by using technologies inside classrooms.Moreover,learners are asked to access information by using technologies outside a classroom Educational technology is an umbrella term that includes many types of technologies such as computer softwares,the internet, I pads , iPods, and mobiles....   [tags: Human Intellect, Technology]
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1543 words
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Constructivism - Though constructivists believe that reality is based upon our own individual perceptions and thoughts, Delia’s constructivism theory is more objective. Within the objective approach, Delia’s theory falls primarily under the socio-psychological tradition, but dabbles in the rhetorical tradition of Griffins survey map. A socio- psychological scholar “believes that there are communication truths that can be discovered by careful, systematic observation”(Griffin, 2009, p, 42). It also displays a cause-and-effect relationship that will predict successful and unsuccessful communication (Griffin 2009)....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth, Informative] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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Constructivism - Empiricists and rationalists have proposed opposing theories of the acquisition of knowledge, which appear unable to coexist. Each theory holds its own strengths but does not demonstrate a strong argument in itself to the questions, “Is knowledge truly possible?” and “How is true knowledge obtained?”. Immanual Kant successfully merged the two philosophies and provided a convincing argument with his theory of empirical relativism, or what some may call constructivism. His theory bridges the gap between rationalism and empiricism and proves that empiricists and rationalists each present a piece of the full puzzle....   [tags: Philosophy]
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1403 words
(4 pages)
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Constructivism: Potentials and Problems - Effective teaching (which includes lesson planning, delivery and assessment) is bolstered by an understanding of how humans learn. Learning is defined in many ways but can be viewed simply as an enhancement of one’s intelligence (Bigge & Shermis). Theories of how this occurs abound but evaluating and taking a stance among the theories available will permit the educator to weigh the “newest trend” against his/her practice in a rational way. This knowledge also provides the distinct advantage of being able to avoid riding education’s “traditional versus progressive pendulum”....   [tags: Religion]
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1107 words
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An Exploration of Constructivist Teaching Methods - Introduction Constructivist Learning theory suggests that learning is achieved through the active engagement of the learner through the senses. A learner constructs his or her own knowledge through the application of background knowledge and both new and past experience. Constructivist approaches to learning are aligned with what research suggests are the most effective practices for promoting student learning and engagement; they are learner rather than teacher centered and they promote self directed learning practices among students by engaging them in dialog and problem solving strategies that are relevant to real world experiences....   [tags: Constructivist Learning theory ]
:: 13 Works Cited
2517 words
(7.2 pages)
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Sociocultural Constructivism Theory - Chapter 2: Theoretical Framework: Cognitive Constructivism Theory and Sociocultural Constructivism Theory As stated in Chapter I, to create better readers, many reading specialists agree that word study is a developmentally sound approach to providing reading instruction (Bear et al, 2008; Ganske, 2000; Zutell, 1999). Word study is founded on robust evidence-based research on the developmental stages of reading and spelling; however, word study and specifically word sorts have a diminuative amount of scientific evidence as to it success in reading instruction (Boscardin et al, ND)....   [tags: Sociology, Piaget] 1959 words
(5.6 pages)
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Constructivism in the classroom - Constructivism represents a paradigm shift form education based on cognitive theories. This concept assumes that learners construct their own knowledge on the basis of interaction with their environment. (Gagnon & Collay, 200?) The role of the teacher as a constructor of the learning experience to ensure authentic curriculum and assessment which is responsive to the skills, needs and experiences of the learner, within established curriculum framework and with the reference to the achievement of literacy, numeracy, retention and attainment of outcomes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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Social Constructivism - Kundi and Nawaz (2010) define social constructivism (SC) as “collective learning” through wireless computing, which places stakeholders to clarify distinct conceptions and maintains shared understanding between teachers-students and peer-peer (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010; Weston & Bain, 2010). Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), and Vygotsky (1978/1981) described SC as an alternative approach to promote the process of learning through constructing meaning while acquiring knowledge, instead of memorizing the introduced concepts (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010)....   [tags: Sociology, Technology, Informative] 1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Social Constructivism - Vygotsky's (1978/1981) social constructivism (SC) theory suggests that teachers can use an alternative instructional method by engaging students with a set of approaches and strategies. Vygotsky’s SC approach reflects on creating a learning setting which, allows students to negotiate meaning through learning by doing to facilitate wireless computing within the classroom (Woo and Lim, 2009). Teacher training and input in their personal view points on technology integration professional learning experiences are essential for constructive changes (So & Kim, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Teacher's Training] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Constructivism Theory - Theoretical Framework Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), Bruner and Vygotsky‘s (1978/1981) social constructivism (SC) theory will support this study. The theory of SC places teachers as facilitators in an active learning setting. An active social learning setting creates opportunities to facilitate learners with actively constructing knowledge using past experiences to connect to introduced concepts and tasks (Ryu et al., 2009). This can also be applied when teachers instill the value of the learning content through connecting the subject to past experiences and real-world situations (Specht, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Teachers, Wireless Computing] 2275 words
(6.5 pages)
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Reassessing Surrealism: Constructivism and Postcapitalist Appropriation - Department of Politics, Stanford University 1. Contexts of economy “Society is responsible for sexism,” says Debord; however, according to Prinn[1] , it is not so much society that is responsible for sexism, but rather the dialectic of society. In a sense, Sartre suggests the use of postcapitalist appropriation to deconstruct capitalism. If one examines Lacanist obscurity, one is faced with a choice: either reject subcultural discourse or conclude that class has significance, given that the premise of constructivism is invalid....   [tags: Economics]
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1099 words
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Social Constructivism (SC) - Kundi and Nawaz (2010) defined social constructivism (SC) as “collective learning” through wireless computing in which the stakeholders clarifies individual conceptions and maintains shared understanding between teachers-students and peer-peer (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010; Weston & Bain, 2010). Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), and Vygotsky (1978/1981) described SC as an alternative approach to promote the process of learning through constructing meaning while acquiring knowledge, instead of memorizing the introduced concepts (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010)....   [tags: collective learning] 1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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Realism, Constructivism, and Haiti, Oh My - The world around us is an increasingly complex web of interactions, relations and events that shape the very reality we live in. There is an ever growing list of theories that claim to hold the answers to understanding this web and the International Relations that occur in response to it. Among these theories, Realism and Constructivism stand out as clear examples of how varied they can be. Both of these assert that they describe the underlying frameworks of our global society and make sense of the seemingly chaotic world around us....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]
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1242 words
(3.5 pages)
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What Is Constructivism - What Is Constructivism Watching a young child grow from infancy to toddler hood, we marvel at the amount of learning that has allowed her to understand her expanding environment. Those early years provide the basis for language, physical dexterity, social understanding, and emotional development that she will use for the rest of her life. All of this knowledge is acquired before she even sets foot in school. This child has taught herself by gathering information and experiencing the world around her....   [tags: Teaching Learning Learn Teacher Essays]
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3016 words
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Constructivism - Constructivism Missing works cited Definitions and Comparisons of Constructivism Constructivism is a defined, when referring to the learner, as a "receptive act that involves construction of new meaning by learners within the context of their current knowledge, previous experience, and social environment" (Bloom; Perlmutter & Burrell, 1999). Also, real life experiences and previous knowledge are the stepping stones to a constructivism, learning atmosphere. (Spigner-Littles & Anderson, 1999)....   [tags: Learning Education Learn Essays] 2610 words
(7.5 pages)
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Constructivism - Constructivism What is constructivism. Constructivism is a philosophy of learning that "refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns (Hein, 1991, p.1). In other words, "students construct their own knowledge based on their existing schemata and beliefs"(Airasian & Walsh, 1997, p.1) Constructivists deny the existence of one "true" body of knowledge that exists independently of the learners and espouse the idea that "there is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or community of learners (Hein, 1991, p.1)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Learning Essays]
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1923 words
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Chapter 2: Theoretical Frameworks: New Literacies and Constructivism - In order to understand how computer technology can be applied in the classroom to enhance literacy instruction, it is necessary to take a broader look at the influence of computer technology in our culture and the shifting paradigms of educational theory. When viewed through the complementary lenses of New Literacies/Multiple Literacies and Educational Constructivism, computer technology as an educational tool becomes essential to the future of literacy instruction. These theoretical frameworks can help us understand how changing literacy needs can be addressed through new models of classroom instruction....   [tags: Education]
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860 words
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Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism: Multiple Approaches To Learning - A. Behaviorism, constructivism and cognitivism are relatively common theories used in the classroom as ways to approach student learning. Behaviorism focuses on observable behavior, such as students answering questions correctly, or being able to follow directions to complete a task as instructed. Characteristics of a classroom that uses behaviorism might be memorization of facts, writing vocabulary words, or a token reward system to inspire the desired behavior and decrease undesired behaviors....   [tags: Education]
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2101 words
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Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation - Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation The theory of constructivism rests on the notion that there is an innate human drive to make sense of the world. Instead of absorbing or passively receiving objective knowledge that is "out there," learners actively construct knowledge by integrating new information and experiences into what they have previously come to understand, revising and reinterpreting old knowledge in order to reconcile it with the new (Billett 1996). The cognitive structures that learners build include procedural knowledge (how--techniques, skills, and abilities) and propositional knowledge (that--facts, concepts, propositions)....   [tags: Philosophy Learning Essays]
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1923 words
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Constructivism: Social Theory of International Politics by Alexander Wendt - Constructivism Alexander Wendt in his work entitled Social Theory of International Politics (1999) explain the basic propositions of constructivism, arguing that “structures of human association are determined primarily by shared ideas rather than material forces; thus, identities and interests of purposive actors are constructed by these shared ideas rather than given by nature” (Palan, 2000, p. 576). As such, these shared ideas construct identities and interests. In this regard, Wendt supports Thucydides who explains how language and convention form identities and enable power to be translated into influence (Lebow 2001, 547)....   [tags: al-Qaeda, thucydides, arab-israeli]
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1056 words
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Constructivism - Students need to be able to learn how to become effective problem solvers. They should be able to identify problems, evaluate those problems and then decipher a way to transfer their learning to those problems in a way that will bring about a solution. If a student is able to perform in a problem solving situation a meaningful learning should then occur because he has constructed an interpretation of how things work using preexisting structured. This is the theory behind Constructivism. By creating a personal interpretation of external ideas and experiances, constructivism allows students the ability to understand how ideas can relate to each other and preexisting knowledge....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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548 words
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Constructivism and Instructional Design - Constructivism and Instructional Design Constructivism is currently enjoying popularity as a "new theory" in education. In reality, the theory traces its roots through Piaget and Dewey to Kant. Constructivists align their beliefs with Kant’s writings on the interaction of the innate mind structures with the world. The individual can never know the "world-in-itself," only the world as it is constructed in the individual’s experience. Piaget traced his constructivist roots to Kant but Piaget sought to identify the structures of the mind behind the cognitive behaviors characteristic of each stage of human development....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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2201 words
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After School Programs - This chapter provides a review of the literature related to after school programs. The literature review is organized into the following categories: History of After School Programs, Need for After School Programs, Effectiveness of After School Programs, Frequency and Duration, and Middle School After School Programs. This section also reviews the theoretical framework for this research. Theoretical Framework Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own knowledge of the world we live in (Au & Carrol, 1996)....   [tags: Education, Constructivism] 1884 words
(5.4 pages)
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Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey - Constructivism, Educational Research, and John Dewey ABSTRACT: Schools are expected to transmit knowledge to younger generations. They are, however, also increasingly criticized for distributing so-called inert knowledge, i.e., knowledge that is accessed only in a restricted set of contexts even though it is applicable to a wide variety of domains. The causes of limited knowledge transfer are mostly attributed to the dis-embeddedness of learning situations in schools. Instructional procedures that result in learning in the sense of being able to recall relevant information provide no guarantee that people will spontaneously use it later....   [tags: Learning Education Essays]
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2955 words
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Theories of Teaching and Learning - There are many theories that are relevant to classroom teaching today. Marsh (2008, p. 17) states that “each theory is nothing more than a set of reasonable suggestions”. A teacher should look at the information available to them and take what is necessary to achieve a positive learning environment in their classroom. This may mean taking a little part of one theory and combining in with another part of a different theory, there is no singular theory or theorist that encompasses everything that is required in a modern classroom....   [tags: motivation, constructivism, behaviourism]
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1781 words
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Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism In The Works Of Spelling - Pretextual Discourses: Constructivism in the works of Spelling 1. Spelling and Derridaist reading "Society is fundamentally meaningless," says Sartre. Many narratives concerning the role of the participant as poet may be discovered. But Foucault uses the term 'constructivism' to denote the futility, and some would say the failure, of dialectic art. The subject is contextualised into a postcapitalist textual theory that includes culture as a paradox. However, Sartre's analysis of constructivism implies that class has significance....   [tags: essays research papers] 792 words
(2.3 pages)
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Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners - Bulletin Boards as Dialogic Constructivism for Learners The advent of technology in the classroom has brought many new acronyms into teachers' lexicon: MOOs, MUDs, VREs, as well as chats and Discussion boards. Such technology, when students are loosed upon it, decenter the teacher and empower the student. Such a transition is firmly grounded in the ideological work of Friere who admonished that learning requires that students create knowledge and not be mere "receptacles for received knowledge." Discussion Boards, particularly, extend the notion of "classroom discussions" into a realm much more inclusive, and often more beneficial for students....   [tags: Technology Learning Education Essays]
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1246 words
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The Immunity to Change Personal Development Process - In this paper we will discuss how the Immunity to Change (ITC) and the Constructivism Developmental Theory (CDT) can be used in service of personal and spiritual evolution. We will look at an ITC map and the data generated by it and then reflect upon this information. To do this we start by introducing the terms of ITC and CDT and how we can make use of them to support our developmental growth. Furthermore, we are going to explore my personal ITC map and how working with it, through the lens of CDT, has led me to an adaptive change, to my personal growth and evolution....   [tags: Constructivism Developmental Theory]
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2884 words
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Compare and Contrast Between Rwanda and Darfur Genocide, from the Constructivism and Realism Perspectives - The analysis of the genocides that took place both in Rwanda and Sudan’s Darfur region exhibit some similarities as well as differences. The character of violence was similar in both cases, but in Rwanda the violence was more intense, participatory, and extraordinary. The violence in these two places took place in an environment that had experienced civil wars. It was a period of political transition which was further aggravated by ethnic nationalism and a conflict of ethnic populations that were living in close proximity....   [tags: International Relations]
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1509 words
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Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation - Some hold that Kant’s conception of autonomy requires the rejection of moral realism in favor of "moral constructivism." However, commentary on a little noticed passage in the Metaphysics of Morals (with the assistance of Kant’s Lectures and Reflexionen) reveals that the conception of legislation at the core of Kant’s conception of autonomy represents a decidedly anti-constructivist strand in his moral philosophy. I. Summary: the Meaning of "Kant's Moral Constructivism" A. John Rawls In A Theory of Justice, although Rawls's method of generating principles of justice from a choice in the Original Position is described as "constructive", in the sense of "helpful to settle disputes", the idea...   [tags: Philosophy Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]
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4338 words
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Learning Theories - Instructional Setting The teacher is teaching in a small country public school in Crane, Missouri. The class sizes are small, and there are approximately 45 students in each grade. Crane is a Pre-K-12 school, and all grades are on the same campus. The teacher teaches first grade with approximately 17 students in my class. The classroom that this student was in has the student sitting in small groups with centers all around the classroom. Some of the centers are word art, writing using the word wall, there is a reading center and a math center....   [tags: Behaviorism, Constructivism, Cognitivism]
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1286 words
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Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism - Melian Dialogue as interpreted through perspectives of Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism Imagine Cleomedes, son of Lycomedes, general of the famed forces of the lustrous Athenian Empire, waiting for a trio of representatives to return from The Melian Dialogue. “Well?” he demands impatiently as they arrive, “What did they say?” As perspectives and opinions in the realm of political science are fluid and bound to change, he receives a variety of replies, for the representatives body he sent happen to comprise a Realist, a Liberal and a Constructivist....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1175 words
(3.4 pages)
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem. I believe in enriching and empowering students’ mathematical experiences that fundamentally stems from a Piagetian genetic epistemological constructivist model that allow students to scaffold their learning through cognitive processes that are facilitated by teaching in a resource rich and collaborative environment (Thompson, 1994, p.69)....   [tags: mathematics, education, teaching] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
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My Philosophy of a Constructivist Mathematics Education - “Understanding is a measure of the quality and quantity of connections that a new idea has with existing ideas. The greater the number of connections to a network of ideas, the better the understanding (Van de Walle, 2007, p.27).” My philosophy of a constructivist mathematics education At what point does a student, in all intents and purposes, experience something mathematical. Does it symbolise a student that can remember a formula, write down symbols, see a pattern or solve a problem. I believe in enriching and empowering a student’s mathematical experience that fundamentally stems from a Piagetian genetic epistemological constructivist model....   [tags: Education ] 1279 words
(3.7 pages)
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In support of the constructivist theory of education for future athletic trainers - Educational philosophies differ from person to person. From behaviorist to constructivist and everything in between, the one thing they have in common is that they attempt to explain how people learn. This paper will explain why I tend to lean toward the constructivist theory of education and defend this theory using a variety of current literature. It is important to note that the theories that are talked about as educational theories are often looked at as both theories of teaching and learning; however most of these theories are not theories of teaching but rather learning (Baviskar, Hartle, Whitney, 2009)....   [tags: Educational Philosophy]
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1022 words
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Importance of Community in Constructivist Online Learning Environments - Importance of Community in Constructivist Online Learning Environments Introduction In this paper, I will examine the importance of interaction in constructivist online learning environment and how the community affects online learning. In order to show that the community and interaction are important to online learning and especially to the constructivist learning environments, this paper will first examine the definition of constructivist approach, identify relevant types of interaction and define community as it is understood in online learning environment....   [tags: Education]
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2251 words
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Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy - Finding Truth in Constructivist Psychotherapy Science is a construction of the human mind. The theories, approaches, and methods that are used in any scientific field have gradually developed over time to become an objective standard of evaluation. As science continues to evolve, new approaches to obtaining knowledge about the world around us must be considered, and at the same time these new approaches must be evaluated within the present context of what is considered to be science. In doing so, conflict and confusion will arise as new concepts meet the critical evaluation of the old....   [tags: Psychotherapy Science Papers] 2048 words
(5.9 pages)
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Piaget's Four Stages of Development - I choose the scenario about the baby and the educator. This is how I interpreted it: The educator believed that the baby was falling behind in relation to his developmental stage, maybe based on Piaget’s four stages of development. This prompted the educator to place the baby in a situation where he was to ‘learn to become independent’. The baby seemed to feel scared and overwhelmed by the situation he was placed in and made that evident to the educator by crying excessively, to the point that the educator had to justify why she had left him there “he needs to learn to be independent” (Mac Naughton, 2003, pp.51)....   [tags: child's learning, constructivist theory, equality]
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1295 words
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Constructionism Theoretical Critique - ... For example the situation destroyed the glory Russia built up from its hosting of the 2014 winter Olympics in Sochi which cost the Russian government an estimated 60 to 65 billion USD as well as Russia’s expulsion from the prestigious G8 (Russia’s Losing Game Over Gays, Human Rights). According to Alexander Wendt, “It is the human nature or domestic politics of predator states, however, that provide the initial impetus or ‘efficient’ cause of conflict which forces other states to respond in kind” (“Anarchy Is What States Make Of It” page 395)....   [tags: international relations theories]
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Constructivist Theory: Teaching Theory - Among many teaching styles and learning theories, there is one that is becoming more popular, the constructivist theory. The constructivist theory focuses on the way a person learns, a constructivist believes that the person will learn better when he/she is actively engaged. The person acts or views objects and events in their environment, in the process, this person then understands and learns from the object or events(P. Johnson, 2004). When we encounter a certain experience in our life, we think back to other things that have occurred in our life and use that to tackle this experience....   [tags: learning, the role of the teacher]
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1783 words
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Experiential and Constructivist Learning - Experiential and Constructivist Learning Experiential approach to learning can be an extremely effective form of learning, especially for adults. Confucius said “Tell me, and I will forget. Show me and I may remember” and that saying still applies to today as many adults learn better by experience than they do by the traditional chalk and talk (Conlan, Grabowski & Smith, 2012). The following essay will discuss how to utilize experiential learning in a heavy equipment construction company. It will illustrate how to facilitate student employee learning by doing....   [tags: heavy equipment, construction, experience]
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894 words
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Constructivist Learning Theory - The very first thing one must know about the constructivist theory of learning is the premise that learners arrive at learning situations with prior knowledge and proceed to take and active part in building new knowledge upon that prior knowledge as they experience new things and reflect on those collected experiences (Learning Theories Knowledgebase, 2012). This theory directly contradicts the behaviorist learning theory in which learners are believed to arrive at learning situations with “clean slates” of understanding....   [tags: Education]
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2167 words
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Teaching History and Geography in the Constructivist Classroom - In most curricular areas the curriculum has become strict rules that need to be adhered to. The constructivist approach brings a new light to a child’s learning experience with the focus being on practical interactive learning. Children often experience this type on learning before they reach primary school. For example when a child encounters a jigsaw they are not just shown on a whiteboard how to finish the jigsaw, the child is guided by an instructor through hands on experience. The child learns techniques to then complete a jigsaw by themselves and will move on to complete more complicated jigsaws with time....   [tags: curriculum, education, students, teachers]
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1316 words
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The Constructivist-Interpretative Paradigm - The constructivist-interpretative paradigm states that reality is constructed through interactions between a researcher and the research subject. According to Smith (2008), “[s]cientific knowledge can be created by virtual experience and conversations” (p. 102). Berger directly went into the Northern communities and spoke to many people about the Pipeline project. The indigenous people interviewed stated to Berger, how the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline would personally affect them; this is an example of a micro level of analysis, which is the ontology of this paradigm....   [tags: Social Science]
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547 words
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Social Constructivist Theory: Preservice Training for Teachers - According to South Wales Echo (2014),they received 26,000 calls from teachers struggling to cope. This indicated that teachers were stressed by rigorous academic targets, bad pupil behavior, and long working hours. In this effect, observations also revealed that students are well- equipped with theories but when face with classroom realities, emotional problems occur, thus, teaching performance is affected. On the other hand, West Visayas State University has a reputation of producing high caliber educators....   [tags: disabilities, assistance, academics]
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1581 words
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Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception - Comparing Constructivist and Direct Theories of Visual Perception Two of the main theories of visual perception are constructivist and direct. Gregory is associated with the constructivist theory, while Gibson supports the direct theory. The both theories differ in their explanation of perception, however there are some aspects that relate them. Gregory's theory is a top down theory of perception, in the sense that he considers prior knowledge and experience to be crucially important in making sense of what we see....   [tags: Papers] 1138 words
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Social Constructionism - Social Constructionism: It’s EVERYWHERE. Diverse studies indicate that newborn female infanticide rates in the Inuit population can range anywhere from 15% to 80% (Schrire 162). They kill their babies. Specifically, they will dispose of infant girls or sick and weakly infants. While this practice might go against every moral belief you have, it is widely accepted amongst Inuit society as a normal practice. Mind you, the Inuit do not commit infanticide because they enjoy it. They view it as a last resort and will often try to get the infants adopted....   [tags: Inuit Society, Ideas, Beliefs, Changes]
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Conceptual Relativism and Radical Social Constructionism - Conceptual relativism is concerned with truth and knowledge and belongs specifically with the ability of the human mind to construct different realities, people have different versions of realities but there is no one reality as is the same with truth there is no one absolute truth there are only truths. (Lazar 1998)Many authors have described the nature of this in their own languages and this has bought about many different views of conceptual relativism. It was Daniel Little’s belief that conceptual relativism was concerned with the fact that as the world is separated into so many different countries, cultures, religions and beliefs....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth and Knowledge, Realism] 1330 words
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Social Constructionism and the Message of Feminism - In this essay I will define social constructionism and how the theories of social construction altered feminism’s message during its second wave. The second wave of the feminist movement started during the 1950’s and is thought to have ended with the failure of the equal rights amendment. The amendment was only three votes shy of being ratified. Prior to this era the first wave of feminism seem to focus mainly on suffrage, a women right to vote and own property. During the second wave era, feminist incorporated the theories of social construction in their message....   [tags: Sociology Gender] 681 words
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Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism - Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism It was 1800, when vice president Jefferson succeeded Adams in the role of president. Jefferson stressed republican virtues of independence and equality and his belief in a frugal government. With his inauguration, the transfer of power to the Republican from the Federalists intensified a political conflict between the two political parties. Even though Jefferson stated in his inaugural address that "we are all Republicans, we are all Federalists," the Federalists and Republicans continued to doubt each other, especially on the issue of the Constitution....   [tags: Papers] 753 words
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Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making - Critical theory appears unpopular probably because of its ideological bias as claimed by Pease, Form and Rytina (1970). Liebert and Imershein (1977) similarly assert that a common theoretical tendency in community research is a distinctly “political theme that tends to find the greatest efficacy and power, and indeed the most universal structure of power, to lie in a certain organized diversity, a pluralist state of subsystems within an integrated system of elites” (pp. 191-192). The primary aim of critical theory, as James Bohman (2005) notes, is to thwart oppression....   [tags: Karl Marx, Social Constructionism] 1225 words
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Childhood - ‘Childhood is a social construct, a product of our collective imaginations. Different ads and different films construct childhood in different ways’ (Video 1 Band 3 pp.341-342). I intend to explain how different visual representations of children are influenced by the four discourses of childhood. I will discuss views and ideas of the three main childhood discourse philosophers and the sociologist. Social constructionism approach distinguishes different discourses of childhood as a result of different cultures, believes, experiences and time in history....   [tags: Sociology, Social Constructionism] 1452 words
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Media Relations: Macro Structural Level - Macro Structural level is the analysis that focuses on the structure of society and provides a way of seeing society as a unified whole. Micro structural level involves effects on individual media consumers themselves. The media influenced the macro structural level after the Sandy Hook Shooting because it stirred up gun control debate. The US as a whole has been overwhelmed with several shootings in schools, movie theaters, and courthouses. The rise in shootings has taken its toll on society and is only getting worse....   [tags: social constructionism, shootings ]
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Theoretical Perspectives in Education - Theories provide the foundation for educational practices, and many of them exist. While I consider my personal theory or philosophy of education to be one that is something of an ever-changing conglomerate of ideas, I realize that some of my guiding principals are directly attributed to well a well established theory. Three main theories of education exist: behavioral, constructivist, and cognitive. I find myself ideologically aligned most closely with the constructivist approach, yet for reasons to be explored later in this document, find the theory one that can only offer guidance for my actions as a teacher a portion of the time I am working with students....   [tags: Education Theory, teaching]
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Educational Technology Theories and Theorists - Introduction Technology is becoming more and more predominant in society. The concept of technology is a reality that has pervaded not only our everyday lives but our mere state of existence. Technology has affected every aspect of society. There is no doubt that technology holds great potential for improving the way that people learn and ready or not, technology is affecting education. Educational Technology Ever since the integration of educational technology there has been a dramatic shift in most of the paradigms on which traditional learning exists....   [tags: Educational Technology ]
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Feminist Social Theory - Feminist social theory ought to challenge the ideals of Classical social theory embodied by the work of authors, such Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Simmel. Such traditional values tend to exclude women from their social analysis of the modern world, as women were considered non social agents. In support of this, Durkheim claim that men were product of society, whereas women belonged to nature, (Harrington: 2005, p.236). Thus, feminist social theory embrace post-enlightenment principles, focusing on values associated to “difference”,”particularism” and “specificity” (Harrington: 2005, p....   [tags: Feminism, postmodernism, constructionism]
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ICT in Cameroon Primary Schools - For ICT to be effective integrated in the school curriculum, one needs to understand its psychological foundation. The essence of integrating ICT in learning and teaching is to facilitate the process of knowledge acquisition (Mayer, 2003). Achieving this objective requires a clear comprehension of how individuals learn using various theories of learning and how the tool can be used to enhance the process. Roblyer (2006) states that “theories describe how learning should take place and hence strategies are derived from them”....   [tags: Education, technology, africa] 975 words
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Online Learning Environments - Terms such as “delivering education” or “delivering knowledge” have all been used at one time or another in television commercials or internet advertisements to refer to the education provided in the field of distance education. However, if we look at the official definition of the word delivered as presented in the Merriam-Webster dictionary we find that the word is derived from the term “deliver” which means “to take or hand over.” In this paper I will demonstrate that because constructivist online learning environments follow the constructivism learning paradigm that involves both cognitive and social interaction of knowledge, the term delivered should not be used to describe good online...   [tags: Education]
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SUCCEED: An Instructional Design Model - Every year, education majors across the U.S. face a barrage of learning theories and models in their education courses. Professors waste no time in introducing them to Pavlov and his dogs, Bloom’s Taxonomy, Maslow’s Hierarchy, Piaget, Skinner, Gagne, Bruner and more (Marsh, McFadden, and Price, n.d.). From the work of these great men come such learning theories as behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism, three paradigms that have shaped our current educational system. The next generation of teachers creates countless practice lesson plans based around these theories....   [tags: informative, education]
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Assessing Mathematical Standards in Grades K-12 - Introduction The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) has developed detailed academic standards to direct learning goals for K-12 students. This paper will address the importance of having standards included in mathematics and how these standards can improve mathematics instruction in the classroom. This paper will also examine traditional mathematics programs versus constructivist-type programs and discuss how they address these standards and address limitations of both types of programs....   [tags: Education]
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Incorporating Technology "Chat" in the English Classroom - To assure a complete coherence among theories and concepts in order to carry out this research project, it is necessary to have a theoretical support on the following constructs: collaborative writing, the computer - assisted language learning (CALL) which deals with constructivism theory and collaborative work. Also, the use of chat in language teaching, and teaching English with technology to adult learners. These constructs will give a clear justification of what it is expected to demonstrate through the action research project....   [tags: education, technology]
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Implementing Effective Teaching Methods - Constructivism Constructivism is defined by About.com (2008) as a type of learning theory that explains human learning as an active attempt to construct meaning in the world around us. The site further explains that constructivism divides learning into two types: accommodation and assimilation. The focus is on the individual’s desire and ability to learn, and the teacher or therapist is merely there to help guide self-directed learning. In regards to applying this theory within classrooms teachers must first become competent in what can prevent students from becoming active learners....   [tags: Strategies for Effective Teaching]
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The Major Catalysts in the Formation of the Internet and Digital World - The Major Catalysts in the Formation of the Internet and Digital World Introduction There exisits two schools of thought concerning which components have been the major catalysts in the forming of the internet and digital world as we know it today. Both entertain stimulating and valid arguments. Manovich stipulates that the visual format of the internet is purely based on the visual reasoning that erupted out of the late nineteenth century as a result of constructivist principles and the tremendous introduction of the cinema, while Cook provides a good argument that although the assertions made by Manovich are true, Manovich overlooks an important component to the aesthetics and organiza...   [tags: Internet Digital Essays]
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Online Support Network (OSN) for K-12 Students - This proposed quantitative, pre-experimental study evaluates best practices” to facilitate the advancement of technology for K–12 students aligned to cross curriculum strategies and activities through developing an online support network (OSN). Designing a teacher professional learning through curriculum integration strategies would precede wireless laptop classroom integration, create access for educators to share and plan new academic tasks collaboratively (Oliver, 2010). For instance, a study on OSN conducted by Stewart, Bachman and Babb (2009) promoted online teacher training technology through social constructivism (SC)....   [tags: Education, Technology, Online Network] 2126 words
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Vladimir Tatlin and Naum Gabo Modern Art - This paper will explore Vladimir Tatlin and Naum Gabo differences on the role of the Avant-Garde artists and how their beliefs influence the kind of work they produced. A pioneer of Russian design Vladimir Tatlin is a representative of Russian Realism. He left home when he was fifteen and served on the shipboard. When he became a painter, he often represented sailors in his pictures Art and culture in Russia after Revolution was a tool for creating industrially aesthetical reality. Tatlin’s project The Monument to the Third International (1920) one that so much can be considered an architectural work as a sculptural piece, it constituted by a spiral of iron that is expanded diagonally and en...   [tags: compare, contrast, art]
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NY Teaching Methods - NY Teaching Methods In recent years the National Science Education Standards ( National Research Council, 1996) have shifted from a traditional text book style of teaching to a more "hands-on" or otherwise known as constructivism. According to the standards, learning science is a process that students do, and not something that just happens to them. The standards are designed to outline what students need to know and understand in regards to science. The opportunity to learn science is given to all students....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Role of Graphic Communication in Avant-Guard Architecture - Introduction’ As the medium of architecture design must be “informed by the world around it” .Architecture is a language close to graphic design . Aim of this essay is to differentiate and distinguish between the architectural academic realm and architectural real applications, what roles do avant-garde ideas play in creating this realm . In order to discuss this matter it is inevitable not to discuss 60’s architecture as some of the most avant-garde designs of contemporary times stems from that area and in specific by the people behind magazines which later on went to be just more than a magazine and became and ideology hence it is not a surprise to come across terms such as Archigramism .T...   [tags: architecture, graphic design]
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Jerome Seymour Bruner - Jerome Seymour Bruner is an American psychologist who made signification contributions to educational, cognitive and developmental psychology. This paper will focus on who Bruner is, his main theories explained, plus a comparison between Bruner and Piaget and the effectiveness of Bruners theories in the classroom. Bruner was born and raised in New York City, Bruner graduated high school in 1933 and went on to major in psychology at Duke University; earning an AB degree in 1937. Subsequently, Bruner pursued a graduate study at Harvard University receiving the MA in 1939 and a Ph.D....   [tags: Psychology ]
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The Importance of Integrated Production System in the Manufacturing Industry. - CHAPTER 3 Research Methodology 3.1 Introduction The chapter 2 literature review emphasized several approaches and key academic theories for the examination of role of integrated production system in the manufacturing industry to enhance the productivity. At this stage, it is crucial to expand knowledge and understanding of the philosophy and methodology of research. It is essential for the selection of most suitable methods to reach at the consistent and authentic conclusion according to the defined research objectives....   [tags: Business Management] 2390 words
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Teachers as the Foundation of Society - As a young student I believe that an education is the most valuable thing that a person can have. Therefore, I believe that teachers are the soul foundation of our society. The job of the teacher is to educate as well as nurture the students to the best of their ability. Our society as a whole is constantly growing and changing; and this has a strong influence on our education system. Thus forth my philosophy is continuously evolving and growing; and as I continue to learn more about school districts, different children, and the psychology of learning I will continue to adjust my educational philosophy as well....   [tags: Teachers, philosophy of education, narrative] 618 words
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Third Grade Classroom Observation and Analysis - Classroom Environment A general population third grade class was observed to further understand the psychological aspect of teaching. The Title I school classroom observed has sixteen students, eight girls and eight boys, and is almost entirely made up of students from a low socioeconomic status (SES). The desks are arranged with one big horseshoe and two rows of desks inside the horseshoe shape. The teacher has made adjustments to seating assignments and layout due to student behavior and feedback....   [tags: Classroom Observation Essay]
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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning - Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920’s but it was not until the late 1960’s that his ideas about learning became popular and were used to contribute to “Constructivism” as a method of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive development were significantly influenced by social interactions that occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four major influences on cognitive development. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of language • Role of private speech • The Zone of Proximal Development....   [tags: Educational Theory]
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Implementing Technology Into Instructional Routines - The theoretical framework, involves the works of Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2001), Piaget (1973), Vygotsky (1978) and Augustin & Huang, (2002). The use of social constructivism (SC) will play a pivotal role in building collaborative relationships between teachers and their students. In addition, this framework will also apply Swan and Dixon's (2006) teachers’ technology attitude scale (TAS) to determine wireless laptop training needs for K-12 teachers. As anticipated by the theory of social constructivism, technology into the classroom produces a network of social learning agents....   [tags: Educational Technology] 1072 words
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Ontology of Mathematics - An ontological theorist generally begins his discussion with a preconceived notion of what kind of thing an object will turn out to be. Instead, we will here begin with a Thomassonian approach to the ontology of mathematics. First, let us consider what happens when we rst come to determine a mathematical proposition (which I will use synonymously with 'mathematical entitty'). A mathematician does not feel as though he creates mathematical theories. Pythagoras can hardly be thought to have created the claim that a2 + b2 = c2....   [tags: Mathematics]
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Effective Teachers - Teaching is a profession that is considered to be a rewarding challenging and complex role.  An effective teacher does not simply teach knowledge their students and instead aims to arm students with the knowledge, skills, understanding and attitudes that will prepare students for life-long learning. The constructivist theories developed by Piaget and Vygotsky have impacted on the way that teachers teach and this has changed the approach of teaching to place a greater importance on the teacher instead to act as a facilitator of learning in an open, constructivist environment and providing students with the tools to challenge themselves to develop both academically and personally....   [tags: Education]
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