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Comprehension Instruction - ... 200) , telling the teacher to introduce with a chart which can be more confusing then just explaining it before beginning . The contrast is that the article gives question you should as the student. The last three steps for the strategy included “ Overviewing the text” , “ Activating prior knowledge relevant to the text”, and “Making predictions about the text” (Neufeld, 2005, p. 304). All these sections are very detailed and start with having the student do a survey of the text then bring what knowledge they already and finally allowing them to make the own assumptions about what they expect the text to initial....   [tags: Education]
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(6 pages)
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Reading Comprehension - ... So what are other strategies that can be used to help the non-skilled student comprehend what they are reading. “The most important comprehension strategies for struggling readers are activating background knowledge, determing importance, summarizing, questioning, visualizing and monitoring.” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 267) Background knowledge helps the student with both fluency and the understanding of the text. Activating and building a students schema is one of the most important things a teacher can do to help a student....   [tags: Education]
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1327 words
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Literature review:Reading Comprehension - ... Most intervention programs are focused on phonics and word decoding. Oral language interventions concurrent with vocabulary and comprehension tasks at age eight have been shown to lead to significant improvements in reading comprehension. (Nation, et al., 2010). Reading comprehension is not merely a product of being able to decode words and sentences. How we teach children to process and integrate the ideas found in text can have a large impact on their ability to function in a world of ever expanding knowledge and information....   [tags: Education]
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Comprehension in Early Literacy - ... Early educators can introduce then to reading a place to make meaning and explore the human adventure, to step into a story and it their own. Our goal should be to help children approach books with expectation of making sense not simply making sounds. When children are still learning how to read they should still make connections to the story. Even though one of our goals for our students is to get them to read and sound out words correctly the main point of reading is to make sure students can comprehend what they are reading....   [tags: Literacy ]
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1981 words
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Children's Comprehension of Television Messages - Children's Comprehension of Television Messages The literature surveyed so far regarding children's attention to television has relied on observation of visual attention by the child viewers. Measures of visual attention alone do not provide an indication of what aspects of the message children are extracting from the television screen. In order to acquire indications of this, researchers have relied on post-viewing measures of children's recognition and recall of information from the program....   [tags: Children Television Media Essays] 9804 words
(28 pages)
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Sociology Research and Comprehension - Sociology Research and Comprehension The phrase 'the welfare state is the nanny state' would be inaccurate in M'Calman's view, as she regards welfare as an important aid to underprivileged people who are finding it difficult to survive in current social and economic conditions. M'Calman states that 'the welfare state has been derided as the nanny state.'1 She is saying that 'nanny state' is intended as a derogatory term used to ridicule the welfare state, whose job is to assist people who genuinely require financial assistance in order to better the quality of life for themselves and their children....   [tags: Papers] 1972 words
(5.6 pages)
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Comprehension Instruction at Different Grade Levels - The reading selections for this week provide a historical perspective of comprehension instruction at various grade levels. The authors describe characteristics of learners at various grade levels, examine previous instructional goals and discuss the goals for the future, examine previous learning contexts and what learning contexts should become and how assessment strategies can be improved to meet the challenges of learners at various grade and proficiency levels. It is important to note the influence of multiple literacies and the challenges of integrating conventional discourses and nonconventional discourses in the learning context....   [tags: learning style, reading, literacy] 729 words
(2.1 pages)
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Reading Comprehension: From Research to Classroom - ... According to Solso (2008), this shows how textual information is influenced by the contextual. A schema had been activated in the readers’ minds. Solso and colleagues (2008) explain that the new information gathered through reading can be easily assimilated with existing cognitive structures. These schemata that Bartlett identified are stored in long-term memory, and guide the way that people perceive and remember things. This is why schema theory is so integral to reading comprehension- when the writer and reader share a schema, the writer does not have to refer explicitly to all the details of that schema....   [tags: Educational Issues]
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Instructional Unit Analysis: Improving Students' Reading Comprehension - ... How the Project Fits Into Teaching and Learning in My Field This project fits into teaching reading because comprehension is part of teaching reading and they can add comprehension as part of the reading skills their class will learn. Problem Statement Definition of the Problem The problem is that students do not know how to retell stories. Students have a hard time retelling any parts of a story. The students lack comprehension skills to be able to tell someone else about a story that they have read....   [tags: Elementary Education, literacy, early childhood]
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Improving Reading Comprehension and Critical Thinking Skills in Middle School Students - ... This would support the idea that collaboration can start with the classroom teacher. “Fan fiction allowed us to use technology to support meaningful uses of language and literacy” (Kell, Tracey, 2009) The article also supports the benefits of media specialist helping support critical thinking through creative writing assignments. The third article that I found was “Are Librarians Reading Teachers, Too?” A part of this article reflects on the seven reading comprehension strategies based on the information literacy standards based on the Collaborative Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension: Maximizing Your Impact....   [tags: Education ]
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Instructional Research Project : Teaching Reading Comprehension Skills to Third Grade Students - ... Students in the one-to-one interviews had troubles with unknown vocabulary. Students in the small group also had trouble with unfamiliar vocabulary. Apart from making the changes to vocabulary instruction, the unit is ready to be implemented in regular classes. The indications that the unit helps all students learn comprehension strategies are exciting. This unit should be perfectly suited to add to guided reading groups. Implications and Limitations Implications The success of the unit in helping students to learn comprehension strategies implies that the unit successfully achieved the instructional goal....   [tags: teaching, elementary education, literacy] 1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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How are Literacy, Fluency and Reading Comprehension Affected by Using Oral Reading Methods in the Classroom? - ... Learners need also to practice their skills in regulating their pitch, tone and stress while reading as this will be helpful in making them understand the link between oral language and written language. Nichols, Rupley and Rasinski (2009) argue that for a learner to interpret the meaning of the written text, repeated reading is not at times effective (p. 3). The authors argue that learning strategies, which make learners to read for multiple reasons go beyond becoming fluent. Instructors must therefore formulate reading programs that recognize the different learning stages through which learners go through for them to have the necessary impact on the learners....   [tags: Education]
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Comprehension Response to romeo and juliet - Romeo & Juliet I think that when it comes to dating there’s an uneasy feeling between parents and son/daughters. Dating is a very important topic in life and very controversial. It seems like everyone has different views and advice to dating. A common belief among parents for example is “is no dating till you are a certain age.” While most male teenagers have way different views and opinions. A male is always trying to get the “cool chick.” While most females are more of the romantic type and belief more in things such as love at first sight....   [tags: William Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet] 1451 words
(4.1 pages)
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What is reading - ... Therefore reading is the foundation that children need to be successful in life. Jennings, Caldwell and Lerner (2010) advised that to help children read better and develop a love for reading, fall on the laps of the teaching professionals since they are the planner and implementation of instructional services (pg. 3). It is understandable that even though there are different levels of readers, the ultimate goal is for teachers to create good readers in children. Jennings, Caldwell and Lerner (2010) iterate that reading is making sense of text....   [tags: Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension] 666 words
(1.9 pages)
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Literature - ... The treatment group received lucid vocabulary instruction through an intervention program. The results showed that the treatment group had greater gains in vocabulary acquisition than the control group. Based on these results, Coyne, Simmons, Kame’enui, and Stoolmiller (2004) concluded, “Explicitly teaching word meanings within the context of shared storybook reading is an effective method for increasing the vocabulary of young children at risk of experiencing reading difficulties” (p.152)....   [tags: Education, Reading ] 1378 words
(3.9 pages)
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Use of Technology in the Classroom - ... Technology was helpful to keep students engaged in learning because the students live in such a “wired” world. Data Analysis The data analysis had three parts to it: the SME phase, the one-to-one phase and small group phases. The data was organized by collecting the interviews, questionnaires and post test from the participants. The data analysis was guided by formative evaluation questions. The questions are: 1. Was the instructional goal achieved. 2. Which directions are not clear. 3. In what ways should the time allotted be either expanded or decreased....   [tags: Education, Teaching] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Outline for Paper on The Importance of Accelerated Reading - ... D. Research Question/Hypotheses Does the use of AR increase first grade comprehension scores on the End of the Year Assessment. E. Definitions of Special Terms There are not any special terms F. Limitation This study is restricted to schools that currently have the AR program. Chapter II- REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE A. Review of the Related Literature by Topics/Areas There have been several researches done regarding AR. Many of these researches are pre-experimental. This chapter reviews previous studies regarding AR....   [tags: Education, Accelerated Reader] 2008 words
(5.7 pages)
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Teaching Fluency- Implications for Repeated Readings as a Viable Strategy in Teaching Fluency in the Second Grade Classroom - Fluency has become a widely discussed topic in education today. There are many opinions among educators and researchers on what fluency means, and how it should be addressed in a classroom setting. I researched four articles from respected journals, and in this paper I will attempt to define fluency and measurement tools. I will also discuss Repeated Reading as a viable strategy for teaching Fluency in the second grade classroom. I chose this particular topic, because I felt it would be most beneficial in influencing my own literacy instruction....   [tags: elementary Education, early childhood education] 1702 words
(4.9 pages)
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Aphasia: A Language Disorder - Aphasia: A Language Disorder "My most valuable tool is words, the words I can now use only with difficulty. My voice is debilitated - mute, a prisoner of a communication system damaged by a stroke that has robbed me of language," stated A. H. Raskins, one of approximately one million people in the United States who suffer from aphasia (1), a disorder which limits the comprehension and expression of language. It is an acquired impairment due to brain injury in the left cerebral hemisphere. The most common cause of aphasia is a stroke, but other causes are brain tumors, head injury, or other neuralgic illnesses....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Journal Article Critique - Research Article 1 Roberts, T. (2003). Effects of Alphabet-Letter Instruction on Young Children’s Word Recognition [Electronic Version]. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95 (1), 41-51. Title The title of the article gave a fair representation of the topic as it was clear and concise in the wording. The title encompassed the idea that alphabet letter instruction on young children’s word recognition would be explored through experiments and analysis. Reading on through the article it was evident that the effects of alphabet letter instruction on you children’s word recognition were addressed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1911 words
(5.5 pages)
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Learner Analysis - ... They also had a difficulty in answering questions such as "who was the story was about?" or "where did the story take place?" Compared to the higher achieving students the lower achieving students did not have the necessary skills to comprehend typical grade-level reading material. Entry Level Knowledge or Skills The entry-level knowledge and skills of students comprise familiarity with and correct use of letters and the sounds or phonemic and print awareness. The students should be able to read simple books....   [tags: Evaluation] 1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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Question Answer Relationship Strategy - ... In addition to being a useful tool for regular students, the QAR strategy is very effective for students of diverse backgrounds. The instruction is so specific that it is very easy to follow. QAR instruction explicitly shows the student the relationship between questions and answers. QAR is also an easy and practical approach for teachers to conduct reading comprehension instruction which has the potential to close the literacy achievement gap. The QAR strategy helps students comprehend, analyze, and respond to text concepts and questions....   [tags: Education]
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Literacy Methodology: A Holistic Approach to Teaching Reading - ... When working with reading tasks in class, I would show students the strategies that will work best for the reading purpose and the type of text. I would teach them strategies that are used before, during, and after reading. Before reading: decide in advance what to read for, decide if more linguistic or background knowledge is needed and determine whether to enter the text from the top down (attend to the overall meaning) or from the bottom up (focus on the words and phrases).During and after reading: Monitor comprehension, verify predictions and check for inaccurate guesses, decide what is and is not important to understand, reread to check comprehension and always ask for help....   [tags: Education, teacher]
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The Purpose of Reading - ... There have been a number of different purposes for reading in which a person needs to learn a considerable amount of information from text. For instance, some may read for academic purposes such as reading to understand the lecture and may others read for entertainment (for pleasure), for example, reading a poem necessitate to read and classify the words that have been interlaced jointly whereas it would be a significant to recognize the core idea and scrutinize the passage in details to assemble specific answers to questions however reading for general thoughts to obtain an idea of the writer's perspective as an illustration....   [tags: Literacy] 509 words
(1.5 pages)
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Child Behavioral Case Study - Child Behavioral Case Study 1) General Information: Student name: Larry Date of Testing: Grade: 1 Date of Birth: Chronological Age: School: 2) Reason for Assessment: is currently having difficulties with learning and behavior. frequently is out of his throughout the day, and answers aloud before being called on to give the answers and struggles to follow directions. also has learning difficulties in reading decoding and reading comprehension. 3) Background Information: lives with is grandparents, parents and one younger sister....   [tags: Psychology Learning Children] 495 words
(1.4 pages)
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Thinking Aloud - Thinking Aloud Reading comprehension may be the most important skill for any student to acquire and is therefore an area of particular interest to educators. Without adequate comprehension skills, students are limited in their reading, analytical and occupational abilities. To many, including the student’s themselves, comprehension or “good reading” skills begin and end with simple decoding. It is thought that if students can ‘read’ and define the vocabulary they are reading, then they also comprehend what is read....   [tags: Reading Education Learning Essays]
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Learning Theory and Research: An Authentic Application - ... SAT data was collected by reading public reports that documented school-wide progress, as well as by attaining lists of individual students’ scores. NWEA data was supplied to the researcher by the principal of High School A, and is available to all teachers at the school. Summary of Data Analysis Both NWEA and SAT scores indicated that the mean scores were below the proficient level in reading. Though fewer than 40% of students scored below the state-selected “proficient” range on the SAT, the mean score for reading has slowly and consistently risen over the past three years....   [tags: Education ]
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Multimedia Glosses - ... Students and researchers can find value in glossing provided through multimedia, such as a computer. Students are given access to glosses of new terminology. Also a list of the already read items is generated automatically. Researchers can study the generated list in order to gather information about specific learners, such as reading approaches. Chun and Plass (1996) stress that when words or phrases are offered through varying methods, retention is easier. They say that “foreign words associated with actual objects or imagery techniques are learned more easily than words without” (1996, p....   [tags: Language ]
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Effective Strategies to Expand Vocabulary - ... I am aware that I have to be careful because children sometimes get anxious waiting their turn and may not focus on the text hence it is important that students get familiar with the text before they engaged in paired reading. This will reduce the amount of unknown words and relaxes students as they wait their turn to read. Children can pick their own partner or they can be paired according to their reading abilities such as two with the same or with different reading abilities. Assisted oral reading is another effective strategy....   [tags: Language ]
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Interactive Learning - ... Another benefit of interactive learning is it meets a multitude of learning styles, helping to engage a wider of range of students to class discussions. All students learn differently so incorporating interactive techniques will improve learning for more than one learning style. Interactive learning techniques are widely varied giving each student opportunities to learn information in the best way for them. Research indicates only a small percentage of knowledge is attainable when only passive teaching techniques are incorporated....   [tags: Educational Technology ]
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Marketing in Banking - Marketing in Banking Marketing approach in banking sector had taken significance after 1950 in western countries and then after 1980 in Turkey. New banking perceptiveness oriented toward market had influenced banks to create new market. Banks had started to perform marketing and planning techniques in banking in order to be able to offer their new services efficiently....   [tags: Finance Banking Sector Marketing Business] 1826 words
(5.2 pages)
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Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities - Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities Reading is a lifelong skill that individuals should learn, for them to prosper and expand intellectually. Despite the fact that one might perceive its simplicity, it is more complex than what it seems. Furthermore, it's a weapon that can be used to face challenges and opportunities that life offers. For many, gaining this skill is easy except for students with Learning Disabilities (LD). It’s very hard to teach reading for those students with LD....   [tags: Article Review] 1041 words
(3 pages)
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How to Effectively Teach Strategic Reading - ... Finally the last type of connection is the text-to-text connection, this refers to the connections made between a text being read and a text that was previously read. These connections can include comparing books written by the same author, or books in a series, as well as making connections through text books on similar topics (Tompkins, 2011). Making connections is an important to help activate prior knowledge which in turn aids in comprehension and understanding. Strategic readers are also able to use the skills of making predictions and drawing inferences....   [tags: Education]
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Instructional Strategies - ... The more advance one’s proficiency level, the higher their comprehension input, so writing words into sentences that are meaningful, encouraging group discussions and oral presentations would enhance and influence this student’s learning of language development and promote positive feedback. Feedback of any kind, whether on-going, specific or immediate plays a major role in determining how much knowledge has been retained. For English-learners feedback is critical and relates to comprehension input by ensuring that academic learning has been understood with vast meaning....   [tags: Education ]
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How Students with Learning Disabilities Gain Reading Skills - Promoting reading skills to students with LD may appear to be a very difficult task. The varying needs of the students, along with learning conditions in the congested public school could leave behind LD students in the integrated classroom. To address problems, reading interventions should be in place to give students with LD equal opportunities as mandated by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) policy. These interventions should be designed to address two aspects of reading skills: oral decoding and reading comprehension....   [tags: Learning Disabilities, literacy, ] 489 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Art of Storytelling - Storytelling embodies the art of human communication in all cultures around the world. This art has been passed down through generations as myths, fables, and legends. Many of these tales have similar plots, settings, and characters, even in different regions around the world. Storytelling evokes the emotion of all human beings through compelling tales of wonder, mystery, adventure, and horror. Storytelling also develops higher level thinking skills and establishes social skills. Storytelling builds self-esteem and motivation because this skill allows the listeners to be actively involved in the story....   [tags: Storytelling] 735 words
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Literacy Learner - ... Their reading is fluent, and they comprehend what they are reading. Books at this level are only slightly easier than those at their instructional level, and they still engage the students interest (Tompkins, 2008). RTI is a new approach to identifying students with specific learning disabilities and represents a major change in special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA, 2000). With would indeed help her from falling into the third level, the frustration level. At the frustration level, the student has extreme difficulty in pronouncing words and comprehending the material....   [tags: Literacy]
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An Analysis of the Problems Facing ESOL Students in the Area of Reading and How the Teacher Can Address These Issues - ... Firstly, some of the learners could not understand the text because the students have limited range of vocabulary due to this fact the learners do not know how to use the strategies of reading. The teacher might help the learner during a guessing activity which encourage students attempt to know the meaning of difficult words related to the text, which is more sufficient. According to Hedge a (2008) indicates, by civilizing the process of guessing the meaning of the words from the text that is could help the learners to build up the abilities of guessing the meaning....   [tags: Education, philosophy of education] 1057 words
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Reading Fluency - ... Ehri believes that this process will reduce memory load, which allows for development of additional skills. The more sight word automaticity there is, the more brain power can be devoted to comprehension and decoding. The more space left in the brain for this allows for more thorough comprehension and higher order thinking skills such as inferencing and personal connections. Ehri's description of the stages of word recognition explains how readers come to be familiar with words by sight through carefully processing print....   [tags: Education ]
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Metacognitive Reading Strategies - ... The research on L2 reading comprehension is not new; what is new is the approach of acknowledging D2 learners and their unique language struggles within the same study. I also plan to observe what effects explicit reading comprehension instruction will have on a relatively small number of students at my particular site. To my knowledge, no such study has been done on our campus with the unique group of students that we serve. In addition, researchers point out that the reading experiences of ELLs at the post-secondary level have not been well studied....   [tags: Education]
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Effective Best Practice for Special Education Students - ... It is particularly help for students to put what is being read into a visual picture to help them remember. If the teacher relates aloud events that are relevant to student’s lives they can remember information more easily. For instance if you are reading information about skunks, the teacher can then make a comment about how bad the animal can smell. This again will put a visual reference in the back of their brain in which can help them recall the story. The same method can be used in making predictions....   [tags: Education ]
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Effects of Sustained Silent Reading in the Elementary Classroom - ... Teachers should also include graphic novels and magazines as well. A final aspect of the silent reading experience is book sharing. Lee-Daniels et al. (2000) found that SSR works best when children share books, either with his or her teacher or in literature discussions with peers. Philgreen’s 2003 research shows that free reading exercises positively correlate with many factors including improvement on test scores, second language acquisition and improvement on literacy. In addition to gains in achievement and shift in attitude, Grubaugh 2001 points out that the kind of wide reading that students engage in during SSR should expand their background of information, therefore providing them with a better knowledge base with which to relate to their textbooks....   [tags: Education]
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Using Audio Books To Improve Reading Fluency - ... 8). This second definition is a much more broad view of what reading is. In fact, there is no need for the book to be present at all. The audio can provide the text. So, if reading can be accomplished only through listening to the text, is it as effective as actually decoding each word in the book. For many kids, audio books are much more effective. “Research in learning styles has demonstrated again and again that students with auditory preferences learn much better when material is presented in both visual and auditory fashion” (Simpson, 2006, p....   [tags: Literacy Issues]
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Bilton's Byte - ... According to Carr the extra burden of decision-making that hypertext demands of readers impairs reading performance (129); it is the very fact that reading “ ‘understimulates the senses’ ” that makes deep reading and learning more possible (123). The Internet’s extra stimulation comes from the brain’s effort to focus, ignore distractions, judge relevancy and make choices while trying to not to go off on a tangent. It is the calm “understimulated” mind that makes deep thinking and learning possible....   [tags: Technology] 1201 words
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Reading Instruction - ... Oral foundation from local language can aid oral reading fluency. When learning a language, students can utilize their skills of language acquisition to learn a new language at the literacy program. Literacy in a different language requires distinct functions such as decoding or word recognition skills (OECD, 2007). Therefore, if students have other skills from their local language, the process of learning a new language will be smoother and more efficient. Secondly, meaning making allows adult learners to be able to develop instrumental communication skills through writing and reading....   [tags: Education / Pedagogy]
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Supplemental Alternative Literacy Activities and Programs - ... More training of the fifth grade participants was necessary because of their increased responsibility to instruct or reinforce literacy skills with the beginning readers. As needed, stories were either read by the mentor or younger buddy. Outcomes for this program were positive; emerging readers dedicated more time to reading aloud, improved their reading skills and fluency; mentors reinforced their literacy skills, showed increase in self-esteem and empowerment, and heightened their critical thinking skills; both buddies improved their communication and interpersonal skills (Babicki, 2007)....   [tags: Education, Pedagogy]
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The Benefits of Reading Shakespeare - The wonders of Shakespeare As students we can concur with you that the works of Shakespeare are some of the most challenging that we are obliged to study in school. He does not seem to use English at all and his works are almost always lengthy and tragic. However, you can benefit from reading and understanding his writings. The fact that you as a student dislike Shakespearean Literature is something that we are well aware of. As you get more involved in reading his works though, you will be able to developed sharpened comprehension skills, better understanding his style of writing and you feel a sense of fulfillment....   [tags: William Shakespeare] 583 words
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The Style of the Essay - The Style of the Essay Prior to reading Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style and William’s Style, I was under the assumption that everyone had their own writing style. Once I had read the texts and listened to the classroom discussions I realized that I didn’t really know what style was when it came to writing. We as writers must all follow rules and guidelines for writing in order for the reader to understand what we are trying to get across. Without these rules and guidelines we probably wouldn’t be able to understand what the author is trying to express....   [tags: Writing Writers Education Essays]
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Why Students are Not Reading and Ways to Get them to Read More - Why Students are Not Reading and Ways to Get them to Read More "We shouldn't teach great books. We should teach a love of reading." B. F. Skinner "What is a reader?" and "What makes a good reader?" Out of 100 eighth graders surveyed at a middle school in Pennsylvania, 73% of them said that you have to read a lot and practice reading. When the same one hundred eighth graders were asked how they feel about reading, 55% said they love it, 26% were indifferent to it, and 19% said that they disliked it....   [tags: Inquiry Paper] 1277 words
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Analyzation of Southern Arizona Folk Arts - Analyzation of Southern Arizona Folk Arts Tucson, Arizona is a place of warmth and place of desert and most of all a place influenced by the traditions of Mexico and its people. It is especially influenced by the Folk Art traditions. But Folk arts what are they. Folk pertains to a subgroups object that fulfills a purpose of their own or for export for society. Art pertains to the aspect of an object that gives pleasure to the constructor of object or to the viewer in some way or another. Folk art in some way or another serves the purpose of community....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1829 words
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The Conclusions Drawn By The National Reading Panel's Study On Effective Reading - The Conclusions Drawn By The National Reading Panel's Study On Effective Reading Ever since the signing of the Declaration of Independence the United Sates has strived for the betterment of its society on a whole. This effort can be seen through not only the push for higher education, but also in the standards set in the curriculum for all students. Even though there is such a push for educating the students in America, it becomes surprising that certain simple aspects of education can be almost shaded by or lost under the bigger picture....   [tags: essays papers]
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The Importance of Early Reading Intervention for Students who Demonstrate Difficulties with Reading - There is no one answer for having a reading problem in one’s life. These problems could be associated with culture, environment, health, self esteem, teaching styles, etc. There is also no one reason for acquiring a reading difficulty and thusly no one method of intervention will work for all students Reading allows students to do as well as other students in content area classes. Without having, good reading skill students fall behind and see themselves as poor readers. A poor reader will try to avoid reading, will not want to put much effort into reading, and will not be likely to have a high level of comprehension in reading....   [tags: elementary education, literacy,]
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Growing as a Reader - Throughout this year, I have read many different works of early English literature. From reading these works and following the rules of Vladimir Nabokov, I have grown tremendously as a reader since the beginning of this year. From reading Alice in Wonderland to now, I have grown to appreciate literature much more. I have developed a better sense of the English language through the use of a dictionary and the difficult sentence structure of works such as the Canterbury Tales, Beowulf, Le Morte D’Arthur, and the Fairie Queene....   [tags: readers,] 1151 words
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Building a Foundation and Growing As Readers - I personally feel the interactive model would be the best choice for myself. In the top-down model, which I would use frequently, is the concept about reading for meaning. Comprehension is important; I feel if a student needs to skip a word or two that they don’t know it would be allowed, as long as they can grasp the meaning of the text. I also love that reading and writing are primarily the mode for instruction. This is useful, and helpful when teaching kids. It allows for repetition and practice of reading and writing....   [tags: Education/Reading] 738 words
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Problem of Practice - ... 160). Marzano (2000) supports Hattie’s research with the belief that we need to engage student in learning new terms and phrases. Marzano found, teaching students specific concept vocabulary as well as how to use it appropriately increases comprehension by 12 percentile points. Stahl and Fairbanks’ (1986) research demonstrated a 33 percent increase in achievement when teachers made had a focused effort to teach important vocabulary related to new students material. Teaching students’ vocabulary related to the subject material appears to be essential to improve student comprehension and learning....   [tags: Language ]
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English Language Learners - ... at Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, believes, that culturally relevant texts are an important key for teaching, and thus assessing ELLs per literacy comprehension (Ebe, 2010). Ebe believes that students who are English Language Learners have a higher level of comprehension when they are reading texts which are culturally relevant to them as opposed to reading texts that they have little cultural connection to (Ebe, 2010). Ebe’s research was focused on the belief that if ELLs are given texts which connect to them culturally, then they will improve their reading comprehension skills, because; they relate to a student’s background knowledge and thus enables the student to connect meaning to the information that is being presented (Ebe, 2010)....   [tags: Education, ESL] 2005 words
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What I've Learned about Literacy - ... Most teachers are working with computers that are over seven years old. Literacy deixis is the rapid changes in literacy, which impact our students drastically. I feel that often times by the time teachers and students become accustomed to a certain aspect of literacy and technology, sudden changes then require both parties to reevaluate the way they teach and learn. Brown, Bryan, and Brown (2005) point out that as the technology in literacy changes teachers must adjust their instruction to accommodate the changes....   [tags: Education, teaching, reading]
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Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners - ... According to Mustfa (2002) educators “can begin with the process of information gathering, by looking at their teaching context, reviewing their teaching content and by getting to know their learners individually. When all this information is taken into consideration, the teachers will be ready to make effective decisions with regard to the process of grouping for teaching and learning activities in ELL classrooms.” Some researchers believe that grouping ELL students is an ineffective technique....   [tags: Education, ELL]
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Reading - For as long as I can remember, I've loved to read: short stories, fiction, nonfiction sometimes, even philosophy if nothing else were available. This term I've been given more reading assignments than I can ever remember having to deal with. This term has been extra special because we studied no less than three types of literature: short stories, poetry, and drama. While I was in high school, a short story was a book with less than three hundred pages. This term I learned that even though a short story may be only a few pages long, there are chapters of interpretation, ambiguity, and symbolism to understand....   [tags: essays research papers] 448 words
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Catcher in the Rye Essay: Levels of Meaning - Levels of Meaning in The Catcher in the Rye Protected by a cocoon of naiveté, Holden Caulfield, the principal character in the novel, The Catcher in the Rye, therapeutically relates his lonely 24 hour stay in downtown New York city, experiencing the "phony" adult world while dealing with the death of his innocent younger brother. Through this well-developed teenage character, JD Salinger, uses simple language and dialogue to outline many of the complex underlying problems haunting adolescents....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays] 901 words
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The Use of Symbols to Ensure Confidential Communication - The Use of Symbols to Ensure Confidential Communication Since the industrial revolution, communications technology has improved at an alarming rate. From the invention of the printing press to the rapidly expanding internet, it becomes easier to communicate with others every day. One downfall of this revolution is that it is much more difficult to keep confidential papers documents secure. In such a volatile environment a document can be stolen, scanned, and sent to the rest of the world within a span of five minutes....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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The Complementarity of Scientific and Religious Modes of Understanding Reality - The Complementarity of Scientific and Religious Modes of Understanding Reality Scientific and religious approaches to comprehending reality are deeply complementary. I do not use the word ‘deeply’ for emphasis alone: the qualities that science and religion hold in common are anything but obvious. Viewed on the surface, science and religion often appear to be at odds. Details and dogmas frequently conflict, and misperceptions originating on either side can lead to rejection of the unfamiliar system....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays] 3220 words
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Tatparya and its role in verbal understanding - Tatparya and its role in verbal understanding I examine the concept of intention (tatparya) and its role in the phenomenon of verbal comprehension (sabdabodha) with special reference to Navya Nyaya, followed by some critical and evaluative remarks. An effort has been made to give an account of the apprehension of intention (tatparya) in four types of sentences: a) the ambiguous sentence b) the non-ambiguous sentence c) the vedic sentence and d) the sentence uttered by a parrot. I. The present paper gives an account of the concept of intention (tatparya) and its role in the phenomenon of verbal comprehension (sabdabodha) with special reference to Navya Nyaya, which is followed by some critical and evaluative remarks....   [tags: Concept of Intention Sentence Papers] 4075 words
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The Problem of Technical Improvement Of Education - The Problem of Technical Improvement Of Education ABSTRACT: What follows considers the problem of technical improvement as one of the main problems in the philosophy of education. I consider technology in connection with transferring from substantial comprehension to comprehension of the process itself. The creation of educational technologies is the expansion of educational freedom, from freedom inside action to freedom inside reflection. The connection between education and technology ensures creating and modifying a particular, non-formal, and humane pedagogy....   [tags: Teaching Education Philosophy Research]
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Spatial Cognition and Navigation - Spatial Cognition and Navigation In the complex dissection of the human brain evolving in our course, great strides have been made on the path to comprehension of thought and action. Evidence concerning the true relationship of mind, body, and behavior has been elucidated through discoveries of the neural pathways enabling active translation of input to output. We have suggested the origins of action, discussed stimuli both internal and external, as well as concepts of self, agency, and personality interwoven with a more accessible comprehension of physical functionality....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 811 words
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From the Perspective of the Spouse - From the Perspective of the Spouse The cerebellum is the main part of the brain where primary motor functions take place, so lesions in this area of the brain are extremely serious. It is located at the bottom rear of the head just above the brainstem (see picture 1). Although the cerebellum looks small it contains nearly 50% of all of the neurons in the brain, and the cerebellum handles nearly 200 million inputs. The cerebellum is involved in computing movements, the measurement of time, directing attention and many other motor and cognitive functions....   [tags: Neurology Medical Health Essays]
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Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition - Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition For decades, foreign language teachers wandered in a scientific abyss. Until 1983, there had been little real research dealing with the ways in which someone acquires a second language. Teachers mostly used the audiolingual classroom model that had been in place for the past twenty years (or, even worse, the literally ancient grammatical translation model that had been used by civilizations millennia old). Clearly, language teaching methodology was in a poor situation....   [tags: Foreign Language Teaching Essays]
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Bilingual Education - Bilingual Education Our school systems play host to dozens of languages in addition to the standard fare of English. Starting in the late 1960s, partially as a swing off the Civil Rights Movement, school systems were required by law to provide bilingual education anytime twenty or more children spoke the same foreign language, and were found to be limited in their English proficiency. At first, the need for such programs was small, but over time it has been steadily increasing until now where the need has reached what many consider to be massive....   [tags: Teaching Education]
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Aquired Dyslexia - DISCUSS SOME OF THE WAYS IN WHICH RESEARCH IN ADULT AQUIRED DYSLEXICS HAS ENHANCED OUR UNDERSTANDING OF HOW PEOPLE READ. The use of language is one of the most complex tasks the human brain must carry out. The way in which children acquire language is studied very carefully. This acquisition is enhanced by teaching from skilled language users, but in itself acquired by the child’s own observation and learning. For this reason the acquisition of spoken language is perhaps more well documented then the taught acquisition of reading skills....   [tags: essays research papers] 1885 words
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English Language Teaching - Topic Literature Review: English Language Teaching Strategies for Learning-Disabled Secondary School Students Introduction One of the aims of the Singapore Ministry of Education is to ensure that all school-going children receive a minimum ten years of general education. Streaming is one way to ensure that all students are taught according to their academic ability, and “learn at a pace which they can cope.” (Coping with Singaporeans’ Concerns, 2001, p. 4). At the primary school level, remediation programmes such as the “Learning Support Programme (LSP) and the Encouragement Achievement and Better Learning (ENABLE) Programmes” are made available to assist students who have been assessed as weak in English and Mathematics (Coping with Singaporeans’ concerns, 2001, p....   [tags: essays research papers] 6087 words
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Math Is The Language Of The Un - Mathematics, the language of the universe, is one of the largest fields of study in the world today. With the roots of the math tree beginning in simple mathematics such as, one digit plus one digit, and one digit minus one digit, the tree of mathematics comes together in the more complex field of algebra to form the true base of calculations as the trunk. As we get higher, branches begin to form creating more specialized forms of numerical comprehension and schools of mathematical thought. Some examples of these are the applications into chemistry, economics and computers....   [tags: essays research papers] 1218 words
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Reading And Its Impact On Education - The reading process as a whole is a very complex area, and is constantly changing, but as an elementary school teacher responsible for teaching young children to read, it is vital for me to understand the theories behind the reading act itself. The three theories which I feel are the most important, and which I feel are intertwined to account for the reading process are subskill theories, interactive theories and transactive theories. I believe that all three of these theories have components that fit together to account for reading and the understanding of reading....   [tags: essays research papers] 926 words
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The Universal Curriculum - The Universal Curriculum Inequality in the American educational system developed from the republican and democratic political powers competing for different goals within the high-school curriculum. The present curriculum separates the two educational theories developed by the republican and democratic parties and teaches only the basic levels of education. With the present curriculum, students receive a separate and varied curriculum which divides the students’ knowledge levels and creates an imbalance within the United States working force....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Teaching History: The Importance of Analyzing Students' Different Learning Styles - The study of history depends heavily on the way it is written. Events in history have been conveyed in many different forms, some being more factual, while others contain a story within the facts in order to spark an interest for the reader. The different styles of writing and the way you retain the information can facilitate or debilitate the quality of the information remembered and the quantity of information remembered. The opening lines of Erik Larson's The Devil in the White City create a picture of the era....   [tags: history teacher, history education ] 1123 words
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Factors Affecting Interpretation Quality - Interpretation is quite specialized, especially the conference interpretation. In the early years of interpretation, people just simply believed that it is possible for an interpreter to translate the source language into the target language soon if he is quick in thought and has excellent command of the two languages. But in practice, people find the process of interpretation is not as simple as they expected. Only code transformation without comprehension would lead to an obscure version which is hard to understand....   [tags: Languages] 3164 words
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The Five Precepts in the Context of The Eightfold Path - The Five Precepts in the Context of The Eightfold Path Both 'The Five Precepts' and 'The Eightfold Path' are significant elements of the Buddhist religion. The precepts act as a guide for the average everyday lay Buddhist on how to create the least amount of karmic energy possible. It by no means is the way directly to reaching Nirvana. The Eightfold Path however, is known as "the way." It is, in itself, the Fourth Noble Truth, and the path to enlightenment. In this examination of the Five Precepts I will endeavour to relate them in context to the different aspects of the Eightfold Path....   [tags: Papers] 1719 words
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The Symptoms and Signs of PDDNOS - The Symptoms and Signs of PDDNOS The Symptoms and Signs of PDDNOS Generally, children are 3 to 4 years old before they exhibit enough symptoms for parents to seek a diagnosis. There is no set pattern of symptoms and signs in children with PDDNOS. It is important to realize that a very wide range of diversity is seen in children with PDDNOS. All the items of behavior described in this section are common in these children, but a single child seldom shows all the features at one time. In other words, all children with PDDNOS do not have the same degree or intensity of the disorder....   [tags: Papers] 1464 words
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Autism's Effects on Development and Education - Autism's Effects on Development and Education Autism is a behavioral syndrome present from early life and defined by deficient social interaction, language and communication, and play. At one time thought by some to be psychodynamically determined, it is now clear that autism represents physiologic dysfunction of one or more undefined brain systems. In addition to characteristic autistic features, many autistic people display a variety of other signs such as attention deficits, mental deficiency, and seizures that are not specific to autism and that denote dysfunction in other brain systems (Bristol 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 1140 words
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Billy Budd - Missing Works Cited Billy Budd Introduction: This story depicts how a certain innocent person was condemned and was sentenced to death for a crime he did but with an innocent motive. The story goes on around a certain person's life in a ship where he was said to be one of the crew. Billy as a character depicted in the story is a person whose innocence can not be changed into hatred for other people. Though his surrounding is full of people with evil motives, he is still into trusting them with full innocence....   [tags: essays research papers] 1676 words
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Phonics Vs Whole Language - Phonics Vs Whole Language There is a battle going on elementary schools across the Globe. This battle is not a malicious battle fought with armies and weapons of mass destruction, but rather a tactical battle where the two opponents are known to us by the simple phrases, phonics and whole language. These two opponents use very different styles, but those who use a certain style swear by it almost religiously. Seriously, though, one might be asking the question which is the best method for teachings young students how to read....   [tags: Education Compare contrast] 1859 words
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