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Mozart and Beethoven - Music Appreciation May 2010 Mozart and Beethoven Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven are two of the greatest composers ever to write music. Both men lived in the early 18th and 19th century, but their music and influences are still felt today. The men faced similar experiences, yet they both lead very different lives. All together the pieces that these men composed amounts to over 300 published, and unpublished works of art. The people of their time period often had mixed feelings about these men, some “complained that Mozart’s music presented them with too many ideas and that his melodies moved from one to the next faster than audiences could follow, yet the ideas themselves seem effortless and natural, clear and unforced.” (Bonds 210-211) Beethoven’s criticisms ranged from ‘genius’ to grim dislike....   [tags: Musical History ]
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2578 words
(7.4 pages)
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Age of Enlightenment - The 18th century is referred to as the ‘Age of Enlightenment’. The trends in thought and letters from Europe to the American colonies brought a new light and attention upon mankind. This new movement described a time in Western philosophy and cultural life in which reason was advocated as the primary source and legitimacy for authority. ‘To understand the natural world and humankinds place in it solely on the basis of reason and without turning to religious belief was the goal of the wide-ranging intellectual movement’ (Hackett)....   [tags: World History, 18th century]
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2055 words
(5.9 pages)
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Jazz Music: Bebop - Bebop is one of the most artistic styles of jazz music. Bebop gradually developed during the 1940’s. Bebop focused more on the freedom of creativity rather than rhythmic aspects. According to The Bop Era, it also gave soloists more room for “innovative improvisation” (Glass). Through the works of Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, and other players we will discover how Bebop became such a prominent style during this era. Bebop is a “genre of American music originated in New Orleans around the 1900’s (The Definition of Jazz).” Bebop is a very unique style of music that comes from inspired passions of the mind....   [tags: Music ]
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1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Fantabulous Forties - The Fantabulous Forties World War II was a source of social anxiety during the 1940s, but did not hinder the development of media and music. In fact, it provided fresh ideas for the film and theatrical industries. Essential themes appeared in the entertainment world and quite a few notable performers and playwrights of this decade contributed to works still widely received today. Hollywood business remained steady even under the supervision of HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) and the OWI (Office of War Information) Bureaus of Censorship and Motion Pictures (created in 1942 to ensure cooperation with the government)....   [tags: History, Film and Theatrical Industries] 1077 words
(3.1 pages)
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Options for Tuba Players - I have found the process of choosing a musical topic about which to write a difficult one. My musical interests have never been concentrated in a singular area. To aid myself in this search, I will list the areas in which I hold an interest: music education, tuba performance practices, music pedagogy, tuba pedagogy, psychological development through music, and the history of music. The field of music education is one with which I have become rapidly familiar. This statement is not to be confused with me claiming that I have an intimate knowledge of the subject matter....   [tags: Music] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Comparing Martin Luther and Jean Calvin - The Reformation provoked changes in religion from the Christian church in the early 18th century. Martin Brecht defines the Reformation as the world-historical event which was “triggered and substantially shaped by the monk and professor Martin Luther. His religious struggle over a gracious God, his existence between God and the Devil, led to a schism within Western Christendom and to the emergence of Protestant churches” (Brecht). Martin Luther and Jean Calvin were the leaders of the Protestant Reformation....   [tags: Compare, Contrast, Comparison]
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1850 words
(5.3 pages)
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Cultural and Economic Globalization - ... Set in the world city of Tokyo, where Japanese modern culture appears challenged, even subverted by western culture and influences. American foreigners Bob and Charlotte find familiarity in one another within an unfamiliar context. While both central characters in Lost In Translation take a different approach to their similar situations in the global city of contemporary Tokyo, both experience a struggle in navigating their way through this globalised society towards their search for meaning and discovery of their own cultural identities....   [tags: Literary Comparisons, Texts] 1062 words
(3 pages)
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Exploration Of Post-Colonialism From Different Readings - ... This exhibits the extent to which females were oppressed in history. Most feminist authors demonize the misogynists in their texts to illustrate the oppression and their degrading perspectives regarding the roles of women within society. Some indirectly refer to the devil, Satan, to demonize the entity, or provide attributes to that of a devil. Empowerment of Women An author may choose to empower women in certain texts. This may be a depiction of the roles of women within society. By portraying women as being empowered, the composer's intensions are purely to emphasise on the point regarding the roles of women, and their ability to undertake similar tasks to that of a male....   [tags: Feminism, Freudianism, Marxism] 1981 words
(5.7 pages)
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Gladiator, by Ridley Scott - ... The soundtrack has received critical acclaim from numerous reviews and was a best seller, selling millions of copies of the soundtrack alone to anxious listeners. The songs helped set the pace of the movie and made a good movie into an excellent movie. Some of the favorite songs from the soundtrack include “The Battle,” “Elysium,” and the favorite “Now We Are Free.” Mixing a combination of soft melodies and ballads, with battle waltzes, the soundtrack covered all ground and provides future composers the groundwork for future war epics....   [tags: Film Analysis, Revenge] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Joe Hisaishi (Mamoru Fujisawa) - ... (Team Ghiblink, GhibliWiki) In 2010, Hisaishi returned to his roots, becoming a professor at the Kunitachi College of Music to fulfill an endeavor to teach younger generations about music composition, passing on his legacy, all the while continuing his career as a composer, arranger, pianist, and conductor. (Dasnoy & Tsong, 2013) Over the course of his career, spanning more than 30 years, Joe Hisaishi built a solid global fan-base, including an enthusiastic multi-generational following in China....   [tags: biography, music, Japan, culture, Asian music]
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1057 words
(3 pages)
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Communication of Emotion Through Film Music - ... In order to do this, music must create certain subliminal nuances within the audience. One could even say that music functions to intensify or relax the pace of the action, and provide unity. “Music can create a more convincing atmosphere of time and place.” Film music can be at its most potent with expressing the invisible or unseen: “The third function of film scoring is when music is used to create “unspoken” thoughts in a character or unseen implications of a situation. Music can be used to transfer subliminal messages to the filmgoers where we can feel what the main character is feeling or where the music creates the conditions of the atmosphere on the screen so that the members of the audience can almost swear that they were up there on the screen with the action.” There are many composers throughout the world that have dedicated and contributed a great deal to the development of film music....   [tags: Language, Art]
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1326 words
(3.8 pages)
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OPERA AND DRAMA: DIFFERING VIEWS - OPERA AND DRAMA: DIFFERING VIEWS Opera and drama are two closely linked disciplines in the world of performing arts; although many view these as individual aspects which should be combined to create a greater result, others seemingly view opera as drama although it would be seen as illogical to view drama as opera. The mere fact opera has a narrative, although told through music and libretto, combines the two. Michael Tippett’s opera, The Midsummer Marriage, contains influences from other established form’s (drawing examples for Wagner and Verdi) as well as containing Tippett’s own futuristic ideas....   [tags: Drama]
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619 words
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concert report - The Furman Symphony Orchestra, along with Thomas Joiner the conductor and David Gross, pianist showcased Bartok and Beethoven on October 29th, 2002. This was my first time going to an actual performance with a full symphonic orchestra that included the four music families. The four music families were the strings, Brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments. The setting was in an auditorium and the conductor and all the performers were dressed in a formal manner, which is considered being black and white suites and dresses....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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452 words
(1.3 pages)
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George Frederick Handel - German-English composer, George Frederick Handel, is one of the greatest composers of the Baroque period if not of all time. His work, Messiah, is one of the most famous and beloved works of music in the world. During his career in music, Handel composed Italian cantatas, oratorios (like Messiah), Latin Church Music, and several operas. Handel moved around from country to country writing, composing, and producing music for royalty such as Queen Anne and George of Hanover. In his life, Handel mastered several instruments including the violin and the harpsichord....   [tags: essays research papers] 631 words
(1.8 pages)
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Lack of Variance Among Modern Cars - Lack of Variance Among Modern Cars We ask ourselves every time we see heavy traffic, is there no variance anymore amongst car models. In the old days, as a matter of fact only five or ten years ago every single car brand seemed to have it's own personality, today they look more like a cluster of copycats. What went wrong. One reason is that the automotive industry has certain trends it has to follow, just like fashion designers and musical composers. In times of recession and decreasing sales there is less room to take chances and manufacturers are prone to follow the common pattern as a safer bet rather than releasing a controversial product that might or might not sell very well....   [tags: Economy] 488 words
(1.4 pages)
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Biography of Wayne Shorter - Biography of Wayne Shorter Wayne Shorter was born on August 25th, 1933 in Newark, New Jersey. His musical introduction came through the clarinet at the age of 16. Shorter attended Arts High School and later graduated from New York University with a major in music education in 1956. It was while in New York that Shorter started to play the saxophone and gained exposure to some of Jazz’s most influential artists. After a two year interruption in the military, Shorter kickstarted his professional career in 1958 with a band led by pianist Horace Silver....   [tags: Musicians Music Jazz Saxophonists Essays] 359 words
(1 pages)
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Romanticism in Arts - Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late 18th century Western Europe. Of it's major themes - revolution, individualism, nature, innocence/experience, nature was a recurrent theme that was stressed with great importance. Stressing the importance of "nature" in art and language, and music and poetry, was evident in a variety of works. As we follow the theme of nature by examining its impact on a variety of art forms, we will see how the individual imagination was viewed as a critical authority which permitted freedom within classical notions on art, music, and poetry....   [tags: Artists] 404 words
(1.2 pages)
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Fiction and Untruth in Amadeus by Peter Shaffer - Fiction and Untruth in Amadeus by Peter Shaffer The play “Amadeus” by Peter Shaffer was not written in order to be a biography of the great composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, much more than this, Peter Shaffer wrote it as a story, rather than a history. In his story he was free to insert fiction to make the play more interesting to a wide audience, as well as to fulfill his purposes. However, musicologists and historians have written several articles claiming that Peter Shaffer “trashed this immortal”....   [tags: Amadeus Peter Shaffer Plays Literature Essays] 1286 words
(3.7 pages)
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Shostokovich - Shostokovich Born: Sept. 25, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia Died: Aug. 9, 1975, Moscow Shostakovich was a Russian composer, renowned particularly for his 15 symphonies, numerous chamber works, and concerti, many of them written under the pressures of government-imposed standards of Soviet art. Shostakovich was the son of an engineer. He entered the Petrograd (formerly St. Petersburg, subsequently Leningrad) Conservatory in 1919, where he studied the piano with Leonid Nikolayev until 1923 and composition until 1925 with Aleksandr Glazunov and Maksimilian Steinberg....   [tags: Papers] 1196 words
(3.4 pages)
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-91), Austrian composer, a centrally important composer of the classical era, and one of the most inspired composers in Western musical tradition. Born January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, and baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, he was educated by his father, Leopold Mozart, who was concertmaster in the court orchestra of the archbishop of Salzburg and a celebrated violinist, composer, and author. II. Mozart's Musically Precocious Childhood Print section By the age of six Mozart had become an accomplished performer on the clavier, violin, and organ and was highly skilled in sight-reading and improvisation....   [tags: Papers] 819 words
(2.3 pages)
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Dmitri Shostakovich: A Musical Creative Genius - Dmitri Shostakovich: Creative Musical Genius "In Shostakovich we have the paradigm of a new, essentially political form of complex inward adjustments, one which requires a new kind of symphony." (Norris 177) Although a lifelong communist and an intense Russian patriot (he applied for and was granted membership into the Communist party in 1960), Dmitri Shostakovich composed under constant fear of public condemnation, often for what he perceived as the most contradictory reasons. He strongly believed in a profound bond between the composer and his society which enabled him to work, survive, and develop, but also which fostered an air of confusion when he felt he was wrongly criticized....   [tags: Russia Music Papers] 3777 words
(10.8 pages)
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aaron copeland - Aaron Copland (November 14 ) was an American composer of modern tonal music as well as film music. Copland's music achieved a difficult balance between simple and effective composition. His often slow harmonies were near motionless recalling the vast American landscape. He incorporated percussive orchestration For the use of the term "orchestration" in computer science, see orchestration (computers) Outside of composing, Copland often served as a teacher and lecturer. During his carreer he also wrote books, articles and served as a conductor....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 896 words
(2.6 pages)
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Igor Stravinsky - IGOR STRAVINSKY Igor Stravinsky is considered by many the greatest composer of the 20th Century. Several composers have made breakthroughs and great accomplishments in the past 100 years, but Stravinsky has dominated nearly every trend set. He was born near St. Petersburg, Russia in Oranienbaum, on June 17, 1882. He was born to a famous Russian bass opera singer, Fyodor Ignatyevich Stravinsky. Igor Stravinsky was third of a family of four boys. He grew up hearing his father practicing his opera and attending local ballets....   [tags: essays research papers] 1204 words
(3.4 pages)
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Serialism - Definition: Serialism is a rigorous system of composing music in which various elements of the piece are ordered according to a pre-determined ordered set or sets, and variations on them. The elements thus controlled may be the pitch of the notes, their length, their dynamics, their accents, or virtually any other musical quantity, which, in serial terms is called a parameter. More generally, serialism is any music which uses any ordered sets applied to any musical element. Whilst researching serialism I came across a quote which I find very relevant to our studies at the moment....   [tags: essays research papers] 921 words
(2.6 pages)
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Aaron Copland - Aaron Copland Aaron Copland was the embodiment of what a composer can hope to become. Copland was very much in touch not only with himself and his feelings, but with the audience he intended to reach. Very few composers have a concrete idea of what "types" of people they wish their music to reach. Copland was one of these few. The "Common Man" was the central part of much of his volumes of music strived to reach. Copland felt that, ". .everyone should have a chance to see things through this music....   [tags: essays research papers] 809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Arnold Schoenberg - Arnold Schoenberg was born on September 13, 1874, to a Jewish family in Vienna. He taught himself composition, with help in counterpoint from the Austrian composer Alexander Zemlinsky, and in 1899 produced his first major work, the tone poem Verklärte Nacht (Transfigured Night) for string sextet. In 1901 he married Zemlinsky's sister Mathilde, with whom he had two children. The couple moved to Berlin, where for two years Schoenberg earned a living by orchestrating operettas and directing a cabaret orchestra....   [tags: essays research papers] 753 words
(2.2 pages)
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Bach - Johanna Sebastian Bach was a composer of the Baroque era, the most celebrated member of a large family of northern German musicians. Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building. Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg Concertos, The Well-Tempered Clavier, the Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2741 words
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Dizzy Gelespie (John Birks Gillespie) - The people of today, raised by the sounds of The Beatles and Pearl Jam have forgotten all about the musicians that paved the way for these artists, and the musical styles that evolved into rock and roll, rhythm and blues and rap or hip hop. Unfortunately the music that once dominated the night clubs, restaurants, and radio stations is now heard only in elevators or when we go to a grandparents house to visit. What is left of jazz are small portions of the music that people take and sample with in a new song....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2955 words
(8.4 pages)
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Ellington - An American jazz composer, orchestrator, bandleader, and pianist, composer of jazz music, I am all of this and probably more. I am Edward Kennedy (“Duke”) Ellington. I was nicknamed “Duke” by a boyhood friend of mine who admired my royal air. And the name stuck to me. I grew up listening to black music. At that time jazz was considered low and vulgar by most respectable and sophisticated people like myself. I was born in Washington on April 29, 1899. Born to the son of James William Ellington and Eliza Jane Johnson....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Handel and the Politics of The Messiah - Handel and the Politics of The Messiah Handel, George Frideric b. Feb. 23, 1685, Halle, Saxony [Germany] d. April 14, 1759, London, Eng. German (UNTIL 1715) GEORG FRIEDRICH HÄNDEL, OR HAENDEL German-born English composer of the late Baroque era, noted particularly for his operas, oratorios, and instrumental compositions. He wrote the most famous of all oratorios, the Messiah (1741), and is also known for such occasional pieces as Water Music (1717) and Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749)....   [tags: Papers] 1014 words
(2.9 pages)
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Antonin Leopold Dvorak - Antonin Leopold Dvorak Looking back in time at the great composers of the world, only one foreign composer stands out for his many contributions to classical music and in helping America to find its own music. Antonin Leopold Dvorak was born on September 8th, 1841, in a small village of Nelahozeves in Bohemia that lies on the bank of the Mauldau River. The village Dvorak was born into was in good company and surroundings however also retained much of its native luster even through the worst times of political oppression (1)....   [tags: Papers] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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Tchaikovsky - Tchaikovsky ATchaikovsky=s music is not only one of the cornerstones of Russian musical society and world music . . . It is at the same time a creative and technical encyclopedia to which every Russian composer has reference in the course of his own work,@ commented Dimitri Shostakovich.1 This was a typical view held by Tchaikovsky=s contemporaries. He was well known and well respected, especially in his later years. In addition, Tchaikovsky was recognized as the most expressive Romantic composer in Russia.2 He was often idolized and put on a pedestal, particularly during his tour of the United States in 1891 when he conducted concerts of his own works in some of the leading concert halls....   [tags: Papers] 1428 words
(4.1 pages)
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Romanticism and Percy Bysshe Shelley - Romanticism and Percy Bysshe Shelley The age of Romanticism covers the period between the French Revolution in 1789 and the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837. During this period of time there were produced an unexpected richness of writers, artists, and composers throughout Europe such as Goethe, Rousseau, Pushkin, Hugo, Beethoven, Schubert, and many others. Romanticism has certain characteristics, such as emotion, imagination, introspection, our response to the natural world, and the insight of childhood, that differentiates it from the age of Enlightenment where objectivity and reason were emphasized....   [tags: Poetry] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
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Metropolis Symphony - The Development of the Programmatic Symphony from the 19th Century into the 21st Century Since the early symphonies of Sammartini and Stamitz the orchestral symphony has underwent constant development. In the early nineteenth century Beethoven started a new form of the symphony when he composed a symphony based on programmatic music. The programmatic symphony is a composition that is written with non-musical influences. "Program music is instrumental music which tells a story illustrates literary ideas, or evokes pictorial scenes....   [tags: Music Musical Musician Papers] 2399 words
(6.9 pages)
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Bizet, Georges - Georges Bizet Georges Bizet was born in Paris on October 25th, 1838. He was trained by his parents, who were musical, and admitted to the Paris Conservatoire just before his tenth birthday. There he studied counterpoint with Zimmerman and Gounod and composition with Halévy, and under Marmontel's tuition he became a brilliant pianist. Bizet's exceptional powers as a composer are already apparent in the products of his Conservatoire years, notably the Symphony in C, a work of precocious genius dating from 1855 (but not performed until 1935)....   [tags: essays research papers] 740 words
(2.1 pages)
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Black conductors - African American Conductors Conducting, as we know it today is less than two centuries old.1 On the other hand time beating; a way of holding players and/or singers together, has been around for several centuries. 1 In the absence of written notation, the leader’s hands indicated the direction of the group. As polyphony entered the musical picture, it became essential that the beats be on target. Interpretation at the time was of no importance. It has been indicated through engravings that in addition to hands, leaders of instrumental and vocal forces utilized a foot, a stick, a pendulum, a handkerchief, or maybe even a piece of paper....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2278 words
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Johann Sebastian Bach - JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH Johann Sebastian Bach was born in 1685 in the town of Thuringia, Germany where he was raised and spent most of his life. Due to a shortage of expenses, he was confined to a very limited geographical space, as was his career. This greatly affected his, in that his music was not as widley known as other composers of the time. On traveling he never went farther north than Hamburg or farther south than Carlsbad. To look back on the life of Bach many have referred to him as “one of the greatest and most productive geniuses in the history of Western music”, particularly of the baroque era....   [tags: essays research papers] 1321 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Life Of Mozart - My book report is from the biography of Mozart written by Robert W. Gutman. It was illustrated by the Jacket art courtesy of Music Lovers Society and was published by Harcourt Brace and Company. It was printed in New York City and the year of publication was 1999. Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, the son of composer, musical author, and violinist, Leopold Mozart and his wife, Anna Maria Pertl. His given names were Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Theophilus, the last of which is Gottlieb in German, and Amadeus in Latin....   [tags: essays research papers] 1025 words
(2.9 pages)
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Examining the Music of Big Fish and Cold Mountain - Concerning the genre spectrum, Big Fish and Cold Mountain are miles apart. The first is a magical assortment of reality and fantasy driven by a man running from a loved one; the second is a historical fiction propelled by a man seeking a loved one. In addition to the dramatic and thematic differences, the underscoring of both films is opposing in the methods used to achieve similar ends; namely, serving the five functions. Danny Elfman, the composer for this Tim Burton film, interlaced an intricate and organized underscoring for the film, forming a piece that rivals that of Edward Scissor Hands....   [tags: Film] 1395 words
(4 pages)
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Analysis of Tchaikovsky's 'Swan Lake' - Tchaikovsky is one of the most popular of all composers. The reasons are several and understandable. His music is extremely tuneful, opulently and colourfully scored, and filled with emotional passion. Undoubtedly the emotional temperature of the music reflected the composer's nature. He was afflicted by both repressed homosexuality and by the tendency to extreme fluctuations between ecstasy and depression. Tchaikovsky was neurotic and deeply sensitive, and his life was often painful, but through the agony shone a genius that created some of the most beautiful of all romantic melodies....   [tags: Music Ballet] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Positioning the Viewer in Frontline to Receive a Particular Version of Telling the Truth - Positioning the Viewer in Frontline to Receive a Particular Version of Telling the Truth All composers of texts position the responder of that text to view their version of the truth in different ways. In the case of Frontline, Rob Stitch and his team position the viewers using a satirical documentary style approach to mock low brow journalism and indeed real life current affairs programs. The easily accessible medium of television encourages the responder to interrogate the events as reality and suggest they are a dramatic reconstruction of events....   [tags: Papers] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) - Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Berlioz (bear-lee-ohz) was a French composer whose father was a doctor; to please his father, he went to medical school, but he spent more time going to concerts and to the theatre than studying medicine. Berlioz played flute and guitar, but is best known as a composer and orchestrator. As a student at the Paris Conservatory, he tried several times to earn the prestigious Prix de Rome, finally winning in 1830. During his medical school days, Berlioz attended performances of an English theatrical troupe....   [tags: Papers] 652 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Manufacture of Noise - The Manufacture of Noise Synthesis: The electronic generation of sounds, imitating or at least derivative of instruments like drums, horns and guitars. Accomplished with tone generators and timing circuits, sine, triangle, and square waves are modulated, distorted, and clipped to give the auditory illusion of the complexity found in woodwind and string instruments. Sequencer: A piece of electronic equipment that can play back audio samples in accordance with the composition of the artist, and many times can add distortion effects like flange, reverb, and roll....   [tags: Papers] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Journey, not the Arrival Matters - The Journey, not the Arrival Matters Journey is a multilayered process which is inevitable in ones lifetime. Whilst journeys can be inner or physical it is our imagination that enables us to escape into new worlds and visualise new possibilities. These imaginative journeys occur in the realm of the mind where fantasy is created and reality is considered. The human capacity to dream and transcend actual existence often opens amazing possibilities. It is through imagination, speculation and inspiration that the exploration of new worlds, possibilities and human potential is achieved....   [tags: Papers] 1764 words
(5 pages)
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Biography of Michael Nyman - Biography of Michael Nyman When Michael Nyman published his study Experimental Music: Cage and Beyond (1974, reprinted 1999), he could hardly have foreseen his own contribution to that 'beyond'. Disaffected with the then current orthodoxies of international modernism, Nyman had abandoned composition in 1964, preferring to work as a musicologist, editing Purcell and Handel, and collecting folk music in Romania. Later he wrote criticism for several journals, including The Spectator, where, in a 1968 review of Cornelius Cardew's The Great Digest, he became the first to apply the word 'minimalism' to music....   [tags: Papers] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Life and Music of Gustav Holst - The Life and Music of Gustav Holst Gustav Holst, born in Cheltenham in September 1847, is still today considered to be one of the greatest music composers of all time. He was not very fond of music when he was younger, but he enjoyed the piano. He was sent to Cheltenham Grammar School and forced to take long music lessons, even though he had neuritis in his hands. His first job was an organist and Choirmaster at the Choral Society, Bourbon on the Water. Impressed at his good ear for music, his father borrowed some money to send him to the Royal College of Music, which he had previously failed to enter....   [tags: Art] 599 words
(1.7 pages)
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Compare and contrast the music of the Medieval, Rennaissance, and Baroque periods - Music throughout the ages has changed dramatically. Starting in the Medieval period, from 400-1475, music was in the form of what is called the Gregorian chant. Instruments were very rarely used at this time. Since songs during this period were either troubadour or trouvere these chants had no real harmony. One example of this type of medieval composition is “Viderunt Omnes” by Leoninus. Like most Gregorian chants the texture of this piece is monophonic and polyphonic. “Viderunt Omnes” is a typical Gregorian chant in that it uses diatonic, not chromatic notes of the scale....   [tags: Music essays research papers] 576 words
(1.6 pages)
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Radio - Radio Radio becomes Americas second national mass medium after magazines - 99% of American’s homes have radios - 95% of American’s cars have radios - 40% of Americans listen to the radio between 6 am and midnight - 7% of Americas bathrooms have radios in them Radio: A technological Leap 1835 Samuel F. B. Morse demonstrates his electromagnetic telegraph system March 10, 1876 Alexander Graham Bell sent a message to his associate Thomas Watson with the aid of his new invention, the telephone Heinrich Hertz experiments with radio waves that become known as Hertzian waves and leads to the development of radio broadcasting Guglielmo Marconi used Morse, Bell, and Hertz ideas to transmit waves without the aid of wires In 1912David Sarnoff relayed news from Nantucket Island that he received distress calls from the Titanic on his Marconi wireless device Federal Government Polices the Airwaves Federal government decided to regulated broadcasting almost as soon as it was invented The Radio Act of 1912 required licenses for people who wanted to broadcast or receive messages KDKA Launches Commercial Broadcasting October 27, 1920 the U.S....   [tags: essays research papers] 558 words
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Cruda Amarilli - Cruda Amarilli      The madrigal is a distinctive type of secular song that originated in Italy. It was an aristocratic form of poetry and music that flourished at small Italian courts. In the piece, Cruda Amarilli, Monteverdi uses many musical devices that are typical of a madrigal. The lyrics in this song are repeated, the music accompanies the text in interesting ways, and there is a wide range of vocal notes. After listening to the piece just once you can immediately feel the unrequited love Monteverdi is displaying through his words and music....   [tags: Monteverdi Renaissance essays research papers] 552 words
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The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven - The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. Beginning in the late 1790's, the increasing buzzing and humming in his ears sent Beethoven into a panic, searching for a cure from doctor to doctor. By October 1802 he had written the Heiligenstadt Testament confessing the certainty of his growing deafness, his consequent despair, and suicidal considerations....   [tags: Biographies] 1464 words
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Tender Is the Night Parallels Fitzgerald’s Life - Tender Is the Night Parallels Fitzgerald’s Life Away. Away. for I will fly to thee, Not charioted by Bacchus and his pards, But on the viewless wings of Poesy Though the dull brain perplexes and retards: Already with thee. Tender is the night… -From “Ode to a Nightingale” by John Keats Charles Scribner III in his introduction to the work remarks that “the title evokes the transient, bittersweet, and ultimately tragic nature of Fitzgerald’s ‘Romance’ (as he had originally subtitled the book)” (Fitzgerald ix)....   [tags: Tender Is the Night Essays]
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George Balanchine - George Balanchine If composers are the masters of time, then the choreographer George Balanchine is the master of visual realization of that time in human terms. A master in both the kinesthetic and musical frames of creativity, he did not devote his energies to music visualization by assigning a certain number of dancers to represent strings, others the brass, and still others woodwinds or percussion but by creating a visual analogy in space that restates the musical structure with the trained dancer's body....   [tags: Choreographer Art Ballet Essays]
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Messiaen’s Quartet for the End of Time - Quator Pour Le Fin Du Temps - Messiaen’s Quartet for the End of Time - Quator Pour Le Fin Du Temps Technical and Interpretative Challenges Presented to Performers in Messiaen’s Quartet for the End of Time Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992) played a significant part in the evolution of twentieth-century music, influencing a number of other composers with his innovative compositional techniques. The Quartet for the End of Time, is not one of Messiaen’s typical works due to the circumstances in which it was composed (his main outputs were organ, orchestral and choral works), but it marks the start of the significant use of some of these techniques....   [tags: Music Theory History]
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Romanticism: Connect with the Arts - Romanticism: Connect with the Arts The romantics of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century was the reaction against the Enlightenment and Classical rationality. Unlike the rational and analytical thinking of classical thinkers, romantics allowed their emotions to take over. Painters escaped the rigid form of straight lines and proportions and painted swirling and colorful paintings, novelists and composers broke the rigid forms and essentially produced works that expressed feelings, the awe of nature, and the belief that gaining experience is more beneficial to learning....   [tags: miscellaneous] 1877 words
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The Messiah - The Messiah Handel’s classic piece, The Messiah is undoubtedly the best selection as our classes choice for the time capsule. It has all the workings of a true musical masterpiece and a beautiful message that all should know. Our song should be chosen as a piece that has lived, will live on, and does justice to music. That is The Messiah. Many of you (including myself) didn’t quite realize who Handel was, let alone know his oratorio The Messiah. Once Joel began to play it in class, the common phrase shifted from, "What?", to, "Oh, the hallelujah song." It is a piece that nearly anyone, of any generation, knows at least by its famous chorus, Hallelujah....   [tags: Musicians Handel The Messiah Essays]
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Jazz - Jazz John F. Szwed resides in Connecticut, and he is currently a professor of anthropology, African-American studies, music, and American studies at Yale University. He has written seven books on music and African-American culture and numerous articles and reviews on similar subjects. Szwed has received honors including a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowship. Knowledge of jazz has fallen far behind its development. Most people do not know the facts on jazz, only some generalities and stereotypes....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1041 words
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A modern symphony : S & M - S & M: No Leaf Clover The talent of an artist rests in the ability to recreate a sense of reality, and to communicate such an experience. When such timeless thoughts are offered to the audience in an honest manor, it is the result of a true artist. Artists such as Pablo Picasso, Langston Hughes, and the Beatles thrived off of taking such honest risks. In 1999, the San Francisco Symphony and the hard rock band Metallica redesigned the concept of risk taking in the reality for the artists’ world....   [tags: essays research papers] 1095 words
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The Holocaust - The Second World War has left an unmistakable impression on the whole of Europe that will never be forgotten. Whether visible to the naked eye, or hidden in the consciousness of its people, the war has scarred Europe indelibly. Historically, the foremost recognizable perpetration against Europeans was Adolf Hitler&#8217;s &#8220;Final Solution to the Jewish question';. This sophisticated operation of systematic mass execution was calculated, organized, and carried out with such horrifying efficiency that only a madman could have been responsible for such an act, and Hitler was indeed mad....   [tags: essays research papers] 768 words
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Bach - A Great Contributor Of Music Throughout the history of music, many great composers, theorists, and instrumentalists have left indelible marks and influences that people today look back on to admire and aspire to. No exception to this idiom is Johann Sebastian Bach, whose impact on music was unforgettable to say the least. People today look back to his writings and works to both learn and admire. He truly can be considered a music history great. Bach, who came from a family of over 53 musicians, was nothing short of a virtuosic instrumentalist as well as a masterful composer....   [tags: essays research papers] 1345 words
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Carmen Essay - CARMEN ESSAY – musical examples/more quotes/cut out heaps of writing!. INTRO and Conclusion The fascination with exoticism was more and more prevalent within romantic compositions as there was an increased yearning for far off lands within the composer’s imagination. ‘Composers of such works were not terribly interested in authenticity; their primary concern was to create a picturesque atmosphere that would appeal to audiences.’(Machlis p.190) Bizet romanticized gypsy culture in his opera and through the character, ‘Carmen’....   [tags: essays research papers] 1094 words
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Renaisssance versus Baroque Periods - The baroque and renaissance periods are two different periods. The renaissance period rolled into the baroque era. There were changes made over the years from the baroque to the renaissance period. Differences in style accumulated along with views of art and music. Baroque era covers the period between 1600 and 1750 beginning with Monte Verdi (birth of opera) and ended with deaths of Bach and Handel. The term baroque music is borrowed from the art history. It follows the Renaissance era (1400-1600)....   [tags: Comparison Contrast essays research papers]
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Concert Review and Bio: Tchaikovsky - Classical Concert Who likes classical music anyway. That is a question that you may have found me asking a few months ago. As I have listened to the music in class and on my CD that came with the text book, I have noticed that I am growing a little bit more fond of this style of music. I had never really given it a chance until I started attending my younger sister’s concerts and really paying attention to the music. I have realized that classical music isn’t half bad. modern rock is still the music for me, but I have really learned to like and respect classical music over the last few months....   [tags: essays research papers] 895 words
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Examine the role of processes in schools in producing different educational achievement among pupils from different social groups. - Examine the role of processes in schools in producing different educational achievement among pupils from different social groups. Differential educational achievement is unquestionable affected by different social groups however this is not the only factor that affects the educational success of students. Members of working class place a lower value on education, they place less emphasis on formal education as a means to personal achievement, and they see less value in continuing school beyond the minimum leaving age....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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History of Ballet - The History of Ballet The first experience of watching a ballet, for me or any little girl, can be fascinating and exhilarating. Wondering how a dancer can be so steady on her toes as she spins in circles and leaps through the air. Watching a ballet, there is a feeling of wanting to be graceful, as well as the warm sensation felt by a little girl as she slips into dream land. My mom had taken me to my first ballet when I was 11 years old. When we returned home home, she signed me up for classes at the local dance center....   [tags: essays research papers] 1090 words
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History Of Music - Music has been around sense the dawn of time. When man first started to discover music it was not the kind of music we have today. All it consisted of was grunts, moans, and banging things. Music has evolved just as much as the people that created it. From Chromagnum men to musician and from grunting too classical music, rock, and rap. The first people imitated music from nature. They mimicked the sound from their every day life. It had no rhythm, beat, or tune it was just noise, but later turned into what we now call music....   [tags: essays research papers] 1068 words
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Lenonard Bernstein - Leonard Bernstein was born in Lawrence, just north of Boston, on Sunday, August 25, 1918. Bernstein was named Louis at birth, after his mother&#8217;s grandfather, but at the age of sixteen he had it formally changed to Leonard, or Lenny. As a child, Bernstein was sick very often with asthma and hay fever. Perhaps due to these and many other medical conditions, Bernstein preferred to be alone. He didn&#8217;t care to spend much time with his family or even with his peers. Most likely because of this self-isolation, Bernstein&#8217;s passion for music developed at a young age....   [tags: essays research papers] 1034 words
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Schoenbergs Response Towards The Progressive Music - The eighteenth centuries are reasonably described as an era of musical common practice, when composers of different nationalities and temperaments nonetheless wrote music that was stylistically and structurally similar in important respects. however, in contrast, the twentieth century has been a period of great and increasing diversity of both style and structure. More specifically, music criticism has divided twentieth century music into two opposing groups; the neoclassical and the progressive.This view has remained influential up to the present day....   [tags: essays research papers] 1297 words
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The Music of Isaac Albeniz - Isaac Albéniz was a nationalist composer, and one of the greatest composers Spain has ever produced. Among the many musicologists who have researched and written about the music of Albéniz, and the many pianists who have had occasion to comment on it, there is universal agreement regarding the artistic merit of his magnum opus, Iberia. Its rich harmonic vocabulary, rhythmic complexity, extensive dynamic range, and the ambitiousness of its architectural design are indeed praiseworthy; and in most respects, Iberia is a quantum leap forward from Albéniz's earlier works in the nationalist style....   [tags: essays research papers] 1722 words
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Haydn and Mozart - Between the years 1782 and 1785, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote six string quartets which were dedicated to his friend and fellow composer, Joseph Haydn. These quartets, known as the "Haydn Quartets," were among Mozart's "first six masterpieces in the medium" (Keller, 64). In composing these works, Mozart was inspired by Haydn's recently published Opus 33, which is also a set of six string quartets. When Haydn wrote his Opus 33 in 1781, it was the first time he had written for the string quartet in a period of ten years....   [tags: Music] 1988 words
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Various Important Parts of History - Various Important Parts of History Baron de Montesquieu- A Frenchnoble author who published and wrote The Spirit of the Laws. He was the man who led most of the beliefs that were later transformed into the Constitution. He helped start checks and balances. 1689-1755 Francois Voltaire- The French author known for such works as Candide and many other novels. He is the only philisoph to succesfully make the enlightenment popular among the masses. He was imprisoned twice and expelled from France multiple times for his antimonarchist views....   [tags: Papers] 1494 words
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Richard Wagner and Opera - Richard Wagner and Opera One of the key figures in the history of opera, Wagner was largely responsible for altering its orientation in the nineteenth century. His program of artistic reform accelerated the trend towards organically conceived, through-composed structures, as well as influencing the development of the orchestra, of a new breed of singer, and of various aspects of theatrical practice. As the most influential composer during the second half of the nineteenth century, Richard Wagner's conception of music remains very much with us even a century after his death....   [tags: Papers] 806 words
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Copland - Copland Copland wrote a ballet about one of the most famous "western gangsters" in history: Billy the Kid. The work was written in 1938 and remained popular for over a decade. Unfortunately, his works are no longer heard or performed often enough today. In my opinion, Copland is one of the greatest American performers in music history, but he is not given the recognition he deserves by today's society. By looking at Copland's works and analyzing his "Billy the Kid," the necessary proof of his greatness will, without question, show the fact that he is one of the greatest American composers of all time....   [tags: Papers] 852 words
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James Weldon Johnson - James Weldon Johnson The author of "Lift Every Voice and Sing" (often called "the Negro National Anthem"), James Weldon Johnson had a long career as a creative writer, black leader, teacher, lawyer, diplomat, and executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Through his writing he protested racial injustice, encouraged black achievement, and added immeasurably to the wealth of American literary art. A native of Jacksonville, Florida, Johnson attended Atlanta University through graduate school....   [tags: Papers] 1226 words
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Joseph Franz Haydn - Joseph Franz Haydn *Missing Works Cited* He is considered by some people to be one of the most famous composers of the classical period. His career grew with the development of classical style and forms, with the symphony, sonata, string quartet, and other instrumental forms, in the moulding of which he played an important part. Joseph Haydn was born in Rohrau in 1732, the son of a wheelwright, he trained as a chorister at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, where he made an early living. He worked as a freelance musician, playing the violin and the keyboard instruments, accompanying for singing lessons given by the composer Porpora, who helped and encouraged him ( Boynick, 1)....   [tags: Papers] 803 words
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History of Harmony - History of Harmony In the words of British composer Thomas Beckman the harpsichord is, "The sound of harmony in composition." At onetime or another most everyone has heard the piano, not so with the harpsichord. In comparison with the piano hardly anyone has heard the harpsichord or could recognize it. A question begins to form—what role did the piano orchestrate in the curtain call of the once popular harpsichord. To begin, a harpsichord is an early keyboard instrument that vaguely resembles a piano—the resemblance between the two ends there....   [tags: Papers] 945 words
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Creating a Musical Piece - Creating a Musical Piece Named after 3.5 players of the modern Chelsea squad, the ‘Sambacudi-Gallasoterry-Lampardo’ was created after 5 weeks of non-stop creation, imagination and notation. Our goal was to create a new Dance which would be performed. The coursework was led buy Southampton University’s world famous Michael Finnessy, who is what you might call an expert on music. Our piece had to be under three minutes, but time was not a major priority. We were instructed to use four different instruments: the piano, the clarinet, any type of saxophone and any sort of percussion....   [tags: Papers] 535 words
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The Effect of the Lyrical and Musical Reciprocation in Bach Cantatas 106 and 80 - The Effect of the Lyrical and Musical Reciprocation in Bach Cantatas 106 and 80 Johann Sebastian Bach was an 18th century composer, not a theologian, yet there are few men in the history of the world who have so thoroughly captured God’s character and even fewer still who have so passionately impressed that character upon men’s hearts. While the music or lyrics of his cantatas alone are often enough to stir a man to action or reduce him to tears, it is the relationship between the two that truly seems to reflect all that encompasses God’s greatness....   [tags: Papers] 1688 words
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Charles Mingus in the 1950s - Charles Mingus in the 1950s Charles Mingus is one of the most original and influential jazz composers of the twentieth century. He created the second-largest volume of jazz work after Duke Ellington (McDonough 20), and is the first African-American composer to have his work acquired by the Library of Congress (Harrington B1). Mingus is known for his unusual style of composing and playing, which attempted to reconcile jazz improvisation with orchestration, in order for the final composition to conform most closely to his vision....   [tags: Biography Bio Jazz]
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Tito Puente's Latin Music - Tito Puente's Latin Music When deciding what to focus on for our final presentation, we knew it had to be of interest to both of us, as well as something we would want to share with our students. Growing up in “traditional” Hispanic households where we heard cultural music, we decided our project would stem from that....   [tags: Puente Music Hispanic] 975 words
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Emma/Clueless - EMMA & CLUELESS Both Emma in Jane Austen's Emma and Cher in Amy Heckerling's Clueless portray symbolical manifestations and representational products of their social environment. Each of their social contexts are established by the composers' distinctions and parallels of values, ethics, settings and mediums used. In observing Jane Austen's Emma and Amy Heckerling's Clueless one if forced to observe the paralleled values in both texts. These values assist in confirming the social, historical and cultural contexts within both texts....   [tags: Character Book Comparison Jane Austen Heckerling] 1752 words
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