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Pervasive Development or Autistic Spectrum Disorders - Definition of Pervasive Development Disorder: Any of a group of disorders of infancy, childhood, or adolescence that are characterized by distortions in the development of the basic psychological functions such as language, social skills, attention, perception, reality testing, and movement. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pervasivedevelopmentaldisorder Pervasive developmental disorder was first used in the 1980’s to describe this class of neurological disorders that can impair social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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Social Capital in the Developing World - The globalized world today is getting very advanced in all areas and so has become very competitive. This then accommodates the use of a comparative approach in society. Comparative, an activity derived from the word comparison meaning to compare, it is defined as a research which uses data that are compared between at least two countries (Ragin, 1987). This comparative study is a very important phenomenon in the field of social science and commenced in the1960s and 1970s. It is used as an essential form of an investigating tool in analyzing the operations between different countries with a view to formulate solutions for under- developed countries and to give details of the development of social structuring in the framing of public policies (Ghorra-Gobin, discussion paper No....   [tags: International Development]
:: 13 Works Cited
2119 words
(6.1 pages)
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Development of sustainable career paths for employees - Finding and retaining high performing employees is a challenge all business organizations face. Employees search for jobs where they can be successful, appreciated, and have the opportunity to grow and advance. Effective employers develop career plans that are easy to follow, sustainable, customizable, and provide rewards and recognition when appropriate to entice and retain high performing employees. Using competency models management and human resources can define attributes of top performers that are important to the company for short term and long term success....   [tags: Labor]
:: 8 Works Cited
1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Macrosystem: From Child to Adult - This paper focuses mainly on the macrosystem, examining society, culture, and ecological system. Mental health and community counselors should keep in mind the complex, reciprocal interactions that characterize personal behavior in situations. Macrosystem: Describes the culture in which individuals live. Cultural contexts include developing and industrialized countries, socioeconomic status, poverty, and ethnicity. There have been a number of theories surveyed that are foundational to the profession of mental health counseling....   [tags: Childhood Development]
:: 6 Works Cited
1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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Child Care Services - Child Care Services, that include first, custodial services concerning health, hygiene and safety of children, second, child development services covering socialization, language skill and personality development and third, pre-school services ranging from informal learning to formal educational preparatory learning from elementary schools, was appeared to be initiated in France in 1770 in the name of “Salles d’asile” (asylum room) for serving the interest of working women. Along with custodial services, academic subjects such as reading and doing arithmetic, performing singing and drawing as extra-curricular activities were being taught in order to bring order, discipline and obedience to instructions among children (Pougatch-Zalcman, 1980) ....   [tags: Child Development ] 1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Intelligence - The evidence for genetic contribution to individual intelligence are (1) Family studies indicate that intelligence occurs in families, (2) Twin studies illustrate a greater link within identical twins in IQ than between non-identical, or fraternal , twins. This is true even when identical twins raised apart are contrasted with fraternal twins reared together. (3) Adoption studies suggest that adopted children are slightly comparable to their biological parents in intelligence. The focus here is on differences and similarities and the extent in which they are created by genetic effects, in contrast to environmental influences....   [tags: Child Development]
:: 6 Works Cited
1303 words
(3.7 pages)
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Erikson's Psychosocial Theory - Many of our temperament traits are evident at birth. However, other characteristics such as trust, guilt and competency are learned based upon our life experiences and the support we receive as we grow and develop. Based upon his research, Erikson became aware of the influence maturation and social demands have on behavior and ultimately on our development. He believed these two forces "push[ed] humans everywhere through…[a set of] eight psychosocial crises" (Sigelman, C. & Rider, E., 2009, pg.332)....   [tags: Psychology, Development] 2227 words
(6.4 pages)
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Self-Recognition in Toddlers - A variety of studies, such as the ones described below, have been conducted over the years in an attempt to explain and examine the emergence of self-recognition in infants. As a result the general consensus is that infants as young as 15 months old and most infants by 24-month are able to respond to their image in a mirror (Anderson, 2005). Research has also shown there are various self-conscious reactions and self-labeling that also indicate the toddler has self-recognition during the second year, though more research is needed to test their validity (Anderson, 2005)....   [tags: Child Development]
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1906 words
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Urie Bronfenbrenner and his Ecological Systems Theory - A great deal of consideration needs to go into preparing a child for the change that occurs when going from a home/child care atmosphere into a school environment. The Teacher needs to consider the child in its entirety throughout the changeover to scholarly activities. This must include the child’s physical readiness, socio-emotional, and cognitive abilities for learning. It is equally essential to discover ways in which to involve the children's first and most important teachers, their families....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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Observation Project: The Garden Preschool - Recently, I went to The Garden School, a preschool in my hometown of San Anselmo, California, to pass the morning with the students there. In the time I spent there, the children, ages 3 to 5, engaged in unstructured play, and sat in a circle for calendar time and reading aloud. The preschool is primarily child-centered in terms of its organization, meaning it incorporates a lot of child directed activity, and less structured, or adult directed, learning (Berk, 2008). I watched the group of about twenty children with the intention of studying them as a whole, but I found myself compelled to watch two children in particular, Addison and Jack, because they displayed particularly intriguing behavior....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1191 words
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The Mozart Effect - The Mozart Effect is a study that shows listening to classical music can have positive effects on learning and attitude. This occurrence is called the Mozart Effect, and it has been proven in experiments by many scientists. This research has caused much controversy between believers and nonbelievers, because The Mozart Effect is said to enhance the brain and reasoning; it is also used to reduce stress, depression, or anxiety; it induces relaxation or sleep; and the Mozart Effect activates the body....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1241 words
(3.5 pages)
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Preventing Obesity Within Schools - Physical activity is seen as an important and essential part of a child’s life (Rivkin, 2000). With the increasing prevalence of overweight children, and the decline in physical activity (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2010) there is justifiably a concern about the relationship of these to obesity. Research suggests that the benefits of physical activity during middle childhood are multifaceted. Goran, Reynolds & Lindquist (1999, p. 18) conceptualises that is not merely a means of increasing levels of fitness, but a foundation in promoting healthy lifestyle patterns and psycho-social well-being....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 19 Works Cited
1441 words
(4.1 pages)
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Impact Of Prematurity On Development - Impact of Premature Birth on Development Years ago, premature birth almost always meant death for the baby. Today, however, we have the technology to nurture these infants’ development, and many of them survive to lead normal, healthy lives. Although, very premature infants (that is, those born before about the fifth month) are still not likely to survive, many born at five months and older will thrive. Some preterm babies, however, do have many obstacles to overcome. There are a variety of medical problems that affect some of them, they may have impaired mental or physical conditions, and they may be looked upon by others in their environment as slow, or they might be treated differently because they were premature....   [tags: essays research papers] 1373 words
(3.9 pages)
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Science, Development and Humanity - Science, Development and Humanity ABSTRACT: The formation of a new scientific picture of the world is connected with the necessity of subjectivity. This subjectivity posits no limits for the scientific aspects of cognitive processes, but embraces a comprehensive world of spiritual activity. To choose the most effective model of social behavior, it is important to have an adequate knowledge of reality (i.e., the objective regularities of the surrounding world). Modern science reflects the vagueness of reality and, in consequence, the impossibility of using classical approaches....   [tags: Science Scientific Papers] 2367 words
(6.8 pages)
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Infant Language Development - Infant Language Development The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect on verbal language development of purposefully encouraging hearing infants to use simple gestures as symbols for objects, requests, and conditions. To this end 103, 11-month-old infants were divided into three groups, all of whom were seen in the laboratory for a variety of assessments, including standardized language tests at 15, 19, 24, 30, and 36 months. Parents of those in the Sign Training group modelled symbolic gestures and encouraged their infants to use them....   [tags: Papers] 2621 words
(7.5 pages)
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Reflections on Child Development - Reflections on Child Development This semester in Child Development has helped me a great deal. I came into this class wanting to be a Child Development teacher at the high school level. I am leaving this class with the same ambition to become a Child Development teacher. I have learned so much by taking this class and I know it will all be helpful in the future once I am standing at the front of a classroom. Also, just by watching the way Mary teaches the class, I have learned things that I want to take into my own style of teaching....   [tags: Education Psychology Essays Children] 701 words
(2 pages)
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Patterns of Child Development - Patterns of Child Development The various aspects of child development encompass physical growth, emotional and psychological changes, and social adjustments. A great many determinants influence patterns of development and change. On the average, a newborn baby weighs 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) and is 53 cm (21 in) long, with the head disproportionately larger than the lower part of the body. As the child grows, increments in height are greatest from birth to three years; thereafter they are relatively constant until adolescence....   [tags: Papers] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
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Career Development Plan - The final phase of a well designed and systematic orientation program is to develop the training and mentoring needs of the current sales staff along with the acquired team from EnviroTech. The first step in managing a new training and mentoring program is to determine the training needs and set objectives for these needs. During the initial assessment phase of the program, it is necessary to outline the goals that the management team feels is necessary to improve the effectiveness of the sales team as well as develop a process to work more effectively....   [tags: Business Strategy Management] 1248 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia - The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia During the past few decades, Western culture has witnessed an enormous explosion in the number of eating disorders reported among young women. One such type of eating disorder is Butimia Nervosa. According to the DSM-IV criteria it is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, in which the person experiences a feeling of "loss of control",and recurrent compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain. Both of these behaviors occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia, Eating Disorders]
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2402 words
(6.9 pages)
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Gender Development in Children - There have been many theories and studies in support of the development of gender identity and gender roles. One major theory was the one put forward by Bandura and his social learning theory. Bandura's social learning theory states that gender is learnt through direct and indirect reinforcement. The direct reinforcement is influenced by parents and according to the social learning theory gender identity is also reinforced through the beliefs and attitudes that the parents implement within their children through gender stereotypical behaviour....   [tags: Psychology] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Autism's Effects on Development and Education - Autism's Effects on Development and Education Autism is a behavioral syndrome present from early life and defined by deficient social interaction, language and communication, and play. At one time thought by some to be psychodynamically determined, it is now clear that autism represents physiologic dysfunction of one or more undefined brain systems. In addition to characteristic autistic features, many autistic people display a variety of other signs such as attention deficits, mental deficiency, and seizures that are not specific to autism and that denote dysfunction in other brain systems (Bristol 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 1140 words
(3.3 pages)
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Likert Scale Development - Likert Scale Development Social psychological attitudes are perhaps one of the most important determinants of society in that it is the individual’s attitude that motivates his or her behaviour. As Rajecki (1990) summed up this conception: ‘...attitude is seen as the cause and behaviour is seen as the effect.’ (Rajecki, 1990, p.4). Given consideration, it is easy to see that this is in fact the case; for example, why do people aspire to an education. The reason for this is that they perceive an education to be a positive thing and therefore as something to be desired....   [tags: Papers] 3199 words
(9.1 pages)
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Job Training versus Career Development: What Is Voc Ed's Role? - Job Training versus Career Development Should vocational education concentrate on preparing students for specific jobs or should it be more focused on broader career development, including lifelong learning, employability, and cognitive skills. This Digest explores these questions and examines how vocational education programs can best prepare students to meet the demands of the current and future workplace. Job Training and Vocational Education When asked to describe the role of vocational education in the schooling of the nation's youth, most educators (and citizens) would say it is to prepare students for work in a given trade or vocational area....   [tags: Compare Contrast Education Training Essays]
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1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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Three Key Dimensions on Which Communities of Practice Influence the Development of Its Social Capital - This thesis utilises McDermott and Snyder (2002) definition of communities of practice (CoP). This definition is relevant and consistently useful to this research because the authors define communities of practice as groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis. On the other hand, Lesser and Storck (2001) define these communities could meet at a physical location or could be virtually connected through various communication media such as email and internet applications....   [tags: Sociology] 716 words
(2 pages)
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The Relation of the Anxiety Buffer Disruption Theory on the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Deployed Combat Troops - Introduction From 2001 to present, the Department of Defense (DOD) has reported 6,379 deaths and 47,603 injuries resulting from campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq (DOD, 2012). Yet, more soldiers fall victim to behavioral health issues and self-destructive behavior than conventional injury (Thomsen, Stander, McWhorter, & Rabenhorst, 2011). Of the 1.6 million service members that have deployed, almost one-third will report some form of mental health condition stemming from their deployment (Tanielian & Jaycox, 2008)....   [tags: Military Science, Psychology]
:: 15 Works Cited
1587 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Development of Technology Curricula In The United States and New Zealand - Introduction Curriculum directs the lesson of every teacher and helps us have a structured and systematic instruction. Curriculum is often referred to as reference material which tell us exactly what to do, when to do it and in what sequence. According to Ronald C. Doll ,1996 (as cited in Curriculum Overview), school curriculum is the process by which learners and students acquire knowledge and understanding, develop skills and change attitudes, appreciation and values under the guidance of that school....   [tags: Education]
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2321 words
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Organizational Development from the Social Science Perspective - Below you will find the important aspects of section 2. Learning Outcomes:- ● Analyse critically the theoretical roots of contemporary consultancy. ● Identify strengths and weaknesses in each perspective ● Consider which perspectives may inform the way in which you hope to work in your consultancy project for your assignment. An appropriate plan therefore is to read through the theoretical models of contemporary consultancy Identify their strengths and weaknesses. Relate appropriate models to your project....   [tags: Social Science ] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development - Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development Nature- inborn traits and characteristics inherited from parents Nurture- environmental influences, both before and after birth ACTIVE (organism) VS PASSIVE (mechanistic) Organismic- People are active growing organisms that set their own development in motion ACT not react to environmental influences *cannot predict behavior by simple responses to environmental stimulus Emphasize qualitative change, see development occurring in STAGES each s stage builds on previous stage....   [tags: Papers] 2300 words
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Does Involement in Sports Begt Better Character Development? - Acts of violence, drug use, promiscuous or aggressive sexual attitudes, and cheating are some common issues on college campuses today. These behaviors things can happen amongwithin athletes and non-athletes alike. HoweverYet, most people perceive sports as being pure, and are regarded as highly instrumental in developing an enhanced morality, a propensity to follow rules and regulations, and a general respect for others, all of which in turn makes them good citizens in everyday life. Conversely, sports psychologists suggest that involvement in sports does not necessarily beget better character development....   [tags: Campus Life] 904 words
(2.6 pages)
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Teaching Techniques: Developmental Characteristics and Learning Abilities of Children Ages 10-13 - Children aged 10 to 13 are far more independent than their younger counterparts. They already possess this special ability for abstract thinking, which distinguishes them from other groups of learners and also is an additional strength. Harmer (2001) says that the age is a crucial aspect of how and what to teach to higher primary school learners. He also says that learners of different ages have different needs, competences and cognitive skills. According to Harmer, it is broadly believed that children learn a second language faster than adults....   [tags: teacher, primary education, child development] 1996 words
(5.7 pages)
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Apex Door Company Training Development - INTRODUCTION "Training is futile if the trainee lacks the ability or motivation to benefit from it." (Dessler, 2005, p. 271) The performance management approach integrates assignments, training, assessing and rewarding employees' efforts contributory efforts for goal achievement and influences organizational effectiveness. "Training can be an effective means of enhancing employees' abilities," and to increase emotional intelligence. (George and Jones, 2005, p. 60) Accurate assessment of employee strengths and weaknesses assists the development of an effective training program....   [tags: Training Employees Process Business] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment - Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by structured practices. Skill can be defined as: "Skill is an organized co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms" (Welford, 2000:page-102) This definition of skill shows that skills are learned with a goal to achieve which makes it differ to ability and technique....   [tags: Papers] 980 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Human Development of a Six Year Old - The Human Development of a Six Year Old Megan Baur is a 6-year-old Caucasian female who currently attends the first grade at a private school, Rolland Park School for girls. She lives with her birth parents and her 4-year-old brother, Kyle, in a suburban house on the outskirts of Baltimore City. Her father is a successful chiropractor and her mother works part time as a dental hygienist. Her mother was a stay home mom from Megan's birth till very recently, when she decided to return to work only during the hours while Kyle, the youngest attends nursery school....   [tags: Papers] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment - “We have been very conditioned by the cultures that we come from and are usually very identified with the particular gender that we happen to be a member of.” This quote by Andrew Cohen explains partially how gender identity develops, through the conditioning of our environments. The most influential factor of gender development, however, is still a very controversial issue. An analysis of the gender identification process reveals two main arguments in what factor most greatly contributes to gender development: biology differences (nature) or the environment (nurture)....   [tags: child development, psychology]
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1279 words
(3.7 pages)
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Middle Childhood - A. Freeze Tag, is another variation of the game Tag. Where the person who is “it” tags everyone but instead of being out of the game once tagged, the person will be frozen in place until another player “un-freeze” the player, for instance by touching the frozen player on the shoulder. Freeze tag, first begins by gathering a group of players, deciding on who is “it”, determining this may be volunteering oneself or playing a game like rock, paper, scissor. After determining the person who is “it”, he or she will count up to a number allowing the other players to scatter, giving them enough time to get away from the person who is “it”....   [tags: Child Development, Early Childhood] 2484 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Role of Socialization of Children in War - For over 20 years, the Lord's Resistance Army has been at war with the government of Uganda, causing a civil war. The Army's Rebel Groups, have attacked small villages, resulting in thousands of innocent deaths, and the abduction of children to fight with the rebels. In order to maintain these organizations, the Rebel Groups are faced with the difficult task of recruiting individuals. With limited available resources, the Rebel Groups cannot offer any appealing incentives to their recruits, but require complete loyalty (Vermeij, 2009)....   [tags: Socialization, Child development, War, ] 1317 words
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Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues in our Society - Stephen L. Carter proposes that integrity and honesty among other virtues and morals were unintentionally taught to our society via religious scriptures, nonacademic lessons in public schools, and child rearing methods used by parents are in the “curriculum” of “character education”. Despite the differences of virtues in areas such as sectionalism, prejudice, and racism, "nurture" or rearing of a society with virtues such as honesty and integrity is best understood as "monkey-see monkey-do"-the “source of growth in children's cognitive, language, and social skills” (Kessenich, Maureen, et al....   [tags: child development, psychology]
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914 words
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Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory - Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory Three assumptions present in developmental theories, as mentioned by Duncan, van Niekerk and Mufumadi (2003) will be described in a concise fashion. The assumptions, ‘development follows a predictable pattern’, ‘human beings are resilient’, and ‘development is a function of the interaction between innate and environmental functions’, will also be examined insofar as they relate to the issues and concepts of Erikson’s theory....   [tags: Papers] 1194 words
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How Does Birth Order Affect Psychological and Social Development? - How Does Birth Order Affect Psychological and Social Development. Birth order and its effects on psychological and social development is a controversial topic that has been studied by many researchers (Skinner & Fox-Francoeur, 2010; Dunkel, Harbke, &Papini, 2009; Hartshorne, Salem-Hartshorne, & Hartshorne, 2009; Iacovou, 2007; Holmgren, Molander, Nilsson, 2006; Baer, Oldham, Hollingshead, &Jacobsohn, 2005; Rodgers, 2001; Sulloway, 1996; Kessler, 1991; Galton, 1874). Researchers have hypothesized that birth order affects many features of development such as personality (Skinner & Fox-Francoeur, 2010; Dunkel et al., 2009; Sulloway, 1996), intelligence (Iacovou, 2007; Holmgren et al., 2006; Rodgers, 2001; Kessler, 1991), creativity (Baer et al., 2005), and relationship formation (Hartshorne et al., 2009)....   [tags: Psychology]
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2301 words
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The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today - The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today Tragic events like the shootings at Columbine High School capture public attention and concern, but are not typical of youth violence. Most adolescent homicides are committed in inner cities and outside of school. They most frequently involve an interpersonal dispute and a single victim. On average, six or seven youths are murdered in this country each day. Most of these are inner-city minority youths. Such acts of violence are tragic and contribute to a climate of fear in schools and communities....   [tags: Aggression Violence Crime Teenagers Essays] 3979 words
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Play Supports Language and Literacy Development In The Foundation Stage - Play Supports Language and Literacy Development In The Foundation Stage 'It is important to establish a definition of play and the importance of play in the development of the child. I will give an overview of the various stages of the different types of play. I shall be using theories as examples and discuss various educational studies. Moving on from there, I shall focus on how social dramatic play supports a child?s language and literacy development and how the different types of activities could support this area of learning....   [tags: Papers] 2862 words
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A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality - A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality "No Works Cited" “Psychologists define personality in many ways, but common to all of the ways are two basic concepts, uniqueness and characteristic patterns of behaviour. We will define personality as the complex set of unique psychological qualities that influence an individuals characteristic patterns of behaviour across different situations and over time.” (Psychology In Life, Phillip .G....   [tags: Papers] 1208 words
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The Historical and Cultural Factors that Contribute to the Development of the Learning Perspective - The Historical and Cultural Factors that Contribute to the Development of the Learning Perspective The study of how humans learn is a dominant component of the learning perspective. The study of behaviour in this perspective and is also commonly known as the Behaviouristic Approach, as they believe that behaviour is the only valid data in psychology. Behaviourism developed simultaneously in the United States and Russia in relation to many factors. Traditional Behaviourists believed that all organisms learn in the same way, and could be explained by the processes of classical and operant conditioning....   [tags: Papers] 2109 words
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The Level of Parental Attachment and the Career Development Process of the Secondary School Adolescents - The study conducted by Samuel O. Salami and A. Oyesoji Aremu(2007) was on the level of parental attachment and the career development process of the secondary school adolescents. Participants for this study were 242 (males ¼ 121, female ¼ 121) senior secondary school II students randomly selected from five coeducational secondary schools in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. To reduce the potentially confounding effects of family structure, we included only students from two-parent families. The mean age of the sample was 16.50 years with a standard deviation of 2.47....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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Communication Technology's Development and Its Effect on Management Practice - Communication Technology's Development and Its Effect on Management Practice Nowadays, more and more companies chose to go globally as the growth in communication technology and transport. It is easier for companies to expand the business activities across countries. When a company expands a large potion of its business outside its own country, it becomes a global business. Globalisation is not a single process, but can be described as a number of processes by which products, people, companies, money and information are able to move effectively and quickly around the world....   [tags: Papers] 1992 words
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The Effects of Homelessness on Children - Imagine a young child growing up, learning, and trying to further his or her life to obtain success in the future. For an “everyday” child this can be challenging, however “everyday” obstacles can be overcome. For thousands of children in the United States, this dream is almost impossible to achieve. These children are a part of the homeless population that is spread throughout the United States. Many times these individuals try to hide this major secret from the rest of the world, but homelessness is very prevalent among these youths today....   [tags: Child Development ]
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2106 words
(6 pages)
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Child Learning Through Play - Children have a natural inclination to play, alongside a natural instinct to learn and to be curious and inventive, which are characteristics of the human race in general. This quote taken from Janet Moyles is a good starting point for this essay. It is well known that children love to play. If a child were to be left to his/her own devices they would happily play and create new worlds anywhere they were left. It has been well documented and researched that children learn excellently through play....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Doctrinal Development and Its Compatibility with Belief in the Abiding Truth of Christianity - Is the idea of doctrinal development compatible with belief in the abiding truth of Christianity. The problem that the development of doctrine presents to the church is simple. On the one hand, Christianity is presented as containing the lasting and eternal truth of salvation and eternal life, and on the other hand, when the history of the church is studied, the details within which this truth is presented, have quite clearly changed. This problem is particularly exacerbated for those involved in ecumenical dialogue, and for theologians within the Roman Catholic church....   [tags: essays research papers] 1855 words
(5.3 pages)
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Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia - Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Dementia was defined by Cummings et al. (1980) as 'an acquired, persistent impairment of intellectual function with compromise and at least of the following spheres of activity: language, memory, visuospatial skills, emotion or personality and cognition.' Dementia occurs as a series of subtypes, one of which is known as vascular dementia (Brown, 1993). Vascular dementia is a disease which is most commonly caused by impairment to the circulatory system of the brain following damage caused by a stroke (Alzheimer, Scotland., 2002)....   [tags: Papers] 7577 words
(21.6 pages)
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Does Classical Music Have an Effect on Infants' Brain Development? - Does Classical Music Have an Effect on Infants' Brain Development. In 1998, Zell Miller, the governor of the state of Georgia, started a new program that distributed free CDs with classical music to the parents of every newborn baby in Georgia. Why did he do this. He certainly was not just trying to be nice and win a political statement; instead, his idea came from a new line of research showing a link between listening to classical music and enhanced brain development in infants. (1) So, what evidence was there for this governor to make a $105,000 proposal to give classical music for the newborn babies....   [tags: Research Science Essays]
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1851 words
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Actions Caused by Cognitive Dissonance - “If I chose to do it or say it, I must believe in it.” asserts the psychologist Leon Festinger (as cited in Psychology: Eighth Edition in Modules, 2007, p.731). When we become aware that our actions contradict our attitudes, we tend to revise our attitudes. This statement fits Festinger’s cognitive dissonance theory that asserts that we act to reduce discomfort or dissonance, an unpleasant tension, we experience when two of our thoughts or cognitions are inconsistent. Mkimmie, et al. (2003) investigated the impact of social support on cognitive dissonance arousal in their experiment, “I’m a Hypocrite, but So Is Everyone Else: Group Support and the Reduction of Cognitive Dissonance.” The psychologists aimed to test the impact of social support on dissonance by testing two hypotheses....   [tags: Cognitive Dissonance, psychology, ] 915 words
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Training and Developmnt Trend Research - Missing Works Cited This paper seeks to identify the various emerging trends and current issues surrounding areas of training and development in an organization. The paper has evaluated emerging trends under the topic organizational development in training and strategy, with the focus in Japan. The person who reads this paper will be taken through a comprehensive step by step process to determine the most significant trend....   [tags: Organizational Development, Training Strategies] 2782 words
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Language and the Development of the Human Brain - 1. Does thought depend on language. We human beings may not be the most admirable species on the planet, or the most likely to survive for another millennium, but we are without any doubt at all the most intelligent. We are also the only species with language. What is the relation between these two obvious facts. Before going on to consider that question, I must pause briefly to defend my second premise. Don't whales and dolphins, vervet monkeys and honey bees (the list goes on) have languages of sorts....   [tags: essays research papers] 6581 words
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The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science - The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science ABSTRACT: What is the role of mental variation in cognitive science. I will attempt to answer this question by dividing it into two separate questions: (1) what role does mental variation already (or implicitly) play in cognitive science. and (2) would cognitive science benefit by inquiring (explicitly) into the role of mental variation. I will attempt to show that mental variation already plays an important (though not always explicit) role in cognitive science....   [tags: Cognitive Sciences Scientific Essays]
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IMPAIRMENT NEURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM DISORDER - Autism spectrum disorders are a common neural developmental brain condition (Cheng et al., 2010). It does not have unifying neurobiological or pathological etiology (Geschwind& Levitt, 2007) .It characterized by impaired social interaction and communication skills and restricted repetitive behavior (Johnson & Myers, 2007). Medical condition such as mental retardation, chromosomal anomalies and seizures are often appear with autism (Casanova, 2007). During first 3 years of childhood, these major symptoms are revealed (Casanova, 2007)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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South African Development Plan - South Africa is a country in the continent of Africa, located to the south tip as its name suggests. Colonized by the Dutch in 1994, South Africa is seperated into nine provinces and is bordered to the north by the countries: Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, to the east: Swaziland and Mozambique, while coined in the south east is the country Lesotho, completely surrounded by the territory of South Africa. South Africa is one of the most diverse places in the world, and has eleven nationally recognized languages, whereas most countries only have one (Rosmarin & Rissik, 2003)....   [tags: Urban Development ]
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The Need For World Development - World development is when countries across the world help one another towards more enhanced development of livelihoods in order to increase the quality of life for people. This includes concepts such as financing health, education, governance, human rights, economics, foreign aides, environmental concerns, aid for natural disasters and various other issues relating to these. There are various reasons as to why there is a need of world development. Seeing as how far the developed world has come in terms of technological advances, it only makes sense that the rest of the world should be able to have the same kinds of advantages that richer countries have....   [tags: World Development] 991 words
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The Process of Adolescent Development - Introduction Adolescence is a transition which has no fixed time limits. However, the changes that occur at this time are so significant that it is useful to talk about adolescence as a distinct period of human life cycle. This period ranges from biological changes to changes in behavior and social status, thus making it difficult to specify its limits exactly (Damon, 2008). Adolescence begins with puberty, i.e. a series of physiological changes that lead to full development of the sexual organs and the ability to breed and sex....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Advance Professional Development - INTRODUCTION: Professional development is a purposeful and intentional process. According to Guskey T. (2000) it is a consciously designed effort to bring about positive change and improvement. True professional development is a deliberate process, guided by clear vision of purposes and planned goals. These goals form the criteria by which content and materials are selected, process and procedures developed, and assessment and evaluations prepared. Professional development programs are designed to enable one to explore their values, attitudes, styles and interpersonal skills and to provide a platform for continuing personal development as a manager or leader....   [tags: Professional Development]
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Power and Participation in Development Communication - The aim of development is not clean roads, skyscrapers and a well built transport infrastructure. Development requires the removal of major sources of unfreedom: poverty as well as tyranny, poor economic opportunities as well as systematic social deprivation, neglect of public facilities as well as intolerance or over activity of repressive states. (Sen, 1999) And in this process communication plays a pivotal role. A strong tool, if utilized effectively it can mobilize masses and increase awareness thus empowering the poor and the weakest of the society....   [tags: International Development]
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Millennium Development Goals and Jamaica - The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) represents the basic necessities and rights that any human would want to enjoy. It is a nationwide commitment made in September 2000 at a United Nations Millennium Summit meeting by 189 countries including Jamaica (Sweetman, 2005, p.2). Its emergence came as a major objective in an effort toward global development within a fifteen (15) year period. These objectives are targeted at the poorest sets of people in the world and are geared towards eliminating severe poverty and improving the provisions of good health and well-being....   [tags: International Development]
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Reflections on Child Development Workshop - In this essay, I am going to reflect on my learning and the way it has informed my practice in developing a positive learning environment. I am going to demonstrate my understanding of the need of promoting enabling environment in early years and the changes in my practice since attending university. I will critically evaluate on my own reflective and evaluative skills and I will offer examples of implementing these skills into my practice. I will explain why I decided to nurture the areas from the action plan and how I can achieve the recommended proposals....   [tags: Child Development] 1663 words
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Perspectives on Individual Development and Change - The aim of this assignment is to provide a critical analysis of theory in relation to psychological and emotional impact and its application to social work. I will look at the psychological and emotional impacts in relation to discriminatory and oppressive constructions in order to develop and demonstrate my understanding of social work within a multicultural diverse society. I have chosen internal working model and within this attachment theory as a psychological theory, widely used within social work....   [tags: human development]
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The Development of a Child's Brain - I often look at newborns in amusement and wonder what were are thinking about. Never did I stop for a moment to think about the complex wiring of the brain. It is known that the complete development of the brain is necessary for the normal physical and mental processes of a person but I wrongly assumed that such development is completed before birth. It is interesting to know that Dr. Harry Chugani, a pediatric neurobiologist at Wayne State University amazing has provided a glimpse inside an infant’s head....   [tags: Child Development] 1308 words
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Imaginary Companions In Child Development - Introduction Many children experience a common phenomenon known as the imaginary companion. This usually manifests itself in the creation of an invisible person that they engage in an active relationship with. While many parents are confused about how to approach and relate to their child and their child’s imaginary companion they should be assured that the process is quite normal. Imaginary companions are not a sign of mental illness but a normal healthy part of a child’s development (Taylor, 1999)....   [tags: Child Development]
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Development During Adolescence - Adolescence is a time of great change for a child. It is a time where they begin to explore who they are as individuals and develop their own identities as they get closer into adulthood. Erik Erikson theorized that in adolescence “the main task is developing an identity” and that a healthy identity is developed when they try on alternate identities and reflect on these experiences (Pressley & McCormick, 2007,p.147). Michael Nakkula says “identity is not the culmination of a key event or series of events, although key events can play an important role in the larger process....   [tags: Adolescent Development] 2275 words
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Concepts Associated with Tourism Developments in Blackpool - This report explores the theoretical concepts associated with tourism, leisure and hospitality developments in Blackpool. It also looks at the economic, social, political and environmental impacts of tourism. There are a variety of reasons why Blackpool has been developed as a tourist resort, and it has many historical sites of interest including the beach and Blackpool Tower. It also has a variety of leisure activities. Blackpool also offers a wide range of accommodation and restaurant options....   [tags: Tourism, Hospitality, Blackpool, development, econ]
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Cognitive behavioural therapy has been proven to be effective in the treatment of child and adolescent depression (Lewinsohn & Clarke, 1999; Harrington et al, 1998, March et al, 2004). There is general agreement in the clinical literature that the techniques of cognitive behavioural approaches to therapy are likely to be effective in treating depression (Brewin, 1996; Beech, 2000). In the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic & Statistical Manual (APA, 2000) the symptoms of depression are: loss of interest or enjoyment in activities; changing in weight and appetite; changes to sleep pattern; loss of energy; feeling worthless or guilty; suicidal thoughts; poor concentration and being either agitated or slowed up....   [tags: Psychology, Depression, Anxiety] 1070 words
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Project Development - Decisions in Paradise The corporation of CIGNA Healthcare has hired an employee Gardline as key person in the implementation of having CIGNA Healthcare have a presence in Kava, South Pacific (University of Phoenix, 2007). The presence of CIGNA Healthcare is needed to assist in the overall development of the Kava Island for its people, lively hood and healthcare epidemic. Using the decision making process, Gardline will use various techniques and principles to implement a change in Kava and bring a needed presence to the KAVA people....   [tags: Project Development] 1069 words
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Effects of Obesity on the Motor Development of Children - Obesity in the United States has become an epidemic. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), one out of every three people in the United States are now overweight or obese. Additionally, one out of every three children between the ages of 10 and 17 are not at a healthy weight (CDC, 2010). America is officially the fattest country in the world, topping Mexico and the United Kingdom by more than six percent of the population (CDC, 2010). These frightening statistics have many consequences for American citizens, especially the youth....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Analysis of Moral Development in Young Children - This paper is written to examine various influences on the moral development of young children. Specifically, the paper will speak to the definition of moral development, the views held by educators Piaget and Kohlberg on this area of development in young children and the application of moral development theories by Early Childhood Educators. Theories posited by Sigmund Freud with regards to the psychological development of children in the early childhood arena will be discussed as well. Suggestions for parents on supporting the moral development of their children will also be addressed....   [tags: Child Development ]
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The Difference Between Men and Women - The Difference Between Men and Women The fact that men and women are different is well known. Some of these differences are constant and some are not; some have changed in the past and some are about to change in the future. While some physical differences are obvious, some of them are controversial; in addition, psychological and cognitive differences are always divisive. Men are considered to be physically stronger than women. First, the physical duties of a household always seem to be a job for the man of the house....   [tags: Gender Difference Human Development Essays] 666 words
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The Importance of Self-Esteem in Child Development - How important is good self-esteem in the development of children: extremely important!. Having good self-esteem is a key component in the healthy development of children and adolescents (Nuttall, 1991). A person with high self-esteem feels like they can accomplish anything they set their minds to, whereas a person with low self-esteem feels that they are unimportant and nothing they do will make a difference (Nuttall, 1991). How a person feels about themselves affects how they will act, this is true in adults and adolescents as well as small children (Nuttall, 1991) There are a myriad of influences that can make a difference in the self-esteem of children today: parents, teachers, friends, and society in general all have an effect on a child’s development (Bukatko, 2008)....   [tags: Child Development]
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Importance of Talking and Listening To The Development of Children - ‘’Talking and listening are important to the development of children. Discuss this and suggest ways in which a child’s development can be enhanced’’. Talking and listening are essential life skills. The ability to talk in order to communicate and exchange ideas and information, to negotiate with others, to express feelings and emotions, allows human beings to function well in the world and to be full and active members of society. Communication, to be effective, requires the ability to listen, to understand and to make sense of what is heard....   [tags: Child Development] 779 words
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Sociocultural Theory in Early Childhood Development - Sociocultural is defined as relating to, or involving a combination of social (relating to human society) and cultural (taste in art and manners that are favored by a social group) factors.” (Socialcultural , 2010) You might ask why we are defining these words. It gives a better understanding of Vygotsky beliefs “that children seek out adults for interaction, beginning at birth, and that development occurs through these interactions.” (Morrison, 2009 sec 14.6) I agree that his theory is the best process for learning....   [tags: child development, ]
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Genetic and Environmental Influences and Their Effects on Development - There have been several studies over the years that take a look at what is called the “Nature versus Nurture” question. These studies have looked into different characteristics of the person from intelligence, personality, interests, social issues, and biology. Though most agree that the answer to this question is not one over the other, but rather it is a combination of the two that make us who we are. Several studies have proved this, but there are some aspects of our persons that one has a bigger influence on compared to the other....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Employee Development Programs - Employee development programs are not a new idea in the United States. General Motors established one of the first corporate universities in 1927 with the General Motors Institute (Gerbman, 2000). The concept was slow to catch on, but in the 1950s a variety of organizations followed the same path. During the 1950s General Electric established Crotonville Management Development Institute and Walt Disney began Disney University (Gerbman, 2000). McDonald’s followed this trend with the establishment of Hamburger University to train its managers in the early 1960s (Garger, 1999)....   [tags: Career Planning, Training and Development] 699 words
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Development of Neighborhoods in Chicago - Chicago in the 1920s was a turning point for the development of ethnic neighborhoods. After the opening of the first rail connection from New York to Chicago in the 1840s, immigration sky rocketed from that point on. Majority of the immigrants to Chicago were Europeans. The Irish, Italians, eastern European Jews, Germans, and Mexicans were among the most common ethnicities to reside in Chicago. These groups made up the greater part of Chicago. The sudden increase in immigration to Chicago in the 1920s soon led to an even further distinguished separation of ethnicities in neighborhoods....   [tags: City Development, Ethnic Neighborhoods] 1872 words
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CMM- Process Improvement Model for Software Development - With every project in software development it inevitably becomes necessary to organize the best practices and procedures for developing the software into a process. The eventual quality of the end product, not to mention the correctness with regards to the stated requirements, will depend on the effectiveness of this process. How mature this process is or how well the process provides a framework for development determines the eventual quality of the end product. In the 1970s when software started to revolutionalize the way we live it became necessary to develop a process improvement model to handle the best practices and procedures that guide the SDLC....   [tags: software development] 810 words
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The Positive Effects of Video Games on a Child's Development - Do video games induce emotional, physical and psychological scars on children. This question has been pondered by millions of researchers across the globe. On the news there have been frequent accounts of acts of violence caused by children. However it is not the child, parents, or guardians that are blamed. Instead the media has often blamed the video game industry for these acts of immorality. After the Columbine Shootings Bill Clinton (1999) stated that "Over 300 studies report that the boundary between fantasy and reality violence, which is a clear line for most adults, can become very blurred for vulnerable children....   [tags: Child Development]
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