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Social Capital in the Developing World - ... It involves creating and operating policies within the organization through a hierarchy of managers (Huges, 1998). Management in a summarized term is all about achieving goals and getting results. The main objective of management is result oriented, to monitor cost effectively, improve economic growth and maximizing productivity. This essay entails the study of social capital and its development process. In doing so, a comparative analysis, its development and its management will be taken into consideration....   [tags: International Development]
:: 13 Works Cited
2119 words
(6.1 pages)
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Development of sustainable career paths for employees - ... The authors organized the model into behavioral, technical, and contextual competencies. Once the structure is accepted by the main parties the discovery process is the next step. Marrelli et al. (2005) indicates that surveys, focus groups, interviews and literature reviews are all adequate methods to obtain the competencies best applicable to an organization. Using multiple methods will provide diversity and will assist with the data analysis of the identified competencies. Choosing the top ten competencies will be straightforward because they will be on virtually everyone’s list....   [tags: Labor]
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1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Macrosystem: From Child to Adult - ... Understanding a person’s development across their lifespan sheds a lot of insight on what maybe the issues the client is facing. The society and culture in which children are raised is the underlying influence to all systems and this is the macrosystem. Understanding the interactions of these systems is the key in understanding how a child develops and what factors lead to the failure. The breakdown of a child’s microsystem leaves a child with no tools to explore other parts of his environment....   [tags: Childhood Development]
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1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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Child Care Services - ... Over a period of time with the influence of advancement in social science as well as in pure science, the dimensions and approaches of child care change to a wider extend and a stream of researches on services related to child care identified the fact that all the service components are quite interdependent and interrelated. It is impossible to distinguish services like child fostering to child development or child development to pre-schooling. These services are interrelated and overlapping in nature....   [tags: Child Development ] 1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Intelligence - ... In this way, twin studies give psychologists greater insight into the role of genes in intelligence. Critics of twin studies suggest that twin similarities may be a result of chance rather than evidence of heredity at work. Also, because adopted twin children tend to be placed in similar settings, critics suggest that the trait similarities may be a matter of comparable experience rather than one of heredity. Adoption studies allow psychologists to decide on the influence of genetics and environment on human development by determining whether adopted children are more like their biological parents, who provide their genetic makeup, or their adoptive parents, who provide the environmental influences....   [tags: Child Development]
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1303 words
(3.7 pages)
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Erikson's Psychosocial Theory - ... One way a parent could do this would be give their toddler a choice in what they wear between several outfits, or a choice of activities. Parents could ask their 3 year old "do you want to go to the pool or do you want to go to the park today?" This would allow their toddler to act on their own and develop a sense of autonomy without relinquishing too much control to them. Once a sense of autonomy has been developed, the next stage in the psychosocial theory is initiative versus guilt. This stage is from about age three to age six and children focus on whether or not they can "carry out [their] plans successfully" (Sigelman, C....   [tags: Psychology, Development] 2227 words
(6.4 pages)
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Self-Recognition in Toddlers - ... Sally attends an English day care five days a week, and her sister attends afterschool care at the same facility. Materials The materials needed to complete the observations were a tube of red lipstick, a full-length mirror and small doll that was attached to the end of a broom handle with fishing line. Procedures The testing took place at the child’s home in the living room. Only the child, the mother and the experimenter were present at the time the observations took place. The experimenter arrived at the child’s house with the mother at approximately five o’clock in the evening on Friday October 21, 2011....   [tags: Child Development]
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1906 words
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Urie Bronfenbrenner and his Ecological Systems Theory - ... For instance: the connection between the child’s neighborhood and church or between their parents and teacher. III. Exosystem: Is made up of the larger societal system, the places and things which influences the child, yet the child doesn’t directly affect them. It is the larger social scheme wherein the child has no direct functionality. These are the structures that interact with some part of the child’s microsystem layer, impacting the child’s development. For example: the Parent schedule for work, or resources from the community that the parent may receive....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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Observation Project: The Garden Preschool - ... Lizzy yelped, and Addison pulled her hand back quickly, her mouth twitched to one side, and her eyebrows knitted together. During these few minutes, Addison demonstrated some of the cognitive, emotional and social challenges typical to people in her developmental stage. For example, Addison had trouble inhibiting her impulses to move and talk to other children during story time. However, Addison did make an effort to inhibit these urges, an ability made possible by the growth of her cerebral cortex (Berk, 2008)....   [tags: Child Development ]
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1191 words
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The Mozart Effect - ... It claims to have substantial benefits on the well-being of premature babies. “While neuroscientists have largely dismissed the "Mozart effect" myth that listening to music enhances mental skills, practicing and performing musical compositions does seem to elevate certain cognitive capabilities”. The article explains how we are able to benefit from music, and how it enhances our brain and reasoning. Music therapy does appear to help alleviate several brain maladies. Mozart’s music is beneficial not only for mothers and their unborn children but also for adults [Siegfried]....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1241 words
(3.5 pages)
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Preventing Obesity Within Schools - ... Priest, Swinburn & Waters (2010, p. 40) discusses a human rights approach to childhood obesity in order to tackle health inequalities. It is also noted, that there are three sets of human rights relating to childhood obesity: “UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCROC), the right to adequate food, and the right to health” (p. 40). In 1990, the Australian Government signed the UNCROC. In assessing the governments’ commitment to upholding these rights, it is reported in the 2007 – 2008 National Health Survey (Department of Health & Ageing, 2010) that the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity was 49.8%....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 19 Works Cited
1441 words
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Impact Of Prematurity On Development - Impact of Premature Birth on Development Years ago, premature birth almost always meant death for the baby. Today, however, we have the technology to nurture these infants’ development, and many of them survive to lead normal, healthy lives. Although, very premature infants (that is, those born before about the fifth month) are still not likely to survive, many born at five months and older will thrive. Some preterm babies, however, do have many obstacles to overcome. There are a variety of medical problems that affect some of them, they may have impaired mental or physical conditions, and they may be looked upon by others in their environment as slow, or they might be treated differently because they were premature....   [tags: essays research papers] 1373 words
(3.9 pages)
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Science, Development and Humanity - Science, Development and Humanity ABSTRACT: The formation of a new scientific picture of the world is connected with the necessity of subjectivity. This subjectivity posits no limits for the scientific aspects of cognitive processes, but embraces a comprehensive world of spiritual activity. To choose the most effective model of social behavior, it is important to have an adequate knowledge of reality (i.e., the objective regularities of the surrounding world). Modern science reflects the vagueness of reality and, in consequence, the impossibility of using classical approaches....   [tags: Science Scientific Papers] 2367 words
(6.8 pages)
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Infant Language Development - Infant Language Development The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect on verbal language development of purposefully encouraging hearing infants to use simple gestures as symbols for objects, requests, and conditions. To this end 103, 11-month-old infants were divided into three groups, all of whom were seen in the laboratory for a variety of assessments, including standardized language tests at 15, 19, 24, 30, and 36 months. Parents of those in the Sign Training group modelled symbolic gestures and encouraged their infants to use them....   [tags: Papers] 2621 words
(7.5 pages)
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Reflections on Child Development - Reflections on Child Development This semester in Child Development has helped me a great deal. I came into this class wanting to be a Child Development teacher at the high school level. I am leaving this class with the same ambition to become a Child Development teacher. I have learned so much by taking this class and I know it will all be helpful in the future once I am standing at the front of a classroom. Also, just by watching the way Mary teaches the class, I have learned things that I want to take into my own style of teaching....   [tags: Education Psychology Essays Children] 701 words
(2 pages)
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Patterns of Child Development - Patterns of Child Development The various aspects of child development encompass physical growth, emotional and psychological changes, and social adjustments. A great many determinants influence patterns of development and change. On the average, a newborn baby weighs 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) and is 53 cm (21 in) long, with the head disproportionately larger than the lower part of the body. As the child grows, increments in height are greatest from birth to three years; thereafter they are relatively constant until adolescence....   [tags: Papers] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
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Career Development Plan - The final phase of a well designed and systematic orientation program is to develop the training and mentoring needs of the current sales staff along with the acquired team from EnviroTech. The first step in managing a new training and mentoring program is to determine the training needs and set objectives for these needs. During the initial assessment phase of the program, it is necessary to outline the goals that the management team feels is necessary to improve the effectiveness of the sales team as well as develop a process to work more effectively....   [tags: Business Strategy Management] 1248 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia - The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia During the past few decades, Western culture has witnessed an enormous explosion in the number of eating disorders reported among young women. One such type of eating disorder is Butimia Nervosa. According to the DSM-IV criteria it is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, in which the person experiences a feeling of "loss of control",and recurrent compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain. Both of these behaviors occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia, Eating Disorders]
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2402 words
(6.9 pages)
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Gender Development in Children - There have been many theories and studies in support of the development of gender identity and gender roles. One major theory was the one put forward by Bandura and his social learning theory. Bandura's social learning theory states that gender is learnt through direct and indirect reinforcement. The direct reinforcement is influenced by parents and according to the social learning theory gender identity is also reinforced through the beliefs and attitudes that the parents implement within their children through gender stereotypical behaviour....   [tags: Psychology] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Autism's Effects on Development and Education - Autism's Effects on Development and Education Autism is a behavioral syndrome present from early life and defined by deficient social interaction, language and communication, and play. At one time thought by some to be psychodynamically determined, it is now clear that autism represents physiologic dysfunction of one or more undefined brain systems. In addition to characteristic autistic features, many autistic people display a variety of other signs such as attention deficits, mental deficiency, and seizures that are not specific to autism and that denote dysfunction in other brain systems (Bristol 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 1140 words
(3.3 pages)
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Likert Scale Development - Likert Scale Development Social psychological attitudes are perhaps one of the most important determinants of society in that it is the individual’s attitude that motivates his or her behaviour. As Rajecki (1990) summed up this conception: ‘...attitude is seen as the cause and behaviour is seen as the effect.’ (Rajecki, 1990, p.4). Given consideration, it is easy to see that this is in fact the case; for example, why do people aspire to an education. The reason for this is that they perceive an education to be a positive thing and therefore as something to be desired....   [tags: Papers] 3199 words
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Job Training versus Career Development: What Is Voc Ed's Role? - Job Training versus Career Development Should vocational education concentrate on preparing students for specific jobs or should it be more focused on broader career development, including lifelong learning, employability, and cognitive skills. This Digest explores these questions and examines how vocational education programs can best prepare students to meet the demands of the current and future workplace. Job Training and Vocational Education When asked to describe the role of vocational education in the schooling of the nation's youth, most educators (and citizens) would say it is to prepare students for work in a given trade or vocational area....   [tags: Compare Contrast Education Training Essays]
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1874 words
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Three Key Dimensions on Which Communities of Practice Influence the Development of Its Social Capital - This thesis utilises McDermott and Snyder (2002) definition of communities of practice (CoP). This definition is relevant and consistently useful to this research because the authors define communities of practice as groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis. On the other hand, Lesser and Storck (2001) define these communities could meet at a physical location or could be virtually connected through various communication media such as email and internet applications....   [tags: Sociology] 716 words
(2 pages)
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The Relation of the Anxiety Buffer Disruption Theory on the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Deployed Combat Troops - ... For the members of the society that were affected by the earthquake, their world view was disrupted allowing an increased desire for foreigners to be present to give aid (Pyszczynski & Kesebir, 2011). In contrast those unaffected remained steadfast in their belief of the resistance to foreign influence (2011). This principle change in beliefs adds support to the concept of ABDT as it correlates the change in belief to the increase of stimuli that conflict with the perceived cultural worldview (2011)....   [tags: Military Science, Psychology]
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1587 words
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The Development of Technology Curricula In The United States and New Zealand - ... In 1930’s they were not able to come up with common objectives between ‘prevocational and general education. The attempts to find a common ground and to consolidate the profession failed. (Booth, 1989) The post war year ‘A Curriculum to Reflect Technology’ introduced five areas of study such as: communication, construction, power, transportation and manufacturing, these influences the current teaching of technology in high school. Donald Maley of the University of Maryland (as cited in Booth, 1989) proposed in 1960 an organized student activities as centre of investigation, exploration, analysis, testing and the use of tools and materials to solve problem....   [tags: Education]
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2321 words
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Organizational Development from the Social Science Perspective - Below you will find the important aspects of section 2. Learning Outcomes:- ● Analyse critically the theoretical roots of contemporary consultancy. ● Identify strengths and weaknesses in each perspective ● Consider which perspectives may inform the way in which you hope to work in your consultancy project for your assignment. An appropriate plan therefore is to read through the theoretical models of contemporary consultancy Identify their strengths and weaknesses. Relate appropriate models to your project....   [tags: Social Science ] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development - Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development Nature- inborn traits and characteristics inherited from parents Nurture- environmental influences, both before and after birth ACTIVE (organism) VS PASSIVE (mechanistic) Organismic- People are active growing organisms that set their own development in motion ACT not react to environmental influences *cannot predict behavior by simple responses to environmental stimulus Emphasize qualitative change, see development occurring in STAGES each s stage builds on previous stage....   [tags: Papers] 2300 words
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Does Involement in Sports Begt Better Character Development? - Acts of violence, drug use, promiscuous or aggressive sexual attitudes, and cheating are some common issues on college campuses today. These behaviors things can happen amongwithin athletes and non-athletes alike. HoweverYet, most people perceive sports as being pure, and are regarded as highly instrumental in developing an enhanced morality, a propensity to follow rules and regulations, and a general respect for others, all of which in turn makes them good citizens in everyday life. Conversely, sports psychologists suggest that involvement in sports does not necessarily beget better character development....   [tags: Campus Life] 904 words
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Teaching Techniques: Developmental Characteristics and Learning Abilities of Children Ages 10-13 - Children aged 10 to 13 are far more independent than their younger counterparts. They already possess this special ability for abstract thinking, which distinguishes them from other groups of learners and also is an additional strength. Harmer (2001) says that the age is a crucial aspect of how and what to teach to higher primary school learners. He also says that learners of different ages have different needs, competences and cognitive skills. According to Harmer, it is broadly believed that children learn a second language faster than adults....   [tags: teacher, primary education, child development] 1996 words
(5.7 pages)
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Apex Door Company Training Development - INTRODUCTION "Training is futile if the trainee lacks the ability or motivation to benefit from it." (Dessler, 2005, p. 271) The performance management approach integrates assignments, training, assessing and rewarding employees' efforts contributory efforts for goal achievement and influences organizational effectiveness. "Training can be an effective means of enhancing employees' abilities," and to increase emotional intelligence. (George and Jones, 2005, p. 60) Accurate assessment of employee strengths and weaknesses assists the development of an effective training program....   [tags: Training Employees Process Business] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment - Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by structured practices. Skill can be defined as: "Skill is an organized co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms" (Welford, 2000:page-102) This definition of skill shows that skills are learned with a goal to achieve which makes it differ to ability and technique....   [tags: Papers] 980 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Human Development of a Six Year Old - The Human Development of a Six Year Old Megan Baur is a 6-year-old Caucasian female who currently attends the first grade at a private school, Rolland Park School for girls. She lives with her birth parents and her 4-year-old brother, Kyle, in a suburban house on the outskirts of Baltimore City. Her father is a successful chiropractor and her mother works part time as a dental hygienist. Her mother was a stay home mom from Megan's birth till very recently, when she decided to return to work only during the hours while Kyle, the youngest attends nursery school....   [tags: Papers] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment - ... Gender functions as a way to organize society because of the cultural stereotypes given to being either male or female. (*) The most evident example of this is in the division of labor according to gender. In most societies there are clear distinctions between “women’s work” and “men’s work,” both in the community and the household. They also have cultural explanations of why this is necessary; however, they differ among cultures and change over time. It is because of this that cultures pressure people into developing the gender roles that are “expected” of them....   [tags: child development, psychology]
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1279 words
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Middle Childhood - ... The input of adding new information and learning from the new information is a gradual (Lightfoot, pg 405), when a child is tagged other children learn not to be so easily trapped, learning from other mistake while forming a new strategy to outwit the person who is “it”. While directing their attention to the direction and movement of the people who are “frozen”, trying to help them while still being aware of the movement around them indicates spatial awareness (Lightfoot, pg 417). Short term would occur during the rapid game, for instance what decision they made, the thoughts that are processed when making decisions....   [tags: Child Development, Early Childhood] 2484 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Role of Socialization of Children in War - For over 20 years, the Lord's Resistance Army has been at war with the government of Uganda, causing a civil war. The Army's Rebel Groups, have attacked small villages, resulting in thousands of innocent deaths, and the abduction of children to fight with the rebels. In order to maintain these organizations, the Rebel Groups are faced with the difficult task of recruiting individuals. With limited available resources, the Rebel Groups cannot offer any appealing incentives to their recruits, but require complete loyalty (Vermeij, 2009)....   [tags: Socialization, Child development, War, ] 1317 words
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Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues in our Society - ... The only logical way would be through the use of “character education.” Character Education is the teaching that children that will help them develop into a good moral, civic, and good, mannered, behaved, socially acceptable being. American public schools teach such values via programs; cheerleading (teaches moral support), math, social studies, english and the “praise and reward” technique which is in conjunction with good habit making, “catching the students being good.” However the real purpose of this activity is lost as the focus weans off the virtues and more on the reward (Character Education – Overview), while also creating tension and competitiveness among the young impressionable students....   [tags: child development, psychology]
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914 words
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Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory - Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory Three assumptions present in developmental theories, as mentioned by Duncan, van Niekerk and Mufumadi (2003) will be described in a concise fashion. The assumptions, ‘development follows a predictable pattern’, ‘human beings are resilient’, and ‘development is a function of the interaction between innate and environmental functions’, will also be examined insofar as they relate to the issues and concepts of Erikson’s theory....   [tags: Papers] 1194 words
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How Does Birth Order Affect Psychological and Social Development? - ... Intelligence can be measured in several ways. For example, IQ tests, grades in school, and highest level of education can all be used as measures of intelligence (Santrock, 2011; Iacovou, 2007). Traditional IQ tests generally measure one type of intelligence that involves analyzing and reasoning to solve problems (Santrock, 2011). Although IQ scores are commonly used to determine a person’s level of intelligence, there are theories that suggest there are more than just one type of intelligence, such as Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence and Gardner’s theory that there are eight forms of intelligence (Santrock, 2011)....   [tags: Psychology]
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The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today - The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today Tragic events like the shootings at Columbine High School capture public attention and concern, but are not typical of youth violence. Most adolescent homicides are committed in inner cities and outside of school. They most frequently involve an interpersonal dispute and a single victim. On average, six or seven youths are murdered in this country each day. Most of these are inner-city minority youths. Such acts of violence are tragic and contribute to a climate of fear in schools and communities....   [tags: Aggression Violence Crime Teenagers Essays] 3979 words
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Play Supports Language and Literacy Development In The Foundation Stage - Play Supports Language and Literacy Development In The Foundation Stage 'It is important to establish a definition of play and the importance of play in the development of the child. I will give an overview of the various stages of the different types of play. I shall be using theories as examples and discuss various educational studies. Moving on from there, I shall focus on how social dramatic play supports a child?s language and literacy development and how the different types of activities could support this area of learning....   [tags: Papers] 2862 words
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A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality - A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality "No Works Cited" “Psychologists define personality in many ways, but common to all of the ways are two basic concepts, uniqueness and characteristic patterns of behaviour. We will define personality as the complex set of unique psychological qualities that influence an individuals characteristic patterns of behaviour across different situations and over time.” (Psychology In Life, Phillip .G....   [tags: Papers] 1208 words
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The Historical and Cultural Factors that Contribute to the Development of the Learning Perspective - The Historical and Cultural Factors that Contribute to the Development of the Learning Perspective The study of how humans learn is a dominant component of the learning perspective. The study of behaviour in this perspective and is also commonly known as the Behaviouristic Approach, as they believe that behaviour is the only valid data in psychology. Behaviourism developed simultaneously in the United States and Russia in relation to many factors. Traditional Behaviourists believed that all organisms learn in the same way, and could be explained by the processes of classical and operant conditioning....   [tags: Papers] 2109 words
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The Level of Parental Attachment and the Career Development Process of the Secondary School Adolescents - The study conducted by Samuel O. Salami and A. Oyesoji Aremu(2007) was on the level of parental attachment and the career development process of the secondary school adolescents. Participants for this study were 242 (males ¼ 121, female ¼ 121) senior secondary school II students randomly selected from five coeducational secondary schools in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. To reduce the potentially confounding effects of family structure, we included only students from two-parent families. The mean age of the sample was 16.50 years with a standard deviation of 2.47....   [tags: Research Analysis ] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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Communication Technology's Development and Its Effect on Management Practice - Communication Technology's Development and Its Effect on Management Practice Nowadays, more and more companies chose to go globally as the growth in communication technology and transport. It is easier for companies to expand the business activities across countries. When a company expands a large potion of its business outside its own country, it becomes a global business. Globalisation is not a single process, but can be described as a number of processes by which products, people, companies, money and information are able to move effectively and quickly around the world....   [tags: Papers] 1992 words
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The Effects of Homelessness on Children - ... “They include disease and illness, maternal stress, lack of sanitation, lack of refrigeration, and lack of sterilization of formula” (4-5). Also emotional scars are made on these children with the lack of pivotal maternal-child bonding occurring due to the housing situation they are placed in (5). Mental disorders can very easily form and remain with the child for his or her lifetime. These disorders are due to lack of health care and the data that shows that “one-third of homeless infants are lacking essential immunizations.” Detection of these disorders however is very difficult and may be encountered too late (5)....   [tags: Child Development ]
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2106 words
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Child Learning Through Play - ... Vygotsky argues that a useful way to help a student who is having difficulties is to direct their attention to the key features of the task and prompt them in ways that will facilitate their understanding. Bruner has used the metaphor of scaffolding to refer to Vygotsky’s view of this kind of teacher support (Smith and Cowie, 1991). For very young children this type of structured play is not always the best method of learning. This is where Julie Fishers’ statement of children ‘being active’ is useful....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Doctrinal Development and Its Compatibility with Belief in the Abiding Truth of Christianity - Is the idea of doctrinal development compatible with belief in the abiding truth of Christianity. The problem that the development of doctrine presents to the church is simple. On the one hand, Christianity is presented as containing the lasting and eternal truth of salvation and eternal life, and on the other hand, when the history of the church is studied, the details within which this truth is presented, have quite clearly changed. This problem is particularly exacerbated for those involved in ecumenical dialogue, and for theologians within the Roman Catholic church....   [tags: essays research papers] 1855 words
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Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia - Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Dementia was defined by Cummings et al. (1980) as 'an acquired, persistent impairment of intellectual function with compromise and at least of the following spheres of activity: language, memory, visuospatial skills, emotion or personality and cognition.' Dementia occurs as a series of subtypes, one of which is known as vascular dementia (Brown, 1993). Vascular dementia is a disease which is most commonly caused by impairment to the circulatory system of the brain following damage caused by a stroke (Alzheimer, Scotland., 2002)....   [tags: Papers] 7577 words
(21.6 pages)
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Does Classical Music Have an Effect on Infants' Brain Development? - Does Classical Music Have an Effect on Infants' Brain Development. In 1998, Zell Miller, the governor of the state of Georgia, started a new program that distributed free CDs with classical music to the parents of every newborn baby in Georgia. Why did he do this. He certainly was not just trying to be nice and win a political statement; instead, his idea came from a new line of research showing a link between listening to classical music and enhanced brain development in infants. (1) So, what evidence was there for this governor to make a $105,000 proposal to give classical music for the newborn babies....   [tags: Research Science Essays]
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1851 words
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Actions Caused by Cognitive Dissonance - “If I chose to do it or say it, I must believe in it.” asserts the psychologist Leon Festinger (as cited in Psychology: Eighth Edition in Modules, 2007, p.731). When we become aware that our actions contradict our attitudes, we tend to revise our attitudes. This statement fits Festinger’s cognitive dissonance theory that asserts that we act to reduce discomfort or dissonance, an unpleasant tension, we experience when two of our thoughts or cognitions are inconsistent. Mkimmie, et al. (2003) investigated the impact of social support on cognitive dissonance arousal in their experiment, “I’m a Hypocrite, but So Is Everyone Else: Group Support and the Reduction of Cognitive Dissonance.” The psychologists aimed to test the impact of social support on dissonance by testing two hypotheses....   [tags: Cognitive Dissonance, psychology, ] 915 words
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Training and Developmnt Trend Research - ... This may affect the ongoing developments as well as the overall training of the employees. This is attributed to the fact that a partnership will bring about changes since the original one stops to exist so as to form the new one. When the old business dies then new priorities arise and they adjust with other new training methods. The organization may also form an alliance with a different company. This makes the two companies set their goals on one accord, this is to say if the training method of one company does not meet the other company’s expectations then the two companies will be forced to sit down and come up with new methods of training....   [tags: Organizational Development, Training Strategies] 2782 words
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Language and the Development of the Human Brain - 1. Does thought depend on language. We human beings may not be the most admirable species on the planet, or the most likely to survive for another millennium, but we are without any doubt at all the most intelligent. We are also the only species with language. What is the relation between these two obvious facts. Before going on to consider that question, I must pause briefly to defend my second premise. Don't whales and dolphins, vervet monkeys and honey bees (the list goes on) have languages of sorts....   [tags: essays research papers] 6581 words
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The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science - The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science ABSTRACT: What is the role of mental variation in cognitive science. I will attempt to answer this question by dividing it into two separate questions: (1) what role does mental variation already (or implicitly) play in cognitive science. and (2) would cognitive science benefit by inquiring (explicitly) into the role of mental variation. I will attempt to show that mental variation already plays an important (though not always explicit) role in cognitive science....   [tags: Cognitive Sciences Scientific Essays]
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IMPAIRMENT NEURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM DISORDER - ... It has been shown that the brain stem of people with autism is smaller than normal individual (Alexander et al., 2006). The cell bodies of cranial nerve are found in the brain stem and these nerve control eye, face and tongue muscles (Rodier, 2000). Dysfunction of cranial nerve causes failure to use eye contact and facial expression (Rodier, 2000). additionally, DTI studies, a sensitive measure of water molecule diffusivity in the brain, indicate disturbed location of Fractional anisotropy (FA) that is involve in social cognitive processes (Cheng et al., 2010)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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South African Development Plan - ... The country should ensure that it expands opportunities by involving the communities in developments thus nurturing their capabilities. To stamp out unemployment, there should be effective leadership and social cohesion as key figures in the country. By equipping people with skills essential for survival and employment the country would see a reduction in poverty and possibly increase their living standards. Through employment, the people will be in a position to educate their children and manage their lives more effectively....   [tags: Urban Development ]
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The Need For World Development - World development is when countries across the world help one another towards more enhanced development of livelihoods in order to increase the quality of life for people. This includes concepts such as financing health, education, governance, human rights, economics, foreign aides, environmental concerns, aid for natural disasters and various other issues relating to these. There are various reasons as to why there is a need of world development. Seeing as how far the developed world has come in terms of technological advances, it only makes sense that the rest of the world should be able to have the same kinds of advantages that richer countries have....   [tags: World Development] 991 words
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The Process of Adolescent Development - ... By the time a girl reaches 12, she will likely have entered a period of rapid physical development, including the onset of menarche. Boys lag slightly behind and begin their developmental changes around the age of 13. The timing of puberty can be a great source of stress for young adolescents particularly if it is significantly before or after that of their peers. For example, early maturing girls are more likely to report a variety of internalizing and externalizing symptoms than their same-age, same-gender peers who experienced average pubertal maturation....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Advance Professional Development - INTRODUCTION: Professional development is a purposeful and intentional process. According to Guskey T. (2000) it is a consciously designed effort to bring about positive change and improvement. True professional development is a deliberate process, guided by clear vision of purposes and planned goals. These goals form the criteria by which content and materials are selected, process and procedures developed, and assessment and evaluations prepared. Professional development programs are designed to enable one to explore their values, attitudes, styles and interpersonal skills and to provide a platform for continuing personal development as a manager or leader....   [tags: Professional Development]
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Power and Participation in Development Communication - ... Thus, there is no guarantee that the voice of the citizen is implemented into action. The final two levels i.e. ‘Delegated Power’ and ‘Citizen Control’ are the most effective. They are categorized as ‘citizen power’ and it is here that participation and power work most powerfully, cooperatively and transparently. Both the stakeholders and the citizens enter into a partnership which enables negotiation or the decision-making authority lies fully in the hands of the citizens. In ‘Delegated Power’, citizens always have the final decision-making authority....   [tags: International Development]
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The Holistic Development of the Unique Child - ... Therefore the need for global education of both parents and council is fundamental to the success of ‘forest school’ practice. Works Cited Advisory Panel on Food and Nutrition in Early Years. (APFNEY,2010). Laying the table, Volume 2[online] available from: http://www.schoolfoodtrust.org.uk[Accessed :4/12/11] BBC NEWS (2004). Couch potato, toddler warning,[online].16/1/04 Available from http://news.bbc.co.uk [Accessed: 5/12/11] BBC NEWS (2004). Health-parents eat less to feed children,[online].25/6/04 Available from http://news.bbc.co.uk [Accessed: 31/11/11] Child Poverty Act (2010) HM Government: Child Poverty Act 2010 [Online]....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Millennium Development Goals and Jamaica - ... In 1995 Jamaica’s poverty rate was 27.5% and improved to 18.7% in 2000. The improvement in poverty level is based on the fact that there are increased employments in the informal sector and the underground economy. The hike in migration and the increase in remittances have also led to the reduction in poverty. The cases of malnutrition (children 0-5 years old) have also improved from 6.4% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Under-nourished population accounted for 5% in 2002 and remained the same for 2004....   [tags: International Development]
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Reflections on Child Development Workshop - ... In comparison to my previous beliefs, the biggest change is the way I look at the learning process now. I appreciate that we should not put too much stress on what we teach, but rather on how we teach as learning is a process and the learning journey is more important for children than the final outcome. Similarly, to children’s learning journey is my own journey as a student. Although I study towards a degree, the whole process of gaining new knowledge has made me think about my practice. Previously I believed that there were only right or wrong answers, however, after a year and half of studying at university my philosophy changed....   [tags: Child Development] 1663 words
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Perspectives on Individual Development and Change - The aim of this assignment is to provide a critical analysis of theory in relation to psychological and emotional impact and its application to social work. I will look at the psychological and emotional impacts in relation to discriminatory and oppressive constructions in order to develop and demonstrate my understanding of social work within a multicultural diverse society. I have chosen internal working model and within this attachment theory as a psychological theory, widely used within social work....   [tags: human development]
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The Development of a Child's Brain - I often look at newborns in amusement and wonder what were are thinking about. Never did I stop for a moment to think about the complex wiring of the brain. It is known that the complete development of the brain is necessary for the normal physical and mental processes of a person but I wrongly assumed that such development is completed before birth. It is interesting to know that Dr. Harry Chugani, a pediatric neurobiologist at Wayne State University amazing has provided a glimpse inside an infant’s head....   [tags: Child Development] 1308 words
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Imaginary Companions In Child Development - ... Children can now start creating imaginary companions. Requirements for Creation In order for children to engage in play with imaginary companions they must create them and this requires that they have the proper mental states to do so. Children with imaginary companions are able to recognize that the mind does not mirror reality but rather it represents reality (Lillard & Sobel, 1999). ). These children are able to understand that their and other’s imaginary companions are not real and differentiate between the relationships with imaginary companion and real companions (Taylor 1999)....   [tags: Child Development]
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Concepts Associated with Tourism Developments in Blackpool - This report explores the theoretical concepts associated with tourism, leisure and hospitality developments in Blackpool. It also looks at the economic, social, political and environmental impacts of tourism. There are a variety of reasons why Blackpool has been developed as a tourist resort, and it has many historical sites of interest including the beach and Blackpool Tower. It also has a variety of leisure activities. Blackpool also offers a wide range of accommodation and restaurant options....   [tags: Tourism, Hospitality, Blackpool, development, econ]
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - ... Two of these will be described in detail. Behavioural strategy consists of two parts: activity scheduling and graded task assignment. Activity scheduling in CBT for depression is one of the core therapeutic methods. (Beck et al., 1979). The Weekly Activity Schedule (WAS) is an essential tool for activity scheduling. Basically it is a simple timetable with the slot for every hour of every day. The first step in activity scheduling is as a self-monitoring tool starting to use WAS, then the therapist can gather the information about the patient’s activity....   [tags: Psychology, Depression, Anxiety] 1070 words
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Project Development - Decisions in Paradise The corporation of CIGNA Healthcare has hired an employee Gardline as key person in the implementation of having CIGNA Healthcare have a presence in Kava, South Pacific (University of Phoenix, 2007). The presence of CIGNA Healthcare is needed to assist in the overall development of the Kava Island for its people, lively hood and healthcare epidemic. Using the decision making process, Gardline will use various techniques and principles to implement a change in Kava and bring a needed presence to the KAVA people....   [tags: Project Development] 1069 words
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Effects of Obesity on the Motor Development of Children - ... Supporting Research Research has shown that there is a direct link between overweight and motor development in infants. For example, in 2010, Slining, Adair, Goldman, Borja, and Bentley found that overweight and obese infants exhibited a lower level of motor development than their healthy weight counterparts. More specifically, the researchers found that although infants in the healthy sample showed infant size and motor development scores to be independent, infants that were not in the healthy range were more likely to have lower motor development (Slining, et al., 2010)....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Analysis of Moral Development in Young Children - ... As stages in psychological development have been defined by Freud, stages in moral development have been outlined by early educators Jean Piaget and Kohlberg, who put forth differing views on the moral development of children. Piaget theorized that children process morals in stages, first one then the next, with a transition in between. The first stage (from ages 4 to about 7) is referred to as “heteronymous morality”, where children think of rules as constants, that is to say, rules are part of the world’s makeup with no input or possibility of change by people....   [tags: Child Development ]
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The Difference Between Men and Women - The Difference Between Men and Women The fact that men and women are different is well known. Some of these differences are constant and some are not; some have changed in the past and some are about to change in the future. While some physical differences are obvious, some of them are controversial; in addition, psychological and cognitive differences are always divisive. Men are considered to be physically stronger than women. First, the physical duties of a household always seem to be a job for the man of the house....   [tags: Gender Difference Human Development Essays] 666 words
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The Importance of Self-Esteem in Child Development - How important is good self-esteem in the development of children: extremely important!. Having good self-esteem is a key component in the healthy development of children and adolescents (Nuttall, 1991). A person with high self-esteem feels like they can accomplish anything they set their minds to, whereas a person with low self-esteem feels that they are unimportant and nothing they do will make a difference (Nuttall, 1991). How a person feels about themselves affects how they will act, this is true in adults and adolescents as well as small children (Nuttall, 1991) There are a myriad of influences that can make a difference in the self-esteem of children today: parents, teachers, friends, and society in general all have an effect on a child’s development (Bukatko, 2008)....   [tags: Child Development]
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Importance of Talking and Listening To The Development of Children - ‘’Talking and listening are important to the development of children. Discuss this and suggest ways in which a child’s development can be enhanced’’. Talking and listening are essential life skills. The ability to talk in order to communicate and exchange ideas and information, to negotiate with others, to express feelings and emotions, allows human beings to function well in the world and to be full and active members of society. Communication, to be effective, requires the ability to listen, to understand and to make sense of what is heard....   [tags: Child Development] 779 words
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Sociocultural Theory in Early Childhood Development - Sociocultural is defined as relating to, or involving a combination of social (relating to human society) and cultural (taste in art and manners that are favored by a social group) factors.” (Socialcultural , 2010) You might ask why we are defining these words. It gives a better understanding of Vygotsky beliefs “that children seek out adults for interaction, beginning at birth, and that development occurs through these interactions.” (Morrison, 2009 sec 14.6) I agree that his theory is the best process for learning....   [tags: child development, ]
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Genetic and Environmental Influences and Their Effects on Development - ... 2011). Bouchard, Lykken, McGue, Segal, and Tellegen (1990) took a look at sets on MZ twins and DZ twins that were reared apart or together. The twins were tested in several aspects of their person to see if those reared apart showed different results compared to those reared together (Bouchard et al. 1990). Surprisingly, the results were almost the same, showing that a MZ twins reared apart are still similar which lead to the idea that genetics influence our development more than our environment (Bouchard et al....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Employee Development Programs - ... This career path model fit well with the traditional commitment employees would offer to companies. Chris Argyris referred to this commitment as a “psychological contract” in which employers were almost guaranteed long term loyalty and commitment to the organization in return for giving employees job security, opportunities for promotion, and training (Feldman, 2000). The ability to get on this fast track to the top of a company diminished in the 1980s when companies were moving to a flattened hierarchy with less room for promotions....   [tags: Career Planning, Training and Development] 699 words
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Development of Neighborhoods in Chicago - ... Not many other ethnicities lived in these areas because they were not as financially secure as the Irish had become due to all the work they had received over the years. The neighborhoods the Irish lived in now were mainly in the Near North Side. Areas like, Lincoln Park, Lake View, and Uptown Areas (Cutler, 1973, 49-54). Many others had moved more Northwest, where a small amount of Irish people still do live. However, the three most popular areas that the Irish moved to were to the south into Brighton Park, McKinley Park, and Chicago Lawn....   [tags: City Development, Ethnic Neighborhoods] 1872 words
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CMM- Process Improvement Model for Software Development - With every project in software development it inevitably becomes necessary to organize the best practices and procedures for developing the software into a process. The eventual quality of the end product, not to mention the correctness with regards to the stated requirements, will depend on the effectiveness of this process. How mature this process is or how well the process provides a framework for development determines the eventual quality of the end product. In the 1970s when software started to revolutionalize the way we live it became necessary to develop a process improvement model to handle the best practices and procedures that guide the SDLC....   [tags: software development] 810 words
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The Positive Effects of Video Games on a Child's Development - ... Video games are an electronic medium that allows children to express themselves in a way that is both engaging and stimulating. Why do children play video games. Most video games are not meant to be easy. The vast majority of video games are difficult enough to make a player lose or experience a game over screen. Video games in general follow the form of a series of obstacles preventing a player from achieving a certain task. Why would children put themselves through so much suffering. Bobby Hoffman and Luis Nadelson (2009) proposed that the reason why is because video games are motivationally engaging....   [tags: Child Development]
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Social and Economic Development in Colonial Virginia in the 1600's - The seventeenth century marked the start of great colonization and immigration to the New World that was North America. Mainly in on the eastern coast of what is now the United States, England established colonies on this new land to thrive socially and economically. The English government readily sent its citizens to America to exploit its abundant source of raw materials and the English people exponentially came to the colonies to start a new life for themselves and to thrive socially. In Virginia during the seventeenth century, the geographical attributes in this region allowed the establishment of the cash crop tobacco to rapidly transform the colony socially and economically....   [tags: Sociol development, Economic Development, Colonial] 523 words
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