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Your search returned over 400 essays for "cognitive development"
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Developmental Profile - A human being begins life as a single cell. This cell changes throughout its life time to develop into a unique individual. Human development is the scientific study of the patterns associated with this change in accordance with the internal and external conditions of its existence (Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2009). In exploring human development, there are three key areas that need to be addressed. These comprise of physical development, cognitive development and finally psychosocial development....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 10 Works Cited
2634 words
(7.5 pages)
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Sigmund Freud's Psycho Dynamics and Piaget's Cognitive Approaches to Psychology - Describe and evaluate the theories of Sigmund Freud's psycho dynamic approach as an explanation of human behaviour. In the evaluation summarise and evaluate the cognitive perspective as an alternative explanation of human behaviour. This essay is going to describe in depth and detail the theories of Sigmund Freud's psycho dynamic approach. The strengths and weakness as an evaluation of Sigmund Freud's work. A summary and evaluation of the cognitive perspective as an alternative of human behaviour will also be identified in this essay....   [tags: Psychology]
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2186 words
(6.2 pages)
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Child Development Through Education - Child Development Through Education One important aspect of any person’s life is their education. Children start with their education as early as the age of three. They are put into some form of schooling. The general pattern of schooling for all children is preschool, elementary school, middle school, highschool, and some may choose to go on to college. Each level of schooling is very important for its own particular reasons. The entire education process plays a vital role in each individual’s life....   [tags: School Teaching Educational Essays] 1776 words
(5.1 pages)
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Explanations of Personality Development - Explanations of Personality Development According to Sigmund Freud, what we do and why we do it, who we are and how we became this way are all related to our sexual drive. Differences in personalities originate in differences in childhood sexual experiences. In the Freudian psychoanalytical model, child personality development is discussed in terms of "psychosexual stages". In his "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1915), Freud outlined five stages of manifestations of the sexual drive: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital....   [tags: Papers] 686 words
(2 pages)
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Mental Categorization and Development - Mental Categorization and Development Missing Works Cited Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist, explained cognitive development in a way that may be useful in understanding the story of our story of evolution. He explained that in order to understand and function in our world, we organize thoughts and behaviors into systems, and are in a continual process of adapting our mental systems to better make sense of our surroundings. He calls these systems schemes and defines them as the basic building blocks of thinking, or tools for being able to mentally represent objects and events....   [tags: Psychology Jean Piaget Essays] 1219 words
(3.5 pages)
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Theories of Adult Development - To apply three theories of adult development to my own life, it’s imperative that I provide the obligatory information about myself, in order for it to even make sense. The information given is certainly personal, but as no point am I unwilling to provide it. The key to understanding one’s self is understanding one’s life, and all the good and bad parts of it. By ignoring, for example, certain events that you would rather forget, you are denying an in-depth and detailed look at yourself. I am a 20 year old, Caucasian male of upper-middle class status....   [tags: essays research papers] 906 words
(2.6 pages)
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Development and Diversity - Module 2 Assignment: Development and Diversity The purpose of this assignment is to explain the main components of the humanist theory. Two American psychologists, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers paved the way for this new approach to understanding personality and improving the overall satisfaction of individuals. Next, I will show how the humanist theory is used in the classroom and what problems are possible. Finally, a 3rd grade learning activity that uses some aspect of the humanist theory will be outlined....   [tags: Psychology] 1010 words
(2.9 pages)
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Nourishing a Child - The word hunger can mean the painful sensation caused by the want of food, the want or scarcity of food in a country or a strong desire or craving. In relation to the term World Hunger, the word refers to the want or scarcity of food in a country (World Hunger, 2011). In areas of the world, including the United States, where hunger is an issue, malnourishment becomes a very serious concern. Malnutrition is a very basic term referring to the general lack of some or all nutrients needed to support human health....   [tags: Child Development ]
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1505 words
(4.3 pages)
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Main Theories of Each School of Psychology - ... “In Aversion Therapy some undesirable response to a particular stimulus is removed by associating the stimulus with another, aversive, stimulus.” (Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour, 1990, p.768). Means of association was another concept in behaviourism introduced by Pavlov. This is the process by which humans and animals learn through stimulus and response. Pavlov demonstrated this by conducting an experiment on a dog where the dog eventually associates the presentation of food, with the ringing of a bell....   [tags: behaviorism, cognitive, freud, psychoanalysis]
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1076 words
(3.1 pages)
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Evaluating the Main Theories of Counselling - This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term. The three approaches in discussion are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioural and humanistic. The psychodynamic theory originated from Sigmund Freud, a medical doctor and philosopher (1856 - 1939) founded in the 1900s. Freud developed his ideas whilst working as a psychiatrist in Vienna, collecting information from his patients such as feelings, thoughts and early childhood experiences....   [tags: Psychodynamics, Humanistic, Cognitive Behavioural] 1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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child development - IDENTIFY WHAT YOU CONSIDER TO BE KEY FEATURES DEVELOPMENT OF INFANTS,AND EXPLORE THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THEORIES OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT. INTRODUCTION When infants are born they want to be loved and cared in what ever relationships they are with their caregivers, so that they could survive and could feel sense of security and warmth , which without a caregiver is impossible ,talking about caregivers ,mother would be the primary source of forming an infant’s first relationship by whom the baby would take his first leap towards his growth and development and would keep continuing making his advances further in many domains of psychological development , whether social or cognitive....   [tags: essays research papers] 3057 words
(8.7 pages)
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Lifespan Development - Lifespan Development      Going back forty-five years is not an easy task to complete because I can’t remember some of the finer details of my childhood. I know I was born on a hot August afternoon in Birth Year at Place Of Birth in City ands State. My mother was just twenty-two at the time and was already the mother of two, I was her third child. My father was twenty-one and already a workaholic, I know because my mother would constantly remind me not to be like that. My mother and father were good parents and they tried to give us the best upbringing they could....   [tags: Sociology Life Span Developing Essays] 1111 words
(3.2 pages)
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Autism Spectrum Disorders - This paper will discuss the characteristics or Autism Spectrum Disorder, including its symptoms, treatments, and possible causes. This paper will also highlight the differences between Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) and Asperger Disorder(AD). Autism spectrum disorders effect one in 110 births in the United States. Autism spectrum disorders are severe, incurable developmental disorders whose symptoms, including impairments in social interaction and communication, emerge during the first two years of life....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 1 Works Cited
1735 words
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Interventions for Psychosis - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Interventions for Psychosis Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia are not new in the research literature. Psychological treatments have been previously used in the treatment of schizophrenia. For example in terms of behaviour therapy, operant approaches such as token economy programmes were used in the 1960s and 1970s to improve the behaviour of patients in long stay hospitals. However, the evidence suggests that the clinical gains were limited and did not generalise beyond the therapeutic setting and also did not address delusional convictions (Alford 1986; Himadi et al 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 7800 words
(22.3 pages)
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Early Childhood Development - The child that I chose for my observation is a two-year-old; Caucasian, female named Crystal. While observing her in a private facility, I was able to determine if she is behind, right on target, or advanced in areas of development. I observed her physical, intellectual, social and emotional developments. Physical development includes the child's body size, body proportion, normal growth, brain development, and motor skills. Intellectual development, or cognitive development, includes play patterns, reasoning, memory, attention span, and language development....   [tags: Papers Child Analysis Children Essays] 805 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Status of Language in the Development of a Theory of Mind - The Status of Language in the Development of a Theory of Mind The study of the development of 'theory of mind' skills in children became popular when the false-belief task was invented in the 1980's, providing cognitive scientists with the focus of a clear experimental paradigm. This tested the ability of the young child to attribute false beliefs to others in order to explain their actions. Researchers then began to investigate the developmental stages through which children acquire these theory of mind abilities....   [tags: Papers] 3528 words
(10.1 pages)
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Which Machine are you? - Introduction Around the society of advertising, there are specific ways that one may be integrated towards the world of business and to communicate within society. Two examples are cognitive and discursive. Cognitive communication includes listening, comprehending, and analyzing what has been previously identified. On the other hand, discursive communication is the ability to persuade, inform, and please. Cognitive and discursive associate with each other because there is information in both fields that integrate together....   [tags: Communication, Cognitive, Discursive] 1906 words
(5.4 pages)
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Piaget's Approach to Children's Intellectual Development - Piaget's Approach to Children's Intellectual Development The work of Piaget provided the foundation for developmental psychology. He concentrated on the development of cognitive abilities, leaving much scope for later research. Before exploring how Piaget's approach has been extended it might be helpful to outline his theory. Piaget's theory is constructivist; it shows how knowledge is actively constructed by the individual. Knowledge of the world is built through interaction with the environment....   [tags: Papers] 928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Cultural Differences in Child Development Expectations - Cultural Differences in Child Development Expectations ABSTRACT -------- A small research has been carried in order to find out how different cultural backgrounds can influence a child’s developmental expectations in adults and the consequences of these expectations. The design of the method was a replication of Hess et al., 1980, study, applied into two mothers with early age daughters, coming from two different cultural backgrounds, English and Spanish. They answered at what age they thought different statements about child development would be reached by their children and being these statements about grouped into 6 main developmental areas the averages w...   [tags: Papers] 2031 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Effect of Toys on a Person's Psychological Development - The Effect of Toys on a Person's Psychological Development You probably remember your favorite game from early childhood—many people do. The game most likely involved your favorite toy, perhaps a truck, or a doll. In fact, when you think about memories from your childhood, toys should be among the first things to come to mind to evoke a strong image of early childhood. Toys have been greatly underestimated by their possessors and especially by adults, dismissed as the "supporting role" in indoor or outdoor pastimes, which they literally are....   [tags: Papers] 1102 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Importance of Imitation in Early Child Development? - The term imitation in psychological terms refers to the copying or mimicking of patterns of behaviour. This essay will evaluate the importance of imitation in infancy using the theory of Piaget contrasted with the findings of other studies that differ radically in their conclusions. The essay will show that the importance of imitation as a forerunner to symbolic representation and ultimately abstract thought can be counterbalanced by arguments concerning language acquisition which does not solely depend on imitation for its development and is arguably one of the most important of human tools to develop....   [tags: Psychology] 1883 words
(5.4 pages)
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My Philosophy about Child Development - My Philosophy about Child Development Works Cited Missing A child's development affects how they learn. All children don't fit the norms of development but not all children should be looked down on because of this. The development of the body and mind leads to the development of skills a child learns in life. Teachers need to help the child expand their skills and the knowledge to do the skills well. "Virtually everything a young child does is affected if physical development is delayed" (Charlesworth, 2000)....   [tags: Education Children Developing Essays] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Importance of Play in a Child’s Development - The Importance of Play in a Child’s Development This essay has a problem with formatting The majority of research done by Cognitive Psychologists dealing with human cognition has revealed it to be related to the human imagination. As evident by the fact that many psychologist view the process of thinking as the forming of mental representations and through the manipulation of these imaginative images we come to form thoughts. Thus, the imaginative skills a child learns during play are vital for that child’s successful develop into a well adapted and functional adult....   [tags: human cognition] 1498 words
(4.3 pages)
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Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) - Description of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment developed by Marsha M. Linehan for the treatment of complex, difficult-to-treat mental disorders. Originally, DBT was developed to treat individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD; Carson-Wong, Rizvi, & Steffel, 2013; Scheel, 2000). However, DBT has evolved into a treatment for multi-disordered individuals with BPD. In addition, DBT has been adapted for the treatment of other behavioral disorders involving emotional dysregulation, for example, substance abuse, binge eating, and for settings, such as inpatient and partial hospitalization....   [tags: Comprehensive Cognitive Behavioral Treatment]
:: 16 Works Cited
2641 words
(7.5 pages)
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Language and the Development of Children's Ethnic Prejudice - Language and the Development of Children's Ethnic Prejudice The article Language and the Development of Children's Ethnic Prejudice written by Drew Nesdale of Griffith University discusses a study of children's ethnic prejudice and whether this is developed as a result of interaction with their parents and peers. The article is extremely relevant to the area of teaching, as it explores children's early language development and how it is greatly affected by the people who influence their lives, i.e....   [tags: Papers] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Characteristics of children in middle childhood - Human development refers to the processes of change and stability throughout human life. The early stages of development in children are important in their life span. Children in middle childhood are those who are in the age between 6 to 11 years old. Most children in middle childhood start their formal education in primary school. In this stage, they have more opportunities to expose themselves to people and environment they had never known. In general, children in middle childhood are characterized by 3 major domains which are physical, cognitive and psychosocial (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1)....   [tags: Human Development, Metacognition]
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1153 words
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Raising Children in a Female Homosexual Household - Today’s society, family structure has changed dramatically from the traditional nuclear family to the unconventional, such as single parent and same sex families. Over some decades, many individuals questioned whether or not a parent’s sexual orientation affected their child’s sexual preference. There is some significant research that has shown that children with lesbian parents are not as different from children with heterosexual parents. Many individuals stated that it is the value of the parent’s relationship with the child and not the parent’s sexual orientation that affects the child’s development....   [tags: Child Development, argumentative, persuasive ]
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1409 words
(4 pages)
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Career Development and Gender, Race, and Class - Career Development and Gender, Race, and Class Many theories of career development are derived from theories of personality (Sharf 1997). They attempt to illuminate the interrelationship of individual personality and behavior with work and careers. However, some prevailing career development theories were based solely on research on white males from middle- and upper-middle-class backgrounds, so their applicability to women, people of color, and other socioeconomic groups has been called into question....   [tags: Employment Writing Essays]
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2250 words
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Effects of Maternal Employment on Infant Development - The topic of this paper is the debate of whether or not maternal employment has any effect on infant development. Research on this described topic has recently become popular due to the rise of working mothers over the past several decades. Their increasing numbers in the workplace and decreasing numbers as stay at home moms are creating a number of different issues to be studied. The effects of maternal employment are determined by a number of factors that include, the mother’s job satisfaction and drive, amount of work, and the mother’s opinion of quality versus quantity time with children....   [tags: essays research papers] 1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong and how justice is served. Kohlberg used surveys in which he included moral dilemmas where he asked the subjects to evaluate a moral conflict. Through his studies, Kohlberg observed that moral growth and development precedes through stages such as those of Piaget’s stages of cognitive development. He theorized that moral growth begins at the beginning of life and continues until the day one dies....   [tags: Psychology Kohlberg Sociology Ethics Morality] 2169 words
(6.2 pages)
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Raising Children in a Homosexual Household Does it affect them? - In today’s society, family structure has changed dramatically from the traditional nuclear family to the unconventional, such as single parenting or same sex families. Over the years, many individuals questioned whether or not a parent’s sexual orientation affected their child’s sexual preference. There is significant research that has shown that children with lesbian parents do not differ from children with heterosexual parents. Many individuals stated that it is the value of the parent’s relationship with the child and not the parent’s sexual orientation that affects the child’s development....   [tags: Child Development, argumentative, persuasive ]
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1648 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Importance of Scaffolding in Children’s Play - One of the most successful and influential early childhood educational strategies that have been used to promote children’s social and cognitive development is scaffolding. Scaffolding generally refers to the process through which adults facilitate children’s learning by enabling them achieve a level of ability beyond the child’s capacity at the time (Scarlett, 2005). This essay will discuss how scaffolding facilitates and supports meaning making in children’s play. First, the essay will briefly introduce the concept of scaffolding and its importance in children’s development....   [tags: Parenting Techniques, Child Development] 2081 words
(5.9 pages)
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Personal Philosophy: Child Development and Teaching - Personal Philosophy Introduction Child development is divided into four areas of development; social / emotional, physical (motor), cognitive, and language. Typically children develop in a sequence of stages in each area. Although development normally follows the same series of stages, there are individual differences in what age each stage occurs. Development in part depends on the experiences a child encounters. According to Wardle (2004), young children learn from their total experience in a program....   [tags: Teaching Philosophy Education papers]
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2303 words
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The Development of Language and Memory Recall - The Development of Language and Memory Recall The ability for an infant to develop speech is dependent upon the ability of the child to distinguish rhythms of sounds and tones. The infant must break down the phrases of speech that at first sound like pieces of music with varying tones and cadences into distinct words which are linked to meaning. Infants begin breaking down language before they are one year old (Swingley, 2000). The ability to distinguish different sounds from each other, identifying the configuration of words, and recognize that some sounds are similar while other sounds are different is called phonological awareness....   [tags: Language ]
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842 words
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The Piagetian Theory and Early Childhood Education - Children are our inspiration. They are the reason that educators today need to be more than sufficient in teaching, but remarkable at teaching. Children are little sponges that absorb knowledge quickly and abundantly and with guidance, can achieve great goals in their academic life. Children are the future. As teachers, we need to educate ourselves as much as possible so that we can better educate the future generations. “Piaget, working with children, found that the growth of their ideas is a process spread over years,” (Sawyer, 2003, p.6)....   [tags: Elementary Education, child development]
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1345 words
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Attribution of Intentionality and Theory of Mind in Pre-school and School-aged Children - ... Because the game that used in the study by Phillips, Baron‐Cohen and Rutter (1998) separated out the desires and intentions, provided the opportunity to examine the concept of intention itself and exposed the children to accidental and deliberate outcomes in real-life situations, findings of the study has certain implications of the importance of beliefs and desires and intentions in reasoning about actions. However, the study has certain limitations. The false- belief composite test could be given to all subject groups to obtain more precise results....   [tags: social development, morality, responsability]
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3722 words
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The Long View of Nonotechnology Development - ... It has become clear that about 60 countries are developing nanotechnology, but without a clear definition and correspondence long-term vision of nanotechnology will not be developed on the same accelerated, conceptually unifying and transforming path. Several groups even see production R & D for hydrogen technologies as a means for the U.S. to achieve energy security by not having to rely on foreign oil. Operating a hydrogen-powered fleet would also eliminate most vehicle emissions. Research would be intended to advance the manufacturing of hydrogen production and storage facilities, along with cell components and systems....   [tags: radical technology, carbon nanotube]
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1321 words
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The Effects of Down Syndrome on the Child’s Intellectual and Emotional Development - ... M., San Juan, A. A., Pereira, P. S., & de Souza, C. S. 2000). Children with Down syndrome learn to read better with visual processing based approach, learning sight words, this helps to alleviate the short term auditory memory difficulties. Their reading comprehension will lack far behind their reading skills, with this type of therapy (Davis, A. S. 2008). This type of intensive therapy for the child also requires great emotional support for the parents as well as strong family support for the child....   [tags: emotions, chromosomal abnormality]
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1938 words
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The Challenges and Benefits of Play Therapy - Play is a way for children to learn about their environment and how their interactions occur within, though play children develop resilience. However, some children may experience stressful occurrences during their existence and therefore, play can be often be restricted. Therefore, the play worker’s role in facilitating a child’s play is a crucial measure towards the child's development. Practitioners that work with children experience the skilfulness to prompt or even contribute to a child’s play, which is a principle constituent in therapeutic alliance....   [tags: Physical Activity, Development]
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1676 words
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Role of Family in Adolescent Development - Adolescence is a significant developmental period for teenagers because of the adaptations they are forced to comply with including physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes. Adolescents are given various developmental tasks that are often difficult to perform while they are facing stressors such as these changes. One task involves finding one’s self or identity. The adolescent’s identity is a construction of drives, abilities, beliefs, and individual history (Marcia, 1980). In addition to searching for personal identity, it is important for the adolescent to establish autonomy within his/her social context....   [tags: Sociology, Adolescence, Teens] 2318 words
(6.6 pages)
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Family Income and Child Outcomes - Family Income and Child Outcomes With child poverty being investigated by many researchers, the debate between family income inequality and child development has occurred throughout the world. Some people believe that child achievement would not be affected by family income because low-income children could be more motivated to change socioeconomic status. However, several studies suggest that there is an association between family income and child outcomes: as the family income decreases, the child’s future achievement decreases....   [tags: Poverty, Child Development]
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1000 words
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Children: Psychological and Social Development - Question Two: It is essential for children to have healthy psychological development, and this can be affected by many situations. At home, children are affected by their family dynamics, various parenting styles, and sibling relationships. Their peer relationships, friendships, popularity, and even social networks also impact their psychological development. In order for them to have a strong psychological development they often need to have created healthy relationships with both members of their family and their peers (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011)....   [tags: siblings, school, family, relationship]
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Cultural Influences on Identity Development - The question we are answering is, how does culture influence identity development. By the end of this paper you would be able to conclude that no matter what the surroundings of an individual is it will have some sort of an effect on either the physical or mental aspects of an individual. In order to answer this question we must understand how identity is developed, what culture consists of and concluding how culture influences identity development. First and Foremost in order to know what motivates identity development we must understand how identity is developed....   [tags: Cultural Identity Essays] 1486 words
(4.2 pages)
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Media’s Influence on Children and Adolescents - Unlike previous generations who were “introduced” to the internet, television and social media, the present generation is “born” in it. By this statement, it is implied that children today are much closer to technology and media than adults are, and so, are more likely to be affected by it. Perhaps, the highest impact on the physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development of children and adolescents is by media due to its ready availability through Smart phones, tablet PCs and other portable devices....   [tags: Development, Behavior, Shyness]
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562 words
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Stages of the Development of Personality - In creating a family genome for a class, I found mine is filled, from all angles, with addicts, criminals of sorts, pedophiles, many had psychological deficits and a few committed suicide. Each had an intricate story of their own that contributed to how mine began. One could say I was doomed from the time the sperm hit the egg. I’d have even agreed when only looking from a psychoanalytical or a biological point of view. As I grew from child to young adult, my perspective changed to that of a cognitive behaviorist....   [tags: Psychology]
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1920 words
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Brain Structure and Post Traumatic Brain Injury - Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) have been shown to have a great impact on several specific structures in the brain of both immediate and long-term damage. Often preoccupation can be focused into the immediate outcomes. The immediate concerns of TBI are without doubt important but this often creates ignorance in terms of the long-term consequences that may follow an individual impacted by TBI into subsequent years. As one will come to recognize, this is of particular concern in terms of children who survive TBI....   [tags: Damage, Development, Pediatrics]
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2424 words
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Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment - Introduction A debate between psychologist, scientists and philosopher thinkers on the spectrum of ‘nature vs. nurture’ arose concerning human development. In the nature versus nurture debate, the term "nature" refers to the genes we inherit while the term "nurture" refers to our outside environment (Nature vs. Nurture: Twin and Adoption Studies). This debate of ‘nature vs. nurture’ has existed for centuries and up to now it is still a topic of major discussion although at present time. Human development is the scientific study of age-related changes in behavior, thinking, emotions and personality (Boyd & Bee, 2005)....   [tags: child development, psychology]
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1491 words
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Cooperative Learning: Improving Social Skills in the Classroom - Chapter II – Review of the Related Literature Our first social relationship begins with family. The way a child interacts with parents, grandparents, and siblings is his or her first introduction to social behavior. These behaviors, although not instinctive, are learned from observing and relating to others (Johnson, D. & Johnson, R., 1989). Unfortunately, some social behavior in families can produce negative responses. As educators, we first see characteristics of social behaviors in preschool....   [tags: Education, child development]
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2207 words
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Three Theories of Learning and Development and Their Application to Teaching Infants or Toddlers in Aotearoa - In the following essay I will analyse and critique three theories of learning and development and their application to teaching infants or toddlers in Aotearoa. The three theories that I have chosen are the Social Cultural theory by Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, the Cognitive development theory by Swish developmental psychologist Jean Piaget and lastly the attachment theory by American developmental psychologist Mary Ainsworth. These three theories are important on helping to understand how children learn and develop in Early Childhood Education as well as in family and homes....   [tags: Early Childhood Education] 937 words
(2.7 pages)
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Observation of Preschool and Elementary Classrooms - People always say that children are the future, and they are right. That is what makes understanding how children develop so crucial. Understanding how children develop has many important implications; it can help parents raise their children more efficiently, assist society in making informed decisions about policies regarding children’s welfare, and to help us to understand human nature (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011). An important part of understanding how children develop is understand the ways in which they learn....   [tags: Behavior Stages, Language Development]
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1530 words
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Related Theories Literature Review: Education and Diversity - Hurtado (2007, p. 186) finds a connection between the success of education and diversity. The author approaches the question from the society's point of view, stating that in the liberal education model there are several benefits associated with diversity. Ruggs and Hebl (2012) add some more details to the theoretical approach of the problem. The authors state that differential treatment is not the solution to tackle the negative effects of diversity. (Ruggs and Hebl, 2012) Micro-inequalities become more prevalent as children grow older, and negative perceptions, discrimination and stigmas appear stronger....   [tags: diversity, child development]
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1395 words
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Child Observation and Assessment - The child I observed was a seven-year-old girl in Year 2 who sat on the second highest ability table in a mixed class. While not in school, she lived a substantial distance away meaning she travelled to and from school by car and was often the first child to arrive in the morning and the last to leave in the afternoon. I will focus on the social and emotional development of this child who, from now onwards, will be referred to as C. I carried out two types of observation: these being narrative observation and time sampling....   [tags: Child's Social & Emotional Development] 1972 words
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Psychology: Personality Theories - ... The most common practice is to administer a personality test to identify the traits a person possesses. ‘Many psychologists are now convinced that the best representation of trait structure is provided by the five- factor model’ (Mccrae and Costa Jr, 1997, p. 509). It identifies five different categories of personality; Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. Each category behaves and handles situations in different ways. Extraversion: ‘Different people are either reserved and internally orientated or outgoing and sociable’ (Morley and Moore et al., 2004, pp....   [tags: traditional theory, cognitive theory]
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1730 words
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The Impact of Growing Up in a One-Parent Household on Child Development - The Impact Of Growing Up In A One-Parent Household On Child Development Throughout history a one-parent household has been deemed as a nontraditional family, but in today’s society it seems more and more common with every day. Although the reason and causes vary, each year the number of children raised by a single parent increases. Most people don’t seem to realize how much this can change a child’s future. The impact of childhood experiences simply set the disposition of adulthood and the rest of their lives....   [tags: family, children, psychology, role model, parents]
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The Use of Vitamin B12 in Stroke Prevention and Post Stroke Recovery - ... This strong correlation would imply that those at greatest risk are people suffering from Vitamin B12 deficiency. Consequently Hcy levels are now used by some physicians when people with suspected Vitamin B12 deficiency are being screened (#8). Research demonstrates that Vitamin B12 plays a pivotal role in stroke prevention by lowering Hcy concentrations. Smith et al. (2010) performed a control trial (VITACOG study) to determine the impact of B vitamins HHcy levels (Table 3). The 271 participants took a combination of Vitamin B12 (0.5 mg/d), Vitamin B6 (20 mg/d) and Vitamin B9 (0.8 mg/d)....   [tags: cognitive degeneration, healthy aging, canadians]
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Antisocial Personality Disorder - Antisocial personality disorder could actually be a bigger problem than most people would presume. Being that most individuals with this disorder do not seek help for themselves from psychologist or psychiatrist they never know that they have antisocial personality disorder until they feel their lives are drastically affected by it or are ordered by punishment to seek help. According to statistics, men are more likely than women to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder, with men at three percent of the general population and women only at one percent: (“Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms,” 2013)....   [tags: diagnosis, cognitive therapy, psychotherapy]
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Nanotechnology For Africa Development - Nanotechnology is the design and fabrication of materials that are devised to be controlled at the nano level. The essence of nanotechnology is therefore size and control on the nano-scale, which is incredibly small. The width of a human hair is 60,000–80,000 nanometers, and a human fingernail grows approximately 10 nanometers per minute. Nanotechnologists are working with materials that are between 1 and 100 nanometers in size. Nanotechnology is an emerging science that promises enormous growth for development in Africa in the field of water sanitation, medicine, solar energy, food technology, and agriculture....   [tags: Technology ]
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Three Main Theories of Child Language Acquisition - ... Considering those experiments were thousands of years ago, with no real evidence they were even performed. After many years, the experiments of children weren’t as secretive so people found out and were able to witness the tests firsthand. One child by the name of Victor of Aveyron, a feral child, was found in the woods in France in 1797 and was captured in 1800 for experimentation and documentation. It was believed that he had lived in the forests for almost his whole life and had to learn how to fend for himself, it was also documented that he was mute but he was able to hear (Victor)....   [tags: cognitive theory,imitation,positive reinforcement]
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Importance of Play in a Child's life - ... “To derive full benefit, (adults need to provide the time, the resources and sometimes the ideas to start the children off or help them continue play). In this way their learning can be extended in a myriad of ways and all through play”, Macintyre, (2012:27).This can develop through parents who are educated about play. “Play is what children want to do and what they choose to do when given the freedom, independence, time and space to determine their own behaviour. All children have a natural desire to play and will therefore play anywhere they are given the opportunity”, WCBC, (2013)....   [tags: child eduaction, cognitive skill, discipline]
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Infant Attachment - Introduction Infant attachment is the first relationship a child experiences and is crucial to the child’s survival (BOOK). A mother’s response to her child will yield either a secure bond or insecurity with the infant. Parents who respond “more sensitively and responsively to the child’s distress” establish a secure bond faster than “parents of insecure children”. (Attachment and Emotion, page 475) The quality of the attachment has “profound implications for the child’s feelings of security and capacity to form trusting relationships” (Book)....   [tags: Child Development] 1419 words
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Developmental Overview - All middle school students are at different developmental stages--some students have matured significantly, while others still have a long way to go. Hunt, Wiseman, and Bowden conclude that, in looking at attitudes and behaviors, some middle schoolers are “childlike,” while others are “deeply involved in the complex lifestyle characteristics of teenagers (1998, p. 57). They also establish that middle school students are in a time of “significant transition,” a time that some struggle with, while others thrive on this change....   [tags: Adolescent Development, Teens]
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The Development of Attachment - One of the most important factors that affect child development is the relationship of the child with their primary caregiver. This is a tenet of developmental psychology known as attachment theory. John Bowlby, the creator of this theory, wanted to examine how early childhood experiences influence personality development. Attachment theory specifically examines infant’s reactions to being separated from their primary caregiver. Bowlby hypothesized that the differences in how children react to these situations demonstrates basic behavioral differences in infancy that will have consequences for later social and emotional development....   [tags: attachment theory, John Bowlby]
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The Development of Attachment - The Development of Attachment 1. Outline the development of attachment According to Shaffer, the development of attachment can be divided into four main phases. Other researchers have then added two additional stages to this original theory. · Pre Attachment Phase – from birth to 3 months. From 6 weeks the baby develops an attraction to other humans, especially adults in preference to other objects. This can be illustrated through social behaviours like gurgling, reaching out and smiling....   [tags: Papers] 1438 words
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Brain Development - It is 400,000 years ago. A man sits in the mist of the jungle observing two rocks in his hands. Perplexed by their texture and strength, he strikes them together igniting a short spark. Amazed by the phenomenon he has created, he keeps striking the rocks until a huge spark ignites, not only burning his fingers, but setting the plants in front of him on fire. This man, classified as Homo erectus, has set the turning point to the human evolution. Neurobiologists and researchers claim that the discovery of fire has allowed humans to cook food, obtain warmth and protection, and increase over all human activity, all leading to the terrific growth of the human brain....   [tags: Ancient History, Homo Erectus, Evolution] 2513 words
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Child Development - There are multiple factors in a child’s development. Parents have a responsibility, as well as a privilege, to contribute to every milestone. Most parents stress over physical and mental stages so much so that play-time is ignored. By making decisions that sacrifice play parents hinder their social development. Parents must take action and encourage their youth to play more, before childhood is lost forever. Play-time is an essential part of early childhood development as well as their most primitive form of expression....   [tags: Health, Childhood Obesity] 1278 words
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Children Development - ... This helps them become more emotionally mature and to be able to express when they are angry happy, or sad in an appropriate way. Children around the age of 3 are beginning to develop an autobiographical memory. Fogel (2009) says that this memory “serves to create a sense of one’s life history”. This is important because they can begin to build more language, they can remember how they were feeling at certain point in time and they can recall that memory. “The ability to quickly and accurately recognize emotive facial expressions is critical for smooth social interaction and appropriate behavior modification.” (Székely, Tiemeier, Arends, Jaddoe, Hofman, Verhulst,& Herba, 2011) The goal o...   [tags: kimochis, social interaction, emotions]
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Suicide Amongst College Students - ... exercise, condom use, addiction, and many other health-related behaviors), explaining “approximately and 34% of the variance in behavior 41% of the variance in intentions” (p. 96). In a study of 698 students, aged 14 to 16, on motivational profiles (self-determined vs non self-determined) in physical education, Moreno-Murcia, Gimeno, Hernandez, Pedrano & Marin claim the use of TpB helped to show significant difference in attitudes, norms and intent to control in self determined motivation (F(1, 698) = 51.72, 20.70, 48.13, 27.24, p < 0.01 respectively; 2013)....   [tags: psychoanalysis,suicidal behavior,social cognitive]
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Learning Professional Devlopment - ... However student nurses should try and develop their weaker styles. Eventually they can adapt to different learning activities and become a balanced learner. Subsequently, I realised my dominant learning style is reflector, with a score of 20 out of 20, in the Honey and Mumford questionnaire. Therefore, I have a very strong preference towards the reflector learning style. (Honey, 2006: p 23) As a reflector I will consider the strengths of this type of a learner and the learning activities in comparison to the other styles....   [tags: learning styles, piaget, pragmatism]
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An Examination of Factors Contributing to Identity Development and Adjustment - An Examination of Factors Contributing to Identity Development and Adjustment Missing Works Cited The process of adopting a child internationally is lengthy, costly, and both physically and emotionally exhausting.Since it takes so much to adopt, only a small number of Americans can and do; mostly middle- and upper-middle class couples.Therefore, many internationally adopted children grow up in an environment with ready access to resources, with adults who are able to support them financially and emotionally.In such narrow socioeconomic circumstances, the question then arises: What accounts for those internationally adopted children and youth who do not adjust well?What factors contribute...   [tags: Sociology Psychology Adoption Essays] 3086 words
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Theoretical Practices - Everyone grows and develops at different rates however in order to understand developmental delays there has to be some form of measurement in place, this measurement is called developmental milestones. Milestones look at people’s physical, cognitive, linguistic, emotional and social development in relation to age, to predetermine whether the person is developing within a normative range or not. Each branch of human development is entwined for example someone who has a physical impairment may be emotionally affected etc therefore, it is important to look at each aspect of development holistically....   [tags: Child Development ] 1123 words
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Similarities and Differences between Reggio Emilia and High Scope - ... The teachers must be willing to share the control with the children by being a leader, follower, speaker, and listener. The main goal, according to Ann S. Epstein, PhD, Senior Director, Curriculum Development, is for the adultery to create genuine relationships with the children that support their ideas and help resolve their conflicts. The teacher’s role is also to provide materials and plan different activities for the children that are developmentally appropriate and help them grow and learn....   [tags: early childhood classroom,development indicators]
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Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development - ... Muscular-Anal Stage: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt This stage involved the early childhood life where the child experiences the psychosocial conflict of autonomy versus shame and doubt. As the child continues to develop, they are able to do certain tasks. Also, the child is learning how to walk, talk, and feed his or herself and talk. The child learns to hold on to objects and say small words like “no”. When the child is learning how to walk, he or she will hold on to something until they feel ready to let go of the object....   [tags: Human Developmental Stages]
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Early Childhood Development - Introduction The way the young, old, and infants look at things has been the subject of a number of studies for many years. These tendencies are referred to as visual preferences and in infants this study can be referred to as early visual perception. Though interest in the study of visual preferences has declined, significant progress has been made in this field. This study however has been very instrumental in helping scholars understand early childhood development issues. Among these issues is how visual preferences can help infants process the stimuli they come across....   [tags: Education]
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From Lullus to Cognitive Semantics: The Evolution of a Theory of Semantic Fields - From Lullus to Cognitive Semantics: The Evolution of a Theory of Semantic Fields ABSTRACT: The domain of cognitive semantics-insofar as it deals with semantic neighborhood and semantic fields-is discussed from a historical perspective. I choose four distinct stages in the evolution in philosophy of language: Raymundus Lullus and his Ars Magna (14th century); Giodano Bruno and his artificial memory system (16th century); Charles Sanders Peirce and his diagrammatic logic (19th century); and, Kurt Lewin and his topological psychology (20th century)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Infant Sensory Development - ... The participants in Schaal’s study were thirty-seven women who nursed their infants each day. Twenty of these women used a chamomile balm to help relieve nursing discomfort to the breast (Bower, 2010, p. 12). When each infant was seven months of age, researchers gave each infant three teething toys: one with a chamomile scent, one with a violet scent, and one that was scent-free (Bower, 2010, p. 12). The researchers kept track of the infants’ time spent using each teething toy. Infants who had been exposed to the chamomile scent during breast-feeding preferred the chamomile-scented toys to the other toys (Bower, 2010, p....   [tags: infant's experiment, linguistic communication]
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The Importance of Biological Factors in the Development of Gender Identity - The Importance of Biological Factors in the Development of Gender Identity The biosocial theory suggests that gender identity develops as a result of the obvious biological differences between boys and girls and the hormonal differences between the sexes which can be observed in the foetus from about six weeks (Durkin, 1995). Supporting evidence has been found through animal studies, such as that by Young, Goy and Phoenix (1964) who gave testosterone to pregnant monkeys and found that any female offspring were prone to be unusually aggressive....   [tags: Papers] 757 words
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Exploring Asyia's Physical, Social and Emotional Development - Exploring Asyia's Physical, Social and Emotional Development Expectations: I expect that Aysia will enjoy her time at the park and will be confident at all sorts of gross motor skills as in the park she would be able to use (running, balance and co-ordination) as said in the GCSE child development CGP the revision guide age 4. I expect Aysia to use a lot of her time running around as she is very energetic child. Observations: I went to Aysia’s house to pick her up to go to the park....   [tags: Papers] 567 words
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Pervasive Development or Autistic Spectrum Disorders - Definition of Pervasive Development Disorder: Any of a group of disorders of infancy, childhood, or adolescence that are characterized by distortions in the development of the basic psychological functions such as language, social skills, attention, perception, reality testing, and movement. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pervasivedevelopmentaldisorder Pervasive developmental disorder was first used in the 1980’s to describe this class of neurological disorders that can impair social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
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A Reflection on Curriculum Development, Instruction and Design - Designing curriculum, instruction, and assessments are steps teachers use to help them make sense of the concepts they teach and helps drive instruction. These steps can take on many different forms and drive a classroom in a plethora of ways. These steps, when developed properly, can help a teacher utilize each moment in the classroom and help students gain more insight to the standards they need to become proficient. Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Curriculum development is the first step used by a teacher to help them develop engaging lessons....   [tags: education, teachers, assessments]
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Development of sustainable career paths for employees - Finding and retaining high performing employees is a challenge all business organizations face. Employees search for jobs where they can be successful, appreciated, and have the opportunity to grow and advance. Effective employers develop career plans that are easy to follow, sustainable, customizable, and provide rewards and recognition when appropriate to entice and retain high performing employees. Using competency models management and human resources can define attributes of top performers that are important to the company for short term and long term success....   [tags: Labor]
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