Search Results

Free Essays
Unrated Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "cognitive development"
[<< Previous] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Child Observation and Assessment - The child I observed was a seven-year-old girl in Year 2 who sat on the second highest ability table in a mixed class. While not in school, she lived a substantial distance away meaning she travelled to and from school by car and was often the first child to arrive in the morning and the last to leave in the afternoon. I will focus on the social and emotional development of this child who, from now onwards, will be referred to as C. I carried out two types of observation: these being narrative observation and time sampling....   [tags: Child's Social & Emotional Development] 1972 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Development of Self - Development of Self The development of self starts at a very young age. When a preschooler is asked how are they different from other children, they usually look at their self concept. Self concept is their identity, of their set of beliefs about what they are like as individuals. Most preschoolers give inaccurate statements about their self concept. They usually overestimate their skills and knowledge. Preschool-age children also begin to develop a view of self that reflects their particular culture considers the self....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Family Income and Child Outcomes - ... On the father’s side specifically, in Promoting Father’s Engagement with Children: Preventive Interventions for Low-Income families, the investigators observed that low-income fathers spent less time with their children which negatively affected children’s mental development (Cowan, Pruett, Wong and LaRossa, 2009). Also, parents would have more emotional issues such as depression, aggression and anxiousness that lower the quality of parenting (2009, p. 4), which could result in feelings of inferiority and lack of love by their children....   [tags: Poverty, Child Development]
:: 12 Works Cited
1000 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Piagetian Theory and Early Childhood Education - Children are our inspiration. They are the reason that educators today need to be more than sufficient in teaching, but remarkable at teaching. Children are little sponges that absorb knowledge quickly and abundantly and with guidance, can achieve great goals in their academic life. Children are the future. As teachers, we need to educate ourselves as much as possible so that we can better educate the future generations. “Piaget, working with children, found that the growth of their ideas is a process spread over years,” (Sawyer, 2003, p.6)....   [tags: Elementary Education, child development]
:: 5 Works Cited
1345 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Challenges and Benefits of Play Therapy - ... For those children whose lives are affected by such traumas, play is used as a means to ‘act out’ events as a means of resolving conflict (Axline, 1989). According to Freud (1965) children’s “...emotional turmoil, as well as possible resolution of problems, is acted out through children’s play” (Freud 1965 in Lindon, 2001, p.36). In parallel to Freud; Gil (1994, p.7) suggests that “play allows the child to bring forward unconscious conflicts and confront his/her affect in a safe way, thereby integrating experiences that left intact could cause symptomatic or acting out behaviours”....   [tags: Physical Activity, Development]
:: 10 Works Cited
1676 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Media’s Influence on Children and Adolescents - ... Another cause of concern is the acceleration of the “onset of sexual activity” in children (Villani, 2001, p. 392). Increase in availability of sexually explicit material on the internet and TV prime time shows have encouraged children and adolescents to engage in sexual activities very early in life, resulting in increased incidence of teenage pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Impact on cognitive development: Media promotes depression, anxiety and violent behavior in children. This is because many acts of violence are depicted in prime time shows and in video games....   [tags: Development, Behavior, Shyness]
:: 5 Works Cited
562 words
(1.6 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment - Introduction A debate between psychologist, scientists and philosopher thinkers on the spectrum of ‘nature vs. nurture’ arose concerning human development. In the nature versus nurture debate, the term "nature" refers to the genes we inherit while the term "nurture" refers to our outside environment (Nature vs. Nurture: Twin and Adoption Studies). This debate of ‘nature vs. nurture’ has existed for centuries and up to now it is still a topic of major discussion although at present time. Human development is the scientific study of age-related changes in behavior, thinking, emotions and personality (Boyd & Bee, 2005)....   [tags: child development, psychology]
:: 10 Works Cited
1433 words
(4.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Cultural Influences on Identity Development - ... The emergence of abstract reasoning allows adolescents to think about the future and experiment with different identities. James Marcia a clinical and developmental psychologist also has an interpretation of identity development. He theorized that identity development involves two steps. First, adolescent must depart from childhood beliefs and start to explore alternatives for identity development. Second, adolescents, make a commitment as to their individual identity in that Area. Marcia Identified four “identity statuses” to describe the process of identity development, Foreclosure status: when a commitment is made without exploring alternatives....   [tags: Communication, Religion, Culture] 1486 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Brain Structure and Long Term Prognosis Post Traumatic Brain Injury - ... The thalamus is a pair of structures in the forebrain that processes and responds to incoming sensory information (Kalat, 2009). In cases of moderate and severe TBI, atrophy, also known as deterioration, was found in the thalamus. Research has found that children who have experienced a moderate to severe TBI are more likely to experience rapid or delayed injury in the thalamus (Fearing et al., 2008). In terms of the brain, the thalamus is located centrally in the brain, which protects it from direct injury, thus researchers believe that most of the damage is a result of secondary degeneration of the neurons (Fearing et al., 2008)....   [tags: Damage, Development, Pediatrics]
:: 8 Works Cited
2424 words
(6.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Development of Language and Memory Recall - The Development of Language and Memory Recall The ability for an infant to develop speech is dependent upon the ability of the child to distinguish rhythms of sounds and tones. The infant must break down the phrases of speech that at first sound like pieces of music with varying tones and cadences into distinct words which are linked to meaning. Infants begin breaking down language before they are one year old (Swingley, 2000). The ability to distinguish different sounds from each other, identifying the configuration of words, and recognize that some sounds are similar while other sounds are different is called phonological awareness....   [tags: Language ]
:: 5 Works Cited
842 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Language Gap - Mastering language is an important milestone in human development. When language is developed, the world opens up and a person is able to communicate their needs and interact in a meaningful way. Psychologist Lev Vygotsky even believes language is the most important tool we have in learning. Our basic learning skills are taught to us through an "informal education system consisting of parents, other grown-ups, peers and even the media" (Sigelman, C. & Rider, E., 2009, pg. 277). Formal education then takes over, teaching the language skills necessary to read, write and problem solve....   [tags: Language Development, Mastering Language] 1521 words
(4.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Developing Toddler - The Developing toddler The purpose of this essay was to observe the everyday experiences a child has and how it is an illustration of theories and concepts of child development. To also have a better understanding of how these theories and concepts take important role in the child’s life. The observation took place in the child development classroom. The children observed were, Joshua at fourteen months old, Roman at twenty-one months old, Elizabeth at twelve months old, and Jayden at twenty-eight months old....   [tags: child observation, child development] 1868 words
(5.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Nanotechnology For Africa Development - Nanotechnology is the design and fabrication of materials that are devised to be controlled at the nano level. The essence of nanotechnology is therefore size and control on the nano-scale, which is incredibly small. The width of a human hair is 60,000–80,000 nanometers, and a human fingernail grows approximately 10 nanometers per minute. Nanotechnologists are working with materials that are between 1 and 100 nanometers in size. Nanotechnology is an emerging science that promises enormous growth for development in Africa in the field of water sanitation, medicine, solar energy, food technology, and agriculture....   [tags: Technology ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1819 words
(5.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Cooperative Learning: Improving Social Skills in the Classroom - Chapter II – Review of the Related Literature Our first social relationship begins with family. The way a child interacts with parents, grandparents, and siblings is his or her first introduction to social behavior. These behaviors, although not instinctive, are learned from observing and relating to others (Johnson, D. & Johnson, R., 1989). Unfortunately, some social behavior in families can produce negative responses. As educators, we first see characteristics of social behaviors in preschool....   [tags: Education, child development]
:: 17 Works Cited
2207 words
(6.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Early Childhood Development - Introduction The way the young, old, and infants look at things has been the subject of a number of studies for many years. These tendencies are referred to as visual preferences and in infants this study can be referred to as early visual perception. Though interest in the study of visual preferences has declined, significant progress has been made in this field. This study however has been very instrumental in helping scholars understand early childhood development issues. Among these issues is how visual preferences can help infants process the stimuli they come across....   [tags: Education]
:: 6 Works Cited
1847 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Role of Family in Adolescent Development - Adolescence is a significant developmental period for teenagers because of the adaptations they are forced to comply with including physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes. Adolescents are given various developmental tasks that are often difficult to perform while they are facing stressors such as these changes. One task involves finding one’s self or identity. The adolescent’s identity is a construction of drives, abilities, beliefs, and individual history (Marcia, 1980). In addition to searching for personal identity, it is important for the adolescent to establish autonomy within his/her social context....   [tags: Sociology, Adolescence, Teens] 2318 words
(6.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Third Grade Classroom Environment Observation and Analysis - ... The teacher has tried to explain several different ways to get the students to understand, but both teacher and student usually end up frustrated. Since a lot of the students in the class have an over abundance of energy, that energy could be channeled into learning multiplication tables a whole new way. A stick of chalk and a trip outdoors brings the classroom to life outside on the playground. Drawing out hopscotch boards with skip counts such as 2,4,6,8,10, allows students to start out with the basics....   [tags: teaching, psychosocial development ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1635 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Stages of the Development of Personality - In creating a family genome for a class, I found mine is filled, from all angles, with addicts, criminals of sorts, pedophiles, many had psychological deficits and a few committed suicide. Each had an intricate story of their own that contributed to how mine began. One could say I was doomed from the time the sperm hit the egg. I’d have even agreed when only looking from a psychoanalytical or a biological point of view. As I grew from child to young adult, my perspective changed to that of a cognitive behaviorist....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 3 Works Cited
1920 words
(5.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Three Theories of Learning and Development and Their Application to Teaching Infants or Toddlers in Aotearoa - In the following essay I will analyse and critique three theories of learning and development and their application to teaching infants or toddlers in Aotearoa. The three theories that I have chosen are the Social Cultural theory by Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, the Cognitive development theory by Swish developmental psychologist Jean Piaget and lastly the attachment theory by American developmental psychologist Mary Ainsworth. These three theories are important on helping to understand how children learn and develop in Early Childhood Education as well as in family and homes....   [tags: Early Childhood Education] 937 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Aging and Hearing Loss - Aging and Hearing Loss Hearing loss is often overlooked because our hearing is an invisible sense that is always expected to be in action. Yet, there are people everywhere that suffer from the effects of hearing loss. It is important to study and understand all aspects of the many different types and reasons for hearing loss. The loss of this particular sense can be socially debilitating. It can affect the communication skills of the person, not only in receiving information, but also in giving the correct response....   [tags: Cognitive Geriatrics Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1701 words
(4.9 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
An Examination of Factors Contributing to Identity Development and Adjustment - An Examination of Factors Contributing to Identity Development and Adjustment Missing Works Cited The process of adopting a child internationally is lengthy, costly, and both physically and emotionally exhausting.Since it takes so much to adopt, only a small number of Americans can and do; mostly middle- and upper-middle class couples.Therefore, many internationally adopted children grow up in an environment with ready access to resources, with adults who are able to support them financially and emotionally.In such narrow socioeconomic circumstances, the question then arises: What accounts for those internationally adopted children and youth who do not adjust well?What factors contribute to the normal, healthy development of these individuals?Examining international adoption also brings up this point:Is there really a significant difference between the development of trans-racial, internationally adopted children and their peers who are raised by their biological parents?In order to try and answer these questions, this essay will look at a number of studies from several countries, including America, which cover a range of influences: from secure attachment to the pre-adoption situation, to location, to patterns of normal cognitive development which may negatively impact the emerging identity of a trans-racial adoptee....   [tags: Sociology Psychology Adoption Essays] 3086 words
(8.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Impact of Growing Up in a One-Parent Household on Child Development - ... They understand that things are changing but cannot actively piece together why or how they are suppose to act accordingly. This can lead to self-blame, depression, confusion, and acting out. Usually aggression and anger are the main problems seen in older children. Siblings are another factor to keep in mind. Often when there are siblings involved vs. an only child it creates differences in the family dynamics. The eldest child whether asked to or not, commonly begins to take on the role of the “missing” parent....   [tags: family, children, psychology, role model, parents]
:: 2 Works Cited
1782 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Exploring Asyia's Physical, Social and Emotional Development - Exploring Asyia's Physical, Social and Emotional Development Expectations: I expect that Aysia will enjoy her time at the park and will be confident at all sorts of gross motor skills as in the park she would be able to use (running, balance and co-ordination) as said in the GCSE child development CGP the revision guide age 4. I expect Aysia to use a lot of her time running around as she is very energetic child. Observations: I went to Aysia’s house to pick her up to go to the park....   [tags: Papers] 567 words
(1.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Importance of Biological Factors in the Development of Gender Identity - The Importance of Biological Factors in the Development of Gender Identity The biosocial theory suggests that gender identity develops as a result of the obvious biological differences between boys and girls and the hormonal differences between the sexes which can be observed in the foetus from about six weeks (Durkin, 1995). Supporting evidence has been found through animal studies, such as that by Young, Goy and Phoenix (1964) who gave testosterone to pregnant monkeys and found that any female offspring were prone to be unusually aggressive....   [tags: Papers] 757 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
From Lullus to Cognitive Semantics: The Evolution of a Theory of Semantic Fields - From Lullus to Cognitive Semantics: The Evolution of a Theory of Semantic Fields ABSTRACT: The domain of cognitive semantics-insofar as it deals with semantic neighborhood and semantic fields-is discussed from a historical perspective. I choose four distinct stages in the evolution in philosophy of language: Raymundus Lullus and his Ars Magna (14th century); Giodano Bruno and his artificial memory system (16th century); Charles Sanders Peirce and his diagrammatic logic (19th century); and, Kurt Lewin and his topological psychology (20th century)....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
:: 20 Works Cited
2889 words
(8.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Pervasive Development or Autistic Spectrum Disorders - Definition of Pervasive Development Disorder: Any of a group of disorders of infancy, childhood, or adolescence that are characterized by distortions in the development of the basic psychological functions such as language, social skills, attention, perception, reality testing, and movement. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pervasivedevelopmentaldisorder Pervasive developmental disorder was first used in the 1980’s to describe this class of neurological disorders that can impair social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1072 words
(3.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Development of sustainable career paths for employees - Finding and retaining high performing employees is a challenge all business organizations face. Employees search for jobs where they can be successful, appreciated, and have the opportunity to grow and advance. Effective employers develop career plans that are easy to follow, sustainable, customizable, and provide rewards and recognition when appropriate to entice and retain high performing employees. Using competency models management and human resources can define attributes of top performers that are important to the company for short term and long term success....   [tags: Labor]
:: 8 Works Cited
1644 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Reflection on Curriculum Development, Instruction and Design - ... Conversely, if the teacher uses a hand-on approach to help the students learn the material, it is likely the students will be able to learn the material and be able to recall it during the times of assessment. Assessments play a big role in the classroom. This is how the teacher can know for sure if the students have successfully comprehended the information. The teacher can use this information to help inform the next day’s lesson. When all students have successfully demonstrated their understanding, the teacher can move on to the next level of the lesson....   [tags: education, teachers, assessments]
:: 2 Works Cited
1205 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Brain Gym - ... For the cerebellum, or little brain, it is the areas of the hindbrain that controls motor movement coordination, balance, equilibrium and muscle tone. Like the cerebral cortex, or cerebellum it is similar to the cerebrum in that it had two hemispheres and has a highly folded surface or cortex. Now the job of the cerebellum is associated with regulation and coordination of movement, posture, and balance. The brainstem is the region of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord....   [tags: Movement Based learning, Brain Development]
:: 4 Works Cited
1202 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Ideal Beauty and its Effect on Children’s Self-Concept - ... The last motive, self-enhancement, has further split into two sub-motives. The first being that girls who use self-enhancement through downward comparison were expected to have a raise in self-esteem; however, girls who used self-enhancement by discrediting the model’s beauty were expected not to be affected. The study was conducted using girls in grade four, six and eight, attending a public school, which were separated into the test group and control group. They were each given a booklet to complete....   [tags: social issues, media, emotional development]
:: 4 Works Cited
1751 words
(5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Adolescent Observation Report - Confidential Material The names used in this Adolescent Observation Report are fictitious. This is absolutely necessary to protect the privacy of the adolescent being observed. Person observed: Mary Age: 18 Gender: Female General description: about 5’2”, black hair, brown eyes, about 100 lbs. Place of observation: at my work, World of Tile Company Others present: Other co-workers Cultural group: Chinese Physical Development Mary has reached her body height at 5’2”. Although, when she was younger she had to take growth hormones because she was not growing when the rest of her peers were....   [tags: Adolescence Development Observation] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Observation of the Early Childhood - Observation of the Early Childhood An observation was held in the children'"s wing of Tarrant County Junior College. A variety of children between the ages of two to six were observed in activities ranging from physical and motor to social and cognitive development. Specifically I mean that whether it was leadership skills or lack of, running, climbing and jumping, drawing and writing, or anything that could fall between, it has been seen, done and accounted for in the following observation. First let's start with the physical and motor development....   [tags: Early Childhood Development] 1524 words
(4.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Impact Of Prematurity On Development - Impact of Premature Birth on Development Years ago, premature birth almost always meant death for the baby. Today, however, we have the technology to nurture these infants’ development, and many of them survive to lead normal, healthy lives. Although, very premature infants (that is, those born before about the fifth month) are still not likely to survive, many born at five months and older will thrive. Some preterm babies, however, do have many obstacles to overcome. There are a variety of medical problems that affect some of them, they may have impaired mental or physical conditions, and they may be looked upon by others in their environment as slow, or they might be treated differently because they were premature....   [tags: essays research papers] 1373 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Science, Development and Humanity - Science, Development and Humanity ABSTRACT: The formation of a new scientific picture of the world is connected with the necessity of subjectivity. This subjectivity posits no limits for the scientific aspects of cognitive processes, but embraces a comprehensive world of spiritual activity. To choose the most effective model of social behavior, it is important to have an adequate knowledge of reality (i.e., the objective regularities of the surrounding world). Modern science reflects the vagueness of reality and, in consequence, the impossibility of using classical approaches....   [tags: Science Scientific Papers] 2367 words
(6.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Infant Language Development - Infant Language Development The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect on verbal language development of purposefully encouraging hearing infants to use simple gestures as symbols for objects, requests, and conditions. To this end 103, 11-month-old infants were divided into three groups, all of whom were seen in the laboratory for a variety of assessments, including standardized language tests at 15, 19, 24, 30, and 36 months. Parents of those in the Sign Training group modelled symbolic gestures and encouraged their infants to use them....   [tags: Papers] 2621 words
(7.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Reflections on Child Development - Reflections on Child Development This semester in Child Development has helped me a great deal. I came into this class wanting to be a Child Development teacher at the high school level. I am leaving this class with the same ambition to become a Child Development teacher. I have learned so much by taking this class and I know it will all be helpful in the future once I am standing at the front of a classroom. Also, just by watching the way Mary teaches the class, I have learned things that I want to take into my own style of teaching....   [tags: Education Psychology Essays Children] 701 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Patterns of Child Development - Patterns of Child Development The various aspects of child development encompass physical growth, emotional and psychological changes, and social adjustments. A great many determinants influence patterns of development and change. On the average, a newborn baby weighs 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) and is 53 cm (21 in) long, with the head disproportionately larger than the lower part of the body. As the child grows, increments in height are greatest from birth to three years; thereafter they are relatively constant until adolescence....   [tags: Papers] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Child Observation Report - Introduction The location of the observation was at the Community Center (Early Childhood education program) at 11:00am to 12:30pm on April 15, 2014. The meaningful experiences in early childhood education can positively shape children's development. With a teacher is guidance authentic child-art activity can educate enrich young students' learning abilities, encourage positive attitudes toward other children, and more importantly, learn to interact with people around them in the contemporary world....   [tags: Child Development Observation]
:: 3 Works Cited
1827 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Career Development Plan - The final phase of a well designed and systematic orientation program is to develop the training and mentoring needs of the current sales staff along with the acquired team from EnviroTech. The first step in managing a new training and mentoring program is to determine the training needs and set objectives for these needs. During the initial assessment phase of the program, it is necessary to outline the goals that the management team feels is necessary to improve the effectiveness of the sales team as well as develop a process to work more effectively....   [tags: Business Strategy Management] 1248 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia - The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia During the past few decades, Western culture has witnessed an enormous explosion in the number of eating disorders reported among young women. One such type of eating disorder is Butimia Nervosa. According to the DSM-IV criteria it is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, in which the person experiences a feeling of "loss of control",and recurrent compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain. Both of these behaviors occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia, Eating Disorders]
:: 9 Works Cited
2402 words
(6.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Gender Development in Children - There have been many theories and studies in support of the development of gender identity and gender roles. One major theory was the one put forward by Bandura and his social learning theory. Bandura's social learning theory states that gender is learnt through direct and indirect reinforcement. The direct reinforcement is influenced by parents and according to the social learning theory gender identity is also reinforced through the beliefs and attitudes that the parents implement within their children through gender stereotypical behaviour....   [tags: Psychology] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Autism's Effects on Development and Education - Autism's Effects on Development and Education Autism is a behavioral syndrome present from early life and defined by deficient social interaction, language and communication, and play. At one time thought by some to be psychodynamically determined, it is now clear that autism represents physiologic dysfunction of one or more undefined brain systems. In addition to characteristic autistic features, many autistic people display a variety of other signs such as attention deficits, mental deficiency, and seizures that are not specific to autism and that denote dysfunction in other brain systems (Bristol 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 1140 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Likert Scale Development - Likert Scale Development Social psychological attitudes are perhaps one of the most important determinants of society in that it is the individual’s attitude that motivates his or her behaviour. As Rajecki (1990) summed up this conception: ‘...attitude is seen as the cause and behaviour is seen as the effect.’ (Rajecki, 1990, p.4). Given consideration, it is easy to see that this is in fact the case; for example, why do people aspire to an education. The reason for this is that they perceive an education to be a positive thing and therefore as something to be desired....   [tags: Papers] 3199 words
(9.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Social Capital in the Developing World - The globalized world today is getting very advanced in all areas and so has become very competitive. This then accommodates the use of a comparative approach in society. Comparative, an activity derived from the word comparison meaning to compare, it is defined as a research which uses data that are compared between at least two countries (Ragin, 1987). This comparative study is a very important phenomenon in the field of social science and commenced in the1960s and 1970s. It is used as an essential form of an investigating tool in analyzing the operations between different countries with a view to formulate solutions for under- developed countries and to give details of the development of social structuring in the framing of public policies (Ghorra-Gobin, discussion paper No....   [tags: International Development]
:: 13 Works Cited
2119 words
(6.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Macrosystem: From Child to Adult - This paper focuses mainly on the macrosystem, examining society, culture, and ecological system. Mental health and community counselors should keep in mind the complex, reciprocal interactions that characterize personal behavior in situations. Macrosystem: Describes the culture in which individuals live. Cultural contexts include developing and industrialized countries, socioeconomic status, poverty, and ethnicity. There have been a number of theories surveyed that are foundational to the profession of mental health counseling....   [tags: Childhood Development]
:: 6 Works Cited
1379 words
(3.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Child Care Services - Child Care Services, that include first, custodial services concerning health, hygiene and safety of children, second, child development services covering socialization, language skill and personality development and third, pre-school services ranging from informal learning to formal educational preparatory learning from elementary schools, was appeared to be initiated in France in 1770 in the name of “Salles d’asile” (asylum room) for serving the interest of working women. Along with custodial services, academic subjects such as reading and doing arithmetic, performing singing and drawing as extra-curricular activities were being taught in order to bring order, discipline and obedience to instructions among children (Pougatch-Zalcman, 1980) ....   [tags: Child Development ] 1522 words
(4.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Intelligence - The evidence for genetic contribution to individual intelligence are (1) Family studies indicate that intelligence occurs in families, (2) Twin studies illustrate a greater link within identical twins in IQ than between non-identical, or fraternal , twins. This is true even when identical twins raised apart are contrasted with fraternal twins reared together. (3) Adoption studies suggest that adopted children are slightly comparable to their biological parents in intelligence. The focus here is on differences and similarities and the extent in which they are created by genetic effects, in contrast to environmental influences....   [tags: Child Development]
:: 6 Works Cited
1303 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory - Many of our temperament traits are evident at birth. However, other characteristics such as trust, guilt and competency are learned based upon our life experiences and the support we receive as we grow and develop. Based upon his research, Erikson became aware of the influence maturation and social demands have on behavior and ultimately on our development. He believed these two forces "push[ed] humans everywhere through…[a set of] eight psychosocial crises" (Sigelman, C. & Rider, E., 2009, pg.332)....   [tags: Psychology, Development] 2227 words
(6.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Self-Recognition in Toddlers - A variety of studies, such as the ones described below, have been conducted over the years in an attempt to explain and examine the emergence of self-recognition in infants. As a result the general consensus is that infants as young as 15 months old and most infants by 24-month are able to respond to their image in a mirror (Anderson, 2005). Research has also shown there are various self-conscious reactions and self-labeling that also indicate the toddler has self-recognition during the second year, though more research is needed to test their validity (Anderson, 2005)....   [tags: Child Development]
:: 8 Works Cited
1906 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Urie Bronfenbrenner and his Ecological Systems Theory - A great deal of consideration needs to go into preparing a child for the change that occurs when going from a home/child care atmosphere into a school environment. The Teacher needs to consider the child in its entirety throughout the changeover to scholarly activities. This must include the child’s physical readiness, socio-emotional, and cognitive abilities for learning. It is equally essential to discover ways in which to involve the children's first and most important teachers, their families....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Observation Project: The Garden Preschool - Recently, I went to The Garden School, a preschool in my hometown of San Anselmo, California, to pass the morning with the students there. In the time I spent there, the children, ages 3 to 5, engaged in unstructured play, and sat in a circle for calendar time and reading aloud. The preschool is primarily child-centered in terms of its organization, meaning it incorporates a lot of child directed activity, and less structured, or adult directed, learning (Berk, 2008). I watched the group of about twenty children with the intention of studying them as a whole, but I found myself compelled to watch two children in particular, Addison and Jack, because they displayed particularly intriguing behavior....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1191 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Mozart Effect - The Mozart Effect is a study that shows listening to classical music can have positive effects on learning and attitude. This occurrence is called the Mozart Effect, and it has been proven in experiments by many scientists. This research has caused much controversy between believers and nonbelievers, because The Mozart Effect is said to enhance the brain and reasoning; it is also used to reduce stress, depression, or anxiety; it induces relaxation or sleep; and the Mozart Effect activates the body....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1241 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Preventing Obesity Within Schools - Physical activity is seen as an important and essential part of a child’s life (Rivkin, 2000). With the increasing prevalence of overweight children, and the decline in physical activity (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2010) there is justifiably a concern about the relationship of these to obesity. Research suggests that the benefits of physical activity during middle childhood are multifaceted. Goran, Reynolds & Lindquist (1999, p. 18) conceptualises that is not merely a means of increasing levels of fitness, but a foundation in promoting healthy lifestyle patterns and psycho-social well-being....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 19 Works Cited
1441 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Working Memory and Time Keeping - Our daily lives involved a lot of time keeping, which is an essential skill. We need to be on time to develop a good relationship with bosses, customers, and friends. Time keeping is not only about checking the time, but also about the accuracy in which you do it. The accuracy also plays an important role to keep time balanced. One can lose credibility if he or she does not have good time keeping. The differences within various people’s executive control function can account for variation in time keeping....   [tags: Cognitive Research]
:: 3 Works Cited
1731 words
(4.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Job Training versus Career Development: What Is Voc Ed's Role? - Job Training versus Career Development Should vocational education concentrate on preparing students for specific jobs or should it be more focused on broader career development, including lifelong learning, employability, and cognitive skills. This Digest explores these questions and examines how vocational education programs can best prepare students to meet the demands of the current and future workplace. Job Training and Vocational Education When asked to describe the role of vocational education in the schooling of the nation's youth, most educators (and citizens) would say it is to prepare students for work in a given trade or vocational area....   [tags: Compare Contrast Education Training Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
1874 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Three Key Dimensions on Which Communities of Practice Influence the Development of Its Social Capital - This thesis utilises McDermott and Snyder (2002) definition of communities of practice (CoP). This definition is relevant and consistently useful to this research because the authors define communities of practice as groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis. On the other hand, Lesser and Storck (2001) define these communities could meet at a physical location or could be virtually connected through various communication media such as email and internet applications....   [tags: Sociology] 716 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Relation of the Anxiety Buffer Disruption Theory on the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Deployed Combat Troops - Introduction From 2001 to present, the Department of Defense (DOD) has reported 6,379 deaths and 47,603 injuries resulting from campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq (DOD, 2012). Yet, more soldiers fall victim to behavioral health issues and self-destructive behavior than conventional injury (Thomsen, Stander, McWhorter, & Rabenhorst, 2011). Of the 1.6 million service members that have deployed, almost one-third will report some form of mental health condition stemming from their deployment (Tanielian & Jaycox, 2008)....   [tags: Military Science, Psychology]
:: 15 Works Cited
1587 words
(4.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Development of Technology Curricula In The United States and New Zealand - Introduction Curriculum directs the lesson of every teacher and helps us have a structured and systematic instruction. Curriculum is often referred to as reference material which tell us exactly what to do, when to do it and in what sequence. According to Ronald C. Doll ,1996 (as cited in Curriculum Overview), school curriculum is the process by which learners and students acquire knowledge and understanding, develop skills and change attitudes, appreciation and values under the guidance of that school....   [tags: Education]
:: 36 Works Cited
2321 words
(6.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Organizational Development from the Social Science Perspective - Below you will find the important aspects of section 2. Learning Outcomes:- ● Analyse critically the theoretical roots of contemporary consultancy. ● Identify strengths and weaknesses in each perspective ● Consider which perspectives may inform the way in which you hope to work in your consultancy project for your assignment. An appropriate plan therefore is to read through the theoretical models of contemporary consultancy Identify their strengths and weaknesses. Relate appropriate models to your project....   [tags: Social Science ] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Development of Services for Asian Women Suffering from Depression - ... The target group chosen for the essay is young Asian women - this is a prime stage in their life meaning that at this period these young women acquire significant knowledge and skills relating to their culture. Therefore, inability to receive favourable reaction from others may cause feelings of inadequacy and inferiority. this would relate to the fact that it would be prime for the services that will be introduced to this area to be culturally sensitive (Department of Health, 1999a) this is because the author believes that these young Asian women are living between the Asian culture and western culture and this may cause a conflict in them....   [tags: community mental health teams]
:: 22 Works Cited
2559 words
(7.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Development, Diagnosis, Comorbidity and Treatment - ... The startle reaction can be intensified as well. Because the above symptoms can be interpreted as normal responses to stress, pain or fear, they must be analyzed carefully before being assumed abnormal or dysfunctional. Cognitively, the patient may have problems with memory, seem confused and have difficulty concentrating and reasoning. These may spring from the fear of many things, including death, losing control, or having a mental disorder. Fearful ideation and catastrophizing is often repetitive (Beck et al., 1985)....   [tags: health, disorders]
:: 10 Works Cited
1481 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development - Heredity vs. Environment in Human Development Nature- inborn traits and characteristics inherited from parents Nurture- environmental influences, both before and after birth ACTIVE (organism) VS PASSIVE (mechanistic) Organismic- People are active growing organisms that set their own development in motion ACT not react to environmental influences *cannot predict behavior by simple responses to environmental stimulus Emphasize qualitative change, see development occurring in STAGES each s stage builds on previous stage....   [tags: Papers] 2300 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Does Involement in Sports Begt Better Character Development? - Acts of violence, drug use, promiscuous or aggressive sexual attitudes, and cheating are some common issues on college campuses today. These behaviors things can happen amongwithin athletes and non-athletes alike. HoweverYet, most people perceive sports as being pure, and are regarded as highly instrumental in developing an enhanced morality, a propensity to follow rules and regulations, and a general respect for others, all of which in turn makes them good citizens in everyday life. Conversely, sports psychologists suggest that involvement in sports does not necessarily beget better character development....   [tags: Campus Life] 904 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Apex Door Company Training Development - INTRODUCTION "Training is futile if the trainee lacks the ability or motivation to benefit from it." (Dessler, 2005, p. 271) The performance management approach integrates assignments, training, assessing and rewarding employees' efforts contributory efforts for goal achievement and influences organizational effectiveness. "Training can be an effective means of enhancing employees' abilities," and to increase emotional intelligence. (George and Jones, 2005, p. 60) Accurate assessment of employee strengths and weaknesses assists the development of an effective training program....   [tags: Training Employees Process Business] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment - Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by structured practices. Skill can be defined as: "Skill is an organized co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms" (Welford, 2000:page-102) This definition of skill shows that skills are learned with a goal to achieve which makes it differ to ability and technique....   [tags: Papers] 980 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Human Development of a Six Year Old - The Human Development of a Six Year Old Megan Baur is a 6-year-old Caucasian female who currently attends the first grade at a private school, Rolland Park School for girls. She lives with her birth parents and her 4-year-old brother, Kyle, in a suburban house on the outskirts of Baltimore City. Her father is a successful chiropractor and her mother works part time as a dental hygienist. Her mother was a stay home mom from Megan's birth till very recently, when she decided to return to work only during the hours while Kyle, the youngest attends nursery school....   [tags: Papers] 1047 words
(3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Teaching Techniques: Developmental Characteristics and Learning Abilities of Children Ages 10-13 - Children aged 10 to 13 are far more independent than their younger counterparts. They already possess this special ability for abstract thinking, which distinguishes them from other groups of learners and also is an additional strength. Harmer (2001) says that the age is a crucial aspect of how and what to teach to higher primary school learners. He also says that learners of different ages have different needs, competences and cognitive skills. According to Harmer, it is broadly believed that children learn a second language faster than adults....   [tags: teacher, primary education, child development] 1996 words
(5.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment - “We have been very conditioned by the cultures that we come from and are usually very identified with the particular gender that we happen to be a member of.” This quote by Andrew Cohen explains partially how gender identity develops, through the conditioning of our environments. The most influential factor of gender development, however, is still a very controversial issue. An analysis of the gender identification process reveals two main arguments in what factor most greatly contributes to gender development: biology differences (nature) or the environment (nurture)....   [tags: child development, psychology]
:: 9 Works Cited
1279 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Emotional Trauma and the Adolescent Brain - ... There are four elements that an adolescent will react to in a crisis situation. First, the emotional responses involve anger, shock, grief, a sense of helplessness, loss of pleasure in everyday activities, terror, guilt and even phobias. These emotional responses then result in cognitive distortions such as impaired decision making, lowered self-esteem, worry, memory impairment and nightmares. The physical effects of the emotional and cognitive changes can also be a detriment of the adolescents health due to having sleep issues, headaches, impaired immune response, gastrointestinal problems and they can be startled easily....   [tags: Teen Development, Psychological Treatment]
:: 4 Works Cited
1320 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory - Critical Evaluation of Whether Certain Assumptions are Present in Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory Three assumptions present in developmental theories, as mentioned by Duncan, van Niekerk and Mufumadi (2003) will be described in a concise fashion. The assumptions, ‘development follows a predictable pattern’, ‘human beings are resilient’, and ‘development is a function of the interaction between innate and environmental functions’, will also be examined insofar as they relate to the issues and concepts of Erikson’s theory....   [tags: Papers] 1194 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Diversity Management - ... Also, their will be heritage celebrations’ throughout the year to encourage all employees to learn their fellow employees cultural. In many companies, employees feel diversity ix not an organizational priority. Diversity has to be apart of the companies goal initiative if they want to compete globally. As companies continue to move outside of North America, diversity will challenge all organizations in how they conduct business. If they are not prepared or resist diversity, they will be left behind companies who embrace diversity....   [tags: Development, Program, Priority] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Bowlby on Attachment Behavior - ... Indeed, it has become one of the most common research methods in child psychology (Crain, 1992). Likewise, The AAI has bridged a gap between child attachment experiences and later adulthood relationships. Moreover, the AAI has corresponded and correlated adult patterns of behavior with that of children’s. However, critics have argued that the Strange Situation lacks validity. Firstly, not all extraneous variables were controlled for when conducting the experiment, secondly, the environment of the experiment was strange to the child, ethically this was seen as distressing and thirdly the study lacked ethnocentricity (Berghaus, 2011)....   [tags: Infant Development, Child Psychology]
:: 16 Works Cited
2157 words
(6.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Middle Childhood - A. Freeze Tag, is another variation of the game Tag. Where the person who is “it” tags everyone but instead of being out of the game once tagged, the person will be frozen in place until another player “un-freeze” the player, for instance by touching the frozen player on the shoulder. Freeze tag, first begins by gathering a group of players, deciding on who is “it”, determining this may be volunteering oneself or playing a game like rock, paper, scissor. After determining the person who is “it”, he or she will count up to a number allowing the other players to scatter, giving them enough time to get away from the person who is “it”....   [tags: Child Development, Early Childhood] 2484 words
(7.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Educational Data Mining Model to Attain Sustainability - ... • Sequential patterns: Data is mined to anticipate behaviour patterns and trends. More study on these relationships can be found in [1,b1]. These relationships are then used in many techniques like: Neural networks, fuzzy logic, Intelligence agent systems, Modelling, knowledge-based systems, System optimization and Information systems, together with their applications in nearly all application domains [13] for understanding the patterns or getting more optimized solutions. To extract (identify) the required / specified knowledge using data mining algorithms, a complete process of selecting the database and preprocessing the data is must....   [tags: data mining, sustainability development]
:: 18 Works Cited
2597 words
(7.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Todd's Assessment and Educational Plan - ... I will provide facilitation of the expectation that coming to therapy will cause change, will offer feedback which will help increase awareness about what in contributing to his life problems, will encourage client but will not force him to do something that he is not ready for. My job as his career counselor is to guide him so that he can to find the solutions to her career development rather than providing them with the solutions. I want him to be able to use the solutions long after he stops being my client otherwise I will be enabling him to look elsewhere rather than from within himself for the answers....   [tags: career development, skills]
:: 12 Works Cited
1645 words
(4.7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Role of Socialization of Children in War - For over 20 years, the Lord's Resistance Army has been at war with the government of Uganda, causing a civil war. The Army's Rebel Groups, have attacked small villages, resulting in thousands of innocent deaths, and the abduction of children to fight with the rebels. In order to maintain these organizations, the Rebel Groups are faced with the difficult task of recruiting individuals. With limited available resources, the Rebel Groups cannot offer any appealing incentives to their recruits, but require complete loyalty (Vermeij, 2009)....   [tags: Socialization, Child development, War, ] 1317 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues in our Society - Stephen L. Carter proposes that integrity and honesty among other virtues and morals were unintentionally taught to our society via religious scriptures, nonacademic lessons in public schools, and child rearing methods used by parents are in the “curriculum” of “character education”. Despite the differences of virtues in areas such as sectionalism, prejudice, and racism, "nurture" or rearing of a society with virtues such as honesty and integrity is best understood as "monkey-see monkey-do"-the “source of growth in children's cognitive, language, and social skills” (Kessenich, Maureen, et al....   [tags: child development, psychology]
:: 7 Works Cited
914 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Young Beauty Pageants - ... Many people think beauty pageants cause no harm to a child in any emotional aspects. The beauty pageants today, even on reality shows cover up a lot of the problems behind the scenes. When a child is young he or she does not have memories of being a baby or even a young child. A very pronoun psychologist, named Sigmund Freud, stated “Adults lack memories from early in life because no memories were formed, or were formed but later became inaccessible as a result of cognitive changes”. How often do adults bring up memories of being two, one or even younger....   [tags: Child Development, Bad Parenting]
:: 1 Works Cited
1258 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How Does Birth Order Affect Psychological and Social Development? - How Does Birth Order Affect Psychological and Social Development. Birth order and its effects on psychological and social development is a controversial topic that has been studied by many researchers (Skinner & Fox-Francoeur, 2010; Dunkel, Harbke, &Papini, 2009; Hartshorne, Salem-Hartshorne, & Hartshorne, 2009; Iacovou, 2007; Holmgren, Molander, Nilsson, 2006; Baer, Oldham, Hollingshead, &Jacobsohn, 2005; Rodgers, 2001; Sulloway, 1996; Kessler, 1991; Galton, 1874). Researchers have hypothesized that birth order affects many features of development such as personality (Skinner & Fox-Francoeur, 2010; Dunkel et al., 2009; Sulloway, 1996), intelligence (Iacovou, 2007; Holmgren et al., 2006; Rodgers, 2001; Kessler, 1991), creativity (Baer et al., 2005), and relationship formation (Hartshorne et al., 2009)....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 12 Works Cited
2301 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today - The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today Tragic events like the shootings at Columbine High School capture public attention and concern, but are not typical of youth violence. Most adolescent homicides are committed in inner cities and outside of school. They most frequently involve an interpersonal dispute and a single victim. On average, six or seven youths are murdered in this country each day. Most of these are inner-city minority youths. Such acts of violence are tragic and contribute to a climate of fear in schools and communities....   [tags: Aggression Violence Crime Teenagers Essays] 3979 words
(11.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "cognitive development"
[<< Previous] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]



Copyright © 2000-2015 123HelpMe.com. All rights reserved. Terms of Service