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The History and Future of Coal - Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: Coal Research paper]
:: 29 Works Cited
3144 words
(9 pages)
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Coal Chemistry and Technology - 1. Coal formation Coal was formed from remains of plants from several hundred millions years ago partially decomposed. These remains were settled in regions where waterlogged or swampy regions prevailed. These conditions avoid complete decomposition making possible the gradual peat formation. Peat is not considered coal actually, but is an essential step to coal formation. This formation process is called "coalification" and it is essentially a progressive change from peat to anthracite passing through different types of coals....   [tags: Coal Research Paper ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Use of Coal for Power Should Continue - The development of science and technology has led to people considering using alternative fuels to generate electricity. There are many alternative fuels that can generate electricity, such as natural gas, nuclear energy, wind energy, hydraulic power and so on (Fossil Fuels Used to Generate Electricity Power Plant Emissions of North America). According to the statistics by the U.S. Energy Information Administration in 2009, the usage of coal was still the largest source to generate the power. Sources of electricity in the United States were generated by 44.9% of coal, 20.3% of nuclear, 23.4% of natural gas, 1% of petroleum, 6.9% of hydroelectric conventional and 3.6% of others (Electric Po...   [tags: Coal, Energy Generation]
:: 15 Works Cited
1962 words
(5.6 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Product Using Mathematical Models - 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 COAL WASH PLANT The wash plant is feed by a 100T bin fitted with a vibrating feeder to aid and ease the flow of coal onto Conveyor belt 18-31. The bin can be filled up to 80T; above that it overflows through the chute connected to its side. Below 30T the bin is interlocked not to feed the wash plant to avoid coal and the bin lining being subjected to impact causing damage and excess fines generation. The maximum feed rate of the vibrating feeder and the capacity of the belt is 200t/h....   [tags: Coal Wash Plants, Coal Productions]
:: 11 Works Cited
1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Using Mathematical Models - The Processing Plants is a combination of the equipment principles and the type of coal treated. The first step is to determine the relationship between the input and output variable. Information used would be from the Production reports. That is: to superpose the input and output variables namely, feed quality (ash), feed rate (tons) & medium density against; clean coal tons, clean coal ash and the Yield. If the relationship exist (based on the value of R² which is expected to be as close to 1 as possible), the equations developed would assist in establishing the overall desired model....   [tags: Clean Coal, Equations]
:: 11 Works Cited
2419 words
(6.9 pages)
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Dangers Of Coal Mining - What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines] 907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Analysis of Coal Fired Plants and Solar Energy - Given all the resources we have for the production of energy, fossil fuels has been the leader in our energy needs. Solar and wind power are the next alternative sources we have been looking at. These sources have been researched and analyzed for many years, yet, they have yet to become our primary source for our energy. The cost for both non-renewable and renewable resources are competitive, and some industries have applied solar or wind to help their needs in electricity and heating; however, to power large cities with just the use of solar energy and wind power may still be a process in the works for some time to come and we may be looking at the utilization of fossil fuels for our primar...   [tags: coal, fossil fuels, epa power]
:: 6 Works Cited
927 words
(2.6 pages)
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Coal Mining and Its Impacts - Coal Mining and Its Impacts Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal....   [tags: Coal Dangers Mines Essays Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
978 words
(2.8 pages)
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Clean Coal and Its Potential - Clean Coal and Its Potential With the United States' increasing addiction for petroleum and imported energy, many organizations have begun to pressure government agencies to consider cleaner methods for fuel. As evident from recent government spending, the current administration favors the generation of electricity through a fossil fuel abundant in the United States; coal. Though coal is widely seen as a cheap source of energy, it contains many drawbacks: it’s emissions. Clean coal alternatives are available and they appear to have a promising future in the world of non-renewable energy....   [tags: Energy Coal Fuel Essays Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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Coal: A Human History by Barbara Freese - Coal: A Human History was written by Barbara Freese to focus on the history of coal and how mankind has used it as part of their lifestyle. Ever since the times when early nomads used the slash-and-burn method, coal has been around acting as jewelry for the Romans and as fuel for peasants and the noble class in Britain. Coal was in such high demand that many inventions were utilized for the convenience of retrieving it from intolerable conditions such as vacuums and the construction of more efficient underground tunnels....   [tags: Coal Natural Resource History] 1707 words
(4.9 pages)
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Coal Fires - Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
718 words
(2.1 pages)
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Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s Coal - Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s “Coal” There is a double-consciousness, according to W.E Burghardt Du Bois, in which we view ourselves through a veil. Underneath of this veil is the true self. The person that we are in our purest state. The veil itself, however, is how society sees us and our realization of that projection. Looking in a mirror, both layers can be seen. However, the true self is still covered, muddled, unclear beneath the sheer outer shell of expectation. In her poem “Coal”, Audre Lorde alludes to this concept through the dual image of a piece of coal and a diamond....   [tags: Audre Lorde Coal Essays] 1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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Coal - Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4]...   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
654 words
(1.9 pages)
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Energy Resources: Conservation of Coal - Coal is a vital resource that we depend upon as human beings. We use coal everyday either for transportation or heating a building. We need to stop taking advantage of it and start finding new ways to produce energy. Coal is a fossil fuel. It can be identified as a black or brown rock that can be ignited and burned for energy. It is chemically made up of sulfur, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen elements. Coal is classified by degrees of hardness, moisture, and heat content. As the sea deposits layers of other materials over the peat through centuries, the peat was tightly compacted and dried....   [tags: fossil fuels, wind energy, deforestation, mining]
:: 13 Works Cited
1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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Nuclear, Coal, and Alternative Energy - Nuclear Vs. Coal Power Nuclear power and coal are two of the main sources of electricity used in the United States today. Coal and Nuclear power along with Natural Gas make up over 93% of the power we use. Yet they are also the most feared and misunderstood. While both have negative connotations, they both are clearly still doing the job better than other alternative energy. Nuclear power is not readily feared for the result it will have on the environment although it should be. Used fuel assemblies are kept on site for at least seven years usually stored in onsite ponds....   [tags: Energy Sources]
:: 2 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Working in a Coal Mine - The loud beat thumps relentlessly. It is like a never-ending headache changing only with a mood, an arrangement, or a performer. The message of the song, in and of itself, is clear, but performers can change a song’s meaning without as much as the alteration of a single lyric. In 1966, Lee Dorsey released a song entitled, “Working in a Coal Mine.” Allen Toussaint wrote the lyrics and music. (Wikipedia-Working in a Coal Mine) The release of the song came at a time when America coal miners were enduring tremendous hardship in the coalmines of West Virginia....   [tags: Music] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster - Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster What Happened. The largest environmental disaster in U.S. history occurred on December 22nd, 2008 when a 84-acre pit containing toxic coal combustion residue at the Tennessee Valley Authority Fossil Plant in Kingston, Tennessee gave way. According to a report by AECOM, the firm hired to perform the root cause report, a “combination of the high water content of the wet ash, the increasing height of ash, the construction of the sloping dikes over the wet ash, and the existence of an unusual bottom layer of ash and silt were among the long-evolving conditions that caused the ash spill at Kingston Fossil Plant” (TVA, 2010)....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
:: 10 Works Cited
1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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Coal Mining: Benefits from Making Coal Production Cleaner - Coal Mining: Can Clean Be The New Green. When trying to choose a topic for my Response Paper, I came across the article on the SEED Magazine website titled “The Lesser Evil: Nuclear or Coal?” Because I not only live in a coal mining town, but also in a county that would no longer exist without the coal industry, I wanted to not only see what exactly was so “evil” about coal, but also how it could be made safer. With global warming, acid rain and other issues coming into view in the present, I have mostly focused on the effect that coal mining has on the environment....   [tags: energy, environment] 943 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal as a source of economic growth versus the adverse nature of burning coal - In Ohio, the environmental ethics dilemma could be seen as the end result of a clash between two views. The clash occurs as the deliberate distortion of coal as a source of economic growth and prosperity collides with empirical facts shared by the scientific community about the adverse nature of burning coal. Through means of assessing both views from a consequentialist ethical standpoint, we could form a conclusion about the legitimacy of each view’s claims; hence, we can decide which view is ethically superior, in other words, which view is efficient from an environmental standpoint....   [tags: Environmental Ethics] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal Seam Gas - With environmental sustainability a key focus for the future the need for cleaner forms of power generation have resulted in a number of gas exploration projects in Australia (Department of Infrastructure and Planning, 2008). With Australia having potentially vast untapped reserves of coal seam methane beds it must be asked whether there are any negative impacts associated with coal seam methane (CSM) before the energy industry moves into a new technology. Coalification, the geologic process that progressively converts plant material to coal, generates large quantities of natural gas, which are subsequently stored in the coal seams....   [tags: Environment ]
:: 23 Works Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants - Coal and natural gas are the United States’ main fossil fuels used as energy sources. These fossil fuels both contain mixtures of hydrocarbons, which is a chemical compound of carbon and hydrogen (Olah, 2005). Currently, fossil fuels provide eighty-five percent of commercial energy, such as businesses, worldwide and this eighty-five percent does not even account for residential use. Imagine if the residential energy use was accounted for in that eighty-five percent (Davison, 2007). According to Goodell (2006), “Between 1950 and 2000, the world population increased by 140 percent and fossil fuel consumption increased by 400 percent....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Energy Vs. Beauty in Coal Mining - Every day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the coal by using pick axes, mules, and rail cars....   [tags: Environment, Energy]
:: 6 Works Cited
1523 words
(4.4 pages)
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Film Review for Coal Miner's Daughter - The Coal Miner’s Daughter, an influential film, first shown in 1980, was voted an Academy Award Winning Motion Picture. This film depicts a young girl’s life who lived in a coal mining town, had a journeying life, and become a famous country singer. This motion picture was not produced purposing pure societal entertainment, but rather the accurate portrayal of Loretta Lynn’s personal life. The film Coal Miner’s Daughter, illustrates Loretta Lynn’s life’s obstacles of family struggles, influential friends, and emotional tactics of life’s exertion....   [tags: Film Review]
:: 5 Works Cited
1131 words
(3.2 pages)
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A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy - A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy A tragic event occurred on April 5, 2010 in Montcoal, West Virginia. Twenty-nine miners went underground on the morning of April 5, 2010, similar to every work day, except this morning was their last. Upper Big Branch Mine was owned and operated by Massey Energy Corporation, a company that never took other people’s lives and families into consideration. The disastrous explosion could have easily been prevented if Massey Energy Company followed the necessary safety measures that were invented to prevent deaths and accidents....   [tags: Economics, Business Theory]
:: 4 Works Cited
1988 words
(5.7 pages)
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Pittston Coal Company: Tort Law - On February 26th 1972, Dam 3 of the Buffalo Mining Company a subsidiary of the Pittston Coal Company, failed resulting in a flooding of the Buffalo Creek Hallow. The disaster caused property damage, wrongful death, and psychic impairment. West Virginia prohibited any dam built any dam built over “fifteen feet in height across any stream or watercourse without a prior determination by the state that it is safe” (15). The state’s failure to properly enforce this law gave Pittston the ability to claim the disaster was an act of God; this was supported by President Nixon who referred to this as a natural disaster (187)....   [tags: Buffalo Creek ] 1251 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Industry of East Tennessee Coal and Its Financial Impact - Introduction Coal is a mineral mined in east Tennessee. While not one of the largest coal producing states in the United States, Tennessee still has a rich history of coal mining. The industry still has a presence in the region today. Even though production does not match larger coal producing states, the coal industry brings meaningful revenue to the state of Tennessee. This paper examines the industry, coal mining practices within the state and its financial impact. What is Coal. With a composition of carbon along with hydrogen and oxygen, coal is a sedimentary rock that is combustible....   [tags: mineral, mining practices]
:: 11 Works Cited
1693 words
(4.8 pages)
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Coal Usage in the Victorian Era - Coal Usage in the Victorian Era Coal was an essential of life, especially concerning warmth and food preparation, for Victorians. The use of coal has a longer history than many suspect; predates the Victorian Era by hundred of years. The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life. The Victorians used various different kinds of this product, plant products buried underground in deposits of sedentary rock for millions of years....   [tags: Victorian Era]
:: 2 Works Cited
703 words
(2 pages)
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Energy Research Essay - Coal - Energy Research Essay - Coal First of all, coal can be classified in many different classes. One way is known as coal rank. Coal rank is a measure of degree of change (metamorphosis) from the peat stage. The ranks range from low rank to high rank. These are called lignite, subituminous, bituminous, and anthracite. Heating value and sulfur content reach maximum values at the bituminous coal rank. This stage contains very important environmental implications. Low ranking coal (eg lignite) releases a smoky flame when ignited....   [tags: Energy Research Essays] 470 words
(1.3 pages)
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Coal - Coal As the granddaughter of an Irish immigrant coal miner, I thought I knew everything there was to know about coal. I was wrong. After learning about coal rank, and the different types of coal mines, I gained a much deeper appreciation for the work of my grandfather. Being from Tamaqua, I knew what anthracite coal was as soon as I could understand my Pappy’s ramblings. Among the Top 20 Signs You’re from the Coal Region, included “You think only God has the proper resume to take over after Joe Paterno leaves Penn State” (Top Ten)....   [tags: Research Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
420 words
(1.2 pages)
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Coal - Coal In the world today, Coal is one of the most used Fossil Fuels in America. The black gold, which I like to call it, affects America in so many different ways. Have no worries coal is no where from becoming extinct or replaced. "Coal will be popular big time, in 2005," says Jim Thompson, who edits the weekly report U.S. Coal Review out of Knoxville, Tenn. "There will be more test bums than ever." In Wyoming alone they shipped out over four hundred million tons. I can’t even imagine how large that quantity is....   [tags: Energy Resources Fossil Fuels Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
675 words
(1.9 pages)
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Coal Harbor Real Estate – A Good Investment Option - Coal harbor is a small section situated between Canada’s downtown peninsula (Vancouver) and Brockton Peninsula of Stanley Park. It derived its name when coal was discovered in 1862 in the harbor. Vancouver Harbor Water Aerodrome can be found in this place. Coal Harbor real estate is very interesting. The northwestern section of land contains a community center, boating and rowing clubs, private marinas and parkland while in the southeast and Georgia Street, the neighborhood comprises of apartments and high rise buildings....   [tags: Real Estate]
:: 3 Works Cited
570 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Development of the Coal Industry - The Development of the Coal Industry 1) Light As a beginning, workers had problems of lighting their work. Several methods were used, none of them were particularly attractive. It was not safe to light in a mine. They first used rotten fish, which gave off a phosphorescent glow (besides the dreadful smell). Candles, which exploded the methane flint mills, which produced sparks of light but could also ignite the methane. After 1815, the Davy lamp was available, but it cost money and employers were reluctant to buy them....   [tags: Papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Coal War, by upton sinclair - THE COAL WAR Book 1, The Social Chasm By: Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclair wrote The Coal War in 1976 being published by Colorado Associated University Press. Book One; "The Social Chasm," contained 69 pages while the entirety of The Coal War had 399 pages with two other Books. "The Social Chasm" was easy to follow and had an intriguing beginning. The Coal War portrays many situations common to the people of the coal fields and those making an effort to improve its conditions....   [tags: essays research papers] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Coal Extraction and Black Lung - Coal Extraction and Black Lung Coal is an indispensable fossil fuel that is very important to today’s society. With out coal, one would have to live without many of the luxuries we have today. There would be no lights to light a house, no movie cinemas, no electrical heaters, and no televisions or phones. “Coal has many important uses, but most significancy in electricity generation, steel and cement manufacture, and industrial process heating. Coal provides over 23% of global primary energy need and generates about 39% of the world’s electricity” (Source 1)....   [tags: Environment Energy Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
508 words
(1.5 pages)
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Coal and West Virginia: Where Do I Stand? - West Virginia is a land of natural beauty. Often described as “wild and wonderful,” the state’s fall foliage, scenic rivers, and abundant wildlife inspired the composition of a ballad. The song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” portrays West Virginia as “almost Heaven,” and the phrase is difficult to refute (Danoff, Denver, & Nivert, 1971). According to the West Virginia Department of Commerce (2009), the state ranks among the lowest in the nation for the cost of living, the employee turnover rate, average home prices, and instances of violent crime....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1078 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Fossil Fuel Coal - Coal, an amazing fossil fuel Abstract Coal has had a tremendous effect on the world. It produces the most electricity when compared to other fuels. The US generates more than half of their electricity from coal. This black or brownish‐black fossil fuel, formed by the energy in plants hundreds of millions of years ago, is made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, and small traces of other elements like sulfur. Coal has four main types of categories. Mining is the method used to extract coal from underneath the ground....   [tags: Energy Power Natural Resources] 1903 words
(5.4 pages)
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Working-Class Poverty and the Southern Colorado Coal Strike - The working class has served as an integral part of our capitalist society; as the building blocks, and producers of the goods that supply and support our country, the working class and working poor have faced many struggles to gain working rights. The histories of labor movements in the United States are often silenced from the mainstream culture; while we take our current union laws for granted, long forgotten are the bloody battles that took place to secure these rights. The ideological issues facing our modern day working class have shown to stem from the same socially constructed ideals that existed during past labor wars, such as the Colorado Coal Strike....   [tags: working class, working rights, labor movement]
:: 2 Works Cited
1368 words
(3.9 pages)
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How Coal Is Formed - How Coal Is Formed Coal is a very important fossil fuel. Without coal, steel would never have been invented and could have changed my life dramatically. The reason for this is because I am from Pittsburgh. At one point in time Pittsburgh was the leading producer of steel, and even had the nickname “The Steel City.” During the early 1900’s, steel factories were the main source of an income for people living in Pittsburgh. Working in these steel factories has been a part of my family’s past, since three generations of my family have been part of the steel industry....   [tags: Research Essays]
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685 words
(2 pages)
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Got Coal? - Got Coal. In this essay, I hope to inform the reader about the variations in Pennsylvania’s coals, explain the differing methods of coal mining, and provide insights into the use of coal. Although Pennsylvania’s coal reserves have dwindled, coal is still one of the major energy forms used for electric power generation. Widespread use of alternative energy forms have not yet taken place, although this is an area that needs to develop further, if we don’t want to exhaust our current reserves of fossil fuels....   [tags: Research Essays] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Coal Legislation - Coal Coal is a fossil fuel- hydrocarbon containing natural resource, much like petroleum or natural gas. It is extracted from the Earth by strip mining or underground mining. It is a readily combustible black sedimentary rock, which is one of the three main rock categories. Coal is composed of carbon and hydrocarbons, in coordination with other elements. It is the leading source of electricity the world over. It is estimated that half of the world’s electricity is powered by coal. Coal mining in the United States is recorded to have first occurred in Virginia when 50 tons were purged from the earth in 1748 (coaleducation.org)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Coal Mining - Coal Mining Coal, a mineral I have discussed previously, is necessary to our everyday lives. Coal is an incredible source of energy; it heats our houses and buildings, and also fuels stoves. You may often wonder where this extremely useful mineral comes from. Coal does not just appear; it needs to be mined through a process which results in our being able to utilize it. Coal mining is fairly inexpensive, is carried out on a large scale and can be mined in either underground or surface mines. Surface mining is the coal mining process that accounts for around 60% of the United States’ coal....   [tags: Economy Economics Energy Resources Essays] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Clean Coal Technology - Clean Coal Technology The Sun is one of the most valuable resources to us as human beings and we would not exist without it. It has provided the earth with energy since the beginning of the universe. One way that the power of the sun is utilized by us is through the use of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are essentially energy stored by the sun from milllions of years ago. One of our most valuable fossil fuels is coal. We have been using it for decades, but are just now learning all of the negative drawbacks that come with burning coal....   [tags: Energy Environment Environmental]
:: 4 Works Cited
460 words
(1.3 pages)
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Coal Truck Drivers - Introduction: I. Attention Getter: When cruising down the highway, watch out. What was that. A bird, a plane, no it was a big boulder of coal falling from the coal truck onto the highway. What next. There went my headlight, and my quarter panel. Look out. Close the sunroof. II. Thesis: My pet peeve coal truck drivers, they are everywhere. It’s not safe to drive on the roads anymore. III. Preview: Every person in this room had to drive or is driven to get here. Did you pay attention to how many coal trucks you passed....   [tags: Informative Speech] 475 words
(1.4 pages)
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Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 - Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued that the industrial and economic preparation before the wars, which united Germany, were more important....   [tags: Blood and Iron ] 1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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Nuclear power for Cleaner Energy - The people of the United States and the world should want cleaner energy. How does it revolve around the southwest area of the United States of America. There are always the slight possibilities of having a meltdown of the plant as well. Using uranium as a power source is a clean sufficient way to produce energy. It truly is safe due to all of the research and development that has occurred. In the United States, The people use lots of energy. As of today most of their energy is produced by wind and coal....   [tags: Coal, Energy]
:: 8 Works Cited
962 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Use of Coal as an Energy Source in the United States - Energy from Coal: The Nation’s Dirty Secret Abstract While technology has led the world into such an advanced setting with intelligent machinery and automated devices, coal has remained a loyal contributor of the energy needed by these various types of equipment to function properly. Almost half of the electricity in the United States is produced in coal plants where coal is burnt to produce this energy [1]. Both beneficial and detrimental factors come with this alternative source of energy, known by the world for centuries....   [tags: Energy Power Fossil Fuel Natural Resource]
:: 10 Works Cited
1398 words
(4 pages)
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Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants - Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants Currently our country, and especially California, is confronting a serious energy crisis. Newspaper headlines warn of blackouts and tremendous rate increases. The cost of all we buy will increase in an effort to cover the added expenses. They only way to control this shortage of fuel are to produce more, conserve and control the amount of energy we use or a combination of conserving and increasing production. In the United States two major sources of energy are coal and nuclear power....   [tags: Papers] 1928 words
(5.5 pages)
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Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects - Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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655 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry - The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry Coal mining has always been an important component of Nova Scotia's economy, landscape and culture. Together with cod fishing it was the primary export and employer for the regions population. With both industries now failing, the poor economic climate will no doubt have an effect on the population. This paper attempts to examine the economic conditions, market forces, and political maneuvering that gave rise to the coal industry in Nova Scotia as well as those contributing to its demise....   [tags: Papers] 2562 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire - The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire In this paper I will explain why revolt by the labor against capital in Second Empire France failed. To explain the situation, I will use Marx's theory of capital accumulation as he presents it in {Capital}. Also important in the theoretical description of this phenomena is the role of tradition and the way its restraints deviate from those of the economy in this French society. Based on this description I will discuss how the function of management is enforced by the economy and traditions inherent in a society....   [tags: World History Economy Economics Essays] 1990 words
(5.7 pages)
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Best Places in Kazakhstan to Build Wind Systems - It is widely believed that wind power stations have a significant amount of drawbacks, which can excel its positive side. Critics maintain the idea that wind systems require a significant amount of space for producing comparatively small quantity of energy. It is argued that coal mines, for example, are sufficiently more productive and occupy less area than wind power stations. However, there is an evidence for the opposing side. However, before explaining the argument, it is necessary to understand power density, which is a value of energy spread over a definite amount of area....   [tags: Environment, Energy, Coal Mines] 1925 words
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The Battle of the Denniston Plateau - Introduction In September 2010 Australian based mining company Bathurst Resources began the long application process involved in gaining resource consents relating to the Escarpment Mine Project (EMP), Denniston Plateau and Fairdown. On the 23rd of May 2013 consent was hastily granted by conservation minister Nick Smith. (1) The decision was rushed through by the Department of Conservation (DOC) in order to avoid public consultation. Three years ago the National government conceded to pressure from the public as 40,000 protesters marched down Queen Street in Auckland outraged by the Crown Minerals Act review and the proposal to open high-value conservation land to coal mining....   [tags: Coal Mining at Denniston Plateau]
:: 27 Works Cited
3141 words
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Industrial Capitalism in Each Man’s Son by Hugh McLennan - Each Man’s Son, by Hugh MacLennan, is set in Cape Breton where the mining industry acts as the focal point in the lives of most characters. Mining brings “great wealth and prosperity, as well as great misery and environmental destruction” (Armstrong et al. vii). Industrial capitalism, in Each Man’s Son, is a toxic force that aids in presenting the negative social and physical effects on the community of Broughton through the changes in environment, the physical and emotional repercussions of the colliery being bombarded onto men, and the emotional effects the colliery has on women....   [tags: environment, mining industry, coal]
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Examining Efficiency in UK Electricity - In reaction to those demands, Winksel (2002) confirmed that a small number of international plant manufacturers such as General Electric, Asea Brown Boveri, Westinghouse and Siemens began investing heavily in industrial gas turbine development, and developed “advanced units of around 100MW to 150MW specifically for use in combined cycle plant” (Winskel, 2002, p.569). In 1989, the manufacturers released a new series of advanced designs “rated at over 200MW, and by 1990, gas turbines were capturing two-thirds of all power plant orders in the USA” (Winskel, 2002, p.569)....   [tags: Energy, British Coal] 571 words
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Fuels: Hydraulic Fracking, Yes or No? - From the mining to burning, coal creates large amounts of pollution, and damages the environment. “Clean Coal” is a myth, there is only less dirty coal. This is why fracking should be used to obtain other fuels, which are cleaner. Fracking is a process in which different fluids are pumped into the earth at high pressures to drill a hole. Horizontal fracking is when after they reach a certain depth, the nozzle makes a ninety degree turn to reach areas that were previously unreachable. Once the deposit is reached, the fluid is pumped back out....   [tags: pollution, coal, environment]
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Fossil Fuels on Americas Future - It is widely accepted that the use of fossil fuels as an energy source has had disastrous effects on the environment. In America alone 73% of the energy supplied comes from the burning of oil and coal. The dependency America has on fossil fuel is wide spread; you experience it directly when you drive your car and turn on the lights to read this paper. What about the 27% of the energy used to supply the population of America (Smil 55).Some of it comes from a diverse sub-level of energy sources, called renewable energy....   [tags: environment, energy, oil, coal]
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Renewable Energy: The Future of Energy - Many nations use energy generated from burning fossil fuels like oil, coal and natural gas. However, with the rapid growth of population, the demand for energy is increasing and this means burning fossil fuels to create energy generates emissions such as carbon dioxide and monoxide which in turn affects our environment, health and warms our planet. The long term use of fossil fuels is not viable, therefore, to combat the dependency on fossil fuels, renewable energy sources must be adopted to maintain the economic growth and development and to maintain the environment and prevents more risks of global warming....   [tags: coal, natural gas]
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New Energy for the Future - New Energy for the Future For years man has relied on energy in order to be successful in life. The industrial revolution relied on coal for the new inventions brought into the world. Life as has never been the same since then. However since that time, there has been little done to improve on energy efficiency and humans still primarily rely on fossil fuels for energy. For over a hundred years the Earth has become more polluted and dirtier than ever before. Now, with new, innovative technology there is an opportunity to change that and to rely on renewable, cleaner sources of energy....   [tags: industrial revolution, coal, fuel ]
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Energy Resources - Everything on Earth revolves around energy. Whether it involves plants, animals, or humans. The activities we do every day in our households, and the tasks that occur worldwide, use energy, that will eventually run out. That is why we need to conserve the energy resources we have, and search to find an alternate resource. Coal is one the three main fossil fuels. It is composed of living materials, which classifies it as a fossil fuel. It is also classified by its hardness, moisture, and heat content....   [tags: energy, coal]
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Estimating the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Coal, Petroleum and Nuclear Energy Industries According to Country and Time Period - Literature Review In order to define optimal investment in R&D, it is necessary to study the rate of return to R&D investments. Jones and Williams in the 1998 paper “Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D” estimate the effects of non-optimal investment using an endogenous growth model. This paper will use a similar growth model to conduct its research, with the goal of estimating the social rate of return instead of the private rate of return. The reason for this distinction being the social rate of return includes positive spillovers, as mentioned previously....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Modeling, Public Good]
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Energy Resources - We need fossil fuels for everyday life, Coal is used for to smelt metals, transporting materials, and for heat and light. There is many alternate energy sources like nuclear energy it can be very useful in the future. It makes energy by splitting the atoms of uranium. There is many ways to conserve and recycle resources. I have an Idea to keep more of our trees by using Ipads instead of paper . Coal is a black or brown rock. There are many different types of coal including Anthracite, Bituminous, lignite,subbituminous....   [tags: energy, coal]
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Energy Resource Paper - Everyday we use energy; whether it’s walking, driving a car or even turning on the lights. but how do we get our energy. We get energy from fossil fuel. Most fossil fuels are nonrenewable and we use so much every day that one day we are going to run out. What are we going to do then. We also have alternative energy sources. Some are generated through the wind or even by falling water. We need to conserve our sources now, renewable and nonrenewable, there are many simple ways to do this. There are three major fossil fuels, petroleum, natural gas and coal....   [tags: fossil fuel, coal]
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European Energy Security - The energy sector is one of the columns of growth, competitiveness and development in our modern economy, but just with safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy, the well-being of the people, industry and economy can be ensure. Moreover, energy-related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU´s total greenhouse gas emissions which directly contribute to climate change. Therefore, Europe is facing a serious energy security challenge in supporting its demand, at the same time that concerns over environmental sustainability and particularly about the global climate....   [tags: sustainable energy, coal]
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Renewable Energy is the Future - Using fossil fuels such as coal and oil is inefficient, dangerous, and otherwise a process that is known to eventually fail as a long lasting energy source. Yet, there is hope for the future of energy, this new hope has many shapes and forms, but requires a chance to be fully implemented in our everyday life. Such energy sources like solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and hydro power are the key to our future. These energy sources are proven to be long lasting, safe, more reliable, and the next innovation....   [tags: fossil fuels, energy source, coal]
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America’s Reliance on Fossil Fuels - In 1908, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) predicted that the total future supply of U.S. oil would not exceed 23 billion barrels. In 1914, the U.S. Bureau of Mines predicted that only 5.7 billion barrels of oil remained. In 1920, the USGS proclaimed the peak in U.S. oil production was almost reached. In 1939, the Department of Interior declared that there was only 13 years of oil production remaining. In 1977, President Jimmy Carter claimed, “We are now running out of oil.” Despite these predictions, the U.S....   [tags: coal, energy, renewable resources, economy]
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Energy Crisis in China - The 21st century marks the beginning of a technologically advanced epoch. Scientists usher humans to a new era of information. However, how does technology works. The answer is energy. Energy is the important element to run machines. If there is no energy in the world, civilization will not develop successfully. The importance of energy to a person is that energy can make our life more efficient and resilient while the importance of energy to society is that it can improve people’s living standard and quality of life, promote industrialization, speed up a development of new industries and enhance advanced invention of new technologies....   [tags: technology, electricity, coal, natural resources]
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Energy Resources - We use energy in our ever day life, all the time. Have you ever wondered where the energy comes from; this paper includes two of the energy sources that we in Kansas rely on in a day to day lifestyle. Energy is all around us and it is a big part in our daily life style, coal powers our homes on a major scale but creates pollution, wind energy makes little pollution but it does not deliver quite the energy output. Coal is a hard, combustible, sedimentary rock that is found where organisms have been deposited overtime, the deposition of coal results in four stages of coal are: Peat, Lignite, Bituminous, Anthracite....   [tags: environment, coal, mining]
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Energy Resources - Coal is a black or brown rock that can be lit and burned to make energy by warmth. Coal is also one of the most used fossil fuels. There are many different varieties of coal, it includes lignite, subbituminous, bituminous and anthracite. It is said that lignite is the youngest out of all of them.(Kentucky Educational Television 2013) Coal is made up of once living organisms, making it a fossil fuel. (Illinois Coal Association 2013) Coal mining is the separation of deposits from the surface of the Earth and from the crust....   [tags: fossil fuel, coal]
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Energy Resources - Energy is the single most important part of everyday life, and fossil fuels are a key part of the world’s energy resources. In fact, the most abundant and economically viable fossil fuel is coal. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency (EIA), the United States has the world’s largest recoverable reserves. Although domestic usage has decreased from “its annual share of total net generation of 50% in 2007 to 37% in 2012”, exportation of U.S. coal is steadily increasing. Even if domestic net usage continues to decrease in the future, exports are sure to increase with more and more countries beginning to industrialize and look for cheap, reliable energy resources....   [tags: fossil fuels, coal, mining]
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The Miners Strike 1984 - Throughout the century British coal had become increasingly costly and difficult to mine. Nationalization in 1948 had not altered this. Indeed, there was a case for saying that lack of government investment since that date had added to the problem. For some time Britain had been importing coal from abroad. With the exception of few pits producing particular types of coal, British mines by the 1970s were running at loss. When Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister the first thing she wanted to do was limit union power....   [tags: British Coal, Margaret Thatcher vs Trade Union] 499 words
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Technology and Society - Technology and Society There is a town in eastern Pennsylvania called Centralia. It was a mining town fairly typical of Pennsylvania in the 1880’s. Today it is virtually a ghost town. Interestingly, it has not been degraded due to the decline in the demand for coal. The decline in population in Centralia is due to a mine fire that was started in 1962 and has still not been extinguished today. Many discussions these days of coal energy and society would include such topics as the pervasiveness of coal as an energy source in the world as well as the environmental impacts of using coal for energy....   [tags: Coal Mining Technologies Essays]
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Chesapeake Bay - PREFACE The Chesapeake Bay is a large bay that stretches from Maryland to Virginia, fed by many rivers and streams that run from as far north as New York to Virginia and West Virginia.5 It is home to a plethora of plants and fish species, many of which the people of the area fish for food and supplies. The pollution present in the Chesapeake Bay is affecting the livelihood of both the fishermen and the fish – the less the fishermen haul due to the death of the species they catch, the less they get paid – and as consumers of these fish, we are consuming the toxins as well....   [tags: coal, chemicals, oxygen, pollution, foundation]
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The Feudal Society of Matewan - The Feudal Society of Matewan The Stone Mountain Coal Company wielded monopoly control over the town of Matewan through a feudal system of economic, cultural, political, and environmental processes. Every person in the town of Matewan came under the power of the company in one way or another. The employees of Stone Mountain were under a bondage contract with the company. Once they came to the company it was impossible to leave and at the same time maintain a basic standard of living. They could not leave also because once they signed on with the company they owed the company a large sum of money for everything ranging from the ticket for the train that brought them to Matewan to the e...   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Economics Essays] 998 words
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Fossil Fuels - Part One - Introduction       Fossil Fuels are the most important energy sources in our world today. The overwhelming majority of the energy used in the world comes from the burning of three major fossil fuels: coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are a non-renewable source of energy. They are formed over a very long period of time; the fossil fuels on earth today were formed from plants and animals that lived up to 300 million years ago. These fossil fuels are found in deposits deep beneath the earth....   [tags: Coal Petroleum Natural Gas]
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Mountaintop Removal - Over the past few decades humans have grasped a larger understanding of their environment and the effects they have on it. Despite this, activities such as mountaintop removal still occur. Mountaintop removal not only harms the environment but also people as well. The process of mountaintop removal has negative effects on communities, ruins water systems, and destroys the natural environment. To understand the effects of mountaintop removal it is important to know the actions that lead to them....   [tags: Environmental Issues, Coal Mining, Social Issues] 1393 words
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Matewan - Matewan Ignorance promotes fear. The Stone Mountain Coal Company exploits the ignorance of its employees to maintain power in Matewan. Keeping Matewan’s residents fearful of their future, fearful of change and fearful for their lives, the Stone Mountain Coal Company retains absolute control over the town of Matewan. Controlling all four social and cultural processes at work in Matewan, the company is able to extract the fear, work, and “loyalty” they desire out of their workers. They are maintaining a feudal environment over their employees, binding them through debt peonage to serve only the Stone Mountain Coal Company, denying them the freedom to search for other employers....   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Mining Essays] 1293 words
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Oil Resources in Canada - In today’s world humans are consuming massive amounts of fossil fuels. The top five oil consuming countries in the world are the usual suspects. These include the United States, China, Japan, India and Russia. Canada comes in at number 10 with a daily consumption of 2,287 thousand barrels per day. There are three major types of fossil fuels: coal, oil and natural gas. These resources were formed during the Carboniferous Period 360-286 million years ago. During this time earth was covered in swamps with large amounts of plants and waters filled with algae....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing]
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Disadvantages of Solar Energy - At the bottom of water is plant matter. That is what coal starts off as. It is covered in sediments and eventually goes through metamorphosis. After metamorphosis, it eventually becomes coal, which is one of the three most important resources on Earth. Another resource is solar energy, which is now being widely used in a variety of ways. Panels and sun light are what is used to collect this type of energy efficiently. The third type of energy resource is water. This type of energy can be conserved when a plan is implemented....   [tags: energy resource, environment, solar energy]
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Exploring Energy Resources - A fossil fuel is something-such as coal or a gas-that is now the remains of the once living organisms. Those organisms formed in the geological past. (Illinois Coal Association, 2013) Coal is an important resource that we use in our lives. Coal is something that we use all the time. Coal produces energy when burned, which then powers what we use, want and in some cases, need. (Illinois Coal Association, 2013) Coal is generally a dark colored rock. When burned—it produces heat. The chemical make-up of coal is Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Sulfur....   [tags: Energy Resources]
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Natural Gas is a Viable Alternative Energy Source for Electricity Production - The use of natural gas as an energy source, to produce electricity, is becoming more common in the United States. Due to growing concerns regarding global climate change and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG); the country’s dependence on foreign oil; and the fears that conventional natural gas supplies could be depleted within the next decade, the United States has begun developing alternative energy sources. Most critics would agree that clean alternative energy is the ideal source of electricity, but many argue about the available technology and efficiency of these sources....   [tags: Energy, Shale Gas]
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