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Your search returned over 400 essays for "coal"
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Coal - Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4] But coal is also a rather variable energy substance as the different ranks, or measure of degree of change from the peat stage, affects the heating value and sulfur content of the coal....   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]
:: 11 Sources Cited
654 words
(1.9 pages)
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Coal Chemistry and Technology - ... According to Vernon et al (1993) "Coal sulphur content can vary from below 0.5% to over 10% by weight, with the majority of coals currently in use being within the range 0.5-3%" Sulphur Occurs in coal as sulphides, organic sulphur, elemental sulphur and sulphate. (Ryan et al, 1997) Iron sulphide, which is the primary source of sulphur in coal. Depending on the crystalline habit we predominantly pyrite (cubic) and marcasite (orthorombic). Often they are referred collectively as pyrite (Morrison, 1981) Organic sulphur is bound in a number of forms....   [tags: Coal Research Paper ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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Coal Fires - Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
718 words
(2.1 pages)
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PREDICTION OF CLEAN COAL PRODUCT USING MATHEMATICAL MODELS - ... Such parameters include the coal feed quality, the operational density and feed rate amongst others. All this parameters have to be manipulated in such a way that they will meet the customer product specification. 1.2.1 Coal feed quality; coal was produced a million years ago from different plant species falling into a peat and being covered with various types of sediments. As the coal is mined together with this minerals that form part of its structure they will affect the coal quality as follows: Run-of-mine (ROM) coal contains ash impurities which are characteristically selectively separated through the use of density....   [tags: Coal Wash Plants, Coal Productions]
:: 11 Works Cited
1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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Dangers Of Coal Mining - What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines] 907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Coal - ... Iron and steel are made more expensive by coal. (Coal Association, 2013) The prudent use of coal will allow the U.S. the time needed to develop viable alternative energy sources—primarily solar technology and fuel from grain—without any negative impact on our national economy. As a great resource that provides fuel and creates energy, coal can be mined and burned with little environmental impact. Coal also helps the economy by providing many jobs through removing coal from the Earth, transporting it to the utility, burning it, and disposing of coal ash....   [tags: energy resource, environment, solar energy]
:: 15 Works Cited
1546 words
(4.4 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Using Mathematical Models - ... Clean coal ash: Feeding the Wemco Drum at a high rate posses a high possibility of ineffective separation of sinks and floats. This means that coal particles may be displaced thus the sinks may report with clean coal particles diluting their quality by increasing the ash content of the final product. Yield; the yield is the ratio of clean coal to the feed coal. Since the clean coal correlates well with the feed tonnes the expectations was a positive correlation to emerge at this stage. A factor to consider is the combination of: coal quality, yield as well as the rate at which that particular coal is fed to the washing circuit....   [tags: Clean Coal, Equations]
:: 11 Works Cited
2419 words
(6.9 pages)
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Coal Mining and Its Impacts - Coal Mining and Its Impacts Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal....   [tags: Coal Dangers Mines Essays Papers]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
978 words
(2.8 pages)
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Clean Coal and Its Potential - Clean Coal and Its Potential With the United States' increasing addiction for petroleum and imported energy, many organizations have begun to pressure government agencies to consider cleaner methods for fuel. As evident from recent government spending, the current administration favors the generation of electricity through a fossil fuel abundant in the United States; coal. Though coal is widely seen as a cheap source of energy, it contains many drawbacks: it’s emissions. Clean coal alternatives are available and they appear to have a promising future in the world of non-renewable energy....   [tags: Energy Coal Fuel Essays Papers]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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Coal: A Human History by Barbara Freese - Coal: A Human History was written by Barbara Freese to focus on the history of coal and how mankind has used it as part of their lifestyle. Ever since the times when early nomads used the slash-and-burn method, coal has been around acting as jewelry for the Romans and as fuel for peasants and the noble class in Britain. Coal was in such high demand that many inventions were utilized for the convenience of retrieving it from intolerable conditions such as vacuums and the construction of more efficient underground tunnels....   [tags: Coal Natural Resource History] 1707 words
(4.9 pages)
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Coal - Coal As the granddaughter of an Irish immigrant coal miner, I thought I knew everything there was to know about coal. I was wrong. After learning about coal rank, and the different types of coal mines, I gained a much deeper appreciation for the work of my grandfather. Being from Tamaqua, I knew what anthracite coal was as soon as I could understand my Pappy’s ramblings. Among the Top 20 Signs You’re from the Coal Region, included “You think only God has the proper resume to take over after Joe Paterno leaves Penn State” (Top Ten)....   [tags: Research Essays]
:: 3 Sources Cited
420 words
(1.2 pages)
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Coal - Coal In the world today, Coal is one of the most used Fossil Fuels in America. The black gold, which I like to call it, affects America in so many different ways. Have no worries coal is no where from becoming extinct or replaced. "Coal will be popular big time, in 2005," says Jim Thompson, who edits the weekly report U.S. Coal Review out of Knoxville, Tenn. "There will be more test bums than ever." In Wyoming alone they shipped out over four hundred million tons. I can’t even imagine how large that quantity is....   [tags: Energy Resources Fossil Fuels Essays]
:: 3 Sources Cited
675 words
(1.9 pages)
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Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s Coal - Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s “Coal” There is a double-consciousness, according to W.E Burghardt Du Bois, in which we view ourselves through a veil. Underneath of this veil is the true self. The person that we are in our purest state. The veil itself, however, is how society sees us and our realization of that projection. Looking in a mirror, both layers can be seen. However, the true self is still covered, muddled, unclear beneath the sheer outer shell of expectation. In her poem “Coal”, Audre Lorde alludes to this concept through the dual image of a piece of coal and a diamond....   [tags: Audre Lorde Coal Essays] 1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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Got Coal? - Got Coal. In this essay, I hope to inform the reader about the variations in Pennsylvania’s coals, explain the differing methods of coal mining, and provide insights into the use of coal. Although Pennsylvania’s coal reserves have dwindled, coal is still one of the major energy forms used for electric power generation. Widespread use of alternative energy forms have not yet taken place, although this is an area that needs to develop further, if we don’t want to exhaust our current reserves of fossil fuels....   [tags: Research Essays] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Coal Legislation - Coal Coal is a fossil fuel- hydrocarbon containing natural resource, much like petroleum or natural gas. It is extracted from the Earth by strip mining or underground mining. It is a readily combustible black sedimentary rock, which is one of the three main rock categories. Coal is composed of carbon and hydrocarbons, in coordination with other elements. It is the leading source of electricity the world over. It is estimated that half of the world’s electricity is powered by coal. Coal mining in the United States is recorded to have first occurred in Virginia when 50 tons were purged from the earth in 1748 (coaleducation.org)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Coal Mining - Coal Mining Coal, a mineral I have discussed previously, is necessary to our everyday lives. Coal is an incredible source of energy; it heats our houses and buildings, and also fuels stoves. You may often wonder where this extremely useful mineral comes from. Coal does not just appear; it needs to be mined through a process which results in our being able to utilize it. Coal mining is fairly inexpensive, is carried out on a large scale and can be mined in either underground or surface mines. Surface mining is the coal mining process that accounts for around 60% of the United States’ coal....   [tags: Economy Economics Energy Resources Essays] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Energy Resources: Conservation of Coal - ... It can also help power many important businesses around the world. Also since coal is a nonrenewable resource, means that we can’t fully rely on it. Already prices for all fossil fuels have sky-rocketed. Some day we will run out of these resources, like coal, so we need to conserve it the best we can. (Source Watch, 2013) Since population is rising, the rate of coal has increased. We don’t realize how much coal we use every day. We are constantly surrounded by items that either have coal in them or coal helped make them....   [tags: fossil fuels, wind energy, deforestation, mining]
:: 13 Works Cited
1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster - Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster What Happened. The largest environmental disaster in U.S. history occurred on December 22nd, 2008 when a 84-acre pit containing toxic coal combustion residue at the Tennessee Valley Authority Fossil Plant in Kingston, Tennessee gave way. According to a report by AECOM, the firm hired to perform the root cause report, a “combination of the high water content of the wet ash, the increasing height of ash, the construction of the sloping dikes over the wet ash, and the existence of an unusual bottom layer of ash and silt were among the long-evolving conditions that caused the ash spill at Kingston Fossil Plant” (TVA, 2010)....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
:: 10 Works Cited
1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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Nuclear, Coal, and Alternative Energy - Nuclear Vs. Coal Power Nuclear power and coal are two of the main sources of electricity used in the United States today. Coal and Nuclear power along with Natural Gas make up over 93% of the power we use. Yet they are also the most feared and misunderstood. While both have negative connotations, they both are clearly still doing the job better than other alternative energy. Nuclear power is not readily feared for the result it will have on the environment although it should be. Used fuel assemblies are kept on site for at least seven years usually stored in onsite ponds....   [tags: Energy Sources]
:: 2 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Coal Seam Gas - With environmental sustainability a key focus for the future the need for cleaner forms of power generation have resulted in a number of gas exploration projects in Australia (Department of Infrastructure and Planning, 2008). With Australia having potentially vast untapped reserves of coal seam methane beds it must be asked whether there are any negative impacts associated with coal seam methane (CSM) before the energy industry moves into a new technology. Coalification, the geologic process that progressively converts plant material to coal, generates large quantities of natural gas, which are subsequently stored in the coal seams....   [tags: Environment ]
:: 23 Works Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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Working in a Coal Mine - The loud beat thumps relentlessly. It is like a never-ending headache changing only with a mood, an arrangement, or a performer. The message of the song, in and of itself, is clear, but performers can change a song’s meaning without as much as the alteration of a single lyric. In 1966, Lee Dorsey released a song entitled, “Working in a Coal Mine.” Allen Toussaint wrote the lyrics and music. (Wikipedia-Working in a Coal Mine) The release of the song came at a time when America coal miners were enduring tremendous hardship in the coalmines of West Virginia....   [tags: Music] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Coal Mining: Benefits from Making Coal Production Cleaner - Coal Mining: Can Clean Be The New Green. When trying to choose a topic for my Response Paper, I came across the article on the SEED Magazine website titled “The Lesser Evil: Nuclear or Coal?” Because I not only live in a coal mining town, but also in a county that would no longer exist without the coal industry, I wanted to not only see what exactly was so “evil” about coal, but also how it could be made safer. With global warming, acid rain and other issues coming into view in the present, I have mostly focused on the effect that coal mining has on the environment....   [tags: energy, environment] 943 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal as a source of economic growth versus the adverse nature of burning coal - In Ohio, the environmental ethics dilemma could be seen as the end result of a clash between two views. The clash occurs as the deliberate distortion of coal as a source of economic growth and prosperity collides with empirical facts shared by the scientific community about the adverse nature of burning coal. Through means of assessing both views from a consequentialist ethical standpoint, we could form a conclusion about the legitimacy of each view’s claims; hence, we can decide which view is ethically superior, in other words, which view is efficient from an environmental standpoint....   [tags: Environmental Ethics] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants - Coal and natural gas are the United States’ main fossil fuels used as energy sources. These fossil fuels both contain mixtures of hydrocarbons, which is a chemical compound of carbon and hydrogen (Olah, 2005). Currently, fossil fuels provide eighty-five percent of commercial energy, such as businesses, worldwide and this eighty-five percent does not even account for residential use. Imagine if the residential energy use was accounted for in that eighty-five percent (Davison, 2007). According to Goodell (2006), “Between 1950 and 2000, the world population increased by 140 percent and fossil fuel consumption increased by 400 percent....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Energy Vs. Beauty in Coal Mining - Every day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the coal by using pick axes, mules, and rail cars....   [tags: Environment, Energy]
:: 6 Works Cited
1523 words
(4.4 pages)
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Film Review for Coal Miner's Daughter - The Coal Miner’s Daughter, an influential film, first shown in 1980, was voted an Academy Award Winning Motion Picture. This film depicts a young girl’s life who lived in a coal mining town, had a journeying life, and become a famous country singer. This motion picture was not produced purposing pure societal entertainment, but rather the accurate portrayal of Loretta Lynn’s personal life. The film Coal Miner’s Daughter, illustrates Loretta Lynn’s life’s obstacles of family struggles, influential friends, and emotional tactics of life’s exertion....   [tags: Film Review]
:: 5 Works Cited
1131 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Fossil Fuel Coal - Coal, an amazing fossil fuel Abstract Coal has had a tremendous effect on the world. It produces the most electricity when compared to other fuels. The US generates more than half of their electricity from coal. This black or brownish‐black fossil fuel, formed by the energy in plants hundreds of millions of years ago, is made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, and small traces of other elements like sulfur. Coal has four main types of categories. Mining is the method used to extract coal from underneath the ground....   [tags: Energy Power Natural Resources] 1903 words
(5.4 pages)
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Clean Coal Technology - Clean Coal Technology The Sun is one of the most valuable resources to us as human beings and we would not exist without it. It has provided the earth with energy since the beginning of the universe. One way that the power of the sun is utilized by us is through the use of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are essentially energy stored by the sun from milllions of years ago. One of our most valuable fossil fuels is coal. We have been using it for decades, but are just now learning all of the negative drawbacks that come with burning coal....   [tags: Energy Environment Environmental]
:: 4 Sources Cited
460 words
(1.3 pages)
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Energy Research Essay - Coal - Energy Research Essay - Coal First of all, coal can be classified in many different classes. One way is known as coal rank. Coal rank is a measure of degree of change (metamorphosis) from the peat stage. The ranks range from low rank to high rank. These are called lignite, subituminous, bituminous, and anthracite. Heating value and sulfur content reach maximum values at the bituminous coal rank. This stage contains very important environmental implications. Low ranking coal (eg lignite) releases a smoky flame when ignited....   [tags: Energy Research Essays] 470 words
(1.3 pages)
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How Coal Is Formed - How Coal Is Formed Coal is a very important fossil fuel. Without coal, steel would never have been invented and could have changed my life dramatically. The reason for this is because I am from Pittsburgh. At one point in time Pittsburgh was the leading producer of steel, and even had the nickname “The Steel City.” During the early 1900’s, steel factories were the main source of an income for people living in Pittsburgh. Working in these steel factories has been a part of my family’s past, since three generations of my family have been part of the steel industry....   [tags: Research Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited
685 words
(2 pages)
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Coal Usage in the Victorian Era - Coal Usage in the Victorian Era Coal was an essential of life, especially concerning warmth and food preparation, for Victorians. The use of coal has a longer history than many suspect; predates the Victorian Era by hundred of years. The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life. The Victorians used various different kinds of this product, plant products buried underground in deposits of sedentary rock for millions of years....   [tags: Victorian Era]
:: 2 Sources Cited
703 words
(2 pages)
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Coal Extraction and Black Lung - Coal Extraction and Black Lung Coal is an indispensable fossil fuel that is very important to today’s society. With out coal, one would have to live without many of the luxuries we have today. There would be no lights to light a house, no movie cinemas, no electrical heaters, and no televisions or phones. “Coal has many important uses, but most significancy in electricity generation, steel and cement manufacture, and industrial process heating. Coal provides over 23% of global primary energy need and generates about 39% of the world’s electricity” (Source 1)....   [tags: Environment Energy Essays]
:: 5 Sources Cited
508 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Development of the Coal Industry - The Development of the Coal Industry 1) Light As a beginning, workers had problems of lighting their work. Several methods were used, none of them were particularly attractive. It was not safe to light in a mine. They first used rotten fish, which gave off a phosphorescent glow (besides the dreadful smell). Candles, which exploded the methane flint mills, which produced sparks of light but could also ignite the methane. After 1815, the Davy lamp was available, but it cost money and employers were reluctant to buy them....   [tags: Papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Coal War, by upton sinclair - THE COAL WAR Book 1, The Social Chasm By: Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclair wrote The Coal War in 1976 being published by Colorado Associated University Press. Book One; "The Social Chasm," contained 69 pages while the entirety of The Coal War had 399 pages with two other Books. "The Social Chasm" was easy to follow and had an intriguing beginning. The Coal War portrays many situations common to the people of the coal fields and those making an effort to improve its conditions....   [tags: essays research papers] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Coal Harbor Real Estate – A Good Investment Option - Coal harbor is a small section situated between Canada’s downtown peninsula (Vancouver) and Brockton Peninsula of Stanley Park. It derived its name when coal was discovered in 1862 in the harbor. Vancouver Harbor Water Aerodrome can be found in this place. Coal Harbor real estate is very interesting. The northwestern section of land contains a community center, boating and rowing clubs, private marinas and parkland while in the southeast and Georgia Street, the neighborhood comprises of apartments and high rise buildings....   [tags: Real Estate]
:: 3 Works Cited
570 words
(1.6 pages)
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Coal and West Virginia: Where Do I Stand? - West Virginia is a land of natural beauty. Often described as “wild and wonderful,” the state’s fall foliage, scenic rivers, and abundant wildlife inspired the composition of a ballad. The song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” portrays West Virginia as “almost Heaven,” and the phrase is difficult to refute (Danoff, Denver, & Nivert, 1971). According to the West Virginia Department of Commerce (2009), the state ranks among the lowest in the nation for the cost of living, the employee turnover rate, average home prices, and instances of violent crime....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1078 words
(3.1 pages)
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Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 - Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued that the industrial and economic preparation before the wars, which united Germany, were more important....   [tags: Blood and Iron ] 1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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Energy Resource Paper - ... Coal is usually not sold directly to the population, but to power plants, to be used for electricity. The price of coal can vary based on its transaction, if the coal is being used by a government facility, the cost of coal is lowered, but for a private buyer, the coal of cost is the same. The average cost of coal for power plants is $44.47 per ton, while the average spot price is $52.07 per ton, if sold to a private buyer, instead of a power plant. The average price of coal that is used to make coking coal, is $153.59 per ton....   [tags: energy, coal]
:: 13 Works Cited
1590 words
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Fossil Fuel - ... It is used to power the power plant. Fission releases energy that can be used to make steam, and the steam is used to power a turbine to generate electricity. (power, 2013) The energy released from a change in the nuclei of an atom produces energy known as nuclear power. This power can be produced in two different ways — by nuclear fission, and by nuclear fusion. This is the method the sun uses to produce heat, as well as the method used to develop the Hydrogen Bomb. In the case of the Hydrogen Bomb, two hydrogen atoms combine to produce helium, thereby releasing large amounts of energy, producing a huge explosion....   [tags: energy, coal]
:: 21 Works Cited
919 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Use of Coal as an Energy Source in the United States - Energy from Coal: The Nation’s Dirty Secret Abstract While technology has led the world into such an advanced setting with intelligent machinery and automated devices, coal has remained a loyal contributor of the energy needed by these various types of equipment to function properly. Almost half of the electricity in the United States is produced in coal plants where coal is burnt to produce this energy [1]. Both beneficial and detrimental factors come with this alternative source of energy, known by the world for centuries....   [tags: Energy Power Fossil Fuel Natural Resource]
:: 10 Sources Cited
1398 words
(4 pages)
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Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants - Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants Currently our country, and especially California, is confronting a serious energy crisis. Newspaper headlines warn of blackouts and tremendous rate increases. The cost of all we buy will increase in an effort to cover the added expenses. They only way to control this shortage of fuel are to produce more, conserve and control the amount of energy we use or a combination of conserving and increasing production. In the United States two major sources of energy are coal and nuclear power....   [tags: Papers] 1928 words
(5.5 pages)
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Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects - Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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655 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry - The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry Coal mining has always been an important component of Nova Scotia's economy, landscape and culture. Together with cod fishing it was the primary export and employer for the regions population. With both industries now failing, the poor economic climate will no doubt have an effect on the population. This paper attempts to examine the economic conditions, market forces, and political maneuvering that gave rise to the coal industry in Nova Scotia as well as those contributing to its demise....   [tags: Papers] 2562 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire - The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire In this paper I will explain why revolt by the labor against capital in Second Empire France failed. To explain the situation, I will use Marx's theory of capital accumulation as he presents it in {Capital}. Also important in the theoretical description of this phenomena is the role of tradition and the way its restraints deviate from those of the economy in this French society. Based on this description I will discuss how the function of management is enforced by the economy and traditions inherent in a society....   [tags: World History Economy Economics Essays] 1990 words
(5.7 pages)
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Energy Resource Paper - ... The organic matter eventually becomes peat, the first stage of coal. The compressed peat turns into lignite, the second stage of coal. Lignite over thousands and thousands of years becomes bituminous coal, the third stage of coal. Over millions of years the bituminous coal becomes anthracite coal, the final stage of coal. The reason coal is a non-renewable resource is because this process takes millions of years (library.thinkquest.org, 1999). Coal is an important part of our everyday life, it is the center of our global economy, it powers our cities, towns, homes, and businesses; it is very important to us....   [tags: environment, coal, mining]
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1518 words
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Energy Resource Paper - ... The spinning blades turn a shaft that is connected to a generator. In the generator there are huge magnets that spin near a coiled wire. An electrical current is produced in the wire, the electricity then goes to businesses and homes. (The Oracle Education Foundation, 2013) Coal is also used to make iron and steel, about seventy percent of steel is made from coke, which is a fuel made from coal. The first use of coal was during the Industrial Revolution, it was used for trains and electricity....   [tags: fossil fuel, coal]
:: 24 Works Cited
1426 words
(4.1 pages)
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Energy Resource Paper - ... (CPS Energy 2013) Coal is important because it creates great energy. Coal is also important because it makes up approximately 54% of Americas energy. Since coal is so inexpensive it is relied to be the most important to make energy. Last, coal is important because we’ve used it for many of years and expect to use it for many more years. (Exxon Mobil 2013) It is said that bituminous coal will have around a 100 more years. Sub-bituminous coal is said to last for around 457 years. Scientist believes that lignite has around 171 years supply left....   [tags: fossil fuel, coal]
:: 7 Works Cited
965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Powerstation - ... The Lakvijaya power station makes use of bituminous coal which is a brittle sedimentary natural brown to black rock and consists of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and trace elements. Coal is classed into four groups depending on the carbon, oxygen and hydrogen content of the coal.(MSHA,2009) The higher the carbon content the higher the energy of the coal, the energy of the coal is determined by the heat value and is measured in British thermal units (Btu) (MSHA,2009).The four types of coal include lignite (Lowest carbon content), sub bituminous, bituminous, and anthracite (Highest carbon content) (MSHA,2009)....   [tags: energy, coal, minerals]
:: 24 Works Cited
1599 words
(4.6 pages)
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Examining Efficiency in UK Electricity - In reaction to those demands, Winksel (2002) confirmed that a small number of international plant manufacturers such as General Electric, Asea Brown Boveri, Westinghouse and Siemens began investing heavily in industrial gas turbine development, and developed “advanced units of around 100MW to 150MW specifically for use in combined cycle plant” (Winskel, 2002, p.569). In 1989, the manufacturers released a new series of advanced designs “rated at over 200MW, and by 1990, gas turbines were capturing two-thirds of all power plant orders in the USA” (Winskel, 2002, p.569)....   [tags: Energy, British Coal] 571 words
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Best Places in Kazakhstan to Build Wind Systems - It is widely believed that wind power stations have a significant amount of drawbacks, which can excel its positive side. Critics maintain the idea that wind systems require a significant amount of space for producing comparatively small quantity of energy. It is argued that coal mines, for example, are sufficiently more productive and occupy less area than wind power stations. However, there is an evidence for the opposing side. However, before explaining the argument, it is necessary to understand power density, which is a value of energy spread over a definite amount of area....   [tags: Environment, Energy, Coal Mines] 1925 words
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Renewable Energy - ... Renewable energy sources produce less water and air pollutants thus clean water and environment for the people living on the land. It promotes economic stability and growth of the country. This is because of the diverse renewable energy sources, and this makes the country less dependent on finite fossil fuels like oil that is normally imported. Moreover, it creates economic development through the creation of a lot of job opportunities during manufacturing of the energy, and the installation process....   [tags: coal, natural gas]
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security energy - ... As long as fossil fuels continue to dominate the fuel mix (see Figure 3) it will increase concerns about climate change as well as energy security. Having no adequate and secure supplies of energy at affordable prices is being perceived as a major threat for irreversible environmental damage for societies. And this is a Catch-22 situation. Climate change is today directly affecting energy security. Climate change has the potential to act as a multiplier or accelerant for potential conflicts and extreme weather conditions or accidents can cause energy disruptions....   [tags: sustainable energy, coal]
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Chesapeake Bay - ... Before any attempt at a feat like that could be made, there would need to be an increase in technology that allowed for more energy produced and stored in order to condense the energy source. If these changes were implemented, however, the health rating of the Chesapeake Bay would rise drastically. Lower-income families would not have to live across from mountains of coal, inhaling the immense amounts of dust that fill the air thickly. The grade of the bay in the “State of the Bay” report would increase in every aspect....   [tags: coal, chemicals, oxygen, pollution, foundation]
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America’s Reliance on Fossil Fuels - ... For oil to be dismissed of its position of America’s primary energy source, it must first become less important than another energy source. The other concept is the economic view-point. Oil is a huge commodity when it comes to economic gain and disputes. Currently, whoever controls the oil, controls the industry and can set the production prices. Renewable resources do not have this sort of industrial and economic control. Oil is finite in quantity and locations, whereas renewable resources such solar have such a vast source of power that one may as well claim it as infinite....   [tags: coal, energy, renewable resources, economy]
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Technology and Society - Technology and Society There is a town in eastern Pennsylvania called Centralia. It was a mining town fairly typical of Pennsylvania in the 1880’s. Today it is virtually a ghost town. Interestingly, it has not been degraded due to the decline in the demand for coal. The decline in population in Centralia is due to a mine fire that was started in 1962 and has still not been extinguished today. Many discussions these days of coal energy and society would include such topics as the pervasiveness of coal as an energy source in the world as well as the environmental impacts of using coal for energy....   [tags: Coal Mining Technologies Essays]
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Energy Crisis in China - ... The facilities of the factory or the equipment of the factory will not be well-prepared. The effectiveness of the technology in the rural place is lower than in the urban places. The factories are low efficiency and low productivity. In other word, they use many energy resources; however, they produce fewer products. Although the technology development is rapidly improving, there are still a lot of factories which haven’t upgraded yet. According to the news article, “China: Economic Growth is Still the Priority”, the insufficient availability of advanced energy technology and the uneven deployment of advanced energy technology among the same industry not only affect the environment but also result in the low energy efficiency (Ji)....   [tags: technology, electricity, coal, natural resources]
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Fossil Fuels - Part One - Introduction       Fossil Fuels are the most important energy sources in our world today. The overwhelming majority of the energy used in the world comes from the burning of three major fossil fuels: coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are a non-renewable source of energy. They are formed over a very long period of time; the fossil fuels on earth today were formed from plants and animals that lived up to 300 million years ago. These fossil fuels are found in deposits deep beneath the earth....   [tags: Coal Petroleum Natural Gas]
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The Miners Strike 1984 - Throughout the century British coal had become increasingly costly and difficult to mine. Nationalization in 1948 had not altered this. Indeed, there was a case for saying that lack of government investment since that date had added to the problem. For some time Britain had been importing coal from abroad. With the exception of few pits producing particular types of coal, British mines by the 1970s were running at loss. When Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister the first thing she wanted to do was limit union power....   [tags: British Coal, Margaret Thatcher vs Trade Union] 499 words
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Mountaintop Removal - Over the past few decades humans have grasped a larger understanding of their environment and the effects they have on it. Despite this, activities such as mountaintop removal still occur. Mountaintop removal not only harms the environment but also people as well. The process of mountaintop removal has negative effects on communities, ruins water systems, and destroys the natural environment. To understand the effects of mountaintop removal it is important to know the actions that lead to them....   [tags: Environmental Issues, Coal Mining, Social Issues] 1393 words
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Matewan - Matewan Ignorance promotes fear. The Stone Mountain Coal Company exploits the ignorance of its employees to maintain power in Matewan. Keeping Matewan’s residents fearful of their future, fearful of change and fearful for their lives, the Stone Mountain Coal Company retains absolute control over the town of Matewan. Controlling all four social and cultural processes at work in Matewan, the company is able to extract the fear, work, and “loyalty” they desire out of their workers. They are maintaining a feudal environment over their employees, binding them through debt peonage to serve only the Stone Mountain Coal Company, denying them the freedom to search for other employers....   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Mining Essays] 1293 words
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The Feudal Society of Matewan - The Feudal Society of Matewan The Stone Mountain Coal Company wielded monopoly control over the town of Matewan through a feudal system of economic, cultural, political, and environmental processes. Every person in the town of Matewan came under the power of the company in one way or another. The employees of Stone Mountain were under a bondage contract with the company. Once they came to the company it was impossible to leave and at the same time maintain a basic standard of living. They could not leave also because once they signed on with the company they owed the company a large sum of money for everything ranging from the ticket for the train that brought them to Matewan to the equipment they needed to work there....   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Economics Essays] 998 words
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Thorium an Energy Alternative - ... 1 2013) The Abundance of Thorium In the 21st century the world has become over dependent on fossil fuels for energy, and as the demand increases for these fuels the supply of oil and natural gas is having an inverse reaction. To go along with these shortages there is also a growing concern about the effects of the production of fossil fuels and the carbon emissions on our environment. Therefore, in an effort to solve these problems the world has prompted interest in the increased use of nuclear power....   [tags: fossil fuels, coal]
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Energy Resource Paper - ... We use coal for a lot of things and hopefully we can preserve it for our future needs. There is a political importance to coal that not many people know about. We need this coal but there are illegal dealings with it. Also there are many debates if we should keep using it or not even if it does effect us both health and price wise. Coal also comes with a price. It can get up to $11 to $30 a ton. The price also depends on where you are getting it and what kind you are buying. Not only does coal come with a money price but it also comes with a health price too....   [tags: environemtn, renewable, nonrenewable]
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Mountaintop Removal Mining - Appalachia, a vast, beautiful panoply of lush green mountains. At least, most of the thin line of peaks that make up the Appalachian Mountains used to be that way. Currently, the continued spread of a method of coal extraction known as mountaintop removal mining has plagued areas of the eastern United States, mainly including the state of West Virginia. Throughout its increasing stages of implementation, mountaintop removal mining has caused numerous hampering effects, including causing serious harm to nearby residents, and polluting a once-pure environment....   [tags: Mining]
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Strip Mining Laws and The Broad Form Deed - Today, coal powers over half of the electricity in the United States (“Razing Appalachia”). Over the course of many years, several different methods of mining coal have been introduced. The most controversial of these methods is surface mining, a form of mining that involves recovering minerals and ores that are very close to the exterior of the land. The two types of surface mining are strip mining and mountaintop removal. In strip mining, the overburden, several layers of dirt and/or rock are removed to reach the ore, mostly coal that is to be mined....   [tags: Mining]
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Case Study Based on Q R Holdings Ltd - SWOT analysis for Q R National Strength One of the major strengths of Q R National Ltd is its position in rail transportation. Q R National Ltd is the leading rail transporter of coal in the region. The coal, which is transported from the mine to the ports, gives the company financial stability and an advantage over its competitors. The company also commands over one third of the world’s coal exports, making it the strongest in the region. The company’s recently established performance-based culture has seen its profitability go up....   [tags: Case Study]
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Basic Public Speaking - Introduction: I. Attention Getter: When cruising down the highway, watch out. What was that. A bird, a plane, no it was a big boulder of coal falling from the coal truck onto the highway. What next. There went my headlight, and my quarter panel. Look out. Close the sunroof. II. Thesis: My pet peeve coal truck drivers, they are everywhere. It’s not safe to drive on the roads anymore. III. Preview: Every person in this room had to drive or is driven to get here. Did you pay attention to how many coal trucks you passed....   [tags: essays research papers] 475 words
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Fossil Fuels and Alternative Energy Sources - Fossil fuels are an important part of life. When you turn on the lights, watch TV, or take a shower, the electricity that you are using is being generated by fossil fuels. The three types of fossil fuels are coal, crude oil, and natural gas. They all take millions of years to form, so they are considered to be “non-renewable”- eventually, the fossil fuels will all be used up. One dangerous biological effect of using fossil fuels is ocean acidification. Extracting and transporting fossil fuels can also be very dangerous....   [tags: Energy] 2001 words
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Mining Pollution - ... The 43,000 fish that perished is the result of the discharge continuing for a sustained period of time without any effort to stop it. The article also discusses how the suit was filed two months before a statute of limitations would have prevented any further discussions with Consol Energy. If that statute of limitations had passed would that have relieved Consol Energy of any responsibility of cleaning up the waters. Issues like this once again illustrate the intersections of politics with environmental issues....   [tags: Political Factors, Virginia] 1119 words
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Investigating What happened in the Red Square - Investigating What happened in the Red Square The building, which is outlined in the Red Square, is our site called "The Glasshouse pit", Scotch horn, Nailsea. I am investigating what happened at this site and what certain features were used for at the site, by using various sources provided. I had to split up the following statement and answer it in separate bits. "There are no problems explaining the Glasshouse pit. It was a 19th century Coal mine with a steam driven pumping house, a horse gin for winding and 2 shafts, all in use at the same time"....   [tags: Papers] 2214 words
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Mountaintop Mining and Environmental and Energy Policy - Mountaintop mining has been practiced in the United States since the 1960s, primarily in the Appalachian Mountains. The process involves removing all tress from the site, then the topsoil, and then using explosives to remove the remaining soil and rock to reveal coal. The coal is removed and processed, and then the mountaintop is “reclaimed” with soil or an appropriate substitute, and sometimes replanted.6 While mountaintop mining in the Appalachians is only a small percentage of coal produced by the United States, the issues surrounding it are complex and wide-ranging....   [tags: Mining ]
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Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion - About 60 people gathered at the Winter Sun Hall on Thursday evening for a presentation and public discussion on the environmental impact and health effects of mountaintop removal mining. Following a potluck on the Dogtown Roadhouse porch, local organizer Theresa Gigante greeted attendees and thanked local businesses who made donations in support of the event. Seven guest panelists representing citizen action groups, including Mountain Justice, Climate Ground Zero, and The Southern Appalachian Mountain Stewards explained the practice of strip mining, a technique that began in the 1970’s that uses explosives and large earth moving machinery to extract coal from the ground....   [tags: Local Government] 1071 words
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John Sayles Movie, Matewan - John Sayles' Movie, Matewan Writer and Director John Sayles movie Matewan, portrays the town of Matewan, West Virginia during their historic struggle out of feudalism in the 1920's. Because a single large company owned everything in Matewan, it was nearly impossible to rise out of the feudal relationship, especially since preaching the ideals of capitalism could easily result in losing all of one's property and material possessions. While feudalism can easily be written off as a economic and social structure of the past, this notion is easily proven false in Matewan; the people of Mingo County had no choice but to follow the orders of The Stone Mountain Coal Company....   [tags: Films Movies Essays] 437 words
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Arizona Needs to MIne Black Mesa - Arizona Needs to MIne Black Mesa Missing Works Cited To the northeastern part of Arizona lay a debacle between the Native American citizens and a coal mining company known as Peabody Coal. In the seemingly unending conflict between the two groups, the problem began in 1968 when the Hopi and Navajo tribes both signed leases to Peabody Coal for mining. The contract included paying both tribes more than $1000 per acre-foot of natural aquifer water each year (Peabody Energy Online par 4). As time drew on, many indigenous people were alarmed that the water was carelessly being depleted from their land....   [tags: Counter Argument] 1253 words
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Child Labor - While the working conditions for children in Europe during the Industrial Revolution were hazardous and sometimes fatal, the era was only capable of the extraordinary profits and accomplishments it achieved because of child labor. They achieved the feats that they did because of the wide array of labor the children performed in factories, coal mines, and cotton mills. Children that worked in factories were cheaper to hire than adults and could be manipulated with physical abuse to work extensive hours and for low wages....   [tags: Human Rights]
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America Needs Alternative Fuels - ... A 2005 Honda Civic GX taking this trip uses 10,650 cubic feet of natural gas, which equals 88 gallons of gas equivalent. This costs $110 or $1.25 per gallon of gas equivalent. The 2005 Honda Civic GX gets 34 miles per gallon of gas equivalent (Allen par. 5). All this equals out to being able to travel 27 miles per dollar. A 1997 Honda EV Plus runs on electricity and gets 202 miles per gallon of gas equivalent. To make the same trip, it results in having burned one ton of coal in order to produce the 16.4 gallons of gas equivalent of electricity....   [tags: ]
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Effects of Strip Mining on the Appalachian Environment - Coal mining, in particular, strip mining has become the latest casualty of the growing green movement in the United States. What is strip mining. Encyclopædia Britannica Online defines strip mining as the removal of vegetation, soil, and rock above a layer of coal, followed by the removal of the coal itself (“strip”). Most Americans don’t realize the impact this material of biological origin that can be used as a source of energy (“fossil”), or fossil fuel, has on their everyday lives or the nation’s economy....   [tags: Environment ]
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Mercury Emissions - Even with the current advancements in the development of mercury control technologies, there is no single best way of controlling mercury emissions that can be applied across all electric utility plants in the US. Based on the available mercury control technologies, the cost of removal of mercury is estimated to range as high as $11,000 to $150,000 per kg ($5000 to $70,000 per pound)[17] and adding up to $0.005 per kW-h to power cost. Control of mercury emissions from coal-fired boiler flue gas is much more challenging problem due the low Mercury concentrations in utility boiler flue gas (typically 0.01 vs....   [tags: Environment, Pollution] 870 words
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Pollution Causes Drought in Texas - ... Our government has chosen coal to fire these generating plants, and there are fifteen plants in Texas. By 2005, Texas ranked third in the nation in coal-fired power production as published by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality . The tons of hydrocarbons emitting from these plants have been scientifically proven to change our Texas weather patterns . Texas has more coal-fired electrical capacity than any state in the U.S. Burning coal releases a tremendous amount of hydrocarbons into the atmosphere creating ozone trapping heat on the surface of the earth....   [tags: Causal Analysis, Climate] 926 words
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Rhetoric of Images - ... These cultural and historical aspects appear to be natural, objective, normal, obvious, and a true reflection of situation was. Myths are so powerful because they can hide the ideological purpose of signs and codes (Barthes 1978, 44). In the photograph the historical knowledge of the coal industries help the viewer to interpret the picture and understand the hardships the boys went through while working in the coal company. Connotation gives the illusion of denotation. It is the socio-cultural assumption that the image gives....   [tags: Image Analysis, Definition]
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