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Your search returned over 400 essays for "coal"
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The History and Future of Coal - Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: Coal Research paper]
:: 29 Works Cited
3144 words
(9 pages)
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Coal Chemistry and Technology - 1. Coal formation Coal was formed from remains of plants from several hundred millions years ago partially decomposed. These remains were settled in regions where waterlogged or swampy regions prevailed. These conditions avoid complete decomposition making possible the gradual peat formation. Peat is not considered coal actually, but is an essential step to coal formation. This formation process is called "coalification" and it is essentially a progressive change from peat to anthracite passing through different types of coals....   [tags: Coal Research Paper ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Use of Coal for Power Should Continue - The development of science and technology has led to people considering using alternative fuels to generate electricity. There are many alternative fuels that can generate electricity, such as natural gas, nuclear energy, wind energy, hydraulic power and so on (Fossil Fuels Used to Generate Electricity Power Plant Emissions of North America). According to the statistics by the U.S. Energy Information Administration in 2009, the usage of coal was still the largest source to generate the power. Sources of electricity in the United States were generated by 44.9% of coal, 20.3% of nuclear, 23.4% of natural gas, 1% of petroleum, 6.9% of hydroelectric conventional and 3.6% of others (Electric Po...   [tags: Coal, Energy Generation]
:: 15 Works Cited
1962 words
(5.6 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Product Using Mathematical Models - 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 COAL WASH PLANT The wash plant is feed by a 100T bin fitted with a vibrating feeder to aid and ease the flow of coal onto Conveyor belt 18-31. The bin can be filled up to 80T; above that it overflows through the chute connected to its side. Below 30T the bin is interlocked not to feed the wash plant to avoid coal and the bin lining being subjected to impact causing damage and excess fines generation. The maximum feed rate of the vibrating feeder and the capacity of the belt is 200t/h....   [tags: Coal Wash Plants, Coal Productions]
:: 11 Works Cited
1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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America Needs Energy from Coal - Living in Eastern Kentucky, a region that relies heavily on the coal industry, most find the dispute about coal senseless. Majority argues that coal is a major cause of the pollution within our country. However, coal is a beneficial resource; coal generates electricity. Consider the well-known saying, "Coal Keeps the Lights On." I believe when people are against coal and feel that it is too dangerous for our families or communities, they need to look at where we would be without coal. In my hometown there are numerous families supported by coal....   [tags: coal mining industry] 964 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Future of Coal Energy - Negative Effect of Current Coal Energy As the world is literally heating up, so is the pressing, controversial topic of climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) publishes a climate change report every 5 years; the 2014 report is the most alarming report thus far. The long report is the collaborative work of more than 800 climate scientists and governmental representatives. The report is shocking, and it should be. The IPCC concludes that human activity is the cause of climate change, just as smoking causes cancer....   [tags: Negative Effects, Current Coal Energy, Fuel]
:: 23 Works Cited
3652 words
(10.4 pages)
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Coal Tar Production - ... It is heavier than water. It is “practically insoluble” in water, whereas “all or almost all” dissolves in benzene or nitrobenzene (Budavari 1989). According to EPA 1994 & IARC 1985, CCT contains approximately 10,000 compounds which consist of 48% hydrocarbons, 42% carbon and 10% water. The chemical composition of coal tar depends upon the temperature of distillation (IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Chem Hum. 1985, ). The high content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is found in high-temperature (lOOO-1300°C) coal tars whereas low-temperature (400-700°C) coal tar contains high amount of phenols and tar acids....   [tags: characteristics, crude coal] 1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Using Mathematical Models - The Processing Plants is a combination of the equipment principles and the type of coal treated. The first step is to determine the relationship between the input and output variable. Information used would be from the Production reports. That is: to superpose the input and output variables namely, feed quality (ash), feed rate (tons) & medium density against; clean coal tons, clean coal ash and the Yield. If the relationship exist (based on the value of R² which is expected to be as close to 1 as possible), the equations developed would assist in establishing the overall desired model....   [tags: Clean Coal, Equations]
:: 11 Works Cited
2419 words
(6.9 pages)
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Dangers Of Coal Mining - What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines] 907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Analysis of Coal Fired Plants and Solar Energy - Given all the resources we have for the production of energy, fossil fuels has been the leader in our energy needs. Solar and wind power are the next alternative sources we have been looking at. These sources have been researched and analyzed for many years, yet, they have yet to become our primary source for our energy. The cost for both non-renewable and renewable resources are competitive, and some industries have applied solar or wind to help their needs in electricity and heating; however, to power large cities with just the use of solar energy and wind power may still be a process in the works for some time to come and we may be looking at the utilization of fossil fuels for our primar...   [tags: coal, fossil fuels, epa power]
:: 6 Works Cited
927 words
(2.6 pages)
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Coal Mining in West Virginia: Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina - Storming Heaven In 1883, the first carload of coal was transported from Tazewell County, Virginia, on the Norfolk and Western Railway. The railroad opened a gateway to the untouched coal beds of West Virginia. Towns were created as the region was transformed from an agricultural to industrial economy.(West Virginia Mine Wars) The lure of good wages and housing made the coal mining appealing to West Virginians, but all good things come at a price. In the novel Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina gives us an inside look at what really happened to the small town of Annedel, West Virginia....   [tags: miners, coal mines, farmers]
:: 3 Works Cited
887 words
(2.5 pages)
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Coal Mining and Its Impacts - Coal Mining and Its Impacts Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal....   [tags: Coal Dangers Mines Essays Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
978 words
(2.8 pages)
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Clean Coal and Its Potential - Clean Coal and Its Potential With the United States' increasing addiction for petroleum and imported energy, many organizations have begun to pressure government agencies to consider cleaner methods for fuel. As evident from recent government spending, the current administration favors the generation of electricity through a fossil fuel abundant in the United States; coal. Though coal is widely seen as a cheap source of energy, it contains many drawbacks: it’s emissions. Clean coal alternatives are available and they appear to have a promising future in the world of non-renewable energy....   [tags: Energy Coal Fuel Essays Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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Coal: A Human History by Barbara Freese - Coal: A Human History was written by Barbara Freese to focus on the history of coal and how mankind has used it as part of their lifestyle. Ever since the times when early nomads used the slash-and-burn method, coal has been around acting as jewelry for the Romans and as fuel for peasants and the noble class in Britain. Coal was in such high demand that many inventions were utilized for the convenience of retrieving it from intolerable conditions such as vacuums and the construction of more efficient underground tunnels....   [tags: Coal Natural Resource History] 1707 words
(4.9 pages)
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Coal Fires - Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
718 words
(2.1 pages)
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Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s Coal - Double-Consciousness in Audre Lorde’s “Coal” There is a double-consciousness, according to W.E Burghardt Du Bois, in which we view ourselves through a veil. Underneath of this veil is the true self. The person that we are in our purest state. The veil itself, however, is how society sees us and our realization of that projection. Looking in a mirror, both layers can be seen. However, the true self is still covered, muddled, unclear beneath the sheer outer shell of expectation. In her poem “Coal”, Audre Lorde alludes to this concept through the dual image of a piece of coal and a diamond....   [tags: Audre Lorde Coal Essays] 1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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Coal - Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4]...   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
654 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Composition, Benefits, and History of Coal - Coal Rock Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments have walked this Earth and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: geology, mining, environment]
:: 29 Works Cited
2723 words
(7.8 pages)
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Positive and Negative Effects of Coal - The natural resource that I am writing this paper on is coal. Coal is a cheap, dirty fossil fuel which we burn to create power. Coal is the most abundant in North America and in Russia, including the area around it. China also has a fairly good amount of coal in it too. Coal, like all of the other fossil fuels is nonrenewable and will eventually run out, in the not so near future. Coal is very important to many of the countries of the world. The countries that use the most coal are China, the United States, India, Russia, and Japan....   [tags: energy, pollution, fuel] 1036 words
(3 pages)
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Negative and Positive Impacts of Coal - ... Effects on Human Health The removal of coal through surface mining affects the health of the workers and the citizens who live near the mines. The explosives that are uses to extract the coal from the earth’s surface contain chemicals and toxins that are harmful to the workers and residents health. Coal mining is detrimental to the workers and residents who live nearby. According to the (Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2009”) Coal mining leads the United States Industries in fatal injuries and his associated with chronic health problems....   [tags: fuel, resources, energy, economy, mining] 1190 words
(3.4 pages)
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Energy Resources: Conservation of Coal - Coal is a vital resource that we depend upon as human beings. We use coal everyday either for transportation or heating a building. We need to stop taking advantage of it and start finding new ways to produce energy. Coal is a fossil fuel. It can be identified as a black or brown rock that can be ignited and burned for energy. It is chemically made up of sulfur, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen elements. Coal is classified by degrees of hardness, moisture, and heat content. As the sea deposits layers of other materials over the peat through centuries, the peat was tightly compacted and dried....   [tags: fossil fuels, wind energy, deforestation, mining]
:: 13 Works Cited
1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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Proposal for a Coal Mining Project - Executive Summary The proposal for coal mining project might be very deceiving, since it yields very huge revenue for the country. It creates employment opportunities for the people in the mining area. But coal mining pose a great threat to the civilization in the mining area.  Coal mining pollutes the environment by releasing carbon dioxide in the air.  Noise pollution.  Effect on marine life.  Health issues for the human beings.  Traffic issues....   [tags: pollution, employment, noise] 1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Hazards of Coal Use - ... This disaster though not as well publicized as many other disasters has been estimated to have released over 5.4 million cubic yards of coal ash several times more contaminants by volume than the Exxon Valdeez oil spill in 1989 (Initial Emergency). “Clean Coal” Similar to most coal fired power plants in the United Stated today the Kingston Fossil Plant in Tennessee utilized various ‘scrubbers’, which effectively separated flue-ash, also known as fly ash, a byproduct of the coal combustion process....   [tags: fuel, combusion, fossil] 699 words
(2 pages)
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Nuclear, Coal, and Alternative Energy - Nuclear Vs. Coal Power Nuclear power and coal are two of the main sources of electricity used in the United States today. Coal and Nuclear power along with Natural Gas make up over 93% of the power we use. Yet they are also the most feared and misunderstood. While both have negative connotations, they both are clearly still doing the job better than other alternative energy. Nuclear power is not readily feared for the result it will have on the environment although it should be. Used fuel assemblies are kept on site for at least seven years usually stored in onsite ponds....   [tags: Energy Sources]
:: 2 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Working in a Coal Mine - The loud beat thumps relentlessly. It is like a never-ending headache changing only with a mood, an arrangement, or a performer. The message of the song, in and of itself, is clear, but performers can change a song’s meaning without as much as the alteration of a single lyric. In 1966, Lee Dorsey released a song entitled, “Working in a Coal Mine.” Allen Toussaint wrote the lyrics and music. (Wikipedia-Working in a Coal Mine) The release of the song came at a time when America coal miners were enduring tremendous hardship in the coalmines of West Virginia....   [tags: Music] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Coal Energy in Germany - ... These lignite deposits have heating values of 3350-5400Btu/lb, a moisture content of 40-60%, sulfur and ash content varying from 0.2-2.1% and 1.5-8.5% respectively, with the Rhineland lignite coal deposits having a sulfur content of less than 0.5% (Miller 25). The restructuring of the hard coal mining industry from 1999 led to the rapid development of the Ruhr coalfield making it the coalfield with the greatest economic significance than other coalfields. Moreover, the Ruhr coalfield consists of primarily bituminous coal, which is coal for cooking (Bischoff et al....   [tags: supply and demand, economy, mining] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Coal Energy in Germany - ... Therefore, the federal government created the hard coal policy to maintain the infrastructure and equipment for mining hard coal. In addition, the government sets hard coal production targets. For example, in 2005, the federal government set 26Mt hard coal production capacity, which corresponds to 5% of the TPES in 2000 (OECD(a) 67). To achieve its energy security, the federal government subsidizes hard coal by making the difference between the cost of hard coal production and the price of imported steam and coking coal....   [tags: energy producer, energy consumption] 1895 words
(5.4 pages)
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Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster - Tennessee Coal Sludge Disaster What Happened. The largest environmental disaster in U.S. history occurred on December 22nd, 2008 when a 84-acre pit containing toxic coal combustion residue at the Tennessee Valley Authority Fossil Plant in Kingston, Tennessee gave way. According to a report by AECOM, the firm hired to perform the root cause report, a “combination of the high water content of the wet ash, the increasing height of ash, the construction of the sloping dikes over the wet ash, and the existence of an unusual bottom layer of ash and silt were among the long-evolving conditions that caused the ash spill at Kingston Fossil Plant” (TVA, 2010)....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
:: 10 Works Cited
1915 words
(5.5 pages)
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CSG- Coal Seam Gas - Introduction: Coal seam gas (CSG) in Australia is becoming the largest provider of energy, estimated to reach 80% of Australia’s energy produced in power plants fuelled by natural gas, sourced from coal seams. (Australian Pacific LNG, 2012) Australia has become a large exporter of the world’s natural gas supply, shown in 2006 where 160 million tons of natural gas was exported around the world, generating large revenue for Australia. (Lock the Gate Alliance Ltd, 2014) Social sustainability factors including human rights, wellbeing of residence, safety, accessibility, heritage, equity and religious and cultural sensitivities are all elements which are involved in social sustainability....   [tags: Energy Provider, Power Plants, Natural Gas]
:: 13 Works Cited
1469 words
(4.2 pages)
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Hazards of Coal Usage - For years coal has been used to generate electricity for America; however it has contaminated our country more than ever. Even though coal is a huge industry it is full of accidents and hazards; workers have died of suffocation, gas poisoning, and gas explosions. Strip mining destroys the beauty of nature while also displacing animals; not only does it destroy the habit of animals it ruins the soil preventing future wildlife to grow. A forest or mining site has to be completely destroyed in order to begin mining; less trees and unstable ground result in future mudslides in surrounding areas....   [tags: Electricity, Energy, Environment] 638 words
(1.8 pages)
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Energy Resource: Coal and Solar Energy - ... Coal is expected by many to remain the most affordable. According to IEA statistics coal is 7% cheaper than gas and 19% cheaper than nuclear. The cost of coal varies on the type of transaction. In 2009 the price of coal was $33.24 per ton. The delivery price to power plants was $44.47 per ton. The transportation cost of coal is $11.23 per ton. (World Coal Association, 2013) Coal is formed from the remains of plant vegetation. The way that coal gets its energy is from carbon. It formed millions of years ago, and the process of coal is a continuing process....   [tags: sources, produced, environment] 1822 words
(5.2 pages)
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Coal Mining: Benefits from Making Coal Production Cleaner - Coal Mining: Can Clean Be The New Green. When trying to choose a topic for my Response Paper, I came across the article on the SEED Magazine website titled “The Lesser Evil: Nuclear or Coal?” Because I not only live in a coal mining town, but also in a county that would no longer exist without the coal industry, I wanted to not only see what exactly was so “evil” about coal, but also how it could be made safer. With global warming, acid rain and other issues coming into view in the present, I have mostly focused on the effect that coal mining has on the environment....   [tags: energy, environment] 943 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal as a source of economic growth versus the adverse nature of burning coal - In Ohio, the environmental ethics dilemma could be seen as the end result of a clash between two views. The clash occurs as the deliberate distortion of coal as a source of economic growth and prosperity collides with empirical facts shared by the scientific community about the adverse nature of burning coal. Through means of assessing both views from a consequentialist ethical standpoint, we could form a conclusion about the legitimacy of each view’s claims; hence, we can decide which view is ethically superior, in other words, which view is efficient from an environmental standpoint....   [tags: Environmental Ethics] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal Seam Gas - With environmental sustainability a key focus for the future the need for cleaner forms of power generation have resulted in a number of gas exploration projects in Australia (Department of Infrastructure and Planning, 2008). With Australia having potentially vast untapped reserves of coal seam methane beds it must be asked whether there are any negative impacts associated with coal seam methane (CSM) before the energy industry moves into a new technology. Coalification, the geologic process that progressively converts plant material to coal, generates large quantities of natural gas, which are subsequently stored in the coal seams....   [tags: Environment ]
:: 23 Works Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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Coal Seam Gas - ... Another is through chemicals that naturally exist in coal seams being taken out of the coal seams and exposed to other the various water systems nearby. Some of the more harmful chemicals are lead, copper, iodides and various acids such as hydrochloric and sulphuric acid (Frac Focus, 2014). The effect of lead on plants, especially at high concentrations, is quite damaging. Plants on land tend to absorb lead and retain most of it in their roots (Greene, 1993). The pores in a plant's leaves let in carbon dioxide needed for photosynthesis and emit oxygen....   [tags: methane, underground, salt levels] 865 words
(2.5 pages)
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Coal-fired Power Plant - ... The government is responsible for its residents’ health and the economic development. As a means of regulating the greenhouse gas emissions and fighting against global warming, the U.S. government authorized the U.S. EPA to serve the nation as a regulator and issued the Clean Air Act. It was mandated to implement regulations and rules to the coal-fired power plant industries to reduce carbon pollution that caused global warming and extreme weathers. Moreover, the U.S. EPA can better prepare us for the ecosystem’s changes....   [tags: global warming, ice melting, development] 1441 words
(4.1 pages)
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Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants - Coal and natural gas are the United States’ main fossil fuels used as energy sources. These fossil fuels both contain mixtures of hydrocarbons, which is a chemical compound of carbon and hydrogen (Olah, 2005). Currently, fossil fuels provide eighty-five percent of commercial energy, such as businesses, worldwide and this eighty-five percent does not even account for residential use. Imagine if the residential energy use was accounted for in that eighty-five percent (Davison, 2007). According to Goodell (2006), “Between 1950 and 2000, the world population increased by 140 percent and fossil fuel consumption increased by 400 percent....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Energy Vs. Beauty in Coal Mining - Every day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the coal by using pick axes, mules, and rail cars....   [tags: Environment, Energy]
:: 6 Works Cited
1523 words
(4.4 pages)
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Film Review for Coal Miner's Daughter - The Coal Miner’s Daughter, an influential film, first shown in 1980, was voted an Academy Award Winning Motion Picture. This film depicts a young girl’s life who lived in a coal mining town, had a journeying life, and become a famous country singer. This motion picture was not produced purposing pure societal entertainment, but rather the accurate portrayal of Loretta Lynn’s personal life. The film Coal Miner’s Daughter, illustrates Loretta Lynn’s life’s obstacles of family struggles, influential friends, and emotional tactics of life’s exertion....   [tags: Film Review]
:: 5 Works Cited
1131 words
(3.2 pages)
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A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy - A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy A tragic event occurred on April 5, 2010 in Montcoal, West Virginia. Twenty-nine miners went underground on the morning of April 5, 2010, similar to every work day, except this morning was their last. Upper Big Branch Mine was owned and operated by Massey Energy Corporation, a company that never took other people’s lives and families into consideration. The disastrous explosion could have easily been prevented if Massey Energy Company followed the necessary safety measures that were invented to prevent deaths and accidents....   [tags: Economics, Business Theory]
:: 4 Works Cited
1988 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Importance of Safety in Coal Mining Companies - ... Government and the Focus on Safety The government has adopted a strong stance on Coal Mining Safety and has extended a commitment towards increasing general safety for mineworkers. It is envisaged that greater cooperation could contribute to the safety efforts. Government continues to engage in constructive discussions to engage with both business and labour on how to improve on safety. Growth and Safety BHP Billiton had decided to expand its operations through the creation of project hubs in Toronto, Santiago, Houston, Brisbane and Perth....   [tags: govenment, investigators, employee health] 669 words
(1.9 pages)
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Pittston Coal Company: Tort Law - On February 26th 1972, Dam 3 of the Buffalo Mining Company a subsidiary of the Pittston Coal Company, failed resulting in a flooding of the Buffalo Creek Hallow. The disaster caused property damage, wrongful death, and psychic impairment. West Virginia prohibited any dam built any dam built over “fifteen feet in height across any stream or watercourse without a prior determination by the state that it is safe” (15). The state’s failure to properly enforce this law gave Pittston the ability to claim the disaster was an act of God; this was supported by President Nixon who referred to this as a natural disaster (187)....   [tags: Buffalo Creek ] 1251 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Industry of East Tennessee Coal and Its Financial Impact - Introduction Coal is a mineral mined in east Tennessee. While not one of the largest coal producing states in the United States, Tennessee still has a rich history of coal mining. The industry still has a presence in the region today. Even though production does not match larger coal producing states, the coal industry brings meaningful revenue to the state of Tennessee. This paper examines the industry, coal mining practices within the state and its financial impact. What is Coal. With a composition of carbon along with hydrogen and oxygen, coal is a sedimentary rock that is combustible....   [tags: mineral, mining practices]
:: 11 Works Cited
1693 words
(4.8 pages)
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Coal Usage in the Victorian Era - Coal Usage in the Victorian Era Coal was an essential of life, especially concerning warmth and food preparation, for Victorians. The use of coal has a longer history than many suspect; predates the Victorian Era by hundred of years. The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life. The Victorians used various different kinds of this product, plant products buried underground in deposits of sedentary rock for millions of years....   [tags: Victorian Era]
:: 2 Works Cited
703 words
(2 pages)
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The Impacts Coal-Fired Power Plants on the Environment - ... It contains potential energy that lies in the bonds that holds the molecule together (Coal Association, 2014). Before being burned, the coal is pulverized into a fine talcum-like powder. Grinding the coal into powder increases its surface area making it burn faster and hotter which produces as much heat needed and little waste as possible (EDF Energy, 2014). The coal is then blown into the firebox of the boiler (Duke Energy, 2014). During the combustion of coal the reactants (carbon and oxygen) break apart through exothermic reactions (Coal Association, 2014)....   [tags: electricity, economy, nanotechnology] 1869 words
(5.3 pages)
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Energy Research Essay - Coal - Energy Research Essay - Coal First of all, coal can be classified in many different classes. One way is known as coal rank. Coal rank is a measure of degree of change (metamorphosis) from the peat stage. The ranks range from low rank to high rank. These are called lignite, subituminous, bituminous, and anthracite. Heating value and sulfur content reach maximum values at the bituminous coal rank. This stage contains very important environmental implications. Low ranking coal (eg lignite) releases a smoky flame when ignited....   [tags: Energy Research Essays] 470 words
(1.3 pages)
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Coal - Coal As the granddaughter of an Irish immigrant coal miner, I thought I knew everything there was to know about coal. I was wrong. After learning about coal rank, and the different types of coal mines, I gained a much deeper appreciation for the work of my grandfather. Being from Tamaqua, I knew what anthracite coal was as soon as I could understand my Pappy’s ramblings. Among the Top 20 Signs You’re from the Coal Region, included “You think only God has the proper resume to take over after Joe Paterno leaves Penn State” (Top Ten)....   [tags: Research Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
420 words
(1.2 pages)
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Methods Used To Reduce Emissions: Coal Gasification - ... The reason it has to have a certain amount of heat and steam is so that the coal molecules can break down into their individual molecules (energy.gov). Once the coal is broke down into its specific molecules they move into other chambers. The waste products keep on going through a cycle until all the clean energy is taken out (energy.gov). After the coal is completely broke down the gas can be stored and used in a wide variety of vehicles. Benefits of Coal Gasification Most of the world population has an attitude of so what, what is the point of all this....   [tags: environment, climate change] 928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Coal - Coal In the world today, Coal is one of the most used Fossil Fuels in America. The black gold, which I like to call it, affects America in so many different ways. Have no worries coal is no where from becoming extinct or replaced. "Coal will be popular big time, in 2005," says Jim Thompson, who edits the weekly report U.S. Coal Review out of Knoxville, Tenn. "There will be more test bums than ever." In Wyoming alone they shipped out over four hundred million tons. I can’t even imagine how large that quantity is....   [tags: Energy Resources Fossil Fuels Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
675 words
(1.9 pages)
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Coal Harbor Real Estate – A Good Investment Option - Coal harbor is a small section situated between Canada’s downtown peninsula (Vancouver) and Brockton Peninsula of Stanley Park. It derived its name when coal was discovered in 1862 in the harbor. Vancouver Harbor Water Aerodrome can be found in this place. Coal Harbor real estate is very interesting. The northwestern section of land contains a community center, boating and rowing clubs, private marinas and parkland while in the southeast and Georgia Street, the neighborhood comprises of apartments and high rise buildings....   [tags: Real Estate]
:: 3 Works Cited
570 words
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The Development of the Coal Industry - The Development of the Coal Industry 1) Light As a beginning, workers had problems of lighting their work. Several methods were used, none of them were particularly attractive. It was not safe to light in a mine. They first used rotten fish, which gave off a phosphorescent glow (besides the dreadful smell). Candles, which exploded the methane flint mills, which produced sparks of light but could also ignite the methane. After 1815, the Davy lamp was available, but it cost money and employers were reluctant to buy them....   [tags: Papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Prediction of Clean Coal Using Mathematical Models - ... Therefore regulating the feed rate based on the feed quality promotes good efficiency of the Separation system. The relationship will be taken a step further to develop a suitable control model that will be used to predict the clean coal tons and the ash content of the clean coal. This will assist the on making well informed decision before changing the process variables. (B. Wayne Bequette, 2003). According to project information based on the production report there is a definite relationship between feed tons and clean coal....   [tags: cost, results, behavior, input, system, design]
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808 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Coal War, by upton sinclair - THE COAL WAR Book 1, The Social Chasm By: Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclair wrote The Coal War in 1976 being published by Colorado Associated University Press. Book One; "The Social Chasm," contained 69 pages while the entirety of The Coal War had 399 pages with two other Books. "The Social Chasm" was easy to follow and had an intriguing beginning. The Coal War portrays many situations common to the people of the coal fields and those making an effort to improve its conditions....   [tags: essays research papers] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Coal Extraction and Black Lung - Coal Extraction and Black Lung Coal is an indispensable fossil fuel that is very important to today’s society. With out coal, one would have to live without many of the luxuries we have today. There would be no lights to light a house, no movie cinemas, no electrical heaters, and no televisions or phones. “Coal has many important uses, but most significancy in electricity generation, steel and cement manufacture, and industrial process heating. Coal provides over 23% of global primary energy need and generates about 39% of the world’s electricity” (Source 1)....   [tags: Environment Energy Essays]
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508 words
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Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in the Black Mesa Complex - Introduction Coal mining in the United States is a major industry. In 2012, the coal mining industry employed nearly 90,000 people [1]. The Black Mesa Complex in Northern Arizona consists of two seperate coal mines, the Kayenta mine and the Black Mesa coal mines. Both mines are owned and operated by Peabody Western Coal Company (PWCC). The mines are located 10 miles southwest of Kayenta, AZ. The Kayenta mine is 40,000 acres (62.5 square miles), employs 430 workers [2], and is the 27th largest mine in the United States, producing nearly 7.5 million short tons of coal per year [1]....   [tags: environmental issues, impact of flora and fauna]
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1031 words
(2.9 pages)
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Coal and West Virginia: Where Do I Stand? - West Virginia is a land of natural beauty. Often described as “wild and wonderful,” the state’s fall foliage, scenic rivers, and abundant wildlife inspired the composition of a ballad. The song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” portrays West Virginia as “almost Heaven,” and the phrase is difficult to refute (Danoff, Denver, & Nivert, 1971). According to the West Virginia Department of Commerce (2009), the state ranks among the lowest in the nation for the cost of living, the employee turnover rate, average home prices, and instances of violent crime....   [tags: Energy ]
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1078 words
(3.1 pages)
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Essential Energy from Coal, the Sedimentary Rock - Coal defined as the sedimentary rock, is recognized as an essential energy inputs. The decomposition of organisms over time yields vast amount of organic material. The organics collectively known as biomass, when acted upon by the heat and pressure, produces coal, petroleum, and natural gas, collectively called fossil fuels, which are trapped in rock formations (USEIA, 2005). Methane in the coal seams originates by thermogenic and biogenic activities that affect the organic matter during the coalification process (Jenkins et al., 2008)....   [tags: mining, resources, reserves] 2661 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Fossil Fuel Coal - Coal, an amazing fossil fuel Abstract Coal has had a tremendous effect on the world. It produces the most electricity when compared to other fuels. The US generates more than half of their electricity from coal. This black or brownish‐black fossil fuel, formed by the energy in plants hundreds of millions of years ago, is made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, and small traces of other elements like sulfur. Coal has four main types of categories. Mining is the method used to extract coal from underneath the ground....   [tags: Energy Power Natural Resources] 1903 words
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Sources of Energy: Coal-fired Power Plants - Modern day life is heavily reliant on electricity, lighting our rooms and streets, providing heat, and enabling us to use electronic devices easily. However, the sources from which this electricity derives from can be deadly. Coal-fired power plants play a vital role in electricity generation, fueling about 41 percent of electricity worldwide (Ball 2). Coal is known to be one of the most abundant and affordable source of power (Washburn 1). With that being said, coal-fired power plant emissions pollute our air and waters, thus negatively affecting our wildlife and human health....   [tags: sulfur and carbon dioxide] 601 words
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Working-Class Poverty and the Southern Colorado Coal Strike - The working class has served as an integral part of our capitalist society; as the building blocks, and producers of the goods that supply and support our country, the working class and working poor have faced many struggles to gain working rights. The histories of labor movements in the United States are often silenced from the mainstream culture; while we take our current union laws for granted, long forgotten are the bloody battles that took place to secure these rights. The ideological issues facing our modern day working class have shown to stem from the same socially constructed ideals that existed during past labor wars, such as the Colorado Coal Strike....   [tags: working class, working rights, labor movement]
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1368 words
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How Coal Is Formed - How Coal Is Formed Coal is a very important fossil fuel. Without coal, steel would never have been invented and could have changed my life dramatically. The reason for this is because I am from Pittsburgh. At one point in time Pittsburgh was the leading producer of steel, and even had the nickname “The Steel City.” During the early 1900’s, steel factories were the main source of an income for people living in Pittsburgh. Working in these steel factories has been a part of my family’s past, since three generations of my family have been part of the steel industry....   [tags: Research Essays]
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685 words
(2 pages)
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Coal Burnt Rivers: A History of Steamboat Travel in the 1800s - The early years of the 1800s brought a multitude of major advances in travel across America. This great revolution in American transportation can be included in a much larger movement taking place during the same time period: The Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution is credited for countless major changes in human technology around the civilized world, including the way people and items got around. During this sweeping change, all previous methods of mobility were improved drastically beyond their current capabilities, upgrading travel on both land and water....   [tags: transportation, speed, mail delibery] 1296 words
(3.7 pages)
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Got Coal? - Got Coal. In this essay, I hope to inform the reader about the variations in Pennsylvania’s coals, explain the differing methods of coal mining, and provide insights into the use of coal. Although Pennsylvania’s coal reserves have dwindled, coal is still one of the major energy forms used for electric power generation. Widespread use of alternative energy forms have not yet taken place, although this is an area that needs to develop further, if we don’t want to exhaust our current reserves of fossil fuels....   [tags: Research Essays] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Coal Legislation - Coal Coal is a fossil fuel- hydrocarbon containing natural resource, much like petroleum or natural gas. It is extracted from the Earth by strip mining or underground mining. It is a readily combustible black sedimentary rock, which is one of the three main rock categories. Coal is composed of carbon and hydrocarbons, in coordination with other elements. It is the leading source of electricity the world over. It is estimated that half of the world’s electricity is powered by coal. Coal mining in the United States is recorded to have first occurred in Virginia when 50 tons were purged from the earth in 1748 (coaleducation.org)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Coal Mining - Coal Mining Coal, a mineral I have discussed previously, is necessary to our everyday lives. Coal is an incredible source of energy; it heats our houses and buildings, and also fuels stoves. You may often wonder where this extremely useful mineral comes from. Coal does not just appear; it needs to be mined through a process which results in our being able to utilize it. Coal mining is fairly inexpensive, is carried out on a large scale and can be mined in either underground or surface mines. Surface mining is the coal mining process that accounts for around 60% of the United States’ coal....   [tags: Economy Economics Energy Resources Essays] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Clean Coal Technology - Clean Coal Technology The Sun is one of the most valuable resources to us as human beings and we would not exist without it. It has provided the earth with energy since the beginning of the universe. One way that the power of the sun is utilized by us is through the use of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are essentially energy stored by the sun from milllions of years ago. One of our most valuable fossil fuels is coal. We have been using it for decades, but are just now learning all of the negative drawbacks that come with burning coal....   [tags: Energy Environment Environmental]
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460 words
(1.3 pages)
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Coal Truck Drivers - Introduction: I. Attention Getter: When cruising down the highway, watch out. What was that. A bird, a plane, no it was a big boulder of coal falling from the coal truck onto the highway. What next. There went my headlight, and my quarter panel. Look out. Close the sunroof. II. Thesis: My pet peeve coal truck drivers, they are everywhere. It’s not safe to drive on the roads anymore. III. Preview: Every person in this room had to drive or is driven to get here. Did you pay attention to how many coal trucks you passed....   [tags: Informative Speech] 475 words
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Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 - Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued that the industrial and economic preparation before the wars, which united Germany, were more important....   [tags: Blood and Iron ] 1511 words
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Mountaintop Removal - ... However, despite the extensive list of advantages and advancements coal has helped us as a nation produce, we must take heavily into account the damage it is doing as we speak. Coal burning emits carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. It can cause lung cancer, acid rain from high sulfur coal, hundreds of toxic waste products, and not to mention coal-fired power plants without effective fly ash capture are one of the largest sources of human-caused radiation exposure....   [tags: coal mining] 3154 words
(9 pages)
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The West Virginia Coal Wars: Storming Heaven by Denise Giardina - Storming Heaven is Denise Giardina’s second and award winning novel, published in 1987. The historical novel is a fiction-based recount of the bitter labor conflict that took place in southern West Virginia during the early 1920s, otherwise known as the West Virginia Coal Wars. The author tells the story of the real conflict faced by miners through the eyes of four main characters, each from different walks of life, with their own different point of view. The story told about the real life hardship faced by coal miners and the ensuing conflict is a subject narrowly covered by The American Journey....   [tags: labor conflict, union activist] 1050 words
(3 pages)
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Household Coal Burning and Smoke Inhalation in Vanderbijlpar and Vereeniging, Gauteng - ... It’s not only the school affected, it’s also the people and animals living in these areas. Household Coal Burning and Smoke Inhalation Combined with the pollution from the mining, as well as the pollution coming from households of the people living in that area, burning coal for warmth or for cooking is another big factor contributing the increase of pollution in the area. Although, the factories have sky level Co2 emissions because of the long and high chimneys that they use that don’t affect the people as much but it has a bigger effect on air pollution....   [tags: industrial cities, lead poisoning] 1384 words
(4 pages)
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Nuclear power for Cleaner Energy - The people of the United States and the world should want cleaner energy. How does it revolve around the southwest area of the United States of America. There are always the slight possibilities of having a meltdown of the plant as well. Using uranium as a power source is a clean sufficient way to produce energy. It truly is safe due to all of the research and development that has occurred. In the United States, The people use lots of energy. As of today most of their energy is produced by wind and coal....   [tags: Coal, Energy]
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962 words
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Rio Tinto Touts Coal Future over Climate 'Idealism' by A. Macdonald Smith - ... Consequently, as delays in approval processes and frequent transformations of regulation without accurate transitional arrangements, Rio Tinto is adversely affected by the market failure caused by the government failure. Analysis As the massive regulatory environment caused by the rivalry between the parties, Rio Tinto’s outlook appears unsound. The most inevitable direct government action is that the senate has voted down the legislation of repealing carbon (Griffiths 2014), which is a core election promise of Prime Minister Tony Abbott (Abbott 2012)....   [tags: article analysis] 1383 words
(4 pages)
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The Use of Coal as an Energy Source in the United States - Energy from Coal: The Nation’s Dirty Secret Abstract While technology has led the world into such an advanced setting with intelligent machinery and automated devices, coal has remained a loyal contributor of the energy needed by these various types of equipment to function properly. Almost half of the electricity in the United States is produced in coal plants where coal is burnt to produce this energy [1]. Both beneficial and detrimental factors come with this alternative source of energy, known by the world for centuries....   [tags: Energy Power Fossil Fuel Natural Resource]
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1398 words
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Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants - Impact of Coal vs Uranium Power Plants Currently our country, and especially California, is confronting a serious energy crisis. Newspaper headlines warn of blackouts and tremendous rate increases. The cost of all we buy will increase in an effort to cover the added expenses. They only way to control this shortage of fuel are to produce more, conserve and control the amount of energy we use or a combination of conserving and increasing production. In the United States two major sources of energy are coal and nuclear power....   [tags: Papers] 1928 words
(5.5 pages)
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Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects - Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry - The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry Coal mining has always been an important component of Nova Scotia's economy, landscape and culture. Together with cod fishing it was the primary export and employer for the regions population. With both industries now failing, the poor economic climate will no doubt have an effect on the population. This paper attempts to examine the economic conditions, market forces, and political maneuvering that gave rise to the coal industry in Nova Scotia as well as those contributing to its demise....   [tags: Papers] 2562 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire - The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire In this paper I will explain why revolt by the labor against capital in Second Empire France failed. To explain the situation, I will use Marx's theory of capital accumulation as he presents it in {Capital}. Also important in the theoretical description of this phenomena is the role of tradition and the way its restraints deviate from those of the economy in this French society. Based on this description I will discuss how the function of management is enforced by the economy and traditions inherent in a society....   [tags: World History Economy Economics Essays] 1990 words
(5.7 pages)
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Air Pollution in West Virginia - Air Pollution West Virginia is faced with a moral dilemma when it comes to coal. Coal is the state’s number one resource, but it is affecting the health of its citizens. The effects of coal-fired power plants are harming the health of Americans nationwide, and even more so in our own state. Coal is West Virginia’s top source for income, jobs, and electricity, so should West Virginia, along with the rest of the nation switch to a greener alternative, or is clean coal technology really a viable option....   [tags: coal exploitation, moral dilemma] 1057 words
(3 pages)
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Advancements in the Naval Powers - ... Oil powered vessels did have many great advantages from the coal powered ones. Boilers running on oil can be smaller than those on coal powered vessels because oil has a higher energy density, which generates greater amounts of heat in less time and space. Oil powered vessels could get more power out of the new steam turbine engines which increased the overall speed and range of newer capital ships. The use of oil boilers made ship speeds more controllable than coal, slowing down the ship was as simple as shutting the oil flow to the burners and speeding up the ship increasing the flow to them....   [tags: technology, battleships, coal] 3268 words
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