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The Problem of Childcare - The Problem of Childcare The traditional family of a working father and a stay-at-home mother scenario is fast changing as more and more women are also joining the work force. This means that increasing numbers of employees are working parents who must find ways to cope with the often conflicting time demands of both work and childcare. It is a serious concern for employees and has a direct impact on the businesses. There are two reasons why businesses should also be concerned and are as follows: * Firstly, problems with child care can adversely affect the job performance of working parents by increasing absenteeism, tardiness, turnover rates and recruiting and training costs....   [tags: Papers] 1734 words
(5 pages)
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Childcare Policies - Childcare Policies A: pay mothers to stay at home with their children by increasing benefits- or B: Provide state funded day care I consider option B to be somewhat better then option A, however there must certain endeavours which must be met for state funded day care to excel. Day care has many good points to which it is good for children, one of them being that children cope better in social situations and negotiate better with peers-a study carried out by Clarke-Stewart et al.(1994)....   [tags: Papers] 581 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Pros and Cons of Childcare - ... writing their name, the alphabet), basic math (e.g. shapes, measurements and counting), fine and gross motor skills (e.g. hand dominance for using classroom materials such as scissors), that provide them with the capabilities to learn more complex tasks later on. In addition to programming, the caregivers must be actively engaged in the child’s learning. Much like what Cleveland and Krashinsky suggest, Ward asserts that a child care centre must employ “caregivers who are sensitive to the children’s needs and understand child development” (Ward 2006, p 164)....   [tags: Child Development ]
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2106 words
(6 pages)
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Two Types of Childcare - The childcare industry has variables including childcare by a family member, a traditional caregiver or a day care center. It depends on a family’s situation as to which one benefits them most. The two types of childcare to be discussed are the traditional caregiver and a day care center. Parents must decide whether they want a one-on-one or a group setting for the care of their children. An individual as a caregiver has more one-on-one time with a child as long as their group of children is small....   [tags: Family Issues] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
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Supplemental Childcare Program - Supplemental Childcare Program Families' reliance on childcare has risen significantly over the past 30 years. In 1993, 9.9 million children under age 5, needed care while their mothers worked (Bureau of the Census, 1995). More than two-thirds of all infants receive nonparental child care during their first year of life, with most enrolled for about 30 hours each week (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 1995). There are many different programs in the United States that provide extended day childcare for working parents....   [tags: Papers] 1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Implications of Attachment Theory for Different Forms of Childcare - The Implications of Attachment Theory for Different Forms of Childcare Developmental psychologists are interested in the study of the individual from conception to old age. One area of particular interest is the significance of parent-child bonding. Attachment can be defined as ‘an enduring bond of affection directed towards a specific individual’ (Santrock, 2001). The nature of the relationship between early attachment and later development is a central issue in developmental psychology and, given the increasing proportion of women with young children that go out to work, of specific interest is the quality of care-giving that infants receive....   [tags: Papers] 2418 words
(6.9 pages)
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Receiving Help with Childcare Costs from Employers and Receiving a Tax Break - Receiving Help with Childcare Costs from Employers and Receiving a Tax Break Employees who receive help with childcare costs from their employers are to receive a tax break. Tax is how the government raises money to spend on public services, such as education, health and the social security system. It can be levied on goods, services and range of transactions, such as inheritance and profit made on the sale of homes or antiquities. Workers will be able to receive up to £50 per week in subsidised childcare services, childcare allowances or vouchers tax-free....   [tags: Papers] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Universal Health Care, Childcare and a Guaranteed Minimum Income in the United States - Universal Health Care, Childcare and a Guaranteed Minimum Income in the United States Guaranteed minimum income is advocated by some as a solution to the problems of welfare, poverty and homelessness. Others argue that a guaranteed annual income should be a right provided to everyone without strings. Since everyone or at least their parents and grand parents shared in the creation of the wealth of today's society, they should now receive a share of that wealth. The guarantee income idea, found ground in the 1960's, two extremes were opposed....   [tags: Papers] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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Play is important for development and learning. - ... Margaret McMillan (1930) proposed that what children needed was space to move, run and to find out new things via movement. She, like Froebel, saw the importance of active learning and saw play as an application of knowledge as well as a means of expression. McMillan was a main pioneer who emphasised the importance of nutrition throughout play, as well as the physical and emotional wellbeing of all children. Her ideas of play and the environment lead to the development of community based services, such as Sure Start....   [tags: Legal Issues, The Childcare Act] 2125 words
(6.1 pages)
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Self Reflective Practice - ... For adults there are more layers of experiences, emotions, and motivations to peel away before one can really know themself. Modeling and leadership from the director is needed to support teachers’ self-reflection. “To encourage and empower the individual to assume greater personal responsibly for professional growth and change, we need to attend to the reflective activities and inner conversations taking place continually in the mind of the teacher that influences her views and attitudes towards her role and ways of interacting” (R.E....   [tags: Childcare Directors, Early Childhood] 1765 words
(5 pages)
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Problems Associated with Cost and Quality of Day Care - How does the cost of child care influence the decisions of mothers with young children. A large problem I have noticed with sub-optimal child care and high-quality child care are that they have an extreme variation in prices. Some people say that high-quality child care is more expensive then sub-optimal child care because of how well they take care of the children. The differences between the both of them; in some child care centers there are chances that the children may be harmed or that they are not being fed correctly, and in some cases not learning certain things to start pre-school....   [tags: Child Care, Childcare, Daycare] 1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Early Years: Every Child Must be Included - ... ‘Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the view of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child’. (The United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child. March 2010). From my understanding of the legal frameworks surrounding children every child is entitled to appropriate care and support from adults who have the experience of understanding the developments of the child’s individual needs....   [tags: Nursery, Pre-School, Childcare] 2246 words
(6.4 pages)
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Importance of After-School Programs - Importance of After-School Programs “There are approximately forty nine million children and youth, ages 6-17 living in the U.S.” (“Making the Case” 1). Children need care while they are in the initial stages of growth and development. Whether this care is provided by a mother, father, sibling, or other guardian, a child needs to be loved. When children turn a certain age, the care of the family is added to by caregivers in another institution. While attending school, children are shown care for the duration of the day by teachers, mentors, and other aids....   [tags: Argumentative Childcare Children Essays]
:: 8 Sources Cited
2763 words
(7.9 pages)
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Abuse in Government Care - Abuse in Government Care      It is unfortunate that in our society some children grow up without the opportunity of having a loving family to raise them. More unimaginable is children growing up with parents or family members that are abusive. Children raised in abusive environments that are reported to social services and removed from their home are placed into foster care. Foster care is defined supervised care for delinquent or neglected children usually in an institution or substitute home set up by the government....   [tags: Childcare Foster Adoption Abuse Children Essays]
:: 7 Sources Cited
2380 words
(6.8 pages)
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Bible - Childcare Management Business people love to create new opportunities, ideas, and products to make a profit. When America’s businesses added women to their workforce and with the rise of single-parent households, the need for childcare arose, which is a wonderful business opportunity for those people who see the need for affordable quality childcare and are able to envision innovative ways to provide this service. The adequacy or lack of quality childcare affects society as well as the businesses employing those who use childcare services....   [tags: essays research papers] 1269 words
(3.6 pages)
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Two Theoretical Frameworks of Parental Involvement - ... Epstein, J. L. (1995). School/ Family/ Community Partnerships: CARING FOR THE CHILDREN WE SHARE. Phi Delta Kappan, 92(3), 81-96. Epstein, J. L., Salinas, K. C. (1993) Surveys and Summaries: Questionnaires for Teachers and Parents in the Elementary and Middle Grades. Baltimore: Center on School, Family, and Community Partnerships, Johns Hopkins University. Epstein, J. L. (2007). Parent and Student Surveys on Family and Community Involvement in the Elementary and Middle Grades. Baltimore: Center on School, Family, and Community Partnerships, Johns Hopkins University....   [tags: Parenting]
:: 64 Works Cited
1081 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Advantages of Child Care Centers - ... “Activities are planned with the children’s interest in mind. If they are weak in one skill, we plan activities to strengthen those skills (Queen). For the children she teaches the day begins around 7 o’clock in the morning when the children come in, wash their hands, sit down for breakfast, and then begin their activities for the day. The same pattern continues of washing eating and doing activities throughout the whole day. They sit down together for group time a couple of times throughout the day and may go outdoors if the conditions are right, but the routine pretty much stays the same....   [tags: Child Development ]
:: 1 Works Cited
1449 words
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Becker's Theory of Fertility - Introduction The birth rate for the United States dropped 2 percent in 2008. This puts the US birth rate slightly the replacement level of fertility, 2.1 births per women. While some people express concern about the possibility of a decreasing population, others celebrate the large decrease in teen pregnancy. Preliminary analysis points to the slow economy as the reason behind the falling birthrate. While there seems to be a correlation between recession and lower birthrates this does not prove a causal link....   [tags: Fertility] 1803 words
(5.2 pages)
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Analysis of The Kids Are All Right - Analysis of The Kids Are All Right by Susan Faludi Kids are crawling around in the dirt, screaming, and have not yet had their diapers changed because the day care provider seems to be in a trance watching the latest episode of the Montel Williams show. One of the workers strikes a child because she won’t stop crying about how hungry she is. The other worker just sits in her chair drinking Jack Daniels with a little Coke mixed in. Not all is well at the Wee World Child Center. But is this the impression that the public perceives of our daycare system in America....   [tags: essays research papers] 873 words
(2.5 pages)
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Welfare to Work - Welfare to Work In 1996 Bill Clinton passed an Act (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA)) that moved welfare recipients off of aid and on to becoming working productive citizens. Under the Act, welfare recipients would have two years to find a job and get off of aid. Several programs were designed in order to help encourage and eventually get the recipients on their way to being successful citizens. Our tax dollars fund these programs. The program, more commonly known as the Welfare-to-Work program was broken up into different stages in order to best help the recipients....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Aid Money Essays] 1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Children’s Behavior is Not Adversely Affected by Daycare - Children’s Behavior is Not Adversely Affected by Daycare Recently daycare centers have been in the spotlight because of the argument that children who spend a lot of time in daycare tend to have more behavior problems such as over aggressiveness when compared with kids who stay home with their mommies. The following two points of views concerning this controversy illustrate the divide between those who believe daycare is benevolent and those who believe it to be detrimental to children. This first article concerns the results of an ongoing study given by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development about the effects that daycare may have on a child....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers]
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590 words
(1.7 pages)
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A Positive Approach on Daycare Facilities - In today's society dual income families are far more common than 50 years ago. Children are no longer staying at home with their mom while dad goes off to work. Parents are sending their children to daycare centers while both are “on the clock”. Today's society is seeing less of the traditional “stay-at-home-mom”. Parents are conducting research and choosing the right daycare center for their child; children are excelling academically and socially. In past years, society has put a negative perception in relation to daycare centers....   [tags: Daycare ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1284 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Daycare Debate - One of the largest social controversies of the current time are the parental pressures attached to whether or not a child should attend daycare. While many parents struggle with this decision, others do not have the luxury of choice; many questions are raised asking if it is beneficial or harmful for infants and young children to attend daycare, spending the majority of their waking hours with caregivers other than their parents. There are of course many opinions and studies regarding this issue....   [tags: Parenting ]
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1599 words
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Making Social Rights a Human Right - ... In addition to private donations if food banks were funded on provincial or federal level, perhaps the overall health of Canada would improve. According to Raphael (2007) people living in poverty have a greater chance of having a large variety of health problems than those who do not live in poverty. Canadians within the lowest income quintile reported the greatest likelihood of fair or poor health, and reported having unmet health care needs. Individuals living in poverty are more likely to not fill prescriptions due to cost and are less likely to see a specialist (Raphael, 2007)....   [tags: Human Rights ]
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1738 words
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The Impact of Parental Involvement - ... (2003). The Impact of Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustment:(MacNaughton, 2000 #1)A Literature Review. Research Report RR433. Epstein, J. L. (1995). School/ Family/ Community Partnerships: CARING FOR THE CHILDREN WE SHARE. Phi Delta Kappan, 92(3), 81-96. Epstein, J. L., Salinas, K. C. (1993) Surveys and Summaries: Questionnaires for Teachers and Parents in the Elementary and Middle Grades. Baltimore: Center on School, Family, and Community Partnerships, Johns Hopkins University....   [tags: Parenting]
:: 64 Works Cited
1405 words
(4 pages)
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The Value of Families - The Value of Families Society and family value have changed into an institutionalized process. A transformation has taken place within communities altering the "traditional" family ways. The system in which one parent worked, while the other parent tended to the children has almost become obsolete. This change triggered the formation of a discombobulated society where greed motivates both parents in the work force, leaving their children to be raised by institutions consisting of under-qualified personnel....   [tags: Papers] 397 words
(1.1 pages)
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Exploring Power and Control in the Family - Exploring Power and Control in the Family 1. The phrase "unequal division of labour" refers to when household tasks including childcare are not shared equally between husband and wife. 2. Item A confirms that a traditional sexual division of labour still exists in the modern family firstly by stating that women tend to do the majority of housework in the family and secondly by saying that men are shown to do more physical work such as gardening than women. 3. The sexual division of labour still exists because women are continuing to view housework and childcare as essential to being a "good housewife and mother"....   [tags: Papers] 556 words
(1.6 pages)
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Employment of Women in Singapore - One of the key challenges faced by working women is striking a harmony between work and personal or family life. To be a good mother necessitates less time spent at the workplace, and to have a full time job means less time spent with their children. In the present work environment, women can have more children and continue to work but they will suffer from anxiety over their children's welfare, or their children will suffer because of the physical and mental burden women have of balancing family concerns and work....   [tags: Labor Females Work ] 1541 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Nordic Model - No matter how successful the Nordic Model may be in producing and expanding human welfare it will always be subject to attack as long as human nature remains at its current state of evolution. -The Nordic News Network Scandinavia is a region of Northern Europe that includes Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Iceland. All the countries of Scandinavia share similar languages, are ethnically homogeneous, and are known to be punctual, honest, and modest. While each country does have its differences, they all have one major thing in common: the Nordic Model....   [tags: Economics]
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1172 words
(3.3 pages)
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Five Layers of Environmental Systems - ... Cooper, C. E. (2010). Family poverty, school-based parental involvement, and policy-focused protective factors in kindergarten. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 25(4), 480-492. Cooper, C. E., Crosnoe, R., Suizzo, M. A., & Pituch, K. A. (2009). Poverty, Race, and Parental Involvement During the Transition to Elementary School. Journal of Family Issues, 31(7), 859-883. da Silva, L., & Wise, S. (2006). Parent Perspectives on Childcare Quality among a Culturally Diverse Sample. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 31(3), 6-14....   [tags: Parenting]
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1433 words
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Bargaining for Collective Responsibility for Social Reproduction - ... 99) Women have chosen to have children later in life, if they are choosing to have any at all; there has been a decline in the number of children born in 2003 with 1.3 children being born, the lowest ever in Canadian history (Bezanson & Luxton, 2006 p. 96). Parental responsibilities are lasting longer as children are continuing to live at home longer once completing high school. A study determined that in 1985 an average of six years was needed in order for children to complete the transition from high school to employment; in 1998 the average was eight years, it is becoming more difficult for young adults to find employement....   [tags: Canadian Government, Policies and Regulations] 1524 words
(4.4 pages)
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How to Build a Successful Marriage - Developing and maintaining a healthy marriage can seem at times to be an insurmountable challenge. Often in search of insights into how a healthy marriage is developed and functions we must look to those that are in longstanding relationships. In search of some of this valuable information I interviewed three people that I would consider to be in healthful union. The primary goal of these interviews was to uncover the foundation of a successful marriage. Looking at the interviews there are many common elements that the couples talked about....   [tags: Relationships] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Arguments For and Against the Idea that There Is a Move Toward a More Equal Division of Labour Within the Home - The Arguments For and Against the Idea that There Is a Move Toward a More Equal Division of Labour Within the Home In today’s modern society there is a debate on going about whether or not that there is a move towards a more equal division of labour within the home and family. Sociologists are interested in many different aspects of family life. Firstly, are husbands and wives today equal. In the past, men dominated both the family and society at large. However, in recent years, there have been important moves towards equality, such as laws against sex discrimination and many more women going out to work....   [tags: Papers] 1443 words
(4.1 pages)
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Assessment of the Claim that the Family Has Become Increasingly Symmetrical - Assessment of the Claim that the Family Has Become Increasingly Symmetrical Many sociologists have different perspectives on whether or not the family has become increasingly symmetrical. Some sociologists such as Willmott and Young believe that the family does not consist of conjugal roles where the couple have separate roles, such as the women carrying out the expressive role and the male carrying out the instrumental role. Whereas there are other assumptions that have been made by other sociologists, such as Ann Oakley, a feminist, who believes that household roles are not joint, the cohabiting couple do not share household tasks like childcare and housework....   [tags: Papers] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Purpose of Education Statement - Purpose of Education Statement The educational system in America serves many purposes, all of which are important in their own ways. Historically, education has served as both a building block and a cornerstone of our society, providing both childcare for working adults and a station for administering formal learning. Within the overall purpose of the educational system there lie different questions that must be answered in order to compile a formulaic and comprehensive rationale for the American educational system....   [tags: Philosophy of Education Teaching Teachers Essays] 511 words
(1.5 pages)
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Discrimination of Women - Bill Copeland once said, "Not only is women's job never done, the definition keeps changing." This couldn't be any more true; women play multiple roles from wives to mothers to professionals. Today women are moving farther away from their traditional role as homemaker and housewife towards the role of a liberated, self-supporting individual. This new role is not so readily accepted in society and bias is widespread in the workplace. Under state and federal law, it is unlawful to discriminate on the basis of race, sex, color, religion, national origin, age or disability....   [tags: Gender Studies] 377 words
(1.1 pages)
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Going Towards a Postpatriarchal Family - Going Towards a Postpatriarchal Family Ours is a time of dramatic and confusing transformations in everyday life, many of them originating in the social enfranchisement of women that has occurred over the past twenty-five years. Sociologist Arlie Hochschild demonstrates a widespread phenomenon of work-family imbalance in our society, experienced by people in terms of a time bind, and a devaluation of familial relationships. As large numbers of women have moved into the workplace, familial relations of all sorts have been colonized by what Virginia Held critically refers to as the contractual paradigm....   [tags: Philosophy Hochschild Women Papers] 4508 words
(12.9 pages)
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Fathers and Sons in Dead Poet's Society - Fathers and Sons in Dead Poet's Society A father is perhaps the most important role model to his son. The dominant culture states that when a boy is young, he looks to his father for help in identifying his role in society as a man. As the boy grows older, he looks to his father for guidance as to what course he should take in life. The boy becomes a man, and takes care of his father when he grows old and decrepit. This ideology is best shown on the classic television show, Leave it to Beaver....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Overview of Women’s History in Korea - Overview of Women’s History in Korea In modern day Korea, women are actively involved in many career fields, such as education, law, literature, sports, medicine, and engineering. However, it wasn’t too long ago that women were confined only to the home and family. The introduction of Christianity to Korea helped elevate women’s roles through schools ran by missionaries. Some were even specifically for educating women. (Korean Overseas Information Service, 2001) Many of the educated women began getting involved in religious work, teaching, the arts, and of course, the enlightening of other women....   [tags: Culture Asia Essays]
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865 words
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Early Learning - Early Learning The purpose of this research paper is to investigate the issue of Preschool to determine if children who participate in structured preschool programs are more successful in kindergarten or first grade. There are a few types of preschool programs. First there are structured preschool programs that focus on emphasizing an actual school setting and classroom activities in order to prepare the child for kindergarten or first grade. There are also day care centers, which are not as structured as preschool centers....   [tags: essays papers]
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1294 words
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Telecommuting - Telecommuting TELECOMMUTING: WHAT BOTH EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYERS SHOULD KNOW INTRODUCTION Businesses now have to deal with technology, and telecommunication is a new prevalent technology. There are advantages and disadvantages to telecommunications, and employers need to be aware of these pros and cons in order to evaluate whether to have telecommuting employees. Employees who telecommute also need to be aware of the advantages and disadvantages of this style of work before they opt for that type of employment....   [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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Business Plan - Nursery - I have selected a nursery because there is high demand in the UK as well that there is a reasonable amount of profit SUMMARY PEOPLE I intend to employ on 3 to 4 employees along with my self and cater for approximately 12-20 kids once the business has established itself then I may decide to expand and cater for more children. THE PRODUCT I have selected a nursery because there is high demand in the UK as well that there is a reasonable amount of profit, which can be made if the business is planned out correctly....   [tags: ] 16579 words
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Petticoats and Prejudice - Through the narration of white settler society construct, that is, the notion that Canada is a nation founded by the French and British, only certain interests are taken into account. Daiva Stasiulus and Radha Jhappan’s article “The Fractious Politics of a Settler Society in Canada,” demonstrate how this construct is problematic in Canada’s nation building process. Ultimately, both Stasiulus and Jhappan demonstrate how white settler society construct has been a main cause of social inequality and lack of diversity both historically and presently in Canada....   [tags: essays research papers] 1313 words
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Solutions To Homelessness - Solutions for Homelessness This great nation of awesome power and abundant resources is losing the battle against homelessness. The casualties can be seen on the street corners of every city in American holding an ?I will work for food. sign. Homeless shelters and rescue missions are at full capacity. There is no room at the inn for the nation?s indigent. Anyone who has studied this issue understands that homelessness is a complex problem. Communities continue to struggle with this socio-economic problem while attempting to understand its causes and implement solutions....   [tags: Poverty Poor Homeless Essays]
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1837 words
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What achieving a degree means to me - “What achieving a degree means to me” Hello my name is ______________ I am a twenty nine year old married mother of two. I’ve been married for twelve years and I have an eight years old boy and a two years old girl. Since I was nineteen years old in the fall of 1991 I’ve attempted to earn a college degree attending first Tarrant County Junior College and second Weatherford College stop and starting back again several times over the years trying to reach my goal. In the summer of 1995 when my oldest was two my husband and I moved our mobile home on to new land, which required my assistance helping out financially....   [tags: essays research papers] 1420 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Existence of The New Man and Gender Roles Within Families - The Existence of The New Man and Gender Roles Within Families · My main aim in this project is to find out whether the 'new man' exists and if the gender roles are equally shared out between the husband and the wife. In order for me to find out this I will use various different research methods and also by looking at different sociologists findings. · My hypothesis in my project is 'The 'New Man' does not exist; women still remain responsible for the bulk of domestic labour in the home' I have chosen this hypothesis because I believe that equality is vital in society and that people should equally take part with the house work....   [tags: Papers] 3742 words
(10.7 pages)
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Welfare Reform: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Legislation - In August 1996, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) passed. This legislation ended the Family Aid with Dependent Children (AFDC) and replaced it with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Unlike AFDC, TANF is not an entitlement program. This means that states are under no obligation to provide cash assistance to eligible families. Instead the federal government gives block grants to assist poor families with the emphasis on moving them from welfare to work or deterring them from applying for welfare in the first place....   [tags: Papers TANF Welfare Program Government Essays]
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Discussion of the Extent to Which Families Have Become Symmetrical - Discussion of the Extent to Which Families Have Become Symmetrical The idea of the Symmetrical family is that of Willmott and Young following their research into family life in London. They found that the symmetrical family consists of a nuclear family that have become separated from their extended kin, the husband plays a bigger part in family life, the conjugal bond is strong and the family is home centred. Conjugal roles are similar in terms of contribution although there is still the divide of "men's and women's work" and the conjugal roles are not interchangeable although each spouse contributes equally to the running of the household....   [tags: Papers] 699 words
(2 pages)
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Cognitive Development and Language Skills Development - Cognitive Development and Language Skills Development “Cognitive development underpins all the other aspects of development as children start to explore and make sense of the world around them. It is closely linked to the development of language and communication skills as children interact with the people around them.” There are many theories written on the subjects of cognitive development and language and communication. These theories vary in several ways, but they all seem to make the link between the too subjects....   [tags: language and communication] 2085 words
(6 pages)
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Welfare to Work: Does It Really Benefit Single Parents? - Welfare to Work: Does It Really Benefit Single Parents. When President Clinton signed the Personal Responsible & Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in August of 1996, it ended welfare as we know it. Under this reform, wages and earnings replaced welfare, but many critics felt only problems arose from this program. Welfare to work forces poor and single parents into jobs that do not supply sufficient living wages (Albelda 1). These single parents can never work enough hours to support their families because the jobs are often inflexible which is not a match for a single parent....   [tags: Welfare Policy Low Wage Jobs] 970 words
(2.8 pages)
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Measures Adopted by the Governments Since 1997 to Support the Family - Measures Adopted by the Governments Since 1997 to Support the Family The Labour Party believes that families are at the heart of our society and the basis of our future as a country. That is why this Government is so committed to strengthening family life. Nevertheless they are under stress, and although most families do not want interference, they do want advice and support to be there when they need it. The Labour Party family policy is based on three simple principles: * Children must come first....   [tags: Papers] 557 words
(1.6 pages)
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Proposed Solution to the Foreclosure Crisis - The economic crisis has become pervasive and no one is immune from its effects. Families are finding themselves in situations that they had only heard of others experiencing and are finding their circumstances spinning out of control and fast. There is an obvious need to assist families with real solutions now and fast. Mortgage companies are not quick to be compassionate or offer practical solutions to those who find themselves living paycheck to paycheck and then not having a paycheck and/or nothing in savings....   [tags: foreclosure, economy, financial] 1056 words
(3 pages)
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Should Government Provide Free Daycare Centers? - Should the government provide day care centers for working parents. Parents who are working hard to provide there family a good meal and to pay the rent, the least the government can do for these people is to help out a parent by providing free child care centers for working parents right. Guess what, the republicans and the democrats from congress have been doing something about it. There have at least been 70 bills that have been introduced by both of them, but it seems like the house of representative keep turning down every single one of them....   [tags: Government]
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983 words
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The Preacher - Much to Liz’s displeasure, BA left early for the office, his breakfast consisting of only coffee. At the window he looked down on an awakening city. People hurried to minimum wage jobs, because they lacked skills for anything better. Some neither read nor wrote well enough to fill out an application, but pride hindered change. A few even finished high school as functional illiterates. Single mothers entered offices, earning barely adequate amounts to pay childcare. Most of the fathers took no blame; determined pregnancy was the woman’s fault....   [tags: Creative Writing Essay] 971 words
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The Impact of Parental Involvement - ... Retrieved on 27 April 2011 from http://www.Permata.jpm.my. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (2011), Education and Care Services National Regulations, Retrieved on 14 May 2011 from http://www.deewr.gov.au/ Desforges, C., & Abouchaar, A. (2003). The Impact of Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustment:(MacNaughton, 2000 #1)A Literature Review. Research Report RR433. Epstein, J. L. (1995). School/ Family/ Community Partnerships: CARING FOR THE CHILDREN WE SHARE....   [tags: Parenting]
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Communication and Early Childhood Educators - ... Educators need to be also well versed in body language; therefore they anticipate what the children are going to do next, hence the control of the situation is resolved in a positive way. Educators do this by adopting positive body and expressive language to role model the correct behaviour. Neil and Caswell (1993,p.8) agree that these skills are valuable in dealing with situations especially if there are ten to twenty children in one room. In the early years children use verbal cues to communicate, a cry, pointing with hands, grunts or they will lead you to the situation....   [tags: Education]
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1589 words
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Labor Supply Responses to Taxes and Transfer Payments - ... When labor markets react negatively, there will also be an increase in the number of people participating in income support programs. Much of the labor force needs to choose to work in order to provide enough tax revenue to fund government programs. Real wage rates influence labor decisions. A labor market participant chooses to take a job when it meets her minimum requirement for earnings, or the reservation wage. Earning the reservation wage does not mean that she has all the consumption she needs or wants, but rather that the benefits of taking the job are greater than the costs....   [tags: American Government, Taxes, Transfer Policies] 1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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Safe Learning Environment - ... Such as Every Child Matters agenda, SEAL, EPPE, As change for children paper (2003) has implemented five outcomes for children to achieve, these are “be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make positive contribution, and achieve economic well being”(ECM: CC, pg 9). This policy is promoting good 'quality' in giving children opportunities in making relationships, good level of achievements, good learning environment and learning boundaries. EPPE (2003) has defined quality as having good qualified staff, giving equal opportunities, partnership with parents....   [tags: Education, Preventing Bullying] 673 words
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Support from Individual's Social Network - ... Also the cooking pot sessions brought people together establishing friendships by cooking meals jointly and then eating collectively. Practical help, ideas and advice on preparing and eating healthy meals when on a budget was shared and used by all. (K101, DVD, Video 9.4) Not everybody’s social network is the same. Some may have a limited or virtually non existent social network around them. A model developed by Chris Phillipson a researcher into social networks shows how they can vary in size and significance....   [tags: Sociology, Family and Friends] 1607 words
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The Knowledge is Power Program - ... These parents are unable to transmit the attitudes and knowledge needed to succeed in the current educational system because they themselves do not possess this cultural capital. KIPP teachers fill this gap by providing “character education” in addition to academics using the acronym SLANT which, “instructs students to sit up, listen, ask questions, nod and track the speaker with their eyes” (Tough, 2006, p.255). While observing SLANT in action, Paul Tough notes that “Middle-class Americans know instinctively that ‘good behavior’ is mostly a game with established rules; the KIPP students seem to be experiencing the pleasure of being let in on the joke” (Tough, 2006, p.255)....   [tags: Education, KIPP Schools] 1759 words
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Decreasing Mothers in the Workplace - ... The brief says that among the 57% of the workforce that is eligible for FMLA leave, many can not afford to take unpaid leave. 78% of people who needed to take FMLA leave haven’t taken it for financial reasons (WorkLife). FMLA is very beneficial to those who can afford to take the unpaid leave, but policies are still needed for those who can not. Having government paid child care more widely available encourages couples to have the best of both worlds—family and career. Compared to mothers in many other countries, it is harder for mothers in the United States to balance a career and a family, and many mothers are unable to do both, forcing them to leave their careers behind....   [tags: Gender Studies]
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Early Childhood Professions - ... Sue to the increased awareness amongst parents and early childhood professionals of new ways to approach the development of child’s mind in various ways the expectations of a childcare provider has risen significantly over the last few decades. Just a few of the ever expanding expectations child providers are faced with today are the demand for full year service, early literacy learning, and the increased use of technology. It is hard not to notice that the American family has evolved drastically over the last 50 years and now it is quite common for both parents to have careers in order to provide a safe and stable home for their family, which in turn has created demanding schedules for their lifestyles....   [tags: Education, elementary education, primary]
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Single Parenting in Canada - ... (www.campaign2000.ca, 2010). There is growing evidence that children begin to learn as soon as they are born. This means that high quality child care programs have a crucial part to play in childhood development and is a key determinant in the long term health of children. It has been shown that early childhood education programs can meet health related goals by encouraging children's social and intellectual development. (Howel & Covell, 2007). There are financial benefits as well. Hurtig (1999) explains that even though it would be expensive for the federal government to allocate more expenditures towards a nationally accessible child care program, it would also be in their economic advantage....   [tags: Canada]
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America Needs Year-Round Education - ... McCombs and colleagues (2011) note that elementary students’ performance falls by about a month during the summer, but the decline is far worse for lower-income students.”(61) Low-income students typically do not have access to quality summer enrichment programs; this disadvantage widens their educational gap even further. Summer school should not be viewed as a punishment because it can provide many opportunities and an approach to learning in different ways not normally used in classrooms, and can expose children to different life skills....   [tags: Longer School Year]
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The Importance of Work-Life Initiatives - ... Technology makes available flexible work arrangements that offer telecommuting. Telecommuting is when employees work outside the office. This work is done at home or at a satellite office. Some organizations employ full-time or part-time telecommuting employees, while other organizations offer the ad-hoc benefit to employees when they are not able to make it into work for reasons like their child is sick, their car broke down, or the weather is bad. The 2011 Employee Benefits Research Report, by SHRM, found that 45% of organizations offer telecommuting on an ad-hoc basis, 34% on a part-time basis, and 20% on a full-time basis (SHRM, 2011)....   [tags: Human Resource Management ]
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Playground Safety - Kids love to play outside with their outdoor toys, because that is their job. The job of the parents is to ensure that diligent attention is paid to the children at play. The National Program for Playground Safety has reported that inadequate supervision contributed to about 40 percent of all playground injuries. Swing set safety guidelines have been developed to guide parents, childcare providers and school officials to the best measures to prevent accidents on playground equipment. In addition to supervision, the child should be instructed on how to play safely, and the caregiver should ensure that the child is wearing appropriate play clothes and sturdy shoes....   [tags: Children's Health] 480 words
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Is there ever a solution for working mothers? - The vast majority of mothers in the world today are working and earning. Where they work may range from the family compound, to nearby fields, to local markets, to industrial parks, to corporate headquarters; but in both developing and developed countries women are economically active, providing support for themselves, their children, and their families According to http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/seeds/seeds13.html#10T it states that: Not only are more mothers working but, in both the modern and traditional sectors, more mothers with very young children now find it necessary to venture further from home in order to provide a livelihood for the family....   [tags: essays research papers] 342 words
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Margaret Mead - Margaret Mead was a great scientist, explorer, writer, and teacher, who educated the human race in many different ways. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss the different ways Margaret Mead, Anthropologist, effected our society. Margaret Mead was born in Philadelphia on December 16, 1901, and was educated at Barnard College and at Columbia University. In 1926 she became assistant curator of ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, and she served as associate curator and as curator....   [tags: essays research papers] 341 words
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What Is A Family? - For most of us, the family is considered as a well-known and comfortable institution. The perfect model of the ‘ideal’ family is still mostly considered to be consisted from two different sexes’ parents, and one or more children. Until quite recently, the sociology of the family was mostly functionalist and just in the last few decades has been challenged from various directions. There are many different definitions about what the family is. Different theoretical positions influence these variations....   [tags: definition essay about family] 761 words
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Homeless Youth - Homeless Youth Homelessness is defined as having no fixed place to sleep at night. This includes people staying in motels until their money runs out, those staying with friends, those staying in shelters, and those sleeping inside or out whatever space they can find to protect themselves. The number of homeless people has been growing and it has become a serious problem in our society. Every night in Canada there are thousands of people living on the streets. This type of behaviour is considered deviant because it does not reflect the norms and values of our society....   [tags: Homelessness] 643 words
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Social Welfare and Single Mothers - Social Welfare and Single Mothers Karen Bridget Murray’s article, “Governing ‘Unwed Mothers’ in Toronto at the Turn of the Twentieth Century”, is a valuable reference into the struggles and triumphs of social welfare for unwed mothers. For me the article highlighted how government ideologies influence social welfare, how important the change from religious reformers practices to social work was and finally how appalling it is that the struggles and barriers these women faced are still relevant to single mothers today....   [tags: Article Review] 565 words
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Eating Responsibly - With the aim of changing the unhealthy eating habits of some families and children, Australian government has involved in many sensible plans and ideas. Recently, the Federal Government’s preventive taskforce report has discussed of taxes to influence healthy food. According to Coalition senior adviser Jane Martin: “The best mix would be to increase the price of unhealthy foods and to subsidise fresh foods” (Miletic 2009, pg.3). In response to this social issue, a majority of people interviewed also agreed with the idea of regulating the use of popular movie and cartoon characters in promoting unhealthy foods (91 %) and marketting fast food by using competitions (90%), based on a study from the Obesity Policy Coalition conducted by Cancer council Victorian (Miletic, 2009, pg 4)....   [tags: Nutrition]
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Preschool: A Right or a Luxury? - Preschool: A Right or a Luxury. If we had a tool that would improve our children's performance in school and social settings, lower the crime rate, lower teenage pregnancy, and save taxpayers' money, who wouldn't want to use it. Preschool is that tool, but few people pay attention to or care about preschool's potential benefits. For many parents, preschool is a valuable asset, providing their children with social play, fun, and an experience within a school-like setting. Children in preschool learn social skills like respect for authority, listening, and sharing; they also benefit from interaction with peers, which results in improved language and relational skills....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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The Working Poor in America - The Working Poor in America The United States, a place where anyone can “pick themselves up by the bootstraps” and realize the American dream of a comfortable lifestyle. Well, for over 30 million Americans this is no longer possible. Though we live in the richest and most powerful country in the world there are many who are living under or at the precipice of the poverty level, “While the United States has enjoyed unprecedented affluence, low-wage employees have been testing the American doctrine that hard work cures poverty” (The Working Poor, 4)....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1165 words
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The Pros and Cons of Welfare Reform - The Pros and Cons of Welfare Reform There have been numerous debates within the last decade over what needs to be done about welfare and what is the best welfare reform plan. In the mid-1990s the TANF, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Act was proposed under the Clinton administration. This plan was not received well since it had put a five year lifetime limit on receiving welfare and did not supply the necessary accommodations to help people in poverty follow this guideline. Under the impression that people could easily have found a job and worked their way out of poverty in five years, the plan was passed in 1996 and people in poverty were immediately forced to start looking for jobs....   [tags: Poverty Government Argumentative Papers]
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Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and Teen Parents - Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and Tenn Parents The American Public never loved social welfare programs, but it did not necessarily want them dismantled. In fact, by the early 1990s, nearly 50 percent of all households drew on government benefits from Food stamps to social security to mortgage interest tax deductions. To convince the public that it stood to gain from smaller government and weaker social programs, the reformers had to undermine the longstanding belief that government should play a large role in society....   [tags: Sociology Social Work Goverment]
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The Roller Skating Rink - I have been fortunate enough to have traveled around the world and I will admit that California embellishes the soul in a unique way, apart from the rest of the world. I have lived on the blue corner house at in California on and off for as long as I can remember. My next door neighbors at the time were two Caucasian older women. They were thin and very tall, with shoulder length brown hair, with fine age lines covering their faces, necks and hands. In front of my house lived an Asian family of 5, who was always curteous enough to greet me and next to them lived Becky and Pat....   [tags: Descriptive Essay, Descriptive Writing] 903 words
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Glass Ceiling - THE GLASS CEILING by Reading an article about the “Glass ceiling” triggered my curiosity, and I began to think how this could affect my daughter and her goals and aspirations. According to the Department of Labor, females account for 43.99% of the workforce as of May 2001, but only a small fraction of women have succeeded in attaining senior level positions. This fact makes it difficult to discount the allegations of inequality between men and women in the workplace, and proves that the effects of the glass ceiling are still prevalent....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Human Resource Leadership - Worker Retention Programs - Human Resources Leadership (Team 4) Worker Retentions Program Waiwah Ellison Norma Gladhill Daniel Lewis Rachel Luce Angelica Player Lori Ruskey Abstract All organizations want to see an increase in productivity and a positive impact on the bottom line. Successful organizations realize employee retention and talent management is integral to sustaining their leadership and growth in the market place. The focus of this group project is on worker retention strategies....   [tags: essays research papers] 2843 words
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Marketing changes - There have been many significant changes within our society. One of this is the changing gender roles within our society and another is the changing attitudes toward health & fitness. Both of these have impacted on consumer preferences or buying habits. Gender roles are no longer as accurate as it once was. There is now a trend of reserved roles. This is due to the continued growth in a number of dual income households. There has been an increase of women in the workforce in the fast few years....   [tags: essays research papers] 859 words
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