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Bone - ... Fortunately, nonunion can be prevented by many procedures, good surgical technique and proper implanted selection. (8) Minimally invasive (MIS) technique becomes more popular and there are many developed modern instruments which are friendly and easy usable. The advantage of the development is less tissue traumatized procedure which can preserve the biologic around the fracture site. (9) We can also prevent hypertrophic nonunion by providing an enough mechanic stability factor. (10) However, the high energy trauma as well as severe open fracture can make devastation of the soft tissue around the fracture site and might impair the biologic requirement for fracture healing .(11)And in this circumstance; the prevention by using MIS technique or even more strong stability implant cannot preventable because the soft tissue have loosen before treatment....   [tags: Biology] 694 words
(2 pages)
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Bone Diseases - Bone diseases most directly influence the ability to walk or to move any part of the body--hands, limbs, neck, and spine. They are related to joint disorders--ARTHRITIS, COLLAGEN DISEASE, DISLOCATION of joints, and RHEUMATISM. The medical specialty pertaining to bone disorders is ORTHOPEDICS. Fractures are the most common bone disorders. They can occur as the result of an accident or be secondary to metabolic diseases. Fractures are life-threatening to aged people having the metabolic bone disease OSTEOPOROSIS, in which bones become porous and brittle....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Bone Collector - Author: Deaver, Allen Title: The Bone Collector, New York, New American Library, 1997. Scene: This story takes place in New York City, New York in the mid 90's. While the UN conference is in town, a series of kidnappings has erupted and it's up to a team of forensic scientists to follow the clues and find the killer. Theme: People who never give up what they started will always accomplish his/her goal. Key Persons: Lincoln Rhyme, once a famous NYPD "criminalist" who is now a quadriplegic is brought back to work; Amelia Sachs, daughter of a beat cop who is first officer of the first kidnapping making her involved in the whole investigation; Lon Selitto, Lincoln's former partner; Jerry Banks, Selitto's partner; Mel Cooper, computer and science genius; Jim Polling, NYPD command chief; Fred Dellray, FBI commander; Dr....   [tags: Allen Deaver] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Butterfly Effect in Bone - Directed and written by Eric Bress and J. Mackye Gruber, the movie “Butterfly Effect” is about a young man (Kutcher) who blacks out harmfull memories of significant events of his life. As he grows up he finds a way to remember these lost memories and a supernatural way to alter his life. This movie teaches a simple lesson about life: one little thing in the past can change the whole outcome of life later. The book Bonesetter’s Daughter, by Amy Tan, also has something to do with past, as it is narrated by two people, mother and daughter, who talk about themselves, constantly referring back to the memories of their childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Literary Critique - Midnight For Charlie Bone - Literary Criticism Nimmo, Jenny. Midnight for Charlie Bone. New York, New York City: Orchard Books. 2003. 401 pages. Midnight for Charlie Bone is a story about a school for prodigy children who each have a special magic skill. Charlie Bone has no idea that he has a special power, until he finds out he can see and hear people talking in photographs. Although he wants to use his power for the good, his classmate Lucretia Yewbeam does not. She has the power to brainwash people. She brainwashes her classmates and commands them to do her homework, make food, borrow money, etc....   [tags: Jenny Nimmo] 1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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Rattle Bone - Pieces of a Novel Puzzle “A novel or a collection of short stories?'; may be a question that a critic asks about Rattlebone. Maxine Clair portrays both arguments with her energetic writing style. A blend of random comments and many unique phrases intermix with the intense plot. Writing like this gives the reader a more relaxed state and the book seems more alive and real. In answer to the critique question, Maxine Clair is writing a novel because of an abundant supply of foreshadowing, a collection of narrators, a recurrence of characters, and a process commonly known to man as aging....   [tags: essays research papers] 1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Do Inhaled Corticosteroids have a Long- Term Effect on Growth and Bone Density in Children ? - Research Synthesis Paper According to American Academy of Pediatrics, “It is estimated that approximately 15 million people in the United States suffer from Asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children” ( Schlienger 2004). Although inhaled steroids have been established as the preventive treatment of choice, few studies have been conducted to assess the risks of inhaled steroid therapy. Inhaled corticosteroids are absorbed into the systemic circulation, but the extent to which they have adverse effects on bone density and growth is uncertain....   [tags: essays research papers] 2525 words
(7.2 pages)
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open fracture of the radius - Injury report: Open fracture of the Radius. A triathlon involves swimming, running and then biking a set track. A triathlete fell from his bike during training, due to the wet road. He landed awkwardly on his bike. His Radius was broken because he landed with his arm on the handle bars of the bike. The force at which he landed on the handle bars caused his Radius to break and pierce the skin. A cracked bone is called a fracture. Fractures are most likely to occur in the limb bones. (Radius and Ulna; Tibia and Fibula) Fractures are named according to the certain features which separate the different types of fracture....   [tags: essays research papers] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina - Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina "Love" is a word, a signifier, tied to many meanings, all different in context, cultures, and ideologies. Love is used numerous ways in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina, by many characters. In the character of Bone, love is a confused thing, always changing, as Bone uses it to fit her life on the fly. In relation to parental love, Bone wants Daddy Glen to love her. However, early in the book, Bone's conception of "love" is that of a child, obviously....   [tags: Bastard Out of Carolina Essays] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Hypogravitational Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by an absolute decrease in the amount of bone present to a level below which it is capable of maintaining the structural integrity of the skeleton. To state the obvious, Human beings have evolved under Earth's gravity "1G". Our musculoskeleton system have developed to help us navigate in this gravitational field, endowed with ability to adapt as needed under various stress, strains and available energy requirement. The system consists of Bone a highly specialized and dynamic supporting tissue which provides the vertebrates its rigid infrastructure....   [tags: essays research papers] 1403 words
(4 pages)
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biology presentation for the skeleton - Intro – slide 1 – acetate 1 The skeleton of a human foetus is formed from tough but flexible cartilage that acts as a blueprint for bone construction. During ossification ( the changing of cartilage to bone) which begins before birth, the cartilage is broken down and the resulting space is filled by bone building mineral salts and protein fibres secreted by bone cells. Humans have a bony endoskeleton made up of 206 bones, although we are born with up to 300, but many of these fuse during childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 667 words
(1.9 pages)
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Osteoporosis - Bone Case Study 1. A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures the amount of mineral concentration in a specific region of the bones in order to determine a persons bone strength or density and their risk for fractures. 2. The physician uses the BMD test in conjunction with a patient’s history to determine the patient’s risk of Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by thinning, weak bones. Bone loss is actually a normal event in the human body. We loose bone when cells (osteoclasts) release stored salts (calcium, phosphorous, magnesium) from the bone into the blood stream when dietary intake is not providing adequate amounts....   [tags: essays research papers] 564 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Conservation of Coral Reefs - Coral Reefs need to be preserved for many reasons. In this paper I will discuss a few of them. First of all, they houses a collection of diverse organisms, and contribute fisheries which provide food items such as fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Furthermore, coral skeletons are being used as bone substitutes in reconstructive bone surgery and may be able to provide important medicine, including anti-cancer drugs and a compound that blocks ultra-violet rays, they even help reduce global warming by taking carbon dioxide out of the air....   [tags: essays research papers] 440 words
(1.3 pages)
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Axial and Appendicular Skeleton - Axial and Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton is the central part of the skeleton. The skull, spine, ribs and breastbone make the axial skeleton up. The appendicular skeleton consists of the remaining bones. These are 'attached' to the axial skeleton. [IMAGE] Cervical [IMAGE] This is the top seven vertebrae from the neck downwards. The top two bones are the atlas and axis. They let us to shake and nod out head. All the other vertebrae also help with movement of the neck and head, such as bending and twisting....   [tags: Papers] 435 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Skeletal System - The Skeletal System The functions of the Skeleton are to: * Provide Protection * Movement * Blood Production * Support * Shape * Mineral Production Definitions of the functions: Protection: The skeleton is designed in such a way that the delicate parts of the body are protected. These parts are major organs, the brain is protected by the skull, the lungs and heart are protected by the ribs and the vertical column protects the spinal cord....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The 15 Essential Nutrients - The 15 Essential Nutrients Milk is a source of energy plus 15 essential nutrients all working together towards your good health. 1. Protein for building and repairing body tissues, even bones. Helps build antibodies to fight infection in your body. 2. Carbohydrates provide the main source of energy in your body cells. 3. Vitamin A for healthy skin, eyes and night vision. Essential for normal bones and teeth. 4. Vitamin D for optimal calcium and phosphorus absorption. Essential for strong bones and healthy teeth....   [tags: Papers] 684 words
(2 pages)
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - Stem Cells Abstract There are now other means of extracting stem cells rather than aborting fetuses. Scientists have discovered alternative means; such as certain unspecialized cells found in bone marrow, as well as umbilical cord blood and rare but unique skin cells. As we take advantage of these findings, we not only partially solve the ongoing controversy, but also broaden our knowledge of the spectrum of stem cells as well. The extraction of stem cells may cure many diseases, such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s....   [tags: Medicine]
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Orthopedic Surgery - ... Direct BM plating method is commonly used for cells from small animal (Lennon and Caplan, 2006, Nadri et al., 2007) but in human bone marrow, Density gradient centrifugation is the most commonly used method for isolating MSCs. So far, it is still controversy to exactly identify of MSC. According to their capability of proliferation and multilineage differentiation, Colony-forming unit–fibroblast (CFU-F) is defined as highly adherent in colony of fibroblastic-like cells which arising from one mother cell....   [tags: Health, Treatment] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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Ayurveda: Study of the Body as a Whole - Ayurveda studies the human body as a whole functional unit, rather than individual ones. The human body is complex in nature which compromises of organs and tissues that function in perfect harmony with each other to ensure health. Dhatus which are the several tissues in the body are responsible for functioning and maintaining organ functions and the structure of the body. Ayurveda recognizes the following seven dhatus: Rasa - Sap/FluidChyle. Rakta - Blood. Mamsa - Muscle. Asthi - Bone Majja - Bone Marrow Meda – Fat, Brain and Spinal Cord Sukra - Sperm and Ovum These seven tissues are vital to the growth and development of the body....   [tags: Health]
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Type 1 diabetes - Squats Versus Lunge The purpose of my project grade sheet is to get a better understanding of the movement I chose which was squats versus lunges. The body of my research paper will give the reader a better understanding of the following for my specific movement. Anatomy: The origin and insertions that are involved include the Glutes- gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, Hamstrings- lliotibial band, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, adductor magnus, gracilis, semimembranosus. Calves- Gastrocnemius, soleus, peroneus brevis, flexor hallucis longus....   [tags: essays research papers] 921 words
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Embryonic Stem Cells Unnecessary for Medical Progress - Embryonic Stem Cells Unnecessary for Medical Progress Reporting on new research by Dr. Donald Orlic of the National Institutes of Health and others, indicating that adult bone marrow stem cells can help repair, and restore function in, damaged hearts: "Until now, researchers thought that stem cells from embryos offered the best hope for rebuilding damaged organs, but this latest research shows that the embryos, which are politically controversial, may not be necessary. 'We are currently finding that these adult stem cells can function as well, perhaps even better than, embryonic stem cells,' Orlic said." - "Approach may repair heart damage," MSNBC, March 30, 2001 (www.msnbc.com/news/552456.asp) * * * "Umbilical cords discarded after birth may offer a vast new source of repair material for fixing brains damaged by strokes and other ills, free of the ethical concerns surrounding the use of fetal tissue, researchers said Sunday." - "Umbilical cords could repair brains," Associated Press, February 20, 2001 * * * "PPL Therapeutics, the company that cloned Dolly the sheep, has succeeded in 'reprogramming' a cell -- a move that could lead to the development of treatments for diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1526 words
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The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod - The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod In the scientific article “A giant sauropod dinosaur from an upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt,” by Joshua Smith, Matthew Lamanna, Kenneth Lacovara, and Peter Dodson it is indicated that a giant sauropod named Paralititan Stomeri was discovered in a desert area in western Egypt in 2001. The skeleton was dated back to ninety to one hundred million years ago, which is the late Cretaceous period. Paralititan is a sauropod, which is thought to be the second largest that has ever lived....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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cancer - Cancer My friend, Matt, was diagnosed with cancer in May 2002. I was shocked when Matt’s girlfriend, Amber, told me that he had cancer, because Matt was only twenty-three years old when diagnosed. The type of cancer Matt has is called Leukemia, which is cancer of the white blood cells. This cancer starts in the bone marrow but can then spread to the blood, lymph nodes, the spleen, liver, central nervous system and other organs. Cancer affects many people each year including my grandmother who had cancer and now one of my close friends....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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stem cells - After a typical delivery the umbilical cord and the blood within it is discarded. Now researchers have discovered that this blood contains valuable stem cells which can be used in the treatment of several blood disorders. Stem cells are simply undeveloped cells that develop into platelets or red and white blood cells. Stem cells will continue to produce blood cells for an indefinite period of time after transplantation. Until the discovery of stem cells in umbilical cord blood and placentas, bone marrow stem cells were the primary means available to those in need of a transplant....   [tags: essays research papers] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Healthy Diet's Effect on Children's Teeth - Healthy Diet's Effect on Children's Teeth Hypothesis A healthy diet can improve the state of children's teeth. Aims In my investigation I will include: - To find out how tooth decay is caused and what the main reasons are for it. - To put forward a questionnaire on what children mostly eat and drink. - Ideas on how children's tooth decay can be avoided. What nutrients are important to teeth. - To do some practical work on the foods rich in the nutrients that are important to teeth....   [tags: Papers] 1197 words
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osteoporosis - Special Assignment NutritionDefine Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis, and explain habits that increase a person’s risk of developing osteoporosis.Type 1 osteoporosis is characterized as post menopausal. Women who are approaching the age of menopause should seriously consider consulting a physician to prepare for the changes her body is about to go through. As estrogen levels taper off, the kidneys start to draw calcium the body needs for normal maintenance of the skeletal frame from the bones, which in turn results in a loss of trabecular calcium....   [tags: essays research papers] 409 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Health Benefits of Exercise - Webster's dictionary defines exercise as bodily activity for the sake of health. Many people in today's society are health conscious. They know that if you exercise you will be helping the body feel better. It will also improve your health. This article explains the benefits of regular exercise. WebMD states that regular physical activity can help the body maintain, repair, and improve itself. Coronary Heart Disease is one of the leading problems for most African Americans. If brisk walking, running, cycling or swimming is done it increase muscle strength of the heart....   [tags: Health, Fitness] 309 words
(0.9 pages)
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Comparison Of Apollo From The Portonaccio Temple And Aule Metele - Comparison of Apollo from the Portonaccio Temple and Aule Metele Though the figures are not far from each other is height comparison, they seem to contain a distinct amount of difference in other aspects. First of all, they were made from different materials. While the Apollo statue is terracotta, the Aule Metele is of bronze. Generally speaking, the Apollo statue appears in a very symbolical manner in that his features are not well defined in detail while the Aule Metele displays a type of inspiring complexity with detail....   [tags: essays research papers] 347 words
(1 pages)
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Country of Origin Meat Labeling - A large problem that has arose in our country is Country of Origin (COO) meat labeling. Imported meat is not labeled with its origin and has become a great problem because of the lack of universal packaging and processing laws. The United States imports meat from 26 foreign countries. This means when you buy a package of hamburger from your local grocery store it could contain meat from anywhere in the world. Other countries meat isn’t the same quality as US meat. Some meat comes from countries such as china where it is legal to feed livestock ground up bone meal from scraped animals....   [tags: essays research papers] 342 words
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Stem Cell Research and a Ban on Human Cloning - Stem Cell Research and a Ban on Human Cloning   Some biotechnology companies claim that a ban on producing human embryos through cloning would stall important research in generating "stem cells" to cure a variety of diseases [Cong. Record, 2/5/98, S425]. To put this claim in perspective:   1. Cloning is desired as a source of "customized stem cell lines" which would be an exact genetic match to each individual patient with a given disease. But this would require each individual patient to undergo somatic cell nuclear transfer to produce one or many living human embryos who genetically are the patient's identical twin sisters or brothers....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1465 words
(4.2 pages)
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Organ Donation - Organ Donation In March of 1999, I was given a gift from a person I never knew; a person I’ll never get to know. This gift cost the person who gave it to me, no money, but it was the most valuable gift I’ll ever receive. The gift was a piece of life from another person. At the age of twenty-four, I broke my hip. After three unsuccessful surgical attempts to heal it, my doctors performed a total hip replacement. The top four inches of my femur were sawed off, and the inside of my bone was hollowed out....   [tags: essays papers] 1691 words
(4.8 pages)
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Analysis of the Movement of Skeletal and Muscular Systems - Analysis of the Movement of Skeletal and Muscular Systems (1) THE SKELETAL SYSTEM: [IMAGE] http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMI/Figures/8.22.jpg The skeletal system forms the rigid framework of the body; it can be divided into 2 parts, the axial and appendicular skeletons. The skeletons functions are to support the body, provide protection of the body’s organs, allow movement and store bone marrow for blood. [IMAGE] http://learntech.uwe.ac.uk/radiography/RAnatomy/musculoskeletal/appendicularskeleton.htm (1.1) The AXIAL skeleton forms the core of the skeletal system and consists of: · Cranium · Vertebral column · Sternum · Ribs Cranium: The cranium is a box like cavity containing and protecting the brain....   [tags: Papers] 3512 words
(10 pages)
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Doud Chronicles Power Trip - Doud Chronicles Power Trip The story Disney’s Doug Chronicles Power Trip is about Doug and his problems at school. Doug’s problem was that Vice Principle Bone chose Doug to be the hall monitor. Doug was surprised because he was hand-picked from all the other students. At first Doug thought that it would be dorky, he put on the orange belt but as he was walking to class all the other students were walking the opposite direction, Doug saw he friend, Skeeter. Doug asked “whats going on?” “Principle White Announced that there was going to be an assembly in the auditorium,” Skeeter said....   [tags: Essays Papers] 475 words
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The Role of Gene Mutation in Human Evolution - The Role of Gene Mutation in Human Evolution Have you ever looked at a gorilla or a monkey and considered it to be your ancestor. Probably not, but, if you have had that thought then it was probably just because that is what has been taught in our school systems for decades, and probably will be for a long time to come unless proven otherwise. Sure, humans and primates have similar features: facial expressions and structures; fingers; toes; breasts; hair; etc., but there has been no evidence that proves that we are, undoubtedly, a product of natural selection evolving from ape-like species....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs An article published in January of 2000, “All mixed up over birds and dinosaurs”, by Richard Monastersky in Science News Online seems to put an interesting spin on a corresponding article published about six months earlier in the scientific journal Nature. The article in Science News Online seems to imply that the article “A dromaeosaurid dinosaur with a filamentous integument from the Yixian Formation of China,” could be referring to forged fossils made up by Chinese scientists in order to provide the missing fossil link between birds and dinosaurs....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Animal Belief - Animal Belief If Mary believes a bone is on the lawn, then she literally believes that, though her belief may be mistaken. But, if her pet Fido rushes up to what is in fact a bit of bone-shaped plastic, then Fido does not believe that there is a bone on the lawn. However, the best explanation for Fido’s behavior may be that he initially believed there was a bone on the lawn. Unless we are methodological or analytical behaviorists, the claim that we can best explain the behavior of dumb animals by treating them as if they literally held beliefs (and desires) subject to various rationality constraints is hardly surprising....   [tags: Philosophy Language Papers] 3378 words
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Ankle Sprains for the Dancer - Ankle Sprains for the Dancer Ankles are one of the many body parts that have the highest incidence of injury by the performance of dance. Ankle sprains are one of the most common sprains occurring to the dancer. Even though structurally the ankle may be considered a moderately strong joint, it is subject to sudden twists, especially when the dancer steps on some irregular surface. Serious injury occurring to joints or bones result initially from impact forces, with carelessness and fatigue playing a major role....   [tags: essay papers] 980 words
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Cancer - Cancer INTRODUCTION In the American society, cancer is the disease most feared by the majority of people within the U.S. Cancer has been known and described throughout history. In the early 1990s nearly 6 million cancer cases and more than 4 million deaths have been reported worldwide, every year. The most fatal cancer in the world is lung cancer, which has grown drastically since the spread of cigarette smoking in growing countries. Stomach cancer is the second leading form of cancer in men, after lung cancer....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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grant hill - Grant Hill Everybody in Detroit called him “The Man” because he always was a leader and the to-go person in any tough moment of the game. Some people called him “The Gentleman” because he was a genuinely nice person with respect for the game and for others. Joe Dumars, a member of the legendary 1989-1990 Detroit Pistons team, once declared “He is the best player I’ve seen coming into the league for years”. Road to history was wide open for Grant, but luck had some other plans for his career. This is the story of Grant Hill, a story about having faith, patience and love for the game of basketball....   [tags: essays research papers] 1028 words
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Influential Experience in Life- Personal Narrative - Influential Experience in Life- Personal Narrative I’m sitting here on a cold Wednesday morning on a cold Wednesday morning bored out of my mind having just been given my SATs result (a five I think that’s rubbish). All I can hear is the names of people in my class and a number it sort of reminds me of bingo that I used to go to with my nana since, well, forever. As I’m telling you this I feel as though I should tell you about the amazingly boring things that have happened to me between my first breath and now fifteen years later....   [tags: Papers] 1206 words
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Spinal Stenosis - Spinal Stenosis Abstract Spinal Stenosis is a term commonly used to describe a narrowing of the spinal canal. This problem is much more common in people over the age of 60. However, it can occur in younger people who have abnormally small spine canals as a type of birth defect. The problem usually causes back pain and leg pain that comes and goes with activities such as walking. The purpose of this information is to help you understand: the anatomy of the spine related to spinal stenosis the signs and symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis, how the condition is diagnosed, and the treatments available for the condition....   [tags: Health Medical ] 1642 words
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Choctaw Tribe - ... “The Bone-Picker never trimmed the nails of his thumbs, index and middle fingers which accordingly grew to an astonishing length – sharp and almost hard as flint – and well adapted to the horrid business of their owner’s calling” (Swanton 1931:176). The remaining flesh, tendons, muscles and nerves were ripped from the skeleton, bundled up and placed on the corner of the platform and burned, or disposed of in a field (Cushman 1999:303, Swanton 1931:176). Once the bones were deposited in the mortuary box, the tribe partook in a funeral feast, conducted by the bone picker, whom had not yet washed his hands (Debo 1934:5, Folgelson 2004:508)....   [tags: Sociology, Dead, Spirit] 904 words
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Classroom Observation Report - Health Lesson and Observation Mrs. Tuttle is currently incorporating Health into the curriculum. The second half of the year is when the children learn their Health lessons. More often than not, it takes the place of Science. This is just the beginning of basic Health, nothing too intensive. The lesson I am going to teach, was my own idea. It will incorporate Health and Physical Education Activity, and will take place in the gym. When I told Mrs. Tuttle about it, she thought it was absolutely the cutest idea....   [tags: Teacher Observation Report] 471 words
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The Fabry Disease - The Fabry Disease Classification The Fabry Disease is a hereditary disorder, caused by the lack of alphagalactosidase A. It is an x-linked recessive inheritance. Therefore it is the females that carry it. The ones who are mostly affected by this disease are the males. Female carriers, though, may develop angiokeratomas and may have problems with burning pains. Very few of the carriers may also have kidney or heart problems. This disease occurs in 1 of 40,000 people. Descriptions A person with the Fabry disease develops angiokeratomas, which are clusters of raised, dot-like lesions....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 335 words
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Osteoarthritis - The Joint Problem Osteoarthritis "Arthritis is one of the most common medical problems in the world ond the number one cause of disability in America." Osteoarthritis makes up half of all kinds of arthritis. It affects 20 million Americans and is most common in women and adults over age 45. It could affect any joint in your body. Such as those found in the fingers, hips, knees, lower back and feet. It usually only affects one joint in your body, but if your fingers become infected, mutiple hand joints could become affected....   [tags: Nursing] 301 words
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Similarities Between Goneril in Shakespeare's King Lear and Ginny in Jane Smiley's A Thousand Acres - Similarities Between Goneril in Shakespeare's King Lear and Ginny in Jane Smiley's A Thousand Acres It is amazing to me the extraordinary job that Jane Smiley has done with her book A Thousand Acres. The parallels that she draws with Shakespeare's classic story of King Lear are unsurpassed by any book to which I have had the pleasure of reading. These two works represent an excellent example of literature that is able to engage readers young and old. In A Thousand Acres, I read Ginny as being the reserved quiet daughter who, up until the very end, bends to her father's tyranny....   [tags: Comparative Essay, Classical, Literature] 319 words
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Deception in the Stem-cell Research Debate - Deception in the Stem-cell Research Debate   The Nobel laureates' inaccurate letter to President Bush urging him to feed federal funds to human-embryo stem-cell research has had PR value in the media. It perpetuates a number of misconceptions and misleading statements regarding stem-cell research, particularly embryonic as opposed to adult stem-cell research, and will serve to continue to cloud the issue. Some of these deceptive statements are the subject of this essay. I believe President Bush and his staff are well aware of the truth about embryonic versus adult stem-cell research....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
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The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles - The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles In the early 1800’s, a new discovery that left paleontologists in awe was the fossil finding of the immeasurable amount of species of reptiles, Ichthyosaurs. Greek for “fish lizards”, these fossils were found all over the world. Because these large aquatic reptiles migrated just as whales do today, paleontologists have had the amazing advantage of collecting fascinating bone fragments throughout the past 177 years. Ichthyosaurs swam the ocean life from about 245 million until about 90 million years ago- approximately the same time dinosaurs ruled the land....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid - Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid In July of 2001, a group of archeologists discovered the skull and jaw bone of the oldest member of the human family. The skull is a new discovery and was found in the Djurab Desert of Northern Chad by a group of archeologists lead by Michel Brunet, and is thought to be six to seven million years old (Walton). The age of the skull and jaw bone were approximated through the association of the fauna that were found with the fossils (Brunet)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone - Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone I enjoy reading Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone. I find her novel easy to read and understand. Although she included some phrases the Chinese use, I find no difficulty in understanding them, as I’m Chinese myself. The novel Bone is written in a circular narrative form, in which the story doesn’t follow the linear format where the suspense slowly builds up and finally reaches a climax stage. Rather the story’s time sequence is thrown back and forth. I find this format of writing brings greater suspense and mystery to the reader....   [tags: Fae Myenne Ng Bone] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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Exceptional Down to the Bone - ... The second bone level feature “is a culture’s inheritance practices” (Bennett 37). The third bone-level is whether adult children form their own households” (Bennett 37). Bennett describes these features as our deep cultural roots that separate our American exceptionalism from other English-speaking countries. We think that these points show how we forget what it means to be an American, in America we can marry who ever we wish, we are allowed to leave are belongings to any person we wish, we could leave it to a dog if we wanted, and when kids grow up they move out and start their own family....   [tags: Article Analysis, Bennett] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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Barbara Gowdy’s White Bone - Barbara Gowdy’s White Bone is a novel that is written about the perspective of a herd of elephants living in Africa. The main characters are Mud, Tall-Time, Date Bed, and Torrent. All of which develop immensely over the course of the beginning to the end of the first half of the book. The story revolves around their separate and combined journeys towards finding the white bone, a mythical bone which will lead any elephant to where they want to go in life. The story also is powered by the idea that elephants do not forget anything that happens to them in their lives, they remember everything and that if an elephant is not killed prematurely, and then in old age it will go insane and senile with so many useless memories....   [tags: Literature Review] 780 words
(2.2 pages)
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Physiology of Periodontal and Dental Problems - Accumulation of inflammatory cells and their products which then leads to deterioration of the bone component. The terms that are known to promote osteoclasts recruitments, activation, and differentiation are known as OPGL and ODF; which are abundant sites of inflammation. RANKL and TNF may play a role together in tissue dissolution in inflammatory bone diseases. TNF is known to detect two receptors, TNFr1 which promotes osteoclastogenesis and TNFr2 which is inhibitory. Prevention of inflammatory bone osteolysis is possible due to the fact that since TNF is plentiful in inflamed bone sites and has an essential part in progression of the disease, by knowing the molecular mechanisms by which inflammatory cytokine accelerates RANK-induced osteoclastogenesis....   [tags: dentistry] 1695 words
(4.8 pages)
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Challenges Facing Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) - Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective reconstructive procedure for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint. It has been proven to improve hip function and patient quality of life (1). This procedure was initially designed to benefit patients with osteoarthritis and over 65 years of age. Recent studies report a broadening of the spectrum for age as well as pathological diagnosis. THA is being offered to young patients and patients with osteonecrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and end stage arthritis from paediatric hip conditions....   [tags: medical, medicine, orthopaedicis] 840 words
(2.4 pages)
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Leukemia and Its Treatment - Leukemia is something that we hear about a lot. I believe that people do not understand exactly what leukemia is and how dangerous it can be, I chose this topic to try to help them understand. In this paper I will explain what leukemia is and what treatments you can choose from to treat the cancer. Leukemia is a type of cancer. Cancer is a group of more than 100 diseases that have two or more important things in common. One is that certain cells in the body become abnormal. Another is that the body keeps producing large numbers of these abnormal cells....   [tags: Cancel Health Medical] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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Leukemia - Leukemia Leukemia is a disease that affects blood-forming tissues, mainly bone marrow. Leukemia also affects the lymph glands and spleen. Leukemia causes the body to produce an extreme amount of abnormal white blood cells. This causes infections because the abnormal cells cannot stop infections like the normal cells do. Leukemia also causes anemia. Anemia is a disease in which the body makes less blood cells. This happens because the leukemic cells crowd the system. Leukemia also causes excessive bleeding....   [tags: Health Medical Cancer]
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Greece and Sumer Society - Greece and Sumer The Greece and Sumer social structures highlight the differences in their development and transformation. This includes gender roles and relationships, family and social and economic classes. Gender roles are the responsibilities and the ways of the male and female. Family and relationships consists of how a typical family looks like and how they act with one another. Social and economic classes show how each type of class got treated and lay out. How are gender roles relationships and family the same and different....   [tags: Ancient Societies] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
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Benefits of Breastfeeding for Mothers - Benefits of Breastfeeding for Mothers By this time, everyone on the planet knows that breast milk is good for babies. But what's in it for Mom. As it turns out, plenty. The fact that breastfeeding is so good for mothers may be one of nature's best-kept secrets. Raging hormones are normal the first few weeks post-partum. During this time, many women experience the 'baby blues'. The blues can strike both nursing and bottle-feeding moms, but the nursing mom may have a powerful assist thanks to her high oxytocin levels....   [tags: Papers] 665 words
(1.9 pages)
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The History of Mathematics in Africa - ... However, the Ishango bone appears to be much more than a simple tally. The markings contain the prime numbers between 10 and 20.” Around 7000 BC, people in Egypt and further south in Sudan began to use clay tokens to count things. They probably got the idea from West Asia, where people began using tokens earlier. “Thus by this early period in the development of civilization, humans' mnemonic devices were already forming. The bones, discovered in the late 60s and early 70s, uses a method of marking, in which an elongated stick or bone was engraved with a series of marks, offering an analog measure of individual events.” By 3000 BC, people in Egypt were using hieroglyphs to write numbers....   [tags: Math ]
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Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment - ... (MedicineNet) Transfusions and Antibiotics There are two types of transfusions given to a patient with Leukemia; blood transfusions which help to relieve Anemia, and platelet transfusions which help to promote clotting and prevent bleeding. Antibiotics are also given to fight off any infections the patient cannot fight off independently. Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy Targeted therapy uses drugs to kill only the cancer cells without harming normal cells. A specific type of Target therapy is Monoclonal Antibody Therapy....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Medical Case Study - ... 2. Explain what is happening in the bone marrow that is causing her RBC’s to be immature and pale. Erythropoiesis, or the production of red blood cells, occurs in the red bone marrow. For the process to carry out normally, the red bone marrow must receive adequate supply of amino acids, iron, and vitamins required for protein synthesis (Martini 661). By Suzy’s reluctant reaction to eating breakfast and by her signs of anorexia, we can assume that anemia has resulted. Also, low estrogen levels lead to low bone density, and individuals with anorexia often produce excessive amounts of the adrenal hormone cortisol, which is known to trigger bone loss (niams.nih.gov)....   [tags: Health, Inflammation]
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Old Man And The Sea - Old Man and The Sea "The great DiMaggio is himself again!"(21), in Ernest Hemingway's novel, The Old Man and the Sea, which takes place near Havana, Cuba in the Caribbean Sea, a very old, unlucky, fisherman sets out for the big catch. The great DiMaggio is seamed throughout the novel to symbolize the old man and his struggle to catch the big fish, yet also he poses as a role model for Santiago (the old man). The old man is using the great DiMaggio for a role model. At a certain point in the struggle to catch this great fish, the old man begins to cramp up in his left hand, do to the fish pulling so strenuously on the line....   [tags: essays research papers] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Therapies for Leukemia Patients - Executive Summary Two promising therapies for leukemia patients are bone marrow transplantation and peripheral stem cell transplantation. Successful transplants require that two immunologic barriers be overcome: a host-versus-graft (HVG) reaction and a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction. A myeloablative conditioning regimen, which involves a depletion of the patient’s immune system, usually precedes the transplantation of donor stem cells to control the HVG. However, twentyfive to 35% of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation experience life-threatening transplant-related complications (Holler 1990)....   [tags: Leukemia]
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1376 words
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Variety Vitality - Nutrition plays an important role in the human body. Not only does it keep us looking good and healthy, it also helps prevent many forms of cancer and disease. Vitamin A and provitamin A carotenoid, for instance, are nutrients that help prevent disease and cancer. These vitamins also help prevent bacteria and viruses by maintaining the integrity of the skin and mucous membranes. Vitamin D, folate, folic acid, and vitamin B6 also help prevent disease or cancer. The best way to prevent different forms of cancer is to eat a well balanced diet....   [tags: Nutrition] 2067 words
(5.9 pages)
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Stem Cell Research - ... Researchers have found that adult stem cells can be taken from many parts of the human body. Also with adult cells they are an exact match to the patient’s DNA, therefore the body’s immune system accepts them rather than rejecting them. If a patient receives stem cells from someone else there is the possibility the body will reject them because the DNA does not match the patient. The second type of stem cell comes from bone marrow. Although extracting bone marrow stem cells results in some painful destruction of bone marrow, it is rich with stem cells....   [tags: Medical Research]
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DESCRIBE THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF DIFFERENT CELL TYPES OF INNATE IMMUNITY - ... Neutrophils are also granulocytes that are mainly found in the bloodstream and makeup seventy percent of the circulating leukocyte population. They respond quickly to inflammatory signals from infected tissues that are damaged and are bacterial infected. They go through the endothelium of the blood vessels and enter sites of inflammation through the process of chemotaxis. Factors of this process like the IL-8 and C5a take neutrophils from the blood and enter the area of inflammation. This cell recruits several effector mechanisms that fight against infection....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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Stem Cell Therapy - ... Although the success rate of hematopoietic stem cell therapy was great, patients’ mortality still happened as a result of some factors. Besides from graft-versus-host disease which have previously mentioned, infection contributes for most cases of patient death (Kernan et al, 1993). In allogeneic transplantation, patient’s immunity needs to be suppressed to avoid graft rejection. During such immunoincompetence period, there is a high risk that patient might get infected either from viral reactivation, hepatitis B (Hammond et al, 2009) and herpes simplex virus (Pillay et al, 1992) for instance, or other opportunistic infections such as Candida species (Wingard et al, 1991) and cytomegalovirus (Leung et al, 1999)....   [tags: Stem Cell Research, Argumentative, Scientific] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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Gene Therapy Focusing on Hemophilia - Gene Therapy Focusing on Hemophilia Gene therapy is reinserting certain genes that helps deal with genetic diseases. There are three basic forms of this gene therapy. The first is Gene Inactivation Therapy in which the transferred gene neutralizes the proteins and evens out the amount or rids of the defective proteins. Another type is Gene Augmentation Therapy where the original form of the gene or the normal form of the gene is inserted into one of the cell’s chromosomes. This procedure is used normally when a gene with little activity or a deleted gene is the cause for the genetic disease....   [tags: Papers] 814 words
(2.3 pages)
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MSC - differentiate into both tissue of mesenchymal and non-mesenchymal lineage. 2.2.5 MSC and Stromal Cells 2.2.5.1 MSC and Haematopoiesis MSC present in multiple tissues of the body and displaying the ability to provide stromal support to parenchymal tissues. In bone marrow, MSC play a key role in supporting haematopoiesis by creating a supportive niche for stem cell physiology through regulation of the HSC survival, self-renewal, migration, and differentiation via several mechanisms, including cell contact interactions or the production of growth factors, chemokines and extracellular matrix molecules (ECM) (Deryugina and Muller-Sieburg 1993; Ringden and Le Blanc 2005)....   [tags: Medicine] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Steroids and Other Performance Enhancers - ... It can even be found in the most common medicines such as cough syrup (A Guide for Understanding Steroids and Related Substances). Prior to the 1990’s steroids in sports wasn’t a major issue but they have quickly been a hot topic in the world of sports. The most common athletes that are suspected of using anabolic steroids are bodybuilders, track and field athletes, cyclists, and the most common throughout the world today, professional baseball players (Anabolic Steroids-Definition). The most newsworthy player that has been involved in the steroid issue is home-run record holder Barry Bonds....   [tags: Drugs ]
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Got Teeth? Dental Implants - ... The doctor and I, will start off the procedure by swabbing topical anesthetic in the designated area. Then the doctor will inject anesthetic into the site. After allowing the anesthetic to take affect, the doctor drills a hole into the jaw, this process is basically “pre-drilling.” Depending on the individual and their situation, the doctor might choose to drill directly through gum and jaw, or split and hold back the gum tissue and drill directly into the jaw bone. The process of “drilling” itself is slightly tedious because, different sizes of drills are used....   [tags: Dental Health]
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The Importance of Stem Cell Research - ... Because these cells change the body’s needs, the amount of time in the hospital recovering reduces compared to patients who do not use stem cell transplants. Stem cells are found within the body and since people have a set limit to how much they have, donor stem cells are used to make the injury heal faster compared to traditional methods of treating injuries (Stein). Since the outcome of stem cell transplants can turn out unexpectedly, “Investigators are trying to identify which organisms may truly be beneficial “probiotics” that people could take to help their health” (Stein)....   [tags: Medical Research]
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Achondroplasia - ... G(guanine)→A(adenine) transition accounts for 98% of all cases of ACH while the G→C(cytosine) transversion mutation occurs in 1% of cases (6). Both of these mutations result in the amino acid arginine being substituted for glycine at codon 380 which is in the transmembrane of FGFR3 (1, 4, 17) (See Figure 1). The FGFR3 mutation is a gain-of function mutation due to the resulting activation of receptors, which is opposite the normal inhibitory effect the FGFR3 has on the receptors, which upon activation, negatively regulate bone growth (4, 6)....   [tags: Health, Diseases,] 1339 words
(3.8 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace. “As soon as he is dead, his relatives erect a kind of cabin in the shape of a coffin, directly opposite his door six feet from the ground on six stakes, surrounded by a mud wall, and roofed with bark, in which they enclose his body all dressed , covering it with a blanket” (Galloway 1995:299). The cabin was most likely used to prevent scavenging animals and birds from desecrating the body....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1240 words
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... A dog would sometimes be slain in order to accompany his master on the long journey. After the introduction of horses, they, too, were slaughtered so that the spirit had means of transportation. It has also been recorded that the meat of the slain horse was roasted and served. Food, drink, clothing and shoes were also offered (Carson 1995:498, Cushman 1999:302, Swanton 1931:170). After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1338 words
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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - ... Patients are tested for CNS involvement as this is commonly associated with ALL, especially in relapse cases, and T cell ALL in particular. Once the diagnosis is confirmed immunophenotyping and cytogenetic analysis are used to determine the origin of the lymphoblasts. The leukemic cells share differentiation markers with normal lymphoblasts allowing for classification of the cells into B cell or T cell lineage (6). BCP ALL accounts for 80% of cases and is identified by the presence of two or more B cell linage associated surface markers such as CD10 and CD19, the presence of distinct cytoplasmic proteins such as the IgM heavy chain and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), a protein involved in junctional diversity early in B cell and T cell development....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]
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Benefits of Physical Fitness - Benefits of Physical Fitness Physical Fitness has many positive benefits for a person’s body. Exercise provides health benefits, increases strength and energy, enhances a person’s appearance, which helps with self-esteem and also relieves stress. A major health benefit from exercising is reducing the risk of heart disease. Exercise will help increase the HDL (good cholesterol) to LDL (bad cholesterol) ratio. Estimates are that 96.8 million American adults (51 percent) have blood cholesterol values of 200 mg/dL and higher....   [tags: Papers] 423 words
(1.2 pages)
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Personal Narrative: A Valuable Lesson - Summer vacation, and school ends for about three months, and then you have as much fun as you can, then back to school… right. Well I had to go to summer school, but it wasn’t as bad as I thought it would be. Everything was going fine, I had a job after summer school, and that was going fine as well. They say that summer is supposed to be fun and exciting, and it usually is for me and my family. However in July my father started coughing up blood. My father usually doesn’t make it his top priority to go to the doctors, so he waited about four weeks until he really didn’t feel good....   [tags: essay about myself, Personal Experience] 502 words
(1.4 pages)
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Visual Imagery in The English Patient - Every writer uses a different set of methods, known as the narrative mode, to portray the plot to the audience for individual reasons. In the first section of “The English Patient”, Michael Ondaatje uses his narrative mode in order to more effectively convey his message in an appealing way. One way he does this is by presenting the reader with visual images and vivid description that trigger their imagination. His use of visual imagery, description, and pronouns to present the settings, and to describe people and their actions is part of his narrative mode....   [tags: Michael Ondaatje]
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604 words
(1.7 pages)
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Maori Art - When looking at Maori art, there is one thing that sticks out amongst everything else with me, and with most likely everyone that sees it for the first time, this is their tattooing skills. They are equipped with many other art skills such as their carvings, weaponry, and townhouses, but the tattoos represent the tribe as a whole and are visible on the people themselves. The art of tattoo was brought to New Zealand by the Polynesians when they migrated to New Zealand. Men of the tribe are more elaborately tattooed than the women....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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