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Bone - ... Fortunately, nonunion can be prevented by many procedures, good surgical technique and proper implanted selection. (8) Minimally invasive (MIS) technique becomes more popular and there are many developed modern instruments which are friendly and easy usable. The advantage of the development is less tissue traumatized procedure which can preserve the biologic around the fracture site. (9) We can also prevent hypertrophic nonunion by providing an enough mechanic stability factor. (10) However, the high energy trauma as well as severe open fracture can make devastation of the soft tissue around the fracture site and might impair the biologic requirement for fracture healing .(11)And in this circumstance; the prevention by using MIS technique or even more strong stability implant cannot preventable because the soft tissue have loosen before treatment....   [tags: Biology] 694 words
(2 pages)
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Bone Diseases - Bone diseases most directly influence the ability to walk or to move any part of the body--hands, limbs, neck, and spine. They are related to joint disorders--ARTHRITIS, COLLAGEN DISEASE, DISLOCATION of joints, and RHEUMATISM. The medical specialty pertaining to bone disorders is ORTHOPEDICS. Fractures are the most common bone disorders. They can occur as the result of an accident or be secondary to metabolic diseases. Fractures are life-threatening to aged people having the metabolic bone disease OSTEOPOROSIS, in which bones become porous and brittle....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Bone Collector - Author: Deaver, Allen Title: The Bone Collector, New York, New American Library, 1997. Scene: This story takes place in New York City, New York in the mid 90's. While the UN conference is in town, a series of kidnappings has erupted and it's up to a team of forensic scientists to follow the clues and find the killer. Theme: People who never give up what they started will always accomplish his/her goal. Key Persons: Lincoln Rhyme, once a famous NYPD "criminalist" who is now a quadriplegic is brought back to work; Amelia Sachs, daughter of a beat cop who is first officer of the first kidnapping making her involved in the whole investigation; Lon Selitto, Lincoln's former partner; Jerry Banks, Selitto's partner; Mel Cooper, computer and science genius; Jim Polling, NYPD command chief; Fred Dellray, FBI commander; Dr....   [tags: Allen Deaver] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Bone Marrow Transplants - ... To reduce GVHD, mmRD bone marrow underwent ex vivo T-cells depletion using Campath IG. Patients then follow up every 2 weeks for 6 months after discharge, monthly for an additional 6 months and then every 6 to 12 months post procedure (I). Overall survival calculated as the time from transplant to death; leukemia-free survival time from transplantation to leukemia recurrence or death, whichever occurred first. At 10 years after transplantation, overall survival rates: 49.1% after peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation [PBPCT] versus 56.5% after bone marrow transplants [BMT]....   [tags: Medical Research]
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(2.9 pages)
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Exceptional Down to the Bone - ... The second bone level feature “is a culture’s inheritance practices” (Bennett 37). The third bone-level is whether adult children form their own households” (Bennett 37). Bennett describes these features as our deep cultural roots that separate our American exceptionalism from other English-speaking countries. We think that these points show how we forget what it means to be an American, in America we can marry who ever we wish, we are allowed to leave are belongings to any person we wish, we could leave it to a dog if we wanted, and when kids grow up they move out and start their own family....   [tags: Article Analysis, Bennett] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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Butterfly Effect in Bone - Directed and written by Eric Bress and J. Mackye Gruber, the movie “Butterfly Effect” is about a young man (Kutcher) who blacks out harmfull memories of significant events of his life. As he grows up he finds a way to remember these lost memories and a supernatural way to alter his life. This movie teaches a simple lesson about life: one little thing in the past can change the whole outcome of life later. The book Bonesetter’s Daughter, by Amy Tan, also has something to do with past, as it is narrated by two people, mother and daughter, who talk about themselves, constantly referring back to the memories of their childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Literary Critique - Midnight For Charlie Bone - Literary Criticism Nimmo, Jenny. Midnight for Charlie Bone. New York, New York City: Orchard Books. 2003. 401 pages. Midnight for Charlie Bone is a story about a school for prodigy children who each have a special magic skill. Charlie Bone has no idea that he has a special power, until he finds out he can see and hear people talking in photographs. Although he wants to use his power for the good, his classmate Lucretia Yewbeam does not. She has the power to brainwash people. She brainwashes her classmates and commands them to do her homework, make food, borrow money, etc....   [tags: Jenny Nimmo] 1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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Rattle Bone - Pieces of a Novel Puzzle “A novel or a collection of short stories?'; may be a question that a critic asks about Rattlebone. Maxine Clair portrays both arguments with her energetic writing style. A blend of random comments and many unique phrases intermix with the intense plot. Writing like this gives the reader a more relaxed state and the book seems more alive and real. In answer to the critique question, Maxine Clair is writing a novel because of an abundant supply of foreshadowing, a collection of narrators, a recurrence of characters, and a process commonly known to man as aging....   [tags: essays research papers] 1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Do Inhaled Corticosteroids have a Long- Term Effect on Growth and Bone Density in Children ? - Research Synthesis Paper According to American Academy of Pediatrics, “It is estimated that approximately 15 million people in the United States suffer from Asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children” ( Schlienger 2004). Although inhaled steroids have been established as the preventive treatment of choice, few studies have been conducted to assess the risks of inhaled steroid therapy. Inhaled corticosteroids are absorbed into the systemic circulation, but the extent to which they have adverse effects on bone density and growth is uncertain....   [tags: essays research papers] 2525 words
(7.2 pages)
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Osteoporosis and Periodontal Diseases - ... Signs and symptoms of gingivitis can be detected by swollen, red and bleeding gums. Symptoms of periodontitis disease experienced include inflammation of tissues supporting teeth. Gingivitis disease is treated by observing good oral health. Brushing teeth before and after eating reduces bacterial load by decreasing availability of nutrients. Periodontitis which is an advanced untreated gingivitis can be treated through surgical or non surgical method. Surgical method involves complete removal of the teeth while non surgical treatment involves scaling, root canal and filling....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Diseases] 1970 words
(5.6 pages)
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open fracture of the radius - Injury report: Open fracture of the Radius. A triathlon involves swimming, running and then biking a set track. A triathlete fell from his bike during training, due to the wet road. He landed awkwardly on his bike. His Radius was broken because he landed with his arm on the handle bars of the bike. The force at which he landed on the handle bars caused his Radius to break and pierce the skin. A cracked bone is called a fracture. Fractures are most likely to occur in the limb bones. (Radius and Ulna; Tibia and Fibula) Fractures are named according to the certain features which separate the different types of fracture....   [tags: essays research papers] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina - Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina "Love" is a word, a signifier, tied to many meanings, all different in context, cultures, and ideologies. Love is used numerous ways in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina, by many characters. In the character of Bone, love is a confused thing, always changing, as Bone uses it to fit her life on the fly. In relation to parental love, Bone wants Daddy Glen to love her. However, early in the book, Bone's conception of "love" is that of a child, obviously....   [tags: Bastard Out of Carolina Essays] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Hypogravitational Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by an absolute decrease in the amount of bone present to a level below which it is capable of maintaining the structural integrity of the skeleton. To state the obvious, Human beings have evolved under Earth's gravity "1G". Our musculoskeleton system have developed to help us navigate in this gravitational field, endowed with ability to adapt as needed under various stress, strains and available energy requirement. The system consists of Bone a highly specialized and dynamic supporting tissue which provides the vertebrates its rigid infrastructure....   [tags: essays research papers] 1403 words
(4 pages)
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Osteogenesis Imperfecta - ... Osteogenesis imperfecta is a rare and destructive genetic disorder that is known to impact approximately 20,000 to 50,000 people in the United States. It does not seem to affect one race in particular, and can be seen in both male and female patients. OI has no known cure at this time however there are studies being conducted that involve gene-targeting therapy in the hopes of changing that. A team of researchers led by David Russell, MD, PhD, associated professor of medicine at University of Washington, worked together to develop a targeted gene therapy to slow the mutations in the genes, which was published in the Journal of Science....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]
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(3.7 pages)
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biology presentation for the skeleton - Intro – slide 1 – acetate 1 The skeleton of a human foetus is formed from tough but flexible cartilage that acts as a blueprint for bone construction. During ossification ( the changing of cartilage to bone) which begins before birth, the cartilage is broken down and the resulting space is filled by bone building mineral salts and protein fibres secreted by bone cells. Humans have a bony endoskeleton made up of 206 bones, although we are born with up to 300, but many of these fuse during childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 667 words
(1.9 pages)
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Osteoporosis - Bone Case Study 1. A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures the amount of mineral concentration in a specific region of the bones in order to determine a persons bone strength or density and their risk for fractures. 2. The physician uses the BMD test in conjunction with a patient’s history to determine the patient’s risk of Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by thinning, weak bones. Bone loss is actually a normal event in the human body. We loose bone when cells (osteoclasts) release stored salts (calcium, phosphorous, magnesium) from the bone into the blood stream when dietary intake is not providing adequate amounts....   [tags: essays research papers] 564 words
(1.6 pages)
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Titanium - ... 2.4 To screen the possible oncegene expression or tumor suppressor gene product of the cells grown on the TNA compared with the test-control. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW 3.1 Titanium and the TNA technology Besides the properties of good mechanical properties, excellent corrosion resistance, titanium have posses a good biocompatibility the ability to bonded with biomolecules thus makes it a cytocompatibility material (Kim HM et al. 2004; Linder et al, 1988; Albrektsson and Sennerby, 1990). The implant material used in clinical orthopedic and dentistry usually has a thin layer of titania also known as titanium oxide (TiO2) on its surface....   [tags: Biology, Biomaterial, TNA] 1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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Orthopedic Surgery - ... Direct BM plating method is commonly used for cells from small animal (Lennon and Caplan, 2006, Nadri et al., 2007) but in human bone marrow, Density gradient centrifugation is the most commonly used method for isolating MSCs. So far, it is still controversy to exactly identify of MSC. According to their capability of proliferation and multilineage differentiation, Colony-forming unit–fibroblast (CFU-F) is defined as highly adherent in colony of fibroblastic-like cells which arising from one mother cell....   [tags: Health, Treatment] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Conservation of Coral Reefs - Coral Reefs need to be preserved for many reasons. In this paper I will discuss a few of them. First of all, they houses a collection of diverse organisms, and contribute fisheries which provide food items such as fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Furthermore, coral skeletons are being used as bone substitutes in reconstructive bone surgery and may be able to provide important medicine, including anti-cancer drugs and a compound that blocks ultra-violet rays, they even help reduce global warming by taking carbon dioxide out of the air....   [tags: essays research papers] 440 words
(1.3 pages)
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Ayurveda: Study of the Body as a Whole - Ayurveda studies the human body as a whole functional unit, rather than individual ones. The human body is complex in nature which compromises of organs and tissues that function in perfect harmony with each other to ensure health. Dhatus which are the several tissues in the body are responsible for functioning and maintaining organ functions and the structure of the body. Ayurveda recognizes the following seven dhatus: Rasa - Sap/FluidChyle. Rakta - Blood. Mamsa - Muscle. Asthi - Bone Majja - Bone Marrow Meda – Fat, Brain and Spinal Cord Sukra - Sperm and Ovum These seven tissues are vital to the growth and development of the body....   [tags: Health]
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(1.4 pages)
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Axial and Appendicular Skeleton - Axial and Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton is the central part of the skeleton. The skull, spine, ribs and breastbone make the axial skeleton up. The appendicular skeleton consists of the remaining bones. These are 'attached' to the axial skeleton. [IMAGE] Cervical [IMAGE] This is the top seven vertebrae from the neck downwards. The top two bones are the atlas and axis. They let us to shake and nod out head. All the other vertebrae also help with movement of the neck and head, such as bending and twisting....   [tags: Papers] 435 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Skeletal System - The Skeletal System The functions of the Skeleton are to: * Provide Protection * Movement * Blood Production * Support * Shape * Mineral Production Definitions of the functions: Protection: The skeleton is designed in such a way that the delicate parts of the body are protected. These parts are major organs, the brain is protected by the skull, the lungs and heart are protected by the ribs and the vertical column protects the spinal cord....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The 15 Essential Nutrients - The 15 Essential Nutrients Milk is a source of energy plus 15 essential nutrients all working together towards your good health. 1. Protein for building and repairing body tissues, even bones. Helps build antibodies to fight infection in your body. 2. Carbohydrates provide the main source of energy in your body cells. 3. Vitamin A for healthy skin, eyes and night vision. Essential for normal bones and teeth. 4. Vitamin D for optimal calcium and phosphorus absorption. Essential for strong bones and healthy teeth....   [tags: Papers] 684 words
(2 pages)
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - Stem Cells Abstract There are now other means of extracting stem cells rather than aborting fetuses. Scientists have discovered alternative means; such as certain unspecialized cells found in bone marrow, as well as umbilical cord blood and rare but unique skin cells. As we take advantage of these findings, we not only partially solve the ongoing controversy, but also broaden our knowledge of the spectrum of stem cells as well. The extraction of stem cells may cure many diseases, such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s....   [tags: Medicine]
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(3.8 pages)
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Women Through A Historical View - ... Most seers were women. They chanted incantations for the country’s victory during wartime” (Kim 15). The people who lived in ancient times believed that the shamans healed sickness. Most ancient people had shamanistic beliefs, so they thought the diseases were caused by bad spirits. Since the shamans were believed to be capable of knowing the gods’ will and of conveying it to men, shamans were invited to perform exorcism to drive out the evil spirits and receive the favor of the good gods when there was a sickness in the family....   [tags: Gender Studies]
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(2.6 pages)
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Stem Cell Therapy - ... Although the success rate of hematopoietic stem cell therapy was great, patients’ mortality still happened as a result of some factors. Besides from graft-versus-host disease which have previously mentioned, infection contributes for most cases of patient death (Kernan et al, 1993). In allogeneic transplantation, patient’s immunity needs to be suppressed to avoid graft rejection. During such immunoincompetence period, there is a high risk that patient might get infected either from viral reactivation, hepatitis B (Hammond et al, 2009) and herpes simplex virus (Pillay et al, 1992) for instance, or other opportunistic infections such as Candida species (Wingard et al, 1991) and cytomegalovirus (Leung et al, 1999)....   [tags: Stem Cell Research, Argumentative, Scientific] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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Love through life and death - ... Bloody skulls and crushed torsos of children are hard to see, and weeping parents are even harder. If that happened to Carro, it would surely be devastating for our family. As soon as I realize that Carro could be just seconds from her death, I let go of the reins and grab Carro. Luckily, the fall from the wagon has only caused her a broken leg, and I give a praise to heaven (Wagner, 109). The bone must be set, but there are no doctors to set her bone. The broken and bloody bone protrudes out of her skin, and it breaks my heart to see her in so much pain....   [tags: Article Analysis, Stephen Lowe] 2170 words
(6.2 pages)
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Osteomyelitis - ... For example, one study showed that in patients who suffered from bacterially infected non-unions of bone, treatment with gentamycin-impregnated PMMA beads showed similarity in infection control when it was compared to long term parenteral infusion of gentamycin [15]. A long-term study by Duncan et al found that after a five year follow-up, a survey of 1688 hips showed 7 deep infections of hips treated with gentamycin loaded cement compared to 16 deep infections of hips treated with parenteral gentamycin [16]....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2474 words
(7.1 pages)
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Achondroplasia - ... G(guanine)→A(adenine) transition accounts for 98% of all cases of ACH while the G→C(cytosine) transversion mutation occurs in 1% of cases (6). Both of these mutations result in the amino acid arginine being substituted for glycine at codon 380 which is in the transmembrane of FGFR3 (1, 4, 17) (See Figure 1). The FGFR3 mutation is a gain-of function mutation due to the resulting activation of receptors, which is opposite the normal inhibitory effect the FGFR3 has on the receptors, which upon activation, negatively regulate bone growth (4, 6)....   [tags: Health, Diseases,] 1339 words
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Immunity to Parasites and Apoptosis - ... This is a disease caused by the filarial worms Wuchereria bancrofti (W. bancrofti) and Brugia malayi (B. malayi), it has been reported that this condition is frequently confused as acute or refractory bronchial asthma (42). Interleukin-10 and TGF-1 are cytokines that induce responses associated to Th17 cells, which are probably effective in the protection against extracellular bacteria and perhaps parasitic infections, but they also play a role in the amplification of autoimmune disorders (18-20) and produce tissue damage by inducing the synthesis of autoantibodies....   [tags: Biology, Cellular Immunity] 1925 words
(5.5 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace. “As soon as he is dead, his relatives erect a kind of cabin in the shape of a coffin, directly opposite his door six feet from the ground on six stakes, surrounded by a mud wall, and roofed with bark, in which they enclose his body all dressed , covering it with a blanket” (Galloway 1995:299). The cabin was most likely used to prevent scavenging animals and birds from desecrating the body....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1240 words
(3.5 pages)
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Tendon from Different Anatomical Positions - ... The viscous property is able to reduce muscle injury, whereby, passive overstretching may commence during relaxation of contractile elements (France , 2010). Due to the composition of tendon tissue it can provide joint stability between bone and muscle at certain locations of the body. For example, Tendons exist in the Achilles, Patella and also the elbow. The Achilles tendon commonly referred to as the calcaneus tendon is the thickest and strongest tendon in the body dominated by collagen type 1....   [tags: Anatomy, Tissues] 1633 words
(4.7 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... A dog would sometimes be slain in order to accompany his master on the long journey. After the introduction of horses, they, too, were slaughtered so that the spirit had means of transportation. It has also been recorded that the meat of the slain horse was roasted and served. Food, drink, clothing and shoes were also offered (Carson 1995:498, Cushman 1999:302, Swanton 1931:170). After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1338 words
(3.8 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... After the introduction of horses, they, too, were slaughtered so that the spirit had means of transportation. It has also been recorded that the meat of the slain horse was roasted and served. Food, drink, clothing and shoes were also offered (Carson 1995:498, Cushman 1999:302, Swanton 1931:170). After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace. “As soon as he is dead, his relatives erect a kind of cabin in the shape of a coffin, directly opposite his door six feet from the ground on six stakes, surrounded by a mud wall, and roofed with bark, in which they enclose his body all dressed , covering it with a blanket” (Galloway 1995:299)....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1402 words
(4 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... It has also been recorded that the meat of the slain horse was roasted and served. Food, drink, clothing and shoes were also offered (Carson 1995:498, Cushman 1999:302, Swanton 1931:170). After announcement of the death, the entire village, as well as neighboring villages, would flock to the home of the deceased and bereaved as a means of solace. “As soon as he is dead, his relatives erect a kind of cabin in the shape of a coffin, directly opposite his door six feet from the ground on six stakes, surrounded by a mud wall, and roofed with bark, in which they enclose his body all dressed , covering it with a blanket” (Galloway 1995:299)....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1536 words
(4.4 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... The cabin was most likely used to prevent scavenging animals and birds from desecrating the body. Close relatives, as well as others in attendance, would align themselves into a circle surrounding the scaffolding. Each man and woman would kneel on the ground, pulling a form of covering over their heads and begin wailing. Periodically, people would leave the circle and others would take their place. This continued for several days and nights (Galloway 1995:299, Swanton 1931:170-9). The body remained in this position until the flesh decayed, approximately four to six months (Cushman 1999:302-3)....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1796 words
(5.1 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... Close relatives, as well as others in attendance, would align themselves into a circle surrounding the scaffolding. Each man and woman would kneel on the ground, pulling a form of covering over their head and began wailing. Periodically, people would leave the circle and others would take their place. This continued for several days and nights (Galloway 1995:299, Swanton 1931:170-9). The body remained in this position until the flesh decayed, approximately four to six months (Cushman 1999:302-3)....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1873 words
(5.4 pages)
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Type 1 diabetes - Squats Versus Lunge The purpose of my project grade sheet is to get a better understanding of the movement I chose which was squats versus lunges. The body of my research paper will give the reader a better understanding of the following for my specific movement. Anatomy: The origin and insertions that are involved include the Glutes- gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, Hamstrings- lliotibial band, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, adductor magnus, gracilis, semimembranosus. Calves- Gastrocnemius, soleus, peroneus brevis, flexor hallucis longus....   [tags: essays research papers] 921 words
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Embryonic Stem Cells Unnecessary for Medical Progress - Embryonic Stem Cells Unnecessary for Medical Progress Reporting on new research by Dr. Donald Orlic of the National Institutes of Health and others, indicating that adult bone marrow stem cells can help repair, and restore function in, damaged hearts: "Until now, researchers thought that stem cells from embryos offered the best hope for rebuilding damaged organs, but this latest research shows that the embryos, which are politically controversial, may not be necessary. 'We are currently finding that these adult stem cells can function as well, perhaps even better than, embryonic stem cells,' Orlic said." - "Approach may repair heart damage," MSNBC, March 30, 2001 (www.msnbc.com/news/552456.asp) * * * "Umbilical cords discarded after birth may offer a vast new source of repair material for fixing brains damaged by strokes and other ills, free of the ethical concerns surrounding the use of fetal tissue, researchers said Sunday." - "Umbilical cords could repair brains," Associated Press, February 20, 2001 * * * "PPL Therapeutics, the company that cloned Dolly the sheep, has succeeded in 'reprogramming' a cell -- a move that could lead to the development of treatments for diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1526 words
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The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod - The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod In the scientific article “A giant sauropod dinosaur from an upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt,” by Joshua Smith, Matthew Lamanna, Kenneth Lacovara, and Peter Dodson it is indicated that a giant sauropod named Paralititan Stomeri was discovered in a desert area in western Egypt in 2001. The skeleton was dated back to ninety to one hundred million years ago, which is the late Cretaceous period. Paralititan is a sauropod, which is thought to be the second largest that has ever lived....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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cancer - Cancer My friend, Matt, was diagnosed with cancer in May 2002. I was shocked when Matt’s girlfriend, Amber, told me that he had cancer, because Matt was only twenty-three years old when diagnosed. The type of cancer Matt has is called Leukemia, which is cancer of the white blood cells. This cancer starts in the bone marrow but can then spread to the blood, lymph nodes, the spleen, liver, central nervous system and other organs. Cancer affects many people each year including my grandmother who had cancer and now one of my close friends....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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stem cells - After a typical delivery the umbilical cord and the blood within it is discarded. Now researchers have discovered that this blood contains valuable stem cells which can be used in the treatment of several blood disorders. Stem cells are simply undeveloped cells that develop into platelets or red and white blood cells. Stem cells will continue to produce blood cells for an indefinite period of time after transplantation. Until the discovery of stem cells in umbilical cord blood and placentas, bone marrow stem cells were the primary means available to those in need of a transplant....   [tags: essays research papers] 633 words
(1.8 pages)
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Healthy Diet's Effect on Children's Teeth - Healthy Diet's Effect on Children's Teeth Hypothesis A healthy diet can improve the state of children's teeth. Aims In my investigation I will include: - To find out how tooth decay is caused and what the main reasons are for it. - To put forward a questionnaire on what children mostly eat and drink. - Ideas on how children's tooth decay can be avoided. What nutrients are important to teeth. - To do some practical work on the foods rich in the nutrients that are important to teeth....   [tags: Papers] 1197 words
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osteoporosis - Special Assignment NutritionDefine Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis, and explain habits that increase a person’s risk of developing osteoporosis.Type 1 osteoporosis is characterized as post menopausal. Women who are approaching the age of menopause should seriously consider consulting a physician to prepare for the changes her body is about to go through. As estrogen levels taper off, the kidneys start to draw calcium the body needs for normal maintenance of the skeletal frame from the bones, which in turn results in a loss of trabecular calcium....   [tags: essays research papers] 409 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Health Benefits of Exercise - Webster's dictionary defines exercise as bodily activity for the sake of health. Many people in today's society are health conscious. They know that if you exercise you will be helping the body feel better. It will also improve your health. This article explains the benefits of regular exercise. WebMD states that regular physical activity can help the body maintain, repair, and improve itself. Coronary Heart Disease is one of the leading problems for most African Americans. If brisk walking, running, cycling or swimming is done it increase muscle strength of the heart....   [tags: Health, Fitness] 309 words
(0.9 pages)
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - ... (Pynes, Christopher). Everyday 18 people die waiting for a transplant that could not take place because of the shortage of donated organs, and about 4,100 transplant candidates are added to the national waiting list each month (http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/organ-donation.cfm#b). Organ transplants are hard to come by due to the fact they have to be in perfect condition when the person passes away and that there is a time limit for each organ for them to be healthy and functional. If organs are so necessary but at the same time so rare, would it not be nice if there was a way for scientists to actually grow new functional organs....   [tags: Biology, Scientific Research] 2296 words
(6.6 pages)
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Choctaw Tribe - ... “The Bone-Picker never trimmed the nails of his thumbs, index and middle fingers which accordingly grew to an astonishing length – sharp and almost hard as flint – and well adapted to the horrid business of their owner’s calling” (Swanton 1931:176). The remaining flesh, tendons, muscles and nerves were ripped from the skeleton, bundled up and placed on the corner of the platform and burned, or disposed of in a field (Cushman 1999:303, Swanton 1931:176). Once the bones were deposited in the mortuary box, the tribe partook in a funeral feast, conducted by the bone picker, whom had not yet washed his hands (Debo 1934:5, Folgelson 2004:508)....   [tags: Sociology, Dead, Spirit] 904 words
(2.6 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... Each man and woman would kneel on the ground, pulling a form of covering over their heads and begin wailing. Periodically, people would leave the circle and others would take their place. This continued for several days and nights (Galloway 1995:299, Swanton 1931:170-9). The body remained in this position until the flesh decayed, approximately four to six months (Cushman 1999:302-3). During this time, immediate family was considered to be in formal mourning. Each day for a short period of time, family members would be found weeping at the scaffolding (Fogelson 2004:507)....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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Mortuary Practices and Afterlife of the Choctaw - ... This continued for several days and nights (Galloway 1995:299, Swanton 1931:170-9). The body remained in this position until the flesh decayed, approximately four to six months (Cushman 1999:302-3). During this time, immediate family was considered to be in formal mourning. Each day for a short period of time, family members would be found weeping at the scaffolding (Fogelson 2004:507). Once the flesh had decayed, the bone picker, highly respected within the village, began his or her ritual....   [tags: Sociology, Tribes, Native Americans] 1139 words
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Comparison Of Apollo From The Portonaccio Temple And Aule Metele - Comparison of Apollo from the Portonaccio Temple and Aule Metele Though the figures are not far from each other is height comparison, they seem to contain a distinct amount of difference in other aspects. First of all, they were made from different materials. While the Apollo statue is terracotta, the Aule Metele is of bronze. Generally speaking, the Apollo statue appears in a very symbolical manner in that his features are not well defined in detail while the Aule Metele displays a type of inspiring complexity with detail....   [tags: essays research papers] 347 words
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Country of Origin Meat Labeling - A large problem that has arose in our country is Country of Origin (COO) meat labeling. Imported meat is not labeled with its origin and has become a great problem because of the lack of universal packaging and processing laws. The United States imports meat from 26 foreign countries. This means when you buy a package of hamburger from your local grocery store it could contain meat from anywhere in the world. Other countries meat isn’t the same quality as US meat. Some meat comes from countries such as china where it is legal to feed livestock ground up bone meal from scraped animals....   [tags: essays research papers] 342 words
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Stem Cell Research and a Ban on Human Cloning - Stem Cell Research and a Ban on Human Cloning   Some biotechnology companies claim that a ban on producing human embryos through cloning would stall important research in generating "stem cells" to cure a variety of diseases [Cong. Record, 2/5/98, S425]. To put this claim in perspective:   1. Cloning is desired as a source of "customized stem cell lines" which would be an exact genetic match to each individual patient with a given disease. But this would require each individual patient to undergo somatic cell nuclear transfer to produce one or many living human embryos who genetically are the patient's identical twin sisters or brothers....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1465 words
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Organ Donation - Organ Donation In March of 1999, I was given a gift from a person I never knew; a person I’ll never get to know. This gift cost the person who gave it to me, no money, but it was the most valuable gift I’ll ever receive. The gift was a piece of life from another person. At the age of twenty-four, I broke my hip. After three unsuccessful surgical attempts to heal it, my doctors performed a total hip replacement. The top four inches of my femur were sawed off, and the inside of my bone was hollowed out....   [tags: essays papers] 1691 words
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Analysis of the Movement of Skeletal and Muscular Systems - Analysis of the Movement of Skeletal and Muscular Systems (1) THE SKELETAL SYSTEM: [IMAGE] http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMI/Figures/8.22.jpg The skeletal system forms the rigid framework of the body; it can be divided into 2 parts, the axial and appendicular skeletons. The skeletons functions are to support the body, provide protection of the body’s organs, allow movement and store bone marrow for blood. [IMAGE] http://learntech.uwe.ac.uk/radiography/RAnatomy/musculoskeletal/appendicularskeleton.htm (1.1) The AXIAL skeleton forms the core of the skeletal system and consists of: · Cranium · Vertebral column · Sternum · Ribs Cranium: The cranium is a box like cavity containing and protecting the brain....   [tags: Papers] 3512 words
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Doud Chronicles Power Trip - Doud Chronicles Power Trip The story Disney’s Doug Chronicles Power Trip is about Doug and his problems at school. Doug’s problem was that Vice Principle Bone chose Doug to be the hall monitor. Doug was surprised because he was hand-picked from all the other students. At first Doug thought that it would be dorky, he put on the orange belt but as he was walking to class all the other students were walking the opposite direction, Doug saw he friend, Skeeter. Doug asked “whats going on?” “Principle White Announced that there was going to be an assembly in the auditorium,” Skeeter said....   [tags: Essays Papers] 475 words
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The Role of Gene Mutation in Human Evolution - The Role of Gene Mutation in Human Evolution Have you ever looked at a gorilla or a monkey and considered it to be your ancestor. Probably not, but, if you have had that thought then it was probably just because that is what has been taught in our school systems for decades, and probably will be for a long time to come unless proven otherwise. Sure, humans and primates have similar features: facial expressions and structures; fingers; toes; breasts; hair; etc., but there has been no evidence that proves that we are, undoubtedly, a product of natural selection evolving from ape-like species....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs An article published in January of 2000, “All mixed up over birds and dinosaurs”, by Richard Monastersky in Science News Online seems to put an interesting spin on a corresponding article published about six months earlier in the scientific journal Nature. The article in Science News Online seems to imply that the article “A dromaeosaurid dinosaur with a filamentous integument from the Yixian Formation of China,” could be referring to forged fossils made up by Chinese scientists in order to provide the missing fossil link between birds and dinosaurs....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Animal Belief - Animal Belief If Mary believes a bone is on the lawn, then she literally believes that, though her belief may be mistaken. But, if her pet Fido rushes up to what is in fact a bit of bone-shaped plastic, then Fido does not believe that there is a bone on the lawn. However, the best explanation for Fido’s behavior may be that he initially believed there was a bone on the lawn. Unless we are methodological or analytical behaviorists, the claim that we can best explain the behavior of dumb animals by treating them as if they literally held beliefs (and desires) subject to various rationality constraints is hardly surprising....   [tags: Philosophy Language Papers] 3378 words
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Ankle Sprains for the Dancer - Ankle Sprains for the Dancer Ankles are one of the many body parts that have the highest incidence of injury by the performance of dance. Ankle sprains are one of the most common sprains occurring to the dancer. Even though structurally the ankle may be considered a moderately strong joint, it is subject to sudden twists, especially when the dancer steps on some irregular surface. Serious injury occurring to joints or bones result initially from impact forces, with carelessness and fatigue playing a major role....   [tags: essay papers] 980 words
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Cancer - Cancer INTRODUCTION In the American society, cancer is the disease most feared by the majority of people within the U.S. Cancer has been known and described throughout history. In the early 1990s nearly 6 million cancer cases and more than 4 million deaths have been reported worldwide, every year. The most fatal cancer in the world is lung cancer, which has grown drastically since the spread of cigarette smoking in growing countries. Stomach cancer is the second leading form of cancer in men, after lung cancer....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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grant hill - Grant Hill Everybody in Detroit called him “The Man” because he always was a leader and the to-go person in any tough moment of the game. Some people called him “The Gentleman” because he was a genuinely nice person with respect for the game and for others. Joe Dumars, a member of the legendary 1989-1990 Detroit Pistons team, once declared “He is the best player I’ve seen coming into the league for years”. Road to history was wide open for Grant, but luck had some other plans for his career. This is the story of Grant Hill, a story about having faith, patience and love for the game of basketball....   [tags: essays research papers] 1028 words
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Influential Experience in Life- Personal Narrative - Influential Experience in Life- Personal Narrative I’m sitting here on a cold Wednesday morning on a cold Wednesday morning bored out of my mind having just been given my SATs result (a five I think that’s rubbish). All I can hear is the names of people in my class and a number it sort of reminds me of bingo that I used to go to with my nana since, well, forever. As I’m telling you this I feel as though I should tell you about the amazingly boring things that have happened to me between my first breath and now fifteen years later....   [tags: Papers] 1206 words
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Spinal Stenosis - Spinal Stenosis Abstract Spinal Stenosis is a term commonly used to describe a narrowing of the spinal canal. This problem is much more common in people over the age of 60. However, it can occur in younger people who have abnormally small spine canals as a type of birth defect. The problem usually causes back pain and leg pain that comes and goes with activities such as walking. The purpose of this information is to help you understand: the anatomy of the spine related to spinal stenosis the signs and symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis, how the condition is diagnosed, and the treatments available for the condition....   [tags: Health Medical ] 1642 words
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The Fabry Disease - The Fabry Disease Classification The Fabry Disease is a hereditary disorder, caused by the lack of alphagalactosidase A. It is an x-linked recessive inheritance. Therefore it is the females that carry it. The ones who are mostly affected by this disease are the males. Female carriers, though, may develop angiokeratomas and may have problems with burning pains. Very few of the carriers may also have kidney or heart problems. This disease occurs in 1 of 40,000 people. Descriptions A person with the Fabry disease develops angiokeratomas, which are clusters of raised, dot-like lesions....   [tags: essays research papers fc] 335 words
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Osteoarthritis - The Joint Problem Osteoarthritis "Arthritis is one of the most common medical problems in the world ond the number one cause of disability in America." Osteoarthritis makes up half of all kinds of arthritis. It affects 20 million Americans and is most common in women and adults over age 45. It could affect any joint in your body. Such as those found in the fingers, hips, knees, lower back and feet. It usually only affects one joint in your body, but if your fingers become infected, mutiple hand joints could become affected....   [tags: Nursing] 301 words
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Similarities Between Goneril in Shakespeare's King Lear and Ginny in Jane Smiley's A Thousand Acres - Similarities Between Goneril in Shakespeare's King Lear and Ginny in Jane Smiley's A Thousand Acres It is amazing to me the extraordinary job that Jane Smiley has done with her book A Thousand Acres. The parallels that she draws with Shakespeare's classic story of King Lear are unsurpassed by any book to which I have had the pleasure of reading. These two works represent an excellent example of literature that is able to engage readers young and old. In A Thousand Acres, I read Ginny as being the reserved quiet daughter who, up until the very end, bends to her father's tyranny....   [tags: Comparative Essay, Classical, Literature] 319 words
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Deception in the Stem-cell Research Debate - Deception in the Stem-cell Research Debate   The Nobel laureates' inaccurate letter to President Bush urging him to feed federal funds to human-embryo stem-cell research has had PR value in the media. It perpetuates a number of misconceptions and misleading statements regarding stem-cell research, particularly embryonic as opposed to adult stem-cell research, and will serve to continue to cloud the issue. Some of these deceptive statements are the subject of this essay. I believe President Bush and his staff are well aware of the truth about embryonic versus adult stem-cell research....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
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The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles - The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles In the early 1800’s, a new discovery that left paleontologists in awe was the fossil finding of the immeasurable amount of species of reptiles, Ichthyosaurs. Greek for “fish lizards”, these fossils were found all over the world. Because these large aquatic reptiles migrated just as whales do today, paleontologists have had the amazing advantage of collecting fascinating bone fragments throughout the past 177 years. Ichthyosaurs swam the ocean life from about 245 million until about 90 million years ago- approximately the same time dinosaurs ruled the land....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid - Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid In July of 2001, a group of archeologists discovered the skull and jaw bone of the oldest member of the human family. The skull is a new discovery and was found in the Djurab Desert of Northern Chad by a group of archeologists lead by Michel Brunet, and is thought to be six to seven million years old (Walton). The age of the skull and jaw bone were approximated through the association of the fauna that were found with the fossils (Brunet)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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War and Terror - It’s Time to Stop the Killing - War and Terror - It’s Time to Stop the Killing Somewhere within the last 120,000 thousand years, our ancestors began migrations quite different from any that appear in the archeological record preceding that time and somewhere between forty and fifty thousand years ago those migrations accelerated to the point that Cro Magnon hominids, our forebears, settled every nook and cranny on the planet. The last major migration occurred when the land bridge opened up in Siberia, as the glacier receded ten thousand years ago, and Homo Sapiens, who our species had become by then, trudged all the way to Tierra del Fuego within a thousand years or so....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays] 2823 words
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The Importance of a Calcium Rich Diet - The Importance of a Calcium Rich Diet      Calcium is essential to normal functioning in a healthy individual; this only leaves the question of where to get it. There are many sources available to meet daily requirements, two of which are dairy products and supplemental vitamins. Both of these options have qualities that make them appealing, so choosing might be difficult or even come to a middle ground. Some of the considerations to be made are: what calcium is, the types of calcium in each source, how much should be ingested daily, the body’s ability to absorb and tolerate calcium from the chosen source, and the interactions that might occur with other medicines and required daily nutrients....   [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays] 1309 words
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Human Growth Hormone's Effects on Normal and hGH Deficient Children - Human Growth Hormone's Effects on Normal and hGH Deficient Children What is Human Growth Hormone. Human Growth Hormone (hGH) has many uses with today's medical technology. For instance, hGH has proven to be very useful in treating Chronic Renal Insufficiency and Turner's Syndrome in girls (http://www.novo.dk/backgrou/backgrou/bahghuk.htm). Promising studies have also been performed and completed using hGH to quicken the repair of wounds, torn cartliage, and non-healing fractures, as well as treating juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthosis (http://www.novo.dk/backgrou/backgrou/bahghuk.htm)....   [tags: Research Health Growth Essays]
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Essay About Family: Hot Mamas - I remember playing with my great grandmother’s hair combs when I was four years old, surrounded by awkward eyes and clenched, scared, disappointed smiles. I remember my shame at the age of 6 when my mother walked into the dim, dense closet where I’d been trying on her clothes in careless secrecy. Her panty hose were halfway down my scrawny bald legs; her eyes were wet and wide. I remember choreographing and executing figure skating routines during recess in the fifth grade. I remember my father’s disgust at dinner one evening when he saw my short thick hair wrapped chaotically into a tight ponytail on the top of my head....   [tags: Personal Narrative essay about my family] 2309 words
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Is AIDS taking over the world? - Is AIDS taking over the world. A disease is an abnormality of an animal or plant, caused by a pathogenic organism. Therefore, disease resistance is the ability to withstand the attack of these pathogens and remain virtually unaffected. The disease may be infectious (communicable), caused by invading organisms that live parasitically on or within the body. The disease causing organisms include viruses, some bacteria and certain other organisms that may be passed from person to person – e.g. Plasmodium that causes malaria....   [tags: science]
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Cree Indians - Cree Indians This is an introduction to the Cree Indians way of life explaining about the foods they ate, significance of story telling, myths, religious beliefs, rituals performed, and their present day way of life. It is almost impossible to touch on every aspect because of what is not printed and only known by elders. Some native words used by Cree Indians: Kiwetin meaning the north wind that brings misfortune (Gill, Sullivan 158). Another word is maskwa used for bear, the most intelligent and spiritually powerful land animal (Gill, Sullivan 182)....   [tags: essays papers]
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A Separate Peace - The Role Of Minor Characters - Without the minor characters the story "A Separate Peace" would be missing major points and it wouldn’t run smoothly. The minor characters in the story play an important role in the way the story falls together and in causing Finny to die. The minor characters in this story set up kind of props for other things to happen in the story. For example Brinker’s conflict with Gene. The first part of the conflict begins in the butt room where Brinker brings Gene after Finny has his fall. Brinker tries to tell everyone that Gene in fact did knock Finny off of the tree....   [tags: essays research papers] 906 words
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Arthritis - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative arthritis, a condition in which joint cartilage degenerates or breaks down. New tissue, which grows at the ends of bones, now has no cartilage cap to control it. Instead, this new bone forms into strange lips and spurs that grind and grate and get in the way of movement of the joint. Osteoarthritis is common in older people after years of wear-and-tear that thin the cartilage and the bones. Osteoarthritis can also result from diseases in which there is softening of the bone, like Paget's disease in which the long bones of the body curve like a bow, or osteoporosis with its bowing of the shoulder called "dowager's hump," or other bone degeneration....   [tags: essays research papers] 1631 words
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Genetics - PG.1 It was September fourteenth nineteen ninety in a hospital in Bethesda, Maryland. Doctor Culver was carrying a small plastic bag containing the first bag of genetically engineered cells intended to treat a human disease. SCID is a disease with a immune deficiency that can be controlled by gene therapy. This girl Cynthia was born with this disease SCID. She has been treated with gene therapy and so far it has worked. SCID is Severe Combined Immunodefficiency. It is a terrible disease that kids are born with and in order to get rid of it you need undergo gene therapy....   [tags: essays research papers] 1637 words
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The Band Bad Religion - Greg Graffin The band Bad religion was formed in the early eighties and has now been around over 15 years and has released over eight albums, the lead singer has continued his schooling and now has one bachelors degree ,a masters and is working on his Ph.D. Greg Graffin was born in 1965 in Wisconsin. His mother and father were divorced after his birth. In 1976 his mother his brother and him moved to San Fernando valley California, which is now the punk rock capital of the world. "Like millions of other victims of divorce in the seventies I had to deal with the fact that my father was now living far away(In Racine, Wisconsin) and that I would not get to see him very much." While his father was in Wisconsin he began work at the university of Wisconsin as a professor....   [tags: essays research papers] 865 words
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human figure - What is sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease of red blood cells. Normally red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin A, which carries oxygen to all the organs in the body. With sickle cell anemia, however, the body makes a different kind of protein, called hemoglobin S. The problem is that when a red blood cell with hemoglobin S releases oxygen, the cell changes from the usual doughnut shape to a sickle or S shape, and becomes stiff rather than soft and flexible like normal red blood cells....   [tags: essays research papers] 791 words
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