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Bone - The epidemiology study in Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland reported the incidence of fracture in 2000 which was 5,953 fractures in a population of 534,715 (11.3 in 1,000). (1) In general, the bone has a physiologic repairing process which consists of three basic steps; inflammation, proliferation and remodeling and the fracture can be healed spontaneously. (2) Failure of physiological regeneration of these steps which might cause the fracture nonunion. (3)This pathologic condition is one of the important complications after treatment fracture which occurs about 5-10% (Littenberg et al., 1998, Tzioupis and Giannoudis, 2007)....   [tags: Biology] 694 words
(2 pages)
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Bone Diseases - Bone diseases most directly influence the ability to walk or to move any part of the body--hands, limbs, neck, and spine. They are related to joint disorders--ARTHRITIS, COLLAGEN DISEASE, DISLOCATION of joints, and RHEUMATISM. The medical specialty pertaining to bone disorders is ORTHOPEDICS. Fractures are the most common bone disorders. They can occur as the result of an accident or be secondary to metabolic diseases. Fractures are life-threatening to aged people having the metabolic bone disease OSTEOPOROSIS, in which bones become porous and brittle....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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827 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Bone Collector - Author: Deaver, Allen Title: The Bone Collector, New York, New American Library, 1997. Scene: This story takes place in New York City, New York in the mid 90's. While the UN conference is in town, a series of kidnappings has erupted and it's up to a team of forensic scientists to follow the clues and find the killer. Theme: People who never give up what they started will always accomplish his/her goal. Key Persons: Lincoln Rhyme, once a famous NYPD "criminalist" who is now a quadriplegic is brought back to work; Amelia Sachs, daughter of a beat cop who is first officer of the first kidnapping making her involved in the whole investigation; Lon Selitto, Lincoln's former partner; Jerry Bank...   [tags: Allen Deaver] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Butterfly Effect in Bone - Directed and written by Eric Bress and J. Mackye Gruber, the movie “Butterfly Effect” is about a young man (Kutcher) who blacks out harmfull memories of significant events of his life. As he grows up he finds a way to remember these lost memories and a supernatural way to alter his life. This movie teaches a simple lesson about life: one little thing in the past can change the whole outcome of life later. The book Bonesetter’s Daughter, by Amy Tan, also has something to do with past, as it is narrated by two people, mother and daughter, who talk about themselves, constantly referring back to the memories of their childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Literary Critique - Midnight For Charlie Bone - Literary Criticism Nimmo, Jenny. Midnight for Charlie Bone. New York, New York City: Orchard Books. 2003. 401 pages. Midnight for Charlie Bone is a story about a school for prodigy children who each have a special magic skill. Charlie Bone has no idea that he has a special power, until he finds out he can see and hear people talking in photographs. Although he wants to use his power for the good, his classmate Lucretia Yewbeam does not. She has the power to brainwash people. She brainwashes her classmates and commands them to do her homework, make food, borrow money, etc....   [tags: Jenny Nimmo] 1011 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Thin Line Between Bone China and Porcelain - The term 'china' is widely used to describe any kind of ceramic ware while talking about dinnerware. Also, we often hear the expressions bone china and porcelain being mistakenly used interchangeably although there is significant difference between porcelain and bone china. We need to know the differences to make informed and wise decisions while selecting our dinnerware. History of china and its transition in today's world Since the dawn of civilization, ceramic ware has been made in the Orient using a combination of clays – kaolin, feldspar and quartz....   [tags: ceramic, dinnerware, firing] 550 words
(1.6 pages)
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Rattle Bone - Pieces of a Novel Puzzle “A novel or a collection of short stories?'; may be a question that a critic asks about Rattlebone. Maxine Clair portrays both arguments with her energetic writing style. A blend of random comments and many unique phrases intermix with the intense plot. Writing like this gives the reader a more relaxed state and the book seems more alive and real. In answer to the critique question, Maxine Clair is writing a novel because of an abundant supply of foreshadowing, a collection of narrators, a recurrence of characters, and a process commonly known to man as aging....   [tags: essays research papers] 1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Stem Cell Therapy Opens New Hope for Modern Treatment - In order to discover the ways for the remedy of diseases, studies in therapeutic approaches have been doing widely and kept increasing at accelerated pace. A lot of research areas had emerged for that purpose including one of the most fascinating and highly active areas at present, stem cells therapies. Due to self-renewal property and differentiation capability of stem cell, it becomes a new hope in modern treatment. The first successful case of stem cell therapy in human was reported in 1959. Bone marrow restorations were observed in leukemia patients who received total body irradiation subsequent by intravenous injection of their twins’ bone marrow (Thomas et al, 1957)....   [tags: bone marrow, transplant, patients] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Calcium: Helping Our Nerves Function - ... Lesser-impact side effects involve muscle twitching, insomnia, and confusion. Toxicity: Although it is not common to take in excess amount of calcium, it certainly is possible. One common cause of excess calcium is the overuse of calcium supplements. Amounts greater than 2,000 mg a day may lead to hypercalcemia, which can occur from hormonal imbalance and milk alkali syndrome. Long-standing effects of too much calcium can lead to kidney stones, constipation, and reduction of iron, magnesium, zinc, and phosphorus....   [tags: damage, deficiency, bone, absorption] 619 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Development of Chondrocranium of Chondrichthyes - ... The cartilaginous neurocranium, known as the chondrocranium is a cartilaginous embryonic structure that supports the developing cranium to which is what encases the brain and surrounding sense organs such as the nose and inner ear. The chondrocranium begins to form via mesenchymal condensation from mesoderm-derived mesenchymal stem cells into cartilage cells called chondrocytes. This process is known as chondrogenesis (1). These isogenous cartilage cells are able to form and multiply in order to come together and fuse to make up the basic regions of the chondrocranium (Figure 1a-c), the ethmoid, basal, and occipital (2)....   [tags: skeletons, cartilage, bone, development] 711 words
(2 pages)
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Do Inhaled Corticosteroids have a Long- Term Effect on Growth and Bone Density in Children ? - Research Synthesis Paper According to American Academy of Pediatrics, “It is estimated that approximately 15 million people in the United States suffer from Asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children” ( Schlienger 2004). Although inhaled steroids have been established as the preventive treatment of choice, few studies have been conducted to assess the risks of inhaled steroid therapy. Inhaled corticosteroids are absorbed into the systemic circulation, but the extent to which they have adverse effects on bone density and growth is uncertain....   [tags: essays research papers] 2525 words
(7.2 pages)
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open fracture of the radius - Injury report: Open fracture of the Radius. A triathlon involves swimming, running and then biking a set track. A triathlete fell from his bike during training, due to the wet road. He landed awkwardly on his bike. His Radius was broken because he landed with his arm on the handle bars of the bike. The force at which he landed on the handle bars caused his Radius to break and pierce the skin. A cracked bone is called a fracture. Fractures are most likely to occur in the limb bones. (Radius and Ulna; Tibia and Fibula) Fractures are named according to the certain features which separate the different types of fracture....   [tags: essays research papers] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina - Love in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina "Love" is a word, a signifier, tied to many meanings, all different in context, cultures, and ideologies. Love is used numerous ways in Allison's Bastard Out of Carolina, by many characters. In the character of Bone, love is a confused thing, always changing, as Bone uses it to fit her life on the fly. In relation to parental love, Bone wants Daddy Glen to love her. However, early in the book, Bone's conception of "love" is that of a child, obviously....   [tags: Bastard Out of Carolina Essays] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Hypogravitational Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by an absolute decrease in the amount of bone present to a level below which it is capable of maintaining the structural integrity of the skeleton. To state the obvious, Human beings have evolved under Earth's gravity "1G". Our musculoskeleton system have developed to help us navigate in this gravitational field, endowed with ability to adapt as needed under various stress, strains and available energy requirement. The system consists of Bone a highly specialized and dynamic supporting tissue which provides the vertebrates its rigid infrastructure....   [tags: essays research papers] 1403 words
(4 pages)
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biology presentation for the skeleton - Intro – slide 1 – acetate 1 The skeleton of a human foetus is formed from tough but flexible cartilage that acts as a blueprint for bone construction. During ossification ( the changing of cartilage to bone) which begins before birth, the cartilage is broken down and the resulting space is filled by bone building mineral salts and protein fibres secreted by bone cells. Humans have a bony endoskeleton made up of 206 bones, although we are born with up to 300, but many of these fuse during childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 667 words
(1.9 pages)
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Osteoporosis - Bone Case Study 1. A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures the amount of mineral concentration in a specific region of the bones in order to determine a persons bone strength or density and their risk for fractures. 2. The physician uses the BMD test in conjunction with a patient’s history to determine the patient’s risk of Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by thinning, weak bones. Bone loss is actually a normal event in the human body. We loose bone when cells (osteoclasts) release stored salts (calcium, phosphorous, magnesium) from the bone into the blood stream when dietary intake is not providing adequate amounts....   [tags: essays research papers] 564 words
(1.6 pages)
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What´s Lactoferrin? - Lactoferrin is an iron binding glycoprotein which is found at high concentrations in breast milk and other exocrine secretions in the body. In a healthy individual, normal serum levels ranges between 2 and 7 ug/ml but concentrations may be higher during inflammation and sepsis (Cornish et al., 2004). Lactoferrin has the ability to retain iron over a wide pH range, thus involved in iron homeostasis and acts as a pleiotropic factor (Amini & Nair, 2011). All vertebrate species possess an iron-withholding defence system that scavenges and sequester excess iron in the body....   [tags: glycoprotein, breast milk, exocrine secretions] 568 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Conservation of Coral Reefs - Coral Reefs need to be preserved for many reasons. In this paper I will discuss a few of them. First of all, they houses a collection of diverse organisms, and contribute fisheries which provide food items such as fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Furthermore, coral skeletons are being used as bone substitutes in reconstructive bone surgery and may be able to provide important medicine, including anti-cancer drugs and a compound that blocks ultra-violet rays, they even help reduce global warming by taking carbon dioxide out of the air....   [tags: essays research papers] 440 words
(1.3 pages)
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Changes in the Environment Affect the Behavior and Physiological Aspect of an Organism - The changes in the environment affect the behavior and physiological aspect of an organism. One important concept that further supports such phenomenon is heterochrony. Heterochrony is described to be the evolution of ontogeny, which is the development of an individual from its earliest stage to maturity. It takes hundreds, even millions of years for evolution to occur. By studying the earliest chordates, one would be able to relate the changes and adaptations that have emerged to sustain life of primates today....   [tags: heterochronic processes] 623 words
(1.8 pages)
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The History of Writing - Throughout history, writing has had many various uses that have helped record information from history to the present day. Writing has obtained many different uses as to how and what we use writing today. When writing was formed in 3200 B.C. it was used to record and communicate. We have since then used writing for numerous issues such as recording information in which we may learn about the past, and for poetry or literature for people, both children and adults, to read and learn from....   [tags: human communication techniques] 708 words
(2 pages)
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Axial and Appendicular Skeleton - Axial and Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton is the central part of the skeleton. The skull, spine, ribs and breastbone make the axial skeleton up. The appendicular skeleton consists of the remaining bones. These are 'attached' to the axial skeleton. [IMAGE] Cervical [IMAGE] This is the top seven vertebrae from the neck downwards. The top two bones are the atlas and axis. They let us to shake and nod out head. All the other vertebrae also help with movement of the neck and head, such as bending and twisting....   [tags: Papers] 435 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Skeletal System - The Skeletal System The functions of the Skeleton are to: * Provide Protection * Movement * Blood Production * Support * Shape * Mineral Production Definitions of the functions: Protection: The skeleton is designed in such a way that the delicate parts of the body are protected. These parts are major organs, the brain is protected by the skull, the lungs and heart are protected by the ribs and the vertical column protects the spinal cord....   [tags: Papers] 1000 words
(2.9 pages)
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The 15 Essential Nutrients - The 15 Essential Nutrients Milk is a source of energy plus 15 essential nutrients all working together towards your good health. 1. Protein for building and repairing body tissues, even bones. Helps build antibodies to fight infection in your body. 2. Carbohydrates provide the main source of energy in your body cells. 3. Vitamin A for healthy skin, eyes and night vision. Essential for normal bones and teeth. 4. Vitamin D for optimal calcium and phosphorus absorption. Essential for strong bones and healthy teeth....   [tags: Papers] 684 words
(2 pages)
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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research - Stem Cells Abstract There are now other means of extracting stem cells rather than aborting fetuses. Scientists have discovered alternative means; such as certain unspecialized cells found in bone marrow, as well as umbilical cord blood and rare but unique skin cells. As we take advantage of these findings, we not only partially solve the ongoing controversy, but also broaden our knowledge of the spectrum of stem cells as well. The extraction of stem cells may cure many diseases, such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s....   [tags: Medicine]
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Orthopedic Surgery - In orthopedic surgery, iliac bone graft which is commonly used for treatment nonunion or spinal fusion is contained multipotential stem cells or mesenchymal progenitor cells. These cells are found approximately 1 in 10,000 nucleated cells in the bone marrow. Friedenstein et al. (1970) reported that a rare population of cells was found by plastic-adherent ability (Friedenstein et al., 1970). These cells are capable of proliferation and mesenchymal lineages differentiation (Pittenger et al., 1999, Caplan, 1991)....   [tags: Health, Treatment] 679 words
(1.9 pages)
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My Redemtion from the Muscle Test - ... Respiratory and cardiac issues arise as well when the ribs, spine, and scapular regions become ossified and immoveable. Interestingly enough, however, the diaphragm, tongue, cardiac, and smooth muscles are spared the ossification process. (Mankin, 2009, p. 171) Most patients are confined to a wheelchair by their 30’s and their life expectancy is only 45 years old. (Flynn, 2011, p.182) The first known case of FOP was documented by French physician Guy Patin in 1692. Since then, fewer than 1,500 people worldwide have been diagnosed with the disease....   [tags: Stone Man Disease]
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Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone - Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone I enjoy reading Fae Myenne Ng’s Bone. I find her novel easy to read and understand. Although she included some phrases the Chinese use, I find no difficulty in understanding them, as I’m Chinese myself. The novel Bone is written in a circular narrative form, in which the story doesn’t follow the linear format where the suspense slowly builds up and finally reaches a climax stage. Rather the story’s time sequence is thrown back and forth. I find this format of writing brings greater suspense and mystery to the reader....   [tags: Fae Myenne Ng Bone] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis - Case Assessment Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis According to the Canadian Cancer Society (2014h), there are two main types of lung cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer, the most common and grows more slowly; and small cell lung cancer, grows quickly and often spreads to distant parts of the body. The progression of lung cancer could be spreading from the lung to other parts of body, where they can grow into new tumours, which called metastasis such as bone metastasis that can be occur in any bone such as the spine, pelvis, ribs, upper legs and arms bones, and skull (Canadian Cancer Society, 2014a; Canadian Cancer Society, 2014b)....   [tags: Family, Psychology, Impact] 986 words
(2.8 pages)
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Exceptional Down to the Bone - Our View on Exceptional Down to the Bone James C. Bennett’s article, Exceptional Down to the Bone published in the National Review on June 21, 2010 describes how exceptionalism in America can be found in our unique bone level cultural roots, relative to other English-speaking countries. The article offers different perspectives on exceptionalism and universalism in America. Bennett states “The Right tends to see exceptionalism in America’s unique virtues, such as freedom, prosperity, and innovativeness....   [tags: Article Analysis, Bennett] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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Genre and Narrative in Oceans 11 and The Bone Collector - Genre and Narrative in Oceans 11 and The Bone Collector The Purpose of this essay is to compare how genre and narrative are established. In order to examine how genre and narrative are established in two crime films, we conducted a close textual analysis of Oceans 11 and the bone collector. The main convention in this genre is crime films, law enforces, criminals, action sequence and fast cars. There have been many notable crime films such as cat women (2004 Collateral (2004) Cellular (2004) and Shaft (2000)....   [tags: Papers] 1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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B and T Cells in Bone Marrow and Thymus - B and T cells begin their development in the bone marrow and share the following stages in their very initial development. Pleuripotent hematopoeitc stem cells (HSC) of the bone marrow either self renew or express CD117, which binds to stem cell factor on the surface of bone marrow stroma signalling the differenetiation of HSC to Multipotent progenitor1. The next step, again shared, is the expression of RAG1/RAG2 which is necessary for T and B cell receptor development and commits the cell becoming to an early lymphoid progenitor (ELP)1....   [tags: Lymphoid, Organs] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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Creative Writing: The Red Blood Cell - I start my journey in bone marrow. Have you ever seen how flexible bone marrow is!?. It’s really exciting. I form from hemocytoblast which takes about 2 days. The body makes about two million red blood cells every second. So there’s a lot of me to go around. I finally get to leave and make my way through the veins capillaries along with my buddy plasma. We take up most of the room since there’s so much to go around, but on my behalf those guys aren’t that big to begin with. Eventually I go to what I like to call the big brother of the vein capillaries the arteries....   [tags: body, heart, bone marrow] 588 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Trails of Bone and The Hontu Family - The land of Atorok was peaceful. That is, before it happened. The land was full of many kinds of creatures. There were Humans, Monder, Vasharak, and Radiek. The four races had sworn an Oath of protection to each other. But soon the days grew dark, and that Oath was broken. The Radiek leader Monsume corrupted the minds of the Radiek, causing war. The other races were forced into hiding as Monsume crawled to power. During this time a boy, named Hontu, was raised in the Human lands. He was only ten, when the Radiek attacked his village....   [tags: narrative essays] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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Overview of Osteoporosis - “Help, I’ve fallen and I can’t get up!” The slogan for the company Life Alert is a good saying for many elderly women who have Osteoporosis, the silent killer. Many people who have this disease are not aware of it, until they break a bone. Osteoporosis is “a condition in which bone mineral mass and strength are so severely compromised that daily activities can cause bone pain and fracturing (Hall)." The Journal of Clinical Investigation has done an in-depth study on this disease, and the United States government has run many clinical trials for this disease in order to better comprehend how this disease affects the body....   [tags: Estrogen, Calcium, Skeleton] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
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Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a health ailment which causes bones to become so porous that they can break easily. Osteoporosis literally means 'porous bones'. The bones in our skeleton are made of a thick outer shell and a strong inner mesh filled with collagen [protein], calcium salts and other minerals. The inside looks like honeycomb, with blood vessels and bone marrow in the spaces between bone. Osteoporosis occurs when the holes between bone become bigger, making it fragile and liable to break easily....   [tags: essays research papers] 517 words
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Osteopenia Case Study - Osteopenia can be seen as beginning stage of osteoporosis. Osteopenia is classified when bone density is lower than normal but not so low that it can be classified as being osteoporosis. It can be caused by several different diseases, conditions, or may be something that is natural to the person who has it. It can also be caused by eating disorders, and metabolism disorders. Chemotherapy and medicines such as steroids are also known to be causes as well as being exposed to radiation. Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become so weak and brittle that even a cough can cause enough stress on the bone that it will cause the bone to facture....   [tags: Osteoporosis, Bones] 588 words
(1.7 pages)
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Adaptations during Heavy Resistance Training - Adaptations during Heavy Resistance Training When it comes to heavy resistance training, achieving desired adaptations requires more than the uninformed mind might think. At the conclusion of this paper, the reader will have a better understanding of what adaptations during heavy resistance training entail; Such as, the role of myosin, fiber types, cell structures, bone structures, muscle size, muscle shape, and the nervous system. Muscle size adaptations during heavy resistance training Muscle hypertrophy is the growth of muscle....   [tags: muscle fibers, body movements] 524 words
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Leukemia and Its Treatment - Leukemia is something that we hear about a lot. I believe that people do not understand exactly what leukemia is and how dangerous it can be, I chose this topic to try to help them understand. In this paper I will explain what leukemia is and what treatments you can choose from to treat the cancer. Leukemia is a type of cancer. Cancer is a group of more than 100 diseases that have two or more important things in common. One is that certain cells in the body become abnormal. Another is that the body keeps producing large numbers of these abnormal cells....   [tags: Cancel Health Medical] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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Leukemia - Leukemia Leukemia is a disease that affects blood-forming tissues, mainly bone marrow. Leukemia also affects the lymph glands and spleen. Leukemia causes the body to produce an extreme amount of abnormal white blood cells. This causes infections because the abnormal cells cannot stop infections like the normal cells do. Leukemia also causes anemia. Anemia is a disease in which the body makes less blood cells. This happens because the leukemic cells crowd the system. Leukemia also causes excessive bleeding....   [tags: Health Medical Cancer]
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Horse Tendon Injuries - When owning a horse, you run into the problem of your horse getting injured. Getting the call from your barn manager or a friend saying that your horse is lame isn’t a call any horse owner wants to get, but is undoubtedly a call that everyone gets. The first thing that runs through their head is what happened. One of the scenarios that will enter a horse owner’s head will be a tendon, ligament, or joint injury. Many owners work very hard to prevent such injuries by feeding joint supplements, but owners can’t prevent the unexpected....   [tags: horse, barn manager]
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Understanding Osteoporosis - It is no secret that the skeletal system is a vital part to the body. The bones that made up the skeletal system are responsible for movement, protection, and of course framework of the body. Bones rely on nutrients such as calcium, Vitamin D, and magnesium. When the bone become weak and can no longer work properly, this is known as osteoporosis. There are a number of diseases that affect the bone/skeletal system however osteoporosis has the most debilitating reputation. Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones, increasing the risk of serious fractures....   [tags: Skeletal System, Disease] 676 words
(1.9 pages)
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Hearing Tests - Hearing Tests Intensity and Frequency Hearing tests measure loudness in decibels (intensity) and pitch in Hertz (frequency). The lowest number of decibels (dB) you can hear at different frequencies (Hz) is measured and plotted on a graph called an audiogram. Frequency: Frequency is the number of vibrations per second, expressed as Hertz (Hz). The sounds of speech are in the range of 250 Hz to 4000 Hz. These are commonly tested in a hearing test. Intensity: Sound waves made by something vibrating gently have little intensity (the sound is soft)....   [tags: Papers] 1340 words
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The Tragedy of Leila in Bone - The Tragedy of Leila in Bone       How much responsibility should any child have over their family. In "Bone," by Fae Myenne Ng, a character named Leila is born the daughter of a loving mother, Mah, and a run-out-on-the-family father whom cursed Leila with a last name Fu. As Leila said herself, "Fu in our dialect sounds like the word for bitter" (18). She became the oldest with two other sisters, Ona and Nina, whom both came from Mah's second husband, Leon. Leon loves his biological daughters like a true father should; meanwhile, Leon also loves Leila, his daughter only by marriage to Mah....   [tags: Bone Essays]
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Cancerous Bone Tumors - Introduction: Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the body. The Mayo Clinic in Minnesota defines bone cancer as an “uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the long bones that make up the arms and legs.” Bone tumors can be either classified as benign or malignant. Benign tumors “exhibit slow growth, are non-metastasis and non-invasive, highly differentiated, and show a low amount of mitosis....   [tags: uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells] 2513 words
(7.2 pages)
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Bone Marrow Transplant - There is someone out there in need of a bone marrow transplant waiting for a donor that matches their DNA, and it could be you. You see ads displaying the words become a blood donor and save lives however, becoming a bone marrow donor has been over shadowed, many people are unaware of how crucial it is to become a bone marrow donor and the key role it plays for the person in need of a bone marrow transplant to live. With becoming a bone marrow donor, you have the power to impact the lives of others in a positive way....   [tags: organ donations]
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Bone Marrow Biopsy - What is a bone marrow biopsy. Bone marrow is soft spongy tissue found in the hollow interior of your bones. Bone marrow contains stem cells which produces different forms of blood cells: • White blood cells which create antibodies to fight infection • Red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body • Platelets which forms clots to help stop bleeding from an injury The biopsy involves a sample of tissue taken from inside a bone (usually hip bone) and is thoroughly examined in a laboratory under a microscope in order to detect any abnormal cells....   [tags: stem cell analysis, blood cell diseases]
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Replacement of Damaged Human Bone - Developments in nanotechnology and tissue engineering have provided promising ways to repair and replace damaged bone [3, 4]. Poly (sorbital sebacate adipate) (PSSA) is fully biodegradable, thermoplastic aliphatic polyester with biocompatibility and ecological safety. However, it has quite a few drawbacks, such as high elongations and very low thermal stability that prevent its larger commercial applications. The mechanical and thermal instability of PSSA elastomer prevents it from substituting the biodegradable nanomaterials in commercial products [3]....   [tags: nanotechnology, tissue, organic] 637 words
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Bone Black by Bell Hooks - Bone Black In the book Bone Black, Bell Hooks gives a vivid look into her childhood. She starts off by talking about a quilt that her mother gave her from her mother. She thinks that this is special because her mother gave it to her and not one of her other sisters. Then she goes into describing how the children in her family never knew that they were poor until they grew up. They liked the dolls that they played with and the food that they ate. They never wondered why they didn’t have the things that their white neighbors did have....   [tags: Race Childhood Children African American] 921 words
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Fish Bone Analysis - IIn order to develop the design of experiments we first developed fish bone diagram and based on that we developed a matrix of possible experiments using Taguchi design explained elsewhere [11]. The fish bone analysis turned out to be as follows:- Following aspects have already been covered in research work done by earlier scientists:- It had already been investigated activity followed the order; Co2(CO)8 > Co(NO3)2> Co(CH3COO)2 while chain growth probability followed the sequence Co(NO3)2 > Co2( CO)8 > Co(CH3COO)2 [6]....   [tags: Experiment Analysis] 884 words
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Shadow and Bone by Leigh Bardugo - ... Mal is now a profession tracker probably one of the best, while Alina is a mapmaker who help make map while on the trip. As they are preparing to entering the Shadow Fold with the squad, so they can travel to West Ravaka, they got under attack by Volcra(Bird like creature), While being under attack by the Volcra, she shield herself to protect Mal, after being injured she emit a source of light that scare all of the volca, and save the rest of the first army. Seeing this as for the first time, bring many question about herself....   [tags: love, teenager, yale university] 645 words
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Rare But Incredibly Painful, Bone Cancer - Bone cancer is a very rare aggressive cancer that makes a considerable amount of pain in the bones of the patients. Bone cancer is a disease that occurs on or inside a bone. In most cases, bone cancer involves a tumor filled with abnormal cells that will usually appear on the exterior of the bone. Similar to other types of cancer, bone cancer causes much pain and can be life-threatening. My mother was diagnosed with primary bone cancer last year and it has been a very long, hard process for her and the whole family....   [tags: symptoms, tumor, radiation]
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Uses for and Types of Bone Density Scan - ... (Driver & Shiel, 2013). The scanner has a very low x-ray dose. The amount of x-ray that passes through the bone is measured at each of these levels. The computer eliminates the soft tissue and the bone mineral density is measured based on the difference between the two beams. DXA scan usually measures bone loss (osteoporosis), and also Bone Mineral Density (BMD). According to Dasher et. al. (2010), DXA is not only used for diagnosis of osteoporosis, but it is also used to help assess fracture risk to help select patients for pharmacology therapy, and to help monitor therapy or disease progression....   [tags: osteoporosis, dxa, fracture] 892 words
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Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease - ... Although the disease has not been completely eradicated, there have been breakthroughs that can improve patient health and lifestyle. As mentioned, estrogen deficiency is a key player in osteoporosis (refer to Figure 1) which urges the need to understand it’s physiological relationship and effect on bone mass. Estrogen seems to have a connection with osteoclast activity. More specifically, as Jilka states, “estrogen loss results in an interleukin-6-mediated stimulation of osteoclastogenesis, which suggests a mechanism for the increased bone resorption in postmenopausal osteoporosis”....   [tags: menopause, spine, calcium]
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Barbara Gowdy’s White Bone - Barbara Gowdy’s White Bone is a novel that is written about the perspective of a herd of elephants living in Africa. The main characters are Mud, Tall-Time, Date Bed, and Torrent. All of which develop immensely over the course of the beginning to the end of the first half of the book. The story revolves around their separate and combined journeys towards finding the white bone, a mythical bone which will lead any elephant to where they want to go in life. The story also is powered by the idea that elephants do not forget anything that happens to them in their lives, they remember everything and that if an elephant is not killed prematurely, and then in old age it will go insane and senile wi...   [tags: Literature Review] 780 words
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Osteogenesis Imperfecta a.k.a. Brittle Bone Disease -   Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), also known as Brittle Bone Disease, is a heritable genetic disorder that affects the connective tissue and causes bones to break easily, normally without any discernible cause. Its name, “osteogenesis imperfecta,” literally means imperfect bone formation. There are eight forms of the disease that have been identified thus far, labeled Type I through Type VIII. Each form describes how severely the person with the disease is affected. For instance, Type I is the mildest form of the disease, while Types II, III, VII, and VIII are the most severe....   [tags: genetic, sclera, inherit]
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Osteosarcoma: A Malignant Tumor of Mesodermal Connective Tissue - Pathology Osteosarcoma is a malignant tumour of mesodermal connective tissue generally originating from bone and rarely in soft tissue (Dahlin, 1975). It is defined by the presence proliferating malignant mesenchymal cells that produce osteoid and/or immature bones (Gaeta, 1988). Osteosarcoma is most frequently found in the medullary cavity of the metaphysis of a growing long tubular bone. However, it can also appear on the surface of a bone (Gurfunkle, 2007). Most osteosarcoma’s develop in the appendicular skeleton with only 10% developing in axial skeleton....   [tags: bone diseases]
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Bone Disease from Dyshondroplasia to Osteogenesis Imperfecta Can Be Rare but Are Painful - ... Some mothers may lack vitamin D because of lack of exposure to sunlight, they may fear the risk of getting skin cancer(Wharton,2003). These women should work vitamin D into their diet by the different means listed in the previous paragraph, such as in the cod liver oil. Some women, however, may not have a fear of the possible damaging effects of the sun. Some women may follow a modest religion, and maintain a completely covered body. There are some women though, that get their daily exposure to the sunlight, but still lack the vitamin D they need for their newborn....   [tags: osteomalacia, rickets, calcium] 2010 words
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One True Hero in Ree Dolly´s Winter´s Bone - ... The other three men have responsibilities and motivations but nothing so burdening or meaningful as Ree has. McCandles is out surviving in the wilderness by his own choice, meaning this wasn’t an unexpected turn in his life and he’s alone so he has no one to worry about besides himself. He is doing this just for himself, the only motivations he has are selfish. Zeitoun’s life is in danger and he got put in prison without any sort of warning but he’s also alone; he is concerned with getting himself out....   [tags: actions, voluntarily, motivation, challenges] 1254 words
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The Human Skeletal Structure - ... These pockets within the Bony matrix contain mature bone cells called Osteocytes.Osteocytes are mature bone cells which “maintain the surrounding bone tissue, dealing with the metabolic requirements, waste products, mineral homeostasis” (Bone cells, 1996) particularly Calcium, Phosphorus and Collagen.The Volkmann’s canals are canals within the bony matrix which transport nutrients from the Haversian canal to the bone tissue and Periosteum for the Osteoblasts and additional cells.The Osteons or Haversian systems are found in the “cortex of long bones” (Damjanov, 1996) and are Hollow tubes parallel to the long axis of the bone, where “the cells and matrix are arranged in elementary units...   [tags: bone, calcium, membrane] 823 words
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Basic Question and Answer of Osteoporosis - What are the healthy components of bone. Your bones are made up of three major components that make them flexible and strong. They include collagen, calcium-phosphate mineral complexes, and living bone cells. 2. Can anyone develop osteoporosis. Who is at higher risk and why. Is it possible to be predisposed. Explain. What is the difference in risk for men and women and why. Yes, anyone can develop osteoporosis. In midlife, bone loss typically speeds up in both men and women. For most women, bone loss surges after menopause, when estrogen levels drop abruptly....   [tags: osteopososis, bones, bone loss] 662 words
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The Risk of Getting Osteosarcoma - Osteosarcoma, also called Osteogenic Sarcoma, is the most common form of primary bone cancer. Osteosarcoma is a disease that is believed to not be transmittable from person to person, but it is thought that genetic changes can be inherited that can put a person more in risk. It is a cancerous disease that forms in the bones and can spread to other areas and organs of the body. Osteosarcoma is most prevalent in teenagers who are experiencing their growth spurts. No one has found a direct cause of this disease, but many believe that it is related to the fast growth rate of larger bones....   [tags: bone cancer, shin, knee]
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Stem Cell Therapies - The world is experiencing change while the medical field is advancing day by day. Not only scientists, but also physicians are discovering treatments to diseases and shortcuts that are leaving the world in complete and utter shock. One rising topic is stem cell research and it’s therapies. Stem cells are an incredible discovery to the medical field because of their inexplicable capabilities. For all we know, in about ten years these microscopic “life savers” could be the cure for the world’s most fatal diseases....   [tags: medical field, bone marrow]
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Tissue Engineering or Regnerative Medicine - ... Scaffolding usually provides one of the following (Berthiaume et al., 2011): a. Cell attachment and possibly migration b. Retention and presentation of biochemical factors c. Porous environment for diffusion of nutrients, metabolic by products and waste d. Mechanical rigidity or flexibility Some methods used in regenerative medicine do not involve utilising living cells prior to implantation of the scaffold/material. These methods rely on the host cells to migrate into the scaffolds. Cells exhibit the ability for directional migration, and this is dependent on the concentration gradient of bioactive signalling molecules present....   [tags: bone, biomedical factors, synthetic] 704 words
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Young Women Suffering from Osteoporosis - Young Women Suffering from Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a system bone disease, its characterized in decreasing of bone mass and destruction of bone fine structure so that increased rate of bone fragility, which make people facing the risk of fracture, even under the situation with a minor or no trauma wounds. Usually there is no special clinical manifestation before fracture, and incidence rate in women is more than men’s. The disease is common in post-menopausal women and the elderly women, but recent studies have shown that osteoporosis not only in those people, more and more young people suffering from osteoporosis....   [tags: bone, mass, dieting, sun] 780 words
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The Hippocratic Oath of Killing Patients - Pamela Bone, an American author, once said, “I'm not afraid of being dead. I'm just afraid of what you might have to go through to get there.” For terminally ill patients, euthanasia may be a choice for some. Being euthanized would end any suffering a loved one is forced to face while on their deathbed. It gives the patient the option to no longer prolong his or her last breath in agony, but rather under their own wish. It would be selfish to hold onto the relative only because the family does not want them to pass away, especially when the patient wanted to....   [tags: euthanasia, pamela bone, patients]
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Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD): Symptoms and Treatment - Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) occurs in joints where cartilage loosens at the end of a bone. OCD of the knee has been the only study that conducted an independent population performed by Linden of Malmo, Sweden (Kessler, J. I., Nikizad, H., Shea, K. G., Jacobs, J. C., Bebchuk, J. D., & Weiss, J. M., 2014). The limitations of this study had patients ranging in ages with less than 300,000 patients, and it took place in 1888. The new guidelines enforced that OCD should have more research involving the prominence of improved epidemiology on OCD....   [tags: cartilage and bone problems]
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Short Story: Isolophobia - He felt his fear long before he had a name for it. He had always been nearly empty in the phobia department. A traumatic childhood was not the cause of this, like one may expect. Birth was all it took to drain him of that key emotion, though he had been left a near empty barrel with a steady drip. There was one prominent thing that never failed to make his mouth dry and his heart viciously attempting to destroy its bone cage. A firm hand abruptly dragged him from his slumber. His heavy eyelids lifted, allowing his gaze to scan the dead room....   [tags: jaxx, fear, bone] 812 words
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What is Osteoporosis? - ... The age at which an individual reaches their peak bone mineral density it between the ages of 18 and 25. I have stated previously that bone mineral density is loss with age. Accordingly to Endicott (2013), " the progression of bone loss that leads to osteoporosis can be slowed or delayed with lifestyle changes, particularly a diet with adequate calcium and vitamin d, weight -bearing, physical activity, smoking cessation, and reduced alcohol use"(p. 2). It has also been found by several authors that osteoporosis is found as a genetics factor within many families....   [tags: disease, bone mineral density loss] 1352 words
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Leukemia: Treatment Through Biological Therapy and Chemotherapy - Leukemia is cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, such as the bone marrow and the lymphatic system, and causes large amounts of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood stream (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Unlike normal blood cells, leukemia cells don’t die when they become old or damaged. Because of this, leukemia cells can build up and crowd out the normal blood cells making it harder for the body to get oxygen to the tissues, control bleeding, or fight infections. In 2013, more than 43,000 adults and 5,000 children and teens will be diagnosed with this disease in the United States (National Cancer Institute, 2013)....   [tags: cancer, bone marrow, blood cells]
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Body Composition - Body composition is one of the five health related fitness components and it is the percent body fat, bone, water and muscle found in your body. Although fat is associated with negative connotations, it has important functions in our body such as the cushioning of organs, shock absorption and temperature regulations. This ‘positive’ fat is known as essential fat, and the ‘negative’ fat is known as nonessential fat. The percent body fat is used to determine the total fat found in your body and it is based on gender and size of each individual....   [tags: fitness, body fat, bone, muscles]
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Stem Cell Research: Should it be Permitted? - Stem cell related diseases affect over 100 million americans (White). Right now, there are plenty of government funds for stem cell research, and if we continue on the same path as we are now, stem cell research should be successful; however, the ethics used for embryonic stem cell research are incomprehensibly horrific (Stem cell policy). If this continues to be funded, it could have answers to numerous major diseases, including why they are caused, prevention, and cures for the diseases. More scientific research, however, needs to go into more possible solutions, to find a more humane method of treating these diseases that pleases both sides of the stem cell research debate, for the soluti...   [tags: embryonic cells, hematopoietic, bone marrow]
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The History and Making of Percussion Instruments - ... Anyway back to the listening musical piece, it was three minutes long the music piece was written around 1860. Music composer was Daniel Decatur Emmett, it was a bright, upbeat song found in slaves working under plantation rule. They respond to other workers and slaves who were living under the same work quarters they performed in a walk-around even a group together style. Musically the melody was a ‘walk-around’, and imagined it being sung along from the wide, vast fields outside of a large plantation....   [tags: bone, music, composers] 712 words
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What is Paget's Disease? - Paget’s disease Paget’s disease (PD), also known as osteitis deformans, is considered to be an osteometabolic disorder. It can be described as a focal disorder of accelerated and disorganized skeletal remodeling that may affect multiple bones in the body, giving rise to progressive enlargement and deformity of the bones and joints.1 PD is prevalent across both the sexes with incidence ranging from 1.5% to 8%.2 It is more common in individuals over 50 years of age. Pathology PD is described by a confined, disproportionate, and uncontrolled osteoclastic bone resorption....   [tags: Osteitis Deformas, Osteometabolic Disorder]
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How to Reduce or Delay Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis is a bone disease that causes the bones to become so thin that they can break during normal daily activities such as lifting a heavy object or rolling over in bed. Whether someone will develop osteoporosis or loss of bone, known as osteopenia, depends on the thickness of the bones early in life, as well as health, diet, and physical activity later in life.      The exact cause of osteoporosis is not known. However, osteoporosis has been linked to the natural process of aging and to the decreased production of estrogen in women and testosterone in men....   [tags: Osteoporosis Essays]
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Identity Confusion after Child Abuse - In the South, a person’s identity is a critical factor in determining who he or she is as a person as well as their part in society, much like in the novel Bastard out of Carolina. To understand a person’s identity, Thompson and Walsh gave the definition of a “fluid process” rather than a person’s “fixed” personality (380). Therefore, identity is self-based on choices people make as well as what they go through. Identity also evolves as people mature while numerous factors affect a person’s identity....   [tags: psychological analysis] 661 words
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Challenges Facing Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) - Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective reconstructive procedure for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint. It has been proven to improve hip function and patient quality of life (1). This procedure was initially designed to benefit patients with osteoarthritis and over 65 years of age. Recent studies report a broadening of the spectrum for age as well as pathological diagnosis. THA is being offered to young patients and patients with osteonecrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and end stage arthritis from paediatric hip conditions....   [tags: medical, medicine, orthopaedicis] 840 words
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Treatments for Leukemia - ... Patients go into an outpatient clinic every day for several weeks to receive treatment. Internal beam radiation or brachytherapy is a source of radiation put near the area of treatment. Patients are given a high dose of treatment in a small amount of time. Systemic radiation is done by giving the patient radiopharmaceuticals either by IV or taken orally to travel through the body and kill the cancer cells. Side effects for all radiations may include the damage healthy cells and tissues, becoming very tired, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite....   [tags: teraphies, blood transplant, chemoteraphy]
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The Orign of Bones - ... The fracture was created in the cranial vault as cartilage is rare in this site and there minimal mechanical factors are involved. By examining the rats at different intervals during the repair phase Girigs & Pritchard (1958) were able to support the study of Pritchard (1948) that in a healing fracture cartilage is produced due to reduced blood supply. They found that since cartilage is less demanding of oxygen it acts as a temporary bridge between the fracture gap until blood supply is restored Thiymidine was used on forty two, five week old female rats to conduct an autradiographic study the cellular response in fracture repair....   [tags: cardiovascular system, mineral elements] 1290 words
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Means of Avoiding Osteoporosis - “Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones are weakened due to a decrease in the bone mass that makes up the skeleton.”(1) Men and women both can develop osteoporosis but it seems like that men lose about 10% less of bone mass than women. Age is something to consider in the development of osteoporosis because bone mass can be broke down between the ages of 40 to 50. The sex hormones that are in men and women play an important part in developing osteoporosis. There is about a 20 year difference in the decrease of men’s testosterone and the women’s estrogen levels....   [tags: medical, health, biology]
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Stem Cell Research - Stem cells have a history that is very short unlike other medical discoveries. According to history, stem cells were first used in 1950s, where a progressive advancement on its use has been carried out by physicians and clinicians. Research has been focused on finding stem cells in tissues of the body, where harvesting has been concentrated on all body tissue. It has been agreed that the process of harvesting or collecting stem cells depends on the source of the cell. This paper will consider the processes of harvesting stem cells and their methods....   [tags: Medical Discoveries, Stem Cells, Techniques]
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