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Biofuel vs. Conventional Fuel - Biofuel is obtained from lifeless or living microbial resources. Also, various plants and plant-derived materials are used for biofuel manufacturing. In order to be considered a biofuel, the fuel must contain over 80 percent renewable resources. An important process to generate energy, photosynthesis, is the main route through which oxidised carbon (carbon dioxide) is decreased in the daytime and oxidised back to carbon dioxide to generating energy in the night. Biofuel is originally derived from the photosynthesis process and can therefore often be referred to as a part of solar energy source....   [tags: Biofuel]
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478 words
(1.4 pages)
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Biofuel Proposal - Biofuel Proposal Executive Summary: The power and prosperity of The United States of America will be severely hindered if changes are not taken within the next few years to reduce its dependency on oil and improve its usage of biofuel. The process to become less dependent on foreign energy sources will be crucial for the stability and growth of the nation in the upcoming years. Re-examining subsidies and tariffs are essential if any positive change is to be made. A Shift Away From Oil Is Crucial The consequences of the United States’ reliance on oil have brought together the nation’s leaders in ways that few issues have in decades....   [tags: Biofuel Energy Oil Renewable] 1405 words
(4 pages)
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Biofuel and Aquaculture - ... When some environmentalists and politicians earnestly advocated biofuel several years ago, they were referring to the potency of biofuel to reduce our dependence on carbon-rich fossil fuels and ultimately retard carbon emission. Admittedly in sheer biological sense, expanded biofuel can contribute to our endeavor to cut reliance on fossil fuels over a global scale. Yet recent studies have revealed the negative impacts of biofuel production on regional ecological systems such as strained water supply, pollution and ecological degradation (The National Academics, 2007; Fargione et al, 2008)....   [tags: Biodiesel, Natural Resources, Environment] 2091 words
(6 pages)
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Biofuel and The Racing Industry - ... To create biofuel, large tracts of land need to be cleared for setting up the plant. This is not feasible because of global economic meltdown whose one major disadvantage is the rising food prices. If the land that could be better used for producing the much needed food crops, there is no need to use the same land for generating biofuels (FAO 07). Furthermore, the cost of establishing and running a biofuel plant runs into billions. Where would the money come from. Of course, the people have to pay for them, doubly, first for purchasing biofuel and secondly in the form of taxes....   [tags: Alternative Energy]
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1086 words
(3.1 pages)
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Biofuel is An Alternative Energy Source - Biofuel: An Alternative Energy Source Abstract As the world’s source of fossil fuels diminishes, another source of energy must replace fossil fuels. This paper evaluates biofuel, one alternative form of energy by showing what biofuel is, how it works, its historical use, and benefits and drawbacks it pertains. I hypothesized that biofuel would be an effective alternative energy. My conclusion does not support my claim, but in terms of worldwide usage. Introduction: With the world’s source of fossil fuels depleting, we need to find an alternative energy source....   [tags: Power Energy Bio Fuel]
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1461 words
(4.2 pages)
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Biofuel: Ethanol Alternative to Transportation - Biofuel: Ethanol Alternative to Transportation For the past three decades Oil dominates the agenda of political discussion. With scares over price volatility, sizes of reserves, international imports and least of which are the environmental impacts due to carbon dioxide and other emissions. Various speculations and educated guesses place our total depletion of crude oil within the next 50 years and there is a general consensus between environmentalists that we steer toward a hydrogen transportation system given the projected work and nonexistent carbon dioxide emissions (Environmental Technologies class lecture, Santa Clara University)....   [tags: Politics Oil Essays]
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2074 words
(5.9 pages)
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Converting Switchgrass to Biofuel - Introduction: People need energy, it’s a fact. We need it for our cars, for our televisions and for our iPods. We need it all the time, every day. The simple fact is though, we are running out. Carbon based fuels are being used at an alarming rate every day. And every day our demand increases as our society becomes more and more reliant on technology. There is only so much oil in the world though and when that is gone we need to look for alternative sources of energy. Sources like ethanol produced from Switchgrass....   [tags: Biology Ethanol Alternative Fuel] 1851 words
(5.3 pages)
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Ethanol as an Alternative Energy Source - Biofuels: Ethanol an Alternative Energy Source Abstract In today's society, when someone wants to go to the movies, work, school, library, or mall, they drive to their destination. The average amount of gasoline consumed per year is about 146 gallons in the U.S. (Biofuels for Transportation, p1). Discoveries of huge petroleum deposits kept gasoline cheap for decades and biofuels were forgotten (Leen, p1). However, with the recent oil prices, along with growing concern of global warming caused by carbon dioxide emissions, biofuel regained popularity (Leen, p1)....   [tags: Biofuel Bio Fuel Essays Papers]
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1536 words
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Algae is the Bio Fuel of the Future - Algae: Bio Fuel of the Future Bio Fuels are clearly the most suitable alternative energy of the future as oil and coal are both rapidly vanishing and increasingly out of interest for nations wishing to avoid terrorist nations. Recently, algae has been discovered as an extremely suitable bio fuel because of its surprisingly high ratio of yield to area required for growth. In 1960 Oswald and Golweke proposed the use of large‐scale ponds for cultivating algae on wastewater nutrients and anaerobically fermenting the biomass into methane fuel....   [tags: Biofuel Fuel Energy Power]
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1224 words
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Pros and Cons of Biofuels - ... Diesel engines do not have to be modified to run on palm oil biodiesel. 6) Jatropha The jatropha bush is grown in Central America India. The jatropha bush grows quickly and does well in droughts when water is inadequate. The jatropha bush has a lifespan of fifty years and the seeds contain forty percent oil content. According to one estimate from Industrial Bioprocessing, 2.47 acres of jatropha would produce .83 to 2.2 tons of oil (Perritano, 2011). This would help the world not rely on crude oil so much....   [tags: Energy Production, Biomass, Corn] 2158 words
(6.2 pages)
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Growth for the Future: Biofuels - Growth for the Future: Biofuels The internal combustion engine, so vital for sustaining America's burgeoning economy, is omnipresent in most vehicles from the greatest semis to the smallest economy cars. The combustion engine is also a mode of transportation that is fraught with problems, both costing billions of U.S. dollars to fuel and causing enormous air pollution problems. Iowa, the nation's largest producer of corn and a leading agricultural state, may have the solution to the problems caused by the enormous burden of gasoline and diesel powered engines, biofuel....   [tags: Economics Economy Papers]
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2806 words
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From Oil to Renewable Energy - The world is depended on oil and soon oil will become more valuable than gold and could lead to a worldwide war. Price for oil could soar to above two hundred fifty dollars per barrel. Oil and other fuel cell also cause green house gases which contribute to global warming. China is consuming two times more petroleum than 1996 and India is projected to consume three times the oil it currently does by 2050. Global house gas emission has increased by twenty percent from 2003 to 2006. Energy consumption has increased exponentially throughout the globe....   [tags: Energy]
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1859 words
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Biofuels - ... Because bio-fuels benefit for the environment, bio-fuels production and the fuel market will grow rapidly; therefore, the availability of resources is an important factor. As a result, there is an increase of demand for grains due to the population growth (Blum et al., 2010; Lancaster, 2002). One of the most conspicuous problems has undoubtedly been the worldwide food crisis (Murphy, 2009). The production of bio-fuels crops increases the competition in land utilization among food crops and bio-fuels feedstock....   [tags: Environment, Fossil Fuels] 1216 words
(3.5 pages)
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Renewable Energy - ... The increasing of global energy demand happens the global stock of fossil fuel resources may be adequate for short term period, thus requiring the development of renewable energy sources, which would not decrease the stock of fossil fuel resources available for future generation. There is an increasing interest in the development of renewable energies such as biofuel and wind power, which have a great potential energy to produce enough power for the world’s population demand. This essay focuses on two renewable energy resources....   [tags: Energy, Fossil Fuel, Oil, Natural Gas] 1282 words
(3.7 pages)
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Alternative Fuel for Airplane - ... As a source of sustainable and renewable energy, biomass constantly interacting CO2, air, water, soil, and sunlight is composed of plants and animals. After the organism dies, microorganisms break down biomass into basic constituent parts, such as H2O, CO2, and its potential energy. (Basu, 2010) Important environmental matters related with increasing Biofuel productions are greenhouse gas emissions, land use, water use, air and water quality, biodiversity, and human health. The other hand at this time most Biofuel production has based on corn or soybeans as raw materials....   [tags: Energy, Sustainable Fuel] 2199 words
(6.3 pages)
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Food versus Fuel - ... (Peskett, et al., 2007, 17). Pimentel explains that even though the use of plant based biofuel may seem beneficial, there are many environmental and ethical concerns that must be taken into account (Pimentel, et al., 2009, 1). 2. Land resources and water demand Crops for food and biofuel both require land, water, and energy (Pimentel, et al., 2009, 1). The additional demand for these resources will cause conflict over their allocation (Pimentel, et al., 2009, 9). Population growth and increased demand for both biofuels and food will put extraordinary pressure on the land (Peskett, et al., 2007, 16)....   [tags: ] 1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Creating Biofuels from Waste - Biofuels from Waste Purpose Biofuels mark a great step into today’s efforts to slow down global warming. However, when food sources, such as corn and soy are used as derivatives for ethanol, the impact is far worse than using fossil fuels. Biofuels require more energy to do artificial refinery, cultivating, and collecting; whereas, fossil fuels already meet all the prerequisites through millions of years in the earth, and thus use less energy. On the social justice stance, the poor suffer through the sky-rocketed food prices because farmers are using their food to supply the ethanol demand....   [tags: Energy Fuel Environment] 923 words
(2.6 pages)
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The World's Reliance on Fossil Fuels - Fossil Fuels The day was Black Friday. Around the world people are purchasing goods and services that they may or may not need. Many of these goods created take crude oil to produce. The world needs to change its habits to sustain time in the creation of new alternatives to fossil fuels. In my research I found that crude oil or petroleum will only last approximately thirty to forty more years. That means that the clock is ticking and we must find a solution to this major question facing our world....   [tags: alternative energy, gasoline, oil] 1366 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Corn Ethanol Industry - The corn ethanol industry has undergone several public relations iterations in recent years. It once emanated a cure all aura to domestic fuel market volatility, environmental concerns, and vulnerabilities to international energy markets. As research took place regarding the feasibility of large scale corn ethanol production, questions were raised as to the actual net economic and environmental effects of production. With the recent EPA change in corn ethanol classification, the market reality has once again changed....   [tags: Alternative Energy] 684 words
(2 pages)
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Alternative Fuels - Alternative Fuels This day in age, one of the world’s main concerns is energy. Currently, we rely on petroleum to run our cars, and household central heat, and electricity in our homes. Petroleum is not only limited, but it is also dirtying up the world’s air, and depleting the ozone layer as it is burned. Alternative fuels are one of the worlds most talked about issues, and many solutions have been brought forth, yet none of them have been sophisticatedly acted upon. Through the list of pros and cons, one shall determine the importance of alternative fuels, and how bad the pros outweigh the cons, thus forcing the reality of the matter that we need to start moving towards these alternate forms of energy, and fuel....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1052 words
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Global Food Prices on the Rise - ... Barriers also support national security and are “employed by developed countries to protect certain industries that are deemed strategically important” (Radcliffe, 2011). Who Suffers from These Policies Tariffs on imports and barriers affect consumers and taxpayers, companies such as grocery stores, farmers who are in poor countries and nations who pay the increased price on goods. While free trade is supposed to give the consumer, or taxpayer, more choices and a reduced price on goods, adding tariffs to items that are imported defeat the purpose of providing a good at a reduced price....   [tags: Economics, Global Government]
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936 words
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Biodiesel vs. Ethanol - Biodiesel vs. Ethanol Both biodiesel and ethanol are derivatives of biomass that have been processed to create a liquid biofuel. Both types of biofuels have been touted as secure and environmentally safe alternatives to fossil fuels, however the research verifying these claims is extensive but often contradicting. In the following paper, the efficiency and quality of the two types of biofuel will be discussed. The effects of variables such as source materials and production techniques on efficiency and quality will be considered....   [tags: Compare Contrast Fuel Essays Papers]
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1083 words
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The Green Change - ... (West, Larry) Former leader of Swedish Social Democratic Party Mona Sahlin stated "A Sweden free of fossil fuels would give us enormous advantages, not least by reducing the impact from fluctuations in oil prices," she said. "The price of oil has tripled since 1996."(West, Larry) The goal Sweden set for them of being completely oil free is a big goal for the country. This is the same when JFK said that the American people were going to put a man on the moon. Both were big claims but so far one has been achieved and Sweden is still making steps forward to becoming an oil free economy....   [tags: Energy ]
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1224 words
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Algae: A Green Alternative - ... Using systems that are currently in place will greatly reduce the environmental burden of algae production. The United States uses nearly one billion acres of land for food production, with nearly 400 million of these acres used for growing crops and the rest for grazing animals. Nevertheless, algae harvesting would not take away any land used for food production because it grows in water and not the fertile land needed for crops. Large scale algae growing facilities could be placed in unfruitful land unsuitable for agricultural use such as areas of the desert southwest or areas like the Salton Sea that have been decimated by agricultural runoff....   [tags: Environmental Issues]
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1365 words
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Advantages and Uses of Biofuels - Definition: According to Dr Andrew Zimmerman Jones, the Definition of energy is: Energy is the capacity of a physical system to perform work. Energy exists in several forms such as heat, kinetic or mechanical energy, light, potential energy, electrical, or other forms (1) A simpler definition is: Energy is the ability to do work and cause change (2) Renewable vs. non renewable: The definition of bio fuels: “Bio fuel is defined as solid, liquid or gaseous fuel obtained from relatively recently lifeless or living biological material and is different from fossil fuels, which are derived from long dead biological material....   [tags: environment, energy sources, fuel] 693 words
(2 pages)
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Hawaii’s Renewable Energy Future - ... 2009, 10). Arent (2009, 5) also points out: “Rooftop PV systems could potentially meet a significant portion of Oahu energy use. And increasing Oahu’s renewable energy-based electricity with PV and other technologies may also leverage resources on other islands.” Hawaii has already started implementing solar energy as an alternative to petroleum based electricity. Johnson et al. (2006, 8) gives as an example that on the island of Hawaii, an incentive program has led to people installing solar water heaters in their homes which are in about 10% of the homes, which covers about 1.5% of the islands electricity demand....   [tags: Energy ]
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1860 words
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Alcohol Producing Yeast - ... Moreover, Indian distilleries use these raw materials based on their availability and cost since these are seasonal grains [12, 13]. The increasing price of crude oil and other fossil fuels have increased the interest in alternative fuel sources around the world [14, 15]. Fuel alcohol production from starch materials needs constant process improvement for meeting the economic payback by lowering the high price energy consumption and improvement in fermentation efficiency in order to be considered as a viable alternative to fossil fuel....   [tags: Environment, Fossil Fuel, Crude Oil] 540 words
(1.5 pages)
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Assessing Renewable Energy Projects - As aforediscussed, many authors agree that capital utilization play an important role in defining business viability; however there is a lack of assessment methodologies for making such assessment possible on the context of assessing Renewable Energy Projects. In view of that, and in order to tackle this difficulty, a generic assessment model has been presented on Chapter three Within the context of studying Renewable Energy Projects, this section provides an application of the generic model as to provide a glance on the insights, or gains in knowledge that can be achieved from the exploration of capital....   [tags: Energy] 1149 words
(3.3 pages)
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VIABILITY OF WORLD MASSIVE USE OF AFRICAN PALM BIODIESEL - VIABILITY OF WORLD MASSIVE USE OF AFRICAN PALM BIODIESEL Abstract The pressing need to find new alternative fuels friendly to the environment, which originated in the speculative shortage of clean gasoline, has turned the attention of governments, researchers and organizations in general on biofuels, among which is, as a potential source oil palm. Such interest has led it to achieve growth in its production and use beyond economic expectations over the past decade. The oil palm has been the focus of governments and investors mainly in warm tropical countries eligible for its proper cultivation, thus creating a sound growing industry, based on a latent global need....   [tags: Oil]
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1581 words
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Is Corn for Food or Fuel? - One day I pulled up to a gas station, and to my surprise I saw a new sticker on the pump. The sticker read,” Fuel may contain 10% Ethanol.” I was a little taken back by the sticker. I didn’t have a full understanding of why ethanol was being used in the fuel for my car. I knew that ethanol was a bi-product of corn and other plants, so I found myself asking the question, is corn for food or fuel. I got back into my car and returned to the freeway with this question on my mind. While driving I started noticing stickers and labels on other vehicles that read: CNG (compressed natural gas), Flex Fuel (allows vehicles to go between 2 different fuels), HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle), and Bio-diesel (cleaner burning diesel fuel, made from plants or vegetable oils)....   [tags: Energy ]
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Petroleum - Build or Burn - PETROLEUM – BUILD OR BURN CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES Petroleum is one of the three fossil fuels which consist of a mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum is used as an important source of energy worldwide. Approximately 90% of the petroleum which is extracted is used for energy. Petroleum is also important in the production of synthetic compounds such as plastics. Petroleum is not a renewable energy source like all fossil fuels so should not be used carelessly. So should we build or burn it. To make a valued opinion as to whether we should build or burn a few chemical concepts need to be understood which is discussed below....   [tags: Energy] 1046 words
(3 pages)
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What is Bio-fuel? - ... Another lesser known form of Bio-fuel is Biobutanol. Biobutanol is derived from a specialized fermentation process and utilized the same feedstocks as Bioethanol but produces a fuel fare more similar to gasoline and can be used in a traditional gasoline engine without modification (Butonaol). What is Bio-fuels impact on the environment. Bio-fuels have many environmental advantages over traditional petroleum based fuel. One, they’re what’s commonly referred to as carbon-neutral, meaning the net carbon impact on the environment is minimal or zero....   [tags: Energy ]
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The Impact of Biodiesel on Automotive Catalyst Performance - ... Other generally proposed reasons for this observation include; the advanced combustion associated with the higher biodiesel blend ratio, and its combustion timing. A study according to Choi et al (6) showed that CO emissions from biodiesel were remarkably affected by the engine load conditions. They specifically observed that, at low load conditions, there was no difference in the CO emissions recorded between the blend ratios tested, whereas at high load conditions, a decrease in CO emissions was observed with increasing biodiesel blend ratio....   [tags: Energy, Diesel] 1259 words
(3.6 pages)
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Evolution, Immortality, and Humanity - Our ancient ancestors in the Neolithic Era only lived for an average of 20 years, an age now considered to be only the beginning of adulthood. As human technology become more sophisticated and knowledge of the ourselves and of nature expands, humans develop longer lifespan and the general quality of life improves. In fact, we have more than tripled the lifespan of our ancestors while retaining much of the same biological fitness. Humans have withdrawn from natural selection because technologies, not the evolution of the body, allow humans adapt to the ever-changing nature....   [tags: Genomics, Genome]
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2431 words
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Air Travel Industry Q&A - 1. Consider the air travel industry’s microenvironment. Using Figure 3.1, indentify the main companies and other organisations forming the microenvironment. Microenvironment is the factors that impact to organisation ability to serve its customers. In air travel industry, microenvironment can be say that is • Suppliers: Transport industry need vehicle to serve its customers, thus Boeing and Airbus, aerospace company, are main suppliers of air transport. Moreover, serving meal is one of its services that provided almost every flight....   [tags: Air Travel] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
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Improvements on the Performance of a Microbial Fuel Cell for Biological Treatment of Hexavalent Chromium - Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) General Generally, a MFC is a certain type of a biofuel cell which can be defined as “a system in which microorganisms function as catalysts to convert chemical energy into electrical energy” (Rabaey, 2010). A conventional MFC system generally consists of two chambers, a biological anode chamber and an abiotic cathode chamber separated by a CEM (He and Angenent, 2006). An oxidizable substrate able to provide the microorganisms and consequently the anode’s electrode with electrons is used in the anode chamber, while oxygen or another reducible substrate is used in the cathode....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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An Analysis of the Use of Nanotechnology in Electrical Energy Production and Storage and as a Means of Reducing Energy Consumption. - ... Due to not energetic enough solar radiation, which separates electron from the atomic bonds in the silicon crystal, the energy losses occur. In addition, the surface of cells can reflect sunlight, which leads to decrease in efficiency. The main disadvantages of solar cells are low efficiency and high cost of their production. (Wolfgang Luther 2008) The maximum conversion efficiency of current solar silicon cells is about 25 %( Luisa Filipponi and Duncan Sutherland 2007) Nanotechnology can be used in order to improve solar cells and eliminate drawbacks....   [tags: Energy ]
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Genetically Modified Crops - ... The company was charging these farmers (B) with stealing their product. This all came about when wind was blowing seed from the research plots (A) over on to the farmers (B) land, and farmers (B) were not responding to eradicate the plant that germinated on their land from the GM seed. In 2010, Germany high courts came to the farmer’s side. In an article by Gretchen Vogel called, “Germany's High Court Preserves Restrictions on GM Crops,” in Science Insider, Vogel reports that, “farmers—and researchers—who plant GM crops are liable for any pollen that escapes to neighboring fields and makes any crops contaminated this way it is unmarketable as GM-free....   [tags: Agriculture]
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Energy Production - ... Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, despite being invented by Halliburton some seventy years ago, is the new driving force behind the gas boom. As the practice is becoming more widely used, its safety is being called into question at all levels of government. Fracking is a process where companies drill down into the earth to fracture a layer of shale one thousand to twelve thousand feet underground where they “steer the drilling horizontally for several thousand more feet” (Deutch, 2011). After reaching their target depth, the company doing the drilling pumps a high-pressure cocktail of chemicals, sand, and water into the shale to release the precious gas....   [tags: Environment, Natural Gas] 1865 words
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Air Pollution Essay: Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change - ... The most prevalent air pollutants, as established by the Australian Government, are; carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, particles and sulfur dioxide (2. Aust. Gvt. 2009.). Carbon monoxide occurs in the atmosphere naturally at low levels, and is mainly sourced from volcanoes and bushfires. It is emitted from anthropogenic sources by exhaust emissions and some industrial activities (2. Aust. Gvt. 2009). Since approximately 1950, anthropogenic sources of CO2 have escalated, as Figure 1 below demonstrates....   [tags: environment, pollution, global warming] 1498 words
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The Recent Global Food Crisis and Obesity Epidemic - ... Lang (2010: 87-97) weighs in the issue of the recent food crisis, arguing that the emphasis on increased food production to counter food crises has always been unsuccessful since there are other dimensions to the food issues. This includes market distortions and access. Lang observes that economic power on food has shifted from the land to the retailers whose consequence has been mass production and the accompanied marketing of food items in a similar fashion to all other market items. Lang’s theoretical framework is centered upon the evolution of a strong retailer in food issues, effectively delinking producers from consumers, shaping consumer tastes, deciding distribution and technology for production and flexible specialization in food production....   [tags: Health, Agri-Food Sector] 1796 words
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Ethanol as the Answer - Ethanol as the Answer I. Introduction One of the most hotly contested debates in today’s realm of environmental concern is how to secure energy for the maintenance and improvement of quality of life in the future. To date, humanity has been blessed with plentiful reserves of cheap crude oil, which can be refined into a multitude of items that make the lives of many so convenient—gasoline, heating oil, natural gas, plastics, and fertilizers. In some parts of the world, these technologies merely facilitate survival....   [tags: Oil Energy Natural Resources Essays Papers]
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5394 words
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Brazil’s Bioethanol Initiative - Brazil’s Bioethanol Initiative The OPEC oil embargo caused many ripple effects throughout the world, but few places set in motion a response as dramatic as the county of Brazil. Brazil, a sprawling oil-poor country in South America was hit especially hard by the drop in ready world oil supplies. The county was gearing up for the transition from an agricultural and subsistence economy, to an industrialized one in the early seventies. This was accompanied by an increase in oil imports to the nation from overseas....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Uses and Hemp - Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Uses and Hemp Marijuana, dope, weed, pot, these are all names for a drug that has many medical uses, but it not currently legal in the United States. Marijuana is still used extensively for medical purposes, even though it is illegal. Marijuana, when smoked, produces a chemical substance known as THC, or tetra-hydro-cannabinol. It is often used as a recreational drug, which is used to heighten perception, and relax the mind and body. In medical use, it is a painkiller, used my patients of many chronic diseases....   [tags: Papers] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Determining if Bagasse Contributes to Belize Electricity Resource - Determining if Bagasse Contributes to Belize Electricity Resource Graphics Missing Boyle states that “Bioenergy is the general term for energy derived from materials such as wood, straw, or animal waste, which were once living material”(p 106). The energy stored in a living organism even when it’s dead is known as biofuel. This fuel is capable of producing energy. A biomass used for creating bioenergy in Belize is bagasse. The bagasse that is produced in Belize is created by the Belize Sugar Industries....   [tags: Renewable Energy Environment Essays Papers]
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Solar, Hydroelectric, and Wind Power cannot replace Fossil Fuels - Are Solar, Hydroelectric, and Wind Power Conceivable Alternatives to Fossil Fuels in the Future. Abstract: Fossils fuels are diminishing. Other, possibly more environmentally safe, energy sources are needed to replace them. The purpose of this study was to examine closely the three most common renewable energy sources—solar, wind, and hydroelectric power—as a solution to the “energy problem” of today and possibly the energy crisis of the future. However, solar and wind energy account for a very small percent of the energy used by the U.S....   [tags: Energy Power Global Warming]
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2116 words
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Biomass as an Alternative Energy - Biomass Abstract: The current use of energy in the United States, especially California, is foreshadowing catastrophe in our environment. Due to high demand of fossil fuels, the air is filled with more pollution every day. In addition to, it can increase the chances of having global warming. Since fossil fuels are generated from raw materials which are easy and cheap users are becoming extremely dependent on them. The main problem with fossil energy is that the supply of fossil fuels is not continuous....   [tags: Power Global Warming Climate Change Pollution]
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Ethanol Fuel - Missing Figures Ethanol Abstract: As of now we drive cars almost everywhere from home to the local store or different states. According to www.wikipedia.com there is “an estimated 243,023,485 registered passenger vehicles in the United States according to a 2004 DOT study!” 1That is a lot of cars. In a year the US alone consumes around 146 billion gallons of gasoline that is a huge amount. 2 According to figure 1 about 86% of all world energy comes from oil, gasoline, and coal; this leaves a tiny 14% to be divided among the other natural resources we could harness....   [tags: Energy Vehicle Automobile E85]
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Air Technology - Air technology increased as new laws forced factories and plants to comply the demands of the government. The three major types of air technology included wind, biofuels, and nuclear energy. These forms of air technology were created as the result of laws and legislations, which were the seeds of many new inventions. Wind, biofuels, and nuclear energy were important energy resources for air technology. Wind, biofuels, and nuclear energy were the three main types of air technology. Wind energy came from wind turbines....   [tags: Energy] 914 words
(2.6 pages)
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Montana Needs Alternative Energy - The modern world is constantly attempting to create a smarter, cheaper, and more efficient living environment, in the fields of government, technology, and most of all, energy. Alternative energy has been on the agenda of every scientist and politician alike since the early 1990’s and increasing constantly with the advancement of the liberal political world since the early 2000’s, for the reasons of global warming, emission release and other motivations. Montana and its people’s attempt to modernize the potential substitution of fossil fuel energy has been impeded by the immense number of conservative political leaders in the late 20th and early 21st century....   [tags: Global Warming]
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The BRIC Nations - ... The United States and India’s relationship has been civil and in recent years India has earned their place in the global market. Recent economic success is generally associated to a combination of internal and external factors. Internally, India has made a series of economic reforms, which have stimulated growth of India’s manufacturing and service divisions. Externally, India can blame its success on India’s trade and investment liberalization policies, which have stimulated a rapid increase in trade and investment flows to and from India....   [tags: economics]
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2104 words
(6 pages)
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Renewable Energy: The Revolution May Be Fueled With Corn - The Revolution May Be Fueled With Corn So it’s 2007 and the world is ending soon, say Nostradamus1 and Quetzacoatl2, ubiquitous urban lurkers and suited PhDs alike. So what to do now. It’s tempting to lock oneself away in solitude lazily watching Survivor: Filipino Slum, wolfing GMO corn-and-powdered-orange-facsimile -of-dairy-product edibles, witnessing the remaining vestiges of western culture disappear into the abyss of deserved self-immolation and collapse. Beats the alternative of staring into the face of the impending energy crisis, water wars, nuclear holocaust and the next season of American Idol....   [tags: Fossil Fuels Environment Essays Papers]
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1768 words
(5.1 pages)
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Oil Revolution - ... Traditional oil-based petroleum produces harmful air pollutants such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and respiratory suspended particles, and it is non-renewable. “Renewable, carbon-neutral transport fuels are necessary” (Demirbas and Demirbas 2010, p139) in order to solve these problems. Algae oils are one of such examples. There are two main advantages of using algae oils over petroleum. Firstly, they can lower the levels of air pollutant emission from motor vehicles. For instance, compared with cars that used ultra low sulphur diesel, when pure algae oils are used, an average of 23% reduction in carbon monoxide emission was observed (Leung 2003)....   [tags: Environmental Science, Informative] 1051 words
(3 pages)
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- Alternative Energy in the United States: Why Biofuels are not a Sustainable Alternative With the current war in Iraq, concerns about terrorism, rising fuel prices, and a growing environmental awareness, Americans are having an increasing interest in alternative fuel sources. Two of the major alternatives being considered today are biodiesel and ethanol. Biodiesel and ethanol are alcohol based fuel replacements made from natural sources and are typically known as “green fuels.” One of the prominent green fuel supporters today is singer Willie Nelson, partner in the Willie Nelson Biodiesel Company, also known as BioWillie....   [tags: ] 3334 words
(9.5 pages)
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Advertising of Hybrid Cars - Hybrid Cars: Saving the Environment Through Advertising Each year the average temperature of the earth increases .02 degrees Fahrenheit (Global Warming). Although this may not seem like a big change, our ecosystems are so fragile that even this slight boost in temperature is very destructive; oceans rise, glaciers melt at an alarming rate, species of animals cannot adapt and die off. As the twenty first century continues on, these changes are accelerating at an alarming rate, mainly due to population increase....   [tags: Automobiles Vehicles Marketing]
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1617 words
(4.6 pages)
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Public Relations and Strategic Marketing at BMW - Public Relations Opportunity Public Relations or PR for short can help launch a new products sells and promotions or destroy it before a company can move it from the shelf. New companies and consumers tend to mistake Public Relations as advertising when in fact they are polar opposites. When a company advertises they pay to promote the products on TV, radio, or some type of media support. Public Relations, however the company may reap the benefits of the PR but not have to pay for it. Public Relations defined in the following ways: “A form of communication directed at gaining public understanding and acceptance” (Learnthat, 1998-2004)....   [tags: Business Marketing] 2250 words
(6.4 pages)
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COFCO and its Acquisition of Shares in Smithfield and Maverick - China’s large population and untapped market potential has made it an ideal paradise for investors and multinational corporations to invest into by trying to break into the market in different ways, mostly through joint ventures or research and development centers. Now, China has become the largest foreign direct investor for the past ten years as encouraged by the Chinese government. China has expanded into other markets, most notably in Sudan in which China has built oil refineries while helping to indirectly start an economic boom in the politically unstable country for which China has been called out for....   [tags: Business Management]
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1556 words
(4.4 pages)
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Investigation on the Effects of 5’- and 3’-Untranslated Regions on Recombinant Hydrogenase Activity in the Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Chloroplast - Abstract The availability of a Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii strain without a nuclear hydrogenase gene has opened the door for exploration of the Hyd gene in the chloroplast. Biolistics and homologous recombination provide a well understood tool for integrating recombinant genetic material into the C. Reinhardtii chloroplast. The effects of different 5’- and 3’-untranslated regions on hydrogen production catalyzed by a eukaryotic hydrogenase will be measured. 1 Introduction With the reduced stability of fossil fuel supplies and prices, interest in transportation fuels based on biological sources has been renewed....   [tags: Biology]
:: 16 Works Cited
1525 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Serious Problem of Global Warming - Global warming is a big problem in today’s world and its hindering the quality of life for every species. It affects their habitats and environments. Temperature rises and changing landscapes in the arctic circle are endangering several species of animals. Only the most adaptable will survive. If we fail to cut back on the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal, scientists say during the 21st century earth could warm up to an additional 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit. The first initial problem is ice caps melting which causes a rise in sea levels....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay] 829 words
(2.4 pages)
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Global Energy Demand - Global Energy Demand Thomas Edison invented the light bulb in 1879. The first oil well was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859. Since those two historic discoveries, technology and industry have rapidly grown to a point of absolute necessity today and is a key in the development of the human society to help control and adapt to the environment. The requirement of energy and oil throughout the world has also grown exponentially in parallel to meet this necessity. As developed countries, like the United States, Japan, China, and Canada, progress and grow in population, more demands for energy and fuel are created....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 15 Works Cited
2104 words
(6 pages)
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We Must Prevent Global Warming - Several citizens died in the Midwest United States due to the effects of dangerous tornados, large hail, and severe flooding. Several deaths occurred during the flooding event. Kentucky received twenty inches of rain. The world as a whole needs to take action by reducing emissions. The vehicles that are driven emit tremendous amounts of carbon monoxide. This is gripping the world’s atmosphere as it traps heat and does not let it escape. The greenhouse effect occurs and also death from the weather that follows....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay]
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975 words
(2.8 pages)
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Exploring the Pros and Cons of Bioplastics - Plastics are one of the most versatile of all material and we use them in everyday items such as cars, pens, planes, toothbrushes and the list goes on. But there is a problem, plastics are synthetic and take very long to decompose in landfills so we can’t get rid of them easily. Well, now there is a lot of hype about bio plastics; plastics that are made using corn, potato or other annually renewable sources which are compostable & biodegradable (Glen 2009). Bio-plastics are commonly portrayed as environmentally friendly in terms of the time it take to decompose but there are many more cons to bio-plastics than pros....   [tags: environment]
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651 words
(1.9 pages)
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Ethanol: A Problem or a Solution? - A large part of the alternative fuels boom has been a part of civilization for thousands of years: ethanol. The same substance that makes alcoholic beverages intoxicating is also a useful fuel. Ethanol’s potential as a motor fuel has been known since the first internal combustion engines were made; The Ford Model T was able to run on gasoline, ethanol or any mix of the two (Bettelheim 802). As the use of automobiles grew from the 1900's to the 1920's, it was found that petroleum was a cheaper fuel source than ethanol (Bettelheim 802)....   [tags: Energy]
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2928 words
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Crude Oil and Hydrocarbons - Crude Oil and Hydrocarbons Petroleum, also known as crude oil is formed from fossilized remains of marine plants and animals that settled on the sea floor millions of years ago. Petroleum consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons molecules including parrafins, aromatics, napthenes/ cycloalkanes, alkenes and alkynes. Hydrocarbons are molecules that contain hydrogen and carbon atoms that form various structures from straight chains to branching chains and rings. Hydrocarbons with low molecular weights, such as propane (C3H8) are in a gaseous form....   [tags: Environment, fossil fuels]
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1127 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Power of Green Technology - ... These new third generation solar cells are projected to be able to reach efficiencies up to 65%, and are considered to be much more cost-efficient; being more accessible to the general public having less of a price tag (“Third Generation Photovoltaics”). Wind and water technology has progressed little in the last decade, although hydro-electric power plants account for 6% of the total power generated in the U.S. and an impressive 60% in Canada. Wind power uses the basic principles of induction coils to generate power, just as a gasoline generator would....   [tags: Conservation, Environment]
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1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Culture of Somalia - ... There is a continuous struggle for people to meet their basic human needs. This is most evident in arid and semi-arid areas. [2] At least 1 million people are permanently displaced and live a nomadic or semi-nomadic lifestyle. Constant conflict and migration create a serious destabilizing effect on the region caused by the a high unemployment rate of 55%. [8] The United Nations helps Somalia as well as surrounding regions by delivering food and aid with the help of international security forces and Non-Government Organizations....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]
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1011 words
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Unconditional Planetary Love - ... Biomass is another great resource for producing electricity. “Biomass is a matter usually thought of as garbage” (Energy). It includes wood chips, crops, tires, dead trees, manure and much more. “When garbage decomposes, it gives off methane gas” (Energy). “Pipelines are put into the landfills and the methane gas can be collected. It is then used in power plants to make electricity” (Energy). An additional use of biomass is to produce ethanol.”Ethanol can be used in special types of cars that are made for using alcohol fuel instead of gasoline....   [tags: Environmental Issues, Alternative Energy]
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1061 words
(3 pages)
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Is Your Food Safe? - ... Due to the risk in cross pollination, opponents to the outdoor planting of these crops contend that the possibility exists that there will be virtually no way to guarantee that when consumers pours a bowl of cereal, they are not getting unintended and risky ingredients, such as insulin, blood thinners, or detergent enzymes. Although, most consumers consider America’s most plentiful crop, corn, as well as soybeans, rice, and safflower as food. Each of these foods is being planted as pharma crops, engineered to produce drugs....   [tags: Nutrition ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1392 words
(4 pages)
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The Hazards of Climate Change - ... With these increasing high rates of emission, it is imperative that the human race does its part in changing the way it lives. It is possible that one day our technology will be able to find a healthy way to put these greenhouse gases back in the ecosystem. Until then, all we can do is decrease the amount of pollution we cause throughout our lives. A big part of the dangerous emissions we cause have to do with energy consumption. Turning off lights and unplugging electrical cords and appliances when they are not being used are great ways to conserve energy....   [tags: environment, pollution, global warming]
:: 7 Works Cited
1786 words
(5.1 pages)
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Genetically Modified Crops - ... Besides, genetically modified crop plants can be engineered to be more nutritious in terms of minerals or vitamin content to alleviate nutrients deficiency and battle malnutrition. Crop plants can also be engineered to contain vaccines, proteins and other pharmaceutical products which can be administered easily compared to traditional vaccines, as medicines and vaccines are often costly to produce. As more land is being utilized for development and housing, we need to find a way to increase agricultural land without compromising on reserved and wooded land, therefore farmers will have to grow crops in environments previously unsuited for cultivation....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1145 words
(3.3 pages)
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Best Places in Kazakhstan to Build Wind Systems - ... Wind systems have a number of positive effects. One of the substantial advantages over coal, oil or gas plants is that wind farms do not emit hazardous gases in the atmosphere. According to the Committee on environmental impacts of wind energy projects in the USA (2007), adoption of wind plants entails atmospheric emissions reduction, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2), oxides of nitro-gen (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and particulate matter. The environment agency in the UK (2011) states that sulfur dioxide is “produced by burning coal and oil” and contributes to the formation of acid rains, which are harmful for wildlife and vegetation....   [tags: Environment, Energy, Coal Mines] 1925 words
(5.5 pages)
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Air Pollution Control: Banning Private Vehicles is NOT the Solution - ... For instance, if someone lives about 30km away from his or her workplace, how can they be expected to walk all the way there. Finally they will only end up tired, sweaty and late when they arrive for work, making their work efficiency low as well. Stated by (Dawn Lioutas 2010), Walking to work depends very much on the country that you are staying in; and it is rather influential by the weather despite the varying seasons. You may find yourself dowsing in the rain at times, getting frost bitten on your way to work in odd season, and soaking with sweat if not sun burnt on sunny days....   [tags: Persuasive, Environmental Issues] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Global Business - ... The research of The Pew Charitable Trusts constitution (2010) states that the overall amount of asset finance in the G-20’s renewable sector could range from $148 billion in 2010 to $337 billion in 2020. By 2020, the costs of the micro and small hydro installations are expected to devalue by over 20%, and the cost of large hydro is expected to devalue by over 10% (Handley, 2005). For that reason, the diversify of the energy mix will generate the competition between these power suppliers and break down the monopoly of oil suppliers when they lose their market share on power field....   [tags: Technology, Smart Devices] 1934 words
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Renewable Energy - ... Sound is a form of mechanical vibration, which propagates through any mechanical medium. It is closely related to the ability of the human ear to perceive noise. Clean sources of energy basically refer to those that do not encompass the burning of coal, petroleum or its products and the transformation of solid waste or nuclear division (Broyles 23). Therefore, renewable types of energy could be termed as clean sources of power because they are products of natural sources and do not emit hazardous by-products....   [tags: Energy]
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1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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Ecosystem Services - ... 2) Provisioning services: These include the goods or products obtained from ecosystem such as foods (crops, livestock, fisheries, aquaculture, and wild foods), Fibre (timber, cotton, silk, wood fuel, genetic resources, biochemical, natural medicines, pharmaceuticals and fresh water. 3) Regulating: The benefits obtained from ecosystem by controlling the natural processes. These include water regulation, erosion regulation, water purification and waste treatment, disease regulation, pest regulation, pollination and natural hazard regulation....   [tags: Environmental Science]
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809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences - Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences 1. Introduction In the wake of Genomic revolution, biology that used to be a lab-based science has transformed to embrace Information science. Human Genome Project is a 13-year project focusing on identifying approximately 30,000 genes in human DNA. The information found is stored in databases, analyzed and used for different purposes like simplifying diagnosis of disease, earlier detection of genetic predisposition to specific disease, custom drugs, gene therapy, gene replacement technologies [1]....   [tags: Science Biology Biological Papers]
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3063 words
(8.8 pages)
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Energy Options for the New Millennium - Energy Options for the New Millennium Without electrical energy, society would collapse. Some argue that we would not have the environmental problems that the earth is plagued with today without modern technology, and other critics luddistically suggest relying on a minimal supply of energy and low technology. "There are some...who foresee...when all our electricity will be solar...It is a world of low technology and a simpler life...They call it living in harmony with nature, but it might also be called sliding back toward the lifestyle of our primeval ancestors...[and] there would be no place for...large industrial operations except, presumably, for manufacturing solar cells" (Cohen)....   [tags: Oil Fossil Fuels Renewable Essays Papers]
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1335 words
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Alternative Fuels to Oil - Missing Works Cited Recently alternative fuels have been gaining popularity, especially here in the United States. The advantages of many of these fuels are being recognized with the rising cost of crude oil. Other countries around the world have been using alternative fuels for years, such as in Brazil where they have good feedstock for some fuels such as ethanol. Biofuels are also becoming cost effective with higher crude oil prices and can be completely renewable. The best thing about many of these alternative fuels is they can be readily used in standard internal combustion engines with little or no modification....   [tags: energy oil power ethanol biodiesel hydrogen] 885 words
(2.5 pages)
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The unsuccesful use of ethanol - The Unsuccessful Use of Ethanol Current interest in ethanol fuel in the United States mainly lies in bio-ethanol, produced from corn, but there has been considerable debate about how useful bio-ethanol will be in replacing fossil fuels in vehicles. Concerns relate to the large amount of arable land required for crops, as well as the energy and pollution balance of the whole cycle of ethanol production. I don't think the US could implement the use of ethanol or other alternate fuels successfully as Brazil has done for many reasons: firstly, ethanol production in the United States does not benefit the nation's energy security, its agriculture, economy or the environment because ethanol production requires large fossil energy input to produce these fuels than you get out from the combustion of these products....   [tags: Alternative fuel bio-ethanol] 779 words
(2.2 pages)
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