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Your search returned over 400 essays for "autonomy"
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Autonomy: A Concept Analysis - Introduction The concept analysis of autonomy will be analyzed according to the Walker and Avant method of concept analysis. Walker and Avant (2005) present a strategy for analyzing concepts in a comprehensive manner to present new theories and a common definition for different concepts. The current as well as historical meaning is an important aspect to analyze the concept of autonomy, as one must understand how one simple four syllable word grew into such a powerful concept. Definitive attributes drawn from the concept mapped for future use as well as case study as outlined by Walker and Avant (2005)....   [tags: clarification, autonomy]
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1854 words
(5.3 pages)
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Autonomy vs Conformity - Since the dawn of the ages, cultural norms have always been present and have rarely been broken. Culture is what the community as a whole abides by and operates within. However Individual autonomy (or otherwise referred to, as ones independence or freedom) is unequivocally subjected to judgment and social condemnation. Tensions are high solely because an autonomous individual who shows disregard for culture are deemed disrespectful by the community who in turn pass judgment. Predominately, East Asian cultures are the most culturally conformed when in contrast to their counterparts....   [tags: Individual Autonomy, Community Expectations]
:: 7 Works Cited
979 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Women’s Struggle for Autonomy in The Glass Menagerie and Extremities - The Women’s Struggle for Autonomy in The Glass Menagerie and Extremities In Tennesse Williams’ The Glass Menagerie and William Mastrosimone’s Extremities, both plays portrayed the women’s struggle to maintain their autonomies. Williams created a character named Amanda, who was abandoned by her husband and brought up two children and struggled with the difficulties of life. The character of Mastrosimone’s Marjorie stood up to the rapist and made him confess his crime, thus protected her autonomy and brought out justice....   [tags: Mastrosimone Williams Women Female Autonomy] 1036 words
(3 pages)
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The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society - The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society      “Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree, which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing.” John Stuart Mill explicitly describes the necessity of autonomy or free will in society to insure the happiness of all. From this perspective one can recognize that autonomy should not only be unconditionally allowed, but also as an aspect of man that was developed along with the ability to reason....   [tags: Autonomy Free Will Society John Stuart Mill] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Development of Personal Autonomy - Independence or personal freedom is an aspect that most individuals seek in their lives. Although some individuals may need the help of others in order to gain these features, others are already endowed with autonomous thoughts and reflect it in their behavior. Deci & Ryan (2009) claim that autonomy is one of the basic and universal psychological needs that is necessary for the well-being and flourishing of all people. The development of autonomy comes in different forms for all people. The research discussed throughout this paper will reveal and evaluate how autonomy develops in individuals and whether showing autonomous behavior is positive or negative....   [tags: independence, Self-Actualization]
:: 10 Works Cited
3367 words
(9.6 pages)
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Individual Autonomy and Social Structure - Individual Autonomy and Social Structure: Dorothy Lee Throughout the years, anthropologist Dorothy Lee has longed to understand the diversity of other cultures in a way to conquer the conflicts that have risen in western society. She addresses the key social problem as one which attempts to pacify social structure and personal autonomy. Dorothy Lee gives an insight on child rearing within the Navaho Indian culture which encourages respect for the sheer personal being; a solution to what she views as crucial involving the disagreements between structure and freedom....   [tags: Link, Navaho Indians, Study] 734 words
(2.1 pages)
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Basque Nationalism: Is Autonomy Enough? - In the modern European Union, lies an ancient culture and language unrelated to the dominant cultures around it. These are the Basques who have struggled to retain their customs through invasions and cultural repression. The territory which they call home is a small but powerful force within Spain. Spanish ideologies exerted upon them in recent memory have put a damper on Basque cultural practices and language, but out of this came Basque nationalism. The means used by Basque nationalists to gain independence are sometimes questionable and violent, and have had an impact on the economic health of the region....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1260 words
(3.6 pages)
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Toer, Autonomy, and Responsibility - This Earth of Mankind was written by Pramoedya Ananta Toer in 1980. Set in Dutch colonized Indonesia, this book tackles the issue of destruction caused by colonization. The main character, Minke, is an educated Javanese boy who falls in love with Annelies. Fortunately, Minke is the descendant of Javanese royal which allows him to attend an elite Dutch school. Annelies, the daughter of a concubine to a Dutch man, and Minke marry, which causes many problems. Throughout this novel, the prominence of Dutch rule plays a disastrous and infamous role....   [tags: Humanities]
:: 5 Works Cited
1566 words
(4.5 pages)
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Patient Rights and Autonomy - ... Without even thinking, Elise grabs her telephone to begin calling Kim to tell her exactly what is going on. Before Kim could answer, Tristen interjects the phone call begging Elise to hang up the phone and discuss the consequences that would happen if she continues that phone call. Elise immediately hangs up and thinks about the point Tristen just brought up and begins discussing how she feels obligated to explain this situation to her friend Kim regardless of how others may be affected by that decision....   [tags: nursing ethics in health care]
:: 4 Works Cited
1236 words
(3.5 pages)
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Women Autonomy - Question Three Despite most members of the gender revolution wanting an egalitarian position when it comes to work and family, both the men and women that Gerson talks to in The Unfinished Revolution have fallback positions. However, these fallbacks differ in accordance to gender. For women, the fallback position is self-reliance. Ideally, most of the young women discuss family and careers in terms of having it all. However, they realize that their standards for relationships and what they want out of them are extremely high....   [tags: gender, self-reliance, egalitarianism]
:: 5 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Ways for Teachesrs to Foster Autonomy in Students - We must acknowledge that different methods of teaching can result in different levels of empowerment in terms of students’ behaviors and outcomes. Recently, learner autonomy has been a major area of interest in foreign language learning. It must be recognized that autonomy is multidimensional and takes different forms in different learning contexts; however, generally speaking, research has shown that autonomous learning allows learners to make the best use of learning opportunities both inside and outside the classroom....   [tags: educational system, learning ways, teaching]
:: 17 Works Cited
2668 words
(7.6 pages)
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Role of Autonomy and Philosophy in Educational Contexts - As the terms “Pedagogy” and “Methodology” came to be popular in Language Teaching contexts, people have started looking for an effective way to share knowledge and standardize it. However, most of the teaching methods have been proven to be ineffective, for they always seen to neglect an instruction or skill that the learner should acquire. In response to the forementioned type of teaching methods; in addition to the need of immigrants in Europe to learn a language by themselves, authors like Benson, Crabbe, Boud and Littlewood, have advocated for a proposal called “Autonomous Learning”....   [tags: pedagogy, teaching]
:: 3 Works Cited
956 words
(2.7 pages)
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Privacy and the Self: Personhood, Autonomy, and Identity - With continuing revelations of government surveillance, much has been said about the “trade-off” between privacy and security and finding the “right balance” between the two. As Michael Lynch, a professor of philosophy at the University of Connecticut, wrote in an opinion piece in the New York Times, “this way of framing the issue makes sense if [one] understand[s] privacy solely as a political or legal concept.” In this context, the loss of privacy might seem to be a small price to pay to ensure one's safety....   [tags: government surveillance, privacy, security]
:: 10 Works Cited
1980 words
(5.7 pages)
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Besides Oneself: On the Limits of Sexual Autonomy - A livable world is defined from the society you participate in everyday life. We as people make laws and regulations for situations that may or may not happen. This is because humans are imperfect and full of flaws. Laws and regulations are the guidelines for properly living in a society that dictates to the mass instead of hearing individual concern. Then again what is it meant to be “imperfect”. Who designates the description behind being perfect. This is what I believe is “the norm” or normal way of life of a society....   [tags: sexual orientation, social norms, Judith Butler]
:: 2 Works Cited
1175 words
(3.4 pages)
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Autonomy in Determinism - Autonomy in Determinism (1) ABSTRACT: There are good reasons for determinism — the option for pure freedom of will proves to be a non-tenable position. However, this collides with the everyday experience of autonomy. The following argument will attempt to show that determinism and autonomy are compatible. (1) A first consideration going back to MacKay makes clear that I myself cannot foresee in principle my own determination; hence fatalism has lost its grounds. (2) From the perspective of physical determination, I show that quantum-physical indetermination is not at all in a position to explain autonomy, while from the perspective of systems theory physical determination and autonomy is...   [tags: Determinism Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
3852 words
(11 pages)
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Autonomy, Education, and Societal Legitimacy - Autonomy, Education, and Societal Legitimacy I argue that autonomy should be interpreted as an educational concept, dependent on many educative institutions, including but not limited to government. This interpretation will improve the understanding of autonomy in relation to questions about institutional and societal legitimate authority. I aim to make plausible three connected ideas. (1) Respecting individual autonomy, properly understood, is consistent with an interest in institutions in social and political philosophy....   [tags: Educational Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
2939 words
(8.4 pages)
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Patient-Physician Relationship: The Effects of Autonomy and Paternalism - Introduction The practice of medicine in general has changed due to changes in technology, economics, epidemiology, and demographics. But particularly, the patient-physician relationship has been transformed during the past century, from one characterized by strong physician paternalism to one that reflects strong patient autonomy. (1) Medical ethics in general is not a modern term; it goes back in time to the 12th century to the Hippocratic Oath. Recently in the 21st century the interest in medical ethics was provoked by a series of medical scandals: Nazi medical experiments, the infamous Tuskegee syphilis studies and so on....   [tags: life history, social status, physicians]
:: 30 Works Cited
1710 words
(4.9 pages)
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Individual Autonomy and Social Structure, by Dorothy Lee - In the article “Individual Autonomy and Social Structure”, Dorothy Lee talks about individual autonomy. She goes through the topic by examining different groups such as; the Wintu Indians of California, the Sikh family, the Navaho Indians of Arizona and New Mexico, and the Chinese culture. All of these different groups and societies give personal freedom to the individuals regardless of age groups. The example of Navaho Indians is used by Lee to demonstrate how “personal autonomy is supported by the cultural framework” (Lee, 1959, p.5)....   [tags: Article Analysis, Culture Examination]
:: 1 Works Cited
852 words
(2.4 pages)
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Autonomy, Responsibility and the American Revolution - Can certain people assume absolute rights over others. Do people deserve a voice in determining what goes on with their lives as well as their country. Are people liable for their own actions. The questions asked above all fall under one theme that will be discussed - autonomy and responsibility. The American Heritage Dictionary defines the word ‘autonomy’ as self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination; independence. In addition to that, The American Heritage Dictionary defines the term ‘responsibility’ as a duty, obligation, or burden....   [tags: American War for Independence]
:: 10 Works Cited
2760 words
(7.9 pages)
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Active Euthanasia, Free Will and Autonomy - Active Euthanasia, Free Will and Autonomy "Medicine in the hands of a fool has always been poison and death." -C. J. Jung Euthanasia, from the Greek, quite literally means "the good death." Advocates of euthanasia, offer it as a solution for the emotional, psychological and physiologic suffering of terminally ill patients. The type of euthanasia, which is presently under debate, is called "active euthanasia" and is defined as an act performed by an individual to bring about the death of another person....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 5 Works Cited
1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility in Nazi Germany - Autonomy and Responsibility in Nazi Germany Throughout history, the struggle of people finding their rights in society has played a major role, especially in the Nazi ideology. During this struggle, societies tried to determine who had rights, what a person owed to society and the duties of an individual. Nazis believed in the Volk, which meant people in the sense of a race, not individuals. Nazis saw the Volk as the major component in society, and therefore based the rest of their beliefs on a person's place in the society on the idea of preserving the pure Volk....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
1424 words
(4.1 pages)
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Measuring Student Learning: Impact on Accountability and Autonomy - Institutions of higher education have faced growing external demands from state and federal government, accrediting bodies, the public. For the past two decades, the focus on student learning and accountability has grown tremendously. Now, it is difficult to read the news without seeing a headline related to states holding institutions accountable for graduation and retention rates, national initiatives related to graduating more students, or an article looking at funding and affordability issues for students and institutions of higher education....   [tags: Education]
:: 5 Works Cited
1448 words
(4.1 pages)
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Autonomy and Self-Reliance: Kant Vs. Emmerson - ... The contrasting nature of their perceptions of reason leads Kant’s autonomy and Emerson’s Self-Reliance to differ in what they believe to be the driving force in reason. However, this differing nature still allows for the same result. Though they disagree on where reason comes from, Kant and Emerson both agree that reason allows for individuals to determine what is right and wrong, and from there, establish judgment independent of others. Since the differing definitions of reason still lead to the same result, the foundations of Self-Reliance and Autonomy are essentially the same....   [tags: Truth, Action, Reason]
:: 1 Works Cited
1675 words
(4.8 pages)
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Implementing Power Sharing and Group Autonomy in Divided Societies - “ The successful establishment of democratic government in divided societies requires two key elements: power sharing and group autonomy”(Lijphart, 2004). Country X is a society divided not only ethnically but religiously making the creation of a long standing or stable democratic state difficult, but not impossible. As the quote from Lijphart above states, power sharing and group autonomy are two elements which need to be emphasized in order to develop a stable state. For power sharing and group autonomy to be implemented Country X must have a democratic presidential system....   [tags: democratic government, Lijphart, democracy]
:: 2 Works Cited
1363 words
(3.9 pages)
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Autonomy vs Love in Bronte's Jane Eyre - From songs, to television, to books, and even to newspapers, the need for love is universal. Love is an emotional necessity that even Jane, from Charlotte Bronte’s book Jane Eyre, cannot ignore. Throughout the story line, Jane is constantly searching to find love. She was looking, not just for the love of a man, but for the love of a family. However, Jane’s search for love sometimes ends up challenging her autonomy. While Jane is longing for love, she is not willing to give up her independence for it....   [tags: literary analysis, analytical essays] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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King James II: A Reflection of Autonomy and Responsibility - King James II of England and the Glorious Revolution A Reflection of Autonomy and Responsibility James II of England was the first king to succeed to the kingdoms of both England and Scotland and to be crowned King of both. He was also known as the Duke of York, the Duke of Albany, and the honorary Duke of Normandy; a title that was never to be held again by an English monarch. He was called Lord High Admiral as he commanded the English navy in the Anglo- Dutch war, which resulted in a new English city renamed for him (New York)....   [tags: Biography] 2008 words
(5.7 pages)
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Control Of The Ruling Class - As Gore Vidal once said: “The genius of our ruling class is that it has kept a majority of the people from questioning the inequity of a system where most people drudge along, paying heavy taxes for which they get nothing in return” (Vidal, N/A). In our society, the ruling ideas are easily believed and taken as “true.” Advertisements sell ideas and lifestyles rather than objects; people consent to the ruling ideas which in turn make them less of an individual. Although we may live in a culture industry that controls what people believe is right or wrong, there is always a struggle for power....   [tags: autonomy, inequity]
:: 4 Works Cited
898 words
(2.6 pages)
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Self-Determination and Individual Autonomy - Self-Determination and Individual Autonomy The right to determine what shall be done with one’s own body is a Fundamental right in our society. The concepts inherent in this right are Bedrock upon which the principles of self-determination and individual Autonomy is based. In regard to the autonomy, the judgement [handed by Dame Elizabeth Buttler-sloss, the president of family division of high] that causes surprises to medical lawyer, that is, the competent patient’s right to decide for himself whether to submit to medical treatment, over other imperatives, such as his best interests should be objectively considered....   [tags: Papers] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Autonomy’s Independence - A toddler is on a mission for independence. When children are at the toddler age they start to develop behaviors of saying no, exploring, and learning self-help skills. These skills deal with the want of power and control in their lives. Toddlers need to feel this power and control in their environments. As an educator, you can facilitate that independence. Having a developmentally appropriate environment, encouragement of self-help skills to reinforce independence, giving choices throughout the day to make a child feel independent, providing control for the students in your classroom, set limits, and have a community resource to assist parents are all ways in which to help your students fee...   [tags: Educartional Issues]
:: 2 Works Cited
854 words
(2.4 pages)
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Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto - Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto The University of Dayton emphasizes four humanities based themes to describe the essence of the human experience. Autonomy and responsibility, one of these four themes, is defined within the program as, “The individual person has the ability to make choices; with those choices comes a responsibility for the consequences of those choices.”[1] Although this definition fits well in modern American society since widespread autonomy has been granted by the Constitution to all citizens, Frederick Engels and Karl Marx observed quite a different human situation in the 19th century....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1256 words
(3.6 pages)
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The 1920’s: a time of autonomy and responsibility - The 1920’s: a time of autonomy and responsibility The twentieth century is coming to a close and it has been a time of sorrow, innovation, and progress. The decades have come and gone and with events like the civil rights movement, the world wars, and the roaring twenties this century will be one that is definitely remembered. All of these events questioned peoples values, especially the values of autonomy and responsibility. The event that is to be looked at on this page is the roaring twenties and how the governments and citizens actions reflected these values in both positive and negative ways....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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Personal Autonomy and Individual Moral Growth - Personal Autonomy and Individual Moral Growth The term 'autonomy', from the Greek roots 'autos' and 'nomos' [self + law] refers to the right or capacity of individuals to govern themselves. Agents may be said to be autonomous if their actions are truly their own, if they may be said to possess moral liberty. The necessity of this moral liberty is made clear in the work of many philosophers, in that of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, for example, in whose Social Contract are discussed what Rousseau sees as the centrally important relationships between what he terms the general will, liberty, equality and fraternity....   [tags: Ethics Greece Philosophy Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
2223 words
(6.4 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility: The Start of Labor Unions - Autonomy and Responsibility: The Start of Labor Unions The late nineteenth century was a time of great change for people everywhere. Industries became staples of society in almost every major city; farming became more efficient due to steel and machines, and more jobs were available because of all the new industries. Between 1865 and 1900, the number of people employed in manufacturing rose from 1.3 million to 4.5 million. Working conditions were terrible, providing long hours, low wages, and unhealthy conditions....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Autonomy versus Responsibility: A critique of Nuremberg - Autonomy versus Responsibility: A critique of Nuremberg "This case is unusual in that the defendants are charged with crimes committed in the name of the law…." ( United States 31) So began Brigadier General Taylor in his opening statement against a selection of German jurists after the Second World War. This trial, United States of America against Josef Altstoetter et al., commonly referred to as the "Justice Case" because all of the defendants were somehow attached to the Nazi judicial system, was unusual, for as Taylor continued: These men, together with their deceased or fugitive colleagues, were the embodiment of justice in the Third Reich....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1404 words
(4 pages)
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India Received Autonomy Due to Gandhi - Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian by Nationality. He was born on October 2nd 1869 in Porbandar, India. He was born to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. He came from a Hindu household. His father was the Dewan or the minister of the province of Porbandar. His mother was a very religious Housewife. His family followed strict rules of Hinduism, which included practice of non-violence, a lot of spiritual fasting, vegetarianism, and tolerance for other religion . In 1887, he started his college at the University of Bombay....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays] 529 words
(1.5 pages)
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Nineteenth Century Europe: Autonomy and Responsibility - Nineteenth Century Europe: Autonomy and Responsibility In the nineteenth century, many changes were occurring throughout Europe. Many of these changes focused on the individual, which was an important aspect of European society. However, many changes also focused on the individuals responsibility to the nation. During this time, many individuals demonstrated their right to self-government through political systems such as liberalism, while also showing their loyalty to the nation through movements of nationalism and imperialism....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 1 Works Cited
1393 words
(4 pages)
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Exploring Whether All Morality Should Reduce to Respecting Autonomy - Kantian Ethics states that all morality can be reduced to respecting autonomy. This theory has faced criticisms as well as support. Its most plausible idea is that autonomous agents are capable of making their own decisions and even if their choices may not be the best for them, these choices should be respected. However, criticisms of this theory include concerns such as 1) respecting autonomy is not equivalent to respecting the autonomous agent, 2) the theory does not concern (or concerns very little) with non-autonomous agents such as children and non-human animals, 3) it is implausible that respecting autonomy is the only factor determining morality, and 4) respecting others’ autonomy do...   [tags: john rawls, kantian ethics, contractualism]
:: 7 Works Cited
1385 words
(4 pages)
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The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us by Daniel H. Pink - Psychology test do not have to be a stressful thing; test scores can go up with just a few changes by the professor. In Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us, Daniel H. Pink explains that Motivation 3.0 Autonomy is giving a person the freedom to do things in their own way which produces better result because Motivation 3.0 “presumes that people want to be accountable-and making sure they have control over their task, their time, their technique, and their team in the most effective pathway to the destination” (105)....   [tags: autonomy, confidence, psychology]
:: 1 Works Cited
884 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Argument of the Legality and Morality of Euthanasia - Euthanasia is the act of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering. The House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics of England defines euthanasia as a deliberate intervention undertaken with the intention of ending a life, to relieve suffering(Harris, NM. 2001)., in the Netherlands euthanasia is defined as the termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient(BBC,2011). The right to die debate posses a great number of legal, moral and ethical issues. Proponents and supporters of euthanasia had presented valid arguments: people have the right of self-determination and that is why they should be allowed to choose their own fate; is a better choice to assist an i...   [tags: Autonomy, Right to Die]
:: 5 Works Cited
644 words
(1.8 pages)
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How Educators Can Incorporate Counseling Tenets into Lessons - ... If a student lacks social skills, then allow that student to work with a partner more often and start building a relationship with that partner and then later on in groups. Respecting and fostering autonomy can be a key issue to our gifted learners. Autonomy was defined in the book (p. 216) as being able to make choice appropriate to their level of cognitive ability and they are able to make reasonable judgment, able to pay attention to their needs and preferences. Allowing students to work on PBL (Problem-Based Learning) and discovery learning will allow them to pace their own learning but of course all activities should be provided with rubrics and expectation to guide the students....   [tags: nonjudgemental, autonomy, teaching]
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821 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Zionist Movement in the Land of Israel: Political and Cultural - ... This in turn would engender social and political equality for those Jews living in the Diaspora. In short, political Zionism aimed to create equal treatment for Jews through the creation of a Jewish state. Furthermore, Herzl’s utopian society embraced the principle of universalism, and he maintained that Jewish society exist solely for people of Jewish descent. Herzl envisioned Israel as a liberal cosmopolitan republic that had few uniquely Jewish characteristics. He wished to establish Israel as a secular society and to preserve European culture, to adopt German as the spoken language, and to institute the French and British systems of education....   [tags: Jewish, Autonomy, Herzl] 777 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Legitimate Authority of a Despot in the UK - I will advance the thesis, if an enlightened despot seized power in the UK, and governed it justly, then the despot would have legitimate authority. By saying the despot’s authority would be legitimate, I mean that, even though the despot abruptly seized power without the explicit consent of the citizens, which would then result in a loss of autonomy and negative liberty, the authority is governing the society justly, so a small amount of their rights must be sacrificed for a better society....   [tags: political authority, rule, autonomy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1739 words
(5 pages)
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An Argument Against Animal Testing - There have been many attempts to validate the case against animal rights. It has been perceived that humans are separate beings from animals not only on a physical level, but also through rational autonomy and morality. There is a forgotten aspect in this argument though. Within society there are many people who do not have these qualities, including the mentally disabled and babies (Singer). This creates the assumption that to consider animals deficient of rights is to insinuate that the mentally disabled and babies are void of rights as well....   [tags: Rational Autonomy, Morality]
:: 2 Works Cited
637 words
(1.8 pages)
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Autonomy and Political Responsibility after the Cold War - Autonomy and Political Responsibility after the Cold War After World War II, Europe emerged as a continent torn between two very different political ideologies, Communism and Democracy. As the two major superpowers, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States, struggled to defend their respective governmental policies, the European Continent was caught in an intrinsic struggle to preserve the autonomy which had taken so long to achieve. During the Cold War, Eastern European nations struggled to achieve autonomy with the help of the West's dedication to break the Soviet sphere of influence....   [tags: Politics Political]
:: 6 Works Cited
2605 words
(7.4 pages)
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Autonomy Vs. Paternalism In Mental Health Treatment - Autonomy Vs. Paternalism In Mental Health Treatment The assignment for this Ethics class was to review Mr. Jacob's treatment, as described by the New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally disabled (1994). The class was further asked to comment on the major issues for each of the three perspectives. The agencies, family and review board were to be included. This student will begin with a fourth perspective; that of Mr. Gordon. In the Matter of Jacob Gordon (1994), is the story of the last eight years of a psychiatrically disabled man's life....   [tags: essays research papers] 2814 words
(8 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility of the United States During the Space Race - Autonomy and Responsibility of the United States During the Space Race At the end of World War Two there emerged two world superpowers. The United States and the U.S.S.R had entirely different ideologies. The Soviet Union attempted to expand their ideologies westward and southward. Only the United States had the power to put a stop to Soviet expansion. The American industries and armed forces were at their highest peak, but they made no attempt to block Soviet expansion. They were trying to install a sense of world peace by removing their troops from Europe and increase support for autonomy and democracy throughout the world....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
1370 words
(3.9 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility in the Nazi Regime: Germany 1933-1939 - Autonomy and Responsibility in the Nazi Regime: Germany 1933-1939 Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles reads: "The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies."(1) These words fueled the Nazi Party's rise to power and ignition of a Second World War....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 11 Works Cited
1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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Andragogy Reflection: Malcom Knowles - Andragogy is the theory and practice of adult learning; the term “andragogy,” was coined by Malcolm Knowles in 1968 and is defined in its contrast to pedagogy, or the theory and practice of childhood learning. (Merriam, Cafarella, Baumgartner, 2007 p. 83-85) The principles of andragogy are founded on six basic assumptions; first, maturation leads to autonomy and self-direction; second, adulthood is characterized by previous experience and background knowledge; third, the capacity for adult learning is directly linked to the relevance of the learning in a social context; and fourth, adult learning takes place in relation to the problems solving application of the learning....   [tags: maturation, autonomy, self-direction]
:: 1 Works Cited
2313 words
(6.6 pages)
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Living and Dying by the Sword (or) The Autonomy and Responsibility of Paranoia - Living and Dying by the Sword (or) The Autonomy and Responsibility of Paranoia Introduction The question is a common one. "Does an individual have the right to yell, ‘Fire!’ in a crowded theater?" The implications are not as simple. If one answers, "no," then one is, in effect saying that the constitutional right to free speech is not entirely correct. If one answers, "yes," then one is saying that is perfectly O.K. to an individual to be delegated the power to create mass hysteria....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
3394 words
(9.7 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan - Autonomy and Responsibility The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan Along with being a world superpower comes a long list of resposiblilities. One such responsibility is the decision of how to deal with other nations when they get out of line. People will always point fingers at who they think is at fault when a nation has to go to war with another. One such example of this is when the United States was brought into the Second World War because of the bombing of Pearl Harbor. By becoming involved in World War Two, the U.S....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Autonomy and Responsibility: The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf - Autonomy and Responsibility: The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf War showed the responsibility of the country to maintain peace and order, but more importantly, the conflict showed that the United States has a responsibility to oversee control of the world's natural resources. “On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi military forces, on orders from President Saddam Hussein, invaded and occupied the small country of Kuwait.”1 Kuwait, a small country in the Middle East, contains a large amount of oil that Iraq wished to take control of to help solve the economic problems of their country....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1468 words
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A Defence of Individual Autonomy in a Multination Liberal State - A Defence of Individual Autonomy in a Multination Liberal State Liberalism is committed to protecting the freedom to choose, question and revise one’s own conception of the good life. For this reason, liberalism defends (among many other things) freedom of conscience, expression and association, as well as mandatory, universal education. In Multicultural Citizenship, Will Kymlicka argues that the state is also obligated to ensure that the lifestyle options which are made available to an individual so that she can choose, question and revise her own conception of the good life, are meaningful to her by being understood by her in relation to her own "societal culture"....   [tags: Liberty Liberal Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Free Will: Do Humans Have Total Control Over Their Lives? - Early in history, man believed that his decisions, choices and actions were dominated by the unchangeable destiny and fate. The Ancient Greeks believed that gods were the ones who guided every step of their life. Destiny could not be avoided and should be followed. Nowadays, in the 21st century, this notion of destiny has completely faded away. When we arrive in this world, the first principle of life that we learn is that free will surrounds our being; we are autonomous human beings and therefore we are responsible for our own actions whether these are right or wrong; if wrong, we are obliged to accept the consequences that flow from our own decisions....   [tags: destiny, fate, free will, autonomy, responsibility] 2102 words
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Shared Service Department - • Scotiabank implemented a shared services model by taking most administrative work out of the branches to form a shared serviced department. The branch staff can thus focus on customer services and enjoy greater autonomy. By giving teams increased autonomy and responsibility through multi-functionalism approach, organizations may achieve flexibility (Kanter, 1983; Walton & Hackman, 1986). However, multi-functionalism does not simply refer to employees’ expanded job duties; moreover, it should never be an excuse for an organization to streamline or to cut jobs....   [tags: Organizational Support, Autonomy, Responsibility] 1269 words
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Liberty and Corruption through Machiavelli - Liberty and Corruption through Machiavelli To be “Machiavellian” is typically understood to mean clever or dishonest; generally unlikable traits in a general member of society. When asked to evaluate the current state of affairs in America today and look for the conceptions of liberty and corruption, the most accurate answer to this evaluation is through history. Looking at America and taking the previously studied writings of Machiavelli, is there any hope for the liberty America prides itself on or at least is there any way to stave off corruption....   [tags: American society, culture, jurisdiction, autonomy]
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Current Research on a New Spacecraft Autonomy Architecture named Remote Agent - Remote Agent Part 1: Introduction to Spacecraft Autonomy Abstract This first paper of a two-part series introduces current research on a new spacecraft autonomy architecture, named Remote Agent, which applies artificial intelligence techniques to spacecraft control functions. The necessity for autonomy technology is nowhere greater than in deep space missions. Remote Agent is a model-based autonomous system being developed in a collaborative effort between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Ames Research Center....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Spacecraft]
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The Evolving Provincial-Local Financial Relationship in Canada, and the Prospects for Municipal Fiscal Autonomy - The Evolving Provincial-Local Financial Relationship in Canada, and the Prospects for Municipal Fiscal Autonomy After tracing the evolution of the provincial-local financial relationship in Canada it has become apparent that the trend, throughout history, has been towards greater Provincial control and in turn less fiscal autonomy for the municipality. There has been an increase (due to demand as well as downloading from the provinces) in the functions and responsibilities of the municipality, as well as the cost of these functions, and a decrease in fiscal resources and revenue sources....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Dilemma between Autonomy and Direct Control within Mangerial Control in Current Organisation - Introduction Management control strategy is not a one dimensional formulae of labour controlling, other than controlling employees, it is also about exploiting employees' discretionary effort and creativity as a prime interest. In the Webboys article, Barrett (2004: 787) demonstrated how different strategies have been manipulated separately and simultaneously to control the labour process of developing primary software. This essay is going to investigate various directions of management strategies, which incorporate with radical approaches of control in response to the dilemma between offset the notions between "direct control" and "responsible autonomy dichotomy" (Friedman in Barrett 200...   [tags: Management] 2533 words
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The Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution - The Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution the population was broken up into two classes; the minority was the rich, industrial middle class, the bourgeoisie, and the majority was the poor working class, the proletariat. The bourgeoisie believed in their rights to gain wealth and preserve individuality and in their duty to maintain these rights, which in turn determined the harsh laboring and living conditions of the working class....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Goodbye Yellow Brick Road: Elton John and the Loss of Sexual Autonomy - Goodbye Yellow Brick Road: Elton John and the Loss of Sexual Autonomy The past three decades have been filled with contrasting types of popular music, which reflect an evolving culture. What was popular in the Seventies provides a sharp contrast to what appealed to audiences in the Nineties. Ironically, the earlier decade was filled with ideas of freedom and non-conformity, while ideas of clear categories and cautionary reluctance dominate the latter. Despite the supposed 1970’s ‘revival’ in the 1990’s, symbolized by Volkswagen Beetles and Madonna’s retro hairstyle, certain perceptions and ideas from the seventies did not survive into the nineties....   [tags: Essays Papers] 3203 words
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The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement - The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. Thus, it seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. While the EZLN has been able to establish thirty eight autonomous indigenous communities in Chiapas, it has failed to weaken the Mexican government's commitment to neo-liberal economic policies....   [tags: Autonomy Chiapas Mexico EZLN Essays]
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1876 words
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Eriksons’s Psychosocial Theory - Janice has led a full life; she has had many different kinds of experiences and had to fill many roles. In order to better understand how the current status of Janice would be the disengagement theory. There have been many events that have impact Janice’s ability to be involved in the community around her. Some of the events that have caused this would be: her first marriage, depression, her physical health and the deaths of her family members. Using theories Of Erikson’s theory of the stages of development, Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs and the strengths perspective....   [tags: trust vs mistrust, autonomy vs shame ]
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How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of - How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they have in my opinion been able to achieve this. Map of Basque regionThe Basque region consists of seven "herrialdes", or districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form part of two different more economically developed European countries: Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and N...   [tags: Papers] 909 words
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The Female Voice: Writing and Autonomy in Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper - Writing in a figurative sense provides a voice for the suppressed that may be restricted. In order to project the voice of the writer, the writer uses imagery and language techniques in order to allude to a certain point or opinion that may be deemed controversial. This is shown within the Yellow Wall-Paper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, as it uses of these techniques to provide a more powerful voice for the female writer. The text follows Bahktin’s ideas of “discourse within the novel” as although it is diary form, it uses “internal stratification” as it voices three different opinions – John and Jennie’s disapproval, and the narrator’s urge for freedom....   [tags: Literature, Feminism]
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Standoff Rocket Program: The Power of Autonomy and Learning - Vision Statement The vision statement of the Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile program is to keep up the mechanical predominance of the military and anticipate innovative amaze from hurting our national security by supporting revolutionary, high-result research that crosses over any barrier between central revelations and their military utilization. The vision articulation suggests that one basic for the Agency: radical development for national security. Standoff rocket program's administration rationality reflects this in a direct manner: get master, entrepreneurial project chiefs; engage them; secure them from formality; and settle on choices rapidly about what undertakings need to be...   [tags: leadership, performance, administration, style]
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Autonomy and Society During the Industrial Revolution - The Industrial Revolution gave mankind more control over natural forces and made the production of more goods possible. One of the biggest changes from the Industrial Revolution was the movement of the population from a rural setting to the urban areas. Many new cities were created, and most of the already existing urban centers expanded in size. The population of Great Britain, France, and Germany increased by a combined 14 million people between 1831 and 1851.1 Living conditions for all classes were improved, and the people began to live in less poverty than ever before....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Difference Between Animals and Humans - Animal rights are an important topic to discuss and review. The trouble is the vast diversity of how people see humans and animals and how they are different and yet the same. Animals are in every aspect of our lives in how they are utilized to make our lives easier, to sustain us, or as a pet. Unfortunately, the line of animals and humans blurs as the widely known belief that we are a derivation of an animal and we should treat them as we would ourselves. This viewpoint, however, can be taken to an extreme as we see pets that can be pampered quite a bit....   [tags: Autonomy, humans, animals]
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Intrisic Motivation Increases Student Achievement - Brief Review of the Literature Studies have indicated that intrinsic motivation increases student achievement. The success of integrating technology with increased student achievement could vary based on students’ intrinsic motivational styles. ATLAS has identified viable motivational styles within individual learning styles. Understanding different technologies and their effect on motivational styles in ATLAS has not been studied, but studies validate the importance and the need for this study....   [tags: success in School, mastery, autonomy]
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John Stuart Mill's Views of Paternalism - I will be discussing John Stuart Mill’s views on paternalism. I will argue how I feel about the subject. Then I will try my best to put myself into Mill’s shoes, argue back and try to see if I can understand where he is coming from with his arguments on paternalism. I plan on saying that there should be certain types of laws for different types of paternalistic acts, weak and strong for example. The laws should depend on what goes on when that act occurs and also after that act. I have strong views against Mill on the general way that he explains paternalism, but when I read more into depth Mill really says what I think should really be done....   [tags: Autonomy in Moral and Political Philosophy] 1697 words
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Soviet Family Code and Women: Marxism and the National Question by Lósif Stalin - Marxism was originally not designed for a multiethnic state but for nation-states. Thus the underlying assumption that national sense of belonging could take over class sense belonging required party members to elaborate a nationalities policies. Joseph Stalin published in 1913 a seven-chapter article about the position that Marxists should adopt in regard to nationalism. In Marxism and the National Question, Stalin asserted what would be the cornerstone of the Bolsheviks’ future nationality policies to wit the recognition of oppressed nations and the extinction of the oppressing nation’s imperialism....   [tags: marxism, multiethnic states]
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Politics of Piety by Saba Mahmood - The book I chose to read for the final paper was Politics of Piety by Saba Mahmood. This book although interesting was very difficult to follow. Mahmood basically broke the book into two parts. The first part goes into detail of the Islamic women’s mosque movement in Egypt. Mahmood explains her 2 years of “field work” experience and also critically analyzes Islam women in the Islamic culture after 9/11.The second part of the book focuses on the ethics, autonomy, and piety of the women in this culture....   [tags: islamic women, gender, law]
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The Ethics of Benevolent Deception - A practice commonly used in the medical field, “benevolent deception” is the act of physicians suppressing information about diagnoses in hopes of not causing patients emotional turmoil (Skloot 63). Benevolent deception is a contentious subject because when used, the bioethical principles of respect for autonomy and beneficence can conflict with each other. Respect for autonomy is the act of physicians acknowledging their patients’ abilities to make voluntary decisions on their own regarding their health care, while beneficence is the duty of doctors to help patients and remove harm from them (McCormick 4-5) When giving patients diagnoses, physicians are morally obliged to try to follow thes...   [tags: bioethical principles] 1846 words
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Advance Prenatal Test: Microarray - A new type of advanced prenatal test called microarray analysis has recently been developed allowing doctors to examine fetal DNA for small genetic variations that the standard prenatal test, karyotyping, is unable to recognize (Winerman, 2013). Despite its advanced testing capabilities, the development of the microarray analysis test has brought up some ethical debate. Wapner, a reproductive genetics expert who led a study comparing the two prenatal tests, asserts that microanalysis testing should be offered to all women....   [tags: fetal dna, genetic variations, prenatal tests]
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Human Development: Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (Birth to 18 Months) - Stage 1: Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (Birth to 18 Months) In stage one of Erickson’s theory, the first eighteen months of life is centered on the development of trust (Zaslow & Kirst-Ashman, 2007); that is, the infant must learn to trust and depend on others for food and care. According to Erikson (1985), the most important event of this stage is feeding. The infant will either develop trust if her caregiver’s presence and feedings are stable and predictable, or develop a sense of mistrust if they are not....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Confidentiality Between the Professional and the Patient or Client - Each person is born with their own identity and individuality. Identity having their own personality which distinguish that person from other individuals. Individuality is having their own autonomy. Autonomy referring to their own self-governance. Each person has their own autonomy decision making. People have the freedom to do what they want, but there are some restrictions according to the law. Having freedom is having the ability to do and say what they want freely without being criticized or embarrassed....   [tags: Certificate of Confidentiality]
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Geriatrics: What Does It Mean To Be an Adult? - Geriatrics is a pervasive topic. It is a medicinal process that comes to execution with age. It is mainly an aggregate of family medicine and a sizeable percentage of internal medicine (Stone, 2011). The main focus of the specialty is to prevent, if not treat, the older, aging adults that are sick or disabled due to the conditions that come with age. A major characteristic is that the age of one to necessitate geriatrics is not limited. However, the consequent conditions that face an individual once admitted are sometimes not favorable and impacts greatly on the aged person’s autonomy....   [tags: health, age, medicine]
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To what extent does teamwork lead to empowerment? - To what extent does team work lead to empowerment. The term team work is often times viewed by others as a group of persons working towards achieving a common goal. This view is often echoed by employers who view team work as a group of employees working towards achieving organisational goals which would equate to increased revenues for the organisation. Empowerment on the other hand has been viewed as bestowing some level of autonomy on employees in an effort to build their self esteem and also to motivate them....   [tags: Business, Organizational Development, Teamwork] 1814 words
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Improving Self-Motivation in Employees - Organizational researchers see employee motivation as a fundamental building block in the development of successful businesses. A motivated workforce represents both a competitive advantage as well as a strategic asset in the current corporate world, which is why the issue of building self-motivation in employees has sparked interest in managers. It not only improves the business side of the organization, but does so by keeping employees’ needs met, which improves their well-being. First, the issue of employees’ motivation will be addressed....   [tags: Occupational Issues]
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What’s the purpose of testing nuclear power in India? - Introduction What’s the purpose of testing military nuclear power. It is true that most of nations may not be able to understand the purpose of it because there are some risks if the testing is conducted. For example, if nation tested nuclear devices, nation may be criticised from other nations due to danger of nuclear power. However, even though the testing is risky, some nations may decide to test nuclear power for some reasons in order to justify the testing. The case in India is no longer exception....   [tags: Nuclear Weapons, Indian Defense]
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Code of Ethics - A code of ethics is a set of written principles regarding conduct and behavior created by the organization to serve as a guide. The purpose of ethical codes is to give its employees, management, and any interested party a reference point that adheres to company policy, standards, and ethical beliefs. The code is made visible to the public to ensure professional integrity, quality, and to prevent misguided conduct. Regardless of the organization or governing body a code serves as a go-to guide because ethical issues can stem from anywhere at any given time....   [tags: Ethics] 1715 words
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