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The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society - The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society      “Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree, which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing.” John Stuart Mill explicitly describes the necessity of autonomy or free will in society to insure the happiness of all. From this perspective one can recognize that autonomy should not only be unconditionally allowed, but also as an aspect of man that was developed along with the ability to reason....   [tags: Autonomy Free Will Society John Stuart Mill] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Women’s Struggle for Autonomy in The Glass Menagerie and Extremities - The Women’s Struggle for Autonomy in The Glass Menagerie and Extremities In Tennesse Williams’ The Glass Menagerie and William Mastrosimone’s Extremities, both plays portrayed the women’s struggle to maintain their autonomies. Williams created a character named Amanda, who was abandoned by her husband and brought up two children and struggled with the difficulties of life. The character of Mastrosimone’s Marjorie stood up to the rapist and made him confess his crime, thus protected her autonomy and brought out justice....   [tags: Mastrosimone Williams Women Female Autonomy] 1036 words
(3 pages)
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Autonomy in Determinism - Autonomy in Determinism (1) ABSTRACT: There are good reasons for determinism — the option for pure freedom of will proves to be a non-tenable position. However, this collides with the everyday experience of autonomy. The following argument will attempt to show that determinism and autonomy are compatible. (1) A first consideration going back to MacKay makes clear that I myself cannot foresee in principle my own determination; hence fatalism has lost its grounds. (2) From the perspective of physical determination, I show that quantum-physical indetermination is not at all in a position to explain autonomy, while from the perspective of systems theory physical determination and autonomy is well-compatible....   [tags: Determinism Papers]
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3852 words
(11 pages)
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Autonomy, Education, and Societal Legitimacy - Autonomy, Education, and Societal Legitimacy I argue that autonomy should be interpreted as an educational concept, dependent on many educative institutions, including but not limited to government. This interpretation will improve the understanding of autonomy in relation to questions about institutional and societal legitimate authority. I aim to make plausible three connected ideas. (1) Respecting individual autonomy, properly understood, is consistent with an interest in institutions in social and political philosophy....   [tags: Educational Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
2939 words
(8.4 pages)
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Autonomy, Responsibility, and the American Revolution - Autonomy, Responsibility, and the American Revolution Can certain people assume absolute rights over others. Do people deserve a voice in determining what goes on with their very own lives as well as their very own country. Are people liable for their own actions. In all, there are four humanities based themes, and they are as follows: 1) faith and reason, 2) individual and society, 3) humans and nature, and 4) autonomy and responsibility. Nevertheless, only one of them is going to be addressed....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Sources Cited
2760 words
(7.9 pages)
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Autonomy’s Independence - ... Giving children choices such as whether to dress themselves or be dressed by a parent. Toddler will gain self-confidence by being able to choose (Hudlemeyer, 2008). Exploration starts in infancy, grows out of attachment, and increases as children move toward autonomy (Gonzalez-Mena, p. 53). Babies that are excellent explorers start exploring on their own and learn they are skilled and trust in themselves. By allowing babies the freedom to explore, they become confident in their surroundings....   [tags: Educartional Issues]
:: 2 Works Cited
854 words
(2.4 pages)
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Self-Determination and Individual Autonomy - Self-Determination and Individual Autonomy The right to determine what shall be done with one’s own body is a Fundamental right in our society. The concepts inherent in this right are Bedrock upon which the principles of self-determination and individual Autonomy is based. In regard to the autonomy, the judgement [handed by Dame Elizabeth Buttler-sloss, the president of family division of high] that causes surprises to medical lawyer, that is, the competent patient’s right to decide for himself whether to submit to medical treatment, over other imperatives, such as his best interests should be objectively considered....   [tags: Papers] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Basque Nationalism: Is Autonomy Enough? - ... What is certain is that they are a distinct culture with a language (Euskara) unrelated to the Indo-European languages surrounding them. A common belief is that the Basques have lived in and around the Iberian peninsula for thousands of years, predating the Romans and Moors, possibly as far back as the Paleolithic era. A study by Alonso et al. (2005) that tried to determine Basque origins by examining the Y-chromosome of Basque men found that their genetic lineages “originated and have been evolving since pre-Neolithic times” (pg....   [tags: International Government ]
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1260 words
(3.6 pages)
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Active Euthanasia, Free Will and Autonomy - Active Euthanasia, Free Will and Autonomy "Medicine in the hands of a fool has always been poison and death." -C. J. Jung Euthanasia, from the Greek, quite literally means "the good death." Advocates of euthanasia, offer it as a solution for the emotional, psychological and physiologic suffering of terminally ill patients. The type of euthanasia, which is presently under debate, is called "active euthanasia" and is defined as an act performed by an individual to bring about the death of another person....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
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1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility in Nazi Germany - Autonomy and Responsibility in Nazi Germany Throughout history, the struggle of people finding their rights in society has played a major role, especially in the Nazi ideology. During this struggle, societies tried to determine who had rights, what a person owed to society and the duties of an individual. Nazis believed in the Volk, which meant people in the sense of a race, not individuals. Nazis saw the Volk as the major component in society, and therefore based the rest of their beliefs on a person's place in the society on the idea of preserving the pure Volk....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1424 words
(4.1 pages)
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Toer, Autonomy, and Responsibility - ... One must make those choices with good judgment and accept the resulting consequences. The choices of the Dutch settlers in the East Indies should be questioned. Taking control of an entity for purely monetary intentions typically results in dire consequences for the indigenous party. With the opportunity of receiving a good education scare in Indonesia at that time, the natives might have needed to take matters into their own hands and strive to fight against the oppressive Dutch rule. Though the responsibility of such an upheaval would fall on their shoulders, the benefit of education typically leads to a better life....   [tags: Humanities]
:: 5 Works Cited
1566 words
(4.5 pages)
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Personal Autonomy and Individual Moral Growth - Personal Autonomy and Individual Moral Growth The term 'autonomy', from the Greek roots 'autos' and 'nomos' [self + law] refers to the right or capacity of individuals to govern themselves. Agents may be said to be autonomous if their actions are truly their own, if they may be said to possess moral liberty. The necessity of this moral liberty is made clear in the work of many philosophers, in that of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, for example, in whose Social Contract are discussed what Rousseau sees as the centrally important relationships between what he terms the general will, liberty, equality and fraternity....   [tags: Ethics Greece Philosophy Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
2223 words
(6.4 pages)
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Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto - Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto The University of Dayton emphasizes four humanities based themes to describe the essence of the human experience. Autonomy and responsibility, one of these four themes, is defined within the program as, “The individual person has the ability to make choices; with those choices comes a responsibility for the consequences of those choices.”[1] Although this definition fits well in modern American society since widespread autonomy has been granted by the Constitution to all citizens, Frederick Engels and Karl Marx observed quite a different human situation in the 19th century....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
1256 words
(3.6 pages)
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The 1920’s: a time of autonomy and responsibility - The 1920’s: a time of autonomy and responsibility The twentieth century is coming to a close and it has been a time of sorrow, innovation, and progress. The decades have come and gone and with events like the civil rights movement, the world wars, and the roaring twenties this century will be one that is definitely remembered. All of these events questioned peoples values, especially the values of autonomy and responsibility. The event that is to be looked at on this page is the roaring twenties and how the governments and citizens actions reflected these values in both positive and negative ways....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility: The Start of Labor Unions - Autonomy and Responsibility: The Start of Labor Unions The late nineteenth century was a time of great change for people everywhere. Industries became staples of society in almost every major city; farming became more efficient due to steel and machines, and more jobs were available because of all the new industries. Between 1865 and 1900, the number of people employed in manufacturing rose from 1.3 million to 4.5 million. Working conditions were terrible, providing long hours, low wages, and unhealthy conditions....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Nineteenth Century Europe: Autonomy and Responsibility - Nineteenth Century Europe: Autonomy and Responsibility In the nineteenth century, many changes were occurring throughout Europe. Many of these changes focused on the individual, which was an important aspect of European society. However, many changes also focused on the individuals responsibility to the nation. During this time, many individuals demonstrated their right to self-government through political systems such as liberalism, while also showing their loyalty to the nation through movements of nationalism and imperialism....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1393 words
(4 pages)
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Autonomy and Society During the Industrial Revolution - Autonomy and Society During the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution gave mankind more control over natural forces and made the production of more goods possible. One of the biggest changes from the Industrial Revolution was the movement of the population from a rural setting to the urban areas. Many new cities were created, and most of the already existing urban centers expanded in size. The population of Great Britain, France, and Germany increased by a combined 14 million people between 1831 and 1851.1 Living conditions for all classes were improved, and the people began to live in less poverty than ever before....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1266 words
(3.6 pages)
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Autonomy versus Responsibility: A critique of Nuremberg - Autonomy versus Responsibility: A critique of Nuremberg "This case is unusual in that the defendants are charged with crimes committed in the name of the law…." ( United States 31) So began Brigadier General Taylor in his opening statement against a selection of German jurists after the Second World War. This trial, United States of America against Josef Altstoetter et al., commonly referred to as the "Justice Case" because all of the defendants were somehow attached to the Nazi judicial system, was unusual, for as Taylor continued: These men, together with their deceased or fugitive colleagues, were the embodiment of justice in the Third Reich....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1404 words
(4 pages)
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Autonomy and Political Responsibility after the Cold War - Autonomy and Political Responsibility after the Cold War After World War II, Europe emerged as a continent torn between two very different political ideologies, Communism and Democracy. As the two major superpowers, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States, struggled to defend their respective governmental policies, the European Continent was caught in an intrinsic struggle to preserve the autonomy which had taken so long to achieve. During the Cold War, Eastern European nations struggled to achieve autonomy with the help of the West's dedication to break the Soviet sphere of influence....   [tags: Politics Political]
:: 6 Sources Cited
2605 words
(7.4 pages)
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Autonomy Vs. Paternalism In Mental Health Treatment - Autonomy Vs. Paternalism In Mental Health Treatment The assignment for this Ethics class was to review Mr. Jacob's treatment, as described by the New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally disabled (1994). The class was further asked to comment on the major issues for each of the three perspectives. The agencies, family and review board were to be included. This student will begin with a fourth perspective; that of Mr. Gordon. In the Matter of Jacob Gordon (1994), is the story of the last eight years of a psychiatrically disabled man's life....   [tags: essays research papers] 2814 words
(8 pages)
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Measuring Student Learning: Impact on Accountability and Autonomy - ... However, the focus on the assessment of student learning has been present for much longer than these recent reports, with the first national assessment conference being held in 1985 (Bresciani, Moore Gardner, and Hickmott, 2009). Nonetheless, reports such as the Spellings Commission Report have brought issues such as measuring student learning to the forefront of national conversations. In order to satisfy this increased call for public accountability in terms of learning outcome assessment, initiatives such as the Voluntary System of Accountability have been created....   [tags: Education]
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1448 words
(4.1 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility of the United States During the Space Race - Autonomy and Responsibility of the United States During the Space Race At the end of World War Two there emerged two world superpowers. The United States and the U.S.S.R had entirely different ideologies. The Soviet Union attempted to expand their ideologies westward and southward. Only the United States had the power to put a stop to Soviet expansion. The American industries and armed forces were at their highest peak, but they made no attempt to block Soviet expansion. They were trying to install a sense of world peace by removing their troops from Europe and increase support for autonomy and democracy throughout the world....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 4 Sources Cited
1370 words
(3.9 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility in the Nazi Regime: Germany 1933-1939 - Autonomy and Responsibility in the Nazi Regime: Germany 1933-1939 Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles reads: "The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies."(1) These words fueled the Nazi Party's rise to power and ignition of a Second World War....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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Autonomy vs Love in Bronte's Jane Eyre - From songs, to television, to books, and even to newspapers, the need for love is universal. Love is an emotional necessity that even Jane, from Charlotte Bronte’s book Jane Eyre, cannot ignore. Throughout the story line, Jane is constantly searching to find love. She was looking, not just for the love of a man, but for the love of a family. However, Jane’s search for love sometimes ends up challenging her autonomy. While Jane is longing for love, she is not willing to give up her independence for it....   [tags: literary analysis, analytical essays] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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A Defence of Individual Autonomy in a Multination Liberal State - A Defence of Individual Autonomy in a Multination Liberal State Liberalism is committed to protecting the freedom to choose, question and revise one’s own conception of the good life. For this reason, liberalism defends (among many other things) freedom of conscience, expression and association, as well as mandatory, universal education. In Multicultural Citizenship, Will Kymlicka argues that the state is also obligated to ensure that the lifestyle options which are made available to an individual so that she can choose, question and revise her own conception of the good life, are meaningful to her by being understood by her in relation to her own "societal culture"....   [tags: Liberty Liberal Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
2491 words
(7.1 pages)
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Living and Dying by the Sword (or) The Autonomy and Responsibility of Paranoia - Living and Dying by the Sword (or) The Autonomy and Responsibility of Paranoia Introduction The question is a common one. "Does an individual have the right to yell, ‘Fire!’ in a crowded theater?" The implications are not as simple. If one answers, "no," then one is, in effect saying that the constitutional right to free speech is not entirely correct. If one answers, "yes," then one is saying that is perfectly O.K. to an individual to be delegated the power to create mass hysteria....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3394 words
(9.7 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan - Autonomy and Responsibility The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan Along with being a world superpower comes a long list of resposiblilities. One such responsibility is the decision of how to deal with other nations when they get out of line. People will always point fingers at who they think is at fault when a nation has to go to war with another. One such example of this is when the United States was brought into the Second World War because of the bombing of Pearl Harbor. By becoming involved in World War Two, the U.S....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1300 words
(3.7 pages)
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Autonomy and Responsibility: The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf - Autonomy and Responsibility: The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf The United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf War showed the responsibility of the country to maintain peace and order, but more importantly, the conflict showed that the United States has a responsibility to oversee control of the world's natural resources. “On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi military forces, on orders from President Saddam Hussein, invaded and occupied the small country of Kuwait.”1 Kuwait, a small country in the Middle East, contains a large amount of oil that Iraq wished to take control of to help solve the economic problems of their country....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1468 words
(4.2 pages)
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King James II: A Reflection of Autonomy and Responsibility - King James II of England and the Glorious Revolution A Reflection of Autonomy and Responsibility James II of England was the first king to succeed to the kingdoms of both England and Scotland and to be crowned King of both. He was also known as the Duke of York, the Duke of Albany, and the honorary Duke of Normandy; a title that was never to be held again by an English monarch. He was called Lord High Admiral as he commanded the English navy in the Anglo- Dutch war, which resulted in a new English city renamed for him (New York)....   [tags: Biography] 2008 words
(5.7 pages)
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Current Research on a New Spacecraft Autonomy Architecture named Remote Agent - Remote Agent Part 1: Introduction to Spacecraft Autonomy Abstract This first paper of a two-part series introduces current research on a new spacecraft autonomy architecture, named Remote Agent, which applies artificial intelligence techniques to spacecraft control functions. The necessity for autonomy technology is nowhere greater than in deep space missions. Remote Agent is a model-based autonomous system being developed in a collaborative effort between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Ames Research Center....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Spacecraft]
:: 6 Sources Cited
2240 words
(6.4 pages)
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Dilemma between Autonomy and Direct Control within Mangerial Control in Current Organisation - Introduction Management control strategy is not a one dimensional formulae of labour controlling, other than controlling employees, it is also about exploiting employees' discretionary effort and creativity as a prime interest. In the Webboys article, Barrett (2004: 787) demonstrated how different strategies have been manipulated separately and simultaneously to control the labour process of developing primary software. This essay is going to investigate various directions of management strategies, which incorporate with radical approaches of control in response to the dilemma between offset the notions between "direct control" and "responsible autonomy dichotomy" (Friedman in Barrett 2004: 38)....   [tags: Management] 2533 words
(7.2 pages)
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Goodbye Yellow Brick Road: Elton John and the Loss of Sexual Autonomy - Goodbye Yellow Brick Road: Elton John and the Loss of Sexual Autonomy The past three decades have been filled with contrasting types of popular music, which reflect an evolving culture. What was popular in the Seventies provides a sharp contrast to what appealed to audiences in the Nineties. Ironically, the earlier decade was filled with ideas of freedom and non-conformity, while ideas of clear categories and cautionary reluctance dominate the latter. Despite the supposed 1970’s ‘revival’ in the 1990’s, symbolized by Volkswagen Beetles and Madonna’s retro hairstyle, certain perceptions and ideas from the seventies did not survive into the nineties....   [tags: Essays Papers] 3203 words
(9.2 pages)
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The Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution - The Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution the population was broken up into two classes; the minority was the rich, industrial middle class, the bourgeoisie, and the majority was the poor working class, the proletariat. The bourgeoisie believed in their rights to gain wealth and preserve individuality and in their duty to maintain these rights, which in turn determined the harsh laboring and living conditions of the working class....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of - How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they have in my opinion been able to achieve this. Map of Basque regionThe Basque region consists of seven "herrialdes", or districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form part of two different more economically developed European countries: Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Nafarroa are in Spain, and Lapurdi, Zuberoa and Benafarroa are in France....   [tags: Papers] 909 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Female Voice: Writing and Autonomy in Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper - ... This is reflected in his use of antithesis of power, “imaginative power” and weakness, “nervous weakness.” He tries to seize her power through the use of his dominating literal voice and tricks the narrator into believing it to be frailty. Critics at the time also recognised the theme of freedom that is pushed forward in the text and its consequent power. For example, a presumably male anonymous critic for Time and Hour commented that it was “…a book to be kept away from the young wife” (Goldman 85.) This demonstrates male suppression of female free thought as it is advised to remove the texts availability to women by implying that it would give them “ideas”....   [tags: Literature, Feminism]
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1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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Shared Service Department - ... Companies can provide proper organizational support by giving more responsibilities, especially in the human resources practices, to teams. Campion et al. (1993) proposed four advantages gained by linking work group characteristics to human resources activities in practical implications. First, this practice helps line managers understand how to create and maintain effective work groups as they perform their human resources responsibilities. Second, through this practice organizations understand how it can employ work group interventions....   [tags: Organizational Support, Autonomy, Responsibility] 1269 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement - The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. Thus, it seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. While the EZLN has been able to establish thirty eight autonomous indigenous communities in Chiapas, it has failed to weaken the Mexican government's commitment to neo-liberal economic policies....   [tags: Autonomy Chiapas Mexico EZLN Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
1876 words
(5.4 pages)
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Euthanasia - ... Using autonomy to support the euthanasia and assisted suicide can be problematic. It is easy to say that one is respecting the patient’s autonomy in respecting the patient's wish to die, so as to relieve them of their pain and suffering. However it is important to understand that in as much as the patient’s autonomy is important and should be respected, the nurse’s autonomy is equally as important and should be respected as well. According to Beech, in order for full respect of autonomy to take place, nurses as well as patients must be allowed an equal opportunity to exercise their autonomy....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Physician Assisted Suicide] 1496 words
(4.3 pages)
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Ethical Dilemma - ... Furthermore, nonmaleficence obligates that the nurse acts cautiously and caringly, considering potential risks and benefits of treatments. This principle also requires that nurses be aware of actions or interventions that might seem innocuous, but may be justifiably seen as harmful in the patients and families eyes (Bjarnason & LaSala, 2011). Some examples of non-maleficent behaviors include discontinuing a medication that is shown to be harmful, or refusing to provide a treatment that has not been shown to be effective....   [tags: Health Care, Nurses] 2245 words
(6.4 pages)
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Benevolent Deception - ... Without knowledge of the truth, this aforementioned right of freedom to make one’s own decisions is taken away from patients—how can one make a choice about their health when those choices are kept hidden. Overall, free will is a fundamental basic right that everyone is entitled to, not just in a medical context, but life as a whole. Every human being universally deserves to have the freedom to choose how to live their lives and make decisions regarding themselves without the influence of another individual....   [tags: Medical Care] 1846 words
(5.3 pages)
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Ethical Principles Notes - Ethical Principles Notes There are many ethical principles. e.g. a woman has a right to control what happens to her body we should respect life we should do no harm to others we should help others there should be justice in the distribution of resources Some principles are more general than others. So some principles are special cases of more general ones. For instance, the right to control what happens to one's body is a special case of the principle of autonomy, the right to control one's own life....   [tags: Ethics Philosophy PHI Notes] 436 words
(1.2 pages)
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Basic Principles in Bioethics and Biolaw - Basic Principles in Bioethics and Biolaw This article gives a clarification of the foundation and significance of the basic principles: Autonomy, dignity, integrity and vulnerability. The task is to elaborate the philosophical and conceptual framework of the definition of the basic principles. The point of departure is a discussion of the selection of exactly these principles in the context of the law of the human person, as well as of the ethical and legal status of the principles. This leads to the definition of each concept and their mutual relations....   [tags: Government Research Papers]
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7096 words
(20.3 pages)
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Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation - Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation Some hold that Kant’s conception of autonomy requires the rejection of moral realism in favor of "moral constructivism." However, commentary on a little noticed passage in the Metaphysics of Morals (with the assistance of Kant’s Lectures and Reflexionen) reveals that the conception of legislation at the core of Kant’s conception of autonomy represents a decidedly anti-constructivist strand in his moral philosophy. I. Summary: the Meaning of "Kant's Moral Constructivism" A....   [tags: Philosophy Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]
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4338 words
(12.4 pages)
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The Principle of Substituted Judgment - The Principle of Substituted Judgment Traditionally, the physician was expected to use all of their talents and training in an effort to save the life of their patient, no matter the odds. More recently, the physician’s role has been redefined to preserve the autonomy of the patient. Now physicians must give life saving care only in so far and to the degree desirous of the competent patient. Until this century, it was rare that brain-dead patients could be kept alive for long periods of time....   [tags: Medical Ethics Physician Assisted Suicide Essays]
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1463 words
(4.2 pages)
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To what extent can I determine my own destiny - ‘To what extent can I determine my own destiny?’ Discuss in the light of theories, ideas and research encountered in the course. Do I act as I do through choice or are my actions influenced by factors beyond our control. This uncertainty has concerned psychologists for decades, consequently giving rise to the 'Autonomy versus Determinism' debate. By definition, autonomy is the belief that we are free to make decisions and thus control all of our actions, however determinism contradicts this view by suggesting that all of our actions are entirely determined by the external and internal forces operating on them....   [tags: essays research papers] 2620 words
(7.5 pages)
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Code of Ethics - A code of ethics is a set of written principles regarding conduct and behavior created by the organization to serve as a guide. The purpose of ethical codes is to give its employees, management, and any interested party a reference point that adheres to company policy, standards, and ethical beliefs. The code is made visible to the public to ensure professional integrity, quality, and to prevent misguided conduct. Regardless of the organization or governing body a code serves as a go-to guide because ethical issues can stem from anywhere at any given time....   [tags: Ethics] 1715 words
(4.9 pages)
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Test Ethics - ... Nonmaleficence involves refraining from action that may harm others. There is a wide scope of implications in health care with the term nonmaleficence, such as avoiding negligent care, making decisions to withhold or withdrawal treatment, and regarding the provision of extraordinary or heroic treatment (Rich, 2008). Prevention of harm is clearly the domain of nurses. Nurses should always be alert and always act appropriately to protect their patients against any violations to their rights of healthcare....   [tags: Beneficence, Nonmaleficence] 1790 words
(5.1 pages)
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Ethics - ... Nurses faced with an ethical dilemma have to decide which possible action is the right action to take and how choice of this action over others is justified (Singleton and McLaren, 1995). During the module we have looked at various ethical models including Seedhouse’s Ethical Grid (1998) and Curtin’s Ethical Decision Making Model (1982) which provide guidance toward the resolution of clinical dilemmas; some of the aspects of these models will be evolved in the next section of this assignment....   [tags: Informative, Good, Evil] 588 words
(1.7 pages)
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Kant's Moral Principles - Kant's Moral Principles      In the Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals, the author, Immanuel Kant, tries to form a base by rejecting all ethical theories that are connected to consequences, and then focusing on our ethical motivations and actions. Kant wants to derive good characters out of contingently right actions. He believes that everything is contingent (everything can have good or bad worth, depending on how it is used). So he is trying to find the supreme principal of morality in all his reasoning....   [tags: Kant Immanuel Philosophy Morals Essays] 1156 words
(3.3 pages)
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A Defense of Abortion by Judith Jarvis Thomson - 'A Defense of Abortion' by Judith Jarvis Thomson In the article 'A Defense of Abortion' Judith Jarvis Thomson argues that abortion is morally permissible even if the fetus is considered a person. In this paper I will give a fairly detailed description of Thomson main arguments for abortion. In particular I will take a close look at her famous 'violinist' argument. Following will be objections to the argumentative story focused on the reasoning that one person's right to life outweighs another person's right to autonomy....   [tags: Defense Abortion Articles Essays Thomason ] 1081 words
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Japan Enters World War II - Autonomy and Responsibility: Japan Enters World War II World War II is considered by many to be the single most significant event of the 20’th century. The outcome of that war defines the modern world. World War II led to the tragic death of a huge population of people across the globe. What led to the loss of so many lives. What led the nations of the world to tread down the path of war. This analysis tries to answer those questions in terms of autonomy and responsibility, and focuses on Japan....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1790 words
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The Moral Permissibility of Legalizing Active Euthanasia - The Moral Permissibility of Legalizing Active Euthanasia To date, in the united States of America, active euthanasia has been seen as unacceptable in legal terms. However, the issue is not so clear in moral terms among the public, and especially among the medical community. In fact, nearly half of the doctors in the United States say that they would prescribe active euthanasia under certain circumstances. The law that prohibits active euthanasia restricts many people from doing what they feel morally justified to do....   [tags: Papers] 1436 words
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Sociology Of Family - September 27, 2006 Sociology of the Family- Prof. Mason Analysis of Getting by on the Minimum "Getting by on the Minimum" by Jennifer Johnson is in depth analysis of working class women's work using interviews, economic theory and surveys. Current ideologies about career women are from the middle class perspective, while little or no attention is given to the work experiences of middle class women. This oversight is extremely significant since middle class women enter the work force for entirely different reasons and seek a different type of reward (personal fulfillment as opposed to being forced to support an entire household)....   [tags: Getting Minimum Jennifer Johnson Book Analysis] 1330 words
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Human Development: Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (Birth to 18 Months) - ... In the case of Benjamin Button, the movie does not show this stage of his life in detail. Therefore, we can only assume that Queenie, his adoptive mother continued to love, protect, and nurture him while providing a stable environment and quality of life that was as normal as possible. What we do know is that Benjamin remained wheelchair bound until he was seven years old; therefore, he was unable to achieve autonomy in the typical manner that most children would attain at this stage. Although Benjamin was wheelchair bound, he saw it as a normal part of life since he lived in a nursing home where most of the residents were wheelchair bound as well; he was not aware that he was different....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Improving Self-Motivation in Employees - ... They have no freedom to use their creativity or to suggest new (and possibly better) ideas or ways of doing assignments. Without this need of autonomy filled in their workplace, they begin to just go through the motions. Their work is less creative, less motivated, and therefore, not as productive for the organization as a whole. They need this autonomous motivation that a manager cannot give them. It has to come from a sense of freedom in their work. ‘Autonomous motivation is that which is self-authored and personally endorsed as one’s own’ (Hardre, 2009)....   [tags: Occupational Issues]
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To what extent does teamwork lead to empowerment? - ... First the paper will seek to define teamworking and empowerment. Secondly, a review of the different types of teamwork along with the effect of teamwork on autonomy for workers and work intensification will be explored. Thirdly the paper will then explore the different types of empowerment and the extent to which they impact on the power structure of the organisation. Finally the paper will conclude by discussing the inter-relationship between teamwork and empowerment and the extent to which teamwork leads to empowerment....   [tags: Business, Organizational Development, Teamwork] 1814 words
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Relational Dialectics: A Research Report - Relational Dialectics: A Research Report This research of Relational Dialectics Theory refers to the book titled A Handbook of Personal Relationships, edited by Steve Duck. The title "A Dialectical Perspective on Communication Strategies in Relationship Development," written by Lesile Baxter, presents the basic strategies for an ideal relationship . The theories in which Baxter discusses describe the communication actions that a coulpe must use to establish, maintain, and dissolve their personal relationships....   [tags: Relationships Sociology Sociological Papers]
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Ethical Issues - Ethical Issues Autonomy – The ideal of self-determination is the basis for autonomy. It is important that a patient be allowed to decide what should be done to his or her own body. In other words, nobody else has the right to assert their power over another. Likewise, a physician should be allowed to decide not to perform a procedure if doing so would conflict with his or her values. In the Cruzan case, Nancy’s autonomy by way of her parents’ substituted judgment was overridden in favor of the State of Missouri’s policy to preserve life....   [tags: Medical Medicine Ethics Essays] 1561 words
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Local Successes and National Failures of the EZLN Today - Local Successes and National Failures of the EZLN Today On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. It seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. The success of the establishment of thirty eight autonomous indigenous communities in Chiapas is overshadowed by government’s refusal to permit similar autonomous regions outside Chiapas....   [tags: Zapatistas Latin America Mexico Essays] 1199 words
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municipal government - 78:263 Municipal Government The Evolving Provincial-Local Financial Relationship in Canada, and the Prospects for Municipal Fiscal Autonomy Karly McRae 000421 Nov. 21, 2003 After tracing the evolution of the provincial-local financial relationship in Canada it has become apparent that the trend, throughout history, has been towards greater Provincial control and in turn less fiscal autonomy for the municipality. There has been an increase (due to demand as well as downloading from the provinces) in the functions and responsibilities of the municipality, as well as the cost of these functions, and a decrease in fiscal resources and revenue sources....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Personal Matter of Death - The Personal Matter of Death The "right to die" argument is building moral, ethical and legal issues. The proponents for physician aid in dying are arguing from the perspective of compassion and radical individual autonomy. However, we cannot take the life of another human being in our hands and play the role of God. The case against physician-assisted suicide, which is essentially a moral case ("thou shall not kill; thou shall not help others to kill themselves"), is straightforward and clear....   [tags: Papers] 1393 words
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Theories of Psychology in Fairy Tales - Theories of Psychology in Fairy Tales Many parents read fairy tales to their children. Young people are able to use their imaginations while listening to these fantastical stories. Filled with dragons, witches, damsels in distress, and heroes, these tales stay in the mind children for years to come. However, these young listeners are getting much more than a happy ending. Fairy tales such as "The Goose Girl", "The Three Little Pigs", "Cinderella", and "Snow White" one can find theories of psychology....   [tags: Papers] 1533 words
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The Exception Proves the Rule - Ethics is a systematic approach using linear logic to determine what is considered “right” and what is considered “wrong” pertaining to a particular situation or scenario. In addition to considering what is right and wrong, the rights of society as a whole and the rights of the individual are also taken into account when making an ethical decision. Ethics can be thought of as the rules and guidelines that are used as a rubric to protect people from what may be potentially harmful to them. Morals are personal, they describe what an individual perceives as right and wrong, the differences in morals and ethics often lead to opposing outlooks and interpretations in certain circumstances....   [tags: Ethics]
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Benevolent Deception - ... However, the majority of the time benevolent deception is used the principle of autonomy is disregarded in favor of trying to be beneficent—physicians believe that they are aiding patients by not telling the truth due to the mistaken assumption that the latter would not want to hear devastating news. Benevolent deception is impermissible because when this happens, patients are unable to autonomously make informed choices because they do not fully comprehend what is going on with their health....   [tags: Health Care] 1376 words
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Toward an Ethics for Being Educated - Toward an Ethics for Being Educated ABSTRACT: The regulative ideal of being educated is construed through features associated with the conduct and aspirations of faculty in higher education. These features include autonomy of mind and its presuppositions in self-knowledge and ability to inquire. These features as well cover having the identity of an educated person, implying evaluation of the products of the mind in logic and language, motivation to maintain an education, and the deep convictions and attitudes characteristic of the academic, humanist, and scientist....   [tags: Education Learning Essays] 2990 words
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Medical Ethics - Physician-assisted suicide refers to the physician acting indirectly in the death of the patient -- providing the means for death. The ethics of PAS is a continually debated topic. The range of arguments in support and opposition of PAS are vast. Justice, compassion, the moral irrelevance of the difference between killing and letting die, individual liberty are many arguments for PAS. The distinction between killing and letting die, sanctity of life, "do no harm" principle of medicine, and the potential for abuse are some of the arguments in favor of making PAS illegal....   [tags: essays research papers] 776 words
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Anti-Trust Laws - Anti-Trust Laws The anti-trust movement in America during the late 1800s and early 1900s is a prime example of the conflict in society between autonomy and responsibility. Trust-related issues tested the extent to which the government could allow businesses to maintain their autonomy and at the same time fulfill its responsibility to protect the right of the common worker. America was founded on the principles of free enterprise. Throughout its history, the United States government maintained a "laissez-faire" or "hands off" policy in regard to regulation of business....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1488 words
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The Glorious Revolution of 1688 - The Glorious Revolution of 1688 The theme of “autonomy and responsibility” is prevalent in many major wars of revolution throughout the history of the world and especially in the events that occurred in England during the seventeenth century. Autonomy is defined as self-government and existing or functioning independently. Responsibility is having obligations or duties to something and being able to distinguish between right and wrong. In England, the political leaders drove King James II out of the country in order to end his oppressive rule as an absolute monarch....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1499 words
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Euthanasia - Euthanasia The fear of enduring unceasing pain, of being trapped by medical machines, of losing bodily integrity and personal dignity and of being an emotional and financial drain on one's loved ones- such fear lends strength to the movement for euthanasia and for physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Support for euthanasia/PAS has been spurred on by the Hemlock Society, founded by former journalist Derek Humphry and based in Eugene, Oregon. The society's political arm helped draft initiatives aimed at legalizing euthanasia....   [tags: Papers] 2340 words
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Kant's Many Formulations of the Categorial Imperative - Kant's Many Formulations of the Categorial Imperative “The ordinary man needs philosophy because the claims of pleasure tempt him to become a self-deceiver and to argue sophistically against what appear to be the harsh demands of morality. This gives rise to what Kant calls a natural dialectic—a tendency to indulge in plausible arguments which contradict one another, and in this way to undermine the claims of duty. This may be disastrous to morality in practice, so disastrous that in the end ordinary human reason is to be found only in philosophy, and in particular in a critique of practical reason, which will trace our moral principle to its source in reason itself.” “A reviewer who wanted to find some fault with this work has hit the truth better, perhaps, than he thought, when he says that no new principle of morality is set forth in it, but only a new formula....   [tags: Papers] 2450 words
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Foils to Edna in The Awakening by Kate Chopin - Foils to Edna in The Awakening by Kate Chopin In The Awakening, Chopin sets up two characters main characters and a subsidiary female character to serve as foils to Edna. The main characters are Adele Ratignolle, "the bygone heroine of romance" (888), and Mademoiselle Reisz, the musician who devoted her life to music, rather than a man. Edna falls somewhere in between the two, but distinctly recoils with disgust from the type of life her friend Adele leads: "In short, Mrs. Pontellier was not a mother-woman." Adele Ratignolle and Mademoiselle Reisz, the two important female principle characters, provide the two different identities Edna associates with....   [tags: Papers] 360 words
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Factors in Mate Selection - Humans are strongly influenced by different factors in mate selection. Different people have different ideas to choosing the partners, because the people have different aesthetic standards. Some people considered that partner’s physical attractiveness is more important, such as, facial appearance, body shape and age. However, some people liked their partners have a good social status, like, good job, high-income and high education. Over the past few decades some matchmaking services has developed to deal with the problems with people choosing partners and found the reason why they choose this partner, and what is the most important attributes....   [tags: Sociology] 516 words
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Philosophy - #2 Explain how Augustine’s conception of freedom relates to compatibilism and to freedom in the sense of autonomy. According to Augustine, “Human beings are endowed with a power that he calls the will.” He emphasizes the will to being the center of freedom. Unlike other philosophers, who are determinists, Augustine, who has a libertarian view, sees our will as free choice. So for whatever we may choose to do, we become solely responsible for our actions which are caused by external factors instead of internal ones....   [tags: essays research papers] 560 words
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Diplomatic Relations Between the United States and Kurdistan - Diplomatic Relations Between the United States and Kurdistan The USA does have a role in aiding the Kurds, but do we have a right to enforce the creation of a new country. Skeptics would have you believe that the USA wants a Kurdistan (which it helped set up), in order to cash in on the vast oil reserves in the Kurdistani region. On the flip side, the USA could gain international diplomatic recognition if it assisted in brokering the deal without the use of armed forces. This could give the USA renewed diplomatic vigor for tackling other pressing problems....   [tags: Politics Political Essays] 383 words
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East Timor - The Indonesian invasion and occupation of East Timor is one of the worst atrocities of this century. The occupation has claimed the lives of over 200,000 Timorese people, one-third of the original population. It continues in defiance of the United Nations Security Council which has twice called on Jakarta to withdraw "without delay" as well as eight General Assembly Resolutions. It has been maintained with the help of the United States. East Timor, occupies the eastern half of the island of Timor, which lies between Indonesia and Australia (approximately 300 miles north of Darwin), East Timor is has lots of mountains and is culturally diverse....   [tags: essays research papers] 331 words
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Euthanasia Essay - Physician-Assisted Suicide and Free Will - Physician-Assisted Suicide and Free Will          Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is a topic, which proponents often support by the affirmation of patient free will or as the exercise of patient autonomy. The purpose of this paper is to examine this argument further from an inter-disciplinary approach, regarding PAS from medical, ethical and legal standpoints and to examine the concept of free will from the philosophical discipline. Are these concepts compatible in a meaningful context and can a sound argument be constructed to support PAS on the basis of patient free will....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
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Negotiating Ethics as a Two Level Debate - Negotiating Ethics as a Two Level Debate ABSTRACT: As a form of moral debate, discourse ethic, according to Habermas, is based on regulated discussion. Participating moral agents share a common understanding in the ideal speech situation. Following procedures they try to reach consensus on questions of justice and rights. Critics of discourse ethic point to the bias of Western assumptions regarding agents and methods, the danger of elitism, and the optimism and the pacifism that run through the theory....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Religious Tradition view of Euthanasia - Religious Tradition view of Euthanasia State One Religious Traditions View Of Euthanasia Euthanasia is described by the Oxford English Dictionary as ‘The bringing about of a gentle and easy death, especially in the case of incurable and painful diseases’ . The Christian view of Euthanasia is that it is wrong. They understand, the pain and emotional suffering, caused in the case of terminally ill, but believe that a hospice is a better solution and that to commit Euthanasia is murder and a degrading act upon human life....   [tags: social issues] 1039 words
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The Freedom of Choices - The Freedom of Choices “James Joyce was born in Dublin on February 2, 1882” (Joyce i). In 1914, Dubliners, a work that illustrated the lives of the people of Dublin, from Joyce’s viewpoint, hit the shelves (Joyce i). The book consists of fifteen short stories all about the people of Dublin. There are many different themes thought these short stories but one that is very important to the book is the theme of escape. The book also lends itself to a philosophical point of view taking on many other themes: such as the theme of autonomy and responsibility....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1355 words
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Communitarianism vs. Cosmopolitanism - Normative Theories of Politics - Contrasting Cosmopolitan and Communitarian Approaches When looking at normative theories of politics, the main distinction is between cosmopolitanism and communitarianism. In this essay the term community shall refer to political communities, or more specifically, states. It is important to note that these political communities have been defined territorially, and not necessarily by culture, although this is taken for granted to an extent by communitarianism. Communitarians say that each community is different, and therefore should act accordingly with each other....   [tags: Politics Political]
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