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Heterotopias and Their Application in Arabic Literature and Cinema - In both Arabic literature and film there exist places that are considered separate from everyday life that follow different regiments. These places that exist neither “here nor there ” are called heterotopias. Whereas a utopia is considered a place that is ideal and a perfected form of society, a heterotopias functions, in a sense, as its own form of realistic utopia. An example of a heterotopia would be a prison, in which its members deviate from the norms of society, however their placement in a facility (penitentiary, prison) allow for it to be considered a real utopia, although the behaviors that occur within the walls of a prison are less than ideal....   [tags: Arabic Literature ] 2222 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Arabic Invasion - ... The Arabic conquest of Spain shows a great example for its succession. The kingdom of “Al Andalus” displayed political centralism; it became an important location for trade It is also true that conquering armies too are affected by the culture of the conquered lands. The Abbasid period also witnessed the Muslim Agriculture Revolution and the Scientific Revolution during the reigns of al-Mansur 9754-775, Harun Al Rashid 786-809 and Al-Mamun 809-813.Thus, when Crete was conquered in 827 AD, the Arab civilization was surely at its peak....   [tags: Social Studies]
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1309 words
(3.7 pages)
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Arabic Stemming: Challenges and Techniques - KING SAUD UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF COMPUTER & INFORMATION SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE CSC595 Arabic Stemming: Challenges and Techniques June 2010 Abstract Arabic Text applications use stemming as a preprocessing stage. The problems raised with stemming are introduced in this paper. Moreover, different stemming applications is mentioned. Additionally, stemming techniques are presented with discussion about each of them. 1 Introduction Arabic language is a Semitic language....   [tags: Language ]
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3173 words
(9.1 pages)
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Persian/Arabic Script - Abstract Persian/Arabic script has special complexities that make generating its fonts difficult. Some challenges in Persian/Arabic script generating process are various letters forms, number of dots in some letters and writing cursive forms. Some other challenges are related to the calligraphic art, how to fetch its rules, how to formulate them and how to design its algorithm. Cellular automata (CA) are one of the pattern generation methods. Here we generate typeface patterns by CA. In this paper, Asynchronous two dimensional CA is used for algorithm design of Persian/Arabic Ma'qeli typeface patterns and various neighborhoods are investigated for using patterns generation rules....   [tags: Language] 1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Rise of Arabic Civilization - The first cause for the rise of the Arabic civilization was that the Arab invasions politically united a massive portion of the world from Spain to India. This was a union that continued defeating pending the fall of the Omayyads in 750. The fading of so many separating frontiers was the beginning to the construction of new Arabic societies. The Arabs passed their language around by defeating one nation after another. The more the language increased among non-Arabs, additional information of Arabic multiplied with it....   [tags: World History] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Haji: Arabic Word for Pilgrimage - Haji: Arabic Word for Pilgrimage Hajj is the Arabic word for pilgrimage and pilgrimage means a special journey of a religious significance. The word Hajj is to set out with a definite purpose and Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. The five pillars of Islam are: Shahadah which is statement of belief, Sawm - is fasting during Ramadi, Salah prayer five times a day which is communicating with Allah. Zakat charitable giving and the fifth pillar of Islam is Hajj which is pilgrimage to Makkah....   [tags: Papers] 475 words
(1.4 pages)
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Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture - Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture Works Cited Missing The Hagia Sophia church and the Suleymaniye mosque are separated by a thousand years but are tied together eternally. One representing the achievement of the Christian-Byzantine empire and the other representing the ability of the Islamic-Ottoman empire and its architect Sinan. Two empires that had very little in common other than their architecture and region. In earlier history the Dome of the Rock represented the Islamic empire's attempt to rival the newly defeated Byzantine empire and its architectural achievements such as the Holy Sepulchre....   [tags: Compare Contrast] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Analyzing of Arabic: Through Culture, History and Linguistics - The analyzing of Arabic: Through culture, History and Linguistics. Can you name all the languages in the world. If you can its impressive because there are 6,909 different living languages in use today. With such a diverse array of communication techniques one can only wonder about this fascinating concept; language. There are several languages that usually correspond to another culture so one might wonder about their relationship and even the languages operation. So, how does language work and how do language and culture affect each-other....   [tags: Language] 2146 words
(6.1 pages)
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Contrastive Rhetoric Between Arabic and English Languages - ... The first problem that many non-native speakers have is that they think in their native language and this causes problems in conversion (Connor 3). The need is for the writer to think in the target language they are writing in, but it is a difficult skill to master (Connor). Another issue that Middle Eastern writers have is that instructors have thought, at least in the past, that there is an inherent superiority of Western languages over the Eastern (Connor). Arabic scholars have been “critical of previous contrastive rhetorical research of Arabic, which is “characterized by a general vagueness of thought which stems from overemphasis on the symbol at the expense of the meaning,” or as analyzing “Arabic writers as confused, coming to the same point two or three times from different angles, and so on” (Connor)....   [tags: Language ]
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1241 words
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How Does Globalization Affect Cultural Traditions in the Arabic Communities? - ... The second way globalization is effect Arab culture and tradition is the education. In Arab countries like Egypt and GCC, foreign schools and universities have opened providing a excellent education and better opportunity for students. These foreign schools and universities are a new trend in Arab World (El-Hawat, 2007, p.5). However, the Arab students that study there get influence by the West ideas and culture and this can conflict with their parents and family and cause problems. Globalization also is effect on Arabic media – music, movies and the TV channels....   [tags: Essays on Globalization]
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(2.6 pages)
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I am Arabic, I am an American! - After many hours of dissecting my own thoughts and ideas about the terrorist acts against my country, the United States of America, I have decided that there is no right or wrong way to handle the situation. The fact is, something just has to be done. I have studied our involvement in World War II, but the attack on the World Trade Center has really affected me. I grew up with the idea that although German- and Japanese-American citizens are innocent, many of us still have stereotypes about them....   [tags: Sociology Racism Prejudice Essays] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Expression of Desires In Arabic Women’s Novels - Expression of Desires In Arabic Women’s Novels Picking an original and engaging topic that is able to span all five of the very different authors’ novels we examined this semester proved to be a difficult task. Though there are certainly similarities between each book and overlying themes that connect them, ultimately I didn’t want to get tied down into the shifty and unsafe territory of placing novels together solely because one, they are all written by women; or two, they all emerge out of the Arabic world....   [tags: Arab Culture Cultural Essays]
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4838 words
(13.8 pages)
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Transformation of Islam - ... As conquered tribes accept Arabic traditions under pressure, non-Arabic languages and customs re-emerge in literature high culture after decline in Arab milieu (lecture 2, week 4). Ferdowsi’s “Shahname” has made huge impact on the subsequent development of the literature in the Persian language. “Shahname” is a chronicle of Persian kings from pre-Islamic times to the Arab conquest in the 700s, which brings up themes of victory and defeat, glory and shame of Iranian Shahs. Ferdowsi has collected data on pre-Islamic history of Iran and has expressed it in verse, having shown Persians their rich political heritage and cultural traditions in their native language....   [tags: Religion, Arabic Culture, Central Asia] 1767 words
(5 pages)
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Influence of Cultures on "The Thousand and One Nights" - Influence of Cultures on "The Thousand and One Nights" Stories like Sindbad, Aladdin and the Magic Lamp and other popular stories are very common today in the western culture. Animated movies were also made for the entertainment of kids on these popular stories. One might wonder that where these stories originated and how it came down and made place in the western culture. Although these stories are very popular in both the western culture and the eastern culture but the original literary work is not so popular in common people....   [tags: Thousand One Nights Arabic Culture] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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Arab Representation in the Media vs. the Internet - Arab Representation in the Media vs. the Internet The Arab culture is one that traces far into religious and cultural roots. Family is considered the most influential, supportive, and important aspect in Arabic life. The value held on religion has had such a grave effect that even laws have been established following various religious guidelines. Basically, the Arab culture is not what most have come to understand. Stereotypes perpetuated by the media and press have had more subtle effects then outright violence....   [tags: Arabic Arabs Culture Essays]
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2816 words
(8 pages)
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Major Themes of the Koran - Major Themes of the Koran I. NATURE AND PURPOSE OF THE KORAN This is the Book, in which there is no doubt, a guide for the God-fearing, who believe in the unseen and perform the prayer and spend of that which We have bestowed upon them, and who believe in that which is revealed unto thee [Muhammad] and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter. [2:2-4] It is a glorious Koran, on a guarded tablet. [85:21-22] Lo. We have revealed it, a Koran in Arabic, that ye may understand....   [tags: Islamic Arabic Religion Essays] 4800 words
(13.7 pages)
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Al-Ghazâlî, Causality, and Knowledge - Al-Ghazâlî, Causality, and Knowledge ABSTRACT: Few passages in Arabic philosophy have attracted as much attention as al-Ghazâlî's discussion of causality in the seventeenth discussion of Tahâfut al-Falsafa, along with the response of Ibn Rushd (Averroës) in his Tahâfut al-Tahâfut. A question often asked is to what extent al-Ghazâlî can be called an occasionalist; that is, whether he follows other Kalâm thinkers in restricting causal agency to God alone. What has not been thoroughly addressed in previous studies is a question which al-Ghazâlî and Ibn Rushd both see as decisive in the seventeenth discussion: what theory of causality is sufficient to explain human knowledge....   [tags: Arabic Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 3904 words
(11.2 pages)
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Alienation in the lives of Arab Women - Alienation in the lives of Arab Women Alienation: al·ien·a·tion ( l y -n sh n, l - -) n. The act of alienating or the condition of being alienated; estrangement; isolation or dissociation. Alienation is a concept that is universal to all people of all cultures in the world and throughout all time periods. These feelings of alienation, in some form or another, have affected every human begin that has ever taken a breath and will until the race is extinct. It is these feelings of alienation that influence so many of our activities, our thoughts, and the way we shape our lives and the manner in which we form our societies....   [tags: Research Culture Arabic Essays]
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7166 words
(20.5 pages)
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The Arab Woman - The Arab Woman The Arab woman, is there really a clear cut, precisely defined profile of what characterizes a woman of Arabia. Barren sand dunes, nomadic tribes of cloaked men, wearing turbans, mounted on camels, wielding swords, and their weak woman folk to whom they dictate. This is a classic Hollywood image of the Arab’s of the Middle East. The helpless female who is subjected to the will of her militant husband or aggressive father is nothing new to the average person of the present time, where being dutiful and being tyrannized can easily have the same definition in Hollywood and American media....   [tags: Females Culture Cultural Essays Arabic]
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4446 words
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Self-Determination in Arab Society - Self-Determination in Arab Society Since World War Two, much of the developing world has been in transition. One such idea that saw a re-birth was that of self-determination-- be it on the national level or on the personal level. Self-determination on a national level means the independence of a country; on a personal level, it is the determination of one own fate. This can be seen in various ways with our five women characters, Maha, Um Saad, Nadia, Yusra and Suad. In the forward of Daughters of Abraham, Karen Armstrong notes that Islam is "adamantly opposed to the subjection of one human being by another," "insist that men and women were created by God image" and "both sexes have equal rights and responsibilities before God." Strong and resourceful women have played a key role in history and yet Islam has pushed women into an inferior and marginal position, excluding them from full participation in the social, cultural and religious life of the community....   [tags: Arabic Culture Cultural Essays] 5933 words
(17 pages)
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The Arab-Israeli Conflict - The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the most prolonged and bloody conflicts in not only modern history, but in the ancient world as well. The roots of the conflict, as well as the arguments on both sides, are as diversified and complicated as the conflict itself.      The Israelites started to conquer and settle the “land of Canaan,” which is present day Israel, in 1250 B.C.. King Solomon ruled the Israelites and the land of Israel from 961-922 B.C.. Following his reign, Israel was split up into two kingdoms....   [tags: History Arabic Israel Essays] 3551 words
(10.1 pages)
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The Contemporary vs. the Traditional - The Contemporary vs. the Traditional “The Arab woman shares with her sisters a common fate: a life of renunciation, of captivity, during which she will have to atone for her sin of having been born a woman in a hyper-male society where the ever-present feminine remains synonymous with shame and threat (Salman, 6).” ~Magida Salman The four novels—Pillars of Salt, A Woman of Five Seasons, A Balcony over Fakihani, and Dreams of Trespass— depict the plight of being a woman in various regions across the Middle East....   [tags: Arab Women Culture Arabic Cultural Essays] 4480 words
(12.8 pages)
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Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia Geography The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula, is located in the southwestern corner of Asia. It covers an area about one-fourth the size of the United States. More than half of its total area is desert terrain. The capital of Saudi is Riyadh, which is located in the central region of the country. Language Saudi Arabia's official language is Arabic, although English is also spoken in the Kingdom, most commonly in the business community. Religion The official religion of Saudi is Islam....   [tags: Papers] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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Differences Between China and Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia and China are quite different countries. The latter is much larger than the former. The former is the largest country of the Arabian Peninsula and it is located in Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. The latter is the largest country in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam. Although there some similarities between Saudi Arabia and China, there are also several differences in the areas of population, economy and the culture....   [tags: Geography, Culture] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Impact of Globalization on Young People in Saudi Arabia - ... The young people of age between 18 and 24 years make a quarter of the kingdom’s total population. And just like the rest of the youth in the world, the youth of Saudi Arabia have also been affected by globalization (Valley Silicon, 2010). The Saudi Arabia’s youths are also subject to the strict Islamic laws. This has stood on the way of globalization amongst the young people. In fact some have shown tendencies to reject and oppose globalization. But the forces are as great all over the world as globalization makes life much easier....   [tags: Essays on International Trade]
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1465 words
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Nurse Shortage in Saudi Arabia - Introduction Background The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has committed vast resources by allocating more than 13 percent of its annual budget in improving the Kingdom’s medical care system, with the ultimate goal of providing free medical care for everyone. This commitment has been translated to more than 330 hospitals operated by the government and the private sector, with a capacity of more than 50,000 beds. Of these hospitals, 184 are run by the government, with more than 16 thousand doctors, 40 thousand nurses, and more than 25 thousand assistant nurses according to the Ministry of Health (2003)....   [tags: essays research papers] 2478 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Construction Industry in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Background to the research The construction industry in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is moving through a process of adaptation to a new environment of economical change. With the change in the KSA economic driving force, the construction sector is driven by competitive pressure to adapt to the recent market requirements and government regulations. The world is also in a continuous state of change and no one is exempt from this process. Increased worldwide competition, technology innovations, insufficiency of resources, all exerts a major pressure in adopting new technologies....   [tags: Saudi Arabia ] 533 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Fight for Women's Rights in Saudi Arabia - ... The Arab Spring has in a sense arrive in Saudi Arabia. It arrived in a form of an online campaign that started in May to defy the countries notorious ban on women driving. The campaign was led by a young woman by the name of Manal al-Sharif . Manal al-Sharif posted a video of herself driving a car on Facebook and Youtube , which led to her arrest. This led to an international outcry to remove this ban. However, women were not just starting this campaign solely to be able to drive, but it was more so about political and social mobility....   [tags: Gender Studies, Saudi Arabia]
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1914 words
(5.5 pages)
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Self management approach at King Fahd University Hospital in Saudi Arabia - ... There are many points will be discussed such as current health services, patients with chronic diseases at King Fahd University Hospital, health care delivery and self-management approaches. In Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Health is responsible for the supervision of healthcare and hospitals in both the public and private sectors (Hziegler, 2011). The system offers universal healthcare coverage. The Ministry provides primary health care services through a network of health care centers comprising 1,925 centers throughout the kingdom....   [tags: Health, Chronic Diseases] 1273 words
(3.6 pages)
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Oil and Saudi Arabia - Oil and Saudi Arabia Exposing the Saudi Arabian Royal Family, U.S. foreign policy, and the poverty currently occurring within Saudi Arabia Preface The current world dependence on oil leaves much to be said about the impact of Saudi Arabia and the Middle East on foreign policy and international politics. Presently the world's largest consumer of oil, the U.S. depends on Saudi Arabia and much of the Middle East for the energy to run its businesses, its homes, and most importantly, its automobiles....   [tags: Essays Papers Oil Saudi Arabia Papers]
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4092 words
(11.7 pages)
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Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority - Arabic in Israel Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority The objective of this report is to give a concise study regarding the Arab minority in Israel. It will trace some significant issues that have impacted the overall linguistic reality, nevertheless the marginalization of Arabs in that small but complex country. It will track the language policy adopted in that country, the educational, political,practical,social,ideological reasons that have lead to the Arabic status in Israel....   [tags: Social Issues] 1354 words
(3.9 pages)
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Transformation of Islam: Islam in the societies of Central Asia - ... In general, ibn Sina’s memoirs facilitated the transformation of the Arabic language from just religious language of into the language of science, thus glorifying Islam to world civilization as a religion that welcomes flourishing of science and showing that Islam is not restricted by the teachings of the Koran. Historically, the conversion of sedentary Central Asia to Islam was long and complex process. It took almost a century for Arabs to convert Central Asia to Islam. The people that the Arabs encountered already had fully-formed cultures and world-view, so it was psychologically difficult for them to immediately accept a new religion and deny their old beliefs....   [tags: History, Turk Tribes, Arabs] 1931 words
(5.5 pages)
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Vowels Mispronunciation Among Arab ESL Learners - ... Wang and Good (2008) understand collocations as pairs of words that language speakers associate with each other but there are no general semantic or syntactic rules that determine the word pair formation. Acquisition of collocations is dependent upon identifying words that are frequently associated together. Understood as an “important component of fluent linguistic production” (Hyland, 2008:04), collocations are a largely neglected area of SLA research (Shei & Pain, 2000). In the later studies on collocational use of consonants and vowels, it was identified that ESL and EFL learners encounter problems with collocation use in their written and oral production and linguists suggested that collocations should be included in learning and teaching of ESL and EFL studies....   [tags: Language ]
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A SOCIOLINGUISTIC AUTOBIOGRAPHY - I was born and raised in Al-Ahsa in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. I lived there until I became twenty-three then I moved to Abha in the Southern Province. My family is originally from Al-baha which is also in the Southern Province. I acquired the Arabic Eastern dialect when I was a child to talk to my peers and teachers in Al-Ahsa, however at home I spoke my parents' dialect that (which) is very different from the Eastern Province and from other Southern Province’s dialects. When I was at school I had different social relationships with people from different places in Saudi Arabia that lasts until I graduate from high school....   [tags: Language] 755 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Arab Youth: Empowered by Technology Infused with Tradition - ... The possible influence of such a solution can already be seen in today’s world as the growing number of Arabic users on the internet, specifically the technologically savvy youth ,have brought forth the use of Arabic text in computers and websites and the use of this text for addresses to websites. For example, for websites based in Jordan, instead of ending with a “.jo,” they may now end with “. الأردن” (Jordan Opens Registration, 2010). At the helm of all these changes are the youth of the region who have been quick to adopt these technologies....   [tags: Social Media ]
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The Use of Punctuation Marks in the Writing of Libyan Students - ... 106), “a syntactic unit which contains a finite verb” (Fischer 1984, p. 15, cited in Polio 1997, p. 107), comprised of one subject-verb combination, though the subject may be compound and thus making up a clause with “more than one constituent” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p. 106). These features describe the English sentence. However, one of the primary problems with the English independent clause for Arab EFL writers is that conversely to the simple sentence rule in English, “in Arabic the same construction shows more flexibility in the distribution and movement of its components” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p....   [tags: Education, English Grammar] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Saudi Arabia - In the heart of the Middle East is a country known by many Westerners for its oil production and, often, extremist beliefs of groups within the country. The country is Saudi Arabia, and though it is thought of by many as a rather backward country, Saudi Arabia has a rich history and culture, and it is a country that revolves around Islam and the worship of Allah as the one true God. For about fifteen hundred years, Saudi Arabia’s history has centered on one major theme: Islam. Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born around 570 A.D....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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925 words
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Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia Economic statistical indicators convey the fact Saudi Arabia is a developed nation. However, close analysis of political and social statistical indicators would suggest that their standard of living and individual freedoms are severely suppressed. This 'developed' nation has abnormalities in its statistical indicators which are similar to those that characterises third world nations. Saudi Arabia is oil rich and is a strictly Islamic State. Their Muslim religion and its strict adherence to their interpretation of their holy book the Quran actively dominates citizens position and role in their society....   [tags: Papers] 2070 words
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Increase In Racism After 9/11 - ... Did you know that Arabian people have a much greater fear of immigration or hate crimes than any other race since September 11th, 2001. (Ramahi 1) Arabian race is discriminated still today, even though the crashing of the planes happened 10 years ago. After 9/11 there has been a decrease in the Arabian people in America. Before 9/11 there was about 41% Arabian people; now that it is 10 years later, there has been a decrease and now there is only a 38% population. (Elliott 1). It may be surprising to some, but normal to the rest of us it is normal, especially since we and other nations have been “kicking them out”....   [tags: Racism ]
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The Importance of Oil in Saudi Arabia - Crude oil is such an essential part of our modern lives that we can often take for granted that our supply of it will remain constant. Small, unstable countries often hold great amounts of this precious resource, along with the ability to cut our supply in a moment’s notice. Therefore, the discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia caused a dramatic increase in the revenue of the country. Saudi Arabia’s newfound wealth was exploited to serve the political and economic needs of an opportunistic Islamic monarchy, while the concerns and rights of its subjects were consistently cast to the wayside....   [tags: oil, international relations]
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Saudi Arabia: A Brief History - ... Education in Saudi Arabia is to a large extent controlled by the ministries in responsible for education sector, with the private sector running only 6% of educational institutions in the country. The government’s education policy is tied in with the country’s Islamic roots. One of the objectives listed in the policy is the promotion of “the Belief in the one God, Islam as the way of life, and Muhammad as God’s messenger” (FRI, 2004 p.133). According to the policy, education for girls and women is also ideologically tied in to religion....   [tags: International Government ]
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Saudi Arabia's Royal Family - ... The relationship between the royal family and general citizens is quite distinct with the royal benefiting from the countries wealth and the interests of citizens only really marginally achieved, relative to its wealth. Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest producer of oil, (45% of GDP) and has an estimated 400 billion barrels in reserves, oil being one of the most lucrative commodity markets in the world. However, the relatively quick wealth that Saudi Arabia has enjoyed has not been fairly or equally distributed amongst society....   [tags: International Government ]
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899 words
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Challenges International Students Face Studying in the UK - In the last two decades, there has been a significant improvement in education systems especially in developed countries resulted many students prefer to complete their study in these countries. Students who are non-native speakers will probably recognise some distinction in the way of education especially in writing. This essay will critically evaluate Linn (2009) argument about the differences between non-native students and native students, and illustrate that it is not one hundred percent true that foreign students have to learn a new method of thinking and writing in academic style when they decide to study in the UK....   [tags: Education] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Gender Differerences in Language Learning - ... The questionnaires contained seven items or categories that the students were supposed to address. These categories included memory, cognition, compensation, metacognition, social, affection and metaphysic. These represented the seven categories of Language Learning Strategies. Data analysis: The researchers performed a one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) in order to find out whether there existed any difference in the use of Language Learning Strategies between genders. According to Fujikoshi, Ulyanov and Shimizu (2010), one-way MANOVA tests two or more groups in order to determine the difference between the groups....   [tags: Education, Teaching]
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General Muhammed Zia-ul-haq - Pakistan History - Q. Discuss in detail the Islamization programme of General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq as the president of Pakistan. A. Islamization Programme of General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq: - Background: - General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq proclaimed Martial Law in 1977 and assumed the office of the President of the country. The then government had to issue several martial law regulations to effectively control the aggravating situation in the country. There is one strong opinion which has effectively prevailed over the years and that is hat the process of Islamization, in fact, began the day the Qadianis were declared as non-Muslims on their negation of the finality of Prophethood in 1974....   [tags: essays research papers] 480 words
(1.4 pages)
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Standardization of Language - Standardization of Language Language is a method in which individuals communicate to get their opinion and ideas across to the other party. It varies in its communication methods; it can be verbal and physical i.e. body language. A language is significantly related to the speaker’s language culture and identity, any alteration in language causes an effect on identity. Therefore I believe that language should be standardized under specific rules, regulations that support the language and prevent merging with other languages to avoid cultural assimilation....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Speaking Essays] 832 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Cultural and Political Life of Saudi Arabia - ... Any person involved in Evangelism faces jail, expulsion or execution. Even foreign visitors are not allowed to gather together for religious worship. Saudi converts to Christianity from Islam typically face severe opposition, both from authorities and from their Muslim family members. In August 2008, a young Saudi woman in Buraydah was killed by her brother, a Muslim cleric and religious police member of the Commission for Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice, after she proclaimed her Christian faith to her family....   [tags: Culture]
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1588 words
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E-Marketing in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - ... This information is important in determining what users want to achieve and how an intended application can support their tasks and allow better ways to achieve the goals. It also enables the marketers use simplifying tools like site design in order to reach majority of the intended customers (Kalyanam and Mclntyre 2001). Chapter three How consumers of Saudi Arabia use the information they gather via the web The main reason why the customers explore the website is to find the information concerning a given business and to gather information for personal use (Khosrowpour 1999)....   [tags: Consumer Research]
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1580 words
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Communication through Writing - What constitutes the nature of a successful writer. Could it solely lie on an interest that fuels the progression of effective expression through writing. Or could the drive to write simply flow from the realization of mastery in understanding what it takes to capture true emotion through writing. It most probably is a clever combination of each. As I think more about it, it seems as though the most logical explanation for why anyone truly excels in a skill is due largely to a driving interest from within....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Personal Experience] 735 words
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Struggles Within the Middle East: United States Supplying Israel During the Yom Kippur War - ... Atiqi confirmed he had sent messages to the other Ministers and was awaiting their responses. Atiqi had then become sharply critical of the U.S. stand on the Middle East conflict. Atiqi’s message was: Don’t force us into something drastic; do not compel us to act prematurely against U.S. oil interests; the West must leave us alone and not intervene against the Arabs.” The United States, fully aware of the immediate cause created by choosing sides in the Yom Kippur War, became challenged on both internal and external levels....   [tags: U.S. History]
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Aquarius - Aquarius Aquarius can be found in the SE sky in autumn, especially October. A dark night is especially helpful because many faint stars make up Aquarius. This will help to make the fainter stars stand out because its hard enough to see a shape in Aquarius. Up and to the west of aquarius, pegasus can be found. Down and to the east of aquarius, capricorn can be found. Aquarius portrays a man or boy spilling water from an urn. Aquarius is identified with Ganymede, a beautiful young shepherd who was abducted by Zeus and taken to Mount Olympus to be the cup bearer for the gods....   [tags: essays research papers] 430 words
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Review Of ?Lawrence Of Arabia? - Review of ‘Lawrence of Arabia’ The movie Lawrence of Arabia had many interesting aspects about it and, according to sources, is very historically accurate. Taken place during WW with the feud between British and Turkish forces over the Suez Canal, the movie reflects a life of an individual who tries to do something about the injustice of the Arabian people. David Lean depicts Lawrence or El Lawrence as the tragic hero of the biography in order to make the story more enchanting to the reader....   [tags: essays research papers] 820 words
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Critical Analysis of Lawrence of Arabia - Critical Analysis of Lawrence of Arabia 'Lawrence of Arabia' is a three hour film written by David Lean. It was produced in 1962 by Sam Spiegel. The film tells the story of a young, risk-taking scholar, Lawrence, who helped the British win the war, in which the Arab tribe kicked the Turks out of Arabia, by using his initiative with the great Arab tribe leader. The film unusually starts with the end, Lawrence's motorcycle crash in 1935. It then cuts to 1915, when Lawrence worked at an office in Kiro....   [tags: Papers] 617 words
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Islam - Beliefs Muslims believe that God revealed His final message to humanity through the Islamic prophet Muhammad (c. 570 - July 6, 632) via the angel Gabriel.[16] Muhammad is considered to have been God's final prophet, the "Seal of the Prophets". The Qur'an is believed by Muslims to be the revelations Muhammad received in 23 years of his preaching.[17] Muslims hold that the message of Islam - submission to the will of the one God - is the same as the message preached by all the messengers sent by God to humanity since Adam....   [tags: Religion Muslim] 1889 words
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Nursing Job Satisfaction and Turnover in Saudi Arabia - 2. Introduction Nurses are the largest group of health care providers and professionals in the health system worldwide; they play a significant role in determining the quality and cost of health care in Saudi Arabia. Nursing shortages and high turnover have become a widespread issue, and the problem is of great concern to many countries around the world because of its effect upon the efficiency and productivity of health care systems (Al-Aameri, 2000). Job satisfaction is important for nurses in Saudi Arabia, most of whom come from different nations such as India, the Philippines and Pakistan....   [tags: Nursing Profession, Nursing Career] 1588 words
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English Academic Writing - Over the last few decade, the number of international student has risen not specially in the UK but all over the world. It is known that every nation has its own language, customs, cultures and traditions. This may effect the way of thinking or an academic style of reading, writing and another types of an academic style. This essay will evaluate linn,2009 claim that international student must learn a new way of thinking and writing when they come to study in the UK-type academic environment and outline the controversial point that should be considered....   [tags: Higher Education ] 753 words
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Lin, 2009 Critical Analysis - “Critically evaluate Lin, 2009. Is it true that an international student must learn a new way of thinking and writing when they come to study in a UK-type academic environment?” INTRODUCTION Nowadays, there is a lot of scientist and professional who want to learn English to benefit from its leading position of power in modern research and economy. Linn (2009) mentioned that he agree with what Schneider & Fujishima (1995) say about academic writing in English particularly after its long history of development....   [tags: Language] 1146 words
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Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi - Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi The Islamic tradition, as reflected in Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi, has over the course of history had an incredible impact on Arab culture. In Mahfouz’s time, Islamic practices combined with their political relevance proved a source of both great power and woe in Middle Eastern countries. As alluded to in Zaabalawi, Mahfouz asserts the fact that not all Muslims attain religious fulfillment through this common tradition, and other methods outside the scope of Islam may be necessary in true spiritual understanding....   [tags: Naguib Mahfouz Zaabalawi Essays] 532 words
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Saudi Women - Abstract Saudi Arabia is one of the few countries that set specific laws regarding women only. A woman is considered to be a second class citizen who must depend on a male relative in all situations. Until recently, women did not have their own identification cards separate from those of their fathers' or husbands'. Women were also limited to certain levels of education such as elementary or secondary school levels. More than that, they were restricted to limited job opportunities. The laws also prohibit a woman from driving a car regardless of her age or whatever situation she may face....   [tags: Saudi Arabia]
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Interactive Modeling Software & Oil in Saudi Arabia - Abstract Technology is a basic part in our daily life and facilitates many things to us. Searching for oil in Saudi Arabia cost the government millions of dollars each year and wastes a lot of time and effort, in this research paper I will determine the diversity of computerized searching systems, software, databases and services used in the companies, and how these technologies have made our life very easy. Interactive modeling software plays an important role in facilitating the process of searching for oil by saving money, effort and time....   [tags: Technology]
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The Clean Energy and the fossil fuels in Saudi Arabia - ... This essay will look at the arguments for the issue of using clear energy in Saudi Arabia. The first and most important reason for using the clean energy is because it is renewable and with huge sources amount and the most popular kinds of clean energy are solar power and wind power. These sources contain a hug amount raw energy which can Converse to electricity. In fact, the sun supplies the earth by energy. This energy is about 5000 times than what the world needs where the 105 minutes of the sun rays can product enough energy for three years of human's need (Asharqia chamber,2010)....   [tags: Environment, Oil] 1656 words
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The Development of IT Systems in Saudi Arabia's Public Sectors - Abstract One of the key priorities of governments internationally is to ensure that they will be able to develop the necessary mechanisms for the increase of their countries’ competitiveness in the international community. In this case, the increase of competitiveness is related with the increase of the power of the country to intervene in political issues of high importance; it is also related with the improvement of the country’s position in the global market. Information technology is commonly used as a tool of the achievement of the above targets (Xu et al., 2009, p.18); current study focuses on the potential role of information system as a tool for achieving competitive advantage; reference is made to the communication sector of Saudi Arabia....   [tags: Information Technology ]
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Saudi Arabia: History of Relationship to US - Although the United Sates and Saudi Arabia present the United States and Saudi Arabia’s relationship as excellent, there are actually two nations who have bitter disagreements but who allies through oil. The only thing that has held this alliance together is the US dependence on Saudi oil. The United States has felt and still fells that it is a necessity to have bases present in the Middle East to protect oil, and silently to protect Israel. The relationship began in 1933 when Standard Oil of California signed an agreement with the Saudi government....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Health Care Services Provided in Saudi Arabia - Health services are provided in the Saudi Arabia via three parties, namely: the Ministry of Health (MOH), government sectors and the private sector. These health services are provided at three levels. The first level is the primary health care, second level comprises the general hospitals and the third level consists of the specialist hospitals. Ministry of Planning (MOP, 1985). The main function of the Saudi health sector is to build up and provide high quality health services in every district of the Saudi Arabia (MOP, 1985)....   [tags: Health Care] 1194 words
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Economic Liablity System of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Risk is a fact of human life. And, contemporary living has more risk of a certain kind than living in the past. Take the case of economic activities particularly now in the international context. There are definitely more and greater risks now, especially in the securities or capital market, than when barter was still the medium of economic exchange in any country in the world. The current risks are not only occasioned by the hugeness of the business or organizational entities at play , the enormity of finances that are involved, and the complexity of the transactions that are concerned – among others....   [tags: Economics] 541 words
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Features of a Mosque - A mosque is a building used as a place of worship for Muslims. It is often referred to as a ‘masjid’ by many Muslims as this is the Arabic term for it. There are many features within the mosque all of which are necessary for the mosque to properly function. The most distinguished characteristic of a mosque is that it hosts the five daily prayers. These are performed in congregation with an Imam leading the prayer. The prayer hall has a distinctive type of carpet. This is since the carpet has sections all shaped like separate prayer mats so that there is no need to take out individual prayer mats for each person attending the mosque to pray....   [tags: Islam] 626 words
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Character Analysis: Laila - The poem “Laila” from Terrain Tracks by Pervi Shah has the theme of disillusion through travel. It is an interpretation of “Layla” by Eric Clapton, who states, “What'll you do when you get lonely And nobody's waiting by your side. You've been running and hiding much too long.” The poem is written dramatically through the eyes of the main character of Laila. She is characterized as Arabic descent, as shown through her Arabic descendent name and her hair being recognized by others as a significant feature, “a black bell” that “surrounds her”....   [tags: Poetry] 601 words
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Lebanese Awakening - Lebanese Awakening Under the Ottoman Empire, the Lebanese enjoyed a social & cultural development phase that was flourishing. The Lebanese Christians kept good ties with the Europeans that would occasionally visit and spread their influence. The Ottoman reform had an impact on every part of the Empire, including a major role in Lebanon. The Muslims recognized the strength and superiority of the western military; therefore they adopted some of the westerners’ methods. The Muslims feared the western domination, but were subject to change for scientific enhancements....   [tags: history] 820 words
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Islam - Visiting a mosque for the first time for any non-Muslim can be quite a daunting and intimidating experience if one doesn’t know exactly what to expect. A mosque is the place of prayer for Muslims within the Islamic faith. It is a house of prayer, one very much like that of churches and cathedrals for Christians, Synagogues for Jews, and temples for Hindus and Buddhists, but with its own distinct rules, rituals, and services. Mosques are not only the center of religious prayer amongst Muslims, but rather also serve as the center of any Muslim community and society in the area....   [tags: essays research papers] 1823 words
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Islam: The Rich Culture of the Middle East - With 1.5 billion followers worldwide, the religion of Islam is the second most popular religion over the entire globe, and follows a strict set of rules derived from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, a messenger of God, or Allah. Founded in 622 C.E. (also known as A.D.) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion that drew inspiration from earlier religions like Christianity and Judaism. It is divided into three different sections- the Sunni, Shi’a and Sufi sects. The Qur’an is the holy book of Islam, and is considered the unaltered word of Allah....   [tags: Islam ]
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Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism - Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two contrasting terms that are displayed by different people all over the world. Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide....   [tags: Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Culture Essays] 500 words
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Egypt - Executive Summary Egypt today can be a viable market for the foreign investor, especially the investor who has the ability to see the rewards of in investing in the region for the long haul. The world and Egypt both realize that the region is the gateway to the Middle East. Egypt is leading the way for Arabic countries to embrace a new way of doing business and opening their borders to the ‘global village’ concept. Size of Market The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in Northern Africa and borders Libya, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, as well as the Mediterranean and Red Seas....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Crude Annointment: Islam and Oil in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Crude Annointment: Islam and Oil in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Crude oil is perhaps more easily found than water in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which is home to nearly a quarter of the world's proven petroleum reserves (Klare 55). Naturally, this has caught the rapacious eye of the United States, which has, especially since the establishment in 1980 of the Carter Doctrine, increasingly defined the security of its extra-national oil supplies as a matter of vital national interest even during times of peace (33)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Oil States - Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait - The Oil States - Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait Crude oil is a staple in modern society. Crude oil is an extremely efficient energy source giving out about 100x the energy it takes to garner it. Hence, for the century, man has been extremely dependant on petroleum using it primarily to fuel means of transportation. As a result, wars and various conflicts have been waged over control of oil fields in the Middle East. The United States, being the largest consumer of oil in the world is tightly tied to the economics of the Middle East....   [tags: Energy Oil Renewable Dependency] 1120 words
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The Drawing of the Lute - Although most of the images were pretty impressive, but the ones I liked were : 1) The Drawing of the Lute : The lute derives its name, as well as its distinctive shape, from the Arabic 'ud, an instrument which is very much at the heart of Arabic musical life to this day. 'Al 'ud' means 'the wooden one', a name perhaps coined to distinguish the 'ud from instruments made from gourds or with parchment soundboards. Since being in Dubai, In most Arabic festivals lute is the instrument that is been played, because of this I love the music as well played by Lute....   [tags: essays research papers] 489 words
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This is gay - nstalling over Windows 2000 releases ------------------------------------- Typical and full installations are not currently available for Windows 2000. Internet Explorer 6 will install a minimal set of files onto your system. This includes the Internet Explorer 6 Web browser and scripting support. Uninstalling Internet Explorer 6 before upgrading to Windows 2000 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Windows 2000 contains an earlier version of Internet Explorer components than Internet Explorer 6....   [tags: essays research papers] 553 words
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A Brief History of Islam - There are three great western religions that through history have globally expanded throughout the world. One of those western religions is Islam. Islam was first introduced and developed on the Arabian Peninsula. Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, is a monotheistic religion. Islam means "submission" to one god. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims. One primary leader of Islam is a man named Muhammad. When an economy began to develop in the Arabian Peninsula and the city of Mecca played a major role in the prosperous economy....   [tags: World History] 549 words
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The Mosque - The Mosque The mosque is an Islamic holy place; in Arabic it is called a Masjid. It simply means the ‘place of prostration’ because frankly speaking you can make a mosque any where in the world as long as a Muslim kneels to prostrate. To recognize there are many unique features which you can tell it is a Masjid. There are two things that differentiate as to whether it is a Masjid or not. They are the a Dome and a Minaret. The Dome is a vital part of the Masjid as it allows the air to travel and make the Masjid Prayer Hall cooler....   [tags: Papers] 540 words
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Mere Existence of the State of Israel threat to Islam - What is the relation between the state of Israel and Islam. When I went through Qur'an, already in the first sura I encountered a problem, which is not to be solved easily. The book says that Allah leads the muslim people in the way of justice, not the way of those with whom he's angry. According to a widely accepted interpretation these are the Jews. During his time Muhammad had to be in contact with the Jews and he probably knew their history as well. It is a history of losing their own country, losing their own identity....   [tags: essays research papers] 656 words
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What is Islam? - What is Islam. "Islam" is derived from the Arabic root salaama meaning peace, purity, submission and obedience. Islam stands for making peace by submitting to the will of God and obeying His law. Jews and Christians view Islam as the latest of the world's great religions. However, worldwide Muslims (sometimes written "Moslems") understand their universal religion as the "final religion" and the "primal religion."   As "final," Islam is God's final revelation of prophetic religion, in fulfillment of all that had preceded....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 1371 words
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