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Heterotopias and Their Application in Arabic Literature and Cinema - ... The loss of innocence, under the guidelines of a heterotopia are supposed to occur separate from the norms of society and under consent. However, her deflowering occurs in a rape, in an open field: Lost in her thoughts, she did not notice the car had stopped at an indistinct plot of land…One hour. In only one hour, her life had come to an end. In only one hour, her dreams were shattered. In only one hour, she thought bitterly, she had become a woman. She was no longer a virgin. Sarah description of where she is raped an indistinct plot of land and then explains that in the course of an hour she was forced to endure her coming of age, loss of innocence and loss of virginity through brute force....   [tags: Arabic Literature ] 2222 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Arabic Invasion - ... The Arabic conquest of Spain shows a great example for its succession. The kingdom of “Al Andalus” displayed political centralism; it became an important location for trade It is also true that conquering armies too are affected by the culture of the conquered lands. The Abbasid period also witnessed the Muslim Agriculture Revolution and the Scientific Revolution during the reigns of al-Mansur 9754-775, Harun Al Rashid 786-809 and Al-Mamun 809-813.Thus, when Crete was conquered in 827 AD, the Arab civilization was surely at its peak....   [tags: Social Studies]
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1309 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Rise of Arabic Civilization - The first cause for the rise of the Arabic civilization was that the Arab invasions politically united a massive portion of the world from Spain to India. This was a union that continued defeating pending the fall of the Omayyads in 750. The fading of so many separating frontiers was the beginning to the construction of new Arabic societies. The Arabs passed their language around by defeating one nation after another. The more the language increased among non-Arabs, additional information of Arabic multiplied with it....   [tags: World History] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Arabic Stemming: Challenges and Techniques - ... The last stage is the stem generation engine. The engine built based on the database that is created in the first stage, and the stem generator. The engine then produces a list of all stems. 4.2 Stem Extraction Stemming extraction algorithms can be classified to: root dictionary-based, affixes removal, rule-based, affixes and pattern based, and neural network based. The root dictionary is depends on a list of roots. Affixes removal removes the prefixes and suffixes depending on lists of them set of conditions....   [tags: Language ]
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3173 words
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Persian/Arabic Script - Abstract Persian/Arabic script has special complexities that make generating its fonts difficult. Some challenges in Persian/Arabic script generating process are various letters forms, number of dots in some letters and writing cursive forms. Some other challenges are related to the calligraphic art, how to fetch its rules, how to formulate them and how to design its algorithm. Cellular automata (CA) are one of the pattern generation methods. Here we generate typeface patterns by CA. In this paper, Asynchronous two dimensional CA is used for algorithm design of Persian/Arabic Ma'qeli typeface patterns and various neighborhoods are investigated for using patterns generation rules....   [tags: Language] 1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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Haji: Arabic Word for Pilgrimage - Haji: Arabic Word for Pilgrimage Hajj is the Arabic word for pilgrimage and pilgrimage means a special journey of a religious significance. The word Hajj is to set out with a definite purpose and Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. The five pillars of Islam are: Shahadah which is statement of belief, Sawm - is fasting during Ramadi, Salah prayer five times a day which is communicating with Allah. Zakat charitable giving and the fifth pillar of Islam is Hajj which is pilgrimage to Makkah....   [tags: Papers] 475 words
(1.4 pages)
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Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture - Comparing Islamic and Arabic Architecture Works Cited Missing The Hagia Sophia church and the Suleymaniye mosque are separated by a thousand years but are tied together eternally. One representing the achievement of the Christian-Byzantine empire and the other representing the ability of the Islamic-Ottoman empire and its architect Sinan. Two empires that had very little in common other than their architecture and region. In earlier history the Dome of the Rock represented the Islamic empire's attempt to rival the newly defeated Byzantine empire and its architectural achievements such as the Holy Sepulchre....   [tags: Compare Contrast] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Analyzing of Arabic: Through Culture, History and Linguistics - ... In the years before, Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan would decree that the language of the entire Empire that stretched from west Africa to west Asia would now be speaking only Arabic, not just for his own ineligible purposes but because Arabic was believed to be the language of god. One language was revered above all others. Arabic gave much freedom to intellectuals in the Empire. With new knowledge in the hands of one empire and culture, and with the ease and flow of which communication could now take place through a unifying language, scholars started to arise and do things like invent new mathematics....   [tags: Language] 2146 words
(6.1 pages)
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Contrastive Rhetoric Between Arabic and English Languages - ... The first problem that many non-native speakers have is that they think in their native language and this causes problems in conversion (Connor 3). The need is for the writer to think in the target language they are writing in, but it is a difficult skill to master (Connor). Another issue that Middle Eastern writers have is that instructors have thought, at least in the past, that there is an inherent superiority of Western languages over the Eastern (Connor). Arabic scholars have been “critical of previous contrastive rhetorical research of Arabic, which is “characterized by a general vagueness of thought which stems from overemphasis on the symbol at the expense of the meaning,” or as analyzing “Arabic writers as confused, coming to the same point two or three times from different angles, and so on” (Connor)....   [tags: Language ]
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I am Arabic, I am an American! - After many hours of dissecting my own thoughts and ideas about the terrorist acts against my country, the United States of America, I have decided that there is no right or wrong way to handle the situation. The fact is, something just has to be done. I have studied our involvement in World War II, but the attack on the World Trade Center has really affected me. I grew up with the idea that although German- and Japanese-American citizens are innocent, many of us still have stereotypes about them....   [tags: Sociology Racism Prejudice Essays] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Expression of Desires In Arabic Women’s Novels - Expression of Desires In Arabic Women’s Novels Picking an original and engaging topic that is able to span all five of the very different authors’ novels we examined this semester proved to be a difficult task. Though there are certainly similarities between each book and overlying themes that connect them, ultimately I didn’t want to get tied down into the shifty and unsafe territory of placing novels together solely because one, they are all written by women; or two, they all emerge out of the Arabic world....   [tags: Arab Culture Cultural Essays]
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4838 words
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How Does Globalization Affect Cultural Traditions in the Arabic Communities? - ... The second way globalization is effect Arab culture and tradition is the education. In Arab countries like Egypt and GCC, foreign schools and universities have opened providing a excellent education and better opportunity for students. These foreign schools and universities are a new trend in Arab World (El-Hawat, 2007, p.5). However, the Arab students that study there get influence by the West ideas and culture and this can conflict with their parents and family and cause problems. Globalization also is effect on Arabic media – music, movies and the TV channels....   [tags: Globalization ]
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917 words
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Arab Representation in the Media vs. the Internet - Arab Representation in the Media vs. the Internet The Arab culture is one that traces far into religious and cultural roots. Family is considered the most influential, supportive, and important aspect in Arabic life. The value held on religion has had such a grave effect that even laws have been established following various religious guidelines. Basically, the Arab culture is not what most have come to understand. Stereotypes perpetuated by the media and press have had more subtle effects then outright violence....   [tags: Arabic Arabs Culture Essays]
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Major Themes of the Koran - Major Themes of the Koran I. NATURE AND PURPOSE OF THE KORAN This is the Book, in which there is no doubt, a guide for the God-fearing, who believe in the unseen and perform the prayer and spend of that which We have bestowed upon them, and who believe in that which is revealed unto thee [Muhammad] and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter. [2:2-4] It is a glorious Koran, on a guarded tablet. [85:21-22] Lo. We have revealed it, a Koran in Arabic, that ye may understand....   [tags: Islamic Arabic Religion Essays] 4800 words
(13.7 pages)
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Al-Ghazâlî, Causality, and Knowledge - Al-Ghazâlî, Causality, and Knowledge ABSTRACT: Few passages in Arabic philosophy have attracted as much attention as al-Ghazâlî's discussion of causality in the seventeenth discussion of Tahâfut al-Falsafa, along with the response of Ibn Rushd (Averroës) in his Tahâfut al-Tahâfut. A question often asked is to what extent al-Ghazâlî can be called an occasionalist; that is, whether he follows other Kalâm thinkers in restricting causal agency to God alone. What has not been thoroughly addressed in previous studies is a question which al-Ghazâlî and Ibn Rushd both see as decisive in the seventeenth discussion: what theory of causality is sufficient to explain human knowledge....   [tags: Arabic Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 3904 words
(11.2 pages)
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Transformation of Islam - ... As conquered tribes accept Arabic traditions under pressure, non-Arabic languages and customs re-emerge in literature high culture after decline in Arab milieu (lecture 2, week 4). Ferdowsi’s “Shahname” has made huge impact on the subsequent development of the literature in the Persian language. “Shahname” is a chronicle of Persian kings from pre-Islamic times to the Arab conquest in the 700s, which brings up themes of victory and defeat, glory and shame of Iranian Shahs. Ferdowsi has collected data on pre-Islamic history of Iran and has expressed it in verse, having shown Persians their rich political heritage and cultural traditions in their native language....   [tags: Religion, Arabic Culture, Central Asia] 1767 words
(5 pages)
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Influence of Cultures on "The Thousand and One Nights" - Influence of Cultures on "The Thousand and One Nights" Stories like Sindbad, Aladdin and the Magic Lamp and other popular stories are very common today in the western culture. Animated movies were also made for the entertainment of kids on these popular stories. One might wonder that where these stories originated and how it came down and made place in the western culture. Although these stories are very popular in both the western culture and the eastern culture but the original literary work is not so popular in common people....   [tags: Thousand One Nights Arabic Culture] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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Alienation in the lives of Arab Women - Alienation in the lives of Arab Women Alienation: al·ien·a·tion ( l y -n sh n, l - -) n. The act of alienating or the condition of being alienated; estrangement; isolation or dissociation. Alienation is a concept that is universal to all people of all cultures in the world and throughout all time periods. These feelings of alienation, in some form or another, have affected every human begin that has ever taken a breath and will until the race is extinct. It is these feelings of alienation that influence so many of our activities, our thoughts, and the way we shape our lives and the manner in which we form our societies....   [tags: Research Culture Arabic Essays]
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7166 words
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Self-Determination in Arab Society - Self-Determination in Arab Society Since World War Two, much of the developing world has been in transition. One such idea that saw a re-birth was that of self-determination-- be it on the national level or on the personal level. Self-determination on a national level means the independence of a country; on a personal level, it is the determination of one own fate. This can be seen in various ways with our five women characters, Maha, Um Saad, Nadia, Yusra and Suad. In the forward of Daughters of Abraham, Karen Armstrong notes that Islam is "adamantly opposed to the subjection of one human being by another," "insist that men and women were created by God image" and "both sexes have equal rights and responsibilities before God." Strong and resourceful women have played a key role in history and yet Islam has pushed women into an inferior and marginal position, excluding them from full participation in the social, cultural and religious life of the community....   [tags: Arabic Culture Cultural Essays] 5933 words
(17 pages)
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The Arab-Israeli Conflict - The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the most prolonged and bloody conflicts in not only modern history, but in the ancient world as well. The roots of the conflict, as well as the arguments on both sides, are as diversified and complicated as the conflict itself.      The Israelites started to conquer and settle the “land of Canaan,” which is present day Israel, in 1250 B.C.. King Solomon ruled the Israelites and the land of Israel from 961-922 B.C.. Following his reign, Israel was split up into two kingdoms....   [tags: History Arabic Israel Essays] 3551 words
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The Arab Woman - The Arab Woman The Arab woman, is there really a clear cut, precisely defined profile of what characterizes a woman of Arabia. Barren sand dunes, nomadic tribes of cloaked men, wearing turbans, mounted on camels, wielding swords, and their weak woman folk to whom they dictate. This is a classic Hollywood image of the Arab’s of the Middle East. The helpless female who is subjected to the will of her militant husband or aggressive father is nothing new to the average person of the present time, where being dutiful and being tyrannized can easily have the same definition in Hollywood and American media....   [tags: Females Culture Cultural Essays Arabic]
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The Contemporary vs. the Traditional - The Contemporary vs. the Traditional “The Arab woman shares with her sisters a common fate: a life of renunciation, of captivity, during which she will have to atone for her sin of having been born a woman in a hyper-male society where the ever-present feminine remains synonymous with shame and threat (Salman, 6).” ~Magida Salman The four novels—Pillars of Salt, A Woman of Five Seasons, A Balcony over Fakihani, and Dreams of Trespass— depict the plight of being a woman in various regions across the Middle East....   [tags: Arab Women Culture Arabic Cultural Essays] 4480 words
(12.8 pages)
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Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority - Arabic in Israel Sociolinguistics and Development of Israel’s Arab Minority The objective of this report is to give a concise study regarding the Arab minority in Israel. It will trace some significant issues that have impacted the overall linguistic reality, nevertheless the marginalization of Arabs in that small but complex country. It will track the language policy adopted in that country, the educational, political,practical,social,ideological reasons that have lead to the Arabic status in Israel....   [tags: Social Issues] 1354 words
(3.9 pages)
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Transformation of Islam: Islam in the societies of Central Asia - ... In general, ibn Sina’s memoirs facilitated the transformation of the Arabic language from just religious language of into the language of science, thus glorifying Islam to world civilization as a religion that welcomes flourishing of science and showing that Islam is not restricted by the teachings of the Koran. Historically, the conversion of sedentary Central Asia to Islam was long and complex process. It took almost a century for Arabs to convert Central Asia to Islam. The people that the Arabs encountered already had fully-formed cultures and world-view, so it was psychologically difficult for them to immediately accept a new religion and deny their old beliefs....   [tags: History, Turk Tribes, Arabs] 1931 words
(5.5 pages)
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Vowels Mispronunciation Among Arab ESL Learners - ... Wang and Good (2008) understand collocations as pairs of words that language speakers associate with each other but there are no general semantic or syntactic rules that determine the word pair formation. Acquisition of collocations is dependent upon identifying words that are frequently associated together. Understood as an “important component of fluent linguistic production” (Hyland, 2008:04), collocations are a largely neglected area of SLA research (Shei & Pain, 2000). In the later studies on collocational use of consonants and vowels, it was identified that ESL and EFL learners encounter problems with collocation use in their written and oral production and linguists suggested that collocations should be included in learning and teaching of ESL and EFL studies....   [tags: Language ]
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A SOCIOLINGUISTIC AUTOBIOGRAPHY - I was born and raised in Al-Ahsa in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. I lived there until I became twenty-three then I moved to Abha in the Southern Province. My family is originally from Al-baha which is also in the Southern Province. I acquired the Arabic Eastern dialect when I was a child to talk to my peers and teachers in Al-Ahsa, however at home I spoke my parents' dialect that (which) is very different from the Eastern Province and from other Southern Province’s dialects. When I was at school I had different social relationships with people from different places in Saudi Arabia that lasts until I graduate from high school....   [tags: Language] 755 words
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General Muhammed Zia-ul-haq - Pakistan History - Q. Discuss in detail the Islamization programme of General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq as the president of Pakistan. A. Islamization Programme of General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq: - Background: - General Muhammed Zia-ul-Haq proclaimed Martial Law in 1977 and assumed the office of the President of the country. The then government had to issue several martial law regulations to effectively control the aggravating situation in the country. There is one strong opinion which has effectively prevailed over the years and that is hat the process of Islamization, in fact, began the day the Qadianis were declared as non-Muslims on their negation of the finality of Prophethood in 1974....   [tags: essays research papers] 480 words
(1.4 pages)
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Standardization of Language - Standardization of Language Language is a method in which individuals communicate to get their opinion and ideas across to the other party. It varies in its communication methods; it can be verbal and physical i.e. body language. A language is significantly related to the speaker’s language culture and identity, any alteration in language causes an effect on identity. Therefore I believe that language should be standardized under specific rules, regulations that support the language and prevent merging with other languages to avoid cultural assimilation....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Speaking Essays] 832 words
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The Arab Youth: Empowered by Technology Infused with Tradition - ... The possible influence of such a solution can already be seen in today’s world as the growing number of Arabic users on the internet, specifically the technologically savvy youth ,have brought forth the use of Arabic text in computers and websites and the use of this text for addresses to websites. For example, for websites based in Jordan, instead of ending with a “.jo,” they may now end with “. الأردن” (Jordan Opens Registration, 2010). At the helm of all these changes are the youth of the region who have been quick to adopt these technologies....   [tags: Social Media ]
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The Use of Punctuation Marks in the Writing of Libyan Students - ... 106), “a syntactic unit which contains a finite verb” (Fischer 1984, p. 15, cited in Polio 1997, p. 107), comprised of one subject-verb combination, though the subject may be compound and thus making up a clause with “more than one constituent” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p. 106). These features describe the English sentence. However, one of the primary problems with the English independent clause for Arab EFL writers is that conversely to the simple sentence rule in English, “in Arabic the same construction shows more flexibility in the distribution and movement of its components” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p....   [tags: Education, English Grammar] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Increase In Racism After 9/11 - ... Did you know that Arabian people have a much greater fear of immigration or hate crimes than any other race since September 11th, 2001. (Ramahi 1) Arabian race is discriminated still today, even though the crashing of the planes happened 10 years ago. After 9/11 there has been a decrease in the Arabian people in America. Before 9/11 there was about 41% Arabian people; now that it is 10 years later, there has been a decrease and now there is only a 38% population. (Elliott 1). It may be surprising to some, but normal to the rest of us it is normal, especially since we and other nations have been “kicking them out”....   [tags: Racism ]
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Aquarius - Aquarius Aquarius can be found in the SE sky in autumn, especially October. A dark night is especially helpful because many faint stars make up Aquarius. This will help to make the fainter stars stand out because its hard enough to see a shape in Aquarius. Up and to the west of aquarius, pegasus can be found. Down and to the east of aquarius, capricorn can be found. Aquarius portrays a man or boy spilling water from an urn. Aquarius is identified with Ganymede, a beautiful young shepherd who was abducted by Zeus and taken to Mount Olympus to be the cup bearer for the gods....   [tags: essays research papers] 430 words
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Challenges International Students Face Studying in the UK - ... The second feature of the UK academic writing is that Jordan (1997) cited in Linn (2009) states that foreign students are less likely to structure their writing very well. Linn argues is completely true. A great number of students who are non-native speakers find difficulty when they attempt to make a plan for their essay. For instance, on account of the fact that writing in English has a particular structure depending on the question, Arabic students usually spend long time deciding which organisation they will choose to write....   [tags: Education] 953 words
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Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi - Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi The Islamic tradition, as reflected in Naguib Mahfouz’s Zaabalawi, has over the course of history had an incredible impact on Arab culture. In Mahfouz’s time, Islamic practices combined with their political relevance proved a source of both great power and woe in Middle Eastern countries. As alluded to in Zaabalawi, Mahfouz asserts the fact that not all Muslims attain religious fulfillment through this common tradition, and other methods outside the scope of Islam may be necessary in true spiritual understanding....   [tags: Naguib Mahfouz Zaabalawi Essays] 532 words
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Islam - Beliefs Muslims believe that God revealed His final message to humanity through the Islamic prophet Muhammad (c. 570 - July 6, 632) via the angel Gabriel.[16] Muhammad is considered to have been God's final prophet, the "Seal of the Prophets". The Qur'an is believed by Muslims to be the revelations Muhammad received in 23 years of his preaching.[17] Muslims hold that the message of Islam - submission to the will of the one God - is the same as the message preached by all the messengers sent by God to humanity since Adam....   [tags: Religion Muslim] 1889 words
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Gender Differerences in Language Learning - ... The questionnaires contained seven items or categories that the students were supposed to address. These categories included memory, cognition, compensation, metacognition, social, affection and metaphysic. These represented the seven categories of Language Learning Strategies. Data analysis: The researchers performed a one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) in order to find out whether there existed any difference in the use of Language Learning Strategies between genders. According to Fujikoshi, Ulyanov and Shimizu (2010), one-way MANOVA tests two or more groups in order to determine the difference between the groups....   [tags: Education, Teaching]
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Lebanese Awakening - Lebanese Awakening Under the Ottoman Empire, the Lebanese enjoyed a social & cultural development phase that was flourishing. The Lebanese Christians kept good ties with the Europeans that would occasionally visit and spread their influence. The Ottoman reform had an impact on every part of the Empire, including a major role in Lebanon. The Muslims recognized the strength and superiority of the western military; therefore they adopted some of the westerners’ methods. The Muslims feared the western domination, but were subject to change for scientific enhancements....   [tags: history] 820 words
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Islam - Visiting a mosque for the first time for any non-Muslim can be quite a daunting and intimidating experience if one doesn’t know exactly what to expect. A mosque is the place of prayer for Muslims within the Islamic faith. It is a house of prayer, one very much like that of churches and cathedrals for Christians, Synagogues for Jews, and temples for Hindus and Buddhists, but with its own distinct rules, rituals, and services. Mosques are not only the center of religious prayer amongst Muslims, but rather also serve as the center of any Muslim community and society in the area....   [tags: essays research papers] 1823 words
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Communication through Writing - What constitutes the nature of a successful writer. Could it solely lie on an interest that fuels the progression of effective expression through writing. Or could the drive to write simply flow from the realization of mastery in understanding what it takes to capture true emotion through writing. It most probably is a clever combination of each. As I think more about it, it seems as though the most logical explanation for why anyone truly excels in a skill is due largely to a driving interest from within....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Personal Experience] 735 words
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Struggles Within the Middle East: United States Supplying Israel During the Yom Kippur War - ... Atiqi confirmed he had sent messages to the other Ministers and was awaiting their responses. Atiqi had then become sharply critical of the U.S. stand on the Middle East conflict. Atiqi’s message was: Don’t force us into something drastic; do not compel us to act prematurely against U.S. oil interests; the West must leave us alone and not intervene against the Arabs.” The United States, fully aware of the immediate cause created by choosing sides in the Yom Kippur War, became challenged on both internal and external levels....   [tags: U.S. History]
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Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism - Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two contrasting terms that are displayed by different people all over the world. Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide....   [tags: Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Culture Essays] 500 words
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Egypt - Executive Summary Egypt today can be a viable market for the foreign investor, especially the investor who has the ability to see the rewards of in investing in the region for the long haul. The world and Egypt both realize that the region is the gateway to the Middle East. Egypt is leading the way for Arabic countries to embrace a new way of doing business and opening their borders to the ‘global village’ concept. Size of Market The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in Northern Africa and borders Libya, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, as well as the Mediterranean and Red Seas....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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English Academic Writing - ... Secondly, linn just represented one example about Finnish writers who use fewer explicit discourse markers than English writers. This mean that Finnish students have to study an English academic style of writing not all international students. In addition, linn did not give an example about some languages which place emphasis on coherence of meaning instead of coherence of form. Secondly, (linn,2009, p.3) states that a high levels of metaphor are used by the UK media or American business communication and also all language use it to convey the meaning....   [tags: Higher Education ] 753 words
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Lin, 2009 Critical Analysis - ... For example they eat, live and talk differently. According to Kaplan’s data which used(see Connor,2002;Hirsose,2003) shows how writer’s cultural backgrounds influence their writing structure. A lot of people may not argue with Kaplan, the culture is a historical window to the past. People can imagine how life was in the past, they take knowledge and value from generation to generation. People might be proud of their country history and culture and they may want to share it with others. Kaplan (1966) suggested that Anglo-European essay follow a linear development in writing an argument....   [tags: Language] 1146 words
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The Drawing of the Lute - Although most of the images were pretty impressive, but the ones I liked were : 1) The Drawing of the Lute : The lute derives its name, as well as its distinctive shape, from the Arabic 'ud, an instrument which is very much at the heart of Arabic musical life to this day. 'Al 'ud' means 'the wooden one', a name perhaps coined to distinguish the 'ud from instruments made from gourds or with parchment soundboards. Since being in Dubai, In most Arabic festivals lute is the instrument that is been played, because of this I love the music as well played by Lute....   [tags: essays research papers] 489 words
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This is gay - nstalling over Windows 2000 releases ------------------------------------- Typical and full installations are not currently available for Windows 2000. Internet Explorer 6 will install a minimal set of files onto your system. This includes the Internet Explorer 6 Web browser and scripting support. Uninstalling Internet Explorer 6 before upgrading to Windows 2000 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Windows 2000 contains an earlier version of Internet Explorer components than Internet Explorer 6....   [tags: essays research papers] 553 words
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A Brief History of Islam - There are three great western religions that through history have globally expanded throughout the world. One of those western religions is Islam. Islam was first introduced and developed on the Arabian Peninsula. Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, is a monotheistic religion. Islam means "submission" to one god. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims. One primary leader of Islam is a man named Muhammad. When an economy began to develop in the Arabian Peninsula and the city of Mecca played a major role in the prosperous economy....   [tags: World History] 549 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Mosque - The Mosque The mosque is an Islamic holy place; in Arabic it is called a Masjid. It simply means the ‘place of prostration’ because frankly speaking you can make a mosque any where in the world as long as a Muslim kneels to prostrate. To recognize there are many unique features which you can tell it is a Masjid. There are two things that differentiate as to whether it is a Masjid or not. They are the a Dome and a Minaret. The Dome is a vital part of the Masjid as it allows the air to travel and make the Masjid Prayer Hall cooler....   [tags: Papers] 540 words
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Mere Existence of the State of Israel threat to Islam - What is the relation between the state of Israel and Islam. When I went through Qur'an, already in the first sura I encountered a problem, which is not to be solved easily. The book says that Allah leads the muslim people in the way of justice, not the way of those with whom he's angry. According to a widely accepted interpretation these are the Jews. During his time Muhammad had to be in contact with the Jews and he probably knew their history as well. It is a history of losing their own country, losing their own identity....   [tags: essays research papers] 656 words
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Features of a Mosque - A mosque is a building used as a place of worship for Muslims. It is often referred to as a ‘masjid’ by many Muslims as this is the Arabic term for it. There are many features within the mosque all of which are necessary for the mosque to properly function. The most distinguished characteristic of a mosque is that it hosts the five daily prayers. These are performed in congregation with an Imam leading the prayer. The prayer hall has a distinctive type of carpet. This is since the carpet has sections all shaped like separate prayer mats so that there is no need to take out individual prayer mats for each person attending the mosque to pray....   [tags: Islam] 626 words
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Character Analysis: Laila - The poem “Laila” from Terrain Tracks by Pervi Shah has the theme of disillusion through travel. It is an interpretation of “Layla” by Eric Clapton, who states, “What'll you do when you get lonely And nobody's waiting by your side. You've been running and hiding much too long.” The poem is written dramatically through the eyes of the main character of Laila. She is characterized as Arabic descent, as shown through her Arabic descendent name and her hair being recognized by others as a significant feature, “a black bell” that “surrounds her”....   [tags: Poetry] 601 words
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What is Islam? - What is Islam. "Islam" is derived from the Arabic root salaama meaning peace, purity, submission and obedience. Islam stands for making peace by submitting to the will of God and obeying His law. Jews and Christians view Islam as the latest of the world's great religions. However, worldwide Muslims (sometimes written "Moslems") understand their universal religion as the "final religion" and the "primal religion."   As "final," Islam is God's final revelation of prophetic religion, in fulfillment of all that had preceded....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays] 1371 words
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Comparative analysis of the rise of religious extremism in Arab and Indian Politics - Comparative analysis of the rise of religious extremism in Arab and Indian Politics The cases being discussed by the authors here are more significant than the discussion of any other Muslim or Hindu nation because of the fact that these cases discuss the role of these religions in their respective birthplaces. We can realize the importance of this point by considering, for example that the Islamic countries worldwide look towards the Arabic ulemas for validation of their Islamic policies and also each fatwa issued by the Arab ulemas is almost always followed by a similar action by their counterparts in other countries....   [tags: Plolitical Science Politics Essays] 873 words
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Multiculturalism - Multiculturalism Multiculturalism. A long often misleading word, but what does it mean. Does it mean the combining of all cultures to form one that is meant to be the best of all. Or does it mean a world where all cultures thrive equally well and each is respected. Oddly enough, neither is often true. The true meaning lies not in the intent of the word itself, but in the real world application of it. Quite recently, I began working near a family who moved to the United States of America within the last couple of years....   [tags: Teaching Eduaction Essays] 760 words
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Orientalist Musings and their Applicability to Three Kings - Orientalist Musings and their Applicability to Three Kings The concept of Orientalism is one in which Edward Said, a renowned intellectual with a solid background in the field of Arab study, is particularly knowledgeable. If the concepts surrounding Orientalism are broken down into specific elemental degrees, then Said portrays the American conception of Arabic entities and their inhabitants with a plethora of stereotypes that generate a false depiction of the Arabic culture. This, of course, is only an extremely small portion of the grandiose Orientalist dilemma that is currently quite prevalent in modern day society....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Africa from A to Z - Africa A to Z By: Doug Wilson Algeria Algeria is the second-largest country in Africa. Oil and gas products make up for most of Algeria’s exports. Algeria ranks as the second largest exporter of gas and oil products after Russia. The Sahara desert makes up more than 90 percent of Algeria’s territory. The population of Algeria is approximately 31 million people. The primary language of Algeria is Arabic, although French dialects are also widely spoken. The primary religion of this country is Sunni Muslim....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Cultural Competence - The American Academy of Family Physicians website defines cultural competence as: “A set of congruent behaviors, attitudes and policies that come together as a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professionals to work effectively in cross-cultural situations. The word "culture" is used because it implies the integrated pattern of human thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values and institutions of a racial, ethnic, religious or social group....   [tags: essays research papers] 989 words
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Progression Of Islamic Art - There exist three basic components of traditional Islamic art: calligraphy, geometric patterns, and floral and vegetal motifs. These three stylistic tools are beautifully rendered and masterfully integrated into complex works of art, but there is no question that artistic expression is severely limited under these categorizations. However, this limitation stems from Islamic theology and concept of art. The main reason for the limitation imposed on visual art is the Islamic theological prohibition of figural imagery....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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The Main Controversies of Medieval Thought in the 12th and 13th Centuries - The Main Controversies of Medieval Thought in the 12th and 13th Centuries The twelfth and thirteenth centuries were a time of great controversy for medieval scholars. New systems of thought were being developed and implemented that challenged the accepted teachings of the church. Some fought to preserve tradition, others fought to destroy it, while still others sought to find a common ground between the two. The greatest controversy of the times, it can be said, was that of faith and reason....   [tags: Papers] 1044 words
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The Different Names of Fibonacci - The Different Names of Fibonacci In 1175 AD, one of the greatest European mathematicians was born. His birth name was Leonardo Pisano. Pisano is Italian for the city of Pisa, which is where Leonardo was born. Leonardo wanted to carry his family name so he called himself Fibonacci, which is pronounced fib-on-arch-ee. Guglielmo Bonnacio was Leonardo's father. Fibonacci is a nickname, which comes from filius Bonacci, meaning son of Bonacci. However, occasionally Leonardo would us Bigollo as his last name....   [tags: Papers] 1811 words
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The Holy Book of Islam - The Holy Book of Islam According to the traditional account the Koran was revealed to Muhammad, usually by an angel, gradually over a period of years until his death in 632 C.E. It is not clear how much of the Koran had been written down by the time of Muhammad's death, but it seems probable that there was no single manuscript in which the Prophet himself had collected all the revelations. Nonetheless, there are traditions which describe how the Prophet dictated this or that portion of the Koran to his secretaries The Qur'an (Koran, Quran) is the Holy Book of Islam and the religions most sacred writing....   [tags: Papers] 646 words
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The Impact of Blogging on Middle Eastern Society - ... The coverage of his death in the blogosphere, like Neda’s, created a renaissance in the Egypt movement, leading to some of the largest protests in Egypt since the 1952 Officer’s Revolution (Fahim, n. pag.). Although these events received notable coverage on large satellite outlets in both the Arab and Western world, it was bloggers who brought them to the hearts and minds of the Egyptian and Iranian people. Not all Middle Eastern bloggers focus exclusively on activist politics, however. Recently there have been many so-called “bridge building bloggers” who target an entirely Western audience to shift Western perception of the Arab world in the wake of crises of misunderstanding....   [tags: Arabs, Blogs, Internet]
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Islam: The Rich Culture of the Middle East - ... Besides the Qur’an, Muslims also study the hadith, which are the records of the customs of the Prophet (Muhammad.) It is not held as highly as the Qur’an, and isn’t a holy book, but is another way that Muslims unify their culture. The three different sects of Islam are the Sunni, the Shi’a and the Sufi. There are other denominations, but these are the main ones. They all have similar beliefs, but vary in theological and legal areas. 85 percent of all Muslims are Sunni, with 14 percent being Shi’a and the last percent being culminated from all other sects....   [tags: Islam ]
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Islam Culture and Beliefs - ... Different people have different views about Islam; that’s another reason why I chose this religion as my topic. I read many things about Islam online. Some of their rituals really sound interesting, and I wanted to view them in person. To do my future research, I went to a mosque with my friend who is a true Muslim. A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims, who often refer to it by its Arabic name, masjid. The word mosque in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated to Islamic worship....   [tags: Islam ]
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Islamic Civilization - Islamic Civilization Muslim Arabs all along have absorbed cultures form different territories they took over like the Roman Empire and Persian Empire. It would be good to mention that this civilization achieved many goals during their existence mainly in the topics of mathematics and astronomy. All in all the empire lasted from about 750 to 1258 A.D. Let us go through their history. The Arabs had expanded in the seventh and eight centuries having as their center Damascus. A dynasty called Umayyad had established himself in this same city but due to their corrupt behavior they did not last too long in power....   [tags: Papers] 373 words
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Leonardo Fibbonaci's Famous Formulas - Some people hate math and some love it. Other people devote their time to finding math patterns because they do not have a life. Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, or Leonardo of Pisa, was one of those people. He was the "greatest European mathematician of the middle ages". Fibonacci was born 1175 AD in Pisa, Italy. His father was named Guilielmo, a member of the Bonacci Family and his mother Alessandra died when he was only nine years old. Fibonacci grew up with a North African Education because his father worked a trading post in that location....   [tags: essays research papers] 402 words
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Prejudice in The Song of Roland - Prejudice in The Song of Roland Unfortunately, the role of ignorance and jealousy combining to breed fear and hatred is a recurring theme in history ultimately exhibiting itself in the form of prejudice. As demonstrated through the altering of historical events in The Song of Roland, the conflict between the Christian and Islamic religions takes precedence over the more narrow scope of any specific battle and is shaped, at least in part by the blind perception of a prejudice born of the ignorance and envy Christian Europe had for representatives of the non-Christian world....   [tags: Song of Roland Essays]
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The Significance of Islamic Calligraphy in the Muslim Culture - The Significance of Islamic Calligraphy in the Muslim Culture Abstract Although it could be considered an insignificant part of society, Islamic calligraphy is crucial to its culture because of its role in religion and architecture, and its help in creating unity among Muslims. Calligraphy's function in religion is mainly due to the Muslim forbiddance of the "representation of living beings" (Schimmel, Islamic 11) in art. In architecture calligraphy is used to decorate the interior and exterior of buildings to help remind citizens of the purpose of the architecture: to glorify God....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Husain Haddawy’s The Arabian Nights and Zora Neale Hurston’s Mules and Men - Husain Haddawy’s The Arabian Nights and Zora Neale Hurston’s Mules and Men - Revealing the Conflicts, Desires and Dreams of the Collector "For the translator, who stands astride two cultures, possesses two different sensibilities, and assumes a double identity" —Husain Haddawy Magic, love, sex, war, gods, spells. These are all common ingredients in the folktales of almost every culture. Many people say that folktales are windows to cultures. That might be so. Often readers do not realize, though, that folktales also reflect aspects of the collectors....   [tags: Arabian Nights Essays]
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Funding for Pakistan and Culture - Funding for Pakistan and Culture Emancipation from the bondage of soil is not freedom for the tree, Rabindranath Tagore, A Bengali poet from the early part of the Twentieth Century History The history of Pakistan as a country is a fairly short one. Pakistan was created and carved out of the country of India in 1947 when the 200-year-old Britain rule of India came to an end and a plan was made to return the continent back to local rule. There was a movement at the time led by the renowned poet Muhammad Iqbal and a prominent politician named Muhammad Ali Jinnah to create a country on the Indian Sub-continent that would be a nation for the Muslim people of the region....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Cultural Essays]
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America's New War - America's New War The events of September 11th, 2001 will influence the lives of American's for years to come. Some American's will never fly on a commercial airliner again while others feel unsafe in their usual daily routine. Our country has felt a mix of emotions as the war on terrorism begins to unfold across the globe in Afghanistan. Yet I believe that a war on ignorance is about to unfold on our own soil. After the attacks the national news reports were filled with stories about Americans of Middle Eastern decent being targets for hat crimes and unnecessary violence....   [tags: Middle East September 11 Terrorism Essays] 1522 words
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The Writing of Arab Female Novelists - The Writing of Arab Female Novelists The Story of Arab women novelists reflects, in many ways, the story of most women in different disciplines: it is the story of abundant creativity with very few rights or sometimes no rights at all. It is the story of a group of women who were absented from the literary scene simply because their creativity and attitudes proved to be different from men's, who were and still are, the "mainstream" and the only arbiters who decide what is literally valuable and what is not....   [tags: Culture Cultural]
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Linguistic Stereotypes - Linguistic Stereotypes Language is a method in which individuals communicate in order to get their opinion across to the listening party. Language is the tool which ideas can be conveyed in various ways. Typically, language is referred to verbal communication, however, it ranges to all methods of communication i.e. sign language. Linguistic stereotypes are an existent form of discrimination. Since, languages are criticized and mocked due to the connection between language and cultural character....   [tags: Research Papers Language Essays Languages]
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Islam - Islam What is Islam. Islam is an Arabic word, which means Submission to the Will of God. A Muslim therefore, is one who submits to the will of God. Islam is based upon two basic principles. The first principle is that there is none worthy of worship except God, who is absolutely unique and transcendent. The second principle is that Muhammad is the final messenger of God, who was sent to all of mankind. Islam is not new religion, but a continuation of the simple and powerful message of pure monotheism revealed by God through out history....   [tags: Islamic Religion Quran Religious Essays]
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Analysis Of Islam - Religiological Analysis of the Islam Through the Koran and Hadith Islam may be considered as an exotic religion to many in the western part of the globe. The impression that Westerners have is usually obtained through the media representing Islamic countries or groups in the middle of a Holy War. The wars, called Jihad, are usually waged by Islamic Fundamentalist who use terrorism to get their messages across giving Islam a negative reputation. Because of the lack of understanding of this highly publicized religion, many conflicts arise between the people who live in eastern and western worlds....   [tags: essays research papers] 2315 words
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Egypt - Egypt Egypt is a Middle Eastern country located in the northeast corner of Africa. A small part of Egypt, called the Sinai Peninsula, is located in Asia. Deserts cover most of Egypt, so it gets little rain, but the longest river in the world, the Nile River, flows through the desert and is key to living for many Egyptians. Almost all of Egypt’s population, about 99%, is located near the Nile or along the Suez Canal, another body of water important to Egyptian life, although together they cover only four percent of Egypt’s total land....   [tags: essays research papers] 898 words
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Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria? - Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria. The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common among all the divisions of the movement regardless of their different socio- economic and political background that are more or less responsible of the generation of such movements....   [tags: essays research papers] 3566 words
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history of algebra - Unlike geometry, algebra was not developed in Europe. Algebra was actually discovered (or developed) in the Arab countries along side geometry. Many mathematicians worked and developed the system of math to be known as the algebra of today. European countries did not obtain information on algebra until relatively later years of the 12th century. After algebra was discovered in Europe, mathematicians put the information to use in very remarkable ways. Also, algebraic and geometric ways of thinking were considered to be two separate parts of math and were not unified until the mid 17th century....   [tags: essays research papers] 1187 words
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Islamic Art - Islamic Art Islamic art is perhaps the most accessible manifestation of a complex civilization that often seems enigmatic to outsiders. Through its brilliant use of color and its superb balance between design and form, Islamic art creates an immediate visual impact. Its strong aesthetic appeal transcends distances in time and space, as well as differences in language, culture, and creed. Islamic art not only invites a closer look but also beckons the viewer to learn more....   [tags: essays research papers] 1308 words
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Jordan - Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of I. INTRODUCTION Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of (Arabic Al Mamlakah al Urdunniyah al Hashimiyah), kingdom in southwestern Asia, bounded on the north by Syria, on the east by Iraq and Saudi Arabia, on the south by Saudi Arabia and the Gulf of Aqaba, and on the west by Israel and the West Bank, an area previously held by Jordan that has been occupied by Israel since 1967. The area of Jordan is 89,556 sq km (34,578 sq mi). Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan....   [tags: essays research papers] 820 words
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