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The Framers: Federalists and Anti-Federalists - When the United States declared itself a sovereign nation, the Articles of Confederation were drafted to serve as the nations first Constitution.Under these Articles, the states held most of the power; but due to an almost absent centralized government, colonists were ill-equipped to deal with such practices as regulating trade both between states and internationally, levying taxes, solving inter-state disputes, negotiating with foreign nations, and most importantly enforcing laws under the current notion of "Congress"....   [tags: Early American History] 701 words
(2 pages)
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Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists From 1787-1790 the development of the American Constitution was a battle between two opposing political philosophies. America’s best political minds gathered in Philadelphia and other cities in the Northeast in order to find common ground in a governmental structure. The Federalists and the Anti-Federalists had both some political thoughts that agreed as well as some political thoughts that disagreed. However, both parties would compromise and ultimately come together....   [tags: essays research papers] 348 words
(1 pages)
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The Federalists vs. The Anti-Federalists - The Federalists vs. The Anti-Federalists When the revolutionary war was over, the American colonists had found themselves free of British domination. Due to the fact that they were free from British control, they wanted to create their own system of government where tyranny would be practically diminished. Originally, the separate states were connected by The Articles of Confederation. But this document gave the central government no power of their own. Because of this, the states had many problems in international politics since they had just found freedom and did not have the respect of other countries....   [tags: Papers] 664 words
(1.9 pages)
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Federalists and Anti-Federalists - Federalists and Anti-Federalists The Constitution, when first introduced, set the stage for much controversy in the United States. The two major parties in this battle were the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The Federalists, such as James Madison, were in favor of ratifying the Constitution. On the other hand, the Anti-Federalists, such as Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee, were against ratification. Each party has their own beliefs on why or why not this document should or should not be passed....   [tags: History Historical Politics Political Essays Comp] 1662 words
(4.7 pages)
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Beliefs of the Anti-Federalists - The name, Anti-Federalists is not the best-suited name for what they truly are, or what they believe in. “They are called the Anti-Federalists, but it should be made clear at once that they were not Anti-Federal at all.” (Main xi) Originally, the word federalist, meant anyone who supported the Articles of Confederation. The term “Anti-Federalist” was placed on them to portray them as people who did not agree with the Federal Government, which was exactly opposite of what they are. According to the proper definition, the Anti-Federalists were really more “Federal” than the so-called Federalists....   [tags: essays research papers]
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722 words
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Arguments Of Fedrealists V. Anti-Federalists - When the members of the Constitutional Convention, after several months of vigorous debating, finally finished their work, many of the members still objected to this document. The Federalists were the group of people who desired to get the finished new constitution ratified and the Anti-Federalists were the group of people who disliked the new constitution and believed it shouldn't be ratified because it was missing several key parts. The Anti-Federalists formulated arguments based on the weaknesses they found in the new constitution and used them against the Federalists in order to gain support, while the Federalists convinced citizens of the righteousness of the new constitution in order to gain their support....   [tags: United States History Constitution] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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A Comparison of the Federalists and the Republicans - A Comparison of the Federalists and the Republicans Federalism a central feature of the American political system has long been an important issue. The nature of federalism has been shaped through the years by debates between prominent statesmen, laws, and Supreme Court decisions. When the colonies declared their independence from the Britain in 1776, they reacted against the British unitary system in which all political and economic power was concentrated in London. A major source of friction between the colonies and the mother country was the British attempt to reclaim powers previously granted to the colonial governments....   [tags: Papers] 346 words
(1 pages)
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Anti-Federalist - Most Americans were very suspicious of government, but the Anti- Federalist was really mistrustful of the government in general and strong national government. This mistrust was the basis of their opposition to the constitution. They feared it had created a government the people could not control. Many distinguished Americans were Anti-Federalists. Leaders included George Mason and Elbridge Gerry. Both attended the Philadelphia Convention but had refused to sign the constitution....   [tags: essays research papers] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
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Were the Federalists Democratic? - Were the Federalists Democratic. The idea of democracy is both vague and is often over-simplified to mean "majority rules". In theory, such a notion sounds both just and efficient. However, in practice, the concept of "majority rules" is much more complex and often difficult to implement. Modern-day versions of democracy, such as the one utilized in the United States, simply guarantees a person's right to voice his or her opinion in all matters involving the public. American democracy merely provides a forum for the expression of such viewpoints; it does not guarantee the ability of any individual to bring about change....   [tags: Papers] 1002 words
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Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist - Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist The road to accepting the Constitution of the United States was neither easy nor predetermined. In fact during and after its drafting a wide-ranging debate was held between those who supported the Constitution, the Federalists, and those who were against it, the Anti-Federalists. The basis of this debate regarded the kind of government the Constitution was proposing, a centralized republic. Included in the debate over a centralized government were issues concerning the affect the Constitution would have on state power, the power of the different branches of government that the Constitution would create, and the issue of a standing army....   [tags: Papers] 852 words
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Federalist Vs Anti-Federalist - John Adams stated that “Government is instituted for the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness of the people; and not for profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men; therefore, the people alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness require it.” Federalists believed this, and fought verbal and written battles against the Anti-Federalists, who disagreed with John Adams....   [tags: US History Constitution] 912 words
(2.6 pages)
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Constitutional Framers - ... Members present were unified by desire for a stronger national government with bicamel legislature however ideological differences emerged between Federalist and anti-Federalists. Both groups agreed on the importance of avoiding corruption within government, but held widely differed opinions on how to achieve this goal. The main arguments occurred due to the differences in views about the nature of representation and the importance of a psychologically distant Senate. Federalist supported the idea of a senate removed from state politics and united in the public national interest....   [tags: American History, The Federalists] 1368 words
(3.9 pages)
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James Madison and the Federalist Papers - ... In his essay, Madison advocated a republic system of government instead of a democracy because it “promises the cure for which [they are] seeking.” According to Madison, in a republic, unlike in a democracy, a “small number of citizens [are] elected by the rest.” In other words, one difference between a republic and a democracy is the fact that a republic is based on representation, while a democracy is based on the rule of the majority (mob rule). Madison favors the republic form of government because representation (republic) recognized the inalienable rights of all individuals, while democracy is only concerned with the views or needs of the majority....   [tags: Federalist Papers] 739 words
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Federalist - After winning their independence in the American Revolution, America's leaders were hesitant to create a strong centralized government in fear that it would only replace King George III's tyranny. As a result, the first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, gave the national government hardly any power over the states, and created chaos within the nation. Because of the Articles' inefficiency, a new document called the Constitution was drafted. The Constitution created a more centralized government with the separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches....   [tags: Political Science Politics] 1448 words
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The Federalist Party - If I was a citizen in the United States of America back in 1790, I would want to be part of the Federalist Party. The Federalist Party was created by Alexander Hamilton, and his party wants a strong central government in America with power given to the wealthy and political leaders. The only other party back then was the justly named Anti-Federalist party. The Anti-Federalist party was started by Thomas Jefferson and this party had completely opposite views to the Federalists. Anti-Federalists focused on power among the individual states, as opposed to having a powerful central government....   [tags: American Government] 825 words
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Federalists - ... They did not trust the Republicans to be aware of the “precariousness of American social order”5. They were intolerant of any support of rebellious and non-virtuous behavior. Kerber explicates how the development of an industrialized economy created a proletariat and contributed to Federalist distaste. Despite the vast amount of land available for agriculture, industry was created regardless, in order to become more independent from Europe. Machinery was developed that would eliminate the need for actually laborers, but at the same time this machinery needed laborers to work it6....   [tags: U.S. Politics ]
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1009 words
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Federalists - ... A21) because of the pure fact that to abolish liberty would be to abolish everything fought for in the American Revolution. Madison compares liberty to air in that removing it would rid of the fire, factions, but also kill every life, so basically it is a lose-lose situation. The latter idea of Madison is to basically have everyone think in a homogenous manner, which of course is impracticable. As Madison puts it “As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed” (pg....   [tags: American History, Madison, Factions] 944 words
(2.7 pages)
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Classical and Modern Anti-Semitism in the Mortara Case - According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, anti-Semitism is hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group. There are two main types of anti-Semitism: classical anti-Semitism and modern anti-Semitism. Classical anti-Semitism is the hatred and intolerance towards Jews because of their religious differences. According to remember.org, “Modern anti-Semitism, in contrast to earlier forms, was based not on religious practices of the Jews but on the theory that Jews comprised an inferior race....   [tags: Anti-Semitism]
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1587 words
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Anti-Semitism - Anti-Semitism Discrimination and prejudice have been in our world for as long as humans have themselves. Discrimination has caused problems in societies all throughout history. But despite all of the terrible things that have happened because of prejudice and discrimination, it continues to live on in our world today. Anti-Semitism, prejudice against Jews, is a form of discrimination that has caused perhaps the most problems throughout history. Many people describe anti-Semitism as more than simply "prejudice" or "discrimination" against Jews....   [tags: Prejudice Jewish Anti-Judaism Papers]
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1364 words
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The Anti-Hero in ’The Godfather’ (part one) and ‘Of Mice and Men’ - From your garden-variety run-from-the-law thug, to the misunderstood maniacal scientist or the introverted girl scared of finding her away about the world, the term ‘Anti-hero’ is too broad a character to typecast; and so to reflect thematic issues associated, we can’t simply plunk the subheadings of ‘greedy’, ‘abusive’ or ’crazy’ etc upon them. The only independent variable, in the making of an anti-hero, through our own experiences and contextual environment, is their ability to make a connection with us....   [tags: Anti-Hero in Literature] 2525 words
(7.2 pages)
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Anti-War Elements in Joseph Heller’s "Catch-22" - Critics often refer to Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 as an anti-war novel. At its core, the novel has a disparaging view of war. The main character, John Yossarian, believes that war is madness. He is astounded that men lay down their lives for vague concepts such as country, patriotism, and honor. However, unlike the typical anti-war novel, Catch-22 doesn’t focus on the most dismal aspects of war; Heller masterfully crafts an effective satirical style of addressing war. Corruption, confusion, and dishonesty run amok in the novel and these principles justify the embodiment of Catch-22 as an anti-war novel....   [tags: Joseph Heller, Catch-22, anti-war, ] 1165 words
(3.3 pages)
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Federalist - Federalist The Constitution came out to a world full of criticism. To put to sleep many of the objections that the critics had to the Constitution a number of those in favor of it such as Hamilton, Madison and John Jay wrote the Federalist. While there were many arguments for the Constitution, there were two that played a major part in American life. The first major argument was that the powers of the government came directly or indirectly from the common people. The second argument stated that to keep the government in check there is a series of checks and balances that will not let one branch of government gain too much control....   [tags: Papers] 1180 words
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Alexander Hamilton's "Federalist no. 78" - In Federalist no. 78 Hamilton explains the powers and duties of the judiciary department as developed in Article III of the Constitution. Article III of the Constitution is very vague on the structure of the federal courts. Hamilton had to convince Americans that the federal courts would not run amok. He presented that the federal courts would not have unlimited power but that they would play a vital role in the constitutional government. Hamilton limited judiciary power by defining it as a text-bound interpretative power....   [tags: Alexander Hamilton, Federalist no. 78, USA, histor] 1100 words
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Aristotle's Legacy in the Federalist Papers - Aristotle's Legacy in the Federalist Papers While the government of the United States owes its existence to the contents and careful thought behind the Constitution, some attention must be given to the contributions of a series of essays called the Federalist Papers towards this same institution. Espousing the virtues of equal representation, these documents also promote the ideals of competent representation for the populace and were instrumental in addressing opposition to the ratification of the Constitution during the fledgling years of the United States....   [tags: Federalist Papers Essays]
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2064 words
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Alexander Hamilton’s First Federalist Paper - Alexander Hamilton’s First Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton’s first Federalist Paper endorses ratification of the proposed constitution. His unifying point is that the use of reason—in the form of the people’s "reflection and choice"—will lead to the truth, whereas their use of passion will lead to ruin. Hamilton attempts to persuade his readers to make the correct decision by reminding them of the sheer importance of the matter. He suggests that "good men" will want to make the correct choice in light of their "true interests" (33), while the adversaries of the Constitution will be ruled by passions, deceit, and even weak minds....   [tags: Federalist Papers]
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1086 words
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Constitutional Authority Of The President - Constitutional Authority Of The President One of the greatest debates in the short history of the United States was over the proposed Constitution and did not solely take place inside the walls of the Constitutional convention. Throughout our great nation many individuals from different class levels and occupations became involved in the question over the new plan of government. Many views were expressed through the distribution of pamphlets, sermons, and the release of newspaper essays to sway citizens on the changes proposed....   [tags: US Government Political Science] 1926 words
(5.5 pages)
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political views of federalists and republicans - The political views of the federalist and the republicans towards the government of the United States of America were different. The republicans stressed equality of rights among citizens allowing people to govern themselves. The federalists believed in a stronger government one in which was sovereign and had superior power over the local governments. The republicans view almost always proved to be a disaster but the republicans believed that if a republican government could succeed anywhere, it would be within the virtuous communities of the United States of America....   [tags: essays research papers] 357 words
(1 pages)
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Federalists VS Jeffersoneans - Federalists VS Jeffersoneans With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. As history dictates, this is found to be substantially accurate. Federalists were firm believers in the production of a strong central government and a broad interpretation of the Constitution. However, the Democratic Republicans believed that the government should follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution and held the idea that this would allow honest representation of the people and prevent government corruption....   [tags: essays papers]
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707 words
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The Jeffersonian Republicans And Federalists - The Jeffersonian Republicans and Federalists By 1817 the great American experiment was in full swing. America was developing into an effective democratic nation. However as the democracy continued to grow, two opposing political parties developed, the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in strong state governments, a weak central government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The Federalists saw it differently. They opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution....   [tags: American History] 1197 words
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Jeffersonian Republicans Vs. Federalists - As the young colonies of America broke away from their mother country and began to grow and develop into an effective democratic nation, many changes occurred. As the democracy began to grow, two main political parties developed, the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. Each party had different views on how the government should be run. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in strong state governments, a weak central government, and a strict construction of the Constitution. The Federalists opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution....   [tags: essays research papers] 1170 words
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City on a hill: A new nation is born - City on a hill: A new nation is born The city on a hill idea was first taught by the puritans that came from Europe, that wanted America to be a shining example to all the world. It was to be a place built on new rules and new ideas. Overall, it was supposed to be a nation that rose above all the others so that it could be marveled at and copied. In this paper it will be proven that the federalist approach to how the “City on a Hill” idea should be put into action was superior to the ways of the anti-federalists because of three things that they did:1....   [tags: essays papers] 708 words
(2 pages)
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Anit-federalism - Perhaps the greatest document of all time, the Constitution of the United States of America was not easily created. Fifty-five great men were needed to hammer out all the details of the Constitution in a long grueling process. As James Madison, architect of the constitution said, “The [writing of the Constitution] formed a task more difficult than can be well conceived by those who were not concerned in the execution of it. Adding to [the difficulty] the natural diversity of human opinions on all new and complicated subjects, it is impossible to consider the degree of concord which ultimately prevailed as less than a miracle.” The “natural diversity of human opinions” which Madison spoke of can be split into two basic groups, Federalists, and Anti-Federalists....   [tags: essays research papers] 669 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Anti-Hero - ... Dostoevsky’s antihero in Notes from the Underground is an expression of the belief that man only needs unabated free will which he can pursue with unbridled fear regardless of the outcome (Barnhart 2005). Dostoevsky’s antihero in Notes from the Underground man is resistant to conformity and will inevitably pursue his dreams regardless of how irrational or impossible it may be. The rational man as described by Chernyshevsky is entirely unrealistic and fails to capture the more complex side of human nature....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2063 words
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Is Anti–Fundamentalism the Fundamentalism of the Anti-Fundamentalists? - ... By the 1910s some conservative American Christians has had enough of liberal theological changes in their churches and the "fundamentalist movement” was born. Their reaction was strong. If it is true that fundamentalist Christians are unable to deal with critical, liberal theology can it be equally true that Liberal Theology and society is equally unable to deal with any commitment to biblical authority and Scripture as a “norming norm”. Do we still observe a scenario of reactions and counter reactions....   [tags: Theology ]
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1923 words
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Early government - In early American government there were two emerging political views that were blatantly obvious in the new states; federalists and anti-federalists. In this paper two main topics of interest for each of the parties will be discussed, the role that government should have according to the differing views and the subject of foreign policy. The role of government as a according to the Federalists They support a stronger federal government. They felt that people can't govern themselves and that a nation must have a way to get rid of debts....   [tags: essays research papers] 1537 words
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Creating the Constitution - ... Constitution. The Federalists realized there was a need for a central government that could more effectively defend against a foreign force. The Federalists sought to improve many of the deficiencies of the Confederation through the establishment and ratification of the United States Constitution of America. The Federalists believed the Confederation was insufficient in preserving the Union (Hamilton). The Federalists strongly believed that “…a cordial Union, under an efficient national government” provided them “the best security that can be devised against HOSTILITIES from abroad” (Jay)....   [tags: U.S. Government ]
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The Threat of the Constitution - The Threat of the Constitution The fundamental point of contention between the Federalists and anti-Federalists in their debates over ratification of the Constitution surrounded the question of what powers were necessary in order to insure the security of the nation as a whole. The federalists, of course, believed that a strong central government was necessary, for reasons of national security and economic prosperity. The anti-Federalists were strongly opposed to the centralization of power, rather, they were concerned with retaining the sovereignty of the states and, in turn, their secured political freedom....   [tags: Papers] 2564 words
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The Constitutional Convention of 1787 - The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was held to address problems in governing the United States which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation since it’s independence from Britain. Fifty-five delegates from the states attended the convention to address these issues. The delegates consisted of federalists who wanted a strong central government to maintain order and were mainly wealthier merchants and plantation owners and anti-federalists who were farmers, tradesmen and local politicians who feared losing their power and believed more power should be given to the states....   [tags: US History] 819 words
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Anti-Semitism - Jews have been persecuted since the beginning of documented time. This religious group has been poked, prodded, exiled, and in recent years, massacred for their religious beliefs. This racial prejudice is called anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is the vicious weapon of propaganda used to break down the Jews psychologically before the armies of Germany even began to annihilate this religious group during World War Two (“anti-semitism” 47). The NAZI Party led in this mass murdering of the Jewish people....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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992 words
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Anti-semitism - Antisemitism “If the Anti-Semites want to hate, let them hate, and let them all go to hell” -David Ben-Gurion Anti-Semitism in the Encarta dictionary is defined has a behavior discriminating against Jewish people that harm or discriminate against Jewish people. This definition does not even scrap the surface of what the word Anti-Semitism means to you if you are Jewish. Anti-Semitism’s major part was to give Jews a bad reputation of being subhuman and threatening the purity of the German master race....   [tags: essays research papers] 492 words
(1.4 pages)
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Anti-Semitism - Anti-Semitism When discussing a religion that is as vast and ancient as Judaism, it is hard to pick just one aspect that is especially interesting. After searching through many articles about the religion, there was one thing that constantly caught my attention; the hatred of Jews by so many people. Christians, Muslims, and other people of different beliefs have shown there hate for the Jewish religion over thousands of years. In Peter M. Marendy’s essay, "Anti-Semitism, Christianity, and the Catholic Church: Origins, Consequences, and Responses," one can learn how Christians have harbored a hateful relationship towards Jews for nearly two millennia....   [tags: Religion] 1247 words
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Anti-Semiticism - "Racial and ethnic stereotypes are particularly problematic because they are automatically triggered and lead to racial bias without our conscious awareness. These stereotypes are often activated by looking at someone’s facial features and skin tone." (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2007 On a direct quotation, you must indicate the page number, if you used a printed document, or a ¶ number if your source is online.) The definition of stereotype, according to Robert Kreitner and Angelo Kinicki in their textbook, Organizational Behavior, is “an individual’s set of beliefs about the characteristics or attributes of a group.” (2007 On a direct quotation, you must indicate the page number, if you used a printed document, or a ¶ number if your source is online.) With that being said, individuals form stereotypes about certain groups all the time....   [tags: Racial Ethnic Stereotypes] 1846 words
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Anti -semitism - Stop and think about this for a second. What if someone was torturing and killing other innocent human beings by the millions using methods of starving, shooting, gassing, burning, and hanging. You might say, “Oh, that could never happen.'; Well it has. During World War II, millions of innocent human beings were killed, all because of one man who had an obsession for power and supremacy. This man that I speak of is an anti-Semitist, meaning someone who is prejudiced against Jews or another race....   [tags: essays research papers] 1079 words
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Anti-semitism - For more than two thousand years anti-Semitism has plagued the Jews, however, the term has only been around for about thirty years (Strack 594). Due to the hateful accusations and of those who did not understand their religion, Jews, as a scorned people, gradually became more exclusive and intolerant of other religions. Because of Judaism’s strict adherence to their own beliefs and unwillingness to consider any alternatives, Muslims and Christians have scorned and persecuted Jews. First, the Muslim’s basis for anti-Judaism rests primarily on religious beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1021 words
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Anti-War - Anti War Do you consider the war in Iraq a victory or another Vietnam. The Iraq war is a lot like Vietnam as I have read in many articles; promises of an easy victory and short occupation, and then a reversal, but it wasn't just the length of time the US spent in Vietnam that turned public opinion, nor was it the mass peace protests. It was a growing realizations (fed up by events like the publication of the Pentagon Papers) that people were being fed lies, and the truth was systematically covered up....   [tags: essays research papers] 680 words
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Party Politics: An Analysis on Factions in American Government - ... A representative republic is better suited for furthering the interests of the nation as a whole because it is comprised of representatives who will “refine and enlarge the public views” and not likely “sacrifice [justice] to temporary or partial considerations,” as factions are inclined to do. In short, representatives can speak for the people better than the people can themselves because the people are generally too self-interested to understand the interests of the community. The only danger in this system is that of men of “sinister designs” obtaining seat in the government and betraying the interests of the people....   [tags: Political Science] 1458 words
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Federalist #10 - In “Federalist #10”, Madison describes the dangerous effects that factions can have on Republican government and on its people. Madison defines a faction as a group of citizens who unite under a shared cause, and work against other groups in order to achieve their means. Their means of achieving their goals may achieve adverse effects upon the rights of other citizens. Put in more modern terms, a faction could be reasonably compared to a special-interest group. The sort of faction that most endangers the liberty inherent in United States society are factions that contain a majority of the whole....   [tags: American History] 870 words
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Anti-Semitism in the Modern World - ... Jews’ religious beliefs and strict adherence to 613 different laws make them seem different. It can often be easier to treat them as social outcasts instead of trying to learn more about them and their religion. The fifth reason ties directly into these prejudicial thoughts. Some people hate the Jews because they think the Jews are an inferior race. Even though this is not true some people believe it and senselessly ridicule, murder, and harass Jews. The last reason the Jews have been hated throughout history is that they have been the scapegoats of history....   [tags: Jews, Jewish]
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2020 words
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The Federal Anti-Kickback Statute - ... The Stark Law is an amendment to the Social Security Act and essentially states that a physician may not refer a patient to other entities for designated health services (DHS) with which the physician has an ownership interest or compensation arrangement and the payment for the medical services are made by the Medicare and Medicaid programs. As a civil statute, the Stark law does not subject violators to the threat of imprisonment. However, violations of the Stark law could result in denial of payment and required refunding of payments with civil money penalties ranging from $15,000 to $100,000, and exclusion from Federal program participation (Showalter, 2007, p 369-370)....   [tags: Health Care]
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927 words
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Anti-Semitism in Paris and London? - ... He says that once, when he was in the Russian Army, it was considered wrong to spit on a Jew. He said that a Russian officer’s spit was too good to waste on a Jew. The next part of that scene which occurs in chapter seven is about Boris telling the narrator of how the Jew stole back the two francs he paid Boris. The narrator finally spends all of his money and decides to ask Boris if he could share his two francs. He finds that Boris is in a rage and when he asks why, the narrator finds out that the Jew has taken his two francs back from Boris while he was asleep.4 Boris spends much of that chapter cursing the Jew and calls him all sorts of degrading names....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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967 words
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History of Anti-Semitism - Since the spread of Christianity in Europe, anti-Semitism has always been common in the nations of Europe. While there have always been cases of anti-Semitic practices, perhaps the most widely known is the Nazi’s treatment of the Jews. By bringing up thoughts of anti-Semitism, which have long existed in the German society Hitler and the Nazi’s were able to place all of Germany’s economic and social problems, which occurred in the aftermath of World War I on the Jewish race. “The Nazis were able to use the disproportionate representation of Jews in certain sectors of the economy-the professions and the entertainment industry-to give credence to their conspiracy theory, according to which Jews controlled the German economy, society, and culture under the “Weimar system.”# Instead of taking accountability for Germany’s actions the Nazi party decided to place lay blame on a group of people who were considered to be the scapegoats in the history of Christian Europe....   [tags: Religion] 2636 words
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Prufrock Anti-Hero - ... A glimpse into the stream of consciousness of Prufrock reveals his secret struggles to handle a world he has no control over. Prufrock displays numerous characteristics of an anti-hero but three stand out the most: cowardice, passiveness, and pessimism. Prufrock, the narrator of the poem, is a middle-aged man who is living a life void of meaning and purpose. His thoughts are depressing as he mulls over his dull, uneventful life. One of his most crippling traits is cowardice. He's very self conscious about his appearance: the bald spot, his thinning hair, and his skinny arms and legs....   [tags: Literature] 1050 words
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Anti-bullying Policies - ... Also bullies are not always the stereotype big tough guy spreading fear over the playground. It is very true that this is an “eat or be eaten” world. In one year the “smart kids” are the victims. In the next year though they might be the ones holding the power, bullying other students. It all comes down to the community and the class. This is why Swearer, “advocates tailoring bullying-prevention efforts to the need of individual school communities.”(Viadero 3) Another piece of evidence of the failing system is the violence in school....   [tags: Social Issues, Bullies] 1695 words
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Anti Drug Legislation - ... During the 1950’s the society’s apprehension for drug related issues continued to augment, resulting in the federal government making more relentless regulations. The federal narcotics act augmented the sternness of drug trafficking and ownership. In 1960 the industrialized act was approved which required to tighten the power over lawfully manufactured narcotics. This was essential due to the growing production and use of artificial manufactured drugs which were cheaper and more damaging than traditional narcotic substances....   [tags: U.S. Law]
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Hamilton and Limited Government - Hamilton and Limited Government ·The proposed band would raise $10 million through a public stock offering. The Treasury would hold one fifth of the stock and name one fifth of the directors, but four fifths of the control would fall to private hands. Private investors could purchase shares by paying for three quarters of their value in government bonds. In this way, the bank would capture a significant portion of the recently funded debt and make it available for loans; it would also receive a substantial and steady flow of interest payments for the Treasury....   [tags: Federalists American History] 1634 words
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"Fly-Boys" - Anti-American? - Fly-Boys written by James Bradley, reveals the truth about nine young American World War II pilots that were shot down over the island of Chichi Jima. Out of the nine pilots one was rescued by a submarine. The other eight were captured by the Japanese, and disappeared. After the war the American government, along with the Japanese, covered up everything that had happened on Chichi Jima. Which had meant that the lives of the eight Fly-Boys were erased, and no one not even family members of the pilots knew except the government and the people that survived the war until now....   [tags: Literature Review] 556 words
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Anti-Aging Products - Soft & Tough is a new male focused cosmetic products that aid in reducing aging effects on the skin while also providing sun protection. Anti –aging moisturizer is not a new concept as it has dominated the market for years, focused on women. Now is the time for such a product to be introduced to now focus as a male anti-aging, UV protection moisturizer to take advantage of such a wide market and to “emulate the same success women Anti-aging products” (Golding 2009) has had for years. Soft & Tough should focus on “authenticity, craftsmanship and performance” (Tungate, 2008) of the product because that is the foundation of men’s interest with regards to any products....   [tags: Advertising] 763 words
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constitution - The Constitution itself did not mention political parties, and it was assumed that none was going to arise. But this was soon proven wrong when the debates between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in 1787 and 1788 stir into a two party system. This soon led to a permanent feature in American policies. In early times, groups of people formed temporary assembly and voted together either for or against a specific policy. When the policy was settled, the assemblies would dissolve. The Federalists and Anti-Federalist was sort of like these assemblies, but they didn’t dissolve that easily....   [tags: essays research papers] 386 words
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Anti-War Pacifism - ... There are those who will cite their will to survive or their right to existence as justifiable reasons for war. Bertrand Russell refutes such arguments. He said this about the justifications of war during WWI,  “It is said, both here and in Germany, that each side is fighting for its existence; but when this phrase is scrutinized, it is found to cover a great deal of confusion of thought induced by unreasoning panic. We cannot destroy Germany even by a complete military victory, nor conversely, could Germany destroy England even if our Navy were sunk and London occupied by the Prussians....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Anti-Bacterial Resistant Superbugs - ... In hospitals, this is a huge problem, especially with the recent outbreak of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus, a super bug resistant to its main antibiotic, methicillin. A recent study from an article in The Globe and Mail reported that after taking multiple swabs from the privacy curtains in the medical and surgical intensive care units of a hospital, that “Of the 13 privacy curtains placed during the study, 12 showed contamination within a week. Virtually all the privacy curtains tested – 41 out of 43 – were contaminated on at least one occasion” (Lowry, 2011)....   [tags: Pathology]
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Meursault - The Anti-Hero Protagonist - Life is often interpreted by many as having meaning or purpose. For people who are like Meursault, the anti-hero protagonist of Albert Camus' The Stranger, written in 1942, the world is completely without either. Camus' story explores the world through the eyes of Meursault, who is quite literally a stranger to society in his indifference to meaning, values, and morals. In this novel, this protagonist lives on through life with this indifference, and is prosecuted and sentenced to die for it. Through Meursault and his ventures in The Stranger, Camus expresses to the reader the idea that the world is fundamentally absurd, but that people will react to absurdity by attaching meaning to it in vain, despite the fact that the world, like Meursault, is indifferent to everything....   [tags: Character Analysis]
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Anti-Traditionalist Education Philosophy - When I become a teacher, I will espouse an anti-traditionalist education philosophy. That is, I will reject the traditions that have stymied the critical thinking and democratic values that schools should inculcate in American youth and instead focus on creating a curriculum Regardless of the curricular mandates imposed on me, I will teach what I think young people need to know. Namely, I hope to inform my students about how education administrations and governments run, reform, and maintain public schools as well as alternative schools....   [tags: Education, teaching, philosophy of education] 863 words
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Bill Of Rights To Protect From Tyranny - After the Constitution was written, the new born nation was immediately split into two political sides, the federalists and the anti-federalists, over the ratification. Federalists, southern planters or people that tended to hold interest in trade, advocated a strong executive. On the other hand, anti-federalists, back country people or people involved in business but not in the mercantile economy, opposed the ratification of the constitution. The two sides, after much debate, were able to come to a compromise after the Bill of Rights was included into the Constitution....   [tags: Political Science] 768 words
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Constitutional Arguments - Government Paper One When the Constitution was written two factions developed during the ratification process. The Federalist's were staunch supporters of the Constitution as it was. The Anti-federalists wanted the Constitution to contain stronger restrictions on the National government and wanted a Bill of Rights added. In thinking about this paper I tried to decided what I side I would have fallen on during the Constitution debates. After some thought, I came to the conclusion that I would have been an Anti-federalist....   [tags: Political Science] 1440 words
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Senate - ... One such conclusion was a widely shared belief in the desirability of a two-chamber legislature, with an upper house to check the more popular lower house” (Wirls, p. 60). Members present were unified by desire for bicameral legislature however ideological differences emerged between Federalist and anti-Federalists. Both groups agreed on the importance of protecting against corruption within government but disagreed on the means of achieving this goal. The main arguments were due to differences between views of the nature of representation and the importance of a psychologically distant Senate....   [tags: American History, The Confederation Congress] 1255 words
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Federalist Party - Federalist Party "Seldom in the nation's history has there been a period so extraordinary in accomplishment as the first decade under the Constitution...." This paper is going to be a step by step evaluation of arguably the most important decade in American History. The time period covered in this paper is 1789-1801. These are the years in which the Federalists had the most influence in the new government. They accomplished an amazing amount in these 12 years. The Federalist Party was one of the first political organizations in the United States....   [tags: American America History] 1539 words
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The Question of Anti-Semitism in the Gospel of Matthew - ... . Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea . . .” (Matthew 2.1). Matthew inserts these assertions to emphasize the credulity of Jesus’ tie with traditional Judaism. 
 After exhibiting the interconnecting story of Jesus’ birth to the prophecy, Matthew continues to portray how Jesus’ theology and teachings are founded on the commandments. As Professor Smarr asserted, Jesus is seen more of a “moral-religious teacher” (Smarr 18 January 2012) rather than “a warrior king who will vanquish the Romans” (Smarr 18 January 2012) as demonstrated in Mark’s Gospel....   [tags: Biblical Studies] 1431 words
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The First Political Parties - ... Hamilton in comparison to Jefferson held a far more negative stance, regarding the majority of people as inadequate to regulate the government and essentially the economy.13 Again, this responsibility was to be left to the more social elite, which would act in the best interests of the people. Much of Hamilton’s plans reflected this philosophy of bettering the common people through the use of the elite. Economically, Hamilton felt the prosperity of the majority would be stimulated by the wealthiest through promoting their wealth by the central government....   [tags: Political Science]
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Federalist Policies - Federalist Policies After the establishment of the constitution, the Federalist administrations faces many significant challenges when dealing with the economics of the United States; much of the country was divided over issues such as how to raise money, establishing a public credit system, how to pay the national debt, and whether or not a national bank should be established. Leaders like Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison came to represent the ideas of the people and as these ideas became more solid, debate and opposition rose....   [tags: American America History] 1121 words
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The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 - ... Kennedy noted that these same Congressmen had been openly opposed to any legislation that had previously been brought forward that may have had traces of racial injustice. It is incredibly important to note that none of these men had any qualms with the 1986 Act. If there had been any doubt in their mind that the Act was racially discriminatory, surely they would have voiced their opinion. Kennedy, along with the African-American Congressmen in 1986, may not agree with the disproportionality of sentencing, but does not believe it is racially motivated....   [tags: US Government Politics]
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Federalist versus Antifederalists - ... Individuals with broad experiences are not unqualified to represent local interests; ongoing elections insure that congressmen will not intentionally ignore their constituents. The majority opinion and what is best for the public are not always compatible. “The lesson we are to draw from the whole is that where a majority are united by a common sentiment and have an opportunity, the rights of the minor party become insecure” (Madison, p. 54). Protection from the tyranny of the majority required distance both physically and psychologically....   [tags: American government, Politics] 2263 words
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The Double's Creation as a Necessary Anti-Hero - “In literature the double is a result of the author's conscious or unconscious desire for a wider range of action, possibilities of behavior for his hero that go beyond the morally acceptable, and this wish will create itself in the form of a double, or anti-hero” writes Joyce Carol Oates in her piece “Tragic and Comic Visions in The Brothers Karamazov.” Just as Oates suggests that doubles are created in order for an author to extend a character's range of believable actions, doubles exist to bring about change in their original forms....   [tags: Dissociative Identity, The Brothers Karamazov]
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Anti-Trust Regulations and the NFL Lockout - ... When the NFLPA heard about this ground breaking news they attempted to prevent this from happening but didn’t have any sort of power to control the contracts between the owners and TV partners. I believe that the owners intentionally went about obtaining these contracts in order to gain leverage during the collective bargaining agreement negotiations. Since the owners are guaranteed this money and know that every player in the league doesn’t make the substantial amount that the select few best players do, it seemed as though they were gaining all possession of leverage and were going to use it to their advantage when negotiations and new agreements were being made....   [tags: Sports] 1647 words
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The Merchant of Venice Should be Studied in High Schools - Since middle school, I have believed that all of Shakespeare’s works, similar to A Mid Summer Night’s Dream, were plays that one would read to hear a happy, entertaining story; but, it was not until this year, after reading The Merchant of Venice, that I recognized the darker, more sinister, side of Shakespeare’s plays. The Merchant of Venice supports the Jewish, anti-Semitic stereotype as the wicked character of Shylock is developed. Many individuals fear that it is improper to teach and discuss The Merchant of Venice in high school classrooms because of the negative way it presents Jews; however, I believe that it is important to read this controversial play in high schools because it enables students to learn anti-Semitic history and because reading Shakespeare’s works, due to their complexity, expands the literary mind of those who read it....   [tags: Shakespeare, Anti-Semitism] 1166 words
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Federalist #10 - Madison begins perhaps the most famous of the Federalist papers by stating that one of the strongest arguments in favor of the Constitution is the fact that it establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions. Madison defines that factions are groups of people who gather together to protect and promote their special economic interests and political opinions. Although these factions are at odds with each other, they frequently work against the public interests, and infringe upon the rights of others....   [tags: essays research papers] 935 words
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The Significance of the Night of Long Knives - ... Hitler’s speech to the Reich Governors before the assassinations about dealing with a so-called second revolution reiterates this point as he says, ‘I will supress every attempt to disturb the existing order as ruthlessly…’ Hitler then vindicates the actions of the Night of Long Knives in a speech to the Reichstag after the assassinations as he says, ‘I did not resort to the regular courts of justice for the conviction of the offenders… I was responsible for the fate of the German people… I became the supreme judge of the German people!’ This also echoes the point that the murders introduced a form of terror to Germany and a dictatorship from Hitler....   [tags: German History, Anti-Nazi]
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The Ratification of the Constitution - The Ratification of the Constitution      In 1787, the Constitution was created to replace the Articles of Confederation, because it was felt that the Articles weren’t sufficient for running the country. However, the Constitution was not very well liked by everyone .      The constitution created was very much liked by the majority of the country. This included the farmers, the merchants, the mechanics, and other of the common people. However, there were those who were very important people in the revolution who felt that the Constitution would not work, most notably Patrick Henry and Thomas Paine, who felt they were the backbone of the revolution....   [tags: American History] 390 words
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The Federalist Papers and the Birth of a Nation - The American Revolution will always be a source of nationalistic pride for Americans. It represented the era where the freedoms and liberty of the common man fought against tyranny and an oppressive government. What many people overlook is the five year period which defined what the new country would become politically and socially. As the framework for the Constitution was being debated, these factors played a role in how the Federalists saw the future of the fledgling country. Through examining the Federalist papers and comparing their ideology with the Constitution born of it, it is clear that the Constitution created and safeguarded the rights of citizens while maintaining an informal class system....   [tags: American History]
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Federalist 10 - Federalist 10 Liberty. This word means many things to many people. There is no way to distinctly define the term without leaving someone's crucial point of view out of the equation. One person might say that anarchy would be the only way to have complete and utter freedom, while others would go as far as to believe a controlled communist government is the best route to achieving liberation. Factions (a group of people who agree on certain topics) are inevitable, due to the nature of man. As long as men hold different opinions, have different amounts of wealth, and own different amount of property, they will continue to fraternize with people who are most similar to them....   [tags: essays papers] 729 words
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Anti-semitism And Sartre - In Sartre's Anti-Semite and Jew, he makes reference to the notion that anti-Semitism arises not against individual Jews, but against the " idea of the Jew." That is to say that the Jew is recognized only as a member of a group associated with fear and disgust, not as an individual capable of being anything but the stereotype of the Jew. I agree with Sartre's theory as I have seen first hand the disgust associated with being Jewish. The Jew is judged not by his action or words but simply by the fact that he is a Jew, and the preconceived idea of what this means....   [tags: essays research papers] 627 words
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