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Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory - Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory For years, it has been believed that Dinosaurs are ancestors of modern day birds. By simply looking at pictures of dinosaurs, one can find many physical similarities between these reptiles and modern day birds. Often the legs and the chest cavities are very similar in shape. Some dinosaurs have limbs that look like they could evolve into modern day wings, some dinosaurs even had feathers (6). A recent discovery in Italy of an extremely well preserved Scipionyx samniticus challenges this idea....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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842 words
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Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality - Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality Melvyn Goldstein and Donald Messerschmidt, the authors of "The Significance of Latitudinality in Himalayan Mountain Ecosystems" argues that the altitude oriented "mixed mountain agriculture" model where mountain people move to higher altitudes in the summer and lower ones in the summer does not accurately reflect many areas of the Himalayans (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 117). Instead, latitudinality lies at the core of cultural adaptation to the high altitude mountain ecosystem for many native Nepalese (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 126)....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]
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751 words
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The Importance of Dinosaur Discoveries - The Importance of Dinosaur Discoveries When a paleontologist makes a discovery about Dinosaurs it is usually a celebrated event and will appear on all sorts of covers of magazines and even newspapers, with good reason. These discoveries are often quite exciting for a few reasons. The whole experience of finding a fossil that is hundreds of millions of years old is quite an adrenaline rush, but the fact that each discovery has the ability to answer questions in relation to evolution is quite amazing....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1855 words
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The Mammalian Nature of Whales - The Mammalian Nature of Whales There is a moment that comes to many of us as children; it’s a defining moment, a moment that takes us across the threshold from innocence to knowledge. It can be bittersweet, disillusioning, or perhaps revelatory for the child. It’s the moment when we learn that a whale is, in fact, not a fish, but a mammal. A mammal. We think. But how can that be. They’re—well, they should be fish. So what if they breathe air and nurse their young. A child hearing this may find something fundamentally wrong with the concept of whale-as-mammal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1366 words
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Characteristics and Behaviors of Pterosaurs - Characteristics and Behaviors of Pterosaurs Overview Pterosaurs were not dinosaurs but were closely related, and existed for 150 million years beginning in the late Triassic period through the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods until eventually becoming extinct along with the rest of the earth’s population at what is now known as the KT boundary event. The KT boundary event was the mass extinction that occurred at some point in time between the Cretaceous (K) and the Tertiary (T). This is famous because it marks the end of the 160 million years of dinosaur life....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1364 words
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A New Species of Whale - Questions Surrounding a New Species of Whale During the month of September in 1998 an amazing and unique discovery was found by a group of scientists when they went out to the Sea of Japan. There, they collected the carcass of a medium sized baleen whale. This was the ninth specimen needed to complete the research on discovering this new species. This species of the baleen whale did resemble the fin whale, another species of the baleen whale. However, this carcass was much smaller in size. After comparing DNA data of the external morphology, osteology, and mitochondrial, scientists were able to classify all they found into a new and different species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution - Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution In a recent BBC News article, Ivan Noble discusses the possibility that ancient penguins may hold the key to unlocking the mysteries behind the complicated molecular clock of evolution. Although a seemingly unlikely animal to research, prehistoric penguin remains in the Antarctic often have been the basis for study, research, as well as debate in the modern science world. Because the prehistoric relatives of the cute and cuddly modern day birds have colonies that are “characterized by high densities and high mortality”, large deposits of the subfossil bones “have been serially preserved in the cold Antarctic environment” (Lambert & Rit...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1214 words
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Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal - Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal The dinosaur Majungatholus atopus is a meat-eating dinosaur that lived 65 to 70 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period, in what is now the island of Madagascar. The Majungatholus has long been known for being a carnivorous dinosaur, but it wasn’t until recently that researchers revealed that this dinosaur was probably a cannibal. They were able to conclude that this was probably the case as a result of discovering several bones of the Majungatholus dinosaur with specific tooth marks in them that researchers have proven belonged to the Majungatholus dinosaur....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1223 words
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Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder - Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder Cannibalism occurs prevalently in both Tarzan and Heart of Darkness, and is a controversial topic with which the public is largely unfamiliar. Although cannibalism is generally thought of in a primitive animal sense, experts have revealed that cannibalism can be identified as a sexual disorder (O’Connor). A cannibal is scientifically classified as an anthropophagus (“Anthropophagus”), which falls under the category of Anthropophagy. Anthropophagy by definition is the sexual gratification by consumption of human flesh or blood....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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806 words
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Theories on Dinosaur Extinction - Theories on Dinosaur Extinction What killed the dinosaurs. Several theories have been brought up over time to answer this question. It has been of vast interest to many scientists how creatures the size of the dinosaurs could have been wiped out of existence. Proposed Theories Climate Change Theory Some scientists propose that climate change was killing the dinosaurs before the famous asteroid struck. Fossil evidence shows that the average temperature had dropped from 25 degrees Celsius to 15 degrees Celsius and that the amount of annual rainfall had decreased....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1411 words
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Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica - Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica Millions and millions of years ago the continents lay together as one super-continent known as Pangea. As time went on and the plates underneath the Earth began to separate, the continents land moved towards the poles where glaciation occurred. Glaciation is the process in which glaciers were formed during the ice age. Glaciation causes a drop in temperature which in turn causes water to freeze and form many layers of ice (http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Palaeofiles/Permian/intro.html, 1)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1194 words
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The Evolution of Whales - The Evolution of Whales The origin of modern day whales, a mystery that has puzzled paleontologists for years, may have just been solved with the discovery of an ankle bone. This discovery might sound simple and unimportant, but the bones of these ancient animals hold many unanswered questions and provide solid proof of origin and behavior. The relationship between whales and other animals has proven to be difficult because whales are warm-blooded, like humans, yet they live in the sea. The fact that they are warm-blooded suggests that they are related to some type of land animal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1101 words
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Africans in Colonial Mexico - Africans in Colonial Mexico The history of Africans in Mexico is an oft-neglected facet of the cultural complexities of that country. In 1519, Hernando Cortes brought 6 African slaves with him to Mexico; these individuals served the conquest as personal servants, carriers, and laborers.[1] In the years to come, slavery would become a critical component of the colonial economy with approximately 2,000 slaves arriving each year 1580-1650; it is estimated that a total of 200,000 Africans were brought to Mexico during the colonial period.[2] Given this large number of slaves, the lengthy period of their importation, and the inevitable mixing of races, which took place throughout the colony,...   [tags: Research Papers Anthropology]
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Traditional vs. Modern Society - Traditional vs. Modern Society In today's world, the modern person is educated, independent and aggressive. To be a success, you must put forth your most competitive side and win it all. Nothing less will be permitted. This is the mindset of most business tycoons, stockbrokers and the like. However, on the other side of the globe, third world countries follow a more traditional lifestyle where the outlook on life is a little less malicious. In these countries, the society's idea of success is being part of a large family with prosperous crops and livestock....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Society Essays] 809 words
(2.3 pages)
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Barbara Anderson's First Fieldwork - Barbara Anderson's First Fieldwork Précis: “First Fieldwork” 1. Where did Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork take place and what was the goal of her research. Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork took place in the fishing village of Taarnby, Denmark on the island of Amager in the Oresund in the 50’s. The goal of her research was to publish the unseen side of fieldwork. She wanted to share the personal and professional sides of fieldwork with the reader. She went to the island to help her husband study culture change....   [tags: Barbara Anderson Anthropology Essays] 663 words
(1.9 pages)
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Cultural Analysis of Brazil - Cultural Analysis of Brazil Brief History The Portuguese colonized Brazil in the 1500. The Native tribes originally occupied the land, became slaves along with the Africans after the colonization. In 1822 Brazil became independent and slavery was abolished. An end came to the royal family in 1889 and a dictator ruled throughout the 1950's. After a great deal of turnover civilian rule was created in 1985. Geography Location. Brazil is located in South America and is the largest nation in the continent covering 3,286,470 square miles....   [tags: Culture Geography Anthropology History] 1396 words
(4 pages)
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Reflexivity - Reflexivity When an ethnographer examines a group of people, she is influenced by her position and understanding of her own culture. Before an ethnographer even begins her research, her opinion is effecting the process of selecting a topic. For instance, Anthropology’s most commonly known researcher Bronslow Malinowsky wrote the Argonauts of the Western Pacific. He did not choose to study a culture similar to his own because of the interest he had in the ‘exotic’. His preferences told him to pick a more remote group of people, the Trobriand Islanders....   [tags: Renato Resaldo Ethnographer Anthropology Essays] 1135 words
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Ethnography: Ainu - Ethnography: Ainu Worldview      The Ainu, Japan’s native aboriginal people, are very much an isolated people, living now only in the northern island of Japan, Hokkaido. They number, as of a 1984 survey, 24,381, continuing a rise from a low point in the mid nineteenth century due to forced labor and disease, and have largely left their old ways and integrated into standard Japanese society, though even the majority of those still reside in Hokkaido. The animistic religion of the Ainu is firmly enmeshed with every other aspect of the culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]
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2158 words
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Anthrapology: Marriage and Divorce - Two dear Christian friends, Tom and Jane, are facing a hard time in their marriage and want to consider "other options." However, before making a life-altering decision, they wanted to get the proper perspective on the issues involved and see what the Bible says. Knowing I study the Bible, they wanted to get my perspective on the matter. Understanding this can be a very volatile matter, I started by telling them that my own sin and selfishness make it almost impossible for me to live out the original ideal God has for marriage....   [tags: god, jesus, bible]
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1048 words
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Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs - Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs Typically, when an individual browses through various newspapers or watches the evening news they are most likely to see or hear some new and groundbreaking news concerning a scientific breakthrough. As I was looking through various scientific journals I came across an article that caught my eye for numerous reasons, but one in particular. The heading of the article read, “Cannibal dinosaurs revealed by tooth marks.” These prehistoric creatures that have been viewed by the public for centuries as being wild and ferocious beasts, are presently being seen more then just that....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1250 words
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Naitve Americans In The Contact Zone - Long before the Europeans set foot on American soil, the American Indians, or rather the Native Americans had been living on this land. Ever since the first Europeans inhabited America there has been a fascination with its land. It’s beautiful scenery and its rich soil made, for the settlers, an attractive place to settle. In the distance the Native Americans (dubbed Indians by the settlers) watched as more and more Europeans came into their homeland. Unfortunately the American government took advantage of the Indians by tricking them into selling their land and forcing them off if they refused; this started to aggravate the Indians because they were constantly being forced off their own lan...   [tags: anthopology] 765 words
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The Country of Liberia - The Country of Liberia This paper is about a small country on the west coast of Africa called Liberia. It is a country built with the help of The American Colonization Society. It was established to place freed blacks in the days of slavery in the United States in the 1800s. The government was modeled after the United States. Monrovia, the capital and principal, port is named after a president of the united states, James Monroe. This country has historical significance for african Americans. As Africa's oldest republic, established by former black American slaves, Liberia played and important role as a model for African colones seeking independence....   [tags: Africa Profile Geography Anthropology Essays]
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Cosquer Cave - Cosquer Cave Around 27,000 years ago it is believed that large glaciers were spread across the Alps. These glaciers were so large and held such a large quantity of water that the sea level of the Mediterranean dropped some 100 meters. When the opening of the cave was revealed, men entered the cave and drew amazing paintings and drawings along the walls. When the earth became warm again the glaciers melted, and the sea level rose. The cave entrance was once again covered up by 37 meters of water....   [tags: Anthropology Research Papers]
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798 words
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Cultural Tattoos - Tattoos and Their Cultural Relevance For as long as there have been people, there have been methods of distinction amongst them. Throughout the years we have discovered ways in which to express our beliefs, our ideals, and our passions. Tattooing has been one of forefront methods in expressing our humanity, or in certain cases, our lack there of. For so many, they have taken on many different representations, each with an equal level of significance. The importance found in the symbolism of tattoos and their cultural relevance has consistently been a trend found throughout history, religion, and art....   [tags: Tattoos anthropology history ] 1543 words
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Taiwan Overview - Taiwan Overview Taiwan is a small island country located east of China. It is also commonly known as the Republic of China, Taiwan is best known for overthrowing communist Chinese rule and becoming an independent, democratic country. While many Americans do not possess much knowledge about his island, its history and other facts can be truly interesting. The modern history of Taiwan begins in the last decade of the 16th century when a Portuguese ship passed the island and the crew dubbed the island "Ilha Formosa" which translates into "beautiful island"....   [tags: History Anthropology Taiwan] 1498 words
(4.3 pages)
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Canadian Culture - Canadian Culture Canada is one of two countries located in North America and is the second largest country in the world. It is situated just north of the United States and constitutes the northern part of the country, excluding Alaska. Over the years Canada's culture has been influenced by European culture and traditions, mainly that of the French and British. Canadian culture has also been influenced by the countries' first people, the Aboriginals, as well as the newer immigrated population (Wikipedia, 2007)....   [tags: Culture Anthropology Canada Canadian] 1472 words
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Culture - Throughout the complex yet recognised studies upon sociological phenomena, the term ‘culture’ continues to astound anthropological revisions. Whether or not a definition of ‘culture’ can be determined, or merely the exact forces which bring about such an abstract entity, the concept that culture exists can be acknowledged with focus to structural functionalism. The precise justification for culture itself began to enlighten anthropologists such as Durkheim, who in turn has encouraged studies from Malinowski and Parsons for instance....   [tags: Anthropology, Durkheim, Functionalism] 1979 words
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Australopithecus - Australopithecus There are many types of the hominid called australopithecus, which means southern apes. These were small ape-like creatures(with a height between 107cm and 152cm) that showed evidence of walking upright. It is difficult to tell whether these begins are "humans" or "apes". Many of their characteristics are split between humans and apes. The many species of australopithecus include A.(australopithecus) ramidus, A. anamenesis, A. afarensis, A. africanus, A ....   [tags: Informative, Anthropology] 317 words
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Anthropologie du Bo (Théorie et Pratique du gris-gris) - Anthropologie du Bo (Théorie et Pratique du gris-gris) ABSTRACT: Subjective knowledge should not be separated from anthropology. But, unfortunately, this is the prevailing practice. The anthropology of Bo expresses the presence of Africa in anthropology. The authenticity of the African is found in his fervent practice of Bo. His thought, action, relations with others-his entire way of life-is based on the practice of Bo insofar as he wears Bo names. Bo is deeply rooted in his cultural values and comprises the background for all social organizations and thus acts as a social regulator....   [tags: French Essays] 4396 words
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Culture, Geography, and Prehistoric Settlements Along the Mississippi River - The culture of the Mississippi River has an effect on geography and in turn geography impacts the culture along the Mississippi River. The geography of the Mississippi River provided early settlers with the natural resources to survive and thrive. At the same time the aggressive expansion of culture significantly impacted the Mississippi River’s region. Archeological evidence establishes that Native American culture existed as early as 10,000 B.C.E. Native Americans occupied land and developed civilizations along the Mississippi River....   [tags: Anthropolgy Essays] 801 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity is a qualitative method of research that takes an ethnography one step further, displaying the personal thoughts and reflections of the anthropologist on his informants. Ethnographies generally take an outside or foreign perspective of a culture, like reading a text, and reflexivity introduces a new component of inside description. Here, the anthropologist may describe personal interactions and experiences with natives and use this inside information to make additional conclusions about the people being studied....   [tags: Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1085 words
(3.1 pages)
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Diversity - Diversity      Diversity can be defined as a situation that includes representation of multiple and ideally all groups within a prescribed environment, such as a workplace (University of Maryland, 2000). The success of an organization depends on the workforce of the organization. A workforce made up of diverse individuals from different backgrounds can bring the best talent to an organization. There are many types of diversity and demographic characteristics and each one has an impact on individual behavior....   [tags: Ethnicity Race Anthropology Diverse Essays]
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844 words
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World Cultures Final Exam Terms - World Culture’s Final Exam Terms Intro to the World 1. Cultural Conflict – clash of different ways of life over scarce resources, religion, race, land, oil, water, power, etc… 2. Cultural Relativism – judge culture on their own standards and values 3. Culturally different – one culture different from every other culture 4. Culture – total way of life of someone 5. Diffusion – mixing of different cultures from place to place 6. Ethnocentrism – belief that ones own culture is superior to other’s: judge other’s by your own standards 7....   [tags: Cultural Antropology] 1079 words
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The Development of Civilization - The Development of Civilization Our civilizations are merely a wrinkle in time. Billions of years ago, during the Paleolithic Culture people had only knowledge for basic survival. The Stone Age was a time for hunting and gathering, building tools, and making fire. As the human race evolved, so did the culture. This is when the Neolithic Culture was born. People started taking control. Farms sprang up and sedentary villages began to take form. Amazingly, not too far from these progressing cultures grew civilizations....   [tags: History Antropology Sociology] 2265 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Cosquer Cave Discovery - The Cosquer Cave Discovery A long, long time ago, 27,000 years ago to be exact, during the glacial period, glaciers over a kilometer deep spanned the country of France from the Alps to the Haute Provence. These glaciers held so much water that they caused the sea level in the Mediterranean Sea to drop well over 100 meters. Prehistoric humans found the entrance to Cosquer cave not far from the seashore and some entered to paint inside it. During this time, men created wonderful pictures on the walls of the cave....   [tags: Antrhopology] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Evaluation of Athropology Section of The Hilton C. Buley Library - Introduction The anthropology section of the Hilton C. Buley library is relatively small when compared to the rest of the library. The print collection is comprised of approximately seventy-eight shelves with an average of thirty books per shelf and a media collection of just two shelves containing mostly VHSs. Journal wise the collection contains an impressive amount of print and electronic journals covering specific to general topics with in the field. Anthropology covers a wide range of topics and is described by the American Anthropological Association as “the study of humans, past and present....   [tags: print collection, vhs format, museum]
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1957 words
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Indigenous Populations and Conservation - There have been debates mentioned by Dove (2006:197) questioning whether any indigenous populations have actually practiced conservation. This however, is based on a Western model and understanding of conservation. Examining how conservation is seen by non-Western people needs more critical considerations (Dove 2006:197). Conservation, as stated by indigenous people who attended the Fifth World’s Congress meeting, can be implemented without Western “models, management plans, or monitoring and evaluation” (Brosius 2004:611)....   [tags: antrophology, protected areas]
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1767 words
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Comparative Theory Essay: Ethnohistory and The Postcolonial Perspective - In The Houses of History, selected and introduced by Anna Green and Kathleen Troup, the different theories of the twentieth century are broken down and specifics are introduced about each theory. Historians use these theories to study certain aspects of history and to be able to compare two theories to each other and the problems each theory addresses must be identified. With all aspects of history having some sort of connection, it would be better to take a holistic approach to the history of different eras....   [tags: Ethnohistory ]
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Comparative Ideas in Anthropological Thinking - Anthropology, akin to other academic disciplines, has stirred among its colleagues debates of theories. As anthropologists have attempted to explain human behavior and culture a few of these premises have been discredited, others dismantled and portions renovated, and still others have become staples of anthropological analysis. Regardless of modern opinion regarding the theories of past anthropologists, elements of each concept remain essential to study. By utilizing the resources of McGee and Warms, Moore, Perry, Salzman, Sokolvosky, and Spencer, I will evaluate pairs of ideas in anthropology that include ideographic and nomeothetic, unilinear evolution and neoevolution, and organic and su...   [tags: theory debates, academin disciplines]
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1205 words
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Social Sciences In Theatre - Social Sciences in Theatre How are the social sciences associated with theatre. In his article “Performance Studies”, Helbo identifies many social sciences associated with theatre including psychology, sociology, and semiotics. Psychology, he states, has greatly increased the work of the actor by giving him a tool to examine his character or role in greater depth. Psychology has also affected the spectator by creating a release and even a form of therapy. Sociology is used in theatre to determine the cultural politics involved, the link between demand patterns and economic patterns, and the role of theatre in everyday life....   [tags: essays research papers] 341 words
(1 pages)
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Natural Selection, Scale, and Cultural Evolution - Evolution can be seen throughout all aspects of life, but for each aspect evolution does not occur in the same process. In his article entitled “Natural Selection, Scale, and Cultural Evolution,” Dunnell emphasizes and explains why evolution has made such a small impact on archaeology. Cultural evolution and biological evolution are not the same. Biological evolution uses theoretical propositions that explain the mechanisms of biological adaptation and evolution. The laws of cultural evolution “are not theoretical propositions but rather empirical generalizations” (Dunnell, 1996: 25)....   [tags: Natural Selection Essays] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Pierre Paul Broca: Physician, Anatomist and Anthropologist - There is no doubt that many of the scientific discoveries and advances in medicine that we are exposed to today would not be possible without the work of brilliant scientists from the past. The 19th century is just one time period that brought about such brilliance, and one of the most famous scientists goes by the name of Pierre-Paul Broca, or as he is more commonly referred to, Paul Broca. Paul Broca was a French anatomist, surgeon, physician and anthropologist, who even at a young age was known as a prodigy and someone well ahead of his time....   [tags: Scientific discoveries and advances in medicine] 568 words
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An Insight of Tibet Medicine and Healing Practices versus Western Medicine - We, as human beings, need different remedies to cure diseases and, ultimately, stay healthy. Medical practices vary from culture to location. Around 400 A.D. Tibetan Buddhist associated illness with the philosophy of doing good personal deeds in order to stay healthy, as opposed to illness being caused by a virus. The idea of personal responsibility resulted in health or illness spread throughout Eurasia, specifically in India, China, and Persian-Greek society, affecting medical approaches that we in the U.S....   [tags: Karma, Rehabilitation, Therapists]
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1328 words
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Natural Selection, Scale, and Cultural Evolution - In his article entitled “Natural Selection, Scale, and Cultural Evolution” Dunnell states that his purpose for the paper is to explain why evolution has made such a small impact on archaeology. His hopes, he says, are to give ways to integrate evolutionary characteristics and anthropological theory effectively. He first explains that cultural evolution and biological evolution are not the same (1996, pg 24). Because its “laws are not theoretical propositions but rather empirical generalizations,” cultural evolution does not work to explain cultural phenomena (1996, pg 25)....   [tags: Natural Selection Essays] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
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Natural Law and Civil Law - Leviathan as bearer of supreme authority and nationals who posses certain inalienable rights. We should draw attention to Hobbes’ reasoning about natural law and civil or positive law. According to Hobbes they both match with scope, form and content. However, natural law, which is impartial, equitable, legitimate, and moral in natural state is not the law itself; it just disposes people to peace, mercy, and obedience. Natural law is the laws that have existed and will exist forever. Governors and judges come and go, but natural law will exist forever because it is divine law....   [tags: supreme authority, Thomas Hobbes]
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The Argonauts by Malinowski - On the Kula and the Primitive Economic man, how was Malinowski wrong and why it does not matter "Imagine yourself suddenly set down surrounded by all your gear, alone on a tropical beach close to a native village, while the launch or dinghy which has brought you sails away out of sight… Imagine further that you are a beginner, without previous experience, with nothing to guide you and no one to help you. For the white man is temporarily absent, or else unable or unwilling to waste any of his time on you....   [tags: kula, primitive economic man]
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The New Archaeology Movement - ... Traditionally, archaeologists relied on “historical explanation” to interpret the significance of artifacts; however, New Archaeology introduced the concept of implementing a scientific attitude and considering culture as a process (Renfrew and Bahn 41). Deeming culture as a process would, in the New Archaeologist’s mind, help determine “how changes in economic and social systems take place” (Renfrew and Bahn 41). This viewpoint would encourage generalization. It would assume that all cultures functioned in the same or similar manner, because scientific processes, such as photosynthesis, are set; the same outcome will occur each time....   [tags: knowledge, behavior, methods, approaches] 904 words
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Concept of Culture - Anthropology introduces culture as a means to perpetuate human existence, because without culture, we would not exist. Individuals are created biologically, while persons are created by social society. Anthropologists firmly believe that our existence is dependent on culture, because culture shapes the social roles people fill on a day to day basis. Without these social roles, people would not know how to express emotions or respond to any given circumstance because we understand everything through culture....   [tags: essays research papers] 314 words
(0.9 pages)
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What´s Risk Management? - Risk Management Risk management is the process of responding to uncertainty and potential hazards (Barnabei, 2008) which can be studied in different approaches: psychology, anthropology, sociology and interdisciplinary studies. Psychology deals with human behavior while anthropology and sociology explores on the effect of culture and societal values on the said process. The interdisciplinary approach on the other hand is the framework used to explain how risks are controlled, amplified or attenuated in different disciplines and spheres of influences (Kasperson, et al.,1988)....   [tags: uncertainty, potential hazard, response]
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694 words
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The Structure of Power in American Society by C. Wright Mills - ... Coercion can be seen as the “last resort” of enforcing power. On the other hand, authority is power that is derived from voluntary action and manipulation is power that is derived unbeknownst to the people who are under that power. It is discussed how the indifference to politics by many citizens of western society and the fact that ideologies are now no longer needed by those in power to enforce their will are two key truths of western politics. In some societies it is the actions of many men that change the environment to which they belong and this in turn makes up history....   [tags: authority, manipulation and coercion] 812 words
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The Universe in a Cultural Context by Gumerman and Warburton - In the Essay written by Gumerman, George J. and Warburton, Miranda 'The Universe in a Cultural Context: An Essay', in Fountain, John W. and Sinclair, Rolf M (eds.) Current Studies in Archaeastronomy : Conversations Across Time and Space, Durham NC.; Carolina Academic Press 2005 pp 15-24, the authors Gumerman and Warburton have presented a paper promoting the value of Archaeoastronomical studies being integrated into the disciplines of Archaeology and Anthropology and explore the failure to utilize the results of mutual research to further advance the integration of the disciplines....   [tags: Critical Review, Archaeoastronomy]
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Ethnographic Methods Utilized By Finkelstein In With No Direction Home - With No Direction Home: Homeless Youth on the Road and in the Streets is an ethnography which describes the lives of youths living on the streets of New York City. The author attempts to conduct her own research in order to dispute the false impressions that many previous researches have formed about the youths living on the street. The ethnographic method she uses aids her study of the “street kids” in acknowledging the facts behind their choice of lifestyle and their experiences while on the street....   [tags: new york, homeless youth, street kids]
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In the Beginning, God Created Heaven and Earth - ... The next topic discussed was hamartiology also known as the study of sin. As stated in the previous paragraph, man’s sin stems from the sin of Adam and Eve which can also be classified as the original sin of man. Sin is classified as “anything that is opposed to the character and will of God as revealed in his Word.” (Towns 241-242) This means anything from gossiping to murder is considered a sin. If you look at this from a twenty-first century point of view, many of our daily actions can be considered a sin....   [tags: theology, genesis, Jesus]
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Race and the Development of Anthropological Theory - Race is a social construct that has influence all aspects of the American world view and life. The idea of race was constructed in America to justify slavery of Africans, stealing from and killing Native Americans, and prejudice against immigrants. Boas was took a stand on this subject that was not in line with mainstream perceptions on the subject. Another differing view was Du Bois who had some similarities in view and differences from Boas. Even with their legacies showing that race is not a biological reality, the power and impact of race can still be felt today, even though it is seen as a social construct by anthropologists....   [tags: Boas, Du Bois, Theories] 1869 words
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Art of the Americas and the Pacific - My friends, after traveling through the Asian continent and Japan, I continued on to the Americas. The art in the Americas has three regions, North America, Central America, and South America. Each region has a very distinct aspect to their forms of art. All cultures have some kind of art. Being curious about art, I have collected samples from five different areas. The following works of art are very different from European art, but there are still some similarities. The similarities of the human spirit are evident in the following images....   [tags: similarities, human spirit, ancient writings]
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The Effects of Globalization on Public Relations - ... With this, public relations practitioners are commonly identified as “cultural agents” for their need to monitor the societal and cultural progressions in a society, community or country (Banks, 2000, 3). As a result of this shift, public relation practices are more interactive instead of passive. It looks beyond the functional process as they are now engaging with a more diverse audience. With the knowledge of anthropology, it enables practitioners to be more aware and attuned to the different cultural practices and values associated with a specific country....   [tags: culture, society, communication] 1623 words
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John Tooby's Model of Evolutionary Psychology - Since its inception, the field of social services has been a challenging, complicated, and intellectually exhausting discipline. Practitioners are often required to assess the behavioral, cognitive, emotional, economic, and relational issues of clients, then outline potential solutions while simultaneously maintaining a paradigm by which the client does the majority of the work. Very little about field is easy, so any theory or model that attempts to facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of the human condition while providing achievable solutions to common social or psychological problems is a welcome addition to the body of research currently available to social service workers....   [tags: cognition, human behavior, social services]
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A Brief Biography of Katherine Dunham - According to Katherine, “A creative person has to create. It doesn’t really matter what they create. If such a dance wanted to go out and build the cactus gardens where he could, in Mexico, let him do that, but something that is creative has to go on. (Katherine, Dunham, Dancing a life, 2002)”. It has been said that an idol is someone whom everyone looks up to because of the great things they accomplished throughout their life span. Acknowledged as an African American dancer, choreographer, anthropologist, civil activist and writer....   [tags: African American dancer, civil activist, writer] 1261 words
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Alcohol & Drug Abuse: A Psychobiological Trait In Human Societies - Introduction Anthropology can be defined as the science of physical, social, material, and cultural development of man, including his origin, evolution, distribution, customs, beliefs, and folkways. Anthropologists are concerned with the ways in which human groups and communities cope with the immense changes in their physical and sociopolitical environments in recent decades. Today, many anthropologists feel the need to solve contemporary problems in society, not just study human existence. Specifically, the contemporary problem of drug and alcohol abuse is an issue of great importance worth examining for anthropologists as well as sociologists and other professionals who study factors tha...   [tags: Drugs Psychology Essays]
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Influence of Colonization Politics on Modern Field-work… - Influence of Colonization Politics on Modern Field-work… Hell-bent on expansion, the British Empire insisted on the exhaustive domination of one people over another, and in doing so, fostered hatred and friction between cultures in the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries. Cultural friction has presented a large disruption in the anthropological relationship between observer and participant in historical fieldwork, and moreover, “the bulk of social and cultural anthropological field work has been done in colonial settings” (Cohn, 1)....   [tags: Essays Papers] 679 words
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The Observation of Savage Peoples (1800) - The Observation of Savage Peoples (1800) Synopsis Joseph-Marie Degerando was a revolutionary, French philosopher who transcribed one of the original guidelines for the study of anthropology in the year 1800 titled, I: Societe des Observateurs de l’Homme in French, and translated into English as, The Observations of Savage Peoples. According to the author of the introduction and translator of his work into English, F. C. T. Moore, Degerando’s guidelines were a “capital work of anthropology” (Moore, U of CA Press....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Exploring The Natural History Museum - The Natural History Museum is extraordinary place to explore and learn. It’s fun and breathtaking. The museum served as an agricultural fairground from 1872 until 1910. The original structure of the building from the 1913 and today’s structure are combined with a blend of many styles. Like a Spanish Renaissance ornamentation in the terracotta trimmings. There is a Romanesque style in the arched windows and the brick walls. The Beaux-Arts tradition is a T-shape floor plan. The building measures 75 feet in diameter with three wings....   [tags: Museum] 2048 words
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The Hobbit of Flores Island - The partial remains of a skeleton belonging to a tiny female hominid that lived around 95K to 17Kya, was found in the Liang Bua cave on the island of Flores in Indonesia in 2003. This skeleton has unique traits. It has small body approximately 3’6” in length and an estimated body weight of 66 lbs. The 426 cc brain capacity led scientists to taxa the skeleton to a new species they called Homo floresiensis. Since the initial find, teeth and bones from as many as twelve H. floresiensis remains have been discovered at the Liang Bua cave which is the only known site where H....   [tags: Homo Sapiens with cretinism?]
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The Tricky Subject of Nationalism - The first six weeks of the semester have revealed plenty of new perspectives and various different subjects. Notable subjects that have been covered include: Ethnicity, Nation, and Religion. I’ve found these to carry the most interest and have the largest synergy of the topics presented. Ethnicity was the first big idea the class discussed. It was an especially fortunate topic for myself, as I had just recently completed an Anthropology course which has helped define my thoughts the subject matter....   [tags: ethnicity, nation, religion] 617 words
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Philantropy and Interdisciplinary Studies at the Stamps School - For the last ten years, I’ve been seeking the answers to identity, existence, and the subconscious. Recently, I’ve focused on community and individualism. Many consider my “Me” obsessed generation the most delusional, egocentric, and thoughtless generation in history. The reason for this is because we’re living in a system of paternalism. We’ve accepted a dose of dependence advertised as self-reliance. We’ve been given a placebo called freedom while our liberties are limited and regulated by Big Brother....   [tags: academic statement of purpose] 547 words
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Description of Birth of Our Modern Diet - For some, it might be hard to imagine how the Paleolithic diet was able to thrive millions of years ago in comparison to our diet of processed foods today. Our modern diet was created in response to changes in the biological trends over time as well as the innovations in culture. We can examine these changes by studying the human evolution through a biological perspective, while observing the changes in culture through an archaeological perspective. Often we can look at the evolution of humans and their trends to answer questions about living humans today....   [tags: diet, nutrition, healthy food] 535 words
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Week 1 in Ecology Class - Hello Class, In Week 1, we studied environmental science and ecosystems and discussed the importance of environmental health. Your understanding will be deepened through building a firm foundation based on chemistry, energy flow through ecosystems, and physical laws governing matter.You will learn that environmental science is the lens through which multiple disciplines gain understanding about Earth’s ecosystems and how human behavior affects natural systems. The interface between humans and the natural world is the focus of environmental science....   [tags: environmental, economic, ecosystems, science] 515 words
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Comparison of Full-Time Faculty - Introduction The purpose of this research project was to compare the highest level of degree completion amongst the full time faculty of Rockford College and several of our peer institutions. The institutions included in this research project were Augustana College, Aurora University, Beloit College, Benedictine University, Carroll College, Carthage College, Concordia University, Elmhurst College, Eureka College, Judson College, Loras College, Ripon College, Rockford College, Saint Francis University, and Saint Xavier University....   [tags: Higher Education] 1531 words
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Finding Nirvana in Work - For the last ten years, I’ve been seeking the answers to metaphysical questions through murals, photography, and sculpture. During my undergraduate program, I started my armor series that investigated psychological defenses and discovered that two opposing forces cannot exist alone and must co-exist in order to create nirvana. This discovery was reinforced after my trip to Laos where I learned more about Buddhism and its focus on spiritual balance. All things contain positive and negative properties....   [tags: forces, buddhism, spiritual, balance, collectivism] 557 words
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Margaret Mead - Margaret Mead was a great scientist, explorer, writer, and teacher, who educated the human race in many different ways. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss the different ways Margaret Mead, Anthropologist, effected our society. Margaret Mead was born in Philadelphia on December 16, 1901, and was educated at Barnard College and at Columbia University. In 1926 she became assistant curator of ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, and she served as associate curator and as curator....   [tags: essays research papers] 341 words
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Free Admissions Essay - Care for an Ethnically Diverse Population - Admissions Essay - Care for an Ethnically Diverse Population Crayfish tails in tarragon butter, galantine of rabbit with foie gras, oxtail in red wine, and apple tartelletes. The patient had this rich meal and complained of "liver upset" (crise de foie). Why a liver ache. I always associate indigestion with a stomach ache. In studying French culture in my Evolutionary Psychology class, I learned that when experiencing discomfort after a rich meal, the French assume their liver is the culprit....   [tags: Medicine College Admissions Essays] 678 words
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Photography in Advertising and its Effects on Society - Photography in Advertising and its Effects on Society Memory has been and always will be associated with images. As early as 1896, leading psychologists were arguing that memory was nothing more than a continuous exchange of images. (Bergson) Later models of memory describe it as more of an image text; a combination of space and time, and image and word. (Yates) Although image certainly is not the only component of memory, it is undoubtedly an integral and essential part of memory’s composition....   [tags: Photos Photos Advertise Essays]
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Female Suicide Bombers - This article provides a deep insight into the growing phenomenon of female suicide bombers over the past twenty-five years. Such women have been used by both secular and the religious militant organizations. At the beginning, religious organizations were against the idea of using females in suicide bombing. However, after seeing some of the successes scored by secular organizations which were using female suicide bombers, religious organizations also started adopting this tactic. The primary focus of the author is to identify the reasons for women becoming suicide bombers....   [tags: Cultural Issues]
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What is the purpose of the Human Relations Area Files? - What is the purpose of the Human Relations Area Files. Imagine a dictionary with over 800,000 pages of definitions in it. It would have every definition of every word, and every pronunciation of that word in it. Well the Human Relations Area Files are almost that, but with culture in mind. The HRAF started by George Murdock in 1949 at Yale University, is a collection on microfiche of over 800,000 pages of primary source materials, including books, journal entries, dissertations, unpublished field reports and many translations on selected cultures or societies from all over the world....   [tags: essays research papers] 422 words
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Interview With Pakistani - Interview With Pakistani Ethnology is the part of anthropology that focuses on the cultures of the world; its written results are published in ethnographies. While conducting my first ethnology I learned more about my friend Mohammed than I have learned about him in the seven years I have been acquainted with him. Moe works at a convenience store and gas station that I have been frequenting since before I was even old enough to have a car to fill up with gas. Moe is originally from Pakistan, he was born in the city of Karachi, but has been in this country for 20 years....   [tags: essays papers] 1589 words
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The Path to Knowledge - The Path to Knowledge Recent ethnographies suggest that tribal cosmologies address topics of philosophical relevance and offer valuable insights into the nature of perennial philosophical problems. For example, while postmodern and feminist thought has argued that the verification of knowledge is directly related to political interests, I argue that there are other vantage points not related to such interests that serve as valuable measures for the acceptance of knowledge. Direct empirical verification of the ontological presuppositions that govern the assessment of anthropos in the context sub species aeternitatis empowers an individual to understand his or her role within culture as well....   [tags: Philosophy Papers]
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Sidney Mintz - Sidney Wilfred Mintz born November 16th, 1922 in Dover, New Jersey. Sidney W. Mintz is a renowned Cultural Anthropologist with an extensive history of socially relevant ethnographic research and literature. He received his Bachelors degree of Psychology in 1943 at the Brooklyn College, and his Doctorate of Anthropology at Columbia University in 1951; both prestigious institutions are located in New York. Mintz started teaching as an undergraduate student and has since been a professional faculty member of several highly esteemed Universities and Institutions in the United States, France, Germany, China, Puerto Rico, and Australia....   [tags: Biography, Anthropologist]
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The Smell of Disappointment: A Study of the Mind, the Body, and the Building - The narrator in “The Axe” by Penelope Fitzgerald is the Manager of an unsuccessful company. This unnamed protagonist addresses a letter to his elitist, stereotypically self-important boss. The Manager explains the outcome of the redundancies that he had been assigned, reporting in full detail the termination of his clerical assistant, W.S. Singlebury, an older gentleman whose work is “his life” (Fitzgerald 667). In his letter, the Manager repeatedly makes reference to a pungent smell in the office, about which many staff members complain....   [tags: the axel,cultural representation, fitzgerald]
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Imagining the Future: Science and American Democracy by Yuval Levin - Imagining the Future: Science and American Democracy Reading Imagining the Future: Science and American Democracy, by Yuval Levin, is an educational experience because the book challenges liberal values effectively and offers a unique historical analysis of American political values. Unfortunately, Levin’s errors of omission lead to logical errors throughout Imagining the Future. Levin’s biggest problem is that he painstakingly avoids the mention of religion in relation to American politics....   [tags: biotechnology, liberals, religion]
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How Food is Viewed in the American Culture - Most people wouldn’t deny that food is vital to everyday life, but perhaps it has more importance than just simply nourishing our bodies. According to Carole M. Counihan, a doctor of anthropology, food is so important that society has constructed rules regarding its consumption. Counihan emphasizes in her 1992 Anthropology Quarterly article, “Food Rules in the United States: Individualism, Control and Hierarchy,” that these rules serve as the “means through which human beings construct reality” (Counihan, 1992, p....   [tags: nutrition, eating disorders]
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