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Indigenous Culture and Primitive People: A Look at Poverty and Well Being - The indigenous culture of primitive people and their habitats are at the edge of extinction. Although globalisation has initiated numerous opportunities for millions of people around the world, Social anthropologists have analysed the effects of indigenous cultures from the wider context of globalisation. In this essay I will examine development and modrenisation from the perspective of indigenous people and why development should take their culture seriously. ‘Development’ and anthropology are locked in an uneasy relationship ‘development’ has a background in early anthropological theories of social evolutionism....   [tags: anthropology, globalization]
:: 17 Works Cited
2033 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Kenneth’s Research Design Method - In order to investigate about a scenario or an occurrence that has left history over time, an expert would rely on artifacts and other sorts of evidences that may help find out facts and fictions about such scenarios in question. In this paper, an approach or attention is focused on Kenneth’s research design on the wood lily research. The study uses a unique way of addressing the historical information about the site Kenneth. Similarly, the research method he adapted has been widely used in the study of anthropology to make learning about artifacts and historical sites to become easier....   [tags: Anthropology, Data] 521 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Value of Cultural Relativism: Comparing Peace Corp Volunteer Floyd Sandford’s African Odyssey and Anthropologist Richard Lee’s Dobe Ju/’hoansi - Even a student that has been educated for only four weeks in anthropology can admit that their viewpoint has changed since acquiring their knowledge. Studying a foreign way of life and unfamiliar customs sheds light on the impact that one’s own culture has on their thoughts. Anthropology is valuable because has the ability to remove the shock and misunderstanding that occurs when examining an alien worldview. The value of cultural relativism, the principle that one culture should not be judged by the standard of another culture, is illustrated in the comparison of Peace Corp volunteer Floyd Sandford’s African Odyssey and anthropologist Richard Lee’s Dobe Ju/’hoansi....   [tags: anthropology, culture]
:: 2 Works Cited
1910 words
(5.5 pages)
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Reflecting on Religion in Literature - I am a Religious Studies major; therefore, learning about religion is a genuine interest of mine. In addition, from my first anthropology class, Introduction to Anthropology 103, learning about different cultures and people who may or may not be different from myself became an interest. Anthropology of Religion provides me with the best of both worlds. Not only do I get the opportunity to learn about different religious practices such as Tiwah among the Ngaju but how to anthropologically examine snake handlers in the Appalachians....   [tags: Religion Anthropology]
:: 1 Works Cited
1938 words
(5.5 pages)
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Culture is a Gift to Humans - Anthropology shows culture to us as a gift to human beings because without culture we would not exist. As described in our first reading culture is observational. As a result, anthropologists study ethnographic fieldwork. “Whether in a jungle village in Peru or on the streets on New York, anthropologists go to where people live and ‘does fieldwork.’ ” This means participating in activities and asking questions, eating strange foods, interviewing informants, and learning a new language. Above all, anthropologists are observers of culture....   [tags: culture, anthropology, ] 1538 words
(4.4 pages)
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Forensic Antrhropology: Cannibalism Research Report - Forensic Anthropology Cannibalism Research Report Cannibalism has long been a topic of interest to humans throughout history. There have been countless reports and evidences presented that point to cannibalism occurring since the dawn of man. It simply seems as if, if put if a very dire situation, people would turn to other people as a source of sustenance. Fortunately, not many people have had to take such great lengths as this to survive; some people would say they would rather die than eat the flesh of a fellow human being....   [tags: ritualistic, survival human morality] 2126 words
(6.1 pages)
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Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy - Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy Public Policy is a field of study, which values the utility of certain programs (education, law, urban development) and then tries to distribute these gains in a fair manner. One example of this is tax breaks for a home. This tax break offers many citizens equal opportunity to own a home. These policies may sometimes be ineffective. I believe that cultural anthropology should be introduced to policy makers and analysts when creating legislation....   [tags: Political Science Public Administration]
:: 4 Works Cited
1376 words
(3.9 pages)
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Medical Antropology - Medical anthropology addresses the symbolic, narrative, and ethical dimension of healing, medicine and medical technology in many ways. One way anthropologists address these dimensions is by exploring how local and international communities view wellness, illness, disease and healing through different perspectives. Their goal is to examine how communities are able to function individually as well as to look for themes within the structure and systems of separate communities and cultures. Anthropologists spend a lot of time observing and discussing the theme of treatment within various communities....   [tags: Medicine, Vitro Fertilization]
:: 3 Works Cited
888 words
(2.5 pages)
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Gender Inequality Throughout History - Today's world, as much as we pride ourselves to live in the 21st century, is still a world where gender inequality is very much present. It has taken mankind many thousands of years to reach the point where we are today, when women are almost on equal foot with man, regarding education, choice of profession, rights and privileges. It was uncommon not many decades ago for women to pursue any academic path, women in science were very rare, and those who did manage to put their foot in the door had to deal constantly with men who were telling them that they were in the wrong place, and that they should conform themselves with the gender role that society has cut out for them....   [tags: anthropology, prehistory]
:: 6 Works Cited
1017 words
(2.9 pages)
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Man the Hunter Revisited - Man the Hunter: Revisited In 1966, a group of about fifty anthropologists met in Chicago for a conference that would later known as the “Man the Hunter” meeting. The meeting contrasted with earlier scholarship and presented a Hollywood approach to the topic of early man, one where our ancestors were strong, powerful, and in control of their environment. Anthropologists Sherwood L. Washburn and C.S. Lancaster (1968), both present at the conference claimed, “our intellect, interests, emotions, and basic social life—all are evolutionary products of the success of the hunting adaptation”....   [tags: Anthropology, Hunting] 1893 words
(5.4 pages)
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Social Sciences Exam - 1. Is necessary to develop the new social sciences because it exists as a result of the impact of two things happening in western intellectual traditions at the being of the 19th century. One is social theorists are becoming more and more interested in generalizing about human nature, its making statements about the general nature of human beings it is not just the history of the English people anymore, it’s the nature of human society. Two, is the impact of science on the thought processes of the European intellectual....   [tags: cultural anthropology ] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Origns of The Species by Charles Darwin - The Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary defines cultural anthropology as the anthropology that deals with “human culture [especially] with respect to social structure, language, law, politics, religion, magic, art, and technology” (1998:282). Anthropology, when broken down, simply means the study of man (anthropos: man and ology: study). The word culture comes from the Latin word “colere,” which means to cultivate, or to worship. When you understand the meaning of the word, it provides you with a better understanding of what the word represents....   [tags: cultural anthropology, determinism, culture]
:: 17 Works Cited
2790 words
(8 pages)
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What You Need To Know To Choose The Right Career - The decision of which career to pursue is one of the most crucial decisions in one’s lifetime. The choice primarily determines the course of the rest of one’s life. With the gargantuan amount of career options available it can prove to be immensely difficult, but as a person examines their beliefs and interests the choice may end up being immensely simple. Some individuals may find that they are interested in a wide array of subjects. Those people who are interested by many subjects may decide to pursue a career in anthropology because it allows one to study numerous aspects of language, history, and culture....   [tags: anthropology, career discovery]
:: 3 Works Cited
739 words
(2.1 pages)
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Childe and Anthropology - Essay Questions 1. Childe equated civilization with urbanism. Other social scientists, while admitting a considerable overlap, distinguished between the cultural phenomena characteristic of urban areas and those of "civilized" societies. Childe identified 10 formal criteria that, according to his system, indicate the arrival of urban civilization. These are: increased settlement size, concentration of wealth, large-scale public works, writing, representational art, knowledge of exact sciences, foreign trade, full-time specialists in non-subsistence activities, class-stratified society, and political organization based on residence rather than kinship....   [tags: essays research papers] 380 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx - The positivist tradition in anthropology, suggested in the Erikson text to have begun following the release of The Course of Positive Philosophy by August Comte between 1830-1842 describes anthropology as the “position that social phenomena can, and should, be investigated 'objectively,' without reference to the personal opinions or the cultural context of the investigator” (Erikson, & Murphy, 2010, p. 10). The early modern study of anthropology is essentially an articulation of Comte's views on how human societies should be examined....   [tags: positivist tradition, erikson, anthropology] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Overlap in the Theories of Chagnon and Morgan - Cultural anthropology is defined as a branch of anthropology deals with human culture, especially in respect to social structure, language, law, politics, religion, magic, art, and technology (“Defining Anthropology”). In this essay, I will talk of the lives of two very prominent anthropologists. The first is Lewis Henry Morgan who was active in the late 1800s and second, the controversial anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon who started his work in the 1960s. Even with the large gap in time, quite a few of their ideologies and theories do overlap....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology, Anthropologists]
:: 1 Works Cited
1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Definition and Study of Cultural Construction - Cultural construction is one of the key values in the study of Anthropology for several reasons. According to Peoples and Bailey in our Humanity book, Anthropology not only helps us understand the biological, technological, and cultural development of humanity but it’s also intended to teach us the importance of understanding and appreciating cultural diversity. By definition, “Cultural constructions are arbitrary in that they are created and maintained by each culture, cultural constructions are not fixed forever rather they are dynamic and change over time....   [tags: Anthropology, Different Cultures]
:: 5 Works Cited
946 words
(2.7 pages)
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Mixed Martial Arts: Violence or Discipline - This article is about the views of mixed martial arts, commonly known as MMA, on whether it promotes violence or discipline as it gains popularity among children. Kahn states, “In the 1990s, mixed martial arts was marketed as a blood sport… [However,] MMA is now promoted as a competitive combat sport and has crossed over to popular culture” (“Violence…”). In 2004, Gracie Tampa, an academy of MMA and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, consists about 10 percent of children but now consists about a growing 50 percent of children....   [tags: cultural anthropology, enculturation]
:: 1 Works Cited
893 words
(2.6 pages)
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Implementing Sustainability Practices in Javakheti-Highlands of Georgia - With the political transformation in the former Soviet republics of Minor and Central Asia, a fundamental socio-economic reorganisation took place. Within this process ecological and economic claims often stand in contradiction to each other. As the access to natural resources as well as strategies of securing livelihood have changed and receive new significance and awareness, new challenges for the local ecosystems and their biodiversity arise. In particular, in the high mountains areas of the crisis-ridden Caucasus region the degradation and transformation of sensitive alpine steppe ecosystems is proceeding rapidly, mainly due to unregulated pasturing (Williams et al., 2011) and climate ch...   [tags: environment, biodiversity, anthropology] 1404 words
(4 pages)
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Marcia Langton's Study of the Aborigines of Australia - Dr. Marcia Langton, an anthropologist from Australia of Australian Aborigines descent, spoke at the Berndt’s lecture in 2011. Her article, Anthropology, Politics and the Changing World of Aboriginal Australians, focuses primarily on the works of an anthropologist couple Robert and Catherine Berndt. They had completed many ethnographic studies in various areas around Australia. Langton states that their work has been crucial in order to have a complete understanding of the Australian Aborigines’ society....   [tags: Anthropology, Alcohol Abuse]
:: 2 Works Cited
2060 words
(5.9 pages)
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Native American Burial Grounds & Ossuaries in Canada - Canada is a diverse country, home to many different peoples and cultures. It can easily be said that Biological Anthropology is one of the main reasons that we have learned so much about the many people who have lived in Canada. This can certainly be said when one thinks of all we have learned of the First Nations peoples’ through this method. However, in Canada there exists such an Act known as the Cemetery Act. This act protects many things, one of which being the protection of aboriginal burial grounds and ossuaries....   [tags: Anthropology, Diversity, Ontario]
:: 9 Works Cited
1475 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Origin of Language in Human Evolution - Language is a complex system evolved from animal cognition system not from animal communication, suggesting that only humans with complex brain system were capable of developing (Ulbaek, 1998). Whereas other animal species communicate through vocalised sounds, songs, or gestures specially primates such as apes. Similarly gestures and hand gestures were the form of communication used by early hominids, but Homo habilis and Homo erectus started to use vocalisations and decreasing the frequent use of simple hand gestures for communication....   [tags: communication, linguistic system, anthropology]
:: 9 Works Cited
1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Perspectives of Enlightenment and Victorian Anthropological Theory - The study of anthropology has undergone several transformations in the theoretical standpoints in its pursuit to understand human differences. During the discipline’s early history, these theories revolved around the indigenous people that Europeans encountered during their explorations. One of these shifts is illustrated in the variation in the declaration of the Enlightenment philospher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who stated, “Man is born free, and everywhere in chains” and Victorian anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor’s assertion that “Life in the Uncivilized World is fettered at every turn by chains of custom”....   [tags: anthropology, human differences, utopia]
:: 5 Works Cited
1149 words
(3.3 pages)
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Anthropology and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine - Anthropology and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine Zora Neale Hurston described the study of anthropology as a spy-glass, an illuminating lens (1). Anthropology is defined as the scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans (2). Through this study and with the aid of an essay defining human nature written by Cardinal Jean Daniello, we can take a closer look at the behavior of the characters in Hurston's novels Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine....   [tags: Hurston Eyes Watching God Gourd Vine Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1911 words
(5.5 pages)
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Are Bodies Universal? Anth Essay - Are Bodies Universal. Discuss with Reference to the Anthropology of Psychiatry. More than one and less than many. (Strathern 1991, 35). Universals are mere planes of abstract perfection abstracted from concrete perceptions. (Strathern, 2002: 9). In 1861, German psychiatrists proclaimed moral insanity as ‘somatic illness[es] of the brain’ (Griesinger, 1861 in Johnstone et al. 2010). A hundred years later, in 1963, a definition of mental illness was put forward ‘as deviation from the norm for the species in such a way as to place the individual at a biological disadvantage’ (Scadding, 1963 in Forrest, 1990: 3), around the same time Willliam Caudill spoke of mental illness as a 'maladaptation...   [tags: Anthropology, Health, Mental Illness] 2572 words
(7.3 pages)
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Katherine Dunham: Activist, Anthropologist, Dancer - Katherine Dunham not only significantly contributed to the rise of modern dance, but she was also a pioneer in the field of dance anthropology; and a staunch political and social activist. Dunham was born in Chicago, Illinois and primarily raised in nearby Joliet, Illinois. Dunham first became interested in dance when she was a teenager and trained with Ludmilla Speranzeva, formerly of the Moscow Theatre, Vera Mirova, Mark Turbyfill and Ruth Page in Chicago before and during her college education....   [tags: dunham school, dance anthropology]
:: 2 Works Cited
1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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Anthropological Study of Gay Culture - Around the world, anthropologists study different cultures and traditions from various nations. Relating back to our Anthropology class projects, our group decided to pick a field site that has to do with gay people. After putting much thought and decision, we came to the decision of making our field site a gay bar/lounge. We visited the bar at least 5 times until we knew exactly every important detail for our project. During our 5 visits we did case studies, surveys, structured interviews, direct observation and participant observations....   [tags: Anthropology Class Project] 2349 words
(6.7 pages)
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Cultures as Systems of Interconnections - How do cultures work. This is a question that has baffled anthropologists since the origin of the discipline. Although anthropologists acknowledge that a culture has to be understood in its own right (Carrithers 1992, 3), when analysing certain cultures, anthropologists have found that there are similar social organisations within cultures, but every culture seems to have a different approach to categorising aspects of their culture within these seemingly similar constructions (Eriksen 1995, 5)....   [tags: anthropology, behavioral science]
:: 3 Works Cited
957 words
(2.7 pages)
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Jung and Freud On Dreams - Why do people dream. What do dreams mean. What relevance do dreams have. What relevance, if any, even if nothing more than chemical activity while asleep. Are dreams a mystical message from a greater source. Are dreams merely biological work. Why are some dreams and fragments remembered while others are forgotten. How does one understand dreams. All of these questions and more have been raised by people for as long as human beings have been around on the Earth (Springett, 2000). The proceeding is just a partial listing of the questions that may be asked by people even today, as dreams continue to remain a great mystery....   [tags: psychology, sociology & anthropology perspectives]
:: 9 Works Cited
1213 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Influence of Geography and the Environment On the Development of Early Civilization - Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Many things, such as the aforementioned deserts and mountains, can offer both positive and negative influences on the society in question. The climate and amount of rainfall is directly related to the success or failure of crop growing, and thus related to the amount of time spent on simply surviving....   [tags: Anthropology] 784 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Historical Process: The Views of Jared Diamond, William McNeill, and Hans Zinsser - When pressed with explaining the progression of human society to its current state and, more broadly, the historical process in general, one has several possible options. Three of the most compelling views, however, can be attributed to Jared Diamond, William McNeill, and Hans Zinsser. Although each offers a distinct model of how to understand chance and how history explains evolution, they all take radically different approaches. Diamond proposes that everything is explicable by a few simple laws and principles, and even goes so far as to suggest that there are no alternatives in history....   [tags: Anthropology] 1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Indian Society and Thought Before the Time of Buddha - Every civilization had it origin, but most likely, this origin is either covered by dust or was ruined by the proliferates of internal wars or exterior conquest. Fortunately, with the help of modern science, we can go back even further into history than we once before had. New technology had allowed archeologist to unearth many mystery’s artifacts that could change the world history or at least make a contribution to the history of the world. Adding more evidential facts with scientific means to provide information’s that were left out for thousands of years....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 9 Works Cited
1777 words
(5.1 pages)
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A Resilient Peoples: An Introduction to the San - INTRODUCTION According to the widely accepted, Out of Africa Theory, the first appearance of the anatomically modern human originated 200,000 years in Africa. Modern humanity exists today as the species Homo sapiens sapiens, whom are generally characterized by bipedal and upright movement, the use of tools, and a complex brain structure as compared to their ancestral counterparts. All modern humans evolved from fourteen specific “ancestral population clusters” and from 100,000 to 50,000 years ago migrated and hybridized or interbred throughout the world in waves replacing archaic species and populating the world....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 9 Works Cited
2028 words
(5.8 pages)
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The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert - The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert are one of the most highly researched groups by anthropologists. They refer to themselves as the Zhun/twasi, which means, “the real people”. The !Kung San people inhabit Southern Africa, and are commonly referred to as Bushmen. Being that the !Kung San are a nomadic people; their bands are usually only seen as being fairly low in population. These people, who also inhabit parts of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Swaziland, and Mozambique, have a fascinating lifestyle due to the hostile environment that the Kalahari offers (Bushmen, 2011)....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 5 Works Cited
967 words
(2.8 pages)
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Relationship Between Modern Humans and Neanderthal - The first Neanderthal fossils found in Europe, a fragmented child’s cranium in Belgium in 1830, and an adult cranium in Gibraltar, were not immediately recognized as a divergent kind of human. Only in 1856 after a partial skeleton was found in a cave in the Neander Valley in Germany it became clear that these fossils belonged to an extinct human and our closest evolutionary relative (Hublin and Pääbo, 2006). Since then, questions about their relationship with modern humans have been fiercely debated between anthropologists....   [tags: Anthropology ]
:: 19 Works Cited
1592 words
(4.5 pages)
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Tuvalu and Impacts of Global Warming - Tuvalu is a nation that is hanging on the brink of extinction. The effects of global warming have had an enormous impact on the sustainability of life within the nation. Consisting of nine coral atolls, the highest point is five meters, and the average height is less than two meters above sea level. (UN) The lasting impacts that global warming has on Tuvalu include: rising sea levels, coral bleaching, ocean acidification and scarce amounts of fresh water. However while these factors are all directly environmental problems, global warming has the potential to destroy the rich cultural life in Tuvalu, where eleven thousand residents live....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 7 Works Cited
2063 words
(5.9 pages)
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Reciprocity in Aboriginal Australian Communities - Reciprocity is not a simple concept when it comes to the Aboriginal culture. It can mean many different things depending on the situation it is being used to define. Reciprocity may be the notion of taking care of your kin as they will do for you. It might be the give and take between families and communities in which everyone shares what they have. Reciprocity may be being held responsible for your kin’s actions. It might be the approximately equal trades conducted between nearby communities. It may be the taking of a life in exchange for another....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 11 Works Cited
2304 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Course of Human Evolution - Human life histories are understood to consist of different levels of factors that contribute to the variation and evolution of human health, and this can be analyzed by categorizing the various lifetime events on a fast-slow continuum (Promislow & Harvey, 1990 as cited in Kaplan, Lancaster, & Robson, 2003). Mammals, for example, are located on the fast end of the continuum and are known to reproduce early, have a shorter period of pregnancy, grow into smaller body sizes, and produce a great amount of offspring that are vulnerable to death....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 4 Works Cited
1683 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Downfall of Kinship - The Downfall of Kinship(Question 2) In the past, kinship has been an integral part of explaining societies in the anthropological field, as it is one of the bases of social structure in most societies to varying degrees. However, with the eventual spread of what is modernly western ideals, the importance of kinship was lost and thought to be outdated for western philosophy. So, with the western ideals and the newer action of globalization, making these western ideals the norm, kinship is seen as less important for societal structure, though moderately important from a biological perspective....   [tags: Anthropology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1682 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Batek of Malaysia - One of the most interesting indigenous groups in the world is the Batek of Malaysia, this is a group of people that live in the oldest rain forest of peninsular Malaysia. Orang ASli means “Original people” in the native Malay Language, and they truly are the original people of the land. Being a nomadic group of hunters and gatherers, means that they are at the mercy of the land and the elements for survival. Batek beliefs note that, the rainforest was created by “superhuman” beings for the Batek to use and will destroy the world and everything on it if the Batek were ever to leave the rainforest ( K.M....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 6 Works Cited
1536 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Way of Tlachtli - Since the early 1400s BCE, people of this era have played one of the earliest known forms of a sport that involves two teams and a rubber ball played on a court. Based on archaeological evidence, Tlachtli (which translates in English to “ball game”) is thought to have been played by the civilizations of Mesoamerica including the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, and Toltec. The game was more than a sport to these people. It was a means of settling conflicts and maintaining social harmony, it was a very important part in the ritualistic lives of those cultures....   [tags: Anthropology]
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1610 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Origin Modern Humans - The origin of modern humans is a matter of debate. There are two different theories regarding the origin of modern humans or Homo sapiens. The first and primary theory states modern humans emerged in one place and from a single origin. This theory is known as the Recent African Origin Model. It suggests that modern humans are the product of speciation during the late Pleistocene in Africa. Homo sapiens eventually migrated out of Africa to Eurasia, and replaced all other human populations, without interbreeding....   [tags: Anthropology]
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1604 words
(4.6 pages)
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In Darkness and Secrecy: The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia - Magic can be a dangerous and mysterious force for those who believe. Those faithful who reside in the Amazon are always wary for the perceived effects of magic. Whether it be assault sorcery, dark shamanism, or witchcraft those that hold to these beliefs are ever watchful. Shamans however can also bring light and understanding to the people of their land. They heal, guide, and protect those they love and cherish. The book In Dark and Secrecy allows us to read the observation of Dominique Buchillet who observed the Desana shamans and people of the Upper Rio Negro Region of Brazil....   [tags: shamans, magic] 837 words
(2.4 pages)
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An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends - A Timeline of Waste in Cairo Despite the fact that MSW is a responsibility of governments and municipalities, the earliest form of waste management system that has ever been known in Cairo was established by people not by authorities, a collaboration that dates back to the beginning of the last century. The first societal authority in this parallel government was a group of migrants from the Dakhla oasis in the western Egyptian desert. They were called Wahiya which means ‘oasis people’. They settled in Cairo and embarked themselves on managing the city’s waste as a living ....   [tags: municipal solid waste management]
:: 23 Works Cited
1232 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Issue of Female Circumcision from a Medical Anthropology Perspective - It is estimated that about 100 million women are circumcised (Toubia 1994,712). Female Circumcision or Female Genital Cutting or Female Genital Mutilation as it is also known is a very important issue that deserves much attention and understanding. Female Circumcision is closely related to women’s sexuality and reproductive role, which is why it has strong cultural significance to those that have the procedure done (Toubia 1994,712). The practice is done in a variety of cultural and ethnic groups (Toubia 1994,712)....   [tags: women circumcision, females]
:: 4 Works Cited
890 words
(2.5 pages)
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Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality - Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality Social Anthropology seeks to gauge an understanding of cultures and practices whether they are foreign or native. This is achieved through the studying of language, education, customs, marriage, kinship, hierarchy and of course belief and value systems. Rationality is a key concept in this process as it affects the anthropologist’s interpretation of the studied group’s way of life: what s/he deems as rational or plausible practice. Witchcraft and magic pose problems for many anthropologists, as its supernatural nature is perhaps conflicting to the common Western notions of rationality, mainly deemed superior....   [tags: Social Anthropology]
:: 8 Works Cited
2268 words
(6.5 pages)
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A comparison of Behar’s The Vulnerable Observer and Tsing’s In the Realm of the Diamond Queen - When presented with ethnographic works, the first thing one would normally do would be to compare. The Vulnerable Observer by Ruth Behar and In the Realm of the Diamond Queen by Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, both demonstrate key factors that prove to be prevalent throughout the anthropological world today. Through the examination of each piece, it is clear that they both share similar restrictions, trials and tribulations. As both books begin to unravel, the themes of marginality and borders (in a multitude of contexts) rise to the surface....   [tags: ruth behar, anthropology, ana tsing]
:: 4 Works Cited
1136 words
(3.2 pages)
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Exploring the Anthropological Principles in Paine´s Common Sense - In the 1776 document Common Sense by Thomas Paine, Paine tries to convince the American colonies that they are being fraternized by Britain under false pretenses, and that they should claim their freedom from their oppressive and manipulative rule immediately. In doing so, Paine actually highlights many of the principles of the Classical Christian Anthropology, the doctrine that our founding fathers initially instilled into the framework America. He also gives examples of the British government to emphasize the principles of Modern Anthropology, and to juxtapose against the Classical Christian Anthropology, or the government of the American colonies....   [tags: anthropology, Thomas Paine, american government]
:: 1 Works Cited
1744 words
(5 pages)
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Race in America - When Europeans arrived in the America, they encountered people whom they had never before seen. The natives were viewed as savage and uncivilized, regardless of their well-established culture and presence. As the colonies formed and Africans began their slave-bound voyages to America, many colonists perceived them as inferior. Eurocentrism allowed for a foundation on which the race concept was built and flourished. As research shows, there is only one species of human beings, Homo sapiens. “Race,” used as a construct to stratify societies, is not a reference to biological variation....   [tags: Anthropology, Discrimination, Eurocentrism] 2239 words
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Postmodern Multicultural Society - The evolution of a postmodern multicultural society places a premium on increased understanding of issues surrounding culture and ethnic identity. Anthropology has traditionally defined culture as the sum total of artifacts (language, customs, tools/technology, institutions, etc.) that make up a human society. From a psychological perspective, it is useful to focus on the processes of symbolic communication that sanction the coherence of human societies and enable them to evolve such a variety of artifacts....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Gender Roles] 1765 words
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Alphone Bertillon's System - Alphonse Bertillon was born in Paris on April 24, 1853. He was the son of the distinguished physician, anthropologist, and physician, Louis Adolphe Bertillon (bookrags.com). Young Alphonse was seen as hopeless through his fathers eyes. He often suffered from migraine headaches, and nosebleeds, and was very shy and lacked social skills. However, the young Bertillon was not a complete loss, he was an intellectual who had a thirst for knowledge and shared his father's interest in statistics and anthropology (http://jimfisher.edinboro.edu)....   [tags: Biography, Advances, Anthropology]
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Functionalism and Marxism - In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories. Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established. Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront. Marxism was established by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s and was later adopted by other theorists, such as Marvin Harris....   [tags: history of anthropology and sociology] 2189 words
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The Harm Dilemma - Anthropologists face ethical decisions every day, in which they must balance the often competing interests of their obligations against the demands that are placed upon them. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ethical behaviour as “conforming to accepted standards of conduct”. For Anthropologists, the ethical risks faced in fieldwork are defined by their ethical obligations. This paper will discuss, in a limited scope, both the ethical risks of fieldwork and the obligations of an anthropologist....   [tags: ethics, anthropology, risk]
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National Conflict and Dispute - Introduction Disputes and conflicts are mostly caused by race, gender, culture, language, ideologies and religion. These factors are inter-related for it shows the differences of people in every way that causes arguments, debates and misunderstanding either internationally or locally. Numerous times of debates and advocacy between who is dominant and who is subordinate has been a great input in the making of our history which until now, is still being added. Disputes and conflicts in this era is just repeating history therefore, history speaks for itself....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture Conflict, September 11] 1547 words
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Chinese Cultural Anthropology - Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts....   [tags: essays research papers] 530 words
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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer - The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays] 1238 words
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Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective - Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective It is no secret anylonger that the ecological crisis puts mankind as a whole to an existential test which have to be solved in practice and in theory. So, by this the vast amount of literature can be explained which consequently led to the emergence of an own "genre" — the so called "ecoliterature" which herself is really dissonant and ambigious. In the meantime — besides other sources — almost all sciences take part in such kind of discussions what obviously can be traced back to the fact that the ecological crisis is such a substantial phenomena which leads therefore to numerous perceptions and different point of view...   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Environment Essays]
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Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research - Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research ABSTRACT: This approach holds that the problem of humanity determines the history of culture. On the basis of theory developed by Max Scheler, I try to work out the main characteristics of cultural process, the typology of culture, and the periodization of culture. The humanities in Russia are in the midst of a methodological crisis now, and I hope that this approach will help us obtain a fuller understanding of culture. There's not a secret that Russian Humanities are in a methodological crisis now....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Essays] 1967 words
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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing - Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethn...   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1614 words
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The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography - The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography Reflexivity, as I understand it, is very well named.It is the practice of reflecting upon oneself and one’s work, of being self-aware and self-critical. In anthropology, it is well exemplified by the work of Renato Rosaldo, Ruth Behar, and Dorinne Kondo, among others. In its most obvious form (or at least the form most obvious to me), reflexivity is manifest in the practice of an ethnographer including herself in her own ethnographic research---seeing herself not as an “unbiased, impartial” (Malinowski 18) observer, but as an essential and un-removable part of her study....   [tags: Anthropology Science Essays] 1389 words
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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research - Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers] 991 words
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Anthropology: An Obeservation of Real Life Interactions Among a Group of Friends - For my subgroup project, I decided to observe a group of teenage boys. Located at the intersection of Fullerton and central. The location seemed like any other McDonalds except the arrangement of the sits. They have a wide range of chairs and furniture located in the side of the entrance while the front part was wide. My subgroup was located in the side of the McDonalds near the restrooms. The methods I used were participant observation, informal interviewing, and formal interviewing. While I conducted my observations on Tuesdays and Thursdays....   [tags: observation, interviewing, pattern] 1078 words
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Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans - Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans The debate with-in the anthropology field has been heated over the evolution of the human and the events that have lead us to where we are now. One of the major questions that is debated is how did we, humans-large brained and small jawed, evolve from primates-large jawed and small brained. Interestingly enough, this debate is now being directed from outside the field; by biologists and plastic surgeons. On march 25, 2004, Doctors Stedman (and others) published their findings in Nature (VOL 428) under the title Myosin gene mutation correlates with anatomical changes in the human lineage....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team - The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team In the field of Anthropology, there have been numerous studies on soccer and the different social plays that the sport contains. Groundbreaking and controversial writings such as Marcelo Mario Suarez-Orozco’s, A Study of Argentine Soccer: The Dynamics of Its Fans and Their Folklore (1982) study the fans and symbolism that surround the game. However, a key element that is often disregarded by anthropologists is the players themselves. Dismissed as the realm of journalists, most studies seem to shy away from the social interaction and symbolism that occurs within the team, and instead focus on how the fans view the game and the games role and sym...   [tags: Anthropology Sports Athletics Essays]
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Sexual Dimorphism and Human Evolution - Introduction The topic of gender differences must understandably be approached with caution in our modern world. Emotionally charged and fraught with ideas about political correctness, gender can be a difficult subject to address, particularly when discussed in correlation to behavior and social behavior. Throughout history, many people have strove to understand what makes men and women different. Until the modern era, this topic was generally left up to religious leaders and philosophers to discuss....   [tags: Anthropology Dimorphism Evolution Sexuality] 2397 words
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Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here - Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here. There are no toilet seat covers in London people walk much faster here crossing the streets is extremely dangerous. People on the tube won’t acknowledge your presence everyone is an aggressive driver young children take the tube alone to school and back if you talk on the tube you receive dirty looks. In the first week or so I found some of my observations to be quite odd, and wondered how people were able to live with conditions such as these....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society - Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society Cultures on this planet are infinitely diverse and quite different from each other as well. Many of the customs and rituals that are practiced in the United States are diverse in nature as well, but are similar in more ways to each other than to cultures in other regions of the world. It seems that a great deal of a culture’s core stems from their surrounding environment, and the pressures that this puts on those trying to live there....   [tags: Anthropology] 597 words
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Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy - Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s ability to challenge academic establishment make him an appealing yet dubious character. The German’s late nineteenth century excavations of Truva are often considered to have shed new light on ancient history or ‘undoubtedly destroyed a great deal of archaeological data that will forever be lost[1]. Despite the praise and glorification that surrounds the romantic stems of Schliemann’s work; his excavations have proved limited to the evolution of archaeology and ancient history....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Lord, What is Man? - ABSTRACT: In this essay, philosophical anthropology is considered from the viewpoint of biblical exegesis. Our summons to self-knowledge is discussed in the light of immanence of the Kingdom of God in the human being. Humanity is argued to consist of a three-fold structure: outer, inner, and divine. Psalms 144:3 The theme of my paper is philosophical anthropology in its proper sense, i.e., the understanding of human nature. Philosophy is a speculative discipline and we have to choose a basis for our reasoning....   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Anthropology Papers]
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The Key of Reflexivity - The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1119 words
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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line - Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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Cinderella's Theories - The classic fairy tale of Cinderella easily connects with three different perspectives of social science – anthropology, sociology and psychology. Anthropology, being the study of cultures, relates to Cinderella regarding how the characters were brought up through their cultural background. The perspective of sociology – people within groups and social structures – explains how and why the different conflicts arise within the story. Psychology studies mental processes and behaviour, analysing Freudian decisions of Cinderella and what might have been her mental state in the fairy tale....   [tags: Social Science, Anthropology, Sociology]
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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema - Body Ritual Among the Nacirema What is the precise geographical location of this strange tribe, the Nacirema. The Nacirema is a North American group living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles. Little is known of their origin, though tradition states that they came from the east. What are the private and secret shrines of the Nacirema. In the Nacirema, the belief is that the human body is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease....   [tags: Anthropology] 705 words
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Wilderness Areas are Under Threat - Examine the ways in which the unique indigenous lifestyles found in wilderness areas are under threat. A significant proportion of the world’s population – about 300 million people – are described as indigenous, or native, peoples. They belong to a rich and diverse array of cultures spread across the globe. Indigenous peoples are defined as the descendents of those people who inhabited an area before it was colonised by Europeans, or before a modern state was established there. Where groups of indigenous peoples have survived it is often because they live in extreme geographic and climatic conditions – very wet or cold, extremely hot or dry....   [tags: Anthropology] 2530 words
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The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider - The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page....   [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]
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Zulu Culture - The Zulus tribe is an independent clan and the largest ethnic group in South Africa. The Zulu clan reputation is well known for their proud, fierce, and barbaric behavior. According to Ethnologies, in 1816 a new chief Shaka Zulu conquered and created a nation that was named after him. His descendants made up the Zulu clan. During the year of 1820, Native Africans did not have any political rights. The king of the Zulu ethnic groups or clans was the only one allowed to have judicial and legislative power....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Ethnography Reflection - 1. Raybeck used most of the techniques on page 71 in Thinking Like an Anthropologist. He established key informants including Yusof and Mat, administered oral surveys to prostitutes, collected kin relations, and mapped the community. He also participated in the night guard (jaga) to learn the layout of the community, get to know his fellow villagers, and perform his civic duty. (26, 54-55, 62, 112) 2. Raybeck incorporated life histories and case studies as well as the semantic differential, a psycholinguistic instrument to quantitative analyze the connotations of concepts....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Social Discrimination - During the Spring of 2012, The University of Southern Mississippi's basketball team made their first appearance at the NCAA tournament since 1991. The team played against Kansas State University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the second half of the game, Kansas State was defeating the University of Southern Mississippi, due to their freshman point guard Angel Rodriguez who contributed many points. The Wildcats were leading the game by 70-64. As Angel Rodriguez was performing a free throw, some University of Southern Mississippi prep band students chanted “Where's your green card?” This incident made national headline news and labeled the band students of the University of Southern Missi...   [tags: Anthropology ]
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Culture and Race - Culture and Race Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind....   [tags: Anthropology Sociology Essays]
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Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists - Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists Examining the ideas and beliefs within ones own cultural context is central to the study of Anthropology. Issues of Race and Ethnicity dominate the academic discourses of various disciplines including the field of Anthropology. Race and Ethnicity are controversial terms that are defined and used by people in many different ways. This essay shall explore the ways in which Anthropologists make a distinction between race and ethnicity and how these distinctions serve as frames for cross-cultural comparison and analysis....   [tags: Anthropology Race Ethnic Racial Essays]
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