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Your search returned 200 essays for "anthropology":
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Australopithecus - Australopithecus There are many types of the hominid called australopithecus, which means southern apes. These were small ape-like creatures(with a height between 107cm and 152cm) that showed evidence of walking upright. It is difficult to tell whether these begins are "humans" or "apes". Many of their characteristics are split between humans and apes. The many species of australopithecus include A.(australopithecus) ramidus, A. anamenesis, A. afarensis, A. africanus, A ....   [tags: Informative, Anthropology] 317 words
(0.9 pages)
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History, Literature, Anthropology: Contextualizing Human Meaning - History, Literature, Anthropology: Contextualizing Human Meaning As culture is “the product of human thought” (217), Cohn advocates “seeing how meanings are contextualized” to better interpret history and produce good scholarship (221). In keeping with this awareness of human thought, Anderson contextualizes “the cultural roots of nationalism” through the evolution of early American literature and print-language (7), relying heavily on the historical development of European literacy in developing a ‘national imagination.’ In doing so, Anderson’s analysis of nationalism reflects Cohn’s maxim, that “anthropology can became [sic] more anthropological in becoming more historical” (216)....   [tags: Essays Papers] 359 words
(1 pages)
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Anthropology - Anthropology Works Cited Missing Anthropology is a discipline studying flux and change in human communities and definitions of identity, mirroring the dynamic play of modernist reconceptualizations of meaning. As an academic discipline, anthropology demands a realization of the interconnectedness between human groups, a heightened abstraction of vocabulary and tools with which to articulate these connections, and self reflexive sensitivity to its history. In this same vein, modernism, as a movement of avant-garde ideas and art forms, draws community to study of itself, demands its own vocabulary of critique, and harkens back to the history of events that prompted the movement....   [tags: Anthropological Culture Essays] 367 words
(1 pages)
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Childe and Anthropology - Essay Questions 1. Childe equated civilization with urbanism. Other social scientists, while admitting a considerable overlap, distinguished between the cultural phenomena characteristic of urban areas and those of "civilized" societies. Childe identified 10 formal criteria that, according to his system, indicate the arrival of urban civilization. These are: increased settlement size, concentration of wealth, large-scale public works, writing, representational art, knowledge of exact sciences, foreign trade, full-time specialists in non-subsistence activities, class-stratified society, and political organization based on residence rather than kinship....   [tags: essays research papers] 380 words
(1.1 pages)
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Globalization and Anthropology - 1. We live in a world where nothing is sacred if selling it can make a buck. Be it “tourist” indigenous memorabilia or your own “extra” kidney, you can bet there’s a viable market, and someone’s willing to buy. Given the fantastic stealth of international transactions, globalized markets evoke particularly ominous possibilities for the marginalized in our capitalistic economy. Exposing obscure global issues from “tourist” art to bio-piracy, Schneider and Scheper-Hughes complicate our understanding of globalization by questioning one’s responsibility to the agency of others in an increasingly interrelated world....   [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade] 398 words
(1.1 pages)
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Antrhopology and Its Groups - Anthropology is the study of people. (Gusterson) This can be social, physical or culture and also be past, present and future. Anthropology is considered a social science and is divided into several sub groups. Sociocultural, physical, archeological and linguistically are the four many groups with many offsets. Anthropology is considered a metaphorical science or social science. (Moore) Like many comparative science conjecture comes first and proof second. Sociocultural anthropologist studies the communal patterns and conducts, with definite consideration to how people live in certain areas and how they govern and organize themselves....   [tags: Types of Studies]
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Two Views on Culture and Anthropology - Two Views on Culture and Anthropology The take on culture and anthropology can be dissected in many different ways. Horace M. Miner takes a look at his culture through a view of which an anthropologist from another culture would look at it. While Roy Wagner takes the anthropologist view and dissects it. Both writers use find culture through anthropology, while Miner concludes with a result in Body Ritual Among the Nacirema, Wagner dissects the process of which is being used, The Idea of Culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 476 words
(1.4 pages)
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Global Culture - Global Culture Modern technology has extended human life and levels of comfort. But it also has destroyed thousands of cultures. Today the world's people speak about 6,000 languages, a good measure of diversity; by the year 2100 the number of languages could drop to 3,000 as traditional cultures change. According to convergence theory, modernization will bring Western and non-Western countries together by breaking down cultural barriers to produce a global society. Countering this view is divergence theory, which emphasizes the growing separation between Western and non-Western cultures....   [tags: Anthropology] 481 words
(1.4 pages)
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Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind - Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind This course has provided interesting field studies of cultures that are drastically different than what I would consider “everyday life.” Anthropology examines not only who we are as a people, but also, importantly, who we were as a people. The studies of past cultures is a good place to start to answer questions about societies and cultures today, and to bridge together the gap between the past and present, and maybe even predict where we are headed in the future....   [tags: Anthropology] 503 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Kenneth’s Research Design Method - In order to investigate about a scenario or an occurrence that has left history over time, an expert would rely on artifacts and other sorts of evidences that may help find out facts and fictions about such scenarios in question. In this paper, an approach or attention is focused on Kenneth’s research design on the wood lily research. The study uses a unique way of addressing the historical information about the site Kenneth. Similarly, the research method he adapted has been widely used in the study of anthropology to make learning about artifacts and historical sites to become easier....   [tags: Anthropology, Data] 521 words
(1.5 pages)
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Chinese Cultural Anthropology - Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts....   [tags: essays research papers] 530 words
(1.5 pages)
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Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar - Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar In a search to find our ancestors, several anthropologists have found evidence to support their conclusions. In the films about Don Johanson's discovery of Lucy in Hadar, one may be very intrigued by the first film but very disturbed by the second film. I was very intrigued by the findings of the Australopithecines. The idea that Lucy, the skeleton found in Hadar, Africa, was closely related to the human species was amazing. Lucy was bipedal and her brain was smaller than that of modern humans....   [tags: Anthropology] 557 words
(1.6 pages)
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anthropology - Anthropology proves to be satisfying and intellectually fulfilling to many in the field. However, there are also many challenges and bumps in the road along the way. Napolean A. Chagnon and Claire Sterk faced many of these challenges themselves. During his fieldwork with the Yanomamo, Chagnon faced many challenges interacting with the natives. Chagnon could not practically communicate with the people until about six months after he arrived. He notes . the hardest thing to live with was the incessant, passioned, and often aggressive demands they would make.....   [tags: essays research papers] 594 words
(1.7 pages)
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Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society - Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society Cultures on this planet are infinitely diverse and quite different from each other as well. Many of the customs and rituals that are practiced in the United States are diverse in nature as well, but are similar in more ways to each other than to cultures in other regions of the world. It seems that a great deal of a culture’s core stems from their surrounding environment, and the pressures that this puts on those trying to live there....   [tags: Anthropology] 597 words
(1.7 pages)
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Anthropology: Cultural Norms - Anthropology: Cultural Norms Before taking this class, I often thought that our advanced society was the standard in which to measure all other societies from, but after reviewing the material in this course, it is impossible to make such a comparison. Many of the people in a culture similar to the U.S. would probably find most of the cultures we have studied to be “slow”, strange, or undesirable. In fact, it seems that many of the societies actually prefer to live the way they do and accept it as normal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays] 619 words
(1.8 pages)
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Taking a Look at Medical Anthropology - Medical anthropology addresses the symbolic, narrative, and ethical dimension of healing, medicine and medical technology in many different ways. One way they address these dimensions is by exploring how local and international communities view wellness, illness, disease and healing through different perspectives. Their goal is to examine how communities are able to function individually as well as look for themes within the structure and systems of different communities between various cultures....   [tags: medical treatment within a community] 620 words
(1.8 pages)
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Linguistics in Anthropology - ... They try to reconstruct the pre-history of certain languages so that they can group them. In addition, they try to see where certain words came from, develop theories of why or how a language changed. This alone teaches us so much about our past because we can decode where certain stories came from or uncover time periods or major historical events from our past. Historical linguistics can tell us where people came from or how they developed. ​In terms of learning how language affects society, the field of sociolinguistics is used....   [tags: historical, language, behavior] 627 words
(1.8 pages)
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Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights - "Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights" video that we saw in class was one of the most culturally interesting video's I have seen in a long time. Although being aware of what goes on in the outside world with regards to human rights, but it is a totally different ball game when looked at through an anthropologists view. The video represented several different fields and subdisciplines that we learned in our prior lectures. Some of which included "Applied pherensic research, Actual evidence, Criminal investigation, Team research, Life histories, and Problem oriented ethnography." These fields and subdisciplines were used individually and together in several ways....   [tags: World Cultures] 700 words
(2 pages)
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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema - Body Ritual Among the Nacirema What is the precise geographical location of this strange tribe, the Nacirema. The Nacirema is a North American group living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles. Little is known of their origin, though tradition states that they came from the east. What are the private and secret shrines of the Nacirema. In the Nacirema, the belief is that the human body is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease....   [tags: Anthropology] 705 words
(2 pages)
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Neanderthal Extinction - Neanderthal Extinction   Neanderthals and modern humans coexisted for well over 100,000 years.  Then suddenly Homo neandertalensis began to die out and surrender the earth to Homo sapiens.  Paleontologists and anthropologists have entertained several possibilities to the causes of this event: interbreeding among Neanderthals and humans, competition for natural resources, and Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest.”  What the real cause has been has plagued scientists for years. Now, due to an international research team from Germany, those possibilities have been even further deduced, making it easier to pinpoint the exact reason Homo neandertalensis became extinct....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology - The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology Reflexive anthropology has pressured scholoars to recognize their own biases and look increasingly inwards when studying “other” cultures. Reflexive anthropology is a break away from the traditional study of a clearly defined “us” and “them,” that seeks to shift towards indentification rather than difference. It attempts to uncover the politics behind ethnography. Reflexivity shows how “we” are effected by “others”, and how “others” are effected by “us.” It holds anthropologists accountable for what they write, and how they represent culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 737 words
(2.1 pages)
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What You Need To Know To Choose The Right Career - The decision of which career to pursue is one of the most crucial decisions in one’s lifetime. The choice primarily determines the course of the rest of one’s life. With the gargantuan amount of career options available it can prove to be immensely difficult, but as a person examines their beliefs and interests the choice may end up being immensely simple. Some individuals may find that they are interested in a wide array of subjects. Those people who are interested by many subjects may decide to pursue a career in anthropology because it allows one to study numerous aspects of language, history, and culture....   [tags: anthropology, career discovery]
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What a Christian Believes about Anthropology - What a Christian Believes about Anthropology “Anthropology in general refers to any study of the status, habits, customs, relationships and culture of humankind. In a more specific and theological sense, anthropology sets forth the scriptural teachings about humans as God’s creatures. Christian anthropology recognizes that humans are created in God’s image but that sin has in some way negatively affected that image” (Grenz, Guetzki, and Nordling 11). In other words, anthropology is the study of how God created us uniquely in his image, and how sin affected the image....   [tags: essays research papers] 758 words
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The Harm Dilemma - Anthropologists face ethical decisions every day, in which they must balance the often competing interests of their obligations against the demands that are placed upon them. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ethical behaviour as “conforming to accepted standards of conduct”. For Anthropologists, the ethical risks faced in fieldwork are defined by their ethical obligations. This paper will discuss, in a limited scope, both the ethical risks of fieldwork and the obligations of an anthropologist....   [tags: ethics, anthropology, risk]
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The Influence of Geography and the Environment On the Development of Early Civilization - Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Many things, such as the aforementioned deserts and mountains, can offer both positive and negative influences on the society in question. The climate and amount of rainfall is directly related to the success or failure of crop growing, and thus related to the amount of time spent on simply surviving....   [tags: Anthropology] 784 words
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Realism and Gods Presence is a Crucial Part of all Social Anthropology. - Faith in the supernatural is a viable subject matter for realistic theatre. Realistic theatre’s goal is to bring real life to the stage, so why should the subject of the supernatural be withheld from a real life representation. People throughout the world of all different religions believe that a supernatural power is existent in the natural world. The supernatural world may not be tangible, but it is still a valuable subject in reality and on the stage. Faith in the supernatural is an everyday topic to many humans....   [tags: psychology]
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In Darkness and Secrecy: The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia - Magic can be a dangerous and mysterious force for those who believe. Those faithful who reside in the Amazon are always wary for the perceived effects of magic. Whether it be assault sorcery, dark shamanism, or witchcraft those that hold to these beliefs are ever watchful. Shamans however can also bring light and understanding to the people of their land. They heal, guide, and protect those they love and cherish. The book In Dark and Secrecy allows us to read the observation of Dominique Buchillet who observed the Desana shamans and people of the Upper Rio Negro Region of Brazil....   [tags: shamans, magic] 837 words
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Essay on Anthropology: Marriage and Divorce - Essay on Anthropology: Marriage and Divorce The Bible and the western culture stand in stark opposition in regards to the understanding of and acceptable practice of marriage, divorce, and remarriage. God has provided a perfect plan for man to have a marriage that is blessed. In contrast society treats the plan of marriage as anything but holy. It is no surprise then, to find out that not only do Christians struggle with how to properly view the sanctity of marriage, tragedy of divorce, but remarriage is also a consideration that becomes controversial as well....   [tags: God, bible, moral]
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Yanomamo - Yanomamo The Yanomamo are a tribe of twenty thousand who live in about two hundred and fifty widely dispersed villages in Brazil and Venezuela. It was first thought that the Yanomamo were a group of hunter-gatherers, but contrary to that thought they actually cultivate their own crops for food. They also hunt and forage, but only as needed. While the Yanomamo travel for several weeks when the jungle fruits and vegetables are ripe, they are a tribal society settled in villages, which break into small groups to go off on collecting expeditions....   [tags: Anthropology] 852 words
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Forensics Anthropology - Forensics Anthropology is the study that goes beyond the human skeleton. A forensics anthropologist can find out. How a person lived, the food that person ate, and the overall make-up of a human. The use of forensics has grown in recent years, it is used to solve crimes and locate missing persons. Snow, (1982) Forensics anthropology is not a new science. The first case forensics anthropology was used on was the Jezebel case, dating back to the nineteenth century. This case involved a person, who was thrown from a window....   [tags: scientific research]
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Medical Antropology - Medical anthropology addresses the symbolic, narrative, and ethical dimension of healing, medicine and medical technology in many ways. One way anthropologists address these dimensions is by exploring how local and international communities view wellness, illness, disease and healing through different perspectives. Their goal is to examine how communities are able to function individually as well as to look for themes within the structure and systems of separate communities and cultures. Anthropologists spend a lot of time observing and discussing the theme of treatment within various communities....   [tags: Medicine, Vitro Fertilization]
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888 words
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The Issue of Female Circumcision from a Medical Anthropology Perspective - It is estimated that about 100 million women are circumcised (Toubia 1994,712). Female Circumcision or Female Genital Cutting or Female Genital Mutilation as it is also known is a very important issue that deserves much attention and understanding. Female Circumcision is closely related to women’s sexuality and reproductive role, which is why it has strong cultural significance to those that have the procedure done (Toubia 1994,712). The practice is done in a variety of cultural and ethnic groups (Toubia 1994,712)....   [tags: women circumcision, females]
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Mixed Martial Arts: Violence or Discipline - This article is about the views of mixed martial arts, commonly known as MMA, on whether it promotes violence or discipline as it gains popularity among children. Kahn states, “In the 1990s, mixed martial arts was marketed as a blood sport… [However,] MMA is now promoted as a competitive combat sport and has crossed over to popular culture” (“Violence…”). In 2004, Gracie Tampa, an academy of MMA and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, consists about 10 percent of children but now consists about a growing 50 percent of children....   [tags: cultural anthropology, enculturation]
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Ethnography - Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a w...   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 894 words
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Kipling, Kim, and Anthropology - Kipling, Kim, and Anthropology It is widely recognised that the relatively recent sciences of anthropology and ethnology have often seemed in thrall to, and supportive of, the colonial project. Supposedly objective in outlook, anthropological discourse has often been employed to validate and justify theories of race, hierarchy, and power. So-called factual knowledge becomes a means through which racial stereotyping can be bolstered or created. The ethos of Western rationalism allied with the discourse of pseudo-science in Orientalism and Indology creates a body of knowledge which can be used as leverage in the acquisition ,or, retention of power....   [tags: Essays Papers] 897 words
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Cultural Anthropologist as a Career - In a world filled with every possible career imaginable, one may be a bit skeptical to choose one within the field of anthropology; however, for those who are intellectually oriented, it can be a rewarding and stimulating career, the benefits quite worth the years spent learning the information and necessary skills required by this multifarious field. Typically, when considering a career in a field as intellectually strenuous as this, one must be aware of the varying opportunities in the anthropological job market and how to make use of said opportunities....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Erosion: Destruction and Renewal - Nothing in this world lasts forever. Everything at some point must come to an end. Very rarely is this end an abrupt, immediate change. More often, it is a slow, gradual, breakdown. Little by little, nature chips away, each blow building on the last until, like a Jenga tower, everything falls and collapses. Given sufficient time and energy, everything grinds away into nothing more than dust and memories. Erosion will grind down the tallest of mountain peaks, into low, flat plains. Nothing in life can exist eternally; it must be broken down....   [tags: History Anthropology]
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Physical Anthropology: The Link between Human Nature - Physical anthropology “is in large part, human biology seen from an evolutionary perspective” (Jurmaln, Kilgore & Trevathan, 2011). By this statement, I believe the authors mean that physical anthropology studies human biology with an evolutionary viewpoint rather than a scientific or medical viewpoint. Anthropology, as a broader science, is concerned with and studies human culture and the evolutionary aspects of human biology. Since culture affects human beings and human beings affect culture, the two are intertwined, and it therefore, makes sense to study them together....   [tags: anthropology, human biology, genetcs]
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Healing and Biomedical Practices within Communities - Medical anthropologists have sought to understand and critique the similarities and differences between the social and cultural authority held by folk healing and biomedical practices. The understanding and critique come from the desire to learn more about relationships between a sick person and a healer/doctor. This relationship is a crucial piece in analyzing how social authority, which “involves the control of action through giving of commands” (Joralemon 2010:69), and cultural authority, which “entails the construction of reality through definitions of fact and value” (Joralemon 2010:69) are formed, used and sustained within a medical community....   [tags: medical anthropology] 919 words
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Cinema and Anthropology Description - Visual anthropology plausibly carries on from the idea that culture is noticeable through perceptible characters entrenched in ceremonies, gestures, artifacts and rituals positioned in artificial and natural settings. Culture is visualized of as bringing out itself in scripts with intrigues connecting actors and actresses with props, lines, settings and costumes. The cultural nature is the computation of the state of affairs in which individuals take part (Ruby, 2000). If an individual can observe culture, then researchers ought to have the ability to make use of audiovisual technologies to document it as data open to presentation and analysis....   [tags: cultural nature, filmmaking, photo history]
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The Role of Medical Anthropology - This paper seeks to show the inter-relationship of bio- medical professionals such as doctors and nurses in comparison with medical anthropologists and try to show their relevancy in the healthcare system and their collaboration in inter-professionalism. Medical anthropology is an advancing sub-discipline of anthropology. Medical anthropology is intended to provide a framework, which should enable students to identify and analyze social, cultural, behavioural and environmental factors in relation to health and disease/illness in any given society....   [tags: Medical Anthropology] 940 words
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Sociology vs. Cultural Anthropology - The research methods in sociology and anthropology are similar yet follow a specific set of guidelines for each. Each field approaches research in a similar fashion but the methodology and intentions can differ. The differences reflect the distinct differences that are present in sociology and anthropology. The way that an anthropologist approaches a problem and attempts to solve it is different than a sociologist because of the discerning basis of their knowledge. Some of the research methods require a researcher to be up close and personal with subjects while in other methods the subject don’t even realize they are being observed....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
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Definition and Study of Cultural Construction - Cultural construction is one of the key values in the study of Anthropology for several reasons. According to Peoples and Bailey in our Humanity book, Anthropology not only helps us understand the biological, technological, and cultural development of humanity but it’s also intended to teach us the importance of understanding and appreciating cultural diversity. By definition, “Cultural constructions are arbitrary in that they are created and maintained by each culture, cultural constructions are not fixed forever rather they are dynamic and change over time....   [tags: Anthropology, Different Cultures]
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Cultures as Systems of Interconnections - How do cultures work. This is a question that has baffled anthropologists since the origin of the discipline. Although anthropologists acknowledge that a culture has to be understood in its own right (Carrithers 1992, 3), when analysing certain cultures, anthropologists have found that there are similar social organisations within cultures, but every culture seems to have a different approach to categorising aspects of their culture within these seemingly similar constructions (Eriksen 1995, 5)....   [tags: anthropology, behavioral science]
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Anthropology is Quantitative - There is a lot of conflict to the question “is anthropology a science?” A lot of this conflict leads from defining what a science is, in the dictionary science is, “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws.” (Dictionary.com, 2011) Anything that can be studied is considered a science. Without science anthropology would be nearly impossible to study, science makes everything quantifiable....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert - The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert are one of the most highly researched groups by anthropologists. They refer to themselves as the Zhun/twasi, which means, “the real people”. The !Kung San people inhabit Southern Africa, and are commonly referred to as Bushmen. Being that the !Kung San are a nomadic people; their bands are usually only seen as being fairly low in population. These people, who also inhabit parts of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Swaziland, and Mozambique, have a fascinating lifestyle due to the hostile environment that the Kalahari offers (Bushmen, 2011)....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Christian Anthropology Forms and Informs Learning at All Saints Catholic Primary School - ... We nurture and assist the growth of each and every child’s Catholic identity with the integration of Religious Education into everyday life; by proclaiming the good news of Jesus in my teachings and expressing to the children that we are Jesus’ hands, feet, voice and heart in everything that we do. The children’s carry out their own faith journeys by leading their learning and building on their individual understandings. At All Saints we value individuality by constantly referring to each individual as a unique creation and a gift of God that is to be cherished and embraced....   [tags: god, church, missions] 969 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 983 words
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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research - Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers] 991 words
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Homo Sapiens - Find in this article Print article Send us feedback More Media (4 items) Article Outline Introduction, Classification, Structure and Physiology, Behavior, Cultural Attributes, Other Definitions I. IntroductionPrint section Human, common name given to any individual of the species Homo sapiens and, by extension, to the entire species. The term is also applied to certain species that were the evolutionary forerunners of Homo sapiens (see Human Evolution). Scientists consider all living people members of a single species....   [tags: Anthropology] 994 words
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The Society for Latin American Anthropology - The Society for Latin American Anthropology Changes in the SLAA's definition of "Latin America" have gone hand in hand with changes in the intellectual, social and political goals of the Society. As then president Michael Kearney wrote in an open letter to the membership published in the Society's April 1997 column in the Anthropology Newsletter:" (Until recently the society's membership) was centered in North America while its objects of study were primarily to the South of the United States....   [tags: SLAA Human Rights Latin America Essays]
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1005 words
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Anthropology and UFOs - Sociology & Psychology: Anthropology and UFOs Generic introduction I will start my overview of sociological, psychological, and psychoanalytic work on UFOs in the US by isolating several key genres in the many fields concerned with UFOs. A first genre is the analysis of the social psychology of UFO belief. Jung (1991) was among the first to take this approach with his psychoanalysis of saucer reports, though he also focused on the psychological profiles of self-identified UFO witnesses. His broader analytic work has served as a point of departure for later studies of the symbolic content of UFO reports, alien folklore, and sci-fi entertainment....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Zulu Culture - The Zulus tribe is an independent clan and the largest ethnic group in South Africa. The Zulu clan reputation is well known for their proud, fierce, and barbaric behavior. According to Ethnologies, in 1816 a new chief Shaka Zulu conquered and created a nation that was named after him. His descendants made up the Zulu clan. During the year of 1820, Native Africans did not have any political rights. The king of the Zulu ethnic groups or clans was the only one allowed to have judicial and legislative power....   [tags: Anthropology]
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1014 words
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Gender Inequality Throughout History - Today's world, as much as we pride ourselves to live in the 21st century, is still a world where gender inequality is very much present. It has taken mankind many thousands of years to reach the point where we are today, when women are almost on equal foot with man, regarding education, choice of profession, rights and privileges. It was uncommon not many decades ago for women to pursue any academic path, women in science were very rare, and those who did manage to put their foot in the door had to deal constantly with men who were telling them that they were in the wrong place, and that they should conform themselves with the gender role that society has cut out for them....   [tags: anthropology, prehistory]
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1017 words
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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line - Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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1022 words
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Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here - Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here. There are no toilet seat covers in London people walk much faster here crossing the streets is extremely dangerous. People on the tube won’t acknowledge your presence everyone is an aggressive driver young children take the tube alone to school and back if you talk on the tube you receive dirty looks. In the first week or so I found some of my observations to be quite odd, and wondered how people were able to live with conditions such as these....   [tags: Anthropology]
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1028 words
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French Structural Anthropology - French Structural Anthropology evolved throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and was shaped by many well known theorists, sociologist and anthropologists. Their influence lead to the theories of Structural Marxism and the thought processes involved continue to influence anthropological study in modern times. Classic cultural anthropology never really took hold in France, thanks to Emile Durkheim. The identity of French anthropology was not an innate departure from its nineteenth century legacy, but instead a continuation of previous theory....   [tags: History, Structuralism] 1060 words
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Katherine Dunham: Activist, Anthropologist, Dancer - Katherine Dunham not only significantly contributed to the rise of modern dance, but she was also a pioneer in the field of dance anthropology; and a staunch political and social activist. Dunham was born in Chicago, Illinois and primarily raised in nearby Joliet, Illinois. Dunham first became interested in dance when she was a teenager and trained with Ludmilla Speranzeva, formerly of the Moscow Theatre, Vera Mirova, Mark Turbyfill and Ruth Page in Chicago before and during her college education....   [tags: dunham school, dance anthropology]
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1071 words
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Anthropology: An Obeservation of Real Life Interactions Among a Group of Friends - For my subgroup project, I decided to observe a group of teenage boys. Located at the intersection of Fullerton and central. The location seemed like any other McDonalds except the arrangement of the sits. They have a wide range of chairs and furniture located in the side of the entrance while the front part was wide. My subgroup was located in the side of the McDonalds near the restrooms. The methods I used were participant observation, informal interviewing, and formal interviewing. While I conducted my observations on Tuesdays and Thursdays....   [tags: observation, interviewing, pattern] 1078 words
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Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology - Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology The role of reflexivity in Anthropology has changed a great deal over time. The effects of doing ethnography on the ethnographer was not considered an important mode of inquiry in the past. While inevitably, going to far distant lands and living with a culture so different from your own will at least cause the ethnographer to reflect on personal issues but most likely will cause profound changes in the way he or she will view the world. But in the past these changes were not important....   [tags: Ethnography Culture Essays] 1082 words
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Effect of Television on Self Image of Teenagers in Fiji - Television plays an important role in influencing people. It is one of the main arms of media. The teenage girls in U.S.A idolize popular actress like Mary-Kate Olsen, Calista Flockhart and Victoria Beckhem. Teenage girls want to look like them. So to attain such skinny body they tend to eating disorder. It is not only the case in U.S. Ellen Goodman in her essay “The Culture of Thin Bites Fiji” has used Anthropologic research and its statics to show the eating disorder of Fijian teenager to look like actress in popular U.S television show....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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The Aztec Calendar and the National Museum of Anthropology - There are many artifacts from ancient, mysterious civilizations. From Japan in the East to California in the West, Russia in the North to Argentina in the south, there is history everywhere. This history is passed down through oral history and the remaining remnants of these societies. For “lost” civilizations, modern knowledge of the cultures solely relies on deciphering these relics of people long gone. The Aztecs are one such civilization; they were wiped out by European weapons and diseases....   [tags: Ancient Mexican Art, Civilization, Culture]
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1099 words
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Applying Anthropology to Nursing - Applying Anthropology to Nursing Medical Anthropology is dedicated to the relationship between human behavior, social life, and health within an anthropological context. It provides a forum for inquiring into how knowledge, meaning, livelihood, power, and resource distribution are shaped and how, in turn, these observable facts go on to shape patterns of disease, experiences of health and illness, and the organization of treatments. It focuses on many different topics including the political ecology of disease, the interface of the micro- and macro-environments that affect health, the politics of responsibility as it relates to health, gender and health, the moral, political and interperso...   [tags: Papers] 1116 words
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The Key of Reflexivity - The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1119 words
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The Body, Meaning and Symbols in Medical Anthropology - In the course of the study of medicine from an anthropological perspective, there are several themes which are repeatedly encountered. These include the body and its representation, meaning and a person’s response to that meaning, and finally, the symbolic images which construct and shape both meaning and the bodily representation. Each of these themes are addressed throughout medical anthropological texts, and are connected to and build on each other in a variety of ways. The body is the site of medicine, because the body is the site of all cultural practices....   [tags: Health, Medical Anthropology] 1129 words
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Culture of Trinidad - Culture of Trinidad According to the encyclopedia, culture is defined as “The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought [www.wikipedia.com].” In Trinidad these particular aspects are very distinct to the people's daily lives on the island. The diversity of actual cultures and ethnicities on the island has melted together over the centuries to create a Trinidadian culture of its own. There are influences from almost every part of the world including, India, China, the United States, Lebanon, Spain, Britian, Africa, and cultures native the Caribbean....   [tags: Anthropology Cultural]
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Overlap in the Theories of Chagnon and Morgan - Cultural anthropology is defined as a branch of anthropology deals with human culture, especially in respect to social structure, language, law, politics, religion, magic, art, and technology (“Defining Anthropology”). In this essay, I will talk of the lives of two very prominent anthropologists. The first is Lewis Henry Morgan who was active in the late 1800s and second, the controversial anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon who started his work in the 1960s. Even with the large gap in time, quite a few of their ideologies and theories do overlap....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology, Anthropologists]
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Reflexivity - Reflexivity When an ethnographer examines a group of people, she is influenced by her position and understanding of her own culture. Before an ethnographer even begins her research, her opinion is effecting the process of selecting a topic. For instance, Anthropology’s most commonly known researcher Bronslow Malinowsky wrote the Argonauts of the Western Pacific. He did not choose to study a culture similar to his own because of the interest he had in the ‘exotic’. His preferences told him to pick a more remote group of people, the Trobriand Islanders....   [tags: Renato Resaldo Ethnographer Anthropology Essays] 1135 words
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A comparison of Behar’s The Vulnerable Observer and Tsing’s In the Realm of the Diamond Queen - When presented with ethnographic works, the first thing one would normally do would be to compare. The Vulnerable Observer by Ruth Behar and In the Realm of the Diamond Queen by Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, both demonstrate key factors that prove to be prevalent throughout the anthropological world today. Through the examination of each piece, it is clear that they both share similar restrictions, trials and tribulations. As both books begin to unravel, the themes of marginality and borders (in a multitude of contexts) rise to the surface....   [tags: ruth behar, anthropology, ana tsing]
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Perspectives of Enlightenment and Victorian Anthropological Theory - The study of anthropology has undergone several transformations in the theoretical standpoints in its pursuit to understand human differences. During the discipline’s early history, these theories revolved around the indigenous people that Europeans encountered during their explorations. One of these shifts is illustrated in the variation in the declaration of the Enlightenment philospher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who stated, “Man is born free, and everywhere in chains” and Victorian anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor’s assertion that “Life in the Uncivilized World is fettered at every turn by chains of custom”....   [tags: anthropology, human differences, utopia]
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Alphone Bertillon's System - Alphonse Bertillon was born in Paris on April 24, 1853. He was the son of the distinguished physician, anthropologist, and physician, Louis Adolphe Bertillon (bookrags.com). Young Alphonse was seen as hopeless through his fathers eyes. He often suffered from migraine headaches, and nosebleeds, and was very shy and lacked social skills. However, the young Bertillon was not a complete loss, he was an intellectual who had a thirst for knowledge and shared his father's interest in statistics and anthropology (http://jimfisher.edinboro.edu)....   [tags: Biography, Advances, Anthropology]
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1159 words
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The Anthropology of Mormonism - The Anthropology of Mormonism Essay One The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LSD) was established in 19th century (1820) by Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Mormons believe that their Church is a refurbishment of the Church as regarded by Jesus and other Christian Churches have gone afield and astray. After the murder of Joseph Smith, it was developed by Brigham Young. He drifted with new Mormons to Salt Lake City in 1847. They believe that God has a carnal body, is married and can have children....   [tags: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints]
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1163 words
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Fieldwork in Various Anthropological Schools of Thought - Cultural anthropology is a social science that studies the origins and development of human societies (History World International, 2001). Many theories to explain cultural variations among humans have emerged. As a result, numerous anthropological schools of thought have been established based on these theories since the nineteenth century. These schools of thought encompass the dominant beliefs about culture during a time period and are constantly changing as new knowledge is acquired. As schools of thought develop, ethnographic methods have changed and developed as well....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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The Significance of Benin Art and Artifacts - The attitudes towards the display of Benin Art, adopted by European museums and galleries have dramatically changed over the 112 year period since their initial acquisition. This has been for a number of reasons including the societal transition from accepting colonialism to acknowledging cultural diversity, the gradual integration and cross-fertilisation across the academic fields of anthropology, ethnography and art history and the ongoing debate regarding provenance and repatriation. The Benin artwork seen in museums around the world today was systematically plundered from Benin City by the British in 1897 as part of a punitive expedition in reprisal for the massacre of an overzealous Tra...   [tags: Anthropology, Britain] 1182 words
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The Origin of Language in Human Evolution - Language is a complex system evolved from animal cognition system not from animal communication, suggesting that only humans with complex brain system were capable of developing (Ulbaek, 1998). Whereas other animal species communicate through vocalised sounds, songs, or gestures specially primates such as apes. Similarly gestures and hand gestures were the form of communication used by early hominids, but Homo habilis and Homo erectus started to use vocalisations and decreasing the frequent use of simple hand gestures for communication....   [tags: communication, linguistic system, anthropology]
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1201 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity has recently been designated as an indicator of postmodernism in anthropological texts. In this context, the practice is attacked as self-indulgent narcissism, but its true scope reaches much further. While some ethnographic texts exhibit an overemphasis on the author, and his position within the work, this is one extreme of the range reflexivity, which also serves as a methodological tool, unincorporated into the writing, and as a means to account for the ethnographers biases and affects on his informants....   [tags: Ethnography Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1202 words
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Jung and Freud On Dreams - Why do people dream. What do dreams mean. What relevance do dreams have. What relevance, if any, even if nothing more than chemical activity while asleep. Are dreams a mystical message from a greater source. Are dreams merely biological work. Why are some dreams and fragments remembered while others are forgotten. How does one understand dreams. All of these questions and more have been raised by people for as long as human beings have been around on the Earth (Springett, 2000). The proceeding is just a partial listing of the questions that may be asked by people even today, as dreams continue to remain a great mystery....   [tags: psychology, sociology & anthropology perspectives]
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1213 words
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Understanding Cultures in Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS and Doing Fieldwork among the Ya̧nomamö - Claire E. Sterk in her article, Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS, highlights the experiences of women engaged in a centuries-old profession in metropolitan Atlanta and New York City that is now plagued by the onslaught of a cureless disease. Whereas, in Doing Fieldwork among the Ya̧nomamö, Napoleon A. Chagnon immerses himself into the society of a Venezuelan tribe, which has a complex set of customs that he must understand first in order to document a comprehensive genealogy of the tribe....   [tags: Anthropology Essays] 1227 words
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An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends - A Timeline of Waste in Cairo Despite the fact that MSW is a responsibility of governments and municipalities, the earliest form of waste management system that has ever been known in Cairo was established by people not by authorities, a collaboration that dates back to the beginning of the last century. The first societal authority in this parallel government was a group of migrants from the Dakhla oasis in the western Egyptian desert. They were called Wahiya which means ‘oasis people’. They settled in Cairo and embarked themselves on managing the city’s waste as a living ....   [tags: municipal solid waste management]
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1232 words
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Kula, Malinowski, and Bendict - The field of cultural anthropology studies civilization and humans as members of society. Therefore, anthropology is not an exact science. Research is constantly being conducted and analyzed to expand our knowledge and ideas. Anthropologists have different perspectives on culture and have various ideas about how research should be conducted as well. More importantly, anthropologists have different theoretical ideas based on their approach to research and their findings. Some anthropologists who formed their theories a century ago are still an important part of anthropological thought today....   [tags: Anthropology]
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