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Anthropology is Quantitative - ... They realize that the other car allowed them to go first because they stopped first and had been waiting, that is the result, now the conclusion is that if they get to the stop sign first, they get to leave the stop sign first. Without even realizing it, you have just used science to perform an everyday task, just as anthropologists do. By using science to help study anthropology, you reduce errors, perform simple steps, and make everything flow easier and better. As things flow easier and you reduce errors, everyday life becomes simpler, thanks to science....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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959 words
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Anthropology and Humanities - ... It is argued that “if you want to get to know someone, it helps to know where they come from (Lassiter 19). To get a deeper understanding of the origins of humanity, it helps to study a text that speaks of the beginning of man’s existence. Genesis is a book that takes the Book of Genesis from the Bible and transforms it into illustrated comic. The first three chapters of Genesis talk about the beginning of time and how God created the Earth and the first human beings, Adam and Eve. Historical particularism also says that each society has a unique historical past....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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1361 words
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Anthropology and Gender - ... As evidenced by the variety of emphases within the theory, feminist anthropologists were fully committed to assessing all previously ignored facets of the subjugated female within numerous cultures worldwide. Several decades ago the idea of women as subordinate was considered to be a universality by the aforementioned white, Western male anthropologists who lead the field. Despite an anthropologist’s endeavor to be unbiased, the fact is these traditional anthropologists came from a culture where many aspects of human life were male dominant....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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1748 words
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Urbanization & Applied Anthropology - ... This includes products and services for the community as well as global market places. There is competition which leaves people with many options and keeps the price low. Urbanization also leads to efficiency and convenience. More families are able to live in a smaller area which maximizes land use. This includes several houses on a block or several families in a building complex. Less effort is necessary to provide water, heat, energy, and trash disposal to residents. In addition, recycling programs help to reduce and reuse resources....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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1818 words
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Anthropology Today - Anthropology Today In society today, the discipline of anthropology has made a tremendous shift from the practices it employed years ago. Anthropologists of today have a very different focus from their predecessors, who would focus on relating problems of distant peoples to the Western world. In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live. This paper will identify the roles anthropologists today play, such as where they perform the bulk of their work, and what it is they do in both problem solving, as well as policy making....   [tags: Anthropology]
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1735 words
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Sociology vs. Cultural Anthropology - ... Field experiments are staged events that are in a natural, uninterrupted setting. These are the hardest to replicate and have the least bit of control over almost everything. Social surveys are conducted by asking a number of respondents identical questions through a systematic questionnaire or interview (Tischler, 2007). Surveys allow the researcher to study things that are not directly observable, such as beliefs and attitudes. This allows for the generalized description of a population that would otherwise be too large to observe directly....   [tags: Sociology Anthropology]
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The Role of Medical Anthropology - ... An example of such an anthropologist was Paul Farmer. Medical anthropologists have been involved in areas of primary healthcare, family planning, nutrition, immunization and prevention of HIV Aids and others. This paper seeks to show the relevance of anthropologists in the success of any healthcare system. It further outlines the necessity of medical anthropologists in any clinical setting. In many scientific disciplines researches try to explain their objects by reducing them to become principles, however in anthropology ,the approach is to understand issues in their context meaning that practises ideas are looked at from a wider perspective....   [tags: Medical Anthropology] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
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Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar - Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar In a search to find our ancestors, several anthropologists have found evidence to support their conclusions. In the films about Don Johanson's discovery of Lucy in Hadar, one may be very intrigued by the first film but very disturbed by the second film. I was very intrigued by the findings of the Australopithecines. The idea that Lucy, the skeleton found in Hadar, Africa, was closely related to the human species was amazing. Lucy was bipedal and her brain was smaller than that of modern humans....   [tags: Anthropology] 557 words
(1.6 pages)
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Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind - Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind This course has provided interesting field studies of cultures that are drastically different than what I would consider “everyday life.” Anthropology examines not only who we are as a people, but also, importantly, who we were as a people. The studies of past cultures is a good place to start to answer questions about societies and cultures today, and to bridge together the gap between the past and present, and maybe even predict where we are headed in the future....   [tags: Anthropology] 503 words
(1.4 pages)
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What Is Anthropology? How Is It Done? - What Is Anthropology. How Is It Done. People enter the field of anthropology for a variety of reasons. Some people enter the field by accident. This means that they did not intend on becoming an anthropologist. Some people were interested in the field from the start. One person married a social anthropologist; and, after living with a group of people for two years wrote an ethnography about the people. The first story is about Adrienne Zihlman. She is a paleoanthropologist. She collects all kinds of bones; so, she can "contrive and test ideas about the origins of humans by studying the remains of living things" (Shell 1991:37)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays]
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2372 words
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Anthropology: Cultural Norms - Anthropology: Cultural Norms Before taking this class, I often thought that our advanced society was the standard in which to measure all other societies from, but after reviewing the material in this course, it is impossible to make such a comparison. Many of the people in a culture similar to the U.S. would probably find most of the cultures we have studied to be “slow”, strange, or undesirable. In fact, it seems that many of the societies actually prefer to live the way they do and accept it as normal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays] 619 words
(1.8 pages)
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Cultural Anthropology Article Comparison - Cultural Anthropology Article Comparison Works Cited Not Included Introduction: Cultural Anthropology is a term that is in everyday lives and topics. When one thinks of anthropology they think of the study of old remnants commonly referred to as archaeology. This, however, is not the only form of anthropology. There are four types of anthropology and they are archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. However, Cultural anthropologists are every where and study people of all walks of life....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Essays] 3071 words
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Two Views on Culture and Anthropology - Two Views on Culture and Anthropology The take on culture and anthropology can be dissected in many different ways. Horace M. Miner takes a look at his culture through a view of which an anthropologist from another culture would look at it. While Roy Wagner takes the anthropologist view and dissects it. Both writers use find culture through anthropology, while Miner concludes with a result in Body Ritual Among the Nacirema, Wagner dissects the process of which is being used, The Idea of Culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 476 words
(1.4 pages)
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Anthropology and Social Work - Anthropology and Social Work Anthropologists like myself try to figure out why present day humans are the way they are. Meredith F. Small Female Choices Who are we. How old is the human species. Where did we come from. What do we believe and why. Is our own culture the epitome of civilization. What is reality. How have we arrived at a position where destroying the earth doesn't bother us very much. These, and many, many more are the questions that drive anthropologists to study human beings and our interactions....   [tags: Anthropology Humanity Essays]
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2689 words
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The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology - The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology Reflexive anthropology has pressured scholoars to recognize their own biases and look increasingly inwards when studying “other” cultures. Reflexive anthropology is a break away from the traditional study of a clearly defined “us” and “them,” that seeks to shift towards indentification rather than difference. It attempts to uncover the politics behind ethnography. Reflexivity shows how “we” are effected by “others”, and how “others” are effected by “us.” It holds anthropologists accountable for what they write, and how they represent culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 737 words
(2.1 pages)
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Cultural Anthropology and Ethnographic Fieldwork - Cultural Anthropology and Ethnographic Fieldwork James P. Spradley (1979) described the insider approach to understanding culture as "a quiet revolution" among the social sciences (p. iii). Cultural anthropologists, however, have long emphasized the importance of the ethnographic method, an approach to understanding a different culture through participation, observation, the use of key informants, and interviews. Cultural anthropologists have employed the ethnographic method in an attempt to surmount several formidable cultural questions: How can one understand another's culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Papers]
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1792 words
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Anthropology - Anthropology Works Cited Missing Anthropology is a discipline studying flux and change in human communities and definitions of identity, mirroring the dynamic play of modernist reconceptualizations of meaning. As an academic discipline, anthropology demands a realization of the interconnectedness between human groups, a heightened abstraction of vocabulary and tools with which to articulate these connections, and self reflexive sensitivity to its history. In this same vein, modernism, as a movement of avant-garde ideas and art forms, draws community to study of itself, demands its own vocabulary of critique, and harkens back to the history of events that prompted the movement....   [tags: Anthropological Culture Essays] 367 words
(1 pages)
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Anthropology - Anthropology Anthropology what a vulnerable observer you are. You may well have to jump into the arms of the scientists if you are going to try to keep your grass hut at the academy. -- Ruth Behar Debates on the role the reflexive plague the field of cultural anthropology as postmodern critics join the bandwagon attempting to claim authority in this dubiously recognized discipline. In the borderline realm between the sciences and humanities, cultural anthropology has tried to find a niche in which it can comfortably rest....   [tags: Anthropologist Culture Essays] 1331 words
(3.8 pages)
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anthropology - Anthropology proves to be satisfying and intellectually fulfilling to many in the field. However, there are also many challenges and bumps in the road along the way. Napolean A. Chagnon and Claire Sterk faced many of these challenges themselves. During his fieldwork with the Yanomamo, Chagnon faced many challenges interacting with the natives. Chagnon could not practically communicate with the people until about six months after he arrived. He notes . the hardest thing to live with was the incessant, passioned, and often aggressive demands they would make.....   [tags: essays research papers] 594 words
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Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States - Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States I. Early History of Anthropology in the United States 1870-1900 “The roots of anthropology lie in the eye-witness accounts of travelers who have journeyed to lands on the margins of state-based societies and described their cultures and in the efforts of individuals who have analyzed the information collected. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, a number of anthropologists recognized that the practice of anthropology was intimately linked to commerce and colonial expansion.” (Patterson 1) There were essentially three “schools” of anthropological thinking by the First World War and after....   [tags: Anthropology History Essays]
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1567 words
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The American Museum Of Natural History: Anthropology -      The American Museum of Natural History has many exhibits that demonstrate many aspects of anthropology. The Museum is located on Central Park West between W81st and W77nd streets. The museum is an excellent place to open oneself to many new ideas and cultures. When looking through the museum the exhibits that are anthropological could enhance ones understanding of a culture. The museum is very big and a lot of time is needed to get the most out of it. The following exhibits that demonstrate many aspects of anthropology are located on the first, second and third floors....   [tags: Anthropology People Museum Essays Descriptive] 1858 words
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The Body, Meaning and Symbols in Medical Anthropology - ... In fact, Jean Comaroff makes this point very clear. Comaroff tells us, “nationality, culture and physical type are condensed into the language that...would mature into scientific racism” which would “imprint the physical contours of stereotypic others on the European imagination–and, with them, a host of derogatory associations”. (Comaroff, 309) In turn these associations further objectified the alien African body to the European. Comaroff explains, “As an object of European speculation, ‘Africans’ personified suffering and degeneracy, their environment a hothouse of fever and affliction.” (Comaroff, 305-306)....   [tags: Health, Medical Anthropology] 1129 words
(3.2 pages)
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What Is Anthropology? - For the past century, Anthropology has come to be known as a study of an infinite curiosity about humans. Not only concerned with an interest in human beings and their developements, Anthropology is much more broad in concept of trying to understand the relationships between human beings and all possible questions about them. Anthropology is trying to understand all aspects of human beings through the broad discovery, study, interpretation and inference of past and present cultural characteristics....   [tags: Earth Science] 1243 words
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Philosophical Anthropology - Philosophical Anthropology ABSTRACT: Philosophers cannot avoid addressing the question of whether philosophical anthropology (that is, specifically philosophical inquiry about human nature and human phenomenon) is possible. Any answer must be articulated in the context of the nature and function of philosophy. In other words, philosophical anthropology must be defined as an account of the nature of the subject of philosophical thinking. I argue that if philosophical thinkers admit that they are beings in nature, culture, and history, then the possibility of a uniquely philosophical theory of human nature and human phenomenon should be discarded....   [tags: Philosophy Essays] 2994 words
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Medical Anthropology - Medical Anthropology Introduction and Description: My topic, Medical Anthropology, is a field of study that uses culture, religion, education, economics/infrastructure, history, and the environment as a means to evaluate and understand "cross-cultural perspectives, components, and interpretations of the concept of health" (Society for Medical Anthropology, pg. 1). To further introduce Medical Anthropology, I will reiterate highlights of my previous presentations. Early on in Turkey, I asked each person in our program the following question: "I would like you to tell me about health and what it means to you?" The answers to this question varied widely, making it difficult to define a global conception of health....   [tags: Medicine Culture Environment Essays] 3837 words
(11 pages)
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Cultural Anthropology - Cultural Anthropology Almost all cultures world wide have highly developed traditions of music and dance. According to Mari Womack, author of Being Human: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, music and dance carry much importance within a culture. "As do other artistic forms, music and dance reflect cultural and social organization. Cultural values can be conveyed in the words of a song, and the performance of a song or a dance is dependent on the social context" (Womack 226). Music and instruments are of great significance in many places world wide....   [tags: Marching Band Arts Music Dance Papers]
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4364 words
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Anthropology and UFOs - Sociology & Psychology: Anthropology and UFOs Generic introduction I will start my overview of sociological, psychological, and psychoanalytic work on UFOs in the US by isolating several key genres in the many fields concerned with UFOs. A first genre is the analysis of the social psychology of UFO belief. Jung (1991) was among the first to take this approach with his psychoanalysis of saucer reports, though he also focused on the psychological profiles of self-identified UFO witnesses. His broader analytic work has served as a point of departure for later studies of the symbolic content of UFO reports, alien folklore, and sci-fi entertainment....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1011 words
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Globalization and Anthropology - 1. We live in a world where nothing is sacred if selling it can make a buck. Be it “tourist” indigenous memorabilia or your own “extra” kidney, you can bet there’s a viable market, and someone’s willing to buy. Given the fantastic stealth of international transactions, globalized markets evoke particularly ominous possibilities for the marginalized in our capitalistic economy. Exposing obscure global issues from “tourist” art to bio-piracy, Schneider and Scheper-Hughes complicate our understanding of globalization by questioning one’s responsibility to the agency of others in an increasingly interrelated world....   [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade] 398 words
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Culutual Anthropology - Culutual Anthropology As an amateur anthropologist, I was to participate in my observation, which I did to the best of my ability. Choosing my topic was the most difficult for me. Coming to America there are so many options that I could choose to research. So what was I to do. Well, being in the state of Kentucky, Lexington at that, I decided to research a sporting event in which Americans call basketball. As soon as I stepped of the big metal bird, I saw a picture of a wild cat holding a round orange ball....   [tags: essays papers] 1750 words
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Anthropology of Farming - Anthropology of Farming This research plans to compare and contrast the similarities and differences in agricultural development between the Jericho Valley,in present day Palestine, and that of the Andes Mountains. There are several aspects to compare in these regions. First and perhaps most obvious is the environmental differences of these regions as well as the ecological changes in each region has itself undergone. Closely linked to these environments is the native biological species, how these native species have been domesticated, as well as looking at what crop species have been introduced to the regions, and their effect on the native species....   [tags: Agriculture History Farms Essays Papers]
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1795 words
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French Structural Anthropology - ... Mauss authority in anthropology did not come from field work or his ethnographic monographs, but rather from his conscientious attention to theoretical issues that lay in the center of many published works. Mauss’ strived to understand structured nature of social coherence, which constructed “total social facts”, which are implications in society in legal, religious, political and economic circles. This theory was represented in his essay “The Gift”, which showed the act of gift giving was a regulated act, rule by mental rules, particularly in “primitive” societies....   [tags: History, Structuralism] 1060 words
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What is the Anthropology of Europe - Abstract This paper provides the means to understand the Anthropology of Europe. A historical examination is made to explain the different views as well as investigations on man from the time of our ancestors to the present times. Although theorists have their respective claims, explanations and interpretation on their theoretical areas of interest yet adherence to their theories is common and their transmission of truth does not impair their sense of ethical responsibility.                              Who, what and where is the anthropology of Europe Introduction Europe has many hidden streaks throughout the globe....   [tags: Sociology ]
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The Moral and Ethical Dilemmas of Anthropology - Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and also to the persons or cultures of which they study. These two important parts of anthropology – the research and those being researched – can be conflicting. The Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association presents itself as a body of guidelines for discussing these ethical and moral conflicts....   [tags: ethics, antrhopological] 1242 words
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The Society for Latin American Anthropology - The Society for Latin American Anthropology Changes in the SLAA's definition of "Latin America" have gone hand in hand with changes in the intellectual, social and political goals of the Society. As then president Michael Kearney wrote in an open letter to the membership published in the Society's April 1997 column in the Anthropology Newsletter:" (Until recently the society's membership) was centered in North America while its objects of study were primarily to the South of the United States....   [tags: SLAA Human Rights Latin America Essays]
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1005 words
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Applying Anthropology to Nursing - Applying Anthropology to Nursing Medical Anthropology is dedicated to the relationship between human behavior, social life, and health within an anthropological context. It provides a forum for inquiring into how knowledge, meaning, livelihood, power, and resource distribution are shaped and how, in turn, these observable facts go on to shape patterns of disease, experiences of health and illness, and the organization of treatments. It focuses on many different topics including the political ecology of disease, the interface of the micro- and macro-environments that affect health, the politics of responsibility as it relates to health, gender and health, the moral, political and interpersonal contexts of bodily suffering, and the social meanings of disease categories and ideals of health....   [tags: Papers] 1116 words
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Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology - Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology The role of reflexivity in Anthropology has changed a great deal over time. The effects of doing ethnography on the ethnographer was not considered an important mode of inquiry in the past. While inevitably, going to far distant lands and living with a culture so different from your own will at least cause the ethnographer to reflect on personal issues but most likely will cause profound changes in the way he or she will view the world. But in the past these changes were not important....   [tags: Ethnography Culture Essays] 1082 words
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Kipling, Kim, and Anthropology - Kipling, Kim, and Anthropology It is widely recognised that the relatively recent sciences of anthropology and ethnology have often seemed in thrall to, and supportive of, the colonial project. Supposedly objective in outlook, anthropological discourse has often been employed to validate and justify theories of race, hierarchy, and power. So-called factual knowledge becomes a means through which racial stereotyping can be bolstered or created. The ethos of Western rationalism allied with the discourse of pseudo-science in Orientalism and Indology creates a body of knowledge which can be used as leverage in the acquisition ,or, retention of power....   [tags: Essays Papers] 897 words
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Cultural Anthropology Book Report - Classical Readings on Cultural Anthropology What do we have to learn through the study of different cultures. I was hoping for some wonderful revelation in the collection of writings. I may have found one. This book was a difficult read for me. I am not sure whether it’s my age or my inexperience with classical readings. I also found it difficult to formulate a report on a collection of readings, the last report I did was on Laura Ingall’s Little House on the Prairie. This reading was a little more challenging....   [tags: essays research papers] 1828 words
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Anthropology - The Neanderthals lived in areas ranging from Western Europe through central Asia from about 200,000 to between 36,000 and 24,000 years ago. The Neanderthals lived in groups of 30 to 50 individuals, they invented many of the tool types that were to be perfected by fully sapient peoples, they had weapons adequate to deal with both the cave lion and cave bear, they used body paint, buried their dead. Neanderthal Man survived through the Ice Age. They are thought to have had fire. Neanderthals lived side by side with modern humans for over 10,000 years....   [tags: essays research papers] 1369 words
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anthropology - Gender Fieldwork Project I chose to research a social occasion setting, which was called Mission Rock Club. The club is located in San Francisco, Ca, and is an 18 and older club on Thursdays. Mission Rock opens at 9pm and closes at 3pm. People start showing up at about 10pm and 11:30pm. Sometime, if the females get to the club before 11pm, they will get in for free. Other then that, the cost is $20 and if you’re on the guest list $10. Everybody who was 21 got in for free. I call this environment, the culture of nightlife and clubbing....   [tags: essays research papers] 916 words
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anthropology - Proxemics is the study of the distance people leave between themselves and others within various situations and in various cultures. In everyday life people distance themselves although it is a subconscious action. Proxemics was observed between the employees working in the radiology department of a local hospital. The observation took place throughout the whole department which included exam and procedure rooms as well as staff lounges and waiting rooms. The department is relatively small and does not allocate a large amount of space in between work environments....   [tags: essays research papers] 1199 words
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Cultural Anthropologist as a Career - ... When searching for a job, one focuses mainly on two things: Whether or not they will enjoy it, and whether or not their salary will cover their basic needs. Everyone has needs(including food, water, shelter, clothing, transportation, healthcare) and in order to fulfill these needs, one must have the money required by today's society to pay for those expenses. As such, it is no wonder why people worry about their salaries. As mentioned earlier, cultural anthropology is an increasingly variable field, therefore, the salaries for the related careers can be very different....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Nobel Nomination of David Graeber - ... (Graeber 2011:18) As an economic anthropologist, the theory Graeber applies in not that uncommon until mixed with anarchism which has given him the opportunity to have such an effect as the Occupy Wall Street Movement. The period of time Graeber was writing his influential work was critical to its success (or its expansion to the national level). In fact, his work might have only received a miniscule amount of attention if it was for the fact that the global financial crisis blazing into full bloom....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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Ruth Fulton Benedict - ... Benedict yearned for something more in her life, and it was then that she discovered and became inspired by lectures on anthropology while enrolled in The New School for Social Research in Manhattan. In her book, Patterns of Culture, Benedicts begins the first chapter saying, “Anthropology is the study of human beings as creatures of society” (p.1). Inspired, Benedict continued with her education despite financial hardships and an empty marriage that eventually ended. Under the guidance of mentor Frank Boas, Benedict examined the cultural aspects of individual religious experiences which sparked her interest and began her studies on Native America cultures....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Fieldwork in Various Anthropological Schools of Thought - ... As a result, Morgan’s studies have been criticized for being too vast and superficial, as well as having fundamental errors in the interpretation of the data (Tooker, 1992). Ethnographic methods during this time were basic at best and were of little concern to the cultural evolutionists. Franz Boas was one of the first anthropologists to reject the theories of the cultural evolutionists in the beginning of the twentieth century (History World International, 2001). Although he recognized the role of evolution in ancestry, he found the theories of the cultural evolutionists to be scientifically unfounded....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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Kula, Malinowski, and Bendict - ... The Kula also functions to create relationships among the tribes of the different islands within the Kula ring. Malinowski (1922) says, “Another important pursuit inextricable bound up with the Kula is that of the secondary trade. Voyaging off to far-off countries, endowed with natural resources unknown in their own homes, the Kula sailors return each time richly laden with these, the spoils of their enterprise.” This allows villages hundreds of miles apart to give gifts and trade valuable goods....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Collaborative Ethnography - ... between ethnographers and informants/consultants” (Lassiter, 2008, page 73). Through having a rapport with someone allows agreements and information to be shared easily. It is important to work with colleagues and informants as it gives a broader set of knowledge, it also allows for the societies point of view and culture to be put across accurately. In Alberto Bursztyn’s book The Praeger handbook of special education (2007, page 180) he describes the transition of collaborative ethnography from anthropology to academia, stating that the use in both areas is important to the study’s “validity, reliability and overall rigor”....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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Death in Ancient Egyptian Culture - ... This is illustrated in ancient times by means of masks and tombs, and today symbols such as photos are much rawer given technological advancement in the twenty-first century. Similarities between ancient Egyptian spiritual faith and contemporary Hindu belief regarding the afterlife can be found, though the death practices are quite different between the two cultures. Much of Hindu reaction to death is viewed by Westerners as bizarre, one being that often laughter and comic relief are part of social dialogue about immediate death in Hindu tradition (Elmore in Garces-Foley, 2006, p....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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Effect of Television on Self Image of Teenagers in Fiji - ... Goodman states, “Something happened in 1995. A western mirror was shoved into the Face of Fijian. Television came to island (Goodman608).” Television was introduced and teenage girls in rural village started watching Melrose Place and Beverly Hills 90210. Anne E. Backer research done in Fiji after the introduction of television shows in thirty eight months the eating disorder of teenage girls doubled to 29 percent. 74 percent of the Fiji teens in the study said they felt “too big or fat” and 62 percent said they had dieted in the past month (Goodman 608)....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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G-Lounge - Final Paper Around the world anthropologist study different cultures and traditions from various nations. Relating back to our Anthropology class projects, our group, which consists of Fiona, Wuleymatu, and I, All decided to pick a field site that has to do with gay people. After putting much thought and decision, we came to the decision of making our field site a gay bar/lounge, known as G- Lounge. We visited the bar at least 5 times until we knew exactly every important detail for our project....   [tags: Anthropology] 2349 words
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Theories on the Origin of the State - ... Trading significantly increases the ruler’s power, enhances prestige, and increases influence on its subjects, thus giving chiefs and other leader’s incentive to establish a state (Kradin, 2009). Wright and Johnson also concluded that chiefdoms experience a problem with its limited ability to grow. Because chiefdoms can only delegate authority at the loss of potential unrest from its subjects, the ideal situation for a chief is to refrain from delegating authority and regulate his entire region from the center....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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1916 words
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Ethnographic Writing and Relationships with Research Subjects - ... Keith Bletzer calls Sterk a ‘field instrument’ and says that the anthropologist, “strives toward ethnography where self is the field instruments to learn about ‘the other’” (Bletzer 2003: 261) She explains one particular way she was able to gain the women’s trust, “Being supportive and providing practical assistance were the most visible and direct ways for me as the researcher to develop a relationship” (Sterk 2003: 6). She then continues to say, “Gradually, my role allowed me to become a part of these women’s lives and to build rapport with many of them” (Sterk 2003: 6)....   [tags: Anthropology]
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The Effects of a Changing Environment on the Ju/'hoansi Lifestyle - ... (Solway and Lee, 293) The San client maintained the herd on behalf of the Tswana patron, who retained ownership of the beasts.(Solway and Lee, 293) In return San could consume all the milk the animal produced and the meat of any animal that have died of natural causes, including predation.(Solway and Lee, 293) A tally was made of any beasts lost and all animals will be accounted for when the patron made a periodic visit. (Solway and Lee, 293) This is an example showing how trade is indispensable for the Ju/‘hoan society’s survival and how exchange is a fundamental part of human life and appears in all cultural settings....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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What a Christian Believes about Anthropology - What a Christian Believes about Anthropology “Anthropology in general refers to any study of the status, habits, customs, relationships and culture of humankind. In a more specific and theological sense, anthropology sets forth the scriptural teachings about humans as God’s creatures. Christian anthropology recognizes that humans are created in God’s image but that sin has in some way negatively affected that image” (Grenz, Guetzki, and Nordling 11). In other words, anthropology is the study of how God created us uniquely in his image, and how sin affected the image....   [tags: essays research papers] 758 words
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The Statute of the Man in the Modern Catholic Anthropology - The Statute of the Man in the Modern Catholic Anthropology ABSTRACT: In what follows, I examine the renaissance of the idea of freedom as a fundamental measure of humanity in the work of Karol Voitila (Pope John Paul II). I examine as well Karol Voitila's concept of the human person as found in his work "Love and Responsibility" as well as the encyclical Evangelium vitae, which affirms the incomparable value of the human person. I also consider the celestial predestination of the human person as discussed in the documents of the Second Vatican Council....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 2016 words
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Comparing How Various Anthropologists Discovered Anthropology as a Career - Comparing How Various Anthropologists Discovered Anthropology as a Career Anthropologists have reasons for entering a field of work just like any other person has reasons for Choosing science over music or medicine over business. The reason a person may enter a particular career can be from stumbling upon a field that they knew little. Once discovering it they have ambitions of being the best they can be. It could also stem from a desire as a child to know more about a specific subject. Reasons may be distinct or similar to another person's in the same field....   [tags: Compare Contrast Comparison Essays]
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History, Literature, Anthropology: Contextualizing Human Meaning - History, Literature, Anthropology: Contextualizing Human Meaning As culture is “the product of human thought” (217), Cohn advocates “seeing how meanings are contextualized” to better interpret history and produce good scholarship (221). In keeping with this awareness of human thought, Anderson contextualizes “the cultural roots of nationalism” through the evolution of early American literature and print-language (7), relying heavily on the historical development of European literacy in developing a ‘national imagination.’ In doing so, Anderson’s analysis of nationalism reflects Cohn’s maxim, that “anthropology can became [sic] more anthropological in becoming more historical” (216)....   [tags: Essays Papers] 359 words
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Philosophical Anthropology, Human Nature and the Digital Culture - Philosophical Anthropology, Human Nature and the Digital Culture ABSTRACT: Within contemporary Western philosophy, the issues of human nature and our place in the cosmos have largely been ignored. In the resulting vacuum, the various subcultures that have grown up around the digital computer (the so-called "digital culture") have been actively defining and shaping popular conceptions of what it means to be human and the place of humanity in the digital era. Here one finds an implicit view of human nature that includes recurrent themes such as: an emphasis on mind as information independent of the physical body, the obsolescence of the human body, the elimination of human particularity, the malleability of human nature, and the logic and orderliness of the computer as a metaphor for the cosmos....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Father Franz Boas--Father of American Anthropology - Father Franz Boas--Father of American Anthropology Franz Boas is often referred to as the father of American anthropology because of the great influence he had in the lives and the careers of the next great generation of anthropologists in America. He came at a time when anthropology was not considered a true science or even a meaningful discipline and brought an air of respectability to the profession, giving those who followed a passion and an example of how to approach anthropology. Boas directed the field studies and trained such prominent anthropologists as Alfred Louis Kroeber, Robert Lowie, Margaret Mead, as well as others....   [tags: essays papers] 1361 words
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Realism and Gods Presence is a Crucial Part of all Social Anthropology. - ... The convictions and beliefs of a character are seemingly a gateway to the characters faith in the presence of a supernatural God. Christians believe that Jesus Christ resides within them as their spiritual conviction and guide. They call this inner conscience the Holy Spirit. In the Bible Jesus even refers to himself as “The way the truth and the life” (NLT). This inner truth could be considered a supernatural necessity for a good actor. Perhaps Stanislavski did not intend for “inner truth” to have this context, but it is a feasible interpretation....   [tags: psychology]
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"following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights" - "Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights" video that we saw in class was one of the most culturally interesting video's I have seen in a long time. Although being aware of what goes on in the outside world with regards to human rights, but it is a totally different ball game when looked at through an anthropologists view. The video represented several different fields and subdisciplines that we learned in our prior lectures. Some of which included "Applied pherensic research, Actual evidence, Criminal investigation, Team research, Life histories, and Problem oriented ethnography." These fields and subdisciplines were used individually and together in several ways....   [tags: World Cultures] 700 words
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Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy - Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy Public Policy is a field of study, which values the utility of certain programs (education, law, urban development) and then tries to distribute these gains in a fair manner. One example of this is tax breaks for a home. This tax break offers many citizens equal opportunity to own a home. These policies may sometimes be ineffective. I believe that cultural anthropology should be introduced to policy makers and analysts when creating legislation....   [tags: Political Science Public Administration]
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Anthropology Defined - 1. Articulate what you have learned this semester about dispelling the myth of "Man the Hunter and Woman the Gatherer", which flourished under the patriarchal influence in archaeology of the early to mid twentieth century. Give a few examples of ways that women contributed in prehistoric societies or contribute in modern tribal societies which were largely overlooked by archaeologists in the past. Your Answer: According to our main source of Gender in Cross Cultural Perspective the book along with lecture gave us many examples of barriers and preconditioned notions of man’s work or woman’s work and how these barriers and outlines have been broken and rewritten over the course of time and throughout the years....   [tags: essays research papers] 1838 words
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ANTHROPOLOGY PAPER - Pringle, Heather. 2001. Secrets of the Alpaca Mummies. Discover, June, 60-65. This article explores the alpaca mummies and the rare, luxurious fabric that can be produced from the alpaca’s wool and Jane Wheeler’s study of the alpaca and llamas. The alpaca is a small, slender member of the camel family. The woolen fabric from the alpaca’s fleece was highly prized. In 1533, Francisco Pizarro laid plunder to Cuzco. He and his soldiers robbed the city of all the gold and silver that was available....   [tags: essays research papers] 530 words
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Childe and Anthropology - Essay Questions 1. Childe equated civilization with urbanism. Other social scientists, while admitting a considerable overlap, distinguished between the cultural phenomena characteristic of urban areas and those of "civilized" societies. Childe identified 10 formal criteria that, according to his system, indicate the arrival of urban civilization. These are: increased settlement size, concentration of wealth, large-scale public works, writing, representational art, knowledge of exact sciences, foreign trade, full-time specialists in non-subsistence activities, class-stratified society, and political organization based on residence rather than kinship....   [tags: essays research papers] 380 words
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Reflecting on Religion in Literature - ... In addition, the notion of sin and asking for forgiveness are presently in place due to Christian influences. Schiller writes that the Ngaju are now “appealing to the deity for forgiveness of transgressions rather than making restitution through ritual” (Schiller 123). Religion is ever-changing. As Schiller describes the influences of the Indonesian government and Christianity, she is also demonstrating to us that religious traditions change whether we approve or not. Rane Willerslev expands our understanding of religion base on his ethnographic study of the Yukaghirs....   [tags: Religion Anthropology]
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The Significance of Benin Art and Artifacts - The attitudes to towards the display of Benin Art, adopted by European museums and galleries have dramatically changed over the 112 year period since their initial acquisition. This has been for a number of reasons including the societal transition from accepting colonialism to acknowledging cultural diversity, the gradual integration and cross-fertilisation across the academic fields of anthropology, ethnography and art history and the ongoing debate regarding provenance and repatriation. The Benin artwork seen in museums around the world today was systematically plundered from Benin City by the British in 1897 as part of a punitive expedition in reprisal for the massacre of an overzealous Trade Delegation....   [tags: Anthropology, Britain] 1182 words
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The Value of Cultural Relativism: Comparing Peace Corp Volunteer Floyd Sandford’s African Odyssey and Anthropologist Richard Lee’s Dobe Ju/’hoansi - Even a student that has been educated for only four weeks in anthropology can admit that their viewpoint has changed since acquiring their knowledge. Studying a foreign way of life and unfamiliar customs sheds light on the impact that one’s own culture has on their thoughts. Anthropology is valuable because has the ability to remove the shock and misunderstanding that occurs when examining an alien worldview. The value of cultural relativism, the principle that one culture should not be judged by the standard of another culture, is illustrated in the comparison of Peace Corp volunteer Floyd Sandford’s African Odyssey and anthropologist Richard Lee’s Dobe Ju/’hoansi....   [tags: anthropology, culture]
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Culture is a Gift to Humans - Anthropology shows culture to us as a gift to human beings because without culture we would not exist. As described in our first reading culture is observational. As a result, anthropologists study ethnographic fieldwork. “Whether in a jungle village in Peru or on the streets on New York, anthropologists go to where people live and ‘does fieldwork.’ ” This means participating in activities and asking questions, eating strange foods, interviewing informants, and learning a new language. Above all, anthropologists are observers of culture....   [tags: culture, anthropology, ] 1538 words
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Man the Hunter Revisited - ... The hunter and hunting was the cornerstone of early modern society. Their actions shaped modern people through the intensification of the division of labor, ultimately even affecting our biology. For the anthropologist in Chicago in 1966, the hunter and our hunting past is responsible for the social and physical attributes of society. Washburn and Lancaster (1968) best summarize the thesis of the conference in their statement “We believe that hunting large animals may demand all these aspects of human behavior which separate man so sharply from the other primates”....   [tags: Anthropology, Hunting] 1893 words
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Anthropology and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine - Anthropology and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine Zora Neale Hurston described the study of anthropology as a spy-glass, an illuminating lens (1). Anthropology is defined as the scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans (2). Through this study and with the aid of an essay defining human nature written by Cardinal Jean Daniello, we can take a closer look at the behavior of the characters in Hurston's novels Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine....   [tags: Hurston Eyes Watching God Gourd Vine Essays]
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Chinese Cultural Anthropology - Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts....   [tags: essays research papers] 530 words
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Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality - Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality Social Anthropology seeks to gauge an understanding of cultures and practices whether they are foreign or native. This is achieved through the studying of language, education, customs, marriage, kinship, hierarchy and of course belief and value systems. Rationality is a key concept in this process as it affects the anthropologist’s interpretation of the studied group’s way of life: what s/he deems as rational or plausible practice. Witchcraft and magic pose problems for many anthropologists, as its supernatural nature is perhaps conflicting to the common Western notions of rationality, mainly deemed superior....   [tags: Social Anthropology]
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Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective - Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective It is no secret anylonger that the ecological crisis puts mankind as a whole to an existential test which have to be solved in practice and in theory. So, by this the vast amount of literature can be explained which consequently led to the emergence of an own "genre" — the so called "ecoliterature" which herself is really dissonant and ambigious. In the meantime — besides other sources — almost all sciences take part in such kind of discussions what obviously can be traced back to the fact that the ecological crisis is such a substantial phenomena which leads therefore to numerous perceptions and different point of views....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Environment Essays]
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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer - The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays] 1238 words
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Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research - Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research ABSTRACT: This approach holds that the problem of humanity determines the history of culture. On the basis of theory developed by Max Scheler, I try to work out the main characteristics of cultural process, the typology of culture, and the periodization of culture. The humanities in Russia are in the midst of a methodological crisis now, and I hope that this approach will help us obtain a fuller understanding of culture. There's not a secret that Russian Humanities are in a methodological crisis now....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Essays] 1967 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 983 words
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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing - Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1614 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a way to explore universal human feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 894 words
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Culture and Race - Culture and Race Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind....   [tags: Anthropology Sociology Essays]
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