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Organisms of the African Savanna - THE MEERKAT (Suricata suricatta) The meerkat , otherwise known as the suricate, is a small, furry member of the Mongoose family (Herpestidae) that can stand upright. The creatures have round, fluffy bellies with smaller, more slender limbs. Their snouts are small and pointed, coming to a sharp tip at the animal’s black nose. It lives in the African Savanna grasslands in groups of twenty five to fifty. These groups are called mobs or manors. The female meerkat gives birth to two to five pups at a time, which are born hairless and unable to see....   [tags: Environmental Biology ]
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1158 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Science of Tropical Savannas - The Science of Tropical Savannas Savannas are part of the Grassland biome, and are generally found in regions dominated by the "Wet-Dry Climate." Tropical Savannas encompass almost one half of the entire continent of Africa as well as many parts of Australia, India, Mexico, and South America. The Tropical Savannas in Australia take up over one-third of the country, and provide natural resources that contribute much of the money that supports the national economy. The Climate is the most important factor in creating a savanna....   [tags: Papers] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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The African Elephant - What do you think about when you hear the word Africa. How about the word safari. Most people tend to think about elephants or giraffes. In this paper I will tell you many important facts about elephants: how they live, their appearance, and many other interesting facts about them. There are two different kinds of elephants; the African elephant and the Asian elephant (also known as the Indian elephant). The African elephant is the larger of the two. Measuring from the shoulder, African elephants are on average 10.8 feet (females 8.9 feet), and the average length of their trunk is approximately 7-8 feet....   [tags: African Wildlife] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Main Features of a Savanna Ecosystem - The Main Features of a Savanna Ecosystem For most of the year in this part of Kenya, the climate is very warm and very dry. However for a short season of three months (April, May and June), there is abundant rainfall and then a shorter period known as the 'little rains' (November and December). Both of these periods of rain follow quite soon after the overhead sun has past right over the equator. The temperatures throughout the year are generally high, the cooler part of the year occurs when the sun is overhead in the opposite hemisphere....   [tags: Papers] 1585 words
(4.5 pages)
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West African Kingdoms - West African Kingdoms It is generally accepted by scholars and scientists today that Africa is the original home of man. One of the most tragic misconceptions of historical thought has been the belief that Black Africa had no history before European colonization. Whites foster the image of Africa as a barbarous and savage continent torn by tribal warfare for centuries. It was a common assumption of nineteenth-century European and American Whites - promoted by the deliberate cultivation of pseudoscientific racism - that Africans were inferior to Whites and were devoid of any trace of civilization or culture....   [tags: African History]
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996 words
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Biome Broadcast - Biome Broadcast LANCASTER / PENNSYLVANIA This morning Darian, Danny, Laura, and I were bored so we decided that we would all go on a hike at Blue Ridge Mountain. All of us went home, got our hiking equipment, and packed a lunch. We then met at my house. I drove all of us up to Blue Ridge Mountain. We got there in a half hour it was around 10:30 AM. It was probably one of the most beautiful days we had all year, it was around seventy to seventy five degrees and there was barely any humidity....   [tags: essays research papers] 973 words
(2.8 pages)
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History of Central African Republic: - History of Central African Republic: The Central African Republic (CAR) is located in the heart of equatorial Africa. The country, with an estimated population of 4.4 million and a landmass of 622,984 sq km , is landlocked, sharing borders with Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon. The country, a former colony of France (formerly known as Ubangi-Shari), gained independence on August 13, 1960. Like most former colonies, CAR was subject to interference in domestic affairs by its former colonizer....   [tags: African History] 1729 words
(4.9 pages)
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African Diaspora and National Belonging - ... With all of this, Ethiopian Jews have not been legally segregated from the rest of the population and is likely to be the result of them coming to Israel to practice Judaism freely. The struggle to firmly establish their identity as a Jewish people is a tedious process. The national identity of what it means to be an Ethiopian in Israel is a fairly complex one to be looked over. First off, the Israeli identity itself is rather complicated to define and with the additional overlapping of the Ethiopian immigrant background makes it even more complicated....   [tags: The African Diaspora] 2058 words
(5.9 pages)
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African Archaeology - African Archaeology 1) Metallurgical Origins in Africa Introduction The study of metallurgy in Africa has been dominated by a concern with origins and antiquity. Some Anthropologists believe that African metallurgy was an early, independent invention, while others believe that it was an innovation, which came relatively late, and was a product of diffusion. With these two hypotheses as our only reference points, we are limited in our knowledge of metallurgy as well as its role in the lives of African people....   [tags: Africa African Archaeology Essays]
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2334 words
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Three African Novels - ... Details used throughout the novels further convey the authors’ thoughts and mood toward the native Africans. To these novelists, the African culture and people are beautiful—not because of artificial possessions, but because of their natural being. Even when their “bodies [stream] with perspiration” (Conrad) or their faces look “like grotesque masks” (Conrad) they are truly stunning. Simple details like their bodily appearance or persona like “courage [or] strength” (Conrad) aids the authors in creating a fresh way to look at society....   [tags: Comparisons and Contrasts, African Culture]
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787 words
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Witchcraft in Contemporary African Society - I. INTRODUCTION The Enlightenment and the emerging of modern rationalism have paved the way to a worldview where the suspicion of witchcraft is not needed to explain the mysterious phenomena of this world. This is not the case in Africa. The belief in the existence of witches, evil persons who are able to harm others by using mystical powers, is part of the common cultural knowledge. Samuel Waje Kunhiyop states, “Almost all African societies believe in witchcraft in one form or another. Belief in witchcraft is the traditional way of explaining the ultimate cause of evil, misfortune or death.” The African worldview is holistic....   [tags: african culture, magic] 2504 words
(7.2 pages)
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A Study of Obesity in African-Americans - Obesity remains an extremely serious issue worldwide. Once considered a problem for wealthier counties, overweight and obesity are now dramatically increasing in low and middle income countries (WHO, 2011). In American, the rates of obesity continue to soar. CDC (2009) recognizes obesity as a risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and other health problems. According to NHANES over two-thirds of the US are overweight or obese, and over one-third are obese (CDC, 2009). Treatment for this illness varies; it may include the incorporation of diet, exercise, behavior modification, medication, and surgery....   [tags: Health, African-Americans] 2600 words
(7.4 pages)
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African American Male Feminist - The theory of an African American male feminist is a relatively new concept that is rapidly growing. Alexander Crummell, who was an advocate of black feminism stated, “For, humble and benighted as she is, the black woman of the South is one of the queens of womanhood. If there is any other woman on this earth who in native aboriginal qualities is her superior, I know not where she is to be found.” Before I discuss the importance, relevance and substance of what it is to be not only a successful male feminist but a universally accepted male feminist, I will first lay the foundation of what a feminist is from the ground up....   [tags: African American Literature]
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2017 words
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The Components of the Ocean Biome - The Components of the Ocean Biome A biome, also known as life zones, consists of all plants, animals, and other organisms, as well the physical enviorment in a particular area. A biome is characterized by its plant life, climate, and location. The climate and physical features determine the boundaries of a biome. A biome is made up of many different ecosystems. The ecosystems tend to have the same plants and animals as neighboring biomes around the boundaries. The oceans and seas form the marine biome, the world's largest biome....   [tags: Papers] 415 words
(1.2 pages)
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Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution - Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution The evolution of man is constantly in question. While we are reasonably sure that modern humans and primates are both related to the same common ancestor, there is constant debate over what initially caused the two species to split into early hominids and apes. According to some, our longest and most popular theory on the division of man and ape is profoundly wrong. However, those same individuals usually offer an equally controversial theory as a substitute, one that is almost impossible to scientifically test or prove....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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1286 words
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Gender in African Women´s Writing - ... But it didn’t matter, because I knew that when the tea burned my tongue, it burned Papa’s love into me. But Papa didn’t say, ‘Have a love sip’; he didn’t say anything as I watched him raise the cup to his lips. (Adichie 8). This passage shows the large hold that Kambili’s father had on his daughter and whole family. The women in the family sought approval from the male figure in their life so badly they would do almost anything to please him. Eventually we see Kambili’s mother take a stand against her husband when she poisons him, this makes her a feminist....   [tags: feminism, african women, gender]
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1823 words
(5.2 pages)
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Achievements of the African Empires and Cities Before the Arrival of the Europeans - In Africa, there were achievements in the empires or kingdoms and their cities before the Europeans arrived and took control. In the Kingdom (Empire) of Axum they developed a trade route. In the Kingdom of Ghana they had characteristics of powerful nations today. In the city of Timbuktu they had great morals and developed the center of Islamic Art. There are many other things that Africa achieved in. In the great empires of Africa they developed many things. In the Axum (Aksum) Empire (Ethiopia, in present time) they developed a trade route that stretched of Asia to Africa and back....   [tags: africa, African History, ] 514 words
(1.5 pages)
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The African Origin of Ancient Egyptian Civilization - Few bygone civilizations fascinate us as much as that of the ancient Egyptians. The kingdom along the Nile River has been the subject of countless books, magazine articles, movies, and television shows and documentaries. There is even a hotel in Las Vegas with an ancient Egyptian theme. Museums all over the world dedicate entire galleries to excavated Egyptian artifacts, and Egypt itself receives millions of tourists flocking to photograph its ruins each year. There are many reasons behind our infatuation with ancient Egypt....   [tags: african history, anthropology, culture, Egypt] 3187 words
(9.1 pages)
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Equality for African Americans: An American History - As the United States flag Pledge of Allegiance states “I pledge of allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, One nation under God, …with liberty and justice for all” did people really believe in this pledge. Liberty means freedom, liberation, right, and justice means fairness or impartiality for all Americans whether they were, African American, White, Mexican, Indians, Japanese…etc. The government maybe needed to revisit this pledge just to remind them of what our county was built on which is equal opportunity....   [tags: NAACP, African Americans, racism, segregation,] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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A Look At African American Political Policies and Social Status - When looking at African American political policies and social status both in their native country and in America, it is important to see where their practices came from. First, when looking at the rich history of Africa, it is necessary to examine the African values. In Africa, their value system consisted of, “affiliation, collectivity, sharing, obedience to authority, spirituality, acceptance to fate and past time” (Pinderhughes, 1982, p.91). This is the framework the African people knew before coming to the America’s via the slave trade....   [tags: African American History] 827 words
(2.4 pages)
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Colonialism and Post Colonial Ethnic Conflict in East African Countries - From the end of the nineteenth century until the attainment of independence in the early 1960s, the countries of East Africa were under the colonial administration of European empires. After decades of foreign rule which saw unparalleled transformations within society, the post-colonial states that emerged have been blighted by ethnic conflict. It has been argued that the beliefs of British, Belgian and German administrators led them to completely reorganise the societies they governed based on a fictitious ‘tribal’ model, and in the process they invented ethnicity....   [tags: african history] 2042 words
(5.8 pages)
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African American Hardships - African American Hardships During pre-colonial African kinship and inheritance, it provided the bases of organization of many African American communities. African American men were recognized for the purpose of inheritance. They also inherited their clan names based on their accomplishments, as well as other things when one decease. Land was not owned in many parts of Africa during the pre-colonial period. It was yet held and distributed by African American men. Access to the land by women depended on their obligations or duties within the gendered division of labor....   [tags: African American Studies] 1290 words
(3.7 pages)
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African American Reconstruction - Prior to the Civil War, African Americans were treated as second class individuals. They lacked the freedom and equality they sought for. To the African Americans, the Civil War was a war of liberation. Contrary to what African Americans perceived, Southerners viewed the war as an episode of their journey to salvation. Southern lands may have been destroyed and depleted, but the South was persistent that their racial order would not be disrupted. To most, the goals of the Reconstruction era were to fully restore the Union, and to some, grant emancipation and liberty to former slaves....   [tags: African American History] 1245 words
(3.6 pages)
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Themes In African Creation Stories - Themes In African Creation Stories Like all cultures, African cultures inevitably had to deal with the issue of "How did we get here?" To answer this pressing question, the people invented stories that reflect the values, morals, and norms of their individual societies. When one examines these stories, one can gain insight into what these cultures were like. "An African Cosmogony" tells of how the world was created through a powerful being named Bumba, who regurgitates the sun, moon, stars, and the first nine living creatures....   [tags: African Culture Essays]
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African Mythological Commonalities - African Mythological Commonalities Creation myths vary among African ethnic groups highlighting similarities and differences in belief systems and societal constructs. There are many factors that contribute to creation myths for each individual group. Survival issues dominate many my ths, suggesting the origins of land, the ability to cultivate land, and the benefit of existing off of what one has cultivated. Questions of where land came from, the purpose of man, and the relationship between the creator and the created are evaluated....   [tags: African Creation Myths Essays] 345 words
(1 pages)
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African American History in America - In From Slavery to Freedom (2007), it was said that “the transition from slavery to freedom represents one of the major themes in the history of African Diaspora in the Americas” (para. 1). African American history plays an important role in American history not only because the Civil Rights Movement, but because of the strength and courage of Afro-Americans struggling to live a good life in America. Afro-Americans have been present in this country since the early 1600’s, and have been making history since....   [tags: History Blacks African American]
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1055 words
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The African-American Odyssey - The African-American Odyssey The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865-1868 The emancipation of the African slave who was now disconnected from their traditions and way of life after nearly 300 years, is seemingly a great gush from the dam to the ebbs and flows of the struggle. The end of slavery as we know it, presented a ball of mixed emotions among the nation; North and SOUTH. Some slaves were grossly ecstatic to be free. For example, when a slave girl named Caddy, from Goodman, Mississippi found she was free, went to her mistress, flipped up her dress and told her "Kiss my ass!" On the contrary, some slaves were apprehensive of being free....   [tags: African American History] 1668 words
(4.8 pages)
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The African American College Dropout Rate - Throughout the years the dropout rate of African Americans has increased and decreased. Many people look at black students as if they sit there and do not learn anything at all but we do try. Some may think that the only reason the black students drop out is because their grades, but that’s not true. Some dropout because of financial pressure, health problems, mental, emotional, and social issues, and may not have family support. “Blacks have been historically been under represented for the past years” (Herndon 489)....   [tags: Blacks, African Americans, College Dropout Rates, ]
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Saint Bridit and African American Women Saints - One of my class mates traveles to Ireland every year. My class mate stated each time she visits Ireland that she gets a greater understanding of women in the early days. We both come from a baptist, penecostal and apstolic background, I would like to compare the roles of Saint Bridit and women in the church, the only black women preachers preached about in the baptist church was harriet tuckman. The other women talked about in church was Mary the mother of Jesus Christ. However Mary the mother of Jesus did increase my faith, however I know it was much knowledge to be gained concerning women....   [tags: travel, saints, African Americans,] 2167 words
(6.2 pages)
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African American Culture - African American Culture Music Spirituals This is a religious song sung by the black people in the southern part of the US and are often influenced by African melodies. The spirituals are typical working songs and often content stories and persons from the Bible. Many of the slaves, in fact, thought of themselves as modern children of Israel who were looking for freedom. The songs first become well-known outside the southern states when the slaves were set free from slavery. Blues The blues is extremely various type of music, and it has many different musical expressions....   [tags: African American Studies] 1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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Apartheid in South Africa: The African National Congress and Nelson Mandela - Apartheid was a dark time in the history of South Africa. The African National Congress played a major role in the breaking of Apartheid. Nelson Mandela played a critical role in bringing democracy to South Africa. This paper will show how the African National Congress was involved in the Anti-Apartheid movement and how the African National Congress and Nelson Mandela Changed the country as a whole. To understand how South Africa changed, one must know the history of Apartheid and the effects it had on the country....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 1510 words
(4.3 pages)
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Treatment Of African Americans: 1865-1895 - During the span of thirty years from 1865 to 1895 blacks that lived within this time frame went through arguably the most profound series of events to occur in African American history. Southern blacks were faced with prejudice, bondage, slavery, and ultimately survival. Shortly after the thirteenth amendment was ratified, stating that: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” The southern governments enacted a series of Black Codes that were purposefully meant to keep blacks “as near to a state of bondage as possible.” Blacks could not bear arms, be employed in occupations other than farming and domestic service, or leave their jobs without forfeiting back pay....   [tags: History Racism African American] 1304 words
(3.7 pages)
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Contemporary African Art - Proposed Research Outline: In the slippery terrain created by globalization and cultural brokering, contemporary art made in Africa (and its diasporas) has enjoyed a steady growth in interest and appreciation by Western audiences during the last few decades (Kasfir, 2007). Several biennials, triennials, and scholarly works attest to that, with much of its impact owed to the figure of Okwui Enwezor. However, seamlessly uniting diverse African artists under the untrained Western gaze for the commercialism of the international art circuit – notwithstanding their different cultural contexts and the medium in which they work – is bound to create problems....   [tags: Africa ]
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1025 words
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African Creation Stories - African Creation Stories There are many similarities among most African creation stories. Likewise certain differences are also noticeable. For example, I chose four creation stories to make the comparisons between them. The first one is "An African Cosmogony." Here, Bumba is the creator. He created nine living creatures, after vomiting the sun and the moon, from which all other animals emerged. The second one, "An African story of the Creation of Man", is a story among the Shilluks of the White Nile which basically explains the different complexions among the various races on Earth....   [tags: African Culture Creation Tales Essays]
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731 words
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African American Contributions in Science - African American Contributions in Science            Throughout American history many African Americans have been overlooked in the field of science. Some powerful minds and great inventors haven’t been re-introduced to new generations. African Americans have contributed a great deal to the advancements of our country and one of the major fields they have made contributions to is in the field of science. Many successful African Americans have been overshadowed by their Caucasian counterparts. More of our children should be aware of these great historians....   [tags: Science African Americans Scientists Essays]
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African American Theater - Over the course of approximately one-hundred years there has been a discernible metamorphosis within the realm of African-American cinema. African-Americans have overcome the heavy weight of oppression in forms such as of politics, citizenship and most importantly equal human rights. One of the most evident forms that were withheld from African-Americans came in the structure of the performing arts; specifically film. The common population did not allow blacks to drink from the same water fountain let alone share the same television waves or stage....   [tags: Culture African American Cinema Theater] 1967 words
(5.6 pages)
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African Americans Played a Key Role in Vietnam War - Thesis: African Americans played a key role in Vietnam War and, in the process, changed the complexion of the U.S. Armed Forces I. African Americans involves in the army a. Irregular percentage of African Americans drafted in the military b. The role of blacks in the Army c. The Vietnam War as a genocide II. Discrimination Issues a. Armed Forces dominated by whites b. Personal racism c. Racist practices against blacks d. African Americans in combat III. Black Women in the Armed Forces a. Segregation in working areas b. Black women and their assignments IV. The Black Power a. Response to racism b. The new black culture c. Black’s own terminology V. Consequences of Black response a. Banned Manifestations b. Widespread of racial violence c. Transferring people to other areas Hidden Heroism Racial discrimination in the United States is not a new issue....   [tags: African Americans, Vietnam War, history, prejudice]
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1600 words
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In the Era of Reconstruction, African Americans Gained Constitutional Rights - After the conclusion of the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was established that lasted from 1865 to 1877. Reconstruction was the procedure in which Confederate States were reorganized and reintegrated back into the Union. During this time an abundant amount of African Americans attained many constitutional rights that benefited and further improved their lives. However, even though they gained these rights it was difficult to implement primarily due to the formidable complications that roamed around the southern part of the United States....   [tags: era of Reconstruction, USA, history, African Ameri] 573 words
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African Music of the Rastafari, the Rasta Community, the Dreads - African Music of the Rastafari, the Rasta Community, the Dreads Nyabinghi music played at Rastafarian grounations, which includes drumming of at least three hand drums, chanting, dancing, spiritual use of the holy herb, and praise to Jah Rastafari, are considered the most important and inspirational meeting of Rastafari. The term "nyabinghi" is said to have come from a religious, spiritual, and political movement in East Africa beginning in the 1850’s until the 1950 led by a series of spiritually influential women and focused on military actions against white imperialists and colonialists....   [tags: Jamaica Africa Jamaican African]
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4348 words
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South African Apartheid: Political Defiance Campaigns Against the Government - After the National Party won the elections of 1948 and introduced legislative measures for the promotion of apartheid, harsher political repression arose and led to increased organization among blacks. Before the 1940s, society was often overwhelmed by the numerous acts of rebellion that many blacks carried out in their daily lives; however, many black organizations refrained from visible remonstration of the National Party government. In the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the significant shift to new black political tactics that stressed open protest became a driving force in the fight against apartheid....   [tags: African Nationalism, Overcoming Apartheid]
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Is The African American Family Slowly Disintegrating? - Is The African American Family Slowly Disintegrating. America, as we know it today, is composed of an eclectic mix of cultures including African, Asian, Hispanic, Native American as well as diverse European cultures. These cultures have amalgamated in some ways, but in other ways certain cultures have established themselves as dominant, immensely contributing to the paradigm shifts in the American culture. The English language, for example, is the language that is prevalently spoken in the United States today; it is traditionally associated with the Yankees who have European descent....   [tags: Family African American Black Essays]
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1485 words
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KWANZAA: Rediscovering our African Culture - KWANZAA: Rediscovering our African Culture Kwanzaa was first celebrated in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga, his family and Friends. Dr. Karenga, a professor of African-American History at CSU, Long Beach, was effected by the Watts Riots of the summer of 1965. He felt that African-Americans had lost touch with their African heritage. He began to study ways that they could help themselves and each other. Dr. Karenga wanted to unify his people and instill a pride in their joint culture. He felt that there should be a special time of the year set aside to reflect upon and reaffirm the black community....   [tags: Cultural African American Black Essays]
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South African Power Groups - Efforts to Address the Problem South Africa’s revolution was unique because it was neither an elite-imposed transition nor a classical revolution. Many analysts were surprised that a classical revolution hadn’t occurred sometime in the 1980s (Marx, 1997, 476-479). It is likely that there wasn’t a classical revolution because the military was still loyal to the dominant white group. Furthermore, whites controlled nearly all of the economic power, and as a result, blacks needed the white structure to stay in place to continue lest the economy crumble (p....   [tags: History, South Africa's Revolution] 1080 words
(3.1 pages)
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Gender Differences in African- American Attitudes toward Black Gay Males - It is commonly thought among activists and scholars that African -Americans are significantly less tolerant of homosexuality than whites. But little empirical research has contributed to understanding the direct effects of differences among them like church attendance, education, income and urban residency on their attitudes toward gay males (Halton 1989; Rose 1998; Waldner, Sikka and Baig 1999). If African -Americans are more homophobic, it is likely that their greater degree of homophobia results in greater stigmatization of homosexuality in African-American communities and, in turn, causes more “closeted” behaviors and produces more stress among gay African-American men (Rose 1998)....   [tags: Gender Roles, Gay African-Americans] 1609 words
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The Role of Human Activity in Modifying Characteristics of a Biome - The Role of Human Activity in Modifying Characteristics of a Biome A biome is a large scale or global ecosystem where biotic and abiotic elements interact with eachother producing a stable system that is in equilibrium. An example of this is the hot, wet equatorial climate where tropical rainforest is the dominant vegetation. Here the biotic elements such as the trees and animals for example sloths interact with the abiotic elements such as the poor soils and hot climate. The rainforest is millions of years old and remained undisrupted and in equilibrium for much of this time....   [tags: Papers] 890 words
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African Elephant - African Elephant The common name is the African Elephant, the scientific name is Loxodonta Africana, the phylum is Vertebrata, the class is Mammalia, the order is Proboscidea, and the family is Elephantidae. The Closest Relatives to the African Elephant are: the Asian Elephant, mammoths, primitive proboscidean (mastodons), sea cows, and hyraxes. Scientists believe that the African Elephant evolved from one of its closest relatives, the Sea Cow. The geographical location and range of the African elephant covers all of central and southern Africa....   [tags: essays papers]
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1738 words
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Fatherhood and the Unmarried Adolescent African-American Male - Fatherhood and the Unmarried Adolescent African-American Male Just about a quarter of all children are now born out of wedlock.... Add to that the substantial fraction of children born into marriages that will not survive.... What do these high rates of marital instability imply for patterns of childbearing, and especially for fathers’ involvement with their children. (Furstenberg & Harris, 1992, p. 199) The vast amount of research on the topic of adolescent pregnancies has historically focused on the female (such as Furstenberg, 1976 and Stack, 1974)....   [tags: African American Black]
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2941 words
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Examining How the African Educational System Was Destroyed Under European Colonialism - Before the coming of the Europeans to Africa, the African folks had a system created in which to educate their youths. The Africans had an oral tradition of education to pass down their cultural values. Through a series of rites of passage these children were taught the various tribal laws and customs and also an assorted range of skills needed to survive in pre-colonial society. These children were taught through oral literature, consisting of myths and fables, the traditions of their culture....   [tags: african Education, africa] 1299 words
(3.7 pages)
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Brown V The Board Of Education Impact On African Americans - Brown V. The Board of Education Education has long been regarded as a valuable asset for all of America's youth. Yet, for decades, the full benefits of education were denied to African Americans as a result of the prevailing social condition of Jim Crowism. Not until the verdict in Brown V the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, would this denial be acknowledged and slowly dismantled. Jim Crow laws, in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and munici-palities, beginning in the 1880s, legalizing segregation between blacks and whites (Woodward, 6)....   [tags: African American Studies] 1991 words
(5.7 pages)
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African Region-Uganda - Africa, being the second largest continent in the world, has a total population of about 700 million people. The main trading ports go through South Africa making it the powerhouse of the region (Africa-An Overview). Africa has a very diverse climate and there are a total of three different climate regions. Madagascar is home of the tropical rain forest climate, and have a year full of hot weather and heavy rain fall because they are the closest to the equator. The northern and southern regions of Africa are referred to as the tropical savanna climate with high temperatures and moderate rain fall....   [tags: Geography ]
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Temperate Deciduous Forest and Missouri - ... Missouri shares the same qualities. It is only fitting that the two ecosystems are the synonymous. It has been said over and over and it will be repeated again; Missouri belongs in the temperate deciduous forest biome because both regions have similar climate, locations, terrain, flora, and fauna. Works Cited "Abutilon theophrasti Medik. velvetleaf." USDA. USDA. Web. 27 Nov 2013. Alphonse, Marlene. "Deciduous Forest Plants." Buzzle. N.p., 1 Mar 2013. Web. 27 Nov 2013. "Amphibians and Reptiles." mdconline Missouri Department of Conservation, n.d....   [tags: temperature, biome, precipitation, ecosystem]
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America Should Pay Reparations to African Americans - America Should Pay Reparations to African Americans The United States government should pay reparations to African Americans as a means of admitting their wrong-doing and making amends. The damages African Americans have sustained from White America’s policy of slavery have been agonizing and inhumane. Therefore, I am in favor of reparations for African Americans. The effect of slavery has been an enduring issue within the African American community. Many of us are cognizant of the harm racism brought to the African American race, conveyed through slavery, racial segregation and discrimination....   [tags: African Americans Slavery Racism Essays] 1153 words
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Europe and Western Asia cultures, Islamic World, and African Societies and Kingdoms - ... This tool saved Constantinople from Arab attacks in 678. Islam originates with Muhammad. Most of what is known about Muhammad is not from written accounts of his life, but from oral traditions passed down through the generations. According to these traditions, he was orphaned at age six and raised by his paternal uncle. He later became a merchant in a caravan as a young man. He later entered the service of a wealthy widow, Khadija, and their marriage brought him financial security while she lived....   [tags: Byzantine Empire, African history, Islam, Persia] 1432 words
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Religious and Spiritual Practices of Enslaved African Americans - The Community of Enslaved Africans and their Religious & Spiritual Practices. During a most dark and dismal time in our nations history, we find that the Africans who endured horrible circumstances during slavery, found ways of peace and hope in their religious beliefs. During slavery, Africans where able to survive unbearable conditions by focusing on their spirituality. Christianity was amongst the slave community. Being that the vast majority of the slave community was born in America, converting slaves to Christianity was not a struggle....   [tags: African American History, Religion, Slavery] 1736 words
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Lasting African Conributions to American Society - This country, especially the southern United States, was built using African slave labor. Africa slaves were not allowed to be educated. All most every African slave could not read or write because it was against the law to educate slaves for over 200 years. The master/slave relationship caused assimilation to be very difficult. Values and convictions were formed during those years and are still evident to this day (Parrillo, 2009). Thomas Jefferson was a slave owner at his Monticello property....   [tags: slavery, africa] 893 words
(2.6 pages)
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Africans' Lives Under Apartheid - Many Africans lives got worse between the 1950s and the 1970s because of white supremacy, for example, the pass laws. Which meant blacks having to carry pass books around all the time. This is just one of the “Apartheid Laws” which I will be exploring and introducing in the 1950s in my first paragraph. Africans lives didn’t only get worse because of white supremacy but also by “Separate (but equal) Development”, for example the Bantustans Act, where the different tribes were split into small groups around South Africa....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 799 words
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The Effect of Apartheid on The Lives of Africans - The Effect of Apartheid on The Lives of Africans In this thesis I will be explain the ways in which the lives of the black distorted. There lives were very good after the Second World War, they had everything going well for them, but it didn't last long. The foreword of Apartheid in the 1950's 1960's and 1970's destroyed this optimism. Their lives got worse and worse and they had lost charge of their lives. I will be explaining how their personal lives changed, how their movement was restricted, how their most valuable rights were taken away, how they had to live poorly and how they had lost their education as well and last of all I will be telling you which I think was the main reason for them to feel isolated....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 2740 words
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Gates’ and Wilson’s Theories on African Diaspora Musics - Gates’ and Wilson’s Theories on African Diaspora Musics Some scholars theorize that the Middle Passage to the Americas was so traumatic that most African influence was eradicated, and that few traces of Africa exist in African-American music. This “cultural tabulala [sic] rasa” theory is rightfully rejected by many scholars (Wilson 3). The inflow of African people to the New World was brought on by the existence of slavery, and resulted in the creation of a sort of extension of the African continent in a different hemisphere....   [tags: Music Wilson African Gates Essays Papers]
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Identity and Self-Esteem: A Look at Self-Verification in African American Literature - Identity and Self-Esteem: A Look at Self-Verification in African American Literature Individuals are born into families, races, cultures, and countries, but have little awareness of their individuality as very young children. The psychological sense of being separate individuals from their families or caretakers appears to be of little importance until they recognize themselves as separate selves. This is true for all human beings in all cultures, but for races or cultures who have been marginalized, having a separate identity and gaining self-esteem appear to play an even more important role....   [tags: African American Literature]
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South African Affairs - South African Affairs In today's world, everything moves at an extreme pace. Countries are trying to become global powers in the business world. Globalization is the topic of international affairs, and it is either having a positive or negative effect on developing nations. Globalization can be defined as, "the integration of economic, cultural, political, religious, and social systems through international and localization. (Dictionary)" A country that is being effect by these trends is South Africa....   [tags: South Africa] 1103 words
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Traditional African Religion - Traditional African Religion      Before one starts to outline the traditional religion in Africa, one must first explain the way Africa is as a whole. Without the knowledge of the past combined with knowledge of culture, one would have a very vague, if any, understanding of traditional religion.      Out of all of the continents, Africa is the most central. It is told that the first man was found in Africa, so with this, many feel that Africa is the birthplace of human culture. Within this continent, there are many different lifestyles, which are lived....   [tags: Africa Culture Religious Founders] 2465 words
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African Tribal Music - African Tribal Music In our Western culture, we have always been entertained and pleased by the sound of music. Whether listening to the radio or going to a live concert, the music itself is usually considered a form of art or past time for the listener and the performer. While some can connect, relate to, or even "feel" the power of the music, not many westerners can comprehend "living" the music. In African tribal culture, the people have done just that since ancient times. They have spent each day using the music along with their work, daily routines, ceremonies, rituals, and gatherings....   [tags: Papers Music Africa Essays]
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Science and African Metaphysics - Science and African Metaphysics If one takes the African situation as a case study, one finds that serious efforts are made for the sake of scientific progress and exploration. However, the results attained are not comparable to the energy expended. Lack of progress is often attributed to faulty policy formation and execution on the part of African leaders and governments. This essay attempts to shed light on the source of this problem. The heuristic principle I follow holds that the metaphysical preconditioning of consciousness leads us to approach sensory data in particular ways and, furthermore, influences both our formulation of problems and possible solutions....   [tags: Africa Government Papers] 3956 words
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West African Culture - Brief History From the 1500s to the 1700s, African blacks, mainly from the area of West Africa (today's Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Gabon) were shipped as slaves to North America, Brazil, and the West Indies. For them, local and tribal differences, and even varying cultural backgrounds, soon melded into one common concern for the suffering they all endured. Music, songs, and dances as well as remembered traditional food, helped not only to uplift them but also quite unintentionally added immeasurably to the culture around them....   [tags: Culture West Africa] 1341 words
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The Flaws and Shortcomings of African Historiography - The Flaws and Shortcomings of African Historiography History is formed through a combination of personal experiences, psychological state, personal objectives, relation with the interviewer, position in society and many other factors that cannot be scientifically monitored and accounted for. Thus, no historian has been able to filter through the many layers they need to in order to arrive at an accurate account of history. What “personal narratives” and “life histories” provide are numerous examples of the complexities and ambiguities that accompany any reconstruction of African history....   [tags: Africa Historiography History Essays] 5021 words
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Biography of Augustine the African - Biography of Augustine the African Augustine was born in Tagaste (modern Souk Ahras, Algeria) in 354 and died almost seventy-six years later in Hippo Regius (modern Annaba) on the Mediterranean coast sixty miles away. In the years between he lived out a career that seems to moderns to bridge the gap between ancient pagan Rome and the Christian middle ages. But to Augustine, as to his contemporaries, that gap separated real people and places they knew, not whole imaginary ages of past and future....   [tags: Augustine Africa Emperors Essays] 5149 words
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Malnutrition of African Students - Malnutrition of African Students In this paper, I shall discuss the effects of malnutrition of children in Africa and the effect it has on their school performance. I will also examine what has been done to improve the problem of starvation and the long road ahead to solve this issue. I believe this problem is very serious and should not be over looked by other countries. So many children wake up hungry and go to bed famished in Africa. Their days are hard to get through and the idea of going to school and having to concentrate is almost an impossible task....   [tags: Poverty Starvation Africa Essays]
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The Perception of African Americans in the Media and How it Affects Their Self-Identity - The Perception of African Americans in the Media and How it Affects Their Self-Identity There has been much debate over the perception of African Americans in the media and how it affects their self-identity. It is easy to find examples of bias in portraying African Americans, but not a lot of causal research to prove that it causes problems with self-identity. A case can even be made that the amount of media presence by African Americans, whether biased or un-biased, has greatly helped to unify and give voice to a small minority group....   [tags: Prejudice Ethnicity African Americans Essays]
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Discussion of a biome using specific information about precipitation patterns, plants, animals, and general locations - QUESTIONS: 1. What biome did you choose to research and study. My choice for study and research was the desert. 2. Describe your biome using specific information about precipitation patterns, plants, animals, and general locations. (you can include pictures) A desert is the driest of all the biomes, receiving, on average, less than 10 inches of precipitation per year. Deserts cover about one fifth of the Earth's land surface and can be classified as hot and dry or cold deserts. The hot and dry deserts are located near the Southern or Northern Tropic, and, just as their name suggests, can receive extreme temperatures of 43-49°C during day and usually have very little rainfall and/or concentrated rainfall in short periods between long rainless periods, averaging about 250 mm of rain per year....   [tags: Geography, Biodiversity] 1354 words
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The Gold Mining Industry in South Africa - Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. The environmental impact of gold mining on the environment includes water, air and noise pollution. The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world. It provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in the mining industry alone. The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfully....   [tags: African, African Mining] 1023 words
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The West African Regional War - The West Africa Regional War For observers of the West Africa regional war, the recent calm in the war-torn Mano River Union (MRU) states Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea has given rise to optimism. Guarded, as this optimism might be, the decrease in violence in West Africa during the second half of 2001 is an important development given the scope and intensity of fighting that gripped these states earlier in the year. While observers agree that the current absence of widespread violent conflict in the MRU is a much-welcomed development, it must not mask the profound cleavages within these societies, the tenuous nature of the UN-imposed peace in Sierra Leone, and the continued serious threat of renewed warfare in the region....   [tags: Politics Government Africa War Essays] 3194 words
(9.1 pages)
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Corruption in Africa - Many unsolved problems in many African countries, but the issue of the rise of corruption are disturbing, and the amends it has done to the polity are vast. The fear of fraud leads to restrict movement of documents in offices, slow traffic on the highways, port congestion, ghost workers syndrome, queues at passport offices, police extortion tollgates and gas stations, vote irregularities among others. Even the nutty people on the road remember the devastation caused by bribery - the funds allocated for their success disappear into some people pockets....   [tags: African Government]
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Mysterious Africa - Africa has always been mysterious to the rest of the world. The Greeks and the Romans traded with the peoples of Northern Africa. However, they thought that the land mass went no farther south than present day Somalia. In fact, Alexander the Great even considered shipping supplies for his armies around this smaller Africa to India. This same idea continued well into the 15th and 16th centuries until it was discovered that Africa has an extremely large southern protrusion making the second largest continent in the world after Asia....   [tags: African History ] 893 words
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The Historical Significance of North Africa - History of mankind is about history of war and most of the history is recorded by the conquerors or the colonizers. History of Africa and more specifically North Africa region has been largely ignored by scholars.(Lecture, 8/6) The countries in North African region, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and the disputed territory of the Western Sahara(Lecture, 8/6) is generally understood to be poor, weak, insignificant, uncivilized country. However, these countries played a significant role in impacting other regions of Europe, Middle East, and Africa, itself with their religion, science, cultural ideas, politics, trade and more....   [tags: african history] 1490 words
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African Art - African Art African Art does not have specific date to which it evolved because most early African Art was carved in wood, which perished quickly. This is why most art dates from the 19th and early 20th century. Many 20th century artists admired and collected pieces of African Art. They enjoyed the bold color, expression, and form that produced a new beginning in art history. African Art was mostly dedicated to life affirming activities such as healing, pleasure, protection, and transformation....   [tags: Art]
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African Colonialism - There is an ongoing debate between many scholars on how contemporary political and economic failures in the continent of Africa can be traced back to the advent of colonialism. There is a great deal of evidence that illustrates the impact that colonialism and an imperialistic intervention has had a negative impact on the development of present history of Africa. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of the African, and these contributions have put Africa on its current trajectory....   [tags: International Government ]
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African Studies - Carlos Moore and Abdias do Nascimento are both prominent scholars and activists. Moore is an ethnologist and political scientist with two doctorates from the prestigious University of Paris, France. He was banished from his native country Cuba for 30 years. Nascimento is a prominent Afro- Brazilian scholar and artist. He is considered to be a historical leader of the Black Movement in Brazil. Their work had an enormous contribution to the societies of Brazil and Cuba. They worked hard and often sacrificing their freedom hoping to put an end to racial discrimination in their countries of origin in South America....   [tags: Biography, Moore, History] 1205 words
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African and China - ... According to the Goldman Sach’s report, the economy of China overtook Germany's a year earlier than expected, and has already overtaken Japan's by July 2010. It is now believed that the Chinese economy will overtake the United States by 2027. And with India accounting for 10 of the 30 fastest growing urban areas in the world and 700 million people moving to cities by 2050, its influence on the world economy will be bigger and quicker than was implied in 2003 (source: Wikipedia). Closely following the BRIC prediction is the 2004 Report on the NEXT ELEVEN (N-11), in which Nigeria is included among eleven nations also warming up to assert themselves in the global economic map....   [tags: Developed Countries, Economic Power] 908 words
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Twentieth Century History of South Africa - The twentieth century history of South Africa contains many struggles and obstacles as its people worked towards creating a more unified country. Modern human beings have inhabited South Africa for more than 100,000 years and a great deal of colonization has occurred within the last 300 years. During the late 18th century, 90 Dutchmen landed on the Cape of Good Hope as part of the Dutch East India Company, representing the first permanent settlers of South Africa. In 1652, they were instructed to build a fort and to start growing crops to aid the ships travelling along the Eastern trade route....   [tags: African History ]
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African Americans - A slave is an individual entirely subjected to his or her owners' will. Slaves were treated like merchandise. They could be purchased and sold, traded for other items, lent out to, or mortgaged like a form of domestic animal. Slavery differentiates from many types of mistreatment ranging from serfdom, manual labor, or the ranking of women in patriarchal society. In past history the conventional definition of slavery was legal and stated that “slaves were peoples' property and could be bought, sold, traded, leased, or mortgaged like a form of livestock (Gilder Lehrman, 2009).” Because slaves are under the private control and care of their owner they were often exposed to sexual abuse and cruel unusual punishment....   [tags: History, Slaves, Slaveholders] 1988 words
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