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A Brief Look at the Yoruba People - In Southwestern Nigeria there is an ethnic group of people known as the Yoruba. This culture is found in other areas of Africa such as Togo, Sierra Leone and Liberia. In these countries their group is known by different names such as Anago, Tsha, Ife and Aku (Yoruba Online). Through archaeological excavation in Oyo and Ife, it is thought that the Yoruba people originated between the years of 800 and 1000 AD from the Middle East (p. 13 Drewal, Henry John, John Pemberton, Rowland Abiodun, and Allen Wardwell.)....   [tags: Southwestern Nigeria ethnic groups] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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Yoruba Tribe in Africa - Yoruba is one of many tribes located in Africa and is one of the largest ethno- linguistic groups. Majority of the native people of Yoruba are a part of Southwestern Nigeria and Benin. However, a great percentage of Yoruba is populated by modern day Nigeria. Moreover, the Yoruba culture was an oral tradition, and majority of the people were native speakers of the Yoruba language. The native name of the Yoruba language is ‘Ede Yoruba’. The language originated through the Yoruba people because they were believed to be descendants of Oduduwa....   [tags: Ethno-Linguistic Groups, Nigeria, Benin]
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1249 words
(3.6 pages)
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Yoruba People of Nigeria - Among the many tribes found in Africa, the Yoruba people of Nigeria are the most popular. These indigenous people were a part of Southwestern Nigeria and Benin. In addition, they’re one of the largest ethno-linguistic groups in Africa. A great percentage of Yoruba is populated by modern day Nigeria. Generally speaking, the Yoruba culture was an oral tradition, and majority of the people were native speakers of the Yoruba language. The native name of the Yoruba language is ‘Ede Yoruba’. The language originated in the Yoruba people, they believed to be descendants of Oduduwa, the son of a powerful god called Oludumare....   [tags: Africa, Indigenous Tribes, Nigeria]
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1264 words
(3.6 pages)
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Yoruba Art and Culture - ?Any work of art owes its existence to the people and culture from which it has emerged. It has a functional and historical relationship with that culture.. Michael W. Conner, PhD# Staffs are carried and danced with by priestesses and priest in the Sango cult, dedicated to Sango, the Yoruba deity of thunder and lighting. The female figure represents a worshiper of Shango. The majority of the Yoruba people live on the west coast of Africa in Nigeria, but can also be found in many other places, as they are one of the largest cultural classifications in Africa....   [tags: essays research papers] 717 words
(2 pages)
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Death and the King's Horseman by Wole Soyinka - ... She explains to the woman in the market that the sacrifice to “give” her future daughter-in-law to Elesin is for the greater good of the whole instead of her son. When being questioned on the effects it would have on her son she states, “ My son’s wish is mine. I did the asking for him, the lost can be remedied (13). This gesture by Iyaloja demonstrates the un-selfish sacrifices Yoruba woman go through in order to keep tradition and unite a community even under colonial rule. In the play the reader see’s Iyaloja’s efforts to stop the “white man” from stripping away the culture tradition of the Yoruba community....   [tags: Yoruba women, story analysis] 864 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Use of Nonverbal Theatrical Techniques in Soyinka’s Plays - The drama of Wole Soyinka is the creative mixing of Yoruba rituals, dramatic techniques, music and dance with the foreign language, English. The rites, rituals, gestures, music and dance are some of the nonverbal techniques Soyinka employs in order to achieve his dramatic effect. The language is full of wit and graphic insult. Language is not the only thing Soyinka relies on for effective theatre but also on so many techniques. This is an attempt to discuss these techniques in some important plays of Wole Soyinka....   [tags: yoruba rituals, gestures]
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1601 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Role of Music in Society - Music has played a role in society since the dawn of man. Said to be the beginning of communication in early civilization, music and dance have influenced how we think, act and treat members of our own society. Song and dance is used in rites of passage ceremonies such as births, weddings and funerals throughout the world. Jamaican and Yoruba cultures have made many contributions to our society. The uses of this music as a vehicle for political issues, values, and beliefs have been used by many musicians from different cultures....   [tags: nigeria, juju music, yoruba poetry]
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1731 words
(4.9 pages)
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Ritualistic Sacrifice in The Strong Breed - Wole Soyinka, like other Nigerian writers, characterizes the conflict of cultural and religious choices in his country and emphasizes the distinct customs of society (Tucker 9). Born into the Yoruba tribe and culture, Soyinka’s writings are clearly influenced by Yoruba culture and practices. Communities and societies in Africa today religiously partake in ancient rituals that some may consider extreme, such as cannibalism and self-mutilation. In the village in The Strong Breed, the extent to which individuals will go in order to rid a community of its sins and faults is tested by the sadistic annual sacrificial killing of an innocent individual for communal benefit....   [tags: wole soyinka, yoruba culture, tribe rituals]
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1182 words
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The Cultural Art of Body Art - ... The procedure is said to be performed at dawn to help minimize the loss of blood, dawn being the coldest part of the day. The patrilineal stripes declare the clan membership of the children, and ensure that they are not denied the entitlements and rights of the clan members. There are many differences in the length, depth, spacing, and the placement of the stripes on the face. It may seem difficult to be able to be able to tell so much information about someone simply from the stripes on their face, but as Orie explains, for those that can read the traditional stripes, a brief look at someone’s face is enough to identify the town, regional affiliation, or family of that person (Orie, 201...   [tags: body art, decorations, cultural groups]
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1081 words
(3.1 pages)
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West Africa during the Nineteenth Century - The Atlantic slave trade was abolished by the British parliament in 1807. This caused great problems for West African slave traders who had witnessed a period of vast growth in the industry towards the end of the eighteenth century. They now had to focus on more lawful, legitimate means of trading. The types of industry that often replaced the slave trade were produce based, agricultural goods such as palm oil. The potential problems faced by traders were ‘exacerbated by the fact that it coincided with other problems for West Africa’s external trade.’ This refers to the Anglo-French wars which made the demand for West African exports very unreliable....   [tags: from slave trade to legitimate commerce] 1549 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Challenge of Linguistics and Cultural Diversity in Education - “Schools are changing in ways that, up until a few years ago, we thought unimaginable. Today, schools are more diverse than ever, and those trends will continue into the future. Unfortunately, teachers and schools have not always met the challenge of linguistic and cultural diversity” (Laureate, 2014). We must take the opportunity to get to know our students in order to recognize and value their uniqueness. “Teachers must work to understand the cultures of their students in a meaningful way, which involves recognizing the beliefs, values, and behaviors that characterize the various cultures of their students....   [tags: Diversity Essays]
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1433 words
(4.1 pages)
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Religious Practices of Santeria - Religion is one of the most scared aspects a person has in his or her life; for many practitioners their world, their universe revolves around it. Santeria is a religion in which many people do not know of and if they do it is often misunderstood to be some sort of cult. To those who practice it is a unique way of life with rich cultural and spiritual roots. The word Santeria is a syncretistic religion which combines the fundamentals of roman Catholicism, Animism , Voodoo and African religions....   [tags: catholisism, animism, voodoo & African religions]
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1906 words
(5.4 pages)
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Performativity of an Ifá Divination Tray in a Western Museum - Fowler’s Museum curator of African arts, Gemma Rodriguez, examines a selection of African divination objects in Intersections: World Arts, Local Lives (2010b). The exhibit includes a 19th century Opon Ifá, or Ifá divination tray; a pair of Madebele Senufo divination figurines; and a 19th century Kashekesheke divining instrument from the Congo. The museum considers the exhibition of these objects as a “close study of works that reveals the diversity of African cosmological systems and differing concepts of fate, destiny, and causality” (Rodriguez, 2010a)....   [tags: African Culture, Paraphernalia]
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2719 words
(7.8 pages)
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A Survival Ethic and Tailored Morality in African Traditional Religions - In a number of African Traditional Religions there exists a varying sense of morality. In Mama Lola author Karen McKarthy Brown states that Vodou morality is a “survival ethic.” Brown goes further and states that morality in Vodou is tailored to the situation and to the specific person or group involved. Brown elaborates by stating that Each spirit has a moral pull, but no one spirit prevails in every situation (Brown pg.242). One of Brown's best explanations of why this is so is because there is no Golden age in the past and no heaven in the future so nothing is valued higher than survival of oneself and the survival of one's group....   [tags: vodou, empowerment, spirits] 846 words
(2.4 pages)
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Cultural Experience at James E. Lewis Museum - Cultural Experience at James E. Lewis Museum Art is known as one of the greatest assets that portrays different African cultures. African art includes pottery, sculptures, and masks. It serves different purposes such as entertainment, education, and communication with spirits. Wood, iron, clay, and textiles are used in sculpting pieces of African art, especially when creating masks. Art allowed African ancestors to preserve the value of the culture and maintain social order in communities. Each culture has its own artwork that presents a different meaning....   [tags: art, african cultures, pottery, sculpture]
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861 words
(2.5 pages)
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Violation of Human Rights in Nigeria - The following work is a documentation of current events, and human rights violations in the West-African country of Nigeria. Following the movements of a terrorist sect by the name of Boko Haram, and traveling through the history of several African cultures, revealing the histories of sexual discrimination. As well as a sometimes violent history of religious conflicts throughout the country, between the Christian faith and that of the Muslim. In 2009 there was a rising of a terrorist group in the country, by the name of Boko Haram, when translated the name means "Western education is sacrilege"....   [tags: religion, Boko Haram, discrimination, violence]
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1338 words
(3.8 pages)
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African Medicine - African Medicine The 21st century has begun with a global health crisis of new and re-emerging diseases spiralling out of control, which coupled with escalating violence and poverty, threatens to cripple entire communities and countries. To tackle this crisis, it is currently essential that the Medical community work to access and harness as many resources and partners as possible. One of the resources often overlooked and underestimated, is the role of traditional medicine and healers, and the potential contributions they can make at many levels of health care delivery....   [tags: Papers] 1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Federal Republic of Nigeria - The Federal Republic of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria, known as Nigeria, is located on the African continent and borders on the south the Gulf of Guinea, on the east Cameroon, on the northeast Chad, Niger on the north, and Benin on the west. Nigeria is divided into four sections: the north, south, east, and west. The Hausa kingom is located in the north, the Yoruba in the south and the west, and Ibo in south and the east. The Hausa, Ibo, and Yoruba are the major ethnic group of Nigeria, but also refer to the kingom’s name and the culture and language of the area....   [tags: Papers] 5266 words
(15 pages)
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Who Is God? - Who is God. Worshipping is a way to communicate beliefs and feelings of individuals and religious communities. Every society I have every studied from the American Indians to the Ancient Greek have all believed in some form of worship or religion. Altars have been and are in existence in several if not all forms of region. Robert Farris Thompson depicts this for the African population in " Overture: The Concept 'Altar,' " and " With the Assurance of Infinity: Yoruba Atlantic Altars," Face of the Gods: Art and Altars of Africa and the African Americas, through pictures he and others have taken, has well as evidence from assorted books, articles, poems and songs, Thompson...   [tags: essays research papers] 753 words
(2.2 pages)
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Summaries of Death and the King’s Horseman and Streetcar Names Desire - Soyinka and Williams present their main characters, Blanche and Elesin, as victims of their own delusions by showing how they do not live in reality, but in their own worlds and how they never listen to anyone else when given advice. These two characters seem unstable in one way or another and their endings are unhappy ones. There are also times where these characters are completely different and their lives juxtapose one another. Blanche and Elesin are very similar as their delusions start off with both of them enjoying a good and expensive life....   [tags: characters, delusions, mental instability]
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1787 words
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A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry - In the play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry, one of the main characters Beneatha Younger tries to find herself and figure out exactly who she is. She is a twenty year old black woman who attends college in the South Side of Chicago. One of her closest friends, Joseph Asagai, is from Nigeria and he really has Beneatha’s best interests in mind. Nigerian culture is very significant in the play because Asagai tries to teach Nigerian culture to Beneatha, in order for her to discover who she wanted to be....   [tags: Character Development, PLay Analysis]
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1107 words
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Colonialism and Independence: Nigeria as a Case Study - Colonialism and Independence: Nigeria as a Case Study During the colonial period in Nigeria (from about 1850 to 1960), the British, like any other colonial power, asserted their dominance through a variety of media. The colonial experience of Nigeria and Britain, and Nigeria's early post-colonial history can be described, roughly chronologically, in three phases or periods: the formation of a ‘captured' colony, the education and inculcation of ‘proper,' British ways (i.e., the ‘taming' of the colony), and the immediate aftermath of colonialism (i.e., the ‘independence' of the colony)....   [tags: Research Papers]
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2692 words
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Using Stanislavskys Method in The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka - Topic: The conventions of, Constantine Stanislavski, can be applied to the acting styles and techniques of performers in the first scene of “The Lion and the Jewel” by Wole Soyinka. In Wole Soyinka’s, “The Lion and the Jewel”, Stanislavsky’s method of motivation should be utilized in the performance being applied to the acting styles and techniques of Lakunle to enhance the viewer’s realization of themes in the play. The Lion and the Jewel is a play that uses comedy to address the customs of the Yoruba village....   [tags: acting styles, techniques] 919 words
(2.6 pages)
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Female Agency in African History: From Solidarity to Innovation - Title For many Westerners, Africa is stereotyped as a continent of tribes with primitive social structures and hierarchies. Included in this stereotype is an idea of the African woman as subservient, vulnerable and in need of protection. However, reality shows these notions are incredibly misguided. Although there is no denying that males functioned as the dominant sex in Africa, there are many historical analyses which show that women often had an active social role. One such analysis is “The Iyalode in the Traditional Yoruba Political System,” an essay by Bolanle Awe, which describes the role women played in the governing systems of the Yoruba people of West Africa....   [tags: Culture ] 1709 words
(4.9 pages)
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Indigenous Religions of the World - Indigenous religions exist in every climate around the world and exhibit a wide range of differences in their stories, language, customs, and views of the afterlife. Within indigenous communities, religion, social behavior, art, and music are so intertwined that their religion is a significant part of their culture and virtually inseparable from it. These religions originally developed and thrived in isolation from one another and are some of the earliest examples of religious practice and belief....   [tags: Religion]
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1539 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Development of Afro-Brazilian Religions - ... The believers also offer offerings to their gods that are in form of farm products and animals . Teaching on righteousness Their definition of discipline and righteousness is different from the definition offered in many other religions. They define righteousness as what an individual feels its right to do. There are no well defined rules defining what is right or wrong due to lack of a formal scripture. However, some priests have come up with a booklet documenting some of the teachings. Beliefs Candomblé belief, not in a single natural power, but rather worship a number of gods depending on the ethnic community the believer comes from ....   [tags: interculturalization in the New World]
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1663 words
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African Art - African Art African Art does not have specific date to which it evolved because most early African Art was carved in wood, which perished quickly. This is why most art dates from the 19th and early 20th century. Many 20th century artists admired and collected pieces of African Art. They enjoyed the bold color, expression, and form that produced a new beginning in art history. African Art was mostly dedicated to life affirming activities such as healing, pleasure, protection, and transformation....   [tags: Art]
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1028 words
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African Mythological Commonalities - African Mythological Commonalities Creation myths vary among African ethnic groups highlighting similarities and differences in belief systems and societal constructs. There are many factors that contribute to creation myths for each individual group. Survival issues dominate many my ths, suggesting the origins of land, the ability to cultivate land, and the benefit of existing off of what one has cultivated. Questions of where land came from, the purpose of man, and the relationship between the creator and the created are evaluated....   [tags: African Creation Myths Essays] 345 words
(1 pages)
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Santeria and Lukumi Religions Practiced by Hispanic Caribbeans - Santeria and Lukumi Religions Practiced by Hispanic Carribeans Religious origins: The Yoruba religion was brought to the Hispanic Caribbean approximately four hundred years ago by African slaves during the period of conquest and colonization of the new world. The religion remained traditionally strong among the African community until the Spanish conquerors began to prohibit its practice. When the Spaniards reached the New lands they brought with them the religion of the reigning King. That is Queen Isabella's religion; Catholosism....   [tags: Religion Religious Caribbean Essays] 1354 words
(3.9 pages)
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Death And The Kings Horseman: Giving Up The Battle - From the Western perspective, it is hard to understand ritual suicide as anything positive or helpful to the living. There almost seems to be no Western equivalent to the "duty" of Elesin in Death and the King's Horseman. However, Wole Soyinka gives us a comparable situation in Jane's description of a captain blowing up a ship to save the people on the shore. It's a moment of hypocrisy on Britain's part, both trying to prevent Elesin's suicide and lauding a Western suicide which purports to do the exact same thing - save the living from destruction....   [tags: essays research papers] 735 words
(2.1 pages)
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Relationship Between Blues and the Working Class in Ishmael Reed's Blues City - Ishmael Reed, in ‘Blues City’ gives an account of the realms of ethnic diversity, cultural rivalries, the capitalism philosophy, and the interrelationship between blues and the working class. Oakland, often viewed as a sister to San Francisco across the Bay, is one of the most unique cities in the America. It is the home to dozens of artists, blue-collar workers, the Black Panther community, and a vibrant rustic and yet industrial town. Due to Oakland's bad reputation, Reeds in 1979 expressed his reservations when his shallow pockets forced him and his wife to find a house in Oakland....   [tags: cultural diversity, black panthers, oakland]
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772 words
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Overview of Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Adichie - Throughout the centuries, the roles of Nigerian women have continuously evolved. During the pre- colonial era, women in Nigerian tribes were not only child bearers and wives, but also free adults. They played critical roles in food preparation, weaving, pottery, and the economy. However, the impact of British rule in Nigeria made a significant shift from the pre-colonial to the post- colonial era. The influence of the Catholic Church, Western style education, patriarchal government and modern ways of making money took a major toll in a woman’s role in society....   [tags: nigerian women, kinship, tribes]
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1318 words
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African Art: The Extraordinary Terracotta Ceramic Faces - Apart from rock art, ancient artists in Africa prepared sculptures. One of the oldest sculptures in Africa was the extraordinary terracotta ceramic faces, many of which have worn out over time, recorded in western African country of Nigeria and are as old as 2,500 years or more. The sculptures are assembled using iron cast or even grog compounds though none of them exists in their initial form. They demonstrate a resilient spirit in the African culture that dates back to about 200 AD (Peter 89. Their stupendous formal characteristics and communicative eminence places them at a distinct position with reference to African art history....   [tags: nigeria, scuptures, ancient africans]
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1163 words
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Culture, Diversity, and Struggles of Nigeria - “As in many places in Africa, the growing cities of Nigeria at first are divided by ethnicity. Benin City for example, has a city government that operates under the national government, but also has sections of the city, each of which dominates a single group and led by chieftain of that group. As the cities develop, these societal isolations tend to disappear; now the cities are blending the old African societies and replacing them with national identities.” (Moss 383) The objective of this report is to give understanding on the culture of Nigeria, the diversity of its people and the overwhelming struggles that exist....   [tags: English Literature, Ethnic Group]
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2606 words
(7.4 pages)
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The Evolution of Women in Nigeria - Throughout the centuries, the roles of Nigerian women have continuously evolved. During the pre- colonial era, women in Nigerian tribes were not only child bearers and wives, but also free adults. They played critical roles in food preparation, weaving, pottery, and the economy. However, the impact of British rule in Nigeria made a significant shift from the pre-colonial to the post- colonial era. The influence of the Catholic Church, Western style education, patriarchal government and modern ways of making money took a major toll in a woman’s role in society....   [tags: empowerment and subjugation, African culture]
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1296 words
(3.7 pages)
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Nigerian Hip-Hop and Youth Identity - Today, youth are surrounded by different influences from friends, family, social media, etc. During person’s youth, they are trying to figure out their identity. Nigerian hip-hop music is growing in popularity and has a lot of influence on the Nigerian youth and beyond. It has a large emphasis on incorporating English and Nigerian Languages in their song which allows them to connect with youth all over. Nigerian music today is able to send out positive or negative messages to the youth. It can send out music about women, money, power, and sex or holding your government responsible for their promises....   [tags: Code-Switching, Nigerian Broken English]
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2885 words
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Traditional African Beliefs and Customs - ... In many Nigeria cultures, elders are supposed to be served first during a meal but leave food in the bowl for the children to eat as leftovers. The proverb, “the elder who consumes all his food will wash his own dishes,” attest to this belief. (Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Nigerian-Americans.html on 20/1/2014). Such context is crucial when analyzing what makes the country rich in custom, belief and culture which extends to various countries in African. However, such notion has been inexistence since festival and tourism plays a great impact in physical and environment, political and economy....   [tags: Nigeria, tourism, wisdom] 738 words
(2.1 pages)
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Exploring Nigeria's Riches - Introduction The country that I regard as one of the most influential countries in the world is Nigeria. It is rich not only in natural resources but also in culture, an aspect that many people fail to greatly appreciate. As I deeply researched and developed this essay, I hoped to enlighten, excite, and engage you on this very ethnic journey. I will explore the following topics, but will not limit myself to solely these: topography, imports, exports, language, rituals, customs, people, main cities, industries, climate, and main problems....   [tags: culture, natural resources]
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1244 words
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Colonization of Nigeria - Colonization of Nigeria The British were not the first to infiltrate Nigeria. They weren’t the second either. First of all, people within Africa have been migrating all over the continent, including Nigeria, way before there was even written record. Also, there has been so much mixing of ethnic groups over the course of time. However, it isn’t all that hard to trace back and find the first evidence of outside infiltration. External penetration of Nigeria started as early as the 9th century AD when Muslim merchants from western Sudan, Maghreb, Tripolitania and Egypt started traveling across the Sahara with camel caravans in search of trade....   [tags: Papers] 821 words
(2.3 pages)
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Undercooked Humans, Undercooked Minds - One day, God was practicing His culinary skills in His kitchen. He decided to bake His people and give them names. He first wrote those names on a sheet of paper. With His handy kitchenware and fresh ingredients, He started molding and shaping the dough He created into humans. He lined, brushed with some butter, and dusted the baking pan with flour. He transferred and aligned the raw humans into the baking pan. He popped them into the preheated LG oven with a temperature of 150° Fahrenheit. He waited patiently while listening to his newly purchased IPod Touch....   [tags: Allegory]
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820 words
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How Music Influenced Society - Music has played a role in society since the dawn of man. Said to be the beginning of communication in early civilization, music and dance have influenced how we think, act and treat members of our own society. Song and dance are used in rites of passage ceremonies such as births, weddings and funerals throughout the world. American and African people of color have contributed a brand of music that represented a struggle as well as a celebration during the civil rights movement. This Civil rights era fueled a people to stand and be accounted for and take pride in their culture and ethnicity after millenniums of oppression....   [tags: music, black american culture]
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1185 words
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Impact on the People of Nigeria by Muslims, French and British - Africans have been migrating through out the continent, including Nigeria, long before there was even written record. Because of this, there has always been an extensive amount of inter-mingling between various ethnic groups, making it difficult to actually trace back who came from where. Aside from this amalgamation, there has been a huge impact on the peoples of Nigeria by outside forces. In particular, three major groups that had a major impact were Muslim merchants from across the Sahara, British slave traders and eventual colonizers, and the French and British Christian missionaries....   [tags: essays research papers] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Stable Nation of Nigeria - The Stable Nation of Nigeria As most governments do struggle when changing over into a new form of government, with hope to better its people, Nigeria is no exception. After 16 years of military dictatorship, three republics, many riots and protests, and about seven coups and/or overthrows, the new Federal Republic of Nigeria adopted a new constitution in 1999, and held honest, fair civilian elections (for the first time in almost two decades) to hopefully ease all of the religious, cultural and militant related tension in Nigeria....   [tags: Papers] 3440 words
(9.8 pages)
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Religion in "Beloved" - Toni Morrison’s novel, Beloved, explores the physical, emotional, and spiritual suffering that was brought on by slavery. Several critical works recognize that Morrison incorporates aspects of traditional African religions and to Christianity to depict the anguish slavery placed not only on her characters, but other enslaved African Americans. This review of literature will explore three different scholarly articles that exemplifies how Morrison successfully uses African religions and Christianity to depict the story of how slavery affected the characters’ lives in the novel, even after their emancipation from slavery....   [tags: Literary Analysis] 829 words
(2.4 pages)
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Marriage Is a Private Affair by Chinua Achebe - Three different Western marriage customs have influenced the characters in the story "Marriage is a Private Affair" by Chinua Achebe. It is about a Nnaemeke and Nene. Nnaemeke was an Igbo but Nene was from a different part of the country. They fell in love and Nnameke proposed. Then Nnaemeke got a letter from his father telling him about an arranged marriage that is being planned. Very disappointed, Nnaemeke comes home and tells his father that he will not get married to anybody, except Nene. Nnaemeke was kicked out from his father's house and wasn’t wanted there anymore....   [tags: Western marriage customs]
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827 words
(2.4 pages)
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Comparing the Cultures of The Ik, The Pomo Indians, and The Nayar Society of Southern India - Comparing the Cultures of The Ik, The Pomo Indians, and The Nayar Society of Southern India The three cultures I have chosen to talk about in this essay are ‘The Ik’ culture, ‘The Pomo Indians’ and The Nayar Society of Southern India’ The Ik is a culture from Northern Uganda. The Pomo Indians is a culture from (find out more info) and lastly, The Nayar Society is a culture from Southern India. I will also be mentioning some things from my culture, which is the Yoruba culture. The Yoruba tribe is from Nigeria (West Nigeria) When it comes to family, The Ik culture believes that family is not important at all....   [tags: Papers] 1045 words
(3 pages)
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Retention and Preservation of African Roots in Jamaican Folk Music - Retention and Preservation of African Roots in Jamaican Folk Music Preface Amid tens of thousands of volumes in this library collection at UVM, the "silence" is in fact a low hum issuing from the vents. I read essay upon essay, ideas and histories of ideas, until I pause in a pensive moment. A thick green binding breaks my meditation. A title, The Power of Sound, fills my mind with music. I consider the power of words. The music issuing from the Caribbean island of Jamaica has for decades — and many contend longer — broadcast a uniquely Jamaican identity....   [tags: essays papers]
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4205 words
(12 pages)
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Nigeria: A Country Headed in the Right Direction - Nigeria: A Country Headed in the Right Direction Imagine throwing several different groups of people, all of whom have nothing in common and all of whom have different beliefs and follow different morals and ideals, and forming one nation out of them. Now, imagine trying to govern this nation as one cohesive unit. This is exactly what Great Britain tried to do in the formation of Nigeria over a period of time spanning from the days of the slave trade until October 1, 1960, when Nigeria eventually became a self-governing nation....   [tags: World Development Economics Growth Essays]
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2204 words
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The Brass Plaques of the Benin Palace - The Portuguese arrived in Benin, in modern Nigeria, between 1472 and 1486 to find an established and ancient kingdom with remarkable social and ritual complexity, with art that was comparatively naturalistic, and with a political system that was, on the surface, recognizable to the Europeans: monarchy. Even more importantly, they found a land rich in pepper, cloth, ivory, and slaves, and immediately set out to establish trade (Ben-Amos 35-6). Though we often imagine "first contacts" between Europeans and Africans as clashes of epochal proportions, leaving Europeans free to manipulate and coerce the flabbergasted and paralyzed Africans, this misjudges the resilience and indeed, preparedness,...   [tags: Europe European Art Papers] 2152 words
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Voodoo and It's Misinterpretation in America - Voodoo and It's Misinterpretation in America Voodoo is a religion rich in heiratage and founded in faith and community. The religion has been villianized by western culture and has been wrongly portrayed as malignant and dangerous. The religion is not founded in any of the "black magics" or fear popularized by Hollywood films, but rather it is based on balance and tradition. The religion is not something which should be encountered with inhibition or fear induced from childhood horror stories, but embraced for it's strength and history....   [tags: Religion Religious Voodoo] 1985 words
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The Gifts of Santeria - The Gifts of Santeria Modern practitioners of Santeria may be attracted to the religion for a variety of reasons, notable among which are curiosity with secret rituals and the longing among many immigrants and people of color to get in touch with Caribbean and African roots. What each specific individual wants from a religion is difficult to generalize upon, but Santeria offers a way for people to achieve harmony in their lives through communication with and obedience to orishas, the divine beings that act as intermediaries between humans and the Supreme Being, Olodumare....   [tags: Religion Religious Expository Essays] 994 words
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Creation Mythology of Africa - Creation Mythology of Africa One way of examining the values and traditions of a people is to look at their explanations for how the world came to be. These stories make such wonderful tools for analysis because all cultures have some sort of ‘creation’ story. Thus to compare groups of people we may start by looking at their creation mythology. It is important to note that the downfall of comparing mythologies is that in a way it is like comparing apples to oranges. This is because not every myth portrays and explains the same elements....   [tags: Myths Africa African Essays]
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Colonial Fiction: Mister Johnson - Colonial Fiction: Mister Johnson The relationship between Rudbeck and Mister Johnson is extremely revealing with regards to the experience of the European administrators and the co-operation of the Nigerians in the colonial endeavour. Johnson is keenly aware that superiority for natives directly depends upon being on good terms with the coloniser. He consistently emphasises his belief that Rudbeck is his 'good friend', and how he is 'mos' indispensable to ... His Majesty's service' (85). It could be argued that this should not be passed off as simple native fantasy, put in for the amusement of the European reader....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1172 words
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The Chris Ofili Controversy - The Chris Ofili Controversy Most people may not know who Chris Ofili is, but chances are that many of them know one of his works, his painting “The Holy Virgin Mary”, displayed at the Brooklyn Museum of Art’s “Sensation” exhibition in 1999. The painting was extremely controversial because of Mary’s exposed breast being made of elephant dung and because of the porno cutouts surrounding Mary. Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and others, saying that such works were not appropriate for public display, immediately attacked the painting, along with the entire showcase of art by different artists....   [tags: Painting Holy Virgin Mary Symbolism Essays]
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The Origins of Voodoo - The Origins of Voodoo Voodoo is a religion rich in heritage and founded in faith and community. The religion has been villainized by western culture and has been wrongly portrayed as malignant and dangerous. The religion is not founded in any of the (known) "black magics" or fear popularized by Hollywood films, but rather it is based on balance and tradition. The religion is not something that should be encountered with inhibition or fear induced from childhood horror stories, but embraced for its strength and history....   [tags: Religion Vodun Vodou]
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Urban Mythology - Hip-hop’s greatest gift and its heaviest burden is its legacy of urban mythology. It will be remembered as that bittersweet moment when young black men captured the ears of America and defined themselves on their own terms in doing so, they raised a defiant middle finger to a history that shamed them with slavery, misrepresented them as coons and criminals and co-opted the best of their culture. Family History Tupac Amaru Shakur was born on june,16,1971 in East Harlem, Manhattan New York. He was the son of Alice Faye Williams who was born January, 10, 1947 in Lumberton North Carolina to Rosa Belle Williams and Walter Williams....   [tags: Race]
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The Natural History of Mahogany - The Natural History of Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla and S. humilis are referred to as Mahogany, a tropical evergreen or deciduous tree that can attain heights of 150 feet. Mahogany is a member of the Meliaceae, which includes other trees with notable wood for cabinet making. Swietenia macrophylla is world renowned for its beautifully grained, hard, red-brown wood. It has been harvested since 1500 A.D. for its wood, with large branches being in higher demand than the trunk. This is due to the closeness of the grain in the branch's wood....   [tags: Botany]
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The Roles of Women in Death and King’s Horseman by Wole Soyinka - In his play Death and King’s Horseman, Wole Soyinka shows that women had important and recognized roles in traditional Yoruba society. Women fulfill their social, moral and spiritual roles as mothers, enforces of the discipline, show guidance to the community. Iyaloja, the Mother of the Market, is politically and spiritually critical. Aside from being the enforcer of discipline, her towering image in terms of influence is a great source of nourishment to the entire community. In the play, the women of the market are also capable of assuming positions of power, reducing man’s superiority....   [tags: power, freedom, ritual]
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Why Do Nations Fail? by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson - Introduction Why do nations fail. This is a topic of popular debate with many economists and a question many scholars have struggled to find an answer to. Global poverty is an issue that economists Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson investigate and provide an alternative insight for in their book: ‘Why Nations Fail’. Acemoglu and Robinson investigate inequalities that exist across countries and why nations are an epitome of success and others, failure. They come up with an alternative explanation for why standards of living differ across countries, and why a gap exists between the rich and poor....   [tags: global poverty, nigeria, economists] 1447 words
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All Black Everything: Analyzing African Influence throughout Puerto Rican Music - Marcus Garvey once said, “The Black skin is not a badge of shame, but rather a glorious symbol of national greatness,” exemplifying not only that the African blood that flows through our veins is indeed wonderful, but is more a national treasure than a national tragedy. Countries across the world, in some form have been altered by the touch of the African influence whether that is socially and/or culturally. The same fate lies with the islands of the Caribbean, especially the island of Puerto Rico located in the Greater Antilles....   [tags: social phenomena] 1991 words
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Speaking Standard English May Succeed Individual in Nigerian Society - Topic: Speaking Standard English may succeed individual in Nigerian society. Although speaking Standard English may help individuals to succeed in society that is not necessarily the case for Nigerian politician. Speaking Standard English for most Nigerian leaders is Important, but it is not necessary for them. Their aim is to use any kind of language to convince their voters. Speaking Standard English is essential for person he or she that represents his country internationally (like political appointment), because English is a world global language....   [tags: Language] 932 words
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The feasibility of democracy in Africa by C. Ake - The story of democracy in Africa as a whole has been one of a constant struggle of African peoples against, colonization, tribalism, military dictatorships, one-party rule authoritarianism, imperialism and neo-liberal globalization. (Ake, 2000) This was Ake’s argument in his book The feasibility of democracy in Africa, which meant to showcase that the failure of democracy in the continent was not caused by the peoples lack of will but other external factors. In very few cases in Africa has the transition to multi-party democracy (or at least the move towards it) been smooth and uneventful....   [tags: nigeria, tribalism, military dictatorship]
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The Elephant Mask Costume and the Costume of Airowayoye - In Gallery 101 acquisition number 1999.76 at the Dayton Art Institute, you will find the Kuosi (Elephant Mask) Society Costume of the Bamileke people in Cameroon, Africa. Standing almost six feet tall (67 inches), the elephant mask costume was worn during Tso (elephant dance) by a secret society of warriors dedicated to protecting their king. Today the costume maintains order in the Bamileke society and reminds the king that he is not above the gods. The elephant mask costume is worn to display the king’s wealth at the Kuosi celebration....   [tags: Gallery 101, Cameroon Africa, Society Costume]
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The History of Smallpox and How It Became Eradicated - ... Smallpox is caused by the variola virus. It is in the family of viruses called Poxviridae. There are two kinds of variola virus, variola major and variola minus. Variola major is much more severe than variola minor and kills about 30% of people who are infected. Variola minor kills between 1 and 5% of those infected. Smallpox does not infect any animals except humans and people or animals cannot just carry the disease. Smallpox is spread by face-to-face contract. It can also be spread through the bed sheets and clothes of people who have the disease....   [tags: disease, weapon, virus, vaccine] 1537 words
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The Role of Nigerian Women in the Workplace - The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic comprising thirty-six states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. “Nigeria is composed of three large ethnic groups – the Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbo-who represent 70 percent of the population. Another 10 percent comprises of several other groups numbering more than 1 million members each, including the Kanuri, Tiv, and Ibibio. More than 300 smaller ethnic groups account for the remaining 20 percent of the population” (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2012)....   [tags: Unemployment Rate, Male Domination]
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Are We a Product of Nature or Nurture? - Someone can physically look like their parents, siblings or even ancestors from the third generation. When a baby is born, it is common to learn in a natural way. No one teaches a baby how to crawl or how to react when he and she is hungry. However, talents, qualities and personalities are developed through experiences. The environment in which people grew up can have a lasting effect or influence on the way they talk, behave and respond to things around. According to Steven Pinker, Behavioral genetics has shown that temperament emerges early in life and remains fairly constant throughout the life span, that much of the variation among people within a culture comes from differences in g...   [tags: blank slate theory, role of genetics] 1119 words
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The Cowry: More than just a Currency - Currency is often simplified in our modern day world; we take for granted its beauty and symbolism and only think about its face value. However in ancient Nigeria, the natives valued their currency as a representation of several key elements of their culture—the cowry represented fertility, divinity, durability, and spirituality in early times. The cowry has since evolved into a symbol of advancement of Nigeria from a primitive state into a modernized nation—it has helped Nigeria maintain its identity and cultural history while helping the nation to develop....   [tags: Economics]
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Becoming Successful and Keeping My Original Heritage - ... I felt so out-of-place, the majority students were white and I just couldn't keep my original name with me. My teacher as well as the students couldn't say "Josue" right. When they began to pronounce my name they called me Josie, Josuu or Jose and the class would laugh and from that moment the name Josh was born. They even put me in speech class because to tell you the truth I don't even know why they did. I was a great reader and never had to stop to pronounce a word or anything. I guess being quiet in my class made them believe I couldn't read....   [tags: healthcare, college, classess, journey] 1065 words
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Working Manual for Counselors and Pastors - PREFACE The Code of Ethics is envisioned to edify the body of Christ and is intended to be a living Pastoral tool that helps shape our character as we confer with help-seekers in their life destiny with Christ Jesus-the living Head of the Church. This book is for professional people helpers like Counselors, Guidance counselors, Christian School psychologists, Pastoral Counselors, Pastoral care givers, NursesPastors, youth pastors, Deacons, Elders- and other professionals who interact/ intervene in other people’s lives....   [tags: Ethics]
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Effects of Advertising in International Marketing - The effect of globalization on business worldwide cannot be overstated. The phenomenon of the world becoming a global village has led to the rise of multinational enterprises (MNEs). As Kleinert (2001) aptly states, “MNEs are the vehicles that have fostered international trade, international knowledge transfer and technological advancement.” The very existence of a “multinational” entity implies the need for the business to span across diverse cultural beliefs, languages and norms .It is thus imperative that cultural diversity is considered closely when forging business strategies of MNEs....   [tags: Marketing]
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Olubowale Victor Akintimehin: Stage Name Wale - When most musicians become famous it is common that they lose touch with their culture, family, and become obsessed with making money. Many come in with a certain singing or rapping style but change what makes them unique for a record deal. In the hip-hop scene rappers start to dress themselves in many expensive designer clothing labels and diamond accessories, however, for Nigerian-American hip-hop MC Olubowale Victor Akintimehin, stage name Wale, this is a different story. Unlike many rappers, Wale is noteworthy and respected for the exact opposite: he embraces his culture and is interested in becoming famous for just simply being himself....   [tags: Musicians]
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Ethnic Conflicts and Terrorism in Nigeria - Nigeria has had a long history of ethnic conflicts and cultural divides, leading to widespread distrust and unrest. Muslims make up the majority of the population, with Christians and indigenous people making up the remainder. Not only is there a religious divide but an ethnic divide between Yoruba, Hausa-Fulani, and the Igbo. There are constant struggles for power and influences. A portion of unrest rose in the form of the terrorist group Boko Haram. For the past four years this group has committed countless atrocities with a huge body count....   [tags: muslims, cultural divides, indigenous ]
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The Poor Amid Plenty in Nigeria - Introduction Nigeria, popularly known as the Giant of Africa is a nation located in the western part of Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. Its land boundary is with Benin to the west, Chad and Cameroon to the eastern part and Niger to the northern side. Nigeria's main indigenous groups are Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. It is the most populous country in Africa, with a current population growth rate of 2.7% and an estimated population of about 175 million, according to the National Bureau of Statistics....   [tags: poverty, nigerian people, agriculture]
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Dehumanization of Enslaved Africans in Jamaica - The importation of slaves from Africa to Jamaica was the largest and most complex international business of the eighteenth century. This controversial exchange of enslaved persons provided economic stability within the Americas. Upon their arrival to Jamaica, the process of dehumanization initiated. Supporters of slavery proposed the institution served a two-fold purpose: one, in order to achieve complete dominance the institution a legacy of subjugation and legislation hampered rights to any slaves....   [tags: the Maroons, Trans-Atlantic slave trade] 2048 words
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Hisotry of Colonialism and Its Effect - History of colonialism: Colonialism as we know today is part of the history of most developing countries; we can never really understand the structure of these economies without taking account of the history. Colonialism may be defined as a particular form taken by the process of creating an integrated world economy and the development of an international division of labor Fieldhouse (1994:164). Colonialism in the 20th century has been subject to a lot of blame as a result various theorists such as Walter Rodney, Andre Gunder Frank have written extensively on the impact colonialism has African countries and how the disadvantage for this has been of advantage to the western societies....   [tags: economy, international, division, labor] 961 words
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Wole Soyinka's Death and the King's Horseman - Wole Soyinka's Death and the King's Horseman In his play, Death and the King's Horseman, Wole Soyinka would have us examine every clash and conflict, save for the one involving culture. Certainly this may seem the most obvious part of the play, but we would do the general understanding of Death a disservice if we ignored one of the central conflicts in the play. Every element of the play is placed in terms of two extremes, and the cultures must be considered one of those pairs. Suicide is no exception to this examination; it must be seen in the conflicting lights that Soyinka gives us: British vs....   [tags: Soyinka Horseman Death Essays] 1632 words
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My Visit to the DIA - I chose the DIA to visit and right about, it was the hottest day of the year, July 21st if there is one complaint I have is that their isn’t enough close parking for the DIA. Driving around John R I thought perhaps I could park at the Detroit Science Center, but it was patrolled by hot scary look security guards. Next option was to drive down to the VA and walk down, with that heat the idea was nixed. I eventually found a spot off Woodward to park, and thus my adventure began. As we entered in I was awe struck by the fountains they looked so cool and refreshing....   [tags: Reflection ]
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The Music of Puerto Rico - Music, in the history of Puerto Rico, has played a role of great significance as a means of cultural expression. The five centuries of musical activity shows that Puerto Ricans have created, developed and promoted a variety of genres ranging from folk music, concert music and new genres. The Puerto Rican music and native musicians have shaped and enriched the identity of the Puerto Rican people and their roots. Puerto Rican music was the ultimate expression of the “Areito” (indigenous artistic traditions) combined in a unitary fashion, oral narrative, dance and music....   [tags: cultural expression]
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The Federal Republic of Nigeria - ... Ethno Religious Conflicts Salawu [2010: 46] defines ethno-religious conflict as a situation whereby, the relationship among members of one ethnic or religious group and others of such groups in a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society are categorized by lack of affability, mutual suspicion, more like the state of nature as Hobbes would regard such a setting, full of fear and aversion and a propensity towards violent confrontation. Ethnicity and religious intolerance have become the point of multiple forms of self-rule ranging from the proclamation of the language barrier, cultural independence and religious dominance....   [tags: ethno-religious conflict]
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The Federal Republic of Nigeria - The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country located on the West Coast of Africa. Nigeria has 36 states with Abuja as the Federal Capital Territory and has more than five hundred ethnic groups. Nigeria got her independence on October 1, 1960 from the United Kingdom (World Population Review, 2013). The color of the Nigerian Flag is green,white green ; the green color represents the forests and the abundant natural wealth of the nation, while the white color stands for peace and unity (CIA World Fact Book, 2014)....   [tags: population, migration] 651 words
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